General Social Survey, 2002

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Analysis


GETAHEAD

Some people say that people get ahead by their own hard work; others say that lucky breaks or help from other people are more important. Which do you think is most important?
  1) Hard work important
  2) Hard work, luck equally important
  3) Luck most important
  8) Don't know
  9) No answer

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Hard work important 578 62.6% 62.6% -.6
Hard work, luck equally important 248 26.8% 89.4% .57
Luck most important 92 10% 99.4% 1.73
Don't know 5 .5% 99.9% 7.55
No answer 1 .1% 100% 8.71

Variable Comparisons


Race (I-RACE)

White Black TOTAL
Hard work important 62.3%
465
64.2%
79
62.6%
544
Hard work, luck equally important 28.2%
210
21.1%
26
27.2%
236
Luck most important 9.1%
68
13.0%
16
9.7%
84
Don't know 0.3%
2
1.6%
2
0.5%
4
No answer 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
746
100.0%
123

869


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Widowed Divorced Separated Never married TOTAL
Hard work important 64.5%
265
57.1%
48
62.0%
88
67.6%
25
60.8%
152
62.6%
578
Hard work, luck equally important 27.3%
112
29.8%
25
24.6%
35
21.6%
8
27.2%
68
26.8%
248
Luck most important 8.0%
33
13.1%
11
12.0%
17
10.8%
4
10.8%
27
10.0%
92
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.4%
2
0.0%
0
1.2%
3
0.5%
5
No answer 0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
411
100.0%
84
100.0%
142
100.0%
37
100.0%
250

924


Age (I-AGE)

18-30 31-44 45-64 65+ TOTAL
Hard work important 67.0%
130
61.0%
147
61.0%
189
62.6%
112
62.6%
578
Hard work, luck equally important 26.3%
51
26.6%
64
28.4%
88
25.1%
45
26.8%
248
Luck most important 6.2%
12
12.4%
30
10.0%
31
10.6%
19
10.0%
92
Don't know 0.5%
1
0.0%
0
0.6%
2
1.1%
2
0.5%
5
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.6%
1
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
194
100.0%
241
100.0%
310
100.0%
179

924


Family income (I-FINCOME)

Less than $10K $10K-19,999 $20K-24,999 $25K or over TOTAL
Hard work important 61.0%
50
58.7%
71
72.7%
48
62.9%
348
62.9%
517
Hard work, luck equally important 22.0%
18
28.9%
35
16.7%
11
27.7%
153
26.4%
217
Luck most important 17.1%
14
11.6%
14
9.1%
6
9.2%
51
10.3%
85
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.8%
1
1.5%
1
0.2%
1
0.4%
3
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
TOTAL 100.0%
82
100.0%
121
100.0%
66
100.0%
553

822


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Liberal Moderate, middle of the road Conservative Don't know TOTAL
Hard work important 61.1%
140
61.2%
221
65.5%
201
58.3%
14
62.5%
576
Hard work, luck equally important 28.8%
66
28.0%
101
24.1%
74
25.0%
6
26.8%
247
Luck most important 9.6%
22
10.2%
37
10.1%
31
8.3%
2
10.0%
92
Don't know 0.4%
1
0.6%
2
0.0%
0
8.3%
2
0.5%
5
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
229
100.0%
361
100.0%
307
100.0%
24

921


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other Don't know TOTAL
Hard work important 62.9%
293
63.8%
146
46.7%
7
64.7%
90
56.3%
40
100.0%
1
62.6%
577
Hard work, luck equally important 27.0%
126
25.8%
59
46.7%
7
23.7%
33
29.6%
21
0.0%
0
26.7%
246
Luck most important 9.9%
46
9.2%
21
6.7%
1
10.8%
15
12.7%
9
0.0%
0
10.0%
92
Don't know 0.2%
1
0.9%
2
0.0%
0
0.7%
1
1.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.5%
5
No answer 0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
466
100.0%
229
100.0%
15
100.0%
139
100.0%
71
100.0%
1

921


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school High school Associate/Junior college Bachelor's Graduate TOTAL
Hard work important 69.7%
101
64.3%
308
56.7%
38
54.4%
80
59.5%
50
62.6%
577
Hard work, luck equally important 20.7%
30
24.0%
115
34.3%
23
33.3%
49
36.9%
31
26.9%
248
Luck most important 8.3%
12
11.3%
54
9.0%
6
11.6%
17
3.6%
3
10.0%
92
Don't know 1.4%
2
0.4%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.4%
4
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.7%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
145
100.0%
479
100.0%
67
100.0%
147
100.0%
84

922


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Hard work important 64.4%
320
60.4%
258
62.6%
578
Hard work, luck equally important 24.9%
124
29.0%
124
26.8%
248
Luck most important 10.3%
51
9.6%
41
10.0%
92
Don't know 0.4%
2
0.7%
3
0.5%
5
No answer 0.0%
0
0.2%
1
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
497
100.0%
427

924

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