General Social Survey, 1978

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Year of survey (YEAR)
TOTAL%
1978) 19781532100.0
TOTAL1532100.0
2) Respondent original ID number (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1532766.5442
3) Last week were you working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (WRKSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time71646.7
2) Working part-time1399.1
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, strike392.5
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work392.5
5) Retired15710.2
6) In school352.3
7) Keeping house37724.6
8) Other302.0
TOTAL1532100.0
4) If working, full- or part-time: How many hours did you work last week, at all jobs? (HRS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL85540.81214
5) If with a job, but not at work: How many hours a week do you usually work, at all jobs? (HRS2)
TOTAL%
6) 612.6
8) 812.6
32) 3212.6
34) 3412.6
35) 3525.1
37) 3712.6
39) 3912.6
40) 401641.0
45) 4512.6
48) 4825.1
50) 50410.3
60) 6037.7
80) 8025.1
99) No answer37.7
Missing1493 
TOTAL39100.0
6) If retired, in school, keeping house, or other: Did you ever work for as long as one year? (EVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47178.6
2) No12721.2
9) No answer10.2
Missing933 
TOTAL599100.0
7) Respondent's occupation (See Note 1: Occupation Codes on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (OCC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1532431.963291
8) Prestige of respondent's occupation (See Note 1: Prestige Codes on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PRESTIGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL140439.27514
9) (Are/Were) you self-employed or (do/did) you work for someone else? (WRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed14010.0
2) Someone else126490.0
9) No answer10.1
Missing127 
TOTAL1405100.0
10) Respondent's industry (See Note 2: Industrial Classification on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (INDUSTRY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1532502.649315
11) Are you currently--married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married96062.7
2) Widowed15310.0
3) Divorced1348.7
4) Separated473.1
5) Never married23715.5
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
12) If ever married: How old were you when you first married? (AGEWED)
TOTAL%
13) 1340.3
14) 1440.3
15) 15161.2
16) 16433.3
17) 17775.9
18) 1813210.2
19) 1917113.2
20) 2013510.4
21) 2116012.4
22) 221078.3
23) 23977.5
24) 24886.8
25) 25624.8
26) 26393.0
27) 27302.3
28) 28251.9
29) 29191.5
30) 30211.6
31) 31100.8
32) 3290.7
33) 3370.5
34) 3450.4
35) 3560.5
36) 3640.3
37) 3720.2
38) 3810.1
39) 3940.3
40) 4010.1
42) 4220.2
45) 4510.1
47) 4720.2
49) 4910.1
55) 5510.1
56) 5610.1
62) 6210.1
99) No answer70.5
Missing237 
TOTAL1295100.0
13) Asked only of those who are currently married or widowed: Have you ever been divorced or legally separated? (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18016.2
2) No92883.3
9) No answer60.5
Missing418 
TOTAL1114100.0
14) Last week was your (wife/husband) working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (SPWRKSTA)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time50552.5
2) Part-time838.6
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, strike262.7
4) Unemployed171.8
5) Retired788.1
6) In school80.8
7) Keeping house22423.3
8) Other192.0
9) No answer10.1
Missing571 
TOTAL961100.0
15) If spouse working, full- or part-time: How many hours did (he/she) work last week, at all jobs? (SPHRS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL58941.97816
16) If spouse with a job, but not at work: How many hours a week does (he/she) usually work, at all jobs? (SPHRS2)
TOTAL%
25) 2513.7
35) 3513.7
36) 3613.7
40) 401244.4
44) 4413.7
48) 48311.1
50) 5013.7
56) 5613.7
57) 5713.7
60) 6013.7
65) 6513.7
89) 8913.7
98) Don't know13.7
99) No answer13.7
Missing1505 
TOTAL27100.0
17) If spouse retired, in school, keeping house, or other: Did (he/she) ever work for as long as one year? (SPEVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24574.2
2) No8224.8
8) Don't know10.3
9) No answer20.6
Missing1202 
TOTAL330100.0
18) Occupation of respondent's spouse (See Note 1: Occupation Codes on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPOCC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL876448.221256
19) Prestige of respondent's spouse's occupation (See Note 1: Prestige Scores on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL87640.19413
20) (Is/was) your spouse self-employed or (does/did) your spouse work for someone else? (SPWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employment11813.4
2) Someone else75886.3
9) No answer20.2
Missing654 
TOTAL878100.0
21) Spouse's industry (See Note 2: Industrial Classification on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPIND)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL875520.767306
22) Respondent's father's occupation: What kind of work did your father (father substitute) normally do while you were growing up? That is, what was his job called? (See Note 1: Occupation Codes on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PAOCC16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1318538.92244
23) Prestige of father's occupation (while respondent was growing up) (See Note 1: Prestige Scores on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PAPRES16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL131839.12612
24) Father's employment status: While you were growing up was your father self-employed, or did he work for someone else? (PAWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employment41931.7
2) Someone else89968.1
9) No Answer20.2
Missing212 
TOTAL1320100.0
25) Father's industry (while respondent was growing up) (See Note 2: Industrial Classification on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PAIND16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1318329.608314
26) How many brothers and sisters did you have? (Count those born alive, but no longer living, as well as those alive now. Also include stepbrothers and stepsisters, and children adopted by your parents.) (SIBS)
TOTAL%
0) 986.4
1) 21614.1
2) 26817.5
3) 21013.7
4) 16811.0
5) 1338.7
6) 1318.6
7) 915.9
8) 583.8
9) 402.6
10) 372.4
11) 221.4
12) 231.5
13) 140.9
14) 80.5
15) 40.3
16) 60.4
17) 10.1
19) 10.1
20) 10.1
22) 10.1
26) 10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
27) How many children have you ever had? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (CHILDS)
TOTAL%
0) 041727.2
1) 124015.7
2) 236623.9
3) 322214.5
4) 41348.7
5) 5634.1
6) 6392.5
7) 7241.6
8) Eight or more211.4
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
28) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL153244.26118
29) Respondent's education: What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that you finished and got credit for? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling60.4
1) 1st grade40.3
2) 2nd grade10.1
3) 3rd grade80.5
4) 4th grade201.3
5) 5th grade130.8
6) 6th grade191.2
7) 7th grade392.5
8) 8th grade1268.2
9) 9th grade634.1
10) 10th grade966.3
11) 11th grade905.9
12) 12th grade54135.3
13) 1 year of college1056.9
14) 2 years of college1207.8
15) 3 years of college553.6
16) 4 years of college1197.8
17) 5 years of college342.2
18) 6 years of college342.2
19) 7 years of college171.1
20) 8 years of college161.0
98) Don't know30.2
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
30) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your father (or father substitute) finished and got credit for? (PAEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling412.7
2) 2nd grade110.7
3) 3rd grade362.3
4) 4th grade392.5
5) 5th grade352.3
6) 6th grade885.7
7) 7th grade533.5
8) 8th grade21313.9
9) 9th grade442.9
10) 10th grade583.8
11) 11th grade291.9
12) 12th grade25616.7
13) 1 year of college291.9
14) 2 years of college513.3
15) 3 years of college80.5
16) 4 years of college543.5
17) 5 years of college161.0
18) 6 years of college120.8
19) 7 years of college60.4
20) 8 years of college100.7
97) Not applicable20513.4
98) Don't know23515.3
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
31) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your mother (or mother substitute) finished and got credit for? (MAEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling412.7
1) 1st grade10.1
2) 2nd grade80.5
3) 3rd grade181.2
4) 4th grade312.0
5) 5th grade261.7
6) 6th grade744.8
7) 7th grade422.7
8) 8th grade24215.8
9) 9th grade493.2
10) 10th grade714.6
11) 11th grade674.4
12) 12th grade42127.5
13) 1 year of college221.4
14) 2 years of college654.2
15) 3 years of college161.0
16) 4 years of college483.1
17) 5 years of college50.3
18) 6 years of college70.5
19) 7 years of college10.1
20) 8 years of college50.3
97) Not applicable513.3
98) Don't know21614.1
99) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
32) What is the highest grade in elementary or high school that your spouse finished and got credit for? (SPEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling30.2
1) 1st grade10.1
2) 2nd grade10.1
4) 4th grade40.3
5) 5th grade70.5
6) 6th grade140.9
7) 7th grade181.2
8) 8th grade805.2
9) 9th grade342.2
10) 10th grade634.1
11) 11th grade533.5
12) 12th grade37224.3
13) 1 year of college563.7
14) 2 years of college664.3
15) 3 years of college271.8
16) 4 years of college795.2
17) 5 years of college181.2
18) 6 years of college271.8
19) 7 years of college90.6
20) 8 years of college171.1
97) Not applicable57137.3
98) Don't know90.6
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
33) Highest educational degree earned by respondent (DEGREE)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school47030.7
1) High school80452.5
2) Associate/Junior college422.7
3) Bachelor's1519.9
4) Graduate624.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
34) Highest educational degree of respondent's father (or father substitute) (PADEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school77250.4
1) High school34122.3
2) Associate/Junior college80.5
3) Bachelor's563.7
4) Graduate382.5
7) Not applicable20513.4
8) Don't know1056.9
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
35) Highest educational degree of respondent's mother (or mother substitute) (MADEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school78151.0
1) High school51233.4
2) Associate/Junior college271.8
3) Bachelor's493.2
4) Graduate110.7
7) Not applicable513.3
8) Don't know926.0
9) No answer90.6
TOTAL1532100.0
36) Highest educational degree of respondent's spouse (SPDEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school26817.5
1) High school50833.2
2) Associate/Junior college291.9
3) Bachelor's905.9
4) Graduate553.6
7) Not applicable57137.3
8) Don't know70.5
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
37) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male64342.0
2) Female88958.0
TOTAL1532100.0
38) Respondent's race (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White135888.6
2) Black15810.3
3) Other161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
39) Which of these categories comes closest to the type of place you were living in when you were sixteen years old? (RES16)
TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm17411.4
2) On a farm33321.7
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)47230.8
4) In a medium-size city (50,000--250,000)20613.4
5) In a suburb near a large city1308.5
6) In a large city (over 250,000)21514.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
40) In what state or foreign country were you living when you were sixteen years old? (REG16)
TOTAL%
0) Foreign614.0
1) New England674.4
2) Middle Atlantic26917.6
3) East North Central32721.3
4) West North Central1378.9
5) South Atlantic27217.8
6) East South Central1077.0
7) West South Central1298.4
8) Mountain422.7
9) Pacific1217.9
TOTAL1532100.0
41) When you were sixteen years old, were you living in this same (city/town/county)? (MOBILE16)
TOTAL%
1) Same state, same city61940.4
2) Same state, different city43428.3
3) Different state46830.5
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
42) Were you living with both your own mother and father around the time you were sixteen? (If no: With whom were you living around that time?) (FAMILY16)
TOTAL%
0) Other281.8
1) Both own mother and father115775.5
2) Father and stepmother211.4
3) Mother and stepfather573.7
4) Father only342.2
5) Mother only17211.2
6) Some other male relative (no female head)50.3
7) Some other female relative (no male head)211.4
8) Other arrangement with relatives (e.g., aunt and uncle, grandparents)362.3
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
43) If not living with both own mother and father: What happened? (FAMDIF16)
TOTAL%
1) One or both parents died20253.9
2) Parents divorced or separated13235.2
4) One or both parents in institution20.5
5) Other349.1
8) Don't know30.8
9) No answer20.5
Missing1157 
TOTAL375100.0
44) Did your mother ever work for pay for as long as a year, after she was married? (MAWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes75154.0
2) No61444.2
8) Don't know201.4
9) No answer50.4
Missing142 
TOTAL1390100.0
45) If yes to MAWORK: Did she work for as long as a year before you started first grade? (MAWKBABY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31842.1
2) No40453.4
8) Don't know243.2
9) No answer101.3
Missing776 
TOTAL756100.0
46) If yes to MAWORK: Did she work for as long as a year around the time you were sixteen? (MAWK16)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49164.9
2) No25333.5
8) Don't know20.3
9) No answer101.3
Missing776 
TOTAL756100.0
47) Thinking about the time when you were sixteen years old, compared with American families in general then, how would describe your family income? (INCOM16)
TOTAL%
1) Far below average1238.0
2) Below average36123.6
3) Average82954.1
4) Above average18211.9
5) Far above average221.4
8) Don't know130.8
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
48) Were you born in this country? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes143893.9
2) No926.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
49) Were both your parents born in this country? (PARBORN)
TOTAL%
0) Both born in US125281.7
1) Mother yes, father no583.8
2) Mother no, father yes362.3
3) Mother yes, father don't know60.4
4) Mother no, father don't know10.1
7) Mother don't know, father don't know20.1
8) Neither born in US17411.4
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
50) Were all of your four grandparents born in this country? If no: How many were born outside the United States? (GRANBORN)
TOTAL%
0) None84557.0
1) One1016.8
2) Two15510.5
3) Three402.7
4) Four29920.2
8) Don't know382.6
9) No answer40.3
Missing50 
TOTAL1482100.0
51) Number of household members (HOMPOP)
TOTAL%
1) 29619.3
2) 45829.9
3) 27017.6
4) 27317.8
5) 1298.4
6) 674.4
7) 211.4
8) 110.7
9) 40.3
10) 20.1
14) 10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
52) Number of household members under six years old (BABIES)
TOTAL%
0) 0123280.4
1) 119512.7
2) 2785.1
3) 3110.7
4) 420.1
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1532100.0
53) Number of household members six to twelve years old (PRETEEN)
TOTAL%
0) 0115975.7
1) 122014.4
2) 21097.1
3) 3211.4
4) 460.4
5) 530.2
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1532100.0
54) Number of household members thirteen to seventeen years old (TEENS)
TOTAL%
0) 0120478.6
1) 120013.1
2) 2895.8
3) 3251.6
4) 450.3
5) 510.1
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1532100.0
55) Number of household members eighteen or more years old (ADULTS)
TOTAL%
1) 137424.4
2) 290058.7
3) 318311.9
4) 4543.5
5) 5110.7
6) 630.2
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
56) How many persons in the household are not related to you in any way? (UNRELAT)
TOTAL%
0) 0116494.2
1) 1534.3
2) 280.6
4) 420.2
9) No answer90.7
Missing296 
TOTAL1236100.0
57) Just thinking about your family now--those people in the household who are related to you . . . How many persons in the family, including yourself, earned any money last year from any job or employment? (EARNRS)
TOTAL%
0) 022914.9
1) 162941.1
2) 247931.3
3) 31046.8
4) 4543.5
5) 5221.4
6) 630.2
7) 720.1
8) Eight or more20.1
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1532100.0
58) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year -- before taxes, that is? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000181.2
2) $1,000 to 2,999724.7
3) $3,000 to 3,999835.4
4) $4.000 to 4,999543.5
5) $5,000 to 5,999634.1
6) $6,000 to 6,999684.4
7) $7,000 to 7,999624.0
8) $8,000 to 9,9991036.7
9) $10,000 to 14,99927918.2
10) $15,000 to 19,99922214.5
11) $20,000 to 24,99919412.7
12) $25,000 or over21414.0
13) Refused412.7
98) Don't know563.7
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
59) In which of these groups did your earnings from (stated occupation) for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. (RINCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000707.1
2) $1,000 to 2,99911311.5
3) $3,000 to 3,999484.9
4) $4,000 to 4,999535.4
5) $5,000 to 5,999525.3
6) $6,000 to 6,999424.3
7) $7,000 to 7,999444.5
8) $8,000 to 9,999808.2
9) $10,000 to 14,99919519.9
10) $15,000 to 19,99912312.5
11) $20,000 to 24,999606.1
12) $25,000 or over575.8
13) Refused242.4
98) Don't know121.2
99) No answer80.8
Missing551 
TOTAL981100.0
60) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year—1977--before taxes, that is? (INCOME77)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000181.2
2) $1,000 to 2,999724.7
3) $3,000 to 3,999835.4
4) $4,000 to 4,999543.5
5) $5,000 to 5,999634.1
6) $6,000 to 6,999684.4
7) $7,000 to 7,999624.0
8) $8,000 to 9,9991036.7
9) $10,000 to 12,4991439.3
10) $12,500 to 14,9991368.9
11) $15,000 to 17,4991338.7
12) $17,500 to 19,999895.8
13) $20,000 to 22,4991066.9
14) $22,500 to 24,999885.7
15) $25,000 to 49,99918111.8
16) $50,000 or over332.2
17) Refused412.7
98) Don't know563.7
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
61) In which of these groups did your earnings from (stated occupation) for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. (RINCOM77)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000707.1
2) $1,000 to 2,99911311.5
3) $3,000 to 3,999484.9
4) $4,000 to 4,999535.4
5) $5,000 to 5,999525.3
6) $6,000 to 6,999424.3
7) $7,000 to 7,999444.5
8) $8,000 to 9,999808.2
9) $10,000 to 12,49912212.4
10) $12,500 to 14,999737.4
11) $15,000 to 17,499717.2
12) $17,500 to 19,999525.3
13) $20,000 to 22,499343.5
14) $22,500 to 24,999262.7
15) $25,000 to 49,999505.1
16) $50,000 or over70.7
17) Refused242.4
98) Don't know121.2
99) No answer80.8
Missing551 
TOTAL981100.0
62) Region of interview (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) New England724.7
2) Middle Atlantic26317.2
3) East North Central32721.3
4) West North Central1167.6
5) South Atlantic30519.9
6) East South Central855.5
7) West South Central1127.3
8) Mountain664.3
9) Pacific18612.1
TOTAL1532100.0
63) NORC size of place (See Note 3: NORC Size of Place on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (XNORCSIZ)
TOTAL%
1) 27217.8
2) 1338.7
3) 25116.4
4) 1087.0
5) 1358.8
6) 1187.7
7) 1107.2
8) 885.7
9) 452.9
10) 27217.8
TOTAL1532100.0
64) SRC (Survey Research Center, University of Michigan) New Belt Code; (the SRC belt code has been revised for the NORC survey to aid in the categorization of places by size and type simultaneously, see Note 4: SRC New Belt Code on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SRCBELT)
TOTAL%
1) 1066.9
2) 22814.9
3) 18111.8
4) 17411.4
5) 55136.0
6) 29219.1
TOTAL1532100.0
65) Size of place in thousands (SIZE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1532265.469941
66) Respondent's Occupational Relationship with Data (See Note 5 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DOTDATA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13833.8572
67) Respondent's Occupational Relationship with People (See Note 6 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DOTPEOP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13836.4972
68) Respondent's Occupational Relationship with Things (See Note 7 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DOTTHNG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13835.823
69) Respondent's Occupational General Educational Development (GED) (See Note 8 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DOTGED)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13833.611
70) Respondent's Occupational Specific Vocation Preparation (SVP) (See Note 9 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DOTSVP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13835.1482
71) Respondent's Occupational Prestige (See Note 10 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DOTPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL138339.61614
72) Spouse's Occupational Relationship with Data (See Note 5 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPDOTDAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8503.6082
73) Spouse's Occupational Relationship with People (See Note 6 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPDOTPEO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8506.3752
74) Spouse's Occupational Relationship with Things (See Note 7 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPDOTTHN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8505.6823
75) Spouse's Occupational General Educational Development (GED) (See Note 8 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPDOTGED)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8503.7011
76) Spouse's Occupation Specific Vocation Preparation (SVP) (See Note 9 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPDOTSVP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8505.4272
77) Spouse's Occupational Prestige (See Note 10 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPDOTPRE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL85040.79214
78) Father's Occupational Relationship with Data (See Note 5 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PADOTDAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12883.4792
79) Father's Occupational Relationship with People (See Note 6 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PADOTPEO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12887.0512
80) Father's Occupational Relationship with Things (See Note 7 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PADOTTHN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12884.0323
81) Father's Occupational General Educational Development (GED) (See Note 8 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PADOTGED)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12883.621
82) Father's Occupation Specific Vocation Preparation (SVP) (See Note 9 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PADOTSVP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12885.7652
83) Father's Occupational Prestige (See Note 10 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PADOTPRE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL128837.11613
84) Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
0) Strong Democrat21614.1
1) Not very strong Democrat38925.4
2) Independent, closer to Democrat19913.0
3) Independent (neither, no response)22114.4
4) Independent, closer to Republican1358.8
5) Not very strong Republican24616.1
6) Strong Republican1117.2
7) Other party, refused to say100.7
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
85) In 1976, you remember that Carter ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Ford for the Republicans. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? (VOTE76)
TOTAL%
1) Voted97363.5
2) Did not vote45629.8
3) Ineligible825.4
4) Refused30.2
8) Don't know/don't remember161.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
86) If respondent voted: Did you vote for Carter or Ford? (PRES76)
TOTAL%
1) Carter49751.0
2) Ford42843.9
3) Other151.5
4) Refused40.4
8) Don't know/don't remember141.4
9) No answer171.7
Missing557 
TOTAL975100.0
87) If respondent did not vote or ineligible: Who would you have voted for, for President, if you had voted? (IF76WHO)
TOTAL%
1) Carter26747.8
2) Ford16930.3
3) Other254.5
5) Wouldn't vote40.7
8) Don't know/don't remember559.9
9) No answer386.8
Missing974 
TOTAL558100.0
88) ASKED ON BOTH FORMS: I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale? (POLVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely liberal221.4
2) Liberal1429.3
3) Slightly liberal24115.7
4) Moderate, middle of the road54935.8
5) Slightly conservative26317.2
6) Conservative18812.3
7) Extremely conservative302.0
8) Don't know704.6
9) No answer271.8
TOTAL1532100.0
89) ONLY ASKED ON FORM 2: I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this? (POLVIEWY)
TOTAL%
0) Haven't thought much about this12416.1
1) Extremely liberal121.6
2) Liberal668.6
3) Slightly liberal10914.1
4) Moderate, middle of the road23931.0
5) Slightly conservative11615.0
6) Conservative749.6
7) Extremely conservative111.4
8) Don't know172.2
9) No answer30.4
Missing761 
TOTAL771100.0
90) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Space exploration program (NATSPAC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little17711.6
2) About right53635.0
3) Too much72347.2
8) Don't know966.3
TOTAL1532100.0
91) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Improving and protecting the environment (NATENVIR)
TOTAL%
1) Too little80152.3
2) About right50132.7
3) Too much1469.5
8) Don't know805.2
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
92) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Improving and protecting the nation's health (NATHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Too little84955.4
2) About right51633.7
3) Too much1066.9
8) Don't know614.0
TOTAL1532100.0
93) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Solving the problems of the big cities (NATCITY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little59338.7
2) About right45229.5
3) Too much28918.9
8) Don't know19712.9
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
94) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Halting the rising crime rate (NATCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) Too little98264.1
2) About right38525.1
3) Too much936.1
8) Don't know664.3
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
95) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Dealing with drug addiction (NATDRUG)
TOTAL%
1) Too little84455.1
2) About right47430.9
3) Too much1348.7
8) Don't know754.9
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
96) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Improving the nation's education system (NATEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little79051.6
2) About right51533.6
3) Too much16710.9
8) Don't know583.8
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
97) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Improving the conditions of Blacks (NATRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Too little37124.2
2) About right66143.1
3) Too much38525.1
8) Don't know1127.3
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
98) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: The military, armaments, and defense (NATARMS)
TOTAL%
1) Too little41327.0
2) About right66643.5
3) Too much33421.8
8) Don't know1167.6
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
99) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Foreign aid (NATAID)
TOTAL%
1) Too little593.9
2) About right36623.9
3) Too much101966.5
8) Don't know885.7
TOTAL1532100.0
100) Are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount of money on: Welfare (NATFARE)
TOTAL%
1) Too little19913.0
2) About right38224.9
3) Too much89258.2
8) Don't know563.7
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
101) ONLY ASKED ON FORM 1: What score between 1 [government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor] to 7 [government should not concern itself with income differences] comes closest to the way you feel? (EQWLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor14619.2
2) 28210.8
3) 313017.1
4) 415720.6
5) 58110.6
6) 6577.5
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences9412.4
8) Don't know111.4
9) No answer30.4
Missing771 
TOTAL761100.0
102) ONLY ASKED ON FORM 2: What score between 1 [government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor] to 7 [government should not concern itself with income differences] comes closest to the way you feel? (EQWLTHY)
TOTAL%
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor14518.8
2) 2628.0
3) 314418.7
4) 417022.0
5) 58410.9
6) 6607.8
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences8410.9
8) Don't know192.5
9) No answer30.4
Missing761 
TOTAL771100.0
103) Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (CAPPUN)
TOTAL%
1) Favor101666.3
2) Oppose42727.9
8) Don't know895.8
TOTAL1532100.0
104) In general, do you think the courts in this area deal too harshly or not harshly enough with criminals? (COURTS)
TOTAL%
1) Too harshly402.6
2) Not harshly enough129784.7
3) About right1117.2
8) Don't know805.2
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
105) Everything considered, would you say that, in general, you approve or disapprove of wiretapping? (WIRTAP)
TOTAL%
1) Approve29119.0
2) Disapprove119277.8
8) No opinion463.0
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
106) ASKED ON BOTH FORMS: Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not? (GRASS)
TOTAL%
1) Should44729.2
2) Should not101766.4
8) Don't know452.9
9) No answer231.5
TOTAL1532100.0
107) ONLY ASKED ON FORM 2: Some people think the use of marijuana should be made legal. Other people think marijuana use should not be made legal. Which do you favor? (GRASSY)
TOTAL%
1) Make use legal24231.4
2) Don't make use legal50165.0
8) Don't know273.5
9) No answer10.1
Missing761 
TOTAL771100.0
108) Do you expect the United States to fight in another war within the next ten years? (USWAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82754.0
2) No61139.9
8) Don't know915.9
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
109) Do you think it will be best for the future of this country if we take an active part in world affairs, or if we stay out of world affairs? (USINTL)
TOTAL%
1) Active part97963.9
2) Stay out49032.0
8) Don't know614.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
110) Do you think our government should continue to belong to the United Nations, or should we pull out of it now? (USUN)
TOTAL%
1) Continue to belong121679.4
2) Pull out now19712.9
8) Don't know1167.6
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
111) What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant97963.9
2) Catholic38425.1
3) Jewish291.9
4) None1197.8
5) Other171.1
99) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
112) If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
18) Baptist, Don't know which31832.3
28) Methodist, Don't know which19019.3
38) Lutheran, Don't know which11511.7
48) Presbyterian, Don't know which626.3
50) Episcopal Church394.0
60) Other20821.2
70) No denomination given or nondenominational464.7
99) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL983100.0
113) Other Protestant denomination respondent belongs to (See Note 11 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (OTHER)
TOTAL%
7) 10.5
8) 10.5
9) 10.5
11) 10.5
12) 136.1
14) 41.9
16) 20.9
20) 10.5
21) 10.5
23) 10.5
31) 178.0
32) 52.3
33) 20.9
35) 219.9
36) 104.7
40) 136.1
41) 10.5
44) 52.3
45) 41.9
46) 10.5
47) 20.9
51) 31.4
52) 10.5
54) 31.4
56) 41.9
58) 104.7
59) 10.5
60) 20.9
61) 31.4
62) 41.9
63) 10.5
64) 31.4
65) 73.3
66) 10.5
68) 94.2
69) 83.8
71) 20.9
74) 10.5
76) 31.4
77) 83.8
80) 62.8
81) 146.6
84) 10.5
90) 10.5
92) 20.9
93) 10.5
95) 10.5
97) 10.5
999) 52.3
Missing1319 
TOTAL213100.0
114) Fundamentalism/liberalism of respondent's religion (FUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist45629.8
2) Moderate76349.8
3) Liberal28918.9
9) No answer241.6
TOTAL1532100.0
115) How often do you attend religious services? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Never23915.6
1) Less than once a year1348.7
2) About once or twice a year20213.2
3) Several times a year17511.4
4) About once a month1036.7
5) Two to three times a month1459.5
6) Nearly every week1077.0
7) Every week29919.5
8) Several times a week1238.0
9) Don't know or no answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
116) Would you call yourself a strong (stated religious preference) or a not very strong (stated religious preference)? (RELITEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strong55136.0
2) Not very strong73447.9
3) Somewhat strong1127.3
4) No religion1197.8
8) Don't know90.6
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
117) Do you believe there is a life after death? (POSTLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes106969.8
2) No32521.2
8) Undecided1358.8
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
118) In what religion were you raised? (RELIG16)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant101766.4
2) Catholic41827.3
3) Jewish312.0
4) None483.1
5) Other110.7
99) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
119) If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM16)
TOTAL%
18) Baptist, don't know which37136.2
28) Methodist, don't know which22221.7
38) Lutheran, don't know which12712.4
48) Presbyterian, don't know which636.2
50) Episcopal Church292.8
60) Other17116.7
70) No denomination given or nondenominational323.1
99) No answer90.9
Missing508 
TOTAL1024100.0
120) Other Protestant denomination in which respondent was raised (See Note 11 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (OTH16)
TOTAL%
12) 84.5
13) 10.6
14) 21.1
16) 10.6
20) 21.1
23) 73.9
27) 10.6
31) 126.7
32) 42.2
33) 52.8
35) 2212.3
36) 52.8
37) 10.6
40) 168.9
42) 10.6
43) 10.6
44) 21.1
45) 31.7
46) 21.1
47) 10.6
48) 10.6
51) 21.1
53) 10.6
54) 10.6
56) 42.2
58) 31.7
59) 10.6
61) 31.7
62) 21.1
63) 10.6
64) 42.2
65) 31.7
68) 95.0
69) 84.5
70) 10.6
71) 42.2
76) 31.7
77) 73.9
80) 42.2
81) 95.0
85) 10.6
92) 10.6
999) 95.0
Missing1353 
TOTAL179100.0
121) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion respondent was raised in (FUND16)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist48531.7
2) Moderate82353.7
3) Liberal20213.2
9) No answer221.4
TOTAL1532100.0
122) What is your (spouse's) religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (SPREL)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant61464.0
2) Catholic25826.9
3) Jewish171.8
4) None555.7
5) Other111.1
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer40.4
Missing572 
TOTAL960100.0
123) If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (SPDEN)
TOTAL%
18) Baptist, don't know which19030.7
28) Methodist, don't know which11017.8
38) Lutheran, don't know which8113.1
48) Presbyterian, don't know which457.3
50) Episcopal Church203.2
60) Other12620.4
70) No denomination given or nondenominational416.6
98) Don't know10.2
99) No answer40.6
Missing914 
TOTAL618100.0
124) Other Protestant denomination of respondent's spouse (See Note 11 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPOTHER)
TOTAL%
8) 10.8
9) 10.8
12) 64.6
14) 10.8
16) 10.8
20) 10.8
26) 10.8
27) 10.8
31) 107.7
32) 43.1
33) 10.8
35) 129.2
36) 86.2
40) 53.8
45) 10.8
47) 10.8
48) 10.8
51) 21.5
54) 10.8
56) 43.1
58) 64.6
60) 10.8
61) 10.8
62) 10.8
63) 21.5
64) 32.3
65) 53.8
66) 10.8
68) 107.7
69) 43.1
70) 21.5
71) 21.5
76) 10.8
77) 75.4
80) 32.3
81) 86.2
84) 10.8
90) 10.8
92) 10.8
93) 10.8
95) 10.8
97) 10.8
999) 43.1
Missing1402 
TOTAL130100.0
125) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion of spouse (SPFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist27929.1
2) Moderate50552.6
3) Liberal15716.4
9) No answer192.0
Missing572 
TOTAL960100.0
126) In what religion was your (husband/wife) raised? (SPREL16)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant64467.1
2) Catholic24825.8
3) Jewish171.8
4) None272.8
5) Other111.1
8) Don't know80.8
9) No answer50.5
Missing572 
TOTAL960100.0
127) If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (SPDEN16)
TOTAL%
18) Baptist, don't know which20531.6
28) Methodist, don't know which13020.0
38) Lutheran, don't know which7511.6
48) Presbyterian, don't know which467.1
50) Episcopal Church253.9
60) Other12519.3
70) No denomination given or nondenominational365.5
98) Don't know10.2
99) No answer60.9
Missing883 
TOTAL649100.0
128) Other Protestant denomination respondent's spouse was raised in (See Note 11 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPOTH16)
TOTAL%
7) 10.8
8) 10.8
10) 10.8
12) 43.1
16) 10.8
20) 21.5
24) 10.8
27) 10.8
31) 75.3
32) 21.5
33) 21.5
35) 1410.7
36) 118.4
40) 107.6
45) 21.5
46) 10.8
47) 10.8
48) 10.8
49) 10.8
51) 21.5
54) 21.5
56) 32.3
58) 10.8
60) 10.8
61) 10.8
63) 10.8
64) 32.3
65) 64.6
67) 10.8
68) 86.1
69) 43.1
70) 21.5
71) 32.3
76) 10.8
77) 64.6
80) 64.6
81) 64.6
92) 10.8
93) 10.8
97) 10.8
998) 10.8
999) 64.6
Missing1401 
TOTAL131100.0
129) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion spouse was raised in (SPFUND16)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist28429.6
2) Moderate50452.5
3) Liberal14314.9
9) No answer293.0
Missing572 
TOTAL960100.0
130) Suppose there is a community-wide vote on the general housing issue. There are two possible laws to vote on. Which law would you vote for? (RACOPEN)
TOTAL%
1) One law which says that a homeowner can decide for himself whom to sell his house to, even if he prefers not to sell to (Negro/Blacks/African-Americans).86356.3
2) The second law which says that a homeowner cannot refuse to sell to someone because of their race or color.61740.3
3) Neither191.2
8) Don't know302.0
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
131) Are there any (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74548.6
2) No73147.7
8) Don't know543.5
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
132) If yes to RACLIVE: Are there any (Negro/Black/African-American) families living close to you? (RACCLOS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54372.7
2) No20227.0
9) No answer20.3
Missing785 
TOTAL747100.0
133) If yes to RACLIVE: How many blocks (or miles) away do they (the (Negro/Black/African-American) families who live closest to you) live? (RACDIS)
TOTAL%
1) On this block, a few doors/houses away33544.8
2) One to three blocks away, under one-quarter mile26635.6
3) Four to eight blocks away, one-quarter to one mile8811.8
4) Over eight blocks away, over one mile486.4
9) No answer101.3
Missing785 
TOTAL747100.0
134) If yes to RACLIVE: Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG)
TOTAL%
1) All Negro/Black/African-American476.3
2) Remain integrated66088.4
8) Don't know192.5
9) No answer212.8
Missing785 
TOTAL747100.0
135) ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: Would you yourself have any objection to sending your children to a school where a few of the children are [Whites/(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)]? (RACFEW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes704.6
2) No144194.1
8) Don't know151.0
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
136) ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: If no or don't know to RACFEW: Would you yourself have any objection to sending your children to a school where half of the children are [Whites/(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)]? (RACHAF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25717.6
2) No115679.1
8) Don't know422.9
9) No answer70.5
Missing70 
TOTAL1462100.0
137) ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: If no or don't know to RACHALF: Would you yourself have any objection to sending your children to a school where more than half of the children are [Whites/(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)]? (RACMOST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42735.5
2) No70358.4
8) Don't know594.9
9) No answer141.2
Missing329 
TOTAL1203100.0
138) In general, do you favor or oppose the busing of (Negro/Black/African-American) and white school children from one school district to another? (BUSING)
TOTAL%
1) Favor30620.0
2) Oppose115375.3
8) Don't know573.7
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
139) If your party nominated a (Negro/Black/African-American) for President, would you vote for him if he were qualified for the job? (RACPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes123680.7
2) No22414.6
8) Don't know573.7
9) No answer151.0
TOTAL1532100.0
140) ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: Do [(Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites] attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, attend43828.6
2) No, do not attend82954.1
3) Not applicable, no church26017.0
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
141) Now I want to read you some things some people have told us they have felt from time to time. Do you tend to feel or not: The people running the country don't really care what happens to you. (ALIENAT1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, feels77950.8
2) No, does not feel67844.3
8) Not sure634.1
9) No answer120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
142) Do you tend to feel or not: The rich get richer and the poor get poorer. (ALIENAT2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, feels112073.1
2) No, does not feel35523.2
8) Not sure432.8
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1532100.0
143) Do you tend to feel or not: What you think doesn't count very much anymore. (ALIENAT3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, feels83654.6
2) No, does not feel59438.8
8) Not sure875.7
9) No answer151.0
TOTAL1532100.0
144) Do you tend to feel or not: You're left out of things going on around you. (ALIENAT4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, feels42928.0
2) No, does not feel104768.3
8) Not sure422.7
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1532100.0
145) Do you tend to feel or not: Most people with power try to take advantage of people like yourself. (ALIENAT5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, feels84555.2
2) No, does not feel62540.8
8) Not sure503.3
9) No answer120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
146) Do you tend to feel or not: The people in Washington, D.C., are out of touch with the rest of the country. (ALIENAT6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, feels85455.7
2) No, does not feel57337.4
8) Not sure936.1
9) No answer120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
147) Taken all together, how would you say things are these days--would you say that you are very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? (HAPPY)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy52134.0
2) Pretty happy85155.5
3) Not too happy1459.5
9) No answer151.0
TOTAL1532100.0
148) IF CURRENTLY MARRIED: Taking things all together, how would you describe your marriage? Would you say that your marriage is very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? (HAPMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy62264.7
2) Pretty happy30731.9
3) Not too happy252.6
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer60.6
Missing571 
TOTAL961100.0
149) Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful, or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves? (HELPFUL)
TOTAL%
1) Try to be helpful90759.2
2) Just look out for themselves53635.0
3) Depends805.2
8) Don't know40.3
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
150) Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair? (FAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Would take advantage of you45429.6
2) Would try to be fair98364.2
3) Depends785.1
8) Don't know100.7
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
151) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted59638.9
2) Can't be too careful86656.5
3) Depends664.3
8) Don't know40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
152) How much satisfaction do you get from: The city or place you live in (SATCITY)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal25416.6
2) A great deal46030.0
3) Quite a bit29119.0
4) A fair amount30519.9
5) Some1016.6
6) A little714.6
7) None432.8
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
153) How much satisfaction do you get from: Your non-working activities--hobbies and so on (SATHOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal36523.8
2) A great deal52033.9
3) Quite a bit27818.1
4) A fair amount19012.4
5) Some593.9
6) A little543.5
7) None543.5
8) Don't know60.4
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
154) How much satisfaction do you get from: Your family life (SATFAM)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal59138.6
2) A great deal54335.4
3) Quite a bit16410.7
4) A fair amount1137.4
5) Some483.1
6) A little332.2
7) None241.6
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1532100.0
155) How much satisfaction do you get from: Your friendships (SATFRND)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal41226.9
2) A great deal62440.7
3) Quite a bit25716.8
4) A fair amount15410.1
5) Some503.3
6) A little231.5
7) None60.4
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
156) How much satisfaction do you get from: Your health and physical condition (SATHEALT)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal36223.6
2) A great deal53735.1
3) Quite a bit23215.1
4) A fair amount24315.9
5) Some684.4
6) A little593.9
7) None241.6
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
157) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Banks and financial institutions (CONFINAN)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal50332.8
2) Only some82553.9
3) Hardly any17911.7
8) Don't know211.4
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
158) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Major companies (CONBUS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal33121.6
2) Only some88557.8
3) Hardly any24516.0
8) Don't know684.4
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
159) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Organized religion (CONCLERG)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal46830.5
2) Only some72247.1
3) Hardly any27818.1
8) Don't know583.8
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
160) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Education (CONEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal43528.4
2) Only some84154.9
3) Hardly any23115.1
8) Don't know211.4
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
161) As far as the people running this institution are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Executive branch of the federal government (CONFED)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal19112.5
2) Only some90859.3
3) Hardly any38024.8
8) Don't know493.2
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
162) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Organized labor (CONLABOR)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal16811.0
2) Only some70746.1
3) Hardly any57537.5
8) Don't know785.1
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
163) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Press (CONPRESS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal30720.0
2) Only some89358.3
3) Hardly any30119.6
8) Don't know271.8
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
164) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Medicine (CONMEDIC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal70345.9
2) Only some67243.9
3) Hardly any1409.1
8) Don't know120.8
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
165) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: TV (CONTV)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal21013.7
2) Only some81553.2
3) Hardly any47330.9
8) Don't know281.8
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
166) As far as the people running this institution are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: U.S. Supreme Court (CONJUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal42928.0
2) Only some80652.6
3) Hardly any22314.6
8) Don't know694.5
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
167) As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Scientific community (CONSCI)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal55336.1
2) Only some73748.1
3) Hardly any1117.2
8) Don't know1268.2
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
168) As far as the people running this institution are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Congress (CONLEGIS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal19712.9
2) Only some96362.9
3) Hardly any31920.8
8) Don't know483.1
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
169) As far as the people running this institution are concerned, how much confidence would you say you have in: Military (CONARMY)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal45129.4
2) Only some82553.9
3) Hardly any19612.8
8) Don't know563.7
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
170) Importance of child's characteristics: A. That he has good manners (MANNERS)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have523.4
2) One of three most desirable qualities34022.2
3) Not mentioned84255.0
4) One of three least important qualities23915.6
5) Least important quality473.1
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
171) Importance of child's characteristics: B. That he tries hard to succeed (SUCCESS)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have412.7
2) One of three most desirable qualities18111.8
3) Not mentioned88157.5
4) One of three least important qualities34422.5
5) Least important quality734.8
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
172) Importance of child's characteristics: C. That he is honest (HONEST)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have58137.9
2) One of three most desirable qualities47030.7
3) Not mentioned44929.3
4) One of three least important qualities151.0
5) Least important quality50.3
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
173) Importance of child's characteristics: D. That he is neat and clean (NOTE: This question was only asked on Form 1.) (CLEAN)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have130.8
2) One of three most desirable qualities1238.0
3) Not mentioned85455.7
4) One of three least important qualities34622.6
5) Least important quality18412.0
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
174) Importance of child's characteristics: E. That he has good sense and sound judgment (JUDGMENT)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have24415.9
2) One of three most desirable qualities32221.0
3) Not mentioned83354.4
4) One of three least important qualities1006.5
5) Least important quality211.4
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
175) Importance of child's characteristics: F. That he has self-control (CONTROL)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have452.9
2) One of three most desirable qualities24015.7
3) Not mentioned108470.8
4) One of three least important qualities1258.2
5) Least important quality261.7
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
176) Importance of child's characteristics: G. That he acts like a boy or that she acts like a girl (ROLE)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have120.8
2) One of three most desirable qualities392.5
3) Not mentioned44429.0
4) One of three least important qualities34522.5
5) Least important quality68044.4
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
177) Importance of child's characteristics: H. That he gets along well with other children (AMICABLE)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have281.8
2) One of three most desirable qualities1419.2
3) Not mentioned112873.6
4) One of three least important qualities16510.8
5) Least important quality583.8
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
178) Importance of child's characteristics: I. That he obeys his parents well (OBEYS)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have22714.8
2) One of three most desirable qualities23915.6
3) Not mentioned96563.0
4) One of three least important qualities805.2
5) Least important quality90.6
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
179) Importance of child's characteristics: J. That he is responsible (RESPONSI)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have1187.7
2) One of three most desirable qualities37824.7
3) Not mentioned91759.9
4) One of three least important qualities936.1
5) Least important quality140.9
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
180) Importance of child's characteristics: K. That he is considerate of others (CONSIDER)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have1117.2
2) One of three most desirable qualities29919.5
3) Not mentioned100565.6
4) One of three least important qualities855.5
5) Least important quality201.3
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
181) Importance of child's characteristics: L. That he is interested in how and why things happen (INTEREST)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality for a child to have412.7
2) One of three most desirable qualities17611.5
3) Not mentioned66043.1
4) One of three least important qualities42627.8
5) Least important quality21714.2
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
182) Importance of child's characteristics: M. That he is a good student (STUDIOUS)
TOTAL%
1) Most desirable quality70.5
2) One of three most desirable qualities674.4
3) Not mentioned83054.2
4) One of three least important qualities49632.4
5) Least important quality1207.8
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.7
TOTAL1532100.0
183) How often do you spend a social evening with relatives? (SOCREL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day1077.0
2) Once or twice a week43928.7
3) Several times a month28918.9
4) About once a month22014.4
5) Several times a year28918.9
6) About once a year1258.2
7) Never573.7
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
184) How often do you spend a social evening with someone who lives in your neighborhood? (SOCOMMUN)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day926.0
2) Once or twice a week35923.4
3) Several times a month16710.9
4) About once a month18912.3
5) Several times a year20613.4
6) About once a year1308.5
7) Never37924.7
8) Don't know60.4
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
185) How often do you spend a social evening with friends who live outside the neighborhood? (SOCFREND)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day332.2
2) Once or twice a week28918.9
3) Several times a month31920.8
4) About once a month25216.4
5) Several times a year32421.1
6) About once a year1308.5
7) Never17911.7
8) Don't know30.2
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
186) How often do you go to a bar or tavern? (SOCBAR)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day291.9
2) Once or twice a week1338.7
3) Several times a month1409.1
4) About once a month1127.3
5) Several times a year18612.1
6) About once a year15310.0
7) Never77550.6
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
187) How often do you spend a social evening with your parents? (SOCPARS)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable (no such relatives)55136.0
1) Almost every day493.2
2) Once or twice a week21614.1
3) Several times a month16610.8
4) About once a month1137.4
5) Several times a year20413.3
6) About once a year1187.7
7) Never1097.1
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
188) How often do you spend a social evening with a brother or sister? (SOCSIBS)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable (no such relatives)16811.0
1) Almost every day714.6
2) Once or twice a week20813.6
3) Several times a month18211.9
4) About once a month16710.9
5) Several times a year32921.5
6) About once a year24516.0
7) Never15310.0
8) Don't know40.3
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
189) As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (AGED)
TOTAL%
1) A good idea53134.7
2) Bad idea74148.4
3) Depends25416.6
8) Don't know60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
190) Do you ever have occasion to use any alcoholic beverages such as liquor, wine, or beer, or are you a total abstainer? (DRINK)
TOTAL%
1) Use alcohol110772.3
2) Total abstainer42227.5
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
191) If yes to DRINK: Do you sometimes drink more than you think you should? (DRUNK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38835.0
2) No71164.1
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer80.7
Missing422 
TOTAL1110100.0
192) Do you smoke? (SMOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60439.4
2) No92760.5
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
193) If yes to SMOKE: Have you ever tried to give up smoking? (QUITSMK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41268.1
2) No18730.9
9) No answer61.0
Missing927 
TOTAL605100.0
194) If yes to SMOKE: Do you smoke cigarettes? (SMOKECIG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54590.1
2) No538.8
9) No answer71.2
Missing927 
TOTAL605100.0
195) If no to SMOKE: Have you ever smoked regularly? (EVSMOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30032.3
2) No57361.7
9) No Answer555.9
Missing604 
TOTAL928100.0
196) ASKED IF RESPONDENT HAS A JOB: Thinking about the next twelve months, how likely do you think it is that you will lose your job or be laid off: very likely, fairly likely, not too likely, or not at all likely? (JOBLOSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely364.0
2) Fairly likely333.7
3) Not too likely18220.4
4) Not at all likely62970.4
8) Don't know91.0
9) No answer50.6
Missing638 
TOTAL894100.0
197) ASKED IF RESPONDENT HAS A JOB: About how easy would it be for you to find a job with another employer with approximately the same income and fringe benefits you now have? Would you say very easy, somewhat easy, or not easy at all? (JOBFIND)
TOTAL%
1) Very easy24627.5
2) Somewhat easy28331.7
3) Not easy at all34038.0
8) Don't know192.1
9) No answer60.7
Missing638 
TOTAL894100.0
198) On the whole, how satisfied are you with the work you do--would you say you are very satisfied, moderately satisfied, a little dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied? (ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CURRENTLY WORKING, TEMPORARILY NOT AT WORK, UNEMPLOYED, LAID OFF, OR KEEPING HOUSE) (SATJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied65149.7
2) Moderately satisfied46335.3
3) A little dissatisfied1088.2
4) Very dissatisfied584.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer292.2
Missing222 
TOTAL1310100.0
199) If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class, or the upper class? (CLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Lower class835.4
2) Working class71546.7
3) Middle class69345.2
4) Upper class362.3
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
200) So far as you and your family are concerned, would you say that you are pretty well satisfied with your present financial situation, more or less satisfied, or not satisfied at all? (SATFIN)
TOTAL%
1) Pretty well satisfied51833.8
2) More or less satisfied64642.2
3) Not satisfied at all36523.8
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
201) During the last few years, has your financial situation been getting better, worse or has it stayed the same? (FINALTER)
TOTAL%
1) Getting better63341.3
2) Getting worse28618.7
3) Stayed the same60739.6
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
202) Compared with American families in general, would you say your family income is far below average, below average, average, above average, or far above average? (FINRELA)
TOTAL%
1) Far below average704.6
2) Below average34122.3
3) Average81152.9
4) Above average27518.0
5) Far above average261.7
8) Don't know90.6
TOTAL1532100.0
203) At any time during the last ten years, have you been unemployed and looking for work for as long as a month? (UNEMP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44829.2
2) No108270.6
8) Don't know20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
204) Did you ever--because of sickness, unemployment, or any other reason--receive anything like welfare, unemployment insurance, or other aid from government agencies? (GOVAID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes57037.2
2) No95962.6
8) Don't know30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
205) Do you (or your spouse) belong to a labor union? (Who?) (UNION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent belongs21113.8
2) Yes, spouse belongs1187.7
3) Yes, both belong261.7
4) No, neither belong117676.8
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
206) Do you agree or disagree with this statement: Women should take care of running their homes and leave running the country up to men. (FEHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Agree47330.9
2) Disagree100965.9
8) Not sure483.1
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
207) Do you approve or disapprove of a married woman earning money in business or industry if she has a husband capable of supporting her? (FEWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Approve110772.3
2) Disagree40226.2
8) Not sure211.4
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
208) If your party nominated a woman for President, would you vote for her if she were qualified for the job? (FEPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes121779.4
2) No27518.0
8) Don't know402.6
TOTAL1532100.0
209) Do you agree or disagree with this statement: Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women. (FEPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree64342.0
2) Disagree82553.9
8) Not sure624.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
210) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? (ABDEFECT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes122780.1
2) No27017.6
8) Don't know312.0
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
211) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If she is married and does not want any more children? (ABNOMORE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59839.0
2) No88557.8
8) Don't know463.0
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
212) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy? (ABHLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes135288.3
2) No1409.1
8) Don't know362.3
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
213) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children? (ABPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69645.4
2) No77350.5
8) Don't know593.9
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
214) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If she became pregnant as a result of rape? (ABRAPE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes123280.4
2) No24916.3
8) Don't know452.9
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
215) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If she is not married and does not want to marry the man? (ABSINGLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60639.6
2) No86756.6
8) Don't know553.6
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
216) Should it be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If the women wants it for any reason? (ABANY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49432.2
2) No99064.6
8) Don't know432.8
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
217) What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have? (CHLDIDEL)
TOTAL%
0) 0161.0
1) 1261.7
2) 275249.1
3) 335323.0
4) 419612.8
5) 5342.2
6) 6140.9
7) Seven or more80.5
8) As many as you want855.5
9) No answer or don't know483.1
TOTAL1532100.0
218) Do you expect to have any (more) children? (CHLDMORE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes35122.9
2) No111272.6
3) Uncertain614.0
4) Not asked30.2
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
219) If yes to CHLDMORE: How many (more) [children does the respondent expect to have]? (CHLDNUM)
TOTAL%
1) 110328.9
2) 216345.8
3) 34412.4
4) 4205.6
5) 592.5
6) 641.1
8) Eight or more41.1
9) No answer or Don't know92.5
Missing1176 
TOTAL356100.0
220) If yes to CHLDMORE: How many (more) [children does the respondent expect to have] in the next five years? (CHLDSOON)
TOTAL%
0) 05816.3
1) 116044.9
2) 29927.8
3) 351.4
4) 410.3
5) 520.6
8) Don't know92.5
9) No answer226.2
Missing1176 
TOTAL356100.0
221) ASKED ON BOTH FORMS: Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now? (DIVLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Easier40526.4
2) More difficult62941.1
3) Stay as is41226.9
8) Don't know634.1
9) No answer231.5
TOTAL1532100.0
222) ONLY ASKED ON FORM 2: Should divorce in this country be easier to obtain, more difficult to obtain, or stay as it is now? (DIVLAWY)
TOTAL%
1) Easier17522.7
2) More difficult25232.7
3) Stay as is31040.2
8) Don't know334.3
9) No answer10.1
Missing761 
TOTAL771100.0
223) If a man and a woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong43728.5
2) Almost always wrong17511.4
3) Wrong only sometimes30419.8
4) Not wrong at all57837.7
8) Don't know342.2
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
224) The next questions are about pornography--books, movies, magazines, and photographs that show or describe sex activities. I'm going to read some opinions about the effects of looking at or reading such sexual materials. As I read each one, please tell me if you think sexual materials do or do not have that effect. Sexual materials provide information about sex? (PORNINF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93961.3
2) No49832.5
8) Don't know926.0
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
225) Sexual materials (i.e., pornography) lead to breakdown of morals? (PORNMORL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes87056.8
2) No58137.9
8) Don't know785.1
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
226) Sexual materials (i.e., pornography) lead people to commit rape? (PORNRAPE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes86756.6
2) No54935.8
8) Don't know1127.3
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
227) Sexual materials (i.e., pornography) provide an outlet for bottled-up impulses? (PORNOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes89958.7
2) No44529.0
8) Don't know18311.9
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
228) Which of these statements comes closest to your feelings about pornography laws? (PORNLAW)
TOTAL%
1) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography, whatever the age.66143.1
2) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography to persons under eighteen.74348.5
3) There should be no laws forbidding the distribution of pornography.1117.2
8) Don't know161.0
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
229) Have you seen an X-rated movie in the last year? (XMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22814.9
2) No129684.6
8) Don't know80.5
TOTAL1532100.0
230) When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his family request it? (LETDIE1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88457.7
2) No58738.3
8) Don't know603.9
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
231) If no or don't know to LETDIE1: Would you approve of ending a patient's life if a board of doctors appointed by the court agreed that the patient could not be cured? (LETDIE2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes589.0
2) No53382.3
8) Don't know426.5
9) No answer152.3
Missing884 
TOTAL648100.0
232) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person: Has an incurable disease? (SUICIDE1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58838.4
2) No89558.4
8) Don't know493.2
TOTAL1532100.0
233) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person: Has gone bankrupt? (SUICIDE2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes845.5
2) No143793.8
8) Don't know100.7
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
234) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person: Has dishonored his or her family? (SUICIDE3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes966.3
2) No142893.2
8) Don't know70.5
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
235) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person: Is tired of living and ready to die? (SUICIDE4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18111.8
2) No133086.8
8) Don't know201.3
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
236) Have you ever been punched or beaten by another person? (HIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53735.1
2) No99364.8
8) Don't know20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
237) If yes to HIT: Did this happen to you as a child or as an adult? (HITAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Child23744.1
2) Adult17833.1
3) Both12222.7
Missing995 
TOTAL537100.0
238) If yes to HIT: How many times would you guess this has happened to you? (HITNUM)
TOTAL%
1) Once12222.7
2) Two or three times16330.4
3) Four or more times21740.4
8) Not sure295.4
9) No answer61.1
Missing995 
TOTAL537100.0
239) Have you ever been threatened with a gun, or shot at? (GUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31120.3
2) No122079.6
8) Don't know10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
240) If yes to GUN: Did this happen to you as a child or as an adult? (GUNAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Child4414.1
2) Adult24980.1
3) Both175.5
8) Don't know10.3
Missing1221 
TOTAL311100.0
241) If yes to GUN: How many times would you guess this has happened to you? (GUNNUM)
TOTAL%
1) Once18760.1
2) Two or three times7122.8
3) Four or more times4012.9
8) Not sure113.5
9) No answer20.6
Missing1221 
TOTAL311100.0
242) Are there any situations that you can imagine in which you would approve of a man punching an adult male stranger? (HITOK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96062.7
2) No49332.2
8) Not sure714.6
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1532100.0
243) Approve [of a man punching an adult male stranger] if the stranger: was in a protest march showing opposition to the other man's views? (HITMARCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes493.2
2) No144594.3
8) Not sure332.2
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
244) Approve [of a man punching an adult male stranger] if the stranger: was drunk and bumped into the man and his wife on the street? (HITDRUNK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1348.7
2) No135388.3
8) Not sure412.7
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
245) Approve [of a man punching an adult male stranger] if the stranger: had hit the man's child after the child had accidentally damaged the stranger's car? (HITCHILD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes79551.9
2) No68744.8
8) Not sure463.0
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
246) Approve [of a man punching an adult male stranger] if the stranger: was beating up a woman and the man saw it? (HITBEATR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes122379.8
2) No24716.1
8) Not sure593.9
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
247) Approve [of a man punching an adult male stranger] if the stranger: had broken into the man's house? (HITROBBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes126382.4
2) No23515.3
8) Not sure312.0
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
248) Are there any situations you can imagine in which you would approve of a policeman striking an adult male citizen? (POLHITOK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes116776.2
2) No30820.1
8) Not sure523.4
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
249) Approve [of policeman striking adult male citizen] if the citizen: had said vulgar and obscene things to the policeman? (POLABUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27417.9
2) No122580.0
8) Not sure312.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
250) Approve [of policeman striking adult male citizen] if the citizen: was being questioned as a suspect in a murder case? (POLMURDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1238.0
2) No135788.6
8) Not sure503.3
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
251) Approve [of policeman striking adult male citizen] if the citizen: was attempting to escape from custody? (POLESCAP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes114474.7
2) No33221.7
8) Not sure543.5
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
252) Approve [of policeman striking adult male citizen] if the citizen: was attacking the policeman with his fists? (POLATTAK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes141992.6
2) No966.3
8) Not sure151.0
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
253) How often do you read the newspaper: every day, a few times a week, once a week, less than once a week, or never? (NEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day87457.0
2) A few times a week30820.1
3) Once a week15410.1
4) Less than once a week1137.4
5) Never795.2
9) No answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
254) On the average day, about how many hours do you personally watch television? (TVHOURS)
TOTAL%
0) 0915.9
1) 131620.6
2) 241827.3
3) 328718.7
4) 419412.7
5) 5996.5
6) 6553.6
7) 780.5
8) 8302.0
9) 930.2
10) 10120.8
12) 12100.7
13) 1310.1
15) 1510.1
18) 1810.1
20) 2010.1
24) 2410.1
98) Don't know10.1
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
255) IF RESPONDENT EVER LISTENS TO THE RADIO: On the average, about how many hours a day do you usually listen to the radio? (RADIOHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 0110.8
1) 154738.9
2) 229320.8
3) 31248.8
4) 41128.0
5) 5543.8
6) 6624.4
7) 7130.9
8) 8846.0
9) 9120.9
10) 10362.6
11) 1110.1
12) 12261.8
13) 1310.1
14) 1420.1
15) 1550.4
16) 1610.1
18) 1820.1
20) 2010.1
24) 2470.5
98) Don't know30.2
99) No answer90.6
Missing126 
TOTAL1406100.0
256) Do you have a telephone? May I have your name and telephone number? ... Is this phone located in your own home? (PHONE)
TOTAL%
1) No phone number875.7
2) Refused phone number312.0
3) Phone number given, phone located in respondent's own home135988.7
4) Phone number given, phone not located in respondent's own home402.6
5) Location not given140.9
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
257) In general, what was the respondent's attitude toward the interview? (COOP)
TOTAL%
1) Friendly and interested122179.7
2) Cooperative but not particularly interested24415.9
3) Impatient and restless412.7
4) Hostile20.1
9) No answer241.6
TOTAL1532100.0
258) Was respondent's understanding of the questions good, fair, or poor? (COMPREND)
TOTAL%
1) Good115875.6
2) Fair29919.5
3) Poor533.5
9) No answer221.4
TOTAL1532100.0
259) Form number (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Standard (Form 1)76149.7
2) Variant (Form 2)77150.3
TOTAL1532100.0
260) Would you say that you and your friends think about the following item very often, sometimes, or almost never: Women's rights (SALFERGT)
TOTAL%
1) Very often28418.5
2) Sometimes74348.5
3) Almost never49532.3
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
261) Would you say that you and your friends think about the following item very often, sometimes, or almost never: The people running organized labor (SALLABOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very often27017.6
2) Sometimes65943.0
3) Almost never58738.3
8) Don't know100.7
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
262) Would you say that you and your friends think about the following item very often, sometimes, or almost never: Satisfaction with their present financial situation (SALSATFN)
TOTAL%
1) Very often60139.2
2) Sometimes61640.2
3) Almost never30219.7
8) Don't know70.5
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
263) Would you say that you and your friends think about the following item very often, sometimes, or almost never: Laws about abortion (SALABORT)
TOTAL%
1) Very often16210.6
2) Sometimes63441.4
3) Almost never72447.3
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
264) Would you say that you and your friends think about the following item very often, sometimes, or almost never: The scientific community (SALSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very often1489.7
2) Sometimes56136.6
3) Almost never78551.2
8) Don't know312.0
9) No answer70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
265) Divorces during the last five years (DIVORCE5)
TOTAL%
0) Not divorced135388.3
1) Divorced during four years before last year1167.6
2) Divorced last year402.6
3) Divorced during both periods90.6
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1532100.0
266) Number of relatives divorced last year (DIVREL1)
TOTAL%
0) 133787.3
1) 17111.2
2) 201.3
3) 30.2
4) 10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
267) Number of relatives divorced during previous four years (DIVREL4)
TOTAL%
0) 123080.3
1) 26217.1
2) 372.4
3) 20.1
5) 10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
268) Unemployment during last five years (See Note 12 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (UNEMP5)
TOTAL%
0) 119377.9
1) 765.0
2) 926.0
3) 231.5
4) 473.1
5) 40.3
6) 221.4
7) 100.7
8) 583.8
9) 70.5
TOTAL1532100.0
269) Number of relatives unemployed during last year (UNREL1)
TOTAL%
0) 110772.3
1) 35223.0
2) 644.2
3) 70.5
4) 20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
270) Number of relatives unemployed during previous four years (UNREL4)
TOTAL%
0) 103167.3
1) 40726.6
2) 734.8
3) 181.2
4) 30.2
TOTAL1532100.0
271) Hospitalization and disability during last five years (HOSDIS5)
TOTAL%
0) Not hospitalized/disabled85956.1
1) Hospitalized/disabled during four years before last year35122.9
2) Hospitalized/disabled last year1066.9
3) Hospitalized/disabled during both periods18912.3
9) No answer271.8
TOTAL1532100.0
272) Number of relatives hospitalized/disabled last year (HOSREL1)
TOTAL%
0) 87857.3
1) 49632.4
2) 1207.8
3) 322.1
4) 60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
273) Number of relatives hospitalized/disabled during previous four years (HOSREL4)
TOTAL%
0) 64141.8
1) 56636.9
2) 20113.1
3) 795.2
4) 302.0
5) 130.8
6) 10.1
7) 10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
274) Death of relatives during the last five years (See Note 13 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (DEATH5)
TOTAL%
0) 94561.7
1) 31220.4
2) 825.4
3) 986.4
4) 322.1
5) 171.1
6) 110.7
7) 80.5
8) 90.6
9) 181.2
TOTAL1532100.0
275) Number of relatives dying since respondent sixteen years old and prior to the last five years (DEATH16)
TOTAL%
0) 76650.0
1) 24916.3
2) 17311.3
3) 1127.3
4) 905.9
5) 654.2
6) 493.2
7) 201.3
8) 70.5
9) 10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
276) Death of respondent's father (PADEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported71646.7
1) Died before respondent was sixteen years old1077.0
2) Died after respondent was sixteen years old and prior to last five years49832.5
3) Died during four years prior to last year976.3
4) Died last year382.5
8) Don't know593.9
9) No answer171.1
TOTAL1532100.0
277) Death of respondent's mother (MADEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported91459.7
1) Died before respondent was sixteen years old362.3
2) Died after respondent was sixteen years old and prior to last five years38625.2
3) Died during four years prior to last year875.7
4) Died last year302.0
8) Don't know634.1
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
278) Death of child or child's spouse (CHLDDTH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported98488.3
1) Died after respondent was sixteen years old and prior to last five years837.4
2) Died during four years prior to last year222.0
3) Died last year70.6
9) No answer191.7
Missing417 
TOTAL1115100.0
279) Death of sibling or sibling-in-law (SIBDEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported97267.8
1) Died after respondent was sixteen years old and prior to last five years20114.0
2) Died during four years prior to last year16611.6
3) Died last year755.2
9) No answer201.4
Missing98 
TOTAL1434100.0
280) Death of spouse (SPDEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported110285.1
1) Died after respondent was sixteen years old and prior to last five years1158.9
2) Died during four years prior to last year413.2
3) Died last year181.4
9) No answer191.5
Missing237 
TOTAL1295100.0
281) Number of traumatic events (deaths, divorces, unemployment, and hospitalizations/disabilities) happening to respondent last year (TRAUMA1)
TOTAL%
0) 090859.3
1) 148231.5
2) 2785.1
3) 370.5
4) 410.1
9) No answer563.7
TOTAL1532100.0
282) Number of traumatic events (deaths, divorces, unemployment, and hospitalizations/disabilities) happening to respondent during last five years (TRAUMA5)
TOTAL%
0) 036724.0
1) 163941.7
2) 238625.2
3) 3754.9
4) 490.6
9) No answer563.7
TOTAL1532100.0
283) Number of traumatic events (deaths, divorces, unemployment, and hospitalizations/disabilities) happening to respondent's relatives last year (TRAREL1)
TOTAL%
0) 61440.1
1) 60839.7
2) 26417.2
3) 463.0
TOTAL1532100.0
284) Number of traumatic events (deaths, divorces, unemployment, and hospitalizations/disabilities) happening to respondent's relatives during last five years (TRAREL5)
TOTAL%
0) 28018.3
1) 57337.4
2) 48331.5
3) 19612.8
TOTAL1532100.0
285) Total number of traumatic events happening to respondent and relatives last year (TRATOT1)
TOTAL%
0) 040926.7
1) 149332.2
2) 236323.7
3) 316710.9
4) 4332.2
5) 5110.7
9) No answer563.7
TOTAL1532100.0
286) Total number of traumatic events happening to respondent and relatives during last five years (TRATOT5)
TOTAL%
0) 0936.1
1) 125516.6
2) 240526.4
3) 337224.3
4) 422714.8
5) 5936.1
6) 6281.8
7) 730.2
9) No answer563.7
TOTAL1532100.0
287) Are you a member of: Fraternal groups (MEMFRAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1529.9
2) No136389.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
288) Are you a member of: Service clubs (MEMSERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1288.4
2) No139290.9
9) No answer120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
289) Are you a member of: Veterans' groups (MEMVET)
TOTAL%
1) Yes996.5
2) No141692.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
290) Are you a member of: Political clubs (MEMPOLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes533.5
2) No146295.4
9) No answer171.1
TOTAL1532100.0
291) Are you a member of: Labor unions (MEMUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23215.1
2) No128784.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
292) Are you a member of: Sports groups (MEMSPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29719.4
2) No122379.8
9) No answer120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
293) Are you a member of: Youth groups (MEMYOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1378.9
2) No137889.9
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
294) Are you a member of: School service groups (MEMSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21313.9
2) No130285.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
295) Are you a member of: Hobby or garden clubs (MEMHOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1439.3
2) No137489.7
9) No answer151.0
TOTAL1532100.0
296) Are you a member of: School fraternities or sororities (MEMGREEK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes583.8
2) No145895.2
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
297) Are you a member of: Nationality groups (MEMNAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes392.5
2) No147596.3
9) No answer181.2
TOTAL1532100.0
298) Are you a member of: Farm organizations (MEMFARM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes543.5
2) No146095.3
9) No answer181.2
TOTAL1532100.0
299) Are you a member of: Literary, art, discussion, or study groups (MEMLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1358.8
2) No137889.9
9) No answer191.2
TOTAL1532100.0
300) Are you a member of: Professional or academic societies (MEMPROF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20213.2
2) No131385.7
9) No answer171.1
TOTAL1532100.0
301) Are you a member of: Church-affiliated groups (MEMCHURH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55236.0
2) No97263.4
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1532100.0
302) Are you a member of: Any other groups (MEMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15710.2
2) No135588.4
9) No answer201.3
TOTAL1532100.0
303) Total number of memberships (MEMNUM)
TOTAL%
0) 042627.8
1) 141827.3
2) 227117.7
3) 320213.2
4) 41066.9
5) 5463.0
6) 6281.8
7) 7191.2
8) 840.3
9) 960.4
10) 1010.1
11) 1120.1
12) 1210.1
99) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
304) Poverty Status of Household (POVLINE)
TOTAL%
1) Poor1439.4
2) Poor, imputed181.2
3) Non-poor120379.0
4) Non-poor, imputed754.9
5) Borderline835.4
6) Borderline, imputed10.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1523100.0
305) Income deficit of household (INCDEF)
TOTAL%
1) Below -$10,00010.1
2) -$10,000 to -$5,00030.2
3) -$4,999 to -$1,0001017.1
4) -$999 to +99915410.8
5) +$1,000 to $4,99926918.9
6) +$5,000 to $10,00027219.1
7) +$10,00040528.4
8) $20,000 or more22115.5
Missing106 
TOTAL1426100.0
306) Family income in constant dollars (base=1986 dollars) (REALINC)
TOTAL%
905) 181.3
3619) 725.0
6333) 835.8
8142) 543.8
9952) 634.4
11761) 684.7
13570) 624.3
16284) 1037.2
20355) 14310.0
24879) 1369.5
29402) 1339.3
33926) 896.2
38449) 1067.4
42068) 886.1
67851) 18112.6
143778) 332.3
Missing100 
TOTAL1432100.0
307) Respondent's income in constant dollars (base=1986 dollars) (REALRINC)
TOTAL%
905) 707.5
3619) 11312.1
6333) 485.1
8142) 535.7
9952) 525.5
11761) 424.5
13570) 444.7
16284) 808.5
20355) 12213.0
24879) 737.8
29402) 717.6
33926) 525.5
38449) 343.6
42068) 262.8
67851) 505.3
135131) 70.7
Missing595 
TOTAL937100.0
308) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? (IF MORE THAN ONE COUNTRY NAMED: Which one of these countries do you feel closer to?) (ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Africa685.8
2) Austria60.5
3) Canada (French)171.5
4) Canada (other)50.4
5) China30.3
6) Czechoslovakia242.1
7) Denmark80.7
8) England and Wales17014.6
9) Finland100.9
10) France312.7
11) Germany24921.4
12) Greece10.1
13) Hungary100.9
14) Ireland16213.9
15) Italy645.5
16) Japan10.1
17) Mexico161.4
18) The Netherlands201.7
19) Norway171.5
20) The Philippines60.5
21) Poland464.0
22) Puerto Rico80.7
23) Russia (USSR)100.9
24) Scotland373.2
25) Spain60.5
26) Sweden252.1
27) Switzerland70.6
28) West Indies (not specified)10.1
29) Other121.0
30) American Indian383.3
31) India20.2
32) Portugal50.4
33) Lithuania40.3
34) Yugoslavia50.4
36) Belgium20.2
38) Other Spanish50.4
39) West Indies (non-Spanish)30.3
97) America484.1
99) No answer110.9
Missing369 
TOTAL1163100.0
309) Number of ethnicities named and picked (ETHNUM)
TOTAL%
1) Names one country78951.5
2) Names two or more countries, chooses one36323.7
3) Names two or more countries, can't choose18412.0
4) Can't name any country18512.1
5) No information110.7
TOTAL1532100.0
310) Have you ever been on active duty for military training or service for two consecutive months or more? If yes: What was your total time on active duty? (VETYEARS)
TOTAL%
0) No active duty120578.7
1) Yes, less than two years654.2
2) Yes, two to four years18412.0
3) Yes, more than four years734.8
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
311) If yes to VETYEARS: In what branch of the service was that? (VETKIND)
TOTAL%
0) More than one30.9
1) Air Force Guard10.3
2) Air Force (including Reserve)5617.1
3) Navy (including Reserve)7021.4
4) Army (including Reserve)16650.8
5) National Guard113.4
6) U.S. Marine Corps (including Reserve)144.3
7) Coast Guard20.6
9) No answer41.2
Missing1205 
TOTAL327100.0
312) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word A (WORDA)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer27417.9
1) Correct answer118577.3
9) No answer734.8
TOTAL1532100.0
313) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word B (WORDB)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer754.9
1) Correct answer137189.5
9) No answer865.6
TOTAL1532100.0
314) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word C (WORDC)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer84955.4
1) Correct answer31720.7
9) No answer36623.9
TOTAL1532100.0
315) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word D (WORDD)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer1117.2
1) Correct answer134787.9
9) No answer744.8
TOTAL1532100.0
316) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word E (WORDE)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer35423.1
1) Correct answer97763.8
9) No answer20113.1
TOTAL1532100.0
317) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word F (WORDF)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer25016.3
1) Correct answer115875.6
9) No answer1248.1
TOTAL1532100.0
318) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word G (WORDG)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer82754.0
1) Correct answer50432.9
9) No answer20113.1
TOTAL1532100.0
319) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word H (WORDH)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer72447.3
1) Correct answer46530.4
9) No answer34322.4
TOTAL1532100.0
320) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word I (WORDI)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer25216.4
1) Correct answer120178.4
9) No answer795.2
TOTAL1532100.0
321) On this card are listed some words. On each line the first word is in capital letters. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters: Word J (WORDJ)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer107370.0
1) Correct answer33621.9
9) No answer1238.0
TOTAL1532100.0
322) Total number of correct words [sum of correct answers, WORDA through WORDJ] (WORDSUM)
TOTAL%
0) None correct100.7
1) One correct372.4
2) Two correct483.1
3) Three correct1097.1
4) Four correct16410.7
5) Five correct22614.8
6) Six correct30720.0
7) Seven correct22914.9
8) Eight correct1419.2
9) Nine correct1087.0
10) Ten correct1077.0
99) No attempt to answer any questions from WORDA to WORDJ463.0
TOTAL1532100.0
323) Please tell me the names of the people who live in the household. [Head of household is listed first] (RELATE1)
TOTAL%
1) Head of household1532100.0
TOTAL1532100.0
324) Age of the head of household (GENDER1)
TOTAL%
1) Male116876.2
2) Female36423.8
TOTAL1532100.0
325) Age of the head of household (OLD1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL153246.22717
326) Marital status of head of household (MAR1)
TOTAL%
1) Married101566.3
2) Widowed17811.6
3) Divorced1318.6
4) Separated493.2
5) Never married15710.2
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
327) Is the head of the household staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
328) Where is the head of the household staying? (WHERE1)
TOTAL%
1) Another household133.3
2) Traveling266.7
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
329) Relationship of second person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE2)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse100281.0
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)14611.8
4) Son-/daughter-in-law20.2
5) Grand/great-grandchild80.6
6) Parent/parent-in-law70.6
7) Other relative151.2
8) Non-relative473.8
9) No answer100.8
Missing295 
TOTAL1237100.0
330) Gender of second person (GENDER2)
TOTAL%
1) Male1219.8
2) Female111690.2
Missing295 
TOTAL1237100.0
331) Age of second person (OLD2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL123738.95618
332) Marital status of second person (MAR2)
TOTAL%
1) Married101385.1
2) Widowed110.9
3) Divorced191.6
4) Separated50.4
5) Never married13711.5
9) No answer60.5
Missing341 
TOTAL1191100.0
333) Is the second person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19100.0
Missing1513 
TOTAL19100.0
334) Where is the second person staying? (WHERE2)
TOTAL%
1) Another household1789.5
2) Traveling15.3
4) Other or Don't know15.3
Missing1513 
TOTAL19100.0
335) Relationship of third person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE3)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse30.4
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)71491.2
4) Son-/daughter-in-law40.5
5) Grand/great-grandchild91.1
6) Parent/parent-in-law111.4
7) Other relative182.3
8) Non-relative172.2
9) No answer70.9
Missing749 
TOTAL783100.0
336) Gender of third person (GENDER3)
TOTAL%
1) Male41953.5
2) Female36146.1
9) No answer30.4
Missing749 
TOTAL783100.0
337) Age of third person (OLD3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL78316.72317
338) Marital status of third person (MAR3)
TOTAL%
1) Married204.3
2) Widowed153.3
3) Divorced132.8
4) Separated71.5
5) Never married37782.0
9) No answer286.1
Missing1072 
TOTAL460100.0
339) Is the third person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18100.0
Missing1514 
TOTAL18100.0
340) Where is the third person staying? (WHERE3)
TOTAL%
1) Another household1372.2
2) Traveling15.6
4) Other or Don't know316.7
9) No answer15.6
Missing1514 
TOTAL18100.0
341) Relationship of fourth person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE4)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse10.2
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)47892.8
4) Son-/daughter-in-law30.6
5) Grand/great-grandchild112.1
6) Parent/parent-in-law40.8
7) Other relative71.4
8) Non-relative61.2
9) No answer51.0
Missing1017 
TOTAL515100.0
342) Gender of fourth person (GENDER4)
TOTAL%
1) Male27152.6
2) Female24247.0
9) No answer20.4
Missing1017 
TOTAL515100.0
343) Age of fourth person (OLD4)
TOTAL%
0) 0224.3
1) 1142.7
2) 2234.5
3) 3224.3
4) 4254.9
5) 5254.9
6) 6305.8
7) 7142.7
8) 8224.3
9) 9326.2
10) 10142.7
11) 11203.9
12) 12285.4
13) 13275.2
14) 14305.8
15) 15326.2
16) 16254.9
17) 17224.3
18) 18152.9
19) 19234.5
20) 20101.9
21) 2151.0
22) 2251.0
23) 2340.8
24) 2430.6
25) 2520.4
26) 2610.2
28) 2810.2
39) 3910.2
41) 4110.2
46) 4610.2
48) 4810.2
50) 5010.2
65) 6510.2
67) 6710.2
72) 7210.2
83) 8310.2
98) Don't know10.2
99) No answer91.7
Missing1017 
TOTAL515100.0
344) Marital status of fourth person (MAR4)
TOTAL%
1) Married83.6
2) Widowed41.8
3) Divorced20.9
4) Separated20.9
5) Never married18984.8
9) No answer188.1
Missing1309 
TOTAL223100.0
345) Is the fourth person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11100.0
Missing1521 
TOTAL11100.0
346) Where is the fourth person staying? (WHERE4)
TOTAL%
1) Another household872.7
2) Traveling218.2
9) No answer19.1
Missing1521 
TOTAL11100.0
347) Relationship of fifth person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE5)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)22393.3
5) Grand/great-grandchild52.1
6) Parent/parent-in-law41.7
7) Other relative31.3
8) Non-relative10.4
9) No answer31.3
Missing1293 
TOTAL239100.0
348) Gender of fifth person (GENDER5)
TOTAL%
1) Male12050.2
2) Female11849.4
9) No answer10.4
Missing1293 
TOTAL239100.0
349) Age of fifth person (OLD5)
TOTAL%
0) 062.5
1) 1145.9
2) 2114.6
3) 372.9
4) 4114.6
5) 583.3
6) 693.8
7) 7125.0
8) 8166.7
9) 983.3
10) 10145.9
11) 11156.3
12) 12229.2
13) 13156.3
14) 14166.7
15) 1562.5
16) 16125.0
17) 17125.0
18) 1852.1
19) 1931.3
20) 2010.4
21) 2131.3
22) 2231.3
23) 2320.8
40) 4010.4
53) 5310.4
63) 6310.4
70) 7010.4
73) 7310.4
99) No answer31.3
Missing1293 
TOTAL239100.0
350) Marital status of fifth person (MAR5)
TOTAL%
1) Married22.3
2) Widowed22.3
3) Divorced11.2
5) Never married7688.4
9) No answer55.8
Missing1446 
TOTAL86100.0
351) Is the fifth person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
352) Where is the fifth person staying? (WHERE5)
TOTAL%
1) Another household3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
353) Relationship of sixth person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE6)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)9386.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild87.4
6) Parent/parent-in-law21.9
7) Other relative21.9
8) Non-relative10.9
9) No answer21.9
Missing1424 
TOTAL108100.0
354) Gender of sixth person (GENDER6)
TOTAL%
1) Male5349.1
2) Female5450.0
9) No answer10.9
Missing1424 
TOTAL108100.0
355) Age of sixth person (OLD6)
TOTAL%
0) 087.4
1) 187.4
2) 221.9
3) 343.7
4) 432.8
5) 554.6
6) 687.4
7) 754.6
8) 876.5
9) 943.7
10) 1032.8
11) 1176.5
12) 1243.7
13) 1376.5
14) 1487.4
15) 1554.6
16) 1643.7
17) 1732.8
18) 1810.9
19) 1921.9
20) 2010.9
21) 2110.9
22) 2221.9
26) 2610.9
29) 2910.9
53) 5310.9
67) 6710.9
99) No answer21.9
Missing1424 
TOTAL108100.0
356) Marital status of sixth person (MAR6)
TOTAL%
1) Married37.5
3) Divorced12.5
5) Never married3485.0
9) No answer25.0
Missing1492 
TOTAL40100.0
357) Is the sixth person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
358) Where is the sixth person staying? (WHERE6)
TOTAL%
1) Another household3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
359) Relationship of seventh person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE7)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse25.0
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)3382.5
6) Parent/parent-in-law12.5
7) Other relative12.5
8) Non-relative12.5
9) No answer25.0
Missing1492 
TOTAL40100.0
360) Gender of seventh person (GENDER7)
TOTAL%
1) Male2357.5
2) Female1537.5
9) No answer25.0
Missing1492 
TOTAL40100.0
361) Age of seventh person (OLD7)
TOTAL%
0) 012.5
1) 112.5
2) 237.5
4) 412.5
5) 525.0
6) 625.0
7) 712.5
8) 812.5
9) 937.5
10) 1037.5
11) 1125.0
12) 1225.0
13) 13410.0
14) 14410.0
15) 1512.5
16) 1612.5
17) 1725.0
19) 1912.5
23) 2312.5
28) 2812.5
38) 3812.5
61) 6112.5
99) No answer12.5
Missing1492 
TOTAL40100.0
362) Marital status of seventh person (MAR7)
TOTAL%
1) Married422.2
5) Never married1372.2
9) No answer15.6
Missing1514 
TOTAL18100.0
363) Is the seventh person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing1531 
TOTAL1100.0
364) Where is the seventh person staying? (WHERE7)
TOTAL%
1) Another household1100.0
Missing1531 
TOTAL1100.0
365) Relationship of eighth person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE8)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)1794.4
7) Other relative15.6
Missing1514 
TOTAL18100.0
366) Gender of eighth person (GENDER8)
TOTAL%
1) Male1055.6
2) Female844.4
Missing1514 
TOTAL18100.0
367) Age of eighth person (OLD8)
TOTAL%
1) 211.1
2) 15.6
4) 15.6
5) 15.6
6) 15.6
7) 15.6
8) 316.7
10) 15.6
11) 211.1
12) 211.1
13) 15.6
14) 15.6
15) 15.6
Missing1514 
TOTAL18100.0
368) Marital status of eighth person (MAR8)
TOTAL%
5) Never married3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
369) Relationship of ninth person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE9)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)787.5
7) Other relative112.5
Missing1524 
TOTAL8100.0
370) Gender of ninth person (GENDER9)
TOTAL%
1) Male450.0
2) Female450.0
Missing1524 
TOTAL8100.0
371) Age of ninth person (OLD9)
TOTAL%
0) 225.0
4) 112.5
8) 112.5
10) 225.0
11) 112.5
12) 112.5
Missing1524 
TOTAL8100.0
372) Relationship of tenth person who usually lives in this household to the head of household (RELATE10)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)4100.0
Missing1528 
TOTAL4100.0
373) Gender of tenth person (GENDER10)
TOTAL%
1) Male125.0
2) Female375.0
Missing1528 
TOTAL4100.0
374) Age of tenth person (OLD10)
TOTAL%
2) 125.0
4) 125.0
9) 125.0
10) 125.0
Missing1528 
TOTAL4100.0
375) Are there any people currently staying in this household--visitors, friends, or relatives–-who do not usually live here? If so, what is the first (visitor/friend/relative)'s relationship to the head of household? (RELATE11)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)730.4
5) Grand/great-grandchild28.7
6) Parent/parent-in-law14.3
7) Other relative730.4
8) Non-relative521.7
9) No answer14.3
Missing1509 
TOTAL23100.0
376) Gender of first (visitor/friend/relative) (GENDER11)
TOTAL%
1) Male834.8
2) Female1565.2
Missing1509 
TOTAL23100.0
377) Age of first (visitor/friend/relative) (OLD11)
TOTAL%
3) 314.3
11) 1128.7
12) 1214.3
13) 1314.3
16) 1614.3
17) 1714.3
18) 1828.7
19) 1914.3
21) 2128.7
26) 2614.3
27) 2714.3
31) 3114.3
33) 3314.3
34) 3414.3
40) 4014.3
51) 5114.3
53) 5314.3
56) 5614.3
89) 8914.3
99) No answer14.3
Missing1509 
TOTAL23100.0
378) Marital status of first (visitor/friend/relative) (MAR11)
TOTAL%
1) Married421.1
2) Widowed15.3
3) Divorced210.5
4) Separated210.5
5) Never married842.1
9) No answer210.5
Missing1513 
TOTAL19100.0
379) Is the first (visitor/friend/relative) staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY11)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
380) Where is the first (visitor/friend/relative) staying? (WHERE11)
TOTAL%
1) Another household3100.0
Missing1529 
TOTAL3100.0
381) Is there a second (visitor/friend/relative) who does not usually live here but who is currently staying in this household? If so, what is their relationship to the head of household? (RELATE12)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)327.3
4) Son-/daughter-in-law19.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild436.4
7) Other relative19.1
8) Non-relative19.1
9) No answer19.1
Missing1521 
TOTAL11100.0
382) Gender of second (visitor/friend/relative) (GENDER12)
TOTAL%
1) Male327.3
2) Female872.7
Missing1521 
TOTAL11100.0
383) Age of second (visitor/friend/relative) (OLD12)
TOTAL%
2) 19.1
4) 19.1
7) 19.1
10) 19.1
12) 19.1
15) 19.1
21) 218.2
25) 19.1
26) 19.1
50) 19.1
Missing1521 
TOTAL11100.0
384) Marital status of second (visitor/friend/relative) (MAR12)
TOTAL%
1) Married233.3
4) Separated116.7
5) Never married350.0
Missing1526 
TOTAL6100.0
385) Is the second (visitor/friend/relative) staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing1531 
TOTAL1100.0
386) Where is the second (visitor/friend/relative) staying? (WHERE12)
TOTAL%
1) Another household1100.0
Missing1531 
TOTAL1100.0
387) Is there a third (visitor/friend/relative) who does not usually live here but who is currently staying in this household? If so, what is their relationship to the head of household? (RELATE13)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)120.0
5) Grand/great-grandchild480.0
Missing1527 
TOTAL5100.0
388) Gender of third (visitor/friend/relative) (GENDER13)
TOTAL%
1) Male240.0
2) Female360.0
Missing1527 
TOTAL5100.0
389) Age of third (visitor/friend/relative) (OLD13)
TOTAL%
2) 120.0
5) 120.0
7) 240.0
21) 120.0
Missing1527 
TOTAL5100.0
390) Marital status of third (visitor/friend/relative) (MAR13)
TOTAL%
5) Never married1100.0
Missing1531 
TOTAL1100.0
391) Is there a fourth (visitor/friend/relative) who does not usually live here but who is currently staying in this household? If so, what is their relationship to the head of household? (RELATE14)
TOTAL%
5) Grand/great-grandchild2100.0
Missing1530 
TOTAL2100.0
392) Gender of fourth (visitor/friend/relative) (GENDER14)
TOTAL%
1) Male2100.0
Missing1530 
TOTAL2100.0
393) Age of fourth (visitor/friend/relative) (OLD14)
TOTAL%
1) 150.0
6) 150.0
Missing1530 
TOTAL2100.0
394) Race of household (HHRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White135188.2
2) Black16010.4
4) Asiatic, Oriental151.0
5) Other, mixed, not able to observe60.4
TOTAL1532100.0
395) Number in family of respondent (RESPNUM)
TOTAL%
1) First person89758.6
2) Second person55136.0
3) Third person634.1
4) Fourth person110.7
5) Fifth person20.1
6) Sixth person10.1
7) Seventh person20.1
11) Eleventh person30.2
12) Twelfth person20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
396) Household type (HHTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) 29719.4
2) 795.2
3) 34122.3
4) 44929.3
5) 20.1
6) 10.1
7) 130.8
8) 50.3
9) 231.5
11) 382.5
12) 281.8
13) 20.1
14) 10.1
23) 110.7
28) 30.2
41) 644.2
43) 20.1
44) 30.2
48) 10.1
51) 10.1
102) 221.4
104) 30.2
121) 10.1
123) 90.6
127) 10.1
128) 10.1
141) 795.2
143) 10.1
144) 10.1
151) 10.1
154) 10.1
200) 10.1
201) 10.1
202) 332.2
203) 20.1
204) 60.4
999) 50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
397) Household type condensed (HHTYPE1)
TOTAL%
1) Married couple, no children43728.5
2) Single parent795.2
3) Other family, no children493.2
4) Single adult29719.4
5) Cohabiting couple, no children130.8
6) Non-family, no children261.7
8) Unsure, no children40.3
11) Married couple with children57337.4
13) Other family with children382.5
15) Cohabiting couple with children50.3
16) Non-family with children10.1
18) Unsure with children50.3
99) No answer50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
398) Number of family generations in household (FAMGEN)
TOTAL%
1) One generation70345.9
2) Two generations, children76850.1
3) Two generations, parents110.7
4) Two generations, grandchild(ren)120.8
5) Three generations, child(ren), grandchildren241.6
6) Three generations, child(ren), parent130.8
7) Four generations10.1
TOTAL1532100.0
399) Respondent's relationship to head of household (RPLACE)
TOTAL%
1) Head of household89758.6
2) Spouse48631.7
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)905.9
4) Son-/daughter-in-law10.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild60.4
6) Parent/parent-in-law80.5
7) Other relative110.7
8) Non-relative291.9
9) No Answer40.3
TOTAL1532100.0
400) Is respondent a visitor? (RVISITOR)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent is member of household152799.7
2) Respondent is visitor50.3
TOTAL1532100.0
401) Number of visitors in household (VISITOR)
TOTAL%
0) No visitors150998.5
1) 1 visitor120.8
2) 2 visitors60.4
3) 3 visitors30.2
4) 4 visitors20.1
TOTAL1532100.0
402) Date of interview (first digit is month, last two digits are date) (DATEINTV)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1532298.927254
403) Respondent's occupation (International Standard Classification Codes-1968) (See Note 14 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (ISCO68)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL14045064.3453009
404) Occupation of respondent's father (International Standard Classification Codes-1968) (See Note 14 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (PAISCO68)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13186333.6972755
405) Occupation of respondent's spouse (International Standard Classification Codes-1968) (See Note 14 on the ARDA Summary page for codes) (SPISCO68)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8765175.033031
406) Birth cohort of respondent--actual year of birth (COHORT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL15321970.841544
407) Marriage cohort of the respondent--year of marriage (MARCOHRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12952028.022771
408) What is your date of birth? (only the month is coded here) (BIRTHMO)
TOTAL%
1) January1167.6
2) February1207.8
3) March1137.4
4) April1248.1
5) May1278.3
6) June1268.2
7) July1268.2
8) August1177.6
9) September1499.7
10) October1419.2
11) November1228.0
12) December1318.6
99) No answer201.3
TOTAL1532100.0
409) Astrological sign of respondent (ZODIAC)
TOTAL%
1) Aries1278.3
2) Taurus1177.6
3) Gemini1308.5
4) Cancer1419.2
5) Leo1147.4
6) Virgo1419.2
7) Libra1449.4
8) Scorpio1248.1
9) Sagittarius1268.2
10) Capricorn1117.2
11) Aquarius1268.2
12) Pisces1117.2
99) No answer201.3
TOTAL1532100.0
410) Weight for form variables (FORMWT)
TOTAL%
.578) 785.1
.596) 19512.7
.613) 19712.9
.621) 905.9
.668) 603.9
.74) 603.9
.779) 90.6
.789) 312.0
.91) 171.1
.939) 80.5
1) 57837.7
1.07) 70.5
1.11) 140.9
1.36) 181.2
1.39996296296296) 50.3
1.54) 291.9
2) 201.3
2.54996296296296) 221.4
2.7) 452.9
3.12) 40.3
3.12996296296296) 332.2
3.74) 120.8
TOTAL1532100.0
411) Sampling error code (SAMPCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1532152.40628
412) Sampling procedure and frame (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
3) 1970 Sample Frame, Full Probability1532100.0
TOTAL1532100.0
413) Weight for Black oversamples (OVERSAMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not 1982/19871532100.0
TOTAL1532100.0
414) I-AGE: Respondent's age (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-3044629.2
2) 31-4442728.0
3) 45-5931320.5
4) 60-7424115.8
5) 75+986.4
Missing7 
TOTAL1525100.0
415) I-SEX: Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male64342.0
2) Female88958.0
TOTAL1532100.0
416) I-EDUC: Highest educational degree earned by respondent (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school47030.7
1) High school80452.6
2) Associate/Junior college422.7
3) Bachelor's1519.9
4) Graduate624.1
Missing3 
TOTAL1529100.0
417) I-RACE: Respondent's race (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White135888.6
2) Black15810.3
3) Other161.0
TOTAL1532100.0
418) I-RELIGION: What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant97964.1
2) Catholic38425.1
3) Jewish291.9
4) None1197.8
5) Other171.1
Missing4 
TOTAL1528100.0
419) I-PARTYID: Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat60539.6
2) Independent55536.3
3) Republican35723.4
4) Other100.7
Missing5 
TOTAL1527100.0
420) I-REGION: Region of interview (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast33521.9
2) Midwest44328.9
3) South50232.8
4) West25216.4
TOTAL1532100.0
421) I-ATTEND: How often do you attend religious services? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Never23915.7
1) Less than once a month51133.5
2) Less than once a week35523.2
3) Weekly or more42227.6
Missing5 
TOTAL1527100.0