Religious Ecology of 378 American Cities, 1906-1936

Data Archive > Other Data > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Name of the city. (CITY)
2) State in which the city is located. (STATE)
3) Number of suicides in 1936. (SUI36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37822.11471
4) Church membership in 1936. (MEM36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37871107.029253247
5) Percent of church members under age 13 in 1936. (MEMLT13)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37817.9386
6) Members of Jewish congregations in 1936. (JEWS36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37811842.18107705
7) Members of Roman Catholic Churches in 1936. (CATHS36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37831070.807103558
8) Percent of Roman Catholic Church members under age 13 in 1936. (CTHMEM13)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36526.8047
9) Members of Baha'i groups in 1936. (BAHAIS36)
TOTAL%
0) 30981.7
2) 10.3
4) 30.8
5) 10.3
6) 41.1
7) 10.3
8) 10.3
9) 10.3
10) 61.6
11) 20.5
12) 20.5
13) 20.5
15) 51.3
16) 41.1
17) 10.3
18) 20.5
19) 10.3
20) 20.5
21) 41.1
23) 10.3
25) 10.3
26) 20.5
28) 30.8
33) 20.5
35) 10.3
38) 10.3
40) 10.3
44) 10.3
46) 20.5
49) 10.3
53) 10.3
55) 10.3
60) 10.3
70) 10.3
75) 10.3
80) 10.3
123) 10.3
170) 10.3
250) 10.3
270) 10.3
TOTAL378100.0
10) Members of Christian Science Churches in 1936. (CHRSCI36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL378343.413915
11) Members of Divine Science Churches in 1936. (DIVSCI36)
TOTAL%
0) 36396.0
5) 10.3
50) 10.3
57) 10.3
67) 10.3
82) 10.3
120) 10.3
125) 10.3
140) 10.3
170) 10.3
175) 10.3
184) 10.3
400) 10.3
422) 10.3
588) 10.3
1500) 10.3
TOTAL378100.0
12) Members of liberal Catholic Churches in 1936. (LIBCTH36)
TOTAL%
0) 35593.9
6) 10.3
7) 10.3
10) 10.3
12) 10.3
15) 10.3
16) 20.5
19) 10.3
21) 10.3
22) 10.3
24) 10.3
27) 10.3
35) 10.3
40) 10.3
41) 10.3
47) 10.3
53) 10.3
57) 10.3
91) 10.3
100) 10.3
162) 10.3
252) 10.3
344) 10.3
TOTAL378100.0
13) Church membership in 1926. (MEM26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28584782.684277345
14) Percent of church members under age 13 in 1926. (MEM2613)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28519.1045
15) Members of Jewish congregations in 1926. (JEWS26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28413801.194107842
16) Members of the Roman Catholic Church in 1926. (CATH26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28538260.291125383
17) Percent of Roman Catholic Church members under 13 in 1926. (CTHMM132)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28427.2127
18) Members of Baha'i groups in 1926. (BAHAI26)
TOTAL%
0) 25188.4
9) 31.1
10) 41.4
11) 10.4
12) 20.7
14) 10.4
15) 51.8
16) 10.4
18) 20.7
22) 10.4
25) 10.4
28) 10.4
30) 41.4
50) 20.7
53) 10.4
60) 10.4
81) 10.4
145) 10.4
200) 10.4
Missing94 
TOTAL284100.0
19) Members of Christian Science Churches in 1926. (CHRSCI26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL284334.183810
20) Members of Divine Science Churches in 1926. (DIVSCI26)
TOTAL%
0) 27094.7
19) 10.4
25) 20.7
29) 10.4
30) 10.4
34) 10.4
74) 10.4
120) 10.4
145) 10.4
200) 10.4
235) 10.4
300) 10.4
391) 10.4
611) 10.4
984) 10.4
Missing93 
TOTAL285100.0
21) Members of liberal Catholic Churches in 1926. (LIBCTH26)
TOTAL%
0) 25288.4
4) 10.4
6) 10.4
9) 10.4
11) 20.7
12) 20.7
14) 20.7
15) 20.7
18) 10.4
20) 10.4
21) 10.4
25) 20.7
26) 10.4
27) 10.4
28) 10.4
30) 10.4
33) 10.4
37) 10.4
39) 10.4
41) 10.4
44) 10.4
54) 10.4
60) 10.4
91) 10.4
95) 10.4
104) 10.4
153) 10.4
315) 10.4
383) 10.4
Missing93 
TOTAL285100.0
22) Members of Theosophical Societies in 1926. (THEO26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28520.96560
23) Church membership in 1916. (MEM16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22468042.259172207
24) Population in 1910. (POP10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL224126884.696371988
25) Population in 2000. (POP00)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL157124434.994325658
26) Church members in 1906. (MEM06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL15766443.541169542
27) Members of Roman Catholic Churches in 1906. (CATH06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14941486.295128984
28) Members of Christian Science Churches in 1906. (CHRSCI06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL157450.423337
29) Members of Roman Catholic Churches in 1916. (CATH16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22539330.32122527
30) Number of suicides in 1926. (SUI26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28124.45669
31) Number of suicides in 1916. (SUI16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL24224.32273
32) Number of suicides in 1906. (SUI06)
TOTAL%
0) 52.5
1) 2211.0
2) 2110.5
3) 136.5
4) 2311.5
5) 115.5
6) 147.0
7) 94.5
8) 178.5
9) 52.5
10) 52.5
11) 31.5
12) 52.5
13) 21.0
14) 21.0
15) 21.0
16) 10.5
17) 31.5
18) 10.5
19) 10.5
20) 10.5
22) 10.5
23) 10.5
24) 10.5
25) 10.5
26) 10.5
27) 10.5
28) 21.0
34) 10.5
35) 10.5
36) 10.5
38) 21.0
40) 10.5
44) 31.5
51) 10.5
57) 10.5
64) 31.5
67) 10.5
70) 10.5
71) 10.5
75) 10.5
80) 10.5
82) 10.5
83) 10.5
147) 10.5
213) 10.5
223) 10.5
395) 10.5
672) 10.5
Missing178 
TOTAL200100.0
33) Number of homicides in 1926. (HOM26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28116.77245
34) Population in 1920. (POP20)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL287131534.328396791
35) Population in 1930. (POP30)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL376130965.455430716
36) Population in 1940. (POP40)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL376137524.715456327
37) Population in 1906, estimated by interpolation between 1900 and 1910. (POP06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL157146157.299381639
38) Population in 1916, estimated by interpolation between 1910 and 1920. (POP16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL223143448.318409214
39) Population in 1926, estimated by interpolation between 1920 and 1930. (POP26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL287146987.735443376
40) Population in 1936, estimated by interpolation between 1930 and 1940. (POP36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL376134245.322443400
41) Church members per 1000 (crude rate) in 1906. (RAWCMR06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL157472.884134
42) Church members per 1000 (crude rate) in 1916. (RAWCMR16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL222519.156141
43) Church members per 1000 (crude rate) in 1926. (RAWCMR26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL285575.427161
44) Church members per 1000 (crude rate) in 1936. (RAWCMR36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL376526.898168
45) Suicides per 100,000 in 1906. (SURT06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12814.7638
46) Suicides per 100,000 in 1916. (SURT16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL19617.29410
47) Suicides per 100,000 in 1926. (SURT26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28115.6468
48) Suicides per 100,000 in 1936. (SURT36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37616.0788
49) Percent born in the state in 1900. (BNST00)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL15756.9216
50) Percent born in the state in 1920. (BNST20)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14457.49716
51) Percent born in the state in 1910. (BNST10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13955.88416
52) Percent born in the state in 1930. (BNST30)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18259.7315
53) Baha'is per 100,000 in 1936. (RBAHI36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3763.38612
54) Christian Scientists per 100,000 in 1936. (RCHSC36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL376269.693224
55) Divine Scientists per 100,000 in 1936. (RDIVS36)
TOTAL%
0) 36196.0
1.5953) 10.3
2.4329987654321) 10.3
14.2614) 10.3
17.0582987654321) 10.3
20.5881) 10.3
29.2448) 10.3
51.526) 10.3
60.6052) 10.3
83.6184987654321) 10.3
99.453) 10.3
157.243598765432) 10.3
192.7006) 10.3
273.8172) 10.3
330.8446) 10.3
439.9085) 10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL376100.0
56) Liberal Catholics per 100,000 in 1936. (RLIBC36)
TOTAL%
0) 35393.9
.7212) 10.3
.8243) 10.3
1.5761) 10.3
2.9304) 10.3
3.5713) 10.3
3.6523) 10.3
4.0053987654321) 10.3
4.7826) 10.3
4.7835) 10.3
5.1546) 10.3
5.9592) 10.3
6.0049) 10.3
8.9086987654321) 10.3
9.0647987654321) 10.3
9.7483) 10.3
11.6283987654321) 10.3
14.3628) 10.3
15.1946987654321) 10.3
18.3785987654321) 10.3
20.9045987654321) 10.3
21.4684987654321) 10.3
28.9328) 10.3
31.0459987654321) 10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL376100.0
57) Baha'is per 100,000 in 1926. (RBAHI26)
TOTAL%
0) 25188.4
1.4307) 10.4
1.9497) 10.4
2.1116987654321) 10.4
2.1686987654321) 10.4
2.318) 10.4
2.5924) 10.4
2.7782) 10.4
2.8081) 10.4
3.1871) 10.4
3.6741) 10.4
3.7873) 10.4
4.7712) 10.4
5.3323987654321) 10.4
6.5354987654321) 10.4
6.5392) 10.4
6.6125987654321) 10.4
7.1553) 10.4
8.7637) 10.4
8.8118987654321) 10.4
9.2253) 10.4
9.3688) 10.4
9.9934987654321) 10.4
10.7123) 10.4
12.9457) 10.4
14.2704) 10.4
14.7357987654321) 10.4
17.1173987654321) 10.4
17.5241) 10.4
23.0566987654321) 10.4
26.0595987654321) 10.4
33.0636987654321) 10.4
42.3566987654321) 10.4
46.1775) 10.4
Missing94 
TOTAL284100.0
58) Christian Scientists per 100,000 in 1926. (RCHSC26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL284238.973193
59) Divine Scientists per 100,000 in 1926. (RDIVS26)
TOTAL%
0) 27094.7
.9871) 10.4
5.4086987654321) 10.4
5.5808987654321) 10.4
7.6826) 10.4
9.7367) 10.4
11.5924987654321) 10.4
22.042) 10.4
23.1795) 10.4
24.5767987654321) 10.4
26.4237) 10.4
27.6915) 10.4
42.5611987654321) 10.4
123.3966) 10.4
143.657) 10.4
294.432298765432) 10.4
Missing93 
TOTAL285100.0
60) Liberal Catholics per 100,000 in 1926. (RLIBC26)
TOTAL%
0) 25288.4
.7418) 10.4
1.9254) 10.4
2.4382) 10.4
2.5081) 10.4
2.6004987654321) 10.4
4.3158) 10.4
4.9077) 10.4
5.0007) 10.4
5.0221987654321) 10.4
5.7702987654321) 10.4
5.7999) 10.4
6.2984987654321) 10.4
6.4904) 10.4
6.6908) 10.4
6.9665987654321) 10.4
7.0701987654321) 10.4
7.5180987654321) 10.4
7.8373) 10.4
7.9513) 10.4
9.7049) 10.4
12.464) 10.4
12.6024987654321) 10.4
13.9734987654321) 10.4
16.166) 10.4
16.5610987654321) 10.4
18.2442987654321) 10.4
21.5859987654321) 10.4
22.4864987654321) 10.4
25.3003987654321) 10.4
27.9043987654321) 10.4
34.7160987654321) 10.4
35.9468) 10.4
36.9718) 10.4
Missing93 
TOTAL285100.0
61) Theosophists per 100,000 in 1926. (RTHEO26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28511.81321
62) Small cult members per 100,000 in 1936 (Baha'is, Divine Scientists, Liberal Catholics). (RSCULT36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3768.72838
63) Small cult members per 100,000 in 1926 (Baha'is, Divine Scientists, Liberal Catholics). (RSCULT26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28417.28135
64) Estimate of the percent born in the state in 1926. A simple average of the figures for 1920 and 1930. (BNST26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14158.86615
65) Church members in 1906 with 15% Roman Catholics restored. The printed census volumes for 1906 automatically discounted the number of Catholics by 15% on the justification that catholic Churches counted small children, whereas some other churches did not. (MEMPL06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL149116897.134324784
66) 1906 recalculated church membership rate per 1,000 after restoring the 15% of Catholics who had been discounted by the census population. (CMRPL06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL149782.887287
67) Christian Scientists per 100,000 in 1906. (RCHSC06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL157182.189545
68) Did the city grow from 1926 to 1936? (GREW2636)
TOTAL%
0) No1812.5
1) Yes12687.5
Missing234 
TOTAL144100.0
69) Percent of native born who were born in the state of residence in 1920. (BNSTNT20)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14470.38417
70) Is this city in New England? (NEWENG)
TOTAL%
0) No32385.4
1) Yes5514.6
TOTAL378100.0
71) Homicides per 100,000 in 1926. (HOMRT26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28110.97516
72) Crude Catholic rate. Roman Catholics as a percent of church members. (CTHMEM26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28540.45922
73) Adult church member over age 13 in 1926. (ADMEM26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28566888.214211955
74) Adult Catholics over age 13 in 1926. (ADCTH26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28427969.38592162
75) Percent of adult church members who are Catholics in 1926. (JCATRT26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28437.41921
76) Percent of the population who are members of the Roman Catholic Church in 1926. (RWCTHR26)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28524.61218
77) Deaths from cirrhosis of the liver in 1936. (CIR36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37816.47157
78) Deaths from cirrhosis of the liver in 1926. (CIR26)
TOTAL%
0) 267.4
1) 298.3
2) 5816.5
3) 4111.7
4) 3510.0
5) 257.1
6) 236.6
7) 133.7
8) 102.8
9) 92.6
10) 164.6
11) 51.4
12) 41.1
13) 61.7
14) 72.0
15) 61.7
16) 20.6
17) 30.9
18) 10.3
19) 30.9
20) 10.3
21) 20.6
22) 30.9
25) 10.3
27) 10.3
28) 20.6
29) 10.3
40) 10.3
43) 10.3
44) 10.3
45) 10.3
52) 10.3
53) 10.3
62) 30.9
66) 10.3
71) 10.3
81) 10.3
88) 10.3
123) 10.3
125) 10.3
177) 10.3
312) 10.3
597) 10.3
Missing27 
TOTAL351100.0
79) Deaths from cirrhosis of the liver in 1916. (CIR16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28518.63962
80) Cirrhosis deaths per 100,000 in 1936. (CIR36RT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37610.8346
81) Total Catholics as a percent of church members in 1936. (CTHMEM36)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37839.40123
82) Cirrhosis deaths per 100,000 in 1926. (CIR26RT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2808.7775
83) Cirrhosis deaths per 100,000 in 1916. (CIR16RT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL19615.157
84) Total Catholics as a percent of church members in 1916. (CTHMEM16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22447.04223
85) Cirrhosis subsample. Are the data good for cirrhosis deaths and the 1916 church member rate? (GOODCIR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes194100.0
Missing184 
TOTAL194100.0
86) Total Catholics as a percent of church members in 1906. (CTHMEM06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14935.25812
87) 1940 population as a percent of 1930 population. (POPG3040)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL376105.86311
88) 1936 suicide rate as a percentage of 1926. (SUICHG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL280131.588115
89) 1930 population as a percent of 1920 population. (POPG2030)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL287125.6531
90) 1920 population as a percent of 1910 population. (POPG1020)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL223127.77725