Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 5) GPWGT
1) Country name (COUNTRY)
TOTAL%
5) Kenya653100
TOTAL653100.0
2) Identification number (PSRAID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL653106029.36206.24
3) Sample type (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) General Public Sample653100
2) Oversample of Renewalists00
TOTAL653100.0
4) Is the respondent a non-renewalist, Pentecostal, or Charismatic? Pentecostal is defined as belonging to a Pentecostal denomination or church, as indicated by responses labeled "coded as Pentecostal" in the Q4KEN. Charismatic is defined as non-Pentecostal Christians, who describe themselves as Pentecostal in question Q5C, or as Charismatic in question Q5D, or who say they speak or pray in tongues at least several times a year in the survey question named TONGUES. (RENEWLST)
TOTAL%
0) Non-renewalist28944.3
1) Pentecostal (as coded in Q4KEN)21532.9
2) Charismatic (as indicated in questions Q5C, Q5D, or TONGUES)14922.8
TOTAL653100.0
5) Weight for use in analyzing general public samples in each country (GPWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0.6520.56
6) Weight for use in analyzing renewalists in each country (PENTWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6530.630.62
7) Now thinking about (survey country), overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (SATISFY)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied14321.9
2) Dissatisfied50777.6
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
8) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (RELIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing11818.1
2) Very important43266.3
3) Somewhat important7812
4) Not too important213.2
5) Not at all important3.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
9) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); African Instituted Church (AIC); Muslim; Hindu; African Traditional Religion (ATR); No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Jehovah's Witness; Other religion? [Question asked in Kenya.] (Q3KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic14922.8
2) Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, etc.)40261.5
3) African Instituted Church (AIC)304.6
4) Muslim497.5
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR)71.1
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic142.1
9) Jehovah's Witness2.3
97) Other religion1.2
TOTAL654100.0
10) [Ask in Kenya if Q3KEN = 2 "Protestant" or 3 "African Instituted Church, AIC"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Anglican; Presbyterian; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); African Independent Pentecostal Church of Africa; An African Spirit (Roho) Church; African Israel Church Nineveh; Another AIC denomination (such as Nomiya Luo Roho Church, Church of Christ in Africa, or African Brotherhood Church); Kenya Assemblies of God; Pentecostal Assemblies of God; Full Gospel Churches of Kenya; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Redeemed Gospel Church, Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, or Nairobi Pentecostal Church); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Anglican7216.7
2) Presbyterian337.7
3) Another Protestant denomination8018.6
4) African Independent Pentecostal Church of Africa3.7
5) An African Spirit (Roho) Church3.7
6) African Israel Church Nineveh1.2
7) Another AIC denomination235.3
8) Kenya Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]266
9) Pentecostal Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal]368.4
10) Full Gospel Churches of Kenya [Coded as Pentecostal]4911.4
11) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal]10324
12) Nondenominational or Independent Church1.2
Missing221 
TOTAL430100.0
11) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Evangelical Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Evangelical Catholic"]? (Q5_A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies26144.8
2) No, does not apply31253.5
8) Don't know101.7
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL583100.0
12) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Born-again Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Born-again Catholic"]? (Q5_B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies35761.3
2) No, does not apply21737.3
8) Don't know81.4
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL582100.0
13) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Pentecostal Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Pentecostal Catholic"]? (Q5_C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies21236.4
2) No, does not apply35661.2
8) Don't know142.4
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL582100.0
14) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Charismatic Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Charismatic Catholic"]? (Q5_D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies19333.1
2) No, does not apply37764.7
8) Don't know132.2
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL583100.0
15) How often do you pray to God outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (PRAY_OUT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day46070.6
2) More than once a week8412.9
3) Once a week436.6
4) At least once a month243.7
5) Several times a year111.7
6) Less often213.2
7) Never81.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL652100.0
16) How often do you speak or pray in tongues: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] (TONGUES)
TOTAL%
1) Every day375.8
2) More than once a week467.2
3) Once a week375.8
4) At least once a month396.1
5) Several times a year558.6
6) Less often274.2
7) Never39361.5
8) Don't know4.6
9) Refused1.2
Missing14 
TOTAL639100.0
17) How often do you participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (GROUPS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day619.3
2) More than once a week15724
3) Once a week19930.5
4) At least once a month456.9
5) Several times a year233.5
6) Less often619.3
7) Never10516.1
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
18) How often do you listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (RADIO_TV)
TOTAL%
1) Every day21833.4
2) More than once a week15223.3
3) Once a week14622.4
4) At least once a month446.7
5) Several times a year213.2
6) Less often436.6
7) Never294.4
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
19) How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F)
TOTAL%
1) Every day7811.9
2) More than once a week10716.4
3) Once a week12819.6
4) At least once a month9013.8
5) Several times a year426.4
6) Less often9113.9
7) Never11317.3
8) Don't know4.6
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
20) How often do you read scripture outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (READ_OUT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day25539.1
2) More than once a week13420.5
3) Once a week8312.7
4) At least once a month446.7
5) Several times a year233.5
6) Less often6810.4
7) Never456.9
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
21) How often do you fast: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (FAST)
TOTAL%
1) Every day192.9
2) More than once a week243.7
3) Once a week477.2
4) At least once a month10716.4
5) Several times a year14221.7
6) Less often9714.9
7) Never21532.9
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
22) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58088.8
2) No6510
8) Don't know81.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
23) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62795.9
2) No243.7
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL654100.0
24) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in the Rapture of the Church, that is, that before the world comes to an end, the religiously faithful will be saved and taken up to Heaven? [Question asked only if respondent is Christian.] (RAPTURE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50887.3
2) No539.1
8) Don't know213.6
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL582100.0
25) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in God? [Question asked only if respondent indicates any of the following: no religion, not a believer, atheist, or agnostic.] (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1285.7
2) No17.1
8) Don't know00
9) Refused17.1
Missing639 
TOTAL14100.0
26) Have you always been a [if answer given in Q4, insert religious affiliation from Q4; otherwise, insert religious affiliation from Q3]? Question asked in United States if respondent belongs to a particular religion. In all other countries, question asked of all respondents. (REL_ALWS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48574.4
2) No16625.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL652100.0
27) What were you before? [Question asked only in Kenya if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic6841
2) Protestant5432.5
3) African Instituted Church (AIC)1911.4
4) Muslim31.8
5) Hindu00
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR)1.6
7) Other religion00
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic127.2
97) Other religion95.4
98) Don't know00
99) Refused00
Missing487 
TOTAL166100.0
28) How old were you when you changed your religion to your present religion? ___ years [Asked only if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (CHANGE)
TOTAL%
10) 1053
12) 1253
13) 131.6
14) 141.6
15) 15116.7
16) 1642.4
17) 17116.7
18) 18148.5
19) 19106.1
20) 20169.7
21) 21127.3
22) 2231.8
23) 2342.4
24) 2431.8
25) 2542.4
26) 2642.4
27) 2721.2
28) 2853
29) 291.6
30) 30106.1
31) 3131.8
32) 3263.6
33) 331.6
34) 341.6
35) 3563.6
36) 3631.8
37) 3731.8
38) 3800
39) 391.6
40) 4042.4
42) 421.6
43) 4300
45) 4531.8
46) 4600
47) 4700
48) 4800
49) 4900
50) 501.6
51) 511.6
52) 5200
53) 5300
55) 5500
59) 5900
60) 601.6
68) 6800
97) 97 or older00
98) Don't know31.8
99) Refused1.6
Missing487 
TOTAL165100.0
29) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services: more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? [Question asked of all respondents in Chile, Guatemala, South Korea, and the United States. In all other countries, question asked only if respondent is not Muslim.] (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week19031.4
2) Once a week28747.4
3) Once or twice a month579.4
4) A few times a year264.3
5) Seldom254.1
6) Never132.1
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused61
Missing49 
TOTAL605100.0
30) On average, how often do you attend the mosque for salah and Jum'ah Prayer? [Question asked only of Muslims in Brazil, India, Kenya, Nigeria, Philippines, and South Africa.] (ATTEND_M)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week2448
2) Once a week for Jum'ah1938
3) Once or twice a month36
4) A few times a year00
5) Seldom00
6) Never36
8) Don't know00
9) Refused12
Missing604 
TOTAL50100.0
31) When you attend religious services, how often do they include people speaking tongues, prophesying, praying for miraculous or divine healings, or displaying physical signs of the spirit such as laughing and shaking: would you say always, frequently, occasionally, or never? [Question only asked if respondent is Christian and attends religious services more than "never."] (TONGUES2)
TOTAL%
1) Always468
2) Frequently16829.2
3) Occasionally14825.7
4) Never20235.1
8) Don't know111.9
9) Refused00
Missing78 
TOTAL575100.0
32) Have you ever experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (HEALING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46170.5
2) No18928.9
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL654100.0
33) Have you ever given or interpreted prophecy? (PROPHECY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14021.4
2) No49475.7
8) Don't know182.8
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
34) Have you ever received a definite answer to a specific prayer request? (ANSWER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55685.1
2) No8513
8) Don't know111.7
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
35) Have you ever received a direct revelation from God? (REVELAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25639.2
2) No37657.6
8) Don't know203.1
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
36) Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39961.1
2) No24838
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
37) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree41163
2) Mostly agree20030.7
3) Mostly disagree172.6
4) Completely disagree132
98) Don't know101.5
99) Refused1.2
TOTAL652100.0
38) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: miracles still occur today as in ancient times. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (MIRACLES)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree33150.8
2) Mostly agree14922.9
3) Mostly disagree8312.7
4) Completely disagree7010.7
98) Don't know182.8
99) Refused1.2
TOTAL652100.0
39) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree40061.3
2) Mostly agree16024.5
3) Mostly disagree487.4
4) Completely disagree304.6
98) Don't know132
99) Refused2.3
TOTAL653100.0
40) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION] [IF ELSE: Religious people] ____ have a duty to convert people of other religious faiths to ___ [IF CHRISTIAN: Christianity] [IF JEWISH: Judaism] [IF MUSLIM: Islam] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELGION][IF ELSE: their religious faith]. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree44870.1
2) Mostly agree13220.7
3) Mostly disagree294.5
4) Completely disagree274.2
98) Don't know3.5
99) Refused00
Missing14 
TOTAL639100.0
41) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION][IF ELSE: Religious people] ______ have a responsibility to work for justice for the poor. (WORK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree50579.2
2) Mostly agree10616.6
3) Mostly disagree203.1
4) Completely disagree3.5
98) Don't know3.5
99) Refused1.2
Missing14 
TOTAL638100.0
42) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant material prosperity to all believers who have enough faith. (PROSPER)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree39059.9
2) Mostly agree15223.3
3) Mostly disagree456.9
4) Completely disagree355.4
98) Don't know294.5
99) Refused00
Missing2 
TOTAL651100.0
43) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant health and relief from sickness to believers who have enough faith. (HEALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree47172.4
2) Mostly agree11818.1
3) Mostly disagree213.2
4) Completely disagree203.1
98) Don't know213.2
99) Refused00
Missing2 
TOTAL651100.0
44) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God fulfills his purposes through politics and elections. (POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree15423.6
2) Mostly agree8212.6
3) Mostly disagree11217.2
4) Completely disagree27241.7
98) Don't know324.9
99) Refused00
Missing2 
TOTAL652100.0
45) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. AIDS is God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (AIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree26640.8
2) Mostly agree11918.3
3) Mostly disagree6710.3
4) Completely disagree15223.3
98) Don't know477.2
99) Refused1.2
Missing2 
TOTAL652100.0
46) Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR)
TOTAL%
1) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is][IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the actual word of God and [IS/ARE] to be taken literally, word for word, OR52580.3
2) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the word of God, but not everything in [IT/THEM] should be taken literally, word for word, OR11717.9
3) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] written by men and [IS/ARE] not the word of God3.5
4) Other (VOLUNTEERED THIS RESPONSE)00
8) Don't know81.2
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL654100.0
47) Which of the following is most important to you: your continent, your nationality, your religion, or your ethnic group? (MOSTIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Your continent172.7
2) Your nationality17126.7
3) Your religion40963.9
4) Your ethnic group355.5
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused2.3
Missing14 
TOTAL640100.0
48) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: if enough people were brought to Christ, social ills would take care of themselves. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ILLS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree37364.1
2) Mostly agree16027.5
3) Mostly disagree244.1
4) Completely disagree142.4
8) Don't know111.9
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL582100.0
49) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Belief in Jesus Christ is the only way to be saved from eternal damnation. (ONLYWAY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree45077.3
2) Mostly agree10818.6
3) Mostly disagree81.4
4) Completely disagree71.2
8) Don't know91.5
9) Refused00
Missing71 
TOTAL582100.0
50) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Jesus will return to earth in my lifetime. (RETURN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree17029.2
2) Mostly agree10017.2
3) Mostly disagree5810
4) Completely disagree7212.4
8) Don't know18131.1
9) Refused1.2
Missing71 
TOTAL582100.0
51) Turning to another subject, suppose you could choose between different kinds of jobs. Which one would you prefer: being an employee or being self-employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Being an employee14722.5
2) Being self employed49175.2
3) Neither/None132
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
52) To what extent, if at all, do you think our country benefits from the greater influence of international business practices, trade, ideas, communication and products such as international foods and TV programs from other countries: would you say to a great extent, moderate extent, small extent, or not at all? (INTERNA)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent21232.5
2) Moderate extent24137
3) Small extent10716.4
4) Not at all284.3
5) Harms our country355.4
8) Don't know294.4
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
53) Thinking about your own personal finances, how would you rate your own personal financial situation: would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape? (FINANCE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent shape121.8
2) Good shape12118.5
3) Only fair shape30947.3
4) Poor shape20932
8) Don't know00
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL653100.0
54) Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, get a lot worse, or stay the same? (FINANCE2)
TOTAL%
1) Improve a lot13120
2) Improve some33851.7
3) Get a little worse294.4
4) Get a lot worse314.7
5) Stay the same426.4
8) Don't know8112.4
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL654100.0
55) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is hard work a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (HARDWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Very important61293.7
2) Somewhat important396
3) Not too important2.3
4) Not at all important00
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
56) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is fate a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FATE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important12318.9
2) Somewhat important12619.3
3) Not too important21933.6
4) Not at all important17627
8) Don't know81.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
57) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are people's parent's economic situations very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (ECONPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important30446.6
2) Somewhat important18728.6
3) Not too important11317.3
4) Not at all important477.2
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
58) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is faith in God a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FAITH_GD)
TOTAL%
1) Very important57888.5
2) Somewhat important629.5
3) Not too important91.4
4) Not at all important3.5
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
59) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are government policies very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (GOVPOLIC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important29344.8
2) Somewhat important24036.7
3) Not too important9815
4) Not at all important142.1
8) Don't know81.2
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL654100.0
60) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are personal connections and contracts very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (CONNECT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important31648.4
2) Somewhat important19029.1
3) Not too important11117
4) Not at all important304.6
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
61) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is education a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (IMPEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important48374
2) Somewhat important13520.7
3) Not too important304.6
4) Not at all important4.6
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
62) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women. (WOMEN1)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree14722.5
2) Mostly agree8312.7
3) Mostly disagree15623.9
4) Completely disagree26740.8
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL654100.0
63) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do. (WOMEN2)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree20431.3
2) Mostly agree13019.9
3) Mostly disagree12819.6
4) Completely disagree18929
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
64) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A wife must always obey her husband. (WOMEN3)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree45469.5
2) Mostly agree12919.8
3) Mostly disagree487.4
4) Completely disagree213.2
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
65) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure of a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (WOMEN4)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree32049.1
2) Mostly agree17727.1
3) Mostly disagree8613.2
4) Completely disagree578.7
8) Don't know121.8
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
66) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. Women should be allowed to serve as pastors or priests. (WOMEN5)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree27842.5
2) Mostly agree13821.1
3) Mostly disagree8913.6
4) Completely disagree14221.7
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL654100.0
67) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted11217.2
2) Can't be too careful39159.9
3) Other/Depends14422.1
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
68) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: homosexuality. (HOMOSEXU)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified2.3
2) Sometimes justified81.2
3) Never justified64098
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
69) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: prostitution. (PROSTITU)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified1.2
2) Sometimes justified456.9
3) Never justified60893
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL654100.0
70) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: divorce. (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified355.4
2) Sometimes justified22234
3) Never justified39560.5
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
71) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: euthanasia – ending the life of the incurably sick. (EUTHANAS)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified111.7
2) Sometimes justified477.2
3) Never justified58189
8) Don't know142.1
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
72) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: suicide. (SUICIDE)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified2.3
2) Sometimes justified182.8
3) Never justified62695.9
8) Don't know71.1
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
73) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified233.5
2) Sometimes justified19429.7
3) Never justified43666.7
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL654100.0
74) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified213.2
2) Sometimes justified11818.1
3) Never justified51378.6
8) Don't know00
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
75) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: abortion. (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified3.5
2) Sometimes justified7211
3) Never justified57688.1
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL654100.0
76) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: polygamy. (POLYGAMY)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified406.1
2) Sometimes justified22234
3) Never justified38959.6
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
77) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. First, how about people in your immediate family? Do you feel you can trust them a lot, trust them some, trust them only a little, or not trust them at all? (TRUST1)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot30346.5
2) Can trust some27842.6
3) Trust a little609.2
4) Not at all111.7
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
78) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people in your neighborhood? (TRUST2)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot599
2) Can trust some29845.6
3) Trust a little23536
4) Not at all619.3
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
79) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about your city or local government? (TRUST3)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot456.9
2) Can trust some19129.2
3) Trust a little29144.6
4) Not at all11717.9
8) Don't know91.4
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
80) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the media? (TRUST4)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot8412.9
2) Can trust some32549.8
3) Trust a little18828.8
4) Not at all446.7
8) Don't know111.7
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
81) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about our national government? (TRUST5)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot7411.3
2) Can trust some22234
3) Trust a little23135.4
4) Not at all12619.3
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
82) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the military? (TRUST6)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot14021.4
2) Can trust some28243.2
3) Trust a little12919.8
4) Not at all8012.3
8) Don't know223.4
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
83) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people from other religions? (TRUST7)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot548.3
2) Can trust some29144.6
3) Trust a little18828.8
4) Not at all11317.3
8) Don't know71.1
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
84) [Asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people at your church or place of worship? (TRUST8)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot23236.3
2) Can trust some31048.5
3) Trust a little6710.5
4) Not at all132
8) Don't know121.9
9) Refused5.8
Missing14 
TOTAL639100.0
85) How often, if ever, do you discuss politics with your family or friends: never, once or twice a month, once or twice a week, three or four times a week, or every day? (DISCPOLI)
TOTAL%
1) Never13520.7
2) Once or twice a month15924.3
3) Once or twice a week14622.4
4) Three or four times a week9514.5
5) Every day9514.5
8) Don't know223.4
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
86) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can openly say what you think and can criticize the government? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Very important47272.3
2) Somewhat important11117
3) Not too important436.6
4) Not important at all213.2
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
87) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where honest elections are held regularly with a choice of at least two political parties? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Very important51879.3
2) Somewhat important9113.9
3) Not too important233.5
4) Not important at all121.8
8) Don't know91.4
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
88) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is a judicial system that treats everyone in the same way? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Very important56085.9
2) Somewhat important578.7
3) Not too important152.3
4) Not important at all142.1
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
89) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can practice your religion freely? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Very important56987.1
2) Somewhat important6710.3
3) Not too important111.7
4) Not important at all3.5
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
90) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is freedom of religion for religions other than your own? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM5)
TOTAL%
1) Very important49175.1
2) Somewhat important11617.7
3) Not too important264
4) Not important at all203.1
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL654100.0
91) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: conflict between religious groups. (PROB_CON)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem36656.1
2) Moderately big problem8913.7
3) Small problem12819.6
4) Not a problem at all6610.1
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
92) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: corrupt political leaders. (PROB_POL)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem57287.7
2) Moderately big problem6510
3) Small problem111.7
4) Not a problem at all3.5
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
93) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: moral decline. (PROB_MOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem47773
2) Moderately big problem13721
3) Small problem345.2
4) Not a problem at all3.5
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
94) Some people say to solve our country's problems we should have a government that allows greater political participation by ordinary people and limits the power of individual political leaders. Others say to solve our country's problems we should have a leader with a strong hand even if there is little participation by ordinary people. Which comes closer to your opinion? (PARTIC)
TOTAL%
1) Participatory government49175.2
2) Strong leader15824.2
8) Don't know4.6
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
95) In your opinion, should religious groups keep out of political matter - or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions? (RELGRO)
TOTAL%
1) Should keep out10616.2
2) Should express views54182.8
8) Don't know4.6
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL653100.0
96) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: most people are better off in a free market economy, even though some people are rich and some are poor. (GOV_MARK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree31047.5
2) Mostly agree25639.2
3) Mostly disagree487.4
4) Completely disagree223.4
8) Don't know172.6
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
97) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (GOV_EAT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree42765.4
2) Mostly agree11517.6
3) Mostly disagree7811.9
4) Completely disagree324.9
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
98) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should not interfere with a woman's ability to have an abortion. (GOV_ABOR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree9414.4
2) Mostly agree253.8
3) Mostly disagree7912.1
4) Completely disagree44768.5
8) Don't know71.1
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
99) How do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that political leaders have strong _______ [insert respondent's religion from Q3 (Christian, Muslim, etc.); if respondent is not religious, insert "religious"] beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (POL_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree25138.4
2) Mostly agree24637.7
3) Mostly disagree9113.9
4) Completely disagree599
8) Don't know6.9
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
100) Which comes closer to your view? 1) the government should take special steps to make our country a _____ [insert religion from Q3 (Christian/Muslim/etc.)] country, or 2) there should be a separation between _____ [insert church/mosque, as appropriate)] and state? [In the United States, if the respondent is "other religion," the words "Christian" and "church" were used.] (CHRSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Government should make our country a [Christian/Muslim/etc.] country28343.3
2) Should be a separation of [church/mosque] and state35754.7
8) Don't know121.8
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL653100.0
101) Turning now to events in the world today, in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians? (DISPUTE)
TOTAL%
1) Israel27341.8
2) Palestinians10716.4
3) Both14221.7
4) Neither7711.8
8) Don't know517.8
9) Refused3.5
TOTAL653100.0
102) Which of the following phrases comes closer to describing your view? 1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism, or 2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism. [Asked in all countries.] (US_TERR)
TOTAL%
1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism35854.8
2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism22834.9
8) Don't know629.5
9) Refused5.8
TOTAL653100.0
103) Some people talk about politics in terms of left, center, right. On a ten-point scale, with 1 indicating extreme left and 10 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? [Range is from 1 to 10.] (POLSCALE)
TOTAL%
1) Extreme left599
2) 2446.7
3) 3406.1
4) 4538.1
5) 510516.1
6) 614221.7
7) 78212.5
8) 8568.6
9) 9274.1
10) Extreme right142.1
98) Don't know314.7
99) Refused1.2
TOTAL654100.0
104) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] a) social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people (ORGANIZ1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong8212.6
2) No, do not belong56787
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
105) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] b) education, arts, music, or cultural activities (ORGANIZ2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong10315.8
2) No, do not belong54783.8
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
106) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] c) labor unions (ORGANIZ3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong487.4
2) No, do not belong60392.3
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
107) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] d) political organizations or parties (ORGANIZ4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong7511.5
2) No, do not belong57688.2
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
108) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] e) local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights (ORGANIZ5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong14722.5
2) No, do not belong50577.3
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
109) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] f) women's groups (ORGANIZ6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong18227.9
2) No, do not belong47072
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
110) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] g) other groups (ORGANIZ7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong20130.8
2) No, do not belong44968.8
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
111) [Asked only if ORGANIZ1 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in providing social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL1)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group5060.2
2) Mostly through some other kind of group2327.7
3) Both equally1012
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing571 
TOTAL83100.0
112) [Asked only if ORGANIZ2 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in education, arts, music or cultural activities, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL2)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group4644.7
2) Mostly through some other kind of group4139.8
3) Both equally1615.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing550 
TOTAL103100.0
113) [Asked only if ORGANIZ5 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL5)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group6141.5
2) Mostly through some other kind of group6846.3
3) Both equally1812.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing506 
TOTAL147100.0
114) [Asked only if ORGANIZ6 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in women's groups, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL6)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group5228.6
2) Mostly through some other kind of group11060.4
3) Both equally2011
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing471 
TOTAL182100.0
115) [Asked only if ORGANIZ7 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in "other groups," would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL7)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group9245.5
2) Mostly through some other kind of group7838.6
3) Both equally3215.8
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing452 
TOTAL202100.0
116) How often do you - receive food or housing assistance, health care, or other social services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently142.1
2) Sometimes16425.1
3) Hardly ever13921.3
4) Never33651.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
117) How often do you - participate in language or literacy classes - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_LANG)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently253.8
2) Sometimes9214.1
3) Hardly ever16925.9
4) Never36656.1
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL652100.0
118) How often do you - receive job training or employment services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_JOB)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently446.7
2) Sometimes10415.9
3) Hardly ever14221.7
4) Never36455.6
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL655100.0
119) Gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male32249.3
2) Female33150.7
TOTAL653100.0
120) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 18182.8
19) 19162.5
20) 20213.2
21) 21243.7
22) 22314.8
23) 23345.2
24) 24223.4
25) 25335.1
26) 26192.9
27) 27142.1
28) 28345.2
29) 29203.1
30) 30233.5
31) 31111.7
32) 32233.5
33) 33152.3
34) 34142.1
35) 35182.8
36) 36101.5
37) 37132
38) 38192.9
39) 39132
40) 40223.4
41) 4191.4
42) 42111.7
43) 43121.8
44) 4471.1
45) 45162.5
46) 4681.2
47) 476.9
48) 4881.2
49) 496.9
50) 5081.2
51) 513.5
52) 526.9
53) 535.8
54) 545.8
55) 5581.2
56) 56101.5
57) 574.6
58) 585.8
59) 594.6
60) 6091.4
61) 613.5
62) 625.8
63) 6300
64) 643.5
65) 6591.4
66) 661.2
67) 673.5
68) 682.3
69) 691.2
70) 701.2
71) 7100
72) 7200
75) 751.2
81) 811.2
86) 861.2
98) Don't know1.2
99) Refused3.5
TOTAL652100.0
121) Have you had any children? If yes, how many? (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
0) No18828.8
1) 1 child8112.4
2) 2 children9013.8
3) 3 children7511.5
4) 4 children9013.8
5) 5 children528
6) 6 children314.7
7) 7 children243.7
8) 8 or more children192.9
98) Don't know00
99) Refused3.5
TOTAL653100.0
122) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Kenya.] (EDUC_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) None/Cannot read or write243.7
2) Adult education233.5
3) Primary school not completed (Std 7/8)7611.6
4) Primary school completed (Std 7/8)11717.9
5) Secondary school not completed (Form 4)9214.1
6) Secondly school not completed (Form 4)16024.5
7) High school not completed (Form 6)111.7
8) High school completed (Form 6)264
9) College/Polytechnic not completed (Diploma/Certificate)243.7
10) College/Polytechnic complete (Diploma/Certificate)8012.3
11) Not completed University degree5.8
12) Completed University first degree111.7
13) Post-graduate not completed1.2
14) Post-graduate completed00
98) Don't know00
99) Refused3.5
TOTAL653100.0
123) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Kenya.] (ETH_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Kikuyu16725.6
2) Luo9214.1
3) Luhya11617.8
4) Kamba7711.8
5) Kalenjin477.2
6) Kisii182.8
7) Meru243.7
8) Miji Kenda355.4
9) Swahili3.5
10) Embu132
11) Somali81.2
12) Maasai406.1
13) Other (specify)00
14) Turkana1.2
15) Taita3.5
16) Teso00
17) Saboti00
18) Kuria00
19) Pokot91.4
98) Don't know00
99) Refused00
TOTAL653100.0
124) Are you currently married, living with a partner, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARRIAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Married38458.8
2) Living with a partner111.7
3) Widowed375.7
4) Divorced132
5) Separated213.2
6) Never been married18528.3
8) Don't know00
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL653100.0
125) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Kenya.] (INC_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 150,000 shillings per year (less than 12,500 per month)44968.8
2) 150,001 to 240,000 shillings per year (12,501 – 20,000 per month)10215.6
3) 240,001 to 480,000 shillings per year (20,001 – 40,000 per month)365.5
4) 480,001 to 600,000 shillings per year (40,001 – 50,00 per month)5.8
5) 600,001 to 840,000 shillings per year (50,001 – 70,000 per month)00
6) 840,001 to 1,200,000 shillings per year (70,0001 – 100,000 per month)00
7) 1,200,001 to 1,800,000 shillings per year (100,001 – 150,000 per month)00
8) 1,800,001 to 2,400,000 shillings per year (150,001- 200,000 per month)00
9) 2,400,001 to 6,000,000 shillings per year (200,001 – 500,000 per month)00
10) 6,000,001 or more shillings per year (500,001 and above per month)00
98) Don't know385.8
99) Refused233.5
TOTAL653100.0
126) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time19730.2
2) Part-time9614.7
3) Not employed35554.4
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused3.5
TOTAL652100.0
127) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Nairobi396
2) Central9314.3
3) Eastern12218.7
4) Rift Valley16425.2
5) Western9013.8
6) Nyanza8813.5
7) Coast568.6
TOTAL652100.0
128) Language of interview in Kenya (LAN_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) English41062.8
2) Kiswahili24337.2
TOTAL653100.0
129) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 - 2416625.6
2) 25 - 2912118.6
3) 30 - 3915924.5
4) 40 - 4910416
5) 50 or more9915.3
Missing4 
TOTAL649100.0
130) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Kenya.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Did not complete primary (Std 7/8)12318.9
4) Primary completed (Std 7/8)11718
5) Secondary not comp. (Form 4)9214.1
6) Secondly not comp. (Form 4)16024.6
7) Some HS or college/poly. not comp.619.4
10) College/poly. comp. (Diploma/Cert.) or more9815.1
Missing3 
TOTAL651100.0
131) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Kenya.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Kikuyu16725.6
2) Luo9214.1
3) Luhya11617.8
4) Kamba7711.8
5) All other groups20130.8
TOTAL653100.0
132) Gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male32249.3
2) Female33150.7
TOTAL653100.0
133) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Kenya.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) LT 150,000 shillings/yr.44975.8
2) 150,001 to 240,000 shillings/yr.10217.2
3) 240,001 to 600,000 shillings/yr.416.9
Missing61 
TOTAL592100.0
134) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing11818.1
2) Very important43266.3
3) Somewhat important7812
4) Not too important or Not at all imp.243.7
TOTAL652100.0