Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


PRVALUES

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values, or B. It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values.
  1) It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values.
  2) It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values.
  3) Neither
  9) Don't know

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 49.9% 49.9%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 46.8% 96.7%
Neither 1.2% 97.9%
Don't know 2.1% 100%
Total N = 2002

Variable Comparisons

Age (I-AGE)

18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65 + TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 56.0% 59.9% 52.4% 51.1% 42.6% 36.3% 50.1%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 43.1% 36.7% 46.1% 47.4% 54.4% 55.7% 46.9%
Neither 0.0% 1.6% 0.9% 0.9% 1.4% 2.3% 1.2%
Don't know 0.9% 1.9% 0.5% 0.6% 1.6% 5.7% 1.8%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1974


Gender (I-GENDER)

Male Female TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 56.9% 43.4% 49.9%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 40.4% 52.8% 46.8%
Neither 1.1% 1.3% 1.2%
Don't know 1.6% 2.5% 2.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
2002


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Republican Democrat Independent No preference TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 48.0% 47.5% 56.7% 46.6% 50.4%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 49.5% 49.6% 40.7% 47.0% 46.7%
Neither 0.8% 1.4% 1.3% 1.7% 1.2%
Don't know 1.7% 1.4% 1.3% 4.7% 1.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1944


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than $20,000 $20,000 to under $40,000 $40,000 to under $75,000 $75,000 to under $100,000 $100,000 or more Don't know/Refused TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 35.0% 49.3% 53.7% 65.3% 67.9% 42.7% 49.9%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 62.0% 48.3% 43.2% 33.4% 30.8% 49.7% 46.8%
Neither 1.1% 1.5% 1.2% 1.3% 0.3% 0.9% 1.2%
Don't know 1.9% 0.9% 1.8% 0.0% 1.0% 6.6% 2.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
2002


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school High school graduate Some college College + TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 31.9% 43.2% 55.4% 64.9% 50.0%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 64.4% 52.9% 42.3% 32.6% 46.8%
Neither 1.4% 1.1% 1.3% 1.1% 1.2%
Don't know 2.4% 2.8% 1.0% 1.4% 2.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1994


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Divorced/Separated Widowed Never been married TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 51.4% 43.8% 32.0% 57.8% 50.0%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 45.2% 54.8% 60.1% 40.0% 46.9%
Neither 1.5% 0.2% 2.3% 1.0% 1.2%
Don't know 1.9% 1.3% 5.6% 1.2% 2.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1990


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

More than once a week Once a week Once or twice a month A few times a year Seldom Never TOTAL
It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 31.9% 41.1% 52.7% 51.6% 66.7% 68.3% 50.1%
It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 65.3% 54.7% 44.4% 45.0% 31.4% 29.5% 46.9%
Neither 0.2% 2.6% 0.5% 1.5% 0.4% 1.5% 1.2%
Don't know 2.6% 1.7% 2.3% 1.9% 1.6% 0.6% 1.9%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1987



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