Presbyterian Panel Survey, November 2000, Racism and Racial Justice, Member

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Analysis


IMMVIEW3

Which comes closer to your view?
  1) Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor
  2) Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans
  3) Not sure

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 263 49.3% 49.3% -.97
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 51 9.6% 58.8% .09
Not sure 220 41.2% 100% 1.14

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

Less than 40 40-49 50-64 65+ TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 33.8%
24
45.7%
42
58.4%
94
48.8%
100
49.1%
260
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 11.3%
8
14.1%
13
5.6%
9
10.2%
21
9.6%
51
Not sure 54.9%
39
40.2%
37
36.0%
58
41.0%
84
41.2%
218
TOTAL 100.0%
71
100.0%
92
100.0%
161
100.0%
205

529


Gender (I-GENDER)

Female Male TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 40.1%
130
63.1%
130
49.1%
260
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 11.4%
37
6.8%
14
9.6%
51
Not sure 48.5%
157
30.1%
62
41.3%
219
TOTAL 100.0%
324
100.0%
206

530


Race (I-RACE)

White African American Asian Hispanic Some other race TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 49.7%
256
33.3%
2
40.0%
2
33.3%
1
0.0%
0
49.2%
261
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 9.5%
49
16.7%
1
0.0%
0
33.3%
1
0.0%
0
9.6%
51
Not sure 40.8%
210
50.0%
3
60.0%
3
33.3%
1
100.0%
1
41.1%
218
TOTAL 100.0%
515
100.0%
6
100.0%
5
100.0%
3
100.0%
1

530


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Not married TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 50.2%
204
46.1%
53
49.3%
257
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 8.6%
35
13.0%
15
9.6%
50
Not sure 41.1%
167
40.9%
47
41.1%
214
TOTAL 100.0%
406
100.0%
115

521


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Democrat Independent Republican Other Libertarian TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 52.6%
72
37.2%
35
51.8%
145
53.8%
7
0.00%
0
49.4%
259
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 11.7%
16
6.4%
6
9.3%
26
15.4%
2
0.00%
0
9.5%
50
Not sure 35.8%
49
56.4%
53
38.9%
109
30.8%
4
0.00%
0
41.0%
215
TOTAL 100.0%
137
100.0%
94
100.0%
280
100.0%
13
100.0%
0

524


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than 20,000 $20K-49,999 $50K-99,999 $100K+ TOTAL
Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor 32.6%
14
43.1%
62
54.1%
100
58.8%
67
50.0%
243
Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans 23.3%
10
10.4%
15
8.6%
16
2.6%
3
9.1%
44
Not sure 44.2%
19
46.5%
67
37.3%
69
38.6%
44
40.9%
199
TOTAL 100.0%
43
100.0%
144
100.0%
185
100.0%
114

486