ELCA-Episcopal Church Clergy Study, 1998

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Other > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent's ID number (See Note 1: ID Coding on the ARDA Summary page for an explanation of coding; ID numbers vary by survey waves, and between ELCA and Episcopalians) (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2240126389.22342172
2) Some people don't pay much attention to political campaigns. How about you? Are you very interested, somewhat interested, or not interested in the 1998 political campaigns? (Q1) (POLS1)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested1044.7
2) Somewhat interested110649.9
3) Not interested100845.4
Missing22 
TOTAL2218100.0
3) How much attention do you pay to news reports about the current campaign season? (Q2) (POLSNEWS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal43619.6
2) Quite a bit97043.5
3) Some68830.9
4) Very little1315.9
5) None30.1
Missing12 
TOTAL2228100.0
4) How actively involved are you in politics and public affairs? (Q3) (POLSINVO)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal743.3
2) Quite a bit33114.9
3) Some99044.5
4) Very little73032.8
5) None994.5
Missing16 
TOTAL2224100.0
5) If it were possible, would you like to be more or less involved with social and political issues? (Q4) (POLSPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Much more1778.0
2) Somewhat more100645.3
3) Same as now99744.8
4) Somewhat less271.2
5) Much less160.7
Missing17 
TOTAL2223100.0
6) Does the (Episcopal Church/ELCA), as a denomination, need to be more or less involved with social and political issues? (Q5) (DINVPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Much more22310.2
2) Somewhat more62928.6
3) Same as now88940.5
4) Somewhat less30914.1
5) Much less1466.6
Missing44 
TOTAL2196100.0
7) Some ministers are more politically involved than others for a variety of reasons. [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? The attitudes of my congregation (Q6A) (INV_ATCO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage552.5
2) Encourage44219.9
3) Neutral120654.3
4) Discourage46420.9
5) Strongly discourage522.3
Missing21 
TOTAL2219100.0
8) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? The reactions of potential members (6B) (INV_REAC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage281.3
2) Encourage2189.9
3) Neutral157871.6
4) Discourage34415.6
5) Strongly discourage351.6
Missing37 
TOTAL2203100.0
9) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? The attitudes of other clergy (Q6C) (INV_ATCL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage421.9
2) Encourage60627.5
3) Neutral136661.9
4) Discourage1727.8
5) Strongly discourage200.9
Missing34 
TOTAL2206100.0
10) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? The attitudes of denominational leaders (Q6D) (INV_ATDL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage763.4
2) Encourage65629.8
3) Neutral127457.8
4) Discourage1667.5
5) Strongly discourage331.5
Missing35 
TOTAL2205100.0
11) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? The norms/culture of the (Episcopal Church/ELCA) (Q6E) (INV_NORM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage853.9
2) Encourage82637.6
3) Neutral97444.3
4) Discourage28813.1
5) Strongly discourage261.2
Missing41 
TOTAL2199100.0
12) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? My own political beliefs (Q6F) (INV_OWNP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage57826.1
2) Encourage124256.1
3) Neutral30313.7
4) Discourage793.6
5) Strongly discourage130.6
Missing25 
TOTAL2215100.0
13) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? My own theological beliefs (Q6G) (INV_OWNT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage78135.3
2) Encourage112150.6
3) Neutral2029.1
4) Discourage934.2
5) Strongly discourage180.8
Missing25 
TOTAL2215100.0
14) [Does the following factor] generally encourage or discourage your political involvement? The duties of my position (Q6H) (INV_DUTY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly encourage2069.3
2) Encourage73933.4
3) Neutral63628.8
4) Discourage52123.6
5) Strongly discourage1094.9
Missing29 
TOTAL2211100.0
15) Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, or an independent? (Q7) (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican46420.8
2) Democrat119753.7
3) Independent48321.6
4) No preference813.6
5) Other party60.3
Missing9 
TOTAL2231100.0
16) If (Republican/Democrat), would you call yourself a strong (Republican/Democrat) or a not very strong (Republican/Democrat)? (Q8) (STRGPRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Strong101360.4
2) Not very strong66339.6
Missing564 
TOTAL1676100.0
17) If independent or no preference [on PARTY], do you think of yourself as closer to the Democratic party or closer to the Republican party? (Q9) (LEAN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican15222.7
2) Neither14121.0
3) Democratic37856.3
Missing1569 
TOTAL671100.0
18) Many people use the terms liberal, moderate, and conservative to recognize different political viewpoints. On a scale from 1 to 5, where 1 is the most liberal position and 5 the most conservative, where would you rank yourself when you think of your general political views? (Q10) (POLSSPEC)
TOTAL%
1) Most liberal2059.2
2) 281436.7
3) Moderate82937.3
4) 430713.8
5) Most conservative652.9
Missing20 
TOTAL2220100.0
19) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If enough people were involved in the church, social ills would take care of themselves. (Q11A) (ILLS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2039.1
2) Agree102546.0
3) Not sure/neutral33214.9
4) Disagree57926.0
5) Strongly disagree873.9
Missing14 
TOTAL2226100.0
20) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Churches should put more emphasis on transforming the social order and less on individual salvation. (Q11B) (SOCLTRAN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26511.9
2) Agree89940.5
3) Not sure/neutral38217.2
4) Disagree56725.6
5) Strongly disagree1054.7
Missing22 
TOTAL2218100.0
21) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Christians of different denominations need to cooperate more in politics, even if they can't agree on theology. (Q11C) (COOPERAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22710.2
2) Agree110249.4
3) Not sure/neutral44319.9
4) Disagree38417.2
5) Strongly disagree733.3
Missing11 
TOTAL2229100.0
22) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Ministers have great capacity to influence the political and social views of their congregation. (Q11D) (MINFLUEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree532.4
2) Agree56725.4
3) Not sure/neutral50922.8
4) Disagree96243.2
5) Strongly disagree1386.2
Missing11 
TOTAL2229100.0
23) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is difficult for ministers to know the proper political channel to use to accomplish some goal. (Q11E) (POLCHANL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1034.7
2) Agree101645.9
3) Not sure/neutral45020.3
4) Disagree59526.9
5) Strongly disagree512.3
Missing25 
TOTAL2215100.0
24) Ministers can be involved in public affairs in many ways. Not everyone agrees that all are appropriate. Do you approve of ministers participating in this way? Publicly (not preaching) taking a stand on a political/social issue, such as abortion or poverty (Q12AYOU) (STDPUB_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve512.3
2) Approve2029.1
3) Neutral1597.2
4) Disapprove123755.6
5) Strongly disapprove57425.8
Missing17 
TOTAL2223100.0
25) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (not preaching) taking a stand on a political/social issue, such as abortion or poverty (Q12ACHURCH) (STDPUB_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve693.1
2) Approve51423.3
3) Neutral50122.7
4) Disapprove94342.8
5) Strongly disapprove1768.0
Missing37 
TOTAL2203100.0
26) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (not preaching) endorsing candidates (Q12BYOU) (ENDPUB_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve41118.5
2) Approve84938.2
3) Neutral39017.5
4) Disapprove46220.8
5) Strongly disapprove1135.1
Missing15 
TOTAL2225100.0
27) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (not preaching) endorsing candidates (Q12BCHURCH) (ENDPUB_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve50323.0
2) Approve99945.7
3) Neutral44520.3
4) Disapprove1898.6
5) Strongly disapprove522.4
Missing52 
TOTAL2188100.0
28) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? While preaching, taking a stand on a political/social issue (Q12CYOU) (STDPRE_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1486.7
2) Approve39017.6
3) Neutral27112.2
4) Disapprove104146.9
5) Strongly disapprove37116.7
Missing19 
TOTAL2221100.0
29) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? While preaching, taking a stand on a political/social issue (Q12CCHURCH) (STDPRE_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1697.7
2) Approve64129.3
3) Neutral54524.9
4) Disapprove71132.5
5) Strongly disapprove1195.4
Missing55 
TOTAL2185100.0
30) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? While preaching, endorsing candidates (Q12DYOU) (ENDPRE_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve126256.8
2) Approve68630.9
3) Neutral1175.3
4) Disapprove713.2
5) Strongly disapprove873.9
Missing17 
TOTAL2223100.0
31) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? While preaching, endorsing candidates (Q12DCHURCH) (ENDPRE_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve121755.8
2) Approve69031.6
3) Neutral1225.6
4) Disapprove733.3
5) Strongly disapprove793.6
Missing59 
TOTAL2181100.0
32) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Urging your congregation to register and vote (Q12EYOU) (URGVOT_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1094.9
2) Approve582.6
3) Neutral1185.3
4) Disapprove72532.5
5) Strongly disapprove122154.7
Missing9 
TOTAL2231100.0
33) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Urging your congregation to register and vote (Q12ECHURCH) (URGVOT_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve914.1
2) Approve773.5
3) Neutral1978.9
4) Disapprove85038.6
5) Strongly disapprove98744.8
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
34) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer on a political/social issue (Q12FYOU) (PRAISS_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve793.5
2) Approve1567.0
3) Neutral1928.6
4) Disapprove105147.2
5) Strongly disapprove75133.7
Missing11 
TOTAL2229100.0
35) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer on a political/social issue (Q12FCHURCH) (PRAISS_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve773.5
2) Approve2169.8
3) Neutral39117.8
4) Disapprove104047.3
5) Strongly disapprove47721.7
Missing39 
TOTAL2201100.0
36) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer for candidates (Q12GYOU) (PRACAN_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve40218.2
2) Approve50823.0
3) Neutral43719.8
4) Disapprove57526.0
5) Strongly disapprove28913.1
Missing29 
TOTAL2211100.0
37) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer for candidates (Q12GCHURCH) (PRACAN_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve40118.4
2) Approve54024.7
3) Neutral49222.5
4) Disapprove51823.7
5) Strongly disapprove23410.7
Missing55 
TOTAL2185100.0
38) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Organizing a study group within your church to discuss public affairs (Q12HYOU) (STUDY_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve683.1
2) Approve1406.3
3) Neutral28412.7
4) Disapprove109849.3
5) Strongly disapprove63828.6
Missing12 
TOTAL2228100.0
39) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Organizing a study group within your church to discuss public affairs (Q12HCHURCH) (STUDY_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve602.7
2) Approve2129.6
3) Neutral52223.7
4) Disapprove103647.1
5) Strongly disapprove36816.7
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
40) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Organizing a group within your church to pursue a social/political goal (Q12IYOU) (GOAL_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1265.7
2) Approve35816.1
3) Neutral47421.3
4) Disapprove95242.8
5) Strongly disapprove31514.2
Missing15 
TOTAL2225100.0
41) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Organizing a group within your church to pursue a social/political goal (Q12ICHURCH) (GOAL_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1476.7
2) Approve50923.1
3) Neutral72633.0
4) Disapprove67730.8
5) Strongly disapprove1416.4
Missing40 
TOTAL2200100.0
42) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Joining a national group to further your personal political beliefs (Q12JYOU) (NATGRP_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1004.6
2) Approve30113.7
3) Neutral47021.4
4) Disapprove94943.2
5) Strongly disapprove37617.1
Missing44 
TOTAL2196100.0
43) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Joining a national group to further your personal political beliefs (Q12JCHURCH) (NATGRP_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1426.6
2) Approve46521.5
3) Neutral100346.5
4) Disapprove46321.5
5) Strongly disapprove853.9
Missing82 
TOTAL2158100.0
44) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Contributing money to a candidate, political party, or PAC (Q12KYOU) (CONTRB_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1547.0
2) Approve23110.5
3) Neutral39017.7
4) Disapprove100645.8
5) Strongly disapprove41719.0
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
45) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Contributing money to a candidate, political party, or PAC (Q12KCHURCH) (CONTRB_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve38918.0
2) Approve37317.3
3) Neutral84339.0
4) Disapprove46221.4
5) Strongly disapprove934.3
Missing80 
TOTAL2160100.0
46) Do YOU approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Contacting public officials about a political/social issue (Q12LYOU) (CNTOFF_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve602.7
2) Approve863.9
3) Neutral964.4
4) Disapprove112351.0
5) Strongly disapprove83838.0
Missing37 
TOTAL2203100.0
47) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Contacting public officials about a political/social issue (Q12LCHURCH) (CNTOFF_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve643.0
2) Approve1667.7
3) Neutral46821.7
4) Disapprove110451.1
5) Strongly disapprove35916.6
Missing79 
TOTAL2161100.0
48) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Actively campaigning for a party or candidate (Q12MYOU) (CAMPGN_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve28212.8
2) Approve61728.0
3) Neutral52123.6
4) Disapprove61527.9
5) Strongly disapprove1687.6
Missing37 
TOTAL2203100.0
49) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Actively campaigning for a party or candidate (Q12MCHURCH) (CAMPGN_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve49923.1
2) Approve79436.7
3) Neutral60928.2
4) Disapprove2119.8
5) Strongly disapprove492.3
Missing78 
TOTAL2162100.0
50) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Participating in a protest march or demonstration (Q12NYOU) (MARCH_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve894.0
2) Approve24110.9
3) Neutral35716.2
4) Disapprove105948.1
5) Strongly disapprove45620.7
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
51) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Participating in a protest march or demonstration (Q12NCHURCH) (MARCH_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1848.5
2) Approve64429.7
3) Neutral73533.9
4) Disapprove48322.3
5) Strongly disapprove1235.7
Missing71 
TOTAL2169100.0
52) Do you approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Engaging in some form of civil disobedience (Q12OYOU) (DISOBD_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve24411.1
2) Approve38017.3
3) Neutral48522.1
4) Disapprove81036.9
5) Strongly disapprove27712.6
Missing44 
TOTAL2196100.0
53) Would your congregation approve of ministers participating [in public affairs] in this way? Engaging in some form of civil disobedience (Q12OCHURCH) (DISOBD_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve53925.0
2) Approve78836.5
3) Neutral50323.3
4) Disapprove24311.3
5) Strongly disapprove864.0
Missing81 
TOTAL2159100.0
54) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Publicly (not preaching) taking a stand on a political/social issue (Q13APASTYR) (PBSTYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation102147.0
1) Yes115153.0
Missing68 
TOTAL2172100.0
55) How often do you undertake the following activity? Publicly (not preaching) taking a stand on a political/social issue (Q13AFREQ) (PBSTFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often1476.9
2) Sometimes59127.9
3) Rarely111952.9
4) Never26012.3
Missing123 
TOTAL2117100.0
56) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Publicly (not preaching) endorsing a candidate (Q13BPASTYR) (PBENYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation186488.0
1) Yes25512.0
Missing121 
TOTAL2119100.0
57) How often do you undertake the following activity? Publicly (not preaching) endorsing a candidate (Q13BFREQ) (PBENFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often114654.7
2) Sometimes48823.3
3) Rarely31314.9
4) Never1487.1
Missing145 
TOTAL2095100.0
58) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? While preaching, taking a stand on a political/social issue (Q13CPASTYR) (PRSTYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation107749.6
1) Yes109350.4
Missing70 
TOTAL2170100.0
59) How often do you undertake the following activity? While preaching, taking a stand on a political/social issue (Q13CFREQ) (PRSTFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often22610.8
2) Sometimes55826.6
3) Rarely105850.4
4) Never25812.3
Missing140 
TOTAL2100100.0
60) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? While preaching, endorsing a candidate (Q13DPASTYR) (PRENYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation207598.5
1) Yes321.5
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
61) How often do you undertake the following activity? While preaching, endorsing a candidate (Q13DFREQ) (PRENFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often184288.5
2) Sometimes1004.8
3) Rarely251.2
4) Never1145.5
Missing159 
TOTAL2081100.0
62) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Urging your congregation to register and vote (Q13EPASTYR) (URGEYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation112852.1
1) Yes103747.9
Missing75 
TOTAL2165100.0
63) How often do you undertake the following activity? Urging your congregation to register and vote (Q13EFREQ) (URGEFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often29914.6
2) Sometimes36217.6
3) Rarely70134.2
4) Never68933.6
Missing189 
TOTAL2051100.0
64) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer on a political/social issue (Q13FPASTYR) (PRISYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation92842.6
1) Yes124957.4
Missing63 
TOTAL2177100.0
65) How often do you undertake the following activity? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer on a political/social issue (Q13FFREQ) (PRISFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often1677.9
2) Sometimes36217.2
3) Rarely99947.4
4) Never57827.4
Missing134 
TOTAL2106100.0
66) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer for candidates (Q13GPASTYR) (PRCNYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation167278.5
1) Yes45921.5
Missing109 
TOTAL2131100.0
67) How often do you undertake the following activity? Publicly (including preaching) offering prayer for candidates (Q13GFREQ) (PRCNFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often101549.0
2) Sometimes42920.7
3) Rarely43721.1
4) Never1899.1
Missing170 
TOTAL2070100.0
68) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Organizing a political discussion group in church (Q13HPASTYR) (DISCYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation181685.6
1) Yes30514.4
Missing119 
TOTAL2121100.0
69) How often do you undertake the following activity? Organizing a political discussion group in church (Q13HFREQ) (DISCFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often88042.6
2) Sometimes58928.5
3) Rarely47823.1
4) Never1205.8
Missing173 
TOTAL2067100.0
70) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Organizing a social action group in church (Q13IPASTYR) (ACTNYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation160275.1
1) Yes53224.9
Missing106 
TOTAL2134100.0
71) How often do you undertake the following activity? Organizing a social action group in church (Q13IFREQ) (ACTNFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often58828.5
2) Sometimes52425.4
3) Rarely68633.3
4) Never26412.8
Missing178 
TOTAL2062100.0
72) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? [Being] active in a national political group (Q13JPASTYR) (NATLYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation184186.9
1) Yes27713.1
Missing122 
TOTAL2118100.0
73) How often do you undertake the following activity? [Being] active in a national political group (Q13JFREQ) (NATLFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often106051.7
2) Sometimes48623.7
3) Rarely33516.3
4) Never1698.2
Missing190 
TOTAL2050100.0
74) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? [Being] active in a local political or community group (Q13KPASTYR) (COMMYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation156773.2
1) Yes57526.8
Missing98 
TOTAL2142100.0
75) How often do you undertake the following activity? [Being] active in a local political or community group (Q13KFREQ) (COMMFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often65932.1
2) Sometimes52325.5
3) Rarely56927.7
4) Never30314.8
Missing186 
TOTAL2054100.0
76) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? [Being] active on a local board or council (Q13LPASTYR) (LBRDYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation145467.7
1) Yes69332.3
Missing93 
TOTAL2147100.0
77) How often do you undertake the following activity? [Being] active on a local board or council (Q13LFREQ) (LBRDFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often60429.6
2) Sometimes40419.8
3) Rarely53826.4
4) Never49324.2
Missing201 
TOTAL2039100.0
78) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Serving on a local clergy council (Q13MPASTYR) (CNCLYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation116153.8
1) Yes99846.2
Missing81 
TOTAL2159100.0
79) How often do you undertake the following activity? Serving on a local clergy council (Q13MFREQ) (CNCLFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often35717.7
2) Sometimes25112.4
3) Rarely55627.5
4) Never85542.3
Missing221 
TOTAL2019100.0
80) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Contributing to a candidate, party, or PAC (Q13NPASTYR) (CNTRYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation156773.2
1) Yes57526.8
Missing98 
TOTAL2142100.0
81) How often do you undertake the following activity? Contributing to a candidate, party, or PAC (Q13NFREQ) (CNTRFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often77337.8
2) Sometimes44421.7
3) Rarely55527.2
4) Never27213.3
Missing196 
TOTAL2044100.0
82) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Contacting public officials on a political/social issue (Q13OPASTYR) (OFFYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation126758.7
1) Yes89041.3
Missing83 
TOTAL2157100.0
83) How often do you undertake the following activity? Contacting public officials on a political/social issue (Q13OFREQ) (OFFFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often28313.6
2) Sometimes50024.1
3) Rarely93244.9
4) Never36217.4
Missing163 
TOTAL2077100.0
84) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Writing a letter to a newspaper editor about a political or social issue (Q13PPASTYR) (LETTYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation175582.5
1) Yes37217.5
Missing113 
TOTAL2127100.0
85) How often do you undertake the following activity? Writing a letter to a newspaper editor about a political or social issue (Q13PFREQ) (LETTFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often79738.8
2) Sometimes63430.8
3) Rarely48723.7
4) Never1386.7
Missing184 
TOTAL2056100.0
86) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Actively campaigning for a party or candidate (Q13QPASTYR) (CMPNYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation197593.6
1) Yes1366.4
Missing129 
TOTAL2111100.0
87) How often do you undertake the following activity? Actively campaigning for a party or candidate (Q13QFREQ) (CMPNFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often114555.4
2) Sometimes54326.3
3) Rarely26312.7
4) Never1155.6
Missing174 
TOTAL2066100.0
88) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Participating in a protest march or demonstration (Q13RPASTYR) (MRCHYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation193691.7
1) Yes1758.3
Missing129 
TOTAL2111100.0
89) How often do you undertake the following activity? Participating in a protest march or demonstration (Q13RFREQ) (MRCHFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often90244.0
2) Sometimes62530.5
3) Rarely41220.1
4) Never1095.3
Missing192 
TOTAL2048100.0
90) Have you participated in the following activity in the past year? Engaging in some form of civil disobedience (Q13SPARTYR) (DSOBYEAR)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate participation206898.2
1) Yes381.8
Missing134 
TOTAL2106100.0
91) How often do you undertake the following activity? Engaging in some form of civil disobedience (Q13SFREQ) (DSOBFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Often143569.9
2) Sometimes37318.2
3) Rarely1497.3
4) Never964.7
Missing187 
TOTAL2053100.0
92) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Hunger and poverty (Q14A) (HUNGER)
TOTAL%
1) Very often763.5
2) Often1486.7
3) Seldom35316.1
4) Rarely106648.6
5) Never55225.1
Missing45 
TOTAL2195100.0
93) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? National defense (Q14B) (DEFENSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very often79436.3
2) Often60627.7
3) Seldom54024.7
4) Rarely1737.9
5) Never743.4
Missing53 
TOTAL2187100.0
94) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Women's issues (Q14C) (WOMENISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often23310.6
2) Often36716.7
3) Seldom72733.2
4) Rarely69931.9
5) Never1677.6
Missing47 
TOTAL2193100.0
95) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Civil rights (Q14D) (CIVILRTS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1838.4
2) Often32314.8
3) Seldom64629.5
4) Rarely78936.1
5) Never24711.3
Missing52 
TOTAL2188100.0
96) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Gay rights (Q14E) (GAYRTS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often54024.7
2) Often52924.2
3) Seldom53724.6
4) Rarely42219.3
5) Never1597.3
Missing53 
TOTAL2187100.0
97) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Homosexuality (Q14F) (HOMSXLTY)
TOTAL%
1) Very often41418.9
2) Often54224.7
3) Seldom63629.0
4) Rarely44720.4
5) Never1526.9
Missing49 
TOTAL2191100.0
98) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Budget deficits, government spending (Q14G) (GOVSPEND)
TOTAL%
1) Very often80236.8
2) Often59927.5
3) Seldom49122.6
4) Rarely2019.2
5) Never843.9
Missing63 
TOTAL2177100.0
99) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Environment (Q14H) (ENVIRON)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1557.1
2) Often36516.7
3) Seldom69631.8
4) Rarely76935.1
5) Never2049.3
Missing51 
TOTAL2189100.0
100) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Abortion (Q14I) (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Very often56525.7
2) Often59126.9
3) Seldom67130.6
4) Rarely27612.6
5) Never924.2
Missing45 
TOTAL2195100.0
101) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Gambling laws (Q14J) (GAMBLING)
TOTAL%
1) Very often70632.3
2) Often52223.9
3) Seldom55825.5
4) Rarely31814.6
5) Never813.7
Missing55 
TOTAL2185100.0
102) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Current political scandals (Q14K) (SCANDALS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often53024.3
2) Often64629.6
3) Seldom63929.3
4) Rarely29913.7
5) Never703.2
Missing56 
TOTAL2184100.0
103) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Prayer in public schools (Q14L) (SCHLPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Very often70232.2
2) Often63729.2
3) Seldom52223.9
4) Rarely23710.9
5) Never843.8
Missing58 
TOTAL2182100.0
104) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Family problems in America (Q14M) (FAMPROBS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1195.4
2) Often24411.1
3) Seldom47221.6
4) Rarely95443.6
5) Never40018.3
Missing51 
TOTAL2189100.0
105) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Unemployment, the economy (Q14N) (ECONOMY)
TOTAL%
1) Very often28313.0
2) Often44520.4
3) Seldom70832.4
4) Rarely58726.9
5) Never1617.4
Missing56 
TOTAL2184100.0
106) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Capital punishment (Q14O) (CAPPUN)
TOTAL%
1) Very often50423.1
2) Often60227.6
3) Seldom65129.8
4) Rarely33015.1
5) Never944.3
Missing59 
TOTAL2181100.0
107) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? 1997 Concordat with the (ELCA/Episcopalians) (Q14P) (CONCORD)
TOTAL%
1) Very often31914.6
2) Often44820.5
3) Seldom64529.5
4) Rarely58526.7
5) Never1918.7
Missing52 
TOTAL2188100.0
108) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Other denominational issues (Q14Q) (OTHERISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1587.3
2) Often44520.5
3) Seldom77435.6
4) Rarely63329.1
5) Never1627.5
Missing68 
TOTAL2172100.0
109) How often have you addressed the following issue publicly in any way in the last year? Education (Q14R) (EDUADDR)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1697.7
2) Often33615.4
3) Seldom62628.7
4) Rarely76034.8
5) Never29013.3
Missing59 
TOTAL2181100.0
110) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates first topic selected by respondent.] (Q15A) (ADED1)
TOTAL%
1) Hunger and poverty117963.5
2) 1997 Concordat with ELCA/Episcopalians39121.1
3) Women's issues402.2
4) Environment241.3
5) Candidate forums40.2
6) Gay Rights301.6
7) Economy60.3
8) Abortion201.1
9) Gambling90.5
10) Denominational issues864.6
11) General government and politics70.4
12) Family problems603.2
Missing384 
TOTAL1856100.0
111) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates second topic selected by respondent.] (Q15B) (ADED2)
TOTAL%
1) Hunger and poverty20.1
2) 1997 Concordat with ELCA/Episcopalians76246.3
3) Women's issues17710.7
4) Environment1448.7
5) Candidate forums140.9
6) Gay Rights865.2
7) Economy342.1
8) Abortion382.3
9) Gambling291.8
10) Denominational issues22813.8
11) General government and politics70.4
12) Family problems1267.7
Missing593 
TOTAL1647100.0
112) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates third topic selected by respondent.] (Q15C) (ADED3)
TOTAL%
1) Hunger and poverty10.1
2) 1997 Concordat with ELCA/Episcopalians10.1
3) Women's issues30122.8
4) Environment26620.1
5) Candidate forums332.5
6) Gay Rights1148.6
7) Economy352.6
8) Abortion715.4
9) Gambling443.3
10) Denominational issues25819.5
11) General government and politics191.4
12) Family problems18013.6
Missing917 
TOTAL1323100.0
113) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates fourth topic selected by respondent.] (Q15D) (ADED4)
TOTAL%
4) Environment19619.7
5) Candidate forums292.9
6) Gay Rights13113.2
7) Economy727.3
8) Abortion565.6
9) Gambling454.5
10) Denominational issues23223.4
11) General government and politics252.5
12) Family problems20720.8
Missing1247 
TOTAL993100.0
114) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates fifth topic selected by respondent.] (Q15E) (ADED5)
TOTAL%
2) 1997 Concordat with ELCA/Episcopalians10.1
4) Environment20.3
5) Candidate forums385.6
6) Gay Rights8913.1
7) Economy598.7
8) Abortion568.3
9) Gambling324.7
10) Denominational issues17626.0
11) General government and politics213.1
12) Family problems20430.1
Missing1562 
TOTAL678100.0
115) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates sixth topic selected by respondent.] (Q15F) (ADED6)
TOTAL%
5) Candidate forums10.3
6) Gay Rights215.6
7) Economy379.8
8) Abortion3910.3
9) Gambling318.2
10) Denominational issues9725.7
11) General government and politics256.6
12) Family problems12633.4
Missing1863 
TOTAL377100.0
116) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates seventh topic selected by respondent.] (Q15G) (ADED7)
TOTAL%
4) Environment10.4
7) Economy135.8
8) Abortion2511.1
9) Gambling94.0
10) Denominational issues6830.1
11) General government and politics229.7
12) Family problems8838.9
Missing2014 
TOTAL226100.0
117) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates eighth topic selected by respondent.] (Q15H) (ADED8)
TOTAL%
8) Abortion86.4
9) Gambling1512.0
10) Denominational issues1915.2
11) General government and politics1512.0
12) Family problems6854.4
Missing2115 
TOTAL125100.0
118) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates ninth topic selected by respondent.] (Q15I) (ADED9)
TOTAL%
9) Gambling11.9
10) Denominational issues1833.3
11) General government and politics1120.4
12) Family problems2444.4
Missing2186 
TOTAL54100.0
119) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates tenth topic selected by respondent.] (Q15J) (ADED10)
TOTAL%
10) Denominational issues13.8
11) General government and politics726.9
12) Family problems1869.2
Missing2214 
TOTAL26100.0
120) Has your church held adult education sessions about any of the following topics? [Answer indicates eleventh topic selected by respondent.] (Q15K) (ADED11)
TOTAL%
11) General government and politics112.5
12) Family problems787.5
Missing2232 
TOTAL8100.0
121) Please indicate how strongly YOU agree or disagree with the following statement: The federal government should do more to solve social problems such as unemployment and poverty. (Q16AYOU) (GOVACT_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve50222.8
2) Approve95543.5
3) Neutral33715.3
4) Disapprove32114.6
5) Strongly disapprove823.7
Missing43 
TOTAL2197100.0
122) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: The federal government should do more to solve social problems such as unemployment and poverty. (Q16ACHURCH) (GOVACT_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1105.1
2) Approve53825.0
3) Neutral71433.1
4) Disapprove68932.0
5) Strongly disapprove1054.9
Missing84 
TOTAL2156100.0
123) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Government is providing too many services which should be left to private enterprise. (Q16BYOU) (SRVCES_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve944.3
2) Approve37517.0
3) Neutral47421.5
4) Disapprove97244.1
5) Strongly disapprove28713.0
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
124) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Government is providing too many services which should be left to private enterprise. (Q16BCHURCH) (SRVCES_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1366.3
2) Approve88741.3
3) Neutral69132.1
4) Disapprove37917.6
5) Strongly disapprove572.7
Missing90 
TOTAL2150100.0
125) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: More environmental protection is needed, even if it raises prices or cuts jobs. (Q16CYOU) (ENVPRT_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve48121.8
2) Approve111450.5
3) Neutral35816.2
4) Disapprove2099.5
5) Strongly disapprove421.9
Missing36 
TOTAL2204100.0
126) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement. More environmental protection is needed, even if it raises prices or cuts jobs. (Q16CCHURCH) (ENVPRT_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve442.0
2) Approve39318.3
3) Neutral87940.9
4) Disapprove73234.1
5) Strongly disapprove1004.7
Missing92 
TOTAL2148100.0
127) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: The U.S. should spend more on the military and defense. (Q16DYOU) (DEFSPD_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve391.8
2) Approve1757.9
3) Neutral38217.3
4) Disapprove96143.6
5) Strongly disapprove64629.3
Missing37 
TOTAL2203100.0
128) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: The U.S. should spend more on the military and defense. (Q16DCHURCH) (DEFSPD_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve602.8
2) Approve52624.5
3) Neutral93643.6
4) Disapprove54825.5
5) Strongly disapprove783.6
Missing92 
TOTAL2148100.0
129) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: We need a federal law or amendment to permit prayer as a regular exercise in schools. (Q16EYOU) (SCHLPR_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve642.9
2) Approve2129.6
3) Neutral28312.9
4) Disapprove74734.0
5) Strongly disapprove89140.6
Missing43 
TOTAL2197100.0
130) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: We need a federal law or amendment to permit prayer as a regular exercise in schools. (Q16ECHURCH) (SCHLPR_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1064.9
2) Approve64229.8
3) Neutral66530.9
4) Disapprove55325.7
5) Strongly disapprove1888.7
Missing86 
TOTAL2154100.0
131) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: We need a federal law or amendment to prohibit all abortion unless necessary to save the life of the mother. (Q16FYOU) (ABORTN_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve2079.4
2) Approve31614.3
3) Neutral1888.5
4) Disapprove74333.7
5) Strongly disapprove75034.0
Missing36 
TOTAL2204100.0
132) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: We need a federal law or amendment to prohibit all abortion unless necessary to save the life of the mother. (Q16FCHURCH) (ABORTN_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1044.8
2) Approve48422.4
3) Neutral72733.7
4) Disapprove65630.4
5) Strongly disapprove1858.6
Missing84 
TOTAL2156100.0
133) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Public policy should discourage ownership and use of handguns. (Q16GYOU) (OWNGUN_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve86139.1
2) Approve75234.1
3) Neutral2019.1
4) Disapprove23110.5
5) Strongly disapprove1597.2
Missing36 
TOTAL2204100.0
134) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Public policy should discourage ownership and use of handguns. (Q16GCHURCH) (OWNGUN_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1225.7
2) Approve44420.6
3) Neutral69932.4
4) Disapprove71233.0
5) Strongly disapprove1808.3
Missing83 
TOTAL2157100.0
135) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Homosexuals should have all the same rights and privileges as other American citizens. (Q16HYOU) (HOMRTS_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve114052.0
2) Approve70832.3
3) Neutral1476.7
4) Disapprove1265.8
5) Strongly disapprove703.2
Missing49 
TOTAL2191100.0
136) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Homosexuals should have all the same rights and privileges as other American citizens. (Q16HCHURCH) (HOMRTS_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve21510.1
2) Approve68031.8
3) Neutral61428.7
4) Disapprove49523.1
5) Strongly disapprove1356.3
Missing101 
TOTAL2139100.0
137) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: We need the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to protect women's rights. (Q16IYOU) (ERA_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve37316.9
2) Approve61127.7
3) Neutral59527.0
4) Disapprove44320.1
5) Strongly disapprove1808.2
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
138) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: We need the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to protect women's rights. (Q16ICHURCH) (ERA_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve572.7
2) Approve35616.7
3) Neutral98446.2
4) Disapprove61328.8
5) Strongly disapprove1225.7
Missing108 
TOTAL2132100.0
139) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Recent welfare reform laws are too harsh and hurt children. (Q16JYOU) (WELFAR_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve44720.3
2) Approve78635.6
3) Neutral50322.8
4) Disapprove41618.8
5) Strongly disapprove552.5
Missing33 
TOTAL2207100.0
140) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Recent welfare reform laws are too harsh and hurt children. (Q16JCHURCH) (WELFAR_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve733.4
2) Approve38317.9
3) Neutral95844.7
4) Disapprove65630.6
5) Strongly disapprove723.4
Missing98 
TOTAL2142100.0
141) Please indicate how strongly YOU agree or disagree with the following statement: The government should give tax credits for tuition paid by parents of students in private and parochial schools. (Q16KYOU) (TUIT_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve2039.2
2) Approve57526.1
3) Neutral39718.0
4) Disapprove63028.6
5) Strongly disapprove39918.1
Missing36 
TOTAL2204100.0
142) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: The government should give tax credits for tuition paid by parents of students in private and parochial schools. (Q16KCHURCH) (TUIT_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve854.0
2) Approve48922.9
3) Neutral90842.5
4) Disapprove55425.9
5) Strongly disapprove1024.8
Missing102 
TOTAL2138100.0
143) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Blacks and other minorities need special government help to achieve an equal place in America. (Q16LYOU) (MINOR_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve23510.7
2) Approve94042.6
3) Neutral45720.7
4) Disapprove47221.4
5) Strongly disapprove1024.6
Missing34 
TOTAL2206100.0
144) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Blacks and other minorities need special government help to achieve an equal place in America. (Q16LCHURCH) (MINOR_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve331.5
2) Approve25211.7
3) Neutral70933.0
4) Disapprove93043.3
5) Strongly disapprove22410.4
Missing92 
TOTAL2148100.0
145) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: We need government sponsored national health insurance so that everyone can get adequate medical care. (Q16MYOU) (HEALTH_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve61427.8
2) Approve85338.6
3) Neutral31914.5
4) Disapprove27912.6
5) Strongly disapprove1426.4
Missing33 
TOTAL2207100.0
146) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: We need government sponsored national health insurance so that everyone can get adequate medical care. (Q16MCHURCH) (HEALTH_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve823.8
2) Approve43920.4
3) Neutral85239.6
4) Disapprove63329.5
5) Strongly disapprove1436.7
Missing91 
TOTAL2149100.0
147) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: The impending budget surplus should be used to give citizens a tax cut. (Q16NYOU) (TAXCUT_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1265.7
2) Approve34615.8
3) Neutral43119.6
4) Disapprove87840.0
5) Strongly disapprove41318.8
Missing46 
TOTAL2194100.0
148) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: The impending budget surplus should be used to give citizens a tax cut. (Q16NCHURCH) (TAXCUT_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve22010.3
2) Approve88141.3
3) Neutral78636.8
4) Disapprove2069.6
5) Strongly disapprove422.0
Missing105 
TOTAL2135100.0
149) Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Capital punishment should be abolished. (Q16OYOU) (CAPBAN_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve85538.9
2) Approve53224.2
3) Neutral29513.4
4) Disapprove37717.2
5) Strongly disapprove1396.3
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
150) Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: Capital punishment should be abolished. (Q16OCHURCH) (CAPBAN_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve683.2
2) Approve24711.5
3) Neutral73134.1
4) Disapprove91742.8
5) Strongly disapprove1788.3
Missing99 
TOTAL2141100.0
151) For which presidential candidate did YOU vote in 1996, or did you not vote? (Q17) (UPRES96)
TOTAL%
1) Bill Clinton152268.9
2) Bob Dole53924.4
3) Ross Perot532.4
4) Other411.9
5) Did not vote532.4
Missing32 
TOTAL2208100.0
152) If UPRES96 = Other: For which presidential candidate did you vote in 1996? (Q17OTHER) (UPRES96O)
153) On the whole, how do you think a majority of your church voted for president in 1996? (Q18) (MAJPRE96)
TOTAL%
1) Bill Clinton63030.3
2) Bob Dole141568.0
3) Ross Perot120.6
4) Other251.2
Missing158 
TOTAL2082100.0
154) Could you provide an approximate percentage of church members who voted for [the candidate identified in the answer to MAJPRE96]? (Q19PCT) (PRS96PCT)
TOTAL%
4) 20.1
6) 10.1
10) 20.1
15) 10.1
20) 90.6
25) 110.7
30) 231.5
35) 30.2
36) 10.1
38) 10.1
39) 20.1
40) 301.9
41) 10.1
42) 10.1
43) 10.1
45) 151.0
48) 10.1
50) 744.7
51) 422.7
52) 251.6
53) 90.6
54) 20.1
55) 17211.0
56) 20.1
57) 20.1
58) 10.1
59) 30.2
60) 50132.0
64) 10.1
65) 1086.9
66) 30.2
67) 10.1
69) 10.1
70) 1459.2
73) 10.1
75) 15910.1
80) 1076.8
85) 211.3
89) 10.1
90) 593.8
95) 130.8
96) 10.1
98) 50.3
99) 20.1
100) 20.1
Missing672 
TOTAL1568100.0
155) How certain are you of [the number given on PRS96PCT]? (Q19CERTAIN) (PRS96CRT)
TOTAL%
1) Very certain1769.2
2) Somewhat82443.3
3) Not very certain43122.6
4) Not certain47324.8
Missing336 
TOTAL1904100.0
156) In the 1998 election for the U.S. House of Representatives, do you intend to vote for the Democratic, Republican, or some other candidate? (Q20) (REP98U)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat135366.9
2) Republican56828.1
3) Other1015.0
Missing218 
TOTAL2022100.0
157) How about your congregation? Do you think a majority of your church will vote for the Democratic, Republican, or some other candidate [in the 1998 election] for the U.S. House of Representatives? (Q21) (REP98C)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat53727.4
2) Republican138570.6
3) Other412.1
Missing277 
TOTAL1963100.0
158) Could you provide an approximate percentage of church members who would vote for [the candidate identified in the answer to REP98C]? (Q22PCT) (REP98CPR)
TOTAL%
2) 10.1
3) 20.1
4) 20.1
5) 10.1
7) 20.1
10) 30.2
15) 20.1
20) 80.6
22) 10.1
25) 120.8
29) 20.1
30) 261.8
33.3) 10.1
35) 50.4
38) 10.1
40) 332.3
41) 10.1
42) 20.1
43) 10.1
45) 130.9
47) 20.1
48) 30.2
50) 795.5
51) 292.0
52) 130.9
53) 20.1
54) 10.1
55) 1268.8
56) 20.1
57) 30.2
57.5) 10.1
58) 30.2
59) 20.1
60) 39527.7
62) 10.1
63) 10.1
65) 1067.4
66) 20.1
67) 10.1
69) 20.1
70) 16811.8
75) 15410.8
80) 976.8
85) 211.5
90) 725.1
91) 10.1
95) 100.7
96) 10.1
98) 50.4
100) 30.2
Missing815 
TOTAL1425100.0
159) How certain are you of [the number given on REP98CPR]? (Q22CERTAIN) (REP98CCR)
TOTAL%
1) Very certain21812.5
2) Somewhat67438.5
3) Not very certain38522.0
4) Not certain47427.1
Missing489 
TOTAL1751100.0
160) During campaigns, many citizens are contacted by groups asking them to vote for a candidate or providing information designed to influence their vote. In 1996 were you contacted by: A political party or candidate committee? (Q23A1996) (PTYASK96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes174379.7
2) No44320.3
Missing54 
TOTAL2186100.0
161) In 1998 have you been contacted by: A political party or candidate committee? (Q32A1998) (PTYASK98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes129159.2
2) No89140.8
Missing58 
TOTAL2182100.0
162) In 1996 were you contacted by: A religious or moral concerns organization? (Q23B1996) (RELASK96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes145566.8
2) No72233.2
Missing63 
TOTAL2177100.0
163) In 1998 have you been contacted by: A religious or moral concerns organization? (Q23B1998) (RELASK98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes107849.5
2) No110050.5
Missing62 
TOTAL2178100.0
164) In 1996 were you contacted by: An (ELCA/Episcopal) agency or ministerial group? (Q23C1996) (AGYASK96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31114.3
2) No185785.7
Missing72 
TOTAL2168100.0
165) In 1998 have you been contacted by: An (ELCA/Episcopal) agency or ministerial group? (Q23C1998) (AGYASK98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27112.5
2) No189787.5
Missing72 
TOTAL2168100.0
166) In 1996 were you contacted by: A group of laity from your congregation? (Q23D1996) (LAYASK96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1356.2
2) No202993.8
Missing76 
TOTAL2164100.0
167) In 1998 have you been contacted by: A group of laity from your congregation? (Q23D1998) (LAYASK98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1255.8
2) No204294.2
Missing73 
TOTAL2167100.0
168) During elections, many churches provide materials to help members make important choices. For the 1996 elections, did your church make available: Voter guides from religious groups (i.e., Christian Coalition, Interfaith Alliance, Lutheran Peace Fellowship)? (Q24A1996) (VGUIDE96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21710.2
2) No191489.8
Missing109 
TOTAL2131100.0
169) For the 1998 elections, did/will your church make available: Voter guides from religious groups (i.e., Christian Coalition, Interfaith Alliance, Lutheran Peace Fellowship)? (Q24A1998) (VGUIDE98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22210.2
2) No194689.8
Missing72 
TOTAL2168100.0
170) For the 1996 elections, did your church make available: Material from an (ELCA/Episcopal) agency or ministerial group? (Q24B1996) (AGYELC96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37718.0
2) No172382.0
Missing140 
TOTAL2100100.0
171) For the 1998 elections, did/will your church make available: Material from an (ELCA/Episcopal) agency or ministerial group? (Q24B1998) (AGYELC98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51224.0
2) No162376.0
Missing105 
TOTAL2135100.0
172) For the 1996 elections, did your church make available: Materials prepared by you, a church committee, or another internal source? (Q24C1996) (INTRNL96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1125.3
2) No198394.7
Missing145 
TOTAL2095100.0
173) For the 1998 elections, did/will your church make available: Materials prepared by you, a church committee, or another internal source? (Q24C1998) (INTRNL98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1396.5
2) No199193.5
Missing110 
TOTAL2130100.0
174) For the 1996 elections, did your church hold a candidate forum for candidates for any level of political office? (Q24D1996) (FORUM96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1346.3
2) No198093.7
Missing126 
TOTAL2114100.0
175) For the 1998 elections, did/will your church hold a candidate forum for candidates for any level of political office? (Q24D1998) (FORUM98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1416.6
2) No201193.4
Missing88 
TOTAL2152100.0
176) For the 1996 elections, did your church hold any meetings to discuss important issues in the election? (Q24E1996) (ELMEET96)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29914.2
2) No180185.8
Missing140 
TOTAL2100100.0
177) For the 1998 elections, did/will your church hold any meetings to discuss important issues in the election? (Q24E1998) (ELMEET98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39318.5
2) No173281.5
Missing115 
TOTAL2125100.0
178) Will your church be involved in a voter registration drive for the 1998 elections? (Q25) (VTREG98)
TOTAL%
1) I am/will be involved904.1
2) My church is/will be involved1024.7
3) Both1285.9
4) Neither185385.3
Missing67 
TOTAL2173100.0
179) Was your church involved in a voter registration drive for the 1996 elections? (Q26) (VTREG96)
TOTAL%
1) I was involved813.8
2) My church was involved1034.8
3) Both894.1
4) Neither187687.3
Missing91 
TOTAL2149100.0
180) How many years have you been in the ministry? (Q27MINISTRY) (YRSMIN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL221919.36111
181) How many years at this church? (Q27THISCH) (YRSCHUR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22037.7477
182) How many other congregations do you currently serve? (Q28) (CONGS)
TOTAL%
0) 148670.6
1) 43220.5
1.25) 10.0
2) 1075.1
3) 432.0
4) 180.9
5) 80.4
6) 20.1
7) 10.0
8) 10.0
10) 20.1
11) 10.0
40) 10.0
71) 10.0
200) 10.0
350) 10.0
Missing134 
TOTAL2106100.0
183) What is your gender? (Q29) (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female41018.5
2) Male180681.5
Missing24 
TOTAL2216100.0
184) What position do you hold at your church? (Q30) (POST)
TOTAL%
1) Head pastor (if ELCA) or dean (if Episcopal)115452.2
2) Associate/assistant pastor (if ELCA) or rector (if Episcopal)60727.4
3) Youth pastor (if ELCA) or canon (if Episcopal)170.8
4) Other (if ELCA) or vicar (if Episcopal)1446.5
5) Associate/assistant rector/canon (Episcopal only)1225.5
6) Deacon (Episcopal only)1084.9
7) Other (Episcopal only)602.7
Missing28 
TOTAL2212100.0
185) What is the highest year in school/degree you have achieved? (Q31) (EDUC)
TOTAL%
3) Some college/applied degree170.8
4) College graduate612.8
5) Post-graduate education213896.5
Missing24 
TOTAL2216100.0
186) Describe your seminary/ministerial education. (Q32) (SEMTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) None381.7
2) Bible college50.2
3) Some seminary/2 yr. degree763.5
4) Seminary graduate - M.Div or equivalent152469.4
5) Advanced degree/degree work - for D.Min, Th.D., Ph.D., etc55225.1
Missing45 
TOTAL2195100.0
187) What seminary did you attend? [If more than one school is given, first school is specified here.] (Q33A$) (See Note 2: Seminary Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for a list of abbreviations used) (SEMNAME1)
188) What seminary did you attend? [If more than one school was given, second school is specified here, while any additional schools are not specified.] (Q33B$) (See Note 2: Seminary Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for a list of abbreviations used) (SEMNAME2)
189) Please tell us how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Bible is the inerrant word of God, both in matters of faith and in historic, geographic, and other matters. (Q35A) (INERRANT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree87039.6
2) Agree79035.9
3) Not sure/neutral1225.6
4) Disagree26712.1
5) Strongly disagree1496.8
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
190) Please tell us how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is no other way to salvation but justification by faith in Christ. (Q35B) (NOOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2119.6
2) Agree40218.3
3) Not sure/neutral22310.1
4) Disagree67930.9
5) Strongly disagree68331.1
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
191) Please tell us how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Bible is the norm for faith and life. (Q35C) (BIBLNORM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1024.6
2) Agree1195.4
3) Not sure/neutral863.9
4) Disagree89640.7
5) Strongly disagree100045.4
Missing37 
TOTAL2203100.0
192) Please tell us how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Women should be ordained as ministers. (Q35D) (ORDWOMN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree155870.2
2) Agree48521.9
3) Not sure/neutral924.1
4) Disagree452.0
5) Strongly disagree381.7
Missing22 
TOTAL2218100.0
193) Please tell us how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return bodily to earth one day. (Q35E) (RETURN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1476.7
2) Agree1637.4
3) Not sure/neutral48822.2
4) Disagree63729.0
5) Strongly disagree76334.7
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
194) Please tell us how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: Social justice is the essence of the Gospel. (Q35F) (SJUSTICE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27112.3
2) Agree66430.1
3) Not sure/neutral32714.8
4) Disagree77034.9
5) Strongly disagree1778.0
Missing31 
TOTAL2209100.0
195) Admittedly, no one likes labels, but here are some terms that are sometimes applied to ministers. How well does this term fit your views? Evangelical (Q36A) (EVANGEL)
TOTAL%
1) Very well76435.4
2) Somewhat99646.2
3) Not at all39718.4
Missing83 
TOTAL2157100.0
196) How well does this term fit your views? Traditional (Q36B) (TRADIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very well68231.4
2) Somewhat125557.8
3) Not at all23510.8
Missing68 
TOTAL2172100.0
197) How well does this term fit your views? Fundamentalist (Q36C) (FUNDAM)
TOTAL%
1) Very well231.1
2) Somewhat1476.9
3) Not at all196492.0
Missing106 
TOTAL2134100.0
198) How well does this term fit your views? Ecumenical (Q36D) (ECUMENL)
TOTAL%
1) Very well122656.4
2) Somewhat87240.1
3) Not at all743.4
Missing68 
TOTAL2172100.0
199) How well does this term fit your views? High church (Q36E) (HICHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Very well38818.0
2) Somewhat108050.0
3) Not at all69132.0
Missing81 
TOTAL2159100.0
200) How well does this term fit your views? Liberal (Q36F) (LIBERAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very well62728.9
2) Somewhat107049.3
3) Not at all47221.8
Missing71 
TOTAL2169100.0
201) How well does this term fit your views? Confessional (Q36G) (CONFESSL)
TOTAL%
1) Very well94144.3
2) Somewhat74435.0
3) Not at all44120.7
Missing114 
TOTAL2126100.0
202) How well does this term fit your views? Liberal catholic (Q36H) (LIBCATH)
TOTAL%
1) Very well28413.7
2) Somewhat73035.1
3) Not at all106351.2
Missing163 
TOTAL2077100.0
203) Have you been elected to serve at a [(IF EPISCOPAL: Diocesan Convention or a General Convention in the last three years)/(IF ELCA: synodical assembly or in a denomination-wide assembly in the past two years)]? (Q37) (CONV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88140.8
2) No127759.2
Missing82 
TOTAL2158100.0
204) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? (ELCA/Episcopal) colleges and universities (Q38A) (JOBCOLL)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent47521.6
2) Good108149.0
3) Fair31414.2
4) Poor1054.8
5) Don't Know22910.4
Missing36 
TOTAL2204100.0
205) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? [(IF EPISCOPAL: Diocesan health and welfare agencies)/(IF ELCA: ELCA social ministry organizations)] (Q38B) (JOBAGCY1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent33715.3
2) Good96243.6
3) Fair54224.6
4) Poor2079.4
5) Don't Know1567.1
Missing36 
TOTAL2204100.0
206) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? [(IF EPISCOPAL: Episcopal Church Women)/(If ELCA: Lutheran World Relief)] (Q38C) (JOBAGCY2)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent100245.5
2) Good66130.0
3) Fair28312.9
4) Poor1396.3
5) Don't Know1165.3
Missing39 
TOTAL2201100.0
207) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? [(IF EPISCOPAL: Episcopal News Service)/(IF ELCA: Lutheran Peace Fellowship)] (Q38D) (JOBAGCY3)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent1717.9
2) Good64529.6
3) Fair46021.1
4) Poor1778.1
5) Don't Know72333.2
Missing64 
TOTAL2176100.0
208) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? (ELCA/Episcopal) seminaries (Q38E) (JOBSEMIS)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent28012.7
2) Good105147.7
3) Fair59326.9
4) Poor23410.6
5) Don't Know442.0
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
209) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? [(IF EPISCOPAL: Episcopal Office of Governmental Relations)/(IF ELCA: Lutheran Office for Governmental Affairs)] (Q38F) (JOBGOVOF)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent1205.5
2) Good57526.4
3) Fair50823.3
4) Poor27612.7
5) Don't Know70132.2
Missing60 
TOTAL2180100.0
210) How well are [the following (ELCA/Episcopal)] divisions and affiliated agencies doing their jobs? Your Episcopal diocese/Your ELCA synod (Q38G) (JOBDISYN)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent41919.0
2) Good98044.4
3) Fair50622.9
4) Poor27512.5
5) Don't Know271.2
Missing33 
TOTAL2207100.0
211) How well is the National Council of Churches doing its job? (Q38H) (JOBNCC)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent391.8
2) Good46721.3
3) Fair67230.6
4) Poor44120.1
5) Don't Know57726.3
Missing44 
TOTAL2196100.0
212) How well is the World Council of Churches doing its job? (Q38I) (JOBWCC)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent452.0
2) Good48922.3
3) Fair63629.0
4) Poor42019.1
5) Don't Know60627.6
Missing44 
TOTAL2196100.0
213) How strongly do YOU agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should pursue agreements with as many denominations as possible. (Q39AYOU) (AGREES_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve37817.2
2) Approve80536.6
3) Neutral38417.5
4) Disapprove49122.3
5) Strongly disapprove1426.5
Missing40 
TOTAL2200100.0
214) How strongly would a majority of your church agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should pursue agreements with as many denominations as possible. (Q39ACHURCH) (AGREES_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve763.5
2) Approve50523.2
3) Neutral94943.7
4) Disapprove53524.6
5) Strongly disapprove1085.0
Missing67 
TOTAL2173100.0
215) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should lobby government. (Q39BYOU) (LOBBY_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve28012.7
2) Approve96143.6
3) Neutral37617.1
4) Disapprove43719.8
5) Strongly disapprove1516.8
Missing35 
TOTAL2205100.0
216) How strongly would a majority of your church agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should lobby government. (Q39BCHURCH) (LOBBY_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve351.6
2) Approve32114.8
3) Neutral82237.9
4) Disapprove80837.3
5) Strongly disapprove1828.4
Missing72 
TOTAL2168100.0
217) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should adopt statements on homosexuality. (Q39CYOU) (HOMSTS_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve45020.5
2) Approve75634.4
3) Neutral35916.3
4) Disapprove39117.8
5) Strongly disapprove24211.0
Missing42 
TOTAL2198100.0
218) How strongly would a majority of your church agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should adopt statements on homosexuality. (Q39CCHURCH) (HOMSTS_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1265.8
2) Approve49422.8
3) Neutral62929.1
4) Disapprove62729.0
5) Strongly disapprove28813.3
Missing76 
TOTAL2164100.0
219) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should enter into full communion with the (Episcopal Church/ELCA). (Q39DYOU) (COMMUN_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve69231.4
2) Approve65929.9
3) Neutral32514.7
4) Disapprove30313.7
5) Strongly disapprove22610.2
Missing35 
TOTAL2205100.0
220) How strongly would a majority of your church agree or disagree with the following statement? The (ELCA/Episcopal Church) should enter into full communion with the (Episcopal Church/ELCA). (Q39DCHURCH) (COMMUN_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve2099.6
2) Approve68031.3
3) Neutral85839.5
4) Disapprove28313.0
5) Strongly disapprove1426.5
Missing68 
TOTAL2172100.0
221) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statement? [(IF EPISCOPAL: The Episcopal Church should pursue union with breakaway factions.)/(IF ELCA: The ELCA should pursue union with other branches of Lutheranism.)] (Q39EYOU) (UNION_U)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve36116.4
2) Approve86639.4
3) Neutral43419.7
4) Disapprove39317.9
5) Strongly disapprove1456.6
Missing41 
TOTAL2199100.0
222) How strongly would a majority of your church agree or disagree with the following statement? [(IF EPISCOPAL: The Episcopal Church should pursue union with breakaway factions.)/(IF ELCA: The ELCA should pursue union with other branches of Lutheranism.)] (Q39ECHURCH) (UNION_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1748.1
2) Approve75835.1
3) Neutral85339.5
4) Disapprove29413.6
5) Strongly disapprove813.8
Missing80 
TOTAL2160100.0
223) Please tell us if you are an active member of the Christian Coalition (Pat Robertson). (Q40AACTIVE) (CCOALACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership2106100.0
1) Yes10.0
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
224) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of the Christian Coalition (Pat Robertson) [and not an active member]. (Q40ADONOR) (CCOALDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only209099.2
1) Yes170.8
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
225) Please tell us how close you feel to the Christian Coalition (Pat Robertson). (Q40ACLOSE) (CCOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very close110.5
2) Close472.2
3) Neutral1487.1
4) Far1929.1
5) Very far170181.0
Missing141 
TOTAL2099100.0
226) Please tell us if you are an active member of Focus on the Family (James Dobson). (Q40BACTIVE) (FOCUSACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership207998.6
1) Yes291.4
Missing132 
TOTAL2108100.0
227) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of Focus on the Family (James Dobson) [and not an active member]. (Q40BDONOR) (FOCUSDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only203796.5
1) Yes733.5
Missing130 
TOTAL2110100.0
228) Please tell us how close you feel to Focus on the Family (James Dobson). (Q40BCLOSE) (FOCUS)
TOTAL%
1) Very close673.2
2) Close1929.2
3) Neutral37017.7
4) Far40019.1
5) Very far106450.8
Missing147 
TOTAL2093100.0
229) Please tell us if you are an active member of the American Family Association (Don Wildmon). (Q40CACTIVE) (AFAACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership210399.8
1) Yes40.2
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
230) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of the American Family Association (Don Wildmon) [and not an active member]. (Q40CDONOR) (AFADON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only209099.1
1) Yes180.9
Missing132 
TOTAL2108100.0
231) Please tell us how close you feel to the American Family Association (Don Wildmon). (Q40CCLOSE) (AFA)
TOTAL%
1) Very close191.0
2) Close713.6
3) Neutral25613.0
4) Far28714.6
5) Very far132967.7
Missing278 
TOTAL1962100.0
232) Please tell us if you are an active member of the Traditional Values Coalition (Lou Sheldon). (Q40DACTIVE) (TVCACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership2107100.0
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
233) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of the Traditional Values Coalition (Lou Sheldon) [and not an active member]. (Q40DDONOR) (TVCDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only210599.9
1) Yes20.1
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
234) Please tell us how close you feel to the Traditional Values Coalition (Lou Sheldon). (Q40DCLOSE) (TVC)
TOTAL%
1) Very close50.3
2) Close140.8
3) Neutral26514.2
4) Far25413.6
5) Very far132771.2
Missing375 
TOTAL1865100.0
235) Please tell us if you are an active member of Americans United for the Separation of Church and State. (Q40EACTIVE) (AUSCSACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership210499.9
1) Yes30.1
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
236) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of Americans United for the Separation of Church and State [and not an active member]. (Q40EDONOR) (AUSCSDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only209299.3
1) Yes150.7
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
237) Please tell us how close you feel to Americans United for the Separation of Church and State. (Q40ECLOSE) (AUSCS)
TOTAL%
1) Very close331.7
2) Close1457.6
3) Neutral47525.0
4) Far31316.4
5) Very far93749.2
Missing337 
TOTAL1903100.0
238) Please tell us if you are an active member of the National Association of Evangelicals. (Q40FACTIVE) (NAEACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership210499.9
1) Yes30.1
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
239) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of the National Association of Evangelicals [and not an active member]. (Q40FDONOR) (NAEDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only209999.6
1) Yes80.4
Missing133 
TOTAL2107100.0
240) Please tell us how close you feel to the National Association of Evangelicals. (Q40FCLOSE) (NAE)
TOTAL%
1) Very close221.2
2) Close944.9
3) Neutral44623.4
4) Far46624.4
5) Very far88246.2
Missing330 
TOTAL1910100.0
241) Please tell us if you are an active member of Bread for the World. (Q40GACTIVE) (BREADACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership200694.7
1) Yes1135.3
Missing121 
TOTAL2119100.0
242) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of Bread for the World [and not an active member]. (Q40GDONOR) (BREADDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only182285.6
1) Yes30614.4
Missing112 
TOTAL2128100.0
243) Please tell us how close you feel to Bread for the World. (Q40GCLOSE) (BREAD)
TOTAL%
1) Very close34217.5
2) Close83942.9
3) Neutral47824.5
4) Far1125.7
5) Very far1849.4
Missing285 
TOTAL1955100.0
244) Please tell us if you are an active member of Promise Keepers (Bill McCartney). (Q40HACTIVE) (PROMACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership203796.4
1) Yes753.6
Missing128 
TOTAL2112100.0
245) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of Promise Keepers (Bill McCartney) [and not an active member]. (Q40HDONOR) (PROMDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only205997.7
1) Yes492.3
Missing132 
TOTAL2108100.0
246) Please tell us how close you feel to Promise Keepers (Bill McCartney). (Q40HCLOSE) (PROM)
TOTAL%
1) Very close834.0
2) Close28213.6
3) Neutral50724.5
4) Far41420.0
5) Very far78337.8
Missing171 
TOTAL2069100.0
247) Please tell us if you are an active member of Habitat for Humanity (Jimmy Carter). (Q40IACTIVE) (HABITACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership181885.7
1) Yes30314.3
Missing119 
TOTAL2121100.0
248) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of Habitat for Humanity (Jimmy Carter) [and not an active member]. (Q40IDONOR) (HABITDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only164877.2
1) Yes48722.8
Missing105 
TOTAL2135100.0
249) Please tell us how close you feel to Habitat for Humanity (Jimmy Carter). (Q40ICLOSE) (HABIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very close90344.4
2) Close87042.8
3) Neutral1768.7
4) Far241.2
5) Very far613.0
Missing206 
TOTAL2034100.0
250) Please tell us if you are an active member of Operation Rescue. (Q40JACTIVE) (RESCUACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership210399.8
1) Yes50.2
Missing132 
TOTAL2108100.0
251) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of Operation Rescue [and not an active member]. (Q40JDONOR) (RESCUDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only207598.4
1) Yes341.6
Missing131 
TOTAL2109100.0
252) Please tell us how close you feel to Operation Rescue. (Q40JCLOSE) (RESCU)
TOTAL%
1) Very close613.3
2) Close18710.2
3) Neutral56931.1
4) Far20411.1
5) Very far81044.2
Missing409 
TOTAL1831100.0
253) Please tell us if you are an active member of the Interfaith Alliance. (Q40KACTIVE) (INTFACT)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate active membership207898.6
1) Yes301.4
Missing132 
TOTAL2108100.0
254) Please tell us if you are a donor member only of the Interfaith Alliance [and not an active member]. (Q40KDONOR) (INTFDON)
TOTAL%
0) Respondent did not indicate being a donor only206898.0
1) Yes422.0
Missing130 
TOTAL2110100.0
255) Please tell us how close you feel to the Interfaith Alliance. (Q40KCLOSE) (INTF)
TOTAL%
1) Very close835.2
2) Close19912.5
3) Neutral73045.7
4) Far19011.9
5) Very far39524.7
Missing643 
TOTAL1597100.0
256) Would you say that members of your congregation are primarily working class, lower-middle class, middle class, upper-middle class, or upper class? (Q41) (CNGCLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Working class1717.8
2) Lower-middle class22010.0
3) Middle class109049.6
4) Upper-middle class67430.7
5) Upper class411.9
Missing44 
TOTAL2196100.0
257) How would you compare your political views with those of members of your congregation? (Q42) (POLCNG)
TOTAL%
1) Mine much more conservative140.6
2) 21265.7
3) About the same63228.6
4) 4101846.1
5) Mine much more liberal41919.0
Missing31 
TOTAL2209100.0
258) How would you compare your theological views with those of members of your congregation? (Q43) (THEODIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Mine much more conservative411.9
2) 225711.7
3) About the same74533.9
4) 485238.8
5) Mine much more liberal30213.7
Missing43 
TOTAL2197100.0
259) How many weekend worship services does your church have? (Q44) (WEEKEND)
TOTAL%
0) 80.4
1) 56625.7
1.5) 40.2
2) 98544.7
2.5) 90.4
3) 44320.1
3.5) 10.0
4) 1305.9
5) 180.8
6) 80.4
7) 70.3
8) 30.1
9) 20.1
22) 10.0
51) 10.0
52) 90.4
56) 10.0
100) 10.0
104) 30.1
106) 10.0
130) 10.0
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
260) Does your church have a daycare program for children? (Q45) (DAYCARE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48221.8
2) No172678.2
Missing32 
TOTAL2208100.0
261) Does your church have a day school for children? (Q46) (DAYSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46421.2
2) No172178.8
Missing55 
TOTAL2185100.0
262) How many adult members are there in your church? (Q47ADULTS) (ADLTMEMS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2106439.525564
263) How many total members are there in your church? (Q47TOTALMEM) (TOTMEMS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2129624.327809
264) About what percentage of adult members are active in church beyond attending weekly services (in activities, governing boards, or small groups)? (Q48PCT) (PCTACT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL211132.71419
265) How confident are you in [the number provided in PCTACT]? (Q48CERTAIN) (PERACTCR)
TOTAL%
1) Very certain89542.9
2) Somewhat102248.9
3) Not very certain1306.2
4) Not certain412.0
Missing152 
TOTAL2088100.0
266) Do members of your church, on the whole, share a similar ethnic background? (Q49) (ETHHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Almost all members do97344.1
2) Most, but not all84138.1
3) Less than a majority do1125.1
4) No, it is mixed28212.8
Missing32 
TOTAL2208100.0
267) What is the predominant ethnicity/race of your church? [If respondent provided more than one ethnicity/race, first answer is given here and second is given in ETHNIC2.] (Q50) (ETHNIC1)
TOTAL%
1) Norwegian for ELCA sample, White/Caucasian for Episcopal sample112753.2
2) Swedish for ELCA sample, African-American for Episcopal sample1276.0
3) German for ELCA sample, Hispanic for Episcopal sample51524.3
4) Danish for ELCA sample, Asian/Pacific Islander for Episcopal sample271.3
5) African-American for ELCA sample, Other for Episcopal sample271.3
6) Hispanic for ELCA sample40.2
7) Other for ELCA sample29113.7
Missing122 
TOTAL2118100.0
268) What is the [second] predominant ethnicity/race of your church, [if listed]? (Q50C) (ETHNIC2)
TOTAL%
2) Swedish for ELCA sample, African-American for Episcopal sample24.4
3) German for ELCA sample, Hispanic for Episcopal sample3577.8
4) Danish for ELCA sample, Asian/Pacific Islander for Episcopal sample613.3
5) African-American for ELCA sample, Other for Episcopal sample12.2
6) Hispanic for ELCA sample12.2
Missing2195 
TOTAL45100.0
269) If ETHNIC1 = OTHER: What is the predominant ethnicity/race of your church? (Q50OTHER$) (ETHOTHR)
270) Would you say that your church is politically united (members agree on political issues)? (Q51) (POLUNTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, my church is politically united954.4
2) Mostly united147167.9
3) No, my church is politically divided60027.7
Missing74 
TOTAL2166100.0
271) Would you say that your church is theologically united (members agree on theological issues)? (Q52) (THEOUNTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, my church is theologically united35215.9
2) Mostly united168476.1
3) No, my church is theologically divided1768.0
Missing28 
TOTAL2212100.0
272) Would you say that most members were raised in (an Episcopal/a Lutheran) church, or are there many newcomers? (Q54) (SWITCHER)
TOTAL%
1) Almost all members raised (Episcopalian/Lutheran)1677.6
2) Most, but not all members raised (Episcopalian/Lutheran)118753.8
3) Less than a majority raised (Episcopalian/Lutheran)68130.8
4) No, most are newcomers to (the Episcopal Church/Lutheranism)1737.8
Missing32 
TOTAL2208100.0
273) When was your church founded? (Q55) (FOUNDED)
TOTAL%
1) Before 1900101345.7
2) 1900-194647421.4
3) 1947-196848121.7
4) 1969-19801235.5
5) After 19801265.7
Missing23 
TOTAL2217100.0
274) Approximately what percentage of offerings does your church contribute to your (diocese/synod)? (Q56) (DENMFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Under 10%61428.2
2) 10-20%129159.2
3) 20-30%23911.0
4) 30-40%291.3
5) Over 50%80.4
Missing59 
TOTAL2181100.0
275) What kind of community is your church in? (Q57) (URBAN)
TOTAL%
1) Rural or farm38517.4
2) Mill community/Small town (under 20,000 people)1778.0
3) Small city (20,000-50,000 people)55725.2
4) Medium sized city (50-100,000 people)1928.7
5) Large city (100-250,000 people)1958.8
6) Suburb of large city24611.1
7) Very large city (over 250,000 people)23510.6
8) Suburb of very large city22310.1
Missing30 
TOTAL2210100.0
276) Does your church allow community groups or organizations to use the church building for meetings? (Q58) (OPNFAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes209595.7
2) No944.3
Missing51 
TOTAL2189100.0
277) IF YES TO OPNFAC: How many community groups or organizations [use the church building for meetings]? (Q58NUMBER) (OPNFACNM)
TOTAL%
0) 231.2
1) 1306.5
1.5) 30.2
2) 27213.6
2.5) 50.3
3) 36918.5
3.5) 110.6
4) 23211.6
4.5) 50.3
5) 26113.1
5.5) 20.1
6) 1788.9
6.5) 10.1
7) 723.6
7.5) 20.1
8) 944.7
8.5) 20.1
9) 150.8
10) 1226.1
11) 90.5
12) 522.6
12.5) 10.1
13) 60.3
14) 70.4
15) 392.0
16) 40.2
17) 30.2
17.5) 10.1
18) 10.1
19) 10.1
20) 371.9
22) 10.1
23) 10.1
24) 10.1
25) 100.5
27) 10.1
30) 110.6
34) 10.1
37) 30.2
40) 30.2
64) 10.1
75) 10.1
98) 10.1
100) 10.1
Missing244 
TOTAL1996100.0
278) Does your community have a formal clergy council or council of churches, regular informal meetings of clergy/church leaders, both, or neither? (Q59) (COUNCIL)
TOTAL%
1) Formal council70932.2
2) Informal meetings75734.4
3) Both51723.5
4) Neither2199.9
Missing38 
TOTAL2202100.0
279) Approximately how many groups and activities in church are you directly involved with? (Q62) (Decimals represent percentages, score of 100 indicates respondent involved in 100% of groups/activities) (ACTIVTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL183114.78723
280) We would like your perceptions of how YOUR CONGREGATION compares to OTHER (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere, and to other congregations (of any faith) in your community. How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Theological beliefs (Leave items in this block of questions blank if you don't know.) (Q63ADENOM) (DIFFTHE1)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal36817.3
2) About same127360.0
3) More conservative48122.7
Missing118 
TOTAL2122100.0
281) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Theological beliefs (Q63ALOCAL) (DIFFTHE2)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal98147.9
2) About same85041.5
3) More conservative21710.6
Missing192 
TOTAL2048100.0
282) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Political beliefs (Q63BDENOM) (DIFFPBL1)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal25712.4
2) About same129662.5
3) More conservative52125.1
Missing166 
TOTAL2074100.0
283) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Political beliefs (Q63BLOCAL) (DIFFPBL2)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal62130.9
2) About same123361.3
3) More conservative1587.9
Missing228 
TOTAL2012100.0
284) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Income and social status (Q63CDENOM) (DIFFSOC1)
TOTAL%
1) Lower44121.0
2) Same117355.8
3) Higher48923.3
Missing137 
TOTAL2103100.0
285) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Income and social status (Q63CLOCAL) (DIFFSOC2)
TOTAL%
1) Lower1527.5
2) Same129663.7
3) Higher58528.8
Missing207 
TOTAL2033100.0
286) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Ethnicity/race (Q63DDENOM) (DIFFETH1)
TOTAL%
1) Fewer minorities66131.8
2) About same112354.0
3) More minorities29414.1
Missing162 
TOTAL2078100.0
287) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Ethnicity/race (Q63DLOCAL) (DIFFETH2)
TOTAL%
1) Fewer minorities34917.3
2) About same143971.3
3) More minorities22911.4
Missing223 
TOTAL2017100.0
288) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Members' activity level in the church (Q63EDENOM) (DIFFACT1)
TOTAL%
1) Less24311.7
2) Same116355.8
3) More67832.5
Missing156 
TOTAL2084100.0
289) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Members' activity level in the church (Q63ELOCAL) (DIFFACT2)
TOTAL%
1) Less30715.5
2) Same117659.5
3) More49324.9
Missing264 
TOTAL1976100.0
290) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Members' involvement in community (Q63FDENOM) (DIFFCOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Less21410.5
2) Same120359.1
3) More61930.4
Missing204 
TOTAL2036100.0
291) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Members' involvement in community (Q63FLOCAL) (DIFFCOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Less24512.5
2) Same118360.3
3) More53327.2
Missing279 
TOTAL1961100.0
292) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Worship and music styles (Q63GDENOM) (DIFFSTY1)
TOTAL%
1) More traditional60528.8
2) About same98446.9
3) More contemporary51124.3
Missing140 
TOTAL2100100.0
293) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Worship and music styles (Q63GLOCAL) (DIFFSTY2)
TOTAL%
1) More traditional75237.7
2) About same78839.5
3) More contemporary45422.8
Missing246 
TOTAL1994100.0
294) How [similar to or different from other (Episcopal/ELCA) congregations elsewhere] is your congregation on the following item? Members' political activity (Q63HDENOM) (DIFFPAC1)
TOTAL%
1) Less27313.6
2) Same148874.0
3) More24912.4
Missing230 
TOTAL2010100.0
295) How [similar to or different from other congregations (of any faith) in your community] is your congregation on the following item? Members' political activity (Q63HLOCAL) (DIFFPAC2)
TOTAL%
1) Less23612.3
2) Same143274.6
3) More25213.1
Missing320 
TOTAL1920100.0
296) Thinking about your CLOSEST (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their party affiliation (Q64A) (CLOSPRTY)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me121069.8
1) Republican19111.0
2) Independent442.5
3) Democrat28916.7
Missing506 
TOTAL1734100.0
297) Thinking about your CLOSEST (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their views on abortion (Q64B) (CLOSAB)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me133569.9
1) More pro-life25013.1
2) More pro-choice32517.0
Missing330 
TOTAL1910100.0
298) Thinking about your CLOSEST (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their theology (Q64C) (CLOSTHEO)
TOTAL%
0) Same of me129463.8
1) More conservative36818.1
2) More liberal36718.1
Missing211 
TOTAL2029100.0
299) Thinking about your closest (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their views on the 1997 Concordat with the (ELCA/Episcopalians) (Q64D) (CLOSCONC)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me134367.3
1) More in favor32416.2
2) More opposed32916.5
Missing244 
TOTAL1996100.0
300) Thinking about your closest (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their support for the activities of the denomination (Q64E) (CLOSDENM)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me144070.0
1) More supportive30314.7
2) Less supportive31515.3
Missing182 
TOTAL2058100.0
301) Thinking about your closest (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their level of political activity (Q64F) (CLOSEPOLA)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me120263.9
1) More active36019.1
2) Less active31917.0
Missing359 
TOTAL1881100.0
302) Thinking about your closest (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues in the ministry (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours [on this matter]? Their political ideology (Q64G) (CLOSIDEO)
TOTAL%
0) Same of me107958.5
1) More conservative36519.8
2) More liberal40121.7
Missing395 
TOTAL1845100.0
303) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from the seminary? (Q65SEM) (COLSEM)
TOTAL%
0) 140365.3
1) 32815.3
2) 21710.1
3) 1014.7
4) 221.0
4.5) 10.0
5) 522.4
6) 70.3
10) 60.3
15) 30.1
20) 20.1
30) 20.1
40) 10.0
50) 20.1
Missing93 
TOTAL2147100.0
304) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from college? (Q65COLLEGE) (COLCOLLE)
TOTAL%
0) 199894.2
1) 572.7
2) 341.6
3) 150.7
4) 40.2
5) 80.4
10) 30.1
15) 10.0
Missing120 
TOTAL2120100.0
305) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from a community organization? (Q65COMMORG) (COLCOMMO)
TOTAL%
0) 188988.9
1) 1024.8
2) 542.5
3) 241.1
4) 130.6
5) 251.2
6) 10.0
7) 10.0
8) 50.2
10) 20.1
12) 30.1
15) 30.1
20) 20.1
50) 10.0
148) 10.0
Missing114 
TOTAL2126100.0
306) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from denominational meetings? (Q65DENOM) (COLDENOM)
TOTAL%
0) 139665.0
1) 2089.7
2) 914.2
3) 843.9
4) 813.8
5) 2059.5
6) 110.5
7) 20.1
8) 80.4
10) 110.5
11) 10.0
12) 50.2
13) 20.1
15) 110.5
16) 20.1
17) 10.0
20) 60.3
25) 50.2
30) 30.1
40) 10.0
50) 40.2
54) 10.0
60) 30.1
80) 10.0
95) 10.0
100) 40.2
Missing92 
TOTAL2148100.0
307) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from diocesan meetings? (Q65DIOCESE/Q65SYNOD) (COLSYNOD)
TOTAL%
0) 109650.6
1) 28413.1
2) 1486.8
3) 1396.4
4) 1074.9
5) 28413.1
6) 140.6
7) 30.1
8) 20.1
10) 211.0
11) 40.2
12) 40.2
13) 10.0
15) 120.6
16) 10.0
19) 10.0
20) 150.7
25) 50.2
30) 50.2
35) 10.0
40) 40.2
50) 20.1
60) 20.1
65) 10.0
70) 10.0
80) 20.1
90) 10.0
100) 30.1
250) 10.0
500) 10.0
Missing75 
TOTAL2165100.0
308) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from local clergy meetings? (Q65LOCAL) (COLLOCAL)
TOTAL%
0) 655.1
1) 29623.4
2) 17814.1
3) 16312.9
4) 13010.3
5) 33126.1
6) 161.3
7) 80.6
8) 171.3
9) 30.2
10) 151.2
11) 20.2
12) 110.9
13) 30.2
15) 90.7
16) 10.1
17) 10.1
18) 10.1
20) 60.5
23) 10.1
25) 20.2
30) 20.2
40) 10.1
45) 10.1
60) 10.1
95) 10.1
100) 10.1
Missing974 
TOTAL1266100.0
309) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from pulpit sharing? (Q65PULPSHARE) (COLPULPS)
TOTAL%
0) 180885.0
1) 1215.7
2) 773.6
3) 321.5
4) 200.9
5) 562.6
6) 60.3
7) 10.0
8) 10.0
10) 10.0
18) 10.0
30) 10.0
65) 10.0
Missing114 
TOTAL2126100.0
310) How many of these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from other sources? (Q65OTHR) (COLOTHR)
TOTAL%
0) 178584.0
1) 1466.9
2) 552.6
3) 532.5
4) 271.3
5) 442.1
6) 20.1
7) 20.1
10) 30.1
11) 20.1
18) 10.0
20) 20.1
22) 10.0
80) 10.0
Missing116 
TOTAL2124100.0
311) On average, how often do you talk with these (Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues? (Q66) (COLTALK)
TOTAL%
1) Very often36316.7
2) Often104548.0
3) Sometimes67030.8
4) Rarely954.4
5) Never50.2
Missing62 
TOTAL2178100.0
312) Do you associate regularly with NON-(EPISCOPAL/ELCA) clergy? (Q67) (NONCLRGY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes165575.4
2) No54024.6
Missing45 
TOTAL2195100.0
313) On average, how often do you talk with these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues? (Q70) (NONTALK)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1528.3
2) Often77442.1
3) Sometimes75341.0
4) Rarely1447.8
5) Never140.8
Missing403 
TOTAL1837100.0
314) How many of these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from the seminary? (Q71SEM) (NONSEM)
TOTAL%
0) 205397.4
1) 261.2
2) 140.7
3) 20.1
4) 60.3
5) 30.1
6) 20.1
9) 10.0
18) 10.0
Missing132 
TOTAL2108100.0
315) How many of these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from college? (Q71COLLEGE) (NONCOLLE)
TOTAL%
0) 208398.8
1) 180.9
2) 50.2
3) 10.0
5) 10.0
9) 10.0
Missing131 
TOTAL2109100.0
316) How many of these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from a community organization? (Q71COMMORG) (NONCOMM)
TOTAL%
0) 137964.1
1) 29313.6
2) 1296.0
3) 1054.9
4) 562.6
5) 492.3
6) 321.5
7) 251.2
8) 160.7
9) 60.3
10) 261.2
11) 30.1
12) 40.2
13) 30.1
14) 30.1
15) 60.3
20) 70.3
22) 10.0
25) 50.2
28) 10.0
30) 10.0
37) 10.0
100) 10.0
Missing88 
TOTAL2152100.0
317) How many of these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from local clergy meetings? (Q71LOCAL) (NONLOC)
TOTAL%
0) 108950.3
1) 24811.5
1.5) 10.0
2) 1506.9
2.5) 10.0
3) 1386.4
4) 1135.2
5) 1376.3
6) 612.8
7) 381.8
8) 442.0
9) 200.9
10) 391.8
11) 90.4
12) 190.9
13) 100.5
14) 40.2
15) 170.8
16) 10.0
17) 40.2
18) 30.1
19) 10.0
20) 70.3
22) 10.0
26) 10.0
30) 30.1
35) 10.0
40) 10.0
75) 10.0
112) 10.0
Missing77 
TOTAL2163100.0
318) How many of these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from pulpit sharing? (Q71PULPSHARE) (NONSHAR)
TOTAL%
0) 192790.9
1) 1024.8
1.5) 10.0
2) 432.0
3) 130.6
4) 90.4
5) 80.4
6) 50.2
7) 40.2
8) 40.2
9) 20.1
13) 10.0
15) 10.0
Missing120 
TOTAL2120100.0
319) How many of these non-(Episcopal/ELCA) colleagues do you know from other sources? (Q71OTHR) (NONOTHR)
TOTAL%
0) 178483.9
1) 1446.8
2) 502.4
3) 522.4
4) 271.3
5) 221.0
6) 150.7
7) 90.4
8) 20.1
9) 50.2
10) 80.4
12) 20.1
13) 10.0
14) 10.0
15) 20.1
19) 10.0
20) 10.0
Missing114 
TOTAL2126100.0
320) From time to time people talk to others about politics, campaigns, and elections. Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their party affiliation (Q72A) (POLSIMA)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me105657.4
1) Republican53629.1
2) Independent764.1
3) Democrat1719.3
Missing401 
TOTAL1839100.0
321) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their views on abortion (Q72B) (POLSIMB)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me111058.7
1) More pro-life52827.9
2) More pro-choice25213.3
Missing350 
TOTAL1890100.0
322) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their theology (Q72C) (POLSIMC)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me91848.4
1) More conservative68636.1
2) More liberal29415.5
Missing342 
TOTAL1898100.0
323) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their views on school prayer (Q72D) (POLSIMD)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me110859.1
1) More in favor64434.3
2) More opposed1236.6
Missing365 
TOTAL1875100.0
324) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their views on gay rights (Q72E) (POLSIME)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me95950.1
1) More in favor1909.9
2) More opposed76540.0
Missing326 
TOTAL1914100.0
325) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their level of political activity (Q72F) (POLSIMF)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me110558.7
1) More active46224.5
2) Less active31516.7
Missing358 
TOTAL1882100.0
326) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following item? Their political ideology (Q72G) (POLSIMG)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me83845.3
1) More conservative76441.3
2) More liberal24913.5
Missing389 
TOTAL1851100.0
327) Thinking about the people with whom you talk politics most (under five people), how similar or different are their views from yours on the following items? Their 1996 presidential vote (Q72H) (POLSIMH)
TOTAL%
0) Same as me76845.3
1) Bob Dole57834.1
2) Ross Perot412.4
3) Bill Clinton30317.9
4) Other60.4
Missing544 
TOTAL1696100.0
328) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know because they are church members? (Q73CHMEM) (NETCHMEM)
TOTAL%
0) 564.2
1) 33825.1
2) 32924.4
3) 21816.2
4) 1198.8
5) 19914.8
6) 40.3
7) 20.1
7.5) 10.1
8) 50.4
10) 211.6
11) 20.1
12) 50.4
14) 10.1
15) 30.2
20) 80.6
25) 10.1
26) 10.1
30) 50.4
35) 20.1
40) 20.1
50) 60.4
60) 10.1
70) 10.1
76) 10.1
80) 20.1
100) 60.4
123) 10.1
150) 20.1
153) 10.1
300) 10.1
550) 10.1
700) 10.1
Missing894 
TOTAL1346100.0
329) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know because they are [your] immediate family? (Q73CHMEM) (NETFAM)
TOTAL%
0) 899.4
1) 49552.4
2) 20221.4
3) 778.2
4) 363.8
5) 242.5
6) 60.6
7) 10.1
8) 30.3
9) 10.1
10) 40.4
12) 10.1
14) 10.1
16) 10.1
20) 30.3
Missing1296 
TOTAL944100.0
330) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know because they are [your] relatives? (Q73RELATIVES) (NETREL)
TOTAL%
0) 11718.5
1) 23036.5
2) 14222.5
3) 6510.3
4) 243.8
5) 193.0
6) 71.1
8) 30.5
9) 10.2
10) 91.4
11) 10.2
14) 10.2
15) 10.2
16) 10.2
17) 10.2
18) 10.2
20) 61.0
25) 10.2
50) 10.2
Missing1609 
TOTAL631100.0
331) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know because they are [your] neighbors? (Q73NEIGHBORS) (NETNEIGH)
TOTAL%
0) 12720.5
1) 23537.8
2) 14222.9
3) 457.2
4) 203.2
5) 243.9
6) 50.8
7) 20.3
8) 20.3
10) 81.3
11) 10.2
12) 20.3
14) 10.2
15) 10.2
20) 30.5
25) 20.3
50) 10.2
Missing1619 
TOTAL621100.0
332) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know because they are group/club members? (Q73GROUP) (NETGROUP)
TOTAL%
0) 14732.5
1) 13229.1
2) 5712.6
3) 306.6
4) 245.3
5) 235.1
6) 51.1
7) 20.4
7.5) 10.2
8) 10.2
10) 112.4
11) 10.2
12) 20.4
14) 10.2
15) 10.2
18) 10.2
20) 61.3
25) 10.2
28) 10.2
30) 30.7
52) 10.2
100) 10.2
150) 10.2
Missing1787 
TOTAL453100.0
333) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know because they are clergy? (Q73CLERGY) (NETCLRGY)
TOTAL%
0) 797.6
1) 36535.1
2) 28627.5
3) 11511.0
4) 626.0
5) 615.9
6) 131.2
7) 90.9
8) 80.8
9) 10.1
10) 171.6
12) 50.5
13) 10.1
15) 30.3
18) 10.1
20) 60.6
23) 10.1
25) 30.3
27) 10.1
50) 30.3
55) 10.1
Missing1199 
TOTAL1041100.0
334) How many of these people [the subjects of POLSIMA through POLSIMH] do you know from other sources? (Q73OTHR) (NETOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) 15038.3
1) 9524.2
2) 5915.1
3) 369.2
4) 205.1
5) 225.6
6) 10.3
7) 20.5
8) 20.5
10) 10.3
24) 10.3
30) 10.3
60) 10.3
70) 10.3
Missing1848 
TOTAL392100.0
335) On average, how often do you talk with these discussion partners [those referred to NETCHMEM through NETOTHER]? (Q74) (TALKPRT)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1718.6
2) Often81240.6
3) Sometimes83141.6
4) Rarely1658.3
5) Never201.0
Missing241 
TOTAL1999100.0
336) On average, how many days a week do you read the newspaper? (Q75) (READPPR)
TOTAL%
0) 622.8
.5) 10.0
1) 1336.1
1.5) 30.1
2) 1215.5
2.5) 40.2
3) 863.9
3.5) 30.1
4) 673.1
4.5) 20.1
5) 1657.6
5.5) 10.0
6) 1727.9
6.5) 10.0
7) 136462.4
Missing55 
TOTAL2185100.0
337) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the first publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76A$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL1)
338) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the second publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76B$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL2)
339) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the third publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76C$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL3)
340) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the fourth publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76D$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL4)
341) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the fifth publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76E$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL5)
342) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the sixth publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76F$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL6)
343) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the seventh publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76G$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL7)
344) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the eighth publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76H$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL8)
345) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the ninth publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76I$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL9)
346) Do you read journals/magazines about theology, denominational issues, or religion and public affairs, and if so, which ones? [This answer identifies the tenth publication listed by the respondent.] (Q76J$) (See Note 3: Journal Abbreviations on the ARDA Summary page for list of abbreviations used) (JOURNL10)
347) On average, how many days a week do you watch the national television news? (Q77) (NATLNEWS)
TOTAL%
0) 26111.9
1) 1466.7
1.5) 60.3
2) 1567.1
2.5) 40.2
3) 1537.0
3.5) 20.1
4) 1667.6
4.5) 110.5
5) 32915.1
5.5) 20.1
6) 1516.9
6.5) 20.1
7) 79736.5
Missing54 
TOTAL2186100.0
348) On average, how many days a week do you watch the local television news? (Q78) (LOCNEWS)
TOTAL%
0) 26512.1
1) 1406.4
1.5) 40.2
2) 1496.8
2.5) 30.1
3) 1476.7
3.5) 40.2
4) 1667.6
4.5) 30.1
5) 31714.5
5.5) 60.3
6) 1918.7
6.5) 10.0
7) 79636.3
Missing48 
TOTAL2192100.0
349) On average, how many days a week do you watch religious television shows? (Q79) (RELGNEWS)
TOTAL%
0) 154472.5
.5) 60.3
1) 38518.1
1.5) 40.2
2) 944.4
3) 391.8
3.5) 10.0
4) 160.8
5) 80.4
6) 40.2
7) 291.4
Missing110 
TOTAL2130100.0
350) Religious affiliation of respondent, based on ID number (RELIG)
TOTAL%
0) ELCA pastor133959.8
1) Episcopal priest90140.2
TOTAL2240100.0
351) I-EDUC: What is the highest year in school/degree you have achieved? (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
3) Some college/applied degree170.8
4) College graduate612.8
5) Post-graduate education213896.5
Missing24 
TOTAL2216100.0
352) I-GENDER: What is your gender? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female41018.5
2) Male180681.5
Missing24 
TOTAL2216100.0
353) I-PARTYID: Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, or an independent? (for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican46420.8
2) Democrat119753.7
3) Independent/other party48321.6
4) No preference813.6
5) Other party60.3
Missing9 
TOTAL2231100.0
354) I-RELIGION: Religious affiliation of respondent, based on ID number (for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
0) ELCA133959.8
1) Episcopal90140.2
TOTAL2240100.0