General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Analysis


GILLS

How do most fish get the oxygen they need to survive?
  0) Inapplicable
  1) They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen.
  2) Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water.
  3) They get their oxygen from the food they eat.
  4) They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs.
  8) Don't know
  9) No answer

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Inapplicable 1538 43.2% 43.2% -.78
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 195 5.5% 48.7% -.24
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 1498 42.1% 90.8% .3
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 35 1% 91.8% .84
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 127 3.6% 95.3% 1.38
Don't know 136 3.8% 99.2% 3.54
No answer 30 .8% 100% 4.08

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

18-29 years old 30-44 years old 45-59 years old 60-74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Inapplicable 40.6%
234
43.1%
420
41.4%
418
45.2%
300
48.9%
149
43.1%
1521
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 6.6%
38
6.5%
63
5.1%
51
4.4%
29
4.6%
14
5.5%
195
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 44.4%
256
42.8%
417
45.6%
460
39.5%
262
29.8%
91
42.1%
1486
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 1.2%
7
1.5%
15
0.6%
6
0.9%
6
0.3%
1
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 2.4%
14
2.6%
25
4.4%
44
4.1%
27
5.6%
17
3.6%
127
Don't know 4.2%
24
3.1%
30
2.2%
22
4.8%
32
8.2%
25
3.8%
133
No answer 0.5%
3
0.4%
4
0.8%
8
1.1%
7
2.6%
8
0.9%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
576
100.0%
974
100.0%
1009
100.0%
663
100.0%
305

3527


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

Never Several times a year or less 1-3 times a month Every week or nearly every week More than once a week TOTAL
Inapplicable 41.5%
307
42.0%
468
43.2%
234
44.2%
378
48.5%
144
43.2%
1531
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 5.0%
37
5.4%
60
4.8%
26
6.5%
56
5.1%
15
5.5%
194
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 44.5%
329
43.6%
486
42.6%
231
39.5%
338
37.7%
112
42.2%
1496
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 1.5%
11
0.9%
10
1.1%
6
0.7%
6
0.7%
2
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 2.8%
21
3.9%
44
4.1%
22
3.5%
30
3.4%
10
3.6%
127
Don't know 3.7%
27
3.4%
38
3.3%
18
4.7%
40
3.7%
11
3.8%
134
No answer 0.9%
7
0.7%
8
0.9%
5
0.8%
7
1.0%
3
0.8%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
739
100.0%
1114
100.0%
542
100.0%
855
100.0%
297

3547


Education (I-EDUC)

Left high school High school Junior college Bachelor Graduate TOTAL
Inapplicable 41.3%
199
43.1%
758
39.6%
120
45.6%
298
44.6%
161
43.2%
1536
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 5.6%
27
5.5%
96
5.9%
18
5.8%
38
4.4%
16
5.5%
195
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 30.5%
147
42.4%
745
48.2%
146
45.1%
295
45.7%
165
42.1%
1498
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 3.1%
15
0.7%
13
0.3%
1
0.5%
3
0.8%
3
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 10.4%
50
3.5%
62
2.3%
7
0.8%
5
0.8%
3
3.6%
127
Don't know 8.3%
40
4.0%
70
2.3%
7
1.7%
11
2.2%
8
3.8%
136
No answer 0.8%
4
0.7%
13
1.3%
4
0.6%
4
1.4%
5
0.8%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
482
100.0%
1757
100.0%
303
100.0%
654
100.0%
361

3557


Gender (I-GENDER)

Male Female TOTAL
Inapplicable 41.5%
651
44.6%
887
43.2%
1538
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 5.0%
79
5.8%
116
5.5%
195
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 46.8%
734
38.4%
764
42.1%
1498
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 1.2%
19
0.8%
16
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 2.3%
36
4.6%
91
3.6%
127
Don't know 2.5%
40
4.8%
96
3.8%
136
No answer 0.6%
10
1.0%
20
0.8%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
1569
100.0%
1990

3559


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Other TOTAL
Inapplicable 43.3%
1198
43.4%
213
42.2%
127
43.2%
1538
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 5.3%
146
6.5%
32
5.6%
17
5.5%
195
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 43.4%
1200
37.3%
183
38.2%
115
42.1%
1498
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 0.9%
25
1.2%
6
1.3%
4
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 3.2%
88
5.3%
26
4.3%
13
3.6%
127
Don't know 3.3%
90
5.3%
26
6.6%
20
3.8%
136
No answer 0.7%
20
1.0%
5
1.7%
5
0.8%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
2767
100.0%
491
100.0%
301

3559


Region (I-REGION)

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Inapplicable 41.8%
254
43.8%
344
42.4%
558
45.0%
381
43.2%
1537
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 5.4%
33
5.7%
45
5.2%
69
5.7%
48
5.5%
195
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 40.5%
246
42.5%
334
42.8%
564
41.8%
354
42.1%
1498
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 0.8%
5
0.6%
5
1.3%
17
0.9%
8
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 3.5%
21
3.1%
24
4.6%
60
2.6%
22
3.6%
127
Don't know 6.4%
39
3.4%
27
3.2%
42
3.3%
28
3.8%
136
No answer 1.6%
10
0.9%
7
0.5%
7
0.7%
6
0.8%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
608
100.0%
786
100.0%
1317
100.0%
847

3558


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other (specify) TOTAL
Inapplicable 43.5%
791
43.8%
368
32.3%
20
41.4%
241
47.7%
116
43.3%
1536
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 5.5%
100
5.5%
46
1.6%
1
5.2%
30
6.2%
15
5.4%
192
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 41.6%
757
39.2%
330
51.6%
32
48.5%
282
37.9%
92
42.1%
1493
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 1.1%
20
1.0%
8
1.6%
1
1.0%
6
0.0%
0
1.0%
35
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 4.2%
77
3.9%
33
1.6%
1
2.1%
12
1.2%
3
3.6%
126
Don't know 3.5%
64
5.6%
47
8.1%
5
1.2%
7
5.3%
13
3.8%
136
No answer 0.6%
11
1.1%
9
3.2%
2
0.7%
4
1.6%
4
0.8%
30
TOTAL 100.0%
1820
100.0%
841
100.0%
62
100.0%
582
100.0%
243

3548


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Liberal Moderate Conservative TOTAL
Inapplicable 44.0%
423
43.0%
566
42.4%
488
43.1%
1477
They take in water and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. 6.9%
66
4.6%
61
5.0%
58
5.4%
185
Using their gills, they take in oxygen that is dissolved in water. 40.5%
389
43.0%
566
44.8%
515
42.9%
1470
They get their oxygen from the food they eat. 0.9%
9
0.9%
12
1.0%
11
0.9%
32
They come to the surface every few minutes to breathe air into their lungs. 3.5%
34
3.9%
51
2.9%
33
3.4%
118
Don't know 3.4%
33
3.6%
47
3.2%
37
3.4%
117
No answer 0.7%
7
0.9%
12
0.7%
8
0.8%
27
TOTAL 100.0%
961
100.0%
1315
100.0%
1150

3426

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