General Social Survey, 1993

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Year of survey (YEAR)
TOTAL%
1993) 19931606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
2) Respondent original ID number (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1606803.5464
3) Last week were you working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (WRKSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time80950.4
2) Working part-time16710.4
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, strike332.1
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work523.2
5) Retired24315.1
6) In school472.9
7) Keeping house21613.4
8) Other392.4
TOTAL1606100.0
4) If working, full- or part-time: How many hours did you work last week, at all jobs? (HRS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL97642.28515
5) If with a job, but not at work: How many hours a week do you usually work, at all jobs? (HRS2)
TOTAL%
10) 1013.0
20) 2013.0
24) 2426.1
25) 2513.0
30) 3039.1
35) 3539.1
36) 3613.0
40) 401030.3
42) 4213.0
44) 4413.0
45) 4539.1
50) 5026.1
60) 6026.1
99) No answer26.1
Missing1573 
TOTAL33100.0
6) If retired, in school, keeping house, or other: Did you ever work for as long as one year? (EVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46485.1
2) No7814.3
9) No answer30.6
Missing1061 
TOTAL545100.0
7) (Are/Were) you self employed or (do/did) you work for someone else? (WRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed18712.2
2) Someone else133187.2
9) No answer90.6
Missing79 
TOTAL1527100.0
8) Respondent's occupation (See Note 1: Occupational Codes and Prestige Scores on the ARDA file summary page) (OCC80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1528372.358244
9) Prestige of respondent's occupation (See Note 1: Occupational Codes and Prestige Scores on the ARDA file summary page) (PREST80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL152643.20113
10) Respondent's industry (See Note 2: Industrial Classification on the ARDA file summary page) (INDUS80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1528584.432280
11) Are you currently: married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married85953.5
2) Widowed17210.7
3) Divorced23014.3
4) Separated442.7
5) Never married30018.7
9) No answer10.1
TOTAL1606100.0
12) If ever married: How old were you when you first married? (AGEWED)
TOTAL%
13) 1310.1
14) 1440.3
15) 1580.6
16) 16362.8
17) 17473.6
18) 181269.6
19) 1913710.5
20) 201299.9
21) 2114511.1
22) 221068.1
23) 23906.9
24) 24886.7
25) 25796.0
26) 26634.8
27) 27544.1
28) 28292.2
29) 29362.8
30) 30272.1
31) 31181.4
32) 32211.6
33) 33110.8
34) 3450.4
35) 3570.5
36) 3670.5
37) 3730.2
38) 3840.3
40) 4030.2
41) 4110.1
42) 4220.2
43) 4310.1
45) 4510.1
47) 4710.1
49) 4910.1
50) 5010.1
54) 5410.1
58) 5810.1
99) No answer120.9
Missing300 
TOTAL1306100.0
13) If currently married or widowed: Have you ever been divorced or legally separated? (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21320.6
2) No81278.7
9) No answer70.7
Missing574 
TOTAL1032100.0
14) If currently married, separated, or divorced: Have you ever been widowed? (WIDOWED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes403.5
2) No107594.8
9) No answer191.7
Missing472 
TOTAL1134100.0
15) If R is currently married, ask: Last week was your (wife/husband) working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (SPWRKSTA)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time48456.3
2) Working part-time839.7
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation strike182.1
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work212.4
5) Retired11213.0
6) In school60.7
7) Keeping house12014.0
8) Other121.4
9) No answer30.3
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
16) If spouse working full- or part-time: How many hours did (he/she) work last week, at all jobs? (SPHRS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL57042.87716
17) If spouse with job, but not at work: How many hours a week does (he/she) usually work, at all jobs? (SPHRS2)
TOTAL%
20) 2014.8
30) 3029.5
40) 40628.6
45) 45314.3
50) 5029.5
55) 5514.8
60) 6029.5
65) 6514.8
99) No answer314.3
Missing1585 
TOTAL21100.0
18) If spouse retired, in school, keeping house, or other: Did (he/she) ever work for as long as one year? (SPEVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21484.6
2) No3413.4
9) No answer52.0
Missing1353 
TOTAL253100.0
19) Spouse's employment status (SPWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed12214.8
2) Someone else69384.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer91.1
Missing781 
TOTAL825100.0
20) Respondent's spouse's occupation (See Note 1: Occupational Codes and Prestige Scores on the ARDA file summary page) (SPOCC80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL825375.105256
21) Prestige of respondent's spouse's occupation (See Note 1: Occupational Codes and Prestige Scores on the ARDA file summary page) (SPPRES80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL81944.45913
22) Respondent's spouse's industry (See Note 2: Industrial Classification on the ARDA file summary page) (SPIND80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL825560.221293
23) Father's employment status: While you were growing up was your father self-employed or did he work for someone else? (PAWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed41229.4
2) Someone else94567.5
8) Don't know50.4
9) No answer372.6
Missing207 
TOTAL1399100.0
24) Respondent's father's occupation (See Note 1: Occupational Codes and Prestige Scores on the ARDA file summary page) (PAOCC80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1409463.352271
25) Prestige of respondent's father's occupation (See Note 1: Occupational Codes and Prestige Scores on the ARDA file summary page) (PAPRES80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL136743.32612
26) Respondent's father's industry (See Note 2: Industrial Classification on the ARDA file summary page) (PAIND80)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1409386.738321
27) How many brothers and sisters did you have? Please count those born alive, but no longer living, as well as those alive now. Also include stepbrothers and stepsisters, and children adopted by your parents. (SIBS)
TOTAL%
0) 0895.5
1) 126016.2
2) 234121.2
3) 328217.6
4) 417010.6
5) 51177.3
6) 6935.8
7) 7674.2
8) 8603.7
9) 9472.9
10) 10231.4
11) 11150.9
12) 12110.7
13) 13110.7
14) 1430.2
15) 1540.2
16) 1620.1
17) 1710.1
19) 1920.1
21) 2110.1
22) 2210.1
98) Don't know30.2
99) No answer30.2
TOTAL1606100.0
28) How many children have you ever had? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (CHILDS)
TOTAL%
0) None44727.8
1) One25916.1
2) Two42326.3
3) Three24315.1
4) Four1227.6
5) Five644.0
6) Six140.9
7) Seven80.5
8) Eight or more211.3
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1606100.0
29) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL160646.21418
30) Respondent's education: What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that you finished and got credit for? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling30.2
2) 2nd grade40.2
4) 4th grade70.4
5) 5th grade70.4
6) 6th grade201.2
7) 7th grade271.7
8) 8th grade613.8
9) 9th grade472.9
10) 10th grade583.6
11) 11th grade865.4
12) 12th grade47729.7
13) 1 year of college1549.6
14) 2 years of college17711.0
15) 3 years of college754.7
16) 4 years of college22413.9
17) 5 years of college503.1
18) 6 years of college734.5
19) 7 years of college251.6
20) 8 years of college271.7
98) Don't know40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
31) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your father (or substitute father) finished and got credit for? (PAEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling221.4
1) 1st grade20.1
2) 2nd grade90.6
3) 3rd grade392.4
4) 4th grade221.4
5) 5th grade231.4
6) 6th grade633.9
7) 7th grade342.1
8) 8th grade18711.6
9) 9th grade342.1
10) 10th grade623.9
11) 11th grade342.1
12) 12th grade31719.7
13) 1 year of college372.3
14) 2 years of college794.9
15) 3 years of college201.2
16) 4 years of college1237.7
17) 5 years of college120.7
18) 6 years of college362.2
19) 7 years of college90.6
20) 8 years of college311.9
97) Not applicable19712.3
98) Don't know18511.5
99) No answer291.8
TOTAL1606100.0
32) What is the highest grade in elementary school or high school that your mother (substitute mother) finished and got credit for? (MAEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling231.4
1) 1st grade10.1
2) 2nd grade80.5
3) 3rd grade140.9
4) 4th grade231.4
5) 5th grade231.4
6) 6th grade402.5
7) 7th grade372.3
8) 8th grade17711.0
9) 9th grade352.2
10) 10th grade764.7
11) 11th grade472.9
12) 12th grade57335.7
13) 1 year of college472.9
14) 2 years of college1016.3
15) 3 years of college221.4
16) 4 years of college1026.4
17) 5 years of college50.3
18) 6 years of college171.1
19) 7 years of college30.2
20) 8 years of college50.3
97) Not applicable412.6
98) Don't know1599.9
99) No answer271.7
TOTAL1606100.0
33) What is the highest grade in elementary or high school that your (husband/wife) finished and got credit for? (SPEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling20.1
2) 2nd grade10.1
3) 3rd grade20.1
4) 4th grade20.1
5) 5th grade20.1
6) 6th grade40.2
7) 7th grade100.6
8) 8th grade201.2
9) 9th grade221.4
10) 10th grade452.8
11) 11th grade342.1
12) 12th grade28717.9
13) 1 year of college654.0
14) 2 years of college996.2
15) 3 years of college271.7
16) 4 years of college1398.7
17) 5 years of college291.8
18) 6 years of college342.1
19) 7 years of college90.6
20) 8 years of college150.9
97) Not applicable74746.5
98) Don't know60.4
99) No answer50.3
TOTAL1606100.0
34) Highest educational degree earned by respondent (DEGREE)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school29418.3
1) High school84052.3
2) Associate/Junior college976.0
3) Bachelor's25315.8
4) Graduate1187.3
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1606100.0
35) Highest educational degree of respondent's father (PADEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school59737.2
1) High school45728.5
2) Associate/Junior college261.6
3) Bachelor's1318.2
4) Graduate764.7
7) Not applicable19712.3
8) Don't know986.1
9) No answer241.5
TOTAL1606100.0
36) Highest educational degree of respondent's mother (MADEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school57135.6
1) High school69743.4
2) Associate/Junior college432.7
3) Bachelor's1036.4
4) Graduate301.9
7) Not applicable412.6
8) Don't know1006.2
9) No answer211.3
TOTAL1606100.0
37) Highest educational degree of respondent's spouse (SPDEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school1338.3
1) High school45428.3
2) Associate/Junior college442.7
3) Bachelor's1489.2
4) Graduate724.5
7) Not applicable74746.5
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1606100.0
38) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male68542.7
2) Female92157.3
TOTAL1606100.0
39) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White134783.9
2) Black17911.1
3) Other805.0
TOTAL1606100.0
40) Which of the categories on this card comes closest to the type of place you were living in when you were sixteen years old? (Open country, farm, small city or town, medium size city, suburb near large city, large city) (RES16)
TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm18711.6
2) On a farm28817.9
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)46629.0
4) In a medium-size city (50,000–250,000)22013.7
5) In a suburb near a large city20512.8
6) In a large city (over 250,000)23614.7
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer20.1
TOTAL1606100.0
41) In what state or foreign country were you living when you were sixteen years old? (REG16)
TOTAL%
0) Foreign845.2
1) New England573.5
2) Middle Atlantic24415.2
3) East North Central33220.7
4) West North Central1368.5
5) South Atlantic22313.9
6) East South Central1378.5
7) West South Central1559.7
8) Mountain664.1
9) Pacific17210.7
TOTAL1606100.0
42) When you were sixteen years old, were you living in this same (city/town/county)? (MOBILE16)
TOTAL%
1) Same state, same city66241.2
2) Same state, different city42626.5
3) Different state51532.1
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1606100.0
43) Were you living with both your own mother and father around the time you were sixteen? (If no: With whom were you living around that time?) (FAMILY16)
TOTAL%
0) Other332.1
1) Both own mother and father119274.2
2) Father and stepmother332.1
3) Mother and stepfather724.5
4) Father only342.1
5) Mother only16610.3
6) Some other male relative (no female head)70.4
7) Some other female relative (no male head)311.9
8) Other arrangement with relatives382.4
TOTAL1606100.0
44) If not living with both own mother and father: What happened? (FAMDIF16)
TOTAL%
1) One or both parents died14334.5
2) Parents divorced or separated19246.4
5) Other7217.4
8) Don't know71.7
Missing1192 
TOTAL414100.0
45) Did your mother ever work for pay for as long as a year, after she was married? (MAWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes94065.3
2) No44931.2
8) Don't know372.6
9) No answer141.0
Missing166 
TOTAL1440100.0
46) Did she work as long as a year after you were born and before you started first grade? (MAWKBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41843.8
2) No48650.9
8) Don't know323.4
9) No answer181.9
Missing652 
TOTAL954100.0
47) Thinking about the time when you were sixteen years old, compared with American families in general then, would you say your family income was--far below average, below average, average, above average, or far above average? (PROBE: Just your best guess.) (INCOM16)
TOTAL%
1) Far below average1167.2
2) Below average39324.5
3) Average79549.5
4) Above average25215.7
5) Far above average342.1
8) Don't know120.7
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
48) Were you born in this country? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes148192.2
2) No1177.3
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
49) Were both your parents born in this country? (PARBORN)
TOTAL%
0) Both born in US135184.1
1) Mother yes: father no362.2
2) Mother no: father yes332.1
3) Mother yes: father don't know30.2
4) Mother no: father don't know10.1
7) Mother don't know: father don't know50.3
8) Neither born in US16710.4
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
50) Were all of your four grandparents born in this country? If no: How many were born outside the United States? (GRANBORN)
TOTAL%
0) None92560.7
1) One966.3
2) Two16610.9
3) Three392.6
4) Four27217.9
8) Don't know140.9
9) No answer110.7
Missing83 
TOTAL1523100.0
51) Number of household members (HOMPOP)
TOTAL%
1) 37723.5
2) 52132.4
3) 29518.4
4) 26716.6
5) 1076.7
6) 311.9
7) 50.3
8) 10.1
9) 20.1
TOTAL1606100.0
52) Number of members under six? Under six years: (BABIES)
TOTAL%
0) None132182.3
1) One19812.3
2) Two754.7
3) Three90.6
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1606100.0
53) Number of members six to twelve years? Six-twelve years: (PRETEEN)
TOTAL%
0) None129480.6
1) One19212.0
2) Two966.0
3) Three181.1
4) Four20.1
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
54) Number of members thirteen to seventeen years? Thirteen-seventeen years: (TEENS)
TOTAL%
0) None137785.7
1) One17310.8
2) Two523.2
3) Three40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
55) Number of members over seventeen years? Eighteen+ years: (ADULTS)
TOTAL%
1) One47329.5
2) Two90056.0
3) Three17711.0
4) Four493.1
5) Five50.3
6) Six10.1
7) Seven10.1
TOTAL1606100.0
56) How many persons in the household are not related to you in any way? (UNRELAT)
TOTAL%
0) None104088.9
1) One907.7
2) Two221.9
3) Three100.9
4) Four10.1
5) Five10.1
9) No answer60.5
Missing436 
TOTAL1170100.0
57) Just thinking about your family now-those people in the household who are related to you . . . How many persons in the family, including yourself, earned any money last year from any job or employment? (EARNRS)
TOTAL%
0) None29818.6
1) One57735.9
2) Two55634.6
3) Three1147.1
4) Four322.0
5) Five60.4
6) Six20.1
7) Seven10.1
9) No answer201.2
TOTAL1606100.0
58) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before taxes, that is? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000171.1
2) $1,000–2,999201.2
3) $3,000–3,999251.6
4) $4,000–4,999342.1
5) $5,000–5,999342.1
6) $6,000–6,999241.5
7) $7,000–7,999291.8
8) $8,000–9,999392.4
9) $10,000–14,9991469.1
10) $15,000–19,9991227.6
11) $20,000–24,9991398.7
12) $25,000 or over83852.2
13) Refused714.4
98) Don't know573.5
99) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
59) In which of these groups did your earnings from (stated occupation) for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. (RINCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000262.4
2) $1,000–2,999383.5
3) $3,000–3,999333.0
4) $4,000–4,999282.6
5) $5,000–5,999242.2
6) $6,000–6,999252.3
7) $7,000–7,999161.5
8) $8,000–9,999343.1
9) $10,000–14,99912011.1
10) $15,000–19,99913212.2
11) $20,000–24,99912311.4
12) $25,000 or over42138.9
13) Refused484.4
98) Don't know111.0
99) No answer40.4
Missing523 
TOTAL1083100.0
60) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. Family income on 1991-1993 surveys. (INCOME91)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000171.1
2) $1,000–2,999201.2
3) $3,000–3,999251.6
4) $4,000–4,999342.1
5) $5,000–5,999342.1
6) $6,000–6,999241.5
7) $7,000–7,999291.8
8) $8,000–9,999392.4
9) $10,000–12,499694.3
10) $12,500–14,999774.8
11) $15,000–17,499633.9
12) $17,500–19,999593.7
13) $20,000–22,499633.9
14) $22,500–24,999764.7
15) $25,000–29,999986.1
16) $30,000–34,9991187.3
17) $35,000–39,9991076.7
18) $40,000–49,9991338.3
19) $50,000–50,9991147.1
20) $60,000–74,9991086.7
21) $75,000 or over16010.0
22) Refused714.4
98) Don't know573.5
99) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
61) In which of these groups did your earnings from (stated occupation) for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions. Respondent's income on 1991-1993 surveys. (RINCOM91)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000262.4
2) $1,000–2,999383.5
3) $3,000–3,999333.0
4) $4,000–4,999282.6
5) $5,000–5,999242.2
6) $6,000–6,999252.3
7) $7,000–7,999161.5
8) $8,000–9,999343.1
9) $10,000–12,499625.7
10) $12,500–14,999585.4
11) $15,000–17,499696.4
12) $17,500–19,999635.8
13) $20,000–22,499575.3
14) $22,500–24,999666.1
15) $25,000–29,999908.3
16) $30,000–34,999898.2
17) $35,000–39,999615.6
18) $40,000–49,999706.5
19) $50,000–50,999383.5
20) $60,000–74,999252.3
21) $75,000 or over474.3
22) Refused494.5
98) Don't know111.0
99) No answer50.5
Missing522 
TOTAL1084100.0
62) Region of interview (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) New England603.7
2) Middle Atlantic23014.3
3) East North Central29918.6
4) West North Central1187.3
5) South Atlantic27817.3
6) East South Central1298.0
7) West South Central1529.5
8) Mountain865.4
9) Pacific25415.8
TOTAL1606100.0
63) NORC size of place (XNORCSIZ)
TOTAL%
1) Within an SMSA and–a large central city (over 250,000)26516.5
2) A medium size central city (50,000 to 250,000)19011.8
3) A suburb of a large central city36622.8
4) A suburb of a medium-size central city19412.1
5) An unincorporated area of a large central city (division, township, etc)724.5
6) An unincorporated area of a medium central city1066.6
7) Not within an SMSA, (within a county) and–a small city (10,000 to 49,999)1318.2
8) A town or village (2,500 to 9,999)1016.3
9) An incorporated area less than 2,500 or an unincorporated area of 1,000 to 2,4991177.3
10) Open country within larger civil divisions, e.g., township, division644.0
TOTAL1606100.0
64) The SRC belt code has been revised for the NORC survey to aid in the categorization of places by size and type simultaneously. (SRCBELT)
TOTAL%
1) Central city of TWELVE largest SMSAs1106.8
2) Central city of remainder of the hundred largest SMSAs23714.8
3) Suburbs of twelve largest SMSAs22013.7
4) Suburbs of the remaining hundred largest SMSAs24715.4
5) Other Urban (counties having towns of 10,000 or more)60937.9
6) Other rural (counties having no towns of 10,000 or more)18311.4
TOTAL1606100.0
65) Size of place in thousands (SIZE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1606357.8641225
66) Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
0) Strong Democrat22714.1
1) Not very strong Democrat32120.0
2) Independent, close to Democrat19011.8
3) Independent (neither, no response)20512.8
4) Independent, close to Republican1589.8
5) Not very strong Republican29918.6
6) Strong Republican18011.2
7) Other party, refused to say171.1
9) No answer90.6
TOTAL1606100.0
67) In 1988, you remember that Dukakis ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Bush for the Republicans. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? (VOTE88)
TOTAL%
1) Voted100762.7
2) Did not vote44127.5
3) Ineligible1177.3
4) Refused50.3
8) Don't know/can't remember301.9
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1606100.0
68) If voted: Did you vote for Dukakis or Bush? (PRES88)
TOTAL%
1) Dukakis28227.8
2) Bush68667.7
3) Other candidate (specify)101.0
5) Didn't vote for President40.4
8) Don't know/can't remember151.5
9) No answer161.6
Missing593 
TOTAL1013100.0
69) If did not vote or ineligible: Who would you have voted for, for President, if you had voted? (IF88WHO)
TOTAL%
1) Dukakis9316.6
2) Bush28250.3
3) Other346.1
8) Don't know/can't remember11220.0
9) No answer407.1
Missing1045 
TOTAL561100.0
70) In 1992, you remember that Clinton ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Bush for the Republicans and Perot as an Independent. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? (VOTE92)
TOTAL%
1) Voted110969.1
2) Did not vote44627.8
3) Ineligible362.2
4) Refused to answer60.4
8) Don't know, can't remember50.3
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
71) If voted: Did you vote for Clinton, Bush, or Perot? (PRES92)
TOTAL%
1) Clinton46441.7
2) Bush41637.4
3) Perot20018.0
4) Other candidate (specify)40.4
6) Didn't vote for President20.2
8) Don't know/can't remember80.7
9) No answer191.7
Missing493 
TOTAL1113100.0
72) If did not vote or ineligible: Who would you have voted for, for President, if you had voted? (IF92WHO)
TOTAL%
1) Clinton19139.1
2) Bush11523.6
3) Perot9619.7
4) Other132.7
8) Don't know/can't remember5811.9
9) No answer153.1
Missing1118 
TOTAL488100.0
73) We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale? (POLVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely liberal301.9
2) Liberal18011.2
3) Slightly liberal20312.6
4) Moderate, middle of the road57535.8
5) Slightly conservative26416.4
6) Conservative25415.8
7) Extremely conservative422.6
8) Don't know493.1
9) No answer90.6
TOTAL1606100.0
74) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on the space exploration program? (NATSPAC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little678.4
2) About right29536.9
3) Too much38047.6
8) Don't know546.8
9) No answer30.4
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
75) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on improving and protecting the environment? (NATENVIR)
TOTAL%
1) Too little44555.7
2) About right23929.9
3) Too much749.3
8) Don't know364.5
9) No answer50.6
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
76) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on improving and protecting the nation's health? (NATHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Too little57171.5
2) About right13717.1
3) Too much607.5
8) Don't know263.3
9) No answer50.6
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
77) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on solving the problems of the big cities? (NATCITY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little42953.7
2) About right17521.9
3) Too much9211.5
8) Don't know9612.0
9) No answer70.9
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
78) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on halting the rising crime rate? (NATCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) Too little56370.5
2) About right16320.4
3) Too much394.9
8) Don't know293.6
9) No answer50.6
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
79) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on dealing with drug addiction? (NATDRUG)
TOTAL%
1) Too little47659.6
2) About right21727.2
3) Too much637.9
8) Don't know364.5
9) No answer70.9
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
80) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on improving the nation's education system? (NATEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little53266.6
2) About right19624.5
3) Too much465.8
8) Don't know202.5
9) No answer50.6
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
81) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on improving the conditions of Blacks? (NATRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Too little28435.5
2) About right31539.4
3) Too much12115.1
8) Don't know739.1
9) No answer60.8
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
82) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on the military, armaments and defense? (NATARMS)
TOTAL%
1) Too little8210.3
2) About right35344.2
3) Too much33041.3
8) Don't know303.8
9) No answer40.5
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
83) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on foreign aid? (NATAID)
TOTAL%
1) Too little394.9
2) About right16520.7
3) Too much55569.5
8) Don't know364.5
9) No answer40.5
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
84) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on welfare? (NATFARE)
TOTAL%
1) Too little13016.3
2) About right19824.8
3) Too much42853.6
8) Don't know405.0
9) No answer30.4
Missing807 
TOTAL799100.0
85) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on highways and bridges? (NATROAD)
TOTAL%
1) Too little60337.5
2) About right76447.6
3) Too much1449.0
8) Don't know805.0
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
86) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on Social Security? (NATSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little69343.2
2) About right68642.7
3) Too much1137.0
8) Don't know996.2
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
87) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on mass transportation? (NATMASS)
TOTAL%
1) Too little55434.5
2) About right70243.7
3) Too much1539.5
8) Don't know18111.3
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1606100.0
88) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on parks and recreation? (NATPARK)
TOTAL%
1) Too little48029.9
2) About right92057.3
3) Too much1016.3
8) Don't know905.6
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
89) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on space exploration? (NATSPACY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little526.4
2) About right28335.1
3) Too much42752.9
8) Don't know354.3
9) No answer101.2
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
90) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on the environment? (NATENVIY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little47058.2
2) About right22527.9
3) Too much647.9
8) Don't know374.6
9) No answer111.4
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
91) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on health? (NATHEALY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little55568.8
2) About right9912.3
3) Too much10613.1
8) Don't know324.0
9) No answer151.9
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
92) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on assistance to big cities? (NATCITYY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little18723.2
2) About right24230.0
3) Too much24630.5
8) Don't know12014.9
9) No answer121.5
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
93) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on law enforcement? (NATCRIMY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little46657.7
2) About right25131.1
3) Too much455.6
8) Don't know334.1
9) No answer121.5
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
94) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on drug rehabilitation? (NATDRUGY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little43553.9
2) About right23429.0
3) Too much799.8
8) Don't know455.6
9) No answer141.7
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
95) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on education? (NATEDUCY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little56269.6
2) About right17822.1
3) Too much394.8
8) Don't know151.9
9) No answer131.6
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
96) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on assistance to Blacks? (NATRACEY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little18823.3
2) About right30637.9
3) Too much19123.7
8) Don't know10813.4
9) No answer141.7
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
97) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on national defense? (NATARMSY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little9411.6
2) About right31539.0
3) Too much35544.0
8) Don't know313.8
9) No answer121.5
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
98) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on assistance to other countries? (NATAIDY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little263.2
2) About right15619.3
3) Too much59373.5
8) Don't know192.4
9) No answer131.6
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
99) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. First are we spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on assistance to the poor? (NATFAREY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little49761.6
2) About right17721.9
3) Too much9511.8
8) Don't know253.1
9) No answer131.6
Missing799 
TOTAL807100.0
100) Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel? (EQWLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Government should18417.4
2) 212211.5
3) 320119.0
4) 418717.7
5) 513012.3
6) 6817.7
7) Government should not13012.3
8) Don't know181.7
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
101) Do you consider the amount of federal income tax which you have to pay as too high, about right, or too low? (TAX)
TOTAL%
1) Too high58254.1
2) About right43640.6
3) Too low131.2
8) Don't know292.7
9) No answer151.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
102) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against all churches and religion . . . If such a person wanted to make a speech in your (city/town/community) against churches and religion, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak76471.1
2) Not allowed29027.0
8) Don't know191.8
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
103) Should a person who is against all churches and religion be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach55651.7
5) Not allowed47043.7
8) Don't know434.0
9) No answer60.6
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
104) If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Favor30728.6
2) Not favor72167.1
8) Don't know413.8
9) No answer60.6
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
105) Or consider a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community claiming that Blacks are inferior, should he/she be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak64960.4
2) Not allowed39736.9
8) Don't know262.4
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
106) Should a person who believes that Blacks are genetically inferior be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLRAC)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach46543.3
5) Not allowed56352.4
8) Don't know413.8
9) No answer60.6
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
107) If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote which said Blacks are inferior should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Favor33931.5
2) Not favor69164.3
8) Don't know423.9
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
108) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a Communist. Suppose this admitted Communist wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak73668.5
2) Not allowed30828.7
8) Don't know282.6
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
109) Suppose an admitted Communist is teaching in a college. Should he be fired, or not? (COLCOM)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, fired39236.5
5) Not fired60256.0
8) Don't know767.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
110) Suppose an admitted Communist wrote a book which is in your public library. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it, or not? (LIBCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Favor31028.8
2) Not favor71366.3
8) Don't know464.3
9) No answer60.6
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
111) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community, should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak69164.3
2) Not allowed35432.9
8) Don't know272.5
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
112) Should a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLMIL)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach51047.4
5) Not allowed51447.8
8) Don't know474.4
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
113) Suppose he wrote a book advocating doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Somebody in your community suggests that the book be removed from the public library. Would you favor removing it, or not? (LIBMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Favor31329.1
2) Not favor72167.1
8) Don't know373.4
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
114) Consider a man who admits that he is a homosexual. Suppose this admitted homosexual wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak, or not? (SPKHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak83978.0
2) Not allowed19918.5
8) Don't know353.3
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
115) Should an admitted homosexual be allowed to teach in a college or university, or not? (COLHOMO)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach73368.2
5) Not allowed29027.0
8) Don't know474.4
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
116) If some people in your community suggested that a book written by an admitted homosexual in favor of homosexuality should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book, or not? (LIBHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Favor31329.1
2) Not favor71366.3
8) Don't know454.2
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
117) Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (CAPPUN)
TOTAL%
1) Favor115171.7
2) Oppose33721.0
8) Don't know1127.0
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1606100.0
118) Would you favor or oppose a law which would require a person to obtain a police permit before he or she could buy a gun? (GUNLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Favor87080.9
2) Oppose18517.2
8) Don't know191.8
9) No answer10.1
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
119) In general, do you think the courts in this area deal too harshly or not harshly enough with criminals? (COURTS)
TOTAL%
1) Too harshly543.4
2) Not harshly enough130080.9
3) About right1569.7
8) Don't know885.5
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
120) Everything considered, would you say that, in general, you approve or disapprove of wiretapping? (WIRTAP)
TOTAL%
1) Approve24522.7
2) Disapprove76871.1
8) No opinion615.6
9) No answer60.6
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
121) Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not? (GRASS)
TOTAL%
1) Should23422.1
2) Should not77072.8
8) Don't know524.9
9) No answer10.1
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
122) Do you expect the United States to fight in another world war within the next ten years? (USWARY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50546.8
2) No53649.6
8) Don't know383.5
9) No answer10.1
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
123) Do you think it will be best for the future of this country if we take an active part in world affairs or if we stay out of world affairs? (USINTL)
TOTAL%
1) Active part72567.1
2) Stay out30628.3
8) Don't know494.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
124) Do you think our government should continue to belong to the United Nations or should we pull out of it now? (USUN)
TOTAL%
1) Continue to belong92085.2
2) Pull out now1069.8
8) Don't know534.9
9) No answer10.1
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
125) Thinking about all the different kinds of governments in the world today, which of these statements comes closest to how you feel about Communism as form of government? (COMMUN)
TOTAL%
1) It's the worst kind of all48645.2
2) It's bad, but no worse than some others37835.2
3) It's all right for some countries16115.0
4) It's a good form of government131.2
8) Don't know323.0
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
126) You will notice that this scale goes from the highest position of "plus 5" for a country which you like very much, to the lowest position of "minus 5" for a country you dislike very much. How far up the scale or how far down the scale would you rate the following countries? Russia (RUSSIA)
TOTAL%
0) +5 Like747.3
1) +4434.2
2) +315915.7
3) +214113.9
4) +129929.5
5) -1868.5
6) -2494.8
7) -3434.2
8) -4252.5
9) -5 Dislike959.4
Missing592 
TOTAL1014100.0
127) You will notice that the boxes on this card go from the highest position of "plus 5" for a country which you like very much, to the lowest position of "minus 5" for a country you dislike very much. How far up the scale or how far down the scale would you rate the following countries? Japan (JAPAN)
TOTAL%
0) +5 Like767.3
1) +4777.4
2) +316515.9
3) +213713.2
4) +120319.6
5) -112311.9
6) -2585.6
7) -3585.6
8) -4464.4
9) -5 Dislike928.9
Missing571 
TOTAL1035100.0
128) You will notice that this scale goes from the highest position of "plus 5" for a country which you like very much, to the lowest position of "minus 5" for a country you dislike very much. How far up the scale or how far down the scale would you rate the following countries? Canada (CANADA)
TOTAL%
0) +5 Like34633.3
1) +420219.4
2) +323022.1
3) +21029.8
4) +112211.7
5) -170.7
6) -2121.2
7) -360.6
8) -440.4
9) -5 Dislike80.8
Missing567 
TOTAL1039100.0
129) You will notice that this scale goes from the highest position of "plus 5" for a country which you like very much, to the lowest position of "minus 5" for a country you dislike very much. How far up the scale or how far down the scale would you rate the following countries? China (CHINA)
TOTAL%
0) +5 Like535.2
1) +4424.1
2) +31019.9
3) +211511.3
4) +124724.3
5) -113813.6
6) -2969.4
7) -3767.5
8) -4454.4
9) -5 Dislike10310.1
Missing590 
TOTAL1016100.0
130) You will notice that this scale goes from the highest position of "plus 5" for a country which you like very much, to the lowest position of "minus 5" for a country you dislike very much. How far up the scale or how far down the scale would you rate the following countries? Israel (ISRAEL)
TOTAL%
0) +5 Like10510.5
1) +4737.3
2) +313313.3
3) +210410.4
4) +122722.7
5) -112312.3
6) -2717.1
7) -3595.9
8) -4414.1
9) -5 Dislike666.6
Missing604 
TOTAL1002100.0
131) You will notice that this scale goes from the highest position of "plus 5" for a country which you like very much, to the lowest position of "minus 5" for a country you dislike very much. How far up the scale or how far down the scale would you rate the following countries? Egypt (EGYPT)
TOTAL%
0) +5 Like666.7
1) +4616.2
2) +310811.0
3) +211711.9
4) +128328.8
5) -114014.2
6) -2565.7
7) -3606.1
8) -4363.7
9) -5 Dislike575.8
Missing622 
TOTAL984100.0
132) What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant102563.8
2) Catholic35121.9
3) Jewish332.1
4) None1469.1
5) Other422.6
98) Don't know10.1
99) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
133) If protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Assoc.212.0
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A70.7
12) National Baptist Convention of America80.8
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.30.3
14) Southern Baptist Convention15715.2
15) Other Baptist churches313.0
18) Baptist, don't know which858.2
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church80.8
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church40.4
22) United Methodist Church13012.6
23) Other Methodist churches50.5
28) Methodist, don't know which232.2
30) American Lutheran Church201.9
31) Lutheran Church in America141.4
32) Lutheran Church Missouri Synod434.2
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod70.7
34) Other Lutheran churches111.1
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church141.4
38) Lutheran, don't know which80.8
40) Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A151.5
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A232.2
42) Other Presbyterian churches161.5
43) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A)90.9
48) Presbyterian, don't know which80.8
50) Episcopal Church343.3
60) Other (specify)23522.7
70) No denomination given or non-denominational848.1
99) No answer111.1
Missing572 
TOTAL1034100.0
134) Other Protestant denominations (See Note 3: Other Specify for Religious Affiliation on the ARDA file summary page) (OTHER)
TOTAL%
8) 810.4
9) 910.4
12) 12104.4
14) 1410.4
16) 1673.1
20) 2041.8
23) 2310.4
24) 2410.4
31) 31187.9
32) 32135.7
33) 3310.4
35) 352611.5
36) 36125.3
37) 3720.9
40) 4073.1
43) 4320.9
44) 4462.6
45) 4520.9
47) 4710.4
48) 4810.4
51) 5131.3
52) 5220.9
56) 5694.0
58) 58135.7
59) 5952.2
60) 6062.6
62) 6220.9
63) 6310.4
64) 6473.1
65) 6541.8
67) 6710.4
68) 68198.4
69) 6931.3
70) 7010.4
71) 7110.4
74) 7431.3
76) 7610.4
77) 7773.1
80) 8041.8
81) 8141.8
83) 8341.8
93) 9331.3
95) 9541.8
97) 9720.9
99) No answer10.4
Missing1379 
TOTAL227100.0
135) If Jewish: Do you consider yourself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, or none of these? (JEW)
TOTAL%
2) Conservative1030.3
3) Reform1339.4
4) None of these1030.3
Missing1573 
TOTAL33100.0
136) Fundamentalism/liberalism of respondent's religion (FUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist53933.6
2) Moderate57535.8
3) Liberal43026.8
9) No answer and excluded623.9
TOTAL1606100.0
137) How often do you attend religious services? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Never25916.1
1) Less than once a year1368.5
2) About once or twice a year19312.0
3) Several times a year17611.0
4) About once a month1127.0
5) Two to three times a month1378.5
6) Nearly every week996.2
7) Every week32120.0
8) Several times a week1358.4
9) Don't know, no answer382.4
TOTAL1606100.0
138) Would you call yourself a strong (stated religious preference) or a not very strong (stated religious preference)? (RELITEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strong58036.1
2) Not very strong58736.6
3) Somewhat strong21613.4
4) No religion1469.1
8) Don't know150.9
9) No answer623.9
TOTAL1606100.0
139) Do you believe there is a life after death? (POSTLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78072.2
2) No18517.1
8) Undecided11110.3
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
140) About how often do you pray? (PRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day28126.0
2) Once a day31128.8
3) Several times a week14313.2
4) Once a week817.5
5) Less than once a week22420.7
6) Never161.5
9) No answer242.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
141) There are many different ways of picturing God. We'd like to know the kinds of images you are most likely to associate with God. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of God between the two contrasting images? The first set of contrasting images shows Mother at 1 on the scale and Father at 7. If you imagine God as a Mother you would place yourself at 1. If you imagine God as a Father, you would place yourself at 7. If you imagine God as somewhere between Mother and Father, you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Where would you place your image of God on the scale for Mother or Father? (MAPA)
TOTAL%
1) 1-Mother333.1
2) 2121.1
3) 3292.7
4) 425123.2
5) 5857.9
6) 61049.6
7) 7-Father50646.9
8) Don't know60.6
9) No answer545.0
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
142) There are many different ways of picturing God. We'd like to know the kinds of images you are most likely to associate with God. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of God between the two contrasting images? The first set of contrasting images shows Master at 1 on the scale and Spouse at 7. If you imagine God as a Master you would place yourself at 1. If you imagine God as a Master, you would place yourself at 7. If you imagine God as somewhere between Master and Spouse, you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Where would you place your image of God on the scale for Master or Spouse? (MASTERSP)
TOTAL%
1) 1-Master48945.3
2) 211010.2
3) 3989.1
4) 420018.5
5) 5353.2
6) 6252.3
7) 7-Spouse524.8
8) Don't know80.7
9) No answer635.8
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
143) There are many different ways of picturing God. We'd like to know the kinds of images you are most likely to associate with God. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of God between the two contrasting images? The first set of contrasting images shows Judge at 1 on the scale and Lover at 7. If you imagine God as a Judge you would place yourself at 1. If you imagine God as a Lover, you would place yourself at 7. If you imagine God as somewhere between Judge and Lover, you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Where would you place your image of God on the scale for Judge or Lover? (JUDGELUV)
TOTAL%
1) 1-Judge39636.7
2) 21039.5
3) 3767.0
4) 425023.1
5) 5545.0
6) 6464.3
7) 7-Lover878.1
8) Don't know90.8
9) No answer595.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
144) There are many different ways of picturing God. We'd like to know the kinds of images you are most likely to associate with God. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of God between the two contrasting images? The first set of contrasting images shows Friend at 1 on the scale and King at 7. If you imagine God as a Friend you would place yourself at 1. If you imagine God as a King, you would place yourself at 7. If you imagine God as somewhere between Friend and King, you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Where would you place your image of God on the scale for Friend or King? (FRNDKING)
TOTAL%
1) 1-Friend27825.7
2) 2797.3
3) 3595.5
4) 430928.6
5) 5444.1
6) 6454.2
7) 7-King21219.6
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer514.7
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
145) In what religion were you raised? (RELIG16)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant103964.7
2) Catholic42226.3
3) Jewish352.2
4) None714.4
5) Other291.8
99) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
146) If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM16)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Assoc.212.0
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A121.1
12) National Baptist Convention of America70.7
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.40.4
14) Southern Baptist Convention17116.3
15) Other Baptist churches242.3
18) Baptist, don't know which938.9
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church70.7
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church80.8
22) United Methodist Church11511.0
23) Other Methodist churches111.0
28) Methodist, don't know which444.2
30) American Lutheran Church262.5
31) Lutheran Church in America141.3
32) Lutheran Church Missouri Synod403.8
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod50.5
34) Other Lutheran churches111.0
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church50.5
38) Lutheran, don't know which151.4
40) Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A181.7
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A262.5
42) Other Presbyterian churches161.5
43) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A111.0
48) Presbyterian, don't know which151.4
50) Episcopal Church413.9
60) Other23722.6
70) No denomination given or non-denominational373.5
99) No answer151.4
Missing557 
TOTAL1049100.0
147) Other Protestant denominations (See Note 3: Other Specify for Religious Affiliation on the ARDA file summary page) (OTH16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL23752.34666
148) If Jewish: Were you Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, or none of these? (JEW16)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox38.6
2) Conservative1131.4
3) Reform1337.1
4) None of these720.0
9) No answer12.9
Missing1571 
TOTAL35100.0
149) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion respondent was raised in (FUND16)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist55934.8
2) Moderate60937.9
3) Liberal38924.2
9) No answer493.1
TOTAL1606100.0
150) What is your (spouse's) religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (SPREL)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant53662.4
2) Catholic19823.1
3) Jewish232.7
4) None708.1
5) Other232.7
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer80.9
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
151) Spouse: If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (SPDEN)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Assoc.122.2
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A61.1
12) National Baptist Convention of America20.4
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.20.4
14) Southern Baptist Convention7012.8
15) Other Baptist churches142.6
18) Baptist, don't know which499.0
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church40.7
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church30.6
22) United Methodist Church7012.8
23) Other Methodist churches20.4
28) Methodist, don't know which162.9
30) American Lutheran Church112.0
31) Lutheran Church in America71.3
32) Lutheran Church Missouri Synod244.4
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod20.4
34) Other Lutheran churches40.7
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church101.8
38) Lutheran, don't know which91.7
40) Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A122.2
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A61.1
42) Other Presbyterian churches50.9
43) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A)30.6
48) Presbyterian, don't know which50.9
50) Episcopal Church183.3
60) Other12322.6
70) No denomination given or non-denominational468.4
98) Don't know10.2
99) No answer91.7
Missing1061 
TOTAL545100.0
152) Spouse: Other Protestant Denominations (See Note 3: Other Specify for Religious Affiliation on the ARDA file summary page) (SPOTHER)
TOTAL%
9) 910.8
12) 1232.4
16) 1632.4
20) 2032.4
23) 2321.6
24) 2421.6
31) 31118.9
32) 3264.9
33) 3310.8
35) 351512.2
36) 3675.7
37) 3710.8
40) 4054.1
43) 4310.8
44) 4410.8
45) 4510.8
47) 4710.8
48) 4810.8
51) 5110.8
52) 5210.8
55) 5510.8
56) 5664.9
58) 5886.5
59) 5921.6
60) 6032.4
62) 6210.8
64) 6421.6
65) 6521.6
68) 6897.3
69) 6921.6
70) 7010.8
71) 7121.6
74) 7410.8
77) 7721.6
81) 8143.3
83) 8321.6
93) 9310.8
95) 9510.8
99) 9910.8
117) 11710.8
138) 13810.8
999) No answer32.4
Missing1483 
TOTAL123100.0
153) Does (s/he) consider (her/himself) Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (SPJEW)
TOTAL%
2) Conservative521.7
3) Reform1252.2
4) None of these521.7
9) No answer14.3
Missing1583 
TOTAL23100.0
154) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion of spouse (SPFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist26530.8
2) Moderate33038.4
3) Liberal22426.1
9) No answer404.7
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
155) In what religion was your (husband/wife) raised? (SPREL16)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant53962.7
2) Catholic22726.4
3) Jewish192.2
4) None414.8
5) Other202.3
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer101.2
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
156) Religion spouse raised in: If Protestant: What specific denomination is that, if any? (SPDEN16)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Assoc.152.7
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A61.1
12) National Baptist Convention of America30.5
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.30.5
14) Southern Baptist Convention8415.2
15) Other Baptist churches81.4
18) Baptist, don't know which6111.1
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church30.5
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church30.5
22) United Methodist Church6912.5
23) Other Methodist churches10.2
28) Methodist, don't know which213.8
30) American Lutheran Church173.1
31) Lutheran Church in America50.9
32) Lutheran Church Missouri Synod152.7
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod20.4
34) Other Lutheran churches61.1
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church40.7
38) Lutheran, don't know which112.0
40) Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A101.8
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A112.0
42) Other Presbyterian churches50.9
43) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A20.4
48) Presbyterian, don't know which50.9
50) Episcopal Church183.3
60) Other11019.9
70) No denomination given or non-denominational366.5
98) Don't know40.7
99) No answer142.5
Missing1054 
TOTAL552100.0
157) Religion spouse was raised in: Other Protestant denomination (See Note 3: Other Specify for Religious Affiliation on the ARDA file summary page) (SPOTH16)
TOTAL%
12) 76.3
16) 21.8
20) 32.7
23) 32.7
24) 10.9
31) 98.1
32) 76.3
33) 32.7
35) 98.1
36) 54.5
40) 87.2
41) 10.9
42) 10.9
43) 10.9
44) 21.8
48) 10.9
51) 10.9
55) 10.9
56) 76.3
58) 54.5
60) 32.7
63) 10.9
64) 32.7
65) 32.7
68) 87.2
69) 10.9
70) 10.9
71) 10.9
77) 21.8
81) 32.7
83) 21.8
91) 10.9
93) 10.9
101) 10.9
120) 10.9
999) 21.8
Missing1495 
TOTAL111100.0
158) Religion spouse was raised in: If JEWISH: Was (s/he) Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, or none of these? (SPJEW16)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox15.3
2) Conservative842.1
3) Reform631.6
4) None of these315.8
9) No answer15.3
Missing1587 
TOTAL19100.0
159) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion spouse was raised in (SPFUND16)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist26931.3
2) Moderate34540.2
3) Liberal20223.5
9) No answer435.0
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
160) The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this—do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve42339.2
2) Disapprove61156.6
8) No opinion434.0
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
161) Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? a. The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word. b. The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word . c. The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men. (BIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Actual word35633.0
2) Inspired word52448.5
3) Ancient book16315.1
4) Other90.8
8) Don't know222.0
9) No answer60.6
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
162) Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and Whites? (RACMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17816.6
2) No85979.9
8) Don't know353.3
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
163) White people have a right to keep (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly423.9
2) Agree slightly10910.1
3) Disagree slightly21820.3
4) Disagree strongly68163.3
8) No opinion232.1
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
164) Suppose there is a community-wide vote on the general housing issue. There are two possible laws to vote on. Which law would you vote for? One law says that a homeowner can decide for himself whom to sell his house to, even if he prefers not to sell to (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans). The second law says that a homeowner cannot refuse to sell to someone because of their race or color. (RACOPEN)
TOTAL%
1) A homeowner can decide for himself whom to sell his house to even if he prefers not to sell to (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans).31429.7
2) A homeowner cannot refuse to sell to someone because of their race or color.68064.3
3) Neither403.8
8) Don't know191.8
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
165) (Asked about opposite race) Are there any [(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes95559.5
2) No56235.0
8) Don't know794.9
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
166) (Asked about opposite race) Are there any [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] families living close to you? (RACCLOS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69972.4
2) No23524.4
8) Don't know60.6
9) No answer252.6
Missing641 
TOTAL965100.0
167) (Asked about opposite race) How many blocks (or miles) away do they (the [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] families who live closest to you) live? (RACDIS)
TOTAL%
1) On this block, a few doors/houses away48249.9
2) One to three blocks away, under one-fourth mile27728.7
3) Four to eight blocks away, under one-fourth to one mile10110.5
4) Over eight blocks away, over one mile656.7
8) Don't know131.3
9) No answer272.8
Missing641 
TOTAL965100.0
168) Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG)
TOTAL%
1) All Negro/Black404.1
2) Remain integrated88391.5
8) Don't know262.7
9) No answer161.7
Missing641 
TOTAL965100.0
169) (Asked about opposite race) During the last few years, has anyone in your family brought a friend who was a [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] home for dinner? (RACHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39236.5
2) No67362.6
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer60.6
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
170) (Asked about opposite race) Would you yourself have any objection to sending your children to a school where a few of the children are [Whites/(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)]? (RACFEW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes474.4
2) No102695.0
8) Don't know50.5
9) No answer20.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
171) (Asked about opposite race) If no or don't know to RACFEW: [Would you send your children to a school] Where half of the children are [Whites/(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)]? (RACHAF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14814.3
2) No85082.3
8) Don't know313.0
9) No answer40.4
Missing573 
TOTAL1033100.0
172) (Asked about opposite race) If no or don't know to RACHAF: [Would you send your children to a school] Where more than half of the children are [Whites/(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)]? (RACMOST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31135.1
2) No51358.0
8) Don't know536.0
9) No answer80.9
Missing721 
TOTAL885100.0
173) In general, do you favor or oppose the busing of (Negro/Black/African-American) and White school children from one district to another? (BUSING)
TOTAL%
1) Favor31028.7
2) Oppose68063.0
8) Don't know868.0
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
174) If your party nominated a (Negro/Black/African-American) for President, would you vote for him if he were qualified for the job? (RACPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes90984.2
2) No11310.5
8) Don't know555.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
175) Asked about opposite race: Do (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans)/Whites attend the church that you, yourself, attend most often, or not? (RACCHURH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, attend39937.7
2) No, do not attend44341.9
3) No church21120.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
176) Taken all together, how would you say things are these days—would you say that you are very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? (HAPPY)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy50631.5
2) Pretty happy91757.1
3) Not too happy17811.1
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1606100.0
177) If currently married: Taking things all together, how would you describe your marriage? Would you say that your marriage is very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? (HAPMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy52761.4
2) Pretty happy30135.0
3) Not too happy252.9
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer30.3
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
178) Would you say your own health, in general, is excellent, good, fair, or poor? (HEALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent33931.5
2) Good48745.3
3) Fair17816.6
4) Poor676.2
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
179) In general, do you find life exciting, pretty routine, or dull? (LIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Exciting49646.1
2) Routine50246.7
3) Dull696.4
8) No opinion40.4
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
180) Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful, or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves? (HELPFUL)
TOTAL%
1) Try to be helpful55152.1
2) Just look out for themselves43140.8
3) Depends605.7
8) Don't know141.3
9) No answer10.1
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
181) Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair? (FAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Would take advantage of you38436.3
2) Would try to be fair58955.7
3) Depends747.0
8) Don't know80.8
9) No answer20.2
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
182) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in life? (TRUST)
TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted37735.7
2) Can't be too careful63059.6
3) Other, depends454.3
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer10.1
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
183) For each area of life I am going to name, tell me the number that shows how much satisfaction you get from that area. The city or place you live in (SATCITY)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal18217.2
2) A great deal30428.8
3) Quite a bit19518.4
4) A fair amount21120.0
5) Some847.9
6) A little575.4
7) None212.0
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
184) For each area of life I am going to name, tell me the number that shows how much satisfaction you get from that area. Your non-working activities--hobbies and so on (SATHOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal25223.8
2) A great deal34532.6
3) Quite a bit19318.3
4) A fair amount12511.8
5) Some636.0
6) A little403.8
7) None282.6
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer70.7
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
185) For each area of life I am going to name, tell me the number that shows how much satisfaction you get from that area. Your family life (SATFAM)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal43240.9
2) A great deal36134.2
3) Quite a bit999.4
4) A fair amount787.4
5) Some312.9
6) A little262.5
7) None201.9
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer60.6
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
186) For each area of life I am going to name, tell me the number that shows how much satisfaction you get from that area. Your friendships (SATFRND)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal34232.4
2) A great deal38736.6
3) Quite a bit15114.3
4) A fair amount10810.2
5) Some333.1
6) A little272.6
7) None50.5
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
187) For each area of life I am going to name, tell me the number that shows how much satisfaction you get from that area. Your health and physical condition (SATHEALT)
TOTAL%
1) A very great deal24022.7
2) A great deal34332.5
3) Quite a bit19718.6
4) A fair amount15614.8
5) Some373.5
6) A little524.9
7) None252.4
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
188) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Banks and financial institutions (CONFINAN)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal15814.9
2) Only some59856.6
3) Hardly any27526.0
8) Don't know232.2
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
189) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Major companies (CONBUS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal22120.9
2) Only some66162.5
3) Hardly any13012.3
8) Don't know434.1
9) No answer20.2
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
190) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized religion (CONCLERG)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal24022.7
2) Only some52149.3
3) Hardly any25724.3
8) Don't know333.1
9) No answer60.6
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
191) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Education (CONEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal23422.1
2) Only some60957.6
3) Hardly any19218.2
8) Don't know171.6
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
192) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Executive branch of the federal government (CONFED)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal12411.7
2) Only some55652.6
3) Hardly any34032.2
8) Don't know323.0
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
193) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized labor (CONLABOA)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal878.2
2) Only some55352.3
3) Hardly any34032.2
8) Don't know736.9
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
194) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Press (CONPRESS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal11410.8
2) Only some51248.4
3) Hardly any40638.4
8) Don't know212.0
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
195) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Medicine (CONMEDIC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal41138.9
2) Only some53951.0
3) Hardly any898.4
8) Don't know131.2
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
196) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? TV (CONTV)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal12211.5
2) Only some53250.3
3) Hardly any38836.7
8) Don't know121.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
197) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? U.S. Supreme Court (CONJUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal32230.5
2) Only some54651.7
3) Hardly any14113.3
8) Don't know454.3
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
198) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Scientific community (CONSCI)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal39537.4
2) Only some49646.9
3) Hardly any716.7
8) Don't know908.5
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
199) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Congress (CONLEGIS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal736.9
2) Only some52850.0
3) Hardly any42840.5
8) Don't know252.4
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
200) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence, or hardly any confidence at all in them? Military (CONARMY)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal44141.7
2) Only some47745.1
3) Hardly any11611.0
8) Don't know181.7
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
201) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? Which comes next in importance? Which comes third? Which comes fourth? To obey (OBEY)
TOTAL%
1) First19118.1
2) Second14613.8
3) Third17416.5
4) Fourth36134.2
5) Fifth15915.0
9) No answer262.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
202) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? Which comes next in importance? Which comes third? Which comes fourth? To be well-liked or popular (POPULAR)
TOTAL%
1) First111.0
2) Second262.5
3) Third494.6
4) Fourth19318.3
5) Fifth75271.1
9) No answer262.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
203) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? Which comes next in importance? Which comes third? Which comes fourth? To think for himself or herself (THNKSELF)
TOTAL%
1) First55152.1
2) Second15414.6
3) Third12511.8
4) Fourth14013.2
5) Fifth615.8
9) No answer262.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
204) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? Which comes next in importance? Which comes third? Which comes fourth? To work hard (WORKHARD)
TOTAL%
1) First14313.5
2) Second36834.8
3) Third36934.9
4) Fourth12912.2
5) Fifth222.1
9) No answer262.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
205) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? Which comes next in importance? Which comes third? Which comes fourth? To help others when they need help (HELPOTH)
TOTAL%
1) First13512.8
2) Second33731.9
3) Third31429.7
4) Fourth20819.7
5) Fifth373.5
9) No answer262.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
206) Would you tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with relatives? (SOCREL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day847.8
2) Once or twice a week26324.4
3) Several times a month20919.4
4) About once a month21119.5
5) Several times a year18517.1
6) About once a year837.7
7) Never403.7
8) Don't know20.2
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
207) Would you tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with someone who lives in your neighborhood? (SOCOMMUN)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day494.5
2) Once or twice a week18116.8
3) Several times a month13012.0
4) About once a month15614.4
5) Several times a year13812.8
6) About once a year1029.4
7) Never32029.6
8) Don't know20.2
9) No answer20.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
208) Would you tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with friends who live outside the neighborhood? (SOCFREND)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day353.2
2) Once or twice a week22721.0
3) Several times a month22020.4
4) About once a month21419.8
5) Several times a year21820.2
6) About once a year656.0
7) Never979.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
209) Would you tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Go to a bar or tavern? (SOCBAR)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day70.6
2) Once or twice a week857.9
3) Several times a month787.2
4) About once a month11010.2
5) Several times a year12011.1
6) About once a year12011.1
7) Never55651.5
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
210) Would you tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with your parents? (SOCPARS)
TOTAL%
0) Not appropriate (no such relatives)28326.2
1) Almost every day736.8
2) Once or twice a week15414.3
3) Several times a month1079.9
4) About once a month12111.2
5) Several times a year14813.7
6) About once a year928.5
7) Never958.8
8) Don't know20.2
9) No answer50.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
211) Would you tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with a brother or sister? (SOCSIBS)
TOTAL%
0) Not appropriate (no such relatives)958.8
1) Almost every day524.8
2) Once or twice a week12811.9
3) Several times a month14013.0
4) About once a month15214.1
5) Several times a year23121.4
6) About once a year15814.6
7) Never11210.4
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer90.8
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
212) As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (AGED)
TOTAL%
1) A good idea45543.0
2) Bad idea36934.9
3) Depends21820.6
8) Don't know131.2
9) No answer20.2
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
213) Do you ever have occasion to use any alcoholic beverages such as liquor, wine, or beer, or are you a total abstainer? (DRINK)
TOTAL%
1) Use alcohol73369.3
2) Total abstainer32430.7
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
214) Do you sometimes drink more than you think you should? (DRUNK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24032.7
2) No49167.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer10.1
Missing873 
TOTAL733100.0
215) Do you smoke? (SMOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28827.2
2) No76772.6
9) No answer20.2
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
216) IF YES TO SMOKE: Have you ever tried to give up smoking? (QUITSMK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21875.2
2) No7024.1
9) No answer20.7
Missing1316 
TOTAL290100.0
217) IF NO TO SMOKE: Have you ever smoked regularly? (EVSMOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26033.8
2) No49664.5
9) No answer131.7
Missing837 
TOTAL769100.0
218) Now I'm going to read you several more statements. Some people agree with a statement, others disagree. As I read each one, tell me whether you more or less agree with it, or more or less disagree. In spite of what some people say, the lot (situation/condition) of the average man is getting worse, not better. (ANOMIA5)
TOTAL%
1) Agree70865.9
2) Disagree31929.7
8) Don't know434.0
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
219) Now I'm going to read you several more statements. Some people agree with a statement, others disagree. As I read each one, tell me whether you more or less agree with it, or more or less disagree. It's hardly fair to bring a child into the world with the way things look for the future. (ANOMIA6)
TOTAL%
1) Agree44241.1
2) Disagree60055.8
8) Don't know302.8
9) No answer30.3
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
220) Now I'm going to read you several more statements. Some people agree with a statement, others disagree. As I read each one, tell me whether you more or less agree with it, or more or less disagree. Most public officials (people in public office) are not really interested in the problems of the average man. (ANOMIA7)
TOTAL%
1) Agree79173.6
2) Disagree25423.6
8) Don't know252.3
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
221) Thinking about the next twelve months, how likely do you think it is that you will lose your job or be laid off—very likely, fairly likely, not too likely, or not at all likely? (JOBLOSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely304.4
2) Fairly likely547.9
3) Not too likely17926.3
4) Not at all likely40559.5
8) Don't know91.3
9) No answer40.6
Missing925 
TOTAL681100.0
222) About how easy would it be for you to find a job with another employer with approximately the same income and fringe benefits you now have? Would you say very easy, somewhat easy, or not easy at all? (JOBFIND)
TOTAL%
1) Very easy14721.6
2) Somewhat easy22032.3
3) Not easy at all29843.8
8) Don't know111.6
9) No answer50.7
Missing925 
TOTAL681100.0
223) On the whole, how satisfied are you with the work you do—would you say you are very satisfied, moderately satisfied, a little dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied? (SATJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied53241.7
2) Moderately satisfied50539.5
3) A little dissatisfied13310.4
4) Very dissatisfied584.5
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer483.8
Missing329 
TOTAL1277100.0
224) If you were to get enough money to live as comfortably as you would like for the rest of your life, would you continue to work or would you stop working? (RICHWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Continue to work47467.2
2) Stop working21330.2
8) Don't know131.8
9) No answer50.7
Missing901 
TOTAL705100.0
225) Would you please tell me which one thing on this list you would most prefer in a job? Which comes next? Which is third most important? Which is fourth most important? High income (JOBINC)
TOTAL%
1) Most20218.8
2) Next29727.6
3) Third28926.9
4) Fourth18917.6
5) Fifth605.6
9) No answer383.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
226) Would you please tell me which one thing on this list you would most prefer in a job? Which comes next? Which is third most important? Which is fourth most important? No danger of being fired (JOBSEC)
TOTAL%
1) Most918.5
2) Next14613.6
3) Third21019.5
4) Fourth34832.4
5) Fifth24222.5
9) No answer383.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
227) Would you please tell me which one thing on this list you would most prefer in a job? Which comes next? Which is third most important? Which is fourth most important? Working hours are short, lots of free time (JOBHOUR)
TOTAL%
1) Most373.4
2) Next656.0
3) Third11110.3
4) Fourth21920.4
5) Fifth60556.3
9) No answer383.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
228) Would you please tell me which one thing on this list you would most prefer in a job? Which comes next? Which is third most important? Which is fourth most important? Chances for advancement (JOBPROMO)
TOTAL%
1) Most17716.5
2) Next35833.3
3) Third25723.9
4) Fourth16315.2
5) Fifth827.6
9) No answer383.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
229) Would you please tell me which one thing on this list you would most prefer in a job? Which comes next? Which is third most important? Which is fourth most important? Work important and gives a feeling of accomplishment (JOBMEANS)
TOTAL%
1) Most53049.3
2) Next17115.9
3) Third17015.8
4) Fourth11811.0
5) Fifth484.5
9) No answer383.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
230) If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: the lower class, the working class, the middle class, or the upper class? (CLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Lower class1066.6
2) Working class71344.4
3) Middle class72044.8
4) Upper class493.1
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
231) We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. So far as you and your family are concerned, would you say that you are pretty well satisfied with your present financial situation, more or less satisfied, or not satisfied at all? (SATFIN)
TOTAL%
1) Pretty well satisfied43026.8
2) More or less satisfied71244.3
3) Not satisfied at all45428.3
8) Don't know70.4
9) No answer30.2
TOTAL1606100.0
232) During the last few years, has your financial situation been getting better, worse or has it stayed the same? (FINALTER)
TOTAL%
1) Getting better55234.4
2) Getting worse42226.3
3) Staying the same61938.5
8) Don't know90.6
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
233) Compared with American families in general, would you say your family income is far below average, below average, average, above average, or far above average? (FINRELA)
TOTAL%
1) Far below average1026.4
2) Below average37323.2
3) Average77648.3
4) Above average30519.0
5) Far above average311.9
8) Don't know120.7
9) No answer70.4
TOTAL1606100.0
234) Do you (does your [spouse]) have a supervisor on (your/his/her) job to whom you are (he/she/is) directly responsible? (WKSUB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62080.8
2) No14418.8
9) No answer30.4
Missing839 
TOTAL767100.0
235) IF YES TO WKSUB: Does that person have a supervisor on the job to whom he is directly responsible? (WKSUBS)
TOTAL%
3) Yes47876.7
4) No12319.7
8) Don't know101.6
9) No answer121.9
Missing983 
TOTAL623100.0
236) In your (spouse's) job, (do you/does he/she) supervise anyone who is directly responsible to (you/him/her)? (WKSUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32942.9
2) No42255.0
8) Don't know50.7
9) No answer111.4
Missing839 
TOTAL767100.0
237) IF YES TO WKSUP: Do any of those persons supervise anyone else? (WKSUPS)
TOTAL%
3) Yes12436.4
4) No19858.1
8) Don't know41.2
9) No answer154.4
Missing1265 
TOTAL341100.0
238) At any time during the last ten years, have you been unemployed and looking for work for as long as a month? (UNEMP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34132.3
2) No71267.4
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
239) Do you (or your [spouse]) belong to a labor union? (Who?) (UNION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent belongs1559.7
2) Yes, spouse belongs825.1
3) Yes, both belong120.7
4) No, neither belong134283.6
8) Don't know30.2
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
240) Some people say that people get ahead by their own hard work; others say that lucky breaks or help from other people are more important. Which do you think is most important? (GETAHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Hard work most important70365.4
2) Hard work, luck equally important23121.5
3) Luck most important13412.5
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
241) Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Women should take care of running their homes and leave running the country up to men. (FEHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Agree15414.3
2) Disagree88882.2
8) Not sure343.1
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
242) Do you approve or disapprove of a married woman earning money in business or industry if she has a husband capable of supporting her? (FEWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Approve84978.6
2) Disapprove20719.2
8) Don't know222.0
9) No answer20.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
243) If your party nominated a woman for President, would you vote for her if she were qualified for the job? (FEPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93686.7
2) No968.9
8) Don't know454.2
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
244) Tell me if you agree or disagree with this statement: Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women. (FEPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree21720.1
2) Disagree80374.4
8) Not sure585.4
9) No answer20.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
245) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? (ABDEFECT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes84078.1
2) No19318.0
8) Don't know373.4
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
246) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is married and does not want any more children? (ABNOMORE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48044.7
2) No53950.1
8) Don't know514.7
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
247) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy? (ABHLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92385.9
2) No1059.8
8) Don't know434.0
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
248) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children? (ABPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50847.3
2) No51147.5
8) Don't know514.7
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
249) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she became pregnant as a result of rape? (ABRAPE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes85079.1
2) No17516.3
8) Don't know464.3
9) No answer40.4
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
250) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if she is not married and does not want to marry the man? (ABSINGLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48845.4
2) No52648.9
8) Don't know565.2
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
251) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion if the woman wants it for any reason? (ABANY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes45842.6
2) No55251.3
8) Don't know595.5
9) No answer60.6
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
252) What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have? (CHLDIDEL)
TOTAL%
0) None100.9
1) One373.4
2) Two59555.1
3) Three21620.0
4) Four908.3
5) Five131.2
6) Six30.3
7) Seven or more30.3
8) As many as you want615.6
9) No answer, don't know524.8
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
253) Do you expect to have any (more) children? (CHLDMORE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23021.3
2) No79573.6
3) Uncertain464.3
9) No answer90.8
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
254) How many (more) [children does respondent expect to have]? (CHLDNUM)
TOTAL%
1) One8033.5
2) Two8435.1
3) Three4117.2
4) Four83.3
5) Five31.3
7) Seven10.4
9) No answer, don't know229.2
Missing1367 
TOTAL239100.0
255) Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of fourteen and sixteen if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27925.8
2) Agree32530.1
3) Disagree24222.4
4) Strongly disagree19117.7
8) Don't know363.3
9) No answer70.6
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
256) Would you be for or against sex education in the public schools? (SEXEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) For89082.4
2) Against15914.7
8) Don't know282.6
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
257) Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now? (DIVLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Easier28025.9
2) More difficult51147.3
3) Stay as is21119.5
8) Don't know756.9
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
258) There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong28326.2
2) Almost always wrong1069.8
3) Wrong only sometimes21820.2
4) Not wrong at all44341.0
8) Don't know272.5
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
259) What if they are in their early teens, say fourteen to sixteen years old? In that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong73367.9
2) Almost always wrong18617.2
3) Wrong only sometimes1029.4
4) Not wrong at all393.6
8) Don't know161.5
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
260) What is your opinion about a married person having sexual relations with someone other than the marriage partner—is it always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (XMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong81575.8
2) Almost always wrong15214.1
3) Wrong only sometimes605.6
4) Not wrong at all262.4
8) Don't know171.6
9) No answer50.5
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
261) What about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex—do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (HOMOSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong67162.4
2) Almost always wrong444.1
3) Wrong only sometimes746.9
4) Not wrong at all22320.7
8) Don't know565.2
9) No answer70.7
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
262) The next questions are about pornography—books, movies, magazines, and photographs that show or describe sex activities. I'm going to read some opinions about the effects of looking at or reading such sexual materials. As I read each one, please tell me if you think sexual materials do or do not have that effect. Sexual materials provide information about sex? (PORNINF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes57354.2
2) No41939.6
8) Don't know555.2
9) No answer100.9
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
263) The next questions are about pornography—books, movies, magazines, and photographs that show or describe sex activities. I'm going to read some opinions about the effects of looking at or reading such sexual materials. As I read each one, please tell me if you think sexual materials do or do not have that effect. Sexual materials lead to breakdown of morals? (PORNMORL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67163.5
2) No31830.1
8) Don't know585.5
9) No answer100.9
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
264) The next questions are about pornography—books, movies, magazines, and photographs that show or describe sex activities. I'm going to read some opinions about the effects of looking at or reading such sexual materials. As I read each one, please tell me if you think sexual materials do or do not have that effect. Sexual materials lead people to commit rape? (PORNRAPE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59656.4
2) No35133.2
8) Don't know1009.5
9) No answer100.9
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
265) The next questions are about pornography—books, movies, magazines, and photographs that show or describe sex activities. I'm going to read some opinions about the effects of looking at or reading such sexual materials. As I read each one, please tell me if you think sexual materials do or do not have that effect. Sexual materials provide an outlet for bottled-up impulses? (PORNOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63460.0
2) No27526.0
8) Don't know13813.1
9) No answer100.9
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
266) Which of these statements comes closest to your feelings about pornography laws? 1) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography whatever the age; 2) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography to persons under eighteen; 3) There should be no laws forbidding the distribution of pornography. (PORNLAW)
TOTAL%
1) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography whatever the age43841.4
2) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography to persons under eighteen56853.7
3) There should be no laws forbidding the distribution of pornography343.2
8) Don't know141.3
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
267) Have you seen an X-rated movie in the last year? (XMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20219.1
2) No84880.2
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
268) Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree that it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard spanking? (SPANKING)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24322.5
2) Agree53849.8
3) Disagree21019.4
4) Strongly disagree706.5
8) Don't know151.4
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
269) When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his family request it? (LETDIE1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69664.4
2) No32329.9
8) Don't know575.3
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
270) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has an incurable disease? (SUICIDE1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61156.6
2) No41638.5
8) Don't know504.6
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
271) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has gone bankrupt? (SUICIDE2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes908.3
2) No97089.8
8) Don't know171.6
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
272) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has dishonored his or her family? (SUICIDE3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes817.5
2) No97290.0
8) Don't know242.2
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
273) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person is tired of living and ready to die? (SUICIDE4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16715.5
2) No87180.6
8) Don't know383.5
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
274) Have you ever been punched or beaten by another person? (HIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37935.9
2) No67764.0
9) No answer10.1
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
275) IF YES TO HIT: Did this happen to you as a child or as an adult? (HITAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Child12833.7
2) Adult14939.2
3) Both9926.1
8) Don't know10.3
9) No answer30.8
Missing1226 
TOTAL380100.0
276) Have you ever been threatened with a gun, or shot at? (GUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20119.0
2) No85580.9
9) No answer10.1
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
277) IF YES TO GUN: Did this happen to you as a child or as an adult? (GUNAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Child2914.4
2) Adult15576.7
3) Both178.4
9) No answer10.5
Missing1404 
TOTAL202100.0
278) Are there any situations that you can imagine in which you would approve of a man punching an adult male stranger? (HITOK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63460.0
2) No35433.5
8) Not sure636.0
9) No answer60.6
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
279) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO HITOK: Would you approve if the stranger was in a protest march showing opposition to the other man's views? (HITMARCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes232.2
2) No100995.5
8) Not sure212.0
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
280) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO HITOK: Would you approve if the stranger was drunk and bumped into the man and his wife on the street? (HITDRUNK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes837.9
2) No94289.1
8) Not sure282.6
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
281) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO HITOK: Would you approve if the stranger had hit the man's child after the child had accidentally damaged the stranger's car? (HITCHILD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59956.7
2) No41339.1
8) Not sure424.0
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
282) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO HITOK: Would you approve if the stranger was beating up a woman and the man saw it? (HITBEATR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88884.0
2) No13012.3
8) Not sure363.4
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
283) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO HITOK: Would you approve if the stranger had broken into the man's house? (HITROBBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88583.7
2) No14113.3
8) Not sure282.6
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
284) Are there any situations you can imagine in which you would approve of a policeman striking an adult male citizen? (POLHITOK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77072.8
2) No23422.1
8) Not sure494.6
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
285) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO POLHITOK: Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who said vulgar and obscene things to the policeman? (POLABUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes736.9
2) No96190.9
8) Not sure191.8
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
286) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO POLHITOK: Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was being questioned as a suspect in a murder case? (POLMURDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes747.0
2) No95190.0
8) Not sure282.6
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
287) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO POLHITOK: Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was attempting to escape from custody? (POLESCAP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76772.6
2) No23922.6
8) Not sure484.5
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
288) IF YES OR NOT SURE TO POLHITOK: Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was attacking the policeman with his fists? (POLATTAK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96991.7
2) No676.3
8) Not sure181.7
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
289) Is there any area right around here—that is, within a mile—where you would be afraid to walk alone at night? (FEAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46142.9
2) No60956.7
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
290) During the last year—that is, between last March and now—did anyone break into or somehow illegally get into your (apartment/home)? (BURGLR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes635.9
2) No101094.0
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
291) During the last year, did anyone take something directly from you by using force—such as a stickup, mugging, or threat? (ROBBRY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes282.6
2) No104597.2
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
292) Do you happen to have in your home (if house: or garage) any guns or revolvers? (OWNGUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes45242.0
2) No61457.1
3) Refused70.7
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
293) IF YES TO OWNGUN: Is it a pistol? (PISTOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25723.9
2) No80975.3
3) Refused70.7
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
294) IF YES TO OWNGUN: Is it a shotgun? (SHOTGUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28926.9
2) No77772.3
3) Refused70.7
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
295) IF YES TO OWNGUN: Is it a rifle? (RIFLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24923.2
2) No81776.0
3) Refused70.7
9) No answer20.2
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
296) Do any of these guns personally belong to you? (ROWNGUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30967.0
2) No14130.6
3) Refused71.5
9) No answer40.9
Missing1145 
TOTAL461100.0
297) Do you (or does your husband/wife) go hunting? (HUNT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent does13912.9
2) Yes, spouse does545.0
3) Yes, both do171.6
4) No, neither respondent nor spouse hunts86480.4
9) No answer10.1
Missing531 
TOTAL1075100.0
298) How often do you read the newspaper—every day, a few times a week, once a week, less than once a week, or never? (NEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day49746.0
2) A few times a week28226.1
3) Once a week13612.6
4) Less than once a week968.9
5) Never645.9
9) No answer50.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
299) On the average day, about how many hours do you personally watch television? (TVHOURS)
TOTAL%
0) 0613.8
1) 132720.4
2) 244928.0
3) 330919.2
4) 419212.0
5) 51076.7
6) 6754.7
7) 7100.6
8) 8332.1
9) 920.1
10) 10150.9
12) 1280.5
16) 1620.1
20) 2020.1
22) 2210.1
24) 2410.1
99) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
300) Do you have a telephone? May I have your name and (one of your) telephone number(s) just in case I have left something out in this interview? (PHONE)
TOTAL%
1) No phone number553.4
2) Refused phone number291.8
3) Is the phone located in your own home? Yes146391.1
4) Is the phone located in your own home? No543.4
9) No answer50.3
TOTAL1606100.0
301) In general, what was the respondent's attitude toward the interview? (COOP)
TOTAL%
1) Friendly and eager127179.1
2) Cooperate but not particularly eager26116.3
3) Indifferent and bored654.0
4) Hostile50.3
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
302) Was respondent's understanding of the questions good, fair or poor? (COMPREND)
TOTAL%
1) Good131081.6
2) Fair24014.9
3) Poor493.1
9) No answer70.4
TOTAL1606100.0
303) Form number (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Standard (Form 1)79949.8
2) Variant (Form 2)80750.2
TOTAL1606100.0
304) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (FECHLD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21720.1
2) Agree49645.9
3) Disagree28326.2
4) Strongly disagree676.2
8) Don't know151.4
9) No answer20.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
305) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. It is more important for a wife to help her husband's career than to have one herself. (FEHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree333.1
2) Agree21419.8
3) Disagree57653.3
4) Strongly disagree22220.6
8) Don't know333.1
9) No answer20.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
306) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. A preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works. (FEPRESCH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree756.9
2) Agree37734.9
3) Disagree49345.6
4) Strongly disagree1039.5
8) Don't know282.6
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
307) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home and family. (FEFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree645.9
2) Agree31829.4
3) Disagree49145.5
4) Strongly disagree18116.8
8) Don't know232.1
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
308) If you and your friends belonged to a social club that would not let (Whites/Negroes/Blacks) join, would you try to change the rules so that (Whites/Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) could join? (RACCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69364.2
2) No30027.8
8) Don't know767.0
9) No answer111.0
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
309) On the average (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have worse jobs, income, and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are mainly due to discrimination? (RACDIF1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44441.1
2) No58053.7
8) Don't know534.9
9) No answer30.3
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
310) On the average (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have worse jobs, income, and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have less inborn ability to learn? (RACDIF2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13512.5
2) No90383.6
8) Don't know373.4
9) No answer50.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
311) On the average (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have worse jobs, income, and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) don't have the chance for education that it takes to rise out of poverty? (RACDIF3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56752.5
2) No46543.1
8) Don't know434.0
9) No answer50.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
312) On the average (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have worse jobs, income, and housing than White people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) just don't have the motivation or willpower to pull themselves up out of poverty? (RACDIF4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52748.8
2) No47644.1
8) Don't know726.7
9) No answer50.5
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
313) Divorces during the last five years (DIVORCE5)
TOTAL%
0) Not divorced93088.0
1) Divorced during four years before last year676.3
2) Divorced last year252.4
3) Divorced during both periods111.0
9) No answer242.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
314) Unemployment during last five years (UNEMP5)
TOTAL%
0) Not unemployed81477.0
1) Unemployed during four years before last year and not main earner565.3
2) Unemployed during four years before last year and main earner615.8
3) Unemployed last year and not main earner161.5
4) Unemployed last year and during four previous years and not main earner383.6
5) Unemployed last year and not main earner and unemployed during previous four years and main earner70.7
6) Unemployed last year and main earner201.9
7) Unemployed last year and main earner and unemployed previous four years and not main earner20.2
8) Unemployed last year and previous four years and main earner both periods403.8
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
315) Hospitalization and disability during last five years (HOSDIS5)
TOTAL%
0) Not hospitalized/disabled63359.9
1) Hospitalized/disabled during four years before last year21320.2
2) Hospitalized/disabled last year636.0
3) Hospitalized/disabled during both periods14313.5
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
316) Death of relatives during the last five years (DEATHS5)
TOTAL%
0) No deaths68865.1
1) No deaths last year, one death during previous four years17916.9
2) No deaths last year, two or more deaths during previous four years545.1
3) One death last year, none during previous four years605.7
4) One death last year, one during previous four years333.1
5) One death last year, two or more during previous four years111.0
6) Two or more deaths last year, none during previous four years111.0
7) Two or more deaths last year, one during previous four years20.2
8) Two or more deaths last year, two or more during previous four years40.4
9) No answer151.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
317) Number of relatives dying since respondent sixteen years old and prior to the last five years. (DEATH16)
TOTAL%
0) 55552.5
1) 18017.0
2) 1059.9
3) 636.0
4) 625.9
5) 413.9
6) 312.9
7) 171.6
8) 20.2
9) 10.1
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
318) Death of respondent's father (PADEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported53750.8
1) Died before respondent was sixteen years old363.4
2) Died after respondent sixteen and prior to last five years33231.4
3) Died during four years prior to last year676.3
4) Died last year191.8
8) Don't know565.3
9) No answer100.9
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
319) Death of respondent's mother (MADEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported65061.5
1) Died before respondent was sixteen years old232.2
2) Died after respondent was sixteen years old and prior to last five years26625.2
3) Died during four years prior to last year474.4
4) Died last year201.9
8) Don't know484.5
9) No answer30.3
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
320) Death of child or child's spouse (CHLDDTH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported69290.3
1) Died after respondent sixteen years old and prior to last five years445.7
2) Died during four years prior to last year101.3
3) Died last year40.5
9) No answer162.1
Missing840 
TOTAL766100.0
321) Death of sibling or sibling-in-law (SIBDEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported77278.0
1) Died after respondent sixteen years old and prior to last five years10410.5
2) Died during four years prior to last year727.3
3) Died last year303.0
9) No answer121.2
Missing616 
TOTAL990100.0
322) Death of spouse (SPDEATH)
TOTAL%
0) No death reported72683.4
1) Died after respondent sixteen years old and prior to last five years869.9
2) Died during four years prior to last year313.6
3) Died last year131.5
9) No answer141.6
Missing736 
TOTAL870100.0
323) Number of traumatic events (deaths, divorces, unemployment, and hospitalizations-disabilities) happening to respondent last year (TRAUMA1)
TOTAL%
0) 063660.2
1) 129127.5
2) 2807.6
3) 360.6
9) No answer444.2
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
324) Number of traumatic events (deaths, divorces, unemployment, and hospitalizations/disabilities) happening to respondent during last five years (TRAUMA5)
TOTAL%
0) 028927.3
1) 142740.4
2) 223622.3
3) 3585.5
4) 430.3
9) No answer444.2
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
325) I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Please look at CARD BC. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at Point 1 on this card. Other people think it is not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at Point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you have up your mind on this? (HELPPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) I strongly agree the government should improve living standards13112.4
2) 214213.4
3) I agree with both answers50147.4
4) 414513.7
5) I strongly agree that people should take care of themselves10910.3
8) Don't know252.4
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
326) Now look at CARD BD. Some people think that the government in Washington is trying to do too many things that should be left to individuals and private businesses. Others disagree and think that the government should do even more to solve our country's problems. Still others have opinions somewhere in between. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPNOT)
TOTAL%
1) I strongly agree the government should do more13813.1
2) 215614.8
3) I agree with both answers40137.9
4) 416215.3
5) I strongly agree that the government is doing too much15514.7
8) Don't know393.7
9) No answer60.6
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
327) Look at CARD BE. In general, some people think that it is the responsibility of the government in Washington to see to it that people have help in paying for doctors and hospital bills. Others think that these matters are not the responsibility of the federal government and that people should take care of these things themselves. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPSICK)
TOTAL%
1) I strongly agree it is the responsibility of government to help29728.1
2) 223422.1
3) I agree with both answers33231.4
4) 4989.3
5) I strongly agree people should take care of themselves656.1
8) Don't know232.2
9) No answer80.8
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
328) Now look at CARD BF. Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
TOTAL%
1) I strongly agree the government is obligated to help blacks757.1
2) 21059.9
3) I agree with both answers33331.5
4) 421720.5
5) I strongly agree that government shouldn't give special treatment29027.4
8) Don't know302.8
9) No answer70.7
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
329) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Fraternal groups (MEMFRAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes847.9
2) No96791.5
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
330) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Service clubs (MEMSERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13112.4
2) No91786.8
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
331) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Veterans' groups (MEMVET)
TOTAL%
1) Yes716.7
2) No98092.7
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
332) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Political clubs (MEMPOLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes373.5
2) No101495.9
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
333) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Labor unions (MEMUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10610.0
2) No94589.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
334) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Sports groups (MEMSPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19618.5
2) No85580.9
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
335) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Youth groups (MEMYOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1059.9
2) No94589.4
8) Don't know20.2
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
336) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? School service groups (MEMSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16315.4
2) No88884.0
8) Don't know20.2
9) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
337) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Hobby or garden clubs (MEMHOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13312.6
2) No91886.8
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
338) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? School fraternities or sororities (MEMGREEK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes535.0
2) No99894.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
339) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Nationality groups (MEMNAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes504.7
2) No99894.4
8) Don't know30.3
9) No answer60.6
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
340) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Farm organizations (MEMFARM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes454.3
2) No100595.1
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer60.6
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
341) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Literary, art, discussion, or study groups (MEMLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12111.4
2) No93088.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
342) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Professional or academic societies (MEMPROF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19118.1
2) No86081.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
343) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Church-affiliated groups (MEMCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37235.2
2) No68064.3
9) No answer50.5
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
344) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Any other groups (MEMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13012.3
2) No91486.5
8) Don't know40.4
9) No answer90.9
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
345) Now we would like to know something about the groups or organizations to which individuals belong. Here is a list of various organizations. Could you tell me whether or not you are a member of each type? Any membership at all (MEMNUN)
TOTAL%
0) 029828.2
1) 125524.1
2) 218317.3
3) 312411.7
4) 4868.1
5) 5504.7
6) 6252.4
7) 7151.4
8) 8100.9
9) 950.5
10) 1010.1
11) 1110.1
99) No answer40.4
Missing549 
TOTAL1057100.0
346) Please look at this card and tell me which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God. I don't believe in God; I don't know whether there is a God and I don't believe there is any way to find out; I don't believe in a personal God, but I do believe in a Higher Power of some kind; I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others; While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God; I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it. (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Don't believe442.8
2) Don't know, no way to find out634.0
3) Higher power1278.2
4) Believe sometimes473.0
5) Believe with doubts22414.4
6) No doubts99263.7
8) Don't know231.5
9) No answer372.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
347) Some people think that it's important to stand up for your own opinion even if it makes others around you uncomfortable. Others think that it's better to keep your views to yourself if they would make others around you uncomfortable. Which position comes closer to your view? (STANDUP)
TOTAL%
1) Stand up for your own opinion even if it makes others around you uncomfortable.89055.4
2) Keep your views to yourself if they would make others around you uncomfortable.60737.8
3) Neither754.7
8) Don't know221.4
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
348) As I read each of the following statements, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, neither agree or disagree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. You have to take care of yourself first, and if you have any energy left over, then help other people. (SELFIRST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24415.2
2) Agree75046.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree16810.5
4) Disagree35622.2
5) Strongly disagree704.4
8) Don't know100.6
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
349) As I read each of the following statements, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, neither agree or disagree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. People should be allowed to accumulate as much wealth as they can even if some make millions while others live in poverty. (RICHPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18211.3
2) Agree72545.1
3) Neither17811.1
4) Disagree38223.8
5) Strongly disagree915.7
8) Don't know382.4
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
350) Some people think America should promote equal opportunity for all, that is, allowing everyone to compete for jobs and wealth on a fair and even basis. Other people think America should promote equal outcomes, that is, ensuring that everyone has a decent standard of living and that there are only small differences in wealth and income between the top and bottom in society. Which do you favor: promoting equal opportunity or promoting equal outcomes? (OPOUTCME)
TOTAL%
1) Should promote equal opportunity134783.9
2) Should promote equal outcomes19412.1
3) Other171.1
8) Don't know412.6
9) No answer70.4
TOTAL1606100.0
351) There is a lot of discussion today about whether Americans are divided or united. Some say that Americans are united and in agreement about the most important values. Others think that Americans are greatly divided when it comes to the most important values. What is your view about this? (UNITED)
TOTAL%
1) Americans are united and in agreement about the most important values.51832.3
2) Americans are greatly divided when it comes to the most important values.100962.8
8) Don't know734.5
9) No answer60.4
TOTAL1606100.0
352) Sometimes people are asked to make great sacrifices for others in their family by caring for an elderly parent or a spouse who is seriously ill or injured. When someone is asked to give such care, is it their obligation to do so, or should they give care only if they really want to? (OBTOHELP)
TOTAL%
1) It is their obligation89055.4
2) Give care only if they really want to62639.0
3) Other (specify)573.5
8) Don't know241.5
9) No answer90.6
TOTAL1606100.0
353) I'm going to read some statements that give reasons why a person's life turns out well or poorly. As I read each one, tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, or not at all important for how somebody's life turns out? Such things are decided by God. (LFEGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Very important37223.2
2) Important45028.0
3) Somewhat important36122.5
4) Not at all important36422.7
8) Don't know472.9
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
354) I'm going to read some statements that give reasons why a person's life turns out well or poorly. As I read each one, tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, or not at all important for how somebody's life turns out? Some people are born with better genes than others. (LFEGENES)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1509.3
2) Important44627.8
3) Somewhat important47229.4
4) Not at all important48430.1
8) Don't know432.7
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
355) I'm going to read some statements that give reasons why a person's life turns out well or poorly. As I read each one, tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, or not at all important for how somebody's life turns out? Society gives some people a head start and holds others back. (LFESOCTY)
TOTAL%
1) Very important21313.3
2) Important59837.2
3) Somewhat important52432.6
4) Not at all important21513.4
8) Don't know442.7
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
356) I'm going to read some statements that give reasons why a person's life turns out well or poorly. As I read each one, tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, or not at all important for how somebody's life turns out? Some people use their willpower and work harder than others. (LFEHRDWK)
TOTAL%
1) Very important91156.7
2) Important58036.1
3) Somewhat important704.4
4) Not at all important201.2
8) Don't know150.9
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
357) I'm going to read some statements that give reasons why a person's life turns out well or poorly. As I read each one, tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, or not at all important for how somebody's life turns out? It's just a matter of chance. (LFECHNCE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important553.4
2) Important25015.6
3) Somewhat important59136.8
4) Not at all important66841.6
8) Don't know322.0
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
358) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Let's start with big band music. Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Big Band/Swing (BIGBAND)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much26916.7
2) Like it58836.6
3) Mixed feelings29018.1
4) Dislike it23014.3
5) Dislike very much533.3
8) Don't know much about it16410.2
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
359) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Bluegrass (BLUGRASS)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much1459.0
2) Like it56235.0
3) Mixed feelings41125.6
4) Dislike it25515.9
5) Dislike very much593.7
8) Don't know much about it16310.1
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
360) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Country/Western (COUNTRY)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much38524.0
2) Like it59236.9
3) Mixed feelings36422.7
4) Dislike it16710.4
5) Dislike very much664.1
8) Don't know much about it221.4
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
361) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Blues or Rhythm and Blues (BLUES)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much22113.8
2) Like it66941.7
3) Mixed feelings36722.9
4) Dislike it22013.7
5) Dislike very much613.8
8) Don't know much about it563.5
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
362) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Broadway musicals/show tunes (MUSICALS)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much23514.6
2) Like it56235.0
3) Mixed feelings36923.0
4) Dislike it28117.5
5) Dislike very much684.2
8) Don't know much about it774.8
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
363) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Classical music—symphony & chamber (CLASSICL)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much28117.5
2) Like it47829.8
3) Mixed feelings37123.1
4) Dislike it26316.4
5) Dislike very much1368.5
8) Don't know much about it664.1
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
364) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Folk music (FOLK)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much1308.1
2) Like it55334.4
3) Mixed feelings47229.4
4) Dislike it27417.1
5) Dislike very much875.4
8) Don't know much about it784.9
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
365) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Gospel music (GOSPEL)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much35622.2
2) Like it57135.6
3) Mixed feelings36422.7
4) Dislike it19712.3
5) Dislike very much714.4
8) Don't know much about it352.2
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
366) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Jazz (JAZZ)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much25415.8
2) Like it54033.6
3) Mixed feelings39324.5
4) Dislike it29718.5
5) Dislike very much694.3
8) Don't know much about it382.4
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
367) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Latin/Mariachi/Salsa (LATIN)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much855.3
2) Like it32520.2
3) Mixed feelings41625.9
4) Dislike it40325.1
5) Dislike very much1449.0
8) Don't know much about it22113.8
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
368) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Mood/easy listening (MOODEASY)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much25115.6
2) Like it69843.5
3) Mixed feelings32320.1
4) Dislike it20012.5
5) Dislike very much493.1
8) Don't know much about it724.5
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
369) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? New age/space music (NEWAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much483.0
2) Like it18611.6
3) Mixed feelings26916.7
4) Dislike it42926.7
5) Dislike very much36822.9
8) Don't know much about it29218.2
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
370) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Opera (OPERA)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much734.5
2) Like it25716.0
3) Mixed feelings35922.4
4) Dislike it51532.1
5) Dislike very much30619.1
8) Don't know much about it835.2
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
371) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Rap music (RAP)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much442.7
2) Like it1599.9
3) Mixed feelings28417.7
4) Dislike it43327.0
5) Dislike very much61438.2
8) Don't know much about it613.8
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
372) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Reggae (REGGAE)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much845.2
2) Like it36222.5
3) Mixed feelings34021.2
4) Dislike it29718.5
5) Dislike very much21713.5
8) Don't know much about it29518.4
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
373) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Contemporary pop/rock (CONROCK)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much20612.8
2) Like it64540.2
3) Mixed feelings29618.4
4) Dislike it24515.3
5) Dislike very much1529.5
8) Don't know much about it503.1
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
374) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Oldies rock (OLDIES)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much40525.2
2) Like it68842.8
3) Mixed feelings21313.3
4) Dislike it17210.7
5) Dislike very much774.8
8) Don't know much about it412.6
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
375) I'm going to read you a list of some types of music. Can you tell me which of the statements comes closest to your feelings about each type of music? Do you like it very much, like it, have mixed feelings, dislike it, dislike it very much, or is this a type of music that you don't know much about? Heavy metal (HVYMETAL)
TOTAL%
1) Like very much483.0
2) Like it1237.7
3) Mixed feelings18911.8
4) Dislike it40024.9
5) Dislike very much76647.7
8) Don't know much about it704.4
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
376) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Let's begin with attending an amateur or professional sports event. Did you do that within the past twelve months? Attend an amateur or professional sports event (ATTSPRTS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes85553.2
2) No73946.0
8) Don't know20.1
9) No answer100.6
TOTAL1606100.0
377) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Visit an art museum or gallery (VISITART)
TOTAL%
1) Yes64640.2
2) No94759.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
378) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Make art or craft objects such as pottery, woodworking, quilts, or paintings (MAKEART)
TOTAL%
1) Yes64240.0
2) No95159.2
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
379) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Go to an auto, stock car, or motorcycle race (AUTORACE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24515.3
2) No134883.9
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
380) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Go camping, hiking, or canoeing (CAMPING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes66441.3
2) No92957.8
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
381) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Grow vegetables, flowers, or shrubs in a garden (GARDEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96560.1
2) No62939.2
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
382) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Go to a live ballet or dance performance, not including school performances (DANCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31419.6
2) No127979.6
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
383) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Go to a classical music or opera performance, not including school performances (GOMUSIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25415.8
2) No133883.3
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
384) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Go hunting or fishing (HUNTFISH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56034.9
2) No103164.2
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
385) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Take part in a music, dance, or theatrical performance (PERFORM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1549.6
2) No143689.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
386) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Participate in any sports activity such as softball, basketball, swimming, golf, bowling, skiing, or tennis (DOSPORTS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes90156.1
2) No69343.2
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
387) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Go out to see a movie in a theater (SEEMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes111469.4
2) No48029.9
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
388) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Record a TV program so you could watch it later (USEVCR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes95159.2
2) No64340.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
389) Next I'd like to ask about some leisure or recreational activities that people do during their free time. As I read each activity, can you tell me if it is something you have done in the past twelve months? Play a musical instrument like a piano, guitar, or violin (PLYMUSIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37223.2
2) No121875.8
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
390) I'll now ask about some different kinds of television shows. Would you tell me how often you watch prime-time drama or situation comedy programs? Would you say every day, several times a week, several times a month, rarely, or never? Prime-time drama or situation comedy programs (TVSHOWS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day33620.9
2) Several times a week58736.6
3) Several times a month27517.1
4) Rarely29618.4
5) Never1016.3
8) Don't know30.2
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
391) I'll now ask about some different kinds of television shows. Would you tell me how often you watch world or national news programs? Would you say every day, several times a week, several times a month, rarely, or never? World or national news programs (TVNEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day102463.8
2) Several times a week34421.4
3) Several times a month1006.2
4) Rarely895.5
5) Never402.5
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
392) I'll now ask about some different kinds of television shows. Would you tell me how often you watch programs shown on public television? Would you say every day, several times a week, several times a month, rarely, or never? Programs shown on public television (TVPBS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day29818.6
2) Several times a week47729.7
3) Several times a month35121.9
4) Rarely30719.1
5) Never1589.8
8) Don't know70.4
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
393) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... Only a few people have the knowledge and ability to judge excellence in the arts. (JUDGEART)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree875.4
2) Agree64240.0
3) Disagree61438.2
4) Strongly disagree1398.7
8) Don't know1076.7
9) No answer171.1
TOTAL1606100.0
394) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... I trust the judgment of the teachers and professors who decide what high school and college students should be reading. (TRSTPROF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree694.3
2) Agree88655.2
3) Disagree48230.0
4) Strongly disagree754.7
8) Don't know815.0
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
395) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... High schools and colleges make students spend too much time reading "classics" that have little relevance in today's world. (CLASSICS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree593.7
2) Agree48330.1
3) Disagree76147.4
4) Strongly disagree1288.0
8) Don't know16010.0
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
396) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... The greatest books are universal in their appeal: there is no "white literature", "black literature", or "Asian literature", there is only human literature. (GRTBOOKS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18911.8
2) Agree93858.4
3) Disagree29518.4
4) Strongly disagree342.1
8) Don't know1338.3
9) No answer171.1
TOTAL1606100.0
397) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... Modern painting is just slapped on: a child could do it. (MODPAINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree724.5
2) Agree52832.9
3) Disagree72044.8
4) Strongly disagree1539.5
8) Don't know1177.3
9) No answer161.0
TOTAL1606100.0
398) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... It is better for everyone if English is the only language used in the public schools. (ENGLISH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17410.8
2) Agree56735.3
3) Disagree65540.8
4) Strongly disagree1418.8
8) Don't know563.5
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
399) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... It is a shame when traditional American literature is ignored while other works are promoted because they are by women or by members of minority groups. (PCLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1157.2
2) Agree83451.9
3) Disagree41225.7
4) Strongly disagree583.6
8) Don't know17210.7
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
400) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... Artistic excellence can be found in popular and folk culture just as much as in the fine arts. (EXCELART)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18211.3
2) Agree120875.2
3) Disagree674.2
4) Strongly disagree60.4
8) Don't know1308.1
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
401) I'm going to read several statements. After I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with it. For example, ... I would feel uncomfortable entertaining people I don't know well in my home. (HOSTHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1167.2
2) Agree72745.3
3) Disagree61938.5
4) Strongly disagree986.1
8) Don't know322.0
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
402) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important not too important, or not at all important. Creative (FRDCREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important613.8
2) Very important30819.2
3) Fairly important59336.9
4) Not too important47229.4
5) Not at all important1358.4
8) Don't know241.5
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
403) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important, not too important, or not at all important. Cultured (FRDCULTR)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important523.2
2) Very important27517.1
3) Fairly important59637.1
4) Not too important49430.8
5) Not at all important1489.2
8) Don't know261.6
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
404) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important not too important, or not at all important. Dynamic (FRDDYNAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important503.1
2) Very important25415.8
3) Fairly important59136.8
4) Not too important52032.4
5) Not at all important1358.4
8) Don't know412.6
9) No answer150.9
TOTAL1606100.0
405) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important not too important, or not at all important. Fun-loving (FRDFUN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important27417.1
2) Very important79149.3
3) Fairly important43327.0
4) Not too important704.4
5) Not at all important161.0
8) Don't know100.6
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
406) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important not too important, or not at all important. Honest (FRDHONST)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important117673.2
2) Very important38223.8
3) Fairly important251.6
4) Not too important40.2
8) Don't know60.4
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
407) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important not too important, or not at all important. Intelligent (FRDINTEL)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important24515.3
2) Very important53133.1
3) Fairly important57635.9
4) Not too important20512.8
5) Not at all important251.6
8) Don't know120.7
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
408) I'm going to read seven qualities one might look for in a personal friend. All of the qualities may be desirable ones for a personal friend, but I'm interested in those that are most important to you. As I read each one, could you tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, fairly important not too important, or not at all important. Responsible (FRDRESP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important71244.3
2) Very important70644.0
3) Fairly important1469.1
4) Not too important191.2
5) Not at all important30.2
8) Don't know90.6
9) No answer110.7
TOTAL1606100.0
409) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on each card (hand card to respondent). How about being financially secure? Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Being financially secure (IMPFINAN)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important42726.6
2) Very important81750.9
3) Somewhat important29018.1
4) Not too important493.1
5) Not at all important60.4
8) Don't know50.3
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
410) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Being married (IMPMAR)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important30519.0
2) Very important50131.2
3) Somewhat important35021.8
4) Not too important28217.6
5) Not at all important1499.3
8) Don't know60.4
9) No answer130.8
TOTAL1606100.0
411) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Having children (IMPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) One of most important37523.3
2) Very important60937.9
3) Somewhat important30619.1
4) Not too important16910.5
5) Not at all important1257.8
8) Don't know80.5
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
412) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Having faith in God (IMPGOD)
TOTAL%
1) One of most important73345.6
2) Very important50631.5
3) Somewhat important18911.8
4) Not too important905.6
5) Not at all important684.2
8) Don't know60.4
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
413) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Having nice things (IMPTHNGS)
TOTAL%
1) One of most important694.3
2) Very important34321.4
3) Somewhat important73645.8
4) Not too important36122.5
5) Not at all important764.7
8) Don't know40.2
9) No answer171.1
TOTAL1606100.0
414) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Being cultured (IMPCULTR)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important603.7
2) Very important38824.2
3) Somewhat important68742.8
4) Not too important33320.7
5) Not at all important996.2
8) Don't know201.2
9) No answer191.2
TOTAL1606100.0
415) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Having a fulfilling job (IMPJOB)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important33721.0
2) Very important89255.5
3) Somewhat important25716.0
4) Not too important674.2
5) Not at all important322.0
8) Don't know70.4
9) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
416) I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally, using the responses on this card (hand card to respondent). Is it one of the most important values you hold, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? Being self-sufficient and not having to depend on others (IMPSELF)
TOTAL%
1) One of most important70543.9
2) Very important71644.6
3) Somewhat important1418.8
4) Not too important241.5
5) Not at all important20.1
8) Don't know60.4
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
417) The next questions concern how people think about the past. There have been a lot of national and world events and changes over the past sixty years—say, from about 1930 right up until today. Would you mention one or two such events or changes that seem to you to have been especially important? There aren't any right or wrong answers to the question—just whatever national or world events or changes over the past sixty years that come to mind as important to you. (See Note 4: Important World Events on the ARDA file summary page) (MOSTIMP1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1606150.481299
418) Most important event—second mentioned (See Note 4: Important World Events on the ARDA file summary page) (MOSTIMP2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1380197.593355
419) Most important event—third mentioned (See Note 4: Important World Events on the ARDA file summary page) (MOSTIMP3)
TOTAL%
1) 130.7
2) 2194.5
3) 3153.6
5) 510.2
6) 6317.4
18) 1871.7
19) 1981.9
21) 2130.7
26) 2692.1
29) 2920.5
31) 3171.7
32) 32266.2
33) 3330.7
34) 3420.5
35) 3551.2
36) 3620.5
38) 3830.7
39) 39112.6
40) 40163.8
41) 4120.5
42) 42204.8
43) 4381.9
44) 4461.4
45) 4530.7
48) 4830.7
50) 50419.8
51) 51133.1
52) 5210.2
53) 5320.5
54) 5410.2
55) 55225.2
61) 6110.2
62) 6210.2
64) 6430.7
65) 6510.2
66) 6620.5
69) 6930.7
71) 71174.0
72) 7230.7
73) 73235.5
77) 7720.5
79) 7920.5
150) 15020.5
990) Other276.4
995) Personal92.1
998) Don't know81.9
999) No answer215.0
Missing1186 
TOTAL420100.0
420) Most important event—fourth mentioned (See Note 4: Important World Events on the ARDA file summary page) (MOSTIMP4)
TOTAL%
1) 110.6
2) 231.9
3) 331.9
6) 653.1
18) 1863.8
19) 1921.3
21) 2121.3
26) 2631.9
29) 2910.6
31) 3131.9
32) 3274.4
34) 3421.3
39) 3974.4
40) 401610.1
42) 4263.8
43) 4321.3
44) 4431.9
50) 50127.5
51) 5131.9
52) 5210.6
55) 552213.8
64) 6410.6
71) 7153.1
73) 7395.7
75) 7510.6
77) 7710.6
79) 7910.6
990) Other85.0
995) Personal10.6
998) Don't know10.6
999) No answer2113.2
Missing1447 
TOTAL159100.0
421) Could you tell me your major field of study (while you were) in college? (COLMAJR1)
TOTAL%
0) None222.8
1) English, Literature475.9
2) Foreign language40.5
3) Fine arts (art, music, drama)526.5
4) Other humanities121.5
5) Economics222.8
6) Psychology384.8
7) Government/Civics121.5
8) Other Social Studies374.6
9) Mathematics303.8
10) Science8410.6
11) Other12515.7
12) Business14518.2
13) Education556.9
14) Engineering364.5
15) Other vocational678.4
99) No answer81.0
Missing810 
TOTAL796100.0
422) (No order of preference nor concentration can be inferred by the answer to these two questions. When two were given, the choice with the lower-numbered value was entered in COLMAJR1 and the choice with the higher-numbered value was entered in COLMAJR2.) (COLMAJR2)
TOTAL%
2) Foreign language22.0
3) Fine arts (arts, music, drama)22.0
4) Other humanities11.0
5) Economics11.0
6) Psychology55.1
8) Other Social Studies55.1
9) Mathematics66.1
10) Science55.1
11) Other1616.2
12) Business1515.2
13) Education1717.2
14) Engineering66.1
15) Other vocational1010.1
99) No answer88.1
Missing1507 
TOTAL99100.0
423) When you were in high school/In high school, what (was/is) your favorite course or subject? (HSCLASS1)
TOTAL%
0) None1419.6
1) English, Literature29720.2
2) Foreign language271.8
3) Fine arts (arts, music, drama)1127.6
4) Other humanities251.7
5) Economics231.6
6) Psychology151.0
7) Government/Civics513.5
8) Other Social Studies1349.1
9) Mathematics29520.1
10) Science1198.1
11) Other1449.8
12) Business503.4
14) Engineering10.1
15) Other vocational261.8
99) No answer70.5
Missing139 
TOTAL1467100.0
424) (See note on COLMAJR2) (HSCLASS2)
TOTAL%
2) Foreign language41.3
3) Fine arts (art, music, drama)216.9
4) Other humanities31.0
5) Economics31.0
6) Psychology103.3
7) Government/Civics82.6
8) Other Social Studies299.6
9) Mathematics6421.1
10) Science6922.8
11) Other6120.1
12) Business103.3
13) Education10.3
14) Engineering41.3
15) Other vocational113.6
99) No answer51.7
Missing1303 
TOTAL303100.0
425) Respondent's first spouse's education (FSTSPEDC)
TOTAL%
97) Not applicable1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
426) Respondent's first spouse's degree (FSTSPDEG)
TOTAL%
7) Not applicable1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
427) Sibling's education (SBEDUC)
TOTAL%
97) Not applicable1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
428) Sibling's degree (SBDEG)
TOTAL%
7) Not applicable1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
429) What is your opinion of the following statement? It is the responsibility of the government to reduce the differences in income between people with high incomes and those with low incomes. (EQINCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly1036.6
2) Agree36423.4
3) Neither agree or disagree31120.0
4) Disagree45629.3
5) Disagree strongly24015.4
8) Don't know372.4
9) No answer463.0
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
430) Which of these would you say is more important in preparing children for life: To be obedient, or to think for themselves? (OBEYTHNK)
TOTAL%
1) To be obedient44728.7
2) To think for themselves99764.0
8) Can't choose936.0
9) No answer201.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
431) How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? Private enterprise is the best way to solve America's economic problems. (PRIVENT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22114.2
2) Agree54134.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree46930.1
4) Disagree18912.1
5) Strongly disagree191.2
8) Can't choose875.6
9) No answer312.0
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
432) Looking at the list below, please check a box next to the one thing you think should be America's highest priority, the most important thing it should do. America should... (POSTMAT1)
TOTAL%
1) Maintain order in the nation43427.9
2) Give people more say in government decisions51132.8
3) Fight rising prices28118.0
4) Protect freedom of speech16710.7
8) Can't choose1056.7
9) No answer593.8
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
433) And which one do you think should be America's next highest priority, the second most important thing it should do? America should... (POSTMAT2)
TOTAL%
1) Maintain order in the nation38324.6
2) Give people more say in government decisions42227.1
3) Fight rising prices33321.4
4) Protect freedom of speech22414.4
8) Can't choose1348.6
9) No answer613.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
434) How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? We believe too often in science, and not enough in feelings and faith. (SCIFAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20112.9
2) Agree66742.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree32921.1
4) Disagree21814.0
5) Strongly disagree573.7
8) Can't choose332.1
9) No answer523.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
435) How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? Overall, modern science does more harm than good. (HARMGOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree503.2
2) Agree20012.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree30619.7
4) Disagree68644.1
5) Strongly disagree21713.9
8) Can't choose382.4
9) No answer603.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
436) How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? Any change humans cause in nature—no matter how scientific—is likely to make things worse. (SCIWORSE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree805.1
2) Agree37524.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree34822.4
4) Disagree54334.9
5) Strongly disagree875.6
8) Can't choose664.2
9) No answer583.7
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
437) How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? Modern science will solve our environmental problems with little change to our way of life. (SCIGRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree362.3
2) Agree25716.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree30119.3
4) Disagree68944.3
5) Strongly disagree16110.3
8) Can't choose543.5
9) No answer593.8
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
438) And please check one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree with it. We worry too much about the future of the environment, and not enough about prices and jobs today. (GRNECON)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16310.5
2) Agree45429.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree22314.3
4) Disagree50232.2
5) Strongly disagree1459.3
8) Can't choose191.2
9) No answer513.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
439) And please check one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree with it. Almost everything we do in modern life harms the environment. (HARMSGRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree956.1
2) Agree66943.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree24415.7
4) Disagree43127.7
5) Strongly disagree452.9
8) Can't choose191.2
9) No answer543.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
440) And please check one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree with it. Animals should have the same moral rights that human beings do. (ANRIGHTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree956.1
2) Agree37324.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree28518.3
4) Disagree51633.1
5) Strongly disagree19812.7
8) Can't choose362.3
9) No answer543.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
441) And please check one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree with it. Human beings should respect nature because it was created by God. (RESNATUR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38724.9
2) Agree74748.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree23815.3
4) Disagree634.0
5) Strongly disagree463.0
8) Can't choose231.5
9) No answer533.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
442) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: People worry too much about human progress harming the environment. (GRNPROG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree684.4
2) Agree41626.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree25916.6
4) Disagree60238.7
5) Strongly disagree1278.2
8) Can't choose271.7
9) No answer583.7
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
443) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: Nature would be at peace and harmony if only human beings would leave it alone. (NATURPAX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1066.8
2) Agree62540.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree31720.4
4) Disagree39025.0
5) Strongly disagree402.6
8) Can't choose231.5
9) No answer563.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
444) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: In order to protect the environment, America needs economic growth. (GRWTHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree785.0
2) Agree66142.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree33521.5
4) Disagree33921.8
5) Strongly disagree352.2
8) Can't choose483.1
9) No answer613.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
445) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: It is right to use animals for medical testing if it might save human lives. (ANTESTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21213.6
2) Agree75048.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree21113.6
4) Disagree19712.7
5) Strongly disagree865.5
8) Can't choose432.8
9) No answer583.7
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
446) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: Nature is really a fierce struggle for survival of the fittest. (NATURWAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1207.7
2) Agree78450.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree32420.8
4) Disagree17611.3
5) Strongly disagree301.9
8) Can't choose603.9
9) No answer634.0
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
447) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: Economic growth always harms the environment. (GRWTHARM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree342.2
2) Agree27217.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree37824.3
4) Disagree68243.8
5) Strongly disagree835.3
8) Can't choose452.9
9) No answer634.0
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
448) Please indicate which statement is closest to your views. 1) Nature is sacred because it is created by God. 2) Nature is spiritual or sacred in itself. 3) Nature is important, but not spiritual or sacred. (NATURGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Nature is sacred because it is created by God.55435.6
2) Nature is spiritual or sacred in itself.30419.5
3) Nature is important, but not spiritual or sacred.49331.7
8) Can't choose1308.3
9) No answer764.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
449) How willing would you be to pay much higher prices in order to protect the environment? (GRNPRICE)
TOTAL%
1) Very willing15810.1
2) Fairly willing60739.0
3) Neither willing nor unwilling32020.6
4) Not very willing26917.3
5) Not at all willing1056.7
8) Can't choose463.0
9) No answer523.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
450) And how willing would you be to pay much higher taxes in order to protect the environment? (GRNTAXES)
TOTAL%
1) Very willing1086.9
2) Fairly willing48431.1
3) Neither willing nor unwilling30019.3
4) Not very willing37924.3
5) Not at all willing20012.8
8) Can't choose342.2
9) No answer523.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
451) And how willing would you be to accept cuts in your standard of living in order to protect the environment? (GRNSOL)
TOTAL%
1) Very willing915.8
2) Fairly willing41026.3
3) Neither willing nor unwilling35322.7
4) Not very willing38524.7
5) Not at all willing22914.7
8) Can't choose362.3
9) No answer533.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
452) And how much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? It is just too difficult for someone like me to do much about the environment. (TOODIFME)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree694.4
2) Agree30519.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree20413.1
4) Disagree74848.0
5) Strongly disagree1298.3
8) Can't choose211.3
9) No answer815.2
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
453) And how much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements? I do what is right for the environment, even when it costs more money or takes up more time. (IHLPGRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree704.5
2) Agree74547.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree38624.8
4) Disagree20112.9
5) Strongly disagree191.2
8) Can't choose503.2
9) No answer865.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
454) For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? All radioactivity is made by humans. (SCITEST1)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true1026.6
2) Probably true39825.6
3) Probably not true40125.8
4) Definitely not true43027.6
8) Can't choose1459.3
9) No answer815.2
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
455) For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Antibiotics kill bacteria, but not viruses. (SCITEST2)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true37424.0
2) Probably true61539.5
3) Probably not true20613.2
4) Definitely not true1147.3
8) Can't choose16510.6
9) No answer835.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
456) For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Astrology—the study of star signs—has some scientific truth. (SCITEST3)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true1388.9
2) Probably true57236.7
3) Probably not true32020.6
4) Definitely not true31720.4
8) Can't choose1288.2
9) No answer825.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
457) For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true20513.2
2) Probably true44528.6
3) Probably not true20012.8
4) Definitely not true50032.1
8) Can't choose1207.7
9) No answer875.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
458) For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? All man-made chemicals can cause cancer if you eat enough of them. (SCITEST5)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true1248.0
2) Probably true59838.4
3) Probably not true44428.5
4) Definitely not true19712.7
8) Can't choose1117.1
9) No answer835.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
459) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? If someone is exposed to any amount of radioactivity, they are certain to die as a result. (GRNTEST1)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true774.9
2) Probably true30219.4
3) Probably not true59138.0
4) Definitely not true41926.9
8) Can't choose875.6
9) No answer815.2
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
460) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Some radioactive waste from nuclear power stations will stay dangerous for thousands of years. (GRNTEST2)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true49031.5
2) Probably true78150.2
3) Probably not true1026.6
4) Definitely not true201.3
8) Can't choose835.3
9) No answer815.2
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
461) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? The greenhouse effect is caused by a hole in the earth's atmosphere. (GRNTEST3)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true26717.1
2) Probably true60939.1
3) Probably not true18812.1
4) Definitely not true18712.0
8) Can't choose22214.3
9) No answer845.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
462) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Every time we use coal or oil or gas, we contribute to the greenhouse effect. (GRNTEST4)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true26417.0
2) Probably true68043.7
3) Probably not true28718.4
4) Definitely not true513.3
8) Can't choose19112.3
9) No answer845.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
463) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? All pesticides and chemicals used on food crops cause cancer in humans. (GRNTEST5)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true845.4
2) Probably true44328.5
3) Probably not true62440.1
4) Definitely not true22614.5
8) Can't choose966.2
9) No answer845.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
464) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Human beings are the main cause of plant and animal species dying out. (GRNTEST6)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true23315.0
2) Probably true69244.4
3) Probably not true32120.6
4) Definitely not true15710.1
8) Can't choose724.6
9) No answer825.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
465) And for each of these statements, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Cars are not really an important cause of air pollution in America. (GRNTEST7)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely true915.8
2) Probably true23214.9
3) Probably not true38824.9
4) Definitely not true71545.9
8) Can't choose503.2
9) No answer815.2
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
466) In general, do you think that air pollution caused by cars is: 1) Extremely dangerous for the environment; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; or 5) Not dangerous at all for the environment. (CARSGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment26517.0
2) Very dangerous47230.3
3) Somewhat dangerous58437.5
4) Not very dangerous1066.8
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment100.6
8) Can't choose342.2
9) No answer865.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
467) And do you think that air pollution caused by cars is: 1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family. (CARSFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family18912.1
2) Very dangerous37223.9
3) Somewhat dangerous67443.3
4) Not very dangerous17811.4
5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family221.4
8) Can't choose362.3
9) No answer865.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
468) Within the next ten years, how likely do you think it is that there will be a large increase in ill-health in America's cities as a result of air pollution caused by cars? (CARSTEN)
TOTAL%
1) Certain to happen21413.7
2) Very likely to happen42927.6
3) Fairly likely to happen44128.3
4) Not very likely to happen30219.4
5) Not at all likely to happen110.7
8) Can't choose734.7
9) No answer875.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
469) In general, do you think that nuclear power stations are: 1) Extremely dangerous for the environment; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for the environment. (NUKEGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment28718.4
2) Very dangerous33421.5
3) Somewhat dangerous54034.7
4) Not very dangerous20613.2
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment362.3
8) Can't choose654.2
9) No answer895.7
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
470) And do you think that nuclear power stations are: 1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family. (NUKEFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family25316.2
2) Very dangerous28818.5
3) Somewhat dangerous51533.1
4) Not very dangerous27817.9
5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family654.2
8) Can't choose684.4
9) No answer905.8
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
471) In general, do you think air pollution caused by industry is: 1) Extremely dangerous for the environment; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for the environment. (INDUSGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment41426.6
2) Very dangerous53034.0
3) Somewhat dangerous48331.0
4) Not very dangerous593.8
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment50.3
8) Can't choose362.3
9) No answer301.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
472) And do you think that air pollution caused by industry is: 1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family. (INDUSFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family32620.9
2) Very dangerous47130.3
3) Somewhat dangerous55635.7
4) Not very dangerous1147.3
5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family191.2
8) Can't choose402.6
9) No answer312.0
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
473) In general, do you think that pesticides and chemicals used in farming are: 1) Extremely dangerous for the environment; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for the environment. (CHEMGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment22514.5
2) Very dangerous35823.0
3) Somewhat dangerous73747.3
4) Not very dangerous16110.3
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment80.5
8) Can't choose402.6
9) No answer281.8
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
474) And do you think that pesticides and chemicals used in farming are: 1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family. (CHEMFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family21113.6
2) Very dangerous32821.1
3) Somewhat dangerous73647.3
4) Not very dangerous19412.5
5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family181.2
8) Can't choose402.6
9) No answer301.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
475) In general, do you think that pollution of America's rivers, lakes, and streams is... 1) Extremely dangerous for the environment; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for the environment. (WATERGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment53734.5
2) Very dangerous48431.1
3) Somewhat dangerous41326.5
4) Not very dangerous543.5
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment90.6
8) Can't choose322.1
9) No answer281.8
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
476) And do you think that pollution of America's rivers, lakes, and streams is: 1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family. (WATERFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family37424.0
2) Very dangerous44528.6
3) Somewhat dangerous54134.7
4) Not very dangerous1137.3
5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family151.0
8) Can't choose332.1
9) No answer362.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
477) In general, do you think that a rise in the world's temperature caused by the "greenhouse effect" is: 1) Extremely dangerous for the environment; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for the environment. (TEMPGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment26316.9
2) Very dangerous37023.8
3) Somewhat dangerous51032.8
4) Not very dangerous18712.0
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment332.1
8) Can't choose15810.1
9) No answer362.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
478) And do you think that a rise in the world's temperature caused by the "greenhouse effect" is: 1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family; 2) Very dangerous; 3) Somewhat dangerous; 4) Not very dangerous; 5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family. (TEMPFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for you and your family22214.3
2) Very dangerous35823.0
3) Somewhat dangerous50932.7
4) Not very dangerous22214.3
5) Not dangerous at all for you and your family463.0
8) Can't choose16010.3
9) No answer402.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
479) If you had to choose, which one of the following would be closest to your views? Government should let ordinary people decide for themselves how to protect the environment, even if it means they don't always do the right thing, or government should pass laws to make ordinary people protect the environment, even if it interferes with people's right to make their own decisions. (PUBDECID)
TOTAL%
1) Government should let ordinary people decide26116.8
2) Government should pass laws96862.2
8) Can't choose28818.5
9) No answer402.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
480) And which one of the following is closest to your views? Government should let businesses decide for themselves how to protect the environment, even if it means they don't always do the right thing, or government should pass laws to make businesses protect the environment, even if it interferes with businesses' right to make their own decisions. (BUSDECID)
TOTAL%
1) Government should let businesses decide1187.6
2) Government should pass laws122378.5
8) Can't choose17411.2
9) No answer422.7
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
481) How often do you make a special effort to sort glass or cans or plastic or papers and so on for recycling? (RECYCLE)
TOTAL%
1) Always57937.2
2) Often33821.7
3) Sometimes34322.0
4) Never20413.1
5) Recycling not available where I live553.5
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer372.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
482) And how often do you make a special effort to buy fruits and vegetables grown without pesticides or chemicals? (CHEMFREE)
TOTAL%
1) Always1258.0
2) Often29619.0
3) Sometimes47530.5
4) Never51032.8
5) Not available where I live1137.3
9) No answer382.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
483) And how often do you refuse to eat meat for moral or environmental reasons? (NOMEAT)
TOTAL%
1) Always352.2
2) Often1056.7
3) Sometimes32220.7
4) Never105667.8
9) No answer392.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
484) And how often do you cut back on driving a car for environmental reasons? (DRIVLESS)
TOTAL%
1) Always322.1
2) Often1197.6
3) Sometimes39325.2
4) Never86055.2
5) I do not have or cannot drive a car1137.3
9) No answer402.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
485) Are you a member of any group whose main aim is to preserve or protect the environment? (GRNGROUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15610.0
2) No136287.5
9) No answer392.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
486) In the last five years, have you...signed a petition about an environmental issue? (GRNSIGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have45629.3
2) No, I have not102465.8
9) No answer774.9
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
487) In the last five years, have you...given money to an environmental group? (GRNMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have100364.4
2) No, I have not41226.5
9) No answer1429.1
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
488) In the last five years, have you...taken part in a protest or demonstration about an environmental issue? (GRNDEMO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, I have402.6
2) No, I have not139089.3
9) No answer1278.2
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
489) Would you describe the place where you live as: 1) A big city; 2) The suburbs or outskirts of a big city; 3) A small city or town; 4) A country village; 5) A farm or home in the country? (COMTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) A big city26617.1
2) The suburbs or outskirts of a big city40626.1
3) A small city or town59037.9
4) A country village664.2
5) A farm or home in the country19212.3
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer362.3
Missing49 
TOTAL1557100.0
490) How many people have you known personally, either living or dead, who came down with the disease called AIDS? (AIDSKNOW)
TOTAL%
0) 0121475.6
1) 120412.7
2) 2855.3
3) 3493.1
4) 4191.2
5) 5130.8
6) 650.3
7) 780.5
8) 8 or more10.1
9) No answer80.5
TOTAL1606100.0
491) Think about the person you have known best, living or dead, who came down with AIDS. Please tell me the letter of the category which best describes your relationship to that person. (AIDSWHO)
TOTAL%
1) Husband/wife10.3
2) Partner/lover20.5
3) Son or daughter20.5
4) Other relative5213.3
5) Friend12531.9
6) Neighbor194.8
7) Co-worker4712.0
8) Acquaintance11228.6
9) Patient92.3
10) Other164.1
99) No answer71.8
Missing1214 
TOTAL392100.0
492) Know someone with AIDS (closest): We would like to know a few other things about that person. Is that person currently living, or has that person died? (AIDSDEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Living9123.2
2) Dead28773.2
8) Don't know71.8
9) No answer71.8
Missing1214 
TOTAL392100.0
493) Know someone with AIDS (closest): (Is/Was) that person male or female? (AIDSSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male35289.8
2) Female338.4
9) No answer71.8
Missing1214 
TOTAL392100.0
494) Know someone with AIDS (closest): How old (is/was) that person? (Is/Was) (he/she)... (AIDSAGE)
TOTAL%
1) 10 years or younger10.3
2) 11–2082.0
3) 21–4029675.5
4) 41 years or older8020.4
9) No answer71.8
Missing1214 
TOTAL392100.0
495) Know someone with AIDS (closest): What (is/was) that person's race? (Is/was) it Black, White, Hispanic, or other? (AIDSRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Black6817.3
2) White29475.0
3) Hispanic194.8
4) Other41.0
9) No answer71.8
Missing1214 
TOTAL392100.0
496) Know someone with AIDS (closest): What state did this person live in? (AIDSREG)
TOTAL%
0) Foreign51.3
1) New England225.6
2) Middle Atlantic6416.3
3) East North Central4411.2
4) West North Central174.3
5) South Atlantic7619.4
6) East South Central164.1
7) West South Central317.9
8) Mountain153.8
9) Pacific9323.7
99) No answer92.3
Missing1214 
TOTAL392100.0
497) Think about the person you have known next best, living or dead, who came down with AIDS. Please tell me the category on the card which best describes your relationship to that person. (AIDSWHO2)
TOTAL%
4) Other relative115.5
5) Friend5125.6
6) Neighbor73.5
7) Co-worker2914.6
8) Acquaintance7537.7
9) Patient94.5
10) Other105.0
99) No answer73.5
Missing1407 
TOTAL199100.0
498) Know someone with AIDS (second closest): Is that person currently living, or has that person died? (AIDSDED2)
TOTAL%
1) Living6834.2
2) Dead12261.3
8) Don't know21.0
9) No answer73.5
Missing1407 
TOTAL199100.0
499) Know someone with AIDS (second closest): (Is/Was) that person male or female? (AIDSSEX2)
TOTAL%
1) Male17587.9
2) Female178.5
9) No answer73.5
Missing1407 
TOTAL199100.0
500) Know someone with AIDS (second closest): How old (is/was) that person? (Is/Was) (he/she)... (AIDSAGE2)
TOTAL%
1) 10 years or younger10.5
2) 11–20 years63.0
3) 21–40 years14572.9
4) 41 years or older3919.6
9) No answer84.0
Missing1407 
TOTAL199100.0
501) Know someone with AIDS (second closest): What (is/was) that person's race? (Is/Was) it Black, White, Hispanic, or other? (AIDSRAC2)
TOTAL%
1) Black4321.6
2) White13165.8
3) Hispanic147.0
4) Other31.5
9) No answer84.0
Missing1407 
TOTAL199100.0
502) Know someone with AIDS (second closest): What state did this person live in? (AIDSREG2)
TOTAL%
0) Foreign31.5
1) New England189.0
2) Mid Atlantic3316.6
3) East North Central2311.6
4) West North Central21.0
5) South Atlantic3618.1
6) East South Central84.0
7) West South Central178.5
8) Mountain94.5
9) Pacific4020.1
99) No answer105.0
Missing1407 
TOTAL199100.0
503) Think about the person you have known next best, living or dead, who came down with AIDS. Please tell me the category which best describes your relationship to that person. (AIDSWHO3)
TOTAL%
4) Other relative32.6
5) Friend3025.9
6) Neighbor21.7
7) Co-worker108.6
8) Acquaintance5043.1
9) Patient119.5
10) Other43.4
99) No answer65.2
Missing1490 
TOTAL116100.0
504) Know someone with AIDS (third closest): We would like to know a few other things about that person. Is that person currently living, or has that person died? (AIDSDED3)
TOTAL%
1) Living3429.3
2) Dead7564.7
8) Don't know10.9
9) No answer65.2
Missing1490 
TOTAL116100.0
505) Know someone with AIDS (third closest): (Is/Was) that person male or female? (AIDSSEX3)
TOTAL%
1) Male10187.1
2) Female97.8
9) No answer65.2
Missing1490 
TOTAL116100.0
506) Know someone with AIDS (third closest): How old (is/was) that person? (Is/Was) (he/she)... (AIDSAGE3)
TOTAL%
1) 10 years or younger10.9
2) 11-20 years21.7
3) 21-40 years8875.9
4) 41 years or older1916.4
9) No answer65.2
Missing1490 
TOTAL116100.0
507) Know someone with AIDS (third closest): What (is/was) that person's race? (Is/Was) it Black, White, Hispanic or other? (AIDSRAC3)
TOTAL%
1) Black2017.2
2) White7564.7
3) Hispanic108.6
4) Other54.3
9) No answer65.2
Missing1490 
TOTAL116100.0
508) Know someone with AIDS (third closest): What state did this person live in? (AIDSREG3)
TOTAL%
1) New England54.3
2) Middle Atlantic2420.7
3) East North Central1210.3
4) West North Central32.6
5) South Atlantic2118.1
6) East South Central32.6
7) West South Central97.8
8) Mountain86.9
9) Pacific2521.6
99) No answer65.2
Missing1490 
TOTAL116100.0
509) How many sex partners have you had in the last twelve months? (PARTNERS)
TOTAL%
0) No partners31321.0
1) 1 partner98365.9
2) 2 partners875.8
3) 3 partners332.2
4) 4 partners251.7
5) 5–10 partners201.3
6) 11–20 partners40.3
7) 21–100 partners10.1
99) No answer261.7
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
510) Was one of the partners your husband or wife or regular sexual partner? (MATESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes105589.5
2) No806.8
9) No answer443.7
Missing427 
TOTAL1179100.0
511) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them. Close personal friend (FRNDSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8735.2
2) No7329.6
9) No answer8735.2
Missing1359 
TOTAL247100.0
512) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them. Neighbor, Co-worker, or long-term acquaintance (ACQNTSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5321.5
2) No10743.3
9) No answer8735.2
Missing1359 
TOTAL247100.0
513) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them. Casual date or pick-up (PIKUPSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5823.5
2) No10241.3
9) No answer8735.2
Missing1359 
TOTAL247100.0
514) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them. Person you paid or paid you for sex (PAIDSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41.6
2) No15663.2
9) No answer8735.2
Missing1359 
TOTAL247100.0
515) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them. Other (please specify) (OTHERSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41.6
2) No15663.2
9) No answer8735.2
Missing1359 
TOTAL247100.0
516) Have your sex partners in the last twelve months been exclusively male, both male and female, or exclusively female? (SEXSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Exclusively male59250.2
2) Both male and female60.5
3) Exclusively female50442.7
9) No answer776.5
Missing427 
TOTAL1179100.0
517) About how often did you have sex during the last twelve months? (SEXFREQ)
TOTAL%
0) Not at all30920.7
1) Once or twice926.2
2) About once a month16411.0
3) Two or three times a month22114.8
4) About once a week27218.2
5) Two or three times a week27318.3
6) More than three times a week976.5
9) No answer644.3
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
518) Now thinking about the time since your eighteenth birthday (including the past twelve months) how many female partners have you had sex with? (NUMWOMEN)
TOTAL%
0) 079853.5
1) 11288.6
2) 2563.8
3) 3513.4
4) 4261.7
5) 5392.6
6) 6291.9
7) 7161.1
8) 8140.9
9) 940.3
10) 10453.0
11) 1150.3
12) 12191.3
13) 1320.1
15) 15211.4
16) 1620.1
18) 1850.3
20) 20412.7
21) 2110.1
22) 2220.1
23) 2310.1
24) 2420.1
25) 25151.0
26) 2610.1
28) 2810.1
30) 30100.7
32) 3210.1
35) 3550.3
40) 4050.3
45) 4510.1
50) 50100.7
60) 6010.1
75) 7520.1
100) 100110.7
120) 12010.1
150) 15010.1
250) 25010.1
300) 30020.1
403) 40310.1
991) Some, 1+60.4
993) Garbled text10.1
995) "Many", "lots"30.2
997) Refused30.2
998) Don't know110.7
999) No answer926.2
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
519) Now thinking about the time since your eighteenth birthday (including the past twelve months) how many male partners have you had sex with? (NUMMEN)
TOTAL%
0) 061541.2
1) 129820.0
2) 21238.2
3) 3855.7
4) 4563.8
5) 5432.9
6) 6352.3
7) 7201.3
8) 8110.7
9) 950.3
10) 10332.2
11) 1170.5
12) 1290.6
15) 15100.7
16) 1620.1
17) 1720.1
18) 1820.1
20) 2060.4
21) 2110.1
25) 2540.3
30) 3020.1
45) 4520.1
50) 5030.2
200) 20030.2
336) 33610.1
990) Dash or slash10.1
991) Some, 1+100.7
995) "Many", "lots"20.1
996) "N.A."10.1
997) Refused60.4
998) Don't know90.6
999) No answer855.7
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
520) Now think about the past five years—the time since February/March 1988, and including the past twelve months, how many sex partners have you had in that five-year period? (PARTNRS5)
TOTAL%
0) No partners21314.3
1) 1 partner79353.2
2) 2 partners1369.1
3) 3 partners986.6
4) 4 partners734.9
5) 5–10 partners865.8
6) 11–20 partners342.3
7) 21–100 partners130.9
8) More than 100 partners10.1
9) 1 + partners40.3
99) No answer412.7
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
521) Have your sex partners in the last five years been... (SEXSEX5)
TOTAL%
1) Exclusively male66051.6
2) Both male and female171.3
3) Exclusively female54542.6
9) No answer574.5
Missing327 
TOTAL1279100.0
522) Thinking about the time since your eighteenth birthday, have you ever had sex with a person you paid or who paid you for sex? (EVPAIDSX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1248.3
2) No132788.9
9) No answer412.7
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
523) Have you ever had sex with someone other than your husband or wife while you were married? (EVSTRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19513.1
2) No98265.8
3) Never married25817.3
9) No answer573.8
Missing114 
TOTAL1492100.0
524) Poverty Status of Household (POVLINE)
TOTAL%
1) Poor18611.8
2) Poor–imputed30.2
3) Non-poor123178.2
4) Non-poor–imputed1137.2
5) Borderline422.7
Missing31 
TOTAL1575100.0
525) Income Deficit of Household (INCDEF)
TOTAL%
1) -$10,000433.0
2) -$10,000, -$5,0001067.3
3) -$4999, -$1,0001077.4
4) -$999, +$999553.8
5) +$1,000, +$4,9991329.1
6) +$5,000, +$10,0001077.4
7) $10,00016311.2
8) $20,000 +74151.0
Missing152 
TOTAL1454100.0
526) Family income on 1972–1991 surveys in constant dollars (base=1986) (REALINC)
TOTAL%
393) 171.2
1572) 201.4
2751) 251.7
3537) 342.3
4323) 342.3
5109) 241.6
5895) 292.0
7074) 392.7
8843) 694.7
10808) 775.2
12773) 634.3
14738) 594.0
16703) 634.3
18471) 765.2
21615) 986.7
25545) 1188.0
29475) 1077.3
35370) 1339.1
43230) 1147.8
53055) 1087.4
110160) 16010.9
Missing139 
TOTAL1467100.0
527) Respondent's income on 1972–1991 surveys in constant dollars (base=1986) (REALRINC)
TOTAL%
393) 262.6
1572) 383.7
2751) 333.2
3537) 282.7
4323) 242.4
5109) 252.5
5895) 161.6
7074) 343.3
8843) 626.1
10808) 585.7
12773) 696.8
14738) 636.2
16703) 575.6
18471) 666.5
21615) 908.8
25545) 898.7
29475) 616.0
35370) 706.9
43230) 383.7
53055) 252.5
100496) 474.6
Missing587 
TOTAL1019100.0
528) People who have incomes below a certain level can be considered poor. That level is called the "poverty line". What amount of weekly income would you use as a poverty line for a family of four (husband, wife and two children) in this community? (MINFOUR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL16061665.2383322
529) Now more specifically, thinking about that family of four at the "poverty line", what would you say that family needs to spend each week on food, in this community? (MINFOOD)
TOTAL%
10) 1020.1
13) 1310.1
20) 2030.2
25) 2570.4
30) 3040.2
35) 3520.1
37) 3710.1
40) 40181.1
45) 4510.1
50) 501277.9
55) 5520.1
60) 60593.7
65) 65120.7
70) 70462.9
75) 7516010.0
80) 80825.1
85) 8550.3
88) 8810.1
90) 90211.3
95) 9510.1
100) 10047229.4
110) 11040.2
112) 11210.1
115) 11510.1
120) 120241.5
125) 125593.7
130) 13080.5
140) 14020.1
150) 15017911.2
160) 16030.2
170) 17030.2
175) 17530.2
180) 18020.1
200) 2001056.5
225) 22510.1
250) 25060.4
300) 300140.9
350) 35010.1
400) 40040.2
500) 50010.1
600) 60010.1
710) 71010.1
9999) No answer1559.7
Missing1 
TOTAL1605100.0
530) And finally, what amount of weekly income would you use as a "poverty line" for a family of three, made up of a woman and two children, in this community? (MINTHREE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL16061638.4583362
531) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? (If more than one country named: Which one of these countries do you feel closer to?) (ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Africa1048.2
2) Austria40.3
3) Canada (French)131.0
4) Canada (Other)70.5
5) China60.5
6) Czechoslovakia100.8
7) Denmark90.7
8) England and Wales16713.1
9) Finland50.4
10) France231.8
11) Germany23018.0
12) Greece60.5
13) Hungary100.8
14) Ireland16813.2
15) Italy594.6
16) Japan30.2
17) Mexico282.2
18) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)342.7
19) Norway211.6
20) Philippines110.9
21) Poland393.1
22) Puerto Rico110.9
23) Russia252.0
24) Scotland503.9
25) Spain171.3
26) Sweden241.9
27) Switzerland60.5
28) West Indies (not specified)20.2
29) Other191.5
30) American Indian715.6
31) India60.5
32) Portugal30.2
33) Lithuania30.2
34) Yugoslavia30.2
35) Romania20.2
36) Belgium10.1
37) Arabic20.2
38) Other Spanish120.9
39) West Indies (Non-Spanish)110.9
97) America231.8
99) No answer272.1
Missing331 
TOTAL1275100.0
532) First ethnicity mentioned (ETH1)
TOTAL%
1) Africa1056.5
2) Austria80.5
3) Canada (French)150.9
4) Canada (Other)80.5
5) China70.4
6) Czechoslovakia140.9
7) Denmark110.7
8) England and Wales18911.8
9) Finland50.3
10) France402.5
11) Germany30418.9
12) Greece80.5
13) Hungary171.1
14) Ireland16610.3
15) Italy654.0
16) Japan30.2
17) Mexico281.7
18) Netherland (Dutch/Holland)392.4
19) Norway191.2
20) Philippines80.5
21) Poland472.9
22) Puerto Rico110.7
23) Russia372.3
24) Scotland734.5
25) Spain241.5
26) Sweden251.6
27) Switzerland70.4
28) West Indies (Not specified)10.1
29) Other181.1
30) American Indian583.6
31) India70.4
32) Portugal50.3
33) Lithuania50.3
34) Yugoslavia30.2
35) Romania10.1
36) Belgium10.1
37) Arabic20.1
38) Other Spanish100.6
39) West Indies (Non-Spanish)110.7
97) America221.4
98) No ethnicity mentioned17510.9
99) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
533) Second ethnicity mentioned (ETH2)
TOTAL%
1) Africa40.6
2) Austria30.4
3) Canada (French)81.1
4) Canada (other)30.4
5) China10.1
6) Czechoslovakia121.7
7) Denmark50.7
8) England and Wales9613.7
9) Finland20.3
10) France385.4
11) Germany12618.0
12) Greece50.7
13) Hungary71.0
14) Ireland15422.0
15) Italy182.6
16) Japan10.1
17) Mexico40.6
18) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)192.7
19) Norway162.3
20) Philippines20.3
21) Poland172.4
23) Russia (USSR)162.3
24) Scotland476.7
25) Spain81.1
26) Sweden131.9
27) Switzerland50.7
29) Other (specify)40.6
30) American Indian405.7
32) Portugal10.1
33) Lithuania40.6
34) Yugoslavia50.7
35) Romania30.4
36) Belgium40.6
37) Arabic10.1
38) Other Spanish10.1
39) West Indies (non-Spanish)10.1
97) America10.1
98) Don't know40.6
Missing907 
TOTAL699100.0
534) Third ethnicity mentioned (ETH3)
TOTAL%
1) Africa10.4
2) Austria20.9
3) Canada (French)10.4
4) Canada (other)20.9
6) Czechoslovakia10.4
7) Denmark20.9
8) England and Wales3013.0
9) Finland10.4
10) France208.7
11) Germany3615.7
13) Hungary10.4
14) Ireland4017.4
15) Italy20.9
17) Mexico10.4
18) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)125.2
19) Norway62.6
20) Philippines10.4
21) Poland41.7
23) Russia52.2
24) Scotland229.6
26) Sweden73.0
27) Switzerland20.9
29) Other (specify)10.4
30) American Indian2410.4
34) Yugoslavia10.4
39) West Indies (non-Spanish)10.4
97) America10.4
99) No answer31.3
Missing1376 
TOTAL230100.0
535) Number of ethnicities named and picked (ETHNUM)
TOTAL%
1) Names one country72645.2
2) Names two or more countries, chooses one53733.4
3) Names two or more countries, can't choose1418.8
4) Can't name any country17510.9
5) No information271.7
TOTAL1606100.0
536) From what countries or part of the world did your (wife's/husband's) ancestors come? If more than one country named: Which one of these countries does your (wife/husband) feel closer to? Summary ethnicity of spouse (SPETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Africa375.5
2) Austria10.1
3) Canada (French)60.9
4) Canada (other)40.6
5) China30.4
6) Czechoslovakia60.9
7) Denmark60.9
8) England and Wales10315.4
9) Finland20.3
10) France162.4
11) Germany14321.4
12) Greece81.2
13) Hungary30.4
14) Ireland649.6
15) Italy334.9
16) Japan20.3
17) Mexico131.9
18) Netherland (Dutch/Holland)131.9
19) Norway91.3
20) Philippines81.2
21) Poland233.4
22) Puerto Rico10.1
23) Russia (USSR)182.7
24) Scotland213.1
25) Spain152.2
26) Sweden162.4
27) Switzerland20.3
29) Other (specify)142.1
30) American Indian284.2
31) India30.4
32) Portugal20.3
33) Lithuania20.3
34) Yugoslavia10.1
35) Romania20.3
36) Belgium10.1
37) Arabic10.1
38) Other Spanish91.3
39) West Indies (non-Spanish)30.4
97) America91.3
99) No answer162.4
Missing939 
TOTAL667100.0
537) First ethnicity of spouse mentioned (SPETH1)
TOTAL%
1) Africa374.3
2) Austria10.1
3) Canada (French)80.9
4) Canada (Other)50.6
5) China50.6
6) Czechoslovakia80.9
7) Denmark60.7
8) England and Wales11012.9
9) Finland30.4
10) France263.0
11) Germany17420.4
12) Greece101.2
13) Hungary40.5
14) Ireland647.5
15) Italy323.7
16) Japan20.2
17) Mexico172.0
18) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)141.6
19) Norway101.2
20) Philippines60.7
21) Poland252.9
22) Puerto Rico10.1
23) Russia (USSR)212.5
24) Scotland303.5
25) Spain141.6
26) Sweden151.8
27) Switzerland20.2
29) Other (specify)101.2
30) American Indian252.9
31) India30.4
32) Portugal20.2
33) Lithuania30.4
34) Yugoslavia10.1
35) Romania20.2
36) Belgium10.1
37) Arabic10.1
38) Other Spanish101.2
39) West Indies (Non-Spanish)30.4
97) America80.9
98) No ethnicity mentioned13215.4
99) No answer40.5
Missing751 
TOTAL855100.0
538) Second ethnicity of spouse mentioned (SPETH2)
TOTAL%
1) Africa10.4
2) Austria20.7
3) Canada (French)31.1
4) Canada (Other)10.4
6) Czechoslovakia41.4
7) Denmark20.7
8) England and Wales3612.7
9) Finland10.4
10) France155.3
11) Germany4315.1
12) Greece10.4
14) Ireland6723.6
15) Italy103.5
18) Netherland (Dutch/Holland)113.9
19) Norway20.7
20) Philippines10.4
21) Poland134.6
22) Puerto Rico10.4
23) Russia (USSR)31.1
24) Scotland165.6
25) Spain103.5
26) Sweden82.8
27) Switzerland51.8
29) Other (specify)31.1
30) American Indian144.9
31) India10.4
32) Portugal10.4
34) Yugoslavia31.1
35) Romania31.1
38) Other Spanish10.4
97) America10.4
98) Don't know10.4
Missing1322 
TOTAL284100.0
539) Third ethnicity of spouse mentioned (SPETH3)
TOTAL%
7) Denmark11.7
8) England and Wales58.5
10) France610.2
11) Germany1423.7
13) Hungary11.7
14) Ireland915.3
15) Italy35.1
18) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)35.1
20) Philippines11.7
24) Scotland46.8
30) American Indian915.3
98) Don't know11.7
99) No answer23.4
Missing1547 
TOTAL59100.0
540) Number of ethnicities named and picked for spouse (SPETHNUM)
TOTAL%
1) Names one country43550.6
2) Names two or more countries, chooses one22225.8
3) Names two or more countries, can't choose546.3
4) Can't name any country13215.4
5) No information161.9
Missing747 
TOTAL859100.0
541) Have you ever been on active duty for military training or service for two consecutive months or more? If yes: What was your total time on active duty? (VETYEARS)
TOTAL%
0) No active duty85679.3
1) Yes, less than two years403.7
2) Yes, two-four years847.8
3) Yes, more than four years423.9
9) No answer585.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
542) Dwelling type (DWELLING)
TOTAL%
1) Trailer1086.7
2) Detached single family house104364.9
3) Two-family house, two units side by side452.8
4) Two-family house, two units one above the other372.3
5) Detached three-to-four family house311.9
6) Row house (three or more units in an attached row)784.9
7) Apartment house (five or more units three stories or less)18911.8
8) Apartment house (five or more units four stories or more)573.5
9) Apartment in a partly commercial structure40.2
10) Other (specify)130.8
99) No answer10.1
TOTAL1606100.0
543) (Do you/Does your family) own your (home/apartment), pay rent, or what? (DWELOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Own or is buying71065.7
2) Pays rent33731.2
3) Other (specify)292.7
9) No answer40.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
544) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word A (WORDA)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer17215.9
1) Correct answer80974.9
9) No answer999.2
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
545) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word B (WORDB)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer565.2
1) Correct answer92685.7
9) No answer989.1
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
546) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word C (WORDC)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer57453.1
1) Correct answer21319.7
9) No answer29327.1
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
547) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word D (WORDD)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer575.3
1) Correct answer94187.1
9) No answer827.6
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
548) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word E (WORDE)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer18417.0
1) Correct answer77371.6
9) No answer12311.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
549) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word F (WORDF)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer15714.5
1) Correct answer79773.8
9) No answer12611.7
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
550) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word G (WORDG)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer58354.0
1) Correct answer34131.6
9) No answer15614.4
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
551) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word H (WORDH)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer52848.9
1) Correct answer29627.4
9) No answer25623.7
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
552) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word I (WORDI)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer21119.5
1) Correct answer78672.8
9) No answer837.7
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
553) We would like to know something about how people go about guessing words they do not know. On this card are listed some words—you may know some of them, and you may not know quite a few of them. On each line the first word is in capital letters—like BEAST. Then there are five other words. Tell me the number of the word that comes closest to the meaning of the word in capital letters. For example, if the word in capital letters is BEAST, you would say "4" since "animal" comes closer to BEAST than any of the other words. If you wish, I will read the words to you. These words are difficult for almost everyone—just give me your best guess if you are not sure of the answer. Word J (WORDJ)
TOTAL%
0) Incorrect answer69264.1
1) Correct answer25023.1
9) No answer13812.8
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
554) Total number of correct words (WORDSUM)
TOTAL%
0) None correct40.4
1) One correct201.9
2) Two correct383.5
3) Three correct595.5
4) Four correct11410.6
5) Five correct14313.2
6) Six correct22721.0
7) Seven correct15714.5
8) Eight correct11310.5
9) Nine correct908.3
10) Ten correct504.6
99) No answer656.0
Missing526 
TOTAL1080100.0
555) Relationship of first person to head of household. (RELATE1)
TOTAL%
1) Head of household1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
556) Gender of first person (GENDER1)
TOTAL%
1) Male109468.1
2) Female51231.9
TOTAL1606100.0
557) Age of first person. (OLD1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL160648.09317
558) Marital status of first person. (MAR1)
TOTAL%
1) Married91456.9
2) Widowed17911.1
3) Divorced23914.9
4) Separated493.1
5) Never married21313.3
9) No answer120.7
TOTAL1606100.0
559) Is the first person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7100.0
Missing1599 
TOTAL7100.0
560) Where is the first person staying? (WHERE1)
TOTAL%
1) Another household342.9
2) Traveling228.6
4) Other, don't know114.3
9) No answer114.3
Missing1599 
TOTAL7100.0
561) Relationship of second person to head of household (RELATE2)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse90073.0
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)17213.9
4) Son-/daughter-in-law10.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild60.5
6) Parent/parent-in-law80.6
7) Other relative181.5
8) Non-relative1219.8
9) No answer70.6
Missing373 
TOTAL1233100.0
562) Gender of second person (GENDER2)
TOTAL%
1) Male21617.5
2) Female101482.2
9) No answer30.2
Missing373 
TOTAL1233100.0
563) Age of second person (OLD2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL123339.91118
564) Marital status of second person (MAR2)
TOTAL%
1) Married90276.9
2) Widowed100.9
3) Divorced484.1
4) Separated141.2
5) Never married18816.0
8) Don't know10.1
9) No answer100.9
Missing433 
TOTAL1173100.0
565) Is the second person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17100.0
Missing1589 
TOTAL17100.0
566) Where is the second person staying? (WHERE2)
TOTAL%
1) Another household1270.6
2) Traveling15.9
3) Institution211.8
4) Other, don't know15.9
9) No answer15.9
Missing1589 
TOTAL17100.0
567) Relationship of third person to head of household (RELATE3)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse50.7
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)63088.6
4) Son-/daughter-in-law71.0
5) Grand/great-grandchild91.3
6) Parent/parent-in-law111.5
7) Other relative172.4
8) Non-relative283.9
9) No answer40.6
Missing895 
TOTAL711100.0
568) Gender of third person (GENDER3)
TOTAL%
1) Male36451.2
2) Female34448.4
9) No answer30.4
Missing895 
TOTAL711100.0
569) Age of third person (OLD3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71116.0115
570) Marital status of third person (MAR3)
TOTAL%
1) Married195.1
2) Widowed102.7
3) Divorced133.5
4) Separated102.7
5) Never married31583.8
9) No answer92.4
Missing1230 
TOTAL376100.0
571) Is the third person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23100.0
Missing1583 
TOTAL23100.0
572) Where is the third person staying? (WHERE3)
TOTAL%
1) Another household939.1
3) Institution834.8
9) No answer626.1
Missing1583 
TOTAL23100.0
573) Relationship of fourth person to head of household (RELATE4)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse30.7
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)37189.2
4) Son-/daughter-in-law20.5
5) Grand/great-grandchild153.6
6) Parent/parent-in-law20.5
7) Other relative61.4
8) Non-relative153.6
9) No answer20.5
Missing1190 
TOTAL416100.0
574) Gender of fourth person (GENDER4)
TOTAL%
1) Male22153.1
2) Female19246.2
9) No answer30.7
Missing1190 
TOTAL416100.0
575) Age of fourth person (OLD4)
TOTAL%
0) 0112.6
1) 1225.3
2) 2317.5
3) 3215.0
4) 4174.1
5) 5256.0
6) 6194.6
7) 7204.8
8) 8245.8
9) 9184.3
10) 10184.3
11) 11215.0
12) 12184.3
13) 13276.5
14) 14235.5
15) 15163.8
16) 16112.6
17) 17112.6
18) 18133.1
19) 19112.6
20) 2071.7
21) 2120.5
22) 2251.2
23) 2351.2
25) 2520.5
27) 2730.7
28) 2820.5
29) 2910.2
30) 3010.2
31) 3110.2
34) 3410.2
35) 3510.2
39) 3910.2
41) 4110.2
42) 4210.2
44) 4410.2
60) 6010.2
82) 8210.2
96) 9610.2
99) No answer10.2
Missing1190 
TOTAL416100.0
576) Marital status of fourth person (MAR4)
TOTAL%
1) Married64.0
2) Widowed21.3
3) Divorced53.3
4) Separated32.0
5) Never married13187.3
9) No answer32.0
Missing1456 
TOTAL150100.0
577) Is the fourth person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12100.0
Missing1594 
TOTAL12100.0
578) Where is the fourth person staying? (WHERE4)
TOTAL%
1) Another household650.0
2) Traveling18.3
3) Institution541.7
Missing1594 
TOTAL12100.0
579) Relationship of fifth person to head of household (RELATE5)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)12882.6
5) Grand/great-grandchild127.7
6) Parent/parent-in-law10.6
7) Other relative74.5
8) Non-relative63.9
9) No answer10.6
Missing1451 
TOTAL155100.0
580) Gender of fifth person (GENDER5)
TOTAL%
1) Male7548.4
2) Female7749.7
9) No answer31.9
Missing1451 
TOTAL155100.0
581) Age of fifth person (OLD5)
TOTAL%
0) 085.2
1) 1159.7
2) 295.8
3) 395.8
4) 474.5
5) 5149.0
6) 6106.5
7) 795.8
8) 863.9
9) 963.9
10) 1074.5
11) 11117.1
12) 1295.8
13) 1374.5
14) 1410.6
15) 1531.9
16) 1631.9
17) 1731.9
18) 1831.9
20) 2010.6
21) 2142.6
22) 2221.3
23) 2310.6
25) 2521.3
32) 3210.6
43) 4310.6
48) 4810.6
76) 7610.6
99) No answer10.6
Missing1451 
TOTAL155100.0
582) Marital status of fifth person (MAR5)
TOTAL%
2) Widowed13.0
3) Divorced13.0
4) Separated13.0
5) Never married2884.8
9) No answer26.1
Missing1573 
TOTAL33100.0
583) Is the fifth person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5100.0
Missing1601 
TOTAL5100.0
584) Where is the fifth person staying? (WHERE5)
TOTAL%
1) Another household240.0
3) Institution360.0
Missing1601 
TOTAL5100.0
585) Relationship of sixth person to head of household (RELATE6)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)3177.5
5) Grand/great-grandchild410.0
7) Other relative37.5
8) Non-relative25.0
Missing1566 
TOTAL40100.0
586) Gender of sixth person (GENDER6)
TOTAL%
1) Male1947.5
2) Female2152.5
Missing1566 
TOTAL40100.0
587) Age of sixth person (OLD6)
TOTAL%
0) 12.5
1) 512.5
2) 410.0
3) 512.5
4) 37.5
5) 25.0
6) 512.5
7) 25.0
8) 25.0
9) 37.5
10) 12.5
11) 12.5
13) 12.5
16) 12.5
19) 12.5
23) 25.0
24) 12.5
Missing1566 
TOTAL40100.0
588) Marital status of sixth person (MAR6)
TOTAL%
1) Married116.7
5) Never married583.3
Missing1600 
TOTAL6100.0
589) Is the sixth person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2100.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
590) Where is the sixth person staying? (WHERE6)
TOTAL%
1) Another household150.0
3) Institution150.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
591) Relationship of seventh person to head of household (RELATE7)
TOTAL%
3) Child, (natural, adopted, step)777.8
4) Son-/daughter-in-law111.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild111.1
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
592) Gender of seventh person (GENDER7)
TOTAL%
1) Male555.6
2) Female444.4
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
593) Age of seventh person (OLD7)
TOTAL%
3) 111.1
4) 111.1
6) 111.1
7) 222.2
8) 111.1
9) 111.1
18) 111.1
24) 111.1
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
594) Marital status of seventh person (MAR7)
TOTAL%
1) Married150.0
5) Never married150.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
595) Is the seventh person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1100.0
Missing1605 
TOTAL1100.0
596) Where is the seventh person staying? (WHERE7)
TOTAL%
1) Another household1100.0
Missing1605 
TOTAL1100.0
597) Relationship of eighth person to head of household (RELATE8)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)250.0
5) Grand/great-grandchild125.0
7) Other relative125.0
Missing1602 
TOTAL4100.0
598) Gender of eighth person (GENDER8)
TOTAL%
1) Male250.0
2) Female250.0
Missing1602 
TOTAL4100.0
599) Age of eighth person (OLD8)
TOTAL%
1) 125.0
2) 125.0
5) 125.0
6) 125.0
Missing1602 
TOTAL4100.0
600) Relationship of ninth person to head of household (RELATE9)
TOTAL%
5) Grand/great-grandchild150.0
7) Other relative150.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
601) Gender of ninth person (GENDER9)
TOTAL%
1) Male150.0
2) Female150.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
602) Age of ninth person (OLD9)
TOTAL%
2) 150.0
3) 150.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
603) Relationship of eleventh person to head of household (RELATE11)
TOTAL%
3) Child (natural, adopted, step)444.4
6) Parent/parent-in-law222.2
7) Other relative111.1
8) Non-relative222.2
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
604) Gender of eleventh person (GENDER11)
TOTAL%
1) Male555.6
2) Female444.4
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
605) Age of eleventh person (OLD11)
TOTAL%
12) 12111.1
25) 25222.2
31) 31111.1
35) 35111.1
51) 51111.1
72) 72111.1
87) 87111.1
99) No answer111.1
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
606) Marital status of eleventh person (MAR11)
TOTAL%
1) Married225.0
2) Widowed225.0
3) Divorced225.0
5) Never married225.0
Missing1598 
TOTAL8100.0
607) Is the eleventh person staying somewhere else right now? (AWAY11)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3100.0
Missing1603 
TOTAL3100.0
608) Where is the eleventh person staying? (WHERE11)
TOTAL%
1) Another household3100.0
Missing1603 
TOTAL3100.0
609) Relationship of twelfth person to head of household (RELATE12)
TOTAL%
5) Grand/great-grandchild1100.0
Missing1605 
TOTAL1100.0
610) Gender of twelfth person (GENDER12)
TOTAL%
1) Male1100.0
Missing1605 
TOTAL1100.0
611) Age of twelfth person (OLD12)
TOTAL%
99) No answer1100.0
Missing1605 
TOTAL1100.0
612) Relationship of first person to head of household, revised (RELHHD1)
TOTAL%
1) Head of Household1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
613) Relationship of second person to head of household, revised (RELHHD2)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse90073.0
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.614.9
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild17213.9
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild60.5
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law10.1
7) Parent80.6
10) Uncle or aunt10.1
11) Niece or nephew20.2
12) Cousin10.1
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)121.0
14) Sibling-in-law20.2
16) Roommate, housemate463.7
17) Friend110.9
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)30.2
99) No answer70.6
Missing373 
TOTAL1233100.0
614) Relationship of third person to head of household, revised (RELHHD3)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse50.7
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.20.3
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild63088.6
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild91.3
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law71.0
7) Parent40.6
8) Parent-in-law71.0
9) Grandparent, great-grandparent10.1
10) Uncle or aunt10.1
11) Niece or nephew20.3
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step sibling)121.7
14) Sibling-in-law10.1
16) Roommate, housemate172.4
17) Friend40.6
18) Child of non-relative20.3
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)30.4
99) No answer40.6
Missing895 
TOTAL711100.0
615) Relationship of fourth person to head of household, revised (RELHHD4)
TOTAL%
2) Spouse30.7
3) Partner, fiancé(e), boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.10.2
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild37189.2
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild153.6
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law20.5
7) Parent10.2
8) Parent-in-law10.2
11) Niece or nephew41.0
13) Brother, sister (full, half, or step siblings)10.2
14) Sibling-in-law10.2
16) Roommate, housemate71.7
17) Friend20.5
18) Child of non-relative30.7
19) Other non-relative20.5
99) No answer20.5
Missing1190 
TOTAL416100.0
616) Relationship of fifth person to head of household, revised (RELHHD5)
TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild12882.6
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild127.7
8) Parent-in-law10.6
10) Uncle or aunt10.6
11) Niece or nephew31.9
12) Cousin10.6
14) Sibling-in-law21.3
16) Roommate, housemate21.3
17) Friend10.6
18) Child of non-relative31.9
99) No answer10.6
Missing1451 
TOTAL155100.0
617) Relationship of sixth person to head of household, revised (RELHHD6)
TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild3177.5
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild410.0
11) Niece or nephew25.0
12) Cousin12.5
17) Friend12.5
18) Child of non-relative12.5
Missing1566 
TOTAL40100.0
618) Relationship of seventh person to head of household, revised (RELHHD7)
TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild777.8
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild111.1
6) Son-in-law, daughter-in-law111.1
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
619) Relationship of eighth person to head of household, revised (RELHHD8)
TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild250.0
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild125.0
11) Niece or nephew125.0
Missing1602 
TOTAL4100.0
620) Relationship of ninth person to head of household, revised (RELHHD9)
TOTAL%
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild150.0
11) Niece or nephew150.0
Missing1604 
TOTAL2100.0
621) Relationship of eleventh person to head of household, revised (RELHHD11)
TOTAL%
4) Child, natural or adopted, stepchild444.4
7) Parent111.1
8) Parent-in-law111.1
14) Sibling-in-law111.1
17) Friend111.1
19) Other non-relative (employee, boarder)111.1
Missing1597 
TOTAL9100.0
622) Relationship of twelfth person to head of household, revised (RELHHD12)
TOTAL%
5) Grandchild, great-grandchild1100.0
Missing1605 
TOTAL1100.0
623) Number in family of person who was household informant. (i.e. who provided information on household members). (HEFINFO)
TOTAL%
1) First person97160.5
2) Second person49130.6
3) Third person392.4
4) Fourth person120.7
5) Fifth person40.2
6) Sixth person20.1
10) Tenth person10.1
11) Eleventh person60.4
22) Non-household person281.7
99) No answer523.2
TOTAL1606100.0
624) Race of household (HHRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White131081.6
2) Black17210.7
3) American Indian150.9
4) Asiatic, Oriental281.7
5) Other, mixed, not able to observe372.3
9) No answer442.7
TOTAL1606100.0
625) Number in family of respondent (RESPNUM)
TOTAL%
1) First person100062.3
2) Second person50931.7
3) Third person774.8
4) Fourth person130.8
5) Fifth person40.2
6) Sixth person10.1
7) Seventh person10.1
11) Eleventh person10.1
TOTAL1606100.0
626) Household type (HHTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) 137623.4
2) 2976.0
3) 335922.4
4) 436422.7
5) 530.2
6) 630.2
7) 7432.7
8) 8231.4
9) 9261.6
10) 1050.3
11) 11483.0
12) 12251.6
14) 1410.1
21) 2110.1
23) 23130.8
26) 2650.3
27) 2740.2
28) 2870.4
33) 3310.1
41) 41764.7
42) 4220.1
44) 4440.2
51) 5110.1
100) 10090.6
102) 102261.6
104) 10410.1
123) 12320.1
133) 13310.1
141) 141493.1
142) 14210.1
143) 14360.4
144) 14410.1
151) 15110.1
200) 20020.1
201) 20110.1
202) 202130.8
203) 20310.1
204) 20430.2
999) No answer20.1
TOTAL1606100.0
627) Household type condensed (HHTYPE1)
TOTAL%
1) Married couple, no children46929.2
2) Single parent976.0
3) Other family, no children704.4
4) Single adult37623.4
5) Cohabiting couple, no children432.7
6) Non-family, no children332.1
8) Unsure, no children140.9
11) Married couple with children43927.3
13) Other family with children271.7
15) Cohabiting couple with children231.4
16) Non-family with children50.3
18) Unsure with children80.5
99) No answer20.1
TOTAL1606100.0
628) Number of family generations in household (FAMGEN)
TOTAL%
1) One generation84752.7
2) Two generations, children70644.0
3) Two generations, parents90.6
4) Two generations, grandchild(ren)90.6
5) Three generations, child(ren), grandchildren211.3
6) Three generations, child(ren), parent140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
629) Respondent's relationship to head (RPLACE)
TOTAL%
1) Head of household100062.3
2) Spouse41625.9
3) Child (natural, adopted step)955.9
4) Son-/daughter-in-law20.1
5) Grand/great-grandchild10.1
6) Parent/parent-in-law50.3
7) Other relative191.2
8) Non-relative644.0
9) No answer40.2
TOTAL1606100.0
630) Is respondent a visitor? (RVISITOR)
TOTAL%
1) R. is member of household160599.9
2) R. is visitor10.1
TOTAL1606100.0
631) Number of visitors in household (VISITORS)
TOTAL%
0) No visitors159799.4
1) One visitor80.5
2) Two visitors10.1
TOTAL1606100.0
632) Date of interview (first digit is month, last two digits are date) (DATEINTV)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1606309.96251
633) Respondent's occupation (International Standard Classification Codes-1968) (See Note 5: 1968 International Standard Classification Codes [based on 1980 U.S. occupational codes] on the ARDA file summary page) (ISCO681)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL15264692.7442828
634) Occupation of respondent's father (International Standard Classification Codes-1968) (See Note 5: 1968 International Standard Classification Codes [based on 1980 U.S. occupational codes] on the ARDA file summary page) (PAISC681)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13675889.5742927
635) Occupation of respondent's spouse (International Standard Classification Codes-1968) (See Note 5: 1968 International Standard Classification Codes [based on 1980 U.S. occupational codes] on the ARDA file summary page) (SPISC681)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8194746.2592954
636) Respondent's occupation, 1988 Census (Note: These codes are based on the 1970 U.S. Census occupational codes and the Hodge-Siegel-Rossi Prestige Scores. For further detail refer to Appendix F in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Survey, 1972–2002) (ISCO88)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL15264766.812532
637) Respondent's father's occupation, 1988 Census (Note: These codes are based on the 1970 U.S. Census occupational codes and the Hodge-Siegel-Rossi Prestige Scores. For further detail refer to Appendix F in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Survey, 1972–2002) (PAISCO88)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13675463.8322680
638) Respondent's spouse's occupation, 1988 Census (Note: These codes are based on the 1970 U.S. Census occupational codes and the Hodge-Siegel-Rossi Prestige Scores. For further detail refer to Appendix F in the Cumulative Codebook for the General Social Survey, 1972–2002) (SPISCO88)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8194734.8752638
639) Respondent socioeconomic index (SEI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL151747.19319
640) Socioeconomic index of respondent's father (PASEI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL135146.86418
641) Socioeconomic index of respondent's spouse (SPSEI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL81348.71719
642) Birth cohort of respondent (actual year of birth) (COHORT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL16061972.024449
643) Marriage cohort of the respondent (year of marriage) (MARCOHRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL13072064.77884
644) What is your date of birth? (Only the month is coded here) (BIRTHMO)
TOTAL%
1) January1378.5
2) February1277.9
3) March16010.0
4) April1267.8
5) May1056.5
6) June1428.8
7) July1509.3
8) August1499.3
9) September1247.7
10) October1157.2
11) November1388.6
12) December1197.4
99) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
645) Astrological sign of respondent (ZODIAC)
TOTAL%
1) Aries1398.7
2) Taurus1076.7
3) Gemini1428.8
4) Cancer1519.4
5) Leo1539.5
6) Virgo1358.4
7) Libra1167.2
8) Scorpio1227.6
9) Sagittarius1288.0
10) Capricorn1197.4
11) Aquarius1247.7
12) Pisces1569.7
99) No answer140.9
TOTAL1606100.0
646) Ballot administered (BALLOT)
TOTAL%
1) Ballot A54934.2
2) Ballot B53133.1
3) Ballot C52632.8
TOTAL1606100.0
647) Status on International Social Survey Program Self-Completion Supplement (ISSP)
TOTAL%
1) R did ISSP155796.9
2) R did not do ISSP493.1
TOTAL1606100.0
648) Weight for form variables (FORMWT)
TOTAL%
1) 1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
649) Sampling Error Code (SAMPCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1606191.905153
650) The GSS has employed various sampling procedures and frames. Appendix A gives full details. (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
6) 1980 Sample Frame, full probability81050.4
8) 1990 Sample Frame, full probability79649.6
TOTAL1606100.0
651) Weight for Black oversamples (OVERSAMP)
TOTAL%
1) 1606100.0
TOTAL1606100.0
652) I-AGE: Respondent's age (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2930118.8
2) 30-4456135.0
3) 45-5935722.3
4) 60-7425515.9
5) 75 and older1277.9
Missing5 
TOTAL1601100.0
653) I-ATTEND: How often do you attend religious services? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Less than once a year39525.2
2) About once or twice a year19312.3
3) Several times a year17611.2
4) About once a month1127.1
5) Two to three times a month1378.7
6) Nearly every week996.3
7) Once a week or more45629.1
Missing38 
TOTAL1568100.0
654) I-EDUC: Highest educational degree earned by respondent (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school29418.4
1) High school84052.4
2) Junior college976.1
3) Bachelor's degree25315.8
4) Graduate degree1187.4
Missing4 
TOTAL1602100.0
655) I-GENDER: Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male68542.7
2) Female92157.3
TOTAL1606100.0
656) I-RELIGION: What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant102564.2
2) Catholic35122.0
3) Jewish332.1
4) None1469.1
5) Other422.6
Missing9 
TOTAL1597100.0
657) I-POLITICS: We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal and extremely liberal21013.6
2) Slightly liberal20313.1
3) Moderate, middle of the road57537.1
4) Slightly conservative26417.1
5) Conservative25416.4
6) Extremely conservative422.7
Missing58 
TOTAL1548100.0
658) I-RACE: What race do you consider yourself? (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White134783.9
2) Black17911.1
3) Other805.0
TOTAL1606100.0