Presbyterian Panel Survey, November 2000, Racism and Racial Justice, Member

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Panel Identification Number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL59240618.677351
2) How would you rate the state of relations between whites and racial ethnic persons in the U.S. these days? (WRRLTNS)
TOTAL%
1) Very good81.4
2) Somewhat good22237.7
3) Neither bad nor good14524.6
4) Somewhat bad18531.4
5) Very bad183.1
6) Not sure111.9
Missing3 
TOTAL589100.0
3) In the past few years, do you think conditions for racial ethnic people have improved, gotten worse, or stayed about the same? (RRIMPRVE)
TOTAL%
1) Improved31353.1
2) Gotten worse508.5
3) Stayed about the same21135.8
4) Not sure152.5
Missing3 
TOTAL589100.0
4) Compared to whites, how do you feel racial ethnic people are treated in your community? (RETREATD)
TOTAL%
1) The same as or better than whites21837.1
2) Not as well as whites27045.9
3) Not sure10017.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
5) In general, do you think racial ethnic people have as good a chance as whites in your community to get any kind of job for which they are qualified? (RECHANCE)
TOTAL%
1) As good (or better) a chance as whites29950.9
2) Not as good a chance as whites20935.6
3) Not sure7913.5
Missing5 
TOTAL587100.0
6) In general, do you think racial ethnic children have as good a chance as white children in your community to get a good education? (REEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) As good (or better) a chance as white children42772.6
2) Not as good a chance as white children12721.6
3) Not sure345.8
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
7) In general, do you think that racial ethnic people have as good a chance as whites in your community to get any housing they can afford? (REHOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) As good (or better) a chance as whites35760.6
2) Not as good a chance as whites16828.5
3) Not sure6410.9
Missing3 
TOTAL589100.0
8) What sort of neighborhood would you prefer to live in? (NGHBPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly white33057.0
2) Mostly racial ethnic91.6
3) Mixed half and half14424.9
4) Not sure9616.6
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
9) What do you think the chances are these days that a white person won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified racial ethnic person gets one instead? (AFFACT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely7713.2
2) Likely20134.4
3) Not too likely23339.9
4) Not at all likely111.9
5) Not sure6210.6
Missing8 
TOTAL584100.0
10) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: On the job or at work? (TRTDJOB)
TOTAL%
2) Treated less fairly7613.1
3) Treated the same as whites39367.6
4) Treated better than whites345.9
5) Not sure7813.4
Missing11 
TOTAL581100.0
11) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: On public transportation? (TRTDTRNS)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly10.2
2) Treated less fairly345.9
3) Treated the same as whites43575.5
4) Treated better than whites91.6
5) Not sure9716.8
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
12) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In stores or shops? (TRTDSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly61.0
2) Treated less fairly13924.0
3) Treated the same as whites40069.0
4) Treated better than whites40.7
5) Not sure315.3
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
13) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In stores downtown or in a shopping mall? (TRTDMALL)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly50.9
2) Treated less fairly13022.3
3) Treated the same as whites40369.1
4) Treated better than whites50.9
5) Not sure406.9
Missing9 
TOTAL583100.0
14) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In restaurants, bars, theaters, or other entertainment places? (TRTDBARS)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly30.5
2) Treated less fairly10518.1
3) Treated the same as whites40870.5
4) Treated better than whites50.9
5) Not sure5810.0
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
15) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In dealings with the police? (TRTDPOLC)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly447.7
2) Treated less fairly23340.5
3) Treated the same as whites17229.9
4) Treated better than whites101.7
5) Not sure11620.2
Missing17 
TOTAL575100.0
16) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In local courts of law? (TRTDCORT)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly183.1
2) Treated less fairly12221.0
3) Treated the same as whites28348.7
4) Treated better than whites223.8
5) Not sure13623.4
Missing11 
TOTAL581100.0
17) What is your impression of the way racial ethnic people in your local community are treated in the following situation: In schools and colleges? (TRTDSCOL)
TOTAL%
1) Treated much less fairly30.5
2) Treated less fairly457.7
3) Treated the same as whites40870.1
4) Treated better than whites7613.1
5) Not sure508.6
Missing10 
TOTAL582100.0
18) In the last two years, how often has your congregation heard a sermon preached on racial justice issues? (OFNRSERM)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times122.1
2) 3-5 times6210.6
3) Once or twice19533.4
4) Never13923.8
5) Not sure17530.0
Missing9 
TOTAL583100.0
19) In the last two years, how often has your congregation held a study group, school church class, or other educational program on racism and racial justice? (OFNSTDY)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times61.0
2) 3-5 times406.9
3) Once or twice10117.5
4) Never21937.9
5) Not sure21236.7
Missing14 
TOTAL578100.0
20) In the last two years, how often has your congregation had a guest preacher whose racial ethnic identity differs from the majority of the members in your congregation? (OFNGUEST)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times91.6
2) 3-5 times7112.2
3) Once or twice21537.1
4) Never19132.9
5) Not sure9416.2
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
21) In the last two years, how often has your congregation worshiped jointly with another congregation whose members are mostly of a different racial ethnic background than most members in your congregation? (OFNWRSHP)
TOTAL%
1) 6 or more times111.9
2) 3-5 times437.4
3) Once or twice13723.5
4) Never30552.2
5) Not sure8815.1
Missing8 
TOTAL584100.0
22) When your congregation last called a pastor, did it make a special to identify candidates whose racial ethnic backgrounds differ from those of most members? (NEWPASTR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes284.8
2) No18932.6
3) Not sure36362.6
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
23) In 1996, the PC(USA) General Assembly approved the goal of increasing the racial ethnic membership to 20 percent of the denominational total by 2010. Were you previously aware of this goal for the PC(USA)? (DIVGOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes457.6
2) No54492.4
Missing3 
TOTAL589100.0
24) How likely is it that the goal will be achieved, in your opinion? (LIKEGOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely91.5
2) Likely447.5
3) Only somewhat likely17229.3
4) Not too likely23139.3
5) Not at all likely6711.4
6) Not sure6511.1
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
25) Would you favor the PC(USA) contributing significantly more money and resources toward reaching this goal? (FUNDGOAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12721.9
2) No26445.5
3) Not sure18932.6
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
26) Would you continue to favor a significant increase in money and resources for this goal even if it meant taking resources away from other PC(USA) programs? (OTHFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6010.4
2) No35862.0
3) Not sure15927.6
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
27) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: helping existing racial ethnic congregations to grow. (STRANK1)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least5911.4
2) Prefer fourth5210.1
3) Prefer third12023.3
4) Prefer second8917.2
5) Prefer the most19638.0
Missing76 
TOTAL516100.0
28) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: starting new churches in established racial ethnic communities and neighborhoods. (STRANK2)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least10320.0
2) Prefer fourth12925.1
3) Prefer third9418.3
4) Prefer second12223.7
5) Prefer the most6612.8
Missing78 
TOTAL514100.0
29) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: starting new churches or fellowships among immigrant groups. (STRANK3)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least13325.8
2) Prefer fourth11321.9
3) Prefer third14528.2
4) Prefer second6913.4
5) Prefer the most5510.7
Missing77 
TOTAL515100.0
30) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: working with mostly white congregations located in racial ethnic neighborhoods to help them bring in new racial ethnic members. (STRANK4)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least7514.5
2) Prefer fourth10820.9
3) Prefer third9117.6
4) Prefer second15930.8
5) Prefer the most8416.2
Missing75 
TOTAL517100.0
31) On a scale of 5 (highest) to 1 (lowest), rank the five strategies below as possible ways to increase the percentage of the PC(USA) membership that is racial ethnic: encouraging mostly white congregations, wherever located, to make greater efforts to reach out to racial ethnic persons. (STRANK5)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer the least13726.3
2) Prefer fourth7314.0
3) Prefer third7815.0
4) Prefer second7815.0
5) Prefer the most15529.8
Missing71 
TOTAL521100.0
32) In the last two years, have you personally written a letter to a public official expressing your views on racial justice? (WRITLETR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes132.3
2) No56197.4
3) Not sure20.3
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
33) In the last two years, have you personally given money to an organization concerned with racial justice? (DONMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13022.8
2) No42274.2
3) Not sure173.0
Missing23 
TOTAL569100.0
34) In the last two years, have you personally joined an organization concerned with racial justice? (JOINORG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes305.2
2) No53493.0
3) Not sure101.7
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
35) In the last two years, have you personally participated in a racial awareness or multi-cultural diversity program? (PARTDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13523.7
2) No42474.5
3) Not sure101.8
Missing23 
TOTAL569100.0
36) In the last two years, have you personally participated in a demonstration to support the civil rights of racial ethnic persons? (PARTDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes122.1
2) No55496.5
3) Not sure81.4
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
37) In the last two years, have you personally been in a class, workshop, or other formal and anti-racism training? (WORKSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6912.1
2) No49786.9
3) Not sure61.0
Missing20 
TOTAL572100.0
38) In the last two years, have you personally volunteered time to work for an organization or group working for racial justice? (VOLGROUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes376.5
2) No52692.0
3) Not sure91.6
Missing20 
TOTAL572100.0
39) In the last two years, have you voted for or against a candidate for public office primarily because of that person's own racial ethnic background? (VOTERACE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes295.1
2) No53493.4
3) Not sure91.6
Missing20 
TOTAL572100.0
40) [ASK ONLY IF VOTERACE=1 "YES"]How did you vote? (VOTERAC2)
TOTAL%
1) For someone because of that person's racial ethnic background4095.2
2) Against someone because of that person's racial ethnic background24.8
Missing550 
TOTAL42100.0
41) In the last two years, have you voted for or against a candidate for public office mainly because of his/her stand on racial justice? (VOTERAC3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8615.1
2) No46581.7
3) Not sure183.2
Missing23 
TOTAL569100.0
42) [ASK ONLY IF VATERAC3=1 "YES"]How did you vote? (VOTERAC4)
TOTAL%
1) For someone because of that person's position on racial justice5764.0
2) Against someone because of that person's position on racial justice3236.0
Missing503 
TOTAL89100.0
43) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your local community? (INTRCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently10217.9
2) Frequently15727.5
3) Occasionally20235.4
4) Rarely9616.8
5) Never132.3
Missing22 
TOTAL570100.0
44) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your place of work? (INTRJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently15834.1
2) Frequently10422.5
3) Occasionally9019.4
4) Rarely5211.2
5) Never5912.7
Missing129 
TOTAL463100.0
45) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your church? (INTRCHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently427.4
2) Frequently7012.3
3) Occasionally18833.0
4) Rarely20536.0
5) Never6411.2
Missing23 
TOTAL569100.0
46) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in your own home? (INTRHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently366.3
2) Frequently529.2
3) Occasionally14525.6
4) Rarely20536.2
5) Never12922.8
Missing25 
TOTAL567100.0
47) How often do you interact with persons of different racial or ethnic backgrounds in other social settings? (INTRSOCS)
TOTAL%
1) Very frequently386.7
2) Frequently10818.9
3) Occasionally24543.0
4) Rarely14325.1
5) Never366.3
Missing22 
TOTAL570100.0
48) Have you ever received undeserved privileges or benefits because of your racial or ethnic background? (RACEPRIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes335.7
2) No45579.0
3) Not sure8815.3
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
49) Have you ever experienced discrimination, harassment, violence, or prejudicial statements because of your racial or ethnic background? (EXDISCR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9716.8
2) No48083.2
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
50) Have you ever observed discriminatory behavior, or harassment toward, or heard prejudicial statements about a person or group of persons in your congregation based on their racial or ethnic background? (SEENDISC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7513.0
2) No50487.0
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
51) [ASK ONLY IF RESPONDENT IS A MEMBER OR ELDER]If you moved to a new community and were looking for a church to join, what racial ethnic membership would you most prefer? (RACEPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly white28654.5
2) Mostly racial ethnic61.1
3) Mixed half and half10920.8
4) Not sure12423.6
Missing67 
TOTAL525100.0
52) [ASK ONLY IF RESPONDENT IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER]For your next pastoral call, what racial ethnic membership would you prefer? (RACEMEMB)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly white1747.2
2) Mostly racial ethnic12.8
3) Mixed half and half616.7
4) Not sure1233.3
Missing556 
TOTAL36100.0
53) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It's good for the U.S. that its population is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. (OPINDIVR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9015.5
2) Agree22739.2
3) Uncertain16728.8
4) Disagree7813.5
5) Strongly disagree172.9
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
54) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because of past and present discrimination it is sometimes necessary for colleges and universities to reserve openings for racial ethnic students. (OPINAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree356.0
2) Agree18231.4
3) Uncertain12120.9
4) Disagree16829.0
5) Strongly disagree7412.8
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
55) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attracting more racial ethnic members is the only way the PC(USA) will reverse its long-term membership decline. (OPINREVR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree122.1
2) Agree9416.3
3) Uncertain19433.6
4) Disagree20235.0
5) Strongly disagree7513.0
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
56) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The PC(USA) is basically white and should quit wasting time trying to attract more racial ethnic people. (OPINDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree122.1
2) Agree518.8
3) Uncertain10017.3
4) Disagree28048.4
5) Strongly disagree13523.4
Missing14 
TOTAL578100.0
57) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Predominantly white congregations should make serious efforts to hire pastors who come from other racial-ethnic groups. (OPINEFRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree71.2
2) Agree6210.7
3) Uncertain19333.3
4) Disagree24943.0
5) Strongly disagree6811.7
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
58) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Congregations will become truly racially and ethnically diverse only by effectively dealing with racism. (OPINDEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6711.6
2) Agree29150.2
3) Uncertain12922.2
4) Disagree7112.2
5) Strongly disagree223.8
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
59) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Congregations will become truly racially and ethnically diverse only when the neighborhoods where they are located become racially and ethnically diverse. (OPINNGHB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree417.1
2) Agree26846.2
3) Uncertain14424.8
4) Disagree11119.1
5) Strongly disagree162.8
Missing12 
TOTAL580100.0
60) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? My congregation has made it a priority to become more racially and ethnically diverse. (OPINPRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree132.2
2) Agree9115.7
3) Uncertain22538.9
4) Disagree20134.7
5) Strongly disagree498.5
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
61) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When immigrants don't speak English, it's okay with me for them to form separate congregations and fellowships where they can worship in their native language. (OPINSEPR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree8113.9
2) Agree32656.0
3) Uncertain7512.9
4) Disagree6611.3
5) Strongly disagree345.8
Missing10 
TOTAL582100.0
62) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Creating congregations that are racially and ethnically integrated is so important that immigrants who are Presbyterians, even those who speak no English, should be discouraged from setting up racially or ethnically-specific congregations. (OPININTG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree132.3
2) Agree6811.9
3) Uncertain16228.4
4) Disagree25745.0
5) Strongly disagree7112.4
Missing21 
TOTAL571100.0
63) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Churches should be at the forefront of our society's efforts against racism. (OPINHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16127.9
2) Agree30753.1
3) Uncertain7212.5
4) Disagree305.2
5) Strongly disagree81.4
Missing14 
TOTAL578100.0
64) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? I'd be uncomfortable with a pastor from a different racial ethnic background than my own. (OPINUNCM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree203.4
2) Agree7312.5
3) Uncertain12621.6
4) Disagree22939.2
5) Strongly disagree13623.3
Missing8 
TOTAL584100.0
65) Would you vote for a law to stop almost all legal immigration into the United States for the next five years? (LAWIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10017.1
2) No37764.4
3) Not sure10818.5
Missing7 
TOTAL585100.0
66) Would you like to see the federal government do significantly more to stop illegal (undocumented) immigration to the U.S.? (ILLIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes45678.4
2) No508.6
3) Not sure7613.1
Missing10 
TOTAL582100.0
67) The number of immigrants into the U.S. each year should be: (NOIMM)
TOTAL%
1) Increased244.5
2) Decreased15628.9
3) Kept at present level16630.8
4) Not sure19335.8
Missing53 
TOTAL539100.0
68) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Africa? (AFRICA)
TOTAL%
0) None23038.9
1) 140.7
2) 2111.9
3) 320.3
4) 420.3
4.76190476190476) 4.7619047619047610.2
5) 59516.0
5.26315789473684) 5.2631578947368430.5
6) 610.2
7) 710.2
9.52380952380952) 9.5238095238095210.2
10) 1012120.4
10.1010101010101) 10.101010101010110.2
10.2040816326531) 10.204081632653110.2
11) 1110.2
12) 1210.2
13) 1310.2
13.8888888888889) 13.888888888888910.2
15) 15416.9
16) 1610.2
18) 1820.3
20) 20447.4
22.2222222222222) 22.222222222222210.2
25) 2591.5
30) 3091.5
33.3333333333333) 33.333333333333320.3
35) 3530.5
40) 4020.3
TOTAL592100.0
69) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Asia? (ASIA)
TOTAL%
0) None21336.0
2) 210.2
3) 310.2
5) 5111.9
7) 720.3
8) 820.3
10) 10457.6
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473710.2
13) 1310.2
15) 15305.1
15.1515151515152) 15.151515151515210.2
16) 1620.3
18) 1810.2
19.047619047619) 19.04761904761920.3
20) 208915.0
21) 2110.2
22.2222222222222) 22.222222222222210.2
25) 25457.6
30) 309315.7
30.6122448979592) 30.612244897959210.2
31.5789473684211) 31.578947368421110.2
33) 3310.2
34.7222222222222) 34.722222222222210.2
35) 35111.9
40) 4091.5
42.1052631578947) 42.105263157894710.2
44.4444444444444) 44.444444444444410.2
45) 4520.3
50) 50142.4
60) 6020.3
66.6666666666667) 66.666666666666710.2
70) 7020.3
75) 7510.2
80) 8020.3
TOTAL592100.0
70) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Canada? (CANADA)
TOTAL%
0) None23639.9
1) 1122.0
2) 2111.9
3) 320.3
4) 420.3
4.08163265306123) 4.0816326530612310.2
4.76190476190476) 4.7619047619047610.2
5) 512220.6
5.26315789473684) 5.2631578947368410.2
6) 630.5
6.06060606060606) 6.0606060606060610.2
7) 710.2
8) 810.2
9) 910.2
10) 1011319.1
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473720.3
11) 1110.2
11.1111111111111) 11.111111111111110.2
13.8888888888889) 13.888888888888910.2
14) 1410.2
15) 15223.7
17) 1710.2
20) 20305.1
25) 2581.4
27) 2710.2
28.5714285714286) 28.571428571428610.2
30) 3091.5
35) 3510.2
40) 4040.7
50) 5010.2
TOTAL592100.0
71) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Europe? (EUROPE)
TOTAL%
0) None22538.0
1) 110.2
2) 240.7
2.77777777777778) 2.7777777777777810.2
3) 340.7
4) 420.3
4.08163265306123) 4.0816326530612310.2
4.76190476190476) 4.7619047619047610.2
5) 5559.3
5.26315789473684) 5.2631578947368420.3
6) 620.3
7) 710.2
8) 850.8
8.08080808080808) 8.0808080808080810.2
9) 920.3
10) 1010016.9
10.5263157894737) 10.526315789473710.2
11) 1110.2
12) 1220.3
14) 1420.3
15) 15488.1
18) 1830.5
20) 206811.5
22.2222222222222) 22.222222222222210.2
23) 2310.2
23.8095238095238) 23.809523809523810.2
25) 25142.4
26) 2610.2
30) 30254.2
35) 3540.7
37) 3710.2
40) 4050.8
45) 4510.2
50) 5050.8
60) 6010.2
TOTAL592100.0
72) What percent of all immigrants into the U.S. do you think are coming from Latin America? (LAMERICA)
TOTAL%
0) None21336.0
5) 550.8
10) 10101.7
15) 1591.5
19.047619047619) 19.04761904761910.2
20) 20254.2
22.2222222222222) 22.222222222222220.3
23) 2310.2
25) 25213.5
28) 2820.3
30) 30589.8
31.5789473684211) 31.578947368421110.2
33) 3320.3
34) 3410.2
34.7222222222222) 34.722222222222210.2
35) 35244.1
37) 3710.2
40) 406010.1
44) 4410.2
45) 45101.7
47) 4710.2
47.3684210526316) 47.368421052631610.2
48) 4820.3
50) 506611.1
51.0204081632653) 51.020408163265310.2
55) 5571.2
56) 5610.2
60) 60193.2
60.6060606060606) 60.606060606060610.2
65) 6540.7
66.6666666666667) 66.666666666666710.2
70) 70203.4
73.6842105263158) 73.684210526315810.2
75) 7540.7
80) 8071.2
85) 8510.2
88) 8810.2
90) 9020.3
92) 9210.2
100) 10030.5
TOTAL592100.0
73) Which comes closer to your view? (IMMVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants become productive citizens and pay their fair share of taxes26148.3
2) Immigrants cost the taxpayers too much by using government services13625.2
3) Not sure14326.5
Missing52 
TOTAL540100.0
74) Which comes closer to your view? (IMMVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants mostly take jobs that U.S. citizens want173.2
2) Immigrants mostly take low-paying jobs U.S. citizens don't want38572.1
3) Not sure13224.7
Missing58 
TOTAL534100.0
75) Which comes closer to your view? (IMMVIEW3)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants mostly help the economy by providing low-cost labor26349.3
2) Immigrants mostly hurt the economy by driving wages down for many Americans519.6
3) Not sure22041.2
Missing58 
TOTAL534100.0
76) Would you favor a law to grant amnesty to undocumented immigrants already in the U.S., allowing them to stay here legally and apply for permanent residency? (LAWANSTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15628.8
2) No23843.9
3) Not sure14827.3
Missing50 
TOTAL542100.0
77) How many recent immigrants would you say live in your area people who moved to the U.S. since 1985? (IMMAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Many22743.1
2) Some14928.3
3) Only a few12123.0
4) None305.7
Missing65 
TOTAL527100.0
78) Did you happen to vote in the recent Presidential election? (VOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52095.9
2) No224.1
Missing50 
TOTAL542100.0
79) [ASK ONLY IF VOTE=1 "YES"]Whom did you vote for? (VOTE2)
TOTAL%
1) George W. Bush30262.7
2) Al Gore16935.1
3) Ralph Nader40.8
5) Other (specify)71.5
Missing110 
TOTAL482100.0
80) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members592100.0
TOTAL592100.0
81) Survey format (SURVEY)
TOTAL%
1) Paper copy56495.3
2) From the web284.7
TOTAL592100.0
82) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? __ year(s) (if less than one year, __ months) (YRSMEMBR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL57820.20917
83) How far do you live from your congregation? __ mile(s) (HOWFAR)
TOTAL%
0) Less than one mile30.5
1) 111019.0
2) 28614.9
3) 37513.0
4) 4427.3
5) 58214.2
6) 6366.2
7) 7213.6
8) 8213.6
9) 961.0
10) 10325.5
11) 1171.2
12) 1261.0
13) 1320.3
14) 1481.4
15) 15142.4
16) 1630.5
18) 1810.2
19) 1910.2
20) 2040.7
21) 2110.2
25) 2510.2
30) 3020.3
35) 3510.2
40) 4010.2
42) 4210.2
45) 4510.2
90) 9010.2
120) 12010.2
170) 17010.2
175) 17510.2
220) 22010.2
271) 27110.2
998) 998 miles or more20.3
999) Don't know20.3
Missing14 
TOTAL578100.0
84) What is the approximate membership of the congregations(s) you attend? If you don't know, leave the line blank and check here. (NOMEMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5142398.2263637
85) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21637.6
2) No35862.4
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
86) [IF YES TO EVERELDR] Are you serving now on session? (NOWELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes164.5
2) No33695.5
Missing240 
TOTAL352100.0
87) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20035.2
2) No36864.8
Missing24 
TOTAL568100.0
88) [IF YES TO EVERDCON] Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (NOWDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3510.6
2) No29589.4
Missing262 
TOTAL330100.0
89) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked48883.3
1) Checked9816.7
Missing6 
TOTAL586100.0
90) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked37363.4
1) Checked21536.6
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
91) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSGAMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55394.0
1) Checked356.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
92) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGOFF)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50986.6
1) Checked7913.4
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
93) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41670.7
1) Checked17229.3
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
94) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Organist or choir director (POSCHDIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58098.6
1) Checked81.4
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
95) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of choir (POSCHMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked47781.1
1) Checked11118.9
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
96) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Church school teacher/leader (POSTCHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44175.0
1) Checked14725.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
97) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Other (specify) (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55995.1
1) Checked294.9
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
98) How often do you generally attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (Check the appropriate box) (FREQATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Never61.0
2) Less than once a year30.5
3) Once or twice a year101.7
4) Several times a year315.4
5) Once a month223.8
6) 2-3 times a month10818.7
7) Nearly every week26044.9
8) Every week13924.0
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
99) In the last year, have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? (EVERMISA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53097.8
2) No122.2
Missing50 
TOTAL542100.0
100) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] Approximately how many Sundays have you missed attending worship over the last year (52 weeks)? Estimate the number of Sundays you were absent from worship in the last year on the line. (EVERMISB)
TOTAL%
0) None30.6
1) 171.3
2) 2275.0
3) 3387.0
4) 4336.1
5) 5549.9
6) 6539.8
7) 7142.6
8) 8275.0
9) 981.5
10) 10529.6
11) 1140.7
12) 12397.2
13) 1381.5
14) 1471.3
15) 15325.9
16) 1691.7
17) 1720.4
18) 1871.3
19) 1930.6
20) 20387.0
21) 2110.2
22) 2210.2
24) 2440.7
25) 2540.7
26) 2640.7
30) 3081.5
31) 3110.2
32) 3210.2
34) 3420.4
35) 3530.6
36) 3620.4
38) 3810.2
40) 40132.4
42) 4210.2
44) 4410.2
45) 4581.5
46) 4610.2
48) 4840.7
49) 4910.2
50) 5050.9
51) 5130.6
52) 5291.7
Missing49 
TOTAL543100.0
101) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (EMJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49083.3
1) Checked9816.7
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
102) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was traveling on business and didn't get home in time. (EMRAVEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52789.6
1) Checked6110.4
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
103) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was ill. (EMILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked33957.8
1) Checked24842.2
Missing5 
TOTAL587100.0
104) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (EMFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43974.7
1) Checked14925.3
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
105) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was away on vacation. (EMVACATN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked15726.7
1) Checked43073.3
Missing5 
TOTAL587100.0
106) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (EMCTHUP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked46679.3
1) Checked12220.7
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
107) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I just didn't feel like going. (EMFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50085.0
1) Checked8815.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
108) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - The weather was bad. (EMWEATHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52188.6
1) Checked6711.4
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
109) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I overslept. (EMSLEPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54993.4
1) Checked396.6
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
110) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had guests from out of town. (EMGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44175.0
1) Checked14725.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
111) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I decided to do something else that day. (EMELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49684.4
1) Checked9215.6
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
112) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I wasn't interested in the theme of the service. (EMTHEME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57898.3
1) Checked101.7
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
113) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I didn't want to hear a particular preacher/speaker. (EMPRECHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55594.4
1) Checked335.6
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
114) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Conflict in the congregation (EMCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57698.0
1) Checked122.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
115) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Other (volunteered response) (EMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) All other2541.0
2) Worked at another church34.9
3) Visited another church (out of town)813.1
4) Seasonal migrant914.8
5) Visited another church1016.4
7) Tried to go but prevented69.8
Missing531 
TOTAL61100.0
116) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended Sunday church school, include those hours here)? (HRSEVENT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours15527.1
2) 1-2 Hours10318.0
3) 3-5 Hours15326.8
4) 6-10 Hours9015.8
5) 11-20 Hours437.5
6) More than 20 Hours274.7
Missing21 
TOTAL571100.0
117) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event? (HRSVOLCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours21136.8
2) 1-2 Hours12722.1
3) 3-5 Hours10818.8
4) 6-10 Hours6811.8
5) 11-20 Hours325.6
6) More than 20 Hours284.9
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
118) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church? (HRSOTHCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours33859.9
2) 1-2 Hours12121.5
3) 3-5 Hours6711.9
4) 6-10 Hours213.7
5) 11-20 Hours91.6
6) More than 20 Hours81.4
Missing28 
TOTAL564100.0
119) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work)? (HRSVOLOT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours26446.8
2) 1-2 Hours11520.4
3) 3-5 Hours8014.2
4) 6-10 Hours508.9
5) 11-20 Hours203.5
6) More than 20 Hours356.2
Missing28 
TOTAL564100.0
120) Did you belong to any other churches before the one you now belong to? (BELCHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46881.8
2) No10318.0
3) Not sure10.2
Missing20 
TOTAL572100.0
121) [IF YES TO BELCRCH] What denomination was the church you belonged to immediately prior to the church you are now a member of? (Check only one box) (WHACHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist388.1
2) Disciples of Christ71.5
3) Episcopal122.5
4) Lutheran285.9
5) Methodist7616.1
6) Presbyterian23048.8
7) Other Presbyterian51.1
8) Reformed143.0
9) Roman Catholic102.1
10) UCC214.5
11) Non-denominational71.5
12) Other234.9
Missing121 
TOTAL471100.0
122) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Check only one. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, answer by putting a check in the one that influenced you the most.) (DEN_RAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist7513.1
2) Disciples of Christ173.0
3) Episcopal173.0
4) Lutheran335.7
5) Methodist8815.3
6) Presbyterian23140.2
7) Other Presbyterian91.6
8) Reformed132.3
9) Roman Catholic203.5
10) UCC254.4
11) Non-denominational71.2
12) None101.7
13) Other295.1
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
123) How old were you when you first became a member of a Presbyterian church? (HOWOLD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL56825.79415
124) When you were growing up, say ages 10 to 12, how active were your parents in church? (PAR_ACTV)
TOTAL%
1) Very active20134.4
2) Generally active11720.0
3) Somewhat active8915.2
4) Not very active7012.0
5) Not active at all9917.0
6) Don't know81.4
Missing8 
TOTAL584100.0
125) Do any of your relatives serve as pastors, Christian educators, or mission workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELPAST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9516.4
2) No48383.6
Missing14 
TOTAL578100.0
126) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How many relatives are currently serving the church in full-time paid positions? (RELPAST#)
TOTAL%
0) 2120.0
1) 5249.5
2) 2422.9
3) 43.8
4) 21.9
6) 11.0
7) 11.0
Missing487 
TOTAL105100.0
127) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58198.8
1) Checked71.2
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
128) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58499.3
1) Checked40.7
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
129) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked588100.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
130) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked588100.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
131) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My son (SONPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58399.1
1) Checked50.9
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
132) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57998.5
1) Checked91.5
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
133) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57096.9
1) Checked183.1
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
134) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHPAST)
TOTAL%
1) Grandchild56.7
2) Distant ancestor22.7
3) Uncle/Aunt810.7
4) Niece or nephew1925.3
5) Cousin2128.0
6) Stepparent11.3
8) Spouse45.3
9) In-law1520.0
Missing517 
TOTAL75100.0
135) Have any other relatives, whether living or dead, such as grandparents or great-grandparents, served in the past as pastors, Christian educators, missionary workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELCRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11920.9
2) No45179.1
Missing22 
TOTAL570100.0
136) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How many relatives in the past served the church in full-time paid positions? (Approximate number) (RELCRCH#)
TOTAL%
0) 1814.1
1) 6450.0
2) 2821.9
3) 97.0
4) 64.7
5) 10.8
7) 21.6
Missing464 
TOTAL128100.0
137) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57597.8
1) Checked132.2
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
138) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58098.6
1) Checked81.4
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
139) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55894.9
1) Checked305.1
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
140) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58098.6
1) Checked81.4
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
141) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply My son (SONCHRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked588100.0
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
142) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58198.8
1) Checked71.2
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
143) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57998.5
1) Checked91.5
Missing4 
TOTAL588100.0
144) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) All other11.1
1) Grandchild33.4
2) Distant ancestor3034.5
3) Uncle/Aunt3236.8
4) Niece/Nephew33.4
5) Cousin89.2
8) Spouse22.3
9) In-law89.2
Missing505 
TOTAL87100.0
145) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (LIB_CONS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative295.0
2) Conservative19333.4
3) Moderate26545.9
4) Liberal7312.7
5) Very Liberal172.9
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
146) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or accept Him as a personal savior? (WITNESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36062.0
2) No22138.0
Missing11 
TOTAL581100.0
147) Would you say you have had a conversion experience--that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CNVRSION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25344.4
2) No31755.6
Missing22 
TOTAL570100.0
148) Do you believe that some or all of the Bible was inspired by God? (INSP_GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54797.0
2) No173.0
Missing28 
TOTAL564100.0
149) [IF YES TO INSP_GOD] How much of what the Bible contains do you believe was inspired by God? (INSPMUCH)
TOTAL%
1) All of it25845.6
2) Almost all of it10718.9
3) Most of it13023.0
4) Some of it376.5
5) Only a very small amount40.7
6) Not sure305.3
Missing26 
TOTAL566100.0
150) The account of Creation presented in Genesis - (Check the one box that best describes your view) (CREA_TRU)
TOTAL%
1) Is literally true, exactly as we find it in the Bible--that is, it took six 24-hour periods for God to create the world356.1
2) Is a true account of how God created the world31855.3
3) Reflects human feelings about how the world might have been created22238.6
Missing17 
TOTAL575100.0
151) Which statement best summarizes your view of the Bible? (Check one box) (BIBL_ACC)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is entirely accurate without error of any kind.13324.1
2) The Bible is without error of any kind in spiritual matters, but there are problems in other areas such as science and history.27149.0
3) The Bible contains errors in both spiritual and secular matters.14926.9
Missing39 
TOTAL553100.0
152) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (IND_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree549.4
2) Agree14124.6
3) Not sure7813.6
4) Disagree23140.3
5) Strongly disagree6912.0
Missing19 
TOTAL573100.0
153) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (ALL_RELS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree407.0
2) Agree13123.1
3) Not sure9817.3
4) Disagree18632.7
5) Strongly disagree11319.9
Missing24 
TOTAL568100.0
154) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - There is a life beyond death. (BYND_DTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37165.1
2) Agree12221.4
3) Not sure6811.9
4) Disagree61.1
5) Strongly disagree30.5
Missing22 
TOTAL570100.0
155) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humanity is in Jesus Christ. (JES_TRUE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27548.0
2) Agree14425.1
3) Not sure9015.7
4) Disagree529.1
5) Strongly disagree122.1
Missing19 
TOTAL573100.0
156) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (JES_SAVE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14826.0
2) Agree11820.7
3) Not sure14325.1
4) Disagree10919.1
5) Strongly disagree529.1
Missing22 
TOTAL570100.0
157) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - It is important to share my faith with other people. (SHAR_FTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20335.5
2) Agree29451.4
3) Not sure518.9
4) Disagree203.5
5) Strongly disagree40.7
Missing20 
TOTAL572100.0
158) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The Devil (Satan) really exists. (DEVL_XST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21036.5
2) Agree16027.8
3) Not sure12321.4
4) Disagree6110.6
5) Strongly disagree223.8
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
159) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Jesus was born of a virgin. (JES_VRGN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29150.4
2) Agree15226.3
3) Not sure10518.2
4) Disagree132.3
5) Strongly disagree162.8
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
160) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible privately (OFT_BPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily10117.9
2) Several times a week7312.9
3) Weekly7112.6
4) Several times a month8915.8
5) Once a month376.6
6) Several times a year9917.6
7) Once a year or less6611.7
8) Never285.0
Missing28 
TOTAL564100.0
161) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible with family or friends (OFT_BFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily152.7
2) Several times a week183.2
3) Weekly8815.7
4) Several times a month6511.6
5) Once a month458.0
6) Several times a year8715.5
7) Once a year or less8915.9
8) Never15427.5
Missing31 
TOTAL561100.0
162) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a Bible study group (OFT_BGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily50.9
2) Several times a week61.1
3) Weekly11621.1
4) Several times a month285.1
5) Once a month539.6
6) Several times a year6712.2
7) Once a year or less8615.6
8) Never18934.4
Missing42 
TOTAL550100.0
163) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray privately (OFT_PPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily36863.9
2) Several times a week9917.2
3) Weekly325.6
4) Several times a month356.1
5) Once a month91.6
6) Several times a year183.1
7) Once a year or less50.9
8) Never101.7
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
164) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray with family or friends (OFT_PFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily12422.0
2) Several times a week7513.3
3) Weekly9516.9
4) Several times a month5910.5
5) Once a month356.2
6) Several times a year8615.3
7) Once a year or less183.2
8) Never7112.6
Missing29 
TOTAL563100.0
165) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a prayer group (OFT_PGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily30.5
2) Several times a week40.7
3) Weekly346.2
4) Several times a month213.8
5) Once a month234.2
6) Several times a year498.9
7) Once a year or less9316.8
8) Never32558.9
Missing40 
TOTAL552100.0
166) Do you believe that Jesus will return to Earth some day? (JES_RTRN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38669.4
2) No366.5
3) Not sure13424.1
Missing36 
TOTAL556100.0
167) [IF YES TO JES_RTRN] Do you think that Jesus's return is more likely in 2000, less likely in 2000, or about as likely then as in any other year? (RTRN2000)
TOTAL%
1) More likely in 200051.1
2) About as likely in 2000 as in any other year28060.1
3) Less likely in 2000122.6
4) No Opinion16936.3
Missing126 
TOTAL466100.0
168) Do you currently have plans for this coming New Year's Eve (Dec. 31, 1999)? (PLAN_NYR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14024.3
2) No43575.7
Missing17 
TOTAL575100.0
169) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] Will you be celebrating or commemorating the end of 1999 and the beginning of 2000 in a way different from how you would usually mark the end of one year and the beginning of a new one? (PLAN_USU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7828.3
2) No19871.7
Missing316 
TOTAL276100.0
170) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - First response (PLAN_DO1)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing special/stay at home1315.1
2) Spend time with family1922.1
3) Party/celebrate2731.4
4) Work89.3
5) Attend church89.3
6) Vacation/travel67.0
7) Not sure-no plans yet11.2
9) Other44.7
Missing506 
TOTAL86100.0
171) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - Second response (PLAN_DO2)
TOTAL%
2) Spend time with family125.0
3) Party/celebrate125.0
5) Attend church125.0
6) Vacation/travel125.0
Missing588 
TOTAL4100.0
172) Does your congregation plan to hold a worship service on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day to mark the transition to 2000? (NEW_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely386.5
2) Yes, probably559.4
3) No, probably not6511.1
4) No, definitely not162.7
5) Don't know41070.2
Missing8 
TOTAL584100.0
173) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in U.S. society generally? (Y2KSOCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very major10.2
2) Major193.3
3) Minor26045.0
4) Very minor20735.8
5) None at all457.8
6) No opinion468.0
Missing14 
TOTAL578100.0
174) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local community? (Y2KCOMM)
TOTAL%
2) Major91.6
3) Minor21136.8
4) Very minor24542.7
5) None at all6611.5
6) No opinion437.5
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
175) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local church? (Y2KCRCH)
TOTAL%
2) Major10.2
3) Minor11319.6
4) Very minor18532.1
5) None at all22539.1
6) No opinion529.0
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
176) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your own personal life? (Y2KLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Very major10.2
2) Major20.3
3) Minor13723.7
4) Very minor21837.8
5) None at all17830.8
6) No opinion417.1
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
177) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female35961.2
2) Male22838.8
Missing5 
TOTAL587100.0
178) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL58558.25116
179) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not a farm7012.1
2) On a farm162.8
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)16428.3
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)8013.8
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city569.7
6) In a large city (over 250,000)7212.4
7) In a suburb near a large city12120.9
Missing13 
TOTAL579100.0
180) What is your present marital status? (MAR_STAT)
TOTAL%
1) Married44877.9
2) Not married12722.1
Missing17 
TOTAL575100.0
181) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (MAR_EVER)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married3929.1
2) Yes, now widowed4936.6
3) Yes, now divorced4029.9
4) Yes, both widowed and divorced64.5
Missing458 
TOTAL134100.0
182) If currently married, have you ever had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREV_MAR)
TOTAL%
1) No35482.5
2) Yes, was widowed122.8
3) Yes, was divorced6114.2
4) Yes, both widowed and divorced20.5
Missing163 
TOTAL429100.0
183) How often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (SPOUCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Never296.5
2) Less than once a year92.0
3) About once or twice a year214.7
4) Several times a year347.7
5) About once a month235.2
6) 2-3 times a month7617.2
7) Nearly every week17439.3
8) Every week7717.4
Missing149 
TOTAL443100.0
184) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Faith in which spouse was raised (SPOURAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist5311.8
2) Disciples of Christ71.6
3) Episcopal214.7
4) Lutheran224.9
5) Methodist7216.1
6) Presbyterian Church14031.3
7) Other Presbyterian71.6
8) Reformed61.3
9) Roman Catholic449.8
10) UCC153.3
11) Non-denominational51.1
12) None255.6
13) Other316.9
Missing144 
TOTAL448100.0
185) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Spouse's current faith (SPOUFATH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist10.3
3) Episcopal41.1
5) Methodist20.5
6) Presbyterian Church32688.1
7) Other Presbyterian30.8
9) Roman Catholic82.2
10) UCC10.3
11) Non-denominational30.8
12) None154.1
13) Other71.9
Missing222 
TOTAL370100.0
186) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, first response (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time19033.1
2) Employed part-time447.7
3) Self-employed366.3
4) Unemployed50.9
5) Retired20635.9
6) Homemaker6210.8
7) Student183.1
8) Other132.3
Missing18 
TOTAL574100.0
187) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, second response (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
2) Employed part-time13.4
3) Self-employed517.2
5) Retired620.7
6) Homemaker1137.9
7) Student413.8
8) Other26.9
Missing563 
TOTAL29100.0
188) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, first response (SPOUEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time17139.2
2) Employed part-time286.4
3) Self-employed306.9
4) Unemployed10.2
5) Retired16036.7
6) Homemaker439.9
8) Other30.7
Missing156 
TOTAL436100.0
189) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, second response (SPOUEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time212.5
3) Self-employed212.5
5) Retired531.3
6) Homemaker637.5
8) Other16.3
Missing576 
TOTAL16100.0
190) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year - Your hours (YOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 0195.9
2) 220.6
3) 310.3
4) 420.6
5) 520.6
6) 630.9
8) 810.3
9) 910.3
10) 1082.5
12) 1251.6
13) 1310.3
14) 1420.6
15) 1582.5
16) 1620.6
18) 1830.9
20) 20123.7
21) 2110.3
22) 2210.3
25) 2530.9
26) 2620.6
30) 30103.1
32) 3241.2
33) 3310.3
34) 3410.3
35) 35103.1
36) 3610.3
37) 3710.3
38) 3861.9
39) 3910.3
40) 406119.0
41) 4110.3
42) 4282.5
43) 4310.3
44) 4420.6
45) 45299.0
46) 4610.3
48) 4851.6
50) 505115.9
53) 5320.6
55) 55165.0
56) 5610.3
58) 5810.3
60) 60175.3
65) 6520.6
70) 7041.2
80) 8020.6
84) 8410.3
99) Don't know20.6
Missing271 
TOTAL321100.0
191) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year - Spouse's hours (SPOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 0187.0
2) 210.4
4) 410.4
5) 510.4
8) 831.2
9) 910.4
10) 1051.9
12) 1220.8
15) 1510.4
18) 1820.8
20) 2072.7
24) 2420.8
25) 2551.9
27) 2720.8
30) 3062.3
32) 3220.8
35) 3593.5
36) 3620.8
37) 3710.4
38) 3820.8
39) 3910.4
40) 405722.1
42) 4231.2
43) 4341.6
44) 4410.4
45) 452710.5
47) 4710.4
48) 4851.9
50) 503814.7
55) 55124.7
56) 5610.4
57) 5710.4
58) 5810.4
60) 60228.5
63) 6310.4
65) 6531.2
68) 6810.4
70) 7031.2
75) 7510.4
80) 8010.4
99) Don't know10.4
Missing334 
TOTAL258100.0
192) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Your Occupation (YOUOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management5614.1
13) Business and financial operations266.5
15) Computer and math133.3
17) Architecture and engineering112.8
19) Life-physical and social science82.0
21) Community and social services92.3
23) Legal102.5
25) Education/training/library7919.8
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media123.0
29) Healthcare and technical369.0
31) Healthcare support20.5
33) Protective service20.5
37) Building and grounds cleaning10.3
39) Personal care41.0
41) Sales and related occupations369.0
43) Office and administrative support4110.3
45) Farming/fishing/forestry10.3
47) Construction92.3
49) Installation/maintenance/repair51.3
51) Production occupations102.5
53) Transportation30.8
99) Homemaker246.0
Missing194 
TOTAL398100.0
193) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Spouse's Occupation (SPOOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management4313.6
13) Business and financial operations227.0
15) Computer and math61.9
17) Architecture and engineering134.1
19) Life-physical and social science30.9
21) Community and social services103.2
23) Legal92.8
25) Education/training/library4113.0
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media82.5
29) Healthcare and technical288.9
31) Healthcare support30.9
33) Protective service51.6
37) Building and grounds cleaning20.6
39) Personal care10.3
41) Sales and related occupations4113.0
43) Office and administrative support227.0
45) Farming/fishing/forestry30.9
47) Construction51.6
49) Installation/maintenance/repair82.5
51) Production occupations113.5
53) Transportation61.9
55) Military30.9
99) Homemaker237.3
Missing276 
TOTAL316100.0
194) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Your educational level (EDUCYOU)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years10.2
3) Some high school132.2
4) High school diploma5910.1
5) Some college13523.2
6) Graduated from college14124.2
7) Some graduate work8013.7
8) A graduate degree15426.4
Missing9 
TOTAL583100.0
195) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Spouse's educational level (EDUCSPOU)
TOTAL%
2) Completed eighth grade20.4
3) Some high school30.7
4) High school diploma6213.8
5) Some college9721.6
6) Graduated from college12126.9
7) Some graduate work347.6
8) Graduate degree13029.0
Missing143 
TOTAL449100.0
196) How many children do you have? (If none, write 0.) Include any legally adopted children; exclude stepchildren unless legally adopted. (NO_KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None8414.6
1) 16611.5
2) 222238.5
3) 313222.9
4) 4457.8
5) 5132.3
6) 6101.7
7) 720.3
9) 920.3
Missing16 
TOTAL576100.0
197) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (Check only one box.) (HH_SIZE)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone.9516.2
2) Two of us32054.7
3) Three of us6911.8
4) Four of us7012.0
5) Five of us213.6
6) Six of us20.3
7) Seven or more of us40.7
8) Not applicable40.7
Missing7 
TOTAL585100.0
198) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - under six years of age? (HH_UNDR6)
TOTAL%
0) None12971.7
1) 13720.6
2) 295.0
3) 342.2
4) 410.6
Missing412 
TOTAL180100.0
199) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 6-12 years of age? (HH_612)
TOTAL%
0) None12361.8
1) 15025.1
2) 22412.1
3) 321.0
Missing393 
TOTAL199100.0
200) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 13-17 years of age? (HH_1317)
TOTAL%
0) None12264.9
1) 15026.6
2) 2168.5
Missing404 
TOTAL188100.0
201) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 18-24 years of age? (HH_1824)
TOTAL%
0) None12478.5
1) 12616.5
2) 263.8
3) 310.6
8) 810.6
Missing434 
TOTAL158100.0
202) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 25 years of age and over? (HH_25M)
TOTAL%
0) None224.2
1) 18215.5
2) 240776.9
3) 3173.2
4) 410.2
Missing63 
TOTAL529100.0
203) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a teenager living with both parents would check "4.") (HH_TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Single adult8815.4
2) Single parent213.7
3) Married, no kids29952.4
4) Married, with kids14224.9
5) Some other arrangement213.7
Missing21 
TOTAL571100.0
204) Where did you live five years ago, in October 1994? (HOM_94)
TOTAL%
1) Same house I live in now42572.5
2) A different house, same county9215.7
3) In a different county, same state325.5
4) In a different state345.8
5) In a different country30.5
Missing6 
TOTAL586100.0
205) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (ST_BORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL58532.44316
206) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (DEM_REP)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat15226.3
2) Independent10317.9
3) Republican30753.2
4) Other142.4
5) Libertarian10.2
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
207) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply.) - First response (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White56897.1
2) African American71.2
4) Asian61.0
5) Hispanic30.5
6) Some other race10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL585100.0
208) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply) - Second response (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White333.3
3) Indian222.2
4) Asian111.1
5) Hispanic111.1
6) Some other race222.2
Missing583 
TOTAL9100.0
209) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (HH_INCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,00071.3
2) $10K-14,999132.4
3) $15K-19,999285.2
4) $20K-29,999407.4
5) $30K-39,9996612.3
6) $40K-49,9995510.2
7) $50K-59,9996311.7
8) $60K-69,999356.5
9) $70K-79,999397.2
10) $80K-89,999315.8
11) $90K-99,999366.7
12) $100K-124,9995510.2
13) $125K-149,999275.0
14) $150K or more438.0
Missing54 
TOTAL538100.0
210) Did you or any other family member fill out a pledge card regarding church giving for the current year? (PLEDGECD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46980.4
2) No10718.4
3) Don't know71.2
Missing9 
TOTAL583100.0
211) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MNY_REG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5412609.6497597
212) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your church, in giving to a special campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MNY_SPEC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3621943.65210847
213) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings - One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MNY_APPL)
TOTAL%
0) None439.6
5) 520.4
10) 1071.6
15) 1551.1
18) 1810.2
20) 20153.3
24) 2410.2
25) 25245.3
30) 3061.3
40) 4040.9
45) 4510.2
50) 506213.8
55) 5510.2
60) 6040.9
64) 6410.2
70) 7010.2
75) 7581.8
80) 8020.4
86) 8610.2
100) 1009220.4
110) 11010.2
115) 11510.2
120) 12010.2
125) 12530.7
130) 13010.2
150) 150194.2
175) 17510.2
189) 18910.2
200) 2005111.3
250) 250102.2
300) 300214.7
322) 32210.2
325) 32510.2
387) 38710.2
400) 40071.6
450) 45010.2
500) 500204.4
625) 62510.2
800) 80010.2
890) 89010.2
1000) 100071.6
1500) 150010.2
1750) 175010.2
2000) 200051.1
2500) 250010.2
3000) 300010.2
4000) 400010.2
5000) 500030.7
30000) 3000010.2
99999) Don't know40.9
Missing142 
TOTAL450100.0
214) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (MNY_OUTS)
TOTAL%
1) $016930.7
2) $1-5010819.6
3) $51-1008114.7
4) $101-50010218.5
5) $501-1000325.8
6) $1001-2000224.0
7) $2001+376.7
Missing41 
TOTAL551100.0
215) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (MNY_NREL)
TOTAL%
1) $0213.8
2) $1-508515.2
3) $51-1009116.3
4) $101-50018933.8
5) $501-10006812.2
6) $1001-2000427.5
7) $2001+6311.3
Missing33 
TOTAL559100.0
216) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 407913.5
2) 40-499716.6
3) 50-6417830.4
4) 65+23139.5
Missing7 
TOTAL585100.0
217) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female35961.2
2) Male22838.8
Missing5 
TOTAL587100.0
218) I-RACE: What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply.) - First response (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White56897.1
2) African American71.2
4) Asian61.0
5) Hispanic30.5
6) Some other race10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL585100.0
219) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married44877.9
2) Not married12722.1
Missing17 
TOTAL575100.0
220) I-PARTYID: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat15226.3
2) Independent10317.9
3) Republican30753.2
4) Other142.4
5) Libertarian10.2
Missing15 
TOTAL577100.0
221) I-INCOME: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 20,000488.9
2) $20K-49,99916129.9
3) $50K-99,99920437.9
4) $100K+12523.2
Missing54 
TOTAL538100.0