Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) ID (Recontact Survey) (F_ID)
2) Thinking about when you have gone to mass over the past year, how often was the mass celebrated in Spanish? Would you say that... (F_QN1)
1) Every time you went to mass it was in Spanish
2) Most times mass was in Spanish
3) Most times mass was in English
4) Every time you went to mass it was in English
5) Did not go to mass in past year
8) Don't know
3) About how often do you go to confession with a priest... would you say more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (F_QN2)
1) More than once a week
2) Once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
4) About how often do you pray the rosary... would you say more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (F_QN3)
1) More than once a week
2) Once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
5) Do you believe: that angels and demons are active in the world? (F_QN4A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
6) Do you believe: that in Mass, the bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ? (F_QN4B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
7) Some people tell us that no matter what, they could never leave the Catholic Church. Others say that they could imagine leaving the Catholic Church someday. Which of these comes closest to your view? (F_QN5A)
1) That no matter what, they could never leave the Catholic Church
2) That they could imagine leaving the Catholic Church someday
8) Don't know
9) Refused
8) Do you ever pray to the Virgin Mary? (F_QN6)
1) Yes
2) No
9) Refused
9) Would you prefer to attend mass in Spanish, or doesn't this matter to you? (F_QN8)
1) Prefer to attend mass in Spanish
2) Doesn't matter if mass is in Spanish or not
3) Prefer to attend mass in English
9) Refused
10) Would you prefer to attend mass where there is a Latino priest, or doesn't this matter to you? (F_QN9)
1) Prefer to attend mass where there is a Latino priest
2) Doesn't matter if there is a Latino priest or not
3) Prefer to attend mass with a non-Latino priest
9) Refused
11) Would you prefer to attend mass where most of the other people are Latinos, or doesn't this matter to you? (F_QN10)
1) Prefer to attend mass where most of the other people are Latino
2) Doesn't matter if most other people are Latinos or not
3) Prefer to attend mass where most other people are not Latino
8) Don't know
9) Refused
12) IF RESPONDENT PREFERS ATTENDING MASS IN SPANISH (from F_QN8): Would you be willing to travel further or attend mass at a less convenient time in order to be able to attend mass in Spanish, or not? (F_QN11A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
13) IF RESPONDENT PREFERS ATTENDING MASS WHERE THERE IS A LATINO PRIEST (from F_QN9): Would you be willing to travel further or attend mass at a less convenient time in order to be able to attend mass with a Latino priest, or not? (F_QN11B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
14) IF RESPONDENT PREFERS TO ATTEND MASS WHERE MOST OTHER PEOPLE ARE LATINOS (from F_QN10): Would you be willing to travel further or attend mass at a less convenient time in order to be able to attend mass where most of the other people are Latinos, or not? (F_QN11C)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
15) IF RESPONDENT PRAYS AT HOME AT ALL (from QN31A_A): When you pray outside of mass, do you pray in Spanish, pray in English, pray in both Spanish and English, or pray in some other language? (F_QN12)
1) Spanish
2) English
3) Both Spanish and English
4) Other language
5) Do not pray
9) Refused
16) IF RESPONDENT READS THE SCRIPTURE OUTSIDE OF WORSHIP AT ALL (from QN31A_C): When you read the Bible outside of mass, do you read it in Spanish, read it in English, read it in both Spanish and English, or read it in some other language? (F_QN13)
1) Spanish
2) English
3) Both Spanish and English
4) Other language
5) Do not read scripture
8) Don't know
17) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Now, thinking about the church you attend most often, how many masses are celebrated in Spanish on the average weekend? Is there just one Spanish Mass, more than one Spanish Mass, or are there no masses in Spanish? (F_QN14)
1) Just one Spanish mass
2) More than one Spanish mass
3) No Spanish masses
4) Don't go to church
8) Don't know
9) Refused
18) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): About how long does it take you to travel from your home to the parish where you attend mass most often? [Does R give response in hours or minutes?] (F_QN15)
1) Hours given
2) Minutes given
3) Doesn't go to church
8) Don't know
9) Refused
19) About how many minutes does it take you to travel from your home to the parish where you attend mass most often? [Combination of responses to F_QN15H and F_QN15M] (F_QN15_T)
1) 1
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
5) 5
6) 6
7) 7
8) 8
10) 10
12) 12
13) 13
14) 14
15) 15
20) 20
25) 25
30) 30
35) 35
40) 40
45) 45
60) 60
120) 120
180) 180
997) Doesn't go to church
998) Don't know
999) Refused
20) IF F_QN15 ANSWERED IN HOURS: About how many hours does it take you to travel from your home to the parish where you attend mass most often? (F_QN15H)
1)
3)
21) IF F_QN15 ANSWERED IN MINUTES: About how many minutes does it take you to travel from your home to the parish where you attend mass most often? (F_QN15M)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
10)
12)
13)
14)
15)
20)
25)
30)
35)
40)
45)
60)
120)
22) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): And still thinking of the Catholic Church that you attend most often, are you a lector there? (F_QN16A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
23) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): And still thinking of the Catholic Church that you attend most often, are you a Eucharistic minister there? (F_QN16B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
24) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): And still thinking of the Catholic Church that you attend most often, are you a member of the choir there? (F_QN16C)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
25) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): And still thinking of the Catholic Church that you attend most often, are you a member of the parish council there? (F_QN16D)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
26) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): And still thinking of the Catholic Church that you attend most often, are you the leader of any small groups or ministries there? (F_QN16E)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
27) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): When you attend mass, do you usually go to the parish that is closest to your house or do you usually go to another parish? (F_QN17)
1) I usually go to the parish nearest my house
2) I usually go to another parish
3) I do not go to any one church on a regular basis
8) Don't know
9) Refused
28) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS THAT THEY USUALLY GO TO ANOTHER PARISH (from F_QN17): And why do you go to this other parish? (F_QN18)
1) Because there is a Spanish mass or Latino priest there
2) Because there are more Latinos there than at your home parish
3) Just a matter of convenience
4) Some other reason
8) Don't know
29) Have you yourself ever received a divine healing of an illness or injury? (F_QN19A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
30) Have you ever witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (F_QN19B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
31) Have you ever received a definite answer to a specific prayer request? (F_QN19C)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
32) Have you ever received a direct revelation from God? (F_QN19D)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
33) Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (F_QN19E)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
34) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): When you attend Catholic Masses, how often do they include people displaying signs of excitement and enthusiasm, such as raising their hands in praise, clapping, shouting, or jumping? Do you see these kinds of things at mass always, frequently, occasionally, or never? (F_QN20)
1) Always
2) Frequently
3) Occasionally
4) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
35) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (on both F_QN14 and QN23): When you attend Catholic Masses, how often do they include people speaking or praising in tongues, prophesying or receiving a word of knowledge, or praying for miraculous healings and deliverance? Do you see these kinds of things at mass always, frequently, occasionally, or never? (F_QN21)
1) Always
2) Frequently
3) Occasionally
4) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
36) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS ATTENDING RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Do you ever attend worship services at a non-Catholic church, such as an evangelical or Pentecostal church? (F_QN22)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
37) IF YES TO F_QN22: About how often do you attend worship services at an evangelical or Pentecostal church? Would you say... (F_QN23)
1) More than once a week
2) Once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Less often
6) I used to attend an evangelical or Pentecostal church in the past, but do not any longer
38) IF YES TO F_QN22: When you attend religious services at an evangelical or Pentecostal church, how often do they include people displaying signs of excitement and enthusiasm, such as raising their hands in praise, clapping, shouting, or jumping? Do you see these kinds of things at the evangelical or Pentecostal church always, frequently, occasionally, or never? (F_QN24)
1) Always
2) Frequently
3) Occasionally
4) Never
8) Don't know
39) IF YES TO F_QN22: When you attend religious services at an evangelical or Pentecostal church, how often do they include people speaking or praising in tongues, prophesying or receiving a word of knowledge, or praying for miraculous healings and deliverance? Do you see these kinds of things at the evangelical or Pentecostal church always, frequently, occasionally, or never? (F_QN25)
1) Always
2) Frequently
3) Occasionally
4) Never
8) Don't know
40) Do you, yourself, ever participate in any Catholic charismatic renewal organizations, such as Charisma in Missions or The Sower? (F_QN26)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
41) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from Your parish priest, or not? (F_QN27A)
1) Yes
2) No
42) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from people in your parish, or not? (F_QN27B)
1) Yes
2) No
43) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from Catholic Charismatic Renewal organizations, or not? (F_QN27C)
1) Yes
2) No
44) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from family members, or not? (F_QN27D)
1) Yes
2) No
45) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from friends or neighbors, or not? (F_QN27E)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
46) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from religious radio or television programs, or not? (F_QN27F)
1) Yes
2) No
47) IF YES TO F_QN26: And where have you heard about these kinds of Catholic Charismatic Renewal groups? Have you heard about them from evangelical or Pentecostal churches or organizations, or not? (F_QN27G)
1) Yes
2) No
48) Do you have any family members living in the same city as you who are Catholic charismatics? (F_QN28)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
49) Do you have any family members living in the same city as you who are non-Catholic evangelicals or Pentecostals? (F_QN29)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
50) Do you ever participate in prayer groups or other small group meetings that include people speaking or praising in tongues? (F_QN31A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
51) IF YES TO F_QN31A: And when you attend these meetings, would you say that the other people there are mostly Catholics, mostly evangelicals or Pentecostals, or a mix of Catholics and evangelicals or Pentecostals? (F_QN31AA)
1) Most other people are Catholics
2) Most other people are evangelicals or Pentecostals
3) Mix of Catholics and evangelicals or Pentecostals
52) Do you ever participate in prayer groups or other small group meetings that include people prophesying or receiving a word of knowledge? (F_QN31B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
53) IF YES TO F_QN31B: And when you attend these meetings, would you say that the other people there are mostly Catholics, mostly evangelicals or Pentecostals, or a mix of Catholics and evangelicals or Pentecostals? (F_QN31AB)
1) Most other people are Catholics
2) Most other people are evangelicals or Pentecostals
3) Mix of Catholics and evangelicals or Pentecostals
8) Don't know about religion of others
54) Do you ever participate in prayer groups or other small group meetings that include people praying for a miraculous healing or deliverance? (F_QN31C)
1) Yes
2) No
9) Refused
55) IF YES TO F_QN31C: And when you attend these meetings, would you say that the other people there are mostly Catholics, mostly evangelicals or Pentecostals, or a mix of Catholics and evangelicals or Pentecostals? (F_QN31AC)
1) Most other people are Catholics
2) Most other people are evangelicals or Pentecostals
3) Mix of Catholics and evangelicals or Pentecostals
8) Don't know about religion of others
9) Refused to specify religion of others
56) As you may know, some Catholics say they have received the "Baptism of the Holy Spirit," also known as the Second Baptism or the Second Blessing. How much have you heard about this? (F_QN32)
1) A lot
2) A little
3) Nothing at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
57) IF RESPONDENT HAS HEARD OF THE "BAPTISM OF THE HOLY SPIRIT" AT ALL (ON F_QN32): And have you, yourself, received the Baptism of the Holy Spirit? (F_QN33)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
58) IF YES TO F_QN33: Which of the following statements best describes the circumstances of your baptism in the Holy Spirit? I was baptized in the Holy Spirit... (F_QN34)
1) When I was an infant
2) During a regular church service
3) During a revival
4) During an orientation course or meeting of a prayer group
5) While alone in prayer or reading the Bible
6) Because of a divine vision or dream
97) Other
98) Don't know
59) Some Catholics believe in a teaching known as the Rapture of the Church. How much have you heard about this? (F_QN35)
1) A lot
2) A little
3) Nothing at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
60) IF RESPONDENT HAS HEARD OF THE RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH: Do you yourself believe in the Rapture of the Church, or haven't you heard enough about it to say? (F_QN36)
1) Yes, believe in Rapture of the Church
2) No, do not believe in Rapture of the Church
3) Haven't heard enough to say
8) Don't know
9) Refused
61) In what language was this interview conducted? (F_QND21)
1) All Spanish
2) Mostly Spanish
3) Part Spanish/Part English
4) Mostly English
5) All English
62) Weight for Recontact Survey sample (F_WEIGHT)
63) Case ID (CASEID)
64) Gender (QNS5)
1) Male
2) Female
65) Are you, yourself of Hispanic or Latino origin or descent such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central or South American, Caribbean or some other Latin American background? (QN1)
1) Yes
66) Would you prefer to be interviewed in English or Spanish? (QN2)
1) English
2) Spanish
67) The terms Hispanic and Latino are both used to describe people who are of Hispanic or Latino origin or descent. Do you happen to prefer one of these terms more than the other? Which term do you prefer, Hispanic or Latino? (QN3)
1) Hispanic
2) Latino
3) No preference
8) Don't know
9) Refused
68) Now I want to ask you about you and your family's heritage. Are you Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Salvadoran or are you and your ancestors from another country? Which do you identify more with? (QN4)
1) Mexican (Mexico)
2) Puerto Rican (Puerto Rico)
3) Cuban (Cuba)
4) Dominican (the Dominican Republic)
5) Salvadoran (El Salvador)
6) Other Central American (Central America)
7) Other South American (South America)
8) Europe - various countries
97) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
69) What race do you consider yourself to be? White, black or African-American, Asian, or some other race? (QN5)
1) White
2) Black or African-American
3) Asian
4) Some other race
8) Don't know
9) Refused
70) Were you born in the United States, the island of Puerto Rico, or in another country? (QN6)
1) U.S.
2) Puerto Rico
3) Another country
8) Don't know
9) Refused
71) IF RESPONDENT BORN IN ANOTHER COUNTRY (NOT U.S. OR PUERTO RICO) (ON QN6): In what country were you born? (QN6A)
1) Argentina
2) Barbados
3) Belize
4) Bolivia
5) Brazil
6) Chile
7) Colombia
8) Costa Rica
9) Cuba
10) Dominican Republic
11) Ecuador
12) El Salvador
13) Falkland Islands
14) Guatemala
15) Guyana
16) Haiti
17) Honduras
18) Mexico
19) Nicaragua
20) Panama
22) Peru
23) Portugal
24) Puerto Rico
25) Spain
27) Uruguay
28) Venezuela
30) Jamaica
31) Trinidad/Caribbean Islands
32) Italy
97) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
72) ASKED IF RESPONDENT BORN IN PUERTO RICO, ANOTHER COUNTRY, OR DOESN'T KNOW WHERE BORN/REFUSED (ON QN6): How many years have you lived in the (continental) United States? (QN6B)
73) ASKED IF RESPONDENT IS CHRISTIAN (RELIG=1,2,3,4,7,96): Would you describe yourself as a "born-again" or evangelical Christian, or not? (QN25)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
74) Enter other Christian religion (QN8ATEXT)
75) Enter other non-Christian religion (QN8BTEXT)
76) Enter other denomination (QN9_TEXT)
77) What is your religion - Catholic, Evangelical or Protestant Christian, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon, Jewish, Muslim, or an orthodox church such as the Greek or Russian Orthodox Church? (RELIG)
0) No Religion/Secular
1) Catholic
2) Protestant
3) Jehovah's Witness
4) Mormon
5) Jewish
6) Muslim
7) Orthodox
96) Other - Christian
97) Other - non-Christian
98) Don't know
99) Refused
78) ASKED IF RESPONDENT IS PROTESTANT OR "OTHER - CHRISTIAN" (from RELIG): As I read a list, tell me which if any of these denominations you are affiliated with. (DENOM)
0) Nothing in particular
1) Baptist
2) Methodist
3) Lutheran
4) Presbyterian
5) Congregationalist/UCC
6) Nondenominational/Independent
7) Episcopalian
8) Reformed
9) Assembly of Christian Churches
10) Assemblies of God
11) Pentecostal Church of God
12) Another Pentecostal Church/neo-Charismatic Church
18) Other Mainline
19) Other Evangelical
20) Adventist
21) Church of God
22) Holiness
97) Something else
98) Don't know
99) Refused
101) Undesignated
79) Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? (QN10)
1) Approve
2) Disapprove
8) Don't know
9) Refused/Can't rate
80) All in all, do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (QN11_A)
1) Favor
2) Oppose
8) Don't know
9) Refused
81) All in all, do you favor or oppose the U.S. government guaranteeing health insurance for all citizens, even if it means raising taxes? (QN11_B)
1) Favor
2) Oppose
8) Don't know
9) Refused
82) All in all, do you favor or oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (QN11_C)
1) Favor
2) Oppose
8) Don't know
9) Refused
83) Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful, or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves? (QN12)
1) Most of the time people try to be helpful
2) Most of the time people are just looking out for themselves
3) Depends
8) Don't know
9) Refused
84) Next, regardless of whether you will vote in the upcoming elections, please tell me if you think the Republican Party or the Democratic Party could do a better job in each of the following areas. Which party could do a better job of dealing with the economy? (QN13_A)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
85) Which party could do a better job of improving the educational system? (QN13_B)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
86) Which party could do a better job of making wise decisions about what to do in Iraq? (QN13_C)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
87) Which party could do a better job of dealing with immigration? (QN13_D)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
88) Which party could do a better job of improving morality in this country? (QN13_E)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
89) Which party could do a better job of protecting the environment? (QN13_F)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
90) Which party could do a better job of protecting civil rights? (QN13_G)
1) The Republican Party
2) The Democratic Party
3) Both equally
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
91) Now thinking about some specific religious groups - is your overall opinion of Jews very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_A)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
92) Is your overall opinion of Muslims very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_B)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
93) Is your overall opinion of Catholics very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_C)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
94) Is your overall opinion of Mormons very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_D)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
95) Is your overall opinion of Evangelical Christians very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_E)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
96) Is your overall opinion of Pentecostal Christians very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_G)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
97) Is your overall opinion of Atheists, that is, people who don't believe in God, very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (QN14_H)
1) Very favorable
2) Mostly favorable
3) Mostly unfavorable
4) Very unfavorable
5) Never heard of
6) Can't rate
8) Don't know
9) Refused
98) Do you think the U.S. made the right decision or the wrong decision in using military force against Iraq? (QN15)
1) Right decision
2) Wrong decision
8) Don't know
9) Refused
99) In your opinion, should churches and other houses of worship keep out of political matters, or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions? (QN16)
1) Should keep out
2) Should express views
8) Don't know
9) Refused
100) Do you think there has been too much, too little or the right amount of expressions of religious faith by political leaders? (QN17)
1) Too much
2) Too little
3) Right amount
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Now I'm going to read you some pairs of statements that will help us understand how you feel about a number of things. As I read each pair, tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right. The first pair is... (QN18_A)
1) I'd rather pay higher taxes to support a larger government that provides more services.
2) I'd rather pay lower taxes and have a smaller government that provides fewer services.
3) Neither/Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
102) Now I'm going to read you some pairs of statements that will help us understand how you feel about a number of things. As I read each pair, tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right. The second pair is... (QN18_C)
1) Poor people today have it easy because they can get government benefits without doing anything in return.
2) Poor people have hard lives because government benefits don't go far enough to help them live decently.
3) Neither/Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
103) Now I'm going to read you some pairs of statements that will help us understand how you feel about a number of things. As I read each pair, tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right. The third pair is... (QN18_E)
1) The growing number of newcomers from other countries threaten traditional American customs and values.
2) The growing number of newcomers from other countries strengthens American society.
3) Neither/Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
104) And in the United States in the past year have you participated in any protests or demonstrations to support immigration rights, or not? (QN18F)
1) Yes, have participated in protests or demonstrations to support immigration rights
2) No, have not
8) Don't know
9) Refused
105) In the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians? (QN19)
1) Israel
2) Palestinians
3) Both
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
106) On another subject, do you think abortion should be legal in all cases, legal in most cases, illegal in most cases, or illegal in all cases? (QN20)
1) Legal in all cases
2) Legal in most cases
3) Illegal in most cases
4) Illegal in all cases
8) Don't know
9) Refused
107) In general, do you think discrimination against Hispanics/Latinos is a major problem, minor problem, or not a problem in preventing Hispanics/Latinos in general from succeeding in America? (QN21)
1) Major problem
2) Minor problem
3) Not a problem
8) Don't Know
9) Refused
108) Generally speaking, how important are your religious beliefs in influencing your political thinking? Would you say your religious beliefs are a very important influence on your political thinking, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (QN22)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
109) Now, I have some questions about your religious beliefs and practices. Aside from weddings and funerals how often do you attend religious services - more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (QN23)
1) More than once a week
2) Once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
110) How important would you say religion is in your own life - very important, fairly important, or not very important? (QN24)
1) Very important
2) Fairly important
3) Not very important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
111) IF RESPONDENT IS CHRISTIAN (RELIG=1,2,3,4,7,96): Does the following description apply to you or not: Charismatic Catholic/Christian (QN26_A)
1) Yes, applies
2) No, does not apply
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
112) IF RESPONDENT IS CHRISTIAN (RELIG=1,2,3,4,7,96): Does the following description apply to you or not: Pentecostal Catholic/Christian (QN26_B)
1) Yes, applies
2) No, does not apply
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
113) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS NO RELIGION, DOESN'T KNOW, OR REFUSED (from RELIG): Would you say that you were ever affiliated with a particular religion in the past, including when you were a child? (QN27)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
114) IF YES TO QN27: What religion was that Catholic, Evangelical or Protestant Christian, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon, Jewish, Muslim, or an orthodox church such as the Greek or Russian Orthodox Church? (QN28)
0) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
1) Catholic
2) Evangelical or Protestant Christian (e.g., Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Pentecostal, Church of Christ, etc.)
3) Jehovah's Witness
4) Mormon
5) Jewish
6) Islam/Muslim
96) Other religion Christian
97) Other religion non-Christian
98) Don't know
99) Refused
115) IF YES TO QN28: How old were you when you stopped practicing religion? (QN29)
0) 0
2) 2
5) 5
6) 6
7) 7
8) 8
9) 9
10) 10
11) 11
12) 12
13) 13
14) 14
15) 15
16) 16
17) 17
18) 18
19) 19
20) 20
21) 21
22) 22
23) 23
24) 24
25) 25
26) 26
27) 27
28) 28
29) 29
30) 30
31) 31
32) 32
33) 33
34) 34
35) 35
36) 36
39) 39
40) 40
41) 41
42) 42
43) 43
45) 45
46) 46
50) 50
51) 51
54) 54
60) 60
98) Don't know
99) Refused
116) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): Have you always been (RELIGION) or did you convert from another faith or religion that you practiced in the past? (QN30)
1) Yes, I have always been (RELIGION)
2) No, I converted from another religion
8) Don't know
9) Refused
117) IF QN30 = CONVERTED: What were you before Catholic, Evangelical or Protestant Christian, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon, Jewish, Muslim, or an orthodox church such as the Greek or Russian Orthodox Church? (QN31)
0) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
1) Catholic
2) Evangelical or Protestant Christian (e.g., Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Pentecostal, Church of Christ, etc.)
3) Jehovah's Witness
4) Mormon
7) Orthodox Church (Greek or Russian)
96) Other religion Christian
97) Other religion non-Christian
98) Don't know
99) Refused
118) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): How often do you pray at home? Would you say...? (QN31A_A)
1) Every day
2) At least once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
119) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): How often do you share your faith with non-believers? Would you say...? (QN31A_B)
1) Every day
2) At least once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
120) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): How often do you read the scripture outside of worship? Would you say...? (QN31A_C)
1) Every day
2) At least once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
121) IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): How often do you speak or pray in tongues? Would you say...? (QN31A_D)
1) Every day
2) At least once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
122) IF RESPONDENT REPORTED BEING A MEMBER OF A RELIGION (from RELIG): How often do you participate in prayer or Bible study groups? Would you say...? (QN31A_E)
1) Every day
2) At least once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
123) How welcoming is the Catholic Church in the United States to new immigrants? Would you say the Church is very welcoming to new immigrants, somewhat welcoming, not too welcoming, or not at all welcoming? (QN32)
1) Very welcoming
2) Somewhat welcoming
3) Not too welcoming
4) Not at all welcoming
8) Don't know
9) Refused
124) In your opinion, does the Catholic Church in the US...? (QN33)
1) Respect the contributions of women more than it respects the contributions of men
2) Respect the contributions of men more than it respects the contributions of women
3) Respect the contributions of both men and women equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
125) As far as you know, is the typical Catholic Mass in the U.S. lively and exciting, or not? (QN34)
1) Yes, typical Mass is lively and exciting
2) No, typical Mass is not lively and exciting
8) Don't know
9) Refused
126) Do you approve or disapprove of the Catholic Church's restrictions on divorce? (QN34B)
1) Approve
2) Disapprove
8) Don't know
9) Refused
127) O you agree or disagree that the Catholic Church should allow married men to become priests? (QN35_A)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
128) O you agree or disagree that the Catholic Church should allow women to become priests? (QN35_B)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
129) IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Now I want to ask you some questions about your conversion. How old were you when you became (RELIGION)? (QN36)
130) ASKED IF QN30 = CONVERTED, AND RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING CATHOLIC, PROTESTANT, JEHOVAH'S WITNESS, MORMON, ORTHODOX, OR OTHER CHRISTIAN (from RELIG): How did you first hear about your current religion? Was it from a family member, from a friend, from members of the church, or through radio or television? (QN37)
1) From a family member
2) From a friend
3) From members of the church
4) Through radio or television
5) Self-discovery
97) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
101) Undesignated
131) IF QN30 = CONVERTED: In our interviews, people have told us there are many reasons why they changed their religions. As I read some of the reasons they have given, please tell me whether or not each applies to you. You can answer "yes" or "no." Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because of a marriage, or not? (QN38_A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
132) IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because you wanted a more direct personal experience of God, or not? (QN38_B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
133) IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because of a deep personal crisis, or not? (QN38_C)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
134) IF QN30 = CONVERTED: Would you say that you became (RELIGION) because you were inspired by a particular (RELIGION) pastor, or not? (QN38_D)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
135) IF QN34B = DISAPPROVE, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: And now I have some questions about your decision to leave the Catholic Church. Would you say that the Church's prohibition on divorce is one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_A)
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
136) IF QN32 = NOT TOO WELCOMING OR NOT AT ALL WELCOMING, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: What about the Church's lack of welcoming and openness to immigrants and their customs - is that one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_E)
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church
101) Undesignated
137) IF QN34 = NO, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: What about the lack of excitement at the typical Mass in the U.S. - is that one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_F)
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
138) IF QN33 = US CATHOLIC CHURCH RESPECT CONTRIBUTIONS OF MEN MORE THAN WOMEN, QN30 = CONVERTED, AND QN31 = CATHOLIC: What about the Church's lack of respect for the contributions of women- is that one of the reasons that you decided to leave the Catholic Church, or not? (QN39_I)
1) Yes, was a reason for leaving the Church
2) No, was not a reason for leaving the Church
9) Refused
139) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Now a few more questions about your current religious beliefs and practices. Thinking about the (synagogue/mosque/church) you attend most often, are there any Hispanic/Latino (priests/rabbis/imams/pastors) there, or not? (QN40)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
140) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): If you wanted to attend a (Mass/worship service) in Spanish, is one available at the (synagogue/mosque/church) you attend most often? (QN41)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
141) IF RESPONDENT NEVER ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES OR DOESN'T KNOW/REFUSED (from QN23) OR IF NOT YES TO QN41: As far as you know, could you attend (Mass/worship services) in Spanish at a (synagogue/mosque/church) nearby? (QN42)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
142) IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT ATTEND RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT LEAST ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, AND IF NOT YES TO QN42: Is that one of the reasons that you do not go to (synagogue/mosque/church) very often? (QN43)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
143) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Typically, when you attend Mass/worship service, would you say that most of the other people in the synagogue/mosque/church are Hispanics/Latinos, are some of them Hispanics/Latinos, or are only a few of them Hispanics/Latinos? (QN44)
1) Most are Hispanics/Latinos
2) Some are Hispanics/Latinos
3) Only a few are Hispanics/Latinos
4) None are Hispanics/Latinos
8) Don't know
9) Refused
144) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23), AND IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING MEXICAN, PUERTO RICAN, CUBAN, DOMINICAN, OR SALVADORAN (from QN4): Some (synagogues/churches/mosques) maintain close ties to countries in Latin America such as (COUNTRY) by sending money or missionaries or by receiving clergy who visit from there. What about the (synagogue/mosque/church) that you attend most often? Would you say that your (synagogue/mosque/church) maintains close ties to (COUNTRY) in any of these ways, or not? (QN45)
1) Yes, my church maintains close ties to (COUNTRY)
2) No, my church does not maintain close ties to (COUNTRY)
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
145) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Does your (synagogue/mosque/church) provide help to (synagogue/mosque/church) members who are in need by providing food or clothing, or is this not something that your (synagogue/mosque/church) does? (QN46_A)
1) Yes, (synagogue/mosque/church) provides this kind of help to members in need
2) No, this is not something that (synagogue/mosque/church) does
8) Don't know
9) Refused
146) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): And does your (synagogue/mosque/church) help members who are in need with finding a job, or not? (QN46_B)
1) Yes, (synagogue/mosque/church) provides this kind of help to members in need
2) No, this is not something that (synagogue/mosque/church) does
8) Don't know
9) Refused
147) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): And does your (synagogue/mosque/church) help members who are in need with financial problems, or not? (QN46_C)
1) Yes, (synagogue/mosque/church) provides this kind of help to members in need
2) No, this is not something that (synagogue/mosque/church) does
8) Don't know
9) Refused
148) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): And does your (synagogue/mosque/church) help members who are in need with finding a house or an apartment, or not? (QN46_D)
1) Yes, (synagogue/mosque/church) provides this kind of help to members in need
2) No, this is not something that (synagogue/mosque/church) does
8) Don't know
9) Refused
149) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): And does your (synagogue/mosque/church) help members who are in need by taking care of their children, or not? (QN46_E)
1) Yes, (synagogue/mosque/church) provides this kind of help to members in need
2) No, this is not something that (synagogue/mosque/church) does
8) Don't know
9) Refused
150) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): And does your (synagogue/mosque/church) help members who are in need with language or literacy training, or not? (QN46_F)
1) Yes, (synagogue/mosque/church) provides this kind of help to members in need
2) No, this is not something that (synagogue/mosque/church) does
8) Don't know
9) Refused
151) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): In the past 12 months, did your (synagogue/mosque/church) participate in an immigration rights protest or boycott, or not? (QN47)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
152) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): On another subject, does the clergy at your place of worship ever speak out on the issue of abortion? (QN49_A)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
153) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Does the clergy at your place of worship ever speak out about laws regarding homosexuality? (QN49_B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
154) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Does the clergy at your place of worship ever speak out about candidates and elections? (QN49_C)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
155) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Does the clergy at your place of worship ever speak out about the importance of voting? (QN49_D)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
156) IF RESPONDENT ATTENDS RELIGIOUS SERVICES AT ALL (from QN23): Does the clergy at your place of worship ever speak out about laws regarding immigration? (QN49_E)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
157) Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (QN50)
1) The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word
2) The Bible is the word of God, but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word
3) The Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God
7) Other
8) Don't know
9) Refused
158) Next I would like to talk with you about volunteer activity. By volunteer activity, I mean not just belonging to an organization, but actually spending your time helping without being paid for it. In the past year have you volunteered your time to any church or religious group? (QN51_A)
1) Yes, volunteered
2) No, did not volunteer
8) Don't know
9) Refused
159) In the past year have you volunteered your time to any school or tutoring program? (QN51_B)
1) Yes, volunteered
2) No, did not volunteer
8) Don't know
9) Refused
160) In the past year have you volunteered your time to any neighborhood, business, or youth group? (QN51_C)
1) Yes, volunteered
2) No, did not volunteer
8) Don't know
9) Refused
161) ASK UNLESS RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF NO RELIGION, DOESN'T KNOW, OR REFUSED (from RELIG): Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you agree with it or disagree with it. The first one is "God will grant financial success and good health to all believers who have enough faith". Do you agree or disagree? (QN52_A)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
162) ASK IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A CHRISTIAN RELIGION (from RELIG): The next one is "If enough people were brought to Christ, social ills would take care of themselves". Do you agree or disagree? (QN52_B)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
163) ASK UNLESS RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF NO RELIGION, DOESN'T KNOW, OR REFUSED (from RELIG): The next one is "Miracles still occur today as in ancient times". Do you agree or disagree? (QN52_C)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
164) ASK IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A CHRISTIAN RELIGION (from RELIG): The next one is "Jesus will return to earth in my lifetime". Do you agree or disagree? (QN52_D)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
165) ASK IF RESPONDENT REPORTS BEING A MEMBER OF A CHRISTIAN RELIGION (from RELIG): The next one is "Mary is the virgin mother of God and watches over believers". Do you agree or disagree? (QN52_E)
1) Agree
2) Disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Undesignated
166) ASKED OF HALF THE SAMPLE: Do you have a crucifix or other religious objects displayed in your home? (QN53)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
167) ASKED OF HALF THE SAMPLE: Do you ever pray to specific saints or to the Virgin Mary to ask for help when you face difficult moments in your life? (QN54)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
168) And now I have just a few questions for classification purposes only. What is your age? (QN55)
169) What is your age? (55+) (AGE55)
1) 18-29
2) 30-39
3) 40-54
4) 55+
98) Don't know
99) Refused
170) What is your age? (65+) (AGE65)
1) 18-29
2) 30-39
3) 40-54
4) 55-64
5) 65+
98) Don't know
99) Refused
171) Are you married, divorced, separated, widowed, or never been married? (QN56)
1) Married
2) Divorced
3) Separated
4) Widowed
5) Never been married
8) Don't know
9) Refused
172) Are you the parent or guardian of any children under 18 now living in your household? (QN57)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
173) Do you think of yourself first as [a person from your country of origin], first as a Hispanic/Latino, first as a [person of your religion], or first asan American? (QN58)
1) A [person from your country of origin]
2) A Hispanic/Latino
3) A [person of your religion]
4) An American
5) All four
8) Don't know
9) Refused
174) Would you say you can carry on a conversation in Spanish, both understanding and speaking, very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? (QN59)
1) Very well
2) Pretty well
3) Just a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
175) Would you say you can carry on a conversation in Spanish, both understanding and speaking, very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? [RECODE OF QN59] (SPNSPK)
0) Just a little/Not at all/Don't know/Refused
1) Pretty well
2) Very well
176) Would you say you can read a newspaper or book in Spanish very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? (QN60)
1) Very well
2) Pretty well
3) Just a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
177) Would you say you can read a newspaper or book in Spanish very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? [RECODE OF QN60] (SPNRD)
0) Just a little/Not at all/Don't know/Refused
1) Pretty well
2) Very well
178) Sum of responses to SPNSPK and SPNRD (SPNSPK + SPNRD) (SPANISH)
0)
1)
2)
3)
4)
179) Would you say you can carry on a conversation in English, both understanding and speaking, very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? (QN61)
1) Very well
2) Pretty well
3) Just a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
180) Would you say you can carry on a conversation in English, both understanding and speaking, very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? [RECODE OF QN61] (ENGSPK)
0) Just a little/Not at all/Don't know/Refused
1) Pretty well
2) Very well
181) Would you say you can read a newspaper or book in English very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? (QN62)
1) Very well
2) Pretty well
3) Just a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
182) Would you say you can read a newspaper or book in English very well, pretty well, just a little, or not at all? [RECODE OF QN62] (ENGRD)
0) Just a little/Not at all/Don't know/Refused
1) Pretty well
2) Very well
183) Sum of responses to ENGSPK and ENGRD (ENGSPK + ENGRD) (ENGLISH)
0)
1)
2)
3)
4)
184) Primary Language (See Note 1: Primary Language (PRIMLANG) Coding in the ARDA Summary File for explanation of codes) (PRIMLANG)
1) English Dominant
2) Bilingual
3) Spanish Dominant
185) What language do you usually speak at home? Only Spanish, more Spanish than English, both equally, more English than Spanish, or only English? (QN63)
1) Only Spanish
2) More Spanish than English
3) Both equally
4) More English than Spanish
5) Only English
8) Don't know
9) Refused
186) Are you yourself (or is your husband/wife) a veteran of the armed services? (QN64)
1) Yes, respondent
2) Yes, spouse
3) Yes, both
4) Yes, respondent still active/in the reserves
5) Yes, spouse still active/in the reserves
7) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
187) What is your employment status? Are you...? (QN65)
1) Employed full time
2) Employed part time
3) A homemaker or stay at home parent
4) Retired
5) A student
6) Unemployed
7) Laid off
8) Disabled
98) Don't know
99) Refused
188) IF EMPLOYED FULL TIME OR PART TIME (FROM QN65): What language do you usually speak at work? Only Spanish, more Spanish than English, both equally, more English than Spanish, or only English? (QN66)
1) Only Spanish
2) More Spanish than English
3) Both equally
4) More English than Spanish
5) Only English
6) Does not work
8) Don't know
9) Refused
189) IF NOT BORN IN U.S. OR PUERTO RICO (FROM QN6): Are you currently a citizen of the United States, or not? (QN67)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
190) Citizenship Combination Table [Citizenship as derived from QN6 and QN67] (COMBO67)
1) US Born/Citizen
2) Not a Citizen
8) Don't know
9) Refused
191) IF BORN IN THE U.S. OR PUERTO RICO (FROM QN6) OR A U.S. CITIZEN (FROM QN67): These days, many people are so busy they can't find time to register to vote, or move around so often they don't get a chance to re-register. Are you now registered to vote in your precinct or election district or haven't you been able to register so far? (QN68)
1) Yes, registered
2) No, not registered
8) Don't know
9) Refused
192) IF YES TO QN68: Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote, or is there a chance that your registration has lapsed because you moved or for some other reason? (QN69)
1) Absolutely certain
2) Chance registration has lapsed
8) Don't know
9) Refused
193) Regardless of whether you can vote in U.S. elections, please tell me: In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or something else? (QN70)
1) Republican
2) Democrat
3) Independent
7) Something else
8) Don't know
9) Refused
194) Leaned Party Table [Political party leanings, derived from QN70 and QN71] (LEAN)
1) Republican
2) Democrat
3) Independent
7) Something else
8) Don't know
9) Refused
195) IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT CONSIDER SELF TO BE A REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT (FROM QN70): Do you consider yourself closer to the Republican party or the Democratic party? (QN71)
1) Republican
2) Democrat
3) Neither
4) Other
8) Don't Know
9) Refused
196) In general, would you describe your political views as...? (QN72)
1) Very conservative
2) Conservative
3) Moderate
4) Liberal
5) Very liberal
8) Don't know
9) Refused
197) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (QN74)
1) None, or grade 1-8
2) High school incomplete (grades 9-11)
3) High school grad
4) GED
5) Business, technical, or vocational school after high school
6) Some college, no 4-year degree
7) College graduate
8) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college
9) Refused
198) IF BORN IN THE U.S. OR PUERTO RICO (FROM QN6): Were either of your parents born in Puerto Rico? (QN75)
1) Yes, only mother
2) Yes, only father
3) Both
4) No
8) Don't Know
9) Refused
199) IF BORN IN THE U.S. (FROM QN6) AND IF AT LEAST ONE PARENT WAS BORN OUTSIDE PUERTO RICO (FROM QN75): Were either of your parents born outside the US? (QN76)
1) Yes, only mother
2) Yes, only father
3) Both
4) No
8) Don't Know
9) Refused
200) Is your total annual household income from all sources, and before taxes...? (QN77)
1) Less than $30,000
2) $30,000 to less than $50,000
3) $50,000 or more
8) Don't know
9) Refused
201) Income Summary [Respondent's total annual household income from all sources, before taxes; derived from answers to QN77, QN78, QN79, and QN80] (INCOME)
1) Less than $5,000
2) $5,000 but less than $10,000
3) $10,000 but less than $15,000
4) $15,000 but less than $20,000
5) $20,000 but less than $25,000
6) $25,000 but less than $30,000
9) Less than $30,000 (unspecified)
11) $30,000 but less than $35,000
12) $35,000 but less than $40,000
13) $40,000 but less than $45,000
14) $45,000 but less than $50,000
19) $30,000 to less than $50,000 (unspecified)
21) $50,000 but less than $60,000
22) $60,000 but less than $75,000
23) $75,000 but less than $100,000
24) $100,000 but less than $150,000
25) $150,000 but less than $200,000
26) $200,000 or more
29) $50,000 or more (Unspecified)
98) Don't know
99) Refused
202) IF INCOME IS LESS THAN $30,000 (QN77=1): Would [your total annual household income from all sources, before taxes] be...? (QN78)
1) Less than $5,000
2) $5,000 but less than $10,000
3) $10,000 but less than $15,000
4) $15,000 but less than $20,000
5) $20,000 but less than $25,000
6) $25,000 but less than $30,000
8) Don't know
9) Refused
203) IF INCOME IS $30,000 TO LESS THAN $50,000 (QN77=2): Would [your total annual household income from all sources, before taxes] be...? (QN79)
1) $30,000 but less than $35,000
2) $35,000 but less than $40,000
3) $40,000 but less than $45,000
4) $45,000 but less than $50,000
8) Don't know
9) Refused
204) IF INCOME IS $50,000 OR MORE (QN77=3): Would [your total annual household income from all sources, before taxes] be...? (QN80)
1) $50,000 but less than $60,000
2) $60,000 but less than $75,000
3) $75,000 but less than $100,000
4) $100,000 but less than $150,000
5) $150,000 but less than $200,000
6) $200,000 or more
8) Don't know
9) Refused
205) Do you own the place where you live or do you pay rent? (QN81)
1) Own
2) Rent
9) Refused
206) Do you have an account with a bank or not? (QN82)
1) Yes
2) No
9) Refused
207) Do you use a computer at your workplace, at school, at home, or anywhere else on at least an occasional basis? (QN83)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
208) Do you use the Internet, at least occasionally? (QN84)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
209) Do you send or receive email, at least occasionally? (QN84B)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
210) IF NO TO QN84 AND NO TO QN84B: What is the main reason you don't use the Internet or email? (QN85)
1) Don't have access
2) It is too difficult/frustrating
3) I'm just not interested
4) I think it's a waste of time
5) It's too expensive
6) I'm too busy/Just don't have the time
7) Worried about computer viruses
8) Language/cultural issues
9) I'm computer illiterate
97) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
211) IF YES TO QN84: Do you ever use the Internet from home? (QN86)
1) Yes, go online from home
2) No, do not
8) Don't know
9) Refused
212) IF YES TO QN86: Does the computer you use at home connect to the Internet through a dial-up telephone line, or do you have some other type of connection, such as a DSL-enabled phone line, a cable TV modem, a wireless connection, or a T-1 or fiber optic connection? (QN87)
1) Dial-up telephone line
2) DSL-enabled phone line
3) Cable modem
4) Wireless connection (either "land-based" or "satellite")
5) T-1 or fiber optic connection
13) Both dial-up telephone line & cable modem
97) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
213) Gender of interviewer (QND20)
1) Male
2) Female
214) What language was this interview conducted in? (QND21)
1) All Spanish
2) Mostly Spanish
3) Part Spanish/Part English
4) Mostly English
5) All English
215) Census region (SAMPLE16)
1) Northeast
2) North Central
3) South
4) West
216) Census division (SAMPLE17)
1) New England
2) Mid Atlantic
3) East North Central
4) West North Central
5) South Atlantic
6) East South Central
7) West South Central
8) Mountain
9) Pacific
217) Other country/nationality (see QN4) (QN4TEXT)
218) Other country [where respondent was born] (see QN6A) (QN6ATEXT)
219) Other Christian religion [that respondent was ever affiliated with in the past] (see QN28) (QN28ATXT)
220) Other non-Christian religion [that respondent was ever affiliated with in the past] (see QN28) (QN28BTXT)
221) Other Christian religion [that respondent converted from] (see QN31) (QN31ATXT)
222) Other non-Christian religion [that respondent converted from] (see QN31) (QN31BTXT)
223) Respondent's first exposure to their current church (Other) (see QN37) (QN37TEXT)
224) Other reason for not using the Internet (see QN85) (QN85TEXT)
225) Other home Internet connection type (see QN87) (QN87TEXT)
226) Dichotomous Christianity variable (See Note 2: CHRSTIAN Coding in the ARDA Summary File for explanation of codes) (CHRSTIAN)
0) Not Christian
1) Christian
227) Weight for Primary Survey sample (NWWEIGHT)
228) Percent of Latinos living in the same telephone exchange as the respondent (INC5)
1) 0-14%
2) 15-29%
3) 30-49%
4) 50-74%
5) 75-100%
229) MSC: Metro Status (SAMPLE14)
1) Urban - Center City (Metro)
2) Urban - Center City County (Metro)
3) Suburban (Metro)
4) Suburban - Non-Center City (Metro)
5) Rural - Non-Metro
230) Religious Tradition (See Note 3: RELTRAD Coding in the ARDA Summary File for explanation of codes) (RELTRAD)
0) Don't know/Refused
10) Catholic
20) Evangelical
30) Mainline Protestant
40) Other Christian
50) Non-Christian
60) Secular