Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 204) WGTFINAL
1) CID (CID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
2) Respondent's unique ID number (RESPNUM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256186853.2350744.07
3) Interview conducted in Spanish (SPANISH)
TOTAL%
21) Yes, in Spanish1184.6
22) No, in English244295.4
TOTAL2560100.0
4) Interview duration (TIME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256126.548.97
5) Live in urban or rural area? (URBAN)
TOTAL%
1) City96337.6
2) Suburb52420.5
3) Small town66626
4) In the country39815.5
99) Don't know10.4
TOTAL2561100.0
6) Are you currently married, or are you living with someone in a marriage-like relationship, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? [If say divorced and separated, code as divorced. If R says marriage-like relationship and divorced/separated/widowed, code as marriage-like.] (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
0) Refused9.4
1) Married138354
2) Marriage-like relationship (living with someone)1415.5
3) Widowed1696.6
4) Divorced25810.1
5) Separated512
6) Never married54721.4
99) Don't know4.2
TOTAL2562100.0
7) [If MARITAL=1-3, or 5 or 7] Have you ever been divorced? (DIVORCED)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Yes40723.3
2) No133976.6
99) Don't know2.1
Missing813 
TOTAL1749100.0
8) What race or ethnic group do you consider yourself? [If necessary] That is, are you white, African American, Hispanic, Asian American, Pacific Islander, American Indian, or of mixed race? [If R says ‘human,' ask: ‘Would you mind telling us your ethnicity?'] (RACE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused00
1) White/Caucasian/Anglo (includes Middle Eastern)185572.5
2) Black/African American29011.3
3) Hispanic/Latino/a26410.3
4) Asian/Asian American853.3
5) Pacific Islander3.1
6) American Indian/Native American20.8
7) Mixed261
8) Other (only if volunteered and cannot be placed in a category 1-7)17.7
TOTAL2560100.0
9) [Interviewer: If RACE=1-5, or 7, read categories under appropriate racial group] Are you Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Asian Indian, Korean, Vietnamese, or something else? (ASIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Chinese2832.2
2) Filipino1517.2
3) Japanese1112.6
4) Asian Indian1011.5
5) Korean66.9
6) Vietnamese78
7) Something else910.3
8) Mixed (if volunteered)11.1
Missing2475 
TOTAL87100.0
10) [Interviewer: If RACE=1-5, or 7, read categories under appropriate racial group] Are you Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican, Central American, South American, or something else? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Mexican17867.4
2) Cuban72.7
3) Puerto Rican2911
4) Dominican62.3
5) Central American228.3
6) South American103.8
7) Mixed (if volunteered)31.1
8) Something else93.4
Missing2297 
TOTAL264100.0
11) (IF MIXED) What ethnic/racial groups are part of your heritage? Do you identify with one of these more than the others? (MIXDRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian/Anglo1453.8
2) Black/African American519.2
3) Hispanic/Latino311.5
4) Asian/Asian American/Pacific Islander311.5
5) American Indian/Native American13.8
Missing2535 
TOTAL26100.0
12) [If MARITAL=1-2]: What race or ethnicity is your [spouse/partner]? (SPRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White (includes European, Middle Eastern)118677.8
2) Black (includes African American, African, Dominican, other black)1177.7
3) Hispanic (includes Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, other Latin American)15810.4
4) Asian (includes Asian and Pacific Islander ethnicities)473.1
5) American Indian (includes Native American and tribes)151
99) Don't know1.1
Missing1037 
TOTAL1524100.0
13) I am going to read you three pairs of opposites. For each set, please tell me which is closest to being true for you. A) I don't mind moving every once and a while. B) I would prefer to stay in one place. Which one of these comes closest to being true of you? (MOVING)
TOTAL%
0) Refused4.2
1) Don't mind moving67526.4
2) Stay in one location185272.3
3) In between (only if volunteered)24.9
99) Don't know5.2
TOTAL2560100.0
14) I am going to read you three pairs of opposites. For each set, please tell me which is closest to being true for you. A) I like trying new kinds of foods. B) I prefer eating foods I am used to eating. Which one of these comes closest to being true of you? (NEWFOOD)
TOTAL%
0) Refused10
1) Try new foods175068.4
2) Prefer familiar foods72328.2
3) In between (only if volunteered)783
99) Don't know8.3
TOTAL2560100.0
15) I am going to read you three pairs of opposites. For each set, please tell me which is closest to being true for you. A) I enjoy getting to know people different from me. B) I enjoy meeting people who have a great deal in common with me. Which one of these comes closest to being true of you? (KNOWDIFF)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.1
1) Know people different from me124648.7
2) Meet people like me46118
3) In between (only if volunteered)82732.3
99) Don't know24.9
TOTAL2560100.0
16) [If MARITAL=1-2] Do you think your [spouse/partner] would give mostly the same answers on these pairs as you, or mostly the opposite answers? (SPSAME)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.3
1) Mostly the same answers122580
2) Mostly opposite answers20613.4
3) Some of both (only if volunteered)644.2
99) Don't know322.1
Missing1028 
TOTAL1532100.0
17) Are you working for pay full-time or part-time, working as a homemaker, retired, a student, or something else? [If two answers offered, ask which spend most time doing] (WORK)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) Full-time128050
2) Part-time2469.6
3) In school1435.6
4) Unemployed431.7
5) On leave10
6) Retired44617.4
7) Keeping house2288.9
8) Other1566.1
9) Not applicable8.3
99) Refused2.1
TOTAL2559100.0
18) Do you consider yourself to be Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, Muslim, nothing in particular, or something else? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
0) Don't know6.2
1) Protestant (includes Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Mormons, Reformed)111843.7
2) Catholic62724.5
3) Jewish441.7
4) Eastern Orthodox Christian7.3
5) Muslim12.5
6) Hindu-Buddhist20.8
7) Nothing in particular/not religious40815.9
8) ‘Just a Christian'1626.3
9) Other1495.8
99) Refused8.3
TOTAL2561100.0
19) How often have you been attending [church/synagogue/mosque/temple] services in the last year? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.2
1) Never66826.1
2) Less than once a month49219.2
3) Once a month2499.7
4) 2-3 times a month31612.3
5) Once a week54521.3
6) More than once a week27210.6
99) Don't know14.5
TOTAL2561100.0
20) Would you say your religious faith currently is not important, slightly, moderately, very, or extremely important in your own life? (FAITHIMP)
TOTAL%
0) Refused9.4
1) Not important2519.8
2) Slightly important2128.3
3) Moderately important57522.5
4) Very important72728.4
5) Extremely important76629.9
99) Don't know21.8
TOTAL2561100.0
21) Would you say religion in your family while you were growing up was not important, slightly, moderately, very, or extremely important? (RELIGIMP)
TOTAL%
0) Refused10.4
1) Not important2519.8
2) Slightly important26810.5
3) Moderately important68926.9
4) Very important75729.6
5) Extremely important57222.3
99) Don't know13.5
TOTAL2560100.0
22) To help us learn more about Americans' friendships, I want to ask you about your friends. To help guide you, I will ask you about a few specific categories. Please remember, we are not taking an inventory of you personally, but of American friendships in general. Think about your two very best friends [if Q2=1-2: 'other than your [spouse/partner].'] How many of your two very best friends attend the same [church/synagogue/mosque/temple] as you? (SAMECHUR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) 130922.4
2) 238327.7
3) None67448.8
99) Don't know141
Missing1179 
TOTAL1381100.0
23) Think about your two very best friends [if MARITAL=1-2: 'other than your [spouse/partner].'] For your two very best friends, how many are [respondent's race]? (SAMERACE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused15.6
1) 137314.6
2) 2202779.1
3) None1285
99) Don't know18.7
TOTAL2561100.0
24) [If SAMERACE=1] What is the race of your other friend? (FRNDRACE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.3
1) Asian/Asian American [includes any specific Asian ethnic groups]287.5
2) Black/African American [includes African]13536.2
3) Hispanic/Latino [includes any specific Latin American ethnic groups]6216.6
4) White/European/Middle Eastern11129.8
5) American Indian/Native American [includes any specific tribes]102.7
6) Other267
Missing2188 
TOTAL373100.0
25) [If SAMERACE=2] What is the race of the friend you have known the longest? (RACELONG)
TOTAL%
1) Asian/Asian American [includes any specific Asian ethnic groups]428.4
2) Black/African American [includes African]10220.4
3) Hispanic/Latino [includes any specific Latin American ethnic groups]6813.6
4) White/European/Middle Eastern23947.9
5) American Indian/Native American [includes any specific tribes]91.8
6) Other397.8
Missing2061 
TOTAL499100.0
26) Think about your two very best friends [if MARITAL=1-2: 'other than your [spouse/partner].'] For your two very best friends, how many are female? (FEMFRND)
TOTAL%
0) Refused12.5
1) 168126.6
2) 2116945.7
3) None67926.5
99) Don't know19.7
TOTAL2560100.0
27) Now think of you circle of friends, people that you like to do things with and have conversations with. They may be people you see often, or because they live far away, they may be people your primarily keep in contact with by calling or writing. Thinking about your circle of friends, which of the following categories best describes how many attend your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]? (FRNDCHUR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.1
1) All1027.4
2) Most21215.3
3) About half31923.1
4) Few43231.3
5) None30021.7
99) Don't know151.1
Missing1179 
TOTAL1382100.0
28) For your circle of friends, how many [respondent's race] are among these people? (CIRCRACE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused4.2
1) All86933.9
2) Most98038.3
3) About half44817.5
4) Few1917.5
5) None562.2
99) Don't know12.5
TOTAL2560100.0
29) [If ATTEND=4-7] Now think about the people, if any, that you have frequent contact with, and enjoy being around in your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]. With these people in mind, how many [respondent's race] are among these people? (RACECHUR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.2
1) All51445.3
2) Most34830.7
3) About half13712.1
4) Few827.2
5) None363.2
99) Don't know151.3
Missing1427 
TOTAL1134100.0
30) Now please think about all the people that you have frequent contact with and enjoy being around, including people in your neighborhood, [church/synagogue/mosque/temple], [if WORK=1-2, 5-6] [workplace], [if WORK=3] [school], any associations or clubs to which you may belong, and any other people that you have contact with and enjoy being around. With these people in mind, how many [respondent's race] are among these people? (RACENET)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) All58022.6
2) Most103240.3
3) About half63224.7
4) Few25510
5) None371.4
99) Don't know19.7
TOTAL2561100.0
31) Now I am going to read you some statements about morality and America. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree, and if you do so strongly, moderately, or slightly. Religion is a private matter that should not influence social and political issues. Do you personally agree or disagree with this statement, and do you do so strongly, moderately, or slightly? (RELPRIV)
TOTAL%
0) Refused4.2
1) Strongly agree101239.5
2) Moderately agree61924.2
3) Slightly agree1003.9
4) Neither agree nor disagree301.2
5) Slightly disagree803.1
6) Moderately disagree28911.3
7) Strongly disagree38114.9
99) Don't know441.7
TOTAL2559100.0
32) The best way to improve America is to change individuals. [If need to be reminded of the categories again: Do you agree or disagree, and do you do so strongly, moderately, or slightly?] (BESTWAY)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) Strongly agree90535.4
2) Moderately agree52320.4
3) Slightly agree1234.8
4) Neither agree nor disagree411.6
5) Slightly disagree1295
6) Moderately disagree29311.4
7) Strongly disagree46118
99) Don't know793.1
TOTAL2560100.0
33) What is morally right and what is morally wrong should be the same for all people. [If need to be reminded of the categories again: Do you agree or disagree, and do you do so strongly, moderately, or slightly?] (MORAL)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) Strongly agree128250.1
2) Moderately agree38315
3) Slightly agree853.3
4) Neither agree nor disagree371.4
5) Slightly disagree1164.5
6) Moderately disagree25710
7) Strongly disagree35013.7
99) Don't know441.7
TOTAL2560100.0
34) Here are some statements about family. For each, again please tell me whether you agree or disagree, and if you do so strongly, moderately, or slightly. A mother of very young children should work outside the home only if financially necessary. [If ask what 'very young means, say 'under 5.'] (MOMWORK)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.2
1) Strongly agree109642.8
2) Moderately agree58222.7
3) Slightly agree1606.3
4) Neither agree nor disagree612.4
5) Slightly disagree1104.3
6) Moderately disagree2288.9
7) Strongly disagree29111.4
99) Don't know271.1
TOTAL2560100.0
35) Homosexuality should be an acceptable lifestyle. (HOMOLIFE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused13.5
1) Strongly agree52220.4
2) Moderately agree41416.2
3) Slightly agree1706.6
4) Neither agree nor disagree963.7
5) Slightly disagree883.4
6) Moderately disagree1967.7
7) Strongly disagree99638.9
99) Don't know662.6
TOTAL2561100.0
36) Women face more discrimination in the workplace than men do. (MOREDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.1
1) Strongly agree104940.9
2) Moderately agree70227.4
3) Slightly agree2068
4) Neither agree nor disagree461.8
5) Slightly disagree1044.1
6) Moderately disagree2128.3
7) Strongly disagree1576.1
99) Don't know833.2
TOTAL2562100.0
37) The husband should be the head of the family. (HEADFAM)
TOTAL%
0) Refused4.2
1) Strongly agree84933.2
2) Moderately agree42916.8
3) Slightly agree1475.7
4) Neither agree nor disagree863.4
5) Slightly disagree1485.8
6) Moderately disagree38715.1
7) Strongly disagree49819.5
99) Don't know12.5
TOTAL2560100.0
38) I am going to read you a list of about twenty statements. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree, and if you do so strongly, moderately, or slightly. I support affirmative action policies. (AFFRMACT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused10.4
1) Strongly agree66726.1
2) Moderately agree67726.4
3) Slightly agree2258.8
4) Neither agree nor disagree602.3
5) Slightly disagree1435.6
6) Moderately disagree2218.6
7) Strongly disagree28811.3
99) Don't know26910.5
TOTAL2560100.0
39) It is important to protect the natural environment, even if it hurts local business. (PROTECT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused4.2
1) Strongly agree122847.9
2) Moderately agree69026.9
3) Slightly agree2298.9
4) Neither agree nor disagree351.4
5) Slightly disagree893.5
6) Moderately disagree1556
7) Strongly disagree983.8
99) Don't know341.3
TOTAL2562100.0
40) It is America's responsibility to promote democracy around the world. (PROMDEM)
TOTAL%
0) Refused9.4
1) Strongly agree58923
2) Moderately agree65225.5
3) Slightly agree28411.1
4) Neither agree nor disagree522
5) Slightly disagree1696.6
6) Moderately disagree39515.4
7) Strongly disagree34713.5
99) Don't know642.5
TOTAL2561100.0
41) It is too easy to buy guns in America today. (TOOEASY)
TOTAL%
0) Refused4.2
1) Strongly agree149258.3
2) Moderately agree39115.3
3) Slightly agree1054.1
4) Neither agree nor disagree19.7
5) Slightly disagree582.3
6) Moderately disagree1877.3
7) Strongly disagree2499.7
99) Don't know562.2
TOTAL2561100.0
42) Too much of our federal budget goes to national defense. (NATDEF)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) Strongly agree61424
2) Moderately agree45617.8
3) Slightly agree1967.7
4) Neither agree nor disagree542.1
5) Slightly disagree1977.7
6) Moderately disagree43517
7) Strongly disagree45817.9
99) Don't know1455.7
TOTAL2561100.0
43) The Federal income tax should be cut. (TAXCUT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused9.4
1) Strongly agree108142.2
2) Moderately agree54021.1
3) Slightly agree2499.7
4) Neither agree nor disagree552.1
5) Slightly disagree1295
6) Moderately disagree2339.1
7) Strongly disagree1967.7
99) Don't know692.7
TOTAL2561100.0
44) The economy is better today than it was a year ago. (ECONBTTR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.1
1) Strongly agree74729.2
2) Moderately agree68226.6
3) Slightly agree30712
4) Neither agree nor disagree823.2
5) Slightly disagree1365.3
6) Moderately disagree2439.5
7) Strongly disagree2319
99) Don't know1295
TOTAL2560100.0
45) Abortion during the first three months of pregnancy should be legal in all cases. (ABORT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused24.9
1) Strongly agree58823
2) Moderately agree27010.5
3) Slightly agree1566.1
4) Neither agree nor disagree522
5) Slightly disagree1054.1
6) Moderately disagree2208.6
7) Strongly disagree109542.8
99) Don't know512
TOTAL2561100.0
46) Able-bodied people should not receive welfare. (WELFARE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) Strongly agree147157.4
2) Moderately agree35613.9
3) Slightly agree1646.4
4) Neither agree nor disagree331.3
5) Slightly disagree1395.4
6) Moderately disagree1877.3
7) Strongly disagree1696.6
99) Don't know361.4
TOTAL2561100.0
47) The number of immigrants who can legally enter the U.S. should be reduced. (REDUCE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused12.5
1) Strongly agree81731.9
2) Moderately agree41316.1
3) Slightly agree26010.1
4) Neither agree nor disagree612.4
5) Slightly disagree1847.2
6) Moderately disagree37014.4
7) Strongly disagree34613.5
99) Don't know993.9
TOTAL2562100.0
48) There is too much talk today in the United States about racial issues. (TALKRACE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.2
1) Strongly agree108542.4
2) Moderately agree51019.9
3) Slightly agree1686.6
4) Neither agree nor disagree271.1
5) Slightly disagree1375.4
6) Moderately disagree28611.2
7) Strongly disagree28411.1
99) Don't know572.2
TOTAL2560100.0
49) We need a program of parental school choice. (CHOICE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.2
1) Strongly agree99939
2) Moderately agree68326.7
3) Slightly agree27810.9
4) Neither agree nor disagree441.7
5) Slightly disagree1074.2
6) Moderately disagree1696.6
7) Strongly disagree1305.1
99) Don't know1465.7
TOTAL2561100.0
50) Religious congregations should actively seek to become racially integrated. (INTEGRAT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused15.6
1) Strongly agree81631.9
2) Moderately agree52720.6
3) Slightly agree2409.4
4) Neither agree nor disagree692.7
5) Slightly disagree1536
6) Moderately disagree26610.4
7) Strongly disagree37214.5
99) Don't know1034
TOTAL2561100.0
51) The pill is a morally acceptable form of birth control. (PILL)
TOTAL%
0) Refused7.3
1) Strongly agree126949.6
2) Moderately agree69427.1
3) Slightly agree1746.8
4) Neither agree nor disagree331.3
5) Slightly disagree401.6
6) Moderately disagree973.8
7) Strongly disagree1676.5
99) Don't know803.1
TOTAL2561100.0
52) We should spend more money on prisons so that we can put criminals away for a long time. (PRISONS)
TOTAL%
0) Refused10.4
1) Strongly agree62724.5
2) Moderately agree42916.8
3) Slightly agree2258.8
4) Neither agree nor disagree451.8
5) Slightly disagree1746.8
6) Moderately disagree37514.6
7) Strongly disagree61223.9
99) Don't know642.5
TOTAL2561100.0
53) My religious beliefs should direct my behavior in every area of my life. (RELBEHAV)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.2
1) Strongly agree132351.7
2) Moderately agree48418.9
3) Slightly agree1495.8
4) Neither agree nor disagree19.7
5) Slightly disagree1295
6) Moderately disagree2118.2
7) Strongly disagree2158.4
99) Don't know251
TOTAL2560100.0
54) We should give businesses special tax breaks for locating in largely [rotate racial group] areas. (TAXBREAK)
TOTAL%
0) Refused13.5
1) Strongly agree28311.1
2) Moderately agree43817.1
3) Slightly agree2268.8
4) Neither agree nor disagree411.6
5) Slightly disagree2439.5
6) Moderately disagree51520.1
7) Strongly disagree69827.3
99) Don't know1044.1
TOTAL2561100.0
55) Compared to other racial groups, [rotate racial group] on average tend to prefer to live on welfare. (WELFLIVE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused18.7
1) Strongly agree1716.7
2) Moderately agree2118.2
3) Slightly agree1415.5
4) Neither agree nor disagree763
5) Slightly disagree2208.6
6) Moderately disagree55021.5
7) Strongly disagree82032
99) Don't know35413.8
TOTAL2561100.0
56) Compared to other racial groups, [rotate racial group] on average tend to be patriotic to the United States. (PATRIOT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused22.9
1) Strongly agree34413.4
2) Moderately agree60523.6
3) Slightly agree27210.6
4) Neither agree nor disagree1013.9
5) Slightly disagree2258.8
6) Moderately disagree33813.2
7) Strongly disagree2449.5
99) Don't know41116
TOTAL2562100.0
57) Compared to other racial groups, [rotate racial group] on average tend to be arrogant. (ARROGANT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused21.8
1) Strongly agree2379.3
2) Moderately agree28111
3) Slightly agree2058
4) Neither agree nor disagree622.4
5) Slightly disagree2268.8
6) Moderately disagree57022.3
7) Strongly disagree71227.8
99) Don't know2479.6
TOTAL2561100.0
58) I would be upset if I had a child who wanted to marry [a/an][rotate racial group, other than respondent's own racial group]. (UPSET)
TOTAL%
0) Refused16.6
1) Strongly agree2319
2) Moderately agree1766.9
3) Slightly agree1295
4) Neither agree nor disagree361.4
5) Slightly disagree2048
6) Moderately disagree49119.2
7) Strongly disagree123548.2
99) Don't know431.7
TOTAL2561100.0
59) We want to ask you a few questions about your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]. How long have you been attending this [church/ synagogue/mosque/temple]? (LONGATT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.3
1) Less than 3 months201.8
2) 3 months to 1 year635.6
3) 1-2 years998.7
4) 2-5 years16714.7
5) 5-10 years18316.1
6) More than 10 years59352.3
99) Don't know6.5
Missing1427 
TOTAL1134100.0
60) How many people - both adults and children - would you say typically attend services at your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple] - whether or not they are officially members? (HOWMANY)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Less than 25292.6
2) 25-49807.1
3) 50-9914913.1
4) 100-24931327.6
5) 250-49926423.3
6) More than 50025922.8
99) Don't know393.4
Missing1427 
TOTAL1134100.0
61) About what percent of your congregation, if any, would you say are immigrants to the U.S.? (If want to give number, record so we can tell difference between absolute number and percentage) (IMMCONG)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Give a percent89380.2
2) Give a number908.1
9) Don't know12911.6
Missing1448 
TOTAL1113100.0
62) Percent of immigrants in congregation (PERCIMM)
TOTAL%
0) 032932.2
1) 110210
2) 2474.6
3) 3202
4) 48.8
5) 5979.5
6) 62.2
7) 73.3
8) 84.4
9) 97.7
10) 10949.2
12) 121.1
15) 15191.9
16) 161.1
20) 20444.3
23) 231.1
25) 25403.9
30) 30272.6
33) 337.7
35) 357.7
40) 40191.9
45) 454.4
50) 50434.2
55) 551.1
60) 60131.3
65) 652.2
70) 708.8
75) 758.8
76) 761.1
80) 80151.5
85) 853.3
90) 90131.3
95) 955.5
97) 971.1
98) 982.2
99) 99111.1
100) 100121.2
999) Don't know2.2
Missing1537 
TOTAL1023100.0
63) Number of immigrants in congregation (NUMBIMM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25616.6819.80
64) Though hard to know for sure, would you say that [respondent's race] make up more than 80 percent of the worship service that you normally attend at your [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]? (MAKEUP)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Yes91181.9
2) No18516.6
99) Don't know161.4
Missing1448 
TOTAL1113100.0
65) About what percent of the people at the worship service that you normally attend would you say are [respondent's race]? (RESPRACE)
TOTAL%
0) 0136.5
1) 1136.5
2) 273.5
3) 342
5) 584
6) 600
7) 700
8) 800
9) 91.5
10) 1084
13) 1300
15) 1531.5
20) 2084
25) 2542
30) 30136.5
33) 331.5
40) 40126
45) 4531.5
47) 471.5
50) 504221
60) 60199.5
65) 6563
66) 661.5
70) 70115.5
75) 7584
80) 8021
90) 9042
95) 9521
99) 9921
100) 10031.5
999) Don't know1.5
Missing2359 
TOTAL200100.0
66) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] White (WHITECH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected7540.1
1) Selected11259.9
Missing2373 
TOTAL187100.0
67) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] Black (BLACKCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected7037.4
1) Selected11762.6
Missing2373 
TOTAL187100.0
68) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] Hispanic (HISPCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected5227.8
1) Selected13572.2
Missing2373 
TOTAL187100.0
69) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] Asian (ASIANCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected8143.3
1) Selected10656.7
Missing2373 
TOTAL187100.0
70) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] Pacific Islander (PACIFCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected15381.8
1) Selected3418.2
Missing2373 
TOTAL187100.0
71) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] American Indian (INDIANCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected15582.9
1) Selected3217.1
Missing2373 
TOTAL187100.0
72) [If RESPRACE LT or = 80%] What other racial groups are represented in the worship service that you normally attend? [Record all that are mentioned.] Mixed (MIXEDCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected63.2
1) Selected18296.8
Missing2373 
TOTAL188100.0
73) When you first started attending your current [church/synagogue/mosque/temple], would you say that [respondent's race] made up more than 80 percent of the worship service that you attend? (FIRSTATT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.3
1) Yes95884.5
2) No16114.2
99) Don't know121.1
Missing1427 
TOTAL1134100.0
74) [Ask only of non-whites, as trying to see if in multiethnic congregation even if not in a multiracial congregation.] In addition to your own ethnic group, are there any other ethnic groups represented in the worship service that you normally attend? (OTHERETH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15645.6
2) No16648.5
99) Don't know205.8
Missing2219 
TOTAL342100.0
75) As an adult, have you ever in the past been a member of a congregation in which [respondent's race] made up less than 80 percent congregation? (LESSTHAN)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Yes16114.2
2) No96385
99) Don't know8.7
Missing1427 
TOTAL1133100.0
76) [If LESSTHAN=1] In the past, were you a member of one of these congregations or more than one? (ONEORMOR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused53.1
1) One9358.1
2) More than one4226.3
99) Don't know2012.5
Missing2400 
TOTAL160100.0
77) [If ONEORMOR=1] For how long did you attend services at this [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]? [If ONEORMOR=2] For your most recent congregation that you attended before your current congregation, for how long did you attend services at this [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]? (HOWLONG)
TOTAL%
0) 044.3
1) 12021.3
2) 21313.8
3) 31010.6
4) 466.4
5) 588.5
6) 633.2
7) 744.3
8) 811.1
10) 1077.4
11) 1122.1
12) 1211.1
15) 1566.4
17) 1700
18) 1800
20) 2033.2
22) 2222.1
25) 2500
30) 3022.1
33) 3311.1
99) Don't know11.1
Missing2468 
TOTAL94100.0
78) [If ONEORMOR=1] What was the most important reason for leaving? (REASON1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused11.1
1) Moved5357.6
2) Not being spiritually fed66.5
3) Got married33.3
5) Not providing programs seeking11.1
6) Problems with clergy/persons in congregation22.2
8) Did not like the worship11.1
9) Too much talk/focus on race/integration44.3
10) Other2021.7
99) Don't know11.1
Missing2468 
TOTAL92100.0
79) [If ONEORMOR=2] What was the most important reason for leaving the last mixed-race congregation you attended? (REASON2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused22.2
1) Moved5155.4
2) Not being spiritually fed55.4
3) Got married44.3
5) Not providing programs seeking11.1
8) Did not like the worship11.1
9) Too much talk/focus on race/integration11.1
10) Other2021.7
99) Don't know77.6
Missing2468 
TOTAL92100.0
80) Is there one person who is the head or senior clergy person or religious leader of your present [church/synagogue/mosque/temple]? (HEADCHUR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Yes95884.6
2) No16714.7
99) Don't know7.6
Missing1427 
TOTAL1133100.0
81) [If HEADCHUR=1] Is that person male or female? (HEADGEND)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.2
1) Male92396.2
2) Female313.2
99) Don't know3.3
Missing1602 
TOTAL959100.0
82) [If HEADCHUR=1] What race or ethnicity is this person? (HEADRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White (European, Middle Eastern)72575.6
2) Black (African American, African, Dominican, other)12813.3
3) Hispanic (Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, other)737.6
4) Asian (Asian and Pacific Islander ethnicities)151.6
5) American Indian (Native American and tribes)4.4
6) Other141.5
Missing1602 
TOTAL959100.0
83) How long do your worship services typically last? [Record to nearest quarter hour.] (If say 'varies' or 'depends' or 'I'm not sure,' ask: 'Most often, how long does it last?) (LONGLAST)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.2
1) Less than 30 minutes151.3
2) About 45 minutes595.3
3) About 1 hour45240.6
4) About 1 hour 15 minutes11610.4
5) About 1 hour 30 minutes16514.8
6) About 2 hours14713.2
7) More than 2 hours15013.5
99) Don't know6.5
Missing1448 
TOTAL1112100.0
84) [If for LONGLAST, actual time is given] Do you think the services are too long, too short, about right, or does it not matter? (TOOLONG)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Too long443.9
2) Too short282.5
3) About right64357.7
4) Time does not matter39435.4
99) Don't know4.4
Missing1448 
TOTAL1114100.0
85) During a typical worship service, do people regularly call out ‘amen' or other expressions of approval? (CALLAMEN)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1.1
1) Yes67360.5
2) No42938.5
99) Don't know10.9
Missing1448 
TOTAL1113100.0
86) In every congregation, disagreements and conflicts can arise. Within the last two years, has your congregation experienced a conflict that led some people to leave the congregation? (CONGCONF)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.3
1) Yes30527.4
2) No73966.4
99) Don't know665.9
Missing1448 
TOTAL1113100.0
87) How often, if at all, do you go to congregational activities other than your main worship service, such as potlucks, Bible studies, choir practice, small groups, etc.? (CONGACT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.3
1) Never26824.1
2) A few times a year27925.1
3) Once a month13111.8
4) 2-3 times a month11310.2
5) Once a week19517.5
6) 2 times a week756.7
7) 3 or more times a week393.5
99) Don't know10.9
Missing1448 
TOTAL1113100.0
88) Imagine that you are looking for a new house and that you have [no, two school-aged] children. You find a house that you like much better than any other house—it has everything that you'd been looking for, it is close to work, and it is within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that: (a) the public schools are of [low, medium, high] quality, (b) the neighborhood is [1-100%, randomly chosen, (if 0%, then say 100% of respondent's race)] [Black, Hispanic, Asian (do not ask respondent's own race)], (c) the other homes in the neighborhood are of [lower, equal, higher] value than the home you are considering, (d) property values are [declining, stable, increasing], (e) and the crime rate is [low, average, high]. [ROTATE ORDER OF VARIABLES] How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this home? (BUYHOME)
TOTAL%
0) Refused13.5
1) Very unlikely81331.7
2) Moderately unlikely30712
3) Slightly unlikely1676.5
4) Slightly likely1375.3
5) Moderately likely45417.7
6) Very likely59023
99) Don't know813.2
TOTAL2562100.0
89) Given a house that you very much like, would you prefer this house to be in a neighborhood that is (a) 25% [respondent's race] and 75% [rotate Asian, black, Hispanic, white (not respondent's own race)] or (b) one that is 25% each [respondent's race] [each of the three racial groups respondent is not]? (PREFER)
TOTAL%
0) Refused22.9
1) 25 and 75 percent57522.5
2) No preference69427.1
3) 25 percent each120347
99) Don't know662.6
TOTAL2560100.0
90) In the U.S., we generally refer to five racial groups: Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians. Do you personally think that any one of these groups experiences more discrimination than the other groups? (RACDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Refused11.4
1) Yes162363.4
2) No78530.7
99) Don't know1425.5
TOTAL2561100.0
91) If yes, which group? (DISCGRP)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.3
1) White774.7
2) Black85953
3) Hispanic20512.6
4) Asian523.2
5) American Indian42126
99) Don't know3.2
Missing938 
TOTAL1622100.0
92) A foreman has a good record in hiring and promoting racial minorities. However he tells racial jokes when around his minority subordinates. These jokes make racial minorities extremely uncomfortable. Despite his hiring and promotion record, do you think that his jokes are an example of prejudice? (FOREMAN1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused121
1) Yes73063
2) No37232.1
99) Don't know443.8
Missing1402 
TOTAL1158100.0
93) A foreman has a good record in hiring and promoting racial minorities. However he tells racial jokes when around his minority subordinates. These jokes make racial minorities extremely uncomfortable. Do you think his jokes are an example of racism? (FOREMAN2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused11.9
1) Yes80469.4
2) No30025.9
99) Don't know443.8
Missing1402 
TOTAL1159100.0
94) A group of [black] (if respondent is white, black, mixed, or no preference)/[Asian] (if Asian)/[Hispanic](if Hispanic)/[American Indian] (if American Indian) teenagers are angry that the school administration seems insensitive to racial concerns. Because of their frustration, some of them assault a white classmate. The individual is attacked in part because he is white. Clearly this assault is wrong, but is it also an example of prejudice? (ASSAULT1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused161.4
1) Yes76567.5
2) No30727.1
99) Don't know464.1
Missing1426 
TOTAL1134100.0
95) A group of [black] (if respondent is white, black, mixed, or no preference)/[Asian] (if Asian)/[Hispanic](if Hispanic)/[American Indian] (if American Indian) teenagers are angry that the school administration seems insensitive to racial concerns. Because of their frustration, some of them assault a white classmate. The individual is attacked in part because he is white. Is the assault an example of racism? (ASSAULT2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused121.1
1) Yes93582.5
2) No14813.1
99) Don't know383.4
Missing1426 
TOTAL1133100.0
96) A white teenage girl begins dating a black teenage boy. Her parents pressure her not to date him. They do not resent him for being black, but feel they must shield their daughter from social rejection they think their daughter will face. Are actions to stop their daughter from dating this boy is an example of prejudice? (DATEBLK1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused111
1) Yes75565.7
2) No34730.2
99) Don't know363.1
Missing1411 
TOTAL1149100.0
97) A white teenage girl begins dating a black teenage boy. Her parents pressure her not to date him. They do not resent him for being black, but feel they must shield their daughter from social rejection they think their daughter will face. Are actions to stop their daughter from dating this boy is an example of racism? (DATEBLK2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused10.9
1) Yes63154.9
2) No46540.5
99) Don't know433.7
Missing1411 
TOTAL1149100.0
98) A black professor [if respondent is Asian, Hispanic, or American Indian, use their race] grades all of her students fairly. However she spends extra time with her black students [if respondent is Asian, Hispanic, or American Indian, use their race] because she feels that they have a hard time relating to white professors. Some of her white students complain that this extra time is prejudice, since white students do not get this special attention. Would you agree? (EXTRA1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused141.2
1) Yes64957
2) No43838.5
99) Don't know383.3
Missing1422 
TOTAL1139100.0
99) A black professor [if respondent is Asian, Hispanic, or American Indian, use their race] grades all of her students fairly. However she spends extra time with her black students [if respondent is Asian, Hispanic, or American Indian, use their race] because she feels that they have a hard time relating to white professors. Some of her white students complain that this extra time is racism, since white students do not get this special attention. Would you agree? (EXTRA2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused151.3
1) Yes38333.7
2) No69461
99) Don't know464
Missing1422 
TOTAL1138100.0
100) A white cab driver can pick up a black man in a suit and tie or a white man wearing blue jeans and a T-shirt. The driver has no ill feelings towards African Americans but does not want to risk being asked to go to an inner-city black neighborhood, since he fears this will put him at a risk of being assaulted. Therefore the driver passes the black man and picks up the white man. Has the driver engaged in prejudice? (CABDRIV1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused151.4
1) Yes74171.6
2) No24824
99) Don't know313
Missing1525 
TOTAL1035100.0
101) A white cab driver can pick up a black man in a suit and tie or a white man wearing blue jeans and a T-shirt. The driver has no ill feelings towards African Americans but does not want to risk being asked to go to an inner-city black neighborhood, since he fears this will put him at a risk of being assaulted. Therefore the driver passes the black man and picks up the white man. Has the driver engaged in racism? (CABDRIV2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused141.4
1) Yes58456.4
2) No40038.6
99) Don't know373.6
Missing1525 
TOTAL1035100.0
102) A white homeowner decides to move out of the neighborhood, because she has noticed several racial minorities moving into the neighborhood. Even though she does get along with non-whites, she is afraid that the value of her home will decrease. Is her decision to move prejudice? (HOMEOWN1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused121.1
1) Yes73265.4
2) No33630
99) Don't know403.6
Missing1441 
TOTAL1120100.0
103) A white homeowner decides to move out of the neighborhood, because she has noticed several racial minorities moving into the neighborhood. Even though she does get along with non-whites, she is afraid that the value of her home will decrease. Is her decision to move racist? (HOMEOWN2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused131.2
1) Yes57451.3
2) No47342.2
99) Don't know605.4
Missing1441 
TOTAL1120100.0
104) In a certain city, most white children go to schools that are predominately white. Since they live in different neighborhoods, most black children go to schools that are predominately non-white. Standardized tests were taken five years in a row. While 80% of the white students passed, 80 percent of the black children failed. Is this an example of prejudice? (SCHOOLS1)
TOTAL%
0) Refused8.7
1) Yes30427.4
2) No69662.8
99) Don't know1009
Missing1452 
TOTAL1108100.0
105) In a certain city, most white children go to schools that are predominately white. Since they live in different neighborhoods, most black children go to schools that are predominately non-white. Standardized tests were taken five years in a row. While 80% of the white students passed, 80 percent of the black children failed. Is this an example of racism? (SCHOOLS2)
TOTAL%
0) Refused8.7
1) Yes33029.8
2) No70063.1
99) Don't know716.4
Missing1452 
TOTAL1109100.0
106) This is a somewhat long question, so please feel free to ask me to repeat it. Some people say that we are better off if the races maintain their cultural uniqueness, even if we have limited personal relationships between races. Others say that we should create a common culture and close interracial friendships, even though the races may lose their cultural uniqueness. Which one do you prefer? (CULTUNIQ)
TOTAL%
0) Refused15.6
1) Maintain cultural uniqueness92936.3
2) Create a common culture125949.2
3) Combination34613.5
9) Don't know11.4
TOTAL2560100.0
107) [If CULTUNIQ=3] Do you lean more toward 1 or more toward 2 or are you right in the middle? (LEANMORE)
TOTAL%
1) Lean more toward 15114.4
2) Lean more toward 25014.2
3) Right in the middle25171.1
99) Don't know1.3
Missing2208 
TOTAL353100.0
108) Not including your current neighborhood, have you ever lived in a neighborhood that was 20% or more non-[respondent's race]? (EVERLIVE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.1
1) Yes134052.3
2) No119746.7
99) Don't know22.9
TOTAL2561100.0
109) Not including any school you may be presently attending and not including college, have you ever attended a school that was 20% or more non-[respondent's race]? (EVERATT)
TOTAL%
0) Refused2.1
1) Yes109542.8
2) No144356.4
99) Don't know20.8
TOTAL2560100.0
110) Have you ever dated someone of another race? (DATERACE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused10
1) Yes107141.8
2) No148858.1
99) Don't know00
TOTAL2560100.0
111) On a political scale of 1 to 7 - with 1 being extremely liberal, 4 being middle of the road, and 7 being extremely conservative - how would you describe yourself politically? (POLSCALE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused16.6
1) Extremely liberal1485.8
2) Liberal1636.4
3) Slightly liberal1797
4) Moderate, middle of the road98238.3
5) Slightly conservative36714.3
6) Conservative35013.7
7) Extremely conservative2549.9
99) Don't know1024
TOTAL2561100.0
112) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Abortion (ABORTIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important36814.4
2) Slightly important1064.1
3) Moderately important58422.8
4) Very important2088.1
5) Extremely important126149.2
99) Don't know341.3
TOTAL2561100.0
113) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Affirmative action (AFFRMIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important26310.3
2) Slightly important1455.7
3) Moderately important98638.5
4) Very important27310.7
5) Extremely important73228.6
99) Don't know1626.3
TOTAL2561100.0
114) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Environmental issues (ENVIRIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important1325.2
2) Slightly important1345.2
3) Moderately important72628.4
4) Very important39015.2
5) Extremely important114844.8
99) Don't know301.2
TOTAL2560100.0
115) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Foreign policy (FORGNIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important1857.2
2) Slightly important1586.2
3) Moderately important89935.1
4) Very important43016.8
5) Extremely important80131.3
99) Don't know883.4
TOTAL2561100.0
116) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Gay rights (GAYIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important68526.8
2) Slightly important2258.8
3) Moderately important70327.5
4) Very important2248.8
5) Extremely important65025.4
99) Don't know732.9
TOTAL2560100.0
117) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Gun control (GUNIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important2037.9
2) Slightly important863.4
3) Moderately important46818.3
4) Very important31412.3
5) Extremely important145656.9
99) Don't know331.3
TOTAL2560100.0
118) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: National defense (DEFNSIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important973.8
2) Slightly important1224.8
3) Moderately important69727.2
4) Very important43717.1
5) Extremely important115745.2
99) Don't know512
TOTAL2561100.0
119) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Taxes (TAXESIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important943.7
2) Slightly important702.7
3) Moderately important66526
4) Very important42416.5
5) Extremely important127649.8
99) Don't know331.3
TOTAL2562100.0
120) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Welfare policy (WELFIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important1174.6
2) Slightly important1054.1
3) Moderately important80031.3
4) Very important43517
5) Extremely important107041.8
99) Don't know331.3
TOTAL2560100.0
121) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Education (EDUCIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important381.5
2) Slightly important281.1
3) Moderately important2218.6
4) Very important29211.4
5) Extremely important196276.6
99) Don't know20.8
TOTAL2561100.0
122) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Crime (CRIMEIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important863.4
2) Slightly important471.8
3) Moderately important34313.4
4) Very important39115.3
5) Extremely important167565.4
99) Don't know19.7
TOTAL2561100.0
123) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Social Security (SSECIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important632.5
2) Slightly important803.1
3) Moderately important49019.1
4) Very important40916
5) Extremely important150058.6
99) Don't know19.7
TOTAL2561100.0
124) When you decide who to vote for in an election, you have several issues that may concern you. On a scale from 1 to 5 - with 1 being not important, 3 being moderately important, and 5 being extremely important - please rank the importance of each of the following issues in determining how you vote: Immigration (IMMIGIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not important2329.1
2) Slightly important2349.1
3) Moderately important101939.8
4) Very important31312.2
5) Extremely important72128.2
99) Don't know411.6
TOTAL2560100.0
125) Most important issue? (MOSTIMP)
TOTAL%
0) Refused331.3
1) Abortion2409.4
2) Affirmative action271.1
3) Environmental issues883.4
4) Foreign policy391.5
5) Gay rights301.2
6) Gun control2208.6
7) National defense1124.4
8) Taxes1776.9
9) Welfare policy451.8
10) Education51420.1
11) Crime1345.2
12) Social Security1997.8
13) Immigration552.2
14) Other1927.5
99) Don't know44917.6
Missing5 
TOTAL2554100.0
126) Do you think that the Bible is the inspired word of God, or not? (BIBLE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused5.3
1) Yes, inspired161788.8
2) No, not inspired1337.3
99) Don't know653.6
Missing741 
TOTAL1820100.0
127) [If BIBLE=1] I'm going to read you three views about the Bible. Please tell me which one best reflects your own view: (BIBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.2
1) The first: the Bible is true in all ways, and to be read literally word for word64139.6
2) The second: the Bible is true in all ways, but not always to be read literally58636.2
3) The third: the Bible is a moral guide, but should not be read literally, and may contain some errors about non-religious matters38023.5
99) Don't know8.5
Missing943 
TOTAL1618100.0
128) Do you think that the only hope for salvation is through personal faith in Jesus Christ, or are there other ways to salvation? (ONLYHOPE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused6.3
1) Yes, Christ only hope130571.7
2) No, other ways46225.4
99) Don't know472.6
Missing741 
TOTAL1820100.0
129) [If RELIG=1 and ATTEND=2-6] What is the denomination of the church you most often attend, or is it nondenominational? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
0) Refused171
1) Anabaptist3.2
2) Anglican/Church of England3.2
3) Assembly of God221.3
4) Baptist46227.3
5) Brethren10.6
6) Catholic44226.1
7) Charismatic1.1
8) 'Christian' or 'just Christian'492.9
9) Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA)2.1
10) Christian Science2.1
11) Church(es) of God2.1
12) Church of God10.6
13) Church of God in Christ (COGIC)8.5
15) Congregationalist12.7
16) Disciples of Christ6.4
17) Episcopalian342
18) Evangelical Covenant Church1.1
19) Evangelical Free Church1.1
20) Four Square5.3
21) Free Methodist Church00
22) Nondenominational or interdenominational Protestant452.7
23) Holiness4.2
24) Independent4.2
25) Jehovah's Witness6.4
26) 'Just Protestant'7.4
27) Lutheran814.8
28) Mennonite1.1
29) Methodist1488.7
30) Methodist Episcopal3.2
31) Mormon/Latter-day Saints221.3
32) Pentecostal372.2
33) Presbyterian553.2
34) Quaker/Friends2.1
35) Reformed2.1
36) Roman Catholic392.3
38) Unitarian Universalist2.1
39) United Church of Christ (UCC)10.6
40) Wesleyan Church4.2
41) Other885.2
99) Don't know412.4
Missing867 
TOTAL1693100.0
130) [If RELIG=8] Would you say you are either a Catholic or Eastern Orthodox Christian? (CATHORTH)
TOTAL%
0) Refused13
1) Yes1648.5
2) No1030.3
99) Don't know618.2
Missing2528 
TOTAL33100.0
131) [If DENOM=4] With which Baptist group is your church associated? Is it Southern Baptist, National Baptist, American Baptist, independent Baptist, or some other Baptist group? (BAPTIST)
TOTAL%
1) American Baptist Association204.3
2) American Baptist USA112.4
4) Baptist General Conference1.2
5) Baptist Missionary Association1.2
6) Conservative Baptist Association of America1.2
7) Free Will Baptist51.1
8) Fundamentalist Baptist (no denominational ties)3.6
9) General Association of Regular Baptists (GARB)3.6
10) Independent Baptist (no denominational ties)5010.8
11) Missionary Baptist122.6
12) National Baptist Convention of America143
13) National Baptist Convention USA112.4
14) Primitive Baptists3.6
16) Southern Baptist23951.7
17) Other183.9
99) Don't know, 'just Baptist'7015.2
Missing2099 
TOTAL462100.0
132) [If DENOM=33] Is that the Presbyterian Church in the USA, the Presbyterian Church in America, or some other Presbyterian group? (PRESB)
TOTAL%
1) Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC)11.8
3) Presbyterian Church in America (PCA)916.4
4) Presbyterian Church USA (PCUSA)3054.5
99) Don't know, 'just Presbyterian'1527.3
Missing2506 
TOTAL55100.0
133) [If DENOM=8] When you say 'Christian,' does that mean the denomination called the 'Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),' or some other Christian denomination, or do you mean to say 'I am just a Christian'? (CHRSTN)
TOTAL%
1) Disciples of Christ1224.5
2) Just a Christian3367.3
99) Don't know48.2
Missing2511 
TOTAL49100.0
134) [If DENOM=32] What kind of church is that? What is it called exactly? Is that part of a large church or denomination? (PENTECOS)
TOTAL%
1) Apostolic Pentecostal25.1
2) Assemblies of God820.5
4) Church of God (Huntsville, AL)12.6
5) Church of God in Christ25.1
7) Church of God in Prophecy12.6
9) Full Gospel12.6
10) Pentecostal Church of God37.7
11) Pentecostal Holiness Church615.4
13) United Pentecostal Church International25.1
14) Other1025.6
99) Don't know, 'just Pentecostal'37.7
Missing2523 
TOTAL39100.0
135) [If RELIG=1 or 3] When it comes to your religious identity, would you say you are a fundamentalist, evangelical, mainline, or theologically liberal Christian, or do none of these describe you? (RELIGID)
TOTAL%
0) Refused7.6
1) Fundamentalist12811.4
2) Evangelical12911.5
3) Mainline1049.3
4) Theologically liberal21519.2
5) None of these39635.4
6) Other403.6
99) Don't know1008.9
Missing1442 
TOTAL1119100.0
136) [If RELIG=2] When it comes to your religious identity, would you say you are a traditional, moderate, or liberal Catholic, or do none of these describe you? (CATHOLIC)
TOTAL%
0) Refused3.5
1) Traditional16726.7
2) Moderate19431
3) Liberal14923.8
4) Pentecostal91.4
5) None of these9014.4
6) Other2.3
99) Don't know121.9
Missing1934 
TOTAL626100.0
137) Women should be allowed to be [head pastors/priests (if Catholic)]. Do you strongly agree, moderately agree, slightly agree, slightly disagree, moderately disagree, or strongly disagree? (ALLOWED)
TOTAL%
0) Refused11.6
1) Strongly agree67737.2
2) Moderately agree42323.3
3) Slightly agree1055.8
4) Slightly disagree673.7
5) Moderately disagree1357.4
6) Strongly disagree39021.4
99) Don't know11.6
Missing741 
TOTAL1819100.0
138) If enough people became Christians, social problems would naturally begin to disappear. (ENOUGH)
TOTAL%
0) Refused7.4
1) Strongly agree69037.9
2) Moderately agree34519
3) Slightly agree1206.6
4) Slightly disagree1015.6
5) Moderately disagree25013.7
6) Strongly disagree29916.4
99) Don't know7.4
Missing741 
TOTAL1819100.0
139) [Asked only of those Christians attending church two or more times a month] I like the style of music at my church. (STYLEMUS)
TOTAL%
0) Refused13.7
1) Strongly agree89849.4
2) Moderately agree54530
3) Slightly agree1618.9
4) Slightly disagree402.2
5) Moderately disagree683.7
6) Strongly disagree713.9
99) Don't know221.2
Missing741 
TOTAL1818100.0
140) [Asked only of those Christians attending church two or more times a month] I feel like I belong at my church. (BELONG)
TOTAL%
0) Refused201.1
1) Strongly agree109860.3
2) Moderately agree40722.4
3) Slightly agree1126.2
4) Slightly disagree563.1
5) Moderately disagree522.9
6) Strongly disagree583.2
99) Don't know17.9
Missing741 
TOTAL1820100.0
141) [Asked only of those Christians attending church two or more times a month] Attending my church has made me more sensitive to other racial groups. (SENSITVE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused211.2
1) Strongly agree68737.7
2) Moderately agree40122
3) Slightly agree1739.5
4) Slightly disagree1266.9
5) Moderately disagree18810.3
6) Strongly disagree19810.9
99) Don't know261.4
Missing741 
TOTAL1820100.0
142) [Asked only of those Christians attending church two or more times a month] I'm satisfied with the leadership at my church. (SATISFD)
TOTAL%
0) Refused201.1
1) Strongly agree100455.2
2) Moderately agree48026.4
3) Slightly agree1297.1
4) Slightly disagree402.2
5) Moderately disagree442.4
6) Strongly disagree784.3
99) Don't know241.3
Missing741 
TOTAL1819100.0
143) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male122647.9
2) Female133452.1
TOTAL2560100.0
144) How many children do you currently live with and raise? (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
0) 0134552.6
1) 141916.4
2) 244517.4
3) 32238.7
4) 4722.8
5) 5371.4
6) 68.3
7) 72.1
8) 83.1
9) 9 or more10
98) Refused3.1
99) Don't know10
TOTAL2559100.0
145) Are any under 18? (UNDER18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes101183.5
2) No20016.5
Missing1349 
TOTAL1211100.0
146) What year were you born? (YEARBORN)
TOTAL%
1900) 190010
1905) 190510
1906) 19062.1
1907) 19072.1
1908) 190810
1909) 19096.2
1910) 191010
1911) 19115.2
1912) 19128.3
1913) 191300
1914) 19143.1
1915) 19155.2
1916) 19163.1
1917) 19177.3
1918) 19189.4
1919) 191910.4
1920) 192010.4
1921) 192114.5
1922) 192215.6
1923) 192320.8
1924) 192424.9
1925) 192515.6
1926) 1926301.2
1927) 192714.5
1928) 1928291.1
1929) 192918.7
1930) 193021.8
1931) 1931301.2
1932) 1932321.3
1933) 1933331.3
1934) 193418.7
1935) 193522.9
1936) 193623.9
1937) 1937301.2
1938) 1938291.1
1939) 193919.7
1940) 1940441.7
1941) 194123.9
1942) 1942411.6
1943) 1943251
1944) 1944291.1
1945) 1945251
1946) 1946431.7
1947) 1947401.6
1948) 1948542.1
1949) 1949351.4
1950) 1950451.8
1951) 1951471.8
1952) 1952542.1
1953) 1953441.7
1954) 1954572.2
1955) 1955451.8
1956) 1956471.8
1957) 1957632.5
1958) 1958632.5
1959) 1959572.2
1960) 1960652.5
1961) 1961592.3
1962) 1962512
1963) 1963451.8
1964) 1964622.4
1965) 1965712.8
1966) 1966451.8
1967) 1967391.5
1968) 1968502
1969) 1969512
1970) 1970562.2
1971) 1971532.1
1972) 1972401.6
1973) 1973481.9
1974) 1974502
1975) 1975411.6
1976) 1976441.7
1977) 1977481.9
1978) 1978622.4
1979) 1979391.5
1980) 1980592.3
1981) 1981602.3
1982) 19828.3
9999) Refused/Don't know23.9
TOTAL2560100.0
147) In what state or country were you born? Code state or country of birth (If say, 'U.S.' ask 'And what state?) (WHEREBRN)
TOTAL%
1) Other than U.S.28611.2
2) United States227488.8
TOTAL2560100.0
148) Country of birth (if WHEREBRN=1) (CNTRYBRN)
TOTAL%
1) Afghanistan2.7
2) Argentina1.3
3) Bangladesh00
4) Brazil41.4
5) Cambodia00
6) Canada93.1
8) China103.5
9) Colombia72.4
10) Cuba41.4
11) Dominican Republic62.1
12) Ecuador31
13) Egypt2.7
14) El Salvador62.1
17) Germany103.5
20) Guatemala51.7
21) Guyana1.3
22) Haiti1.3
23) Honduras2.7
24) Hong Kong2.7
25) India82.8
27) Iran31
28) Ireland1.3
29) Israel2.7
30) Italy2.7
31) Jamaica72.4
32) Japan41.4
34) Korea41.4
35) Laos2.7
36) Lebanon1.3
37) Mexico10536.5
38) Nicaragua2.7
40) Pakistan1.3
42) Peru1.3
43) Philippines93.1
44) Poland2.7
47) Russia1.3
50) Taiwan51.7
51) Thailand1.3
52) Trinidad & Tobago1.3
55) United Kingdom41.4
56) Vietnam72.4
57) Other4013.9
Missing2274 
TOTAL288100.0
149) U.S. state of birth (if WHEREBRN=2) (STATEBRN)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama452
2) Alaska3.1
3) Arizona11.5
4) Arkansas341.5
5) California1677.3
6) Colorado21.9
7) Connecticut231
8) Delaware5.2
9) Florida421.8
10) Georgia713.1
11) Hawaii9.4
12) Idaho18.8
13) Illinois1165.1
14) Indiana652.9
15) Iowa351.5
16) Kansas391.7
17) Kentucky452
18) Louisiana431.9
19) Maine13.6
20) Maryland231
21) Massachusetts482.1
22) Michigan1014.4
23) Minnesota542.4
24) Mississippi441.9
25) Missouri622.7
26) Montana13.6
27) Nebraska241.1
28) Nevada7.3
29) New Hampshire7.3
30) New Jersey421.8
31) New Mexico9.4
32) New York1426.2
33) North Carolina823.6
34) North Dakota11.5
35) Ohio1195.2
36) Oklahoma351.5
37) Oregon20.9
38) Pennsylvania1335.8
39) Rhode Island6.3
40) South Carolina291.3
41) South Dakota3.1
42) Tennessee662.9
43) Texas1466.4
44) Utah9.4
45) Vermont6.3
46) Virginia642.8
47) Washington401.8
48) Washington, D.C.19.8
49) West Virginia291.3
50) Wisconsin642.8
51) Wyoming8.4
52) Other8.4
Missing285 
TOTAL2278100.0
150) From age 8-18, in what state or country did you live the longest? Code state or country of birth (LIVELONG)
TOTAL%
1) Other than U.S.2098.2
2) United States235291.8
TOTAL2561100.0
151) Country lived longest (CNTRYLNG)
TOTAL%
1) Afghanistan1.5
2) Argentina1.5
4) Brazil31.4
5) Cambodia2.9
6) Canada83.7
8) China73.3
9) Colombia62.8
10) Cuba2.9
11) Dominican Republic31.4
12) Ecuador2.9
14) El Salvador52.3
17) Germany62.8
20) Guatemala41.9
23) Honduras2.9
24) Hong Kong2.9
25) India73.3
27) Iran31.4
28) Ireland1.5
30) Italy1.5
31) Jamaica62.8
32) Japan41.9
34) Korea2.9
35) Laos1.5
36) Lebanon1.5
37) Mexico8740.7
38) Nicaragua1.5
39) Nigeria1.5
40) Pakistan1.5
42) Peru2.9
43) Philippines52.3
47) Russia1.5
50) Taiwan41.9
52) Trinidad & Tobago1.5
53) Turkey1.5
54) Ukraine1.5
55) United Kingdom1.5
56) Vietnam2.9
57) Other2612.1
Missing2352 
TOTAL214100.0
152) State lived longest (STATELNG)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama421.8
2) Alaska4.2
3) Arizona15.6
4) Arkansas311.3
5) California2309.8
6) Colorado231
7) Connecticut19.8
8) Delaware6.3
9) Florida682.9
10) Georgia692.9
11) Hawaii4.2
12) Idaho17.7
13) Illinois1104.7
14) Indiana743.1
15) Iowa351.5
16) Kansas391.7
17) Kentucky411.7
18) Louisiana462
19) Maine11.5
20) Maryland331.4
21) Massachusetts441.9
22) Michigan1054.5
23) Minnesota572.4
24) Mississippi401.7
25) Missouri482
26) Montana12.5
27) Nebraska241
28) Nevada10.4
29) New Hampshire10.4
30) New Jersey472
31) New Mexico11.5
32) New York1596.8
33) North Carolina753.2
34) North Dakota7.3
35) Ohio1144.8
36) Oklahoma311.3
37) Oregon241
38) Pennsylvania1164.9
39) Rhode Island9.4
40) South Carolina291.2
41) South Dakota2.1
42) Tennessee692.9
43) Texas1416
44) Utah10.4
45) Vermont10.4
46) Virginia682.9
47) Washington462
48) Washington, D.C.9.4
49) West Virginia251.1
50) Wisconsin632.7
51) Wyoming10.4
52) Other12.5
Missing209 
TOTAL2354100.0
153) Since you moved to the United States, in which state did you live the longest? (WHCHSTAT)
TOTAL%
5) California421.1
9) Florida210.5
10) Georgia15.3
11) Hawaii00
20) Maryland15.3
23) Minnesota15.3
30) New Jersey15.3
32) New York15.3
33) North Carolina15.3
40) South Carolina15.3
43) Texas15.3
46) Virginia15.3
48) Washington, D.C.00
50) Wisconsin210.5
52) Other (specify)210.5
Missing2543 
TOTAL19100.0
154) In what state or country was your father born? (DADBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Other than U.S.43917.2
2) United States212082.8
Missing2 
TOTAL2559100.0
155) Country father born in (DADCNTRY)
TOTAL%
1) Afghanistan3.7
2) Argentina2.5
3) Bangladesh00
4) Brazil2.5
5) Cambodia00
6) Canada194.3
7) Chile00
8) China204.5
9) Colombia71.6
10) Cuba51.1
11) Dominican Republic71.6
12) Ecuador4.9
13) Egypt2.5
14) El Salvador71.6
16) France1.2
17) Germany102.3
19) Greece1.2
20) Guatemala61.4
21) Guyana2.5
22) Haiti2.5
23) Honduras2.5
24) Hong Kong2.5
25) India102.3
26) Indonesia2.5
27) Iran71.6
28) Ireland92
29) Israel2.5
30) Italy194.3
31) Jamaica102.3
32) Japan71.6
34) Korea4.9
35) Laos3.7
37) Mexico12628.5
38) Nicaragua4.9
39) Nigeria3.7
40) Pakistan1.2
42) Peru2.5
43) Philippines143.2
44) Poland81.8
45) Portugal1.2
46) Romania2.5
47) Russia71.6
48) Soviet Union1.2
49) Syria1.2
50) Taiwan2.5
52) Trinidad & Tobago1.2
53) Turkey1.2
54) Ukraine2.5
55) United Kingdom3.7
56) Vietnam61.4
57) Other8018.1
Missing2120 
TOTAL442100.0
156) U.S. state father born in (DADSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama733.4
2) Alaska6.3
3) Arizona10.5
4) Arkansas411.9
5) California683.2
6) Colorado19.9
7) Connecticut16.8
8) Delaware4.2
9) Florida221
10) Georgia763.6
11) Hawaii8.4
12) Idaho16.8
13) Illinois944.4
14) Indiana703.3
15) Iowa371.7
16) Kansas331.6
17) Kentucky612.9
18) Louisiana532.5
19) Maine13.6
20) Maryland16.8
21) Massachusetts432
22) Michigan864.1
23) Minnesota552.6
24) Mississippi552.6
25) Missouri602.8
26) Montana9.4
27) Nebraska371.7
28) Nevada2.1
29) New Hampshire5.2
30) New Jersey371.7
31) New Mexico13.6
32) New York1225.8
33) North Carolina924.3
34) North Dakota14.7
35) Ohio1014.8
36) Oklahoma391.8
37) Oregon20.9
38) Pennsylvania1085.1
39) Rhode Island3.1
40) South Carolina381.8
41) South Dakota10.5
42) Tennessee783.7
43) Texas1115.2
44) Utah9.4
45) Vermont10.5
46) Virginia763.6
47) Washington15.7
48) Washington, D.C.3.1
49) West Virginia301.4
50) Wisconsin622.9
51) Wyoming7.3
52) Other331.6
Missing441 
TOTAL2119100.0
157) And in what state or country was your mother born? (MOMBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Other than U.S.43617
2) United States212583
TOTAL2561100.0
158) Country mother born in (MOMCNTRY)
TOTAL%
1) Afghanistan2.5
2) Argentina2.5
3) Bangladesh00
4) Brazil2.5
5) Cambodia2.5
6) Canada153.4
8) China184.1
9) Colombia81.8
10) Cuba71.6
11) Dominican Republic71.6
12) Ecuador3.7
13) Egypt2.5
14) El Salvador102.3
16) France81.8
17) Germany143.2
19) Greece1.2
20) Guatemala61.4
21) Guyana2.5
22) Haiti2.5
23) Honduras3.7
24) Hong Kong2.5
25) India143.2
26) Indonesia2.5
27) Iran4.9
28) Ireland102.3
30) Italy92.1
31) Jamaica81.8
32) Japan81.8
34) Korea61.4
35) Laos3.7
36) Lebanon1.2
37) Mexico12528.5
38) Nicaragua2.5
39) Nigeria3.7
40) Pakistan1.2
41) Panama00
42) Peru2.5
43) Philippines143.2
44) Poland61.4
45) Portugal1.2
46) Romania1.2
47) Russia51.1
48) Soviet Union1.2
49) Syria1.2
50) Taiwan4.9
51) Thailand1.2
52) Trinidad & Tobago1.2
54) Ukraine1.2
55) United Kingdom61.4
56) Vietnam81.8
57) Other7416.9
Missing2125 
TOTAL438100.0
159) U.S. state mother born in (MOMSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama693.2
2) Alaska4.2
3) Arizona8.4
4) Arkansas482.3
5) California763.6
6) Colorado211
7) Connecticut11.5
8) Delaware4.2
9) Florida231.1
10) Georgia874.1
11) Hawaii6.3
12) Idaho10.5
13) Illinois1054.9
14) Indiana542.5
15) Iowa422
16) Kansas301.4
17) Kentucky643
18) Louisiana492.3
19) Maine15.7
20) Maryland221
21) Massachusetts512.4
22) Michigan743.5
23) Minnesota472.2
24) Mississippi562.6
25) Missouri703.3
26) Montana6.3
27) Nebraska331.6
28) Nevada00
29) New Hampshire6.3
30) New Jersey311.5
31) New Mexico7.3
32) New York1175.5
33) North Carolina884.1
34) North Dakota11.5
35) Ohio994.7
36) Oklahoma411.9
37) Oregon20.9
38) Pennsylvania1286
39) Rhode Island4.2
40) South Carolina442.1
41) South Dakota11.5
42) Tennessee693.2
43) Texas1135.3
44) Utah13.6
45) Vermont9.4
46) Virginia733.4
47) Washington251.2
48) Washington, D.C.9.4
49) West Virginia281.3
50) Wisconsin643
51) Wyoming9.4
52) Other211
Missing436 
TOTAL2125100.0
160) Do you currently own your own house, rent an apartment, or something else? (OWNHOUSE)
TOTAL%
0) Refused18.7
1) Own my own house161062.9
2) Rent a house26610.4
3) Rent an apartment41616.2
4) Rent a duplex15.6
5) Own a condominium21.8
6) Rent a condominium14.5
7) Live in a dorm9.4
8) Other, specify1797
99) Don't know13.5
TOTAL2561100.0
161) How many rooms do you have (for your family), not counting bathrooms? (ROOMS)
TOTAL%
1) 1783
2) 21736.8
3) 328911.3
4) 431812.4
5) 542916.7
6) 644817.5
7) 732812.8
8) 82439.5
9) 91064.1
10) 10692.7
11) 1115.6
12) 1217.7
13) 137.3
14) 145.2
15) 1510.4
16) 162.1
25) 2510
99) Don't know24.9
TOTAL2562100.0
162) What is the highest grade of school, year in college, or graduate degree you have completed? (in years of schooling) (HIGRADE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256112.943.15
163) And to do our statistical analysis, we need to have respondent's zip codes. We will not use this to contact you or send you anything. Your answers are totally anonymous. What is your zip code? [If RESPZIP = 0 then refused.] (RESPZIP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561509792347.39292101295.87
164) Now here is the last question. I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please tell me to stop when a category I read best describes your total household income before taxes. (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,0002329.1
2) $10,000-20,00035713.9
3) $20,000-30,00039415.4
4) $30,000-40,00035914
5) $40,000-50,00033012.9
6) $50,000-60,00026510.3
7) $60,000-70,0002017.8
8) $70,000-80,0001234.8
9) $80,000-90,000622.4
10) $90,000-100,000702.7
11) More than $100,0001686.6
TOTAL2561100.0
165) INTERVIEWER: Was the respondent cooperative? (COOPERAT)
TOTAL%
1) Cooperative222286.8
2) Mixed, but generally cooperative29711.6
3) Mixed, but generally uncooperative301.2
4) Uncooperative12.5
TOTAL2561100.0
166) INTERVIEWER: Did the respondent appear to understand the questions? (UNDRSTND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes190774.5
2) Mixed, but generally yes57322.4
3) Mixed, but generally no662.6
4) No15.6
TOTAL2561100.0
167) Date of interview (DATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256119995294.884526.51
168) Respondent's race (5 categories) (RRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White188773.7
2) Black29511.5
3) Hispanic26710.4
4) Asian923.6
5) American Indian20.8
TOTAL2561100.0
169) Randomization for TAXBREAK (RANDOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Black areas129250.5
2) Hispanic areas126849.5
Missing1 
TOTAL2560100.0
170) Randomization for WELFLIVE (RANDOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Whites53220.8
2) Blacks52720.6
3) Hispanics52120.3
4) Asians48619
5) American Indians49519.3
TOTAL2561100.0
171) Randomization for PATRIOT (RANDOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Whites54221.2
2) Blacks50119.6
3) Hispanics50719.8
4) Asians51720.2
5) American Indians49419.3
TOTAL2561100.0
172) Randomization for ARROGANT (RANDOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Whites51520.1
2) Blacks55421.6
3) Hispanics51120
4) Asians48719
5) American Indians49219.2
Missing2 
TOTAL2559100.0
173) Randomization for UPSET (RANDOM5)
TOTAL%
1) White66025.8
2) Black62824.5
3) Hispanic63224.7
4) Asian64025
Missing1 
TOTAL2560100.0
174) Randomization for BUYHOME part A (school quality) (RANDOM6)
TOTAL%
1) Low quality87534.2
2) Acceptable quality82032
3) High quality86633.8
TOTAL2561100.0
175) Randomization for BUYHOME part B2 (neighborhood racial composition) (RANDOM7)
TOTAL%
1) White65325.5
2) Black64225.1
3) Hispanic63824.9
4) Asian62824.5
TOTAL2561100.0
176) Randomization for BUYHOME part B2 (neighborhood racial composition) (RANDOM8)
TOTAL%
1) 5%1375.4
2) 10%1295.1
3) 15%1305.1
4) 20%1365.3
5) 25%1415.5
6) 30%1445.7
7) 35%1144.5
8) 40%1335.2
9) 45%1084.2
10) 50%1275
11) 55%1495.9
12) 60%1134.4
13) 65%1385.4
14) 70%1124.4
15) 75%1154.5
16) 80%1275
17) 85%1264.9
18) 90%1325.2
19) 95%1084.2
20) 100%1275
Missing16 
TOTAL2546100.0
177) Randomization for BUYHOME part C (neighborhood home values) (RANDOM9)
TOTAL%
1) Lower value than home86333.7
2) Equal value as home81731.9
3) Higher value than home88134.4
TOTAL2561100.0
178) Randomization for BUYHOME part D (neighborhood property values) (RANDOM10)
TOTAL%
1) Declining property values82232.1
2) Stable property values82632.3
3) Increasing property values91235.6
TOTAL2560100.0
179) Randomization for BUYHOME part E (neighborhood crime level) (RANDOM11)
TOTAL%
1) Low crime82732.3
2) Average crime84933.2
3) High crime88434.5
TOTAL2560100.0
180) Randomization for PREFER (neighborhood racial composition) (RANDOM12)
TOTAL%
1) White64925.3
2) Black63824.9
3) Hispanic63024.6
4) Asian64125
5) American Indian3.1
TOTAL2561100.0
181) Open-ended responses to DENOM (OPEN1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
182) Open-ended responses to WORK (OPEN2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
183) Open-ended responses to BAPTIST (OPEN3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
184) Open-ended responses to RELIGID (OPEN4)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
185) Open-ended responses to RELIG (OPEN5)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
186) Open-ended responses to CNTRYBRN (OPEN6)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
187) Open-ended responses to STATEBRN (OPEN7)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
188) Open-ended responses to CNTRYLNG (OPEN8)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
189) Open-ended responses to STATELNG (OPEN9)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
190) Open-ended responses to WHCHSTAT (OPEN10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
191) Open-ended responses to DADCNTRY (OPEN11)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
192) Open-ended responses to DADSTATE (OPEN12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
193) Open-ended responses to MOMCNTRY (OPEN13)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
194) Open-ended responses to MOMSTATE (OPEN14)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
195) Open-ended responses to OWNHOUSE (OPEN15)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
196) Open-ended responses to FRNDRACE (OPEN16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
197) Open-ended responses to REASON1 (OPEN17)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
198) Open-ended responses to REASON2 (OPEN18)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
199) Open-ended responses to HEADRACE (OPEN19)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
200) Open-ended responses to MOSTIMP (OPEN20)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
201) Respondent's level of education (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school41816.4
2) High school84232.9
3) Some college68626.8
4) College41316.2
5) Post-college1977.7
Missing4 
TOTAL2556100.0
202) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256144.9517.24
203) Weight variable for when breaking down by racial category (WGTEDSEX)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611.150.52
204) Weight variable for when not breaking down by racial category (WGTFINAL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10.45
205) State code (STATECOD)
TOTAL%
1) AL421.6
3) AZ271.1
4) AR371.4
5) CA28711.2
6) CO301.2
7) CT23.9
8) DE7.3
9) FL1124.4
10) GA793.1
12) ID18.7
13) IL1094.3
14) IN702.7
15) IA271.1
16) KS421.6
17) KY411.6
18) LA361.4
19) ME14.5
20) MD421.6
21) MA481.9
22) MI993.9
23) MN572.2
24) MS321.3
25) MO592.3
26) MT8.3
27) NE22.9
28) NV18.7
29) NH8.3
30) NJ582.3
31) NM15.6
32) NY1375.4
33) NC1003.9
34) ND8.3
35) OH1044.1
36) OK261
37) OR451.8
38) PA1074.2
39) RI7.3
40) SC341.3
41) SD3.1
42) TN632.5
43) TX2058
44) UT17.7
45) VT5.2
46) VA742.9
47) WA602.3
48) DC5.2
49) WV15.6
50) WI682.7
51) WY9.4
TOTAL2559100.0
206) Interviewer race (INTRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian/Anglo130050.8
2) Black/African-American58823
3) Hispanic/Latino34813.6
4) Asian/Asian-American2519.8
5) Pacific Islander582.3
6) American Indian/Native American8.3
9) Unknown8.3
TOTAL2561100.0
207) Respondent's zip code (ZIP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256151824.5828561.32
208) 2000 Estimated percent Black in zip code (Z_PBLACK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256111.8819.26
209) 2000 Estimated percent Hispanic in zip code (Z_PHISP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256110.0418.28
210) 2000 Estimated percent Asian in zip code (Z_PASIAN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.316.29
211) 2000 Estimated percent Black, Hispanic, and Asian combined (Z_PTHREE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256125.2328.24
212) 2000 Census tract number (TRACT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25612572.223606.53
213) State Code (FIPS) (STATFIPS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256128.6015.86
214) Census tract area key (TR_AKEY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256130105901984.3615497143964.29
215) Tract total population (TR_POP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25615761.892029.73
216) Tract non-Hispanic white population (TR_NHWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613759.091785.54
217) Tract non-Hispanic black population (TR_NHBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561706.33749.11
218) Tract non-Hispanic Native American population (TR_NHNAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256136.9245.72
219) Tract non-Hispanic Asian population (TR_NHASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561239.46273.99
220) Tract non-Hispanic Pacific Islander population (TR_NHPAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25616.198.23
221) Tract non-Hispanic other population (TR_NHOTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25619.579.79
222) Tract non-Hispanic two or more race population (TR_NHTWO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256179.4252.72
223) Tract Hispanic total population (TR_HTOT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561924.921039.39
224) Tract Hispanic-white population (TR_HWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561454.74545.20
225) Tract Hispanic-black population (TR_HBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256121.7731.59
226) Tract Hispanic/Native American population (TR_HNAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25619.2111.07
227) Tract Hispanic-Asian population (TR_HASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25612.743.20
228) Tract Hispanic/Pacific Islander population (TR_HPAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611.151.56
229) Tract Hispanic-other population (TR_HOTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561386.46496.11
230) Tract Hispanic/two or more race population (TR_HTWO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256148.8452.50
231) Tract total number households (TR_TOTHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611985.72714.68
232) Tract single mother households (TR_SMHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561141.2980.56
233) Tract non-family households (TR_NFHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561129.9693.13
234) Tract number of homeowners (TR_OWN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611293.64606.39
235) Tract number of renters (TR_RENT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561692.08444.76
236) Block group total population (BG_POP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25612174.251063.58
237) Block group non-Hispanic white population (BG_NHWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611355.91826.77
238) Block group non-Hispanic black population (BG_NHBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561265.03275.68
239) Block group non-Hispanic Native American population (BG_NHNAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256113.3215.94
240) Block group non-Hispanic Asian population (BG_NHASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561125.99142.15
241) Block group non-Hispanic Pacific Islander population (BG_NHPAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25612.944.05
242) Block group non-Hispanic other population (BG_NHOTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.954.06
243) Block group non-Hispanic two or more race population (BG_NHTWO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256132.7827.13
244) Block group Hispanic total population (BG_HTOT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561374.33389.82
245) Block group Hispanic-white population (BG_HWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561186.96213.77
246) Block group Hispanic-black population (BG_HBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25616.578.03
247) Block group Hispanic/Native American population (BG_HNAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.504.23
248) Block group Hispanic-Asian population (BG_HASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611.211.43
249) Block group Hispanic/Pacific Islander population (BG_HPAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25610.570.84
250) Block group Hispanic-other population (BG_HOTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561155.84180.11
251) Block group Hispanic/two or more race population (BG_HTWO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256119.6719.78
252) Block group total number households (BG_TOTHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561750.75381.85
253) Block group single mother households (BG_SMHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256151.5536.36
254) Block group non-family households (BG_NFHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256152.2642.32
255) Block group number of homeowners (BG_OWN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561473.24289.57
256) Block group number of renters (BG_RENT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561277.51226.12
257) Block 2000 percent Hispanic (PCTHISP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256110.9620.63
258) Block 2000 percent non-Hispanic (PCTNOHIS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256180.9931.47
259) Block 2000 percent White (PCT1WHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256170.7334.38
260) Block 2000 percent Black (PCT1BLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256110.3922.46
261) Block 2000 percent Native American (PCT1NAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25610.473.01
262) Block 2000 percent Asian (PCT1ASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.157.58
263) Block 2000 percent Pacific Islander (PCT1PAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25610.110.88
264) Block 2000 percent Other (PCT1OTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25615.2011.79
265) Block 1990 percent Hispanic (PCTHIS90)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25617.4817.82
266) Block 1990 percent non-Hispanic (PCTNOHI9)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256186.1428.63
267) Block 1990 percent White (PCTWHI90)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256178.6432.27
268) Block 1990 percent Black (PCTBLK90)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25618.8821.53
269) Block 1990 percent Native American (PCTNAT90)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25610.411.41
270) Block 1990 percent Other (PCTOTH90)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.4510.64
271) Zip code 2000 total population (ZP_POP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256126365.4618600.18
272) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic white population (ZP_NHWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256116554.4111715.17
273) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic black population (ZP_NHBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613656.457657.64
274) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic Native American population (ZP_NHNAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561125.27314.32
275) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic Asian population (ZP_NHASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611145.922853.65
276) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic Pacific Islander population (ZP_NHPAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256128.68114.00
277) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic other population (ZP_NHOTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256147.70101.63
278) Zip code 2000 non-Hispanic two or more race population (ZP_NHTWO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561447.17507.11
279) Zip code 2000 Hispanic total population (ZP_HTOT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25614359.8510181.11
280) Zip code 2000 Hispanic-white population (ZP_HWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25612051.925233.90
281) Zip code 2000 Hispanic-black population (ZP_HBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256179.12239.71
282) Zip code 2000 Hispanic/Native American population (ZP_HNAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256146.47107.53
283) Zip code 2000 Hispanic-Asian population (ZP_HASN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256113.2127.77
284) Zip code 2000 Hispanic/Pacific Islander population (ZP_HPAC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25614.699.98
285) Zip code 2000 Hispanic-other population (ZP_HOTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25611904.134918.34
286) Zip code 2000 Hispanic/two or more race population (ZP_HTWO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561260.31504.62
287) Zip code 2000 total number households (ZP_TOTHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25619811.886636.85
288) Zip code 2000 single mother households (ZP_SMHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561761.14752.70
289) Zip code 2000 non-family households (ZP_NFHH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2561656.48728.98
290) Zip code 2000 number of homeowners (ZP_OWN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25616088.333896.83
291) Zip code 2000 number of renters (ZP_RENT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613723.553967.24
292) Block group percent non-Hispanic white (BG_PNHW)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256163.9722.74
293) Block group percent non-Hispanic black (BG_PNHB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256112.4414.95
294) Block group percent non-Hispanic Asian and Pacific Islander (BG_PNHAP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25615.295.20
295) Block group percent Hispanic (BG_PHISP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256116.0314.59
296) Zip code percent non-Hispanic white (ZP_PNHW)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256171.6126.38
297) Zip code non-Hispanic black (ZP_PNHB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256111.6718.78
298) Zip code percent Hispanic (ZP_PHISP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256111.2617.65
299) Zip code percent non-Hispanic Asian and Pacific Islander (ZP_PNHAP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.205.86
300) Tract percent non-Hispanic white (TR_PNHW)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256165.8822.74
301) Tract percent non-Hispanic black (TR_PNHB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256112.7215.22
302) Tract percent non-Hispanic Asian and Pacific Islander (TR_PNHAP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25614.085.04
303) Tract percent Hispanic (TR_PHISP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256115.1114.82
304) 2000 estimated percent non-Hispanic white in zip code (ZPNHW)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256174.5127.21
305) 2000 estimated percent black in zip code (ZBLACK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256111.8819.26
306) 2000 estimated percent Hispanic in zip code (ZHISP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256110.0418.28
307) 2000 estimated percent Asian in zip code (ZASIAN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25613.316.29
308) Recode of religious tradition into three categories (RELTRAD1)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant128150.3
2) Catholic/Eastern Orthodox63324.9
3) Other63324.9
Missing14 
TOTAL2547100.0
309) Recode of religious tradition into four categories (RELTRAD2)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant128150.3
2) Catholic/Eastern Orthodox63324.9
3) Other2258.8
4) No religion40816
Missing14 
TOTAL2547100.0
310) Percent respondent's race in zip code (ZP_POWN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL256169.0629.06
311) Respondent's age (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29 years old55321.6
2) 30-44 years old83032.4
3) 45-59 years old62224.3
4) 60-74 years old39115.3
5) 75 and older1656.4
TOTAL2561100.0
312) Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male122647.9
2) Female133452.1
TOTAL2560100.0
313) Now here is the last question. I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please tell me to stop when a category I read best describes your total household income before taxes. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $20,00058923
2) $20,000-$40,00075229.4
3) $40,000-$60,00059523.2
4) $60,000-$80,00032412.7
5) $80,000-$100,0001325.2
6) Over $100,0001686.6
TOTAL2560100.0
314) Respondent's level of education (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school41816.4
2) High school84232.9
3) Some college68626.8
4) College41316.2
5) Post-college1977.7
Missing4 
TOTAL2556100.0
315) Respondent's race (5 categories) (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White188773.7
2) Black29511.5
3) Hispanic26710.4
4) Asian923.6
5) American Indian20.8
TOTAL2561100.0
316) Recode of religious tradition into four categories (for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant128150.3
2) Catholic/Eastern Orthodox63324.9
3) Other2258.8
4) No religion40816
Missing14 
TOTAL2547100.0
317) How often have you been attending [church/synagogue/mosque/temple] services in the last year? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Never66826.3
2) Less than once a month49219.4
3) Once a month2499.8
4) 2-3 times a month31612.4
5) Once a week54521.4
6) More than once a week27210.7
Missing19 
TOTAL2542100.0