General Social Survey, 2004

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HGUNCRIM

Some people argue that more restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime by making it harder for criminals to get handguns. Other people argue that more restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime by making it harder for law-abiding citizens to defend themselves with handguns. Which of the following statements is closer to your own opinion?
  1) More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime
  2) More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime
  3) I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime
  8) Don't know
  9) Refused

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 589 44.9% 44.9% -.84
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 251 19.1% 64% .01
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 455 34.7% 98.6% .87
Don't know 10 .8% 99.4% 5.14
Refused 8 .6% 100% 5.99

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

18-30 31-44 45-64 65+ TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 46.7%
134
48.7%
192
43.9%
186
37.3%
76
44.9%
588
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 19.9%
57
18.0%
71
20.3%
86
17.6%
36
19.1%
250
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 32.4%
93
32.2%
127
34.2%
145
43.1%
88
34.6%
453
Don't know 1.0%
3
0.5%
2
0.9%
4
0.5%
1
0.8%
10
Refused 0.0%
0
0.5%
2
0.7%
3
1.5%
3
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
287
100.0%
394
100.0%
424
100.0%
204

1309


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 37.6%
232
51.3%
357
44.9%
589
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 26.7%
165
12.4%
86
19.1%
251
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 34.8%
215
34.5%
240
34.7%
455
Don't know 0.6%
4
0.9%
6
0.8%
10
Refused 0.2%
1
1.0%
7
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
617
100.0%
696

1313


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school High school Associate/Junior college Bachelor's Graduate TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 40.2%
66
41.6%
286
44.1%
49
52.8%
114
55.2%
74
44.9%
589
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 17.7%
29
19.5%
134
25.2%
28
15.3%
33
20.1%
27
19.1%
251
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 39.6%
65
38.0%
261
29.7%
33
29.2%
63
23.9%
32
34.6%
454
Don't know 1.2%
2
0.7%
5
0.0%
0
0.9%
2
0.7%
1
0.8%
10
Refused 1.2%
2
0.1%
1
0.9%
1
1.9%
4
0.0%
0
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
164
100.0%
687
100.0%
111
100.0%
216
100.0%
134

1312


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Liberal Moderate, middle of the road Conservative TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 58.2%
184
42.9%
210
38.0%
183
44.9%
577
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 11.1%
35
16.0%
78
27.4%
132
19.1%
245
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 29.4%
93
39.5%
193
33.3%
160
34.7%
446
Don't know 0.9%
3
0.8%
4
0.6%
3
0.8%
10
Refused 0.3%
1
0.8%
4
0.6%
3
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
316
100.0%
489
100.0%
481

1286


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Widowed Divorced Separated Never married TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 44.2%
295
43.9%
43
37.9%
75
47.8%
22
50.7%
154
44.9%
589
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 19.6%
131
15.3%
15
22.2%
44
19.6%
9
17.1%
52
19.1%
251
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 34.0%
227
39.8%
39
38.9%
77
32.6%
15
31.9%
97
34.7%
455
Don't know 1.3%
9
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.8%
10
Refused 0.7%
5
1.0%
1
1.0%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
667
100.0%
98
100.0%
198
100.0%
46
100.0%
304

1313


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Other TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 43.4%
457
49.0%
76
53.8%
56
44.9%
589
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 20.6%
217
14.2%
22
11.5%
12
19.1%
251
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 34.7%
366
35.5%
55
32.7%
34
34.7%
455
Don't know 0.8%
8
0.6%
1
1.0%
1
0.8%
10
Refused 0.6%
6
0.6%
1
1.0%
1
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
1054
100.0%
155
100.0%
104

1313


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other TOTAL
More legal restrictions on handguns would decrease violent crime 38.5%
269
51.9%
162
64.7%
11
49.5%
97
55.8%
48
44.8%
587
More legal restrictions on handguns would increase violent crime 23.2%
162
13.5%
42
23.5%
4
15.3%
30
15.1%
13
19.2%
251
I am unsure whether more legal restrictions on handguns would increase or decrease violent crime 36.7%
256
34.0%
106
11.8%
2
34.2%
67
26.7%
23
34.7%
454
Don't know 0.9%
6
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
1.0%
2
0.0%
0
0.7%
9
Refused 0.7%
5
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
2.3%
2
0.6%
8
TOTAL 100.0%
698
100.0%
312
100.0%
17
100.0%
196
100.0%
86

1309

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