Presbyterian Panel Survey, February 2000 --Gambling and the Christian Faith, Elders

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Case Identification Number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68850587.747331
2) Original ID Number (CODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68820842.349465
3) ID Number (ID)
4) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? __ year(s) (if less than one year, __ months) (YRSMMEMB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68421.58315
5) How far do you live from your congregation? __ mile(s) (HOWFAR)
TOTAL%
0) 81.2
1) 15923.5
2) 10515.5
3) 9113.5
4) 588.6
5) 7611.2
6) 355.2
7) 223.3
8) 304.4
9) 91.3
10) 314.6
11) 20.3
12) 172.5
13) 10.1
14) 10.1
15) 101.5
17) 10.1
18) 20.3
19) 10.1
20) 50.7
22) 10.1
25) 30.4
28) 10.1
30) 30.4
40) 10.1
45) 10.1
500) 10.1
998) 10.1
Missing12 
TOTAL676100.0
6) What is the approximate membership of the congregations(s) you attend? If you don't know, leave the line blank and check here. (NOMEMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6601037.1361830
7) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67699.0
2) No71.0
Missing5 
TOTAL683100.0
8) [IF YES TO EVERELDR] Are you serving now on session? (NOWELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39559.1
2) No27340.9
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
9) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26839.7
2) No40760.3
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
10) [IF YES TO EVERDCON] Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (NOWDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes102.8
2) No35397.2
Missing325 
TOTAL363100.0
11) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMCH)
TOTAL%
0) Checked40859.4
1) Not checked27940.6
Missing1 
TOTAL687100.0
12) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMME)
TOTAL%
0) Checked31645.9
1) Not checked37254.1
TOTAL688100.0
13) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSGAMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Checked61589.4
1) Not checked7310.6
TOTAL688100.0
14) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGOFF)
TOTAL%
0) Checked57383.3
1) Not checked11516.7
TOTAL688100.0
15) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Checked48470.3
1) Not checked20429.7
TOTAL688100.0
16) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Organist or choir director (POSCHDIR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked67397.8
1) Not checked152.2
TOTAL688100.0
17) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of choir (POSCHMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Checked52476.2
1) Not checked16423.8
TOTAL688100.0
18) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Church school teacher/leader (POSTCHER)
TOTAL%
0) Checked45766.4
1) Not checked23133.6
TOTAL688100.0
19) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Other (specify) (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Checked64593.8
1) Not checked436.3
TOTAL688100.0
20) How often do you generally attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (Check the appropriate box) (FREQATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Never20.3
2) Less than once a year10.1
3) About once or twice a year10.1
4) Several times a year71.0
5) About once a month50.7
6) 2-3 times a month659.5
7) Nearly every week39958.5
8) Every week20229.6
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
21) In the last year, have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? (EVERMISA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63698.0
2) No132.0
Missing39 
TOTAL649100.0
22) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] Approximately how many Sundays have you missed attending worship over the last year (52 weeks)? Estimate the number of Sundays you were absent from worship in the last year on the line. (EVERMISB)
TOTAL%
0) 030.4
1) 1131.9
2) 2598.8
3) 3558.2
4) 410615.9
5) 5629.3
6) 67511.2
7) 7213.1
8) 86710.0
9) 960.9
10) 107711.5
11) 1110.1
12) 12314.6
13) 1330.4
14) 1471.0
15) 15274.0
16) 1671.0
17) 1710.1
18) 1830.4
19) 1910.1
20) 20162.4
21) 2110.1
24) 2420.3
25) 2560.9
26) 2620.3
28) 2810.1
30) 3050.7
35) 3510.1
40) 4020.3
42) 4210.1
48) 4810.1
50) 5020.3
52) 5210.1
99) Don't Know10.1
Missing21 
TOTAL667100.0
23) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (EMJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58685.2
1) Checked10214.8
TOTAL688100.0
24) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was traveling on business and didn't get home in time. (EMRAVEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56682.3
1) Checked12217.7
TOTAL688100.0
25) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was ill. (EMILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41460.2
1) Checked27439.8
TOTAL688100.0
26) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (EMFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51675.1
1) Checked17124.9
Missing1 
TOTAL687100.0
27) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was away on vacation. (EMVACATN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked12017.4
1) Checked56882.6
TOTAL688100.0
28) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (EMCTCHHU)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59686.6
1) Checked9213.4
TOTAL688100.0
29) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I just didn't feel like going. (EMFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62590.8
1) Checked639.2
TOTAL688100.0
30) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - The weather was bad. (EMWEATHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63792.6
1) Checked517.4
TOTAL688100.0
31) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I overslept. (EMSLEPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67698.3
1) Checked121.7
TOTAL688100.0
32) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had guests from out of town. (EMGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54178.6
1) Checked14721.4
TOTAL688100.0
33) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I decided to do something else that day. (EMELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62590.8
1) Checked639.2
TOTAL688100.0
34) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I wasn't interested in the theme of the service. (EMTHEME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68299.1
1) Checked60.9
TOTAL688100.0
35) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I didn't want to hear a particular preacher/speaker. (EMPRECHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65595.2
1) Checked334.8
TOTAL688100.0
36) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Conflict in the congregation (EMCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67197.5
1) Checked172.5
TOTAL688100.0
37) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Other (volunteered response) (EMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) All other2477.4
2) Worked at another church13.2
3) Visited another church26.5
5) Visited another church (out of town)412.9
Missing657 
TOTAL31100.0
38) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended Sunday church school, include those hours here)? (HRSEVENT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours558.1
2) 1-2 Hours9113.4
3) 3-5 Hours20029.4
4) 6-10 Hours18827.6
5) 11-20 Hours10114.8
6) More than 20 Hours466.8
Missing7 
TOTAL681100.0
39) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event? (HRSVOLCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours619.0
2) 1-2 Hours13019.1
3) 3-5 Hours19528.6
4) 6-10 Hours15222.3
5) 11-20 Hours8212.0
6) More than 20 Hours619.0
Missing7 
TOTAL681100.0
40) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church? (HRSOTHCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours31847.1
2) 1-2 Hours13920.6
3) 3-5 Hours11316.7
4) 6-10 Hours598.7
5) 11-20 Hours182.7
6) More than 20 Hours284.1
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
41) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work)? (HRSVOLOT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours24035.6
2) 1-2 Hours16324.1
3) 3-5 Hours12718.8
4) 6-10 Hours7811.6
5) 11-20 Hours324.7
6) More than 20 Hours355.2
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
42) Did you belong to any other churches before the one you now belong to? (BELCHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54681.3
2) No12618.8
Missing16 
TOTAL672100.0
43) [IF YES TO BELCRCH] What denomination was the church you belonged to immediately prior to the church you are now a member of? (check only one box) (WHACHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist397.1
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)152.7
3) Episcopal234.2
4) Lutheran213.8
5) Methodist8515.4
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA26147.2
7) Other Presbyterian91.6
8) Reformed112.0
9) Roman Catholic183.3
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)254.5
11) Independent or non-denominational173.1
12) Other295.2
Missing135 
TOTAL553100.0
44) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Check only one) If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, answer by putting a check in the one that influenced you the most. (DEN_RAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist679.9
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)202.9
3) Episcopal253.7
4) Lutheran294.3
5) Methodist10014.7
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA27440.4
7) Other Presbyterian131.9
8) Reformed111.6
9) Roman Catholic395.8
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)274.0
11) Independent or non-denominational223.2
12) None162.4
13) Other355.2
Missing10 
TOTAL678100.0
45) How old were you when you first became a member of a Presbyterian church? (HOWOLD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL67625.90215
46) When you were growing up, say ages 10 to 12, how active were your parents in church? (PAR_ACTV)
TOTAL%
1) Very active25337.0
2) Generally active13519.8
3) Somewhat active9714.2
4) Not very active9413.8
5) Not active at all9714.2
6) Don't know71.0
Missing5 
TOTAL683100.0
47) Do any of your relatives serve as pastors, Christian educators, mission workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELPAST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13419.8
2) No54280.2
Missing12 
TOTAL676100.0
48) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How many relatives are currently serving the church in full-time paid positions? (RELPAST#)
TOTAL%
0) 4628.4
1) 8150.0
2) 2314.2
3) 74.3
4) 31.9
5) 21.2
Missing526 
TOTAL162100.0
49) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68699.7
1) Checked20.3
TOTAL688100.0
50) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68699.7
1) Checked20.3
TOTAL688100.0
51) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My son (SONPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67397.8
1) Checked152.2
TOTAL688100.0
52) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67798.4
1) Checked111.6
TOTAL688100.0
53) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67397.8
1) Checked152.2
TOTAL688100.0
54) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHPAST)
TOTAL%
0) All other/not specified21.9
1) A grandchild32.9
2) A distant ancestor21.9
3) An uncle or aunt98.7
4) A niece or nephew2019.2
5) A cousin3836.5
8) A spouse109.6
9) An in-law2019.2
Missing584 
TOTAL104100.0
55) Have any other relatives, whether living or dead, such as grandparents or great-grandparents, served in the past as pastors, Christian educators, missionary workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELCRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14621.9
2) No52278.1
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
56) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How many relatives in the past served the church in full-time paid positions? (Approximate number) (RELCRCH#)
TOTAL%
0) 3623.5
1) 6341.2
2) 3120.3
3) 106.5
4) 53.3
5) 21.3
6) 32.0
7) 21.3
8) 10.7
Missing535 
TOTAL153100.0
57) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66596.7
1) Checked233.3
TOTAL688100.0
58) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66696.8
1) Checked223.2
TOTAL688100.0
59) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65795.5
1) Checked314.5
TOTAL688100.0
60) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67598.3
1) Checked121.7
Missing1 
TOTAL687100.0
61) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My son (SONCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68599.6
1) Checked30.4
TOTAL688100.0
62) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68599.6
1) Checked30.4
TOTAL688100.0
63) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67197.5
1) Checked172.5
TOTAL688100.0
64) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) All other/not specified33.1
1) A grandchild22.0
2) A distant ancestor2828.6
3) An uncle or aunt3434.7
4) A niece or nephew11.0
5) A cousin1414.3
8) A spouse66.1
9) An in-law1010.2
Missing590 
TOTAL98100.0
65) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (LIB_CONS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative345.0
2) Conservative23634.6
3) Moderate29543.3
4) Liberal9814.4
5) Very Liberal192.8
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
66) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or accept Him as a personal savior? (WITNESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49071.8
2) No19228.2
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
67) Would you say you have had a conversion experience - that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CNVRSION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32548.1
2) No35051.9
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
68) Do you believe that some or all of the Bible was inspired by God? (INSP_GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes65798.6
2) No91.4
Missing22 
TOTAL666100.0
69) [IF YES TO INSP_GOD] How much of what the Bible contains do you believe was inspired by God? (INSPMUCH)
TOTAL%
1) All of it36555.1
2) Almost all of it11517.3
3) Most of it12619.0
4) Some of it416.2
5) Only a very small amount20.3
6) Not sure142.1
Missing25 
TOTAL663100.0
70) The account of Creation presented in Genesis - (Check the one box that best describes your view) (CREA_TRU)
TOTAL%
1) Is literally true, exactly as we find it in the Bible - that is, it took six 24-hour periods for God to create the world497.3
2) Is a true account of how God created the world38157.0
3) Reflects human feelings about how the world might have been created23835.6
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
71) Which statement best summarizes your view of the Bible? (Check one box) (BIBL_ACC)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is entirely accurate without error of any kind.17427.1
2) The Bible is without error of any kind in spiritual matters, but there are problems in other areas such as science and history32751.0
3) The Bible contains errors in both spiritual and secular matters14021.8
Missing47 
TOTAL641100.0
72) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (IND_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree477.0
2) Agree13219.6
3) Not sure7811.6
4) Disagree30044.4
5) Strongly disagree11817.5
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
73) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (ALL_RELS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree284.2
2) Agree16424.4
3) Not sure11817.6
4) Disagree20230.1
5) Strongly disagree15923.7
Missing17 
TOTAL671100.0
74) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - There is a life beyond death. (BYND_DTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46369.2
2) Agree15523.2
3) Not sure436.4
4) Disagree50.7
5) Strongly disagree30.4
Missing19 
TOTAL669100.0
75) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humanity is in Jesus Christ. (JES_TRUE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33450.0
2) Agree16925.3
3) Not sure9013.5
4) Disagree609.0
5) Strongly disagree152.2
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
76) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (JES_SAVE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18928.0
2) Agree12418.4
3) Not sure15623.1
4) Disagree14321.2
5) Strongly disagree639.3
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
77) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - It is important to share my faith with other people. (SHAR_FTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29243.5
2) Agree33850.3
3) Not sure233.4
4) Disagree162.4
5) Strongly disagree30.4
Missing16 
TOTAL672100.0
78) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The Devil (Satan) really exists. (DEVL_XST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26539.5
2) Agree21732.3
3) Not sure11216.7
4) Disagree568.3
5) Strongly disagree213.1
Missing17 
TOTAL671100.0
79) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Jesus was born of a virgin. (JES_VRGN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34050.4
2) Agree21732.2
3) Not sure9113.5
4) Disagree172.5
5) Strongly disagree91.3
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
80) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible privately (OFT_BPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily12718.8
2) Several times a week12418.4
3) Weekly10816.0
4) Several times a month10014.8
5) Once a month426.2
6) Several times a year11917.7
7) Once a year or less416.1
8) Never131.9
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
81) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible with family or friends (OFT_BFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily213.2
2) Several times a week253.8
3) Weekly15723.6
4) Several times a month8412.6
5) Once a month507.5
6) Several times a year11317.0
7) Once a year or less8612.9
8) Never12919.4
Missing23 
TOTAL665100.0
82) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a Bible study group (OFT_BGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily40.6
2) Several times a week81.2
3) Weekly18227.6
4) Several times a month477.1
5) Once a month639.5
6) Several times a year10315.6
7) Once a year or less10916.5
8) Never14421.8
Missing28 
TOTAL660100.0
83) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray privately (OFT_PPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily46468.8
2) Several times a week12017.8
3) Weekly304.5
4) Several times a month365.3
5) Once a month60.9
6) Several times a year131.9
7) Once a year or less30.4
8) Never20.3
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
84) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray with family or friends (OFT_PFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily16224.2
2) Several times a week11016.4
3) Weekly13520.1
4) Several times a month8813.1
5) Once a month253.7
6) Several times a year7411.0
7) Once a year or less243.6
8) Never527.8
Missing18 
TOTAL670100.0
85) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a prayer group (OFT_PGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily60.9
2) Several times a week50.8
3) Weekly8112.2
4) Several times a month304.5
5) Once a month395.9
6) Several times a year9514.3
7) Once a year or less11116.7
8) Never29644.6
Missing25 
TOTAL663100.0
86) Do you believe that Jesus will return to Earth some day? (JES_RTRN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49575.2
2) No385.8
3) Not sure12519.0
Missing30 
TOTAL658100.0
87) [IF YES TO JES_RTRN] Do you think that Jesus' return is more likely in 2000, less likely in 2000, or about as likely then as in any other year? (RTRN2000)
TOTAL%
1) More likely in 2000101.8
2) About as likely in 2000 as in any other year34562.1
3) Less likely in 2000162.9
4) No opinion18533.3
Missing132 
TOTAL556100.0
88) Do you currently have plans for this coming New Year's Eve (Dec. 31, 1999)? (PLAN_NYR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19629.3
2) No47470.7
Missing18 
TOTAL670100.0
89) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] Will you be celebrating or commemorating the end of 1999 and the beginning of 2000 in a way different from how you would usually mark the end of one year and the beginning of a new one? (PLAN_USU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9427.3
2) No25072.7
Missing344 
TOTAL344100.0
90) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - First response (PLAN_DO1)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing special/stay at home108.5
2) Spend time with family3529.9
3) Party/celebrate2521.4
4) Work54.3
5) Attend church2521.4
6) Vacation/travel32.6
7) Not sure-no plans yet54.3
9) Other97.7
Missing571 
TOTAL117100.0
91) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - Second response (PLAN_DO2)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing special/stay at home116.7
2) Spend time with family116.7
3) Party/celebrate350.0
5) Attend church116.7
Missing682 
TOTAL6100.0
92) Does your congregation plan to hold a worship service on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day to mark the transition to 2000? (NEW_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely639.3
2) Yes, probably8512.5
3) No, probably not14321.1
4) No, definitely not263.8
5) Don't know36153.2
Missing10 
TOTAL678100.0
93) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in U.S. society generally? (Y2KSOCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very major30.4
2) Major253.7
3) Minor26839.8
4) Very minor27941.4
5) None at all568.3
6) No opinion436.4
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
94) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local community? (Y2KCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Very major20.3
2) Major71.0
3) Minor24235.9
4) Very minor28642.4
5) None at all9313.8
6) No opinion446.5
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
95) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local church? (Y2KCRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Very major10.1
2) Major30.4
3) Minor11617.2
4) Very minor22833.8
5) None at all28241.8
6) No opinion446.5
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
96) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your own personal life? (Y2KLIFE)
TOTAL%
2) Major30.4
3) Minor14922.1
4) Very minor25738.1
5) None at all22733.6
6) No opinion395.8
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
97) What is your sex? (SEX2)
TOTAL%
1) Female32848.0
2) Male35552.0
Missing5 
TOTAL683100.0
98) What is your present age? (AGE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68257.99413
99) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not a farm7210.6
2) On a farm385.6
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)18327.0
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)8913.1
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city6810.0
6) In a large city (over 250,000)9514.0
7) In a suburb near a large city13319.6
Missing10 
TOTAL678100.0
100) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married57885.1
2) Not married10114.9
Missing9 
TOTAL679100.0
101) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (MAR_EVER)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married2321.3
2) Yes, am now widowed5147.2
3) Yes, am now divorced2825.9
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced65.6
Missing580 
TOTAL108100.0
102) If currently married, have you ever had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREV_MAR)
TOTAL%
1) No46883.7
2) Yes, was widowed112.0
3) Yes, was divorced7713.8
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced30.5
Missing129 
TOTAL559100.0
103) How often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (SPOUCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Never183.1
2) Less than once a year81.4
3) About once or twice a year193.3
4) Several times a year223.8
5) About once a month234.0
6) 2-3 times a month569.7
7) Nearly every week29250.7
8) Every week13824.0
Missing112 
TOTAL576100.0
104) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Faith in which spouse was raised (SPOURAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist7813.7
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)122.1
3) Episcopal193.3
4) Lutheran254.4
5) Methodist9616.9
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA17630.9
7) Other Presbyterian101.8
8) Reformed40.7
9) Roman Catholic559.7
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)254.4
11) Independent or non-denominational203.5
12) None254.4
13) Other244.2
Missing119 
TOTAL569100.0
105) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Spouse's current faith (SPOUFATH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist10.2
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.2
3) Episcopal20.4
4) Lutheran10.2
5) Methodist51.0
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA45290.9
7) Other Presbyterian40.8
9) Roman Catholic91.8
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)10.2
12) None173.4
13) Other40.8
Missing191 
TOTAL497100.0
106) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, First response (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time26339.0
2) Employed part-time568.3
3) Self-employed7811.6
4) Unemployed60.9
5) Retired22333.1
6) Full-time homemaker436.4
7) Student20.3
8) Other30.4
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
107) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, Second response (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time59.8
2) Employed part-time12.0
3) Self-employed713.7
5) Retired1325.5
6) Full-time homemaker1937.3
7) Student35.9
8) Other35.9
Missing637 
TOTAL51100.0
108) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, First response (SPOUEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time21638.9
2) Employed part-time458.1
3) Self-employed498.8
4) Unemployed61.1
5) Retired15728.3
6) Full-time homemaker7613.7
7) Student30.5
8) Other30.5
Missing133 
TOTAL555100.0
109) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, Second response (SPOUEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time13.4
2) Employed part-time310.3
3) Self-employed620.7
5) Retired310.3
6) Full-time homemaker1034.5
8) Other620.7
Missing659 
TOTAL29100.0
110) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year. - Your average hours worked (YOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 204.5
2) 10.2
3) 10.2
4) 20.5
5) 20.5
6) 10.2
8) 10.2
9) 10.2
10) 81.8
11) 10.2
12) 20.5
15) 132.9
16) 20.5
17) 10.2
18) 10.2
20) 255.6
21) 10.2
23) 10.2
24) 40.9
25) 61.4
26) 10.2
27) 10.2
30) 255.6
32) 30.7
35) 122.7
37) 10.2
38) 102.3
40) 8719.6
42) 71.6
43) 30.7
44) 20.5
45) 5211.7
48) 51.1
50) 7316.4
52) 30.7
54) 10.2
55) 143.2
56) 20.5
58) 10.2
60) 378.3
65) 10.2
70) 20.5
77) 10.2
84) 10.2
85) 10.2
96) 10.2
99) 30.7
Missing244 
TOTAL444100.0
111) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year. - Spouse's average hours worked (SPOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 328.7
1) 10.3
2) 10.3
4) 10.3
5) 20.5
6) 20.5
7) 10.3
8) 41.1
10) 61.6
12) 20.5
15) 92.4
16) 10.3
17) 10.3
20) 154.1
22) 10.3
23) 10.3
24) 41.1
25) 71.9
28) 10.3
30) 164.3
32) 30.8
33) 20.5
35) 71.9
36) 10.3
37) 20.5
38) 30.8
39) 10.3
40) 9225.0
42) 30.8
44) 20.5
45) 328.7
46) 20.5
48) 41.1
49) 10.3
50) 4211.4
54) 20.5
55) 143.8
58) 10.3
60) 277.3
65) 30.8
68) 10.3
70) 71.9
71) 10.3
75) 10.3
80) 20.5
84) 10.3
99) 30.8
Missing320 
TOTAL368100.0
112) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Your usual occupation (YOUOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management8616.9
13) Business and financial operations438.4
15) Computer and math173.3
17) Architecture and engineering244.7
19) Life-physical and social science122.4
21) Community and social services152.9
23) Legal193.7
25) Education/training/library8115.9
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media173.3
29) Healthcare and technical326.3
31) Healthcare support61.2
33) Protective service40.8
35) Food preparation10.2
37) Building and grounds cleaning10.2
39) Personal care71.4
41) Sales and related occupations489.4
43) Office and administrative support407.9
45) Farming/fishing/forestry91.8
47) Construction40.8
49) Installation/maintenance/repair51.0
51) Production occupations81.6
53) Transportation71.4
55) Military30.6
99) Homemaker203.9
Missing179 
TOTAL509100.0
113) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Spouse's usual occupation (SPOOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management5513.4
13) Business and financial operations184.4
15) Computer and math153.7
17) Architecture and engineering235.6
19) Life-physical and social science30.7
21) Community and social services163.9
23) Legal102.4
25) Education/training/library7317.8
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media51.2
29) Healthcare and technical389.3
31) Healthcare support20.5
33) Protective service30.7
39) Personal care20.5
41) Sales and related occupations409.8
43) Office and administrative support409.8
45) Farming/fishing/forestry30.7
47) Construction41.0
49) Installation/maintenance/repair71.7
51) Production occupations143.4
53) Transportation133.2
55) Military20.5
99) Homemaker245.9
Missing278 
TOTAL410100.0
114) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Your educational level (EDUCYOU)
TOTAL%
3) Some high school50.7
4) High school diploma6910.1
5) Some college12117.8
6) Graduated from college17125.1
7) Some graduate work8913.1
8) A graduate degree22633.2
Missing7 
TOTAL681100.0
115) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Spouse's educational level (EDUCSPOU)
TOTAL%
2) Completed 8th grade20.4
3) Some high school122.1
4) High school diploma7713.5
5) Some college9416.5
6) Graduated from college17530.6
7) Some graduate work478.2
8) A graduate degree16428.7
Missing117 
TOTAL571100.0
116) How many children do you have? (If none, write 0.) Include any legally adopted children; exclude stepchildren unless legally adopted. (NO_KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None639.3
1) 17511.1
2) 228642.3
3) 316023.7
4) 46910.2
5) 5152.2
6) 660.9
7) 710.1
8) 810.1
Missing12 
TOTAL676100.0
117) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (Check only one box.) (HH_SIZE)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone.8212.0
2) Two of us36052.8
3) Three of us10916.0
4) Four of us9213.5
5) Five of us314.5
6) Six of us71.0
7) Seven or more of us10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
118) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - under six years of age? (HH_UNDR6)
TOTAL%
0) None15379.3
1) 12311.9
2) 2178.8
Missing495 
TOTAL193100.0
119) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 6-12 years of age? (HH_612)
TOTAL%
0) None15262.6
1) 15221.4
2) 23715.2
3) 320.8
Missing445 
TOTAL243100.0
120) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 13-17 years of age? (HH_1317)
TOTAL%
0) None13955.2
1) 17931.3
2) 23413.5
Missing436 
TOTAL252100.0
121) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 18-24 years of age? (HH_1824)
TOTAL%
0) None14671.6
1) 14522.1
2) 2125.9
3) 310.5
Missing484 
TOTAL204100.0
122) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 25 years of age and over? (HH_25)
TOTAL%
0) None264.2
1) 16811.0
2) 248578.1
3) 3416.6
7) 710.2
Missing67 
TOTAL621100.0
123) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a teenager living with both parents would check "4.") (HH_TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone7711.5
2) A single parent, living with one or more children182.7
3) A married couple, no children in household33750.2
4) A married couple, living with one or more children22533.5
5) Some other arrangement (please describe your household here)142.1
Missing17 
TOTAL671100.0
124) Where did you live five years ago, in October 1994? (HOM_94)
TOTAL%
1) Same house I live in now58485.5
2) A different house, but in the same county679.8
3) In a different county, but in the same state111.6
4) In a different state182.6
5) In a different country30.4
Missing5 
TOTAL683100.0
125) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (ST_BORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL67933.09116
126) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (DEM_REP)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat19228.5
2) Independent12318.2
3) Republican35352.4
4) Other60.9
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
127) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply) - First response (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian64694.7
2) Black or African American253.7
4) Asian or Pacific Islander101.5
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, Spanish origin10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
128) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply) - Second response (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian110.0
2) Black or African American110.0
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native770.0
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, Spanish origin110.0
Missing678 
TOTAL10100.0
129) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (HH_INCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,00010.2
2) $10K-14,999142.1
3) $15K-19,999132.0
4) $20K-29,999446.7
5) $30K-39,999629.5
6) $40K-49,9996710.2
7) $50K-59,9996910.6
8) $60K-69,999558.4
9) $70K-79,999538.1
10) $80K-89,999507.6
11) $90K-99,999345.2
12) $100K-124,999659.9
13) $125K-149,999436.6
14) $150K+8412.8
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
130) Did you or any other family member fill out a pledge card regarding church giving for the current year? (PLEDGECD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58986.6
2) No8913.1
3) Don't know20.3
Missing8 
TOTAL680100.0
131) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MNY_REG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6583520.8714833
132) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your church, in giving to a special campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MNY_SPEC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4712193.1258906
133) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings - One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MNY_APPL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL568556.1574385
134) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (MNY_OUTS)
TOTAL%
1) $016925.8
2) $1-5013420.5
3) $51-1009214.0
4) $101-50012819.5
5) $501-1000385.8
6) $1001-2000324.9
7) $2001+629.5
Missing33 
TOTAL655100.0
135) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (MNY_NREL)
TOTAL%
1) $0111.7
2) $1-508212.4
3) $51-10011717.7
4) $101-50021732.8
5) $501-10008713.2
6) $1001-2000649.7
7) $2001+8312.6
Missing27 
TOTAL661100.0
136) Survey format (SURVEY)
TOTAL%
1) Paper copy63492.2
2) From the web547.8
TOTAL688100.0
137) In general, what is your opinion of legal gambling or betting? (GENOPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approving172.5
2) Mildly approving517.5
3) Mixed feelings - both approving and disapproving21932.4
4) Mildly disapproving13720.3
5) Strongly disapproving22232.8
6) Uncertain304.4
Missing12 
TOTAL676100.0
138) Briefly explain your response in GENOPIN by listing in this space one or two important reasons why you hold this opinion. - First response (GENREAS1)
TOTAL%
10) Pro: an individual's choice/right/freedom336.0
11) Pro: fun/entertainment/I like it519.3
12) Pro: harmless/not immoral30.5
13) Pro: morally all right40.7
14) Pro: people will gamble anyway162.9
15) Pro: easier to control if legal/it's legal30.5
16) Pro: bad only if done in excess162.9
17) Pro: source of state revenues509.1
19) Pro: benefits Native Americans10.2
20) Pro: way to make money10.2
21) Pro: religious reasons/Bible supports it10.2
30) Pro: other reasons in favor of gambling132.4
50) Con: morally wrong/I don't like it173.1
51) Con: ruins lives/people go into debt244.4
52) Con: causes problems for families specifically356.4
53) Con: causes problems for the poor or less affluent7714.0
54) Con: addictive8214.9
55) Con: gives people false hope/promotes greed193.5
56) Con: some profit at others' expense20.4
57) Con: in excess can cause problems20.4
58) Con: revenue benefits overrated/governments misuse revenues30.5
59) Con: undermines work ethic40.7
60) Con: wasteful of time and money193.5
61) Con: religious reasons/bad stewardship/Bible opposes it274.9
62) Con: degrades morality of society/brings undesirable element to community71.3
70) Con: other reasons why gambling not acceptable244.4
80) Oth: reasons not classifiable as for or against122.2
99) Oth: response not applicable40.7
Missing138 
TOTAL550100.0
139) Briefly explain your response in GENOPIN by listing in this space one or two important reasons why you hold this opinion. - Second response (GENREAS2)
TOTAL%
10) Pro: an individual's choice/right/freedom31.0
11) Pro: fun/entertainment/I like it299.2
14) Pro: people will gamble anyway41.3
15) Pro: easier to control if legal/it's legal41.3
16) Pro: bad only if done in excess31.0
17) Pro: source of state revenues92.9
20) Pro: way to make money10.3
21) Pro: religious reasons/Bible supports it10.3
30) Pro: other reasons in favor of gambling51.6
50) Con: morally wrong/I don't like it61.9
51) Con: ruins lives/people go into debt113.5
52) Con: causes problems for families specifically309.6
53) Con: causes problems for the poor or less affluent258.0
54) Con: addictive8426.8
55) Con: gives people false hope/promotes greed288.9
56) Con: some profit at others' expense10.3
57) Con: in excess can cause problems31.0
58) Con: revenue benefits overrated/governments misuse revenues41.3
59) Con: undermines work ethic61.9
60) Con: wasteful of time and money103.2
61) Con: religious reasons/bad stewardship/Bible opposes it134.1
62) Con: degrades morality of society/brings undesirable element to community61.9
70) Con: other reasons why gambling not acceptable278.6
80) Oth: reasons not classifiable as for or against10.3
Missing374 
TOTAL314100.0
140) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Casinos/riverboat gambling (LG_BOAT)
TOTAL%
0) Checked38357.9
1) Not checked27842.1
Missing27 
TOTAL661100.0
141) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - State-sponsored lottery (e.g., lotto, jackpot, keno, powerball) (LG_LOTTO)
TOTAL%
0) Checked12418.4
1) Not checked55181.6
Missing13 
TOTAL675100.0
142) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Scratch-off tickets (LG_SCRAT)
TOTAL%
0) Checked16524.5
1) Not checked50975.5
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
143) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Hingo parlors (LG_BINGO)
TOTAL%
0) Checked28642.8
1) Not checked38257.2
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
144) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Horse racing tracks (LG_HORSE)
TOTAL%
0) Checked23435.0
1) Not checked43465.0
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
145) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Dog racing (LG_DOG)
TOTAL%
0) Checked50076.6
1) Not checked15323.4
Missing35 
TOTAL653100.0
146) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Off-track betting sites (LG_OFTRK)
TOTAL%
0) Checked44367.7
1) Not checked21132.3
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
147) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Jai alai (LG_JALAI)
TOTAL%
0) Checked60393.8
1) Not checked406.2
Missing45 
TOTAL643100.0
148) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Video poker (LG_VDPOK)
TOTAL%
0) Checked53582.2
1) Not checked11617.8
Missing37 
TOTAL651100.0
149) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Betting on professional sports like basketball, football, baseball, or boxing (LG_SPORT)
TOTAL%
0) Checked57489.0
1) Not checked7111.0
Missing43 
TOTAL645100.0
150) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Other (LG_OTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Checked60794.3
1) Not checked375.7
Missing44 
TOTAL644100.0
151) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Bingo for cash prizes (RV_BINGO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve172.6
2) Approve22433.9
3) Disapprove21232.1
4) Strongly disapprove14622.1
5) Uncertain619.2
Missing28 
TOTAL660100.0
152) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Casino/riverboat gambling (RV_BOAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve121.8
2) Approve11717.8
3) Disapprove23535.8
4) Strongly disapprove24136.7
5) Uncertain517.8
Missing32 
TOTAL656100.0
153) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Lotteries for cash prizes (RV_LOTTO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve182.7
2) Approve24136.3
3) Disapprove18928.5
4) Strongly disapprove17025.6
5) Uncertain466.9
Missing24 
TOTAL664100.0
154) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Scratch-off tickets for cash prizes (RV_TICK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve162.4
2) Approve21532.6
3) Disapprove20430.9
4) Strongly disapprove17426.4
5) Uncertain517.7
Missing28 
TOTAL660100.0
155) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on horse races at the track(s) where the races are run (RV_HRSON)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve152.2
2) Approve21732.3
3) Disapprove20931.1
4) Strongly disapprove17526.0
5) Uncertain568.3
Missing16 
TOTAL672100.0
156) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Off-track betting on horse races (RV_HRSOF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve101.5
2) Approve599.0
3) Disapprove29445.0
4) Strongly disapprove23435.8
5) Uncertain578.7
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
157) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on professional sports, such as baseball, basketball, or football (RV_SPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve101.5
2) Approve538.0
3) Disapprove28843.4
4) Strongly disapprove26139.4
5) Uncertain517.7
Missing25 
TOTAL663100.0
158) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Video poker machines at stores, bars, restaurants, or other local establishments (RV_VDPOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve91.4
2) Approve456.8
3) Disapprove28643.3
4) Strongly disapprove26840.6
5) Uncertain527.9
Missing28 
TOTAL660100.0
159) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on dog races (RV_DOG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve132.0
2) Approve9113.9
3) Disapprove26640.5
4) Strongly disapprove23435.7
5) Uncertain527.9
Missing32 
TOTAL656100.0
160) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on jai alai (RV_JALAI)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve71.1
2) Approve619.4
3) Disapprove24036.9
4) Strongly disapprove21833.5
5) Uncertain12419.1
Missing38 
TOTAL650100.0
161) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Legalized gambling provides necessary revenue to states to fund government programs and keep taxes under control. (TAX_CTRL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree253.8
2) Agree18528.2
3) Disagree21532.7
4) Strongly disagree16825.6
5) Uncertain649.7
Missing31 
TOTAL657100.0
162) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - States that prohibit gambling are making a mistake by losing gambling revenue to neighboring states. (LOS_GMBL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree213.2
2) Agree13520.6
3) Disagree25939.6
4) Strongly disagree18328.0
5) Uncertain568.6
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
163) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Gambling can be a form of entertainment that, if done in moderation, is no better or no worse than other activities, like attending sports events or movies. (LIK_SPRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree609.1
2) Agree28543.2
3) Disagree16224.6
4) Strongly disagree11817.9
5) Uncertain345.2
Missing29 
TOTAL659100.0
164) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - By legalizing gambling, the states limit the involvement of organized crime in the gambling industry. (LMT_CRIM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree243.7
2) Agree14221.7
3) Disagree21833.3
4) Strongly disagree15423.5
5) Uncertain11617.7
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
165) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Keeping gambling legal is necessary to preserve American freedom, regardless of the problems that it may cause. (PRS_FREE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60.9
2) Agree8012.2
3) Disagree26640.6
4) Strongly disagree24136.8
5) Uncertain629.5
Missing33 
TOTAL655100.0
166) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Gambling is a legitimate and appropriate means for government to use to solve budget needs and other problems of economic development. (ECON_DEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree111.7
2) Agree8813.4
3) Disagree25739.2
4) Strongly disagree23836.3
5) Uncertain629.5
Missing32 
TOTAL656100.0
167) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statements concerning gambling. - Gambling is a legitimate and appropriate means for government to use only if the funds are used for worthy causes such as education and scholarships. (ED_SCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree284.2
2) Agree16024.3
3) Disagree22333.8
4) Strongly disagree18628.2
5) Uncertain629.4
Missing29 
TOTAL659100.0
168) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - The growing availability of lotteries, casino gambling, and other forms of legalized gambling is a good thing for the United States. (GRO_GOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50.8
2) Agree416.2
3) Disagree24737.3
4) Strongly disagree27140.9
5) Uncertain9814.8
Missing26 
TOTAL662100.0
169) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - All gambling is immoral. (ALL_IMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7110.9
2) Agree18428.1
3) Disagree26340.2
4) Strongly disagree609.2
5) Uncertain7611.6
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
170) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling does serious harm to people's respect for the value of hard work. (VALU_WRK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree8513.0
2) Agree20631.5
3) Disagree25739.2
4) Strongly disagree396.0
5) Uncertain6810.4
Missing33 
TOTAL655100.0
171) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The legal gambling industry is creating serious corruption in the government. (CORR_GVT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree659.9
2) Agree15523.7
3) Disagree22634.6
4) Strongly disagree335.0
5) Uncertain17526.8
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
172) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The legal gambling industry is mostly based on taking advantage of poor people. (ADV_POOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9514.4
2) Agree23235.3
3) Disagree22333.9
4) Strongly disagree365.5
5) Uncertain7210.9
Missing30 
TOTAL658100.0
173) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling is creating a compulsive gambling problem in this country. (CMPLS_PR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11317.1
2) Agree27341.4
3) Disagree12418.8
4) Strongly disagree294.4
5) Uncertain12018.2
Missing29 
TOTAL659100.0
174) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling undermines the principles of responsible Christian stewardship. (CHR_STEW)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12919.6
2) Agree21432.6
3) Disagree17726.9
4) Strongly disagree294.4
5) Uncertain10816.4
Missing31 
TOTAL657100.0
175) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling often results in increases in crime. (MOR_CRIM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9314.3
2) Agree22935.2
3) Disagree13921.4
4) Strongly disagree223.4
5) Uncertain16825.8
Missing37 
TOTAL651100.0
176) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The spirit of legalized gambling is in direct opposition to the Spirit of Jesus Christ. (OPP_SPIR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11717.8
2) Agree24737.6
3) Disagree12118.4
4) Strongly disagree233.5
5) Uncertain14922.7
Missing31 
TOTAL657100.0
177) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Government-run lotteries mislead people to believe that they can get something for nothing. (SOM_NOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14121.6
2) Agree30046.0
3) Disagree15724.1
4) Strongly disagree203.1
5) Uncertain345.2
Missing36 
TOTAL652100.0
178) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - It should be illegal for churches and other religious groups to raise money through raffles, bingo, or other games of chance. (REL_GAMB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7311.1
2) Agree18428.0
3) Disagree26139.8
4) Strongly disagree599.0
5) Uncertain7912.0
Missing32 
TOTAL656100.0
179) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling is a "voluntary tax on poor people." (TAX_POOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7311.2
2) Agree21432.9
3) Disagree22534.6
4) Strongly disagree456.9
5) Uncertain9314.3
Missing38 
TOTAL650100.0
180) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The legal gambling industry is corrupt. (GMB_CRPT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7511.5
2) Agree14522.2
3) Disagree16625.4
4) Strongly disagree324.9
5) Uncertain23536.0
Missing35 
TOTAL653100.0
181) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Much of the legal gambling industry has ties to organized crime. (TIE_CRIM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6910.6
2) Agree15223.3
3) Disagree13320.4
4) Strongly disagree284.3
5) Uncertain26941.3
Missing37 
TOTAL651100.0
182) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - States that permit legalized gambling should donate a significant share of their gambling revenues to help people who are compulsive gamblers. (HLP_GAMB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14121.6
2) Agree25639.2
3) Disagree11016.8
4) Strongly disagree446.7
5) Uncertain10215.6
Missing35 
TOTAL653100.0
183) When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts - the local economy? (HH_ECON)
TOTAL%
1) Helps a lot9013.6
2) Helps a little26239.6
3) Hurts a little649.7
4) Hurts a lot11317.1
5) Uncertain13220.0
Missing27 
TOTAL661100.0
184) When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts - everyday family and community life? (HH_FAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) Helps a lot50.8
2) Helps a little375.6
3) Hurts a little22233.6
4) Hurts a lot25238.2
5) Uncertain14421.8
Missing28 
TOTAL660100.0
185) When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts - the moral climate of the community? (HH_MORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Helps a lot20.3
2) Helps a little162.4
3) Hurts a little20931.7
4) Hurts a lot29144.1
5) Uncertain14221.5
Missing28 
TOTAL660100.0
186) Some people believe that legalized gambling is mostly a good thing for society, others think it is mostly a bad thing, still others think it has an equal combination of good and bad effects on society. What would you say is the overall effect of legalizing gambling on society? (Check only one) (OVER_EFF)
TOTAL%
1) Very good10.2
2) Good192.9
3) About equally good and bad24437.3
4) Bad24637.6
5) Very bad10415.9
6) Don't know406.1
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
187) In recent years, many Native American tribes have opened casinos and other forms of legalized gambling on their tribal lands. Is there a casino on Native American lands in your state or vicinity? (YS_NAMER)
TOTAL%
1) No31448.8
2) Yes32350.2
3) Don't Know60.9
Missing45 
TOTAL643100.0
188) [IF YES TO YS_NAMER] What would you say has been the overall effect of casinos and other legalized gambling on the Native American population in your state or area? (GD_NAMER)
TOTAL%
1) Very good144.1
2) Good4312.6
3) About equally good and bad6619.4
4) Bad4312.6
5) Very Bad144.1
6) Don't know16147.2
Missing347 
TOTAL341100.0
189) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Church-sponsored bingo (YN_BINGO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked30545.9
1) Checked36054.1
Missing23 
TOTAL665100.0
190) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Participation in "office pools" with co-workers or friends (e.g., on sporting events such as the Super Bowl or the NCAA Basketball Tournament, or on other events, like a "baby pool" to guess the day a pregnant employee or friend will give birth) (YN_POOL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked31146.6
1) Checked35753.4
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
191) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Wagering a few dollars with a friend on the outcome of a golf match or other sporting event in which you are participating (YN_WAGER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked30445.6
1) Checked36254.4
Missing22 
TOTAL666100.0
192) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Making a "friendly wager" among family, friends, or co-workers on some future event (e.g., who will win a certain sporting event, who will win the next election) (YN_EVENT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked33049.4
1) Checked33850.6
Missing20 
TOTAL668100.0
193) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - investing in the stock market (YN_STOCK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50276.8
1) Checked15223.2
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
194) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Raffles for charity (YN_RAFFL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked45369.4
1) Checked20030.6
Missing35 
TOTAL653100.0
195) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Buying state-sponsored lottery tickets (YN_LOTTO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked13319.6
1) Checked54780.4
Missing8 
TOTAL680100.0
196) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Playing poker with friends for money (other than at a casino) (Y_POKER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked22733.7
1) Checked44766.3
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
197) For each activity listed below, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Games and events at church or school bazaars to raise money, such as a cakewalk (YN_CAKE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52881.0
1) Checked12419.0
Missing36 
TOTAL652100.0
198) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - bought a state lottery scratch-off ticket? (YN_TCKT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked48774.5
1) Checked16725.5
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0
199) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - bought a ticket for a state lottery number drawing? (YOULOTTO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked42564.9
1) Checked23035.1
Missing33 
TOTAL655100.0
200) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - gambled at a casino? (YOUCSINO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55084.7
1) Checked9915.3
Missing39 
TOTAL649100.0
201) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - participated in an office pool on the Super Bowl, World Series, or other sporting event? (YOUPOOL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked53782.7
1) Checked11217.3
Missing39 
TOTAL649100.0
202) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - bet on a professional sports event such as basketball, baseball, football, or boxing? (YOUSPORT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62597.4
1) Checked172.6
Missing46 
TOTAL642100.0
203) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - bought a raffle ticket? (YOURAFF)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked33550.5
1) Checked32949.5
Missing24 
TOTAL664100.0
204) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - participated in riverboat gambling? (YOUBOAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked61696.0
1) Checked264.0
Missing46 
TOTAL642100.0
205) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply.) - took a vacation to Las Vegas, Atlantic City, Biloxi, or some other U.S. location primarily to participate in legal gambling? (YOUVEGAS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60994.9
1) Checked335.1
Missing46 
TOTAL642100.0
206) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - took a vacation to the Bahamas, the Caribbean, or some other location out of the country primarily to participate in legal gambling? (YOUBAHAM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63399.1
1) Checked60.9
Missing49 
TOTAL639100.0
207) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - bet on a college sports event such as basketball or football? (YOUCOLLG)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62397.5
1) Checked162.5
Missing49 
TOTAL639100.0
208) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - bet on a horse race or a dog race? (YOUHORSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked61295.5
1) Checked294.5
Missing47 
TOTAL641100.0
209) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - played bingo for money? (YOUBINGO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked61195.3
1) Checked304.7
Missing47 
TOTAL641100.0
210) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - played video poker for money? (YOUVDPOK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked61495.2
1) Checked314.8
Missing43 
TOTAL645100.0
211) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - gambled for money on the Internet? (YOUONLIN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63899.8
1) Checked10.2
Missing49 
TOTAL639100.0
212) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(check the box for all that apply) - made a friendly wager with a friend, relative, or co-worker? (YOUWAGER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52580.8
1) Checked12519.2
Missing38 
TOTAL650100.0
213) Has gambling ever been a source of economic, marital, psychological, or other problems - within your family? (PRB_FAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes294.2
2) No65595.8
Missing4 
TOTAL684100.0
214) Has gambling ever been a source of economic, marital, psychological, or other problems - for anyone in your church (outside of your family)? (PRB_CHUR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11418.0
2) No42467.1
3) Don't know9414.9
Missing56 
TOTAL632100.0
215) Do you know anyone else (outside of your family and your church), such as a neighbor, co-worker, or friend, for whom gambling has been a source of problems? (PRB_OTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24736.9
2) No42263.1
Missing19 
TOTAL669100.0
216) Before this survey, were you aware that the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has repeatedly expressed opposition to all forms of gambling? (PRES_OPP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20129.4
2) No48270.6
Missing5 
TOTAL683100.0
217) Do you personally believe that it is appropriate or not appropriate for the General Assembly to take a stand on legalized gambling? (TAKESTND)
TOTAL%
1) Appropriate48270.8
2) Not appropriate7711.3
3) Uncertain12217.9
Missing7 
TOTAL681100.0
218) Are you familiar with these resources produced by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? - Gambling and Christian Faith, a booklet published in 1998 by the National Ministries Division and the Advisory Committee on Social Witness Policy (KNOWBKLT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have read some/all of it91.3
2) Yes, have seen a copy20.3
3) Yes, have heard of it but not seen a copy243.5
4) No, not familiar64794.9
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
219) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWBKLT] If you have read the Gambling and Christian Faith booklet, how helpful was it in understanding the General Assembly's opposition to gambling? (HELPBKLT)
TOTAL%
1) Very helpful777.8
2) Helpful222.2
Missing679 
TOTAL9100.0
220) Are you familiar with these resources produced by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? - "Gambling and Christian Faith: A New Look at an Old Dilemma," the March/April 1999 issue of Church & Society magazine (KNOWMAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have read some/all of it50.7
2) Yes, have seen a copy40.6
3) Yes, have heard of it but not seen a copy101.5
4) No, not familiar65397.2
Missing16 
TOTAL672100.0
221) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWMAG] If you have read any part of this issue of Church & Society, how helpful was it in understanding contemporary gambling issues? (HELPMAG)
TOTAL%
1) Very helpful440.0
2) Helpful550.0
3) A little helpful110.0
Missing678 
TOTAL10100.0
222) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWMAG] Did reading this booklet [Church & Society's Gambling and Christian Faith article] change your opinions on gambling in any way? (CHNGMAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes516.7
2) No2583.3
Missing658 
TOTAL30100.0
223) Do you believe that Presbyterian congregations, through their sessions, should or should not actively oppose efforts to expand or legalize gambling in their communities? (SHLD_OPP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, sessions should act to oppose legalized gambling31046.5
2) No, sessions should not act to oppose legalized gambling14922.4
3) Uncertain20731.1
Missing22 
TOTAL666100.0
224) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, we've worked to oppose additional legalized gambling. (OPP_OPP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62196.9
1) Checked203.1
Missing47 
TOTAL641100.0
225) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, we've worked to reduce or roll back some kinds of legalized gambling. (OPP_RED)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63198.4
1) Checked101.6
Missing47 
TOTAL641100.0
226) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, we've worked to ban legalized gambling completely. (OPP_BAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62898.3
1) Checked111.7
Missing49 
TOTAL639100.0
227) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, other (OPP_OTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62798.1
1) Checked121.9
Missing49 
TOTAL639100.0
228) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - No (OPP_NO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked18527.4
1) Checked49172.6
Missing12 
TOTAL676100.0
229) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Don't know (OPP_DK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50878.5
1) Checked13921.5
Missing41 
TOTAL647100.0
230) Has your congregation set up a ministry or taken other actions explicitly to help individuals and families affected by compulsive gambling? (GAMBMINS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes121.8
2) No51977.8
3) Don't know13620.4
Missing21 
TOTAL667100.0
231) In 1999, a federal commission recommended a moratorium on the expansion of legal gambling in the United States. How do you feel about this? Would you... (check only one box) (FCC_MORA)
TOTAL%
1) Favor continued expansion of legal gambling284.2
2) Keep legal gambling as it is now12118.3
3) Reduce legal gambling26740.4
4) Ban gambling altogether13620.6
5) Uncertain10916.5
Missing27 
TOTAL661100.0
232) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female32248.1
2) Male34851.9
Missing18 
TOTAL670100.0
233) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL67058.28213
234) Survey format (FEBSURV)
TOTAL%
1) Paper copy63992.9
2) From the web497.1
TOTAL688100.0
235) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 40365.4
2) 40-4914621.8
3) 50-6425437.9
4) 65+23434.9
Missing18 
TOTAL670100.0
236) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female32248.1
2) Male34851.9
Missing18 
TOTAL670100.0
237) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married57885.1
2) Not married10114.9
Missing9 
TOTAL679100.0
238) I-PARTYID: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat19228.5
2) Independent12318.2
3) Republican35352.4
4) Other60.9
Missing14 
TOTAL674100.0
239) I-RACE: What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply) - First response (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian64694.7
2) Black or African American253.7
4) Asian or Pacific Islander101.5
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, Spanish origin10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL682100.0
240) I-INCOME: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 20,000284.3
2) $20K-49,99917326.5
3) $50K-99,99926139.9
4) $100K19229.4
Missing34 
TOTAL654100.0