International Religious Freedom Data, 2003

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Cross-National > Analysis


SUBSDY03

According to the Report, how does the Government subsidize Religion [including 'in kind' to organizations run by religions, e.g., hospitals, schools, etc.]?
  0) No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt)
  2) Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits Cathedrals from previous Government spendin
  3) Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies.
  4) Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies.
  5) Only one religion is subsidized (including 'in kind' subsidies).

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt) 60 30.6% 30.6% -1.36
Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion 20 10.2% 40.8% -.35
Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits Cathedrals from previous Government spendin 17 8.7% 49.5% .15
Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 57 29.1% 78.6% .66
Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 42 21.4% 100% 1.16

Variable Comparisons


Government favoritism of religion (I-GVTFAV)

Low government favoritism Medium government favoritism High government favoritism TOTAL
No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt) 76.7%
56
8.5%
4
0.0%
0
30.6%
60
Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits Cathedrals from previous Government spendin 11.0%
8
23.4%
11
1.3%
1
10.2%
20
Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 5.5%
4
17.0%
8
6.6%
5
8.7%
17
Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 5.5%
4
34.0%
16
48.7%
37
29.1%
57
Only one religion is subsidized (including 'in kind' subsidies). 1.4%
1
17.0%
8
43.4%
33
21.4%
42
TOTAL 100.0%
73
100.0%
47
100.0%
76

196


Government regulation of religion level (I-GVTREG)

Low government regulation Medium government regulation High government regulation TOTAL
No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt) 43.0%
49
16.0%
8
9.4%
3
30.6%
60
Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits Cathedrals from previous Government spendin 11.4%
13
10.0%
5
6.3%
2
10.2%
20
Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 7.9%
9
16.0%
8
0.0%
0
8.7%
17
Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 27.2%
31
38.0%
19
21.9%
7
29.1%
57
Only one religion is subsidized (including 'in kind' subsidies). 10.5%
12
20.0%
10
62.5%
20
21.4%
42
TOTAL 100.0%
114
100.0%
50
100.0%
32

196


Social regulation of religion level (I-SOCREG)

Low social regulation Medium social regulation High social regulation TOTAL
No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt) 43.1%
44
24.4%
11
10.2%
5
30.6%
60
Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits Cathedrals from previous Government spendin 12.7%
13
8.9%
4
6.1%
3
10.2%
20
Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 8.8%
9
11.1%
5
6.1%
3
8.7%
17
Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 25.5%
26
33.3%
15
32.7%
16
29.1%
57
Only one religion is subsidized (including 'in kind' subsidies). 9.8%
10
22.2%
10
44.9%
22
21.4%
42
TOTAL 100.0%
102
100.0%
45
100.0%
49

196


Region (I-REGION)

Africa East Asia and Pacific Europe and Eurasia Near East and North Africa South Asia Western Hemisphere TOTAL
No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt) 43.8%
21
38.2%
13
13.5%
7
10.0%
2
0.0%
0
50.0%
17
30.6%
60
Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits Cathedrals from previous Government spendin 8.3%
4
14.7%
5
7.7%
4
0.0%
0
12.5%
1
17.6%
6
10.2%
20
Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 12.5%
6
11.8%
4
9.6%
5
10.0%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
8.7%
17
Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 20.8%
10
17.6%
6
50.0%
26
40.0%
8
37.5%
3
11.8%
4
29.1%
57
Only one religion is subsidized (including 'in kind' subsidies). 14.6%
7
17.6%
6
19.2%
10
40.0%
8
50.0%
4
20.6%
7
21.4%
42
TOTAL 100.0%
48
100.0%
34
100.0%
52
100.0%
20
100.0%
8
100.0%
34

196