General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Analysis


GETAHD_1

Some people say that people get ahead by their own hard work; others say that lucky breaks or help from other people are more important. Which do you think is most important? (GETAHEAD_1)
  0) Inapplicable
  1) Hard work most important
  2) Hard work, luck equally important
  3) Luck most important
  8) Don't know
  9) No answer

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Inapplicable 640 32% 32% -1.05
Hard work most important 906 45.3% 77.3% 0
Hard work, luck equally important 287 14.4% 91.7% 1.04
Luck most important 162 8.1% 99.8% 2.08
Don't know 4 .2% 100% 7.3
No answer 1 .1% 100% 8.35

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

Under 30 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years or older TOTAL
Inapplicable 33.1%
115
32.8%
199
31.5%
177
31.5%
101
28.8%
45
32.0%
637
Hard work most important 45.0%
156
45.4%
275
47.0%
264
42.1%
135
46.8%
73
45.3%
903
Hard work, luck equally important 14.4%
50
14.0%
85
12.6%
71
17.8%
57
14.7%
23
14.4%
286
Luck most important 7.5%
26
7.3%
44
8.7%
49
8.4%
27
9.6%
15
8.1%
161
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.5%
3
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
4
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
347
100.0%
606
100.0%
562
100.0%
321
100.0%
156

1992


Education (I-EDUC)

High school or less Associate/Junior college Bachelor's Graduate TOTAL
Inapplicable 30.7%
396
38.4%
66
31.7%
112
35.7%
66
32.0%
640
Hard work most important 46.9%
605
43.0%
74
47.0%
166
33.0%
61
45.3%
906
Hard work, luck equally important 13.5%
174
10.5%
18
15.6%
55
21.6%
40
14.4%
287
Luck most important 8.7%
112
7.6%
13
5.7%
20
9.2%
17
8.1%
162
Don't know 0.2%
3
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
1
0.2%
4
No answer 0.0%
0
0.6%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
1290
100.0%
172
100.0%
353
100.0%
185

2000


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Inapplicable 32.8%
280
31.4%
360
32.0%
640
Hard work most important 42.6%
364
47.3%
542
45.3%
906
Hard work, luck equally important 15.7%
134
13.4%
153
14.4%
287
Luck most important 8.7%
74
7.7%
88
8.1%
162
Don't know 0.2%
2
0.2%
2
0.2%
4
No answer 0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
854
100.0%
1146

2000


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other TOTAL
Inapplicable 31.1%
319
32.7%
166
53.1%
17
31.6%
102
32.7%
33
32.0%
637
Hard work most important 47.9%
491
44.4%
225
25.0%
8
43.0%
139
39.6%
40
45.4%
903
Hard work, luck equally important 12.6%
129
16.6%
84
15.6%
5
14.9%
48
17.8%
18
14.3%
284
Luck most important 8.2%
84
6.1%
31
6.3%
2
10.5%
34
8.9%
9
8.0%
160
Don't know 0.2%
2
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.0%
1
0.2%
4
No answer 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
1026
100.0%
507
100.0%
32
100.0%
323
100.0%
101

1989


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Extremely liberal or liberal Slightly liberal Moderate Slightly conservative Conservative Extremely conservative TOTAL
Inapplicable 31.1%
92
32.5%
77
31.9%
233
32.5%
92
32.3%
100
29.7%
22
31.9%
616
Hard work most important 42.2%
125
42.6%
101
45.8%
335
43.5%
123
48.7%
151
55.4%
41
45.4%
876
Hard work, luck equally important 15.2%
45
18.1%
43
14.0%
102
14.8%
42
12.3%
38
9.5%
7
14.3%
277
Luck most important 10.8%
32
6.8%
16
7.9%
58
9.2%
26
6.8%
21
5.4%
4
8.1%
157
Don't know 0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.4%
3
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
4
No answer 0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
296
100.0%
237
100.0%
731
100.0%
283
100.0%
310
100.0%
74

1931


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Other (specify) TOTAL
Inapplicable 31.8%
466
33.3%
95
31.5%
79
32.0%
640
Hard work most important 46.8%
685
40.4%
115
42.2%
106
45.3%
906
Hard work, luck equally important 13.9%
204
12.3%
35
19.1%
48
14.4%
287
Luck most important 7.1%
104
14.0%
40
7.2%
18
8.1%
162
Don't know 0.3%
4
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
4
No answer 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
1464
100.0%
285
100.0%
251

2000

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