International Religious Freedom Data, 2003

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Cross-National > Analysis


LAND103

According to the Report, what best describes the relationship between land and religion in the nation? [A holy site is often a place of religious pilgrimage (e.g., the site itself is associated with religious power) to e.g., a shrine, a holy person's mausoleum, a religion's holy (sacred) location. It is more than a local meeting place or religious school/seminary. It is a place (building or location) that is viewed as having religious power.]
  0) There are no holy sites mentioned, the defilement of which would result in violence.
  1) There is a local holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain but limited violence.
  2) There is a national holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable national violence
  3) There is an international holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable international violence.

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
There are no holy sites mentioned, the defilement of which would result in violence. 184 93.9% 93.9% -.23
There is a local holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain but limited violence. 6 3.1% 96.9% 1.8
There is a national holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable national violence 2 1% 98% 3.82
There is an international holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable international violence. 4 2% 100% 5.85

Variable Comparisons


Government favoritism of religion (I-GVTFAV)

Low government favoritism Medium government favoritism High government favoritism TOTAL
There are no holy sites mentioned, the defilement of which would result in violence. 97.3%
71
91.5%
43
92.1%
70
93.9%
184
There is a local holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain but limited violence. 2.7%
2
2.1%
1
3.9%
3
3.1%
6
There is a national holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable national violence 0.0%
0
2.1%
1
1.3%
1
1.0%
2
There is an international holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable international violence. 0.0%
0
4.3%
2
2.6%
2
2.0%
4
TOTAL 100.0%
73
100.0%
47
100.0%
76

196


Government regulation of religion level (I-GVTREG)

Low government regulation Medium government regulation High government regulation TOTAL
There are no holy sites mentioned, the defilement of which would result in violence. 95.6%
109
90.0%
45
93.8%
30
93.9%
184
There is a local holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain but limited violence. 2.6%
3
4.0%
2
3.1%
1
3.1%
6
There is a national holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable national violence 0.0%
0
4.0%
2
0.0%
0
1.0%
2
There is an international holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable international violence. 1.8%
2
2.0%
1
3.1%
1
2.0%
4
TOTAL 100.0%
114
100.0%
50
100.0%
32

196


Social regulation of religion level (I-SOCREG)

Low social regulation Medium social regulation High social regulation TOTAL
There are no holy sites mentioned, the defilement of which would result in violence. 97.1%
99
93.3%
42
87.8%
43
93.9%
184
There is a local holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain but limited violence. 2.9%
3
4.4%
2
2.0%
1
3.1%
6
There is a national holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable national violence 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
4.1%
2
1.0%
2
There is an international holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable international violence. 0.0%
0
2.2%
1
6.1%
3
2.0%
4
TOTAL 100.0%
102
100.0%
45
100.0%
49

196


Region (I-REGION)

Africa East Asia and Pacific Europe and Eurasia Near East and North Africa South Asia Western Hemisphere TOTAL
There are no holy sites mentioned, the defilement of which would result in violence. 91.7%
44
97.1%
33
92.3%
48
90.0%
18
87.5%
7
100.0%
34
93.9%
184
There is a local holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain but limited violence. 6.3%
3
2.9%
1
3.8%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
3.1%
6
There is a national holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable national violence 2.1%
1
0.0%
0
1.9%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.0%
2
There is an international holy site(s), the defilement of which would result in certain and uncontrollable international violence. 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.9%
1
10.0%
2
12.5%
1
0.0%
0
2.0%
4
TOTAL 100.0%
48
100.0%
34
100.0%
52
100.0%
20
100.0%
8
100.0%
34

196