News Interest Index, October 2003

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


CNSTAMND

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 'OPPOSE' OR 4 'STRONGLY OPPOSE'] Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution?
  1) Amend the Constitution
  2) Enough to prohibit by law
  9) Don't know/Refused

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Amend the Constitution 17.7% 17.7%
Enough to prohibit by law 71% 88.7%
Don't know/Refused 11.3% 100%
Total N = 899

Variable Comparisons

Age (I-AGE)

18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ TOTAL
Amend the Constitution 20.8% 17.5% 20.6% 16.4% 14.3% 17.4% 17.8%
Enough to prohibit by law 70.1% 75.0% 68.5% 71.8% 79.7% 66.7% 71.4%
Don't know/Refused 9.1% 7.5% 10.9% 11.8% 6.1% 15.9% 10.8%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
886


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

More than once a week Once a week Once or twice a month A few times a year Seldom Never TOTAL
Amend the Constitution 22.6% 17.7% 18.6% 15.6% 13.0% 12.7% 17.6%
Enough to prohibit by law 70.8% 67.4% 68.8% 77.4% 79.3% 64.6% 71.4%
Don't know/Refused 6.6% 14.8% 12.7% 7.0% 7.7% 22.8% 11.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
890


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school graduate High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate) Some college, no 4-year degree (or technical or vocational school) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a Master's Degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school) TOTAL
Amend the Constitution 15.7% 23.2% 15.7% 14.3% 7.9% 17.8%
Enough to prohibit by law 68.1% 63.2% 75.9% 77.8% 86.5% 71.0%
Don't know/Refused 16.2% 13.6% 8.4% 7.9% 5.6% 11.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
895


Gender (I-GENDER)

Male Female TOTAL
Amend the Constitution 16.4% 19.0% 17.7%
Enough to prohibit by law 72.3% 69.8% 71.0%
Don't know/Refused 11.4% 11.1% 11.3%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
899


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Republican Democrat Independent TOTAL
Amend the Constitution 17.5% 19.1% 16.3% 17.6%
Enough to prohibit by law 77.1% 69.8% 70.9% 73.1%
Don't know/Refused 5.4% 11.1% 12.9% 9.3%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
833


Race (I-RACE)

White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic or other TOTAL
Amend the Constitution 16.6% 22.4% 22.1% 17.9%
Enough to prohibit by law 72.3% 70.6% 64.2% 71.0%
Don't know/Refused 11.2% 7.1% 13.7% 11.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
891



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