Presbyterian Panel Survey, November 2000 --Racism and Racial Justice, Elders

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Panel Identification Number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL60550590.479332
2) How would you rate the state of relations between whites and racial ethnic persons in the U.S. these days? (WRRLTNS)
TOTAL%
1) Very good142.3
2) Somewhat good23138.5
3) Neither bad nor good13522.5
4) Somewhat bad20133.5
5) Very bad111.8
6) Not sure81.3
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
3) In the past few years, do you think conditions for racial ethnic people have improved, gotten worse, or stayed about the same? (RRIMPRVE)
TOTAL%
1) Improved30450.3
2) Gotten worse396.5
3) Stayed about the same25341.9
4) Not sure81.3
Missing1 
TOTAL604100.0
4) Compared to whites, how do you feel racial ethnic people are treated in your community? (RETREATD)
TOTAL%
1) The same as or better than whites23438.9
2) Not as well as whites31652.5
3) Not sure528.6
Missing3 
TOTAL602100.0
5) In general, do you think racial ethnic people have as good a chance as whites in your community to get any kind of job for which they are qualified? (RECHANCE)
TOTAL%
1) As good (or better) a chance as whites29649.1
2) Not as good a chance as whites23338.6
3) Not sure7412.3
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
6) In general, do you think racial ethnic children have as good a chance as white children in your community to get a good education? (REEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) As good (or better) a chance as white children41068.1
2) Not as good a chance as white children15525.7
3) Not sure376.1
Missing3 
TOTAL602100.0
7) In general, do you think that racial ethnic people have as good a chance as whites in your community to get any housing they can afford? (REHOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) As good (or better) a chance as whites36160.3
2) Not as good a chance as whites18030.1
3) Not sure589.7
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
8) What sort of neighborhood would you prefer to live in? (NGHBPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly white30451.4
2) Mostly racial ethnic101.7
3) Mixed half and half16327.5
4) Not sure11519.4
Missing13 
TOTAL592100.0
9) What do you think the chances are these days that a white person won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified racial ethnic person gets one instead? (AFFACT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely477.8
2) Likely21535.7
3) Not too likely25141.6
4) Not at all likely223.6
5) Not sure6811.3
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
10) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: On the job or at work? (TRTDJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly61.0
2) Treated less fairly7713.0
3) Treated the same as whites40468.2
4) Treated better than whites315.2
5) Not sure7412.5
Missing13 
TOTAL592100.0
11) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: On public transportation? (TRTDTRNS)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly40.7
2) Treated less fairly396.6
3) Treated the same as whites44575.6
4) Treated better than whites91.5
5) Not sure9215.6
Missing16 
TOTAL589100.0
12) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In stores or shops? (TRTDSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly111.9
2) Treated less fairly13823.2
3) Treated the same as whites41469.7
4) Treated better than whites40.7
5) Not sure274.5
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
13) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In stores downtown or in a shopping mall? (TRTDMALL)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly111.9
2) Treated less fairly13322.4
3) Treated the same as whites40868.7
4) Treated better than whites50.8
5) Not sure376.2
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
14) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In restaurants, bars, theaters, or other entertainment places? (TRTDBARS)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly81.4
2) Treated less fairly10417.6
3) Treated the same as whites43673.6
4) Treated better than whites30.5
5) Not sure416.9
Missing13 
TOTAL592100.0
15) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In dealings with the police? (TRTDPOLC)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly498.2
2) Treated less fairly25642.8
3) Treated the same as whites17629.4
4) Treated better than whites61.0
5) Not sure11118.6
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
16) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In local courts of law? (TRTDCORT)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly244.0
2) Treated less fairly14824.8
3) Treated the same as whites29950.2
4) Treated better than whites132.2
5) Not sure11218.8
Missing9 
TOTAL596100.0
17) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In schools and colleges? (TRTDSCOL)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly30.5
2) Treated less fairly569.4
3) Treated the same as whites39766.8
4) Treated better than whites9816.5
5) Not sure406.7
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
18) In the last two years, how often has your congregation heard a sermon preached on racial justice issues? (OFNRSERM)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times203.3
2) 3-5 times8013.4
3) Once or twice23339.0
4) Never14824.7
5) Not sure11719.6
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
19) In the last two years, how often has your congregation held a study group, school church class, or other educational program on racism and racial justice? (OFNSTDY)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times152.5
2) 3-5 times355.9
3) Once or twice14123.6
4) Never26243.9
5) Not sure14424.1
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
20) In the last two years, how often has your congregation had a guest preacher whose racial ethnic identity differs from the majority of the members in your congregation? (OFNGUEST)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times152.5
2) 3-5 times7212.0
3) Once or twice28147.0
4) Never19432.4
5) Not sure366.0
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
21) In the last two years, how often has your congregation worshiped jointly with another congregation whose members are mostly of a different racial ethnic background than most members in your congregation? (OFNWRSHP)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times91.5
2) 3-5 times447.3
3) Once or twice17429.0
4) Never33455.8
5) Not sure386.3
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
22) When your congregation last called a pastor, did it make a special to identify candidates whose racial ethnic backgrounds differ from those of most members? (NEWPASTR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes498.2
2) No27545.8
3) Not sure27746.1
Missing4 
TOTAL601100.0
23) In 1996, the PC(USA) General Assembly approved the goal of increasing the racial ethnic membership to 20 percent of the denominational total by 2010. Were you previously aware of this goal for the PC(USA)? (DIVGOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9415.6
2) No50884.4
Missing3 
TOTAL602100.0
24) How likely is it that the goal will be achieved, in your opinion? (LIKEGOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely61.0
2) Likely355.8
3) Only somewhat likely20033.3
4) Not too likely23739.5
5) Not at all likely8213.7
6) Not sure406.7
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
25) Would you favor the PC(USA) contributing significantly more money and resources toward reaching this goal? (FUNDGOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15526.1
2) No24541.3
3) Not sure19332.5
Missing12 
TOTAL593100.0
26) Would you continue to favor a significant increase in money and resources for this goal even if it meant taking resources away from other PC(USA) programs? (OTHFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9015.2
2) No33656.8
3) Not sure16628.0
Missing13 
TOTAL592100.0
27) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: helping existing racial ethnic congregations to grow. (STRANK1)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least509.1
2) Prefer fourth6311.4
3) Prefer third13524.5
4) Prefer second8916.1
5) Prefer the most21538.9
Missing53 
TOTAL552100.0
28) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: starting new churches in established racial ethnic communities and neighborhoods. (STRANK2)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least7814.2
2) Prefer fourth15127.5
3) Prefer third12021.9
4) Prefer second12422.6
5) Prefer the most7613.8
Missing56 
TOTAL549100.0
29) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: starting new churches or fellowships among immigrant groups. (STRANK3)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least16830.8
2) Prefer fourth11521.1
3) Prefer third12322.5
4) Prefer second9417.2
5) Prefer the most468.4
Missing59 
TOTAL546100.0
30) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: working with mostly white congregations located in racial ethnic neighborhoods to help them bring in new racial ethnic members. (STRANK4)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least539.6
2) Prefer fourth12923.4
3) Prefer third10018.1
4) Prefer second15928.9
5) Prefer the most11020.0
Missing54 
TOTAL551100.0
31) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: encouraging mostly white congregations, wherever located, to make greater efforts to reach out to racial ethnic persons. (STRANK5)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least17932.2
2) Prefer fourth6311.3
3) Prefer third7212.9
4) Prefer second10719.2
5) Prefer the most13524.3
Missing49 
TOTAL556100.0
32) In the last two years, have you personally written a letter to a public official expressing your views on racial justice? (WRITLETR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes213.5
2) No57696.5
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
33) In the last two years, have you personally given money to an organization concerned with racial justice? (DONMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20033.8
2) No36762.1
3) Not sure244.1
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
34) In the last two years, have you personally joined an organization concerned with racial justice? (JOINORG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes579.6
2) No52889.3
3) Not sure61.0
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
35) In the last two years, have you personally participated in a racial awareness or multi-cultural diversity program? (PARTDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18932.2
2) No39166.6
3) Not sure71.2
Missing18 
TOTAL587100.0
36) In the last two years, have you personally participated in a demonstration to support the civil rights of racial ethnic persons? (PARTDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes132.2
2) No58197.6
3) Not sure10.2
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
37) In the last two years, have you personally been in a class, workshop, or other formal and anti-racism training? (WORKSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9816.5
2) No49483.3
3) Not sure10.2
Missing12 
TOTAL593100.0
38) In the last two years, have you personally volunteered time to work for an organization or group working for racial justice? (VOLGROUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7612.8
2) No51686.9
3) Not sure20.3
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
39) In the last two years, have you voted for or against a candidate for public office primarily because of that person's own racial ethnic background? (VOTERACE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes345.8
2) No54592.2
3) Not sure122.0
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
40) [ASK ONLY IF VOTERACE=1 "YES"]How did you vote? (VOTERAC2)
TOTAL%
1) For someone because of that person's racial ethnic background3384.6
2) Against someone because of that person's racial ethnic background615.4
Missing566 
TOTAL39100.0
41) In the last two years, have you voted for or against a candidate for public office mainly because of his/her stand on racial justice? (VOTERAC3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9816.6
2) No46979.4
3) Not sure244.1
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
42) [ASK ONLY IF VATERAC3=1 "YES"]How did you vote? (VOTERAC4)
TOTAL%
1) For someone because of that person's position on racial justice6870.1
2) Against someone because of that person's position on racial justice2929.9
Missing508 
TOTAL97100.0
43) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your local community? (INTRCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently10517.7
2) Frequently16627.9
3) Occasionally21636.4
4) Rarely9916.7
5) Never81.3
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
44) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your place of work? (INTRJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently16233.8
2) Frequently11524.0
3) Occasionally7114.8
4) Rarely7415.4
5) Never5711.9
Missing126 
TOTAL479100.0
45) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your church? (INTRCHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently5910.1
2) Frequently11319.3
3) Occasionally20334.6
4) Rarely16728.4
5) Never457.7
Missing18 
TOTAL587100.0
46) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your own home? (INTRHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently325.4
2) Frequently478.0
3) Occasionally15726.7
4) Rarely24742.0
5) Never10517.9
Missing17 
TOTAL588100.0
47) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in other social settings? (INTRSOCS)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently274.6
2) Frequently11719.8
3) Occasionally27546.5
4) Rarely14825.0
5) Never244.1
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
48) Have you ever received undeserved privileges or benefits because of your racial or ethnic background? (RACEPRIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes376.2
2) No45576.2
3) Not sure10517.6
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
49) Have you ever experienced discrimination, harassment, violence, or prejudicial statements because of your racial or ethnic background? (EXDISCR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10818.1
2) No48981.9
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
50) Have you ever observed discriminatory behavior, or harassment toward, or heard prejudicial statements about a person or group of persons in your congregation based on their racial or ethnic background? (SEENDISC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9816.4
2) No49883.4
3) Not sure10.2
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
51) [ASK ONLY IF RESPONDENT IS A MEMBER OR ELDER]If you moved to a new community and were looking for a church to join, what racial ethnic membership would you most prefer? (RACEPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly white26145.2
2) Mostly racial ethnic132.3
3) Mixed half and half15526.9
4) Not sure14825.6
Missing28 
TOTAL577100.0
52) [ASK ONLY IF RESPONDENT IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER]For your next pastoral call, what racial ethnic membership would you prefer? (RACEMEMB)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly white1329.5
2) Mostly racial ethnic36.8
3) Mixed half and half49.1
4) Not sure2454.5
Missing561 
TOTAL44100.0
53) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It's good for the U.S. that its population is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. (OPINDIVR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10718.0
2) Agree27546.1
3) Uncertain15926.7
4) Disagree477.9
5) Strongly disagree81.3
Missing9 
TOTAL596100.0
54) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because of past and present discrimination it is sometimes necessary for colleges and universities to reserve openings for racial ethnic students. (OPINAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree406.7
2) Agree17429.1
3) Uncertain13422.4
4) Disagree17629.4
5) Strongly disagree7412.4
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
55) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attracting more racial ethnic members is the only way the PC(USA) will reverse its long-term membership decline. (OPINREVR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree335.5
2) Agree9115.2
3) Uncertain18430.8
4) Disagree21736.3
5) Strongly disagree7212.1
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
56) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The PC(USA) is basically white and should quit wasting time trying to attract more racial ethnic people. (OPINDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree122.0
2) Agree345.7
3) Uncertain8013.4
4) Disagree29849.7
5) Strongly disagree17529.2
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
57) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Predominantly white congregations should make serious efforts to hire pastors who come from other racial-ethnic groups. (OPINEFRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree142.3
2) Agree7813.0
3) Uncertain20534.3
4) Disagree24941.6
5) Strongly disagree528.7
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
58) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Congregations will become truly racially and ethnically diverse only by effectively dealing with racism. (OPINDEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10116.9
2) Agree30551.1
3) Uncertain10617.8
4) Disagree7111.9
5) Strongly disagree142.3
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
59) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Congregations will become truly racially and ethnically diverse only when the neighborhoods where they are located become racially and ethnically diverse. (OPINNGHB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree569.5
2) Agree28748.5
3) Uncertain13122.1
4) Disagree10718.1
5) Strongly disagree111.9
Missing13 
TOTAL592100.0
60) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? My congregation has made it a priority to become more racially and ethnically diverse. (OPINPRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree101.7
2) Agree11419.1
3) Uncertain16127.0
4) Disagree25442.6
5) Strongly disagree579.6
Missing9 
TOTAL596100.0
61) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When immigrants don't speak English, it's okay with me for them to form separate congregations and fellowships where they can worship in their native language. (OPINSEPR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6310.5
2) Agree34557.7
3) Uncertain9616.1
4) Disagree7512.5
5) Strongly disagree193.2
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
62) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Creating congregations that are racially and ethnically integrated is so important that immigrants who are Presbyterians, even those who speak no English, should be discouraged from setting up racially or ethnically-specific congregations. (OPININTG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree142.4
2) Agree8113.6
3) Uncertain15626.2
4) Disagree27245.7
5) Strongly disagree7212.1
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
63) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Churches should be at the forefront of our society's efforts against racism. (OPINHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20334.0
2) Agree28748.1
3) Uncertain7612.7
4) Disagree284.7
5) Strongly disagree30.5
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
64) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? I'd be uncomfortable with a pastor from a different racial ethnic background than my own. (OPINUNCM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree244.0
2) Agree6010.0
3) Uncertain10717.9
4) Disagree26343.9
5) Strongly disagree14524.2
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
65) Would you vote for a law to stop almost all legal immigration into the United States for the next five years? (LAWIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6510.9
2) No45175.3
3) Not sure8313.9
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
66) Would you like to see the federal government do significantly more to stop illegal (undocumented) immigration to the U.S.? (ILLIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42470.7
2) No7913.2
3) Not sure9716.2
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
67) The number of immigrants into the U.S. each year should be: (NOIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Increased346.0
2) Decreased11720.7
3) Kept at present level19935.2
4) Not sure21638.2
Missing39 
TOTAL566100.0
68) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Africa? (AFRICA)
TOTAL%
0) None18230.1
1) 140.7
2) 2132.1
2.08333333333333) 2.0833333333333310.2
3) 371.2
3.63636363636364) 3.6363636363636410.2
4) 461.0
5) 59515.7
5.26315789473684) 5.2631578947368410.2
6) 610.2
6.25) 6.2510.2
6.66666666666667) 6.6666666666666710.2
7) 720.3
8) 850.8
9.09090909090909) 9.0909090909090920.3
10) 1014724.3
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473720.3
11) 1110.2
12) 1220.3
14.8936170212766) 14.893617021276610.2
15) 15406.6
18) 1810.2
19) 1910.2
20) 20599.8
23) 2310.2
25) 2591.5
26.3157894736842) 26.315789473684210.2
27) 2710.2
30) 3091.5
32) 3210.2
34) 3410.2
35) 3520.3
40) 4010.2
50) 5020.3
80) 8010.2
TOTAL605100.0
69) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Asia? (ASIA)
TOTAL%
0) None16927.9
2) 210.2
3) 310.2
4) 410.2
5) 5193.1
6.17283950617284) 6.1728395061728410.2
7) 710.2
10) 10579.4
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473710.2
12) 1210.2
12.5) 12.510.2
13) 1330.5
15) 15213.5
16) 1620.3
17) 1720.3
18.1818181818182) 18.181818181818210.2
20) 2010417.2
20.8333333333333) 20.833333333333310.2
21.2765957446809) 21.276595744680910.2
25) 25528.6
26.3157894736842) 26.315789473684210.2
27) 2710.2
27.2727272727273) 27.272727272727320.3
30) 309014.9
31.5789473684211) 31.578947368421110.2
33) 3310.2
33.3333333333333) 33.333333333333310.2
35) 35142.3
37.5) 37.510.2
38) 3810.2
40) 40244.0
42) 4210.2
42.8571428571429) 42.857142857142910.2
45) 4520.3
50) 50142.3
51) 5110.2
52.6315789473684) 52.631578947368410.2
55) 5510.2
60) 6050.8
70) 7020.3
TOTAL605100.0
70) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Canada? (CANADA)
TOTAL%
0) None19932.9
.909090909090909) 10.2
1) 1152.5
2) 2233.8
3) 371.2
4) 430.5
5) 512420.5
5.26315789473684) 5.2631578947368420.3
5.31914893617021) 5.3191489361702110.2
6) 610.2
6.66666666666667) 6.6666666666666710.2
7) 720.3
8) 830.5
9.09090909090909) 9.0909090909090910.2
10) 1013822.8
10.4166666666667) 10.416666666666710.2
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473710.2
13.6363636363636) 13.636363636363610.2
15) 15274.5
18) 1810.2
20) 20315.1
24) 2410.2
25) 2581.3
30) 3040.7
35) 3510.2
40) 4040.7
50) 5030.5
55) 5510.2
TOTAL605100.0
71) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Europe? (EUROPE)
TOTAL%
0) None18029.8
1) 150.8
1.23456790123457) 1.2345679012345710.2
2) 261.0
3) 330.5
4) 430.5
5) 56711.1
5.26315789473684) 5.2631578947368420.3
5.31914893617021) 5.3191489361702110.2
6) 620.3
7) 710.2
8) 840.7
9) 910.2
9.09090909090909) 9.0909090909090910.2
10) 1011719.3
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473710.2
13.6363636363636) 13.636363636363610.2
14) 1410.2
15) 15518.4
16) 1630.5
17) 1710.2
20) 207812.9
22.7272727272727) 22.727272727272710.2
24) 2410.2
25) 25254.1
27) 2710.2
28) 2810.2
30) 30223.6
31) 3110.2
33) 3310.2
40) 40101.7
45) 4540.7
50) 5050.8
54) 5410.2
60) 6010.2
62.5) 62.510.2
TOTAL605100.0
72) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Latin America? (LAMERICA)
TOTAL%
0) None16126.6
1) 110.2
4.16666666666667) 4.1666666666666710.2
5) 550.8
6.25) 6.2510.2
10) 10152.5
15) 1591.5
16) 1610.2
20) 20437.1
25) 25284.6
26) 2610.2
26.3157894736842) 26.315789473684220.3
27) 2720.3
30) 30609.9
32) 3210.2
33.3333333333333) 33.333333333333310.2
35) 35213.5
40) 40609.9
44) 4410.2
45) 4561.0
45.4545454545454) 45.454545454545430.5
48) 4820.3
50) 507312.1
52.6315789473684) 52.631578947368410.2
53.1914893617021) 53.191489361702110.2
55) 5540.7
57.1428571428571) 57.142857142857110.2
60) 60437.1
62.5) 62.510.2
63) 6310.2
65) 6571.2
68) 6810.2
69) 6910.2
70) 70142.3
75) 7591.5
76) 7610.2
78) 7810.2
78.9473684210526) 78.947368421052610.2
80) 8071.2
85) 8510.2
86) 8610.2
90) 9050.8
92.5925925925926) 92.592592592592610.2
100) 10050.8
TOTAL605100.0
73) Which comes closer to your view? (IMMVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants become productive citizens and pay their fair share of taxes32056.7
2) Immigrants cost the taxpayers too much by using government services10218.1
3) Not sure14225.2
Missing41 
TOTAL564100.0
74) Which comes closer to your view? (IMMVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants mostly take jobs that U.S. citizens want152.6
2) Immigrants mostly take low-paying jobs U.S. citizens don't want42875.5
3) Not sure12421.9
Missing38 
TOTAL567100.0
75) Which comes closer to your view? (IMMVIEW3)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor32658.1
2) Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans335.9
3) Not sure20236.0
Missing44 
TOTAL561100.0
76) Would you favor a law to grant amnesty to undocumented immigrants already in the U.S., allowing them to stay here legally and apply for permanent residency? (LAWANSTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20436.0
2) No19834.9
3) Not sure16529.1
Missing38 
TOTAL567100.0
77) How many recent immigrants would you say live in your area people who moved to the U.S. since 1985? (IMMAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Many23642.3
2) Some15728.1
3) Only a few14025.1
4) None254.5
Missing47 
TOTAL558100.0
78) Did you happen to vote in the recent Presidential election? (VOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56699.0
2) No61.0
Missing33 
TOTAL572100.0
79) [ASK ONLY IF VOTE=1 "YES"]Whom did you vote for? (VOTE2)
TOTAL%
1) George W. Bush29557.2
2) Al Gore20439.5
3) Ralph Nader112.1
4) Pat Buchanan20.4
5) Other (specify)40.8
Missing89 
TOTAL516100.0
80) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
2) Elders605100.0
TOTAL605100.0
81) Survey format (SURVEY)
TOTAL%
1) Paper copy56393.1
2) From the web426.9
TOTAL605100.0
82) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? __ year(s) (if less than one year, __ months) (YRSMMEMB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL59822.08215
83) How far do you live from your congregation? __ mile(s) (HOWFAR)
TOTAL%
0) Less than one mile91.5
1) 115125.4
2) 28714.6
3) 37713.0
4) 4477.9
5) 5599.9
6) 6325.4
7) 7223.7
8) 8254.2
9) 961.0
10) 10274.5
11) 1110.2
12) 12111.9
13) 1310.2
14) 1420.3
15) 15111.9
17) 1720.3
18) 1820.3
19) 1910.2
20) 2081.3
22) 2210.2
25) 2550.8
30) 3020.3
37) 3710.2
40) 4010.2
45) 4510.2
500) 50010.2
998) 998 miles or more10.2
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
84) What is the approximate membership of the congregations(s) you attend? If you don't know, leave the line blank and check here. (NOMEMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL578836.9841307
85) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59899.5
2) No30.5
Missing4 
TOTAL601100.0
86) [IF YES TO EVERELDR] Are you serving now on session? (NOWELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34558.4
2) No24641.6
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
87) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22838.3
2) No36761.7
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
88) [IF YES TO EVERDCON] Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (NOWDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92.9
2) No30597.1
Missing291 
TOTAL314100.0
89) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked34557.3
1) Checked25742.7
Missing3 
TOTAL602100.0
90) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked28346.9
1) Checked32053.1
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
91) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSGAMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked53889.2
1) Checked6510.8
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
92) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGOFF)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49682.3
1) Checked10717.7
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
93) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41168.2
1) Checked19231.8
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
94) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Organist or choir director (POSCHDIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59498.5
1) Checked91.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
95) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of choir (POSCHMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked46677.3
1) Checked13722.7
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
96) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Church school teacher/leader (POSTCHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked39565.5
1) Checked20834.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
97) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Other (specify) (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56994.4
1) Checked345.6
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
98) How often do you generally attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (Check the appropriate box) (FREQATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Never20.3
3) Once or twice a year10.2
4) Several times a year40.7
5) Once a month40.7
6) 2-3 times a month549.0
7) Nearly every week36561.0
8) Every week16828.1
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
99) In the last year, have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? (EVERMISA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56498.8
2) No71.2
Missing34 
TOTAL571100.0
100) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] Approximately how many Sundays have you missed attending worship over the last year (52 weeks)? Estimate the number of Sundays you were absent from worship in the last year on the line. (EVERMISB)
TOTAL%
0) None20.3
1) 1142.4
2) 2457.6
3) 3518.6
4) 49315.6
5) 5589.7
6) 66711.3
7) 7193.2
8) 86010.1
9) 950.8
10) 107011.8
11) 1120.3
12) 12274.5
13) 1320.3
14) 1461.0
15) 15244.0
16) 1650.8
17) 1710.2
18) 1850.8
20) 20152.5
21) 2110.2
22) 2210.2
24) 2410.2
25) 2540.7
26) 2620.3
28) 2820.3
30) 3040.7
35) 3510.2
36) 3610.2
40) 4020.3
48) 4810.2
50) 5020.3
52) 5210.2
99) Don't Know10.2
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
101) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (EMJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51284.9
1) Checked9115.1
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
102) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was traveling on business and didn't get home in time. (EMRAVEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49882.6
1) Checked10517.4
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
103) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was ill. (EMILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked36560.5
1) Checked23839.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
104) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (EMFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked46977.9
1) Checked13322.1
Missing3 
TOTAL602100.0
105) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was away on vacation. (EMVACATN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked10717.7
1) Checked49682.3
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
106) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (EMCTCHHU)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52987.7
1) Checked7412.3
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
107) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I just didn't feel like going. (EMFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54991.0
1) Checked549.0
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
108) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - The weather was bad. (EMWEATHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55892.5
1) Checked457.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
109) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I overslept. (EMSLEPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59498.5
1) Checked91.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
110) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had guests from out of town. (EMGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked47678.9
1) Checked12721.1
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
111) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I decided to do something else that day. (EMELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54890.9
1) Checked559.1
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
112) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I wasn't interested in the theme of the service. (EMTHEME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59899.2
1) Checked50.8
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
113) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I didn't want to hear a particular preacher/speaker. (EMPRECHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57895.9
1) Checked254.1
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
114) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Conflict in the congregation (EMCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59198.0
1) Checked122.0
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
115) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Other (volunteered response) (EMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) All other1881.8
3) Visited another church (out of town)14.5
5) Visited another church313.6
Missing583 
TOTAL22100.0
116) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended Sunday church school, include those hours here)? (HRSEVENT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours6010.0
2) 1-2 Hours7212.0
3) 3-5 Hours17228.8
4) 6-10 Hours16627.8
5) 11-20 Hours9015.1
6) More than 20 Hours386.4
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
117) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event? (HRSVOLCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours6410.7
2) 1-2 Hours11318.9
3) 3-5 Hours17429.1
4) 6-10 Hours12921.6
5) 11-20 Hours6310.6
6) More than 20 Hours549.0
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
118) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church? (HRSOTHCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours29549.7
2) 1-2 Hours13021.9
3) 3-5 Hours9215.5
4) 6-10 Hours406.7
5) 11-20 Hours132.2
6) More than 20 Hours244.0
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
119) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work)? (HRSVOLOT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours21736.7
2) 1-2 Hours13522.8
3) 3-5 Hours10718.1
4) 6-10 Hours7112.0
5) 11-20 Hours294.9
6) More than 20 Hours325.4
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
120) Did you belong to any other churches before the one you now belong to? (BELCHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48281.3
2) No11118.7
Missing12 
TOTAL593100.0
121) [IF YES TO BELCRCH] What denomination was the church you belonged to immediately prior to the church you are now a member of? (Check only one box) (WHACHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist285.8
2) Disciples of Christ112.3
3) Episcopal122.5
4) Lutheran173.5
5) Methodist8216.9
6) Presbyterian24149.7
7) Other Presbyterian102.1
8) Reformed91.9
9) Roman Catholic163.3
10) UCC193.9
11) Non-denominational163.3
12) Other244.9
Missing120 
TOTAL485100.0
122) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Check only one. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, answer by putting a check in the one that influenced you the most.) (DEN_RAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist477.9
2) Disciples of Christ132.2
3) Episcopal213.5
4) Lutheran294.9
5) Methodist9115.2
6) Presbyterian25943.4
7) Other Presbyterian101.7
8) Reformed111.8
9) Roman Catholic315.2
10) UCC274.5
11) Non-denominational183.0
12) None111.8
13) Other294.9
Missing8 
TOTAL597100.0
123) How old were you when you first became a member of a Presbyterian church? (HOWOLD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL59224.87715
124) When you were growing up, say ages 10 to 12, how active were your parents in church? (PAR_ACTV)
TOTAL%
1) Very active22737.8
2) Generally active12120.2
3) Somewhat active8313.8
4) Not very active7712.8
5) Not active at all8914.8
6) Don't know30.5
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
125) Do any of your relatives serve as pastors, Christian educators, or mission workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELPAST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11419.3
2) No47780.7
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
126) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How many relatives are currently serving the church in full-time paid positions? (RELPAST#)
TOTAL%
0) 3526.1
1) 7253.7
2) 1914.2
3) 43.0
4) 21.5
5) 10.7
6) 10.7
Missing471 
TOTAL134100.0
127) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60199.7
1) Checked20.3
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
128) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60199.7
1) Checked20.3
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
129) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked603100.0
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
130) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60299.8
1) Checked10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
131) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My son (SONPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58897.5
1) Checked152.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
132) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59698.8
1) Checked71.2
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
133) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59198.0
1) Checked122.0
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
134) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHPAST)
TOTAL%
0) All other33.2
1) Grandchild22.2
2) Distant ancestor22.2
3) Uncle/Aunt77.5
4) Niece or nephew1819.4
5) Cousin3739.8
8) Spouse88.6
9) In-law1617.2
Missing512 
TOTAL93100.0
135) Have any other relatives, whether living or dead, such as grandparents or great-grandparents, served in the past as pastors, Christian educators, missionary workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELCRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12822.0
2) No45478.0
Missing23 
TOTAL582100.0
136) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How many relatives in the past served the church in full-time paid positions? (Approximate number) (RELCRCH#)
TOTAL%
0) 3022.1
1) 6144.9
2) 2820.6
3) 64.4
4) 32.2
5) 10.7
6) 32.2
7) 32.2
8) 10.7
Missing469 
TOTAL136100.0
137) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58697.2
1) Checked172.8
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
138) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58697.2
1) Checked172.8
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
139) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57094.5
1) Checked335.5
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
140) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59498.7
1) Checked81.3
Missing3 
TOTAL602100.0
141) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply My son (SONCHRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60299.8
1) Checked10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
142) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60299.8
1) Checked10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
143) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58797.3
1) Checked162.7
Missing2 
TOTAL603100.0
144) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) All other33.5
1) Grandchild22.4
2) Distant ancestor2327.1
3) Uncle/Aunt2731.8
5) Cousin1416.5
8) Spouse44.7
9) In-law1214.1
Missing520 
TOTAL85100.0
145) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (LIB_CONS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative264.3
2) Conservative20133.6
3) Moderate25642.7
4) Liberal9616.0
5) Very Liberal203.3
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
146) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or accept Him as a personal savior? (WITNESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41769.6
2) No18230.4
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
147) Would you say you have had a conversion experience--that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CNVRSION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27045.5
2) No32454.5
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
148) Do you believe that some or all of the Bible was inspired by God? (INSP_GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes57498.3
2) No101.7
Missing21 
TOTAL584100.0
149) [IF YES TO INSP_GOD] How much of what the Bible contains do you believe was inspired by God? (INSPMUCH)
TOTAL%
1) All of it29751.3
2) Almost all of it9316.1
3) Most of it12721.9
4) Some of it366.2
5) Only a very small amount30.5
6) Not sure234.0
Missing26 
TOTAL579100.0
150) The account of Creation presented in Genesis - (Check the one box that best describes your view) (CREA_TRU)
TOTAL%
1) Is literally true, exactly as we find it in the Bible--that is, it took six 24-hour periods for God to create the world437.3
2) Is a true account of how God created the world31152.7
3) Reflects human feelings about how the world might have been created23640.0
Missing15 
TOTAL590100.0
151) Which statement best summarizes your view of the Bible? (Check one box) (BIBL_ACC)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is entirely accurate without error of any kind.14024.6
2) The Bible is without error of any kind in spiritual matters, but there are problems in other areas such as science and history.29251.3
3) The Bible contains errors in both spiritual and secular matters.13724.1
Missing36 
TOTAL569100.0
152) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (IND_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree427.1
2) Agree11319.1
3) Not sure7312.4
4) Disagree26144.2
5) Strongly disagree10217.3
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
153) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (ALL_RELS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree203.4
2) Agree14725.0
3) Not sure10618.0
4) Disagree18932.1
5) Strongly disagree12621.4
Missing17 
TOTAL588100.0
154) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - There is a life beyond death. (BYND_DTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree39166.6
2) Agree14725.0
3) Not sure437.3
4) Disagree50.9
5) Strongly disagree10.2
Missing18 
TOTAL587100.0
155) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humanity is in Jesus Christ. (JES_TRUE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28448.7
2) Agree14625.0
3) Not sure8614.8
4) Disagree569.6
5) Strongly disagree111.9
Missing22 
TOTAL583100.0
156) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (JES_SAVE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15526.3
2) Agree9716.5
3) Not sure14725.0
4) Disagree13522.9
5) Strongly disagree559.3
Missing16 
TOTAL589100.0
157) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - It is important to share my faith with other people. (SHAR_FTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24341.1
2) Agree31052.5
3) Not sure233.9
4) Disagree132.2
5) Strongly disagree20.3
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
158) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The Devil (Satan) really exists. (DEVL_XST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22237.6
2) Agree18932.0
3) Not sure10818.3
4) Disagree508.5
5) Strongly disagree213.6
Missing15 
TOTAL590100.0
159) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Jesus was born of a virgin. (JES_VRGN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28948.9
2) Agree19332.7
3) Not sure8714.7
4) Disagree132.2
5) Strongly disagree91.5
Missing14 
TOTAL591100.0
160) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible privately (OFT_BPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily11419.2
2) Several times a week10317.3
3) Weekly9415.8
4) Several times a month9315.6
5) Once a month416.9
6) Several times a year10718.0
7) Once a year or less335.5
8) Never101.7
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
161) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible with family or friends (OFT_BFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily142.4
2) Several times a week254.2
3) Weekly13322.5
4) Several times a month6811.5
5) Once a month447.5
6) Several times a year9716.4
7) Once a year or less8314.1
8) Never12621.4
Missing15 
TOTAL590100.0
162) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a Bible study group (OFT_BGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily20.3
2) Several times a week40.7
3) Weekly16027.8
4) Several times a month427.3
5) Once a month549.4
6) Several times a year8514.8
7) Once a year or less9516.5
8) Never13423.3
Missing29 
TOTAL576100.0
163) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray privately (OFT_PPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily39065.9
2) Several times a week11719.8
3) Weekly203.4
4) Several times a month376.3
5) Once a month71.2
6) Several times a year183.0
7) Once a year or less20.3
8) Never10.2
Missing13 
TOTAL592100.0
164) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray with family or friends (OFT_PFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily12922.0
2) Several times a week9315.8
3) Weekly10618.1
4) Several times a month6811.6
5) Once a month284.8
6) Several times a year7713.1
7) Once a year or less284.8
8) Never589.9
Missing18 
TOTAL587100.0
165) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a prayer group (OFT_PGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily30.5
2) Several times a week61.0
3) Weekly6511.2
4) Several times a month254.3
5) Once a month284.8
6) Several times a year8414.5
7) Once a year or less10017.2
8) Never26946.4
Missing25 
TOTAL580100.0
166) Do you believe that Jesus will return to Earth some day? (JES_RTRN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43475.5
2) No366.3
3) Not sure10518.3
Missing30 
TOTAL575100.0
167) [IF YES TO JES_RTRN] Do you think that Jesus's return is more likely in 2000, less likely in 2000, or about as likely then as in any other year? (RTRN2000)
TOTAL%
1) More likely in 200081.6
2) About as likely in 2000 as in any other year30462.0
3) Less likely in 2000122.4
4) No Opinion16633.9
Missing115 
TOTAL490100.0
168) Do you currently have plans for this coming New Year's Eve (Dec. 31, 1999)? (PLAN_NYR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16227.6
2) No42472.4
Missing19 
TOTAL586100.0
169) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] Will you be celebrating or commemorating the end of 1999 and the beginning of 2000 in a way different from how you would usually mark the end of one year and the beginning of a new one? (PLAN_USU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7424.2
2) No23275.8
Missing299 
TOTAL306100.0
170) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - First response (PLAN_DO1)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing special/stay at home66.7
2) Spend time with family3033.7
3) Party/celebrate2123.6
4) Work22.2
5) Attend church1820.2
6) Vacation/travel22.2
7) Not sure-no plans yet22.2
9) Other89.0
Missing516 
TOTAL89100.0
171) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - Second response (PLAN_DO2)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing special/stay at home133.3
3) Party/celebrate266.7
Missing602 
TOTAL3100.0
172) Does your congregation plan to hold a worship service on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day to mark the transition to 2000? (NEW_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely477.9
2) Yes, probably6911.6
3) No, probably not13522.7
4) No, definitely not233.9
5) Don't know32254.0
Missing9 
TOTAL596100.0
173) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in U.S. society generally? (Y2KSOCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very major10.2
2) Major162.7
3) Minor23439.4
4) Very minor25542.9
5) None at all498.2
6) No opinion396.6
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
174) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local community? (Y2KCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Very major10.2
2) Major40.7
3) Minor19933.5
4) Very minor26344.3
5) None at all9115.3
6) No opinion366.1
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
175) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local church? (Y2KCRCH)
TOTAL%
2) Major40.7
3) Minor9315.7
4) Very minor20234.0
5) None at all26043.8
6) No opinion355.9
Missing11 
TOTAL594100.0
176) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your own personal life? (Y2KLIFE)
TOTAL%
2) Major30.5
3) Minor12220.5
4) Very minor22738.2
5) None at all21035.3
6) No opinion335.5
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
177) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female29248.7
2) Male30851.3
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
178) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL59958.53612
179) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not a farm6310.5
2) On a farm366.0
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)16327.3
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)8514.2
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city599.9
6) In a large city (over 250,000)6611.0
7) In a suburb near a large city12621.1
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
180) What is your present marital status? (MAR_STAT)
TOTAL%
1) Married50083.6
2) Not married9816.4
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
181) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (MAR_EVER)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married2323.0
2) Yes, now widowed4848.0
3) Yes, now divorced2222.0
4) Yes, both widowed and divorced77.0
Missing505 
TOTAL100100.0
182) If currently married, have you ever had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREV_MAR)
TOTAL%
1) No39883.1
2) Yes, was widowed102.1
3) Yes, was divorced7014.6
4) Yes, both widowed and divorced10.2
Missing126 
TOTAL479100.0
183) How often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (SPOUCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Never132.6
2) Less than once a year61.2
3) About once or twice a year163.2
4) Several times a year122.4
5) About once a month244.9
6) 2-3 times a month5210.5
7) Nearly every week26353.2
8) Every week10821.9
Missing111 
TOTAL494100.0
184) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Faith in which spouse was raised (SPOURAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist6212.6
2) Disciples of Christ71.4
3) Episcopal142.9
4) Lutheran285.7
5) Methodist8717.7
6) Presbyterian Church16132.8
7) Other Presbyterian91.8
8) Reformed10.2
9) Roman Catholic459.2
10) UCC204.1
11) Non-denominational153.1
12) None173.5
13) Other255.1
Missing114 
TOTAL491100.0
185) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Spouse's current faith (SPOUFATH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist10.2
3) Episcopal20.5
5) Methodist40.9
6) Presbyterian Church39191.8
7) Other Presbyterian51.2
9) Roman Catholic40.9
10) UCC10.2
12) None153.5
13) Other30.7
Missing179 
TOTAL426100.0
186) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, first response (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time21936.9
2) Employed part-time528.8
3) Self-employed7112.0
4) Unemployed40.7
5) Retired20434.4
6) Homemaker406.7
7) Student10.2
8) Other20.3
Missing12 
TOTAL593100.0
187) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, second response (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time36.5
2) Employed part-time24.3
3) Self-employed510.9
5) Retired1226.1
6) Homemaker2043.5
7) Student24.3
8) Other24.3
Missing559 
TOTAL46100.0
188) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, first response (SPOUEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time18137.7
2) Employed part-time439.0
3) Self-employed459.4
4) Unemployed40.8
5) Retired13828.8
6) Homemaker6413.3
7) Student10.2
8) Other30.6
9) Sick/Disabled10.2
Missing125 
TOTAL480100.0
189) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, second response (SPOUEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time29.1
2) Employed part-time313.6
3) Self-employed313.6
5) Retired313.6
6) Homemaker627.3
8) Other522.7
Missing583 
TOTAL22100.0
190) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year - Your hours (YOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 0174.5
2) 210.3
4) 420.5
5) 520.5
6) 610.3
7) 710.3
8) 810.3
10) 1071.9
12) 1220.5
14) 1410.3
15) 15112.9
16) 1630.8
17) 1710.3
18) 1810.3
20) 20215.6
21) 2110.3
23) 2320.5
24) 2441.1
25) 2530.8
26) 2610.3
30) 30205.3
32) 3210.3
35) 35112.9
36) 3610.3
37) 3710.3
38) 3871.9
40) 406717.7
42) 4251.3
43) 4320.5
44) 4410.3
45) 454211.1
46) 4610.3
47) 4710.3
48) 4871.9
50) 506316.7
52) 5210.3
53) 5310.3
54) 5410.3
55) 55174.5
56) 5620.5
60) 60338.7
65) 6510.3
70) 7030.8
77) 7710.3
84) 8410.3
85) 8510.3
96) 9610.3
99) Don't know20.5
Missing227 
TOTAL378100.0
191) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year - Spouse's hours (SPOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 0247.5
1) 120.6
4) 410.3
5) 530.9
6) 610.3
8) 841.3
10) 1061.9
12) 1230.9
14) 1410.3
15) 15103.1
16) 1620.6
17) 1710.3
20) 20134.1
22) 2210.3
24) 2430.9
25) 2592.8
28) 2810.3
30) 30154.7
32) 3220.6
33) 3320.6
35) 3592.8
37) 3720.6
39) 3910.3
40) 408225.6
42) 4210.3
44) 4430.9
45) 45216.6
46) 4620.6
48) 4851.6
50) 503811.9
54) 5420.6
55) 55144.4
56) 5610.3
60) 60226.9
65) 6510.3
68) 6810.3
70) 7030.9
72) 7210.3
75) 7510.3
80) 8010.3
84) 8410.3
90) 9010.3
99) Don't know30.9
Missing285 
TOTAL320100.0
192) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Your Occupation (YOUOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management7216.3
13) Business and financial operations337.4
15) Computer and math153.4
17) Architecture and engineering225.0
19) Life-physical and social science102.3
21) Community and social services122.7
23) Legal153.4
25) Education/training/library7216.3
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media132.9
29) Healthcare and technical327.2
31) Healthcare support71.6
33) Protective service40.9
37) Building and grounds cleaning10.2
39) Personal care40.9
41) Sales and related occupations4610.4
43) Office and administrative support286.3
45) Farming/fishing/forestry102.3
47) Construction30.7
49) Installation/maintenance/repair40.9
51) Production occupations71.6
53) Transportation92.0
55) Military30.7
99) Homemaker214.7
Missing162 
TOTAL443100.0
193) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Spouse's Occupation (SPOOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management3710.5
13) Business and financial operations205.7
15) Computer and math113.1
17) Architecture and engineering174.8
19) Life-physical and social science30.8
21) Community and social services144.0
23) Legal92.5
25) Education/training/library6518.4
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media82.3
29) Healthcare and technical339.3
31) Healthcare support41.1
33) Protective service20.6
39) Personal care51.4
41) Sales and related occupations3610.2
43) Office and administrative support3610.2
45) Farming/fishing/forestry41.1
47) Construction51.4
49) Installation/maintenance/repair41.1
51) Production occupations102.8
53) Transportation92.5
55) Military20.6
99) Homemaker195.4
Missing252 
TOTAL353100.0
194) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Your educational level (EDUCYOU)
TOTAL%
3) Some high school30.5
4) High school diploma6010.0
5) Some college11218.7
6) Graduated from college15225.4
7) Some graduate work7412.4
8) A graduate degree19732.9
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
195) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Spouse's educational level (EDUCSPOU)
TOTAL%
2) Completed eighth grade30.6
3) Some high school71.4
4) High school diploma6913.9
5) Some college8116.4
6) Graduated from college15230.7
7) Some graduate work438.7
8) Graduate degree14028.3
Missing110 
TOTAL495100.0
196) How many children do you have? (If none, write 0.) Include any legally adopted children; exclude stepchildren unless legally adopted. (NO_KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None579.6
1) 16510.9
2) 225743.2
3) 314724.7
4) 4528.7
5) 5132.2
6) 630.5
7) 710.2
Missing10 
TOTAL595100.0
197) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (Check only one box.) (HH_SIZE)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone.7813.0
2) Two of us31953.2
3) Three of us9415.7
4) Four of us8213.7
5) Five of us223.7
6) Six of us50.8
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
198) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - under six years of age? (HH_UNDR6)
TOTAL%
0) None13781.5
1) 12112.5
2) 2106.0
Missing437 
TOTAL168100.0
199) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 6-12 years of age? (HH_612)
TOTAL%
0) None13563.4
1) 14521.1
2) 23014.1
3) 331.4
Missing392 
TOTAL213100.0
200) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 13-17 years of age? (HH_1317)
TOTAL%
0) None13058.8
1) 16328.5
2) 22812.7
Missing384 
TOTAL221100.0
201) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 18-24 years of age? (HH_1824)
TOTAL%
0) None13776.1
1) 13620.0
2) 273.9
Missing425 
TOTAL180100.0
202) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 25 years of age and over? (HH_25)
TOTAL%
0) None193.5
1) 16511.8
2) 242577.4
3) 3397.1
4) 410.2
Missing56 
TOTAL549100.0
203) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a teenager living with both parents would check "4.") (HH_TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Single adult7412.6
2) Single parent132.2
3) Married, no kids30051.0
4) Married, with kids18731.8
5) Some other arrangement142.4
Missing17 
TOTAL588100.0
204) Where did you live five years ago, in October 1994? (HOM_94)
TOTAL%
1) Same house I live in now52787.8
2) A different house, same county467.7
3) In a different county, same state101.7
4) In a different state142.3
5) In a different country30.5
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
205) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (ST_BORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL59932.75315
206) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (DEM_REP)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat16828.1
2) Independent10918.2
3) Republican31652.8
4) Other40.7
6) Reform10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
207) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply.) - First response (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White57496.0
2) African American162.7
4) Asian71.2
5) Hispanic10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
208) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply) - Second response (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White114.3
3) Indian685.7
Missing598 
TOTAL7100.0
209) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (HH_INCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,00030.5
2) $10K-14,999132.2
3) $15K-19,999162.8
4) $20K-29,999376.4
5) $30K-39,999529.0
6) $40K-49,9996110.6
7) $50K-59,999579.9
8) $60K-69,999549.3
9) $70K-79,999478.1
10) $80K-89,999427.3
11) $90K-99,999295.0
12) $100K-124,9996110.6
13) $125K-149,999356.1
14) $150K or more7112.3
Missing27 
TOTAL578100.0
210) Did you or any other family member fill out a pledge card regarding church giving for the current year? (PLEDGECD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51786.7
2) No7813.1
3) Don't know10.2
Missing9 
TOTAL596100.0
211) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MNY_REG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5803496.1865087
212) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your church, in giving to a special campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MNY_SPEC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4142013.4577654
213) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings - One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MNY_APPL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL508346.3741050
214) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (MNY_OUTS)
TOTAL%
1) $015126.3
2) $1-5012622.0
3) $51-1007913.8
4) $101-5009817.1
5) $501-1000386.6
6) $1001-2000305.2
7) $2001+529.1
Missing31 
TOTAL574100.0
215) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (MNY_NREL)
TOTAL%
1) $0132.2
2) $1-507312.6
3) $51-1009015.6
4) $101-50020034.6
5) $501-10006911.9
6) $1001-2000539.2
7) $2001+8013.8
Missing27 
TOTAL578100.0
216) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 40305.0
2) 40-4912821.4
3) 50-6423038.4
4) 65+21135.2
Missing6 
TOTAL599100.0
217) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female29248.7
2) Male30851.3
Missing5 
TOTAL600100.0
218) I-RACE: What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply.) - First response (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White57496.0
2) African American162.7
4) Asian71.2
5) Hispanic10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
219) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married50083.6
2) Not married9816.4
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0
220) I-INCOME: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 20,000325.5
2) $20K-49,99915026.0
3) $50K-99,99922939.6
4) $100K+16728.9
Missing27 
TOTAL578100.0
221) I-PARTYID: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat16828.1
2) Independent10918.2
3) Republican31652.8
4) Other40.7
6) Reform10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL598100.0