Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Country name (COUNTRY)
1) Brazil
2) Chile
3) Guatemala
4) Regions of India Surveyed
5) Kenya
6) Nigeria
7) Philippines
8) South Africa
9) South Korea
10) United States
2) Identification number (PSRAID)
3) Sample type (SAMPLE)
1) General Public Sample
2) Oversample of Renewalists
4) Is the respondent a non-renewalist, Pentecostal, or Charismatic? Pentecostal is defined as belonging to a Pentecostal denomination or church, as indicated by responses labeled "coded as Pentecostal" in any variable that begins with Q4. This includes Q4BRA, Q4CHI, Q4GUA, Q4IND, Q4KEN, Q4NIG, Q4PHI, Q4SAF, Q4SKOR, and Q4US. Charismatic is defined as non-Pentecostal Christians, who describe themselves as Pentecostal in question Q5C, or as Charismatic in question Q5D, or who say they speak or pray in tongues at least several times a year in the survey question named TONGUES. (RENEWLST)
0) Non-renewalist
1) Pentecostal (as coded in Q4 series of questions)
2) Charismatic (as indicated in questions Q5C, Q5D, or TONGUES)
5) Weight for use in analyzing general public samples in each country (GPWGT)
6) Weight for use in analyzing renewalists in each country (PENTWGT)
7) Now thinking about (survey country), overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (SATISFY)
1) Satisfied
2) Dissatisfied
8) Don't know
9) Refused
8) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (RELIMP)
1) Single most important thing
2) Very important
3) Somewhat important
4) Not too important
5) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
9) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant); Afro-Brazilian; Jehovah's Witness; Orthodox; Muslim; Hindu; Buddhist; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Kardecist - Spiritism; Spiritism; Other religion? [Question asked in Brazil.] (Q3BRA)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant)
3) Afro-Brazilian
4) Jehovah's Witness
8) Buddhist
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
11) Kardecist - Spiritism
12) Spiritism
97) Other religion
10) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant); Jehovah's Witness; Orthodox; Mormon; Jewish; Muslim; Hindu; Buddhist; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Other religion? [Question asked in Chile.] (Q3CHI)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant)
3) Jehovah's Witness
5) Mormon
6) Jewish
11) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
11) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant); Jehovah's Witness; Mormon; Mayan Traditional Religion; Jewish; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Other religion? [Question asked in Guatemala.] (Q3GUA)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant)
3) Jehovah's Witness
4) Mormon
5) Mayan Traditional Religion
6) Jewish
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
98) Don't know
12) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Hindu, Muslim, Catholic Christian, Protestant Christian, Syrian Orthodox Christian, Jain, Sikh, Buddhist, No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Traditional Tribal; Other religion? [Question asked in India.] (Q3IND)
1) Hindu
2) Muslim
3) Catholic Christian
4) Protestant Christian
5) Syrian Orthodox Christian
6) Jain
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
11) Traditional Tribal
13) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); African Instituted Church (AIC); Muslim; Hindu; African Traditional Religion (ATR); No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Jehovah's Witness; Other religion? [Question asked in Kenya.] (Q3KEN)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, etc.)
3) African Instituted Church (AIC)
4) Muslim
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR)
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
9) Jehovah's Witness
97) Other religion
14) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); Muslim; African Independent or Aladura Church (AIC), African Traditional Religion (ATR); Jehovah's Witness; Brotherhood of the Cross and Star; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Other religion? [Question asked in Nigeria.] (Q3NIG)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, etc.)
3) Muslim
4) African Independent or Aladura Church (AIC)
6) Jehovah's Witness
7) Brotherhood of the Cross and Star
9) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
15) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant; Iglesia ni Cristo; Jehovah's Witness; Mormon; Islam/Muslim; Aglipayan Church (a.k.a. Philippine Independent Church); Other Christian group/religion; Other non-Christian group/religion; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic? [Question asked in Philippines.] (Q3PHI)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant
3) Iglesia ni Cristo
4) Jehovah's Witness
5) Mormon
6) Islam/Muslim
7) Aglipayan Church (a.k.a. Philippine Independent Church)
8) Other Christian group/religion
9) Other non-Christian group/religion
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
16) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant; Muslim; Hindu; African Independent Christian (AIC) (such as Zion Christian Church, another Zionist Church, or an Apostolic Church); African Traditional Religion (ATR); Jehovah's Witness; Jewish; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Other religion? [Question asked in South Africa.] (Q3SAF)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant
3) Muslim
4) Hindu
5) African Independent Christian (AIC) (such as…)
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR)
7) Jehovah's Witness
8) Jewish
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
17) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Catholic Christian; Protestant Christian; Buddhist; Confucianist; Jehovah's Witness; Mormon; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Won-Buddhism; Korea Soka Gakkai International; Daesunjinrihow; Other religion? [Question asked in South Korea.] (Q3SKOR)
1) Catholic Christian
2) Protestant Christian
3) Buddhist
4) Confucianist
5) Jehovah's Witness
6) Mormon
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
9) Won-Buddhism
10) Korea Soka Gakkai International
11) Daesunjinrihow
18) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Protestant (include Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Pentecostal, Jehovah's Witness, Church of Christ, etc.); Roman Catholic; Jewish; Mormon (include Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints); Orthodox Church (Greek or Russian); Islam/Muslim; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Jehovah's Witness; Other religion? [Question asked in United States.] (Q3US)
1) Protestant (include…)
2) Roman Catholic
3) Jewish
4) Mormon
5) Orthodox Church (Greek or Russian)
6) Islam/Muslim
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
9) Jehovah's Witness
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
99) Refused
19) [Ask in Brazil if Q3BRA = 2 "Protestant."] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Baptist [Batista]; Presbyterian [Presbiteriana]; Methodist [Metodista]; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Lutheran, or Congregational); Assemblies of God [Assembleia de Deus]; Christian Congregation [Congregacao Crista]; Church of the Foursquare Gospel; [Igreja do Evangelho Quadrangular]; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Brasil para Cristo, Casa da Bênção, Deus é Amor, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God [Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus], or Renascer em Cristo); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4BRA)
1) Baptist
2) Presbyterian
3) Methodist
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Christian Congregation [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Church of the Foursquare Gospel [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) No denomination or Independent Church
10) Something else
98) Don't know
20) [Ask in Chile if Q3CHI = 2 "Protestant."] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Baptist; Methodist; Presbyterian; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Nazarene, Lutheran, or Anglican); Iglesia Metodista Pentecostal de Chile; Iglesia Evangelica Pentecostal de Chile; Iglesia Pentecostal de Chile; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Iglesia Pentecoste Naciente, Iglesia Pentecostal Libre Mision, Voz de Deserto, Iglesia Evangelica de Dios Pentecostal, or Iglesia Pentecostal Evangelica Mision); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4CHI)
1) Baptist
2) Methodist
3) Presbyterian
4) Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Nazarene, Lutheran, or Anglican
5) Iglesia Metodista Pentecostal de Chile [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Iglesia Evangelica Pentecostal de Chile [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Iglesia Pentecostal de Chile [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) Nondenominational or Independent Church
10) Something else
98) Don't know
99) Refused
21) [Ask in Guatemala if Q3GUA = 2 "Protestant."] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Central American Mission; Presbyterian; Methodist; Another Protestant denomination (such as Nazarene, Adventist, Baptist, Lutheran, or Anglican); Assemblies of God; Full Gospel Church of God [Iglesia de Dios el Evangelio Completo]; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as El Shaddai, Elim, Iglesia Evangelical El Verbo, Fraternidad Cristiana, Comunidad de Dios); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4GUA)
1) Central American Mission
2) Presbyterian
3) Methodist
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Full Gospel Church of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) Nondenominational or Independent Church
9) Something else
98) Don't know
99) Refused
22) [Ask in India if Q3IND = 4 "Protestant."] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Mar Thoma Church; Church of South India or Anglican; Brethren Christian Assemblies; Another Protestant denomination (such as St. Thomas Evangelical Church, Adventist, Wesleyan, Presbyterian, Methodist, or Nazarene); Indian Pentecostal Church; Assemblies of God; Church of God in India (Full Gospel); The Pentecostal Mission; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Believers Church, World Missionary Evangelism, Sharon Pentecostal Fellowship Church, New Indian Church of God, New India Bible Church, Elim, Friends Missionary Prayer Band, or Zion Church); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Garo Baptist Convention; Council of Baptist Churches in Northeast India Presbyterian Church of Northeast India; Assembly Church of Jesus Christ Full Gospel; Tamil Evangelical Lutheran Church; Missouri Synod Lutheran; Something else. (Q4IND)
1) Mar Thoma Church
2) Church of South India or Anglican
3) Brethren Christian Assemblies
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Indian Pentecostal Church [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Church of God in India (Full Gospel) [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) The Pentecostal Mission [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
10) Nondenominational or Independent Church
12) Garo Baptist Convention
13) Council of Baptist Churches in Northeast India
14) Presbyterian Church of Northeast India
15) Assembly Church of Jesus Christ Full Gospel [Coded as Pentecostal]
17) Missouri Synod Lutheran
97) Something else
23) [Ask in Kenya if Q3KEN = 2 "Protestant" or 3 "African Instituted Church, AIC"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Anglican; Presbyterian; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); African Independent Pentecostal Church of Africa; An African Spirit (Roho) Church; African Israel Church Nineveh; Another AIC denomination (such as Nomiya Luo Roho Church, Church of Christ in Africa, or African Brotherhood Church); Kenya Assemblies of God; Pentecostal Assemblies of God; Full Gospel Churches of Kenya; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Redeemed Gospel Church, Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, or Nairobi Pentecostal Church); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4KEN)
1) Anglican
2) Presbyterian
3) Another Protestant denomination
4) African Independent Pentecostal Church of Africa
5) An African Spirit (Roho) Church
6) African Israel Church Nineveh
7) Another AIC denomination
8) Kenya Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) Pentecostal Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
10) Full Gospel Churches of Kenya [Coded as Pentecostal]
11) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
12) Nondenominational or Independent Church
24) [Ask in Nigeria if Q3NIG = 2 "Protestant" or 4 "African Independent or Aldura Church, AIC"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Anglican Church of Nigeria; Baptist Convention; Evangelical Churches of West Africa; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); Celestial Church of Christ; Christ Apostolic Church; Cherubim or Seraphim; Another African Independent or Aladura Church (AIC) denomination; Assemblies of God; Church of God in Christ International Church of the Foursquare Gospel; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Church of God Mission International, Redeemed Christian Church of God, Deeper Life Bible Church, Charismatic Youth Fellowships, Word of Faith Ministries, or Winners Chapel); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4NIG)
1) Anglican Church of Nigeria
2) Baptist Convention
3) Evangelical Churches of West Africa
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Celestial Church of Christ
6) Christ Apostolic Church
7) Cherubim or Seraphim
8) Another African Independent or Aladura Church (AIC) denomination
9) Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
10) Church of God in Christ [Coded as Pentecostal]
11) International Church of the Foursquare Gospel [Coded as Pentecostal]
12) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
13) Nondenominational or Independent Church
14) Something else
25) [Ask in Philippines if Q3PHI = 2 "Protestant"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Seventh-Day Adventist; United Church of Christ; Methodist; Another Protestant denomination (such as Christian and Missionary Alliance, Baptist, or Episcopal); Assemblies of God; Church of the Foursquare Gospel Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee); Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Jesus is Lord Fellowship, Jesus Miracle Crusade, Take the Nations for Jesus, Love of Christ, Victory Christian Fellowship, Bread of Life, Church of the Living God, Good Shepherd International Fellowship, Fourth Watch, or United Pentecostal Church); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4PHI)
1) Seventh-Day Adventist
2) United Church of Christ
3) Methodist
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Church of the Foursquare Gospel [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) Nondenominational or Independent Church
10) Something else
26) [Ask in South Africa if Q3SAF = 2 "Protestant" or 5 "African Independent Christian (AIC)"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Anglican Church; Dutch Reformed; Methodist; Zion Christian Church; Another Zionist Church; An Apostolic Church; South African Assemblies of God; Apostolic Faith Mission; Full Gospel Church of God; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as International Fellowship of Charismatic Churches, International Fellowship of Christian Churches); Another indigenous denomination; Another Protestant denomination (such as Uniting Reformed, Lutheran, or Presbyterian); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4SAF)
1) Anglican Church
2) Dutch Reformed
3) Methodist
4) Zion Christian Church
5) Another Zionist Church
6) An Apostolic Church
7) South African Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) Apostolic Faith Mission [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) Full Gospel Church of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
10) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
11) Another indigenous denomination
12) Another Protestant denomination
14) Something else
98) Don't know
99) Refused
27) [Ask in South Korea if Q3SKOR = 2 "Protestant"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Presbyterian-Haptong; Presbyterian-Tonghap; Methodist; Another Protestant denomination (such as Korea Evangelical Holiness Church, Sungkyul Church in Korea (Holiness), Baptist, or Adventist); Korea Assemblies of God Full Gospel (including Yoido Full Gospel); Jesus Assembly of God of Korea; Something else. (Q4SKOR)
1) Presbyterian-Haptong
2) Presbyterian-Tonghap
3) Methodist
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Korea Assemblies of God Full Gospel [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Jesus Assembly of God of Korea [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Christian Hee Joong Church
8) Unification Church
9) The Presbyterian Church in the Republic of Korea (Kijang)
10) Jesus Centered Church
11) World Mission Society Church of God
97) Other
98) Don't know
28) [Ask in United States if Q3US = 1 "Protestant"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Baptist; Methodist; Presbyterian; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Episcopalian, Jehovah's Witness, Lutheran, or United Church of Christ); Assembly of God; Church of God in Christ; Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee); Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Apostolic Faith Church, International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, International Pentecostal Holiness Church, Pentecostal Church of God, United Pentecostal Church, Vineyard Fellowship); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4US)
1) Baptist
2) Methodist
3) Presbyterian
4) Another Protestant denomination
5) Assembly of God [Coded as Pentecostal]
6) Church of God in Christ [Coded as Pentecostal]
7) Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) [Coded as Pentecostal]
8) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]
9) Nondenominational or Independent Church
10) Something else
98) Don't know
99) Refused
29) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Evangelical Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Evangelical Catholic"]? (Q5_A)
1) Yes, applies
2) No, does not apply
8) Don't know
9) Refused
30) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Born-again Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Born-again Catholic"]? (Q5_B)
1) Yes, applies
2) No, does not apply
8) Don't know
9) Refused
31) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Pentecostal Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Pentecostal Catholic"]? (Q5_C)
1) Yes, applies
2) No, does not apply
8) Don't know
9) Refused
32) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Charismatic Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Charismatic Catholic"]? (Q5_D)
1) Yes, applies
2) No, does not apply
8) Don't know
9) Refused
33) How often do you pray to God outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (PRAY_OUT)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
34) How often do you speak or pray in tongues: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] (TONGUES)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
35) How often do you participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (GROUPS)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
36) How often do you listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (RADIO_TV)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
37) How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
38) How often do you read scripture outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (READ_OUT)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
39) How often do you fast: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (FAST)
1) Every day
2) More than once a week
3) Once a week
4) At least once a month
5) Several times a year
6) Less often
7) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
40) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
41) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
42) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in the Rapture of the Church, that is, that before the world comes to an end, the religiously faithful will be saved and taken up to Heaven? [Question asked only if respondent is Christian.] (RAPTURE)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
43) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in God? [Question asked only if respondent indicates any of the following: no religion, not a believer, atheist, or agnostic.] (GOD)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
44) Have you always been a [if answer given in Q4, insert religious affiliation from Q4; otherwise, insert religious affiliation from Q3]? Question asked in United States if respondent belongs to a particular religion. In all other countries, question asked of all respondents. (REL_ALWS)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
45) What were you before? [Question asked only in Brazil if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9BRA)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant)
3) Afro-Brazilian
4) Jehovah's Witness
8) Buddhist
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
46) What were you before? [Question asked only in Chile if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9CHIL)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant)
3) Jehovah's Witness
5) Mormon
11) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
99) Refused
47) What were you before? [Question asked only in Guatemala if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9GUAT)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Evangelical [Evangélico] (or Protestant)
3) Jehovah's Witness
4) Mormon
7) Central American Mission
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
99) Refused
48) What were you before? [Question asked only in India (Kerala) if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9IND)
1) Hindu
3) Catholic Christian
11) Traditional tribal
97) Other religion
99) Refused
49) What were you before? [Question asked only in Kenya if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9KEN)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant
3) African Instituted Church (AIC)
4) Muslim
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR)
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
50) What were you before? [Question asked only in Nigeria if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9NIG)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant
3) Muslim
4) African Independent or Aladura Church (AIC)
5) African Traditional Religion (ATR)
6) Jehovah's Witness
9) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
99) Refused
51) What were you before? [Question asked only in Philippines if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9PHI)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant
3) Iglesia ni Cristo
4) Jehovah's Witness
5) Mormon
7) Aglipayan Church (a.k.a. Philippine Independent Church)
8) Other Christian group/religion
9) Other non-Christian group/religion
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
52) What were you before? [Question asked only in South Africa if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9SAF)
1) Roman Catholic
2) Protestant
3) Muslim
4) Hindu
5) African Independent Christian (AIC)
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR)
7) Jehovah's Witness
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
99) Refused
53) What were you before? [Question asked only in South Korea if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9SKOR)
1) Catholic Christian
2) Protestant Christian
3) Buddhist
4) Confucianist
5) Jehovah's Witness
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
99) Refused
54) What were you before? [Question asked only in United States if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] Protestant includes Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Pentecostal, Jehovah's Witness, Church of Christ, etc. (Q9US)
1) Protestant (include Baptist, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Pentecostal, Jehovah's Witness, Church of Christ, etc.)
2) Roman Catholic
3) Jewish
4) Mormon (include Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints)
6) Islam/Muslim
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic
97) Other religion
98) Don't know
99) Refused
55) How old were you when you changed your religion to your present religion? ___ years [Asked only if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (CHANGE)
56) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services: more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? [Question asked of all respondents in Chile, Guatemala, South Korea, and the United States. In all other countries, question asked only if respondent is not Muslim.] (ATTEND)
1) More than once a week
2) Once a week
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
57) On average, how often do you attend the mosque for salah and Jum'ah Prayer? [Question asked only of Muslims in Brazil, India, Kenya, Nigeria, Philippines, and South Africa.] (ATTEND_M)
1) More than once a week
2) Once a week for Jum'ah
3) Once or twice a month
4) A few times a year
5) Seldom
6) Never
9) Refused
58) When you attend religious services, how often do they include people speaking tongues, prophesying, praying for miraculous or divine healings, or displaying physical signs of the spirit such as laughing and shaking: would you say always, frequently, occasionally, or never? [Question only asked if respondent is Christian and attends religious services more than "never."] (TONGUES2)
1) Always
2) Frequently
3) Occasionally
4) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
59) Have you ever experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (HEALING)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
60) Have you ever given or interpreted prophecy? (PROPHECY)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
61) Have you ever received a definite answer to a specific prayer request? (ANSWER)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
62) Have you ever received a direct revelation from God? (REVELAT)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
63) Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (DEVIL)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused
64) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
65) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: miracles still occur today as in ancient times. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (MIRACLES)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
66) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
67) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION] [IF ELSE: Religious people] ____ have a duty to convert people of other religious faiths to ___ [IF CHRISTIAN: Christianity] [IF JEWISH: Judaism] [IF MUSLIM: Islam] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELGION][IF ELSE: their religious faith]. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (CONVERT)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
68) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION][IF ELSE: Religious people] ______ have a responsibility to work for justice for the poor. (WORK)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
69) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant material prosperity to all believers who have enough faith. (PROSPER)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
70) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant health and relief from sickness to believers who have enough faith. (HEALTH)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
71) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God fulfills his purposes through politics and elections. (POLITICS)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
72) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. AIDS is God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (AIDS)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
98) Don't know
99) Refused
73) Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR)
1) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is][IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the actual word of God and [IS/ARE] to be taken literally, word for word, OR
2) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the word of God, but not everything in [IT/THEM] should be taken literally, word for word, OR
3) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] written by men and [IS/ARE] not the word of God
4) Other (VOLUNTEERED THIS RESPONSE)
8) Don't know
9) Refused
74) Which of the following is most important to you: your continent, your nationality, your religion, or your ethnic group? (MOSTIMP)
1) Your continent
2) Your nationality
3) Your religion
4) Your ethnic group
8) Don't know
9) Refused
75) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: if enough people were brought to Christ, social ills would take care of themselves. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ILLS)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
76) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Belief in Jesus Christ is the only way to be saved from eternal damnation. (ONLYWAY)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
77) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Jesus will return to earth in my lifetime. (RETURN)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
78) Turning to another subject, suppose you could choose between different kinds of jobs. Which one would you prefer: being an employee or being self-employed? (EMPLOY)
1) Being an employee
2) Being self employed
3) Neither/None
8) Don't know
9) Refused
79) To what extent, if at all, do you think our country benefits from the greater influence of international business practices, trade, ideas, communication and products such as international foods and TV programs from other countries: would you say to a great extent, moderate extent, small extent, or not at all? (INTERNA)
1) Great extent
2) Moderate extent
3) Small extent
4) Not at all
5) Harms our country
8) Don't know
9) Refused
80) Thinking about your own personal finances, how would you rate your own personal financial situation: would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape? (FINANCE)
1) Excellent shape
2) Good shape
3) Only fair shape
4) Poor shape
8) Don't know
9) Refused
81) Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, get a lot worse, or stay the same? (FINANCE2)
1) Improve a lot
2) Improve some
3) Get a little worse
4) Get a lot worse
5) Stay the same
8) Don't know
9) Refused
82) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is hard work a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (HARDWORK)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
83) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is fate a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FATE)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
84) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are people's parent's economic situations very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (ECONPAR)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
85) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is faith in God a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FAITH_GD)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
86) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are government policies very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (GOVPOLIC)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
87) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are personal connections and contracts very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (CONNECT)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
88) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is education a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (IMPEDUC)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not at all important
8) Don't know
9) Refused
89) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women. (WOMEN1)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
90) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do. (WOMEN2)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
91) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A wife must always obey her husband. (WOMEN3)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
92) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure of a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (WOMEN4)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
93) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. Women should be allowed to serve as pastors or priests. (WOMEN5)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
94) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
1) Most people can be trusted
2) Can't be too careful
3) Other/Depends
8) Don't know
9) Refused
95) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: homosexuality. (HOMOSEXU)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
96) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: prostitution. (PROSTITU)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
97) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: divorce. (DIVORCE)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
98) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: euthanasia – ending the life of the incurably sick. (EUTHANAS)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
99) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: suicide. (SUICIDE)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
100) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
101) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
102) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: abortion. (ABORTION)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
103) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: polygamy. (POLYGAMY)
1) Always justified
2) Sometimes justified
3) Never justified
8) Don't know
9) Refused
104) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. First, how about people in your immediate family? Do you feel you can trust them a lot, trust them some, trust them only a little, or not trust them at all? (TRUST1)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
105) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people in your neighborhood? (TRUST2)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
106) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about your city or local government? (TRUST3)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
107) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the media? (TRUST4)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
108) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about our national government? (TRUST5)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
109) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the military? (TRUST6)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
110) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people from other religions? (TRUST7)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
111) [Asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people at your church or place of worship? (TRUST8)
1) Can trust a lot
2) Can trust some
3) Trust a little
4) Not at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
112) How often, if ever, do you discuss politics with your family or friends: never, once or twice a month, once or twice a week, three or four times a week, or every day? (DISCPOLI)
1) Never
2) Once or twice a month
3) Once or twice a week
4) Three or four times a week
5) Every day
8) Don't know
9) Refused
113) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can openly say what you think and can criticize the government? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM1)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not important at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
114) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where honest elections are held regularly with a choice of at least two political parties? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM2)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not important at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
115) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is a judicial system that treats everyone in the same way? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM3)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not important at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
116) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can practice your religion freely? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM4)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not important at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
117) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is freedom of religion for religions other than your own? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM5)
1) Very important
2) Somewhat important
3) Not too important
4) Not important at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
118) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: conflict between religious groups. (PROB_CON)
1) Very big problem
2) Moderately big problem
3) Small problem
4) Not a problem at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
119) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: corrupt political leaders. (PROB_POL)
1) Very big problem
2) Moderately big problem
3) Small problem
4) Not a problem at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
120) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: moral decline. (PROB_MOR)
1) Very big problem
2) Moderately big problem
3) Small problem
4) Not a problem at all
8) Don't know
9) Refused
121) Some people say to solve our country's problems we should have a government that allows greater political participation by ordinary people and limits the power of individual political leaders. Others say to solve our country's problems we should have a leader with a strong hand even if there is little participation by ordinary people. Which comes closer to your opinion? (PARTIC)
1) Participatory government
2) Strong leader
8) Don't know
9) Refused
122) In your opinion, should religious groups keep out of political matter - or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions? (RELGRO)
1) Should keep out
2) Should express views
8) Don't know
9) Refused
123) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: most people are better off in a free market economy, even though some people are rich and some are poor. (GOV_MARK)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
124) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (GOV_EAT)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
125) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should not interfere with a woman's ability to have an abortion. (GOV_ABOR)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
126) How do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that political leaders have strong _______ [insert respondent's religion from Q3 (Christian, Muslim, etc.); if respondent is not religious, insert "religious"] beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (POL_BEL)
1) Completely agree
2) Mostly agree
3) Mostly disagree
4) Completely disagree
8) Don't know
9) Refused
127) Which comes closer to your view? 1) the government should take special steps to make our country a _____ [insert religion from Q3 (Christian/Muslim/etc.)] country, or 2) there should be a separation between _____ [insert church/mosque, as appropriate)] and state? [In the United States, if the respondent is "other religion," the words "Christian" and "church" were used.] (CHRSTATE)
1) Government should make our country a [Christian/Muslim/etc.] country
2) Should be a separation of [church/mosque] and state
8) Don't know
9) Refused
128) Turning now to events in the world today, in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians? (DISPUTE)
1) Israel
2) Palestinians
3) Both
4) Neither
8) Don't know
9) Refused
129) Which of the following phrases comes closer to describing your view? 1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism, or 2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism. [Asked in all countries.] (US_TERR)
1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism
2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism
8) Don't know
9) Refused
130) Some people talk about politics in terms of left, center, right. On a ten-point scale, with 1 indicating extreme left and 10 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? [Range is from 1 to 10.] (POLSCALE)
1) Extreme left
2) 2
3) 3
4) 4
5) 5
6) 6
7) 7
8) 8
9) 9
10) Extreme right
98) Don't know
99) Refused
131) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] a) social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people (ORGANIZ1)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
132) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] b) education, arts, music, or cultural activities (ORGANIZ2)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
133) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] c) labor unions (ORGANIZ3)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
134) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] d) political organizations or parties (ORGANIZ4)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
135) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] e) local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights (ORGANIZ5)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
136) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] f) women's groups (ORGANIZ6)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
137) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] g) other groups (ORGANIZ7)
1) Yes, belong
2) No, do not belong
8) Don't know
9) Refused
138) [Asked only if ORGANIZ1 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in providing social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL1)
1) Mostly through a church or religious group
2) Mostly through some other kind of group
3) Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
139) [Asked only if ORGANIZ2 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in education, arts, music or cultural activities, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL2)
1) Mostly through a church or religious group
2) Mostly through some other kind of group
3) Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
140) [Asked only if ORGANIZ5 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL5)
1) Mostly through a church or religious group
2) Mostly through some other kind of group
3) Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
141) [Asked only if ORGANIZ6 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in women's groups, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL6)
1) Mostly through a church or religious group
2) Mostly through some other kind of group
3) Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
142) [Asked only if ORGANIZ7 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in "other groups," would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL7)
1) Mostly through a church or religious group
2) Mostly through some other kind of group
3) Both equally
8) Don't know
9) Refused
143) How often do you - receive food or housing assistance, health care, or other social services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_SERV)
1) Frequently
2) Sometimes
3) Hardly ever
4) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
144) How often do you - participate in language or literacy classes - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_LANG)
1) Frequently
2) Sometimes
3) Hardly ever
4) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
145) How often do you - receive job training or employment services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_JOB)
1) Frequently
2) Sometimes
3) Hardly ever
4) Never
8) Don't know
9) Refused
146) Gender (GENDER)
1) Male
2) Female
147) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (AGE)
148) Have you had any children? If yes, how many? (CHILDREN)
0) No
1) 1 child
2) 2 children
3) 3 children
4) 4 children
5) 5 children
6) 6 children
7) 7 children
8) 8 or more children
98) Don't know
99) Refused
149) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Brazil.] (EDUC_BRA)
2) Incomplete primary school
3) Complete primary school
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type
6) Incomplete secondary school: preparatory for university entry
7) Complete secondary: preparatory for university entry
8) Some university level, without a diploma
9) University level, with diploma
150) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Chile.] (EDUC_CHI)
1) Illiterate
2) 1st grade basic school
3) 2nd grade basic school
4) 3rd grade basic school
5) 4th grade basic school
6) 5th grade basic school
7) 6th grade basic school
8) 7th grade basic school (1st level humanities)
9) 8th grade basic school (2nd level humanities)
10) 1st grade secondary school (3rd level humanities)
11) 2nd grade secondary school (4th level humanities)
12) 3rd grade secondary school (5th level humanities)
13) 4th grade secondary school (6th level humanities)
14) Incomplete university
15) Complete university
16) Incomplete technical/professional school
17) Complete technical/professional school
18) None, no formal education
99) Refused
151) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Guatemala.] (EDUC_GUA)
1) No formal education
2) Incomplete primary school
3) Complete primary school
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type
8) Some university-level education, without a degree
9) University-level education, with degree
99) Refused
152) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in India.] (EDUC_IND)
1) Illiterate
2) Literate but no formal schooling
3) School up to 4 years
4) School up to 5 to 9 years
5) SSC HSC
6) Some college but not graduated
7) Graduate, Post grad, Gen BA, MSc, BCom, etc.
8) Graduate, Post grad, Prof BE, MTech, MBA, MBBS, etc.
153) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Kenya.] (EDUC_KEN)
1) None/Cannot read or write
2) Adult education
3) Primary school not completed (Std 7/8)
4) Primary school completed (Std 7/8)
5) Secondary school not completed (Form 4)
6) Secondly school not completed (Form 4)
7) High school not completed (Form 6)
8) High school completed (Form 6)
9) College/Polytechnic not completed (Diploma/Certificate)
10) College/Polytechnic complete (Diploma/Certificate)
11) Not completed University degree
12) Completed University first degree
13) Post-graduate not completed
99) Refused
154) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Nigeria.] (EDUC_NIG)
1) No formal education
2) Incomplete primary school
3) Complete primary school
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type
8) Incomplete College of Education
9) Complete College of Education
10) Incomplete Polythenic
11) Complete Polythenic
12) Some university-level education, without a degree
13) University-level education, with degree
99) Refused
155) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Philippines.] (EDUC_PHI)
1) No schooling
2) Some elementary
3) Completed elementary
4) Some high school
5) Completed high school
6) Some vocational/college
7) Has a degree
8) Some masters
9) Don't know/Refused
156) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in South Africa.] (EDUC_SAF)
1) No formal education
2) Incomplete primary school
3) Complete primary school
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type
8) Some university-level education, without a degree
9) University-level education, with degree
98) Don't know
157) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in South Korea.] (EDUCSKOR)
1) No formal education
2) Incomplete primary school
3) Complete primary school
4) Did not finish middle school
5) Finished middle school
6) Did not finish high school
7) Finished high school
8) Some university-level education, without a degree
9) Finished college/graduate school, or higher
98) Don't know
99) Refused
158) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Response categories were not read to respondents. Question asked in the United States.] (EDUC_US)
1) None, or grade 1-8
2) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11)
3) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate)
4) Technical, trade or vocational school after high school
5) Some college, no 4-year degree (including associate degree)
6) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree)
7) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a master's degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school)
8) Don't know
9) Refused
159) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Brazil.] (ETH_BRA)
1) Branco
2) Pardo/mulato
3) Negro
4) Amarelo/mestico
5) Indigena
160) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Chile.] (ETH_CHI)
1) Mapuche (Chilean Indian)
2) Mestizo (Mix White and Indian)
3) Bolivian
4) Peruvian
5) White
10) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
161) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group to you belong to? [Asked in Guatemala.] (ETH_GUA)
1) Indigenous
2) Ladino/mixed race
3) Garifuna
8) Don't know
9) Refused
162) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in India.] (ETH_IND)
1) Asian
163) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Kenya.] (ETH_KEN)
1) Kikuyu
2) Luo
3) Luhya
4) Kamba
5) Kalenjin
6) Kisii
7) Meru
8) Miji Kenda
9) Swahili
10) Embu
11) Somali
12) Maasai
14) Turkana
15) Taita
16) Teso
17) Saboti
18) Kuria
19) Pokot
164) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Nigeria.] (ETH_NIG)
1) Hausa
2) Ibo
3) Yoruba
4) Edo
5) Urhobo
6) Itsekiri
7) Fulani
8) Kanuri
9) Tiv
10) Efik
97) Other
98) Don't know
99) Refused
165) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Philippines.] (ETH_PHI)
1) Tagalog
2) Ilocano
3) Bicolano
4) Cebuano
5) Ilonggo
6) Waray
7) Kapampangan
8) Chinese
10) Japanese
15) Bangsamoro
18) Ibanag
19) Igorot
20) Maranao
23) Others
166) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in South Africa.] (ETH_SAF)
1) White
2) Black
3) Asian
4) Coloured
167) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in South Korea.] (ETH_SKOR)
1) Korean
168) Are you, yourself, of Hispanic origin or descent, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other Spanish background? [Asked in the United States.] (ETH_US)
1) Yes
2) No
8) Don't know
9) Refused (VOLUNTEERED) – GO TO D5B US
169) [Interviewer: if respondent answered 1 ‘Yes,' (Hispanic) in question ETH_US, ask:] Are you white Hispanic, black Hispanic, or some other race? [If non-Hispanic, ask:] What is your race? Are you white, black, Asian, or some other? [Asked in the United States.] (ETH_US2)
1) White
2) Black
3) Asian
4) Other or mixed race
8) Don't know
9) Refused
170) Are you currently married, living with a partner, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARRIAGE)
1) Married
2) Living with a partner
3) Widowed
4) Divorced
5) Separated
6) Never been married
8) Don't know
9) Refused
171) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Brazil.] (INC_BRA)
1) Less than 200 reals per month
2) 201 to 400 reals per month
3) 401 to 600 reals per month
4) 601 to 1,000 reals per month
5) 1,001 to 1,400 reals per month
6) 1,401 to 2,000 reals per month
7) 2,001 to 3,000 reals per month
8) 3,001 to 4,000 reals per month
9) 4,001 to 6,000 reals per month
10) 6,001 to 10,000 reals per month
11) 10,001 to 15,000 reals per month
98) Don't know
99) Refused
172) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Chile.] (INC_CHI)
1) Less than 112,000 pesos per month
2) 112,000 to 180,000 pesos per month
3) 181,001 to 250,000 pesos per month
4) 250,001 to 400,000 pesos per month
5) 400,001 to 800,000 pesos per month
6) 800,001 to 1,000,000 pesos per month
7) 1,000,001 to 1,500,000 pesos per month
8) 1,500,001 to 2,000,000 pesos per month
9) 2,000,001 to 3,000,000 pesos per month
10) More than 3,000,000 pesos per month
98) Don't know
99) Refused
173) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Guatemala.] (INC_GUA)
1) Less than 1,600 quetzals per month
2) 1,601 to 3,200 quetzals per month
3) 3,201 to 4,800 quetzals per month
4) 4,801 to 6,400 quetzals per month
5) 6,401 to 8,000 quetzals per month
6) 8,001 to 12,000 quetzals per month
7) 12,001 to 16,000 quetzals per month
8) 16,001 to 20,000 quetzals per month
9) 20,001 to 24,000 quetzals per month
98) Don't know
99) Refused
174) Here is a list of monthly incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in India.] (INC_IND)
1) Up to 2,500 rupees per month
2) 2,501 to 5,000 rupees per month
3) 5,001 to 7,500 rupees per month
4) 7,501 to 10,000 rupees per month
5) 10,001 to 12,500 rupees per month
6) 12,501 to 15,000 rupees per month
7) 15,001 to 17,500 rupees per month
8) 17,501 to 20,000 rupees per month
9) 20,001 to 22,500 rupees per month
10) 22,501 to 25,000 rupees per month
11) 25,001 rupees per month or more
98) Don't know
99) Refused
175) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Kenya.] (INC_KEN)
1) Less than 150,000 shillings per year (less than 12,500 per month)
2) 150,001 to 240,000 shillings per year (12,501 – 20,000 per month)
3) 240,001 to 480,000 shillings per year (20,001 – 40,000 per month)
4) 480,001 to 600,000 shillings per year (40,001 – 50,00 per month)
98) Don't know
99) Refused
176) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Nigeria.] (INC_NIG)
0) None
1) 50,000 naira per year or less
2) 50,001 to 150,000 naira per year
3) 150,001 to 250,000 naira per year
4) 250,001 to 350,000 naira per year
5) 350,001 to 450,000 naira per year
6) 450,001 to 550,000 naira per year
7) 550,001 to 650,000 naira per year
8) 650,001 to 750,000 naira per year
9) 750,001 to 850,000 naira per year
10) 850,001 to 950,000 naira per year
11) 950,001 to 1,050,000 naira per year
12) 1,050,001 to 1,150,000 naira per year
13) 1,150,001 naira per year or more
98) Don't know
99) Refused
177) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Philippines.] (INC_PHI)
1) 4,000 pesos per month or less
2) 4,001 to 10,000 pesos per month
3) 10,001 to 20,000 pesos per month
4) 20,001 to 30,000 pesos per month
5) 30,001 to 40,000 pesos per month
6) 40,001 to 50,000 pesos per month
7) 50,001 pesos per month or more
99) Refused
178) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in South Africa.] (INC_SAF)
1) 20,000 rands per month or more
2) 18,000 to 19,999 rands per month
3) 16,000 to 17,999 rands per month
4) 14,000 to 15,999 rands per month
5) 12,000 to 13,999 rands per month
6) 10,000 to 11,999 rands per month
7) 9,000 to 9,999 rands per month
8) 8,000 to 8,999 rands per month
9) 7,000 to 7,999 rands per month
10) 6,000 to 6,999 rands per month
11) 5,000 to 5,999 rands per month
12) 4,000 to 4,999 rands per month
13) 3,000 to 3,999 rands per month
14) 2,500 to 2,999 rands per month
15) 1,400 to 2,499 rands per month
16) 1,200 to 1,399 rands per month
17) 900 to 1,199 rands per month
18) 500 to 899 rands per month
19) Up to 499 rands per month
98) Don't know
99) Refused
179) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in South Korea.] (INC_SKOR)
1) 999,999 won per month or less
2) 1,000,000 to 1,499,999 won per month
3) 1,500,000 to 1,999,999 won per month
4) 2,000,000 to 2,499,999 won per month
5) 2,500,000 to 2,999,999 won per month
6) 3,000,000 to 3,499,999 won per month
7) 3,500,000 to 3,999,999 won per month
8) 4,000,000 to 4,499,999 won per month
9) 4,500,000 to 4,999,999 won per month
10) 5,000,000 to 5,999,999 won per month
11) 6,000,000 to 6,999,999 won per month
12) 7,000,000 to 7,999,999 won per month
13) 8,000,000 won per month or more
98) Don't know
99) Refused
180) Last year, that is in 2005, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? Just stop me when I get to the right category. [Interviewer: read list. Question asked in United States.] (INC_US)
1) Less than $10,000
2) $10- to under $20,000
3) $20- to under $30,000
4) $30- to under $40,000
5) $40- to under $50,000
6) $50- to under $75,000
7) $75- to under $100,000
8) $100 to under $150,000
9) $150,000 or more
98) Don't know (volunteered answer – do not read)
99) Refused (volunteered answer – do not read)
181) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
1) Full-time
2) Part-time
3) Not employed
8) Don't know
9) Refused
182) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_BRA)
1) São Paulo
2) Recife
3) Porto Alegre
183) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_CHI)
1) Tarapaca
2) Antofagasta
3) Atacama
4) Coquimbo
5) Valparaiso
6) Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins
7) Maule
8) Biobio
9) La Araucania
10) Los Lagos
13) Metropolitana
184) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_GUA)
1) Capital City
2) Quetzaltenango
3) Chimaltenango
4) Escuintla
5) Mazatenango
6) Coban
7) Puerto Barrios
8) Chiquimula
9) Jutiapa
185) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_IND)
1) Tamil Nadu
2) Kerala
3) Meghalaya
186) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_KEN)
1) Nairobi
2) Central
3) Eastern
4) Rift Valley
5) Western
6) Nyanza
7) Coast
187) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_NIG)
1) South-West
2) South-East
3) South-South
4) North-West
5) North-East
6) North-Central
188) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_PHI)
1) NCR (National Capital Region)
2) Balance Luzon
3) Visayas
4) Mindanao
189) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_SAF)
1) Bloemfontein
2) Cape Town
3) Durban
4) East London
5) Johannesburg
6) Pietermaritzburg
7) Port Elizabeth
8) Pretoria
190) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_SKOR)
1) Seoul
2) Pusan
3) Daegu
4) Gwangju
5) Daejeon
6) Jeonju
191) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_US)
1) Northeast
2) Midwest
3) South
4) West
192) Language of interview in Brazil (LAN_BRA)
1) Portuguese
193) Language of interview in Chile (LAN_CHI)
1) Spanish
194) Language of interview in Guatemala (LAN_GUA)
1) Spanish
195) Language of interview in India (LAN_IND)
1) Hindi
2) Tamil
3) Malayalam
196) Language of interview in Philippines (LAN_PHI)
1) Tagalog
2) Cebuano
3) Ilonggo
197) Language of interview in Kenya (LAN_KEN)
1) English
2) Kiswahili
198) Language of interview in South Africa (LAN_SAF)
1) English
2) Afrikaans
3) Pedi
4) Sotho
5) Tswana
6) Xhosa
7) Zulu
8) Other
9) Xitsonga
10) Ndebele
199) Language of interview in South Korea (LAN_SKOR)
1) Korean
200) Language of interview in United States (LAN_US)
1) English
2) Spanish