Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


WLFR1996

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

In 1996, welfare reform legislation was passed that made many changes to the welfare system in America. In your view, does the current welfare system work better or worse than the system in place before 1996?
  1) Better
  2) Worse
  3) No difference
  9) Don't know/Refused

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Better 45.5% 45.5%
Worse 17.2% 62.7%
No difference 5% 67.7%
Don't know/Refused 32.3% 100%
Total N = 2002

Variable Comparisons

Age (I-AGE)

18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65 + TOTAL
Better 38.9% 40.8% 46.8% 52.7% 48.4% 44.4% 45.6%
Worse 18.5% 14.7% 17.7% 18.9% 20.0% 14.3% 17.2%
No difference 2.4% 6.7% 3.9% 6.3% 5.8% 5.1% 5.1%
Don't know/Refused 40.2% 37.8% 31.6% 22.1% 25.8% 36.2% 32.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1974


Gender (I-GENDER)

Male Female TOTAL
Better 45.9% 45.1% 45.5%
Worse 19.2% 15.4% 17.2%
No difference 5.5% 4.6% 5.0%
Don't know/Refused 29.4% 34.9% 32.3%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
2002


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Republican Democrat Independent No preference TOTAL
Better 51.8% 45.6% 43.7% 27.1% 45.7%
Worse 12.2% 20.2% 19.6% 17.8% 17.4%
No difference 4.5% 5.5% 5.0% 7.6% 5.2%
Don't know/Refused 31.5% 28.8% 31.7% 47.5% 31.8%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1944


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than $20,000 $20,000 to under $40,000 $40,000 to under $75,000 $75,000 to under $100,000 $100,000 or more Don't know/Refused TOTAL
Better 43.1% 44.5% 49.2% 45.7% 46.9% 42.3% 45.4%
Worse 25.9% 19.1% 13.4% 15.2% 12.8% 14.2% 17.2%
No difference 3.9% 5.0% 5.0% 7.8% 6.9% 4.0% 5.1%
Don't know/Refused 27.1% 31.3% 32.5% 31.4% 33.4% 39.6% 32.3%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
2002


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school High school graduate Some college College + TOTAL
Better 35.7% 46.8% 43.3% 51.1% 45.5%
Worse 25.2% 17.6% 17.7% 11.6% 17.2%
No difference 5.9% 4.2% 5.2% 5.8% 5.1%
Don't know/Refused 33.1% 31.4% 33.8% 31.4% 32.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1994


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Divorced/Separated Widowed Never been married TOTAL
Better 47.3% 47.2% 45.1% 40.5% 45.5%
Worse 14.7% 18.8% 21.4% 20.3% 17.3%
No difference 5.7% 4.5% 4.3% 4.1% 5.0%
Don't know/Refused 32.2% 29.5% 29.3% 35.1% 32.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1990


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

More than once a week Once a week Once or twice a month A few times a year Seldom Never TOTAL
Better 49.1% 48.0% 46.3% 46.2% 42.7% 34.8% 45.5%
Worse 16.8% 14.6% 20.1% 16.7% 17.9% 21.5% 17.4%
No difference 4.2% 4.5% 5.5% 4.9% 5.4% 7.1% 5.1%
Don't know/Refused 29.9% 33.0% 28.2% 32.1% 34.1% 36.6% 32.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1987



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