Presbyterian Panel Survey, November 2000 --Racism and Racial Justice, Elders

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Analysis


IMMVIEW3

Which comes closer to your view?
  1) Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor
  2) Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans
  3) Not sure

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 326 58.1% 58.1% -.82
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 33 5.9% 64% .23
Not sure 202 36% 100% 1.29

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

Less than 40 40-49 50-64 65+ TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 69.0%
20
61.6%
77
59.9%
127
53.4%
102
58.5%
326
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 6.9%
2
4.0%
5
5.2%
11
7.9%
15
5.9%
33
Not sure 24.1%
7
34.4%
43
34.9%
74
38.7%
74
35.5%
198
TOTAL 100.0%
29
100.0%
125
100.0%
212
100.0%
191

557


Gender (I-GENDER)

Female Male TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 50.9%
138
65.5%
188
58.4%
326
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 5.2%
14
6.6%
19
5.9%
33
Not sure 43.9%
119
27.9%
80
35.7%
199
TOTAL 100.0%
271
100.0%
287

558


Race (I-RACE)

White African American Asian Hispanic TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 57.9%
309
42.9%
6
85.7%
6
100.0%
1
57.9%
322
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 6.0%
32
0.0%
0
14.3%
1
0.0%
0
5.9%
33
Not sure 36.1%
193
57.1%
8
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
36.2%
201
TOTAL 100.0%
534
100.0%
14
100.0%
7
100.0%
1

556


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Not married TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 60.1%
282
48.9%
43
58.3%
325
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 6.0%
28
5.7%
5
5.9%
33
Not sure 33.9%
159
45.5%
40
35.7%
199
TOTAL 100.0%
469
100.0%
88

557


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than 20,000 $20K-49,999 $50K-99,999 $100K+ TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 48.0%
12
46.9%
67
56.2%
118
71.3%
114
57.8%
311
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 4.0%
1
9.8%
14
6.2%
13
2.5%
4
5.9%
32
Not sure 48.0%
12
43.4%
62
37.6%
79
26.3%
42
36.2%
195
TOTAL 100.0%
25
100.0%
143
100.0%
210
100.0%
160

538


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Democrat Independent Republican Other Reform TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 54.1%
85
66.7%
68
57.0%
167
66.7%
2
100.0%
1
58.1%
323
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 6.4%
10
2.0%
2
6.8%
20
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
5.8%
32
Not sure 39.5%
62
31.4%
32
36.2%
106
33.3%
1
0.0%
0
36.2%
201
TOTAL 100.0%
157
100.0%
102
100.0%
293
100.0%
3
100.0%
1

556