International Religious Freedom Data, 2008

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Cross-National > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) ARDA code for country (ARDACODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL198126.06672
2) ARDA country name (COUNTR08)
3) United Nations Region (UNREG08)
TOTAL%
2) Australia/New Zealand21.0
3) Caribbean136.6
4) Central America84.0
5) Eastern Africa178.6
6) Eastern Asia94.5
7) Eastern Europe105.1
8) Melanesia42.0
9) Micronesia (Region)52.5
10) Middle Africa94.5
11) Northern Africa63.0
12) Northern America10.5
13) Northern Europe105.1
14) Polynesia31.5
15) South-Central Asia147.1
16) South-Eastern Asia115.6
17) South America126.1
18) Southern Africa52.5
19) Southern Europe157.6
20) Western Africa168.1
21) Western Asia199.6
22) Western Europe94.5
TOTAL198100.0
4) U.S. State Department Reporting Region (REGION08)
TOTAL%
1) Africa4824.2
2) East Asia and Pacific3417.2
3) Europe and Eurasia5025.3
4) Near East and North Africa199.6
5) South and Central Asia136.6
6) Western Hemisphere3417.2
TOTAL198100.0
5) Year of IRF report (WAVE08)
TOTAL%
2008) 198100.0
TOTAL198100.0
6) Is there an "Appended Report" on embedded territory [indicated at top of Report]? (APPX08)
TOTAL%
0) No19498.0
1) Yes42.0
TOTAL198100.0
7) GRI: Government Regulation of Religion Index, 2008 (GRI_08)
TOTAL%
0) 8542.9
.556) 52.5
.833) 157.6
1.389) 52.5
1.667) 115.6
2.222) 84.0
2.5) 31.5
3.056) 31.5
3.889) 94.5
4.167) 10.5
4.444) 10.5
4.722) 42.0
5.278) 31.5
5.556) 31.5
6.111) 31.5
6.389) 42.0
6.944) 42.0
7.222) 31.5
7.778) 63.0
8.611) 126.1
9.167) 42.0
9.444) 42.0
10) 21.0
TOTAL198100.0
8) According to the Report, are foreign missionaries allowed to operate? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Allowed with no limits reported. 0.5 = Allowed, but within restrictive limits. 1 = Prohibited.] (GRI_A_08)
TOTAL%
0) 12462.6
.5) 5427.3
1) 2010.1
TOTAL198100.0
9) According to the Report, is proselytizing, public preaching, or conversion limited or restricted? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels for responses are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Yes, but for all religions. 1 = Yes, but only for some religions.] (GRI_B_08)
TOTAL%
0) 13065.7
.5) 2914.6
1) 3919.7
TOTAL198100.0
10) According to the Report, does the government interfere with an individual's right to worship? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels for responses are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Some interference. 1 = Severe interference.] (GRI_C_08)
TOTAL%
0) 12663.6
.5) 4321.7
1) 2914.6
TOTAL198100.0
11) In the Report, how is freedom of religion described? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category responses are the following: 0 = Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the government 'generally respects' this right in practice. 0.333 = Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the government generally respects this right in practice, but some problems exist, e.g., in certain localities. 0.667 = Limited and/or rights not protected or restricted. 1 = Does not exist.] (GRI_D_08)
TOTAL%
0) 11558.1
.333) 4422.2
.667) 3316.7
1) 63.0
TOTAL198100.0
12) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the government 'generally respects' this right [to religious freedom] in practice? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 0.5 = Yes, but exceptions or restrictions are mentioned. 1= The phrase 'generally respects' is not used.] (GRI_E_08)
TOTAL%
0) 13166.2
.5) 189.1
1) 4924.7
TOTAL198100.0
13) Does the Introduction section of the Report specifically mention that the government policy contributes to the generally free practice of religion? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Yes. 0.5 = Yes, but exceptions are mentioned. 1 = No.] (GRI_F_08)
TOTAL%
0) 13568.2
.5) 2010.1
1) 4321.7
TOTAL198100.0
14) GFI: Government Favoritism of Religion Index, 2008 (GFI_08)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1984.3123
15) According to the Report, what is the balance of government funding (including 'in kind' such as funding buildings) to the religious sector? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No funding. 0.333 = A proportional balance. 0.667 = Has imbalance. 1 = Only goes to one religion or belief.] (GFI_A_08)
TOTAL%
0) 7135.9
.333) 2914.6
.667) 7437.4
1) 2412.1
TOTAL198100.0
16) According to the Report, to what extent is there a favored or established religious Brand? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = None or all religious brands are treated the same. 0.333 = Cultural or Historical legacies only, e.g., former established religious brand inherits buildings or properties. 0.667 = Some religious brands have privileges or government access unavailable to other religious brands. 1 = [Either A or B]: a) One religious brand has privileges or government access unavailable to other religions; or b) One single State or Official (Established) Religious Brand/Religion.] (GFI_B_08)
TOTAL%
0) 6834.3
.333) 147.1
.667) 4221.2
1) 7437.4
TOTAL198100.0
17) According to the Report, how does the government subsidize religion, including 'in kind' to organizations run by religions, e.g., hospitals, schools, etc.? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No subsidies or equal to all (e.g., all are tax exempt). 0.2 = Subsidies not mentioned, but subsidies are implied by level of government support for a particular religion. 0.4 = Cultural or Historical legacies only (e.g., religion inherits cathedrals from previous government spending). 0.6 = Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies. 0.8 = Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies. 1 = Only one religion is subsidized (including 'in kind' subsidies).] (GFI_C_08)
TOTAL%
0) 7537.9
.2) 2713.6
.4) 115.6
.6) 168.1
.8) 4120.7
1) 2814.1
TOTAL198100.0
18) According to the Report, does the government fund some things related to religion? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = [Either A or B]: a) The Report does not mention funding, but it gives support that probably includes funding; or b) Yes, but equal funding for each religion. 1 = Yes, but funding is not equal for all. (GFI_D_08)
TOTAL%
0) 6130.8
.5) 4723.7
1) 9045.5
TOTAL198100.0
19) Sum of the following variables: SCHOOL08 + BLDGS08 + SALARY08 + MEDIA08 + CHARIT08 + ACTIV08 (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) (GFI_E_08)
TOTAL%
0) 7336.9
.083) 178.6
.167) 3316.7
.25) 115.6
.333) 2110.6
.417) 31.5
.5) 157.6
.583) 31.5
.667) 157.6
.833) 42.0
1) 31.5
TOTAL198100.0
20) MSRI: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index, 2008 (MSRI_08)
TOTAL%
0) 5929.8
.667) 115.6
1) 42.0
1.333) 10.5
1.667) 73.5
2) 42.0
2.333) 31.5
2.667) 73.5
3) 31.5
3.333) 52.5
3.667) 63.0
4) 21.0
4.333) 31.5
4.667) 21.0
5) 21.0
5.333) 52.5
5.667) 31.5
6) 189.1
6.333) 73.5
6.667) 31.5
7) 21.0
7.333) 52.5
8) 31.5
8.333) 31.5
8.667) 21.0
9) 21.0
9.333) 52.5
10) 2110.6
TOTAL198100.0
21) According to the Report, societal attitudes toward other or non-traditional religions are reported to be… (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Open and tolerant. 0.333 = Isolated discrimination. 0.667 = Negative just in certain regions or just towards certain religious brands. 1 = Hostile.] (MSRIA_08)
TOTAL%
0) 6934.8
.333) 4120.7
.667) 3718.7
1) 5125.8
TOTAL198100.0
22) According to the Report, are citizens intolerant of 'nontraditional' faiths, i.e., what they perceive as new religions? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 0.5 = Yes, but only one case cited. 1 = Yes, and more than one case cited.] (MSRIB_08)
TOTAL%
0) 8241.4
.5) 4321.7
1) 7336.9
TOTAL198100.0
23) According to the Report, do traditional attitudes and/or edicts of the clerical establishment strongly discourage proselytizing (i.e., trying to win converts)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (MSRIC_08)
TOTAL%
0) 14874.7
1) 5025.3
TOTAL198100.0
24) According to the Report, do established or existing religions try to shut out other religions in any way? [Category labels are the following: 0 = No. 1 = Yes.] (MSRID_08)
TOTAL%
0) 11055.6
1) 8844.4
TOTAL198100.0
25) How does the Report characterize citizens' receptivity to proselytizing by nontraditional faiths or faiths other than their own? (Rescaled to range from 0 to 1.) [Category labels are the following: 0 = Receptive/no problems reported. 0.5 = Receptive with concerns. 1 = Negative.] (MSRIE_08)
TOTAL%
0) 13869.7
.5) 105.1
1) 5025.3
TOTAL198100.0
26) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that there is a constitution? (CONST_08)
TOTAL%
0) Yes18794.4
1) No constitution, but Report says "law functions in its place"84.0
2) No31.5
TOTAL198100.0
27) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the constitution provides for freedom of religion? (FREECO08)
TOTAL%
0) Yes17789.4
1) No constitution, but Report says "law functions in its place"73.5
2) No147.1
TOTAL198100.0
28) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the government "generally respects" this right in practice? (GVRESP08)
TOTAL%
0) Yes13166.2
1) Yes, but exceptions or restrictions are mentioned189.1
2) The phrase "generally respects" is not used4924.7
TOTAL198100.0
29) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of favored religion(s)? (ESTRL008)
TOTAL%
0) No9045.5
1) Yes10854.5
TOTAL198100.0
30) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of state religion(s)? (ESTRL108)
TOTAL%
0) No16382.3
1) Yes3517.7
TOTAL198100.0
31) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of official religion(s)? (ESTRL208)
TOTAL%
0) No14874.7
1) Yes5025.3
TOTAL198100.0
32) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of established religion(s)? (ESTRL308)
TOTAL%
0) No10553.0
1) Yes9347.0
TOTAL198100.0
33) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of historical religion(s)? (ESTRL408)
TOTAL%
0) No11859.6
1) Yes8040.4
TOTAL198100.0
34) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some sort of official religious philosophy or doctrine(s)? (ESTRL508)
TOTAL%
0) No16784.3
1) Yes3115.7
TOTAL198100.0
35) Does the Introduction section or any other section of the Report mention that there is some other sort of favored religion? (ESTRL608)
TOTAL%
0) No198100.0
TOTAL198100.0
36) Does the Introduction section of the Report specifically mention that government policy contributes to the generally free practice of religion? (GPOLIC08)
TOTAL%
0) Yes13568.2
1) Yes, but exceptions are mentioned2010.1
2) No4321.7
TOTAL198100.0
37) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that "there were no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief or practice"? (GSOCAB08)
TOTAL%
0) Yes8040.4
1) Yes, but with some exceptions136.6
2) No, societal abuses existed10553.0
TOTAL198100.0
38) Does the Introduction section of the Report mention that the US government discusses religious freedom issues with the government? (USGOV08)
TOTAL%
0) Yes19196.5
1) No73.5
TOTAL198100.0
39) In the Report, are isolated social tensions (tensions caused by infrequent and unrelated incidents) reported? (TENSE108)
TOTAL%
0) No10151.0
1) Yes9749.0
TOTAL198100.0
40) In the Report, are regional social tensions (tensions associated with a specific region of the country) reported? (TENSE208)
TOTAL%
0) No15075.8
1) Yes4824.2
TOTAL198100.0
41) In the Report, are national social tensions (tensions which affect the whole country) reported? (TENSE308)
TOTAL%
0) No15578.3
1) Yes4321.7
TOTAL198100.0
42) In the Report, are international social tensions (tensions due to events occurring in another country or a relationship with another country) reported? (TENSE408)
TOTAL%
0) No17286.9
1) Yes2613.1
TOTAL198100.0
43) According to the Report, was this country a victim of terrorism? [In coding, the word "terrorism" must have appeared in the Report. Terrorism is not inferred to exist if it was not specifically mentioned.] (TEROR108)
TOTAL%
0) None18693.9
1) Some126.1
TOTAL198100.0
44) According to the Report, was this country a respondent of terrorism? [The word "terrorism" must appear in the Report. Terrorism is not inferred to exist if it was not specifically mentioned.] (TEROR208)
TOTAL%
0) None19196.5
1) Some73.5
TOTAL198100.0
45) According to the Report, was this country a perpetrator of terrorism? [The word "terrorism" must appear in the Report. Terrorism is not inferred to exist if it was not specifically mentioned.] (TEROR308)
TOTAL%
0) None18894.9
1) Some105.1
TOTAL198100.0
46) According to the Report, how did terrorism affect daily life during the period of the Report? (TERRLF08)
TOTAL%
0) Did not impede18794.4
2) More than one impediment105.1
3) Daily threat/impediments10.5
TOTAL198100.0
47) According to the Report, did terrorism impede religious practice? (TERRRL08)
TOTAL%
0) No18995.5
1) Yes94.5
TOTAL198100.0
48) According to the Report, what is the land area in square miles? (AREA_08)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL197244841.127687684
49) According to the Report, what is the approximate population? (POP_08)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL19831922316.162123900242
50) What is the percentage of the largest religion or religious brand? (888 = Brand identified but percentage not given, 999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG1PCT08)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL198112.753192
51) What is the largest religion or religious brand? (LG1REL08)
TOTAL%
0) Atheism21.0
1) Christian (unspecified)168.1
2) Catholic6532.8
3) Orthodox Christian168.1
4) Protestant189.1
5) Anglican/Episcopal52.5
6) Muslim (unspecified)136.6
7) Muslim Sunni3417.2
8) Muslim Shi'a42.0
10) Jewish10.5
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional42.0
12) Hindu (unspecified)42.0
14) Buddhist (unspecified)94.5
15) Buddhist (other)42.0
17) Shinto10.5
19) Other10.5
999) Not given or not applicable10.5
TOTAL198100.0
52) What is the percentage of the second-largest religion or religious brand? (888 = Brand identified but percentage not given, 999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG2PCT08)
TOTAL%
1) 52.5
2) 31.5
3) 42.0
4) 94.5
5) 136.6
6) 94.5
7) 31.5
8) 52.5
9) 63.0
10) 115.6
11) 42.0
12) 21.0
13) 63.0
14) 42.0
15) 94.5
16) 42.0
17) 31.5
18) 31.5
19) 42.0
20) 31.5
21) 10.5
22) 21.0
23) 31.5
24) 10.5
25) 73.5
26) 42.0
28) 52.5
29) 31.5
30) 73.5
31) 31.5
32) 10.5
33) 21.0
34) 21.0
35) 42.0
36) 42.0
38) 10.5
40) 10.5
42) 10.5
43) 10.5
44) 10.5
45) 10.5
47) 10.5
70) 10.5
888) 115.6
999) 2010.1
TOTAL198100.0
53) What is the second-largest religion or religious brand? (LG2REL08)
TOTAL%
0) Atheism42.0
1) Christian (unspecified)199.6
2) Catholic168.1
3) Orthodox Christian105.1
4) Protestant5125.8
5) Anglican/Episcopal84.0
6) Muslim (unspecified)2110.6
7) Muslim Sunni105.1
8) Muslim Shi'a115.6
9) Muslim (other)10.5
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional52.5
12) Hindu (unspecified)52.5
14) Buddhist (unspecified)42.0
15) Buddhist (other)10.5
16) Tao10.5
18) Oriental (not Tao or Shinto)10.5
19) Other105.1
999) Not given or not applicable2010.1
TOTAL198100.0
54) What is the percentage of the third-largest religion or religious brand? (888 = Brand identified but percentage not given, 999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG3PCT08)
TOTAL%
1) 157.6
2) 189.1
3) 63.0
4) 115.6
5) 94.5
6) 42.0
7) 52.5
8) 21.0
9) 21.0
10) 94.5
11) 52.5
13) 31.5
14) 73.5
15) 52.5
16) 21.0
17) 21.0
18) 10.5
19) 42.0
20) 42.0
22) 10.5
23) 10.5
25) 21.0
33) 10.5
888) 94.5
999) 7035.4
TOTAL198100.0
55) What is the third-largest religion or religious brand? (LG3REL08)
TOTAL%
0) Atheism63.0
1) Christian (unspecified)189.1
2) Catholic2211.1
3) Orthodox Christian73.5
4) Protestant157.6
5) Anglican/Episcopal31.5
6) Muslim (unspecified)2010.1
7) Muslim Sunni52.5
8) Muslim Shi'a31.5
10) Jewish10.5
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional94.5
12) Hindu (unspecified)21.0
14) Buddhist (unspecified)10.5
16) Tao10.5
19) Other157.6
999) Not given or not applicable7035.4
TOTAL198100.0
56) What is the percentage of the fourth-largest religion or religious brand? (888 = Brand identified but percentage not given, 999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG4PCT08)
TOTAL%
1) 178.6
2) 168.1
3) 63.0
4) 31.5
5) 94.5
6) 52.5
8) 21.0
9) 21.0
10) 31.5
11) 10.5
12) 10.5
17) 10.5
19) 10.5
20) 10.5
888) 73.5
999) 12362.1
TOTAL198100.0
57) What is the fourth-largest religion or religious brand? (LG4REL08)
TOTAL%
0) Atheism31.5
1) Christian (unspecified)42.0
2) Catholic105.1
3) Orthodox Christian42.0
4) Protestant136.6
6) Muslim (unspecified)126.1
7) Muslim Sunni10.5
8) Muslim Shi'a21.0
9) Muslim (other)10.5
10) Jewish31.5
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional63.0
12) Hindu (unspecified)31.5
14) Buddhist (unspecified)31.5
18) Oriental (not Tao or Shinto)10.5
19) Other94.5
999) Not given or not applicable12362.1
TOTAL198100.0
58) What is the percentage of the fifth-largest religion or religious brand? (888 = Brand identified but percentage not given, 999 = percentage not given or not applicable) (LG5PCT08)
TOTAL%
1) 94.5
2) 73.5
3) 42.0
4) 10.5
5) 42.0
7) 10.5
10) 21.0
14) 10.5
888) 31.5
999) 16683.8
TOTAL198100.0
59) What is the fifth-largest religion or religious brand? (LG5REL08)
TOTAL%
1) Christian (unspecified)42.0
2) Catholic21.0
3) Orthodox Christian31.5
4) Protestant21.0
6) Muslim (unspecified)42.0
8) Muslim Shi'a10.5
10) Jewish21.0
11) Animist/indigenous/traditional31.5
12) Hindu (unspecified)21.0
14) Buddhist (unspecified)10.5
19) Other84.0
999) Not given or not applicable16683.8
TOTAL198100.0
60) Are Jehovah's Witnesses mentioned anywhere in the Report? (JW_08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned9146.0
1) Mentioned10754.0
TOTAL198100.0
61) Is the Baha'i Faith mentioned anywhere in the Report? (BHAI_08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned9146.0
1) Mentioned10754.0
TOTAL198100.0
62) Are the Jewish mentioned anywhere in the Report? (JEW_08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned8442.4
1) Mentioned11457.6
TOTAL198100.0
63) Are Baptists mentioned anywhere in the Report? (BAPT_08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned11658.6
1) Mentioned8241.4
TOTAL198100.0
64) Are Mormons mentioned anywhere in the Report? (MORM_08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned10854.5
1) Mentioned9045.5
TOTAL198100.0
65) Are Sufis mentioned anywhere in the Report? (SUFI_08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned19096.0
1) Mentioned84.0
TOTAL198100.0
66) Is Scientology mentioned anywhere in the Report? (SCIENT08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned18090.9
1) Mentioned189.1
TOTAL198100.0
67) Are other religions mentioned anywhere in the Report? (OTHERS08)
TOTAL%
0) Not mentioned2914.6
1) Mentioned16985.4
TOTAL198100.0
68) According to the Report, how is freedom of religion described? (FREERL08)
TOTAL%
0) Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the government generally respects this right in practice11558.1
1) Law/Constitution provides for freedom of religion and the government generally respects this right in practice, but some problems exist, e.g., in certain localities4422.2
2) Limited and/or rights restricted or not protected3316.7
3) Does not exist63.0
TOTAL198100.0
69) What does the Report indicate about government protection for religious freedom? (GVLVLS08)
TOTAL%
0) Protects at all levels12563.1
1) Protects at some levels3919.7
2) Does not protect3417.2
TOTAL198100.0
70) According to the Report, what is the type of state or official religion? (GVTYPE08)
TOTAL%
0) Secular (or no state religion specified)14774.2
1) Atheistic21.0
2) Christian168.1
3) Islamic2713.6
4) Jewish10.5
5) Buddhist31.5
6) Nonsecular/theistic21.0
TOTAL198100.0
71) According to the Report, does the government interfere with an individual's right to worship? (GVINTF08)
TOTAL%
0) No12663.6
1) Some interference4321.7
2) Severe interference2914.6
TOTAL198100.0
72) Does the government fund some things related to religion, according to the Report? (GVFUND08)
TOTAL%
0) No6130.8
1) The Report does not mention funding, but it gives support that probably includes funding2211.1
2) Yes, but equal funding for each religion2512.6
3) Yes, and funding is not equal for all9045.5
TOTAL198100.0
73) If GVFUND08 = 2-3: What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Education/schools (SCHOOL08)
TOTAL%
0) No9347.0
1) Yes, but equal funding for each religion3216.2
2) Yes, and funding is not equal for all7336.9
TOTAL198100.0
74) If GVFUND08 = 2-3: What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Buildings/upkeep/repair (BLDGS08)
TOTAL%
0) No12663.6
1) Yes, but equal funding for each religion189.1
2) Yes, and funding is not equal for all5427.3
TOTAL198100.0
75) If GVFUND08 = 2-3: What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Clergy salary/benefits (SALARY08)
TOTAL%
0) No15176.3
1) Yes, but equal funding for each religion63.0
2) Yes, and funding is not equal for all4120.7
TOTAL198100.0
76) If GVFUND08 = 2-3: What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Print/broadcast media (MEDIA08)
TOTAL%
0) No17085.9
1) Yes, but equal funding for each religion31.5
2) Yes, and funding is not equal for all2512.6
TOTAL198100.0
77) If GVFUND08 = 2-3: What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Charity/public service work (CHARIT08)
TOTAL%
0) No18392.4
1) Yes, but equal funding for each religion42.0
2) Yes, and funding is not equal for all115.6
TOTAL198100.0
78) If GVFUND08 = 2-3: What religious things does the Report say are funded by the government? Religious practice or mission work (ACTIV08)
TOTAL%
0) No16985.8
1) Yes, but equal funding for each religion52.5
2) Yes, and funding is not equal for all2311.7
Missing1 
TOTAL197100.0
79) According to the Report, is proselytizing limited or restricted? (PROSEL08)
TOTAL%
0) No13367.2
1) Yes, but for all religions3115.7
2) Yes, but only for some religions3417.2
TOTAL198100.0
80) According to the Report, is public preaching limited or restricted? (PREACH08)
TOTAL%
0) No15176.3
1) Yes, but for all religions2512.6
2) Yes, but only for some religions2211.1
TOTAL198100.0
81) According to the Report, is conversion limited or restricted? (CONVER08)
TOTAL%
0) No17085.9
1) Yes, but for all religions73.5
2) Yes, but only for some religions2110.6
TOTAL198100.0
82) According to the Report, is religious literature and/or broadcasting limited or restricted? (LITBRD08)
TOTAL%
0) No13668.7
1) Literature is2914.6
2) Broadcasting is115.6
3) Both are2211.1
TOTAL198100.0
83) According to the Report, are foreign missionaries allowed to operate? (MSSNRY08)
TOTAL%
0) Allowed with no limits reported12462.6
1) Allowed, but within restrictive limits5427.3
2) Prohibited2010.1
TOTAL198100.0
84) According to the Report, what is the nature of political parties (in practice)? (PARTY08)
TOTAL%
0) All political parties are secular189.1
1) Correlation between political party and religion115.6
2) Political parties can be religious or secular73.5
3) Political parties must be religious52.5
999) Unable to assess based on the Report15779.3
TOTAL198100.0
85) According to the Report, are there laws regulating daily life based on (biased towards) religion? (RELIFE08)
TOTAL%
0) No14673.7
1) Yes5226.3
TOTAL198100.0
86) Does the Report indicate that the government's policy and practice contribute to the relatively free practice of religion? (POLICY08)
TOTAL%
0) No4120.7
1) Only policy does2110.6
2) Only practice does42.0
3) Both do13266.7
TOTAL198100.0
87) According to the Report, are religious groups required to subscribe to an agreement or other set of religion-specific regulations for public activities including registration needed for public meetings? That is, do religious groups require a permit to meet? (Does not refer to whether or not religious groups are required to register for legal status, tax exemption, etc.) (AGREMT08)
TOTAL%
0) No13568.2
1) Yes, all are4623.2
2) Yes, but only some are178.6
TOTAL198100.0
88) According to the Report, are people, based on religious identity or activity, discriminated against? (DISCRM08)
TOTAL%
0) No7437.4
1) Yes, some are12161.1
2) Yes, all are31.5
TOTAL198100.0
89) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is prohibited for children or those less than 18 years old. (REGED108)
TOTAL%
0) No18894.9
1) Yes105.1
TOTAL198100.0
90) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is optionally offered in public schools. (REGED208)
TOTAL%
0) No13166.2
1) Yes6733.8
TOTAL198100.0
91) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is required in public schools. (REGED308)
TOTAL%
0) No13769.2
1) Yes6130.8
TOTAL198100.0
92) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? Only education in one religion is permitted in any school. (REGED408)
TOTAL%
0) No17085.9
1) Yes2814.1
TOTAL198100.0
93) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is optionally offered in non-government schools. (REGED508)
TOTAL%
0) No13467.7
1) Yes6432.3
TOTAL198100.0
94) Is the following mentioned in the Report about religious education? It is required in non-government schools. (REGED608)
TOTAL%
0) No17889.9
1) Yes2010.1
TOTAL198100.0
95) Are allegations reported of discrimination in education, housing, and/or employment based on religion? (DISCR208)
TOTAL%
0) No discrimination12261.6
1) Some discrimination5326.8
2) Widespread discrimination2110.6
3) Caste-like system21.0
TOTAL198100.0
96) According to the Report, what is the balance of government funding (including "in kind" such as funding buildings) to the religious sector? (FUNDRL08)
TOTAL%
0) No funding7035.4
1) A proportional balance3015.2
2) Has imbalance7437.4
3) Only goes to one religion or belief2412.1
TOTAL198100.0
97) Does the Report mention any harassment of minority religious groups? (SECTS08)
TOTAL%
0) No9246.5
1) Yes, but not recently reported84.0
2) Reported and resolved52.5
3) Reported and unresolved9347.0
TOTAL198100.0
98) Does the Report mention a government campaign against religion or certain religions? (CAMPAI08)
TOTAL%
0) No15276.8
1) Yes, but non-coercive115.6
2) Yes, and coercive2914.6
3) Yes, and lethal63.0
TOTAL198100.0
99) According to the Report, is there a government bureau that supervises religions? (BUREAU08)
TOTAL%
0) No11558.1
1) No, but government consults a non-government religious advisory board126.1
2) Yes, but non-coercive4522.7
3) Yes, and coercive2613.1
TOTAL198100.0
100) Are killings based on religion reported? (LETHAL08)
TOTAL%
0) No16784.3
1) Yes2814.1
2) Massacres or warfare31.5
TOTAL198100.0
101) According to the Report, do government or security authorities harass or allow harassment based on religious brand? (HARASS08)
TOTAL%
0) No14171.2
1) Yes, but isolated or confined to certain locales2010.1
2) Yes3718.7
TOTAL198100.0
102) Estimated number of people who were physically abused due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (ABUSE08)
TOTAL%
0) 015276.8
1) 1 to 92814.1
2) 10 to 200157.6
3) 201 to 1,00031.5
TOTAL198100.0
103) Number of people who were physically abused due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (ABUSNO08)
TOTAL%
0) 15276.8
1) 136.6
2) 63.0
3) 21.0
4) 10.5
5) 21.0
6) 31.5
7) 10.5
10) 31.5
11) 10.5
12) 10.5
13) 10.5
16) 10.5
18) 10.5
20) 10.5
25) 10.5
27) 10.5
30) 10.5
34) 10.5
72) 10.5
116) 10.5
201) 10.5
800) 10.5
803) 10.5
TOTAL198100.0
104) Estimated number of people who were displaced due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (DISPLA08)
TOTAL%
0) 017688.9
1) 1 to 9147.1
2) 10 to 20073.5
3) 201 to 1,00010.5
TOTAL198100.0
105) Number of people who were displaced due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (DISPLN08)
TOTAL%
0) 17688.9
1) 73.5
2) 42.0
4) 21.0
8) 10.5
12) 10.5
13) 10.5
15) 10.5
34) 21.0
109) 10.5
194) 10.5
500) 10.5
TOTAL198100.0
106) Estimated number of people who were imprisoned due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (IMPRIS08)
TOTAL%
0) 013869.7
1) 1 to 92814.1
2) 10 to 2002512.6
3) 201 to 1,00031.5
4) 1,001 to 10,00042.0
TOTAL198100.0
107) Number of people who were imprisoned due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (IMPRIN08)
TOTAL%
0) 13869.7
1) 105.1
2) 42.0
3) 21.0
4) 31.5
5) 31.5
7) 42.0
8) 21.0
10) 10.5
13) 10.5
15) 10.5
16) 31.5
18) 10.5
19) 10.5
23) 10.5
25) 10.5
36) 10.5
37) 10.5
39) 21.0
47) 10.5
62) 10.5
84) 10.5
86) 10.5
110) 10.5
112) 10.5
120) 10.5
145) 10.5
154) 10.5
162) 10.5
180) 10.5
255) 10.5
264) 10.5
396) 10.5
3000) 10.5
3225) 10.5
4131) 10.5
7652) 10.5
TOTAL198100.0
108) Estimated number of people who were killed due to religion in this country based on the entire Report (KILLED08)
TOTAL%
0) 017085.9
1) 1 to 9178.6
2) 10 to 20084.0
3) 201 to 1,00031.5
TOTAL198100.0
109) Number of people who were killed due to religion in this country as indicated by the Report (KILLEN08)
TOTAL%
0) 17085.9
1) 73.5
2) 31.5
3) 31.5
6) 10.5
8) 31.5
10) 10.5
15) 10.5
16) 10.5
21) 10.5
58) 10.5
72) 10.5
103) 10.5
156) 10.5
213) 10.5
233) 10.5
723) 10.5
TOTAL198100.0
110) According to the Report, were there any reported abuses targeted at specific religions by terrorist organizations? (REPORT08)
TOTAL%
0) No18995.5
1) Yes94.5
TOTAL198100.0
111) How many people are reported to have been killed in the section of the Report about terrorism? (KILLD208)
TOTAL%
0) 018894.9
1) 131.5
4) 410.5
8) 810.5
16) 1610.5
145) 14510.5
233) 23310.5
723) 72310.5
999) Unverified claims of deaths due to terrorism10.5
TOTAL198100.0
112) How many people are reported to have been injured or accosted (but not killed) in the section of the Report about terrorism? (INJURE08)
TOTAL%
0) 018894.9
1) 110.5
2) 221.0
5) 510.5
30) 3010.5
33) 3310.5
201) 20110.5
479) 47910.5
803) 80310.5
999) Unverified claims of injury due to terrorism10.5
TOTAL198100.0
113) How many people are reported to have been displaced or forced to move (but not killed) in the section of the Report about terrorism? (DISPLC08)
TOTAL%
0) 019699.0
34) 3410.5
999) Unverified claims of displacement due to terrorism10.5
TOTAL198100.0
114) According to the Report, were anti-religious statements issued following terrorist attacks by the terrorists or their sympathizers? (STATEM08)
TOTAL%
0) No19498.0
1) Terrorists only31.5
2) Terrorists and sympathizers10.5
TOTAL198100.0
115) According to the Report, was property damaged or destroyed by terrorists? (PROPT208)
TOTAL%
0) No19196.5
1) Property was damaged or defaced42.0
2) Property was destroyed31.5
TOTAL198100.0
116) According to the Report, who did the terrorists target? (TARGET08)
TOTAL%
0) No terrorism18693.9
1) Indiscriminate63.0
2) More than one religious brand31.5
3) One religious brand in particular31.5
TOTAL198100.0
117) According to the Report, were missionaries targeted by terrorists? (MSSY08)
TOTAL%
0) No19498.0
1) Yes10.5
2) Yes, and they were killed31.5
TOTAL198100.0
118) Societal attitudes toward other or nontraditional religions are reported to be . . . (OTHREL08)
TOTAL%
0) Open and tolerant6934.8
1) Isolated discrimination4120.7
2) Negative just in certain regions or just toward certain religious brands3718.7
3) Hostile5125.8
TOTAL198100.0
119) Relations between various religious communities are reported to be . . . (RELATE08)
TOTAL%
0) No societal abuses reported8040.4
1) Sometimes strained3115.7
2) Negative just in certain regions or just toward certain religious brands4321.7
3) Hostile4422.2
TOTAL198100.0
120) Are activities reported that promote tolerance and understanding between adherents of different religions? (TOLERA08)
TOTAL%
0) No6733.8
1) Yes13166.2
TOTAL198100.0
121) According to the Report, are religious groups' properties vandalized? This includes arson directed against their buildings or facilities. (VAND08)
TOTAL%
0) No vandalism reported12764.1
1) Not presently but within past 100 years10.5
2) Not presently but within past 10 years31.5
3) Yes6733.8
TOTAL198100.0
122) How does the Report characterize citizens' receptivity to proselytizing by nontraditional faiths or faiths other than their own? (NONTRA08)
TOTAL%
0) Receptive/no problems reported13869.7
1) Receptive with concerns105.1
2) Negative5025.3
TOTAL198100.0
123) According to the Report, are citizens intolerant of "nontraditional" faiths, that is, groups they perceive as new religions? (INTOLE08)
TOTAL%
0) No8241.4
1) Yes, but only one case cited4321.7
2) Yes, and more than one case cited7336.9
TOTAL198100.0
124) According to the Report, do traditional attitudes and/or edicts of the clerical establishment strongly discourage proselytizing, that is, trying to win converts? (PROSE208)
TOTAL%
0) No14874.7
1) Traditional attitudes only2311.6
2) Edicts of the clerical establishment only63.0
3) Both traditional attitudes and edicts of the clerical establishment2110.6
TOTAL198100.0
125) Does the Report mention cases of bombings or burnings of religious buildings or murders of religious persons by citizens? (BOMB08)
TOTAL%
0) No16985.4
1) Bombings or burnings94.5
2) Murders73.5
3) Bombings/burnings and murders136.6
TOTAL198100.0
126) According to the Report, are there or were there religious militias or vigilante groups, or is the military structured along religious lines? (MALITI08)
TOTAL%
0) No17286.9
1) Yes, religious militias/vigilante groups178.6
2) Yes, the military (including the de facto structure)42.0
3) Both52.5
TOTAL198100.0
127) According to the Report, do established or existing religions try to shut out new religions in any way? (ESTAB08)
TOTAL%
0) No11055.6
1) Yes8844.4
TOTAL198100.0
128) According to the Report, to what extent is there a favored or established religious brand? (ESTREL08)
TOTAL%
0) None, or all religious brands are treated the same6834.3
1) Cultural or historical legacies only, e.g., former established religious brand inherits buildings or properties147.1
2) Some religious brands have privileges or government access unavailable to other religious brands4221.2
3) One religious brand has privileges or government access unavailable to other religions3015.2
4) One single state or official (established) religious brand or religion4422.2
TOTAL198100.0
129) According to the Report, to what extent does the law regulate religion? (LAW_08)
TOTAL%
0) Laws do not interfere with the free exercise of religion10050.5
1) Laws inadvertently cause difficulty to all religions equally, e.g., in registration168.1
2) Laws cause problems, but only for some religions5326.8
3) Laws cause problems for all but one religion157.6
4) Laws prohibit the free exercise of religion147.1
TOTAL198100.0
130) According to the Report, how does the government subsidize religion (including "in kind" to organizations run by religions, e.g., hospitals or schools)? (SUBSDY08)
TOTAL%
0) No subsidies or subsidies are equal for all (e.g., all are tax-exempt)7537.9
1) Subsidies not mentioned in the Report but are implied by the level of government support for a particular religion2713.6
2) Cultural or historical legacies only, e.g., religion inherits cathedrals from previous government spending115.6
3) Only some religions are excluded from available subsidies168.1
4) Only an approved set of religions receive government subsidies4120.7
5) Only one religion is subsidized, including "in kind" subsidies2814.1
TOTAL198100.0
131) According to the Report, to what extent does one religious brand seem to monopolize or strongly influence religiously related activities within society? (MONOPL08)
TOTAL%
0) Religious brands do not seem to monopolize or influence society at all4723.7
1) Religious influence is shared among various religious brands4824.2
2) Religious influence is shared among various religious brands that dominate in particular regions2010.1
3) One religious brand seems to dominate5628.3
4) Society is centered on one religious brand2713.6
TOTAL198100.0
132) According to the Report, to what extent are societal attitudes open to all religious brands? (OPENRL08)
TOTAL%
0) Benign or attitudes are open to all5728.8
1) Inadvertent insensitivity to religious brands other than the dominant religious brand73.5
2) Prejudices toward other religious brands that are real but hard to document3316.7
3) Instances of discrimination toward other religious brands3718.7
4) Instances of aggression toward other religious brands3819.2
5) Instances of fatal aggression toward other religious brands2311.6
6) Open warfare or ongoing violent conflict along religious lines or between religious brands31.5
TOTAL198100.0
133) According to the Report, to what extent is there religiously related violence in the nation (victim and/or perpetrator)? (RELVIO08)
TOTAL%
0) None reported11658.6
1) Isolated acts of religiously related violence6030.3
2) Widespread acts, or religiously related violence covers several regions199.6
3) Ongoing war with religiously related violence31.5
TOTAL198100.0
134) According to the Report, the legal/policy framework of the country . . . (LEGPO08)
TOTAL%
0) Does not give privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to any religion5527.8
1) Gives privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to any religion that asks or applies2814.1
2) Gives privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to a select group of religions6733.8
3) Gives privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to only three religions42.0
4) Gives privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to only two religions52.5
5) Gives privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to only one religion2914.6
6) Gives privileges, favors, resources, and/or finances to only one brand of a larger religious tradition, e.g., to only one denomination or religious brand105.1
TOTAL198100.0
135) What is the highest level of religious violence reported? (RELVI208)
TOTAL%
0) None10854.5
1) Anti-religious brand graffiti52.5
2) Vandalism to religious brand property2412.1
3) Bombing or burning of religious brand property63.0
4) Beating, rape, or physical assault of person(s) due to religious brand2613.1
5) Torture or killing of person(s) due to religious brand2512.6
6) Massacre of and/or war between religious brands42.0
TOTAL198100.0
136) According to the Report, what best describes the religious coverage of the country? (RELMON08)
TOTAL%
0) No single religious brand dominates the population6633.3
1) The two leading religious brands dominate the population4723.7
2) One religious brand dominates the population8542.9
TOTAL198100.0
137) What is the highest level of restrictions reported? (RELREG08)
TOTAL%
0) None reported7437.4
1) Difficulties for certain religious brands (e.g., in registration or having a legally recognized status), but these difficulties do not proscribe those religious brands5326.8
2) Restrictions on certain religious brands (e.g., on the use and/or ownership or property which is not equitable for all religious brands, or, e.g., "national patrimony" care or government ownership of religious buildings)2311.6
3) The government targets certain religious brands to be controlled or proscribed178.6
4) Government involvement in the internal and/or international affairs of religious brands168.1
5) Prohibition of religious practice except for that which is approved by the government157.6
TOTAL198100.0
138) According to the Report, to what extent do the official laws, policies, or administrative actions of the state restrict the practice, profession, or selection of religion? (RSTRCT08)
TOTAL%
0) Not at all5929.8
1) 13216.2
2) 22110.6
3) 3136.6
4) 4136.6
5) 5136.6
6) 6115.6
7) 7115.6
8) 8105.1
9) 963.0
10) Extensive restriction by the state94.5
TOTAL198100.0
139) According to the Report, to what extent does the state provide a select religion or a small group of religions with privileges, financial support, or favorable sanctions? (FAVOR08)
TOTAL%
0) Not at all4723.7
1) 1157.6
2) 22110.6
3) 3168.1
4) 42110.6
5) 5136.6
6) 6168.1
7) 7168.1
8) 8136.6
9) 9136.6
10) Extensive provisions by the state73.5
TOTAL198100.0
140) According to the Report, to what extent do the society's religious groups, associations, or culture at large restrict the practice, profession, or selection of religion? (PROTEC08)
TOTAL%
0) Not at all6030.3
1) 1168.1
2) 22110.6
3) 32010.1
4) 42010.1
5) 5115.6
6) 6147.1
7) 72110.6
8) 884.0
9) 942.0
10) Extensive restriction by society31.5
TOTAL198100.0
141) Level of religious freedom in this country based on the Report (RELFRE08)
TOTAL%
0) High freedom with no problems reported3216.2
1) High freedom with, e.g., only one or two minor problems reported6231.3
2) Mostly free with, e.g., more than two minor problems reported3517.7
3) Moderate freedom where, e.g., most religions can operate without problems3618.2
4) Low freedom where, e.g., only a few religions can operate without problems2211.1
5) Religious freedom does not seem to exist115.6
TOTAL198100.0
142) How many unique incidents of religious conflict are mentioned in the Report? (CONFL#08)
TOTAL%
0) 9246.5
1) 157.6
2) 147.1
3) 94.5
4) 84.0
5) 94.5
6) 42.0
7) 73.5
8) 52.5
9) 21.0
10) 21.0
11) 21.0
12) 31.5
13) 42.0
16) 21.0
17) 10.5
21) 21.0
22) 31.5
24) 31.5
25) 10.5
28) 21.0
32) 10.5
35) 10.5
37) 10.5
44) 10.5
59) 10.5
135) 10.5
137) 10.5
211) 10.5
TOTAL198100.0
143) How many unique incidents of religious conflict are mentioned in the Report? (CONFL08)
TOTAL%
0) None9347.0
1) 1 to 54522.7
2) 5 to 102814.1
3) 11 to 1584.0
4) More than 152412.1
TOTAL198100.0
144) GRI: Government Regulation of Religion Index, 2008, with values rounded to the nearest whole number (GRI_08R)
TOTAL%
0) 8542.9
1) 2512.6
2) 199.6
3) 63.0
4) 115.6
5) 73.5
6) 105.1
7) 73.5
8) 63.0
9) 2010.1
10) 21.0
TOTAL198100.0
145) GFI: Government Favoritism of Religion Index, 2008, with values rounded to the nearest whole number (GFI_08R)
TOTAL%
0) 3819.2
1) 136.6
2) 2814.1
3) 147.1
4) 73.5
5) 94.5
6) 189.1
7) 2311.6
8) 3316.7
9) 136.6
10) 21.0
TOTAL198100.0
146) MSRI: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index, 2008, with values rounded to the nearest whole number (MSRI_08R)
TOTAL%
0) 5929.8
1) 168.1
2) 147.1
3) 157.6
4) 115.6
5) 94.5
6) 2814.1
7) 105.1
8) 63.0
9) 94.5
10) 2110.6
TOTAL198100.0
147) Original values of GRI_08, for replication purposes only (see note on Fall 2012 update) (GRI08REP)
TOTAL%
0) 8743.9
.556) 52.5
.833) 147.1
1.389) 52.5
1.667) 105.1
2.222) 94.5
2.5) 31.5
3.056) 21.0
3.889) 94.5
4.167) 10.5
4.444) 10.5
4.722) 52.5
5.278) 31.5
5.556) 42.0
6.111) 31.5
6.389) 21.0
6.944) 42.0
7.222) 31.5
7.778) 73.5
8.611) 115.6
9.167) 42.0
9.444) 42.0
10) 21.0
TOTAL198100.0
148) I-REGION: U.S. State Department Reporting Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Africa4824.2
2) East Asia and Pacific3417.2
3) Europe and Eurasia5025.3
4) Near East and North Africa199.6
5) South and Central Asia136.6
6) Western Hemisphere3417.2
TOTAL198100.0
149) I-GVTREG: GRI: Government Regulation of Religion Index, 2008, with values rounded to the nearest whole number (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-GVTREG)
TOTAL%
0) No or virtually no regulation (GRI_08 = 0)8542.9
1) Low level of regulation (GRI_08 = 1-3)5025.3
2) Medium level of regulation (GRI_08 = 4-6)2814.1
3) High level of regulation (GRI_08 = 7-10)3517.7
TOTAL198100.0
150) I-GVTFAV: GFI: Government Favoritism of Religion Index, 2008, with values rounded to the nearest whole number (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-GVTFAV)
TOTAL%
0) No or virtually no favoritism (GFI_08 = 0)3819.2
1) Low level of favoritism (GFI_08 = 1-3)5527.8
2) Medium level of favoritism (GFI_08 = 4-6)3417.2
3) High level of favoritism (GFI_08 = 7-10)7135.9
TOTAL198100.0
151) I-SOCREG: MSRI: Modified Social Regulation of Religion Index, 2008, with values rounded to the nearest whole number (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-SOCREG)
TOTAL%
0) No or virtually no regulation (MSRI_08 = 0)5929.8
1) Low level of regulation (MSRI_08 = 1-3)4522.7
2) Medium level of regulation (MSRI_08 = 4-6)4824.2
3) High level of regulation (MSRI_08 = 7-10)4623.2
TOTAL198100.0