General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Analysis


GETAHD_2

Some people say that people get ahead by their own hard work; others say that lucky breaks or help from other people are more important. Which do you think is most important? (GETAHEAD_2)
  0) Inapplicable
  1) Hard work most important
  2) Hard work, luck equally important
  3) Luck most important
  8) Don't know
  9) No answer

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Inapplicable 956 47.8% 47.8% -.83
Hard work most important 699 35% 82.8% .26
Hard work, luck equally important 221 11.1% 93.8% 1.36
Luck most important 122 6.1% 99.9% 2.45
Don't know 1 .1% 100% 7.93
No answer 1 .1% 100% 9.02

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

Under 30 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years or older TOTAL
Inapplicable 48.7%
169
50.3%
305
46.3%
260
44.5%
143
47.4%
74
47.7%
951
Hard work most important 34.9%
121
33.0%
200
36.1%
203
37.1%
119
35.3%
55
35.0%
698
Hard work, luck equally important 11.5%
40
10.7%
65
11.6%
65
11.2%
36
9.6%
15
11.1%
221
Luck most important 4.6%
16
5.9%
36
5.9%
33
7.2%
23
7.7%
12
6.0%
120
Don't know 0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
347
100.0%
606
100.0%
562
100.0%
321
100.0%
156

1992


Education (I-EDUC)

High school or less Associate/Junior college Bachelor's Graduate TOTAL
Inapplicable 48.2%
622
51.7%
89
46.2%
163
44.3%
82
47.8%
956
Hard work most important 35.9%
463
31.4%
54
34.3%
121
33.0%
61
35.0%
699
Hard work, luck equally important 9.5%
123
12.2%
21
14.7%
52
13.5%
25
11.1%
221
Luck most important 6.3%
81
4.7%
8
4.5%
16
9.2%
17
6.1%
122
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
No answer 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
1290
100.0%
172
100.0%
353
100.0%
185

2000


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Inapplicable 50.2%
429
46.0%
527
47.8%
956
Hard work most important 33.1%
283
36.3%
416
35.0%
699
Hard work, luck equally important 10.0%
85
11.9%
136
11.1%
221
Luck most important 6.6%
56
5.8%
66
6.1%
122
Don't know 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
No answer 0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
854
100.0%
1146

2000


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other TOTAL
Inapplicable 45.9%
471
49.5%
251
62.5%
20
50.5%
163
44.6%
45
47.8%
950
Hard work most important 37.2%
382
34.5%
175
21.9%
7
30.7%
99
32.7%
33
35.0%
696
Hard work, luck equally important 10.2%
105
10.8%
55
9.4%
3
12.7%
41
14.9%
15
11.0%
219
Luck most important 6.5%
67
5.1%
26
6.3%
2
6.2%
20
6.9%
7
6.1%
122
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.0%
1
0.1%
1
No answer 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
1026
100.0%
507
100.0%
32
100.0%
323
100.0%
101

1989


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Extremely liberal or liberal Slightly liberal Moderate Slightly conservative Conservative Extremely conservative TOTAL
Inapplicable 47.6%
141
47.7%
113
47.9%
350
47.3%
134
45.5%
141
50.0%
37
47.4%
916
Hard work most important 30.4%
90
34.2%
81
35.0%
256
36.7%
104
37.7%
117
40.5%
30
35.1%
678
Hard work, luck equally important 13.2%
39
13.1%
31
11.4%
83
10.6%
30
10.3%
32
4.1%
3
11.3%
218
Luck most important 8.8%
26
4.6%
11
5.7%
42
5.3%
15
6.1%
19
5.4%
4
6.1%
117
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
No answer 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
296
100.0%
237
100.0%
731
100.0%
283
100.0%
310
100.0%
74

1931


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Other (specify) TOTAL
Inapplicable 46.2%
677
50.5%
144
53.8%
135
47.8%
956
Hard work most important 35.8%
524
33.3%
95
31.9%
80
35.0%
699
Hard work, luck equally important 11.8%
173
7.7%
22
10.4%
26
11.1%
221
Luck most important 6.1%
89
8.1%
23
4.0%
10
6.1%
122
Don't know 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
No answer 0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
TOTAL 100.0%
1464
100.0%
285
100.0%
251

2000

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