U.S. Religious Landscape Study, 2014

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


QB31

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

Q.B31. When it comes to questions of right and wrong, which of the following do you look to most for guidance? Would you say [READ AND RANDOMIZE]?
  1) Religious teachings and beliefs
  2) Philosophy and reason
  3) Practical experience and common sense (or)
  4) Scientific information
  9) (VOL) Don't know/Refused

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Religious teachings and beliefs 33.2% 33.2%
Philosophy and reason 10.6% 43.8%
Practical experience and common sense (or) 44.7% 88.5%
Scientific information 8.9% 97.4%
(VOL) Don't know/Refused 2.5% 99.9%
Total N = 35071

Variable Comparisons

Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Religious teachings and beliefs 28.4% 37.7% 33.2%
Philosophy and reason 11.9% 9.4% 10.6%
Practical experience and common sense (or) 46.5% 43.0% 44.7%
Scientific information 10.4% 7.6% 8.9%
(VOL) Don't know/Refused 2.8% 2.3% 2.5%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
35071


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Republican Democrat Independent No preference (VOL) Other party (VOL) TOTAL
Religious teachings and beliefs 49.2% 28.2% 26.8% 36.7% 25.8% 33.1%
Philosophy and reason 6.4% 12.3% 12.2% 9.1% 17.9% 10.7%
Practical experience and common sense (or) 37.3% 46.2% 48.6% 43.1% 40.5% 44.8%
Scientific information 4.8% 11.1% 10.1% 6.3% 11.0% 8.9%
(VOL) Don't know/Refused 2.2% 2.2% 2.3% 4.8% 4.8% 2.4%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
34112


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than $20,000 20 to under $40,000 50 to under $75,000 75 to under $100,000 $100,000 or more TOTAL
Religious teachings and beliefs 34.1% 35.5% 33.9% 32.2% 26.4% 32.7%
Philosophy and reason 9.6% 9.1% 11.2% 10.9% 14.4% 10.9%
Practical experience and common sense (or) 45.2% 45.3% 44.4% 45.4% 45.3% 45.1%
Scientific information 8.7% 8.2% 8.1% 9.6% 11.9% 9.2%
(VOL) Don't know/Refused 2.5% 1.9% 2.3% 1.9% 2.0% 2.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
30490


Education (I-EDUC)

High school incomplete or less than high school (no diploma) High school graduate (grade 12 with diploma or GED certificate) Some college, no degree (includes some community college) or two-year associate degree from a college or university Four-year college or university degree/Bachelor's degree (e.g., BS, BA, AB) Some postgraduate or professional school or postgraduate or professional degree, including master's, doctorate, medical or law degree (e.g., MA, MS, PhD, MD, JD, graduate school) TOTAL
Religious teachings and beliefs 40.0% 34.0% 33.9% 30.0% 28.1% 33.2%
Philosophy and reason 6.6% 7.8% 10.7% 14.2% 16.4% 10.6%
Practical experience and common sense (or) 42.0% 49.1% 45.5% 41.4% 37.7% 44.7%
Scientific information 8.7% 7.2% 7.3% 11.7% 14.5% 8.9%
(VOL) Don't know/Refused 2.7% 2.0% 2.6% 2.7% 3.3% 2.5%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
34868


Age (I-AGE)

Age 29 or younger 30-39 40-49 50-59 Age 60 or older TOTAL
Religious teachings and beliefs 23.5% 30.1% 34.0% 38.4% 38.8% 33.1%
Philosophy and reason 15.9% 11.5% 9.6% 8.5% 7.9% 10.7%
Practical experience and common sense (or) 46.8% 45.5% 45.2% 43.6% 43.3% 44.8%
Scientific information 11.9% 11.1% 8.9% 7.0% 6.7% 9.0%
(VOL) Don't know/Refused 1.9% 1.9% 2.4% 2.5% 3.2% 2.4%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
34345



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