Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


SOUL2

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO THINK THEIR SOUL WILL LIVE ON AFTER DEATH: Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded?
  1) Yes (Believe in heaven)
  2) No (Don't believe in heaven)
  3) Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven)

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Yes (Believe in heaven) 87.8% 87.8%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 8.5% 96.3%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 3.7% 100%
Total N = 1595

Variable Comparisons

Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 85.0% 90.0% 87.8%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 9.7% 7.5% 8.5%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 5.3% 2.5% 3.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
1595


Political party (I-POLPARTY)

Republican Democrat Independent TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 88.1% 88.0% 86.8% 87.6%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 8.0% 9.2% 8.4% 8.6%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 3.8% 2.8% 4.8% 3.8%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1548


Age (I-AGE)

18 - 29 years 30 - 49 years 50 and older TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 87.2% 88.6% 87.7% 88.0%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 9.8% 7.9% 8.1% 8.4%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 3.1% 3.4% 4.2% 3.6%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1574


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Divorced or separated Widowed Never been married TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 90.6% 82.7% 86.2% 85.2% 87.9%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 6.5% 12.6% 8.7% 10.5% 8.4%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 3.0% 4.7% 5.1% 4.3% 3.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1591


Education (I-EDUCATN)

Less than High school High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate) Some College (no 4-year degree)/Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a master's Degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school) TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 92.0% 92.6% 85.6% 84.1% 72.7% 87.8%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 6.4% 4.7% 9.5% 9.8% 23.2% 8.5%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 1.6% 2.7% 4.8% 6.1% 4.1% 3.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1591


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Asian, other or mixed race TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 87.8% 89.7% 83.6% 87.8%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 8.8% 5.8% 9.2% 8.5%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 3.4% 4.5% 7.2% 3.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1584


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than 20K 20K-39,999 40K-74,999 75K & over TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 89.9% 88.6% 86.2% 82.8% 87.6%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 7.6% 7.8% 9.8% 13.4% 8.9%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 2.5% 3.7% 4.0% 3.8% 3.5%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1437


Region (I-REGION)

East Midwest South West TOTAL
Yes (Believe in heaven) 86.0% 89.6% 91.4% 80.5% 87.8%
No (Don't believe in heaven) 9.9% 7.7% 5.0% 14.4% 8.5%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in heaven) 4.2% 2.6% 3.6% 5.0% 3.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1595



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