National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > National Congregations Study > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 809) WTA3CNGD;
(The number of missing cases reported in the codebook are unweighted)
1) Case ID (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712101.451162.10
2) Four-digit year of data collection (YEAR)
TOTAL%
1998) 1998123430.3
2006) 2006-2007150637
2012) 2012133132.7
TOTAL4071100.0
3) Region in which congregation is located. Remarks: See Statistical Abstracts (any edition), U.S. Bureau of the Census, for a list of states within regions. (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) New England or Mid-Atlantic51112.6
2) East North Central or West North Central92922.8
3) South Atlantic, East South Central, or West South Central199749.1
4) Mountain or Pacific63315.6
TOTAL4070100.0
4) What is your position in this congregation? Remarks: This item identifies the position of the key informant. Positions are grouped here according to broad themes, but this is by no means the only categorization possible. (POS1)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor169941.9
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)83520.6
3) Administrative/Executive Pastor/Minister21.5
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)621.5
5) Pastoral coordinator9.2
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)972.4
7) Bishop471.2
8) Vicar7.2
9) Rector38.9
10) Rabbi38.9
11) Priest (father)36.9
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator561.4
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar6.1
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)7.2
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)541.3
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)2004.9
19) Vice President, Operations10
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration32.8
21) Elder or presiding elder, overseer892.2
22) President of congregation35.9
23) Member/chair/trustee of executive board, including financial secretary/treasurer982.4
24) Other administrative officer of congregation00
25) Lay leader (e.g., committee chair, other) or Lay Minister16.4
26) Church member431.1
27) Pastor's spouse571.4
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor14.3
29) Minister in residence (i.e., priest or religious living in rectory)00
30) Imam20
31) Minister, clergy, reverend, preacher1333.3
32) State representative or other regional clergy/administrator10
33) Bishop's counselor10
34) Warden20
35) Other21.5
36) Can't tell38.9
37) Deacon741.8
38) Executive/Administrative secretary (i.e., only Admin or exec secretary)10.2
39) Assistant to clergyperson (e.g., Pastor's assistant)21.5
40) Spiritual Leader20
41) Evangelist10
44) Pastoral Administrator (lay Catholic pastor)10
45) Retired/Pastor Emeritus9.2
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator23.6
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator10
52) University/Campus Pastor/Minister20
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries10
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)10
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister3.1
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups3.1
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)5.1
60) Men's or Women's Pastor/Minister00
61) Care Pastor/Minister20
62) Hospital/Visitation Pastor/Minister00
64) Missions Pastor/Minister11.3
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries00
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister6.1
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education3.1
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education00
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
78) Principal (School Administrator)5.1
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)22.5
83) Musician/Cantor10
90) Facilities Manager00
101) Director of Outreach/Stephen Minister20
105) Custodian/Maintenance/Sexton3.1
107) Clerk (Church Clerk)481.2
Missing13 
TOTAL4055100.0
5) For how long have you been actively involved with this congregation? Number of months. Remarks: Respondents were asked to report the number of years and months they have been involved. We converted their responses into the total number of months. (RTENURE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071134.53137.84
6) In what year was your congregation officially founded? (FOUNDED)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711933.1755.56
7) In what year did your congregation begin worshiping at its current location? (STRTWRSH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711944.8046.51
8) Is your congregation formally affiliated with a denomination, convention, or some similar kind of association? Remarks: This variable is coded 1 for congregations that we knew to be affiliated with a denomination even if the informant responded 'No' to the question. (HAVEDEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes322779.3
2) No84420.7
TOTAL4071100.0
9) [1998 wording] Please tell me the names of all denominations or other associations that your congregation belongs to. [2006-07 and 2012 wording] Please tell me the name of your denomination or other association. Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported a denominational affiliation (HAVEDEN=1). Several denomination and religious tradition variables were constructed from the verbatim responses to this item and other information. DENOM1 codes each congregation's denomination, either as reported in this item or, in some cases, from other sources. (DENOM1)
TOTAL%
2) Roman Catholic2547.9
3) Jewish Orthodox2.1
4) Jewish Conservative (United)14.4
5) Jewish, Reform (Union)26.8
6) Jewish, other4.1
8) Moravian3.1
9) Christian Missionary Alliance29.9
11) American Baptist Churches in the USA (Northern)361.1
12) National Baptist Convention of America7.2
13) National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc712.2
14) Southern Baptist Convention49615.4
15) National Baptist521.6
16) National Association of Freewill Baptists17.5
17) Baptist, other742.3
18) Baptist Churches Association of America/Baptist Association of America15.5
19) Independent Baptist Churches3.1
20) AME561.7
21) AME Zion11.3
22) United Methodist38612
23) Church of the United Brethren in Christ3.1
24) International Pentecostal Church of Christ6.2
25) Freewill Baptist, other16.5
30) Lutheran, other7.2
31) Association of Free Lutheran Congregations10
32) Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod551.7
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod14.4
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church of America1203.7
36) Churches of God24.7
37) Church of God in Christ812.5
40) Presbyterian Church of America13.4
41) Evangelical Presbyterian Church00
42) Cumberland Presbyterian Church4.1
43) Presbyterian Church (USA)1043.2
44) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)14.4
45) Evangelical Church00
47) Evangelical Free Church10.3
48) Elim Fellowship2.1
49) Christian Church of North America, General Council00
50) Episcopal Church1053.3
51) Reformed Episcopal Church10
52) Full Gospel6.2
53) Foursquare Gospel20.6
54) Baptist Bible Fellowship4.1
55) Free Methodist Church9.3
56) Methodist, other5.2
58) Jehovah's Witness351.1
59) Latter Day Saints (LDS, Mormon)632
61) Latter Day Saints, Reorganized2.1
62) General Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches3.1
63) Conservative Mennonite Conference2.1
64) Mennonite Church5.2
65) Church of the Nazarene27.8
66) Pentecostal Assemblies of the World2.1
67) Pentecostal Church of God12.4
68) United Church of Religious Science7.2
69) Pentecostal Holiness381.2
70) United Pentecostal Council19.6
71) Mennonite, other6.2
75) Vineyard Church3.1
77) Seventh Day Adventists361.1
80) Unitarian Universalist27.8
81) United Church of Christ591.8
82) Quaker/Friends25.8
83) Wesleyan6.2
93) National Missionary Baptist6.2
95) Unity Church5.2
97) Calvary Chapel3.1
100) Fellowship of Grace Brethren3.1
101) Church of the Living God10
102) Divine Science Federation International2.1
119) Church of God (Anderson, IN)20.6
120) Pentecostal, other812.5
133) Primitive Baptist7.2
134) Independent Fundamental Church of America3.1
138) Worldwide Apostolic Church10
145) Restorative Movement10
148) National Spiritualist Association/General Assembly of Spiritualists7.2
149) Assemblies of God973
152) Church of the Brethren5.2
157) Christian Reformed12.4
158) Church of Christ Scientist9.3
159) Congregational Christian Churches4.1
161) Evangelical Covenant7.2
162) Reformed Church in America8.2
163) Progressive National Baptist Convention7.2
164) General Association of Regular Baptist Churches11.3
165) Baptist General Conference/Convention17.5
166) Church/Churches of Christ341.1
171) Apostolic6.2
172) Church of Lutheran Brethren6.2
173) Holy Church of Deliverance10.3
174) Fellowship of Inner-City Word of Faith Ministry2.1
175) Evangelistic Church and Mission Association00
176) Willow Creek Association10
177) Morning Star International Ministries00
178) Christian Evangelistic Assembly00
179) Ukrainian Orthodox2.1
180) Sunni Orthodox10
181) Greek Orthodox2.1
182) Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese3.1
183) Conservative Baptist Association of America4.1
184) Baptist Missionary Association of America361.1
185) Church of God (Cleveland, TN)19.6
186) Orthodox Church in America6.2
187) Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus, Inc3.1
188) Independent Christian Church Association14.4
189) Armenian10
190) Church of God9.3
191) North American Baptist Conference3.1
192) Independent Assemblies3.1
193) Christian Evangelistic Assemblies10
194) North American Christian Convention10
196) Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Churches4.1
197) Islamic12.4
198) Buddhist18.6
199) Evangelical Missions Foundation11.3
200) Hindu7.2
300) Christian, other441.4
305) Orthodox, other10
333) Interdenominational10
335) Church of God of Prophecy5.2
336) Presbyterian, other16.5
337) Missionary Baptist28.9
338) Advent Christian Church3.1
339) Hare Krishna00
340) Sikh10
341) Scientology15.5
342) Church of Christ in Christian Union13.4
400) Other10
Missing559 
TOTAL3221100.0
10) Denominational affiliation, collapsed. Remarks: DENCODE combines the information from DENOM1 and TRAD to create an aggregated religious family variable. Note that DENCODE places congregations in a category if the religious tradition of the congregation was clear, even if HAVEDEN=2. This coding mainly affected independent Baptist congregations, which are assigned to a Baptist category on DENCODE even if they reported no formal affiliation on HAVEDEN. (DENCODE)
TOTAL%
0) No Denomination42910.5
1) Roman Catholic2546.2
2) Southern Baptist Convention49612.2
3) Black Baptist1373.4
4) American Baptist Convention36.9
5) Other Baptist44711
6) United Methodist Church3869.5
7) Black Methodist671.6
8) Other Methodist23.6
9) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America1202.9
10) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod551.4
11) Other Lutheran30.7
12) Presbyterian Church (USA)1042.6
13) Other Presbyterian33.8
14) Assembly of God972.4
15) Other Pentecostal2606.4
16) Church of God in Christ812
17) Disciples of Christ14.3
18) Episcopal Church1052.6
19) United Church of Christ591.4
20) Reformed Church in America8.2
21) Church of the Brethren11.3
22) Jehovah's Witness37.9
23) Mennonite15.4
24) Church of the Nazarene27.7
25) Seventh-Day Adventists36.9
26) Unitarian Universalist Association27.7
27) Eastern Orthodox15.4
28) Church/churches of Christ992.4
29) Various Church of God721.8
30) Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints661.6
31) Jewish541.3
32) Non-Christian/non-Jewish1423.5
35) Evangelical17.4
36) Christian and Missionary Alliance29.7
37) Other Mainline/Liberal391
38) Other Conservative/Evangelical711.7
39) Other Christian, not elsewhere classified711.7
TOTAL4069100.0
11) Denominational affiliation, collapsed further. Remarks: DENCODE3 collapses DENCODE into an even more broadly defined religious family variable. Note that DENCODE3 places congregations in a category if the religious tradition of the congregation was clear, even if HAVEDEN = 2. (DENCODE3)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic2546.2
2) Baptist111727.4
6) Methodist47611.7
9) Lutheran2055
12) Presbyterian or Reformed2095.1
14) Pentecostal51012.5
17) Other mainline or liberal Protestant1052.6
18) Episcopal Church1052.6
22) Other conservative, evangelical, or sectarian Protestants3418.4
23) Other Christian, not elsewhere classified55313.6
24) Non-Christian1964.8
TOTAL4071100.0
12) What is your congregation's religion or religious group? Remarks: TRAD codes each congregation's religious tradition, without respect to formal affiliation with a denomination. For most congregations, TRAD=DENOM1. However, for congregations that did not report affiliation with a denomination, we sometimes were able to use this item or other information (for example, the congregation's name) to identify the congregation's religious tradition. TRAD, therefore, may assign a congregation to a tradition even if HAVEDEN=2. (TRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Same as DENOM1319578.5
2) Can't tell00
3) Baptist2075.1
4) Pentecostal581.4
5) Lutheran20
6) Apostolic5.1
12) Muslim17.4
15) Church of Christ761.9
16) Reform Judaism00
17) Congregational3.1
18) Sikh3.1
22) Seventh Day Adventist00
23) Jehovah's Witness4.1
24) Church of Scientology00
26) Hindu7.2
30) Methodist4.1
32) Quaker20
34) Calvary Chapel10
35) Latter-Day Saints10
36) Roman Catholic9.2
37) Presbyterian10
38) Church of God30.7
39) Spiritualist4.1
40) Christian, other4019.9
41) Non-Christian, Non-Jewish31.8
42) Jewish7.2
TOTAL4068100.0
13) Religious tradition, collapsed. Remarks: TRAD3 uses all available information to place congregations into very broad religious traditions. 'Black Protestant' (TRAD3=3) means that a congregation is affiliated with one of the seven major denominations that are predominately African American or that the congregation's membership is at least 80% African American (BLACKPCT=80 or higher). As broad religious traditions, 'White conservative, evangelical, or fundamentalist' (TRAD3=2) and 'White liberal or moderate' (TRAD3=4) do not specify racial composition and may include congregations without a racial majority 'White'. (TRAD3)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic2546.2
2) White conservative, evangelical, or fundamentalist189746.6
3) Black Protestant83220.4
4) White liberal or moderate89121.9
6) Non-Christian1964.8
TOTAL4070100.0
14) Is your congregation affiliated with any local association of congregations such as a local council of churches? Remarks: In 1998, the skip instruction attached to HAVEDEN was incorrect. When HAVEDEN=2, informants should have been asked LOCALAFF, but instead interviewers were directed to BLDGTYPE. Because of this error, LOCALAFF was asked only of congregations who reported an affiliation with a denomination. LOCALAFF therefore should be used with caution and interpreted appropriately. (LOCALAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46047.6
2) No50752.4
Missing3014 
TOTAL967100.0
15) What type of building does your congregation currently use for the primary worship service? Remarks: This question was asked only if congregation reported meeting in some other kind of building. Please see the codebook for more information. (BLDGTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) School992.4
7) Store front791.9
20) Church, synagogue, temple or mosque365289.9
21) Other2345.8
Missing6 
TOTAL4064100.0
16) Do visitors ever come to view the building or the worship space to look at its architecture, or at artwork like stained glass windows or statues? (VIEWBLDG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41333.9
2) No80566.1
Missing2843 
TOTAL1218100.0
17) Does this building belong to your congregation, or does it belong to another group that loans or rents space to you? (OWNBLDG)
TOTAL%
1) Belongs to congregation or denomination354387.4
2) Belongs to another group51012.6
Missing14 
TOTAL4053100.0
18) Within the past 12 months, has your congregation done any major construction or remodeling of your building or buildings? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported owning their own building (OWNBLDG=1). (REMODEL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41130.2
2) No94969.8
Missing2651 
TOTAL1360100.0
19) Did this construction or remodeling include any special features to improve accessibility for people with physical disabilities? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations had done major construction or remodeling (REMODEL = 1). (IMPROVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22956
2) No18044
Missing3609 
TOTAL409100.0
20) Is your building used by any other congregation for its worship services? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported owning their own building (OWNBLDG=1). (CONGUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1099.7
2) No101790.3
Missing2838 
TOTAL1126100.0
21) Is that congregation composed primarily of recent immigrants to the United States? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported that their building was used by another congregation for its worship services (CONGUSE=1). (CONGIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes423.7
2) No108396.3
Missing2841 
TOTAL1125100.0
22) Some congregations have worship services that take place every week at more than one location, but all locations are considered part of the same congregation. Does this describe your congregation? (MULTSITE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes463.5
2) No128596.5
Missing2740 
TOTAL1331100.0
23) Including your location, how many locations does your congregation have? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported having weekly worship services taking place at more than location, all part of the same congregation (MULTSITE=1). (NMLOCATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40714.222.41
24) Are any of these locations considered satellites or branches of a main congregation or campus? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported having weekly worship services taking place at more than location, all part of the same congregation (MULTSITE=1). (BRANCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3984.8
2) No715.2
Missing3953 
TOTAL46100.0
25) Is your location one of these satellites or branches, or is your location the main one? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported having weekly worship services taking place at more than location, all part of the same congregation (MULTSITE=1), and some locations are considered branches (BRANCH=1). (BRCHMAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Satellite/Branch2153.8
2) Main location1846.2
Missing3985 
TOTAL39100.0
26) Do people in worship services at these locations hear the same sermons or messages, either via live broadcast or a recording? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported having weekly worship services taking place at more than location, all part of the same congregation (MULTSITE=1). (SAMESER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2758.7
2) No1941.3
Missing3953 
TOTAL46100.0
27) Do they hear any of the same music, either via live broadcast or a recording? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported having weekly worship services taking place at more than location, all part of the same congregation (MULTSITE=1). (SAMEMUS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3269.6
2) No1430.4
Missing3953 
TOTAL46100.0
28) How many persons would you say are associated in any way with the religious life of this congregation--counting both adults and children, counting both regular and irregular participants, counting both official or registered members and also participating nonmembers? What is the total number of persons associated with this congregation to any degree at all? (NUMTOTAL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071504.932036.95
29) How many persons--counting both adults and children--would you say regularly participate in the religious life of your congregation--whether or not they are officially members of your congregation? (NUMREGLR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071183.31493.82
30) How many adults--people 18 years or older--would you say regularly participate in the religious life of your congregation? Remarks: Because NUMADLTS was used to create weighting variables, we imputed a value to NUMADLTS for cases with missing data. IMPSIZE is coded 1 for cases for which NUMADLTS was imputed. (NUMADLTS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071121.08304.50
31) Size was imputed for NUMADLTS. Remarks: Details regarding the construction of IMPSIZE can be found in Appendix A of the codebook. (IMPSIZE)
TOTAL%
0) No403899.2
1) Yes33.8
TOTAL4071100.0
32) What was the number of regularly participating adults in your congregation two years ago, that is, this time in 2010? (NMADULT2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071126.19377.49
33) [2006-07 wording] Compared with two years ago--that is, this time in 2004--has the number of regularly participating adults increased, decreased, or remained about the same? [2012 wording] Compared with two years ago--that is, this time in 2010--has the number of regularly participating adults increased, decreased, or remained about the same? Remarks: For 2006-07, this item and the following one were used to create CHANGE (see below). In 2012, this item was asked only if a specific value was not given for NMADULT2. Although the same item wording was used in both waves, this item was asked of different subsamples of congregations in 2006-07 compared to 2012. To reduce confusion, we maintain two different variables. Analysts could use NUMADLTS, NMADULT2, ADLTCHG, and CHANGE to create a variable for both 2006-07 and 2012 that captures the change in participating adults for the maximum possible congregations, and allows comparison over time. (ADLTCHG)
TOTAL%
1) Increased1734.7
2) Remained about the same2755.1
3) Decreased510.2
Missing3998 
TOTAL49100.0
34) Has your [increase/decrease] been ten percent or more since two years ago, or less than ten percent? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported an increase or decrease in the number of regularly participating adults (ADLTCHG=1 or ADLTCHG=3). In 2006-07, responses to ADLTCHG and CHANGE were consolidated into CHANGE. (CHANGE)
TOTAL%
1) Decreased more than 10 percent1369.1
2) Decreased less than 10 percent1198
3) Remained about the same60040.3
4) Increased less than 10 percent20013.4
5) Increased more than 10 percent43229.1
Missing2579 
TOTAL1487100.0
35) Is there one person who is the head or senior clergy person or religious leader in your congregation? (CLERGONE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes382093.9
2) No2486.1
Missing2 
TOTAL4068100.0
36) Is this person male or female? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERGSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male343990.1
2) Female3769.9
Missing166 
TOTAL3815100.0
37) What race or ethnicity [are you/is this person]? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. Responses of '5, Other' were recoded when possible, based on verbatim specifications of 'Other'. For example, persons of European, Middle Eastern, or North African descent were coded as '1, White'; other persons of African descent were coded as '2, Black or African American'; persons from Mexico, Central America, or South America were coded as '3, Hispanic'; and 'Korean, Japanese, Indian (if clearly from India), Polynesian' were coded as '4, Asian or Pacific Islander'. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CLERRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White268970.9
2) Black or African American85522.6
3) Hispanic1193.1
4) Asian or Pacific Islander882.3
5) Other401.1
Missing183 
TOTAL3791100.0
38) Clergy race, incorporating responses to CLERHISP. Remarks: This item was constructed using CLERRACE and CLERHISP. (CLERRAC2)
TOTAL%
1) White non-Hispanic180167.5
2) White Hispanic8.3
3) Black and non-Hispanic64024
4) Black Hispanic10
5) Hispanic1224.6
6) Asian and non-Hispanic682.5
7) Asian Hispanic00
8) Other291.1
Missing1345 
TOTAL2669100.0
39) [Are you/Is this person] Hispanic or Latino? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and if CLERRACE does not equal 3. (CLERHISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10.4
2) No254699.6
Missing1483 
TOTAL2556100.0
40) What is [your/this person's] Hispanic or Latino national origin? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and if either CLERRACE=3 or CLERHISP=1. If CLERORIG=9, 10, or 11, the specification is indicated in ORIGCA, ORIGSA, or ORIGOTHR (see below). (CLERORIG)
TOTAL%
1) Mexican American/Chicano811
2) Mexican2128.8
3) Puerto Rican1013.7
5) Cuban22.7
6) Dominican22.7
7) Colombian1216.4
9) Central American, other34.1
10) South American, other45.5
11) Other1115.1
Missing3981 
TOTAL73100.0
41) Specification of other national origin for head or senior clergyperson. Remarks: These items were constructed by coding verbatim specifications of other national origin if CLERORIG=9, 10, or 11. ORIGCA specifies national origin for clergy from Central America (CLERORIG=9), ORIGSA specifies national origin for clergy from South America (CLERORIG=10), and ORIGOTHR specifies national origin for clergy from other countries (CLERORIG=11). All country codes are based on ISO-3166 codes used by the UN, with the exception of the unspecified code (10010) that is unique to this dataset. (ORIGCA)
TOTAL%
188) Costa Rica00
222) El Salvador00
320) Guatemala266.7
340) Honduras133.3
Missing4065 
TOTAL3100.0
42) Specification of other national origin for head or senior clergyperson. Remarks: These items were constructed by coding verbatim specifications of other national origin if CLERORIG=9, 10, or 11. ORIGCA specifies national origin for clergy from Central America (CLERORIG=9), ORIGSA specifies national origin for clergy from South America (CLERORIG=10), and ORIGOTHR specifies national origin for clergy from other countries (CLERORIG=11). All country codes are based on ISO-3166 codes used by the UN, with the exception of the unspecified code (10010) that is unique to this dataset. (ORIGSA)
TOTAL%
32) Argentina00
76) Brazil00
222) El Salvador4100
604) Peru00
Missing4067 
TOTAL4100.0
43) Specification of other national origin for head or senior clergyperson. Remarks: These items were constructed by coding verbatim specifications of other national origin if CLERORIG=9, 10, or 11. ORIGCA specifies national origin for clergy from Central America (CLERORIG=9), ORIGSA specifies national origin for clergy from South America (CLERORIG=10), and ORIGOTHR specifies national origin for clergy from other countries (CLERORIG=11). All country codes are based on ISO-3166 codes used by the UN, with the exception of the unspecified code (10010) that is unique to this dataset. (ORIGOTHR)
TOTAL%
76) Brazil00
222) El Salvador330
558) Nicaragua00
604) Peru00
724) Spain550
10010) Other, country no specified220
Missing4062 
TOTAL10100.0
44) [Were you/Was this person] born in the United States? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (BORNINUS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes113490.5
2) No1199.5
Missing2797 
TOTAL1253100.0
45) In what country [were you/was this person] born? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and if BORNINUS=2. All country codes are based on ISO-3166 codes, with the exception of the unspecified codes (10001-10010) that are unique to this dataset. (CTRYBORN)
TOTAL%
32) Argentina00
50) Bangladesh00
52) Barbados1.8
60) Bermuda00
76) Brazil00
124) Canada65.1
156) China21.7
170) Colombia1210.2
192) Cuba21.7
196) Cyprus00
214) Dominican Republic1.8
222) El Salvador75.9
250) France00
268) Georgia1.8
276) Germany32.5
288) Ghana1.8
320) Guatemala21.7
328) Guyana32.5
332) Haiti32.5
340) Honduras1.8
344) Hong Kong1.8
356) India108.5
364) Iran (Islamic Republic of)1.8
372) Ireland1.8
380) Italy00
388) Jamaica00
392) Japan00
404) Kenya1.8
410) Republic of Korea (South Korea)21.7
422) Lebanon00
430) Liberia00
440) Lithuania00
470) Malta00
484) Mexico2218.6
558) Nicaragua00
566) Nigeria1.8
586) Pakistan1311
604) Peru00
608) Philippines1.8
616) Poland32.5
630) Puerto Rico21.7
704) Viet Nam00
710) South Africa21.7
724) Spain54.2
780) Trinidad and Tobago00
826) United Kingdom65.1
862) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)00
887) Yemen1.8
10001) Africa, country not specified1.8
Missing3912 
TOTAL118100.0
46) How long [have you/has this person] lived in the United States? Number of months. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and if BORNINUS=2. Respondents were asked to report the number of years and months the head clergyperson has lived in the United States. We converted their responses into the total number of months. (TIMEINUS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071284.64165.84
47) In what year did [you/this person] become the head or senior clergy person or religious leader? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERYEAR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711997.3510.17
48) How old [are you/is this person]? 2 digit age. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERGAGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407152.9811.98
49) How do most people in the congregation address [you/this person]? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. The variables HOWADD and TITLE were both constructed by coding verbatim responses to: How do most people in the congregation address [you/this person]? (HOWADD)
TOTAL%
1) First name or Nickname21615.2
2) First Name OR Title First Name241.7
3) First Name OR Title Only271.9
4) First Name OR Title Last Name12.8
5) Title First Name28920.3
6) Title First Name OR Title Last Name211.5
7) Title Only60342.3
8) Title Last Name20214.2
9) Title Only OR Title Last Name211.5
10) Title Only OR Title First Name9.6
Missing2623 
TOTAL1424100.0
50) How do most people in the congregation address [you/this person]? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. The variables HOWADD and TITLE were both constructed by coding verbatim responses to: How do most people in the congregation address [you/this person]? (TITLE)
TOTAL%
0) No Title21615.1
1) Mr./Ms./Mrs.00
2) Dr.10.7
3) Pastor70849.6
4) Minister2.1
5) Reverend845.9
6) Rabbi201.4
7) Father1097.6
8) Padre00
9) Monsignor3.2
10) Bishop523.6
11) Sister5.4
12) Brother15110.6
13) Elder241.7
14) Teacher00
15) Preacher11.8
16) President9.6
17) Imam2.1
18) Chaplain4.3
20) Other171.2
Missing2623 
TOTAL1427100.0
51) What is the highest level of education [you have/this person has] received? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. If CLERGONE=2, CLEREDUC was set at 7. (CLEREDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school584.9
2) High school diploma635.4
3) Some college, but no four-year degree16514
4) Four-year college degree20217.2
5) Graduate degree53345.3
6) Other (includes unspecified religious institutions)605.1
7) Not applicable, no single head clergy958.1
Missing2914 
TOTAL1176100.0
52) Did [you/this person] ever get a high school diploma or GED certificate? (CLERGHS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes120996.7
2) No413.3
Missing2797 
TOTAL1250100.0
53) Did [you/this person] ever complete one or more years of college or post-graduate education--not including schooling such as business college, technical or vocational school? (CLERCOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes108687
2) No16213
Missing2800 
TOTAL1248100.0
54) How many years of college and post-graduate education did [you/this person] complete? Number of years. (CLERCOLY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40716.653.36
55) [Do you/Does this person] have any college, university or professional degrees? (CLERGDEG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97389.8
2) No11110.2
Missing2874 
TOTAL1084100.0
56) Highest degree completed. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (HDEGREE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school383
2) High school diploma23518.9
3) Associate's degree / Junior College / Bible College diploma or certificate594.7
4) Bachelor's degree26921.6
5) Graduate degree57045.7
6) Can't tell756
Missing2807 
TOTAL1246100.0
57) What degree or degrees? Level of first degree mentioned. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CGDGLVL1)
TOTAL%
1) Associate's degree687
2) Bachelor's degree63365.6
3) Master's degree (other than MDiv/BDiv)343.5
4) MDiv/BDiv degree919.4
5) Doctoral degree262.7
6) Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL)/Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL) or similar Roman Catholic Church graduate degree00
7) Bible College diploma or certificate (not elsewhere specified)333.4
8) Law, Medical, or other professional degree (not elsewhere specified)00
9) Can't tell808.3
Missing2977 
TOTAL965100.0
58) What degree or degrees? Level of second degree mentioned. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CGDGLVL2)
TOTAL%
1) Associate's degree162.9
2) Bachelor's degree7613.6
3) Master's degree (other than MDiv/BDiv)16028.7
4) MDiv/BDiv degree25245.2
5) Doctoral degree264.7
6) Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL)/Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL) or similar Roman Catholic Church graduate degree1.2
7) Bible College diploma or certificate (not elsewhere specified)5.9
8) Law, Medical, or other professional degree (not elsewhere specified)3.5
9) Can't tell183.2
Missing3307 
TOTAL557100.0
59) What degree or degrees? Level of third degree mentioned. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CGDGLVL3)
TOTAL%
1) Associate's degree1.6
2) Bachelor's degree169.1
3) Master's degree (other than MDiv/BDiv)3620.5
4) MDiv/BDiv degree3620.5
5) Doctoral degree6134.7
6) Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL)/Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL) or similar Roman Catholic Church graduate degree21.1
7) Bible College diploma or certificate (not elsewhere specified)84.5
8) Law, Medical, or other professional degree (not elsewhere specified)00
9) Can't tell169.1
Missing3753 
TOTAL176100.0
60) What degree or degrees? First degree religious in content. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CGDGREL1)
TOTAL%
0) No35336.6
1) Yes37538.9
9) Can't tell23624.5
Missing2979 
TOTAL964100.0
61) What degree or degrees? Second degree religious in content. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CGDGREL2)
TOTAL%
0) No12923.2
1) Yes38569.2
9) Can't tell427.6
Missing3308 
TOTAL556100.0
62) What degree or degrees? Third degree religious in content. Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and the head clergyperson had one or more college, university, or professional degrees (CLERGDEG=1). The question generated a series of verbatim answers, with respondents able to list up to three degrees. CGDGLVL1-3, CGDGREL1-3, and HDEGREE were coded from these verbatim responses. HDEGREE also incorporated responses to CLERGHS, as applicable. Verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. (CGDGREL3)
TOTAL%
0) No3218.1
1) Yes12972.9
9) Can't tell169
Missing3753 
TOTAL177100.0
63) [Have you/Has this person] graduated from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERGRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes85561.9
2) No52638.1
Missing2622 
TOTAL1381100.0
64) [Are you/is this person] currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1558.5
2) No166791.5
Missing2538 
TOTAL1822100.0
65) [Are you/Is this person] ordained to full clergy in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes247193.3
2) No1776.7
Missing1346 
TOTAL2648100.0
66) [Were you/was this person] a member or regular participant in this congregation before becoming the leader of the congregation? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERPART)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33223.3
2) No109176.7
Missing2621 
TOTAL1423100.0
67) In what capacity did you participate before? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1 and if CLERPART=1. (CLERGCAP)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor61.9
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)00
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)3712
7) Bishop1.3
8) Vicar00
11) Priest (father)00
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar00
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)51.6
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)00
21) Elder or presiding elder, overseer61.9
23) Member/chair/trustee of executive board, including financial secretary/treasurer31
24) Other administrative officer of congregation00
25) Lay leader (e.g., committee chair, other) or Lay Minister41.3
26) Church member4715.2
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor61.9
31) Minister, clergy, reverend, preacher1.3
33) Bishop's counselor165.2
35) Other216.8
36) Can't tell72.3
37) Deacon4514.6
38) Executive/Administrative secretary (i.e., only Admin or exec secretary)00
39) Assistant to clergyperson (e.g., Pastor's assistant)2.6
45) Retired/Pastor Emeritus00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator82.6
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries00
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)1.3
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister1.3
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)41.3
60) Men's or Women's Pastor/Minister31
64) Missions Pastor/Minister1.3
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries00
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister00
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)51.6
107) Clerk (Church Clerk)00
200) Multiple roles7925.6
Missing3837 
TOTAL309100.0
68) [Are you/Is this person] paid for [your/his/her] work in this congregation? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERPAID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes222683.3
2) No44716.7
Missing1349 
TOTAL2673100.0
69) [Wording if hired within past two years] Since (you/they) were hired in (your/their) present position], [have you/has this person taken a pay cut or had [your/their] salary reduced? [Wording if hired in the present position two or more years ago] In the past two years [have you/has this person] taken a pay cut or had [you/their] salary reduced? (CPAYCUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17113.7
2) No107786.3
Missing2810 
TOTAL1248100.0
70) Does [your/this person's] compensation package include a provision for paid sabbatical leave of at least one month every seven years? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERSABB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27720.1
2) No110479.9
Missing2684 
TOTAL1381100.0
71) [Do/Does this person] serve another congregation besides this one? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (OTHCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39714.8
2) No228085.2
Missing1345 
TOTAL2677100.0
72) [Do you/Does this person] hold another job besides working for this or other congregations? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (OTHJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes95835.8
2) No172064.2
Missing1345 
TOTAL2678100.0
73) [Are you/Is this person] working full-time at this congregation? Remarks: This item was asked only if CLERGONE=1. (CLERFT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes179667.1
2) No88232.9
Missing1343 
TOTAL2678100.0
74) The congregation has co-pastors instead of one head clergyperson. Remarks: This variable was constructed based on key informant reports of staff titles or other information. Because key informants were not asked directly if their congregation had co-pastors, COPASTOR should be used and interpreted with caution. (COPASTOR)
TOTAL%
0) No150599.9
1) Yes1.1
Missing2565 
TOTAL1506100.0
75) [1998 wording; 2006-07 and 2012 wording if head clergyperson is not full-time paid staff] How many people currently work in this congregation as full-time paid staff? [2006-07 and 2012 wording if head clergyperson is full-time paid staff] Including [you/the leader we've been talking about], how many people currently work in this congregation as full-time paid staff? Remarks: Item wording is slightly different in 1998 compared to subsequent waves. In all cases, key informants should have included themselves (or the head clergyperson) if they were full-time employees. However, beginning in 2006-07 we explicitly asked key informants to include the head clergyperson if they were paid (CLERPAID=1) and if they were full-time (CLERFT=1), and we added probes to be sure they did so. Therefore, any changes in FTSTAFF between 1998 and other years should be interpreted with caution. (FTSTAFF)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.268.10
76) Of the [number from FTSTAFF] full-time paid staff people in this congregation, again including [you/the leader we've been talking about], how many would be considered ministerial or other religious staff, such as youth ministers, other pastors, pastoral counselors, directors of religious education, music ministers, and so on? Please do not count secretaries, janitors, school teachers, or other full-time employees not primarily engaged in religious work. (MINSTAFF)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.607.46
77) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF] full-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF1TITL)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor17144.2
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)17144.2
3) Administrative/Executive Pastor/Minister00
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)2.5
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)3.8
7) Bishop00
9) Rector61.6
10) Rabbi102.6
11) Priest (father)41
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator2.5
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar1.3
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)00
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)2.5
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration00
21) Elder or presiding elder, overseer1.3
22) President of congregation1.3
24) Other administrative officer of congregation3.8
31) Minister, clergy, reverend, preacher2.5
35) Other00
36) Can't tell00
39) Assistant to clergyperson (e.g., Pastor's assistant)00
40) Spiritual Leader00
43) Religious Sister00
44) Pastoral Administrator (lay Catholic pastor)00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator00
52) University/Campus Pastor/Minister00
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister3.8
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups00
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)00
61) Care Pastor/Minister1.3
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education1.3
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
78) Principal (School Administrator)1.3
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)00
100) Need Pastor2.5
Missing3263 
TOTAL387100.0
78) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF] full-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2TITL)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor358.1
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)81.9
3) Administrative/Executive Pastor/Minister4.9
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)1.2
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)9922.9
7) Bishop00
8) Vicar00
9) Rector00
10) Rabbi1.2
11) Priest (father)3.7
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator4.9
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar102.3
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)194.4
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)112.5
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)71.6
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration1.2
21) Elder or presiding elder, overseer00
23) Member/chair/trustee of executive board, including financial secretary/treasurer00
25) Lay leader (e.g., committee chair, other) or Lay Minister1.2
26) Church member3.7
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor2.5
29) Minister in residence (i.e., priest or religious living in rectory)1.2
31) Minister, clergy, reverend, preacher81.9
35) Other102.3
36) Can't tell00
37) Deacon3.7
38) Executive/Administrative secretary (i.e., only Admin or exec secretary)00
39) Assistant to clergyperson (e.g., Pastor's assistant)4.9
40) Spiritual Leader00
41) Evangelist2.5
43) Religious Sister00
44) Pastoral Administrator (lay Catholic pastor)2.5
45) Retired/Pastor Emeritus92.1
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator6214.4
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator3.7
52) University/Campus Pastor/Minister1.2
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries2.5
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)214.9
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups3.7
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)4811.1
61) Care Pastor/Minister1.2
62) Hospital/Visitation Pastor/Minister00
63) Spanish-Speaking (Hispanic) Minister2.5
64) Missions Pastor/Minister00
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries51.2
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister4.9
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)2.5
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education2.5
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education3.7
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
77) Student Ministry (High School Ministry, etc.)2.5
78) Principal (School Administrator)00
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)4.9
82) Music Ministry71.6
83) Musician/Cantor102.3
101) Director of Outreach/Stephen Minister2.5
104) Child care00
105) Custodian/Maintenance/Sexton00
Missing3206 
TOTAL432100.0
79) Thinking of [STF2TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male29568.3
2) Female13731.7
Missing3210 
TOTAL432100.0
80) What race or ethnicity is this person? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. Responses of '5, Other' were recoded when possible, based on verbatim specifications of 'Other'. For more methodological details, see remarks for CLERRACE. (STF2RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White11874.7
2) Black or African American2918.4
3) Hispanic106.3
4) Asian or Pacific Islander1.6
5) Other00
Missing3774 
TOTAL158100.0
81) Is this person Hispanic or Latino? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. This item was asked only if the person's race or ethnicity was not previously specified as Hispanic (STF2RACE does not equal 3). (STF2HISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1.7
2) No14899.3
Missing3815 
TOTAL149100.0
82) How old is this person? 2 digit age. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407146.6313.13
83) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712001.387.67
84) [Wording if hired within past two years] Since [he/she] was hired in [his/her] present position, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? [Wording if hired in the present position two or more years ago] In the past two years, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2CUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2918.5
2) No12881.5
Missing3775 
TOTAL157100.0
85) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21950.9
2) No21149.1
Missing3216 
TOTAL430100.0
86) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (STF2GRDT=2). (STF2ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3114.8
2) No17885.2
Missing3718 
TOTAL209100.0
87) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25659.3
2) No17640.7
Missing3209 
TOTAL432100.0
88) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF2MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17240
2) No25860
Missing3215 
TOTAL430100.0
89) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF] full-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3TITL)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor00
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)21.3
3) Administrative/Executive Pastor/Minister00
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)159.9
7) Bishop21.3
8) Vicar00
11) Priest (father)1.7
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator21.3
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar1.7
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)138.6
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)42.6
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)21.3
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration00
21) Elder or presiding elder, overseer1.7
26) Church member32
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor00
31) Minister, clergy, reverend, preacher1.7
35) Other1.7
36) Can't tell1.7
37) Deacon21.3
43) Religious Sister00
45) Retired/Pastor Emeritus00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator4227.8
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator32
52) University/Campus Pastor/Minister42.6
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries1.7
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)42.6
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister00
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups1.7
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)2113.9
60) Men's or Women's Pastor/Minister00
61) Care Pastor/Minister00
63) Spanish-Speaking (Hispanic) Minister1.7
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries42.6
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister32
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)1.7
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education42.6
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education21.3
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
76) Director/Coordinator of Confirmation00
77) Student Ministry (High School Ministry, etc.)1.7
78) Principal (School Administrator)00
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)1.7
83) Musician/Cantor42.6
101) Director of Outreach/Stephen Minister1.7
103) Nurse/Health ministry00
104) Child care21.3
105) Custodian/Maintenance/Sexton00
Missing3613 
TOTAL151100.0
90) Thinking of [STF3TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male8254.7
2) Female6845.3
Missing3617 
TOTAL150100.0
91) What race or ethnicity is this person? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. Responses of '5, Other' were recoded when possible, based on verbatim specifications of 'Other'. For more methodological details, see remarks for CLERRACE. (STF3RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White2777.1
2) Black or African American411.4
3) Hispanic25.7
4) Asian or Pacific Islander25.7
Missing3965 
TOTAL35100.0
92) Is this person Hispanic or Latino? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3HISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12.9
2) No3497.1
Missing3976 
TOTAL35100.0
93) How old is this person? 2 digit age. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407145.6115.34
94) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? 4 digit year. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712001.756.60
95) [Wording if hired within past two years] Since [he/she] was hired in [his/her] present position, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? [Wording if hired in the present position two or more years ago] In the past two years, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3CUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes411.4
2) No3188.6
Missing3965 
TOTAL35100.0
96) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5536.9
2) No9463.1
Missing3619 
TOTAL149100.0
97) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (STF3GRDT=2). (STF3ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1718.7
2) No7481.3
Missing3809 
TOTAL91100.0
98) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6543.3
2) No8556.7
Missing3617 
TOTAL150100.0
99) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF3MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7147.3
2) No7952.7
Missing3619 
TOTAL150100.0
100) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF] full-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF4TITL)
TOTAL%
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)00
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)24.2
11) Priest (father)12.1
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar12.1
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)48.3
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)12.1
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)12.1
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration00
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor00
30) Imam00
35) Other00
36) Can't tell00
37) Deacon12.1
38) Executive/Administrative secretary (i.e., only Admin or exec secretary)00
43) Religious Sister00
45) Retired/Pastor Emeritus00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator1531.3
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator12.1
52) University/Campus Pastor/Minister00
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries12.1
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)12.1
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups12.1
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)1122.9
60) Men's or Women's Pastor/Minister00
61) Care Pastor/Minister00
62) Hospital/Visitation Pastor/Minister12.1
63) Spanish-Speaking (Hispanic) Minister00
64) Missions Pastor/Minister00
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries12.1
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister12.1
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)00
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education12.1
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education12.1
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
77) Student Ministry (High School Ministry, etc.)00
78) Principal (School Administrator)00
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)00
83) Musician/Cantor00
101) Director of Outreach/Stephen Minister12.1
104) Child Care00
105) Custodian/Maintenance/Sexton12.1
Missing3868 
TOTAL48100.0
101) Thinking of [STF4TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF4GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male3262.7
2) Female1937.3
Missing3872 
TOTAL51100.0
102) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? 4 digit year. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF4STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711999.996.35
103) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF4GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1733.3
2) No3466.7
Missing3873 
TOTAL51100.0
104) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (STF4GRDT=2). (STF4ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes412.5
2) No2887.5
Missing3942 
TOTAL32100.0
105) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF4ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2039.2
2) No3160.8
Missing3872 
TOTAL51100.0
106) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF4MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1937.3
2) No3262.7
Missing3873 
TOTAL51100.0
107) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF] full-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF5TITL)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor00
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)00
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)00
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)14.8
11) Priest (father)00
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator29.5
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar00
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)14.8
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)00
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration29.5
36) Can't tell00
37) Deacon00
43) Religious Sister00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator523.8
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)00
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups14.8
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)314.3
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries00
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister14.8
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)14.8
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education14.8
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education00
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
76) Director/Coordinator of Confirmation00
78) Principal (School Administrator)14.8
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)00
83) Musician/Cantor00
101) Director of Outreach/Stephen Minister14.8
103) Nurse/Health Ministry14.8
Missing3963 
TOTAL21100.0
108) Thinking of [STF5TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF5GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male942.9
2) Female1257.1
Missing3967 
TOTAL21100.0
109) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? 4 digit year. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF5STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712001.546.01
110) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF5GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes838.1
2) No1361.9
Missing3967 
TOTAL21100.0
111) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (STF5GRDT=2). (STF5ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes00
2) No13100
Missing4000 
TOTAL13100.0
112) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF5ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes836.4
2) No1463.6
Missing3967 
TOTAL22100.0
113) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF5MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes733.3
2) No1466.7
Missing3967 
TOTAL21100.0
114) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF] full-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF6TITL)
TOTAL%
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)00
11) Priest (father)00
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator00
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)120
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)00
35) Other00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator120
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries00
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)00
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups00
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)120
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries00
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister240
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)00
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education00
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)00
83) Musician/Cantor00
Missing4029 
TOTAL5100.0
115) Thinking of [STF6TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF6GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male450
2) Female450
Missing4029 
TOTAL8100.0
116) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? 4 digit year. Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF6STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712002.155.57
117) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF6GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes337.5
2) No562.5
Missing4029 
TOTAL8100.0
118) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (STF6GRDT=2). (STF6ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes00
2) No5100
Missing4041 
TOTAL5100.0
119) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF6ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes228.6
2) No571.4
Missing4029 
TOTAL7100.0
120) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, job titles (STF1TITL through STF6TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 7 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. In 2012, job titles (STF1TITL through STF3TITL) and subsequent details were asked when congregations had fewer than 4 full-time ministerial staff, even if the clergyperson was not full-time. STF1TITL always refers to the full-time, paid head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one. Other job titles (STF2TITL, STF3TITL, STF4TITL, STF5TITL and STF6TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by STF2TITL is the same person identified by STF2GEND, STF2RACE, STF2HISP, STF2AGE, STF2CUT, STF2STRT, STF2GRDT, STF2ATTD, STF2ORDN, and STF2MMBR. (STF6MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes342.9
2) No457.1
Missing4029 
TOTAL7100.0
121) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are men? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSMEN06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40716.354.62
122) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many have graduated from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSGRD06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40715.094.75
123) How many are currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSATD06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.862.33
124) How many are ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSORD06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40714.884.66
125) How many were members or regular participants in your congregation before they started their jobs at this congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSMBR06)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.575.30
126) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are men? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSMEN12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407112.4518.27
127) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many have graduated from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSGRD12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407120.6137.51
128) How many are currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSATD12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407118.5538.35
129) How many are ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSORD12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407121.1937.32
130) How many were members or regular participants in your congregation before they started their jobs at this congregation? Remarks: In 2006-07, FTSMEN, FTSGRD, FTSATD, FTSORD, and FTSMBR were asked if congregations had 7 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 7). In 2012, these items were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the 2006-07 versions comparable to the 2012 versions by incorporating the relevant information about full-time staff members 4 through 6 in 2006-07 into a variable that is comparable to the relevant 2012 variable. For example, STF4GEND, STF5GEND, and STF6GEND could be used to construct a 2006 variable that is comparable to FTSMEN12. (FTSMBR12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407118.7234.41
131) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are white and non-Hispanic? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407119.0629.39
132) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are Black or African American? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.154.02
133) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are Hispanic or Latino? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFHIS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40717.7015.46
134) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are Asian or Pacific Islander? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFASI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.023.89
135) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are American Indian? Remarks: Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFAI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.010.12
136) Of these [NUMBER FROM MINSTAFF], how many are under 40 years old? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFU40)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407111.2918.76
137) How many are between 40 and 60 years old? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFU60)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40718.0610.98
138) How many are over 60 years old? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFO60)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.563.79
139) In the past two years, have any of these staff people taken a pay cut or had their salary reduced? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTFCUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56
2) No7894
Missing3677 
TOTAL83100.0
140) How many [have had their pay cut or salary reduced]? Remarks: FTSTFWHT, FTSTFBLK, FTSTFHIS, FTSTFASI, FTSTFAI, FTSTFU40, FTSTFU60, FTSTFO60, FTSTFCUT, FTSTCUT1 were asked if congregations had 4 or more full-time ministerial staff (MINSTAFF is greater than or equal to 4). (FTSTCUT1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.934.49
141) Within the past 12 months has the number of full-time paid staff in your congregation increased, decreased, or stayed the same? (FTSTFCHG)
TOTAL%
1) Increased1846.6
2) Stayed the same247688.3
3) Decreased1445.1
Missing1245 
TOTAL2804100.0
142) Is your congregation currently searching for a full-time staff person of any sort? (FTSEARCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15910.7
2) No132489.3
Missing2573 
TOTAL1483100.0
143) What full-time position are you currently trying to fill? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation was searching for a full-time staff person (FTSEARCH=1). (FTPOSTN)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor3321.3
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)2314.8
3) Administrative/Executive Pastor/Minister00
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)1.6
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)95.8
9) Rector1.6
10) Rabbi31.9
11) Priest (father)00
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator21.3
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar00
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)21.3
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)00
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)85.2
19) Vice President, Operations00
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration21.3
22) President of congregation00
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor00
35) Other00
36) Can't tell00
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator2214.2
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator1.6
52) University/Campus Pastor/Minister00
53) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Adult Ministries00
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)42.6
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister00
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups1.6
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)85.2
60) Men's or Women's Pastor/Minister00
62) Hospital/Visitation Pastor/Minister21.3
63) Spanish-Speaking (Hispanic) Minister00
65) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Student Ministries1.6
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister21.3
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)00
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education00
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education00
78) Principal (School Administrator)00
79) Teacher/Educator (includes Sunday School Teacher)21.3
82) Music Ministry00
83) Musician/Cantor2314.8
90) Facilities Manager00
103) Nurse/Health Ministry42.6
105) Custodian/Maintenance/Sexton1.6
Missing3840 
TOTAL155100.0
144) When did this search begin? Month. Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation was searching for a full-time staff person (FTSEARCH=1). (FTSRCHMO)
TOTAL%
1) January127.9
2) February64
3) March74.6
4) April42.6
5) May3019.9
6) June2717.9
7) July117.3
8) August2415.9
9) September106.6
10) October117.3
11) November32
12) December64
Missing3850 
TOTAL151100.0
145) When did this search begin? Year. Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation was searching for a full-time staff person (FTSEARCH=1). (FTSRCHYR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712005.570.99
146) [1998 and 2006-07 wording; 2012 wording if head clergyperson is not part-time paid staff] How many people currently are part-time paid employees of this congregation, including people who receive regular fees for singing or other work? [2012 wording, if head clergyperson is part-time staff] Including [you/the leader we've been talking about] how many people currently are part-time paid employees of this congregation, including people who receive regular fees for singing or other work? Remarks: Beginning in 2006-07, the interviewer was instructed to confirm that the answer to PTSTAFF included the respondent, if the respondent worked part-time at the congregation. (PTSTAFF)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.304.30
147) Of the [Number from PTSTAFF] part-time paid staff people in this congregation, again including [you/the leader we've been talking about], how many would be considered ministerial or other religious staff, such as youth ministers, other pastors, pastoral counselors, directors of religious education, music ministers, and so on? Please do not count secretaries, janitors, school teachers, or other part-time employees not primarily engaged in religious work. Remarks: If a congregation did not have paid part-time staff (PTSTAFF=0), PTMINSTF was set at zero. (PTMINSTF)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.751.47
148) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF] part-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST1TITL)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor1946.3
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)49.8
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)12.4
9) Rector49.8
10) Rabbi24.9
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator1024.4
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister12.4
Missing4049 
TOTAL41100.0
149) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF] part-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST2TITL)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor or co-pastor144.3
3) Administrative/Executive Pastor/Minister00
4) Interim pastor or administrator (any level)61.8
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)319.5
11) Priest (father)1.3
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator3.9
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar2.6
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)92.8
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)1.3
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)51.5
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration00
21) Elder or presiding elder, overseer1.3
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor41.2
35) Other00
36) Can't tell00
37) Deacon41.2
39) Assistant to clergyperson (e.g., Pastor's assistant)103.1
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator5617.2
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator2.6
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)113.4
56) Pulpit/Preaching Pastor/Minister1.3
57) Pastor/Minister of Christian Life/Discipleship/Small Groups2.6
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)11334.8
61) Care Pastor/Minister00
62) Hospital/Visitation Pastor/Minister1.3
63) Spanish-Speaking (Hispanic) Minister1.3
64) Missions Pastor/Minister00
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister2.6
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)00
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education00
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education2.6
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care2.6
77) Student Ministry (High School Ministry, etc.)00
78) Principal (School Administrator)2.6
82) Music Ministry3.9
83) Musician/Cantor3510.8
101) Director of Outreach/Stephen Minister1.3
103) Nurse/Health Ministry00
104) Child Care00
106) Spanish-speaking (Hispanic) ministry00
Missing3686 
TOTAL325100.0
150) Thinking of [PST2TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST2GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male18356.1
2) Female14343.9
Missing3686 
TOTAL326100.0
151) What race or ethnicity is this person? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. Responses of '5, Other' were recoded when possible, based on verbatim specifications of 'Other'. For more methodological details, see remarks for CLERRACE. (PST2RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White22368.6
2) Black or African American7422.8
3) Hispanic226.8
4) Asian or Pacific Islander1.3
5) Other51.5
Missing3689 
TOTAL325100.0
152) Is this person Hispanic or Latino? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. This item was asked only if the person's race or ethnicity was not previously specified as Hispanic (PST2RACE does not equal 3). (PST2HISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1.3
2) No30299.7
Missing3721 
TOTAL303100.0
153) How old is this person? 2 digit age. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PSTF2AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407146.9314.74
154) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? 4 digit year. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST2STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712005.637.81
155) [Wording if hired in the present position two or more years ago] In the past two years, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? [Wording if hired within past two years] Since [he/she] was hired in [his/her] present position, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PSTF2CUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes195.8
2) No30694.2
Missing3690 
TOTAL325100.0
156) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST2GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7423.1
2) No24776.9
Missing3692 
TOTAL321100.0
157) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (PST2GRDT=2). (PST2ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes166.4
2) No23493.6
Missing3771 
TOTAL250100.0
158) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST2ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9027.6
2) No23672.4
Missing3687 
TOTAL326100.0
159) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST2MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17252.9
2) No15347.1
Missing3692 
TOTAL325100.0
160) What are the job titles of each of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF] part-time paid staff people? Please begin with [yourself/the senior clergy person or religious leader]. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3TITL)
TOTAL%
2) Senior/Head/Lead pastor/minister ('senior' anything)00
6) Associate/assistant/junior pastor/minister/priest/rabbi ('assistant' anything)1214.5
11) Priest (father)11.2
12) Director or Executive Director, Administrator00
13) Pastoral associate/assistant & parochial vicar00
14) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Religious Education (Christian Education)22.4
15) Other ministerial staff (excluding deacons; including chaplain)00
16) Other Administrative Support (e.g., secretary, admin assistant, bookkeeper, office manager, office staff)00
20) Other administrative/managerial staff (including financial administration); Ministry of Administration00
28) Intern, seminarian, student pastor11.2
31) Minister, clergy, reverend, preacher11.2
35) Other00
39) Assistant to clergyperson (e.g., Pastor's assistant)11.2
50) Youth/Children's Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator2530.1
51) Family Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator00
55) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Worship/Worship Arts/Liturgy/Ritual (Liturgist)56
59) Pastor/Minister or Director/Coordinator of Music (includes Music Minister)1214.5
60) Men's or Women's Pastor/Minister00
61) Care Pastor/Minister00
64) Missions Pastor/Minister00
66) Other Topical Pastor/Minister22.4
70) Preschool Director/Coordinator (early education)11.2
73) Director/Coordinator or Pastor/Minister of Education11.2
74) Director/Coordinator of Faith Formation/RCIA or Discipleship Education00
75) Director/Coordinator or Minister/Pastor of Pastoral Care00
82) Music Ministry11.2
83) Musician/Cantor1315.7
104) Child Care56
Missing3937 
TOTAL83100.0
161) Thinking of [PST3TITL], is this person male or female? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3GEND)
TOTAL%
1) Male1922.4
2) Female6677.6
Missing3937 
TOTAL85100.0
162) What race or ethnicity is this person? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. Responses of '5, Other' were recoded when possible, based on verbatim specifications of 'Other'. For more methodological details, see remarks for CLERRACE. (PST3RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White5666.7
2) Black or African American2327.4
3) Hispanic44.8
4) Asian or Pacific Islander11.2
Missing3939 
TOTAL84100.0
163) Is this person Hispanic or Latino? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. This item was asked only if the person's race or ethnicity was not previously specified as Hispanic (PST3RACE does not equal 3). (PST3HISP)
TOTAL%
2) No80100
Missing3956 
TOTAL80100.0
164) How old is this person? 2 digit age. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407143.6811.12
165) In what year did this person start this job at this congregation? 4 digit year. Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3STRT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712007.227.36
166) [Wording if hired in the present position two or more years ago] In the past two years, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? [Wording if hired within past two years] Since [he/she] was hired in [his/her] present position, has this person taken a pay cut or had [his/her] salary reduced? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PSTF3CUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44.8
2) No8095.2
Missing3939 
TOTAL84100.0
167) Did this person graduate from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3GRDT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1517.6
2) No7082.4
Missing3937 
TOTAL85100.0
168) Is this person currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. This item was asked only if the person had not graduated from a seminary or theological school (PST3GRDT=2). (PST3ATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1217.1
2) No5882.9
Missing3958 
TOTAL70100.0
169) Is this person ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3ORDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78.2
2) No7891.8
Missing3937 
TOTAL85100.0
170) Was this person a member or regular participant in this congregation before starting this job at your congregation? Remarks: PST1TITL always refers to the head or senior clergyperson, if the congregation has one who is part-time paid staff. Other job titles (PST2TITL and PST3TITL) correspond to the staff items below; for example, the person identified by PST2TITL is the same person identified by PST2GEND, PST2RACE, PST2HISP, and following. (PST3MMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5564.7
2) No3035.3
Missing3938 
TOTAL85100.0
171) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are white and non-Hispanic? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFWHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.103.01
172) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are Black or African American? Number of people. Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFBLK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.051.92
173) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are Hispanic or Latino? Number of people. Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFHIS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.441.84
174) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are Asian or Pacific Islander? Number of people. Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF is greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFASI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.040.26
175) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are American Indian? Number of people. Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFAI)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.000.00
176) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are under 40 years old? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFU40)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.872.40
177) How many are between 40 and 60 years old? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFU60)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.142.16
178) How many are over 60 years old? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFO60)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.620.92
179) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many are men? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFMEN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.011.71
180) In the past two years, have any of these staff people taken a pay cut or had their salary reduced? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFCUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1113.4
2) No7085.4
3) All hired within the last two years11.2
Missing3813 
TOTAL82100.0
181) How many [have had their pay cut or salary reduced]? Remarks: This item was asked only if staff had taken a recent pay cut (PTSTFCUT=1). (PTSFCUT1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.442.28
182) Of these [NUMBER FROM PTMINSTF], how many have graduated from a seminary or theological school? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFGRD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.661.21
183) How many are currently attending a seminary or theological school? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFATD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.240.72
184) How many are ordained to full clergy status in your congregation, church, or religious group? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFORD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.741.22
185) How many were members or regular participants in your congregation before they started their jobs at this congregation? Remarks: PTSTFWHT, PTSTFBLK, et al. through PTSTFMBR were asked if congregations had 4 or more part-time ministerial staff (PTMINSTF greater than or equal to 4). (PTSTFMBR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.953.28
186) In a typical week, how many worship services does your congregation hold? (NUMSERV1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.958.94
187) [1998] Most recent or main worship service [2006-07 and 2012] Most recent or main worship service at which respondent was present. Day of the month (1 through 31). Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal service for LENGTH-SOCLTIME. This series of items is identical, except that in 2006-07 and 2012 we asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the most recent service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). Respondents in congregations with zero (0) services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) service in the past week were asked to think about that service (or the most recent one attended, if not in the past week). Respondents in congregations with multiple services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' service in the past week (or the most recent 'main' service attended, if not in the past week). (SVCDAY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407115.399.04
188) [1998] Most recent or main worship service [2006-07 and 2012] Most recent or main worship service at which respondent was present. Month. Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal service for LENGTH-SOCLTIME (see questions 20-21 on the 1998 questionnaire, question 30 on the 2006-07 questionnaire, and question 32 on the 2012 questionnaire). This series of items is identical, except that in 2006-07 and 2012 we asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the most recent service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). Respondents in congregations with zero (0) services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) service in the past week were asked to think about that service (or the most recent one attended, if not in the past week). Respondents in congregations with multiple services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' service in the past week (or the most recent 'main' service attended, if not in the past week). (SVCMNTH)
TOTAL%
1) January1293.2
2) February461.1
3) March1744.3
4) April3378.4
5) May58914.7
6) June61815.4
7) July55713.9
8) August53313.3
9) September3238
10) October3478.6
11) November1704.2
12) December1944.8
Missing31 
TOTAL4017100.0
189) How long did this service last? Remarks: Respondents were asked to report the length of service in hours and minutes. We converted their responses into the total number of minutes. (LENGTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407189.7041.76
190) Was there a sermon or a speech of some sort at this service? (SERMON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes389095.7
2) No1754.3
Missing4 
TOTAL4065100.0
191) How long did the sermon or speech last? Time in minutes. Remarks: SERMTIME was asked only if SERMON=1. If a congregation did not have a sermon (SERMON=2), SERMTIME was set at zero. (SERMTIME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407129.5019.56
192) What language or languages were spoken or sung at this service? First language mentioned. Remarks: SERVLNG1, SERVLNG2, and SERVLNG3 were coded from verbatim responses to this question. (SERVLNG1)
TOTAL%
3) Arabic2.2
5) Armenian00
8) Chinese2.2
11) Creole1.1
15) Dutch00
16) English118196
25) Greek00
30) Hebrew6.5
39) Korean4.3
41) Latin1.1
50) Polish1.1
52) Punjabi1.1
59) Spanish242
63) Tongan5.4
87) Ukrainian1.1
90) Other1.1
Missing2843 
TOTAL1230100.0
193) What language or languages were spoken or sung at this service? Second language mentioned. Remarks: SERVLNG1, SERVLNG2, and SERVLNG3 were coded from verbatim responses to this question. (SERVLNG2)
TOTAL%
2) American Sign Language78.6
3) Arabic44.9
5) Armenian11.2
6) Bangladeshi22.5
8) Chinese11.2
11) Creole00
16) English2328.4
22) French11.2
25) Greek11.2
28) Haitian22.5
30) Hebrew89.9
32) Hindi00
36) Italian00
39) Korean11.2
41) Latin89.9
44) Native American or American Indian00
51) Portuguese11.2
54) Russian11.2
59) Spanish1923.5
64) Vietnamese00
67) Zulu00
81) Lebanese00
82) Tamil00
90) Other11.2
Missing3934 
TOTAL81100.0
194) What language or languages were spoken or sung at this service? Third language mentioned. Remarks: SERVLNG1, SERVLNG2, and SERVLNG3 were coded from verbatim responses to this question. (SERVLNG3)
TOTAL%
4) Aramaic535.7
8) Chinese17.1
11) Creole00
16) English00
22) French00
25) Greek17.1
30) Hebrew17.1
32) Hindi00
36) Italian214.3
39) Korean00
41) Latin00
51) Portuguese214.3
59) Spanish17.1
66) Yiddish00
85) Coptic17.1
90) Other00
Missing4044 
TOTAL14100.0
195) Which one of these was the primary language in which the service was conducted? Remarks: MAINLANG was asked only if more than one language was mentioned in SERVLNG1-SERVLNG3. (MAINLANG)
TOTAL%
3) Arabic34.3
5) Armenian11.4
6) Bangladeshi22.9
11) Creole00
16) English4462.9
22) French00
25) Greek00
30) Hebrew811.4
41) Latin11.4
59) Spanish11.4
63) Tongan57.1
85) Coptic11.4
90) Other45.7
Missing3965 
TOTAL70100.0
196) Were languages other than [SERVLNG1, SERVLNG2, SERVLNG3] spoken or sung at any service in the past 12 months? (OTHLANG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22919.2
2) No96480.8
Missing2882 
TOTAL1193100.0
197) What other languages were spoken or sung? First language mentioned. Remarks: This item was asked only if OTHLANG=1. (OTHLANG1)
TOTAL%
1) African Dialect2.9
2) American Sign Language52.3
3) Arabic73.2
4) Aramaic00
6) Bangladeshi1.5
8) Chinese1.5
15) Dutch00
16) English94.1
18) Fijian1.5
19) Filipino00
21) Finnish1.5
22) French62.7
23) German115
25) Greek41.8
28) Haitian2.9
30) Hebrew62.7
33) Hungarian1.5
36) Italian1.5
37) Japanese1.5
38) Kenyan1.5
39) Korean31.4
41) Latin2310.5
43) Lithuanian00
44) Native American or American Indian52.3
48) Pennsylvania Dutch1.5
49) Persian00
50) Polish00
51) Portuguese1.5
54) Russian31.4
55) Samoan2.9
58) South African1.5
59) Spanish10748.9
61) Swahili1.5
64) Vietnamese1.5
66) Yiddish31.4
90) Other83.7
Missing3664 
TOTAL219100.0
198) What other languages were spoken or sung? Second language mentioned. Remarks: This item was asked only if OTHLANG=1. (OTHLANG2)
TOTAL%
1) African Dialect11.4
2) American Sign Language22.7
3) Arabic00
5) Armenian00
8) Chinese22.7
11) Creole11.4
15) Dutch00
16) English34.1
19) Filipino00
22) French1418.9
23) German34.1
25) Greek45.4
28) Haitian00
30) Hebrew11.4
32) Hindi11.4
33) Hungarian11.4
34) Icelandic22.7
35) Indonesian00
36) Italian11.4
37) Japanese79.5
39) Korean22.7
41) Latin810.8
42) Latin and Greek11.4
44) Native American or American Indian11.4
46) Norwegian00
50) Polish00
51) Portuguese22.7
54) Russian00
55) Samoan00
59) Spanish1317.6
61) Swahili00
64) Vietnamese00
70) Swedish11.4
71) Indian00
74) Turkish00
84) Pakistani11.4
86) Hawaiian00
90) Other22.7
Missing3905 
TOTAL74100.0
199) What other languages were spoken or sung? Third language mentioned. Remarks: This item was asked only if OTHLANG=1. (OTHLANG3)
TOTAL%
2) American Sign Language00
7) Bulgarian14
11) Creole14
17) Ethiopian00
19) Filipino00
22) French312
23) German28
25) Greek28
30) Hebrew00
31) Nigerian00
33) Hungarian00
36) Italian00
37) Japanese14
39) Korean00
41) Latin14
46) Norwegian00
49) Persian624
51) Portuguese00
53) Romanian00
54) Russian00
59) Spanish624
63) Tongan14
64) Vietnamese00
90) Other14
Missing4000 
TOTAL25100.0
200) Still thinking about [the worship service/the main service] that took place this past week, how many different individuals spoke or read to the group at some point in this service? Please don't include those who made brief announcements or informally shared a concern. (NUMSPOKE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.264.87
201) Was this person male or female? Remarks: This item was asked if the congregation had only one speaker (NUMSPOKE=1). (SEXSPKR)
TOTAL%
1) Male23290.6
2) Female249.4
Missing3901 
TOTAL256100.0
202) How many of these readers or speakers were male and how many were female? Number of males. Remarks: MALESPKR and FEMSPKR were asked only if the congregation had 2 or more speakers (NUMSPOKE is greater than or equal to 2). If a congregation reported that no one spoke at their main service (NUMSPOKE=0), MALESPKR and FEMSPKR were set at zero. If a congregation reported that 1 person spoke at their main service (NUMSPOKE=1), MALESPKR was set at 1 if SEXSPKR=1; likewise, FEMSPKR was set at 1 if SEXSPKR=2. (MALESPKR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.063.00
203) How many of these readers or speakers were male and how many were female? Number of females. Remarks: MALESPKR and FEMSPKR were asked only if the congregation had 2 or more speakers (NUMSPOKE is greater than or equal to 2). If a congregation reported that no one spoke at their main service (NUMSPOKE=0), MALESPKR and FEMSPKR were set at zero. If a congregation reported that 1 person spoke at their main service (NUMSPOKE=1), MALESPKR was set at 1 if SEXSPKR=1; likewise, FEMSPKR was set at 1 if SEXSPKR=2. (FEMSPKR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.192.76
204) Did the speaker come down from the altar, podium, chancel, or stage during the sermon? Remarks: SPKRDWN was asked only if SERMON=1. (SPKRDWN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes134549.6
2) No136450.4
Missing1294 
TOTAL2709100.0
205) Was there singing by the congregation at this service? (SINGING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes394196.8
2) No1303.2
TOTAL4071100.0
206) Was there singing by a choir at this service? (CHOIR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes193147.4
2) No213952.6
Missing2 
TOTAL4070100.0
207) Was there singing by a soloist at this service? (SOLOIST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50340.9
2) No72859.1
Missing2840 
TOTAL1231100.0
208) [1998 wording] Counting all the musical parts of [this/the main] service this past week, how many minutes would you say were taken up by music? [2006-07 and 2012 wording] Counting all the musical parts of this service, how many minutes would you say were taken up by music? (MUSICMIN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407124.7917.36
209) Was there a time during the service in which people in the congregation greeted each other by shaking hands or some other way? (GREET)
TOTAL%
1) Yes326380.2
2) No80619.8
Missing4 
TOTAL4069100.0
210) Was there a time during the service for silent prayer or meditation? (MEDITATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes201473.6
2) No72326.4
Missing1334 
TOTAL2737100.0
211) Was there a part of this service specifically directed at children? (KIDTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59648.3
2) No63851.7
Missing2839 
TOTAL1234100.0
212) Did any teens participate in this service by speaking, reading, singing, or performing, not including participating just by being part of the congregation or the choir? (TEENPART)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49139.9
2) No74160.1
Missing2839 
TOTAL1232100.0
213) Did anyone call out 'amen' or other expressions of approval? (AMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes269866.4
2) No136833.6
Missing10 
TOTAL4066100.0
214) Was there applause at any point in this service? (APPLAUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes245960.6
2) No160239.4
Missing8 
TOTAL4061100.0
215) Did people laugh out loud at any point in this service? (LAUGH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes91174.7
2) No30825.3
Missing2843 
TOTAL1219100.0
216) Was there a written order of service or program that people could follow, either in book form or as a handout? (PROGRAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes273767.2
2) No133432.8
TOTAL4071100.0
217) Was any visual projection equipment used in this service? (OVERHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes101525
2) No305175
Missing2 
TOTAL4066100.0
218) Did the people speak or read or recite something together at any point? (CONGREAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes167761.3
2) No105738.7
Missing1334 
TOTAL2734100.0
219) Was incense used in this service? (INCENSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes473.9
2) No116796.1
Missing2842 
TOTAL1214100.0
220) Did any adults jump, shout, or dance spontaneously during this service? (JUMP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97424
2) No308276
Missing10 
TOTAL4056100.0
221) Did anyone besides the leader raise their hands in praise during the service? (RAISEHND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes218453.9
2) No186746.1
Missing23 
TOTAL4051100.0
222) Were any musical instruments used in this service? (INSTMENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes103285.2
2) No17914.8
Missing2858 
TOTAL1211100.0
223) Was a piano used? Remarks: This item was asked only if instruments were used (INSTMENT=1). If a congregation reported that no musical instruments were used during the main service (INSTMENT=2), PIANO was set at 2. (PIANO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82568.9
2) No37231.1
Missing2881 
TOTAL1197100.0
224) [1998 wording] Organ? [2012 wording] Was an organ used in this service? Remarks: This item was asked only if INSTMENT=1 (in 1998) or MUSICMIN is greater than 0 (in 2012). In 1998, if a congregation reported that no musical instruments were used during the main service (INSTMENT=2), ORGAN was set at 2. In 2012, if a congregation reported no music in the service (MUSICMIN=0), ORGAN was set at 2. (ORGAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes117847.1
2) No132252.9
Missing1548 
TOTAL2500100.0
225) [1998 wording] Drums? [2006-07 wording] Were drums used at this service? Remarks: This item was asked only if INSTMENT=1 (in 1998) or MUSICMIN is greater than 0 (in 2006-07 and 2012). In 1998, if a congregation reported that no musical instruments were used during the main service (INSTMENT=2), DRUMS was set at 2. In 2006-07 and 2012, if a congregation reported no music in the service (MUSICMIN=0), DRUMS was set at 2. (DRUMS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes117029.4
2) No280370.6
Missing82 
TOTAL3973100.0
226) Electric guitar? Remarks: This item was asked only if instruments were used (INSTMENT=1). If a congregation reported that no musical instruments were used during the main service (INSTMENT=2), ELECGTR was set at 2. (ELECGTR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24020.8
2) No91279.2
Missing2908 
TOTAL1152100.0
227) Was a guitar used at this service? Remarks: This item was asked only if MUSICMIN is greater than 0. If a congregation reported no music in the main service (MUSICMIN=0), GUITAR was set at 2. (GUITAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes89431.6
2) No193968.4
Missing1241 
TOTAL2833100.0
228) Were any song lyrics provided to people on a flyer or handout? Remarks: This item was asked only if there was singing by the congregation at the service (SINGING=1). If a congregation reported that there was no singing by the congregation (SINGING=2), HANDOUT was set at 2. (HANDOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34726.1
2) No98473.9
Missing2740 
TOTAL1331100.0
229) Was anyone paid by the congregation to sign or perform music at this service? (PAIDMUS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31723.9
2) No101076.1
Missing2746 
TOTAL1327100.0
230) How many? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported that someone was paid to sing or perform music at the main service (PAIDMUS=1).If a congregation reported no paid musicians (PAIDMUS=2), PAIDMUS1 was set at zero. (PAIDMUS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40710.380.91
231) Does your congregation have a copyright license agreement to perform or sing certain songs in worship services? (HAVECLA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes65951.1
2) No63148.9
Missing2773 
TOTAL1290100.0
232) Were song lyrics projected on a wall or screen at any time during this service? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregation reported using visual projection equipment in the main service (OVERHEAD=1). (LYRICS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41931.5
2) No91268.5
Missing2740 
TOTAL1331100.0
233) Was there a reading from the Bible during the service? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian or Jewish congregations. (RDBIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes122998.2
2) No221.8
Missing2775 
TOTAL1251100.0
234) From what translation? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregation reported reading from the Bible during the main service (RDBIBLE=1). BIBLE1 was coded from verbatim responses to this question. (BIBLE1)
TOTAL%
1) King James Version44336.3
2) New King James Version867.1
3) Revised Standard Version161.3
4) New Revised Standard Version1169.5
5) New American Bible (includes New American Bible, Revised)443.6
6) Catholic, other (includes Jerusalem Bible, lectionary, and missal)121
7) English Standard Version282.3
8) New Living Translation9.7
9) New American Standard Bible544.4
10) New World Translation8.7
11) The Message6.5
12) Good News Bible3.2
13) Reina-Valera (Spanish)161.3
14) La Biblia de las Américas (Spanish)10.8
15) La Biblia Latinoamericana (Spanish, includes Latin American Bible, Latino American Bible)1.1
16) Other or unspecified Catholic (Spanish)1.1
17) Nueva Version Internacional (Spanish)00
18) Spanish version, other2.2
19) New International Version (NIV), 19843.2
20) Today's New International Version (TNIV)2.2
21) New International Version, not specified21217.4
22) Holman Christian Standard Bible121
23) Original Hebrew3.2
24) Jewish Publication Society9.7
25) Other English translation of the Tanakh (includes Artscroll, Etz Hayim)3.2
26) Multiple translations927.5
27) Translation in other language (not English or Spanish)6.5
28) Other (includes American Standard, Common English Bible, Amplified, and unspecified or unclear)221.8
Missing2821 
TOTAL1219100.0
235) Did any part of this service involve watching video that was recorded at or broadcasted from another location? (WTCHVID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes403
2) No129197
Missing2740 
TOTAL1331100.0
236) Did people join hands at any point during the service, such as during a prayer or at other moments? (JOINHNDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes104737
2) No178663
Missing1241 
TOTAL2833100.0
237) Did the leader of this service wear a robe or other special garments? (ROBE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88431.2
2) No195068.8
Missing1235 
TOTAL2834100.0
238) Was a monetary offering collected at this service? (OFFERING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes133088.5
2) No17311.5
Missing2567 
TOTAL1503100.0
239) Was communion or the Lord's Supper celebrated at this service? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (COMMUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37432.3
2) No78467.7
Missing2899 
TOTAL1158100.0
240) For about how long would you say that people in this congregation usually mingle and socialize informally with each other before and after the service? Time in minutes (SOCLTIME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407135.3727.90
241) [1998 wording] Still thinking about [the worship service/the main service] that took place this past week, how many people, including both adults and children, would you say attended? [2006-07 and 2012 wording] Still thinking about [the worship service/the main service] that we've been talking about, how many people, including both adults and children, would you say attended? Number of persons (NUMATTND)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071128.20697.60
242) What was the total attendance, including both adults and children, at all of the worship services that took place this past weekend, including services on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday? Number of persons. Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported more than one worship service in the past week. If a congregation had no services, TOTATTND was set at zero. Note that TOTATTND and NUMATTND may reference different time periods if the focal service for items LENGTH-SOCLTIME was NOT in the weekend prior to the interview (see remarks for SVCMNTH AND SVCDAY). In the 2012 cumulative dataset, we now correct a previous error in TOTATTND for 2006-07 data, where TOTATTND had been set at zero when a congregation reported only one service in the past week. (TOTATTND)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4071241.37621.51
243) Of the regularly participating adults in this congregation, how many would you say attended more than one of the services held during the previous seven days? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported more than one worship service in the past week. If a congregation had one or no services, ATTMORE was set at zero. (ATTMORE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407138.44102.35
244) Are there important differences between any of the worship services your congregation has on a typical weekend, or are they all about the same? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation had 2 or more worship services in the past week. (IMPDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Important differences73940.2
2) All about the same109859.8
Missing1787 
TOTAL1837100.0
245) Thinking about the worship service on a typical weekend that is most different in terms of worship style from the service we've been talking about, how would you describe the main difference between these two services? Different language. Remarks: In 2006-07, verbatim responses to DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a particular type of difference. For each variable listed below, a code of 1 means that a difference of that sort was mentioned in response to items DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the difference level. This means that if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one difference or to more than one difference. The verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at zero. (DIFFLANG)
TOTAL%
0) Did not mention this type of difference100997.2
1) Mentioned this type of difference292.8
Missing2836 
TOTAL1038100.0
246) Thinking about the worship service on a typical weekend that is most different in terms of worship style from the service we've been talking about, how would you describe the main difference between these two services? Different schedule. Remarks: In 2006-07, verbatim responses to DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a particular type of difference. For each variable listed below, a code of 1 means that a difference of that sort was mentioned in response to items DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the difference level. This means that if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one difference or to more than one difference. The verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at zero. (DIFFSCHD)
TOTAL%
0) Did not mention this type of difference102498.6
1) Mentioned this type of difference151.4
Missing2836 
TOTAL1039100.0
247) Thinking about the worship service on a typical weekend that is most different in terms of worship style from the service we've been talking about, how would you describe the main difference between these two services? Appeals to special group. Remarks: In 2006-07, verbatim responses to DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a particular type of difference. For each variable listed below, a code of 1 means that a difference of that sort was mentioned in response to items DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the difference level. This means that if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one difference or to more than one difference. The verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at zero. (DIFFGRP)
TOTAL%
0) Did not mention this type of difference98094.3
1) Mentioned this type of difference595.7
Missing2836 
TOTAL1039100.0
248) Thinking about the worship service on a typical weekend that is most different in terms of worship style from the service we've been talking about, how would you describe the main difference between these two services? Difference in in/formality. Remarks: In 2006-07, verbatim responses to DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a particular type of difference. For each variable listed below, a code of 1 means that a difference of that sort was mentioned in response to items DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the difference level. This means that if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one difference or to more than one difference. The verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at zero. (DIFFFORM)
TOTAL%
0) Did not mention this type of difference72569.8
1) Mentioned this type of difference31330.2
Missing2836 
TOTAL1038100.0
249) Thinking about the worship service on a typical weekend that is most different in terms of worship style from the service we've been talking about, how would you describe the main difference between these two services? Difference in music. Remarks: In 2006-07, verbatim responses to DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a particular type of difference. For each variable listed below, a code of 1 means that a difference of that sort was mentioned in response to items DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the difference level. This means that if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one difference or to more than one difference. The verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at zero. (DIFFMUSC)
TOTAL%
0) Did not mention this type of difference90887.5
1) Mentioned this type of difference13012.5
Missing2836 
TOTAL1038100.0
250) Thinking about the worship service on a typical weekend that is most different in terms of worship style from the service we've been talking about, how would you describe the main difference between these two services? Other differences. Remarks: In 2006-07, verbatim responses to DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a particular type of difference. For each variable listed below, a code of 1 means that a difference of that sort was mentioned in response to items DIFFLANG-OTHDIFFS. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the difference level. This means that if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one difference or to more than one difference. The verbatim responses may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at zero. (OTHDIFFS)
TOTAL%
0) Did not mention this type of difference102798.8
1) Mentioned this type of difference121.2
Missing2836 
TOTAL1039100.0
251) Are any of these differences related to: How formal or informal services are? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at 2. (FORMDIF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16821
2) No63179
Missing3022 
TOTAL799100.0
252) Are any of these differences related to: Which languages are used during services? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at 2. (LANGDIF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes253.1
2) No77496.9
Missing3022 
TOTAL799100.0
253) Are any of these differences related to: What kind of music is played or sung during services? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation reported important differences among weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=1). If a congregation reported no differences between weekend worship services (IMPDIFF=2), all difference variables were set at 2. (MUSDIF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11214
2) No68786
Missing3022 
TOTAL799100.0
254) Within the past 12 months, has the number of worship services in a typical week, increased, decreased, or remained the same? (NMSRVCHG)
TOTAL%
1) Increased17111.4
2) Remained the Same127184.4
3) Decreased644.2
Missing2565 
TOTAL1506100.0
255) Why was the number of services [increased/decreased]? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported a change in their number of worship services (NMSRVCHG=1 or 3). Verbatim responses to this question were coded into the categorical variable WHYCHG. Note that these categories are mutually exclusive. (WHYCHG)
TOTAL%
1) Change in congregation attendance4016.9
2) Wanted to add another schedule option4016.9
3) Wanted to provide an alternative worship style4519.1
4) Staffing issues3715.7
5) Seasonal change2611
6) Needed a bilingual service62.5
10) Some other reason4217.8
Missing3826 
TOTAL236100.0
256) In a typical week, does your congregation have a worship service in which the primary language in Spanish, or which is bilingual in Spanish and English? (SPANSRVC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2137.5
2) No262492.5
Missing1234 
TOTAL2837100.0
257) Is that true of the main service we just talked about? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported having a worship service in which the primary language is Spanish or which is bilingual in Spanish and English (SPANSRVC=1). (SPNMAIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7866.1
2) No4033.9
Missing3821 
TOTAL118100.0
258) In a typical week, does your congregation have a worship service that is attended primarily by Hispanic or Latino people, even if the service is conducted in English? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported that they did not have a worship service in which the primary language is Spanish or which is bilingual in Spanish and English (SPANSRVC=2). (HISPSVC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8.7
2) No120599.3
Missing2991 
TOTAL1213100.0
259) Is that true of the main service we just talked about? Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported having a worship service that is not in Spanish or bilingual in Spanish and English, but which is attended primarily by Hispanic or Latino people (HISPSVC=1). See also remarks for HISPSVC. (SPNMAIN2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes777.8
2) No222.2
Missing4047 
TOTAL9100.0
260) Have you attended any of [the Spanish language or bilingual worship services/worship services primarily attended by Hispanic and Latino people] in the past 12 months? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. This item and the following items about Hispanic worship services were asked only if the congregation reported having a Spanish or Spanish/English bilingual service (SPANSRVC=1) or a service primarily attended by Hispanic or Latino people (HISPSVC=1) AND this Hispanic worship services was not the main service (SPNMAIN1=2 or SPNMAIN2=2). Researchers wishing to study all Hispanic worship services within the dataset will wish to also include the variables on main worship services (LENGTH-SOCLTIME) that were a) Spanish or Spanish/English bilingual (SPNMAIN1=1) OR b) attended primarily by Hispanic or Latino people (SPNMAIN2=1). (ATSPSVC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2177.8
2) No622.2
Missing3929 
TOTAL27100.0
261) When was your most recent [Spanish language or bilingual worship service/worship service attended primarily by Hispanic and Latino people]? Day of the month (1 through 31). Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal Hispanic service for items HAMEN-HRAISHND. We asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the focal service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). See also remarks for ATSPSVC. Respondents in congregations with zero (0) Hispanic services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) Hispanic service in the past week were asked to think about that service. Respondents in congregations with multiple Hispanic worship services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' Hispanic service in the past week. If there was more than one Hispanic worship service in the past week, this item refers to the main Hispanic worship service for the congregation. (HSVCDAY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407116.4010.06
262) When was your most recent [Spanish language or bilingual worship service/worship service attended primarily by Hispanic and Latino people]? Month. Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal Hispanic service for items HAMEN-HRAISHND. We asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the focal service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). See also remarks for ATSPSVC. Respondents in congregations with zero (0) Hispanic services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) Hispanic service in the past week were asked to think about that service. Respondents in congregations with multiple Hispanic worship services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' Hispanic service in the past week. If there was more than one Hispanic worship service in the past week, this item refers to the main Hispanic worship service for the congregation. (HSVCMNTH)
TOTAL%
1) January00
3) March00
4) April29.1
5) May14.5
6) June313.6
7) July627.3
8) August29.1
9) September522.7
10) October29.1
11) November14.5
12) December00
Missing3957 
TOTAL22100.0
263) Did anyone call out 'amen' or other expressions of approval? Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal Hispanic service for items HAMEN-HRAISHND. We asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the focal service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). See also remarks for ATSPSVC. Respondents in congregations with zero (0) Hispanic services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) Hispanic service in the past week were asked to think about that service. Respondents in congregations with multiple Hispanic worship services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' Hispanic service in the past week. If there was more than one Hispanic worship service in the past week, this item refers to the main Hispanic worship service for the congregation. (HAMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1466.7
2) No733.3
Missing3960 
TOTAL21100.0
264) Did adults jump, shout, or dance spontaneously during this service? Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal Hispanic service for items HAMEN-HRAISHND. We asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the focal service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). See also remarks for ATSPSVC. Respondents in congregations with zero (0) Hispanic services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) Hispanic service in the past week were asked to think about that service. Respondents in congregations with multiple Hispanic worship services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' Hispanic service in the past week. If there was more than one Hispanic worship service in the past week, this item refers to the main Hispanic worship service for the congregation. (HJUMP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes838.1
2) No1361.9
Missing3959 
TOTAL21100.0
265) Did anyone besides the leader raise their hands in praise during the service? Remarks: These variables were constructed using a series of items designed to identify the focal Hispanic service for items HAMEN-HRAISHND. We asked the respondent whether s/he was present for the focal service; if not, s/he was asked about the most recent service at which s/he was present. The focal service for subsequent questions is then always the most recent one attended (and thus may have occurred earlier than the past week). See also remarks for ATSPSVC. Respondents in congregations with zero (0) Hispanic services in the past week were asked to think about the most recent worship service. Respondents in congregations with only one (1) Hispanic service in the past week were asked to think about that service. Respondents in congregations with multiple Hispanic worship services (greater than or equal to 2) in the past week were asked to identify and think about the 'main' Hispanic service in the past week. If there was more than one Hispanic worship service in the past week, this item refers to the main Hispanic worship service for the congregation. (HRAISHND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1470
2) No630
Missing3959 
TOTAL20100.0
266) Within the past 12 months, has your congregation participated in a joint worship service with any other congregation? (JOINTWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes186568.2
2) No87131.8
Missing1339 
TOTAL2736100.0
267) Were any of these services with congregations whose racial or ethnic make-up is different than your congregation's? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations had participated in a joint worship service (JOINTWOR=1). If a congregation reported no joint worship services (JOINTWOR=2), RACEWOR was set at 2. (RACEWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77128.6
2) No192871.4
Missing1375 
TOTAL2699100.0
268) Were any of these services with Jewish congregations? Remarks: If a congregation reported no joint worship services (JOINTWOR=2), JEWWOR was set at 2. In 2006-07, this item was asked only of non-Jewish congregations. (JEWWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes853.1
2) No261496.9
Missing1372 
TOTAL2699100.0
269) Were any of these services with Protestant congregations? Remarks: If a congregation reported no joint worship services (JOINTWOR=2), PROTWOR was set at 2. Also, see remarks on data cleaning associated with OTHWOR-OTHWOR3 below. (PROTWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76162.2
2) No46237.8
Missing2846 
TOTAL1223100.0
270) Were any of these services with Roman Catholic congregations? Remarks: If a congregation reported no joint worship services (JOINTWOR=2), CATHWOR was set at 2. (CATHWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19616.1
2) No102083.9
Missing2855 
TOTAL1216100.0
271) Were any of these services with Muslim congregations? Remarks: If a congregation reported no joint worship services (JOINTWOR=2), MUSLMWOR was set at 2. This item was asked only of non-Muslim congregations. (MUSLMWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes231.5
2) No146298.5
Missing2581 
TOTAL1485100.0
272) Were any of these services with congregations other than Protestant, Catholic, or Jewish? Remarks: If a congregation reported no joint worship services (JOINTWOR=2), OTHWOR was set at 2. Some congregations responded 'Yes' to this question, but then mentioned only Protestant congregations in the follow-up questions OTHWOR1-OTHWOR3. These responses were recoded to 'No' on OTHWOR. Some respondents answered 'Yes' to OTHWOR but provided no specifics in response to OTHWOR1-OTHWOR3. In these cases, no change to OTHWOR was made. See also remarks for OTHWOR1-OTHWOR3. (OTHWOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes423.4
2) No118496.6
Missing2854 
TOTAL1226100.0
273) With what other type of congregations have you had joint worship in the past 12 months? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if OTHWOR=1. OTHWOR1, OTHWOR2, and OTHWOR3 were coded from verbatim responses to this question. Some respondents listed only Protestant congregations in answering this question. In addition, some respondents who mentioned at least one congregation that was not Catholic, Jewish, or Protestant also listed a Protestant congregation as their 2nd or 3rd mention. All mentions of Protestant congregations were ignored. (OTHWOR1)
TOTAL%
1) Eastern Orthodox418.2
2) Mormons, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS)522.7
3) Buddhist00
4) Muslim313.6
7) Baha'i14.5
8) Hindu00
10) Other congregation of the same denomination940.9
Missing4032 
TOTAL22100.0
274) With what other type of congregations have you had joint worship in the past 12 months? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if OTHWOR=1. OTHWOR1, OTHWOR2, and OTHWOR3 were coded from verbatim responses to this question. Some respondents listed only Protestant congregations in answering this question. In addition, some respondents who mentioned at least one congregation that was not Catholic, Jewish, or Protestant also listed a Protestant congregation as their 2nd or 3rd mention. All mentions of Protestant congregations were ignored. (OTHWOR2)
TOTAL%
1) Eastern Orthodox00
2) Mormons, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS)00
3) Buddhist00
4) Muslim00
7) Baha'i1100
Missing4064 
TOTAL1100.0
275) With what other type of congregations have you had joint worship in the past 12 months? Third mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if OTHWOR=1. OTHWOR1, OTHWOR2, and OTHWOR3 were coded from verbatim responses to this question. Some respondents listed only Protestant congregations in answering this question. In addition, some respondents who mentioned at least one congregation that was not Catholic, Jewish, or Protestant also listed a Protestant congregation as their 2nd or 3rd mention. All mentions of Protestant congregations were ignored. (OTHWOR3)
TOTAL%
8) Hindu1100
Missing4070 
TOTAL1100.0
276) Within the past 12 months, was there dance performed by teens or adults at any worship service of your congregation? (EVERDANC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21517.5
2) No101782.5
Missing2842 
TOTAL1232100.0
277) Within the past 12 months, was an acting skit or play performed by teens or adults at any worship service of your congregation? (EVERSKIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78163.4
2) No45136.6
Missing2841 
TOTAL1232100.0
278) Within the past 12 months, has your congregation hired any singers or other musicians to perform at a worship service? (EVERHIRE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44235.9
2) No79064.1
Missing2841 
TOTAL1232100.0
279) Within the past 12 months, have people at worship services been told of opportunities for political activity, including petition campaigns, lobbying, or demonstrating? (POLOPPS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83420.6
2) No321179.4
Missing25 
TOTAL4045100.0
280) Within the past 12 months, have people at worship services been told of opportunities to volunteer to provide assistance for people outside your congregation who are in need? (VOLOPPS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes263192.8
2) No2057.2
Missing1237 
TOTAL2836100.0
281) At any service during the past 12 months was there a time for people other than the leaders of the service to testify or speak about their own religious experience? (TESTIFY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes336382.7
2) No70317.3
Missing10 
TOTAL4066100.0
282) Did people speak in tongues at any service within the past 12 months? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (TONGUES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes103927
2) No281073
Missing169 
TOTAL3849100.0
283) Within the past 12 months, did any service include praying over or laying hands on people who were injured or ill in an effort to cure them? (CURE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76957.8
2) No56142.2
Missing2744 
TOTAL1330100.0
284) Are there Bibles in the pews or chairs for people to use during worship services? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (BIBLPEW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes81866.3
2) No41633.7
Missing2790 
TOTAL1234100.0
285) What translation? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregation reported having Bibles in the pews or chairs for people to use during worship service (BIBLPEW=1). BIBLPEW1 was coded from verbatim responses to this question. (BIBLPEW1)
TOTAL%
1) King James Version33641.4
2) New King James Version587.1
3) Revised Standard Version232.8
4) New Revised Standard Version728.9
5) New American Bible (includes New American Bible, Revised)3.4
6) Catholic, other (includes Jerusalem Bible, lectionary, and missal)1.1
7) English Standard Version131.6
8) New Living Translation2.2
9) New American Standard Bible7.9
12) Good News Bible6.7
13) Reina-Valera (Spanish)141.7
19) New International Version (NIV), 198400
20) Today's New International Version (TNIV)4.5
21) New International Version, not specified21226.1
22) Holman Christian Standard Bible111.4
25) Other English translation of the Tanakh (includes Artscroll, Etz Hayim)4.5
26) Multiple translations394.8
27) Translation in other language (not English or Spanish)00
28) Other (includes American Standard, Common English Bible, Amplified, and unspecified or unclear)7.9
Missing3433 
TOTAL812100.0
286) Are people encouraged to bring their own Bibles to worship services? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (BIBLOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97378.8
2) No26121.2
Missing2790 
TOTAL1234100.0
287) Does your congregation follow a lectionary or some other schedule or scripture readings when it comes to what passages are read in worship services? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (READINGS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49840.3
2) No73759.7
Missing2790 
TOTAL1235100.0
288) In the past 12 months, have there been any events during which children from your congregation recited scripture from memory? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (MEMSCRIP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78663.9
2) No44536.1
Missing2795 
TOTAL1231100.0
289) Does your congregation encourage people to use the New International Version of the Bible rather than other translations? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (NIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50421
2) No189779
Missing1624 
TOTAL2401100.0
290) Does your congregation consider the Bible to be the literal and inerrant word of God? Remarks: This item was asked only of Christian congregations. (INERRANT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes307880.9
2) No72919.1
Missing223 
TOTAL3807100.0
291) Does your congregation display an American flag in your main sanctuary or worship space? (DISPFLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes90660.4
2) No59439.6
Missing2573 
TOTAL1500100.0
292) Within the past 12 months, have there been groups, programs, or events that have no connection to your congregation but that have used or rented space in your building? This might include other congregations, Alcoholics Anonymous groups, day-care centers, or once-a-year events like fairs, concerts, or art shows. Remarks: This item was asked only of congregations that owned their building (OWNBLDG=1). (USEBLDG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52650
2) No52550
Missing2933 
TOTAL1051100.0
293) Please tell me how many such groups or programs have met in your building within the past 12 months. Remarks: This item was asked only if USEBLDG=1. If a congregation reported that no outside groups use their building (USEBLDG=2), NUMUSE was set at zero. (NUMUSE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.006.86
294) Have any of these groups used your building for rehearsals or performances of musical or theatrical works? Remarks: If a congregation reported that no outside groups used its building (USEBLDG=2), REHEARSE was set at 2. (REHEARSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16816
2) No88184
Missing2936 
TOTAL1049100.0
295) Have any of these groups used your building for exhibits of works of art like paintings, photography, or sculpture? Remarks: If a congregation reported that no outside groups use their building (USEBLDG=2), EXHIBIT was set at 2. (EXHIBIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes595.6
2) No99094.4
Missing2936 
TOTAL1049100.0
296) Does your congregation have religious education classes for children 12 years and younger that meet at least weekly? (CLSUND12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes122881.5
2) No27818.5
Missing2565 
TOTAL1506100.0
297) Other than regular youth group meetings, does your congregation have religious education classes for younger teenagers, those who are 13 or 14 years old, that meet at least weekly? (CLS13_14)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96464.2
2) No53735.8
Missing2568 
TOTAL1501100.0
298) Other than regular youth group meetings, does your congregation have religious education classes targeted at older teens, those between the ages of 15 and 19, that meet at least weekly? (CLS15_19)
TOTAL%
1) Yes80153.3
2) No70246.7
Missing2569 
TOTAL1503100.0
299) Other than regular youth group meetings, does your congregation have religious education classes targeted at young adults or college students that meet at least weekly? (CLSYACS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54536.5
2) No95063.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1495100.0
300) Does your congregation have religious education classes for adults of any age that meet at least weekly? (CLSADLT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes116877.7
2) No33622.3
Missing2568 
TOTAL1504100.0
301) Does your congregation have religious education classes for children, teens, or adults? Remarks: This item was not asked in 2006-07; however, we constructed it for 2006-07 cases based on responses to CLSUND12, CLS13_14, CLS15_19, CLSYACS, and CLSADLT (see below). If a congregation answered 'yes' to any of these items, RELED=1. (RELED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes246490.2
2) No2699.8
Missing1336 
TOTAL2733100.0
302) How many different classes meet at least once a month? Remarks: If a congregation reported no religious education classes (RELED=2), NUMCLASS was set at zero. (NUMCLASS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40716.857.53
303) How many children age 12 or younger would you say attend at least one of these classes in a typical week? Remarks: If a congregation reported no religious education classes (RELED=2), KIDNO was set at zero. (KIDNO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407134.2281.07
304) How many teenagers--those aged 13 to 18--would you say attend at least one of these classes in a typical week? Remarks: If a congregation reported no religious education classes (RELED=2), TEENNO was set at zero. (TEENNO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407115.2532.69
305) How many adults would you say attend at least one of these classes in a typical week? Remarks: If a congregation reported no religious education classes (RELED=2), ADLTNO was set at zero. (ADLTNO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407135.5883.76
306) Does your congregation have any choirs, choruses, or other musical groups that sing or perform on a regular basis? (ANYCHOIR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes79464.5
2) No43735.5
Missing2842 
TOTAL1231100.0
307) How many different musical groups are there? Remarks: If a congregation reported no choirs or musical groups (ANYCHOIR=2), NUMCHOIR was set at zero. (NUMCHOIR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.632.45
308) How many people--adults and children--would you say are in [this group/at least one of these groups]? Remarks: If a congregation reported no choirs or musical groups (ANYCHOIR=2), INCHOIR was set at zero. (INCHOIR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407118.3735.00
309) How many teenagers, between 13 and 19 years old, are regular participants in your congregation? (TEENRGLR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407121.0269.29
310) Do you have a youth minister or other leader specially designated to coordinate activities for youth? (YTHMNSTR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes147355.3
2) No119244.7
Missing1309 
TOTAL2665100.0
311) Do you have an organized youth group for teenagers? (YTHGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93162.2
2) No56537.8
Missing2569 
TOTAL1496100.0
312) Is this person a paid employee [Are any of these people paid employees] of your congregation? Remarks: This variable is coded 1 if at least one youth minister or youth leader is a paid employee of the congregation. (YTHMINPD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22936
2) No40764
Missing3137 
TOTAL636100.0
313) Does this person [Do any of these people] work full-time as a youth leader at your congregation? Remarks: This variable is coded 1 if at least one youth minister or youth leader works full-time as a youth leader for the congregation. (YTHMINFT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10917.1
2) No52782.9
Missing3137 
TOTAL636100.0
314) Do you have choirs or other musical groups comprised primarily of teens? (TEENCHOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51434.2
2) No98765.8
Missing2568 
TOTAL1501100.0
315) Within the past 12 months, have teens participated through your congregation in any youth retreats, conferences, or camps composed primarily of teenagers? (TEENCAMP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes94963.3
2) No55036.7
Missing2571 
TOTAL1499100.0
316) Within the past 12 months, have teens participated through your congregation in any service or volunteer projects composed primarily of teenage volunteers? (TEENVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88559.5
2) No60240.5
Missing2573 
TOTAL1487100.0
317) Within the past 12 months, have there been any regular worship services in which teens participated by speaking or reading in front of the congregation? (TEENSPK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes107471.4
2) No43028.6
Missing2568 
TOTAL1504100.0
318) Within the past 12 months, have there been any congregational events other than worship services that teens planned, led, or at which they gave presentations or speeches? (TEENEVNT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes75049.9
2) No75350.1
Missing2574 
TOTAL1503100.0
319) Do any teenagers serve on any of your congregation's governing committees, commissions, or boards? (TEENLEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33522.4
2) No115977.6
Missing2571 
TOTAL1494100.0
320) Within the past 12 months, has your congregation organized any events or programs whose primary purpose was to meet the needs of teenagers who are not part of your congregation? (OTHTEEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67845.4
2) No81754.6
Missing2578 
TOTAL1495100.0
321) Within the past two years, has anyone from your congregation entered seminary, theological school, or other kinds of training or preparation for full-time religious work? (ENTSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes45230.1
2) No104869.9
Missing2578 
TOTAL1500100.0
322) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups of people from your congregation meeting once a month or more for religious, social, recreational, or other purposes? Please do not include governing or administrative committees here, and please do not include groups you already have mentioned. (GRPX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes91374.3
2) No31625.7
Missing2850 
TOTAL1229100.0
323) How many such groups have met within the past 12 months? Remarks: If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2), NUMGRPX was set at zero. Group purposes are detailed in GACTN98-GVISIT06, below. (NUMGRPX)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40713.457.05
324) How many people--adults and children--would you say have participated at least once in one of these groups within the past 12 months? Remarks: If a congregation reported no groups (GRPY=2), INGRPY was set at zero. (INGRPX)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407150.36143.95
325) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups of people from your congregation who met together besides the ones that meet once a month or more? (GRPY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36129.9
2) No84870.1
Missing2866 
TOTAL1209100.0
326) How many such groups have met within the past 12 months? Remarks: If a congregation reported no groups (GRPY=2), NUMGRPY was set at zero. Group purposes are detailed in GACTN98-GVISIT98, below. (NUMGRPY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.173.41
327) How many people--adults and children--would you say have participated at least once in one of these groups within the past 12 months? Remarks: If a congregation reported no groups (GRPY=2), INGRPY was set at zero. (INGRPY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL407120.86104.10
328) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Social justice, neighborhood, or community issues. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GACTN98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88796.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type293.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
329) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Fine or performing arts. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GARTS98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named81789.2
1) Mentions at least one group of this type9910.8
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
330) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Dealing with the loss of a loved one. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GBEREV98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named89898
1) Mentions at least one group of this type182
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
331) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]?] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Bible studies. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GBIBLE98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named57062.2
1) Mentions at least one group of this type34637.8
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
332) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Business or financial purposes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GBUS98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named86394.2
1) Mentions at least one group of this type535.8
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
333) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Care for congregational building or property. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCHRCH98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88096.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type363.9
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
334) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Sewing groups (blankets, clothing, other). Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCLOTH98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named89797.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type192.1
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
335) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for young adults (i.e., age 18+). Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCOLL98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88696.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type303.3
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
336) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for couples, including marriage preparation classes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCOUPL98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88096
1) Mentions at least one group of this type374
Missing2991 
TOTAL917100.0
337) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Divorce support groups. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GDIV98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named91299.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type4.4
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
338) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Non-religious education purposes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GEDUC98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named85192.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type657.1
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
339) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for senior citizens. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GELDER98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named80487.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type11212.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
340) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for people from certain racial/ethnic groups. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GETHN98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named90198.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type151.6
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
341) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Purpose is supporting families, including marriage training, wedding or baby showers, discussion of pregnancy issues or family values. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFAM98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named82590.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type919.9
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
342) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for women. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFEM98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named58864.2
1) Mentions at least one group of this type32835.8
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
343) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Festivals, bazaars, craft fairs, or other celebrations. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFEST98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88896.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type283.1
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
344) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Explicitly involving food, including picnics, dinners, lunches, coffee hours. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFOOD98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named73680.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type18019.7
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
345) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Fund-raising. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFUND98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named83691.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type808.7
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
346) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Bingo, cards, or other game playing. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GGAME98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88796.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type293.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
347) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Focused on individuals' physical well being. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GHLTH98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named86494.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type525.7
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
348) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Holy Name Society. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GHOLY98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named91499.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type2.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
349) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Helping individuals find jobs or advance their careers. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GJOB98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named91599.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type1.1
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
350) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for children and youth. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GKID98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named58463.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type33236.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
351) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Knights of Columbus. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GKOFC98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named91099.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type6.7
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
352) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Meetings of congregational leaders. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GLEAD98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named84492.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type727.9
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
353) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Focused on congregations' worship or liturgy. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GLIT98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88296.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type343.7
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
354) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for men. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GMALE98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named71578.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type20121.9
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
355) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Focused on new members of the congregation. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GNEWM98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88997.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type272.9
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
356) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Group is nowhere else classified. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GOTHER98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named75882.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type15817.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
357) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Purpose is to recruit new members or evangelize. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GOUT98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named83290.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type849.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
358) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Prayer, worship, or devotional activity. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GPRAY98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named69575.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type22124.1
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
359) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Promise Keepers. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GPROM98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named90398.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type131.4
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
360) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Recreation. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GREC98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named76883.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type14816.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
361) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Religious purposes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GRELIG98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named28230.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type63469.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
362) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Helping the needy. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSERV98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named78986.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type12713.9
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
363) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Specifically for singles. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSINGL98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named89597.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type212.3
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
364) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Socializing or 'fellowship'. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSOC98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named35238.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type56561.6
Missing2991 
TOTAL917100.0
365) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Study, teaching, or education whose content is unclear. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSTUDY98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named77484.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type14315.6
Missing2991 
TOTAL917100.0
366) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Helping people with substance abuse problems. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSUBST98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named90698.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type111.2
Missing2991 
TOTAL917100.0
367) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Support groups for specific problems or issues, except bereavement and substance abuse. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSUPP98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named89898
1) Mentions at least one group of this type182
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
368) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Supporting teachers within the congregation or within congregation-related schools. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GTEACH98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named89597.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type212.3
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
369) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Vacation or summer Bible schools. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GVBS98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named87095
1) Mentions at least one group of this type465
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
370) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? St. Vincent de Paul. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GVDP98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named91399.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type3.3
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
371) [1998 wording] For what purpose or purposes do these groups meet [have these groups met]? Visiting others, such as shut-ins or incarcerated individuals. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GVISIT98)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named88496.5
1) Mentions at least one group of this type323.5
Missing2991 
TOTAL916100.0
372) Does your congregation have any other groups, meetings, or classes besides those you've already mentioned? (OTHGRPS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50533.5
2) No100166.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1506100.0
373) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Social justice, neighborhood, or community issues. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GACTN06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named148598.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type201.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
374) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Fine or performing arts. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GARTS06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named147197.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type342.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
375) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Dealing with the loss of a loved one. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GBEREV06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149799.5
1) Mentions at least one group of this type8.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
376) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Bible studies. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GBIBLE06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named136690.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type1399.2
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
377) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Business or financial purposes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GBUS06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149999.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type6.4
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
378) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Care for congregational building or property. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCHRCH06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150399.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type2.1
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
379) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Sewing groups (blankets, clothing, other). Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCLOTH06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149699.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type9.6
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
380) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for young adults (i.e., age 18+). Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCOLL06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149899.5
1) Mentions at least one group of this type8.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1506100.0
381) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for couples, including marriage preparation classes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GCOUPL06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149199.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type14.9
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
382) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Divorce support groups. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GDIV06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150499.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type1.1
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
383) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Non-religious education purposes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GEDUC06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named144996.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type563.7
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
384) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for senior citizens. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GELDER06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named147598
1) Mentions at least one group of this type302
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
385) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for people from certain racial/ethnic groups. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GETHN06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150199.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type4.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
386) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Purpose is supporting families, including marriage training, wedding or baby showers, discussion of pregnancy issues or family values. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFAM06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named146197.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type442.9
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
387) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for women. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFEM06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named130686.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type19913.2
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
388) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Festivals, bazaars, craft fairs, or other celebrations. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFEST06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149799.5
1) Mentions at least one group of this type8.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
389) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Explicitly involving food, including picnics, dinners, lunches, coffee hours. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFOOD06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named147197.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type342.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
390) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Fund-raising. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GFUND06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149599.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type10.7
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
391) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Bingo, cards, or other game playing. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GGAME06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150099.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type5.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
392) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Focused on individuals' physical well being. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GHLTH06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named147598
1) Mentions at least one group of this type302
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
393) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Holy Name Society. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GHOLY06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150499.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type1.1
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
394) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Helping individuals find jobs or advance their careers. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GJOB06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150099.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type5.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
395) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for children and youth. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GKID06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named140693.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type996.6
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
396) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Knights of Columbus. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GKOFC06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149999.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type6.4
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
397) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Meetings of congregational leaders. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GLEAD06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named148798.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type181.2
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
398) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Focused on congregations' worship or liturgy. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GLIT06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149299.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type13.9
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
399) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for men. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GMALE06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named137191.1
1) Mentions at least one group of this type1348.9
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
400) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Focused on new members of the congregation. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GNEWM06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149799.5
1) Mentions at least one group of this type8.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
401) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Group is nowhere else classified. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GOTHER06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named146697.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type392.6
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
402) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Purpose is to recruit new members or evangelize. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GOUT06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named148198.4
1) Mentions at least one group of this type241.6
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
403) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Prayer, worship, or devotional activity. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GPRAY06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named144295.8
1) Mentions at least one group of this type634.2
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
404) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Promise Keepers. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GPROM06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named1505100
1) Mentions at least one group of this type00
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
405) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Recreation. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GREC06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named148498.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type211.4
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
406) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Religious purposes. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GRELIG06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named125883.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type24716.4
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
407) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Helping the needy. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSERV06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named143495.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type714.7
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
408) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Specifically for singles. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSINGL06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named1505100
1) Mentions at least one group of this type00
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
409) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Socializing or 'fellowship.' Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSOC06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named142594.7
1) Mentions at least one group of this type805.3
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
410) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Study, teaching, or education whose content is unclear. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSTUDY06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named147598
1) Mentions at least one group of this type302
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
411) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Helping people with substance abuse problems. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSUBST06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named146997.6
1) Mentions at least one group of this type362.4
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
412) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Support groups for specific problems or issues, except bereavement and substance abuse. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GSUPP06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149599.3
1) Mentions at least one group of this type10.7
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
413) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Supporting teachers within the congregation or within congregation-related schools. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GTEACH06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150499.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type1.1
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
414) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Vacation or summer Bible schools. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GVBS06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149099
1) Mentions at least one group of this type151
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
415) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? St. Vincent de Paul. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GVDP06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named150399.9
1) Mentions at least one group of this type2.1
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
416) [2006-07 wording] What are the three best attended groups that you haven't already mentioned? Visiting others, such as shut-ins or incarcerated individuals. Remarks: Verbatim responses were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a group of a particular type in response to these items. There are major differences in how group information was gathered in 1998 and 2006-07. In 1998, group information was gathered with multiple items designed to elicit information on groups that met monthly or more often (GRPX) versus those that met less frequently (GRPY). These details about group purpose of the top five (5) groups for each of GRPX and GRPY were collected before asking questions about specific group types in POLITICS-MILLNESS. In 2006-07, however, this verbatim group information about the top three (3) groups follows and therefore excludes specifically mentioned groups in POLITICS-MILLNESS. As a result, many fewer groups were mentioned in 2006-07 than in 1998. Because of this major difference, we created two versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for groups mentioned in 1998. Variables with the suffix '06' contain codes for groups mentioned in 2006-07 (OTHGRPS). Note that variables in this series are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 group for women that meets for Bible study, for example, is coded 1 on both GBIBLE98 and GFEM98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the group level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one group or to more than one group. Verbatim group descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If a congregation reported no groups (GRPX=2 and GRPY=2 in 1998; OTHGRPS=2 in 2006-07), these variables were set at zero. (GVISIT06)
TOTAL%
0) No group of this type named149799.5
1) Mentions at least one group of this type8.5
Missing2569 
TOTAL1505100.0
417) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss politics? (POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2486.1
2) No380693.9
Missing11 
TOTAL4054100.0
418) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To read and discuss the Bible? (DISBIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes120290.4
2) No1289.6
Missing2741 
TOTAL1330100.0
419) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss a book people have read other than the Bible? (BOOKS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes103437.9
2) No169562.1
Missing1342 
TOTAL2729100.0
420) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss parenting issues? (PARENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes106939.2
2) No165760.8
Missing1345 
TOTAL2726100.0
421) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? An event for cleaning or maintenance of your building? (CLEAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes87871.2
2) No35528.8
Missing2841 
TOTAL1233100.0
422) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? For physical healing? (HEALING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39832.4
2) No83167.6
Missing2842 
TOTAL1229100.0
423) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? An effort to get people registered to vote? (VOTERREG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51412.7
2) No352787.3
Missing22 
TOTAL4041100.0
424) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A class for people in your congregation to learn English? (LRNENGL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1954.8
2) No386095.2
Missing9 
TOTAL4055100.0
425) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To offer services for immigrants, such as legal assistance, translation, or job placement? (IMMSERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1269.5
2) No120590.5
Missing2741 
TOTAL1331100.0
426) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss pollution or other environmental issues? (ENVIRON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes907.4
2) No113092.6
Missing2842 
TOTAL1220100.0
427) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? An event to organize or encourage people to do volunteer work? (ORGVOLS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47238.7
2) No74761.3
Missing2844 
TOTAL1219100.0
428) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss people's problems or concerns at work? (WORKPROB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20917.1
2) No101182.9
Missing2843 
TOTAL1220100.0
429) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To receive or practice gifts of the spirit such as tongues or prophesying? (SPRGIFTS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53913.4
2) No349686.6
Missing14 
TOTAL4035100.0
430) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A class for current members about the history or practice of your own religious tradition? (OWNTRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54944.9
2) No67355.1
Missing2845 
TOTAL1222100.0
431) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A class for prospective or new members? (NEWMEMS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes158858.3
2) No113441.7
Missing1339 
TOTAL2722100.0
432) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A meeting specifically to pray or meditate? (TOPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82067.2
2) No40032.8
Missing2844 
TOTAL1220100.0
433) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To put on a musical or theatrical performance, not including the choirs you've already mentioned? (PERFORM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47839.1
2) No74460.9
Missing2842 
TOTAL1222100.0
434) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To attend a live musical or theatrical performance elsewhere? (SPECTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51041.9
2) No70758.1
Missing2847 
TOTAL1217100.0
435) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A class to train new religious education teachers? (TRAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes160439.6
2) No244460.4
Missing17 
TOTAL4048100.0
436) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss race relations in our society? (RACEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19916.3
2) No101983.7
Missing2846 
TOTAL1218100.0
437) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss how best to preserve your congregation's own racial or ethnic heritage? (HERITAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1169.5
2) No110390.5
Missing2843 
TOTAL1219100.0
438) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss or learn about a religion other than your own? (OTHTRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96823.9
2) No307576.1
Missing19 
TOTAL4043100.0
439) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A class for married couples on enriching or improving their marriages? (MARRIAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54436.2
2) No95863.8
Missing2567 
TOTAL1502100.0
440) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss or learn about religious or charitable work in other countries? (FRGNWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69045.9
2) No81254.1
Missing2569 
TOTAL1502100.0
441) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To participate in a service project or volunteer activity in which people from your congregation worked with people from another faith? (INTFTHWK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes120842.7
2) No162457.3
Missing1241 
TOTAL2832100.0
442) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To do strategic planning or discuss the future goals of your congregation? (STRGPLAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes238384.1
2) No45015.9
Missing1235 
TOTAL2833100.0
443) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To travel to another part of the United States to provide assistance to people in need? (TRVLUS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes91732.4
2) No191067.6
Missing1237 
TOTAL2827100.0
444) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To travel to another country to provide assistance to people in need? (TRVLFRGN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74226.2
2) No209373.8
Missing1237 
TOTAL2835100.0
445) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To get out the vote during an election? (GOVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60321.4
2) No221878.6
Missing1245 
TOTAL2821100.0
446) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? Twelve-step groups such as alcoholics anonymous or similar self-help groups? (SELFHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19716.2
2) No102083.8
Missing2847 
TOTAL1217100.0
447) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss or learn how to manage one's personal finances? (OWNMONY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67526.5
2) No187473.5
Missing1517 
TOTAL2549100.0
448) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To discuss how to improve the management of your congregation's money? (CONGMONY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes145456.9
2) No110043.1
Missing1514 
TOTAL2554100.0
449) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To take a trip somewhere that required an overnight stay? (OVERNITE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58047.5
2) No64152.5
Missing2842 
TOTAL1221100.0
450) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To plan or conduct an assessment of community needs? (ASSESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes193247.7
2) No212252.3
Missing15 
TOTAL4054100.0
451) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To organize or participate in efforts to lobby elected officials of any sort? (LOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2606.4
2) No378193.6
Missing13 
TOTAL4041100.0
452) On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question. (LISSUE1)
TOTAL%
1) Right to Life1917.3
3) Stem Cell Research21.8
5) Death Penalty43.6
6) Pro-Gay Rights32.7
7) Anti-Gay Rights109.1
8) Education1311.8
9) Support Immigration1.9
11) Support of Workers' Rights00
12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War2421.8
13) Support of Environment1.9
14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support1110
20) Other54.5
22) Multiple Codes1.9
31) Immigration, no position indicated1.9
32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated1.9
33) Abortion, no position indicated21.8
40) Crime, drugs, community safety43.6
41) Racial issues43.6
42) Gambling43.6
Missing3870 
TOTAL110100.0
453) On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question. (LISSUE2)
TOTAL%
1) Right to Life22.9
3) Stem Cell Research11.4
4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide00
5) Death Penalty22.9
6) Pro-Gay Rights34.3
7) Anti-Gay Rights00
8) Education710.1
9) Support Immigration22.9
11) Support of Workers' Rights34.3
12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War68.7
13) Support of Environment11.4
14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support1318.8
20) Other913
31) Immigration, no position indicated00
32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated22.9
33) Abortion, no position indicated22.9
40) Crime, drugs, community safety57.2
42) Gambling1115.9
Missing3944 
TOTAL69100.0
454) On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Third mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question. (LISSUE3)
TOTAL%
1) Right to Life624
3) Stem Cell Research00
4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide00
5) Death Penalty00
6) Pro-Gay Rights14
7) Anti-Gay Rights00
8) Education14
9) Support Immigration00
11) Support of Workers' Rights00
12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War312
14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support624
20) Other14
22) Multiple Codes00
32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated28
33) Abortion, no position indicated00
40) Crime, drugs, community safety520
Missing4018 
TOTAL25100.0
455) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (MARCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40310
2) No364190
Missing15 
TOTAL4044100.0
456) What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). MISSUE1, MISSUE2, and MISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question. (MISSUE1)
TOTAL%
1) Right to Life3933.1
2) Right for Women to Choose1.8
3) Stem Cell Research00
4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide00
5) Death Penalty00
6) Pro-Gay Rights108.5
7) Anti-Gay Rights54.2
8) Education65.1
9) Support Immigration75.9
10) Against Immigration00
11) Support of Workers' Rights1.8
12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War2218.6
14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support75.9
20) Other43.4
31) Immigration, no position indicated21.7
32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated00
33) Abortion, no position indicated21.7
40) Crime, drugs, community safety86.8
41) Racial Issues43.4
Missing3801 
TOTAL118100.0
457) What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). MISSUE1, MISSUE2, and MISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question. (MISSUE2)
TOTAL%
1) Right to Life15
3) Stem Cell Research00
4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide00
5) Death Penalty00
6) Pro-Gay Rights15
7) Anti-Gay Rights00
8) Education15
9) Support Immigration525
11) Support of Workers' Rights15
12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War420
14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support315
20) Other15
33) Abortion, no position indicated00
40) Crime, drugs, community safety315
41) Racial Issues00
Missing4003 
TOTAL20100.0
458) What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? Third mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). MISSUE1, MISSUE2, and MISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question. (MISSUE3)
TOTAL%
1) Right to Life00
2) Right for Women to Choose00
6) Pro-Gay Rights00
8) Education00
11) Support of Workers' Rights00
12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War120
14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support120
20) Other360
22) Multiple Codes00
40) Crime, drugs, community safety00
41) Racial Issues00
Missing4053 
TOTAL5100.0
459) Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Immigration? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation indicated that a group met to organize or participate in lobby efforts (LOBBY=1) or that a group met to organize or participate in a demonstration or march (MARCH=1). If there was no lobby or marching activity, LMIMMIG, LMABORT, LMPOV, and LMGAYM were left as missing. (LMIMMIG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2613
2) No17487
Missing3689 
TOTAL200100.0
460) Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Abortion? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation indicated that a group met to organize or participate in lobby efforts (LOBBY=1) or that a group met to organize or participate in a demonstration or march (MARCH=1). If there was no lobby or marching activity, LMIMMIG, LMABORT, LMPOV, and LMGAYM were left as missing. (LMABORT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6633.2
2) No13366.8
Missing3690 
TOTAL199100.0
461) Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Poverty? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation indicated that a group met to organize or participate in lobby efforts (LOBBY=1) or that a group met to organize or participate in a demonstration or march (MARCH=1). If there was no lobby or marching activity, LMIMMIG, LMABORT, LMPOV, and LMGAYM were left as missing. (LMPOV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7437.2
2) No12562.8
Missing3691 
TOTAL199100.0
462) Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Same-sex marriage? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation indicated that a group met to organize or participate in lobby efforts (LOBBY=1) or that a group met to organize or participate in a demonstration or march (MARCH=1). If there was no lobby or marching activity, LMIMMIG, LMABORT, LMPOV, and LMGAYM were left as missing. (LMGAYM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5829
2) No14271
Missing3690 
TOTAL200100.0
463) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A group specifically for women? (WOMENGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes99774.9
2) No33425.1
Missing2740 
TOTAL1331100.0
464) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? A group specifically for men? (MENGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77758.4
2) No55341.6
Missing2741 
TOTAL1330100.0
465) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? Support for military veterans and their families? (VETSUPPT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36327.3
2) No96772.7
Missing2742 
TOTAL1330100.0
466) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To exercise or promote physical activity? (EXERCISE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38729.1
2) No94370.9
Missing2742 
TOTAL1330100.0
467) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To help people who are unemployed? (NOJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46535
2) No86565
Missing2745 
TOTAL1330100.0
468) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? Support for people with terminal illness or chronic health problems? (ILLNESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61946.5
2) No71153.5
Missing2741 
TOTAL1330100.0
469) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? Support for people struggling with drug or alcohol abuse? (SUBABUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50037.6
2) No83162.4
Missing2743 
TOTAL1331100.0
470) Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? Support for people with mental illness? (MILLNESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30522.9
2) No102577.1
Missing2744 
TOTAL1330100.0
471) [1998 wording] Have voter guides ever been distributed to people through your congregation? [2006-07 wording] Have voter guides been distributed through your congregation within the past two years? (VOTRGUID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63515.7
2) No340184.3
Missing38 
TOTAL4036100.0
472) Who wrote or produced the voter guide that was distributed? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations distributed voter guides (VOTRGUID=1). These variables were coded from verbatim responses to this question. Note that in 1998, respondents could mention only one voter guide author, while in 2006-07, respondents could mention up to three voter guide authors. Therefore, VGAUTHR1 contains data for 1998 and 2006-07, but VGAUTHR2 and VGAUTHR3 contain data only for 2006-07. (VGAUTHR1)
TOTAL%
1) City, county, or state government186.3
2) Candidate or political party, unspecified124.2
3) Church member, clergy or other congregation144.9
4) Local council of churches, or ecumenical organization62.1
5) Pro-life groups113.9
6) League of Women Voters3110.9
7) NAACP134.6
8) Catholic church/organization (including regional or diocesan office or newspaper)186.3
9) FLARE00
10) Citizens Concerned for the Constitution41.4
11) Ohio Round Table00
12) Christian Coalition5720.1
13) 700 Club/ Pat Robertson51.8
14) Focus on the Family/Dr. James Dobson207
15) Dr. James Kennedy's group00
16) Citizens for Traditional Values and/or Lou Sheldon2.7
17) Family Forum (Michigan)41.4
18) Regional church office, unspecified denomination72.5
19) Other3713
20) Can't tell134.6
21) Common Cause1.4
22) Moral Majority/ Jerry Falwell1.4
23) [Colorado for] Family Values; [Florida] Family Council (i.e. 'Family' organization)93.2
24) Conservative/evangelical source, not elsewhere classified1.4
Missing3571 
TOTAL284100.0
473) Who wrote or produced the voter guide that was distributed? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations distributed voter guides (VOTRGUID=1). These variables were coded from verbatim responses to this question. Note that in 1998, respondents could mention only one voter guide author, while in 2006-07, respondents could mention up to three voter guide authors. Therefore, VGAUTHR1 contains data for 1998 and 2006-07, but VGAUTHR2 and VGAUTHR3 contain data only for 2006-07. (VGAUTHR2)
TOTAL%
1) City, county, or state government00
5) Pro-life groups00
6) League of Women Voters00
8) Catholic church/organization (including regional or diocesan office or newspaper)120
12) Christian Coalition00
19) Other240
20) Can't tell00
23) [Colorado for] Family Values; [Florida] Family Council (i.e. 'Family' organization)240
Missing4052 
TOTAL5100.0
474) Who wrote or produced the voter guide that was distributed? Third mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations distributed voter guides (VOTRGUID=1). These variables were coded from verbatim responses to this question. Note that in 1998, respondents could mention only one voter guide author, while in 2006-07, respondents could mention up to three voter guide authors. Therefore, VGAUTHR1 contains data for 1998 and 2006-07, but VGAUTHR2 and VGAUTHR3 contain data only for 2006-07. (VGAUTHR3)
TOTAL%
6) League of Women Voters00
8) Catholic church/organization (including regional or diocesan office or newspaper)00
Missing4069 
TOTAL0100.0
475) Does your congregation have an elementary or high school? (HAVESCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2205.4
2) No385094.6
Missing4 
TOTAL4070100.0
476) Does your congregation provide any materials or have programs or activities specifically aimed at families who home-school their children? (HOMESCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes946.2
2) No141293.8
Missing2566 
TOTAL1506100.0
477) Does your congregation give money directly to any college, university, or seminary? (COLLEGE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42234.4
2) No80565.6
Missing2846 
TOTAL1227100.0
478) Has your congregation participated in or supported social service, community development, or neighborhood organizing projects of any sort within the past 12 months? Please don't include projects that use or rent space in your building but have no other connection to your congregation. (SOCLSERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes220254.3
2) No185645.7
Missing15 
TOTAL4058100.0
479) Within the past 12 months, has your congregation engaged in any human service projects, outreach ministries, or other activities intended to help people who are not members of your congregation? Remarks: This item was asked in 2006-07 and 2012 only if a respondent answered 'no' to SOCLSERV (SOCLSERV=2). The items regarding project and program details (SABUSE98-GOVF2_12) were asked only if congregations reported social services. In 1998, they were asked if SOCLSERV=1; in 2006-07 and 2012, they were asked if SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1. Therefore, even though a number of the items below are worded identically across survey waves, they were asked of different subsets of congregations. In order to assess change over time with these items, analysts need to make the later versions comparable to the 1998 versions by recoding the 2006-07 and 2012 responses to 'No' or 'zero' for cases on which SOCLSERV=2. (SCLSERV2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83262
2) No51138
Missing3177 
TOTAL1343100.0
480) How many [social service, human service, etc.] projects or programs has your congregation sponsored or participated in within the last 12 months? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation reported being involved in some social service project or program in the past 12 months (SOCLSERV=1 OR SCLSERV2=1). If a congregation reported no involvement in social service projects or programs, NUMPROG was set at zero. (NUMPROG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40714.7013.82
481) Total number of social service programs. Remarks: This variable is the total number of social service projects or programs mentioned in response to SABUSE98-SVDP98 in 1998. If a congregation does not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2), TOTPRG98 was set at zero. (TOTPRG98)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.682.20
482) Total number of service programs. Remarks: This variable is the total number of social service projects or programs mentioned in response to SABUSE06-OTHPRJ in 2006-07. Note that this variable contains totals for congregations who answered 'yes' to either social service item (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). Therefore, this item is not comparable to TOTPRG98; to compute a variable for 2006-07 that is comparable to TOTPRG98, analysts should set TOTPRG6A to zero when SOCLSERV=2. If a congregation does not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2), TOTPRG6A was set at zero. (TOTPRG6A)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40711.941.80
483) Total number of social service programs. Remarks: This variable is the total number of social service projects or programs mentioned in response to SABUSE06-OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 (see details below). Note that this variable contains totals for congregations who answered 'yes' to any social service item (SOCLSERV=1, SCLSERV2=1, or OTHPRJ=1). Therefore, this item is not comparable to TOTPRG98; to compute a variable for 2006-07 that is comparable to TOTPRG98, analysts should set TOTPRG6B to zero when SOCLSERV=2. If a congregation does not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2), TOTPRG6B was set at zero. (TOTPRG6B)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40712.292.09
484) Congregation participated in or sponsored any social or human service program. Remarks: This constructed variable indicates whether congregations participated in any social or human service programs at all. If congregations answered 'yes' to SOCLSERV (SOCLSERV=1), SCLSERV2 (SCLSERV2=1) or OTHPRJ (OTHPRJ=1), ANYSOCL was set at 1. (ANYSOCL)
TOTAL%
0) No26817.9
1) Yes122782.1
Missing2570 
TOTAL1495100.0
485) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Services for victims of rape or domestic violence. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SABUSE98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named118095.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type534.3
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
486) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Cleaning highways or parks. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCLEAN98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named120998.1
1) Mentions at least one program of this type241.9
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
487) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Clothing or blankets, including rummage sales. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCLOTH98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named109688.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type13711.1
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
488) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for college students or young adults. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCOLL98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named122499.3
1) Mentions at least one program of this type9.7
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
489) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Disaster relief. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SDISAS98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named117895.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type554.5
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
490) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Non-religious education. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SEDUC98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named115693.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type776.2
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
491) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for senior citizens. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SELDER98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named115693.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type776.2
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
492) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Feeding the hungry. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SFOOD98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named82266.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type41133.3
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
493) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting men or women in particular. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SGEND98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named112491.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1098.8
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
494) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Habitat for Humanity projects. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHABIT98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named114492.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type897.2
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
495) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting physical health needs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHEAL98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named110789.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type12610.2
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
496) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting the homeless or transients. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHOME98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named114192.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type927.5
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
497) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Home building, repair, or maintenance. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHOUSE98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named101582.3
1) Mentions at least one program of this type21817.7
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
498) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SIMMIG98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named122499.3
1) Mentions at least one program of this type9.7
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
499) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting people outside the United States. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SINTL98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named119496.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type393.2
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
500) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs to help people obtain jobs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SJOB98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named122098.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type131.1
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
501) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for children or youth. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SKID98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named99981
1) Mentions at least one program of this type23419
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
502) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Program is nowhere else classified. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SOTHER98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named88972.1
1) Mentions at least one program of this type34427.9
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
503) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting prisoners or people in trouble with the law and their families. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SPRISN98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named120898
1) Mentions at least one program of this type252
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
504) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Substance abuse programs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SSUBST98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named120097.3
1) Mentions at least one program of this type332.7
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
505) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? St. Vincent de Paul. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SVDP98)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named122799.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type6.5
Missing2842 
TOTAL1233100.0
506) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Services for victims of rape or domestic violence. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SABUSE06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named143796.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type573.8
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
507) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Cleaning highways or parks. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCLEAN06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named144496.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type503.3
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
508) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Clothing or blankets, including rummage sales. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCLOTH06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named125684.1
1) Mentions at least one program of this type23815.9
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
509) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for college students or young adults. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCOLL06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named148699.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type8.5
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
510) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Disaster relief. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SDISAS06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named135590.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1399.3
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
511) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Non-religious education. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SEDUC06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named134990.3
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1459.7
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
512) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for senior citizens. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SELDER06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named132688.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type16711.2
Missing2572 
TOTAL1493100.0
513) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Feeding the hungry. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SFOOD06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named90560.6
1) Mentions at least one program of this type58939.4
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
514) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting men and women in particular. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SGEND06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named135290.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1429.5
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
515) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Habitat for Humanity projects. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHABIT06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named140694.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type875.8
Missing2572 
TOTAL1493100.0
516) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting physical health needs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHEAL06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named123382.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type26117.5
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
517) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting the homeless or transients. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHOME06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named132088.4
1) Mentions at least one program of this type17411.6
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
518) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Home building, repair, or maintenance. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHOUSE06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named121881.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type27618.5
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
519) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SIMMIG06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named147999
1) Mentions at least one program of this type151
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
520) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting people outside the United States. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SINTL06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named139193.1
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1036.9
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
521) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs to help people obtain jobs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SJOB06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named147298.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type221.5
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
522) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for children or youth. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SKID06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named115977.6
1) Mentions at least one program of this type33522.4
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
523) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Program is nowhere else classified. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SOTHER06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named112075
1) Mentions at least one program of this type37425
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
524) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting prisoners or people in trouble with the law and their families. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SPRISN06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named142995.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type644.3
Missing2572 
TOTAL1493100.0
525) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Substance abuse programs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SSUBST06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named145297.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type422.8
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
526) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? St. Vincent de Paul. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SVDP06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named148899.6
1) Mentions at least one program of this type6.4
Missing2572 
TOTAL1494100.0
527) Does your congregation engage in any other human service projects or outreach ministries besides those you've already mentioned? (OTHPRJ)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31721.2
2) No118078.8
Missing2578 
TOTAL1497100.0
528) What are the three most important? Services for victims of rape or domestic violence. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PABUSE06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149399.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type3.2
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
529) What are the three most important? Cleaning highways or parks. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PCLEAN06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149199.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type5.3
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
530) What are the three most important? Clothing or blankets, including rummage sales. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PCLOTH06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned148499.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type12.8
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
531) What are the three most important? Specifically for college students or young adults. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PCOLLG06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149299.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type4.3
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
532) What are the three most important? Disaster relief. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PDISAS06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned147198.3
1) Mentions at least one program of this type261.7
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
533) What are the three most important? Non-religious education. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PEDUC06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned146697.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type312.1
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
534) What are the three most important? Specifically for senior citizens. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PELDER06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned146397.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type332.2
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
535) What are the three most important? Programs focused on issues of race or ethnicity. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PETHNI06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149499.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type2.1
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
536) What are the three most important? Feeding the hungry. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PFOOD06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned143395.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type644.3
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
537) What are the three most important? Programs targeting men or women in particular. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PGENDR06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned147898.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type181.2
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
538) What are the three most important? Habitat for Humanity projects. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PHABIT06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149199.6
1) Mentions at least one program of this type6.4
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
539) What are the three most important? Programs focused on physical health needs. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PHEAL06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned143595.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type624.1
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
540) What are the three most important? Programs targeting the homeless or transients. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PHOME06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned148799.4
1) Mentions at least one program of this type9.6
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
541) What are the three most important? Home building, repair, or maintenance. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PHOUSE06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned146397.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type332.2
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
542) What are the three most important? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PIMMIG06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149499.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type3.2
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
543) What are the three most important? Programs targeting people outside the United States. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PINTL06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned143495.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type634.2
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
544) What are the three most important? Programs to help people obtain jobs. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PJOB06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149599.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1.1
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
545) What are the three most important? Specifically for children or youth. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PKID06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned141494.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type825.5
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
546) What are the three most important? Program is nowhere else classified. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (POTHER06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned141594.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type825.5
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
547) What are the three most important? Programs targeting prisoners or people in trouble with the law and their families. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PPRISN06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned148299.1
1) Mentions at least one program of this type14.9
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
548) What are the three most important? Programs with explicit religious content. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PRELIG06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned144396.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type533.5
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
549) What are the three most important? Programs focused on crime prevention, crime victims, police and fire departments, military personnel. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PSECUR06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned148499.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type12.8
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
550) What are the three most important? Substance abuse programs. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PSUBST06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned148999.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type7.5
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
551) What are the three most important? Providing furniture, household items, and money for rent or utilities. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PSUPP06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned148599.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type12.8
Missing2586 
TOTAL1497100.0
552) What are the three most important? St. Vincent de Paul. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PVDP06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type mentioned149499.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type2.1
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
553) What are the three most important? Explicit volunteering, not including Habitat for Humanity. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero. (PVOL06)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named148098.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type161.1
Missing2586 
TOTAL1496100.0
554) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Services for victims of rape or domestic violence. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SABUSE12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named130297.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type282.1
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
555) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Cleaning highways or parks. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCLEAN12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named126194.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type695.2
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
556) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Clothing or blankets, including rummage sales. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCLOTH12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named109982.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type23017.3
Missing2743 
TOTAL1329100.0
557) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for college students or young adults. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SCOLL12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named132499.5
1) Mentions at least one program of this type6.5
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
558) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Disaster relief. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SDISAS12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named125894.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type715.3
Missing2743 
TOTAL1329100.0
559) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Non-religious education. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SEDUC12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named114886.4
1) Mentions at least one program of this type18113.6
Missing2743 
TOTAL1329100.0
560) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Specifically for senior citizens. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SELDER12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named121991.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type1118.3
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
561) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Feeding the hungry. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SFOOD12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named63848
1) Mentions at least one program of this type69252
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
562) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting men or women in particular. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SGEND12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named124693.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type846.3
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
563) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Habitat for Humanity Projects. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHABIT12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named128796.8
1) Mentions at least one program of this type423.2
Missing2743 
TOTAL1329100.0
564) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs for targeting physical health needs. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHEAL12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named104978.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type28121.1
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
565) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting the homeless or transients. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHOME12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named117388.2
1) Mentions at least one program of this type15711.8
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
566) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Home building, repair, or maintenance. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SHOUSE12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named108981.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type24118.1
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
567) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SIMMIG12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named131598.9
1) Mentions at least one program of this type151.1
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
568) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs targeting people outside the United States. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero. (SINTL12)
TOTAL%
0) No program of this type named124693.7
1) Mentions at least one program of this type846.3
Missing2743 
TOTAL1330100.0
569) [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you h