Detroit Area Study, 1997: Social Change in Religion and Child Rearing

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Others > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Sample ID four digit (Q4)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353757.64450
2) County of residence (CS4) (Q30)
TOTAL%
1) Wayne17048.2
2) Oakland11933.7
3) Maccomb6418.1
TOTAL353100.0
3) Relationship to informant of each member of the household unit 21 years or older (CSX) (Q35_1)
TOTAL%
1) Informant35299.7
4) Mother10.3
TOTAL353100.0
4) Relationship to informant of each member of the household unit 21 years or older (CSX) (Q35_2)
TOTAL%
2) Wife6518.4
3) Husband10529.7
4) Mother339.3
5) Stepmother20.6
7) Father41.1
10) Daughter30.8
12) Son102.8
14) Sister51.4
16) Brother72.0
26) Roommate A10.3
29) Boyfriend20.6
30) Girlfriend20.6
31) Partner30.8
97) Not applicable11131.4
TOTAL353100.0
5) Relationship to informant of each member of the household unit 21 years or older (CSX) (Q35_3)
TOTAL%
2) Wife10.3
3) Husband10.3
4) Mother82.3
7) Father195.4
10) Daughter82.3
12) Son92.5
14) Sister30.8
16) Brother30.8
22) Grandmother20.6
26) Roommate A20.6
27) Roommate B10.3
28) Other relative10.3
32) Non-relative10.3
97) Not applicable29483.3
TOTAL353100.0
6) Relationship to informant of each member of the household unit 21 years or older (CSX) (Q35_4)
TOTAL%
2) Wife10.3
3) Husband10.3
4) Mother20.6
6) Mother-in-law10.3
10) Daughter30.8
12) Son30.8
16) Brother30.8
97) Not applicable33996.0
TOTAL353100.0
7) Relationship to informant of each member of the household unit 21 years or older (CSX) (Q35_5)
TOTAL%
3) Husband10.3
7) Father10.3
12) Son10.3
16) Brother10.3
97) Not applicable34998.9
TOTAL353100.0
8) Age of household member (CSX) (Q36_1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL35343.79317
9) Age of household member (CSX) (Q36_2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353344.246443
10) Age of household member (CSX) (Q36_3)
TOTAL%
9) 910.3
12) 1210.3
13) 1310.3
14) 1410.3
19) 1920.6
20) 2010.3
21) 2120.6
22) 2210.3
23) 2330.8
25) 2510.3
26) 2610.3
27) 2741.1
33) 3310.3
35) 3520.6
37) 3710.3
38) 3820.6
40) 4030.8
41) 4120.6
42) 4220.6
43) 4330.8
44) 4410.3
46) 4610.3
47) 4710.3
48) 4820.6
49) 4930.8
50) 5010.3
53) 5310.3
54) 5410.3
55) 5520.6
56) 5610.3
58) 5810.3
59) 5930.8
62) 6220.6
65) 6510.3
67) 6710.3
75) 7510.3
87) 8710.3
997) Not applicable29483.3
TOTAL353100.0
11) Age of household member (CSX) (Q36_4)
TOTAL%
13) 1310.3
14) 1410.3
21) 2110.3
22) 2210.3
23) 2310.3
25) 2510.3
29) 2910.3
30) 3010.3
37) 3710.3
42) 4210.3
45) 4510.3
72) 7210.3
74) 7410.3
96) 9610.3
997) Not applicable33996.0
TOTAL353100.0
12) Age of household member (CSX) (Q36_5)
TOTAL%
23) 2310.3
33) 3310.3
35) 3510.3
37) 3710.3
997) Not applicable34998.9
TOTAL353100.0
13) Gender of household member (CSX) (Q37_1)
TOTAL%
1) Male12736.0
2) Female22664.0
TOTAL353100.0
14) Gender of household member (CSX) (Q37_2)
TOTAL%
1) Male13036.8
2) Female11231.7
7) Not applicable11131.4
TOTAL353100.0
15) Gender of household member (CSX) (Q37_3)
TOTAL%
1) Male359.9
2) Female246.8
7) Not applicable29483.3
TOTAL353100.0
16) Gender of household member (CSX) (Q37_4)
TOTAL%
1) Male72.0
2) Female72.0
7) Not applicable33996.0
TOTAL353100.0
17) Gender of household member (CSX) (Q37_5)
TOTAL%
1) Male41.1
7) Not applicable34998.9
TOTAL353100.0
18) Number of household members in Q35_1-Q37_5(1-5) (CS7) (Q48)
TOTAL%
1) 11131.4
2) 18351.8
3) 4512.7
4) 102.8
5) 41.1
TOTAL353100.0
19) Respondent number (1-5) from HHL (CS8) (Q49)
TOTAL%
1) 23466.3
2) 9827.8
3) 185.1
4) 20.6
5) 10.3
TOTAL353100.0
20) Relationship to informant (CS9) (Q50)
TOTAL%
1) Informant23466.3
2) Wife287.9
3) Husband3810.8
4) Mother195.4
5) Stepmother10.3
7) Father102.8
10) Daughter51.4
12) Son72.0
16) Brother61.7
22) Grandmother10.3
26) Roommate A10.3
29) Boyfriend10.3
31) Partner20.6
TOTAL353100.0
21) Age of selected respondent in years (21-99) (CS10) (Q51)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL35345.01115
22) Gender of selected respondent (CS11.1) (Q54)
TOTAL%
1) Male13939.4
2) Female21460.6
TOTAL353100.0
23) Respondents were randomly divided into two groups by the CATI program. Each of these groups were administered a distinct set of open-ended follow-up questions, based on the value the respondent was assigned in Q61. Respondents in the first group (Q61=1) received the following questions if applicable: A52, C45, D13, D43. Respondents in the second group (Q61=2) received the following questions if applicable: A50, C37, C48, D14.1, D27, D29, D30, G15a, G26. In addition, Q61 was used to assign respondents to one of the two different versions of the B22 sequence. (Q61)
TOTAL%
1) List 113137.1
2) List 222262.9
TOTAL353100.0
24) IWER camp (Q62_X)
TOTAL%
1) DAS student IWER21260.1
2) SRC IWER14139.9
TOTAL353100.0
25) Month of interview start, month (4-8) (Q65)
TOTAL%
4) 14139.9
5) 9827.8
6) 5515.6
7) 308.5
8) 298.2
TOTAL353100.0
26) Day of interview start, day (1-31) (Q66)
TOTAL%
1) 154.2
2) 92.5
3) 102.8
4) 174.8
5) 133.7
6) 174.8
7) 123.4
8) 72.0
9) 82.3
10) 72.0
11) 30.8
12) 133.7
13) 61.7
14) 82.3
15) 41.1
16) 72.0
17) 61.7
18) 20.6
19) 174.8
20) 226.2
21) 144.0
22) 113.1
23) 205.7
24) 236.5
25) 185.1
26) 102.8
27) 92.5
28) 123.4
29) 133.7
30) 174.8
31) 30.8
TOTAL353100.0
27) Time of interview start, hour:minutes (0:00-23:59) (Q67)
28) The first thing we'd like to know is how many years you have lived in the greater Detroit Area; that is, in Wayne, Macomb, or Oakland counties? (A2) (Q71_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL35342.65727
29) How many years have you lived at this address? (A4) (Q74_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL35311.54912
30) In what state or country were you born? (A3A) (Q77)
TOTAL%
101) Alabama51.4
102) Arkansas30.8
105) Florida30.8
106) Georgia41.1
107) Kentucky61.7
108) Louisiana20.6
110) Mississippi20.6
111) North Carolina41.1
112) Oklahoma10.3
113) South Carolina10.3
114) Tennessee30.8
115) Texas61.7
116) Virginia20.6
117) West Virginia20.6
218) Connecticut10.3
220) Massachusetts10.3
222) New Jersey20.6
223) New York30.8
224) Pennsylvania61.7
327) Illinois82.3
328) Indiana10.3
329) Iowa10.3
330) Kansas10.3
331) Minnesota20.6
332) Missouri10.3
334) North Dakota10.3
335) Ohio61.7
337) Wisconsin20.6
440) California30.8
441) Colorado10.3
442) Idaho10.3
500) Michigan19053.8
997) Other/foreign226.2
9997) Not applicable5615.9
TOTAL353100.0
31) We are also interested in the kind of work people do. Are you doing any work for pay now? (A5) (Q80V)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, working for pay24770.0
5) No10630.0
TOTAL353100.0
32) How many hours did you work last week, at all jobs? (A6) (Q81)
TOTAL%
0) 0113.1
1) 110.3
3) 310.3
4) 410.3
6) 620.6
8) 830.8
10) 1010.3
14) 1410.3
15) 1510.3
16) 1630.8
17) 1710.3
18) 1810.3
20) 2092.5
24) 2430.8
25) 2561.7
27) 2710.3
28) 2810.3
30) 3061.7
32) 3261.7
34) 3420.6
35) 3541.1
36) 3651.4
38) 3820.6
40) 408022.7
41) 4110.3
42) 4210.3
43) 4310.3
44) 4420.6
45) 45205.7
46) 4610.3
48) 4851.4
50) 50195.4
52) 5220.6
53) 5320.6
55) 5592.5
58) 5810.3
60) 60102.8
63) 6310.3
65) 6541.1
70) 7061.7
73) 7310.3
74) 7410.3
76) 7620.6
80) 8020.6
84) 8410.3
90) 9010.3
129) 12910.3
997) Not applicable10630.0
998) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
33) Are you retired, laid off, unemployed, disabled, a homemaker, a student, or what? (A7) (Q82)
TOTAL%
1) Laid off41.1
2) Retired4913.9
3) Unemployed72.0
4) Disabled51.4
5) Homemaker277.6
6) Student61.7
7) Other (specify)82.3
97) Not applicable24770.0
TOTAL353100.0
34) Have you ever worked for pay? (A8) (Q83)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5014.2
5) No30.8
97) Don't know30085.0
TOTAL353100.0
35) Let's talk about your (last) main job. (Are/Were) you self-employed or (do/did) you work for someone else? (a13) (Q84)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed4111.6
5) Someone else30987.5
7) Not applicable30.8
TOTAL353100.0
36) Do or did you employ any other people? (A14) (Q85)
TOTAL%
1) Yes164.5
5) No257.1
7) Not applicable31288.4
TOTAL353100.0
37) (If A13 self-employed) How many people (do/did) you employ? Else: About how many people (are/were) employed by your company at the place where you work(ed)? (A15) (Q86)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3531306740.2613369873
38) Is or was it (100/1000/10) or more? (A15.1-15.3) (Q87_X)
TOTAL%
3) 100-99982.3
4) 1000+92.5
7) Not applicable33594.9
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
39) What kind of work (do/did) you normally do? That is, what (is/was) your job called? (What (do/did) you actually do in that job? Tell me what (are/were) some of your main duties?) [ARDA note: Code using three-digit 1990 Census occupation codes] (A9) (Q91_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353335.034251
40) What kind of place (do/did) you work for? What (do/did) they make or do at the place where you work(ed)? [ARDA note: Code using three-digit 1990 Census occupation codes] (A10) (Q92_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353609.966262
41) Do or did you have a supervisor on your job to whom you (are/were) directly responsible? (A16) (Q93)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28480.5
5) No257.1
7) Not applicable4412.5
TOTAL353100.0
42) Does or did that person have a supervisor on the job to whom he or she (is/was) directly responsible? (A17) (Q94)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21159.8
5) No7220.4
7) Not applicable6919.5
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
43) In your job, (do/did) you supervise anyone who (is/was) directly responsible to you? (A18) (Q96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11933.7
5) No23165.4
7) Not applicable30.8
TOTAL353100.0
44) Do or did any of those persons supervise anyone else? (A19) (Q97)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4211.9
5) No7721.8
7) Not applicable23466.3
TOTAL353100.0
45) Did you ever have a business of your own or work for yourself? (A20a) (Q99)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5916.7
5) No25070.8
7) Not applicable4412.5
TOTAL353100.0
46) What type of work did you do? [ARDA note: Code using three-digit 1990 Census occupation codes] (A21) (Q100_X)
TOTAL%
17) 1772.0
22) 2261.7
23) 2320.6
25) 2510.3
55) 5510.3
64) 6410.3
84) 8420.6
97) 9710.3
103) 10310.3
159) 15930.9
174) 17410.3
178) 17810.3
185) 18520.6
186) 18610.3
243) 24330.9
254) 25410.3
274) 27420.6
277) 27761.7
315) 31510.3
337) 33720.6
407) 40710.3
453) 45310.3
458) 45810.3
474) 47410.3
518) 51810.3
567) 56741.1
637) 63710.3
687) 68710.3
777) 77710.3
779) 77910.3
997) Not applicable29483.5
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
47) Some people tell us that they couldn't really be happy unless they were working at some job (or keeping house). But others say that they would be a lot happier if they didn't have to work and could take life easy. How do you feel about this? (Probe: Would you not be happy unless you were working, or would you be happier if you did not have to work?) (A23) (Q102)
TOTAL%
1) Not happy unless working20858.9
5) Happier not working12234.6
7) Not applicable51.4
8) Don't know154.2
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
48) Why is that? (A24) (Q103_1X)
TOTAL%
11) Achievement, accomplishment, or enjoyment; like working; self-fulfillment6619.8
12) Avoids boredom; 'nothing else to do'; 'can't just sit around'; 'like to be busy'6419.2
13) Work is a habit; 'have always worked'; 'like the routine'41.2
14) Social reasons; enjoy co-workers; like to see friends; enjoy contact with people185.4
15) Mental or physical health; keeps you active or healthy; 'would just die if I didn't work'; 'keeps your mind off your troubles'144.2
21) Financial reasons; 'need the money'; 'can't afford not to work'; 'for my own money'185.4
31) Avoiding home or housework (no mention of childcare)10.3
41) People should work (excluding 42); it's wrong not to work123.6
42) God expects people to work; 'man was meant to work'30.9
43) Not working leads to crime, drug use; idleness leads to mischief10.3
46) Want to work -- NA why51.5
47) Other reason prefer working30.9
51) Don't like or enjoy working; 'I hate my job'51.5
52) Want to relax, take it easy, enjoy life; general236.9
53) Prefer other (specific) activity--n.e.c.; want to travel, take vacation, work on hobbies, etc.; ‘there are other things in life besides work'267.8
54) Social or interpersonal pressures or problems on the job; 'personality conflicts'61.8
55) Physical and mental health51.5
61) Age; 'too old to work'; 'worked long enough'; 'ready to retire'113.3
71) Prefer taking care of house/staying home51.5
73) Prefer staying home with kids, time with family226.6
86) Don't want to work -- NFS51.5
87) Other reason prefer not working20.6
97) Not applicable51.5
98) Don't know72.1
99) Refused30.9
Missing19 
TOTAL334100.0
49) Reasons for stopping work. (Q103_2X)
TOTAL%
11) Achievement, accomplishment, or enjoyment; like working; self-fulfillment1720.7
12) Avoids boredom; 'nothing else to do'; 'can't just sit around'; 'like to be busy'89.8
13) Work is a habit; 'have always worked'; 'like the routine'44.9
14) Social reasons; enjoy co-workers; like to see friends; enjoy contact with people44.9
15) Mental or physical health; keeps you active or healthy; 'would just die if I didn't work'; 'keeps your mind off your troubles'89.8
21) Financial reasons; 'need the money'; 'can't afford not to work'; 'for my own money'911.0
31) Avoiding home or housework (no mention of childcare)11.2
41) People should work (exc. 42); it's wrong not to work22.4
42) God expects people to work; 'man was meant to work'11.2
43) Not working leads to crime, drug use; idleness leads to mischief22.4
51) Don't like or enjoy working; 'I hate my job'11.2
52) Want to relax, take it easy, enjoy life; general33.7
53) Prefer other (specific) activity--n.e.c.; want to travel, take vacation, work on hobbies, etc.; 'there are other things in life besides work'56.1
54) Social or interpersonal pressures or problems on the job; 'personality conflicts'22.4
55) Physical and mental health11.2
61) Age; 'too old to work'; 'worked long enough'; 'ready to retire'44.9
71) Prefer taking care of house/staying home11.2
73) Prefer staying home with kids, time with family44.9
97) Not applicable56.1
Missing271 
TOTAL82100.0
50) Next is a question about your health. Would you say your health is excellent, very good, good, fair or poor? (A24) (Q104)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent10128.6
2) Very good13237.4
3) Good7922.4
4) Fair318.8
5) Poor102.8
TOTAL353100.0
51) On average over the last 12 months have you participated in vigorous physical activity or exercise three times a week or more? By vigorous physical activity, we mean things like sports, heavy housework, or a job that involves physical labor. (A26.1) (Q105)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20457.8
5) No14942.2
TOTAL353100.0
52) Do you smoke cigarettes now? (A27.1) (Q106)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9928.0
5) No25472.0
TOTAL353100.0
53) About how many cigarettes or packs do you usually smoke in a day now? (A27.2) (Q107_X)
TOTAL%
0) 010.3
1) 110.3
2) 220.6
3) 320.6
4) 420.6
5) 561.7
6) 630.8
7) 720.6
8) 830.8
10) 10205.7
12) 1210.3
15) 1551.4
20) 203810.8
21) 2110.3
30) 3041.1
40) 4072.0
997) Not applicable25472.0
999) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
54) Do you ever drink any alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, or liquor? (A28.1) (Q110)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24970.5
5) No10028.3
7) (If volunteered) Never have used alcohol41.1
TOTAL353100.0
55) In the last three months, on average, how many days per week have you had any alcohol to drink? (For example, beer, wine, or any drink containing liquor.) (A28.2) (Q111)
TOTAL%
0) 0 days6819.3
1) 18323.5
2) 24011.3
3) 3246.8
4) 4123.4
5) 5102.8
7) 7102.8
97) Not applicable10429.5
98) Don't know20.6
TOTAL353100.0
56) In the last three months, on the days you drink, about how many drinks do you usually have? (A28.3) (Q112)
TOTAL%
0) 020.6
1) 15315.0
2) 26518.4
3) 3318.8
4) 4164.5
5) 541.1
6) 620.6
7) 710.3
8) 810.3
10) 1020.6
97) Not applicable17449.3
98) Don't know20.6
TOTAL353100.0
57) In the last three months, on how many days have you had four or more drinks on one occasion? (A28.4) (Q113)
TOTAL%
0) 015945.0
1) 1339.3
2) 2215.9
3) 392.5
4) 472.0
5) 530.8
6) 651.4
7) 710.3
8) 810.3
9) 920.6
12) 1220.6
18) 1810.3
19) 1910.3
24) 2410.3
25) 2510.3
35) 3520.6
97) Not applicable10429.5
TOTAL353100.0
58) Have you ever felt that you should cut down on drinking? (A28.5) (Q114)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6819.3
5) No28179.6
7) Not applicable41.1
TOTAL353100.0
59) Now I'd like to turn to the topic of marriage and family. Are you now married, widowed, divorced, separated or have you never been married? (A35) (Q117)
TOTAL%
1) Married19254.4
2) Widowed277.6
3) Divorced4613.0
4) Separated144.0
6) Never married7421.0
TOTAL353100.0
60) How many years have you been (widowed/divorced/separated)? (A36) (Q118_X)
TOTAL%
.25) 10.3
.5) 20.6
.75) 10.3
1) 110.3
1.25) 1.2510.3
1.5) 1.510.3
2) 251.4
3) 351.4
4) 451.4
5) 530.9
6) 610.3
7) 761.7
8) 851.4
9) 920.6
10) 1072.0
11) 1141.1
12) 1261.7
14) 1410.3
15) 1520.6
16) 1620.6
17) 1730.9
18) 1820.6
20) 2041.1
21) 2110.3
22) 2220.6
23) 2310.3
24) 2420.6
25) 2541.1
27) 2710.3
29) 2910.3
30) 3020.6
45) 4510.3
97) 9710.3
997) Not applicable26575.3
998) Don't know10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
61) How many times have you been married, in all? (A39) (Q125)
TOTAL%
1) 122563.7
2) 24613.0
3) 372.0
4) 410.3
97) Not applicable7421.0
TOTAL353100.0
62) Internal checkpoint. Respondent number marriages. (A40) (Q126)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent has never married (6, DK or REF in Q117; 5, DK or REF in Q124)7421.0
1) Respondent has been married only once (1, DK or REF in Q125)22563.7
2) Respondent has been married two or more times (2-10 in Q125)5415.3
TOTAL353100.0
63) How many years were you married to your first (husband/wife)? (A41) (Q129_X)
TOTAL%
.5) 10.3
1.5) 1.520.6
2) 251.4
3) 382.3
4) 420.6
5) 520.6
6) 641.1
6.5) 6.510.3
7) 751.4
8) 830.8
9) 920.6
10) 1020.6
11) 1120.6
12) 1210.3
13) 1351.4
14) 1410.3
15) 1510.3
15.5) 15.510.3
16) 1620.6
20) 2010.3
25) 2510.3
25.5) 25.510.3
37) 3710.3
997) Not applicable29984.7
TOTAL353100.0
64) Were you married to your first (husband/wife) in a religious ceremony? (A41.2) (Q131)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4613.0
5) No82.3
7) Not applicable29984.7
TOTAL353100.0
65) Did your first marriage end by death or divorce? (A42) (Q132)
TOTAL%
1) Death72.0
2) Divorce4613.0
3) (If volunteered) Annulment10.3
7) Not applicable29984.7
TOTAL353100.0
66) (If A40, respondent has been married only once): Were you married in a religious ceremony? (Else: A35, widowed/divorced/separated/living with someone): Were you married to your most recent (husband/wife) in a religious ceremony? (Else): Were you married to your present (husband/wife) in a religious ceremony? (A42.1) (Q133)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22162.6
5) No5816.4
7) Not applicable7421.0
TOTAL353100.0
67) (If A40, respondent has been married two or more times) and A35 (widowed/divorced/separated/living with someone): How many years were you married to your most recent (husband/wife)? (Else A40, respondent has been married two or more times): How many years have you been married to your present (husband/wife)? (Else A35, widowed/divorced/separated/living with someone): How many years were you married? (Else): How many years have you been married? (A43) (Q134_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353225.945401
68) (If A40, respondent has been married two or more times,) and A35, (widowed/divorced/separated/living with someone): Was this your most recent (husband's/wife's) first marriage? (Else A40, respondent has been married two or more times): Is this your present (husband's/wife's) first marriage? (Else A35, widowed/divorced/separated/living with someone): Was this your (husband's/wife's) first marriage? (Else): Is this your (husband's/wife's) first marriage? (A45) (Q136)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21560.9
5) No6317.8
7) Not applicable7421.0
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
69) Did (her/his) first marriage end by death or divorce? (A48) (Q137)
TOTAL%
1) Death72.0
2) Divorce5415.3
3) (If volunteered) Annulment20.6
7) Not applicable29082.2
TOTAL353100.0
70) Changing the subject now, do you think it is a good idea or a bad idea to buy things with a credit card? (A49) (Q139)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea16647.0
5) Bad idea17248.7
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
71) Why is that? Credit card reason. (A50) (Q140_1X)
TOTAL%
10) Instant gratification; can enjoy what you're buying before it is paid for; can buy when don't have enough cash; can buy (large) item now or when needed; can use for emergencies; 'only way we can buy'; 'it's a necessity'113.3
11) Unknown code164.7
12) Ease of payment; can spread payments out; can pay bills once a month; can plan on payments82.4
13) Good service or repair on purchases20.6
14) Take advantage of sales or low prices10.3
15) Low or no interest; can save on interest; no interest if pay off every month; 'using someone else's money'82.4
21) Establishes credit61.8
22) Creates personal fiscal responsibility10.3
23) Record keeping; can keep track of expenditures41.2
26) Safety; less dangerous than carrying cash164.7
27) Convenience (n.e.c.)164.7
32) Collateral needed to rent car, reserve room, etc.30.9
33) Usage rewards from credit card issuer: flights, gifts, cash back, 'I get frequent flyer miles'10.3
46) Prefer credit card or installment buying -- NFS30.9
47) Other reason it's good10.3
51) Overspending; people buy too much, buy things they can't afford; people abuse credit/installment buying; leads to financial irresponsibility; debt is wrong; should avoid debt; 'don't buy unless you have the cash,' 'debt is morally wrong,' 'I don't want to be obligated to anyone,' 'I don't like big bills' (does not include references to the mere bother of bill-paying)4713.9
52) Unknown code175.0
55) (High) interest rates or costs; should avoid interest costs; price of goods and services higher when buying on credit; 'costs more than paying cash'319.2
67) Inconvenience (N.E.C.) 'waiting in line'; 'too busy'10.3
71) Bad for the economy, bad for business30.9
82) Causes worries or insecurity20.6
86) Don't like credit card or installment buying -- NFS10.3
87) Other reason bad10.3
97) Not applicable13840.8
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
72) Reasons credit cards. (Q140_2X)
TOTAL%
10) Instant gratification; can enjoy what you're buying before it is paid for; can buy when don't have enough cash; can buy (large) item now or when needed; can use for emergencies; 'only way we can buy'; 'it's a necessity'21.1
11) Unknown code31.6
12) Ease of payment; can spread payments out; can pay bills once a month; can plan on payments21.1
14) Take advantage of sales or low prices10.5
15) Low or no interest; can save on interest; no interest if pay off every month; 'using someone else's money'21.1
21) Establishes credit52.7
23) Record keeping; can keep track of expenditures31.6
26) Safety; less dangerous than carrying cash63.3
27) Convenience (N.E.C.)52.7
33) Usage rewards from credit card issuer; flights, gifts, cash back, 'I get frequent flyer miles'31.6
51) Overspending; people buy too much, buy things they can't afford; people abuse credit/installment buying; leads to financial irresponsibility; debt is wrong; should avoid debt; 'don't buy unless you have the cash,' 'debt is morally wrong,' 'I don't want to be obligated to anyone,' 'I don't like big bills' (does not include references to the mere bother of bill-paying)63.3
52) Unknown code42.2
55) (High) interest rates or costs; should avoid interest costs; price of goods and services higher when buying on credit; 'costs more than paying cash'21.1
97) Not applicable13875.8
Missing171 
TOTAL182100.0
73) Do you think it is a good idea or a bad idea to buy things on installment or monthly plan? A51 (Q142)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea21159.8
5) Bad idea12535.4
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
74) Why is that? Installment reason (A52) (Q143_1X)
TOTAL%
10) Instant gratification; can enjoy what you're buying before it is paid for; can buy when don't have enough cash; can buy (large) item now or when needed; can use for emergencies; 'only way we can buy'; 'it's a necessity'329.7
12) Ease of payment; can spread payments out; can pay bills once a month; can plan on payments154.6
15) Low or no interest; can save on interest; no interest if pay off every month; 'using someone else's money'61.8
17) Tax credits on interest; refers to advantage it is or used to be10.3
21) Establishes credit20.6
23) Record keeping; can keep track of expenditures10.3
27) Convenience (N.E.C.)10.3
47) Other reason it's good10.3
51) Overspending; people buy too much, buy things they can't afford; people abuse credit/installment buying; leads to financial irresponsibility; debt is wrong; should avoid debt; 'don't buy unless you have the cash,' 'debt is morally wrong,' 'I don't want to be obligated to anyone,' 'I don't like big bills' (does not include references to the mere bother of bill-paying)237.0
55) (High) interest rates or costs; should avoid interest costs; price of goods and services higher when buying on credit; 'costs more than paying cash'185.5
71) Bad for the economy, bad for business10.3
82) Causes worries or insecurity10.3
86) Don't like credit card or installment buying -- NFS10.3
87) Other reason bad30.9
97) Not applicable22267.5
98) Don't know10.3
Missing24 
TOTAL329100.0
75) Installment reason (Q143_2X)
TOTAL%
10) Instant gratification; can enjoy what you're buying before it is paid for; can buy when don't have enough cash; can buy (large) item now or when needed; can use for emergencies; 'only way we can buy'; 'it's a necessity'10.4
12) Ease of payment; can spread payments out; can pay bills once a month; can plan on payments31.3
21) Establishes credit10.4
51) Overspending; people buy too much, buy things they can't afford; people abuse credit/installment buying; leads to financial irresponsibility; debt is wrong; should avoid debt; 'don't buy unless you have the cash,' 'debt is morally wrong,' 'I don't want to be obligated to anyone,' 'I don't like big bills' (does not include references to the mere bother of bill-paying)20.9
55) (High) interest rates or costs; should avoid interest costs; price of goods and services higher when buying on credit; 'costs more than paying cash'52.1
97) Not applicable22294.9
Missing119 
TOTAL234100.0
76) Some people tell us that they try to keep careful records of how much they spend on everything, while others tell us they don't. Do you keep careful records of expenditures in your family or household? A53 (Q144)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18452.1
5) No16847.6
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
77) (If A35, married) Do you or your (husband/wife) have any savings or investments? (Else, A37 yes): Do you or your partner have any savings or investments? (Else): Do you have any savings or investments? (A54) (Q145)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29683.9
5) No savings or investments5415.3
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
78) Do you think every family or household should save a part of its income every month, or not? (A55) (Q146)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33594.9
5) No113.1
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
79) How important do you feel this is -- should people save even if it means doing without some things they could really use, or should they save only when they can do it without trouble? (Probe: Should people save by doing without things they could really use, or save only when it is no trouble?) (A56) (Q147)
TOTAL%
1) Save by doing without19053.8
5) Save if without trouble13638.5
7) Not applicable185.1
8) Don't know82.3
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
80) Now I have some questions about political issues. Some people say the government should do more than it has in connection with problems such as housing, unemployment, education, and so on. But others say the government is already doing too much along these lines. On the whole, would you say that what the government is doing now is too much, about right, or not enough? (B1) (Q150)
TOTAL%
1) Too much9025.5
3) About right10228.9
5) Not enough14340.5
8) Don't know164.5
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
81) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an independent or what? (B2) (Q151)
TOTAL%
1) Republican8122.9
2) Democrat12034.0
3) Independent9928.0
5) No preference359.9
7) Other (specify)123.4
98) Don't know20.6
99) Refused41.1
TOTAL353100.0
82) In general, do you consider yourself closer to the Republican Party or the Democratic Party? (B3) (Q152)
TOTAL%
1) Republican4312.2
2) Democratic5014.2
3) (If volunteered) Neither4913.9
7) Not applicable20156.9
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
83) Many people tell us they didn't vote in the 1996 presidential election. Did you happen to vote in that particular election? (B4) (Q153)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, voted26675.4
5) No, did not vote8524.1
99) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
84) Did you vote for Dole, Clinton, or someone else? (B5) (Q154)
TOTAL%
1) Dole7621.5
2) Clinton14541.1
4) Perot102.8
5) (If volunteered) No one20.6
7) Other (specify)154.2
97) Not applicable8724.6
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused174.8
TOTAL353100.0
85) Looking ahead, we're interested in finding out what sort of person people would most like to see in the White House when President Clinton's term is up. Would you prefer a candidate who bases the campaign on a belief in God and the American way of life, or one who bases the campaign on a discussion of political and economic problems? (B8) (Q156)
TOTAL%
1) God and the American way11532.6
5) Political and economic problems17549.6
7) Other (specify)4211.9
98) Don't know144.0
99) Refused72.0
TOTAL353100.0
86) Would you prefer a president who gets things done by never letting governmental rules and regulations stop him, or one who takes longer to get most things done but generally abides by the rules and regulations? (Probe) Would you prefer a president who never lets rules and regulations stop him, or one who abides by the rules? (B9) (Q157)
TOTAL%
1) Never lets rules and regulations stop him7421.0
5) Abides by rules26073.7
8) Don't know113.1
9) Refused82.3
TOTAL353100.0
87) In this country the Constitution guarantees the right of free speech to everyone. In your opinion, does this include the right for someone to make speeches criticizing what the President does? (B10) (Q158)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31087.8
5) No3610.2
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
88) In your opinion, does the right of free speech include the right for someone to make speeches against religion? (B11) (Q159)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27878.8
5) No6719.0
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
89) In your opinion, does the right of free speech include the right for someone to make speeches in favor of fascism or dictatorship? (B12) (Q160)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24469.1
5) No9226.1
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
90) In your opinion, does the right of free speech include the right for someone to make speeches in favor of Communism? (B13) (Q161)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24068.0
5) No9727.5
8) Don't know123.4
9) Refused41.1
TOTAL353100.0
91) In your opinion, does the right of free speech include the right for someone to make speeches expressing hatred for other racial or ethnic groups? (B13.1) (Q162)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17549.6
5) No16145.6
8) Don't know154.2
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
92) How worried are you about our country getting into a nuclear war? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, or not worried at all? (B18) (Q164)
TOTAL%
1) Very worried267.4
3) Somewhat worried13738.8
5) Not worried18953.5
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
93) Here are several statements you sometimes hear people make, and I'd like to find out how you feel about them. After each one you can tell me whether you agree with it or not. You probably will find that you agree with some, and disagree with others. In each case, just give me your first reaction--don't spend any time on them. The first statement is: Most public officials are not really interested in the problems of the average person. Do you agree or disagree? (B19) (Q165)
TOTAL%
1) Agree22563.7
5) Disagree11933.7
8) Don't know82.3
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
94) These days a person doesn't really know whom he or she can count on. Do you agree or disagree? (B20) (Q166)
TOTAL%
1) Agree22463.5
5) Disagree12134.3
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
95) Children born today have a wonderful future to look forward to. Do you agree or disagree? (B21) (Q167)
TOTAL%
1) Agree14139.9
5) Disagree20257.2
8) Don't know82.3
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
96) While we're talking about children, please tell me which of the following things you would pick as more important for children to learn to prepare them for life. If you had to choose, is it more important for children to learn (READ CHOICES AS ‘A or B') (B22) (Q170)
TOTAL%
1) To obey12535.4
3) To think for themselves21761.5
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused41.1
TOTAL353100.0
97) One of three prefer kid to know (X1C) (Q175_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey30.8
3) To think for themselves92.5
5) To help others when they need help51.4
7) Not applicable31990.4
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
98) Two of three prefer kid to know (X2C) (Q176_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey41.1
3) To think for themselves61.7
5) To help others when they need help72.0
7) Not applicable31990.4
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
99) Three of three prefer kid to know (X3C) (Q177_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey102.8
2) To be well liked and popular51.4
3) To think for themselves20.6
7) Not applicable31990.4
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
100) One of four prefer kid to know. (X1D2) (Q185_X)
TOTAL%
3) To think for themselves51.4
4) To work hard20.6
5) To help others when they need help20.6
7) Not applicable33695.2
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
101) Two of four prefer kid to know (X2D2) (Q186_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey20.6
3) To think for themselves10.3
4) To work hard41.1
5) To help others when they need help20.6
7) Not applicable33695.2
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
102) Three of four prefer kid to know (X3D2) (Q187_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey20.6
2) To be well liked and popular20.6
3) To think for themselves10.3
4) To work hard30.8
5) To help others when they need help10.3
7) Not applicable33695.2
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
103) Four of four prefer kid to know (X4D2) (Q188_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey51.4
2) To be well liked and popular20.6
3) To think for themselves20.6
7) Not applicable33695.2
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
104) One of five prefer kid to know (X1.1) (Q193_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey4713.3
3) To think for themselves8524.1
4) To work hard4913.9
5) To help others when they need help11833.4
7) Not applicable4512.7
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
105) Two of five prefer kid to know (X2.2) (Q194_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey3610.2
3) To think for themselves6919.5
4) To work hard9827.8
5) To help others when they need help9627.2
7) Not applicable4512.7
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
106) Three of five prefer kid to know (X3.3) (Q195_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey5515.6
2) To be well liked and popular41.1
3) To think for themselves6719.0
4) To work hard10429.5
5) To help others when they need help6919.5
7) Not applicable4512.7
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
107) Four of five prefer kid to know (X4.4) (Q196_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey12936.5
2) To be well liked and popular3911.0
3) To think for themselves7120.1
4) To work hard4412.5
5) To help others when they need help164.5
7) Not applicable4512.7
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
108) Five of five prefer kid to know (X5.5) (Q197_X)
TOTAL%
1) To obey339.3
2) To be well liked and popular25672.5
3) To think for themselves72.0
4) To work hard30.8
7) Not applicable4512.7
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
109) Now I'm going to turn to some questions on religion. How much interest do you have in religion: much, some, little or none? (C1) (Q228)
TOTAL%
1) Much17950.7
2) Some11131.4
3) Little4412.5
4) None174.8
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
110) Do you have a religious preference? That is, are you Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (C2) (Q229)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant11933.7
2) Catholic11031.2
3) Jewish102.8
5) No or no preference5315.0
7) Other religion or denomination5214.7
11) (If volunteered) Atheist10.3
12) (If volunteered) Agnostic20.6
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
111) Religious preference summary. (C3-C4) (Q230_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic11031.2
3) Greek Orthodox20.6
5) Other Orthodox10.3
14) Conservative Jewish30.8
15) Reform Jewish72.0
21) Islamic/Muslim30.8
23) Hindu20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified287.9
32) Southern Baptist92.5
33) American Baptist10.3
34) National Baptist20.6
35) Unknown code20.6
36) Missionary Baptist30.8
37) Other Baptist30.8
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal61.7
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)61.7
44) Fundamentalist Methodist (include Free Methodist, Pilgrim Methodist, Wesleyan Methodist10.3
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified102.8
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (E.L.C.A.)102.8
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod123.4
61) Presbyterian, type not specified82.3
63) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)10.3
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England82.3
101) Disciples of Christ; Christian Disciples; Christian Church20.6
132) Congregationalist10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified20.6
142) Assemblies of God10.3
143) Pentecostal Holiness10.3
144) Other Pentecostal20.6
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
153) Church of God (include Worldwide Church of God)10.3
154) Church of God in Christ Holiness; Church of Holiness10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships30.8
158) Jehovah's Witnesseses30.8
159) Other fundamentalist51.4
161) Unitarian or Universalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified92.5
202) Other Protestant10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church113.1
204) Unity; Unity Church; Unity Church of Today10.3
301) Christian, type not specified41.1
801) No religious preference5315.0
802) Atheist10.3
803) Agnostic20.6
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
112) Do you consider this to be a Protestant denomination? (C6) (Q241)
TOTAL%
1) Yes144.0
5) No277.6
7) Not applicable30887.3
8) Don't know41.1
TOTAL353100.0
113) Internal checkpoint. Respondent's religious group. (C7) (Q242)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent is Protestant, not Seventh-day or other Adventist (1 in Q229 and not 152 in Q230_X; 1, DK or REF in Q241 and not 152 in Q230_X)13638.5
2) Respondent is Catholic (2 in Q229)11031.2
3) Respondent is Jewish (3 in Q229)102.8
4) Respondent is Buddhist or Hindu (22 or 23 in Q230_X)20.6
5) Respondent has no preference (5 in Q229)5315.0
6) Respondent is Protestant, Seventh-day or other Adventist (152 in Q230_X)10.3
7) Respondent is Muslim (21 in Q230_X)30.8
8) Respondent is Christian, not Protestant or Catholic, or doesn't consider Protestant (7 in Q229 and not 1, DK or REF in Q241 and not 21-23, 152 in Q230_X)298.2
9) Respondent does not know or refuses (804, DK or REF in Q230_X)61.7
10) Respondent is atheist or agnostic (11 or 12 in Q229)30.8
TOTAL353100.0
114) Have you always been this denomination? (C8) (Q244)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25171.1
5) No9627.2
7) Not applicable61.7
TOTAL353100.0
115) What was your religious preference previously? That is, were you Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark ‘Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (C9) (Q245)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant5014.2
2) Catholic267.4
5) No or no preference51.4
7) Other religion or denomination133.7
12) (If volunteered): Agnostic10.3
97) Not applicable25772.8
98) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
116) Respondent previous religious preference summary. (Q246_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic267.4
31) Baptist, type not specified82.3
32) Southern Baptist20.6
34) National Baptist10.3
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist30.8
37) Other Baptist41.1
41) Methodist, type not specified92.5
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)41.1
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified61.7
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)10.3
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod30.8
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England72.0
101) Disciples of Christ; Christian Disciples; Christian Church10.3
111) Reformed Church, type not specified10.3
131) UCC, type not specified10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
157) Church of the Nazarene10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified41.1
801) No religious preference51.4
803) Agnostic10.3
997) Not applicable25772.8
998) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
117) Check: Respondent previous religious belief (C9.12) (Q257_X)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent was Protestant, not Seventh-day or other Adventist (1 in Q245 and not 152 in Q246_X; 7 in Q245 and not 2-5, 21-23, 152, 804 in Q246_X)6217.6
2) Respondent was Catholic (2 in Q245)267.4
5) Respondent had no preference (5 in Q245)51.4
6) Respondent was Protestant, Seventh-day or other Adventist (152 in Q246_X)20.6
10) Respondent was atheist or agnostic (11 or 12 in Q245)10.3
97) Not applicable25772.8
TOTAL353100.0
118) What were your reasons for changing? (C10) (Q258_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation154.3
3) Conversion experience20.6
5) Change in beliefs about social prohibitions or social policies of the church72.0
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution154.3
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent41.1
10) Aging (exc. 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death. Maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death: 'As you get older, you begin to realize what religion is all about.'51.4
13) Place in the community, getting established (not just maturity).10.3
18) Health, disability or recovery of respondent (cf. 30)10.3
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)133.7
23) Family or children (cf. 30)113.1
40) Other personal influences (e.g., teachers, friends) except ministers113.1
50) Involvement with people in the church20.6
75) Decline in interest--NFS20.6
97) Other10.3
997) Not applicable25773.4
998) Don't know20.6
999) Refused10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
119) What were your reasons for changing? C10 (Q258_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation41.5
5) Change in beliefs about social prohibitions or social policies of the church10.4
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution20.7
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent10.4
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)20.7
997) Not applicable25796.3
Missing86 
TOTAL267100.0
120) At what age did you make this change? (C11) (Q259)
TOTAL%
2) 210.3
3) 310.3
9) 920.6
12) 1220.6
13) 1320.6
15) 1541.1
16) 1630.8
17) 1741.1
18) 1861.7
19) 1910.3
20) 2082.3
21) 2141.1
22) 2282.3
23) 2320.6
24) 2441.1
25) 2551.4
26) 2630.8
27) 2710.3
28) 2841.1
29) 2910.3
30) 3072.0
32) 3210.3
33) 3320.6
35) 3510.3
37) 3710.3
40) 4020.6
42) 4220.6
44) 4410.3
47) 4710.3
48) 4810.3
50) 5020.6
51) 5110.3
54) 5410.3
55) 5510.3
59) 5910.3
62) 6220.6
997) Not applicable25772.8
998) Don't know30.8
TOTAL353100.0
121) Were you raised as (religious group/denomination)? (C51) (Q260)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8524.1
5) No113.1
7) Not applicable25772.8
TOTAL353100.0
122) In what religion were you raised? That is, were you raised Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or in some other religion? Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent. (C52) (Q261)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant30.8
2) Catholic20.6
5) No or no preference41.1
7) Other religion or denomination20.6
97) Not applicable34296.9
TOTAL353100.0
123) Respondent religious preference raised summary. (Q262_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic20.6
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
153) Church of God (include Worldwide Church of God)10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church10.3
801) No religious preference41.1
997) Not applicable34296.9
TOTAL353100.0
124) Check: Respondent religious preference raised (C52.12) (Q273_X)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent was Protestant, not Seventh-day or other Adventist (1 in Q261 and not 152 in Q262_X; 7 in Q261 and not 2-5, 21-23, 152, 804 in Q262_X)51.4
2) Respondent was Catholic (2 in Q261)20.6
5) Respondent has no preference (5 in Q261)41.1
97) Other10.3
997) Not applicable34196.6
TOTAL353100.0
125) As an infant or child, were you baptized? (C11.1) (Q275)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28380.2
5) No5114.4
7) Not applicable144.0
8) Don't know41.1
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
126) When you were growing up, did you attend religious services regularly, most of the time, some of the time, or never? (C11.2) (Q276)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly20858.9
2) Most of the time5916.7
3) Some of the time7120.1
5) Never123.4
7) Not applicable10.3
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
127) When you were growing up, did you attend (religious instruction classes/Sunday school or religious instruction classes) regularly, most of the time, some of the time or never? (C12) (Q277)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly18452.1
2) Most of the time5816.4
4) Some of the time6719.0
5) Never349.6
7) (If volunteered) Attended parochial school82.3
97) Not applicable10.3
99) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
128) Did you ever join a (mosque/church/synagogue/temple) when you were growing up, that is, become a member by confirmation or such? (C13) (Q278)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22664.0
5) No11833.4
7) Not applicable10.3
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
129) We'd like to know about some of your experiences when you were growing up, up until you were about 16 years old. Did you always live with both your mother and father until you were about 16 years old? (C14) (Q281)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26575.1
5) No8624.4
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
130) Who raised you? Check all that apply. (C15.1) (Q282M1)
TOTAL%
1) Mother6618.7
2) Father41.1
5) Other woman (specify follow up)133.7
6) Other man (specify follow up)20.6
7) Not applicable26775.6
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
131) Who raised you? Check all that apply. (C15.1) (Q282M2)
TOTAL%
2) Father41.1
4) Stepfather51.4
5) Other woman (specify if follow up)41.1
6) Other man (specify follow up)41.1
7) Not applicable33695.2
TOTAL353100.0
132) If multiple males were mentioned in Q282M1-282M2, respondents were asked to identify one main male parent for purposes of responding to subsequent questions regarding a father or father replacement. (Q285_X)
TOTAL%
2) Father27377.3
4) Stepfather51.4
6) Other man61.7
8) No father6618.7
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
133) If multiple females were mentioned in Q282M1-Q282M2, respondents were asked to identify one main female parent for purposes of responding to subsequent questions regarding a mother or mother replacement. (Q286_X)
TOTAL%
1) Mother32993.2
5) Stepmother154.2
8) No mother figure61.7
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
134) Is your (father/replacement) still living? (C18) (Q289)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15042.6
5) No13237.5
7) Not applicable6919.6
8) Don't know10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
135) How old was he when he died? (C18a) (Q290)
TOTAL%
30) 3010.3
40) 4010.3
42) 4220.6
43) 4310.3
45) 4510.3
48) 4810.3
49) 4910.3
50) 5051.4
51) 5110.3
52) 5210.3
54) 5420.6
55) 5541.1
56) 5630.9
57) 5741.1
58) 5810.3
59) 5972.0
60) 6041.1
61) 6120.6
62) 6292.6
64) 6420.6
65) 6541.1
66) 6620.6
67) 6710.3
68) 6830.9
69) 6910.3
70) 7051.4
72) 72123.4
73) 7320.6
74) 7451.4
75) 7530.9
76) 7641.1
77) 7710.3
78) 7820.6
79) 7910.3
80) 8082.3
81) 8120.6
82) 8220.6
83) 8320.6
84) 8410.3
85) 8520.6
86) 8620.6
87) 8720.6
88) 8820.6
89) 8920.6
90) 9020.6
91) 9110.3
93) 9310.3
102) 10210.3
997) Not applicable22062.5
998) Don't know30.9
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
136) What (is/was) the religious preference of your (father/replacement)? That is, (is/was) he Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (C19) (Q291)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant8123.0
2) Catholic10128.7
3) Jewish72.0
5) No preference226.3
7) Other religion or denomination267.4
12) If volunteered: agnostic30.9
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference318.8
21) If volunteered: same as religion respondent was raised in10.3
97) Not applicable6919.6
98) Don't know72.0
99) Refused41.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
137) Father religious preference summary (Q292_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10630.1
3) Greek Orthodox20.6
14) Conservative Jewish41.1
15) Reform Jewish41.1
21) Islamic/Muslim41.1
23) Hindu20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified318.8
32) Southern Baptist92.6
33) American Baptist10.3
34) National Baptist10.3
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist30.9
37) Other Baptist41.1
41) Methodist, type not specified51.4
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)30.9
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified102.8
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (E.L.C.A.)51.4
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod82.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified82.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England82.3
101) Disciples of Christ; Christian Disciples; Christian Church30.9
111) Reformed Church, type not specified10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
157) Church of the Nazarene10.3
159) Other fundamentalist20.6
201) Protestant, type not specified82.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church51.4
301) Christian, type not specified20.6
801) No religious preference226.3
803) Agnostic30.9
804) Religious preference unclear10.3
997) Not applicable6919.6
998) Don't know72.0
999) Refused41.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
138) Was he raised (in this religion/with no preference)? (C22) (Q303)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20558.2
5) No4913.9
7) Not applicable8022.7
8) Don't know185.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
139) What religion was he raised in? That is, was he Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (C23) (Q304)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant195.4
2) Catholic102.8
3) Jewish10.3
5) No or no preference72.0
7) Other religion or denomination61.7
20) (If volunteered): Same as respondent's present religious preference20.6
97) Not applicable30386.1
98) Don't know41.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
140) Father previous religious preference summary. (Q305_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic102.8
5) Other Orthodox10.3
11) Jewish, no preference10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified30.9
32) Southern Baptist20.6
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)20.6
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified20.6
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England20.6
131) UCC, type not specified10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified61.7
203) Protestant, non-denominational church10.3
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference82.3
997) Not applicable30386.1
998) Don't know41.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
141) When your (father/replacement) was about your age, was he more religious than you are, about as religious or would you say he was less religious than you are now? (C24) (Q316)
TOTAL%
1) More religious5615.9
3) About as religious8925.3
5) Less religious8223.3
7) Other, specify72.0
97) Not applicable9326.4
98) Don't know236.5
99) Refused20.6
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
142) Is your mother/replacement still living? (C25a) (Q319)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22764.3
5) No11733.1
7) Not applicable92.5
TOTAL353100.0
143) How old was she when she died? (C25b) (Q320)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353694.72436
144) What (is/was) the religious preference of your (mother/replacement)? That is, (is/was) she Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (C26) (Q321)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10529.7
2) Catholic11933.7
3) Jewish72.0
5) No or no preference185.1
7) Other religion or denomination318.8
12) If volunteered: agnostic10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference4813.6
21) If volunteered: same as religion respondent was raised in51.4
97) Not applicable92.5
98) Don't know82.3
99) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
145) Mother religious preference summary. (Q322_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic12635.7
3) Greek Orthodox30.8
5) Other Orthodox10.3
14) Conservative Jewish61.7
15) Reform Jewish20.6
21) Islamic/Muslim41.1
23) Hindu20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified4011.3
32) Southern Baptist154.2
34) National Baptist20.6
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist41.1
37) Other Baptist61.7
41) Methodist, type not specified82.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal51.4
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)61.7
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified113.1
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)72.0
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod144.0
54) Other Lutheran10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified82.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England72.0
101) Disciples of Christ; Christian Disciples; Christian Church30.8
111) Reformed Church, type not specified10.3
131) UCC, type not specified10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
143) Pentecostal Holiness10.3
144) Other Pentecostal10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
154) Church of God in Christ Holiness; Church of Holiness10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
156) Evangelical10.3
157) Church of the Nazarene10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses20.6
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified72.0
202) Other Protestant10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church72.0
204) Unity; Unity Church; Unity Church of Today10.3
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference205.7
803) Agnostic10.3
997) Not applicable92.5
998) Don't know82.3
999) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
146) Was she raised (in this religion/with no preference)? (C29) (Q333)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26173.9
5) No5615.9
7) Not applicable205.7
8) Don't know164.5
TOTAL353100.0
147) What religion was she raised in? That is, was she Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (C30) (Q334)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant246.8
2) Catholic144.0
5) No or no preference20.6
7) Other religion or denomination82.3
97) Not applicable29784.1
98) Don't know82.3
TOTAL353100.0
148) Mother previous religious preference summary. (Q335_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic144.0
22) Buddhist10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified72.0
32) Southern Baptist30.8
33) American Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified20.6
51) Lutheran, type not specified30.8
54) Other Lutheran10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified20.6
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England51.4
121) Friends (Quakers), type not specified10.3
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified51.4
801) No religious preference20.6
997) Not applicable29784.1
998) Don't know82.3
TOTAL353100.0
149) When your (mother/replacement) was about your age, was she more religious than you are, about as religious or would you say she was less religious than you are now? (C31) (Q346)
TOTAL%
1) More religious13036.8
3) About as religious11031.2
5) Less religious6117.3
7) Other, specify72.0
97) Not applicable298.2
98) Don't know154.2
99) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
150) About how often, if ever, have you attended religious services during the last year: Would you say more than once a week, once a week, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times a year or less or never? (C32) (Q348)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week5114.4
2) Once a week6317.8
3) Two or three times a month4312.2
4) Once a month287.9
5) A few times a year or less8724.6
6) Never7922.4
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
151) What is the main reason you attend (mosque/church/synagogue/temple)? (C35) (Q349)
TOTAL%
1) Because I've always gone30.8
2) To meet my friends10.3
3) Family or friends expect it72.0
4) To worship God or pray4613.0
5) God expects it30.8
6) To hear sermon30.8
7) To learn how to be a better person51.4
8) Makes me feel better154.2
9) Other (specify)18151.3
97) Not applicable8122.9
98) Don't know41.1
99) Refused41.1
TOTAL353100.0
152) Would you say you now attend religious services more often, about the same or less often than you did 10 or 15 years ago? (C36) (Q350)
TOTAL%
1) More often8423.8
3) Same11632.9
5) Less often15243.1
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
153) What has been the reason for the change? (That is, that respondent now attends church (more/less) than 10 or 15 years ago.) (C37) (Q351_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. (Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs)144.0
3) Conversion experience41.1
5) Change in beliefs about social prohibitions or social policies of the church30.9
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere)123.4
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent82.3
10) Aging (excluding 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death. maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death.113.2
13) Place in the community, getting established (not just maturity).10.3
14) Personal tragedy; 'the death of my son made me need my religion more.'20.6
18) Health, disability or recovery of respondent (cf. 30)41.1
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)51.4
23) Family or children (cf. 30)205.7
25) Other personal influences (e.g., teachers, friends) except ministers.10.3
30) Family responsibilities (cf. 23)20.6
35) Work responsibilities123.4
37) Time, other responsibilities,174.9
40) 'My neighbor used to drive me but she moved away;' 'there's no Episcopal church in this part of the county.'41.1
50) Involvement with people in the church30.9
55) Involvement in church activities 'I joined the Knights of Columbus.'20.6
70) Increase in interest—NFS10.3
75) Decline in interest—NFS92.6
97) Other10.3
997) Not applicable20458.5
998) Don't know41.1
999) Refused51.4
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
154) What has been the reason for the change? (That is, that respondent now attends church (more/less) than 10 or 15 years ago.) (C37) (Q351_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.10.4
3) Conversion experience10.4
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere)20.9
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent10.4
15) Other negative experiences (less serious than 14)10.4
18) Health, disability or recovery of respondent (cf. 30)10.4
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)10.4
23) Family or children (cf. 30)20.9
25) Other personal influences (e.g., teachers, friends) except ministers.20.9
30) Family responsibilities (cf. 23)10.4
35) Work responsibilities10.4
37) Time, other responsibilities, general20.9
40) 'My neighbor used to drive me but she moved away.' 'There's no Episcopal church in this part of the county.'10.4
50) Involvement with people in the church41.8
55) Involvement in church activities 'I joined the Knights of Columbus.'10.4
997) Not applicable20490.3
Missing127 
TOTAL226100.0
155) Is there a (mosque/church/synagogue/temple) you usually attend? (C38) (Q353)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21761.5
5) No5415.3
7) Not applicable8122.9
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
156) Are you a member of that congregation or parish? (C41) (Q357)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16947.9
5) No4813.6
7) Not applicable13638.5
TOTAL353100.0
157) About how many years have you been going there? (C42) (Q358_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL353397.569478
158) Do you take part in any of the activities or organizations of your (mosque/church/synagogue/temple) other than attending service? (C44) (Q360)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11131.4
5) No10630.0
7) Not applicable13638.5
TOTAL353100.0
159) What sort of activities or organizations are these? Summary code: Code number of mentions of religious/church service/charitable activities (0-7) (C45) (Q361_1X)
TOTAL%
0) 061.7
1) 1133.7
2) 2144.0
3) 320.6
4) 420.6
5) 520.6
97) Not applicable31188.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
160) What sort of activities or organizations are these? Summary code: Code number of mentions of religious/church service/charitable activities (0-7) (C45) (Q361_2X)
TOTAL%
0) 0277.7
1) 192.6
2) 230.9
97) Not applicable31188.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
161) How often have you done these things, all told, during the last year? Would you say more than once a week, once a week, two or three times a month, a few times a year or less or never? (C46) (Q362)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week298.2
2) Once a week267.4
3) Two or three times a month144.0
4) Once a month102.8
5) A few times a year or less308.5
6) Never20.6
7) Not applicable24268.6
TOTAL353100.0
162) If you were to move to a different community, how important would it be to you to join a (mosque/church/synagogue/temple) of the same denomination as the one you belong to now? Would you say it would be very important, somewhat important, not very important or not at all important? (C461) (Q363)
TOTAL%
1) Very important7721.8
2) Somewhat important205.7
3) Not very important61.7
4) Not at all important41.1
7) Not applicable24669.7
TOTAL353100.0
163) All things considered, do you think you are more interested, about as interested, or less interested in religion than you were 10 or 15 years ago? (C47) (Q364)
TOTAL%
1) More interested15343.3
3) Same13237.4
5) Less interested6317.8
8) Don't know20.6
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
164) What has been the reason for the change? (C48) (Q365_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.318.8
2) Evil in the world30.9
3) Conversion experience30.9
5) Change in beliefs about social prohibitions or social policies of the church10.3
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere)123.4
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent133.7
10) Aging (exc. 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death. maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death257.1
13) Place in the community, getting established (not just maturity).10.3
14) Personal tragedy30.9
15) Other negative experiences (less serious than 14)10.3
18) Health, disability or recovery of respondent (cf. 30)10.3
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)41.1
23) Family or children (cf. 30)144.0
25) Other personal influences (e.g., teachers, friends) except ministers.51.4
35) Work responsibilities20.6
37) Time, other responsibilities, general51.4
40) 'My neighbor used to drive me but she moved away;' 'there's no Episcopal church in this part of the county.'10.3
50) Involvement with people in the church61.7
55) Involvement in church activities. 'I joined the Knights of Columbus.'10.3
70) Increase in interest—NFS 'I just get more interested in religion all the time.'30.9
75) Decline in interest—NFS82.3
997) Not applicable20458.0
998) Don't know20.6
999) Refused30.9
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
165) What has been the reason for the change? (C48) (Q365_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.10.5
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere)10.5
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent62.7
10) Aging (exc. 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death. maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death10.5
12) Unknown code20.9
15) Other negative experiences (less serious than 14)10.5
23) Family or children (cf. 30)62.7
50) Involvement with people in the church31.4
997) Not applicable20090.5
Missing132 
TOTAL221100.0
166) There's been a lot of talk about religion this year, so we are especially interested in people's religious beliefs. Some people wonder whether there is a God. How do you feel -- do you believe there is a God, or not? (D1) (Q373)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31288.4
5) No215.9
8) Don't know174.8
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
167) Did you ever believe in God? (D2) (Q374)
TOTAL%
1) Yes318.8
5) No61.7
7) Not applicable31288.4
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
168) What first caused you to doubt your belief in God? (D3) (Q375_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.102.9
2) Evil in the world20.6
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere)20.6
10) Aging (exc. 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death, maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death.30.9
15) Other negative experiences (less serious than 14)20.6
23) Family or children (cf. 30)10.3
25) Other personal influences (e.g., teachers, friends) except ministers.10.3
50) Involvement with people in the church10.3
97) Other10.3
997) Not applicable32292.0
998) Don't know30.9
999) Refused20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
169) What first caused you to doubt your belief in God? (D3) (Q375_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.20.6
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere)10.3
997) Not applicable32299.1
Missing28 
TOTAL325100.0
170) Do you have other spiritual beliefs? (D4) (Q376)
TOTAL%
1) Yes102.8
5) No277.6
7) Not applicable31288.4
8) Don't know20.6
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
171) Could you tell me a little about them? (D5) (Q377_1X)
TOTAL%
2) Philosophical beliefs, 'the Golden Rule'10.3
6) Mystical beliefs, oneness with the universe, there is some kind of power in the universe41.1
8) Self reliance; belief in one's own strengths and powers41.1
97) Other10.3
997) Not applicable34397.2
TOTAL353100.0
172) Could you tell me a little about them? (D5) (Q377_2X)
TOTAL%
2) Philosophical beliefs, 'the Golden Rule'10.3
8) Self reliance; belief in one's own strengths and powers10.3
997) Not applicable34399.4
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
173) Many of the people who believe in God say that when things go wrong and the future looks dark, their belief in God and His goodness keeps them going. Do you have any beliefs that help you at times like this? (D6) (Q378)
TOTAL%
1) Yes174.8
5) No226.2
7) Not applicable31288.4
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
174) What are they? (D7) (Q379_1X)
TOTAL%
2) Philosophical beliefs; people are basically good; 'the Golden Rule'10.3
3) Family or social responsibilities; 'family depends on me'10.3
6) Mystical beliefs: some kind of help outside ourselves; oneness with the universe82.3
8) Self-reliance; depend on one's own strengths or belief in self61.7
997) Not applicable33695.2
999) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
175) Do you believe in life after death, or not? (D8) (Q380)
TOTAL%
1) Yes72.0
5) No267.4
7) Not applicable31288.4
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
176) Could you tell me a little more about your belief? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D9) (Q381_1X)
TOTAL%
11) Reincarnation; evidence of people having lived other lives; will come back to earth, high priority30.8
12) Soul/spirit continues on/goes somewhere after death10.3
51) Belief in possibility of life after death, but with qualifications/reservations; 'they say there is, but no one knows for sure'20.6
997) Not applicable34698.0
999) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
177) Do you ever pray or meditate or something like that? (D10) (Q382)
TOTAL%
1) Yes185.1
5) No226.2
7) Not applicable31288.4
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
178) Could you tell me more about that? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D11) (Q383_1X)
TOTAL%
11) Prayer; belief in God; other dependence on external guidance or authority; guiding force (in the universe)51.4
51) Meditation or other use of one's own resources (to solve problems); concentrate on self/interactions with others or surroundings; use of meditation for relaxation, inner peace, feeling of oneness with all, etc.92.6
997) Not applicable33595.4
999) Refused20.6
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
179) Do you think God is a Heavenly Father who watches over you and helps you, or do you have some other belief? (D12) (Q384)
TOTAL%
1) Heavenly father26675.4
7) Other belief4211.9
97) Not applicable4111.6
98) Don't know41.1
TOTAL353100.0
180) What is that other belief? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D13) (Q385_1X)
TOTAL%
3) Respondent rejects term 'Heavenly Father' as too anthropomorphic, but utilizes concepts of action in describing God, i.e., 'creator,' 'judge,' 'ruler,' etc.51.4
4) Respondent rejects both personal and action attributes but utilizes ambiguous terminology, e.g., respondent says only that 'God is a spirit,' or 'God is the supreme being'20.6
7) God is a man10.3
90) Respondent rejects 'Heavenly Father,' but can't verbalize own beliefs, e.g., 'not a Heavenly Father--I'm not sure what you'd call him'10.3
997) Not applicable34297.2
999) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
181) Many of the people who believe in God as a Heavenly Father say that when things go wrong and the future looks dark, their belief in God's love and goodness keeps them going. In your own life, do you have any beliefs that help you in this way? (D14) (Q386)
TOTAL%
1) Yes318.8
5) No82.3
7) Not applicable31188.1
8) Don't know30.8
TOTAL353100.0
182) What are they? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D14.1) (Q387_1X)
TOTAL%
2) Philosophical beliefs; people are basically good; 'the Golden Rule'20.6
3) Family/social responsibilities; 'family depends on me'20.6
6) Mystical beliefs: some kind of help outside ourselves; oneness with the universe61.7
8) Self-reliance; depend on one's own strengths or belief in self30.9
10) God is within humans; man is God; God is a spiritual presence within individuals10.3
90) Generalized belief in God, but can't verbalize more specific beliefs; basic agreement with lead-in question (D14)30.9
97) Other30.9
997) Not applicable33194.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
183) What are they? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D14.1) (Q387_2X)
TOTAL%
3) Family/social responsibilities; 'family depends on me'20.6
997) Not applicable33199.4
Missing20 
TOTAL333100.0
184) Do you believe that God answers people's prayers, or not? (D15) (Q388)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28881.6
5) No195.4
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know41.1
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
185) About how often do you pray? (Do not read options) (D16) (Q389)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day6719.0
2) Once a day12334.8
3) A few times a week4913.9
4) Once a week185.1
5) Less than once a week349.6
6) Never133.7
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
186) Do you believe in a life after death, or not? (D17) (Q390)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24970.5
5) No4412.5
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know185.1
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
187) Do you believe that in the next life some people will be punished and others rewarded by God? (D18) (Q391)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15543.9
5) No8122.9
7) Not applicable10429.5
8) Don't know123.4
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
188) Do you believe that God judges people on the basis of whether they had faith and trust in Him, or on the basis of the kind of lives they led? (D19) (Q392)
TOTAL%
1) Faith6719.0
5) Kind of lives6919.5
7) Not applicable19856.1
8) Don't know164.5
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
189) Do you believe that, when they are able, God expects people to worship Him in their (churches and synagogues/mosques/temples) every week? (D20) (Q393)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13939.4
5) No16446.5
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know92.5
TOTAL353100.0
190) Some religious groups teach that the world is soon coming to an end. Do you believe that the world is soon coming to an end, or not? (D21) (Q394)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8323.5
5) No24168.3
8) Don't know277.6
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
191) Why do you think that? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D21.1) (Q395_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Bible; prophecy; religious teachings4613.2
3) Human shortcomings: evil in the world; corrupt human nature; moral decline;154.3
5) Environmental decline/disaster: environment, health, disease, and other 'natural' or scientific explanations102.9
7) Other41.1
97) Not applicable27077.4
98) Don't know20.6
99) Refused20.6
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
192) Why do you think that? Coded open-ended text variable. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (D21.1) (Q395_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Bible; prophecy; religious teachings20.7
3) Human shortcomings: evil in the world; corrupt human nature; moral decline; 'all the killing that's been happening'; 'drugs'72.5
5) Environmental decline/disaster: environment, health, disease, and other 'natural' or scientific explanations10.4
97) Not applicable27096.4
Missing73 
TOTAL280100.0
193) Are you at all afraid of God? (D22) (Q397)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7621.5
5) No23566.6
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know10.3
TOTAL353100.0
194) Do you think God is more concerned with the way people treat others, or is God more concerned with their attendance at (church or synagogue/mosque/temple), or would you say these things are equally important to God? (D23) (Q398)
TOTAL%
1) How people treat others23666.9
3) Both equally important6719.0
5) Attendance at services20.6
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
195) Do you think that God is more pleased when people try to get ahead, or when people are satisfied with what they have and don't try to push ahead? (Probe: Is God more pleased when people try to get ahead, or when they are satisfied with where they are?) (D24) (Q399)
TOTAL%
1) Try to get ahead13237.4
5) Are satisfied13036.8
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know4312.2
9) Refused72.0
TOTAL353100.0
196) Do you think the work you do is as important in God's eyes as the work of ministers, priests, and (rabbis/mullahs), or not? (D25) (Q400)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23366.0
5) No7120.1
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
197) What do you believe about Jesus? Do you believe that Jesus was God's only Sonsent into the world by God to save sinful people, or do you believe that he was simply a very good man and teacher, or do you have some other belief? (D26) (Q401)
TOTAL%
1) God's only Son23366.0
2) A good man and teacher267.4
7) Other belief298.2
97) Not applicable5515.6
98) Don't know51.4
99) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
198) (If C7, respondent is Protestant, not Seventh-day or other Adventist/respondent is Catholic/respondent is Protestant, Seventh-day or other Adventist/Respondent is Christian, not Protestant or Catholic, or doesn't consider Protestant/respondent does not know or refuses): What is that belief? (Else): What do you believe about Jesus? (D27) (Q402_1X)
TOTAL%
1) God's Son, no qualifications20.6
2) Simply a good man and teacher; Jewish prophet113.1
3) Jesus was both human and divine (combination of 01 and 02)20.6
4) Jesus was simply a Jewish leader10.3
6) Jesus never lived10.3
7) God is Jesus30.9
97) Other beliefs61.7
997) Not applicable32392.0
999) Refused20.6
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
199) Have you ever doubted that there is a God? (D28) (Q403)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7421.0
5) No23466.3
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
200) Do you still have any of those doubts? (D28.1) (Q404)
TOTAL%
1) Yes298.2
5) No4512.7
7) Not applicable27979.0
TOTAL353100.0
201) What causes you to doubt? (D29) (Q405_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.61.7
2) Evil in the world113.1
10) Aging (excluding 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death. maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death10.3
15) Other negative experiences (less serious than 14)20.6
18) Health, disability or recovery of respondent (cf. 30)10.3
997) Not applicable32993.2
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
202) What causes you to doubt? (D29) (Q405_2X)
TOTAL%
23) Family or children (cf. 30)10.3
997) Not applicable32999.7
Missing23 
TOTAL330100.0
203) What caused you to give up your doubts? (D30) (Q406_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent's own efforts to overcome doubts51.4
2) Conversion experience (divine intervention is expressed or implied)51.4
3) Maturity, growth72.0
5) Influence of others (family, friends) except clergy20.6
6) Influence of clergy or changes in church organization or policy10.3
8) Doubt is/was superficial or temporary; crisis passed or events improved respondent's situation61.7
97) Other41.1
997) Not applicable32190.9
998) Don't know20.6
TOTAL353100.0
204) What caused you to give up your doubts? (D30) (Q406_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent's own efforts to overcome doubts10.3
2) Conversion experience (divine intervention is expressed or implied)10.3
10) Doubts persist10.3
997) Not applicable32199.1
Missing29 
TOTAL324100.0
205) Do you feel that someone who doesn't believe in God can be a good American, or not? (D31) (Q407)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27778.5
5) No267.4
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
206) When you have decisions to make in your everyday life, how often do you ask yourself what God would want you to do -- would you say often, sometimes, or never? (D32) (Q408)
TOTAL%
1) Often12535.4
3) Sometimes12736.0
5) Never5615.9
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
207) Do you feel that you have the right to question what your (mosque/church/synagogue/temple) teaches, or not? (D33) (Q409)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27778.5
5) No287.9
7) Not applicable4111.6
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
208) Have you ever had a spiritual or religious experience; that is, a particularly powerful insight or awakening that was important in your life? (D36) (Q411)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14541.1
5) No20457.8
8) Don't know20.6
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
209) Internal checkpoint. Respondent -- Christian. (D39) (Q412_X)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent is or was a Christian (Protestant, Catholic or 'other-Orthodox' at C5 or C8) (1, 2, 6, 8 or 9 in Q242 or Q257_x or Q273_x)30987.5
2) All others4412.5
TOTAL353100.0
210) (If D36, yes): Was this a conversion experience, a turning point that included asking Jesus Christ to be your personal savior? (Else): Have you ever had a conversion experience that included asking Jesus Christ to be your personal savior? (D40) (Q413)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11031.2
5) No19455.0
7) Not applicable4412.5
8) Don't know30.8
9) Refused20.6
TOTAL353100.0
211) Could you tell me a little about your experience? (D37) (Q414_1X)
TOTAL%
11) Respondent was born again or saved; 'gave my life to Him' (note: include here physical or emotional manifestations of being saved, e.g., trembling, speaking in tongues, warm feelings, etc.)4212.1
12) Dreams or premonitions with religious content92.6
13) Prayers or dependence on God leading to resolution of problems257.2
15) Experiences with clergy or religious group leaders61.7
47) Other religious experiences82.3
51) Personal revelations or feelings of comfort, warmth, safety61.7
52) Dreams or premonitions with no religious content; dreams of speaking with the deceased; mentions of seeing into the future; hearing voices205.8
53) Crisis averted or emergency solved--not clear whether divine intervention sought or granted216.1
87) Other spiritual experiences30.9
97) Other51.4
997) Not applicable16146.5
998) Don't know51.4
999) Refused3510.1
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
212) Could you tell me a little about your experience? (D37) (Q414_2X)
TOTAL%
12) Dreams or premonitions with religious content10.6
13) Prayers or dependence on God leading to resolution of problems10.6
15) Experiences with clergy or religious group leaders10.6
51) Personal revelations or feelings of comfort, warmth, safety; include feelings of awe and wonder10.6
52) Dreams or premonitions with no religious content; dreams of speaking with the deceased; mentions of seeing into the future; hearing voices21.2
53) Crisis averted or emergency solved--not clear whether divine intervention sought or granted;52.9
997) Not applicable16193.6
Missing181 
TOTAL172100.0
213) Have you ever had a conversion experience that included asking Jesus Christ to be your personal savior? (D40.1) (Q415)
TOTAL%
1) Yes195.4
5) No4813.6
7) Not applicable28480.5
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
214) Is this experience still important to you in your everyday life? (D40.2) (Q416)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10630.0
5) No205.7
7) Not applicable22463.5
8) Don't know20.6
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
215) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as their savior? (D41) (Q417)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13538.2
5) No17148.4
7) Not applicable4412.5
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
216) Has religion ever had any effect on your political beliefs? (D42) (Q418)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12736.0
5) No21861.8
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused30.8
TOTAL353100.0
217) In what ways? (Probe for maximum detail) (D43) (Q419_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Candidates' general religious belief or faith in God influenced respondent's beliefs or voting, at least on some occasions123.4
2) Candidates' specific denomination influenced respondent's voting, either for against, at least on some occasions10.3
3) Basic political philosophy of respondent shaped by, or derived from, his religious beliefs72.0
4) Respondent's religious beliefs influence his stand on various issues which arise, either domestic or foreign policy issues195.4
5) Votes on basis of candidates' morals or ethics30.9
7) Rejects politics as a whole because of religious beliefs10.3
97) Other ways10.3
997) Not applicable30687.2
998) Don't know10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
218) In what ways? (Probe for maximum detail) (D43) (Q419_2X)
TOTAL%
5) Votes on basis of candidates' morals or ethics10.3
997) Not applicable30699.7
Missing46 
TOTAL307100.0
219) What do you think about religious leaders discussing political or social issues from the pulpit? Would you say it is always right, usually right, sometimes right, or never right? (D44) (Q420)
TOTAL%
1) Always right205.7
2) Usually right267.4
4) Sometimes right19555.2
5) Never right9326.3
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
220) Here are two statements which have been made about the Bible. I'd like you to tell me which is closer to your own view. (D45.2) Now, which of these statements is closer to your own view: (D45.3) Finally, which of these statements is closer to your own view: A., The Bible is God's Word and all it says is true. Or B., The Bible was written by people inspired by God, and its basic moral and religious teachings are true, but it contains some human errors. Or C., The Bible is a valuable book because it was written by wise and good people, but God had nothing to do with it. Or D, The Bible was written by people who lived so long ago that it is of little value today. Which one of those is closer to your own view? (Q421_X)
TOTAL%
1) A. God's word, all true9827.8
2) B. Inspired by God, but has human errors19154.1
3) C. Good book, but God had nothing to do with it257.1
4) D. Of little value today61.7
7) Don't agree with any of these41.1
97) Not applicable185.1
98) Don't know61.7
99) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
221) Have you read any part of the (Koran/Bible) in the last year? (D52) (Q425)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21962.0
5) No11432.3
7) Not applicable195.4
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
222) Have you ever read any part of the (Koran/Bible)? (D53) (Q426)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10329.2
5) No113.1
7) Not applicable23867.4
9) Refused10.3
TOTAL353100.0
223) How long ago was that? (D54) (Q427)
TOTAL%
1) 1113.1
2) 292.6
3) 320.6
4) 451.4
5) 5113.1
6) 610.3
7) 710.3
8) 820.6
9) 910.3
10) 10154.3
15) 1572.0
20) 20113.1
25) 2530.9
30) 3030.9
31) 3110.3
33) 3310.3
40) 4030.9
50) 5020.6
55) 5510.3
57) 5710.3
997) Not applicable25071.0
998) Don't know113.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
224) How often have you read the (Koran/Bible) in the last year? Would you say every day, almost every day, once or twice a week, a few times a month, once a month, a few times a year, or less than once a year? (D55) (Q428)
TOTAL%
1) Every day288.0
2) Almost every day216.0
3) Once or twice a week4813.6
4) A few times a month3610.2
5) Once a month123.4
6) A few times a year6117.3
7) Less than once a year133.7
97) Not applicable13337.8
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
225) Have you read any religious books, magazines, or newspapers in the past month? (D56) (Q429)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14240.3
5) No19054.0
7) Not applicable195.4
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
226) How often have you done this in the past month? Would you say every day, almost every day, once or twice a week, a few times or once? (D56.1) (Q430)
TOTAL%
1) Every day174.8
2) Almost every day123.4
3) Once or twice a week4512.8
4) A few times4412.5
5) Once246.8
7) Not applicable21059.7
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
227) Do you ever listen to radio programs that are about religion or are sponsored by religious groups? (D58) (Q431)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11633.0
5) No21661.4
7) Not applicable195.4
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
228) How often have you done this in the past month? Would you say every day, almost every day, once or twice a week, a few times, once, or never? (D60) (Q432)
TOTAL%
1) Every day102.8
2) Almost every day102.8
3) Once or twice a week308.5
4) A few times3610.2
5) Once123.4
6) Never185.1
7) Not applicable23667.0
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
229) Do you ever watch TV programs that are about religion or are sponsored by religious groups? (D61) (Q433)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14340.6
5) No18853.4
7) Not applicable195.4
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
230) How often have you done this in the past month? Would you say every day, almost every day, once or twice a week, a few times, once or never? (D63) (Q434)
TOTAL%
1) Every day41.1
2) Almost every day72.0
3) Once or twice a week349.7
4) A few times4512.8
5) Once257.1
6) Never288.0
7) Not applicable20959.4
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
231) (If C7, respondent has no preference/respondent does not know or refused/ respondent is atheist or agnostic): Do you feel there are any disagreements between what science teaches and what religion teaches? (Else): Do you feel there are any disagreements between what science teaches and what your religious group teaches? (D68) (Q435)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26174.1
5) No6819.3
8) Don't know174.8
9) Refused61.7
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
232) Would you say that these disagreements are very serious, somewhat serious or not very serious? (D68b) (Q436)
TOTAL%
1) Very serious6518.5
3) Somewhat serious9627.3
5) Not very serious9527.0
7) Not applicable9125.9
8) Don't know41.1
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
233) Would you say that you talk about religion with any of the people where you work often, sometimes or never? (D71) (Q437)
TOTAL%
1) Often3810.8
3) Sometimes12234.7
5) Never8624.4
7) Not applicable10630.1
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
234) Have these talks ever had any effect on your religious beliefs in any way? (D71) (Q438)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3610.2
5) No12435.2
7) Not applicable19254.5
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
235) Are most of the people you work with Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or what? (D72) (Q439)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant4111.6
2) Catholic6518.5
3) Jewish51.4
7) Other (specify)5916.8
97) Not applicable10630.1
98) Don't know7621.6
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
236) Would you prefer to have most of the people you work with be of the same (faith/religious preference) as yourself, or doesn't this make any difference? (D73) (Q440)
TOTAL%
1) Same faith185.1
5) Makes no difference22664.2
7) Not applicable10630.1
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
237) Would you say that you talk about religion with any of your neighbors often, sometimes, or never? (D74) (Q441)
TOTAL%
1) Often277.7
3) Sometimes10931.0
5) Never21159.9
6) If volunteered: respondent doesn't know neighbors20.6
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused20.6
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
238) Have these talks ever had any effect on your religious beliefs in any way? (D74a) (Q442)
TOTAL%
1) Yes288.0
5) No10630.1
7) Not applicable21661.4
8) Don't know20.6
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
239) Are most of the people in your neighborhood Protestant, Catholic, Jewish or what? (D75) (Q443)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant6719.0
2) Catholic6518.5
3) Jewish10.3
7) Other (specify)6618.8
97) Not applicable20.6
98) Don't know14842.0
99) Refused30.9
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
240) Would you prefer to have most of the people your neighbors be of the same (faith/religious preference) as yourself, or doesn't this make any difference? (D76) (Q444)
TOTAL%
1) Same faith257.1
5) Makes no difference31790.1
7) Not applicable20.6
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused30.9
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
241) Of those relatives you feel really close to, what proportion are Protestants--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half, or none of them? (E2) (Q452)
TOTAL%
1) All of them4211.9
2) Nearly all267.4
3) More than half185.1
4) About half257.1
5) Less than half133.7
6) None113.1
7) Not applicable21561.1
8) Don't know20.6
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
242) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for Protestants to marry other Protestants, or not? (E3) (Q453)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser5816.5
5) Not wiser or makes no difference7320.7
7) Not applicable21561.1
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
243) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for Protestants to choose other Protestants as their really close friends, or not? (E4) (Q454)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser236.5
5) Not wiser or makes no difference11131.5
7) Not applicable21561.1
8) Don't know20.6
9) Refused10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL352100.0
244) Thinking of your closest friends, what proportion are Protestant (--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half, or none of them)? (E5) (Q455)
TOTAL%
1) All of them164.6
2) Nearly all298.3
3) More than half102.8
4) About half4011.4
5) Less than half216.0
6) None133.7
7) Not applicable21561.3
8) Don't know72.0
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
245) Thinking now of just your five closest friends, how many of them are members of the (respondent's denomination) faith? If respondent says that he/she has fewer than five close friends, record this in a comment box. (E5.1) (Q456_X)
TOTAL%
0) None257.1
1) 1154.3
2) 2174.8
3) 3164.6
4) 4133.7
5) All288.0
7) Not applicable23567.0
8) Don't know20.6
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
246) If E5.1 (1:one friend): Does that friend go to the same church that you attend? (Else): How many of those friends go to the same church that you attend? ( E5.2) (Q457_X)
TOTAL%
0) None, no226.3
1) Yes72.0
2) 2102.8
3) 3113.1
4) 441.1
5) 5123.4
7) Not applicable28480.9
8) Don't know10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
247) If for some reason you decided to become a Catholic someday, do you think any of your friends or relatives would try to discourage you, or not? (E6) (Q459)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would discourage4813.7
5) No, would not discourage8223.4
7) Not applicable21561.3
8) Don't know61.7
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
248) Do you think any of your friends or relatives would feel at all unhappy or disturbed about it, or not? (E7) (Q460)
TOTAL%
1) Yes164.6
5) No6819.4
7) Not applicable26374.9
8) Don't know41.1
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
249) All things considered, do you think that the ministry is a good field for a young person to go into today? (E8) (Q461)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11231.9
5) No174.8
7) Not applicable21561.3
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
250) Do you think that women should be allowed to become ministers? (E9) (Q462)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10229.1
5) No308.5
7) Not applicable21561.3
8) Don't know41.1
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
251) At the church you usually attend, about how often, if ever, is Communion or the Lord's Supper offered? Would you say more than once a week, once a week, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times a year, once a year or never? (E9.1) (Q463)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week92.6
2) Once a week185.1
3) Two or three times a month113.1
4) Once a month5616.0
5) A few times a year61.7
6) Once a year41.1
7) Never10.3
97) Not applicable24369.2
98) Don't know30.9
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
252) About how often, if ever, have you taken communion or the Lord's Supper during the last year? Would you say more than once a week, once a week, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times, once, or never? (E9.2) (Q464)
TOTAL%
2) Once a week61.7
3) Two or three times a month144.0
4) Once a month318.8
5) A few times a year308.5
6) Once a year51.4
7) Never216.0
97) Not applicable24469.5
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
253) Did you attend church services at Easter this year? (E9.3) (Q465)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5916.8
5) No4914.0
7) Not applicable24369.2
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
254) Did you attend church services at Christmas last year? (E9.4) (Q466)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7019.9
5) No3510.0
7) Not applicable24369.2
8) Don't know30.9
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
255) Of those relatives you feel really close to, what proportion are Catholic--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half, or none of them? (E10) (Q467)
TOTAL%
1) All of them4111.7
2) Nearly all3911.1
3) More than half92.6
4) About half123.4
5) Less than half61.7
6) None20.6
7) Not applicable24168.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
256) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for Catholics to marry other Catholics, or not? (E11) (Q468)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser4713.4
5) Not wiser or makes no difference6217.7
7) Not applicable24168.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
257) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for Catholics to choose other Catholics as their really close friends, or not? (E12) (Q469)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser144.0
5) Not wiser or makes no difference9627.4
7) Not applicable24168.7
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
258) Thinking of your closest friends, what proportion are Catholic (all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half or none of them)? (E13) (Q470)
TOTAL%
1) All of them51.4
2) Nearly all164.6
3) More than half174.8
4) About half3510.0
5) Less than half246.8
6) None61.7
7) Not applicable24168.7
8) Don't know72.0
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
259) Thinking now of just your five closest friends, how many of them are members of the Roman Catholic faith? If respondent says that he/she has fewer than five close friends, record this in a comment box. (E13.1) (Q471_X)
TOTAL%
0) None61.7
1) 1133.7
2) 2185.1
3) 3185.1
4) 4123.4
5) All277.7
7) Not applicable25472.4
8) Don't know30.9
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
260) (If E13, 1:one friend): Does that friend go to the same church that you attend? (Else): How many of those friends go to the same church that you attend? (E13.2) (Q472_X)
TOTAL%
0) None4412.5
1) Yes82.3
2) 272.0
3) 382.3
4) 420.6
5) 541.1
7) Not applicable27879.2
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
261) If for some reason you decided to become a Protestant someday, do you think any of your friends or relatives would try to discourage you, or not? (E14) (Q474)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would discourage4914.0
5) No, would not discourage5916.8
7) Not applicable24168.7
8) Don't know10.3
9) Refused10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
262) Do you think any of your friends or relatives would feel at all unhappy or disturbed about it, or not? (E15) (Q475)
TOTAL%
1) Yes174.8
5) No4312.3
7) Not applicable29082.6
8) Don't know10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
263) Do you believe that the Pope is infallible when he speaks on matters of faith and morals? (E16.1) (Q476)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4011.4
5) No6618.8
7) Not applicable24168.7
8) Don't know30.9
9) Refused10.3
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
264) Do you believe that the Catholic Church is the only true church established by God himself, and that other churches were only established by humans? (E16) (Q477)
TOTAL%
1) Yes257.1
5) No8022.8
7) Not applicable24168.7
8) Don't know51.4
Missing2 
TOTAL351100.0
265) All things considered, do you think that the priesthood is a good field for a young man to go into today? (E17) (Q478)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7120.3
5) No277.7
7) Not applicable24168.9
8) Don't know102.9
9) Refused10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
266) Do you think that becoming a nun is a good field for a young woman today? (E18) (Q479)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6518.6
5) No349.7
7) Not applicable24168.9
8) Don't know82.3
9) Refused20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
267) Do you think that women should be allowed to become priests? (E19) (Q480)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7120.3
5) No3510.0
7) Not applicable24168.9
8) Don't know20.6
9) Refused10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
268) Do you think that priests should be allowed to get married? (E20) (Q481)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8825.1
5) No216.0
7) Not applicable24168.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
269) Do you generally observe any of the following customs: first, do you pray the rosary or novenas? (E20.1) (Q482)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5014.3
5) No5916.9
7) Not applicable24168.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
270) Do you abstain from eating meat on Fridays during Lent? (E20.2) (Q483)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7220.6
5) No3710.6
7) Not applicable24168.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
271) Do you ever pray the Stations of the Cross during Lent? (E20.3) (Q484)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4512.9
5) No4914.0
7) Not applicable25673.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
272) About how often, if ever, have you received Holy Communion during the last year: Would you say more than once a week, once a week, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times, once or never? (E20.4) (Q485)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week102.9
2) Once a week267.4
3) Two or three times a month154.3
4) Once a month61.7
5) A few times a year185.1
6) Once a year30.9
7) Never164.6
97) Not applicable25673.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
273) About how often, if ever, have you gone to confession during the last year: Would you say once a week, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times, once, or never? (E20.5) (Q486)
TOTAL%
4) Once a month41.1
5) A few times a year226.3
6) Once a year185.1
7) Never4914.0
97) Not applicable25673.1
98) Don't know10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
274) Did you attend Mass at Easter this year? (E20.6) (Q487)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6719.1
5) No277.7
7) Not applicable25673.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
275) Did you attend Mass at Christmas last year? (E20.7) (Q488)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7822.3
5) No164.6
7) Not applicable25673.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
276) During the last year, apart from Sundays and Christmas, did you attend Mass on any of the other holy days of obligation? (E20.8) (Q489)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5415.4
5) No4011.4
7) Not applicable25673.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
277) Of those relatives you feel really close to, what proportion are Jewish--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half or none of them? (E21) (Q490)
TOTAL%
1) All of them61.7
2) Nearly all30.9
4) About half10.3
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
278) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for Jewish people to marry other Jewish people or not? (E22) (Q491)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser82.3
5) Not wiser or makes no difference20.6
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
279) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for Jewish people to choose other Jewish people as their really close friends or not? (E23) (Q492)
TOTAL%
5) Not wiser or makes no difference102.9
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
280) Thinking of your closest friends, what proportion are Jewish (--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half or none of them)? (E24) (Q493)
TOTAL%
2) Nearly all20.6
3) More than half30.9
4) About half41.1
5) Less than half10.3
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
281) Thinking now of just your five closest friends, how many of them are (Jewish/ Orthodox/Conservative/Reform)? If respondent says that he/she has fewer than five close friends, record this in a comment box. (E24.1) (Q494_X)
TOTAL%
0) None10.3
2) 220.6
3) 320.6
4) 420.6
5) All30.9
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
282) (If E24, 1:one friend): Does that friend go to the same synagogue that you attend? (Else): How many of those friends go to the same synagogue that you attend? (E24.2) (Q495_X)
TOTAL%
0) None20.6
1) Yes20.6
3) 310.3
4) 410.3
7) Not applicable34498.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
283) If for some reason you decided to become a Christian someday, do you think any of your friends or relatives would try to discourage you or not? (E25) (Q497)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would discourage82.3
5) No, would not discourage20.6
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
284) Do you think any of your friends or relatives would feel at all unhappy or disturbed about it, or not? (E26) (Q498)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10.3
5) No10.3
7) Not applicable34899.4
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
285) Do you generally observe any of the following customs: on the last Passover, did you have a Seder in your own home or attend one elsewhere? (E27) (Q499)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82.3
5) No20.6
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
286) Does your family generally light Friday night candles? (E28) (Q500)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61.7
5) No41.1
97) Not applicable: no family.34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
287) Last Hanukkah, did you light Hanukkah candles? (E29) (Q501)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82.3
5) No20.6
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
288) Do you use separate dishes for meat and dairy foods? (E30) (Q502)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10.3
5) No92.6
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
289) All things considered, do you think that becoming a rabbi is a good field for a young person to go into today? ( E31) (Q503)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82.3
7) Not applicable34097.1
8) Don't know20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
290) Do you think women should be allowed to become rabbis? (E32) (Q504)
TOTAL%
1) Yes102.9
7) Not applicable34097.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
291) From the religious standpoint, do you feel you have more in common with Protestants or Catholics? (E33) (Q505)
TOTAL%
1) Protestants123.4
2) If volunteered: about the same61.7
3) Catholics61.7
7) Not applicable31690.3
8) Don't know102.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
292) Of those relatives you feel really close to, what proportion are members of the (respondent's religious group/denomination) faith--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half or none of them? (E34) (Q506)
TOTAL%
1) All of them82.3
2) Nearly all61.7
3) More than half51.4
4) About half51.4
5) Less than half72.0
6) None30.9
7) Not applicable31690.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
293) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for (respondent's religious group/denomination/people) to marry people of their own faith, or not? (E35) (Q507)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser216.0
5) Not wiser or makes no difference133.7
7) Not applicable31690.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
294) As a general rule, do you think it is wiser for (respondent's religious group/denomination/people) to choose other (respondent's religious group/denomination/people) as their really close friends, or not? (E36) (Q508)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, wiser164.6
5) Not wiser or makes no difference185.1
7) Not applicable31690.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
295) Thinking of your closest friends, what proportion are members of the (respondent's religious group/denomination) faith (--all of them, nearly all, more than half, about half, less than half or none of the them?) (E37) (Q509)
TOTAL%
1) All of them82.3
2) Nearly all92.6
3) More than half30.9
4) About half10.3
5) Less than half102.9
6) None20.6
7) Not applicable31690.3
8) Don't know10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
296) Thinking now of just your five closest friends, how many of them are members of the (respondent's religious group/denomination) faith? (If respondent says that he/she has fewer than five close friends, record this in a comment box.) (E37.1) (Q510_X)
TOTAL%
0) None20.6
1) 141.1
2) 220.6
3) 372.0
4) 420.6
5) All144.0
7) Not applicable31991.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
297) (If E37, 1:one friend): Does that friend go to the same (mosque/church/ synagogue/temple) that you attend? (Else): How many of those friends go to the same (mosque/church/synagogue/ temple) that you attend? (E37.2) (Q511_X)
TOTAL%
0) None, no61.7
1) Yes51.4
2) 220.6
3) 361.7
4) 410.3
5) 530.9
7) Not applicable32693.1
8) Don't know10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
298) If for some reason you decided to become either a Protestant or a Catholic someday, do you think any of your friends or relatives would try to discourage you, or not? (E38) (Q513)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would discourage123.4
5) No, would not discourage216.0
7) Not applicable31690.3
8) Don't know10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
299) Do you think any of your friends or relatives would feel at all unhappy or disturbed about it, or not? (E39) (Q514)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61.7
5) No154.3
7) Not applicable32893.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
300) Thinking of your five closest friends, how many of them have no religious preference? (E39.1) (Q515_X)
TOTAL%
0) None123.4
1) 1102.9
2) 292.6
3) 361.7
4) 441.1
5) All102.9
7) Not applicable28982.8
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused30.9
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
301) (If C2, Protestant/Catholic/Jewish/other religion or denomination): If you were to join a different religious group, which one do you think you'd be most likely to join? (Else): If you were to join a religious group, which one do you think you'd be most likely to join? (Probe, and record respondent's exact response.) (E40) (Q516_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic4111.7
5) Other Orthodox30.9
12) Jewish, preference not specified41.1
21) Islamic/Muslim30.9
22) Buddhist41.1
24) Other religious41.1
31) Baptist, type not specified154.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified61.7
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified226.3
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified51.4
64) Other Presbyterian30.9
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England113.1
132) Congregationalist10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)20.6
154) Church of God in Christ Holiness; Church of Holiness10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
161) Unitarian or Universalist41.1
181) LDS (Mormon), type not specified10.3
182) Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified154.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church20.6
301) Christian, type not specified61.7
804) Religious preference unclear20.6
995) Would never join a(nother) group; ‘none'11232.0
998) Don't know6819.4
999) Refused82.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
302) What are your views on the public reading of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses by teachers or other school officials in public schools? Do you think it should be allowed in all public schools, or not allowed in any public schools? (E42.1) (Q517)
TOTAL%
1) Allowed20859.4
5) Not allowed12936.9
8) Don't know92.6
9) Refused41.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
303) Now I'd like to ask you a few more questions about events recorded in the Bible. Do you believe that God created the world and everything in it in six days, or not? (E43.1) (Q518)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20859.4
5) No11031.4
7) Not applicable82.3
8) Don't know174.9
9) Refused72.0
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
304) Do you believe in the Virgin Birth, that is, that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus, or not? (E43.2) (Q519)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25372.3
5) No5114.6
7) Not applicable185.1
8) Don't know205.7
9) Refused82.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
305) Do you believe that Jesus performed miracles, such as turning water into wine and healing the sick, or not? (E43.3) (Q520)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27578.6
5) No4412.6
7) Not applicable185.1
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused72.0
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
306) Do you believe in the Resurrection of Jesus? That is, do you believe that after he died on the cross, Jesus rose from the dead, or not? (E43.4) (Q521)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27779.1
5) No3911.1
7) Not applicable185.1
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused92.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
307) Here are a few more of those statements you sometimes hear people make, and I'd like to find out whether or not you agree with each of them. The first statement is: Most people don't really care what happens to the next fellow. Do you agree or disagree with that? (E44) (Q522)
TOTAL%
1) Agree11833.7
5) Disagree22564.3
8) Don't know41.1
9) Refused30.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
308) It's hardly fair to bring children into the world the way things look for the future. (Do you agree or disagree with that?) (E45) (Q523)
TOTAL%
1) Agree8624.6
5) Disagree25171.7
8) Don't know102.9
9) Refused30.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
309) Nowadays a person has to live pretty much for today and let tomorrow take care of itself. (Do you agree or disagree with that?) (E46) (Q524)
TOTAL%
1) Agree10229.1
5) Disagree23868.0
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused41.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
310) Turning to another topic, some families seem to have more than their share of serious illness, accidents, and deaths. Compared with others in this country, would you say your family has been more fortunate than average, about average, or less fortunate than average in this respect? (E47) (Q525)
TOTAL%
1) More fortunate18252.0
3) About average12535.7
5) Less fortunate3710.6
8) Don't know61.7
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
311) On the whole, which mean more to you--your ties with your relatives, or your ties with your friends? (E48) (Q526)
TOTAL%
1) Relatives25272.0
3) If volunteered: both equal4613.1
5) Friends5014.3
8) Don't know20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
312) Now I'd like to ask you about your attitudes on some other issues. How do you feel about gambling? From the moral standpoint, would you say it is always wrong to gamble, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong? (F1) (Q532)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong5315.1
2) Usually wrong4412.6
3) Sometimes wrong16446.9
4) Never wrong7722.0
8) Don't know92.6
9) Refused30.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
313) Do you think the government should have laws against all gambling? (F2) (Q533)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6819.4
5) No18853.7
7) Not applicable8925.4
8) Don't know51.4
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
314) Do you think the government should sponsor lotteries? (F2.1) (Q534)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9627.4
5) No8424.0
7) Not applicable16246.3
8) Don't know61.7
9) Refused20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
315) From the moral standpoint, would you say that moderate drinking is always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong? (F3) (Q536)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong318.9
2) Usually wrong339.4
3) Sometimes wrong13839.4
4) Never wrong13939.7
8) Don't know51.4
9) Refused41.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
316) From the moral standpoint, how do you feel about divorce? Is it always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong? (F5) (Q537)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong164.6
2) Usually wrong5616.0
3) Sometimes wrong20859.4
4) Never wrong5616.0
8) Don't know113.1
9) Refused30.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
317) From the moral standpoint, would you say it is always wrong for a married couple to practice birth control, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong? (F6) (Q538)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong72.0
2) Usually wrong133.7
3) Sometimes wrong7320.9
4) Never wrong24469.7
8) Don't know113.1
9) Refused20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
318) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is married and does not want any more children? (F7) (Q540)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, possible18753.4
5) No, not possible14742.0
8) Don't know92.6
9) Refused72.0
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
319) Do you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? (F8) (Q541)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, possible7020.0
5) No, not possible7822.3
7) Not applicable18753.4
8) Don't know113.1
9) Refused41.1
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
320) Suppose a married couple found they were unable to conceive children naturally. Would you approve or disapprove of the practice of another woman bearing a child for them -- what's being called these days 'surrogate mothers'? (F9) (Q542)
TOTAL%
1) Approve22062.9
5) Disapprove11633.1
8) Don't know123.4
9) Refused20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
321) Suppose the couple decided to have a baby using test-tube fertilization. Would you approve or disapprove? F10 (Q543)
TOTAL%
1) Approve25472.6
5) Disapprove8022.9
8) Don't know144.0
9) Refused20.6
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
322) Do you think sexual relations between two adults of the same sex are always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong or never wrong? (F10a) (Q544)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong16647.4
2) Usually wrong226.3
3) Sometimes wrong6618.9
4) Never wrong7621.7
8) Don't know102.9
9) Refused102.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
323) Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree that it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard spanking? (F10a.1) (Q545)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4613.1
2) Agree17148.9
3) Disagree9226.3
4) Strongly disagree329.1
8) Don't know82.3
9) Refused10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
324) When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his or her family request it? (F10a.2) (Q546)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed23567.1
5) No, not allowed10429.7
8) Don't know82.3
9) Refused30.9
Missing3 
TOTAL350100.0
325) We are interested in how peoples' attitudes about social and moral issues might agree with or differ from the positions taken by their religious leaders. First, let's take gambling. Please tell me whether your religious leaders would say that, from a moral standpoint, gambling is always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong? (F12) (Q548)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong13438.4
2) Usually wrong4011.5
3) Sometimes wrong7922.6
4) Never wrong113.2
5) If volunteered: no position by leaders51.4
6) If volunteered: no religious leaders30.9
7) Not applicable5415.5
8) Don't know195.4
9) Refused41.1
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
326) How about moderate drinking? (Would your religious leaders say that, from a moral standpoint, moderate drinking is always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong?) (F13) (Q549)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong8123.2
2) Usually wrong3911.2
3) Sometimes wrong10530.1
4) Never wrong4914.0
5) If volunteered: no position by leaders30.9
6) If volunteered: no religious leaders10.3
7) Not applicable5716.3
8) Don't know102.9
9) Refused41.1
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
327) What about divorce? (Would your religious leaders feel that, from a moral standpoint, divorce is always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong?) (F14) (Q550)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong11332.4
2) Usually wrong5014.3
3) Sometimes wrong10630.4
4) Never wrong92.6
5) If volunteered: no position by leaders20.6
7) Not applicable5816.6
8) Don't know72.0
9) Refused41.1
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
328) How about the practice of birth control? (Would your religious leaders say it is always wrong for a married couple to practice birth control, it is usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong?) (F15) (Q551)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong9126.1
2) Usually wrong164.6
3) Sometimes wrong7220.6
4) Never wrong8223.5
5) If volunteered: no position by leaders82.3
6) If volunteered: no religious leaders10.3
7) Not applicable5816.6
8) Don't know164.6
9) Refused51.4
Missing4 
TOTAL349100.0
329) What about abortion? Would your religious leaders say that it should be possible or not for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is married and does not want any more children? (F16) (Q553)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, possible349.8
5) Not possible22865.7
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders51.4
97) Not applicable5917.0
98) Don't know174.9
99) Refused41.2
Missing6 
TOTAL347100.0
330) What if there was a strong chance of a serious defect in the baby? Would your religious leaders say that it should be possible or not for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion? (F17) (Q554)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, possible5515.9
5) Not possible16447.3
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders82.3
97) Not applicable9326.8
98) Don't know236.6
99) Refused41.2
Missing6 
TOTAL347100.0
331) Suppose a married couple found they were unable to conceive children naturally. Would your religious leaders approve or disapprove of another woman bearing a child for them? (F18) (Q555)
TOTAL%
1) Approve6418.5
5) Disapprove14742.5
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders185.2
97) Not applicable5917.1
98) Don't know5515.9
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
332) Suppose the couple decided to have a baby using test-tube fertilization. Would your religious leaders approve or disapprove of this? (F19) (Q556)
TOTAL%
1) Approve8825.4
5) Disapprove13338.4
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders174.9
97) Not applicable5917.1
98) Don't know4613.3
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
333) What about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex. Would your religious leaders say it is always wrong, usually wrong, sometimes wrong, or never wrong? (F19a) (Q557)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong22966.2
2) Usually wrong226.4
3) Sometimes wrong82.3
4) Never wrong72.0
5) If volunteered: no position by leaders30.9
7) Not applicable5917.1
8) Don't know154.3
9) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
334) Would your religious leaders strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree that it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard spanking? (F19a1) (Q558)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree308.7
2) Agree13137.9
3) Disagree7020.2
4) Strongly disagree205.8
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders72.0
97) Not applicable5917.1
98) Don't know267.5
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
335) When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, would your religious leaders think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his or her family request it? (F19a.2) (Q559)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed3911.3
5) No, not allowed22063.6
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders102.9
97) Not applicable5917.1
98) Don't know154.3
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
336) Finally, what about the question of women becoming ministers, priests or rabbis. Do your religious leaders approve or disapprove of women becoming part of the clergy? (F20) (Q560)
TOTAL%
1) Approve12235.3
5) Disapprove13338.4
7) If volunteered: no position by leaders82.3
97) Not applicable5917.1
98) Don't know216.1
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
337) Age of respondent. Calculated from month, day and year of birth and date at start of IW. Age in Years. (G1) (Q568_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34689.553201
338) Now I'd like to ask some questions about your background and experiences. First, what is the month, day, and year of your birth? Year (G1c). (Q570)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3462323.5551693
339) Have you ever raised children or are you raising any now? (G2) (Q571)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24570.8
5) No10129.2
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
340) How many (children raised)? (G2a) (Q572)
TOTAL%
1) 14412.7
2) 210329.8
3) 35215.0
4) 4246.9
5) 5102.9
6) 651.4
7) 720.6
8) 830.9
9) 920.6
97) Not applicable10129.2
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
341) If G2a=1 Are you still raising that child? (Else): How many of those are you still raising? (G2a.1) (Q573)
TOTAL%
0) None, no8624.9
1) One, yes5215.0
2) 26919.9
3) 3246.9
4) 4113.2
5) 520.6
6) 610.3
97) Not applicable10129.2
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
342) Do you expect to have any (more) children? Would you say definitely yes, probably yes, you are uncertain, probably not, or definitely not? (G4) (Q574)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes329.2
2) Probably yes236.6
3) Uncertain226.4
4) Probably not3510.1
5) Definitely not7120.5
7) Not applicable16347.1
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
343) How many children do you expect to have altogether? (G5) (Q575)
TOTAL%
1) 120.6
2) 2267.5
3) 3205.8
4) 461.7
97) Not applicable29184.1
98) Don't know10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
344) Number of children in Q579_1 - Q599_9X (0-9) information about respondent's child(ren) if G2a (Number of kids raised greater than 1). Now I would like to get some more detailed information about the children you(have raised/are raising). Could you please give me their first names, starting with the oldest? (Else): Now I would like to get some more detailed information about the child you(have raised/are raising). Could you please give me his or her first name? (record names in grid. begin with eldest.) (Q577_X)
TOTAL%
0) 082.3
1) 14613.3
2) 29928.6
3) 34613.3
4) 4236.6
5) 5113.2
6) 641.2
7) 741.2
8) 820.6
9) 920.6
97) Not applicable10129.2
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
345) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_1)
TOTAL%
1) Male12235.3
2) Female11533.2
7) Not applicable10931.5
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
346) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_2)
TOTAL%
1) Male10229.5
2) Female8925.7
7) Not applicable15544.8
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
347) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_3)
TOTAL%
1) Male4613.3
2) Female4613.3
7) Not applicable25473.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
348) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_4)
TOTAL%
1) Male226.4
2) Female246.9
7) Not applicable30086.7
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
349) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_5)
TOTAL%
1) Male113.2
2) Female123.5
7) Not applicable32393.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
350) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_6)
TOTAL%
1) Male72.0
2) Female51.4
7) Not applicable33496.5
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
351) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_7)
TOTAL%
1) Male41.2
2) Female41.2
7) Not applicable33897.7
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
352) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_8)
TOTAL%
2) Female41.2
7) Not applicable34298.8
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
353) Name number 1,2,etc.: Is a boy or girl? Is that correct? (G8) (Q579_9)
TOTAL%
1) Male10.3
2) Female10.3
7) Not applicable34499.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
354) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3464641.113785
355) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3465662.1214003
356) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_3)
TOTAL%
1944) 194410.3
1950) 195010.3
1951) 195120.6
1953) 195320.6
1954) 195410.3
1955) 195510.3
1956) 195610.3
1957) 195720.6
1958) 195861.7
1959) 195920.6
1960) 196030.9
1963) 196330.9
1964) 196410.3
1965) 196510.3
1966) 196651.4
1967) 196751.4
1969) 196910.3
1970) 197010.3
1972) 197210.3
1974) 197410.3
1975) 197510.3
1976) 197610.3
1977) 197710.3
1978) 197820.6
1979) 197930.9
1980) 198020.6
1982) 198220.6
1983) 198310.3
1984) 198451.4
1985) 198520.6
1986) 198641.2
1987) 198741.2
1988) 198810.3
1989) 198920.6
1990) 199030.9
1991) 199172.0
1992) 199220.6
1993) 199310.3
1994) 199410.3
1995) 199510.3
1996) 199610.3
1997) 199710.3
9997) Not applicable25473.4
9999) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
357) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_4)
TOTAL%
1952) 195210.3
1954) 195420.6
1956) 195620.6
1957) 195710.3
1958) 195851.4
1960) 196041.2
1961) 196110.3
1962) 196220.6
1963) 196310.3
1965) 196510.3
1968) 196810.3
1969) 196910.3
1971) 197110.3
1976) 197610.3
1979) 197910.3
1980) 198020.6
1983) 198310.3
1984) 198430.9
1985) 198520.6
1986) 198610.3
1987) 198730.9
1988) 198810.3
1989) 198920.6
1991) 199120.6
1993) 199310.3
1994) 199410.3
9997) Not applicable30086.7
9999) Refused20.6
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
358) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_5)
TOTAL%
1952) 195210.3
1956) 195610.3
1957) 195720.6
1959) 195910.3
1961) 196130.9
1963) 196310.3
1967) 196710.3
1970) 197010.3
1975) 197510.3
1978) 197810.3
1979) 197920.6
1980) 198010.3
1983) 198310.3
1984) 198410.3
1985) 198510.3
1987) 198710.3
1988) 198810.3
1989) 198910.3
1996) 199610.3
9997) Not applicable32393.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
359) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_6)
TOTAL%
1956) 195620.6
1960) 196010.3
1961) 196110.3
1962) 196230.9
1963) 196310.3
1972) 197210.3
1977) 197710.3
1980) 198010.3
1991) 199110.3
9997) Not applicable33496.5
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
360) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_7)
TOTAL%
1959) 195910.3
1962) 196210.3
1964) 196420.6
1966) 196610.3
1967) 196710.3
1978) 197810.3
1981) 198110.3
9997) Not applicable33897.7
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
361) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_8)
TOTAL%
1963) 196310.3
1965) 196510.3
1966) 196610.3
1969) 196910.3
9997) Not applicable34298.8
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
362) In what year was he or she born? (G9) (Q580_9)
TOTAL%
1971) 197110.3
1978) 197810.3
9997) Not applicable34499.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
363) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12135.0
5) No11232.4
7) Deceased10.3
97) Not applicable10931.5
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
364) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10931.5
5) No7922.8
7) Deceased10.3
97) Not applicable15544.8
99) Refused20.6
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
365) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4312.4
5) No4613.3
97) Not applicable25473.4
99) Refused30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
366) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes205.8
5) No246.9
97) Not applicable30086.7
99) Refused20.6
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
367) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92.6
5) No144.0
97) Not applicable32393.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
368) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20.6
5) No92.6
7) Deceased10.3
97) Not applicable33496.5
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
369) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10.3
5) No72.0
97) Not applicable33897.7
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
370) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10.3
5) No30.9
97) Not applicable34298.8
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
371) Is he or she living with you? (G10) (Q581_9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20.6
97) Not applicable34499.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
372) If G9(kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_1) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_1)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant5415.6
2) Catholic7321.1
3) Jewish30.9
5) No preference329.2
7) Other religion or denomination195.5
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference4412.7
21) If volunteered: same as religion respondent was raised in92.6
97) Not applicable10931.5
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused20.6
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
373) If G9(kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_2) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_2)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant329.3
2) Catholic6218.0
3) Jewish20.6
5) No preference195.5
7) Other religion or denomination61.7
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference298.4
21) If volunteered: same as religion respondent was raised in113.2
22) If volunteered: same as first child277.8
97) Not applicable15544.9
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
374) If G9(kid birth year is greater than 1980) Q585_3 In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_3)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant144.0
2) Catholic329.2
3) Jewish10.3
5) No preference72.0
7) Other religion or denomination20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference154.3
21) If volunteered: same as religion respondent was raised in61.7
22) If volunteered: same as first child144.0
97) Not applicable25473.4
99) Refused10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
375) (If G9, kid birth year is greater than 1980) Q585_4 In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_4)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant72.0
2) Catholic154.3
5) No preference51.4
7) Other religion or denomination20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference102.9
21) If volunteered: same as religion respondent was raised in10.3
22) If volunteered: same as first child61.7
97) Not applicable30086.7
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
376) (If G9, kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_5) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_5)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant41.2
2) Catholic92.6
5) No preference20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference51.4
22) If volunteered: same as first child30.9
97) Not applicable32393.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
377) (If G9, kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_6) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_6)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10.3
2) Catholic41.2
5) No preference10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference41.2
22) If volunteered: same as first child10.3
97) Not applicable33496.5
98) Don't know10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
378) (If G9, kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_7) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_7)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10.3
2) Catholic20.6
5) No preference10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference20.6
22) If volunteered: same as first child10.3
97) Not applicable33897.7
98) Don't know10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
379) (If G9, kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_8) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_8)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10.3
2) Catholic20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34298.8
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
380) (If G9, kid birth year is greater than 1980) (Q585_9) In what religion is (child's name) being raised? (Else): In what religion was (child's name) raised? (Is/Was) it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children are being raised in the same religion, you may enter that code for all children after the first one, without re-asking the questions. (G11) (Q585_9)
TOTAL%
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34499.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
381) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic8223.7
3) Greek Orthodox20.6
5) Other Orthodox10.3
11) Jewish: no preference10.3
14) Conservative Jewish10.3
15) Reform Jewish41.2
21) Islamic or Muslim20.6
23) Hindu10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified267.5
32) Southern Baptist30.9
34) National Baptist20.6
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist30.9
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal51.4
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)72.0
44) Fundamentalist Methodist (include Free Methodist, Pilgrim Methodist, Wesleyan Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified72.0
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)61.7
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod82.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified61.7
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England20.6
132) Congregationalist10.3
134) Other UCC10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified20.6
143) Pentecostal Holiness10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
157) Church of the Nazarene10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses30.9
159) Other fundamentalist20.6
201) Protestant, type not specified51.4
203) Protestant, non-denominational church41.2
301) Christian, type not specified30.9
801) No religious preference3510.1
997) Not applicable10931.5
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused20.6
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
382) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic7220.9
5) Other Orthodox10.3
14) Conservative Jewish10.3
15) Reform Jewish41.2
21) Islamic or Muslim20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified205.8
32) Southern Baptist30.9
34) National Baptist10.3
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist20.6
41) Methodist, type not specified30.9
42) African Methodist Episcopal20.6
43) United Methodist church (include E.U.B.)51.4
44) Fundamentalist Methodist (include Free Methodist, Pilgrim Methodist, Wesleyan Methodist10.3
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified61.7
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)41.2
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod72.0
61) Presbyterian, type not specified51.4
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England20.6
132) Congregationalist10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified20.6
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses30.9
159) Other fundamentalist20.6
201) Protestant, type not specified51.4
202) Other Protestant10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church30.9
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference236.7
997) Not applicable15544.9
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
383) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_3X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic3710.7
3) Greek Orthodox10.3
15) Reform Jewish10.3
21) Islamic or Muslim20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified113.2
32) Southern Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal20.6
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)20.6
45) Other Methodist10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified51.4
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)41.2
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod20.6
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses20.6
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified10.3
202) Other Protestant10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church20.6
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference82.3
997) Not applicable25473.4
999) Refused10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
384) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_4X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic185.2
31) Baptist, type not specified51.4
32) Southern Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal20.6
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified20.6
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)20.6
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod20.6
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified20.6
203) Protestant, non-denominational church20.6
801) No religious preference51.4
997) Not applicable30086.7
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
385) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_5X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic123.5
31) Baptist, type not specified20.6
32) Southern Baptist10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church10.3
801) No religious preference20.6
997) Not applicable32393.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
386) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_6X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic41.2
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church10.3
801) No religious preference10.3
997) Not applicable33496.5
998) Don't know10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
387) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_7X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
801) No religious preference10.3
997) Not applicable33897.7
998) Don't know10.3
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
388) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_8X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
997) Not applicable34298.8
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
389) Kid raised religious preference summary. (Q586_9X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
997) Not applicable34499.4
Missing7 
TOTAL346100.0
390) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16146.7
5) No6117.7
7) Not applicable11834.2
8) Don't know30.9
9) Refused20.6
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
391) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13238.3
5) No5215.1
7) Not applicable15946.1
9) Refused20.6
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
392) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7020.3
5) No195.5
7) Not applicable25573.9
9) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
393) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3710.7
5) No92.6
7) Not applicable29986.7
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
394) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes174.9
5) No61.7
7) Not applicable32293.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
395) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92.6
5) No20.6
7) Not applicable33396.5
8) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
396) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61.7
5) No10.3
7) Not applicable33797.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
397) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30.9
5) No10.3
7) Not applicable34198.8
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
398) As an infant or child was (he/she) baptized? If respondent says that all children were baptized, or that none were, you may enter the response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G12.1) (Q597_9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20.6
7) Not applicable34399.4
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
399) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If r says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_1)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant308.7
2) Catholic4011.6
3) Jewish41.2
5) No preference308.7
7) Other religion or denomination113.2
12) If volunteered: agnostic41.2
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference185.2
22) If voluntary: same as religion child was raised in92.6
97) Not applicable19055.1
98) Don't know72.0
99) Refused20.6
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
400) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If r says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_2)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant236.7
2) Catholic298.4
3) Jewish30.9
5) No preference247.0
7) Other religion or denomination41.2
12) If volunteered: agnostic10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference144.1
22) If volunteered: same as religion child was raised in92.6
97) Not applicable23367.5
98) Don't know41.2
99) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
401) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_3)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant92.6
2) Catholic164.6
3) Jewish10.3
5) No preference92.6
7) Other religion or denomination30.9
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference82.3
22) If volunteered: same as religion child was raised in51.4
97) Not applicable28983.8
98) Don't know41.2
99) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
402) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_4)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant51.4
2) Catholic82.3
5) No preference82.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference20.6
22) If volunteered: same as religion child was raised in30.9
97) Not applicable31691.6
98) Don't know30.9
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
403) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If r says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_5)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant20.6
2) Catholic82.3
3) Jewish10.3
5) No preference20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
22) If volunteered: same as religion child was raised in10.3
97) Not applicable32995.4
98) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
404) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If r says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_6)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant41.2
2) Catholic20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference20.6
22) If volunteered: same as religion child was raised in10.3
97) Not applicable33597.1
98) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
405) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_7)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant20.6
2) Catholic10.3
5) No preference20.6
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
22) If volunteered: same as religion child was raised in10.3
97) Not applicable33797.7
98) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
406) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_8)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant20.6
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34198.8
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
407) What is (his/her) religious preference now? (Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or none?) If respondent says that all children still have the same religious preference as the one in which they were raised, you may enter that response without re-asking the question for each child after the first. (G13) (Q598_9)
TOTAL%
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34399.4
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
408) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic4312.5
3) Greek Orthodox10.3
13) Orthodox Jewish20.6
15) Reform Jewish41.2
24) Other religions20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified174.9
32) Southern Baptist20.6
34) National Baptist10.3
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)30.9
51) Lutheran, type not specified20.6
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)51.4
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod51.4
61) Presbyterian, type not specified41.2
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England10.3
132) Congregationalist10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses20.6
159) Other fundamentalist20.6
201) Protestant, type not specified20.6
203) Protestant, non-denominational church41.2
801) No religious preference319.0
803) Agnostic41.2
997) Not applicable19055.1
998) Don't know72.0
999) Refused20.6
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
409) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic329.3
15) Reform Jewish41.2
31) Baptist, type not specified113.2
32) Southern Baptist20.6
34) National Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified30.9
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)41.2
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod41.2
61) Presbyterian, type not specified30.9
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England10.3
132) Congregationalist10.3
142) Assemblies of God10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses20.6
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
181) LDS (Mormon), type not specified10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified20.6
203) Protestant, non-denominational church20.6
801) No religious preference247.0
803) Agnostic10.3
997) Not applicable23467.8
998) Don't know41.2
999) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
410) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_3X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic185.2
3) Greek Orthodox10.3
15) Reform Jewish10.3
24) Other religions10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified61.7
32) Southern Baptist20.6
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified20.6
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)41.2
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod20.6
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church20.6
801) No religious preference92.6
997) Not applicable28983.8
998) Don't know41.2
999) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
411) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_4X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic82.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)20.6
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church10.3
801) No religious preference82.3
997) Not applicable31691.6
998) Don't know30.9
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
412) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_5X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic82.3
11) Jewish, no preference10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
159) Other fundamentalist10.3
801) No religious preference20.6
997) Not applicable32995.4
998) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
413) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_6X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist20.6
45) Other Methodist10.3
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
158) Jehovah's witnesses10.3
997) Not applicable33597.1
998) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
414) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_7X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist20.6
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
801) No religious preference20.6
997) Not applicable33797.7
998) Don't know10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
415) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_8X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified10.3
997) Not applicable34198.8
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
416) Kid current religious preference summary. (Q599_9X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
997) Not applicable34399.4
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
417) Internal checkpoint -- child(ren) born after 1979. (Q612_X)
TOTAL%
1) At least one child born after 1979 (1980-1997 in any Q580_n)13539.1
2) No children after 1979 or no birth year provided for any children10931.6
7) Not applicable10129.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
418) Internal checkpoint -- children born before 1994. (Q613_X)
TOTAL%
1) At least one child born before 1994 (1901-1993 in any Q580_n)21562.3
2) No children before 1994 or no birth year provided for any children298.4
7) Not applicable10129.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
419) Internal checkpoint -- does respondent have any 4+ year old kids. (Q614_X)
TOTAL%
1) All born pre-1980 or no birth year provided for any children (2 in Q612_x)10931.6
2) Any born pre-1994 and post-1979 (1 in Q612_x and 1 in Q613_x)12034.8
3) All born post-1993 (2 in Q613_x)154.3
7) Not applicable10129.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
420) Have or did you (and your husband/and your wife/and your partner) give(n) your child(ren) any religious training at home? (G15) (Q615_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16547.8
5) No6318.3
7) Not applicable11633.6
9) Refused10.3
Missing8 
TOTAL345100.0
421) What kinds of training (have you given/did you give) your child(ren)? (G15a) (Q616_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Send or take them to Sunday school or religious services or other church related activities164.7
2) Set children a good example51.5
3) Provide general moral training61.8
4) Teach them to pray, or see that they say prayers; grace at meals216.2
5) Read Bible with them, or encourage them to read Bible or other holy books, records or tapes3610.6
6) Help them with Sunday school or other religious homework or lessons; teach/help with catechism or other religious instruction30.9
7) Religious observance of religious holidays in home with some reasonable regularity10.3
8) Answer the children's questions about God, discuss religion51.5
10) Send or take them to parochial school41.2
11) Expose them to various religions, let them interpret and make own choice20.6
997) Not applicable23869.8
998) Don't know20.6
999) Refused20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
422) What kinds of training (have you given/did you give) your child(ren)? (G15a) (Q616_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Send or take them to Sunday school or religious services or other church related activities93.1
3) Provide general moral training62.1
4) Teach them to pray, or see that they say prayers; grace at meals82.8
5) Read Bible with them, or encourage them to read Bible or other holy books, records or tapes82.8
6) Help them with Sunday school or other religious homework or lessons; teach/help with catechism or other religious instruction20.7
8) Answer the children's questions about God, discuss religion134.5
9) T.V. programs10.3
10) Send or take them to parochial school31.0
11) Expose them to various religions, let them interpret and make own choice10.3
97) Other10.3
997) Not applicable23882.1
Missing63 
TOTAL290100.0
423) Do you feel that 12-year-old children should be allowed to decide for themselves whether they will go to religious services or Sunday school, or should their parents decide this? (G16) (Q617_X)
TOTAL%
1) Child decide5315.4
5) Parents decide17049.4
7) Not applicable11633.7
8) Don't know30.9
9) Refused20.6
Missing9 
TOTAL344100.0
424) Have or did you encourage(d) your child(ren) to pray, or not? (G17) (Q618_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19456.4
5) No329.3
7) Not applicable11633.7
9) Refused20.6
Missing9 
TOTAL344100.0
425) Has/Have/Did your child(ren) attend(ed) the public schools, parochial schools, or what? (G18) (Q619_X)
TOTAL%
1) Public schools16648.3
2) Parochial schools257.3
3) If volunteered: both public and parochial308.7
7) Other, specify72.0
97) Not applicable11633.7
Missing9 
TOTAL344100.0
426) Has/Have/Did) your child(ren) attend(ed) Sunday school or religious instruction classes regularly, most of the time, some of the time or never (when he/she was growing up/when they were growing up)? (G19) (Q620_X)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly10229.7
2) Most of the time288.1
3) Some of the time5415.7
4) Never4212.2
7) Not applicable11633.7
9) Refused20.6
Missing9 
TOTAL344100.0
427) Have/Did you attend(ed) religious services with your child(ren) regularly, most of the time, some of the time or never (when he/she was growing up/when they were growing up)? (G20) (Q621_X)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly8223.8
2) Most of the time3610.5
3) Some of the time6719.5
4) Never4111.9
7) Not applicable11633.7
9) Refused20.6
Missing9 
TOTAL344100.0
428) In your household, do you ever say grace or give thanks before meals? (G21) (Q622_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21362.1
5) No6519.0
7) If volunteered: only on special occasions133.8
97) Not applicable4914.3
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused20.6
Missing10 
TOTAL343100.0
429) How often is this done--quite often, or just on special occasions? (G22) (Q623_X)
TOTAL%
1) Quite often14040.9
5) On special occasions7020.5
7) Not applicable13038.0
8) Don't know20.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
430) When you were growing up, did anyone in your family say grace or give thanks before meals? (G23) (Q624_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21562.9
5) No6017.5
7) (If volunteered): Only on special occasions164.7
97) Not applicable4914.3
99) Refused20.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
431) How often was this done--quite often, or just on special occasions? (G24) (Q625_X)
TOTAL%
1) Quite often15144.2
5) On special occasions6117.8
7) Not applicable12737.1
8) Don't know30.9
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
432) Will you (and your husband/and your wife/and your partner) give your child(ren) any religious training at home? (G25) (Q626_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes329.5
5) No123.6
7) Not applicable29386.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
433) What kinds of training will you give them? Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (G26) (Q627_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Send or take them to Sunday school or religious services or other church related activities20.6
2) Set children a good example10.3
3) Provide general moral training10.3
4) Teach them to pray, or see that they say prayers; grace at meals10.3
5) Read Bible with them, or encourage them to read Bible or other holy books, records or tapes72.1
8) Answer the children's questions about God, discuss religion41.2
10) Send or take them to parochial school10.3
11) Expose them to various religions, let them interpret and make own choice20.6
997) Not applicable31793.8
998) Don't know20.6
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
434) What kinds of training will you give them? Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (G26) (Q627_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Send or take them to Sunday school or religious services or other church related activities30.9
2) Set children a good example10.3
4) Teach them to pray, or see that they say prayers; grace at meals10.3
10) Send or take them to parochial school10.3
997) Not applicable31798.1
Missing30 
TOTAL323100.0
435) Do you feel that 12-year-old children should be allowed to decide for themselves whether they will go to religious services or Sunday school, or should their parents decide this? (G27) (Q628_X)
TOTAL%
1) Child decide164.7
5) Parents decide329.4
7) Not applicable29385.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
436) Will you encourage your child(ren) to pray, or not? (G28) (Q629_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3811.2
5) No61.8
7) Not applicable29386.7
8) Don't know10.3
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
437) Will your child(ren) attend the public schools, parochial schools, or what? (G29) (Q630_X)
TOTAL%
1) Public schools278.0
2) Parochial schools61.8
3) (If volunteered): Both public and parochial41.2
7) Other, specify41.2
97) Not applicable29386.7
98) Don't know41.2
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
438) Will your child(ren) attend Sunday School or religious instruction classes regularly, most of the time, some of the time, or never? (G30) (Q631_X)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly175.0
2) Most of the time92.7
3) Some of the time82.4
4) Never61.8
7) Not applicable29386.7
8) Don't know51.5
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
439) Will you attend religious services with your child(ren) regularly, most of the time, some of the time, or never? (G31) (Q632_X)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly226.5
2) Most of the time72.1
3) Some of the time103.0
4) Never20.6
7) Not applicable29386.7
8) Don't know41.2
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
440) In your household, do you ever say grace or give thanks before meals? (G32) (Q633_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes267.6
5) No226.4
7) (If volunteered): Only on special occasions10.3
97) Not applicable29385.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
441) How often is this done--quite often, or just on special occasions? (G33) (Q634_X)
TOTAL%
1) Quite often175.0
5) On special occasions92.6
7) Not applicable31592.4
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
442) When you were growing up, did anyone in your family say grace or give thanks before meals? (G34) (Q635_X)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3710.8
5) No123.5
97) Not applicable29385.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
443) How often was this done--quite often, or just on special occasions? (G35) (Q636_X)
TOTAL%
1) Quite often247.0
5) On special occasions133.8
7) Not applicable30489.1
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
444) In what denomination will you raise your child(ren) -- Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or none? (G37) (Q637)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant30.9
2) Catholic133.8
5) No preference51.5
7) Other religion or denomination41.2
20) If volunteered: same as respondent's present religious preference51.5
97) Not applicable30890.1
98) Don't know30.9
99) Refused10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
445) Summarized religion with raise kids. (Q638_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic154.4
21) Islamic or Muslim10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod10.3
154) Church of God in Christ Holiness; Church of Holiness10.3
161) Unitarian or Universalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified10.3
203) Protestant, non-denominational church20.6
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference51.5
804) Religious preference unclear10.3
997) Not applicable30890.1
998) Don't know30.9
999) Refused10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
446) Now I have a few questions about your background. What was the highest grade of school or year of college you completed? (H1) (Q653)
TOTAL%
2) 210.3
3) 310.3
4) 410.3
7) 710.3
8) 810.3
9) 910.3
10) 1061.8
11) 11123.5
12) 129527.8
13) One year college4212.3
14) Two years college4814.0
15) Three years college175.0
16) Four years college6318.4
17) Five or more years college5114.9
98) Don't know20.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
447) Do you have a high school diploma or equivalency? (H2) (Q654)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9928.9
5) No226.4
7) Not applicable22164.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
448) Do you have a college degree? (H3) (Q655)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12235.7
5) No9928.9
7) Not applicable12135.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
449) What is the highest degree you have earned? (H3.1) (Q656)
TOTAL%
1) Less than bachelor's133.8
2) Bachelor's7120.8
3) Master's/MBA236.7
4) Law30.9
5) Ph.D30.9
6) M.D.30.9
7) Other61.8
97) Not applicable22064.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
450) Did you get any of your education in parochial schools or other schools run by religious groups? (H4) (Q657)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10631.0
5) No23669.0
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
451) How many years did you attend religious schools? (H5) (Q658)
TOTAL%
0) 020.6
1) 141.2
2) 251.5
3) 320.6
4) 472.0
5) 561.8
6) 682.3
7) 772.0
8) 8226.4
9) 920.6
10) 1030.9
11) 1130.9
12) 12195.6
13) 1361.8
15) 1510.3
16) 1651.5
17) 1710.3
18) 1810.3
97) Not applicable23669.0
98) Don't know20.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
452) How many years of schooling did your (mother/replacement) complete? (If don't know: well, just approximately?) (H6a) (Q660)
TOTAL%
0) 030.9
2) 230.9
3) 351.5
4) 441.2
5) 510.3
6) 672.0
7) 730.9
8) 8257.3
9) 9123.5
10) 10236.7
11) 1172.0
12) 1214442.1
13) 1382.3
14) 14185.3
15) 1572.0
16) 16298.5
17) 1710.3
18) 1851.5
19) 1910.3
20) 2010.3
97) Not applicable92.6
98) Don't know267.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
453) Did your (mother/replacement) work for pay when you were about 16? (H7) (Q661)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17450.9
5) No15846.2
7) Not applicable92.6
8) Don't know10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
454) Did she work mostly full time or part time? (H8) (Q662)
TOTAL%
1) Full time12737.1
2) Part time4613.5
7) Not applicable16849.1
8) Don't know10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
455) What kind of work did she normally do when you were about 16? That is, what was her job called? What did she actually do in that job? Tell me what were some of her main duties? (H9) (Q663_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL338692.317348
456) What kind of place did she work for? What did they make or do at the place where she worked? (H11) (Q664_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL342831.488231
457) When you were growing up, did your (mother/replacement) consider herself a Republican, Democrat, an independent, or what? (H12) (Q665)
TOTAL%
1) Republican6920.2
2) Democrat14642.7
3) Independent329.4
5) No preference236.7
7) Other, specify102.9
97) Not applicable92.6
98) Don't know5014.6
99) Refused30.9
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
458) Other than American, what is the original nationality of your family on your (mother/replacement)'s side? (If more than one nationality mentioned, probe for the one respondent feels closest to) (H13) (Q666_1X)
TOTAL%
1) English308.8
2) Scotch, Scotch-Irish (but not Scotch and Irish)72.1
3) Irish298.6
4) Welsh, or any mixture of English, Scotch, Irish, or Welsh82.4
5) French164.7
6) German, Pennsylvania Dutch5817.1
7) Any other single northwest European nationality: e.g., Scandinavian (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic), Dutch, Belgian, Swiss195.6
8) Any mixture of northwestern European nationalities, central European10.3
11) Polish339.7
12) Any other single central European nationality: e.g., Czechoslovakian, Austrian, Hungarian, Croat, Yugoslavian, Albanian82.4
22) Any single eastern European nationality: e.g., Russian, Latvian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Finnish, Romanian, Bulgarian164.7
31) Italian133.8
32) Any other single southern European nationality: e.g., Greek, Spanish, Portuguese20.6
42) Any other single near eastern nationality: e.g., Turkish, Saudi-Arabian, Iraqi, Iranian, Egyptian, Armenian, etc.20.6
47) Any mixture of African nationalities92.7
51) Indian subcontinent nationalities30.9
53) Any other single Asian nationality: e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese, Vietnamese, etc.20.6
61) Black, Afro-American247.1
62) American Indian113.2
64) Canadian51.5
66) Hispanic: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Caribbean and other Central American nationalities61.8
67) Any other single South American nationality: e.g., Brazilian, Chilean, etc.10.3
97) Other (incl. 'Jewish' or 'Indian'--NFS)154.4
997) Not applicable92.7
998) Don't know102.9
999) Refused20.6
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
459) Nationality continued. (H13) (Q666_2X)
TOTAL%
1) English48.3
2) Scotch, Scotch-Irish (but not Scotch and Irish)12.1
3) Irish36.3
4) Welsh, or any mixture of English, Scotch, Irish, or Welsh12.1
5) French12.1
6) German, Pennsylvania Dutch816.7
7) Any other single northwest European nationality: e.g., Scandinavian (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic), Dutch, Belgian, Swiss36.3
11) Polish36.3
12) Any other single central European nationality: e.g., Czechoslovakian, Austrian, Hungarian, Croat, Yugoslavian, Albanian36.3
22) Any single eastern European nationality: e.g., Russian, Latvian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Finnish, Roumanian, Bulgarian24.2
31) Italian12.1
47) Any mixture of African nationalities12.1
61) Black, Afro American12.1
62) American Indian24.2
64) Canadian48.3
66) Hispanic: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Caribbean and other Central American nationalities12.1
997) Not applicable918.8
Missing305 
TOTAL48100.0
460) Was your (mother/replacement) born in the United States? (H14) (Q667)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28783.9
5) No4613.5
7) Not applicable92.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
461) How many years of schooling did your (father/replacement) complete? (If don't know: well, just approximately?) (H15a) (Q669)
TOTAL%
0) 030.9
2) 220.6
3) 330.9
4) 451.5
5) 520.6
6) 651.5
7) 741.2
8) 8226.5
9) 961.8
10) 10164.7
11) 1182.3
12) 127923.2
13) 13113.2
14) 14185.3
15) 1592.6
16) 16329.4
17) 1720.6
18) 18144.1
19) 1910.3
20) 2030.9
97) Not applicable6719.6
98) Don't know298.5
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
462) Did your (father/replacement) work for pay when you were about 16? (H16.1) (Q670)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26377.1
5) No92.6
7) Not applicable6719.6
8) Don't know20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
463) What kind of work did he normally do when you were about 16? That is, what was his job called? What did he actually do in that job? Tell me what were some of his main duties? (H16) (Q671_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL322586.217346
464) What kind of place did he work for? What did they make or do at the place where he worked? (H18) (Q672_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL321583.221332
465) When you were growing up, did your (father/replacement) consider himself a Republican, Democrat, an Independent, or what? (H19) (Q673)
TOTAL%
1) Republican7722.6
2) Democrat12135.5
3) Independent257.3
5) No preference92.6
7) Other (specify)123.5
97) Not applicable6719.6
98) Don't know298.5
99) Refused10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
466) Other than American, what is the original nationality of your family on your (father/replacement)'s side? (If more than one nationality mentioned, probe for the one respondent feels closest to) (H20) (Q674_1X)
TOTAL%
1) English257.4
2) Scotch, Scotch-Irish (but not Scotch and Irish)72.1
3) Irish236.8
4) Welsh, or any mixture of English, Scotch, Irish, or Welsh72.1
5) French185.3
6) German, Pennsylvania Dutch4914.4
7) Any other single northwest European nationality: e.g., Scandinavian (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic), Dutch, Belgian, Swiss61.8
11) Polish298.5
12) Any other single central European nationality: e.g., Czechoslovakian, Austrian, Hungarian, Croat, Yugoslavian, Albanian92.6
13) Any mixture of central European nationalities, eastern European20.6
22) Any single eastern European nationality: e.g., Russian, Latvian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Finnish, Roumanian, Bulgarian123.5
31) Italian175.0
42) Any other single near eastern nationality: e.g., Turkish, Saudi-Arabian, Iraqi, Iranian, Egyptian, Armenian, etc.20.6
47) Any mixture of African nationalities113.2
51) Indian subcontinent nationalities20.6
53) Any other single Asian nationality: e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese, Vietnamese, etc.10.3
61) Black, Afro American185.3
62) American Indian92.6
64) Canadian30.9
66) Hispanic: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Caribbean and other Central American nationalities20.6
97) Other (including 'Jewish' or 'Indian'--NFS)92.6
997) Not applicable6719.7
998) Don't know102.9
999) Refused20.6
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
467) Other than American, what is the original nationality of your family on your (father/replacement)'s side? (If more than one nationality mentioned, probe for the one respondent feels closest to.) (H20) (Q674_2X)
TOTAL%
1) English32.9
2) Scotch, Scotch-Irish (but not Scotch and Irish)11.0
3) Irish22.0
4) Welsh, or any mixture of English, Scotch, Irish, or Welsh11.0
5) French54.9
6) German, Pennsylvania Dutch54.9
7) Any other single northwest European nationality: e.g., Scandinavian (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic), Dutch, Belgian, Swiss11.0
11) Polish22.0
12) Any other single Central European nationality: e.g., Czechoslovakian, Austrian, Hungarian, Croat, Yugoslavian, Albanian11.0
13) Any mixture of Central European nationalities, Eastern European11.0
61) Black, Afro-American11.0
62) American Indian54.9
63) 'Hillbilly'11.0
64) Canadian65.9
997) Not applicable6765.7
Missing251 
TOTAL102100.0
468) Was your (father/replacement) born in the United States? (H21) (Q675)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22365.4
5) No5014.7
7) Not applicable6719.6
8) Don't know10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
469) Were any of your grandparents born in a country other than the United States? (H22) (Q677)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17150.0
5) No15946.5
8) Don't know123.5
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
470) Do you consider yourself Hispanic or Latino? (H22.1) (Q678)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82.3
5) No33196.8
8) Don't know30.9
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
471) Do you consider yourself primarily white or Caucasian, black or African American, American Indian, Asian, or something else? (H22.2) (Q679)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian26276.6
2) Black/African American6218.1
3) American Indian or Alaskan native10.3
4) Asian or Pacific Islander41.2
7) Other, specify113.2
99) Refused20.6
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
472) Do you have any brothers and sisters who are living? (H23) (Q681)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30789.8
5) No3510.2
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
473) Summary number of siblings on grid in Q684_1 - Q691_14X (0-14) (Q682_X)
TOTAL%
0) 0113.2
1) 16218.1
2) 28524.9
3) 35415.8
4) 46117.8
5) 5133.8
6) 692.6
7) 741.2
8) 830.9
9) 910.3
10) 1020.6
12) 1210.3
14) 1410.3
97) Not applicable3510.2
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
474) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_1)
TOTAL%
1) Male14141.3
2) Female15445.2
7) Not applicable4613.5
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
475) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_2)
TOTAL%
1) Male9527.9
2) Female13840.5
7) Not applicable10831.7
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
476) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_3)
TOTAL%
1) Male6519.1
2) Female8324.3
7) Not applicable19356.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
477) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_4)
TOTAL%
1) Male5315.5
2) Female4112.0
7) Not applicable24772.4
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
478) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_5)
TOTAL%
1) Male154.4
2) Female185.3
7) Not applicable30890.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
479) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_6)
TOTAL%
1) Male102.9
2) Female102.9
7) Not applicable32194.1
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
480) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_7)
TOTAL%
1) Male41.2
2) Female72.1
7) Not applicable33096.8
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
481) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_8)
TOTAL%
1) Male41.2
2) Female30.9
7) Not applicable33497.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
482) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_9)
TOTAL%
1) Male30.9
2) Female20.6
7) Not applicable33798.5
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
483) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_10)
TOTAL%
1) Male20.6
2) Female20.6
7) Not applicable33898.8
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
484) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_11)
TOTAL%
1) Male10.3
2) Female10.3
7) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
485) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_12)
TOTAL%
1) Male20.6
7) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
486) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_13)
TOTAL%
1) Male10.3
7) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
487) (Name 1, 2, etc.) is (male/female)? Is that correct? (H24) (Q684_14)
TOTAL%
1) Male10.3
7) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
488) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL341207.003359
489) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL341372.88455
490) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL341610.079470
491) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_4)
TOTAL%
7) 710.3
9) 910.3
10) 1010.3
11) 1110.3
12) 1210.3
13) 1310.3
20) 2020.6
21) 2110.3
22) 2210.3
23) 2310.3
26) 2610.3
27) 2710.3
28) 2830.9
29) 2910.3
30) 3030.9
31) 3120.6
32) 3230.9
33) 3330.9
34) 3410.3
35) 3541.2
36) 3641.2
37) 3741.2
38) 3810.3
39) 3941.2
40) 4041.2
41) 4151.5
43) 4341.2
44) 4410.3
45) 4541.2
46) 4620.6
47) 4710.3
48) 4820.6
49) 4910.3
50) 5020.6
51) 5110.3
54) 5410.3
55) 5520.6
56) 5610.3
57) 5720.6
58) 5810.3
59) 5910.3
60) 6010.3
61) 6110.3
64) 6410.3
70) 7010.3
71) 7110.3
72) 7210.3
997) Not applicable24872.7
998) Don't know30.9
999) Refused30.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
492) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_5)
TOTAL%
5) 510.3
7) 710.3
17) 1710.3
23) 2310.3
30) 3010.3
31) 3110.3
32) 3220.6
33) 3310.3
34) 3420.6
35) 3510.3
38) 3830.9
41) 4120.6
43) 4310.3
44) 4410.3
45) 4510.3
46) 4610.3
47) 4710.3
49) 4910.3
50) 5010.3
52) 5210.3
997) Not applicable30891.9
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused10.3
Missing18 
TOTAL335100.0
493) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_6)
TOTAL%
5) 510.3
16) 1610.3
22) 2210.3
23) 2310.3
28) 2810.3
30) 3020.6
31) 3110.3
33) 3310.3
37) 3710.3
38) 3810.3
39) 3910.3
45) 4510.3
51) 5110.3
53) 5310.3
997) Not applicable32195.0
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused10.3
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
494) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_7)
TOTAL%
29) 2910.3
31) 3110.3
33) 3310.3
37) 3710.3
43) 4310.3
44) 4410.3
50) 5010.3
997) Not applicable33097.6
999) Refused10.3
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
495) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_8)
TOTAL%
23) 2310.3
36) 3610.3
39) 3910.3
49) 4910.3
997) Not applicable33498.5
999) Refused10.3
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
496) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_9)
TOTAL%
35) 3510.3
47) 4710.3
997) Not applicable33799.1
999) Refused10.3
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
497) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_10)
TOTAL%
46) 4610.3
997) Not applicable33899.4
999) Refused10.3
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
498) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_11)
TOTAL%
44) 4410.3
997) Not applicable34099.4
999) Refused10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
499) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_12)
TOTAL%
40) 4010.3
997) Not applicable34099.4
999) Refused10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
500) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_13)
TOTAL%
997) Not applicable34199.7
999) Refused10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
501) And how old is (name number 1,2, etc.)? (H25) (Q685_14)
TOTAL%
997) Not applicable34199.7
999) Refused10.3
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
502) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_1)
TOTAL%
3) 310.3
4) 420.6
5) 510.3
8) 830.9
9) 920.6
10) 10113.2
11) 1192.6
12) 1211634.1
13) 13185.3
14) 14329.4
15) 15113.2
16) 165315.6
17) 1720.6
18) 18133.8
19) 1920.6
20) 2061.8
21) 2110.3
22) 2210.3
97) Not applicable4613.5
98) Don't know92.6
99) Refused10.3
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
503) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_2)
TOTAL%
1) 110.3
4) 410.3
7) 710.3
8) 841.2
9) 930.9
10) 1092.6
11) 1161.8
12) 129327.4
13) 13113.2
14) 14288.2
15) 1582.4
16) 163911.5
17) 1761.8
18) 18102.9
19) 1930.9
20) 2030.9
21) 2110.3
24) 2410.3
97) Not applicable10831.8
98) Don't know41.2
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
504) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_3)
TOTAL%
2) 210.3
6) 610.3
8) 810.3
9) 951.5
10) 1051.5
11) 1141.2
12) 126218.2
13) 1382.3
14) 14113.2
15) 1551.5
16) 16277.9
17) 1710.3
18) 1892.6
20) 2010.3
97) Not applicable19356.6
98) Don't know72.1
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
505) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_4)
TOTAL%
1) 110.3
2) 210.3
5) 520.6
6) 610.3
8) 810.3
9) 920.6
10) 1051.5
11) 1151.5
12) 123911.4
13) 1320.6
14) 14102.9
15) 1520.6
16) 16154.4
17) 1730.9
18) 1830.9
97) Not applicable24772.4
98) Don't know20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
506) About how many years of school has (name1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_5)
TOTAL%
0) 010.3
1) 110.3
9) 910.3
10) 1010.3
11) 1120.6
12) 12113.3
13) 1330.9
14) 1410.3
15) 1510.3
16) 1641.2
19) 1910.3
97) Not applicable30891.9
Missing18 
TOTAL335100.0
507) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_6)
TOTAL%
0) 010.3
10) 1030.9
11) 1110.3
12) 1251.5
13) 1310.3
14) 1410.3
16) 1630.9
18) 1810.3
97) Not applicable32195.0
98) Don't know10.3
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
508) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_7)
TOTAL%
12) 1241.2
14) 1420.6
16) 1610.3
18) 1810.3
97) Not applicable33097.6
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
509) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_8)
TOTAL%
12) 1251.5
97) Not applicable33498.5
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
510) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_9)
TOTAL%
11) 1110.3
12) 1220.6
97) Not applicable33799.1
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
511) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_10)
TOTAL%
12) 1220.6
97) Not applicable33899.4
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
512) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_11)
TOTAL%
12) 1220.6
97) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
513) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_12)
TOTAL%
12) 1210.3
16) 1610.3
97) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
514) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_13)
TOTAL%
12) 1210.3
97) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
515) About how many years of school has (name 1, 2, etc.) completed? (H26) (Q686_14)
TOTAL%
12) 1210.3
97) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
516) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_1)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant7120.9
2) Catholic8224.2
3) Jewish51.5
5) No preference4112.1
7) Other religion or denomination226.5
12) If volunteered: Agnostic10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference4312.7
21) If volunteered: Same as religion respondent was raised in41.2
97) Not applicable4613.6
98) Don't know226.5
99) Refused20.6
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
517) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_2)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant4814.2
2) Catholic6519.2
3) Jewish30.9
5) No preference3510.3
7) Other religion or denomination175.0
11) If volunteered: Atheist20.6
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference4212.4
21) If volunteered: Same as religion respondent was raised in41.2
97) Not applicable10831.9
98) Don't know144.1
99) Refused10.3
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
518) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_3)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant277.9
2) Catholic4412.9
3) Jewish10.3
5) No preference226.5
7) Other religion or denomination72.1
11) If volunteered: Atheist10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference308.8
21) If volunteered: Same as religion respondent was raised in41.2
97) Not applicable19356.8
98) Don't know102.9
99) Refused10.3
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
519) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_4)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant205.9
2) Catholic319.1
3) Jewish10.3
5) No preference102.9
7) Other religion or denomination61.8
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference164.7
21) If volunteered: Same as religion respondent was raised in51.5
97) Not applicable24772.4
98) Don't know41.2
99) Refused10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
520) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_5)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant51.5
2) Catholic61.8
5) No preference72.1
7) Other religion or denomination20.6
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference41.2
97) Not applicable30892.5
98) Don't know10.3
Missing20 
TOTAL333100.0
521) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_6)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant30.9
2) Catholic51.5
5) No preference51.5
7) Other religion or denomination10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference30.9
97) Not applicable32195.0
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
522) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_7)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10.3
2) Catholic30.9
5) No preference20.6
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference20.6
97) Not applicable33097.6
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
523) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_8)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10.3
2) Catholic10.3
5) No preference20.6
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable33498.5
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
524) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_9)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant10.3
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable33799.1
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
525) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_10V)
TOTAL%
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable33899.4
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
526) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_11)
TOTAL%
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
527) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_12)
TOTAL%
2) Catholic10.3
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
528) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_13)
TOTAL%
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
529) What is (sibling's name)'s religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, or some other religion? (H27) (Q690_14)
TOTAL%
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference10.3
97) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
530) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic9227.1
5) Other Orthodox10.3
13) Orthodox Jewish10.3
14) Conservative Jewish20.6
15) Reform Jewish30.9
21) Islamic or Muslim41.2
23) Hindu20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified257.4
32) Southern Baptist92.7
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist20.6
37) Other Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified61.8
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)51.5
51) Lutheran, type not specified51.5
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)20.6
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod102.9
61) Presbyterian, type not specified51.5
63) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)10.3
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England61.8
101) Disciples of Christ; Christian Disciples; Christian Church20.6
113) Christian Reformed10.3
131) UCC, type not specified10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified20.6
143) Pentecostal Holiness10.3
144) Other Pentecostal10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses20.6
159) Other fundamentalist20.6
161) Unitarian or Universalist10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified154.4
203) Protestant, non-denominational church72.1
301) Christian, type not specified20.6
801) No religious preference4312.7
803) Agnostic20.6
804) Religious preference unclear10.3
997) Not applicable4613.6
998) Don't know226.5
999) Refused20.6
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
531) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic7622.4
15) Reform Jewish30.9
21) Islamic or Muslim41.2
23) Hindu20.6
31) Baptist, type not specified185.3
32) Southern Baptist92.7
33) American Baptist20.6
35) Unknown code20.6
36) Missionary Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist20.6
41) Methodist, type not specified20.6
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)20.6
51) Lutheran, type not specified72.1
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)10.3
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod82.4
54) Other Lutheran10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified51.5
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England51.5
141) Pentecostal, type not specified20.6
142) Assemblies of God10.3
143) Pentecostal Holiness10.3
144) Other Pentecostal10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
154) Church of God in Christ Holiness; Church of Holiness10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
158) Jehovah's Witnesses10.3
181) LDS (Mormon), type not specified10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified72.1
203) Protestant, non-denominational church61.8
204) Unity; Unity Church; Unity Church of Today10.3
301) Christian, type not specified30.9
801) No religious preference3510.3
802) Atheist20.6
803) Agnostic10.3
997) Not applicable10831.9
998) Don't know144.1
999) Refused10.3
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
532) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_3X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic5014.7
15) Reform Jewish10.3
21) Islamic or Muslim30.9
31) Baptist, type not specified164.7
32) Southern Baptist51.5
33) American Baptist10.3
35) Unknown code10.3
36) Missionary Baptist10.3
37) Other Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified30.9
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)20.6
51) Lutheran, type not specified10.3
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod41.2
61) Presbyterian, type not specified30.9
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England20.6
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
142) Assemblies of God10.3
144) Other Pentecostal10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
153) Church of God (include Worldwide Church of God)10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified51.5
203) Protestant, non-denominational church41.2
301) Christian, type not specified30.9
801) No religious preference226.5
802) Atheist10.3
997) Not applicable19356.8
998) Don't know102.9
999) Refused10.3
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
533) Brother, sister religious preference summary (Q691_4X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic3610.6
15) Reform Jewish10.3
21) Islamic or Muslim10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified113.2
32) Southern Baptist72.1
35) Unknown code10.3
37) Other Baptist10.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified10.3
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod20.6
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
143) Pentecostal Holiness10.3
144) Other Pentecostal10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)10.3
154) Church of God in Christ Holiness; Church of Holiness10.3
157) Church of the Nazarene10.3
201) Protestant, type not specified30.9
203) Protestant, non-denominational church41.2
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference102.9
804) Religious preference unclear10.3
997) Not applicable24772.4
998) Don't know41.2
999) Refused10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
534) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_5X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic72.1
31) Baptist, type not specified41.2
32) Southern Baptist10.3
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
159) Other fundamentalist20.6
801) No religious preference72.1
997) Not applicable30892.5
998) Don't know10.3
Missing20 
TOTAL333100.0
535) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_6X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic61.8
31) Baptist, type not specified30.9
32) Southern Baptist10.3
61) Presbyterian, type not specified10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
801) No religious preference51.5
997) Not applicable32195.0
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
536) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_7X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic30.9
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships10.3
801) No religious preference20.6
997) Not applicable33097.6
Missing15 
TOTAL338100.0
537) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_8X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
801) No religious preference20.6
997) Not applicable33498.5
Missing14 
TOTAL339100.0
538) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_9X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
997) Not applicable33799.1
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
539) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_10X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
997) Not applicable33899.4
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
540) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_11X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
997) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
541) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_12X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic10.3
32) Southern Baptist10.3
997) Not applicable34099.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
542) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_13X)
TOTAL%
32) Southern Baptist10.3
997) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
543) Brother, sister religious preference summary. (Q691_14X)
TOTAL%
32) Southern Baptist10.3
997) Not applicable34199.7
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
544) Internal checkpoint -- respondent's marital status. (Q705)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent is currently married (or thinks of living arrangement as marriage) (1 in Q117 or Q120)18554.1
2) Respondent is widowed (2 in Q117)277.9
3) All others13038.0
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
545) Is your (husband/wife/partner) doing any work for pay now? (H29) (Q706)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, working for pay13940.8
5) No4513.2
7) Not applicable15746.0
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
546) How many hours did (he/she) work last week, at all jobs? (H30) (Q707)
TOTAL%
0) 051.5
6) 610.3
10) 1010.3
16) 1630.9
17) 1710.3
18) 1820.6
20) 2030.9
24) 2420.6
30) 3030.9
32) 3210.3
35) 3510.3
37) 3710.3
38) 3810.3
40) 405014.7
43) 4310.3
45) 4572.1
47) 4710.3
48) 4820.6
50) 50216.2
55) 5572.1
56) 5620.6
60) 6082.3
62) 6210.3
64) 6410.3
65) 6520.6
70) 7072.1
75) 7520.6
80) 8010.3
82) 8210.3
997) Not applicable20259.2
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
547) Is (he/she) retired, laid off, unemployed, disabled, a homemaker, a student, or what? (H31) (Q708)
TOTAL%
1) Laid off10.3
2) Retired247.0
4) Disabled41.2
5) Homemaker133.8
6) Student20.6
7) Other, (specify)10.3
97) Not applicable29686.8
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
548) Did your (husband/wife/partner) ever work for pay? (H32) (Q709)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4513.2
5) No20.6
7) Not applicable29486.2
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
549) Let's talk about (his/her) (last) main job. Is/was (he/she) self-employed or does/did (he/she) work for someone else? (H37) (Q710)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed185.3
5) Someone else19156.0
7) Not applicable13238.7
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
550) Does or did he/she employ any other people? (H38) (Q711)
TOTAL%
1) Yes113.2
5) No72.1
7) Not applicable32394.7
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
551) (If H37, self employed): How many people (does/did) (he/she) employ? Else: About how many people (are/were) employed by (his/her) company at the place where (he/she) works/worked? (H39) (Q712)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3415016452.3845005537
552) Is or was it 100,1000,10 or more? (H39.1-H39.3) (Q713_X)
TOTAL%
1) 0-920.6
2) 10-9930.9
3) 100-999113.2
4) 1,000+133.8
7) Not applicable30890.3
8) Don't know41.2
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
553) What kind of work does/did your (husband/wife/partner) normally do? That is, what is/was (his/her) job called? What does/did (he/she) actually do in that job? Tell me what are/were some of (his/her) main duties? H33 (Q717_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL341624.493374
554) What kind of place does/did (he/she) work for? What do/did they make or do at the place where (he/she) work(ed)? (H35) (Q718_X)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL341741.466291
555) What was the highest grade of school or year of college your (husband/wife/partner) completed? (H40) (Q721)
TOTAL%
3) 310.3
8) 830.9
10) 1072.1
11) 1161.8
12) 126117.9
13) One year college164.7
14) Two years college319.1
15) Three years college123.5
16) Four years college4412.9
17) Five or more years college267.6
97) Not applicable13038.1
98) Don't know20.6
99) Refused20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
556) Does/did (he/she) have a high school diploma or equivalency? (H41) (Q722)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6819.9
5) No144.1
7) Not applicable25976.0
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
557) Does/did (he/she) have a college degree? (H42) (Q723)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8123.8
5) No4814.1
7) Not applicable21262.2
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
558) What is the highest degree (he/she) earned? (H42.1) (Q724)
TOTAL%
1) Less than bachelor's133.8
2) Bachelor's4613.5
3) Master's/MBA164.7
4) Law10.3
5) Ph.D.20.6
6) M.D.10.3
7) Other20.6
97) Not applicable26076.2
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
559) Did (he/she) get any of (his/her) education in parochial schools or other schools run by religious groups? (H43) (Q725)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6318.5
5) No14642.8
7) Not applicable13038.1
8) Don't know20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
560) How many years did (he/she) attend religious schools? (H44) (Q726)
TOTAL%
.5) 10.3
1) 110.3
2) 220.6
3) 310.3
4) 461.8
5) 551.5
6) 630.9
7) 720.6
8) 8144.1
9) 920.6
10) 1010.3
11) 1110.3
12) 12154.4
16) 1651.5
17) 1710.3
997) Not applicable27881.5
998) Don't know30.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
561) What is/was your (husband's/wife's/partner's) religious preference? Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or none? (H45) (Q728)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant5917.3
2) Catholic7622.3
3) Jewish61.8
5) No preference247.0
7) Other religion or denomination123.5
20) If volunteered: Same as respondent's present religious preference308.8
21) If volunteered: Same as religion respondent was raised in10.3
97) Not applicable13038.1
98) Don't know10.3
99) Refused20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
562) Spouse religious preference summary. (Q729_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic7923.2
3) Greek Orthodox10.3
14) Conservative Jewish10.3
15) Reform Jewish51.5
21) Islamic or Muslim20.6
23) Hindu10.3
31) Baptist, type not specified154.4
32) Southern Baptist30.9
33) American Baptist10.3
34) National Baptist10.3
35) Unknown code10.3
37) Other Baptist20.6
41) Methodist, type not specified41.2
42) African Methodist Episcopal20.6
43) United Methodist Church (include E.U.B.)41.2
44) Fundamentalist Methodist (include Free Methodist, Pilgrim Methodist, Wesleyan Methodist)10.3
51) Lutheran, type not specified113.2
52) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)61.8
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod72.1
61) Presbyterian, type not specified102.9
64) Other Presbyterian10.3
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England41.2
81) Amish; Church of God in Christ; Mennonite10.3
141) Pentecostal, type not specified10.3
142) Assemblies of God10.3
152) Seventh-day Adventist (include other Adventist)20.6
153) Church of God (include Worldwide Church of God)10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships20.6
158) Jehovah's Witnesses20.6
201) Protestant, type not specified72.1
203) Protestant, non-denominational church41.2
301) Christian, type not specified10.3
801) No religious preference247.0
997) Not applicable13038.1
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
563) Did your (husband/wife/partner) ever change (his/her) religious preference? (H48) (Q740)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3610.6
5) No17049.9
7) Not applicable13339.0
8) Don't know20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
564) What was (his/her) religious preference previously? (Record respondent's exact response. Do not mark 'Protestant' unless chosen by respondent.) (Probe for exact name) (H49) (Q741)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant144.1
2) Catholic123.5
5) No preference41.2
7) Other religion or denomination61.8
97) Not applicable30589.4
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
565) Spouse past religious preference summary. (Q742_X)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic123.5
31) Baptist, type not specified20.6
32) Southern Baptist30.9
34) National Baptist10.3
41) Methodist, type not specified20.6
51) Lutheran, type not specified20.6
53) Lutheran: Missouri Synod/Wisconsin Synod20.6
61) Presbyterian, type not specified30.9
71) Episcopal; Anglican Church; Church of England20.6
132) Congregationalist10.3
155) Church of Christ and Christian Fellowships20.6
801) No religious preference41.2
997) Not applicable30589.4
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
566) What were (his/her) reasons for changing? H50 open-ended text variable coded using religious changes master code (RCHGS) found in Appendix B. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (Q753_1X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.51.5
3) Conversion experience10.3
5) Change in beliefs about social prohibitions or social policies of the church20.6
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere). Emphasis is on religious practices of people (cf. 50).10.3
8) Psychological/emotional benefits to respondent20.6
10) Aging (excluding 18), growing old, facing prospect of own death. maturity, natural process of growth or development, without reference to old age or death10.3
14) Personal tragedy10.3
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)113.2
23) Family or children (cf. 30)41.2
25) Other personal influences (e.g., teachers, friends) except ministers.10.3
40) 'My neighbor used to drive me but she moved away.' 'There's no Episcopal Church in this part of the county.'20.6
997) Not applicable30589.4
998) Don't know51.5
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
567) What were (his/her) reasons for changing? H50 open-ended text variable coded using religious changes master code (RCHGS) found in Appendix B. Two mentions are coded in order of mention. (Q753_2X)
TOTAL%
1) Change in beliefs about religious doctrines or philosophical orientation (of respondent or church) or in personal commitment to faith or doubts. Include references to reading, studying, learning or thinking about beliefs.10.3
7) Satisfaction or dissatisfaction with clergy, church organization, or church as an institution (not codable elsewhere). Emphasis is on religious practices of people (cf. 50).10.3
21) Marriage or spouse only (without any reference to other family or children)10.3
997) Not applicable30599.0
Missing45 
TOTAL308100.0
568) At what age did (he/she) make this change? (H51) (Q754)
TOTAL%
14) 1420.6
18) 1810.3
19) 1910.3
20) 2010.3
21) 2120.6
22) 2220.6
23) 2330.9
24) 2420.6
26) 2641.2
27) 2710.3
28) 2810.3
29) 2910.3
30) 3010.3
32) 3220.6
35) 3520.6
38) 3810.3
40) 4010.3
45) 4510.3
46) 4610.3
47) 4710.3
50) 5010.3
997) Not applicable30589.4
998) Don't know41.2
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
569) How often (does/did) your (husband/wife/partner) attend religious services? Once a week or more, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times a year or less, or never? (H52) (Q756)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more7321.4
2) Two or three times a month247.0
3) Once a month144.1
4) A few times a year or less6117.9
5) Never3710.9
7) Not applicable13038.1
9) Refused20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
570) How often (do/did) you and your (husband/wife/partner) attend religious services together? Once a week or more, two or three times a month, once a month, a few times a year or less, or never? (H53) (Q757_X)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more5516.1
2) Two or three times a month236.7
3) Once a month195.6
4) A few times a year or less6418.8
5) Never102.9
7) Not applicable16949.6
8) Don't know10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
571) Does or did your (husband/wife/partner) ever pray? (H54) (Q758)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15645.7
5) No3710.9
7) Not applicable13038.1
8) Don't know164.7
9) Refused20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
572) About how often? (Do not read options.) (H55) (Q759)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day195.6
2) Once a day5516.1
3) A few times a week195.6
4) Once a week123.5
5) Less than once a week144.1
7) Not applicable18554.3
8) Don't know3710.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
573) Does/did your (husband/wife/partner) consider (himself/herself) to be a Republican, Democrat, an Independent or what? (H56) (Q760)
TOTAL%
1) Republican6719.6
2) Democrat6619.4
3) Independent4713.8
5) No preference144.1
7) Other (specify)51.5
97) Not applicable13038.1
98) Don't know113.2
99) Refused10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
574) In general, does/did (he/she) feel closer to the Republican Party or the Democratic Party? (H57) (Q761)
TOTAL%
1) Republican247.0
2) Democratic144.1
3) (If volunteered): Neither175.0
7) Not applicable26377.1
8) Don't know226.5
9) Refused10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
575) As a part of our research, we need to get a clear picture of the financial situation of all our study participants. Please tell me the total income you (and your family) had in 1996, before taxes, considering all sources such as wages, profits, interest, Social Security, welfare payments, and so on (for all family members living here). Do not probe DK or REFUSED. (H62) (Q763)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34131423172.60746440768
576) Family income 1996-range. (H63.1) (Q764_X)
TOTAL%
2) $5,001-$10,00020.6
3) $10,001-$15,00061.8
4) $15,001-$20,00020.6
5) $20,001-$25,00020.6
6) $25,001-$30,00061.8
7) $30,001-$35,00020.6
8) $35,001-$40,00051.5
9) $40,001-$50,00030.9
10) $50,001-$75,00051.5
11) $75,001-$100,00072.1
12) $100,001-$125,00041.2
13) $125,001+61.8
97) Not applicable23468.6
98) Don't know205.9
99) Refused3710.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
577) This variable provides any obtained income range information for respondents who broke off (DK or REF) before finishing the bracketed income questions series (H63.1) (Q765_X)
TOTAL%
1) 0-$10,00010.3
2) 0-$25,00020.6
3) $10,001-$25,00010.3
6) $25,001-$50,00041.2
7) $25,001+82.3
9) $50,001-$100,00061.8
10) $50,001+20.6
11) $100,001+10.3
97) Not applicable28483.3
98) Don't know123.5
99) Refused205.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
578) About how much of the total family income was earned or received by you, either from a job or some other source of income? Do not probe RF or DK. (H64) (Q776)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34151040225.19450048785
579) Percent income by respondent. (Q777)
TOTAL%
0) 051.5
1) 110.3
3) 310.3
5) 510.3
6) 610.3
10) 1020.6
12) 1210.3
17) 1710.3
20) 2010.3
25) 2572.1
33) 3361.8
35) 3510.3
40) 4061.8
45) 4520.6
48) 4810.3
50) 50216.2
53) 5310.3
60) 6030.9
66) 6641.2
67) 6720.6
70) 7010.3
75) 75102.9
80) 8030.9
85) 8510.3
90) 9030.9
95) 9520.6
100) 1005115.0
997) Not applicable16749.0
998) Don't know205.9
999) Refused154.4
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
580) Income earned by respondent—range. (H65.1) (Q780_X)
TOTAL%
1) 0-$5,00051.5
3) $10,001-$15,00020.6
6) $25,001-$30,00010.3
10) $50,001-$75,00020.6
97) Not applicable31191.2
98) Don't know113.2
99) Refused92.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
581) This variable provides any obtained income range information for respondents who broke off (DK or REF) before finishing the bracketed income questions series. (H65.1) (Q781_X)
TOTAL%
1) 0-$10,00010.3
2) 0-$25,00010.3
10) $50,001+10.3
97) Not applicable32194.1
98) Don't know102.9
99) Refused72.1
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
582) Interviewer checkpoint. (Q795)
TOTAL%
1) Address provided24170.7
5) Address not provided10029.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
583) Month of interview. End month 4-8. (Q797)
TOTAL%
4) 12436.4
5) 9427.6
6) 5315.5
7) 3610.6
8) 3410.0
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
584) Day of interview. End day 1-31. (Q798)
TOTAL%
1) 144.1
2) 154.4
3) 82.3
4) 123.5
5) 144.1
6) 164.7
7) 82.3
8) 61.8
9) 82.3
10) 51.5
11) 10.3
12) 102.9
13) 41.2
14) 72.1
15) 72.1
16) 72.1
17) 82.3
18) 20.6
19) 185.3
20) 216.2
21) 185.3
22) 113.2
23) 205.9
24) 175.0
25) 185.3
26) 144.1
27) 82.3
28) 144.1
29) 92.6
30) 195.6
31) 20.6
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
585) Time of interview end. (Q799)
586) Respondent's understanding of questions. (Q800)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent24371.3
2) Good8023.5
3) Fair175.0
4) Poor10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
587) Overall, how would you describe respondent's interest in the interview? (J6) (Q801)
TOTAL%
1) Very high11333.1
2) Above average12536.7
3) Average9126.7
4) Below average92.6
5) Very low30.9
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
588) Length of interview (Q804)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34161.34922
589) Interview camp final. (Q854_X)
TOTAL%
1) DAS student IWER19156.0
2) SRC IWER15044.0
Missing12 
TOTAL341100.0
590) Interview status. (Q900)
TOTAL%
1) Complete34196.6
5) Partial123.4
TOTAL353100.0
591) Incentive paid (dollars) (Q901)
TOTAL%
10) 1827.7
20) 4772.3
Missing288 
TOTAL65100.0
592) Population weight (POPWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3537751.0684677
593) Normalized weight (NORMWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL35311
594) Respondent's race -- white, black, other (RACE_WBO)
TOTAL%
1) White25976.9
2) Black6218.4
3) Other164.7
Missing16 
TOTAL337100.0
595) Religion -- Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, other, none. (PCJON)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant16346.2
5) Catholic11031.2
6) Jewish102.8
7) No preference5615.9
8) Other82.3
998) Don't know10.3
999) Refused51.4
TOTAL353100.0
596) Religious preference summary without race (R9100)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant fundamentalist8223.2
2) Protestant non-fundamentalist7721.8
5) Catholic11031.2
6) Jewish102.8
7) No preference5615.9
8) Other123.4
99) Refused61.7
TOTAL353100.0
597) Religio-ethnic summary. (R9000)
TOTAL%
1) White Protestant fundamentalist4212.3
2) White Protestant non-fundamentalist5917.3
3) Black Protestant fundamentalist3610.5
4) Black Protestant non-fundamentalist144.1
5) Catholic11032.2
6) Jewish102.9
7) No preference5616.4
8) Other154.4
Missing11 
TOTAL342100.0
598) I-MARITAL: Now I'd like to turn to the topic of marriage and family. Are you now married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (A35) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married19254.4
2) Widowed277.6
3) Divorced4613.0
4) Separated144.0
5) Never married7421.0
TOTAL353100.0
599) I-AGE: Age of selected respondent in years (21-99). (CS10) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 21-349125.8
2) 35-4914541.1
3) 50-647421.0
4) 65+4312.2
TOTAL353100.0
600) I-GENDER: Gender of selected respondent (CS11.1) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male13939.4
2) Female21460.6
TOTAL353100.0
601) I-EDUC: Now I have a few questions about your background. What was the highest grade of school or year of college you completed? (H1) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) High school or less11935.0
2) One year of college4212.4
3) Two years of college4814.1
4) Three years of college175.0
5) Four years of college6318.5
6) Five or more years of college5115.0
Missing13 
TOTAL340100.0
602) I-RACE: Respondent's race -- white, black, other (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White25976.9
2) Black6218.4
3) Other164.7
Missing16 
TOTAL337100.0
603) I-RELIGION: Religion -- Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, other, none. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant16347.0
2) Catholic11031.7
3) Jewish102.9
4) No preference5616.1
5) Other82.3
Missing6 
TOTAL347100.0