American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 207) FINALWT
1) Respondent ID (CSID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2081437143.84120778.73
2) There are some things that people see as core strengths of America. For each of the following, please tell me if they are very important for making America what it is, somewhat important, not very important or not important at all. First, the way democracy works. (STRN01)
TOTAL%
1) Very important173783.5
2) Somewhat important26712.8
3) Not very important432.1
4) Not important at all16.8
8) Don't know15.7
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2080100.0
3) Economic opportunities. (STRN02)
TOTAL%
1) Very important172082.7
2) Somewhat important32715.7
3) Not very important17.8
4) Not important at all4.2
8) Don't know13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
4) Individual freedoms. (STRN03)
TOTAL%
1) Very important193192.8
2) Somewhat important1356.5
3) Not very important9.4
4) Not important at all10
8) Don't know5.2
TOTAL2081100.0
5) American culture and values. (STRN04)
TOTAL%
1) Very important130062.5
2) Somewhat important66331.9
3) Not very important813.9
4) Not important at all15.7
8) Don't know14.7
9) Refused8.4
TOTAL2081100.0
6) American influence in the world. (STRN05)
TOTAL%
1) Very important90143.3
2) Somewhat important94645.5
3) Not very important1868.9
4) Not important at all281.3
8) Don't know15.7
9) Refused5.2
TOTAL2081100.0
7) Please say how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following: For a strong America, it is important that people share a basic set of moral values. Do you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree? (V101A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree116355.9
2) Somewhat agree68032.7
3) Somewhat disagree1527.3
4) Strongly disagree813.9
8) Don't know4.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL2080100.0
8) It's fine for Americans to have different lifestyles and values so long as they all follow the same rules. (V101B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree101448.8
2) Somewhat agree65431.4
3) Somewhat disagree26312.6
4) Strongly disagree1296.2
8) Don't know13.6
9) Refused7.3
TOTAL2080100.0
9) It's a problem if people think of themselves mostly as members of groups rather than as individuals. (V101C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree59228.4
2) Somewhat agree68032.7
3) Somewhat disagree49423.7
4) Strongly disagree25812.4
8) Don't know432.1
9) Refused14.7
TOTAL2081100.0
10) Focusing too much on people's different backgrounds divides people. (V101D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree119557.4
2) Somewhat agree51524.7
3) Somewhat disagree23211.1
4) Strongly disagree1256
8) Don't know13.6
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
11) The best way to deal with people who are different from you is to learn all you can about them. (V101E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree144369.3
2) Somewhat agree51324.7
3) Somewhat disagree834
4) Strongly disagree371.8
8) Don't know4.2
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
12) It is important to recognize the rights of groups as well as the rights of individuals. (V101F)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree119757.5
2) Somewhat agree64831.2
3) Somewhat disagree1225.9
4) Strongly disagree823.9
8) Don't know211
9) Refused10.5
TOTAL2080100.0
13) The United States is one of the most socially and culturally diverse nations in the world. Do you see this as mostly a strength, mostly a weakness, or equally a strength and weakness? (V109)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly a strength93344.8
2) Mostly a weakness994.8
3) Equally a strength and weakness103049.5
8) Don't know13.6
9) Refused6.3
TOTAL2081100.0
14) Are there any specific ways you see diversity as a strength? (V110)
TOTAL%
1) Gave answer [see text file for answer]142068.2
2) Did not (SAID "NO WAYS")58828.3
8) Don't know602.9
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
15) Are there any specific ways you see diversity as a weakness? (V111)
TOTAL%
1) Gave answer [see text file for answer]110653.1
2) Did not (SAID "NO WAYS")88442.5
8) Don't know633
9) Refused281.3
TOTAL2081100.0
16) I'm going to ask some questions about people who are socially and culturally different from you. Please tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following. I value having people who are different from me in my city or town. (V112A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree133264
2) Somewhat agree57327.5
3) Somewhat disagree974.7
4) Strongly disagree623
8) Don't know9.4
9) Refused8.4
TOTAL2081100.0
17) I value having friends who are different from me. (V112E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree147370.8
2) Somewhat agree48923.5
3) Somewhat disagree653.1
4) Strongly disagree381.8
8) Don't know10.5
9) Refused6.3
TOTAL2081100.0
18) In terms of your actual experience, please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with the following. There is a lot of social and cultural diversity in my city or town. (V113A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree99747.9
2) Somewhat agree57827.8
3) Somewhat disagree28113.5
4) Strongly disagree1999.6
8) Don't know221.1
9) Refused5.2
TOTAL2082100.0
19) There is a lot of social and cultural diversity among my friends. (V113B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree65031.2
2) Somewhat agree75736.4
3) Somewhat disagree38418.5
4) Strongly disagree27013
8) Don't know16.8
9) Refused4.2
TOTAL2081100.0
20) When you have had contact with people in your city or town who are different from you, have those experiences been very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative? (V115A)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive59628.6
2) Somewhat positive121458.3
3) Somewhat negative1728.3
4) Very negative462.2
5) Never have such contact (Vol.)10.5
8) Don't know341.6
9) Refused9.4
TOTAL2081100.0
21) How about among your friends? (When you have had contact with people different from you, how would you rate those experiences?) (V115E)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive111353.5
2) Somewhat positive78637.8
3) Somewhat negative834
4) Very negative211
5) Never have such contact (Vol.)472.3
8) Don't know271.3
9) Refused5.2
TOTAL2082100.0
22) Now I want to read you a list of different groups of people who live in this country. For each one, please tell me how much you think people in this group agree with YOUR vision of American society -- almost completely, mostly, somewhat, or not at all? First, African-Americans (V121A)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree30314.6
2) Mostly agree63030.3
3) Somewhat agree97446.8
4) Not at all924.4
8) Don't know693.3
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
23) Hispanics/Latinos (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121B)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree29214
2) Mostly agree59928.8
3) Somewhat agree92944.6
4) Not at all1517.3
8) Don't know974.7
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
24) Asian-Americans (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121C)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree31615.2
2) Mostly agree60829.2
3) Somewhat agree88742.6
4) Not at all1376.6
8) Don't know1205.8
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
25) Recent immigrants (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121D)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree24211.6
2) Mostly agree48123.1
3) Somewhat agree89543
4) Not at all23111.1
8) Don't know21510.3
9) Refused16.8
TOTAL2080100.0
26) White Americans (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121E)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree45221.7
2) Mostly agree76937
3) Somewhat agree75836.4
4) Not at all442.1
8) Don't know472.3
9) Refused11.5
TOTAL2081100.0
27) Jews (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121F)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree34916.8
2) Mostly agree59828.7
3) Somewhat agree81739.3
4) Not at all1416.8
8) Don't know1637.8
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
28) Muslims (followers of Islam) (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121G)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree1085.2
2) Mostly agree29314.1
3) Somewhat agree93344.8
4) Not at all48323.2
8) Don't know24711.9
9) Refused18.9
TOTAL2082100.0
29) Conservative Christians (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121I)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree36717.6
2) Mostly agree50724.4
3) Somewhat agree86541.6
4) Not at all27113
8) Don't know633
9) Refused7.3
TOTAL2080100.0
30) Atheists (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121J)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree1376.6
2) Mostly agree26312.6
3) Somewhat agree72434.8
4) Not at all73635.4
8) Don't know1999.6
9) Refused221.1
TOTAL2081100.0
31) Homosexuals (How much do members of that group agree with your vision of American society?) (V121N)
TOTAL%
1) Almost completely agree23511.3
2) Mostly agree45922.1
3) Somewhat agree79038
4) Not at all43320.8
8) Don't know1396.7
9) Refused251.2
TOTAL2081100.0
32) Compared to other groups today in the U.S., do you think Jews have too much power and influence, too little, or about the right amount? (JEWISH1)
TOTAL%
1) Too much power26112.5
2) Too little power1276.1
3) About the right amount142868.6
8) Don't know23111.1
9) Refused341.6
TOTAL2081100.0
33) Do you think Jews are becoming more like other Americans, less like other Americans, or are they staying about the same? (JEWISH2)
TOTAL%
1) More like other Americans56327.1
2) Less like other Americans904.3
3) About the same Americans116556
8) Don't know22410.8
9) Refused391.9
TOTAL2081100.0
34) As a group, do you think Jews are more loyal to Israel than to America, more loyal to America than Israel, or equally loyal to both? (IF ONLY LOYAL TO ONLY COUNTRY, CODE AS IF MORE LOYAL TO THAT) (JEWISH3)
TOTAL%
1) More loyal to Israel38318.4
2) More loyal to America41019.7
3) Equally loyal to US/Israel100548.3
8) Don't know24311.7
9) Refused401.9
TOTAL2081100.0
35) Do you think conservative Christians have too much power and influence in America today, too little, or about the right amount? (STER1A)
TOTAL%
1) Too much power28925.9
2) Too little power19217.2
3) About the right amount57851.7
8) Don't know464.1
9) Refused121.1
Missing964 
TOTAL1117100.0
36) Do African Americans pose a greater threat to public order and safety than other groups, a lesser threat, or about the same as other groups? (STER2A)
TOTAL%
1) Greater threat17115.3
2) Lesser threat968.6
3) About the same81673.1
8) Don't know181.6
9) Refused161.4
Missing964 
TOTAL1117100.0
37) Would you strongly agree with the following statements, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree? African Americans take away resources that should go to others, like jobs and welfare. (STER4A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree988.8
2) Somewhat agree21319.1
3) Somewhat disagree27324.4
4) Strongly disagree49544.3
8) Don't know232.1
9) Refused151.3
Missing964 
TOTAL1117100.0
38) Asian Americans are a model for other minorities to follow. (STER5A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16514.8
2) Somewhat agree45040.3
3) Somewhat disagree23621.1
4) Strongly disagree19817.7
8) Don't know585.2
9) Refused111
Missing964 
TOTAL1118100.0
39) Do you think homosexuals have too much power and influence in America today, too little, or about the right amount? (STER1B)
TOTAL%
1) Too much power32630.6
2) Too little power25724.1
3) About the right amount41238.7
8) Don't know545.1
9) Refused161.5
Missing1017 
TOTAL1065100.0
40) Do Muslim Americans pose a greater threat to public order and safety than other groups, a lesser threat, or about the same as other groups? (STER2B)
TOTAL%
1) Greater threat23622.2
2) Lesser threat676.3
3) About the same72067.7
8) Don't know363.4
9) Refused5.5
Missing1017 
TOTAL1064100.0
41) Would you strongly agree with the following statements, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree? New immigrants take away resources that should go to others, like jobs and welfare. (STER4B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28727
2) Somewhat agree29627.8
3) Somewhat disagree22020.7
4) Strongly disagree23822.4
8) Don't know171.6
9) Refused6.6
Missing1017 
TOTAL1064100.0
42) Asian Americans are over-represented in college admissions. (STER5B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13112.3
2) Somewhat agree22421.1
3) Somewhat disagree27726
4) Strongly disagree25824.2
8) Don't know16715.7
9) Refused7.7
Missing1017 
TOTAL1064100.0
43) People can feel differently about their children marrying people from various backgrounds. Suppose your son or daughter wanted to marry an African American. Would you approve of this choice, disapprove of it or wouldn't it make any difference at all one way or the other? (IF PERSON SAYS, "I'm African-American", SAY "We'll be asking about other groups you don't belong to as well" and repeat) (MARR1A)
TOTAL%
1) Approve18016.1
2) Disapprove29526.5
3) No difference61254.9
8) Don't know201.8
9) Refused8.7
Missing965 
TOTAL1115100.0
44) How about if they wanted to marry a Hispanic person? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR2A)
TOTAL%
1) Approve24221.7
2) Disapprove20118
3) No difference64457.7
8) Don't know201.8
9) Refused10.9
Missing965 
TOTAL1117100.0
45) Asian American? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR3A)
TOTAL%
1) Approve22520.2
2) Disapprove20218.1
3) No difference66459.5
8) Don't know141.3
9) Refused111
Missing965 
TOTAL1116100.0
46) White or Anglo-American? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR4A)
TOTAL%
1) Approve43939.3
2) Disapprove252.2
3) No difference63356.7
8) Don't know121.1
9) Refused7.6
Missing965 
TOTAL1116100.0
47) People can feel differently about their children marrying people from various backgrounds. Suppose your son or daughter wanted to marry a conservative Christian. Would you approve of this choice, disapprove of it or wouldn't it make any difference at all one way or the other? (MARR1B)
TOTAL%
1) Approve35433.2
2) Disapprove736.8
3) No difference62658.7
8) Don't know10.9
9) Refused3.3
Missing1015 
TOTAL1066100.0
48) How about if they wanted to marry a Jewish person? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR2B)
TOTAL%
1) Approve29427.6
2) Disapprove12311.5
3) No difference63159.2
8) Don't know131.2
9) Refused4.4
Missing1015 
TOTAL1065100.0
49) Muslim? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR3B)
TOTAL%
1) Approve17216.2
2) Disapprove34632.5
3) No difference51648.5
8) Don't know302.8
9) Refused1.1
Missing1015 
TOTAL1065100.0
50) An atheist or non-believer? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR4B)
TOTAL%
1) Approve13212.4
2) Disapprove50147
3) No difference42039.4
8) Don't know10.9
9) Refused2.2
Missing1015 
TOTAL1065100.0
51) Now we would like to ask you some questions more specifically about race and religion in American life. In the past, some people have called the United States a basically Christian nation. Would you characterize the United States as a Christian nation today? (V123)
TOTAL%
1) Yes137966.3
2) No67032.2
8) Don't know301.4
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
52) Would you say this is mostly a good thing or a mostly a bad thing? (V124)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly a good thing144369.3
2) Mostly a bad thing44721.5
3) Equally good and bad (Vol.)1276.1
8) Don't know532.5
9) Refused12.6
TOTAL2082100.0
53) And at times, other people have called the United States a basically white nation. Would you characterize the country as a white nation today? (V125)
TOTAL%
1) Yes57727.7
2) No147971
8) Don't know231.1
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2082100.0
54) Would you say this is mostly a good thing or a mostly a bad thing? (IF MIXED/SOME OF EACH TRY TO GET MOSTLY, ACCEPT EQUALLY IF R INSISTS) (V126)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly a good thing124459.8
2) Mostly a bad thing46322.2
3) Equally good and bad (Vol.)26512.7
8) Don't know874.2
9) Refused231.1
TOTAL2082100.0
55) What is your race? (DO NOT READ CATEGORIES, USE OTHER IF UNCLEAR) (V128)
TOTAL%
1) African American (Black)1828.7
2) Asian American321.5
3) Hispanic/Latino1517.3
4) Native American231.1
5) White156175
6) Other (specify)643.1
7) Multiracial (specify)582.8
8) Don't know10
9) Refused9.4
TOTAL2081100.0
56) Which single category do you think best describes your background? (PROMPT AS NECESSARY) (V129)
TOTAL%
1) African American (Black)1511.5
2) Asian American86.1
3) Hispanic/Latino43.1
4) Native American75.3
5) White4534.4
6) Other (specify)2015.3
7) Multiracial (won't choose)1914.5
8) Don't know75.3
9) Refused64.6
Missing1950 
TOTAL131100.0
57) Do you feel this group has a culture that should be preserved? (NOTE THIS REFERS TO WHATEVER GROUP OR COMBINATION OF GROUPS R SPECIFIED) (V130)
TOTAL%
1) Yes159977.4
2) No38218.5
8) Don't know763.7
9) Refused10.5
Missing13 
TOTAL2067100.0
58) How important is this identity to you? Very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not important at all? (V131)
TOTAL%
1) Very important94745.8
2) Somewhat important66532.2
3) Not very important28613.8
4) Not important at all1658
8) Don't know5.2
9) Refused00
Missing13 
TOTAL2068100.0
59) Is there another ethnic category that you more closely identify with than the group we've been talking about? (V132)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36117.5
2) No168881.6
8) Don't know19.9
9) Refused00
Missing13 
TOTAL2068100.0
60) (IF IDENTIFY WITH OTHER GROUP) How important is THIS identify to you? Very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not important at all? (V133)
TOTAL%
1) Very important18150
2) Somewhat important12133.4
3) Not very important318.6
4) Not important at all287.7
9) Refused1.3
Missing1720 
TOTAL362100.0
61) Do you feel this group has a culture that should be preserved? (V134)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33592.8
2) No246.6
8) Don't know1.3
9) Refused1.3
Missing1720 
TOTAL361100.0
62) Are you involved in any organization based on your racial or ethnic identity? (V135A1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1356.5
2) No194293.4
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused10
TOTAL2080100.0
63) How important was your racial (or ethnic) identity growing up? (V135B)
TOTAL%
1) Very important69133.2
2) Somewhat important51224.6
3) Not very important53925.9
4) Not important at all31315
8) Don't know19.9
9) Refused6.3
TOTAL2080100.0
64) Have you ever experienced any discrimination because of your race? (V136)
TOTAL%
1) Yes81839.3
2) No126160.6
8) Don't know10
9) Refused00
TOTAL2080100.0
65) Would you say this has happened to you frequently, occasionally, or rarely? (V136A)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently11614.2
2) Occasionally28434.7
3) Rarely41851.1
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing1263 
TOTAL818100.0
66) And within the past few years, is this happening more often than earlier in your life, less often, or about as often as it did previously? (V136B)
TOTAL%
1) More often22727.8
2) Less often37345.6
3) About as often21225.9
8) Don't know6.7
Missing1263 
TOTAL818100.0
67) Now I'm going to read several statements about your general views on race and ethnicity in American culture; please tell me if you strongly agree somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. Being a member of a racial or ethnic organization is a good way for people to become established in a local community. (V137A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38018.3
2) Somewhat agree83940.3
3) Somewhat disagree42220.3
4) Strongly disagree38318.4
8) Don't know522.5
9) Refused5.2
TOTAL2081100.0
68) Celebrating your ethnic or racial heritage is something you should do only if it meets your personal needs. (V137B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree52325.1
2) Somewhat agree70834
3) Somewhat disagree46222.2
4) Strongly disagree34516.6
8) Don't know341.6
9) Refused10.5
TOTAL2082100.0
69) Members of racial or ethnic groups should make sacrifices for the good of their community. (V137C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree65131.3
2) Somewhat agree78137.5
3) Somewhat disagree34816.7
4) Strongly disagree21410.3
8) Don't know582.8
9) Refused281.3
TOTAL2080100.0
70) Employers should be required to promote racial and ethnic diversity in the workplace. (V137D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree61029.3
2) Somewhat agree55626.7
3) Somewhat disagree32315.5
4) Strongly disagree53925.9
8) Don't know422
9) Refused11.5
TOTAL2081100.0
71) Public schools should teach about the racial and ethnic diversity of the American people. (V137E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree130862.9
2) Somewhat agree53625.8
3) Somewhat disagree1095.2
4) Strongly disagree1145.5
8) Don't know12.6
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
72) How much do you think racial differences divide people in American today? A lot, some, only a little, or not much at all? (V137F)
TOTAL%
1) A lot107451.6
2) Some77437.2
3) Only a little1497.2
4) Not much at all753.6
8) Don't know9.4
9) Refused10
TOTAL2082100.0
73) At this point, we are turning to religion... What religion, if any, were you raised in? (DO NOT READ CATEGORIES, CLASSIFY INTO GROUPS BELOW, IF UNCLEAR USE OTHER) (V140)
TOTAL%
0) Christian23811.4
1) Protestant (what denomination) [specify]84940.8
2) Catholic64230.9
3) Eastern Orthodox5.2
4) Jewish (which branch) [specify]361.7
5) Muslim10.5
6) Buddhist3.1
7) Hindu12.6
8) Some other religion [specify]1567.5
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic1246
98) Don't know4.2
99) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
74) How often do you attend religious services? Never, hardly ever except holidays, less than once a month, about once a month, two to three times a month, once a week, or more than once a week? (V141)
TOTAL%
1) Never33916.3
2) Hardly ever, except holidays40119.3
3) Less than once a month1145.5
4) About once a month1879
5) Two to three times a month27313.1
6) Once a week46422.3
7) More than once a week29714.3
8) Don't know4.2
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2082100.0
75) What denomination is that? (That is, what kind of church/synagogue/mosque is it?") (V142)
TOTAL%
8) 81.1
11) Roman Catholic49028.2
21) Reconstructionist1.1
22) Reform8.5
23) Conservative5.3
24) Orthodox3.2
25) Jewish Other4.2
26) Jewish Non-specific2.1
31) American Baptist Association16.9
32) American Baptist Churches in the USA9.5
33) National Baptist Convention of America7.4
34) The Southern Baptist Convention844.8
35) Other Baptist392.2
36) Baptist non-specific1347.7
41) African Methodist Episcopal Church6.3
42) African Methodist Episcopal Church, Zion1.1
43) United Methodist Church1056
44) Other Methodist181
45) Methodist non-specific442.5
51) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod291.7
52) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod13.7
53) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)321.8
54) Other Lutheran14.8
55) Lutheran non-specific492.8
61) Presbyterian Church in the USA201.2
62) United Presbyterian Church in the USA8.5
63) Presbyterian Church (USA)6.3
64) Other Presbyterian2.1
65) Presbyterian non-specific362.1
71) Episcopalian502.9
76) Orthodox [specify]8.5
81) Unitarian-Universalist16.9
91) ASK "What specifically" [specify]1548.9
95) ASK "What specifically" [specify]23213.4
98) Don't know784.5
99) Refused12.7
Missing346 
TOTAL1736100.0
76) And what is your current religious preference, if any? (V143)
TOTAL%
0) Christian318.5
1) Protestant (what denomination) [specify]3810.4
2) Catholic287.7
3) Eastern Orthodox00
4) Jewish (which branch) [specify]1.3
5) Muslim82.2
6) Buddhist174.7
7) Hindu82.2
8) Some other religion [specify]3910.7
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic18250
98) Don't know123.3
Missing1718 
TOTAL364100.0
77) Do you feel your religious group has a culture that is worth preserving? (V144)
TOTAL%
1) Yes176484.8
2) No24912
8) Don't know502.4
9) Refused18.9
TOTAL2081100.0
78) How important is your religion to you? Very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not important at all? (V138)
TOTAL%
1) Very important119657.5
2) Somewhat important57627.7
3) Not very important1838.8
4) Not at all important1195.7
8) Don't know00
9) Refused7.3
TOTAL2081100.0
79) How important was it for you growing up? (V139)
TOTAL%
1) Very important107051.4
2) Somewhat important60028.8
3) Not very important27713.3
4) Not at all important1326.3
8) Don't know00
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
80) (ASKED ONLY IF SOMETIMES ATTEND) Through your church or other religious group, do you personally do any of the following? Evangelism or outreach to new members (V145A@1)
TOTAL%
0) No122270.1
1) Yes50529
8) Don't know11.6
9) Refused4.2
Missing339 
TOTAL1742100.0
81) (ASKED ONLY IF SOMETIMES ATTEND) Through your church or other religious group, do you personally do any of the following? Service work or charity (V145A@2)
TOTAL%
0) No73442.1
1) Yes100257.5
8) Don't know4.2
9) Refused3.2
Missing339 
TOTAL1743100.0
82) (ASKED ONLY IF SOMETIMES ATTEND) Through your church or other religious group, do you personally do any of the following? Political or social activism (V145A@3)
TOTAL%
0) No144582.9
1) Yes27715.9
8) Don't know201.1
9) Refused1.1
Missing339 
TOTAL1743100.0
83) (ASKED ONLY IF SOMETIMES ATTEND) Through your church or other religious group, do you personally do any of the following? Religious education (V145A@4)
TOTAL%
0) No109763
1) Yes64236.9
8) Don't know3.2
9) Refused00
Missing339 
TOTAL1742100.0
84) (ASKED ONLY IF SOMETIMES ATTEND) Through your church or other religious group, do you personally do any of the following? Leisure activities or socializing (V145A@5)
TOTAL%
0) No65137.3
1) Yes108662.3
8) Don't know3.2
9) Refused3.2
Missing339 
TOTAL1743100.0
85) (ASKED ONLY IF SOMETIMES ATTEND) Through your church or other religious group, do you personally do any of the following? Anything else, beside attending service (V145A@6)
TOTAL%
0) No134577.2
1) Yes39122.4
8) Don't know5.3
9) Refused1.1
Missing339 
TOTAL1742100.0
86) (Asked if the respondent answered yes to v145a@6) What other activities are these? (V145B)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given [specify]38498.5
2) No answer61.5
Missing1690 
TOTAL390100.0
87) Which of these three statements comes closest to describing your views regarding the Bible? (V146)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is the literal word of God.67432.4
2) The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally.109352.5
3) The Bible is a wise book, but God had nothing to do with it.26212.6
8) Don't know18.9
9) Refused341.6
TOTAL2081100.0
88) How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Please say whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree. Being a church member is an important way to become established in a community. (V147A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree75736.4
2) Somewhat agree86541.6
3) Somewhat disagree26612.8
4) Strongly disagree1738.3
8) Don't know18.9
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
89) Going to religious services is something you should do only if it meets your personal needs. (V147B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree70533.9
2) Somewhat agree50924.5
3) Somewhat disagree35917.3
4) Strongly disagree48923.5
8) Don't know11.5
9) Refused7.3
TOTAL2080100.0
90) Sometimes people need to make sacrifices for their religious community. (V147C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree62830.2
2) Somewhat agree92444.4
3) Somewhat disagree27613.3
4) Strongly disagree2009.6
8) Don't know361.7
9) Refused17.8
TOTAL2081100.0
91) The government should guarantee equal treatment of all religions, including unpopular ones, or religions that some people find offensive. (V147D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree95545.9
2) Somewhat agree62630.1
3) Somewhat disagree25212.1
4) Strongly disagree2029.7
8) Don't know291.4
9) Refused18.9
TOTAL2082100.0
92) Public schools should teach about the religious diversity of the American people. (V147E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree85441
2) Somewhat agree64430.9
3) Somewhat disagree24511.8
4) Strongly disagree30214.5
8) Don't know271.3
9) Refused10.5
TOTAL2082100.0
93) The course of our lives is determined by God. (V147G)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree91443.9
2) Somewhat agree51624.8
3) Somewhat disagree25712.4
4) Strongly disagree34916.8
8) Don't know341.6
9) Refused10.5
TOTAL2080100.0
94) Society's standards of right and wrong should be based on God's laws. (V147H)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree82439.6
2) Somewhat agree62930.2
3) Somewhat disagree27413.2
4) Strongly disagree31215
8) Don't know291.4
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
95) How much do you think religion divides people in America today? A lot, some, only a little, or not much at all? (V147I)
TOTAL%
1) A lot85941.3
2) Some85641.1
3) Only a little24011.5
4) Not much at all1195.7
8) Don't know7.3
9) Refused10
TOTAL2082100.0
96) Have you ever experienced any discrimination because [if V143 eq 9] you are not religious? [else] of your religion? (V149)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47322.7
2) No160677.2
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused00
TOTAL2081100.0
97) Would you say this has happened to you frequently, occasionally, or rarely? (V149A)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently5110.8
2) Occasionally16735.3
3) Rarely25553.9
Missing1608 
TOTAL473100.0
98) And within the past few years, is this happening more often than earlier in your life, less often, or about as often as it did previously? (V149B)
TOTAL%
1) More often13628.8
2) Less often18138.3
3) About as often15633
8) Don't know00
Missing1608 
TOTAL473100.0
99) On average, white Americans have better jobs, income, and housing than others. Please tell me if you think each of the following factors is very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not important at all in explaining whites' greater success? Prejudice and discrimination in favor of whites. (V151A)
TOTAL%
1) Very important24621.6
2) Somewhat important47541.7
3) Not very important21719.1
4) Not important at all16214.2
8) Don't know232
9) Refused161.4
Missing942 
TOTAL1139100.0
100) Laws and institutions favor whites more than other groups. (V151B)
TOTAL%
1) Very important19016.7
2) Somewhat important40835.8
3) Not very important25722.5
4) Not important at all23921
8) Don't know262.3
9) Refused201.8
Missing942 
TOTAL1140100.0
101) Effort and hard work. (V151C)
TOTAL%
1) Very important63755.9
2) Somewhat important33429.3
3) Not very important907.9
4) Not important at all575
8) Don't know121.1
9) Refused9.8
Missing942 
TOTAL1139100.0
102) Differences in whites' family upbringing. (V151D)
TOTAL%
1) Very important38433.7
2) Somewhat important48342.4
3) Not very important15513.6
4) Not important at all857.5
8) Don't know201.8
9) Refused131.1
Missing942 
TOTAL1140100.0
103) Access to better schools and social connections. (V151E)
TOTAL%
1) Very important59652.4
2) Somewhat important35631.3
3) Not very important1139.9
4) Not important at all544.7
8) Don't know131.1
9) Refused6.5
Missing942 
TOTAL1138100.0
104) On the average, African-Americans have worse jobs, income, and housing than white people. Please say whether you think each of the following factors is very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important in explaining that. Prejudice and discrimination against African-Americans. (V152A)
TOTAL%
1) Very important31530.2
2) Somewhat important48346.4
3) Not very important14614
4) Not important at all726.9
8) Don't know171.6
9) Refused9.9
Missing1038 
TOTAL1042100.0
105) Laws and institutions work against blacks more than other racial groups. (V152B)
TOTAL%
1) Very important15214.6
2) Somewhat important29628.4
3) Not very important32431.1
4) Not important at all21921
8) Don't know333.2
9) Refused171.6
Missing1038 
TOTAL1041100.0
106) Lack of effort and hard work. (V152C)
TOTAL%
1) Very important26225.2
2) Somewhat important38937.4
3) Not very important21921
4) Not important at all12111.6
8) Don't know343.3
9) Refused161.5
Missing1038 
TOTAL1041100.0
107) Differences in family upbringing. (V152D)
TOTAL%
1) Very important42841.1
2) Somewhat important42540.8
3) Not very important10510.1
4) Not important at all535.1
8) Don't know151.4
9) Refused161.5
Missing1038 
TOTAL1042100.0
108) Lack of access to good schools and social connections. (V152E)
TOTAL%
1) Very important48646.6
2) Somewhat important35834.3
3) Not very important10810.4
4) Not important at all636
8) Don't know161.5
9) Refused121.2
Missing1038 
TOTAL1043100.0
109) Thinking about yourself personally, please tell me whether the following factors have helped you to get ahead in life, held you back, or neither helped you nor held you back? Favoritism (If BOTH, PROBE FOR "on balance", IF NECESSARY, CODE "4") (V176A)
TOTAL%
1) Helped37618.1
2) Held back1688.1
3) Neither helped nor held back151172.6
4) Both equally (Vol.)3.1
8) Don't know19.9
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2080100.0
110) Your hard work and effort (If BOTH, PROBE FOR "on balance", IF NECESSARY, CODE "4") (V176B)
TOTAL%
1) Helped191291.9
2) Held back311.5
3) Neither helped nor held back1346.4
4) Both equally (Vol.)10
8) Don't know3.1
TOTAL2081100.0
111) Your upbringing (If BOTH, PROBE FOR "on balance", IF NECESSARY, CODE "4") (V176C)
TOTAL%
1) Helped179086
2) Held back713.4
3) Neither helped nor held back2059.9
4) Both equally (Vol.)5.2
8) Don't know9.4
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
112) Access to resources like schools and social connections (If BOTH, PROBE FOR "on balance", IF NECESSARY, CODE "4") (V176D)
TOTAL%
1) Helped152373.2
2) Held back1024.9
3) Neither helped nor held back44021.1
4) Both equally (Vol.)10.5
8) Don't know5.2
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
113) How strongly do you agree or disagree with these statements? Please say whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. African Americans should receive special consideration in job hiring and school admissions. (V153A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1115.3
2) Somewhat agree43520.9
3) Somewhat disagree53125.5
4) Strongly disagree97546.9
8) Don't know15.7
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2080100.0
114) African Americans should get more economic assistance from the government. (V153B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1095.2
2) Somewhat agree32215.5
3) Somewhat disagree57927.8
4) Strongly disagree103749.8
8) Don't know251.2
9) Refused10.5
TOTAL2082100.0
115) Charities and other non-profit organizations should do more to help African-Americans. (V153C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2029.7
2) Somewhat agree62329.9
3) Somewhat disagree55426.6
4) Strongly disagree65531.5
8) Don't know311.5
9) Refused17.8
TOTAL2082100.0
116) We'd like to turn now to some questions about some other important issues. First: about schools in this country. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree, with each of the following: The public schools in the U.S. give everyone equal access to a good education. (V154A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54626.3
2) Somewhat agree59128.4
3) Somewhat disagree41419.9
4) Strongly disagree50924.5
8) Don't know18.9
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2080100.0
117) Diversity in schools is important for a good quality education. (V154B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree105450.7
2) Somewhat agree69633.5
3) Somewhat disagree1848.8
4) Strongly disagree1306.3
8) Don't know14.7
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2080100.0
118) Schools are one of the most important places where we can create a sense of unity and commonality among all Americans. (V154C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree142568.5
2) Somewhat agree50324.2
3) Somewhat disagree924.4
4) Strongly disagree492.4
8) Don't know4.2
9) Refused8.4
TOTAL2081100.0
119) When you were in high school, did any of your classes focus on issues of multiculturalism in America? (V154D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67432.4
2) No131763.3
3) Never went to HS (Vol.)241.2
8) Don't know623
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2080100.0
120) Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree, with the following statements about immigration and immigrants. The U.S. should do more to limit immigration. (V155A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree75036.1
2) Somewhat agree63130.3
3) Somewhat disagree38418.5
4) Strongly disagree26112.5
8) Don't know361.7
9) Refused18.9
TOTAL2080100.0
121) It's OK for immigrants to be loyal to both their home country and the U.S. (V155B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree65831.6
2) Somewhat agree82139.4
3) Somewhat disagree24811.9
4) Strongly disagree32215.5
8) Don't know201
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2082100.0
122) Immigrants should have access to basic social services like health care and education. (V155C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree85741.2
2) Somewhat agree81139
3) Somewhat disagree1778.5
4) Strongly disagree1657.9
8) Don't know432.1
9) Refused281.3
TOTAL2081100.0
123) Immigrants should have should have to learn English. (V155D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree153173.6
2) Somewhat agree39318.9
3) Somewhat disagree1014.9
4) Strongly disagree492.4
8) Don't know5.2
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
124) Immigrants should celebrate American holidays and traditions. (V155F)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree63030.3
2) Somewhat agree64531
3) Somewhat disagree45421.8
4) Strongly disagree30914.8
8) Don't know331.6
9) Refused11.5
TOTAL2082100.0
125) Now we'll be changing the subject. If you had a say in making up the federal budget this year, should spending on welfare-type programs be increased, decreased, or kept about the same? (V157)
TOTAL%
1) Increased44721.5
2) Decreased46922.5
3) Kept about the same108552.1
8) Don't know673.2
9) Refused13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
126) Here are some proposals about welfare. I would like to know whether you favor each one, oppose it or are undecided: Welfare should depend on willingness to move off welfare and into work. (V156A)
TOTAL%
1) Favor182687.7
2) Oppose793.8
3) Undecided1647.9
8) Don't know9.4
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2081100.0
127) Women on welfare shouldn't receive more benefits by having more children. (V156D)
TOTAL%
1) Favor136265.4
2) Oppose46122.1
3) Undecided24211.6
8) Don't know12.6
9) Refused5.2
TOTAL2082100.0
128) Next I will read a list of statements about crime and your community. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree, with the following statements: The courts are too lenient with criminals. (V158A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree80338.6
2) Somewhat agree62129.9
3) Somewhat disagree37618.1
4) Strongly disagree1959.4
8) Don't know753.6
9) Refused10.5
TOTAL2080100.0
129) We need tougher prison sentences for repeat offenders. (V158B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree131463.1
2) Somewhat agree49223.6
3) Somewhat disagree1507.2
4) Strongly disagree834
8) Don't know361.7
9) Refused6.3
TOTAL2081100.0
130) A person convicted of murder should receive the death penalty. (V158C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree52225.1
2) Somewhat agree54626.2
3) Somewhat disagree43921.1
4) Strongly disagree44321.3
8) Don't know974.7
9) Refused351.7
TOTAL2082100.0
131) How many years have you been in your current community? (ROUND UP) (V190)
TOTAL%
1) 11195.7
2) 2914.4
3) 31034.9
4) 4723.5
5) 5954.6
6) 6452.2
7) 7683.3
8) 8592.8
9) 9351.7
10) 101034.9
11) 11231.1
12) 12643.1
13) 13401.9
14) 14231.1
15) 15844
16) 16331.6
17) 17341.6
18) 18442.1
19) 19281.3
20) 20844
21) 21241.2
22) 22442.1
23) 23422
24) 2415.7
25) 25663.2
26) 2614.7
27) 2716.8
28) 28211
29) 297.3
30) 30743.6
31) 3112.6
32) 3219.9
33) 33281.3
34) 3411.5
35) 35361.7
36) 3616.8
37) 378.4
38) 3813.6
39) 396.3
40) 40492.4
41) 4114.7
42) 428.4
43) 4310.5
44) 445.2
45) 4517.8
46) 464.2
47) 47231.1
48) 487.3
49) 495.2
50) 50251.2
51) More than fifty1075.1
71) All my life864.1
98) Don't know2.1
99) Refused00
TOTAL2081100.0
132) We want to ask a few questions about your community. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. I feel safe walking alone at night in my neighborhood. (V191A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree126560.8
2) Somewhat agree53425.6
3) Somewhat disagree1175.6
4) Strongly disagree1567.5
8) Don't know7.3
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2082100.0
133) The people in my community really care about their neighbors. (V191B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree86641.6
2) Somewhat agree87842.2
3) Somewhat disagree1868.9
4) Strongly disagree1386.6
8) Don't know11.5
9) Refused10
TOTAL2080100.0
134) Most people in my community share the same basic values that I do. (V191C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree57527.6
2) Somewhat agree99247.7
3) Somewhat disagree26712.8
4) Strongly disagree1748.4
8) Don't know713.4
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
135) It would not bother me too much to move from here into some other community. (V191D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree63930.7
2) Somewhat agree77837.4
3) Somewhat disagree35116.9
4) Strongly disagree29214
8) Don't know201
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
136) Number of persons the respondent lists after the prompt below. "Now we would like to find out a little about the people you know. From time to time, most people discuss important matters with other people. Looking back over the last six months who are the people with whom you have discussed matters important to you? Just tell me their first names or initials." (NPERS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20813.151.58
137) How do you know [fill 116@a]? Is this person a family member, co-worker, someone from your neighborhood, your church, or something else? (V117A)
TOTAL%
1) Family member79440.3
2) Co-worker32616.6
3) Neighbor21010.7
4) Church member1095.5
5) Something else/just a friend51726.3
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused10.5
Missing114 
TOTAL1968100.0
138) How do you know [fill 116@b]? Is this person a family member, co-worker, someone from your neighborhood, your church, or something else? (V117B)
TOTAL%
1) Family member59734.9
2) Co-worker30317.7
3) Neighbor1458.5
4) Church member905.3
5) Something else/just a friend56933.2
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused7.4
Missing367 
TOTAL1713100.0
139) And how do you know [fill 116@c]? Is this person a family member, co-worker, someone from your neighborhood, your church, or something else? (V117C)
TOTAL%
1) Family member49637.1
2) Co-worker24318.2
3) Neighbor896.7
4) Church member795.9
5) Something else/just a friend41931.3
8) Don't know1.1
9) Refused10.7
Missing744 
TOTAL1337100.0
140) And how do you know [fill 116@d]? Is this person a family member, co-worker, someone from your neighborhood, your church, or something else? (V117D)
TOTAL%
1) Family member34037.3
2) Co-worker17819.5
3) Neighbor454.9
4) Church member454.9
5) Something else/just a friend29632.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused8.9
Missing1170 
TOTAL912100.0
141) How do you know [fill 116@e]? Is this person a family member, co-worker, someone from your neighborhood, your church, or something else? (V117E)
TOTAL%
1) Family member23537.4
2) Co-worker12620
3) Neighbor406.4
4) Church member345.4
5) Something else/just a friend18529.4
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused81.3
Missing1452 
TOTAL629100.0
142) What race is [fill 116@a]? (V118A)
TOTAL%
1) White144273.3
2) Black/African American21811.1
3) Hispanic1417.2
4) Native American/Indian191
5) Asian/Islander502.5
6) Other [specify]844.3
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused12.6
Missing114 
TOTAL1968100.0
143) What race is [fill 116@b]? (V118B)
TOTAL%
1) White130576.2
2) Black/African American1559
3) Hispanic1217.1
4) Native American/Indian11.6
5) Asian/Islander472.7
6) Other [specify]643.7
8) Don't know1.1
9) Refused9.5
Missing367 
TOTAL1713100.0
144) What race is [fill 116@c]? (V118C)
TOTAL%
1) White102876.9
2) Black/African American1209
3) Hispanic705.2
4) Native American/Indian131
5) Asian/Islander403
6) Other [specify]534
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused11.8
Missing744 
TOTAL1337100.0
145) What race is [fill 116@d]? (V118D)
TOTAL%
1) White69075.7
2) Black/African American879.5
3) Hispanic626.8
4) Native American/Indian91
5) Asian/Islander222.4
6) Other [specify]343.7
8) Don't know1.1
9) Refused6.7
Missing1170 
TOTAL911100.0
146) What race is [fill 116@e]? (V118E)
TOTAL%
1) White47776.1
2) Black/African American629.9
3) Hispanic325.1
4) Native American/Indian91.4
5) Asian/Islander121.9
6) Other [specify]284.5
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused61
Missing1452 
TOTAL627100.0
147) What religion is [fill 116@a]? (V119A)
TOTAL%
0) Christian27013.7
1) Protestant59930.5
2) Roman Catholic47724.3
3) (Eastern) Orthodox1.1
4) Jewish472.4
5) Muslim9.5
6) Hindu5.3
7) Buddhist8.4
8) Some other religion1557.9
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic20110.2
98) Don't know1869.5
99) Refused9.5
Missing114 
TOTAL1967100.0
148) What religion is [fill 116@b]? (V119B)
TOTAL%
0) Christian23813.9
1) Protestant47127.5
2) Roman Catholic43125.1
3) (Eastern) Orthodox5.3
4) Jewish331.9
5) Muslim10.6
6) Hindu6.4
7) Buddhist8.5
8) Some other religion1428.3
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic18210.6
98) Don't know18210.6
99) Refused6.4
Missing367 
TOTAL1714100.0
149) What religion is [fill 116@c]? (V119C)
TOTAL%
0) Christian17813.3
1) Protestant39329.4
2) Roman Catholic34125.5
3) (Eastern) Orthodox2.1
4) Jewish322.4
5) Muslim3.2
6) Hindu3.2
7) Buddhist4.3
8) Some other religion1118.3
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic1309.7
98) Don't know1329.9
99) Refused8.6
Missing744 
TOTAL1337100.0
150) What religion is [fill 116@d]? (V119D)
TOTAL%
0) Christian13114.4
1) Protestant28030.7
2) Roman Catholic20122
3) (Eastern) Orthodox00
4) Jewish161.8
5) Muslim4.4
6) Hindu3.3
7) Buddhist4.4
8) Some other religion758.2
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic9610.5
98) Don't know9610.5
99) Refused6.7
Missing1170 
TOTAL912100.0
151) What religion is [fill 116@e]? (V119E)
TOTAL%
0) Christian8513.6
1) Protestant17928.5
2) Roman Catholic15023.9
3) (Eastern) Orthodox1.2
4) Jewish213.3
5) Muslim71.1
6) Hindu1.2
7) Buddhist1.2
8) Some other religion548.6
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic609.6
98) Don't know629.9
99) Refused61
Missing1452 
TOTAL627100.0
152) In terms of politics and values, is [fill 116@a] more conservative than you, more liberal, or about the same? (V120A)
TOTAL%
1) Person is more conservative50925.9
2) Person is more liberal35117.8
3) Person is about the same106354
8) Don't know341.7
9) Refused10.5
Missing114 
TOTAL1967100.0
153) In terms of politics and values, is [fill 116@b] more conservative than you, more liberal, or about the same? (V120B)
TOTAL%
1) Person is more conservative50229.3
2) Person is more liberal35320.6
3) Person is about the same82147.9
8) Don't know331.9
9) Refused5.3
Missing367 
TOTAL1714100.0
154) In terms of politics and values, is [fill 116@c] more conservative than you, more liberal, or about the same? (V120C)
TOTAL%
1) Person is more conservative31723.7
2) Person is more liberal30422.7
3) Person is about the same68150.9
8) Don't know272
9) Refused8.6
Missing744 
TOTAL1337100.0
155) In terms of politics and values, is [fill 116@d] more conservative than you, more liberal, or about the same? (V120D)
TOTAL%
1) Person is more conservative21223.2
2) Person is more liberal20922.9
3) Person is about the same46551
8) Don't know171.9
9) Refused91
Missing1170 
TOTAL912100.0
156) In terms of politics and values, is [fill 116@e] more conservative than you, more liberal, or about the same? (V120E)
TOTAL%
1) Person is more conservative15023.8
2) Person is more liberal15524.6
3) Person is about the same30548.5
8) Don't know132.1
9) Refused61
Missing1452 
TOTAL629100.0
157) Finally, we'd like to ask some questions about your own life and background. In what year were you born? (V159)
TOTAL%
1910) 191010
1911) 191100
1912) 191210
1914) 191410
1915) 19152.1
1916) 19163.1
1917) 191710
1918) 19184.2
1919) 19192.1
1920) 19207.3
1921) 192111.5
1922) 192216.8
1923) 192311.5
1924) 19245.2
1925) 19258.4
1926) 19268.4
1927) 192714.7
1928) 192811.5
1929) 192912.6
1930) 193012.6
1931) 193113.6
1932) 19329.4
1933) 19334.2
1934) 193412.6
1935) 193515.7
1936) 1936221.1
1937) 1937221.1
1938) 193819.9
1939) 1939251.2
1940) 1940311.5
1941) 1941261.3
1942) 1942251.2
1943) 1943381.8
1944) 1944351.7
1945) 1945552.6
1946) 1946522.5
1947) 1947321.5
1948) 1948351.7
1949) 1949301.4
1950) 1950432.1
1951) 1951321.5
1952) 1952472.3
1953) 1953221.1
1954) 1954361.7
1955) 1955401.9
1956) 1956381.8
1957) 1957351.7
1958) 1958442.1
1959) 1959492.4
1960) 1960482.3
1961) 1961412
1962) 1962522.5
1963) 1963673.2
1964) 1964241.2
1965) 1965401.9
1966) 1966311.5
1967) 1967381.8
1968) 1968371.8
1969) 1969452.2
1970) 1970512.5
1971) 1971331.6
1972) 1972341.6
1973) 1973462.2
1974) 1974271.3
1975) 1975321.5
1976) 1976241.2
1977) 1977512.5
1978) 1978492.4
1979) 1979472.3
1980) 1980291.4
1981) 1981532.5
1982) 1982261.3
1983) 1983391.9
1984) 1984663.2
1985) 198514.7
9998) Don't know10
9999) Refused19.9
TOTAL2080100.0
158) Do you have any children of your own? (IF SO) How many? (V160)
TOTAL%
0) No children61329.5
1) One child29614.2
2) 259428.5
3) 334516.6
4) 41316.3
5) 5552.6
6) 616.8
7) 78.4
8) 813.6
9) Nine or more4.2
98) Don't know10
99) Refused5.2
TOTAL2081100.0
159) Are there any children 18 years old or younger living in your household? (V161)
TOTAL%
1) Yes84940.8
2) No122759
8) Don't know00
9) Refused4.2
TOTAL2080100.0
160) What is your marital status? Are you currently married, single, widowed, divorced or separated, or living with a partner? (V163)
TOTAL%
1) Married122658.9
2) Single43120.7
3) Widowed974.7
4) Divorced1768.5
5) Separated311.5
6) Living with partner1125.4
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused5.2
TOTAL2080100.0
161) What is your spouse's race? (V164)
TOTAL%
1) African-American846.8
2) Asian American141.1
3) Hispanic/Latino907.3
4) Native American6.5
5) White96778.8
6) Other [specify]463.7
7) Multiracial [specify]161.3
9) Refused4.3
Missing855 
TOTAL1227100.0
162) What is your spouse's religion? (V165)
TOTAL%
0) Christian13711.2
1) Protestant (what denomination) [specify]45537.1
2) Catholic33227.1
3) Eastern Orthodox00
4) Jewish (which branch) [specify]272.2
5) Muslim6.5
6) Buddhist3.2
7) Hindu5.4
8) Some other religion [specify]14011.4
9) No religion/Atheist/Agnostic967.8
98) Don't know221.8
99) Refused3.2
Missing855 
TOTAL1226100.0
163) Do you consider yourself to be a work-centered person or a family-centered person? (V166)
TOTAL%
1) Work-centered41720
2) Family-centered131163
3) Both equally (Vol.)33516.1
4) Neither (Vol.)14.7
8) Don't know3.1
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
164) Are you currently working, in school, retired, or something else? (V167)
TOTAL%
1) Working125660.4
2) In school1075.1
3) Both working and in school1225.9
4) Retired33115.9
5) Homemaker1145.5
6) No paid job1366.5
8) Don't know10.5
9) Refused4.2
TOTAL2080100.0
165) (IF NOT WORKING OR RETIRED) Are you actively looking for paid work? (V167B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13937.5
2) No22861.5
8) Don't know1.3
9) Refused3.8
Missing1710 
TOTAL371100.0
166) (IF NOT NOW WORKING, "...When you are/were employed, what kind of work do you do?") (RECORD JOB TITLE AND SPECIFICS) (V168)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given [specify]204798.4
2) Never work241.2
8) Don't know4.2
9) Refused6.3
TOTAL2081100.0
167) (If gave working) Is your job part-time or full-time? (V169)
TOTAL%
1) Part time20114.6
2) Full time117585.3
8) Don't know2.1
Missing702 
TOTAL1378100.0
168) Have you ever received welfare, unemployment insurance, or other direct payments from government agencies for any reason? (V172)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76536.8
2) No130662.8
8) Don't know10.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL2081100.0
169) Is your spouse currently working, in school, retired, or something else? (V173)
TOTAL%
1) Working79765
2) In school221.8
3) Both working and in school171.4
4) Retired20416.6
5) Homemaker12410.1
6) No paid job604.9
8) Don't know1.1
9) Refused2.2
Missing855 
TOTAL1227100.0
170) Is your spouse actively looking for paid work? (V173A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3918.8
2) No16981.3
8) Don't know00
Missing1872 
TOTAL208100.0
171) What is (his/her) primary job? ("When he or she is working") (RECORD JOB TITLE AND SPECIFICS) (V174)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given [specify]119297.2
2) Never work262.1
8) Don't know4.3
9) Refused4.3
Missing855 
TOTAL1226100.0
172) (If spouse is working) Is (his/her) job part-time or full-time? (V175)
TOTAL%
1) Part time9311.4
2) Full time71888.3
8) Don't know1.1
9) Refused1.1
Missing1268 
TOTAL813100.0
173) Which of the categories comes closest to the type of place you were living in when you were 16 years old? Open country or on a farm, a small city or town, a medium city, a suburb of a large city, or a large city? (V177)
TOTAL%
1) Open country or on a farm40819.6
2) Small city/town (under 50,000)68032.7
3) Medium city (50,000 to 250,000)31315
4) Suburb of a large city38018.3
5) Large city (over 250,000)29514.2
8) Don't know4.2
TOTAL2080100.0
174) Were any of your parents born outside of this country? (V178)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36317.4
2) No171882.6
8) Don't know00
TOTAL2081100.0
175) Are you a citizen of the United States? (V180)
TOTAL%
1) Yes200096.1
2) No813.9
8) Don't know00
TOTAL2081100.0
176) (IF NOT US CITIZEN) What country do you consider to be home - the United States, your country of origin, or both? (V181)
TOTAL%
1) United States2227.5
2) Country of origin1012.5
3) Both4860
Missing2000 
TOTAL80100.0
177) What is the highest level of education completed by your father? (V182)
TOTAL%
1) Some high school or less54025.9
2) High school graduate or GED68532.9
3) Technical degree351.7
4) Some college1668
5) College graduate31715.2
6) Post-graduate2059.9
8) Don't know1336.4
9) Refused00
TOTAL2081100.0
178) What's the highest level of education you have completed yourself? (V183)
TOTAL%
1) Some high school or less1205.8
2) High school graduate or GED53525.7
3) Technical degree894.3
4) Some college54025.9
5) College graduate49823.9
6) Post-graduate29914.4
8) Don't know00
TOTAL2081100.0
179) How would you describe your father's occupation, ("What is the kind of work he most often did") (RECORD JOB TITLE AND SPECIFICS) (V184)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given [specify]201896.9
2) No answer given6.3
3) Never worked for pay5.2
8) Don't know512.4
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2082100.0
180) In terms of economic issues, do you consider yourself conservative, moderate, or liberal? (V102)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative86941.8
2) Moderate87642.1
3) Liberal29514.2
8) Don't know381.8
9) Refused3.1
TOTAL2081100.0
181) Would you say that you are a strong [fill 102lab] or not so strong [fill 102lab] on these issues? (V103)
TOTAL%
1) Strong91344.8
2) Not so strong110354.1
8) Don't know231.1
9) Refused00
Missing41 
TOTAL2039100.0
182) In terms of social issues - such as abortion or homosexuality - do you consider yourself conservative, moderate, or liberal? (V104)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative68633
2) Moderate62930.2
3) Liberal68833.1
8) Don't know643.1
9) Refused14.7
TOTAL2081100.0
183) Would you say that you are a strong [fill 104lab] or not so strong [fill 104lab] on these issues? (V105)
TOTAL%
1) Strong131765.8
2) Not so strong65932.9
8) Don't know221.1
9) Refused5.2
Missing78 
TOTAL2003100.0
184) Which of the following political parties do you usually support? Republican, Democratic, Independent, or something else? (V106)
TOTAL%
1) Republican73035.1
2) Democrat79338.1
3) Independent22510.8
5) Other [specify]1306.2
6) None1607.7
8) Don't know241.2
9) Refused19.9
TOTAL2081100.0
185) Do you consider yourself a strong [fill 106lab], moderate [fill 106lab], or weak [fill 106lab]? (V107)
TOTAL%
1) Strong45124
2) Moderate92349.2
3) Weak48525.8
8) Don't know17.9
9) Refused1.1
Missing203 
TOTAL1877100.0
186) In the past twelve months, have you done any of the following? Signed a petition (V187A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes66832.1
2) No140067.3
8) Don't know13.6
TOTAL2081100.0
187) Contacted an elected official (V187C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56127
2) No151872.9
8) Don't know00
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
188) Attended a political meeting or demonstration (V187D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33716.2
2) No174283.7
8) Don't know00
9) Refused2.1
TOTAL2081100.0
189) Where do you most often get your news, from network TV, from cable, on the internet, radio, newspapers, magazines, or from talking to your friends, family and co-workers? (V188)
TOTAL%
1) Network TV40719.6
2) Cable38118.3
3) Internet1587.6
4) Radio1065.1
5) Newspapers and magazines34316.5
6) Friends, family, and co-workers894.3
7) Combination [specify]59428.5
8) Don't know2.1
9) Refused10
TOTAL2081100.0
190) About how much was your TOTAL FAMILY INCOME last year before taxes, was it... (READ CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (V192)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000813.9
2) $10,000-$15,000914.4
3) $15,000-$20,0001155.5
4) $20,000-$30,0001979.5
5) $30,000-$50,00043220.8
6) $50,000-$75,00037718.1
7) $75,000-$100,00029214
8) Over $100,00029714.3
88) Don't know663.2
99) Refused1326.3
TOTAL2080100.0
191) Recorded gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male100748.4
2) Female107451.6
TOTAL2081100.0
192) Date of interview, Mmddyyyy format (LDAT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20816497879.19817965.53
193) SPLIT HALF FOR STERXX, MARRXX, 151XX-152XX: This determined, except for about 100 cases at the start of interviewing, who were asked both halves, which half of the three "split-ballot" series was asked. For instance, a code of "2" meant that the case was randomly assigned to be asked the B series for the first battery, the B series for the second, but the A series for the last. (SPLTHLF)
TOTAL%
0) BOTH HALVES ASKED1004.8
1) STERB-MARRB-RACEB21910.5
2) STERB-MARRB-RACEA22911
3) STERB-MARRA-RACEB24011.5
4) STERB-MARRA-RACEA27613.3
5) STERA-MARRB-RACEB26812.9
6) STERA-MARRB-RACEA24912
7) STERA-MARRA-RACEB21510.3
8) STERA-MARRA-RACEA28413.7
TOTAL2080100.0
194) RANDOM START POINT FOR GROUPS: Respondents were asked how much members often groups agreed with their general view of society (questions in the 121a-n range). The "start point" was determined randomly as was the direction in which the groups were presented. Thus, for instance, a 3 for this variable and a 1 for the next meant that the respondent was first presented with "recent immigrants" and then proceeded down the list (white Americans, Jews, Muslims, etc. to Asian Americans, who would be presented last.) A 5 and a 2 mean that Jews were mentioned first, followed by white Americans and so on in reverse order ending up with conservative Christians and Muslims. (GRP1)
TOTAL%
0) African Americans1929.2
1) Hispanics23111.1
2) Asian Americans22610.9
3) Recent immigrants20810
4) White Americans1718.2
5) Jews25712.4
6) Muslims21710.4
7) Conservative Christians21010.1
8) Atheists1838.8
9) Homosexuals1858.9
TOTAL2080100.0
195) RANDOM DIRECTIONS FOR GROUPS: See directions for GRP1 (GRPDIR)
TOTAL%
1) Down (a->b=>c)104550.2
2) Up (f->e->d)103649.8
TOTAL2081100.0
196) BLACK-HISP ANSWER TO OPEN ENDED RACE: Race was determined first by asking, without prompting, about a person's background, and the answers were classified by interviewers into one of several precoded categories, including mixed, other, and multiple. This question was followed up by another, for those who named more than one race by a query asking for respondent's designation of the best descriptor for them. Finally, a last question asked if there were any other special group with which respondents identified. For each of these, verbatim responses were noted for any unclear case. These were examined to determine if any answer would have classified the individual as either Black (African-American) or Hispanic or both. This code allows users to determine which if any of these classifications applied. (ETHOPEN)
TOTAL%
1) Black-coded answer only5837.2
2) Hispanic-coded answer only8957.1
3) Both black and Hispanic answers95.8
Missing1924 
TOTAL156100.0
197) RANDOM CHOICE FOR RESPONDENT: In making random selection of respondents from multi-person households, one asked either how many of the adults were men or how many were women. If both genders were represented, this variable also determined among which set a second selection would be made if there was more than one of the "preferred" gender. This variable is included for completeness and because this factor also figured into the weighting scheme, which will be noted below. (RND1)
TOTAL%
0) Female preference102049
1) Male preference106151
TOTAL2081100.0
198) First two digits of FIPS code (STAT)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama241.2
4) Arizona311.5
5) Arkansas15.7
6) California24211.6
8) Colorado321.5
9) Connecticut291.4
10) Delaware8.4
11) DC5.2
12) Florida884.2
13) Georgia592.8
16) Idaho8.4
17) Illinois994.8
18) Indiana412
19) Iowa301.4
20) Kansas241.2
21) Kentucky231.1
22) Louisiana231.1
23) Maine231.1
24) Maryland462.2
25) Massachusetts482.3
26) Michigan783.7
27) Minnesota592.8
28) Mississippi211
29) Missouri401.9
30) Montana10.5
31) Nebraska17.8
32) Nevada10.5
33) New Hampshire5.2
34) New Jersey602.9
35) New Mexico18.9
36) New York1024.9
37) North Carolina562.7
38) North Dakota7.3
39) Ohio823.9
40) Oklahoma201
41) Oregon341.6
42) Pennsylvania1125.4
44) Rhode Island9.4
45) South Carolina221.1
46) South Dakota8.4
47) Tennessee512.4
48) Texas1376.6
49) Utah19.9
50) Vermont8.4
51) Virginia462.2
53) Washington653.1
54) West Virginia19.9
55) Wisconsin673.2
56) Wyoming2.1
TOTAL2082100.0
199) Digits three to five of FIPS (CNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL208187.56101.61
200) DUMMY FOR BLACK: Respondents may be treated as black if they gave an answer originally coded as black in the first of the race questions (128) or in the follow-up for best single choice (129) or gave an open-ended answer which belonged under black or African American (see ETHOPEN above). This variable appears as 1 for all cases meeting any of the criteria. The unweighted number of such cases was 494, which makes up the black subsample. (BLKDUM)
TOTAL%
0) Not black183188
1) Black on 128, 129 or OPEN25012
TOTAL2081100.0
201) DUMMY FOR HISPANIC: Respondents may be treated as Hispanic is they gave an answer in the same series falling under Spanish surnamed or Hispanic. Note that it is possible for a person to meet both criteria. The overall number of such persons (unweighted) was 399, comprising the Hispanic subsample. (HISPDUM)
TOTAL%
0) Not Hispanic183888.3
1) Hispanic on 128, 129, or OPEN24311.7
TOTAL2081100.0
202) GROUPED AGE (2003-BIRTHYR): Respondents were asked for their year of birth, from which treating all those born in the same calendar year the same chronological age may be calculated and grouped as shown below. Those who did not answer the birth year question fell into one of the two special categories for "dk" and "ref", respectively. (AGEGRP1)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29 years45722
2) 30-44 years63630.6
3) 45-54 years36717.6
4) 55 or more60128.9
8) Don't know10
9) Refused19.9
TOTAL2081100.0
203) IMPUTED AGE (MISSING SET TO MEAN): In order to calculate weights, it was necessary to assign cases missing birth year to one or another of the age groups. For this purpose, the 20 cases for which the full information was not present were assigned the mean age of 46, placing them in category "3." (AGEGRP2)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29 years45722
2) 30-44 years63630.6
3) 45-54 years38718.6
4) 55 or more60128.9
TOTAL2081100.0
204) HOUSEHOLD SIZE: Number of adults from among whom respondent was chosen (HHSIZE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20812.270.94
205) SAMPLING BASED WEIGHT: Weight, as described above to equalize the different probabilities of coming into the sample based on selection of exchanges, release of replicates, response rates, respondent selection procedures, and number of households. Normed for a mean of 1.00 and a total of 2081.0 (to match the raw "N"). (DESWT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20811.981.19
206) POST-STRATIFICATION ADJUSTMENT: Weight adjusting the agegroup by gender distribution from the above weighted procedure to match the corresponding distribution based on census estimates. Normed for a mean of 1.00 and a total of 2081.0 (to match the raw "N"). DESWT was multiplied by PSWT1 to get the unnormed version of FINALWT. This weight is included for completeness. If one desires to poststratify based on a combination of variables other than agegroup by gender, one would create a new weight in the place of PSWT1 and use that to create the new "final" weight. (PSWT1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20811.010.12
207) TOTAL WEIGHT: Final weight multiplicatively "correcting" for both design and sampling related components and to recover the age by gender distribution. This is the weight which is applied by default in the SPSS system file, and should normally be used. Normed for a mean of 1.00 and a total of 2081.0 (to match the raw "N"). (FINALWT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL11.012
208) LANGUAGE RESTRICTION: Cases where it appeared an interview would have to be done in Spanish were split off into a special "Spanish queue" for handling by multilingual interviewers. If these were later determined NOT to require Spanish, they were restored. This variable operates also as dummy for whether the interview was conducted in Spanish. Note that the latter is not a perfect indication of which language a given question was asked in, since interviewers had the operation of "toggling back and forth" between Spanish and English. (LANGREST)
TOTAL%
0) Not restricted, interview in English203097.5
1) Restricted to Spanish interviewers, interview in Spanish512.5
TOTAL2081100.0
209) Nine category census division the respondent resides in, more information about these divisions can be found at: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/us_regdiv.pdf (REGION9)
TOTAL%
1) New England1215.8
2) Middle Atlantic27413.2
3) East North Central36817.7
4) West North Central1858.9
5) South Atlantic34916.8
6) East South Central1185.7
7) West South Central1959.4
8) Mountain1316.3
9) Pacific34116.4
TOTAL2082100.0
210) Four category census region the respondent resides in, more information about these regions can be found at: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/us_regdiv.pdf (REGION 4)
TOTAL%
1) Northwest39519
2) Midwest55226.5
3) South66231.8
4) West47222.7
TOTAL2081100.0
211) GROUPED AGE (2003-BIRTHYR): Respondents were asked for their year of birth, from which treating all those born in the same calendar year the same chronological age may be calculated and grouped as shown below. Those who did not answer the birth year question fell into one of the two special categories for "dk" and "ref", respectively. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29 years45722.2
2) 30-44 years63630.9
3) 45-54 years36717.8
4) 55 or more60129.2
Missing20 
TOTAL2061100.0
212) Recorded gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male100748.4
2) Female107451.6
TOTAL2081100.0
213) What is your race? (DO NOT READ CATEGORIES, USE OTHER IF UNCLEAR) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) African American (Black)1828.8
2) Asian American321.5
3) Hispanic/Latino1517.3
4) Native American231.1
5) White156175.4
6) Other or multiracial1225.9
Missing9 
TOTAL2071100.0
214) What's the highest level of education you have completed yourself? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Some high school or less1205.8
2) High school graduate or GED53525.7
3) Technical degree894.3
4) Some college54025.9
5) College graduate49823.9
6) Post-graduate29914.4
TOTAL2081100.0
215) How often do you attend religious services? Never, hardly ever except holidays, less than once a month, about once a month, two to three times a month, once a week, or more than once a week? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Never33916.3
2) Hardly ever, except holidays40119.3
3) Less than once a month1145.5
4) About once a month1879
5) Two to three times a month27313.2
6) Once a week or more76136.7
Missing7 
TOTAL2075100.0
216) Four category census region the respondent resides in, more information about these regions can be found at: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/us_regdiv.pdf (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northwest39519
2) Midwest55226.5
3) South66231.8
4) West47222.7
TOTAL2081100.0