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Google Ngrams Data, 1800-2000 (Uploaded: 6/29/2015)

Despite the importance of trend data for understanding key substantive and theoretical questions on American culture and religion, almost no such data exist. By searching the massive Google Books collection, however, the Google Ngram Viewer provides quantitative data on cultural and religious trends over time. The Ngram Viewer searches the entire collection of Google Books and reports on the number of times an Ngram is used annually in the books. Ngrams are most commonly words, but can be any given sequence of text. In an effort to democratize access to these trend data, the ARDA has created a dataset with more than 400 Ngram variables generated by the Ngram Viewer and more than 20 historical trend variables taken from the Historical Statistics of the United States and other sources. When available, we also included measures on education and clergy training.

The Ngram variables included in this file were generated by using both specific terms and composite data, where scales are created out of similar words (e.g., Atheist scale = atheist + Atheist + atheism + Atheism). These Ngram data were drawn from Google's American English corpus, which contains more than 3 million books. The Ngram variables were calculated as rates and can be interpreted as how often "xyz" is used, as a proportion of the total words in Google’s American English Corpus. We would caution, however, that the Ngram data included in this file are based on very simple searches. The Ngram Viewer also allows users to customize measures by using a wildcard search, inflection search, case insensitive search, part-of-speech tags and ngram compositions. For many research projects, users will want to refine the searches to better provide the measure desired. See the Finke and McClure working paper for more details.

Portraits of American Life Study, Merged Dataset, 2006-2012 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

The Portraits of American Life Study (PALS) is an extensive, national-level panel study focused on religion in the U.S., with a particular focus on capturing ethnic and racial diversity. PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change in individuals and families over the course of their lives and across generations. It includes substantive modules on family relationships, deviance, health, civic participation and volunteering, moral and social attitudes, and race and ethnic issues. It currently includes two waves, collected in 2006 and 2012. This file contains only the respondents who were in both waves (N=1,314).

ARDA Note: The ARDA coded the variable names in a way that is easy to identify across waves. The variable names have stems (e.g., CA23), and the suffix (e.g., W1) will tell you wave of the corresponding variable. “W1” refers to Wave 1, “06” refers to Wave 1 variables that may not have been in the original Wave 1 dataset, and no suffix means that the variable is a Wave 2 variable. For example, CA23W1 belongs to Wave 1 and CA23 belongs to Wave 2. In all instances, examine the variable description, which contains the wave information (e.g., [Wave 2]) and the full question wording.

Portraits of American Life Study, 2nd Wave, 2012 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

The Portraits of American Life Study (PALS) is an extensive, national-level panel study focused on religion in the U.S., with a particular focus on capturing ethnic and racial diversity. PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change in individuals and families over the course of their lives and across generations. It includes substantive modules on family relationships, deviance, health, civic participation and volunteering, moral and social attitudes, and race and ethnic issues. It currently includes 2 waves, collected in 2006 and 2012. This file refers to the cases in the second wave only. Of the 1,417 respondents in Wave 2, 1,314 were from Wave 1 and 103 were new respondents.

Jewish Values Survey 2012 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

The Jewish Values Survey examined the values, issues and political preferences of Jewish Americans. The survey included questions that explored views about religion and Jewish culture and traditions. The survey featured items to gauge views about foreign policy, Iran and Israel. The survey also covered voting behavior, economic inequality, immigration and social issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage.

Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Annual Congregational Statistical Report, 2003 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

Each year the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) asks its congregations to report numbers pertaining to membership, average attendance, income, and expenditures. This dataset contains these figures for 2003. This dataset can be compared to corresponding datasets from other years to examine trends in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Annual Congregational Statistical Report, 2000 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

Each year the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) asks its congregations to report numbers pertaining to membership, average attendance, income, and expenditures. This dataset contains these figures for 2000. This dataset can be compared to corresponding datasets from other years to examine trends in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Annual Congregational Statistical Report, 2002 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

Each year the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) asks its congregations to report numbers pertaining to membership, average attendance, income, and expenditures. This dataset contains these figures for 2002. This dataset can be compared to corresponding datasets from other years to examine trends in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Annual Congregational Statistical Report, 2001 (Uploaded: 6/8/2015)

Each year the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) asks its congregations to report numbers pertaining to membership, average attendance, income, and expenditures. This dataset contains these figures for 2001. This dataset can be compared to corresponding datasets from other years to examine trends in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

Religious Characteristics of States Dataset, Phase 1: Demographics (RCS) (Uploaded: 5/18/2015)

The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset, Phase 1: Demographics (RCS) reports estimates of religious demographics, country by country. RCS was created to fulfill the unmet need for a dataset on the religious dimensions of countries of the world, with the state-year as the unit of observation. It covers 202 states plus 22 selected non-state political entities, for every year from 2010 back to 1900 and often 1800 (more than 32,000 state-years). It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 87 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam, along with several complex categories such as "Western Christianity." RCS is designed for easy merger with other country-year datasets commonly used by international relations specialists such as the Correlates of War and Polity datasets.

U.S. Congregational Life Survey, Wave 2, 2011, Fast Growing and New Southern Baptist Convention Attender Survey (Uploaded: 5/18/2015)

More than 500,000 worshipers in more than 5,000 congregations across America participated in the U.S. Congregational Life Survey (Wave 1 and Wave 2)—making it the largest survey of worshipers in America ever conducted. Three types of surveys were completed in each participating congregation: (a) an attender survey completed by all worshipers age 15 and older who attended worship services during the weekend the survey was given; (b) a congregational profile describing the congregation’s facilities, staff, programs, and worship services completed by one person in the congregation; and (c ) a leader survey completed by the pastor, priest, minister, rabbi, or other principal leader. Together the information collected provides a unique three-dimensional look at religious life in America. (From Appendix 1, U.S. Congregational Life Survey Methodology, A Field Guide to U.S. Congregations, Second Edition).

This data file contains data for a sample of Fast Growing and New Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) worship attenders participating in Wave 2 of the U.S. Congregational Life Survey. (U.S. Congregational Life Survey Wave 2 Fast Growing/New SBC Congregational Profile data and Fast Growing/New SBC Leader data will be provided in separate files.)


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