Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1987

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > News Polls > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 1) WT
1) Weight (WT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1.8040.691
2) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- Changes in the mass since the Second Vatican Council. (MASSCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened41028.3
2) Weakened16811.6
3) No effect71949.6
4) Don't know /Refused15210.5
TOTAL1449100.0
3) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- The Church's teaching that artificial contraception is morally wrong. (CONTWRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened19113.2
2) Weakened50434.8
3) No Effect62743.3
4) Don't know /Refused1278.8
TOTAL1449100.0
4) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- The Church's teaching that abortion is morally wrong. (ABRTWRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened65044.9
2) Weakened27118.7
3) No Effect46432
4) Don't know /Refused644.4
TOTAL1449100.0
5) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- The policy of ordaining men, but not women, to the priesthood. (ORDAINMN)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened28719.8
2) Weakened36925.5
3) No Effect67846.8
4) Don't know /Refused1157.9
TOTAL1449100.0
6) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- Recent statements by American bishops on national issues such as the nuclear arms race and the U.S. economy. (NATLISSU)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened39427.2
2) Weakened23516.2
3) No Effect62042.8
4) Don't know /Refused20113.9
TOTAL1450100.0
7) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- The Vatican's punishment of theologians who dissent from official teachings on matters of sexuality. (PUNISHSX)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened30020.7
2) Weakened35424.4
3) No Effect57039.4
4) Don't know /Refused22415.5
TOTAL1448100.0
8) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- Reports indicating that a significant number of priests have homosexual tendencies. (PRSTHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened624.3
2) Weakened51135.3
3) No Effect67946.9
4) Don't know /Refused19713.6
TOTAL1449100.0
9) I will read eight items and after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened it, or had no effect one way or the other. -- The Church's policy of giving preference to the poor in Latin America. (LATINPOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened62142.9
2) Weakened20013.8
3) No Effect50835.1
4) Don't know /Refused1208.3
TOTAL1449100.0
10) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- A divorced Catholic remarrying without getting an annulment. (DVRCECTH)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders32622.5
2) Individuals44430.7
3) Both62443.1
4) Don't know /Refused543.7
TOTAL1448100.0
11) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- A Catholic practicing contraceptive birth control. (BRTHCNRL)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders18012.4
2) Individuals89962
3) Both33222.9
4) Don't know /Refused382.6
TOTAL1449100.0
12) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- A Catholic advocating free choice regarding abortion. (ABORTADV)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders42129.1
2) Individuals64944.8
3) Both31421.7
4) Don't know /Refused644.4
TOTAL1448100.0
13) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- A Catholic who engages in homosexual behavior. (HOMOSXBH)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders46532.1
2) Individuals56438.9
3) Both27919.3
4) Don't know /Refused1419.7
TOTAL1449100.0
14) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- Sexual relations outside of marriage. (SEXREL)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders48633.5
2) Individuals60741.9
3) Both29820.6
4) Don't know /Refused594.1
TOTAL1450100.0
15) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teachings into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and leaders working together. -- Test-tube babies. (TESTBABY)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders42829.6
2) Individuals53536.9
3) Both36525.2
4) Don't know /Refused1208.3
TOTAL1448100.0
16) In 1983, the American bishops issued a pastoral letter about the arms race and nuclear weapons. Have you heard or read about this letter? (ARMSRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41428.6
2) No96766.7
3) Not sure684.7
TOTAL1449100.0
17) Concerning the letter's criticism of the nuclear arms race, would you say you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree strongly, disagree somewhat with the letter, or don't know? (NUKELTR)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly10425.1
2) Agree somewhat13131.6
3) Disagree strongly4811.6
4) Disagree somewhat7117.1
5) Don't know6014.5
Missing1035 
TOTAL414100.0
18) In 1986, the American bishops issued a pastoral letter calling for changes in the U.S. economy. Have you heard or read about this letter? (ECNMYLTR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes35624.6
2) No103571.4
3) Not sure584
TOTAL1449100.0
19) Concerning the letter's criticism of the American economy and the need for giving more help to the poor, would you say you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree strongly, disagree somewhat with the letter, or don't know? (CRITECON)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly14741.4
2) Agree somewhat10429.3
3) Disagree strongly267.3
4) Disagree somewhat4913.8
5) Don't know298.2
Missing1093 
TOTAL355100.0
20) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Can one be a good Catholic without going to Church every Sunday. (NOCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes101870.3
2) No39527.3
3) Not sure /Refused362.5
TOTAL1449100.0
21) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Church's teaching regarding birth control. (BRTHOBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes95966.2
2) No39427.2
3) Not sure /Refused956.6
TOTAL1448100.0
22) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Church's teaching regarding divorce and remarriage. (DIVROBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83057.3
2) No49634.2
3) Not sure /Refused1238.5
TOTAL1449100.0
23) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Church's teaching regarding abortion. (ABRTOBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56839.2
2) No79654.9
3) Not sure /Refused855.9
TOTAL1449100.0
24) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without going to private confession at least once a year. (CONFESSI)
TOTAL%
1) Yes84458.2
2) No55538.3
3) Not sure /Refused503.5
TOTAL1449100.0
25) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without receiving communion during the Easter time. (EASTRCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78354
2) No61242.2
3) Not sure /Refused543.7
TOTAL1449100.0
26) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without believing in the infallibility of the Pope. (INFALLI)
TOTAL%
1) Yes65445.1
2) No65945.5
3) Not sure /Refused1369.4
TOTAL1449100.0
27) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without getting married in the Church. (NOCHMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74151.1
2) No64544.5
3) Not sure /Refused634.3
TOTAL1449100.0
28) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without donating time or money to help the poor. (NOPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes64144.2
2) No74051.1
3) Not sure /Refused684.7
TOTAL1449100.0
29) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without contributing money annually to the special collection of the Pope (that is, Peter's Pence). (NOCOLLEC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes98968.3
2) No39727.4
3) Not sure /Refused634.3
TOTAL1449100.0
30) Some people think that the Catholic Church should have more democratic decision-making in church affairs that do not involve matters of faith than it has at the present time. -- Do you favor or oppose this idea at the local parish level? (PRSHDECI)
TOTAL%
1) Favor86359.5
2) Oppose39427.2
3) Don't know /Refused19313.3
TOTAL1450100.0
31) Some people think that the Catholic Church should have more democratic decision-making in church affairs that do not involve matters of faith than it has at the present time. -- Do you favor or oppose this idea at the diocesan level? (DIODECI)
TOTAL%
1) Favor79855.1
2) Oppose41028.3
3) Don't know /Refused24116.6
TOTAL1449100.0
32) Some people think that the Catholic Church should have more democratic decision-making in church affairs that do not involve matters of faith than it has at the present time. -- Do you favor or oppose this idea at the level of the Vatican? (VATDECI)
TOTAL%
1) Favor74551.4
2) Oppose43430
3) Don't know /Refused27018.6
TOTAL1449100.0
33) Here is a question about the American Catholic bishops. Should the American bishops become more independent or less independent from the Vatican and the Pope in the way they run the Catholic Church in America? Or, should the situation remain as it is now? (BSHPIND)
TOTAL%
1) More46632.2
2) Less15110.4
3) Same70648.7
4) Don't know /Refused1268.7
TOTAL1449100.0
34) How important is the Catholic Church to you personally? (CHRCHIMP)
TOTAL%
1) The most important part of my life19113.2
2) Among the most important parts of my life51935.8
3) Quite important to me, but so are many other areas of my life54737.8
4) Not terribly important to me1349.2
5) Not very important to me at all473.2
6) Not sure11.8
TOTAL1449100.0
35) How often do you attend Mass? (MASSATT)
TOTAL%
1) Daily594.1
2) At least once a week58040
3) Almost every week18112.5
4) About once a month25017.3
5) Seldom31221.5
6) Never563.9
7) Don't know/No answer/Refused11.8
TOTAL1449100.0
36) How often do you read the Bible? (READBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Daily936.4
2) At least once a week14810.2
3) Almost every week362.5
4) About once a month15710.8
5) Seldom67846.8
6) Never33523.1
7) Don't know2.1
TOTAL1449100.0
37) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- How about in deciding how parish income should be spent. (PRSHINCO)
TOTAL%
1) Should116880.6
2) Should not19813.7
3) Not Sure /Refused835.7
TOTAL1449100.0
38) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Selecting the priests for their parish. (PICKPRST)
TOTAL%
1) Should83157.3
2) Should not51035.2
3) Not Sure /Refused1097.5
TOTAL1450100.0
39) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making church policy about divorce. (DIVORCPL)
TOTAL%
1) Should72550.1
2) Should not63143.6
3) Not Sure /Refused926.4
TOTAL1448100.0
40) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making church policy about birth control. (CRTHCLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Should76152.5
2) Should not57739.8
3) Not Sure /Refused1117.7
TOTAL1449100.0
41) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Deciding whether women should be ordained to the priesthood. (WMNORDAN)
TOTAL%
1) Should69247.8
2) Should not66846.1
3) Not Sure /Refused896.1
TOTAL1449100.0
42) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Deciding whether priests should be allowed to marry. (PRSTMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Should67146.3
2) Should not65845.4
3) Not Sure /Refused1208.3
TOTAL1449100.0
43) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Giving occasional sermons. (GIVESERM)
TOTAL%
1) Should99868.9
2) Should not37726
3) Not Sure /Refused745.1
TOTAL1449100.0
44) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Teaching in diocesan seminaries. (TEACHSEM)
TOTAL%
1) Should98768.1
2) Should not33423.1
3) Not Sure /Refused1288.8
TOTAL1449100.0
45) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Deciding whether or not to have altar girls (ALTRGIRL)
TOTAL%
1) Should96166.3
2) Should not40427.9
3) Not Sure /Refused845.8
TOTAL1449100.0
46) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Being in charge of a parish. (CHRGPRSH)
TOTAL%
1) Should94565.2
2) Should not38726.7
3) Not Sure /Refused1178.1
TOTAL1449100.0
47) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making policies about homosexual behavior. (HOMOSXPL)
TOTAL%
1) Should57039.3
2) Should not72650.1
3) Not Sure /Refused15310.6
TOTAL1449100.0
48) Imagine a scale from 1 to 7. At point 1 is the statement, "I would never leave the Catholic Church." At point 7 is the statement, "Yes, I might leave the Catholic Church." Where would you place yourself on that scale? (LEAVECH)
TOTAL%
1) I would never leave the Catholic Church79555.7
2) 1349.4
3) 1329.3
4) 1379.6
5) 1027.1
6) 473.3
7) I might leave the Catholic Church805.6
Missing22 
TOTAL1427100.0
49) Are you currently: (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married90462.4
2) Divorced1006.9
3) Widowed936.4
4) Separated302.1
5) Never married31321.6
6) No answer9.6
TOTAL1449100.0
50) Is this your first marriage? (FRSTMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes75683.6
2) No14716.3
3) Don't know1.1
Missing545 
TOTAL904100.0
51) Before you married again, were you widowed? (WIDOWED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4429.9
2) No10068
3) Don't know32
Missing1302 
TOTAL147100.0
52) If divorced, did you get an annulment? (MARRANNL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4623
2) No15276
3) Don't know21
Missing1249 
TOTAL200100.0
53) What was the last grade or class you completed in school? (EDUCATIO)
TOTAL%
1) Some high school or less30721.2
2) High school graduate57940
3) Some college or vocational school28619.7
4) College graduate17111.8
5) Some graduate or professional school251.7
6) Graduate or professional degree795.5
7) Don't know /Refused2.1
TOTAL1449100.0
54) What is your race - White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or some other? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White124085.6
2) Black382.6
3) Hispanic14610.1
4) Asian10.7
5) Other9.6
6) Don't know /Refused6.4
TOTAL1449100.0
55) What is your annual income before taxes? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,00016914.1
2) $10,000 TO 19,99917514.6
3) $20,000 to 29,9991149.5
4) $30,000 to 39,9991189.9
5) $40,000 to 49,99915312.8
6) $50,000 to 74,9991048.7
7) $75,000 and over847
8) Don't know /Refused/No answer27823.3
Missing253 
TOTAL1195100.0
56) Age of respondent (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL144941.8816.90
57) Sex of respondent (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male68947.6
2) Female76052.4
TOTAL1449100.0
58) Respondent's region of the country (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) East18913
2) Midwest39727.4
3) South47632.9
4) West38726.7
TOTAL1449100.0
59) Did you ever attend Catholic grade school? (ELEMSCHL)
TOTAL%
0) No69548
1) Yes75452
TOTAL1449100.0
60) Did you ever attend Catholic high school? (HIGHSCHL)
TOTAL%
0) No109475.5
1) Yes35524.5
TOTAL1449100.0
61) Did you ever attend Catholic college? (COLLEGE)
TOTAL%
0) No133992.4
1) Yes1107.6
TOTAL1449100.0
62) Weight 2 (WT2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14491.150.44
63) Are you currently: (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
0) Married90462.8
1) Div/Sep.1309
2) Widowed936.5
3) Never marr31321.7
Missing9 
TOTAL1440100.0
64) What was the last grade or class you completed in school? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-EDUCATN)
TOTAL%
0) Some H.S.30721.2
1) H.S. grad57940
2) Some coll.28619.8
3) Coll. grad17111.8
4) Grad schl.1047.2
Missing2 
TOTAL1447100.0
65) What is your race - White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or some other? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
0) White124085.9
1) Black382.6
2) Hispanic14610.1
3) Other191.3
Missing6 
TOTAL1443100.0
66) What is your annual income before taxes? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
0) <20K34437.5
1) 20K-39,99923225.3
2) 40K-49,99915316.7
3) 50K & over18820.5
Missing531 
TOTAL917100.0
67) Age of respondent (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) 18-2941728.8
1) 30-3934023.5
2) 40-4923316.1
3) 50 & over45831.6
Missing2 
TOTAL1448100.0
68) Sex of respondent (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male68947.6
2) Female76052.4
TOTAL1449100.0
69) Respondent's region of the country (for use with on-line analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) East18913
2) Midwest39727.4
3) South47632.9
4) West38726.7
TOTAL1449100.0