Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 5) GPWGT
1) Country name (COUNTRY)
TOTAL%
9) South Korea600100
TOTAL600100.0
2) Identification number (PSRAID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL600109287.50173.35
3) Sample type (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) General Public Sample600100
2) Oversample of Renewalists00
TOTAL600100.0
4) Is the respondent a non-renewalist, Pentecostal, or Charismatic? Pentecostal is defined as belonging to a Pentecostal denomination or church, as indicated by responses labeled "coded as Pentecostal" in the Q4SKOR. Charismatic is defined as non-Pentecostal Christians, who describe themselves as Pentecostal in question Q5C, or as Charismatic in question Q5D, or who say they speak or pray in tongues at least several times a year in the survey question named TONGUES. (RENEWLST)
TOTAL%
0) Non-renewalist53689.3
1) Pentecostal (as coded in Q4SKOR)132.2
2) Charismatic (as indicated in questions Q5C, Q5D, or TONGUES)518.5
TOTAL600100.0
5) Weight for use in analyzing general public samples in each country (GPWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0.60.49
6) Weight for use in analyzing renewalists in each country (PENTWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6000.110.31
7) Now thinking about (survey country), overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (SATISFY)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied10317.2
2) Dissatisfied46777.8
8) Don't know264.3
9) Refused4.7
TOTAL600100.0
8) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (RELIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing264.3
2) Very important12420.7
3) Somewhat important19933.2
4) Not too important17929.8
5) Not at all important7011.7
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
9) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Catholic Christian; Protestant Christian; Buddhist; Confucianist; Jehovah's Witness; Mormon; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Won-Buddhism; Korea Soka Gakkai International; Daesunjinrihow; Other religion? [Question asked in South Korea.] (Q3SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic Christian579.5
2) Protestant Christian15025
3) Buddhist12921.5
4) Confucianist2.3
5) Jehovah's Witness3.5
6) Mormon1.2
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic25442.3
9) Won-Buddhism2.3
10) Korea Soka Gakkai International1.2
11) Daesunjinrihow1.2
TOTAL600100.0
10) [Ask in South Korea if Q3SKOR = 2 "Protestant"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Presbyterian-Haptong; Presbyterian-Tonghap; Methodist; Another Protestant denomination (such as Korea Evangelical Holiness Church, Sungkyul Church in Korea (Holiness), Baptist, or Adventist); Korea Assemblies of God Full Gospel (including Yoido Full Gospel); Jesus Assembly of God of Korea; Something else. (Q4SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Presbyterian-Haptong7348.7
2) Presbyterian-Tonghap4228
3) Methodist117.3
4) Another Protestant denomination74.7
5) Korea Assemblies of God Full Gospel [Coded as Pentecostal]128
6) Jesus Assembly of God of Korea [Coded as Pentecostal]1.7
7) Christian Hee Joong Church1.7
8) Unification Church00
9) The Presbyterian Church in the Republic of Korea (Kijang)00
10) Jesus Centered Church00
11) World Mission Society Church of God00
97) Other00
98) Don't know32
Missing450 
TOTAL150100.0
11) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Evangelical Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Evangelical Catholic"]? (Q5_A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies16176.3
2) No, does not apply4521.3
8) Don't know52.4
9) Refused00
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
12) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Born-again Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Born-again Catholic"]? (Q5_B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies5023.7
2) No, does not apply13865.4
8) Don't know2210.4
9) Refused1.5
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
13) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Pentecostal Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Pentecostal Catholic"]? (Q5_C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies2612.3
2) No, does not apply16779.1
8) Don't know188.5
9) Refused00
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
14) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Charismatic Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Charismatic Catholic"]? (Q5_D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies3818
2) No, does not apply14970.6
8) Don't know2411.4
9) Refused00
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
15) How often do you pray to God outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (PRAY_OUT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day6510.8
2) More than once a week498.2
3) Once a week6310.5
4) At least once a month355.8
5) Several times a year8013.3
6) Less often7412.3
7) Never23439
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
16) How often do you speak or pray in tongues: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] (TONGUES)
TOTAL%
1) Every day72
2) More than once a week41.2
3) Once a week51.4
4) At least once a month41.2
5) Several times a year133.8
6) Less often7822.5
7) Never23166.8
8) Don't know41.2
9) Refused00
Missing254 
TOTAL346100.0
17) How often do you participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (GROUPS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day81.3
2) More than once a week335.5
3) Once a week569.3
4) At least once a month366
5) Several times a year437.2
6) Less often9916.5
7) Never32554.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
18) How often do you listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (RADIO_TV)
TOTAL%
1) Every day244
2) More than once a week325.3
3) Once a week396.5
4) At least once a month447.3
5) Several times a year589.7
6) Less often11819.7
7) Never28547.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
19) How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F)
TOTAL%
1) Every day203.3
2) More than once a week274.5
3) Once a week335.5
4) At least once a month508.3
5) Several times a year6210.3
6) Less often13622.7
7) Never27145.2
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
20) How often do you read scripture outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (READ_OUT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day345.7
2) More than once a week488
3) Once a week488
4) At least once a month416.8
5) Several times a year396.5
6) Less often9315.5
7) Never29749.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
21) How often do you fast: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (FAST)
TOTAL%
1) Every day1.2
2) More than once a week2.3
3) Once a week3.5
4) At least once a month5.8
5) Several times a year508.3
6) Less often10517.5
7) Never43372.2
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
22) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27345.5
2) No28848
8) Don't know376.2
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
23) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28247
2) No27746.2
8) Don't know406.7
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
24) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in the Rapture of the Church, that is, that before the world comes to an end, the religiously faithful will be saved and taken up to Heaven? [Question asked only if respondent is Christian.] (RAPTURE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11052.1
2) No8741.2
8) Don't know146.6
9) Refused00
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
25) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in God? [Question asked only if respondent indicates any of the following: no religion, not a believer, atheist, or agnostic.] (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7429.1
2) No16364.2
8) Don't know166.3
9) Refused1.4
Missing346 
TOTAL254100.0
26) Have you always been a [if answer given in Q4, insert religious affiliation from Q4; otherwise, insert religious affiliation from Q3]? Question asked in United States if respondent belongs to a particular religion. In all other countries, question asked of all respondents. (REL_ALWS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes47378.8
2) No12721.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
27) What were you before? [Question asked only in South Korea if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic Christian1511.8
2) Protestant Christian6652
3) Buddhist1915
4) Confucianist21.6
5) Jehovah's Witness1.8
6) Mormon00
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic1915
97) Other religion1.8
98) Don't know00
99) Refused43.1
Missing473 
TOTAL127100.0
28) How old were you when you changed your religion to your present religion? ___ years [Asked only if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (CHANGE)
TOTAL%
5) 500
7) 721.6
8) 800
9) 932.4
10) 1043.1
12) 1253.9
13) 1353.9
14) 1453.9
15) 1553.9
16) 1632.4
17) 1753.9
18) 1875.5
19) 1932.4
20) 201411
21) 211.8
22) 2221.6
23) 2332.4
24) 2432.4
25) 2532.4
26) 2621.6
27) 2764.7
28) 281.8
29) 291.8
30) 3064.7
31) 3100
32) 3221.6
33) 3300
34) 3443.1
35) 3575.5
36) 361.8
37) 3721.6
38) 381.8
40) 4032.4
41) 411.8
42) 421.8
44) 441.8
45) 4500
46) 461.8
48) 4821.6
50) 5000
51) 511.8
59) 591.8
60) 601.8
71) 711.8
97) 97 or older00
98) Don't know43.1
99) Refused43.1
Missing473 
TOTAL127100.0
29) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services: more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? [Question asked of all respondents in Chile, Guatemala, South Korea, and the United States. In all other countries, question asked only if respondent is not Muslim.] (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week6510.8
2) Once a week10417.3
3) Once or twice a month335.5
4) A few times a year6510.8
5) Seldom8914.8
6) Never24440.7
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
30) When you attend religious services, how often do they include people speaking tongues, prophesying, praying for miraculous or divine healings, or displaying physical signs of the spirit such as laughing and shaking: would you say always, frequently, occasionally, or never? [Question only asked if respondent is Christian and attends religious services more than "never."] (TONGUES2)
TOTAL%
1) Always62.9
2) Frequently178.3
3) Occasionally8441
4) Never9747.3
8) Don't know1.5
9) Refused00
Missing395 
TOTAL205100.0
31) Have you ever experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (HEALING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6210.3
2) No52787.8
8) Don't know111.8
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
32) Have you ever given or interpreted prophecy? (PROPHECY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes345.7
2) No55392.2
8) Don't know132.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
33) Have you ever received a definite answer to a specific prayer request? (ANSWER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7712.8
2) No50984.8
8) Don't know142.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
34) Have you ever received a direct revelation from God? (REVELAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes193.2
2) No56994.8
8) Don't know111.8
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
35) Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes366
2) No54991.5
8) Don't know142.3
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
36) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree559.2
2) Mostly agree30951.5
3) Mostly disagree16126.8
4) Completely disagree416.8
98) Don't know345.7
99) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
37) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: miracles still occur today as in ancient times. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (MIRACLES)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree599.8
2) Mostly agree25242
3) Mostly disagree19131.8
4) Completely disagree589.7
98) Don't know406.7
99) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
38) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree6010
2) Mostly agree18831.3
3) Mostly disagree20934.8
4) Completely disagree9315.5
98) Don't know498.2
99) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
39) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION] [IF ELSE: Religious people] ____ have a duty to convert people of other religious faiths to ___ [IF CHRISTIAN: Christianity] [IF JEWISH: Judaism] [IF MUSLIM: Islam] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELGION][IF ELSE: their religious faith]. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree4312.4
2) Mostly agree8424.3
3) Mostly disagree15043.4
4) Completely disagree5415.6
98) Don't know144
99) Refused1.3
Missing254 
TOTAL346100.0
40) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION][IF ELSE: Religious people] ______ have a responsibility to work for justice for the poor. (WORK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree5114.7
2) Mostly agree20960.4
3) Mostly disagree7321.1
4) Completely disagree51.4
98) Don't know72
99) Refused1.3
Missing254 
TOTAL346100.0
41) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant material prosperity to all believers who have enough faith. (PROSPER)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree317.4
2) Mostly agree16539.3
3) Mostly disagree17341.2
4) Completely disagree317.4
98) Don't know194.5
99) Refused1.2
Missing180 
TOTAL420100.0
42) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant health and relief from sickness to believers who have enough faith. (HEALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree4210
2) Mostly agree18042.9
3) Mostly disagree14935.5
4) Completely disagree368.6
98) Don't know122.9
99) Refused1.2
Missing180 
TOTAL420100.0
43) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God fulfills his purposes through politics and elections. (POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree204.8
2) Mostly agree10725.5
3) Mostly disagree19947.4
4) Completely disagree6315
98) Don't know296.9
99) Refused2.5
Missing180 
TOTAL420100.0
44) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. AIDS is God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (AIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree307.1
2) Mostly agree15937.9
3) Mostly disagree16439
4) Completely disagree4310.2
98) Don't know215
99) Refused3.7
Missing180 
TOTAL420100.0
45) Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR)
TOTAL%
1) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is][IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the actual word of God and [IS/ARE] to be taken literally, word for word, OR19632.7
2) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the word of God, but not everything in [IT/THEM] should be taken literally, word for word, OR12120.2
3) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] written by men and [IS/ARE] not the word of God16126.8
4) Other (VOLUNTEERED THIS RESPONSE)1.2
8) Don't know12020
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
46) Which of the following is most important to you: your continent, your nationality, your religion, or your ethnic group? (MOSTIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Your continent164.6
2) Your nationality16848.6
3) Your religion6318.2
4) Your ethnic group8524.6
8) Don't know113.2
9) Refused3.9
Missing254 
TOTAL346100.0
47) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: if enough people were brought to Christ, social ills would take care of themselves. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ILLS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree4923.2
2) Mostly agree12458.8
3) Mostly disagree3114.7
4) Completely disagree2.9
8) Don't know52.4
9) Refused00
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
48) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Belief in Jesus Christ is the only way to be saved from eternal damnation. (ONLYWAY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree7033.2
2) Mostly agree9545
3) Mostly disagree3315.6
4) Completely disagree62.8
8) Don't know73.3
9) Refused00
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
49) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Jesus will return to earth in my lifetime. (RETURN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree178.1
2) Mostly agree9444.5
3) Mostly disagree4923.2
4) Completely disagree83.8
8) Don't know4119.4
9) Refused2.9
Missing389 
TOTAL211100.0
50) Turning to another subject, suppose you could choose between different kinds of jobs. Which one would you prefer: being an employee or being self-employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Being an employee16928.2
2) Being self employed37963.2
3) Neither/None345.7
8) Don't know132.2
9) Refused5.8
TOTAL600100.0
51) To what extent, if at all, do you think our country benefits from the greater influence of international business practices, trade, ideas, communication and products such as international foods and TV programs from other countries: would you say to a great extent, moderate extent, small extent, or not at all? (INTERNA)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent518.5
2) Moderate extent36961.5
3) Small extent12821.3
4) Not at all406.7
5) Harms our country3.5
8) Don't know81.3
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
52) Thinking about your own personal finances, how would you rate your own personal financial situation: would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape? (FINANCE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent shape3.5
2) Good shape579.5
3) Only fair shape40166.8
4) Poor shape13823
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
53) Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, get a lot worse, or stay the same? (FINANCE2)
TOTAL%
1) Improve a lot142.3
2) Improve some31652.7
3) Get a little worse599.8
4) Get a lot worse91.5
5) Stay the same18931.5
8) Don't know132.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
54) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is hard work a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (HARDWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Very important46377.2
2) Somewhat important13222
3) Not too important5.8
4) Not at all important00
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
55) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is fate a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FATE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important10818
2) Somewhat important28247
3) Not too important17629.3
4) Not at all important264.3
8) Don't know81.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
56) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are people's parent's economic situations very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (ECONPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important12721.2
2) Somewhat important36961.5
3) Not too important9315.5
4) Not at all important111.8
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
57) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is faith in God a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FAITH_GD)
TOTAL%
1) Very important9415.7
2) Somewhat important18530.8
3) Not too important22938.2
4) Not at all important7612.7
8) Don't know162.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
58) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are government policies very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (GOVPOLIC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important16427.3
2) Somewhat important33455.7
3) Not too important8714.5
4) Not at all important111.8
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
59) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are personal connections and contracts very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (CONNECT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important32053.3
2) Somewhat important26644.3
3) Not too important122
4) Not at all important1.2
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
60) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is education a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (IMPEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important30250.3
2) Somewhat important27946.5
3) Not too important172.8
4) Not at all important1.2
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
61) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women. (WOMEN1)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree10417.3
2) Mostly agree26043.3
3) Mostly disagree20434
4) Completely disagree284.7
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
62) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do. (WOMEN2)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree457.5
2) Mostly agree25642.7
3) Mostly disagree25442.3
4) Completely disagree264.3
8) Don't know172.8
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
63) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A wife must always obey her husband. (WOMEN3)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree244
2) Mostly agree11118.5
3) Mostly disagree32754.5
4) Completely disagree13322.2
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
64) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure of a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (WOMEN4)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree406.7
2) Mostly agree31051.7
3) Mostly disagree23639.3
4) Completely disagree122
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
65) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. Women should be allowed to serve as pastors or priests. (WOMEN5)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree6611
2) Mostly agree36360.5
3) Mostly disagree10016.7
4) Completely disagree172.8
8) Don't know528.7
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
66) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted18230.3
2) Can't be too careful26043.3
3) Other/Depends15425.7
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
67) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: homosexuality. (HOMOSEXU)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified4.7
2) Sometimes justified12020
3) Never justified46777.8
8) Don't know91.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
68) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: prostitution. (PROSTITU)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified3.5
2) Sometimes justified7212
3) Never justified52086.7
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
69) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: divorce. (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified61
2) Sometimes justified36761.2
3) Never justified22437.3
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
70) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: euthanasia – ending the life of the incurably sick. (EUTHANAS)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified305
2) Sometimes justified31652.7
3) Never justified23939.8
8) Don't know152.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
71) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: suicide. (SUICIDE)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified2.3
2) Sometimes justified569.3
3) Never justified53088.3
8) Don't know122
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
72) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified559.2
2) Sometimes justified38564.2
3) Never justified15626
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
73) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified4.7
2) Sometimes justified10918.2
3) Never justified47078.3
8) Don't know142.3
9) Refused3.5
TOTAL600100.0
74) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: abortion. (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified00
2) Sometimes justified26844.7
3) Never justified32253.7
8) Don't know91.5
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
75) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: polygamy. (POLYGAMY)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified3.5
2) Sometimes justified203.3
3) Never justified57095
8) Don't know71.2
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
76) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. First, how about people in your immediate family? Do you feel you can trust them a lot, trust them some, trust them only a little, or not trust them at all? (TRUST1)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot43973.2
2) Can trust some15425.7
3) Trust a little61
4) Not at all1.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
77) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people in your neighborhood? (TRUST2)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot305
2) Can trust some38063.3
3) Trust a little16928.2
4) Not at all183
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
78) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about your city or local government? (TRUST3)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot3.5
2) Can trust some14223.7
3) Trust a little27846.3
4) Not at all16126.8
8) Don't know162.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
79) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the media? (TRUST4)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot4.7
2) Can trust some13522.5
3) Trust a little26644.3
4) Not at all18530.8
8) Don't know101.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
80) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about our national government? (TRUST5)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot2.3
2) Can trust some11619.3
3) Trust a little21235.3
4) Not at all26043.3
8) Don't know101.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
81) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the military? (TRUST6)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot142.3
2) Can trust some21035
3) Trust a little26844.7
4) Not at all9616
8) Don't know122
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
82) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people from other religions? (TRUST7)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot61
2) Can trust some19632.7
3) Trust a little25342.2
4) Not at all8313.8
8) Don't know599.8
9) Refused3.5
TOTAL600100.0
83) [Asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people at your church or place of worship? (TRUST8)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot5716.5
2) Can trust some20057.8
3) Trust a little7321.1
4) Not at all92.6
8) Don't know72
9) Refused00
Missing254 
TOTAL346100.0
84) How often, if ever, do you discuss politics with your family or friends: never, once or twice a month, once or twice a week, three or four times a week, or every day? (DISCPOLI)
TOTAL%
1) Never20434
2) Once or twice a month25642.7
3) Once or twice a week9916.5
4) Three or four times a week244
5) Every day91.5
8) Don't know81.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
85) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can openly say what you think and can criticize the government? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Very important23839.7
2) Somewhat important33756.2
3) Not too important203.3
4) Not important at all3.5
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
86) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where honest elections are held regularly with a choice of at least two political parties? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Very important18430.7
2) Somewhat important34056.7
3) Not too important6711.2
4) Not important at all4.7
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
87) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is a judicial system that treats everyone in the same way? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Very important23639.3
2) Somewhat important31652.7
3) Not too important447.3
4) Not important at all1.2
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
88) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can practice your religion freely? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Very important25342.2
2) Somewhat important29348.8
3) Not too important477.8
4) Not important at allv5.8
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
89) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is freedom of religion for religions other than your own? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM5)
TOTAL%
1) Very important20634.3
2) Somewhat important31853
3) Not too important599.8
4) Not important at all81.3
8) Don't know81.3
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
90) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: conflict between religious groups. (PROB_CON)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem9616
2) Moderately big problem18831.3
3) Small problem19432.3
4) Not a problem at all9515.8
8) Don't know274.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
91) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: corrupt political leaders. (PROB_POL)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem37462.3
2) Moderately big problem20634.3
3) Small problem132.2
4) Not a problem at all3.5
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
92) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: moral decline. (PROB_MOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem29549.2
2) Moderately big problem27145.2
3) Small problem284.7
4) Not a problem at all3.5
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
93) Some people say to solve our country's problems we should have a government that allows greater political participation by ordinary people and limits the power of individual political leaders. Others say to solve our country's problems we should have a leader with a strong hand even if there is little participation by ordinary people. Which comes closer to your opinion? (PARTIC)
TOTAL%
1) Participatory government33856.3
2) Strong leader24641
8) Don't know152.5
9) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
94) In your opinion, should religious groups keep out of political matter - or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions? (RELGRO)
TOTAL%
1) Should keep out34858
2) Should express views21535.8
8) Don't know355.8
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
95) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: most people are better off in a free market economy, even though some people are rich and some are poor. (GOV_MARK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree8614.3
2) Mostly agree43372.2
3) Mostly disagree6811.3
4) Completely disagree3.5
8) Don't know101.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
96) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (GOV_EAT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree9616
2) Mostly agree36861.3
3) Mostly disagree11819.7
4) Completely disagree142.3
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
97) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should not interfere with a woman's ability to have an abortion. (GOV_ABOR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree335.5
2) Mostly agree33355.5
3) Mostly disagree18631
4) Completely disagree203.3
8) Don't know264.3
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
98) How do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that political leaders have strong _______ [insert respondent's religion from Q3 (Christian, Muslim, etc.); if respondent is not religious, insert "religious"] beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (POL_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree315.2
2) Mostly agree19232
3) Mostly disagree23939.8
4) Completely disagree7813
8) Don't know518.5
9) Refused91.5
TOTAL600100.0
99) Which comes closer to your view? 1) the government should take special steps to make our country a _____ [insert religion from Q3 (Christian/Muslim/etc.)] country, or 2) there should be a separation between _____ [insert church/mosque, as appropriate)] and state? [In the United States, if the respondent is "other religion," the words "Christian" and "church" were used.] (CHRSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Government should make our country a [Christian/Muslim/etc.] country477.8
2) Should be a separation of [church/mosque] and state46477.3
8) Don't know7212
9) Refused172.8
TOTAL600100.0
100) Turning now to events in the world today, in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians? (DISPUTE)
TOTAL%
1) Israel13823
2) Palestinians7212
3) Both9916.5
4) Neither17829.7
8) Don't know11118.5
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
101) Which of the following phrases comes closer to describing your view? 1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism, or 2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism. [Asked in all countries.] (US_TERR)
TOTAL%
1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism7612.7
2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism47979.8
8) Don't know437.2
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
102) Some people talk about politics in terms of left, center, right. On a ten-point scale, with 1 indicating extreme left and 10 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? [Range is from 1 to 10.] (POLSCALE)
TOTAL%
1) Extreme left132.2
2) 2213.5
3) 37512.5
4) 4569.3
5) 513322.2
6) 610417.3
7) 77913.2
8) 86611
9) 9233.8
10) Extreme right172.8
98) Don't know132.2
99) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
103) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] a) social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people (ORGANIZ1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong6210.3
2) No, do not belong53489
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
104) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] b) education, arts, music, or cultural activities (ORGANIZ2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong315.2
2) No, do not belong56494
8) Don't know5.8
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
105) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] c) labor unions (ORGANIZ3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong101.7
2) No, do not belong58697.7
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
106) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] d) political organizations or parties (ORGANIZ4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong61
2) No, do not belong59098.3
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
107) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] e) local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights (ORGANIZ5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong61
2) No, do not belong58998.2
8) Don't know5.8
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
108) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] f) women's groups (ORGANIZ6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong1.2
2) No, do not belong59599.2
8) Don't know4.7
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
109) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] g) other groups (ORGANIZ7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong294.8
2) No, do not belong56594.2
8) Don't know61
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
110) [Asked only if ORGANIZ1 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in providing social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL1)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group3150
2) Mostly through some other kind of group2743.5
3) Both equally46.5
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing538 
TOTAL62100.0
111) [Asked only if ORGANIZ2 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in education, arts, music or cultural activities, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL2)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group1135.5
2) Mostly through some other kind of group1961.3
3) Both equally13.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing569 
TOTAL31100.0
112) [Asked only if ORGANIZ5 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL5)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group116.7
2) Mostly through some other kind of group583.3
3) Both equally00
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing594 
TOTAL6100.0
113) [Asked only if ORGANIZ6 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in women's groups, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL6)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group00
2) Mostly through some other kind of group1100
3) Both equally00
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing599 
TOTAL1100.0
114) [Asked only if ORGANIZ7 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in "other groups," would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL7)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group1655.2
2) Mostly through some other kind of group1344.8
3) Both equally00
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
Missing571 
TOTAL29100.0
115) How often do you - receive food or housing assistance, health care, or other social services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently111.8
2) Sometimes477.8
3) Hardly ever7712.8
4) Never46277
8) Don't know3.5
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
116) How often do you - participate in language or literacy classes - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_LANG)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently4.7
2) Sometimes223.7
3) Hardly ever6611
4) Never50684.3
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
117) How often do you - receive job training or employment services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_JOB)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently3.5
2) Sometimes71.2
3) Hardly ever538.8
4) Never53589.2
8) Don't know2.3
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
118) Gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male29949.8
2) Female30150.2
TOTAL600100.0
119) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 18101.7
19) 19223.7
20) 20122
21) 215.8
22) 22152.5
23) 23152.5
24) 24183
25) 2581.3
26) 26122
27) 2761
28) 28142.3
29) 29203.3
30) 3071.2
31) 31111.8
32) 32122
33) 33111.8
34) 34203.3
35) 35193.2
36) 36152.5
37) 37101.7
38) 38183
39) 39213.5
40) 40162.7
41) 41132.2
42) 42142.3
43) 43111.8
44) 4481.3
45) 45183
46) 46101.7
47) 47111.8
48) 48183
49) 49183
50) 50203.3
51) 5161
52) 52101.7
53) 5391.5
54) 54101.7
55) 5571.2
56) 564.7
57) 5761
58) 5871.2
59) 5981.3
60) 60122
61) 613.5
62) 62101.7
63) 6371.2
64) 64111.8
65) 6561
66) 663.5
67) 675.8
68) 684.7
69) 6971.2
70) 701.2
71) 711.2
72) 721.2
74) 741.2
75) 751.2
78) 781.2
80) 801.2
98) Don't know00
99) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
120) Have you had any children? If yes, how many? (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
0) No18330.5
1) 1 child7312.2
2) 2 children24540.8
3) 3 children6310.5
4) 4 children274.5
5) 5 children61
6) 6 children1.2
7) 7 children1.2
8) 8 or more children00
98) Don't know00
99) Refused1.2
TOTAL600100.0
121) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in South Korea.] (EDUCSKOR)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education91.5
2) Incomplete primary school5.8
3) Complete primary school274.5
4) Did not finish middle school3.5
5) Finished middle school6310.5
6) Did not finish high school183
7) Finished high school26944.8
8) Some university-level education, without a degree193.2
9) Finished college/graduate school, or higher18230.3
98) Don't know00
99) Refused5.8
TOTAL600100.0
122) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in South Korea.] (ETH_SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Korean600100
2) Other00
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
123) Are you currently married, living with a partner, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARRIAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Married41469
2) Living with a partner2.3
3) Widowed122
4) Divorced2.3
5) Separated1.2
6) Never been married16928.2
8) Don't know00
9) Refused00
TOTAL600100.0
124) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in South Korea.] (INC_SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) 999,999 won per month or less386.3
2) 1,000,000 to 1,499,999 won per month467.7
3) 1,500,000 to 1,999,999 won per month6510.8
4) 2,000,000 to 2,499,999 won per month9616
5) 2,500,000 to 2,999,999 won per month9315.5
6) 3,000,000 to 3,499,999 won per month9115.2
7) 3,500,000 to 3,999,999 won per month355.8
8) 4,000,000 to 4,499,999 won per month294.8
9) 4,500,000 to 4,999,999 won per month81.3
10) 5,000,000 to 5,999,999 won per month213.5
11) 6,000,000 to 6,999,999 won per month5.8
12) 7,000,000 to 7,999,999 won per month81.3
13) 8,000,000 won per month or more5.8
98) Don't know233.8
99) Refused376.2
TOTAL600100.0
125) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time33455.7
2) Part-time396.5
3) Not employed22437.3
8) Don't know1.2
9) Refused2.3
TOTAL600100.0
126) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Seoul33255.3
2) Pusan11018.3
3) Daegu7412.3
4) Gwangju427
5) Daejeon427
6) Jeonju00
TOTAL600100.0
127) Language of interview in South Korea (LAN_SKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Korean600100
TOTAL600100.0
128) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 - 249716.2
2) 25 - 296010
3) 30 - 3914424
4) 40 - 4913722.8
5) 50 - 598714.5
6) 60 or more7512.5
TOTAL600100.0
129) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in South Korea.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Did not finish high school12521
7) Finished h.s. or has some univ. educ28848.4
9) Finished college/grad school, or higher18230.6
Missing5 
TOTAL595100.0
130) Gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male29949.8
2) Female30150.2
TOTAL600100.0
131) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in South Korea.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) 1,499,999 won/month or less8415.6
3) 1,500,000 to 1,999,999 won/month6512
4) 2,000,000 to 2,499,999 won/month9617.8
5) 2,500,000 to 2,999,999 won/month9317.2
6) 3,000,000 to 3,499,999 won/month9116.9
7) More than 3,499,999 won/month11120.6
Missing60 
TOTAL540100.0
132) Region of country where the interview was conducted (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Seoul33255.3
2) Pusan11018.3
3) Daegu7412.3
4) Gwangju, Daejeon, or Jeonju8414
TOTAL600100.0
133) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing264.3
2) Very important12420.7
3) Somewhat important19933.3
4) Not too important17929.9
5) Not at all important7011.7
Missing2 
TOTAL598100.0