National Religious Attitudes Survey of Catholics, 1997

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Catholic > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent ID (CASE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1000500.5289
2) Sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male44844.8
2) Female55255.2
TOTAL1000100.0
3) Generally speaking, do you consider yourself Catholic, Protestant, Jewish or something else? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic1000100.0
TOTAL1000100.0
4) When you say Catholic, do you mean Roman Catholic or Greek Catholic? (CATHOLIC)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic98998.9
8) Don't know101.0
9) Refused10.1
TOTAL1000100.0
5) I'd now like to read you several statements. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree. - Abortion is never justified. (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25525.5
2) Mildly agree999.9
3) Mildly disagree20020.0
4) Strongly disagree38838.8
8) Don't know424.2
9) Refused161.6
TOTAL1000100.0
6) I'd now like to read you several statements. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree. - Women cannot be ordained into the priesthood. (WMNPRST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20420.4
2) Mildly agree14414.4
3) Mildly disagree15815.8
4) Strongly disagree42042.0
8) Don't know676.7
9) Refused70.7
TOTAL1000100.0
7) I'd now like to read you several statements. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree. - It is morally wrong to use artificial methods of birth control. (ARTBIRTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12912.9
2) Mildly agree878.7
3) Mildly disagree15715.7
4) Strongly disagree57057.0
8) Don't know505.0
9) Refused70.7
TOTAL1000100.0
8) I'd now like to read you several statements. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree. - The bread and wine used in Mass are actually transformed into the body and blood of Jesus Christ. (BREADWIN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree62162.1
2) Mildly agree19719.7
3) Mildly disagree525.2
4) Strongly disagree717.1
8) Don't know545.4
9) Refused50.5
TOTAL1000100.0
9) I'd now like to ask you some general questions about religious practices. Which of the following categories best describes how often you generally - Attend Mass? (ATENDMAS)
TOTAL%
1) Five or more times a week353.5
2) Two to four times a week595.9
3) About once a week47047.0
4) Two or three times a month12112.1
5) Once a month or less28128.1
8) Don't know272.7
9) Refused70.7
TOTAL1000100.0
10) I'd now like to ask you some general questions about religious practices. Which of the following categories best describes how often you generally - Go to confession? (CONFESS)
TOTAL%
1) About once a week262.6
2) About once a month696.9
3) Several times a year but not every month17817.8
4) About once a year22322.3
5) Less than once a year29229.2
6) Only been to confession once393.9
7) Never gone to confession999.9
8) Don't Know383.8
9) Refused363.6
TOTAL1000100.0
11) I'd now like to ask you some general questions about religious practices. Which of the following categories best describes how often you generally - Read the Bible? (READBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Five or more times a week787.8
2) Two to four times a week616.1
3) About once a week929.2
4) Two or three times a month717.1
5) Once a month or less49649.6
6) Can't read20.2
7) Never read the Bible15915.9
8) Don't know282.8
9) Refused131.3
TOTAL1000100.0
12) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Stop decline in attendance at Mass (MASSDCLN)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this41141.1
2) Probably do this28728.7
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other16216.2
4) Probably not do this646.4
5) Definitely not do this444.4
8) Don't know303.0
9) Refused20.2
TOTAL1000100.0
13) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Change the traditional teaching on the use of birth control (TCHBRTH)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this35435.4
2) Probably do this26826.8
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other848.4
4) Probably not do this949.4
5) Definitely not do this15315.3
8) Don't know393.9
9) Refused80.8
TOTAL1000100.0
14) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Take an active role in the public fight against abortion (CONABORT)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this27627.6
2) Probably do this20220.2
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other888.8
4) Probably not do this14714.7
5) Definitely not do this24124.1
8) Don't know373.7
9) Refused90.9
TOTAL1000100.0
15) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Take an active role in the public fight against euthanasia (EUTHANAS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this24624.6
2) Probably do this22722.7
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other14514.5
4) Probably not do this10710.7
5) Definitely not do this21321.3
8) Don't know585.8
9) Refused40.4
TOTAL1000100.0
16) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Allow women to be priests (FEMPRIES)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this36236.2
2) Probably do this21021.0
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other828.2
4) Probably not do this818.1
5) Definitely not do this23623.6
8) Don't know212.1
9) Refused80.8
TOTAL1000100.0
17) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Improve religious education for young people (RELGEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this62462.4
2) Probably do this30530.5
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other393.9
4) Probably not do this181.8
5) Definitely not do this50.5
8) Don't know90.9
TOTAL1000100.0
18) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Use a new translation of the scriptures in religious services (TRNSLATE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this22122.1
2) Probably do this20620.6
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other18218.2
4) Probably not do this11411.4
5) Definitely not do this21821.8
8) Don't know555.5
9) Refused40.4
TOTAL1000100.0
19) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Encourage more people to be priests (PRIESTS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this41741.7
2) Probably do this33433.4
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other10510.5
4) Probably not do this565.6
5) Definitely not do this717.1
8) Don't know141.4
9) Refused30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
20) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Lobby for more government spending on welfare programs (WELFARE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this13513.5
2) Probably do this17017.0
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other14614.6
4) Probably not do this15515.5
5) Definitely not do this35135.1
8) Don't know404.0
9) Refused30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
21) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if he Church does this or not. - Provide better preparation to couples before marriage (MARRIAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this50550.5
2) Probably do this30930.9
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other878.7
4) Probably not do this484.8
5) Definitely not do this353.5
8) Don't know161.6
TOTAL1000100.0
22) Now I'm going to read you a list of different things which some people say the Catholic Church should do. For each of these things, please tell me whether you think it is something the Catholic Church should do, should not do or whether you don't care if the Church does this or not. - Increase devotion to the Eucharist (EUCHARIS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely do this44944.9
2) Probably do this30830.8
3) Doesn't matter one way or the other13213.2
4) Probably not do this313.1
5) Definitely not do this404.0
8) Don't know383.8
9) Refused20.2
TOTAL1000100.0
23) What do you think is the primary purpose of the Mass? (MASSPURP)
TOTAL%
1) The celebration of togetherness in the community13313.3
2) The worship of God40940.9
3) Something else202.0
5) Both 1 and 241541.5
8) Don't know202.0
9) Refused30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
24) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF MASS IS SOMETHING ELSE - What do you think is the primary purpose of the Mass? (OTHMASS)
TOTAL%
1) To collect money215.4
2) Thanking God215.4
3) Gathering of family to worship God17.7
4) The re-enactment of the Last Supper215.4
5) Also feeling the sacrifice of Christ/the love of God323.1
6) Learning more17.7
7) Talk to God17.7
8) The word of God17.7
Missing987 
TOTAL13100.0
25) To the best of your knowledge, has the way Mass is said changed in the past ten years, or has it remained the same? (DIFMASS)
TOTAL%
1) Changed48348.3
2) Remained the same47047.0
8) Don't know/haven't noticed464.6
9) Refused10.1
TOTAL1000100.0
26) I'll now read several statements about changes in the liturgy. For each statement, please tell me whether you agree or disagree. - I find most of the changes in the way Mass is said over the past ten years have helped me to get more out of the Mass. (MASSHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28228.2
2) Somewhat agree28428.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree373.7
4) Somewhat disagree12212.2
5) Strongly disagree13313.3
8) Don't know10010.0
9) Refused424.2
TOTAL1000100.0
27) I'll now read several statements about changes in the liturgy. For each statement, please tell me whether you agree or disagree. - I am disturbed by most of the recent changes in the way Mass is said. (CONCHANG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree606.0
2) Somewhat agree959.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree484.8
4) Somewhat disagree28528.5
5) Strongly disagree37137.1
8) Don't know969.6
9) Refused454.5
TOTAL1000100.0
28) For the next set of questions, I'm going to read two different translations of the same passage of the Bible to you. For each pair of translations, I'd like you to tell me which of them you prefer. - Translation A: "God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him." Translation B: "God created humankind in His image; in the divine image God created them." (GODCREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly prefer translation A40740.7
2) Somewhat prefer translation A14414.4
3) Don't have a preference10410.4
4) Somewhat prefer translation B15415.4
5) Strongly prefer translation B17217.2
8) Don't know161.6
9) Refused30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
29) For the next set of questions, I'm going to read two different translations of the same passage of the Bible to you. For each pair of translations, I'd like you to tell me which of them you prefer. - Translation A: "Let no man separate what God has joined." Translation B: "What God has joined together no human being must separate." (GODTOGET)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly prefer translation A34534.5
2) Somewhat prefer translation A13013.0
3) Don't have a preference12912.9
4) Somewhat prefer translation B14914.9
5) Strongly prefer translation B21921.9
8) Don't know222.2
9) Refused60.6
TOTAL1000100.0
30) For the next set of questions, I'm going to read two different translations of the same passage of the Bible to you. For each pair of translations, I'd like you to tell me which of them you prefer. - Translation A: "The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. In verdant pastures He gives me repose. Beside restful waters He leads me." Translation B: "The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I lack. In green pastures You let me graze; to safe waters You lead me." (LORDSHEP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly prefer translation A45345.3
2) Somewhat prefer translation A14914.9
3) Don't have a preference13213.2
4) Somewhat prefer translation B969.6
5) Strongly prefer translation B15215.2
8) Don't know131.3
9) Refused50.5
TOTAL1000100.0
31) The following passage is from the Gospel of Matthew. For each pair of translations, I'd like you to tell me which of them you prefer. - Translation A: "And He said to them, come after me and I will make you fishers of men." Translation B: "Jesus said to them, come after me, and I will make you fish for people." (FISHERS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly prefer translation A49949.9
2) Somewhat prefer translation A15715.7
3) Don't have a preference969.6
4) Somewhat prefer translation B999.9
5) Strongly prefer translation B12812.8
8) Don't know151.5
9) Refused60.6
TOTAL1000100.0
32) Are you familiar with the term "inclusive language," or are you not too familiar with this term? (INLANG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, familiar23823.8
2) No, not familiar73173.1
8) Don't know282.8
9) Refused30.3
TOTAL1000100.0
33) Those who support "inclusive language" say that the words spoken in Mass and written in English translations of the Bible should avoid the use of terms such as "man" and "mankind" because those terms seem to exclude women. Others argue for keeping the traditional translations used in the liturgy and the Bible because terms such as "man" and "mankind" refer to all people. I'd like your opinion on whether you agree or disagree that terms such as "man" and "mankind," when used to refer to all people, seem to exclude women. (CONINLAN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12012.0
2) Somewhat agree12112.1
3) Somewhat disagree18518.5
4) Strongly disagree52452.4
8) Don't know414.1
9) Refused90.9
TOTAL1000100.0
34) Those who support "inclusive language" say that the words spoken in Mass and written in English translations of the Bible should avoid the use of terms such as "man" and "mankind" because those terms seem to exclude women. Others argue for keeping the traditional translations used in the liturgy and the Bible because terms such as "man" and "mankind" refer to all people. Regardless of what you think about these terms, I'd like your opinion about whether you agree or disagree that the words said in Mass and English translations of the Bible should avoid the use of terms such as "man" and "mankind" when referring to people in general. (INLAN1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree919.1
2) Somewhat agree12312.3
3) Somewhat disagree22122.1
4) Strongly disagree47147.1
5) Agree for Mass/disagree for Bible10.1
6) Agree for Bible/disagree for Mass20.2
8) Don't know777.7
9) Refused141.4
TOTAL1000100.0
35) Thinking about most of the Catholic women you know, do you think they prefer translations of the Bible or prayers in Mass which use terms such as "man" and "mankind," or do you think they prefer translations of the Bible or prayers in Mass which avoid using such terms or don't you think most Catholic women have a preference? (FEMINLAN)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer translations using "man" or "mankind"20620.6
2) Prefer translations which avoid "man" or "mankind"14114.1
3) Don't have a preference51851.8
8) Don't know11911.9
9) Refused161.6
TOTAL1000100.0
36) Based on your knowledge, would you say that the new inclusive translations of the Bible are more accurate translations, are less accurate or aren't you sure? (ACCINLAN)
TOTAL%
1) More accurate18618.6
2) Less accurate16616.6
8) Don't know62862.8
9) Refused202.0
TOTAL1000100.0
37) If a new inclusive language translation of the Bible were used in your local parish, would you be more likely to go to Mass there, less likely to go to Mass there or wouldn't it make a difference? (MSINLAN)
TOTAL%
1) Much more likely272.7
2) Somewhat more likely525.2
3) Wouldn't make a difference80880.8
4) Somewhat less likely474.7
5) Much less likely272.7
8) Don't know252.5
9) Refused141.4
TOTAL1000100.0
38) In what year were you born? - 19_ (BORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL95550.51417
39) What was the last grade of school you completed? (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Grade school or less (0-8)181.8
2) Some high school (9-11)383.8
3) High school (12)32332.3
4) Some college (1-3 years)24124.1
5) College graduate (4 years)22122.1
6) Postgraduate (Beyond 4 years)12412.4
8) Don't know10.1
9) Refused333.3
Missing1 
TOTAL999100.0
40) Which of the following best describes your marital status? (MARSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Single and never married23623.6
2) Married57557.5
3) Divorced or annulled818.1
4) Widowed727.2
5) Separated121.2
6) Priest or a member of a religious order20.2
9) Refused222.2
TOTAL1000100.0
41) Have you received any type of religious education? - CCD/Catechism (CATECHSM)
TOTAL%
0) No38038.0
1) Yes62062.0
TOTAL1000100.0
42) Have you received any type of religious education? - Attended a Catholic grammar or high school (CATHSCHL)
TOTAL%
0) No49849.8
1) Yes50250.2
TOTAL1000100.0
43) Have you received any type of religious education? - Attended a Catholic college (CATHCOLL)
TOTAL%
0) No91191.1
1) Yes898.9
TOTAL1000100.0
44) Have you received any type of religious education? - Studied theology at the graduate level (THEOGRAD)
TOTAL%
0) No96396.3
1) Yes373.7
TOTAL1000100.0
45) Have you received any type of religious education? - Studied theology at the postgraduate level (POSTGRAD)
TOTAL%
0) No99099.0
1) Yes101.0
TOTAL1000100.0
46) Have you received any type of religious education? - Don't know (DKRELGED)
TOTAL%
0) No96696.6
1) Yes343.4
TOTAL1000100.0
47) Have you received any type of religious education? - Refused (REFRELED)
TOTAL%
0) No92392.3
1) Yes777.7
TOTAL1000100.0
48) Do you have any children? (CHLDREN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69269.2
2) No28528.5
9) Refused232.3
TOTAL1000100.0
49) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE CHILDREN - How many children do you have? (CHLDREN1)
TOTAL%
1) 13018.8
2) 22232.1
3) 15522.4
4) 8912.9
5) 405.8
6) 273.9
7) 101.4
8) 101.4
9) 30.4
10) 30.4
11) 30.4
Missing308 
TOTAL692100.0
50) Would you say that your annual household income is less than $40,000 or is it $40,000 or more? (INCOME40)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00033933.9
2) $40,000 or more47447.4
8) Don't know242.4
9) Refused16316.3
TOTAL1000100.0
51) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO EARN LESS THAN $40,000 - Would that be: (UNDR40K)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000236.8
2) $10,000 to $25,00013138.6
3) $26,000 to $40,00013941.0
8) Don't know61.8
9) Refused4011.8
Missing661 
TOTAL339100.0
52) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO EARN $40,000 OR MORE - Would that be: (OVER40K)
TOTAL%
1) $40,000 to $50,00013227.8
2) $50,000 to $75,00015131.9
3) More than $75,00012526.4
8) Don't know91.9
9) Refused5712.0
Missing526 
TOTAL474100.0
53) For validation purposes only, what is your ZIP code? (ZIP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL93745310.70932191
54) Gender by observation (SEXOBSER)
TOTAL%
1) Male44844.8
2) Female55255.2
TOTAL1000100.0
55) State (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL100027.6515
56) Income (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000232.7
2) $10,000-$25,00013115.7
3) $25,000-40,00013916.6
4) $40,000-$50,00013215.8
5) $50,000-$75,00015118.0
6) $75,000 or more12514.9
28) Less than $40,000/Don't know specifics60.7
29) Less than $40,000/Reference specifics404.8
38) More than $40,000/ Don't know specifics91.1
39) More than $40,000576.8
88) Don't know242.9
Missing163 
TOTAL837100.0
57) I-SEX: Sex (for on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male44844.8
2) Female55255.2
TOTAL1000100.0
58) I-MARSTAT: Which of the following best describes your marital status (recoded for use with on-line analysis)? (I-MARSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Single23623.6
2) Married57557.5
3) Divorced818.1
4) Widowed727.2
5) Other363.6
TOTAL1000100.0
59) I-INCOME: INCOME (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) <$10,000232.8
2) $10K-25,00013116.1
3) $25K-40,00018522.8
4) $40K-50,00019824.4
5) $50,000+27633.9
Missing187 
TOTAL813100.0