Presbyterian Panel Survey, May 1992: Peacemaking

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Identification number (IDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL348224302.3110098
2) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. -- Peacemaking is a central declaration of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (PCMKNG1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree144041.9
2) Agree143241.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree2898.4
4) Disagree1795.2
5) Strongly disagree611.8
6) Not sure331.0
Missing48 
TOTAL3434100.0
3) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. -- It is important that peacemaking be central to the ministries of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). (PCMKNG2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree105530.9
2) Agree156445.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree45013.2
4) Disagree2487.3
5) Strongly disagree611.8
6) Not sure381.1
Missing66 
TOTAL3416100.0
4) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. -- Peacemaking should be an urgent ministry of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) in the 1990s. (PCMKNG3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree88726.1
2) Agree128137.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree71421.0
4) Disagree34910.3
5) Strongly disagree1213.6
6) Not sure521.5
Missing78 
TOTAL3404100.0
5) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. -- The congregations of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) need to be more involved in peacemaking. (PCMKNG4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree85925.2
2) Agree138340.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree74021.7
4) Disagree2657.8
5) Strongly disagree882.6
6) Not sure752.2
Missing72 
TOTAL3410100.0
6) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. -- Christians are called to be peacemakers wherever they encounter brokenness and injustice. (PCMKNG5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree143742.1
2) Agree163447.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree2216.5
4) Disagree561.6
5) Strongly disagree250.7
6) Not sure391.1
Missing70 
TOTAL3412100.0
7) Before receiving this questionnaire, were you aware that peacemaking has been a priority emphasis of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) during the 1980s and remains a continuing goal during the 1990s? (PC_PCUSA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes261875.6
2) No84424.4
Missing20 
TOTAL3462100.0
8) Are you at all familiar with the "Commitment to Peacemaking," a tool through which sessions are being asked to make a promise to do peacemaking by integrating it into the life and mission of their congregations? (CMTPCMKG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes216662.6
2) No129337.4
Missing23 
TOTAL3459100.0
9) Has your session adopted the "Commitment to Peacemaking?" (ADCMTPC1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes98929.3
2) No108632.2
3) Don't know130238.6
Missing105 
TOTAL3377100.0
10) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE SESSION HAS ADOPTED THE "COMMITMENT TO PEACEMAKING": Did the session adopt the exact text suggested by the General Assembly, or did it revise the suggested text? (ADCMTPC2)
TOTAL%
1) Exact text of general assembly56360.9
2) Revision of suggested text12813.9
3) Don't know23325.2
Missing2558 
TOTAL924100.0
11) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE SESSION HAS NOT ADOPTED THE "COMMITMENT TO PEACEMAKING": Has your session in some other way promised to incorporate peacemaking into the life and mission of your congregation? (ADCMTPC3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43441.2
2) No50247.6
3) Don't know11811.2
Missing2428 
TOTAL1054100.0
12) How involved are you, personally, in your congregation's peacemaking activities? (INV_PCMK)
TOTAL%
1) Very involved49714.6
2) Somewhat involved92627.3
3) Not very involved68520.2
4) Not at all involved74121.8
5) My congregation has no such activities54716.1
Missing86 
TOTAL3396100.0
13) To your knowledge, in the past year have there been one or more major conflicts between individuals or groups in your congregation? (CONFLCT1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes133039.0
2) No164548.2
3) Don't know43912.9
Missing68 
TOTAL3414100.0
14) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO STATED THAT TO THEIR KNOWLEDGE THERE HAVE BEEN ONE OR MORE MAJOR CONFLICTS BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS IN THEIR CONGREGATION IN THE PAST YEAR: Overall, how effectively was/were the conflict(s) handled? (CONFLCT2)
TOTAL%
1) Very effectively1259.8
2) Effectively63349.5
3) Ineffectively30423.8
4) Very ineffectively14411.3
5) Don't know745.8
Missing2202 
TOTAL1280100.0
15) In general, when conflicts have arisen in your congregation over the past several years, how effectively have they been handled? (CONFLCT3)
TOTAL%
1) Very effectively3279.7
2) Effectively171250.9
3) Ineffectively62618.6
4) Very ineffectively1875.6
5) Don't know51415.3
Missing116 
TOTAL3366100.0
16) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Worship (CONGPC1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes243274.6
2) No42813.1
3) Not sure39812.2
Missing224 
TOTAL3258100.0
17) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Encouraging members to include peacemaking in their personal meditations (CONGPC2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes170352.7
2) No93328.9
3) Not sure59718.5
Missing249 
TOTAL3233100.0
18) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- A workshop held on some aspect of "peacemaking in the family" (CONGPC3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes86326.8
2) No166651.6
3) Not sure69721.6
Missing256 
TOTAL3226100.0
19) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- A study of child abuse, spouse abuse, or abuse of older persons (CONGPC4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes81225.1
2) No176654.7
3) Not sure65120.2
Missing253 
TOTAL3229100.0
20) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Hosting an International Peacemaker (CONGPC5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43613.5
2) No225269.7
3) Not sure54316.8
Missing251 
TOTAL3231100.0
21) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Training for session or other members in skills for dealing with conflict (CONGPC6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes81125.2
2) No165551.4
3) Not sure75123.3
Missing265 
TOTAL3217100.0
22) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Playing a peacemaking role in conflict(s) in our community (CONGPC7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes90928.5
2) No158249.6
3) Not sure69621.8
Missing295 
TOTAL3187100.0
23) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- One or more members participating in a travel seminar to Central America, Russia or other republics of the former Soviet Union, the Middle East or Northern Ireland (CONGPC8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74223.4
2) No199362.9
3) Not sure43413.7
Missing313 
TOTAL3169100.0
24) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- A study of peacemaking by our junior or senior high fellowship (CONGPC9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61719.2
2) No138743.1
3) Not sure121337.7
Missing265 
TOTAL3217100.0
25) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- The involvement of Presbyterian Women or other women's organizations in peacemaking (CONGPC10)
TOTAL%
1) Yes107733.7
2) No103732.4
3) Not sure108633.9
Missing282 
TOTAL3200100.0
26) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Receiving the 1991 Peacemaking Offering (CONGPC11)
TOTAL%
1) Yes144244.5
2) No108733.5
3) Not sure71422.0
Missing239 
TOTAL3243100.0
27) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Plans to receive the 1992 Peacemaking Offering (CONGPC12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes125138.8
2) No90728.2
3) Not sure106433.0
Missing260 
TOTAL3222100.0
28) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- A peacemaking committee (CONGPC13)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58918.2
2) No193759.8
3) Not sure71322.0
Missing243 
TOTAL3239100.0
29) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Efforts to "make peace with the Earth" (concern with the environment) (CONGPC14)
TOTAL%
1) Yes172753.3
2) No89427.6
3) Not sure62119.2
Missing240 
TOTAL3242100.0
30) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Support for peacemaking legislation by the session or other group (CONGPC15)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55717.4
2) No168352.6
3) Not sure96230.0
Missing280 
TOTAL3202100.0
31) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Participation by one or more members in a United Nations seminar (CONGPC16)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1404.3
2) No225770.1
3) Not sure82225.5
Missing263 
TOTAL3219100.0
32) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Including peacemaking in the Church School curriculum for children (CONGPC17)
TOTAL%
1) Yes95129.4
2) No104432.3
3) Not sure124238.4
Missing245 
TOTAL3237100.0
33) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Attendance by one or more members at a Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) peacemaking conference during the past 10 years (CONGPC18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes72022.2
2) No132941.1
3) Not sure118836.7
Missing245 
TOTAL3237100.0
34) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Study of international issues related to Central America, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Northern Ireland, Southern Africa, the United Nations, environmental justice, etc. (CONGPC19)
TOTAL%
1) Yes123538.2
2) No126339.0
3) Not sure73922.8
Missing245 
TOTAL3237100.0
35) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating whether the following activity is a way that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Letter writing efforts which support legislation on peace and justice issues (CONGPC20)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76023.5
2) No153847.6
3) Not sure93628.9
Missing248 
TOTAL3234100.0
36) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating any other ways that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- First answer (CONGPC21)
TOTAL%
1) Bible study94.8
2) Financial assistance to local shelter/program147.4
3) Financial assistance to international/national shelter program115.8
4) Prayer vigils179.0
5) Sponsor/host international refugees/students157.9
6) Volunteer mission work outside the United States52.6
7) Local volunteer mission work3116.4
9) All other responses8746.0
Missing3293 
TOTAL189100.0
37) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. Please let us know about your own congregation's effort in this area by indicating any other ways that your congregation has been involved in peacemaking during the past two years. My congregation has been involved in peacemaking through -- Second answer (CONGPC22)
TOTAL%
2) Financial assistance to local shelter/program323.1
3) Financial assistance to international/national shelter program17.7
4) Prayer vigils17.7
5) Sponsor/host international refugees/students215.4
6) Volunteer mission work outside the United States215.4
7) Local volunteer mission work215.4
9) All other responses215.4
Missing3469 
TOTAL13100.0
38) Many congregations throughout the denomination have intentionally incorporated peacemaking into their programs and activities. During the past two years has your congregation been involved in other peacemaking efforts? (CONGPC23)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14812.6
2) No50543.0
3) Not sure52244.4
Missing2307 
TOTAL1175100.0
39) Does your presbytery have a Peacemaking Committee? (PRESPCCM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes177552.8
2) No3179.4
3) Don't know127237.8
Missing118 
TOTAL3364100.0
40) How appropriate do you believe it is for congregations of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) to be involved in -- Reducing violence in our cities and communities? (INV_PC1)
TOTAL%
1) Very appropriate189055.2
2) Appropriate131838.5
3) Inappropriate1143.3
4) Very inappropriate200.6
5) Don't know852.5
Missing55 
TOTAL3427100.0
41) How appropriate do you believe it is for congregations of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) to be involved in -- Reducing conflict and brokenness within our families? (INV_PC2)
TOTAL%
1) Very appropriate234468.3
2) Appropriate98728.8
3) Inappropriate401.2
4) Very inappropriate90.3
5) Don't know511.5
Missing51 
TOTAL3431100.0
42) How appropriate do you believe it is for congregations of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) to be involved in -- Combating racism in our society? (INV_PC3)
TOTAL%
1) Very appropriate208360.8
2) Appropriate117034.2
3) Inappropriate842.5
4) Very inappropriate230.7
5) Don't know641.9
Missing58 
TOTAL3424100.0
43) In general, how well equipped would you say Presbyterian congregations are to -- Deal with violence in our cities and communities? (PRESEQP1)
TOTAL%
1) Very well equipped391.1
2) Well equipped35010.2
3) Not well equipped257575.1
4) Don't know46713.6
Missing51 
TOTAL3431100.0
44) In general, how well equipped would you say Presbyterian congregations are to -- Deal with conflict and brokenness within our families? (PRESEQP2)
TOTAL%
1) Very well equipped1414.1
2) Well equipped132038.6
3) Not well equipped157946.1
4) Don't know38211.2
Missing60 
TOTAL3422100.0
45) In general, how well equipped would you say Presbyterian congregations are to -- Deal with racism in our society? (PRESEQP3)
TOTAL%
1) Very well equipped772.3
2) Well equipped73321.4
3) Not well equipped217163.5
4) Don't know43812.8
Missing63 
TOTAL3419100.0
46) Do you agree or disagree: "Making peace with the Earth" (environmental justice) should be an urgent part of the peacemaking ministry of my congregation. (PCWERTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree101729.6
2) Agree142941.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree54816.0
4) Disagree2557.4
5) Strongly disagree1243.6
6) No opinion621.8
Missing47 
TOTAL3435100.0
47) Do you agree or disagree: "Making peace with the Earth" (environmental justice) should be an urgent ministry of the entire Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including its congregations, its middle governing bodies, and its national offices. (PCWERTH2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree92426.8
2) Agree134839.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree59617.3
4) Disagree35710.4
5) Strongly disagree1544.5
6) No opinion671.9
Missing36 
TOTAL3446100.0
48) Would you favor or oppose an agreement among the nations of the world to ban the testing of nuclear weapons? (NCLRWPNS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor an agreement179552.1
2) Favor an agreement105030.5
3) Both favor and oppose an agreement3008.7
4) Oppose an agreement1133.3
5) Strongly oppose an agreement471.4
6) Not sure1434.1
Missing34 
TOTAL3448100.0
49) Do you think the breakup of the former Soviet Union has increased, has decreased, or has not affected the likelihood of a nuclear war? (NCLRWAR)
TOTAL%
1) Increased46313.6
2) Decreased221665.1
3) Not affected72421.3
Missing79 
TOTAL3403100.0
50) As a way to bring peace to the Middle East, it has been proposed that Israel withdraw from occupied Arab lands if Arab nations in return recognize Israel's right to exist as a nation. Do you favor or oppose this proposal? (PCMDEST1)
TOTAL%
1) Favor240970.3
2) Oppose39511.5
3) No opinion62518.2
Missing53 
TOTAL3429100.0
51) Do you support a "two-state solution" in the Middle East--that there should be both the state of Israel and a Palestinian state? (PCMDEST2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes230667.1
2) No2487.2
3) Don't know88325.7
Missing45 
TOTAL3437100.0
52) Please indicate your response to the following questions. -- Do you approve or disapprove of President Bush's decision in 1991 to remove economic sanctions against South Africa? (ECSANCSA)
TOTAL%
1) Approve170449.7
2) Disapprove80023.3
3) Not sure92727.0
Missing51 
TOTAL3431100.0
53) Please indicate your response to the following questions. -- Looking back at all that has happened, do you now approve or disapprove of the U.S. decision in January 1991 to go to war with Iraq in order to drive the Iraqis from Kuwait? (WARWIRQ1)
TOTAL%
1) Approve186654.3
2) Disapprove111832.5
3) Not sure45513.2
Missing43 
TOTAL3439100.0
54) Which statement comes closest to your opinion when, in January 1991, you heard the news that the United States had decided to go to war with Iraq? (WARWIRQ2)
TOTAL%
1) War was the only option left.166648.4
2) Not enough had been done to seek a nonviolent solution150243.6
3) Not sure/No opinion2748.0
Missing40 
TOTAL3442100.0
55) Compared to other problems we as a society face, how best would you describe racism as a problem confronting the United States in 1992? (RACISM)
TOTAL%
1) The most serious problem1654.8
2) Among the two or three most serious problems206559.8
3) A serious problem, not among the top two or three115133.3
4) Hardly a problem at all511.5
5) No opinion230.7
Missing27 
TOTAL3455100.0
56) Recently, riots broke out in Los Angeles and other cities after a jury found four Los Angeles policemen not guilty in their trial for beating motorist Rodney King. Which statement best describes your own perspective on these riots? (LARIOTS)
TOTAL%
1) The riots were both appropriate and understandable.411.2
2) The riots were inappropriate but understandable.214762.1
3) The riots were neither appropriate nor understandable.124336.0
4) Not sure260.8
Missing25 
TOTAL3457100.0
57) In general, do you think violence may be an appropriate response to injustice(s)? (VIOLINJU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, often361.0
2) Yes, occasionally2858.3
3) Yes, rarely132638.5
4) No, never169149.0
5) Not sure1103.2
Missing34 
TOTAL3448100.0
58) Do you personally agree or disagree with this statement? -- Peacemaking requires strong, international political/economic institutions, e.g., the United Nations, the World Bank, the World Health Organization, etc. (PC_INST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree118034.2
2) Agree130337.7
3) Both agree and disagree52915.3
4) Disagree1524.4
5) Strongly disagree982.8
6) Not sure1905.5
Missing30 
TOTAL3452100.0
59) Sub-sample population (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members90726.0
2) Elders92526.6
3) Pastors114732.9
4) Specialized clergy50314.4
TOTAL3482100.0
60) Identification number (CODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL347624562.46210051
61) Renumbered identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL347624308.92910091
62) State (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL346127.2414
63) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) South 124435.9
2) West 55616.1
3) Northeast 73021.1
4) Midwest93427.0
Missing18 
TOTAL3464100.0
64) Pin number (PIN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34728147.8967766
65) Date survey received (DATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34671034.72487
66) ASKED OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? ASKED OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: How many years have you been associated with this congregation? (CONGYRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less42412.5
2) 2-3 years50014.7
3) 4-5 years39511.6
4) 6-10 years60017.7
5) 11-15 years3349.8
6) 16-25 years50514.9
7) 26 or more years64118.9
Missing83 
TOTAL3399100.0
67) How far do you live from this congregation? (CONGLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) 1 mile or less131138.8
2) 2-3 miles79523.5
3) 4-5 miles46413.7
4) 6-10 miles47714.1
5) 11-15 miles1454.3
6) 16-25 miles1083.2
7) 26 or more miles772.3
Missing105 
TOTAL3377100.0
68) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (MATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Never 130.7
2) Less than once a year90.5
3) About once or twice a year331.8
4) Several times a year744.1
5) About once a month573.1
6) Two-three times a month21211.7
7) Nearly every week87348.0
8) Every week54830.1
Missing1663 
TOTAL1819100.0
69) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Other than time attending worship services, how much time do you spend in congregation-related activities? (MCNGACT)
TOTAL%
1) A lot of time41823.0
2) A fair amount of time79743.8
3) A little time43123.7
4) Really no time at all1759.6
Missing1661 
TOTAL1821100.0
70) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: What is the approximate number of members in this congregation? (CONGMBR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL33681529.8612963
71) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? First mention (MCHPSTN1)
TOTAL%
2) Elder (currently serving on session)85948.6
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)693.9
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)120.7
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group784.4
6) Teacher 905.1
7) Organist or choir director80.5
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force211.2
9) Member of congregational committee or task force844.8
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force120.7
11) None of the above42324.0
12) Other 1096.2
13) More than four listed10.1
Missing1716 
TOTAL1766100.0
72) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Second mention (MCHPSTN2)
TOTAL%
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)50.6
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)728.4
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group9511.0
6) Teacher 16218.8
7) Organist or choir director161.9
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force18421.3
9) Member of congregational committee or task force16118.7
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force263.0
11) None of the above10.1
12) Other 14016.2
Missing2620 
TOTAL862100.0
73) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Third mention (MCHPSTN3)
TOTAL%
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group143.4
6) Teacher 4410.7
7) Organist or choir director92.2
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force9723.7
9) Member of congregational committee or task force11929.0
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force4110.0
11) None of the above10.2
12) Other 8520.7
Missing3072 
TOTAL410100.0
74) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Fourth mention (MCHPSTN4)
TOTAL%
6) Teacher 10.7
7) Organist or choir director10.7
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force1510.1
9) Member of congregational committee or task force3724.8
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force2516.8
12) Other 4429.5
13) More than four listed2617.4
Missing3333 
TOTAL149100.0
75) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Have you been baptized? (MBAPTIZD)
TOTAL%
1) No 120.7
2) Yes181299.3
Missing1658 
TOTAL1824100.0
76) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Were you baptized in a Presbyterian church? (MPRESBPT)
TOTAL%
1) No 93752.1
2) Yes86147.9
Missing1684 
TOTAL1798100.0
77) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: How old were you when you were baptized? (MBAPTAGE)
TOTAL%
1) One year or younger77544.4
2) Two to three years603.4
3) Four to five years281.6
4) Six to ten years1347.7
5) Eleven to fifteen years33219.0
6) Sixteen to twenty-five years1146.5
7) Twenty-six years or older30417.4
Missing1735 
TOTAL1747100.0
78) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Have you been confirmed? (MCONFIRM)
TOTAL%
1) No 37521.4
2) Yes137778.6
Missing1730 
TOTAL1752100.0
79) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Were you confirmed in a Presbyterian church? (MCONFBPT)
TOTAL%
1) No 52137.0
2) Yes88963.0
Missing2072 
TOTAL1410100.0
80) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (MRSDCURR)
TOTAL%
1) No 152283.4
2) Yes30216.6
Missing1658 
TOTAL1824100.0
81) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was looking for a nearby church, regardless of denomination. (MINTRO1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 35332.8
2) No72467.2
Missing2405 
TOTAL1077100.0
82) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was looking for a Presbyterian church. (MINTRO2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 78764.2
2) No43835.8
Missing2257 
TOTAL1225100.0
83) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was introduced by a relative who is/was a member of the congregation. (MINTRO3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 22320.9
2) No84379.1
Missing2416 
TOTAL1066100.0
84) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was introduced by a friend/neighbor/acquaintance who is/was a member of the congregation. (MINTRO4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 45640.6
2) No66859.4
Missing2358 
TOTAL1124100.0
85) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was one of the charter members. (MINTRO5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 414.1
2) No96595.9
Missing2476 
TOTAL1006100.0
86) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I heard or read about the church and decided to try it. (MINTRO6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 44942.2
2) No61657.8
Missing2417 
TOTAL1065100.0
87) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - The pastor visited or called me. (MINTRO7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 27225.7
2) No78774.3
Missing2423 
TOTAL1059100.0
88) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Which one of these reasons was the most important in your introduction to your current congregation? (MIMPINTR)
TOTAL%
1) I was looking for a nearby church, regardless of denomination.1289.5
2) I was looking for a Presbyterian church.44833.4
3) I was introduced by a relative who is/was a member of the congregation.16011.9
4) I was introduced by a friend/neighbor/acquaintance who is/was a member of the congregation.26019.4
5) I was one of the charter members.272.0
6) I heard of read about the church and decided to try it.14310.6
7) The pastor visited or called me.1309.7
8) More than one above141.0
9) None of the above312.3
10) Other20.1
Missing2139 
TOTAL1343100.0
89) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I appreciated the education program for children. (MJOIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 61051.9
2) No56548.1
Missing2307 
TOTAL1175100.0
90) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - My children enjoyed the activities of this congregation. (MJOIN2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 49142.8
2) No65557.2
Missing2336 
TOTAL1146100.0
91) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - It was the closest Presbyterian church. (MJOIN3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 54744.9
2) No67055.1
Missing2265 
TOTAL1217100.0
92) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - It was the closest church. (MJOIN4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 15213.6
2) No96486.4
Missing2366 
TOTAL1116100.0
93) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - Friends invited me to join. (MJOIN5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 42737.0
2) No72663.0
Missing2329 
TOTAL1153100.0
94) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I found the members very friendly. (MJOIN6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 113687.7
2) No15912.3
Missing2187 
TOTAL1295100.0
95) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I found the pastor's sermons to be very meaningful. (MJOIN7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 99779.3
2) No26120.7
Missing2224 
TOTAL1258100.0
96) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I was impressed by the pastor. (MJOIN8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 100080.3
2) No24519.7
Missing2237 
TOTAL1245100.0
97) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I married a member of the congregation. (MJOIN9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 16314.4
2) No96785.6
Missing2352 
TOTAL1130100.0
98) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I was impressed by how active the church was in social justice issues. (MJOIN10)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 25022.4
2) No86777.6
Missing2365 
TOTAL1117100.0
99) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - The congregation seemed spiritually alive. (MJOIN11)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 84969.9
2) No36630.1
Missing2267 
TOTAL1215100.0
100) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Which one of these reasons was the most important in your introduction to your current congregation? (MIMPJOIN)
TOTAL%
1) I appreciated the education program for children.906.3
2) My children enjoyed the activities of this congregation.473.3
3) It was the closest Presbyterian church.15711.0
4) It was the closest church.191.3
5) Friends invited me to join.523.7
6) I found the members very friendly.28420.0
7) I found the pastor's sermons to be very meaningful.20014.1
8) I was impressed by the pastor.19313.6
9) I married a member of the congregation.1319.2
10) I was impressed by how active the church was in social justice issues.231.6
11) The congregation seemed spiritually alive.14910.5
12) More than one listed523.7
13) None of the above listed251.8
Missing2060 
TOTAL1422100.0
101) During your life, have you ever belonged to a congregation that was affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (NOPRESBY)
TOTAL%
1) No 173950.2
2) Yes172249.8
Missing21 
TOTAL3461100.0
102) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (PRESBYRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less291.7
2) 2-3 years513.0
3) 4-5 years704.1
4) 6-10 years21012.3
5) 11-15 years20011.7
6) 16-25 years37021.6
7) 26-49 years67839.6
8) 50 or more years1026.0
Missing1772 
TOTAL1710100.0
103) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO HAVE EVER BELONGED TO A CONGREGATION THAT WAS AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN: Please indicate the other denomination(s) to which you have belonged. First mention (DENOMA1)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 37121.7
2) Methodist 50629.6
3) Lutheran 1559.1
4) Episcopal 1066.2
5) United Church of Christ1378.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)684.0
7) Roman Catholic 804.7
8) Reformed churches452.6
9) Other Presbyterian40.2
11) Other 18610.9
12) More than one of these502.9
Missing1774 
TOTAL1708100.0
104) Please indicate the other denomination(s) to which you have belonged. Second mention (DENOMA2)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 60.5
2) Methodist 817.0
3) Lutheran 90.8
4) Episcopal 80.7
5) United Church of Christ464.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)30.3
7) Roman Catholic 252.2
8) Reformed churches141.2
9) Other Presbyterian30.3
11) Other 877.5
13) None of these87675.6
Missing2324 
TOTAL1158100.0
105) If you were to move to a community in which there was no Presbyterian church, which type of church would you feel most comfortable joining? (DENOMB)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 2015.9
2) Methodist 114333.5
3) Lutheran 2667.8
4) Episcopal 3149.2
5) United Church of Christ80723.7
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)1173.4
7) Roman Catholic 250.7
8) Reformed churches661.9
9) Other Presbyterian40.1
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)331.0
11) Other 2718.0
12) More than one of these371.1
13) None of these672.0
14) Undecided561.6
Missing75 
TOTAL3407100.0
106) Everyone must make many important decisions during his or her life, such as, which occupation to pursue, what goals to strive for, whom to vote for, what to teach one's children, etc. When you make decisions such as these to what extent do you make the decisions on the basis of your religious faith? (DECIDFTH)
TOTAL%
1) I seldom, if ever, base such decisions on religious faith.822.4
2) I sometimes base such decisions on my religious faith but definitely do not most of the time.1775.1
3) I feel that most of my important decisions are based on my religious faith, but usually in a general, unconscious way.122435.5
4) I feel that most of my important decisions are based on my religious faith, and I usually consciously attempt to make them so.195556.7
5) Circled 1 and 210.0
10) Circled 3 and 450.1
14) Not applicable10.0
Missing37 
TOTAL3445100.0
107) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal saviour? (EVANGOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No 69420.1
2) Yes275279.9
Missing36 
TOTAL3446100.0
108) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) No 149343.5
2) Yes 189655.2
3) Miscellaneous60.2
4) Not sure 10.0
5) Multiple experiences381.1
Missing48 
TOTAL3434100.0
109) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - The moral problems and needs of the individual (PCUSANS1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 182353.6
2) No 111832.9
3) Don't know45713.4
Missing84 
TOTAL3398100.0
110) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - The problems of family life (PCUSANS2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 173951.2
2) No 113633.4
3) Don't know52215.4
Missing85 
TOTAL3397100.0
111) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - People's spiritual needs (PCUSANS3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 190355.7
2) No 112733.0
3) Don't know38811.4
Missing64 
TOTAL3418100.0
112) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - My denominational affiliation is an important part of my identity as a Christian. (PCDENOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 283382.0
2) Disagree 60717.6
3) Don't know140.4
Missing28 
TOTAL3454100.0
113) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - While they may have disagreements from time to time, Christians should remain loyal to one denomination throughout their adult lives. (PCDENOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 165548.1
2) Disagree 173250.3
3) Don't know561.6
Missing39 
TOTAL3443100.0
114) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - There are several other denominations where I could belong and be just as satisfied. (PCDENOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 201458.5
2) Disagree 123836.0
3) Don't know1915.5
Missing39 
TOTAL3443100.0
115) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has a clearer understanding of the church's mission in the world today than do most other denominations. (PCDENOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 150443.6
2) Disagree 132038.3
3) Don't know62218.0
Missing36 
TOTAL3446100.0
116) Which one of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLEFL)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word.34710.1
2) The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word.296986.2
3) The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men and women.1033.0
4) Circled 1 and 220.1
6) Circled 2 and 3150.4
7) Circled 1, 2, and 310.0
8) None of the above70.2
9) Not sure20.1
Missing36 
TOTAL3446100.0
117) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing there is a God (BELIEV1)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important290184.1
2) Important 50214.6
3) Not very important381.1
4) Not important at all90.3
Missing32 
TOTAL3450100.0
118) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing that God loves me (BELIEV2)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important287183.4
2) Important 51214.9
3) Not very important511.5
4) Not important at all80.2
Missing40 
TOTAL3442100.0
119) How important is the following to you personally? - Trying to lead a good Christian life (BELIEV3)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important193756.4
2) Important 145742.4
3) Not very important361.0
4) Not important at all40.1
Missing48 
TOTAL3434100.0
120) How important is the following to you personally? - Helping others who are in need (BELIEV4)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important165848.3
2) Important 172550.3
3) Not very important481.4
Missing51 
TOTAL3431100.0
121) How important is the following to you personally? - Accepting Jesus Christ as my personal saviour (BELIEV5)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important230767.4
2) Important 87425.5
3) Not very important1905.6
4) Not important at all501.5
Missing61 
TOTAL3421100.0
122) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing the distinctive doctrines of the Presbyterian Church (BELIEV6)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important2346.8
2) Important 210361.2
3) Not very important99829.1
4) Not important at all1002.9
Missing47 
TOTAL3435100.0
123) How important is the following to you personally? - Attending worship services (BELIEV7)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important143341.8
2) Important 183353.5
3) Not very important1534.5
4) Not important at all90.3
Missing54 
TOTAL3428100.0
124) How important is the following to you personally? - Working to bring about social justice (BELIEV8)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important84124.7
2) Important 202959.5
3) Not very important49014.4
4) Not important at all491.4
Missing73 
TOTAL3409100.0
125) How important is the following to you personally? - Telling others about Jesus (BELIEV9)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important101229.7
2) Important 179352.6
3) Not very important53815.8
4) Not important at all672.0
Missing72 
TOTAL3410100.0
126) How important is the following to you personally? - Belonging to this particular denomination (BELIEV10)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important3089.0
2) Important 200158.5
3) Not very important95728.0
4) Not important at all1554.5
Missing61 
TOTAL3421100.0
127) How important is the following to you personally? - Church membership, in general (BELIEV11)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important111232.4
2) Important 202559.1
3) Not very important2647.7
4) Not important at all270.8
Missing54 
TOTAL3428100.0
128) How important is the following to you personally? - Religion in my life (BELIEV12)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important201258.6
2) Important 131538.3
3) Not very important872.5
4) Not important at all190.6
Missing49 
TOTAL3433100.0
129) How important is the following to you personally? - Socializing with persons with similar values (BELIEV13)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important49914.5
2) Important 210761.1
3) Not very important73821.4
4) Not important at all1073.1
Missing31 
TOTAL3451100.0
130) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Mother - Father. (GODIMAG1)
TOTAL%
1) Mother 110.3
2) 250.7
3) 511.5
4) 94728.0
5) 47714.1
6) 42112.5
7) Father144642.8
Missing104 
TOTAL3378100.0
131) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Master - Spouse. (GODIMAG2)
TOTAL%
1) Master 146845.2
2) 59218.2
3) 40312.4
4) 47714.7
5) 1344.1
6) 942.9
7) Spouse802.5
Missing234 
TOTAL3248100.0
132) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Judge - Lover. (GODIMAG3)
TOTAL%
1) Judge 79124.4
2) 2477.6
3) 2878.8
4) 104832.3
5) 35110.8
6) 32310.0
7) Lover1996.1
Missing236 
TOTAL3246100.0
133) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Friend - King. (GODIMAG4)
TOTAL%
1) Friend 78424.0
2) 37311.4
3) 3129.5
4) 105832.4
5) 2648.1
6) 1554.7
7) King3249.9
Missing212 
TOTAL3270100.0
134) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I believe that if we do not preach Christ to them, they will be damned forever. (EVNGOTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1414.1
2) Agree 2738.0
3) Neither agree or disagree62618.3
4) Disagree 118634.7
5) Strongly disagree118834.8
Missing68 
TOTAL3414100.0
135) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I don't believe they will be damned, but I do have a desire to share the love of Christ with them. (EVNGOTH2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree107331.5
2) Agree 168149.3
3) Neither agree or disagree36310.6
4) Disagree 2126.2
5) Strongly disagree802.3
Missing73 
TOTAL3409100.0
136) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I believe that we shouldn't worry about them because there are so many people in this country who haven't heard about Christ. (EVNGOTH3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree461.4
2) Agree 842.5
3) Neither agree or disagree3379.9
4) Disagree 164748.4
5) Strongly disagree128737.8
Missing81 
TOTAL3401100.0
137) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ - I believe that we should respect their religions and stop trying to impose Christianity on them. (EVNGOTH4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1995.9
2) Agree 72821.5
3) Neither agree or disagree84725.0
4) Disagree 108832.1
5) Strongly disagree52415.5
Missing96 
TOTAL3386100.0
138) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (CHREL1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree71220.7
2) Agree 111132.4
3) Neither agree or disagree47813.9
4) Disagree 77622.6
5) Strongly disagree35510.3
Missing50 
TOTAL3432100.0
139) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Not all the churches have God's Truth; many are in serious error. (CHREL2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50814.9
2) Agree 155745.6
3) Neither agree or disagree82824.2
4) Disagree 44112.9
5) Strongly disagree812.4
Missing67 
TOTAL3415100.0
140) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humankind is Jesus Christ. (CHREL3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree129937.9
2) Agree 106831.1
3) Neither agree or disagree50914.8
4) Disagree 45713.3
5) Strongly disagree972.8
Missing52 
TOTAL3430100.0
141) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - All the great religions of the world are equally good and true. (CHREL4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree59717.5
2) Agree 100029.2
3) Neither agree or disagree66319.4
4) Disagree 79623.3
5) Strongly disagree36310.6
Missing63 
TOTAL3419100.0
142) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Only the followers of Jesus Christ and members of His church can be saved. (CHREL5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45613.4
2) Agree 66119.4
3) Neither agree or disagree62518.4
4) Disagree 116534.2
5) Strongly disagree49714.6
Missing78 
TOTAL3404100.0
143) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The primary purpose of men and women in this life is to prepare for the next life. (CHREL6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree58417.1
2) Agree 122135.8
3) Neither agree or disagree59917.6
4) Disagree 80723.7
5) Strongly disagree1955.7
Missing76 
TOTAL3406100.0
144) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - It is not as important to worry about life after death as what one can do in this life. (CHREL7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree56716.6
2) Agree 170749.9
3) Neither agree or disagree41412.1
4) Disagree 59417.4
5) Strongly disagree1364.0
Missing64 
TOTAL3418100.0
145) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - I believe in a divine judgment after death where some shall be rewarded and others punished. (CHREL8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree39711.6
2) Agree 106731.2
3) Neither agree or disagree68520.1
4) Disagree 95227.9
5) Strongly disagree3149.2
Missing67 
TOTAL3415100.0
146) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Today, people should think for themselves about religion and not accept the teachings of any one church. (CHREL9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1705.0
2) Agree 108631.8
3) Neither agree or disagree79123.2
4) Disagree136840.1
Missing67 
TOTAL3415100.0
147) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The individual can find religious truth without any help from a church. (CHREL10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3139.2
2) Agree 121735.6
3) Neither agree or disagree48714.2
4) Disagree140341.0
Missing62 
TOTAL3420100.0
148) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Religious ideas should be the result of the individual's search, without regard to any churches or church teachings. (CHREL11)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40811.9
2) Agree 128437.6
3) Neither agree or disagree44112.9
4) Disagree128337.6
Missing66 
TOTAL3416100.0
149) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - To know God's Truth, it is important to follow the teachings of ministers. (CHREL12)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree481.4
2) Agree 73221.4
3) Neither agree or disagree111832.7
4) Disagree 129537.9
5) Strongly disagree2246.6
Missing65 
TOTAL3417100.0
150) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - God's Truth was given to the church, and all persons must follow the church's teachings. (CHREL13)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree541.6
2) Agree 58317.1
3) Neither agree or disagree101929.8
4) Disagree 143842.1
5) Strongly disagree3209.4
Missing68 
TOTAL3414100.0
151) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female 118734.2
2) Male228065.8
Missing15 
TOTAL3467100.0
152) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL346152.31813
153) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (LOCATION)
TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm35410.2
2) On a farm942.7
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000 population)114733.2
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000 population)51815.0
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city2768.0
6) In a large city (over 250,000 population)40511.7
7) In a suburb near a large city66019.1
Missing28 
TOTAL3454100.0
154) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married 296485.5
2) Not married50414.5
Missing14 
TOTAL3468100.0
155) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: Have you had a previous marriage? (PREVMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No 250285.4
2) Yes, I was widowed772.6
3) Yes, I was divorced34711.8
4) Yes, I was both widowed and divorced40.1
Missing552 
TOTAL2930100.0
156) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY NOT MARRIED: Have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No18236.3
2) Yes, I was widowed17033.9
3) Yes, I was divorced14729.3
4) Yes, I was both widowed and divorced20.4
Missing2981 
TOTAL501100.0
157) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE NOT MARRIED WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: In what faith was your husband or wife raised? (SPFAITH1)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 35312.1
2) Methodist 43014.7
3) Lutheran 1756.0
4) Episcopal 983.3
5) United Church of Christ1194.1
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)521.8
7) Roman Catholic 2157.3
8) Reformed churches451.5
9) Other Presbyterian60.2
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)118040.3
11) Other 1776.0
12) More than one of these40.1
13) None of these682.3
14) Don't know40.1
Missing556 
TOTAL2926100.0
158) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE NOT MARRIED WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: In what faith was your husband or wife raised? (Previous marriage) (SPFAITH2)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 20.3
2) Methodist 50.7
3) Lutheran 30.4
4) Episcopal 10.1
5) United Church of Christ50.7
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.1
7) Roman Catholic 60.8
8) Reformed churches10.1
9) Other Presbyterian10.1
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)354.7
11) Other 68591.6
12) More than one of these20.3
13) None of these10.1
Missing2734 
TOTAL748100.0
159) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: Current church affiliation of spouse (SPCURAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 130.9
2) Methodist 211.5
3) Lutheran 90.6
4) Episcopal 40.3
5) United Church of Christ30.2
7) Romans Catholic322.2
9) Other Presbyterian10.1
10) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)126087.9
11) Other151.0
13) None725.0
14) Don't know30.2
Missing2049 
TOTAL1433100.0
160) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Are you employed... (MEMPLOYD)
TOTAL%
1) Part time 24613.7
2) Full time 76142.3
3) Unemployed 160.9
4) Retired 55330.7
5) Full time homemaker18710.4
6) Self-employed30.2
7) Student 150.8
8) Other201.1
Missing1681 
TOTAL1801100.0
161) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: What is your usual occupation? (See summary documentation.) (MOCCUP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1639192.489178
162) What is the highest level of education you have attained? (EDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years of formal education40.1
2) Completed eighth grade190.6
3) Some high school260.8
4) Completed high school2848.2
5) Some college41111.9
6) Graduated from college156645.4
7) Some graduate work41412.0
8) A graduate degree72421.0
Missing34 
TOTAL3448100.0
163) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE MEMBERS WHO GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR DID SOME GRADUATE WORK: Specify your major. (EDMAJORM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL106155.18326
164) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: Is your husband or wife employed... (SPEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Part time 98733.6
2) Full time 83728.5
3) Unemployed 632.1
4) Retired 46515.8
5) Full time homemaker50117.0
6) Self employed230.8
7) Student 411.4
8) Other220.7
Missing543 
TOTAL2939100.0
165) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE MEMBERS WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES ARE NOT ORDAINED MINISTERS: What is your husband's or wife's usual occupation? (See summary documentation.) (SPOCCUPM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1305206.652203
166) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: What is your husband's or wife's highest level of education completed? (SPEDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years of formal education90.3
2) Completed eighth grade150.5
3) Some high school471.6
4) Completed high school32311.1
5) Some college56019.2
6) College graduate79527.3
7) Some graduate work29810.2
8) A graduate work86929.8
Missing566 
TOTAL2916100.0
167) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE MEMBERS WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES HAVE GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR HAD SOME GRADUATE WORK: Please specify your spouse's major. (SPMAJORM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL76556.54626
168) How many children have you ever had, that is, how many children have you given birth to or fathered? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (Do not count any stepchildren or adopted children.) (KIDNBR)
TOTAL%
0) None 56316.3
1) 1 39311.4
2) 2 116833.9
3) 3 80823.4
4) 4 36410.6
5) 5 1033.0
6) 6 or more491.4
Missing34 
TOTAL3448100.0
169) Do you have any legally adopted children? (KIDADP)
TOTAL%
1) No 313691.0
2) Yes3119.0
Missing35 
TOTAL3447100.0
170) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ANY LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN: How many adopted children do you have? (KIDADNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 17255.8
2) 2 10132.8
3) 3 227.1
4) 4 103.2
5) 5 20.6
6) 6 or more10.3
Missing3174 
TOTAL308100.0
171) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse have children at the time of your marriage)? (KIDSTP)
TOTAL%
1) No 308890.4
2) Yes3299.6
Missing65 
TOTAL3417100.0
172) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN: How many stepchildren do you have? (KIDSTNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 9127.7
2) 2 12237.1
3) 3 7121.6
4) 4 3410.3
5) 5 92.7
6) 6 or more20.6
Missing3153 
TOTAL329100.0
173) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - First child (KIDAGE1)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less2187.2
2) 6-17 years61220.2
3) 18-24 years46315.3
4) 25 years or older170256.2
5) Child deceased351.2
Missing452 
TOTAL3030100.0
174) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Second child (KIDAGE2)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less2338.7
2) 6-17 years60222.5
3) 18-24 years39414.7
4) 25 years or older142553.2
5) Child deceased271.0
Missing801 
TOTAL2681100.0
175) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Third child (KIDAGE3)
TOTAL%
1) 5 or less years1097.2
2) 6-17 years27418.1
3) 18-24 years26517.5
4) 25 years or older82054.3
5) Child deceased422.8
Missing1972 
TOTAL1510100.0
176) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Fourth child (KIDAGE4)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less375.7
2) 6-17 years9614.7
3) 18-24 years13320.3
4) 25 years or older37156.7
5) Child deceased172.6
Missing2828 
TOTAL654100.0
177) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Fifth child (KIDAGE5)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less93.5
2) 6-17 years3011.7
3) 18-24 years6625.8
4) 25 years or older14054.7
5) Child deceased114.3
Missing3226 
TOTAL256100.0
178) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Sixth child (KIDAGE6)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less10.9
2) 6-17 years1312.0
3) 18-24 years2624.1
4) 25 years or older6459.3
5) Child deceased43.7
Missing3374 
TOTAL108100.0
179) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Seventh child (KIDAGE7)
TOTAL%
2) 6-17 years37.9
3) 18-24 years1128.9
4) 25 years or older2155.3
5) Child deceased37.9
Missing3444 
TOTAL38100.0
180) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or other? (POLPARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat 130437.9
2) Independent 66519.3
3) Republican 141841.2
4) Other 280.8
5) Non-voting citizen40.1
9) Not applicable250.7
Missing38 
TOTAL3444100.0
181) Which of these best describes your usual stand on political issues? (POLSTAND)
TOTAL%
1) Very liberal1694.9
2) Liberal 73821.5
3) Moderate 155545.2
4) Conservative91026.5
5) Very conservative621.8
9) Response not applicable50.1
Missing43 
TOTAL3439100.0
182) How many people (counting yourself) live in your household? (Do not include students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (HSHLDNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 (I live alone.)34810.1
2) 2 159346.2
3) 3 60917.6
4) 4 60217.4
5) 5 2126.1
6) 6 651.9
7) 7 or more140.4
8) Not applicable (I live in a dormitory, nursing home, or other institutional housing.)80.2
Missing31 
TOTAL3451100.0
183) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you. - Spouse (HSHLD1)
TOTAL%
0) None 54215.6
1) Spouse293484.4
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
184) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Daughter(s) (HSHLD2)
TOTAL%
0) None 253472.9
1) 70720.3
2) 1985.7
3) 361.0
4) 10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
185) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Son(s) (HSHLD3)
TOTAL%
0) None 249371.7
1) 68619.7
2) 2487.1
3) 451.3
4) 40.1
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
186) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Stepchildren (HSHLD4)
TOTAL%
0) None 341198.1
1) 431.2
2) 150.4
3) 70.2
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
187) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Grandchildren (HSHLD5)
TOTAL%
0) None 344799.2
1) 200.6
2) 50.1
3) 40.1
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
188) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Parents and/or in-laws (HSHLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None 337497.1
1) 90.3
2) 371.1
3) 60.2
4) 230.7
5) 260.7
6) 10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
189) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Siblings (HSHLD7)
TOTAL%
0) None 345899.5
1) 110.3
2) 50.1
4) 10.0
5) 10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
190) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Aunts, uncles, and/or other relatives (HSHLD8)
TOTAL%
0) None 345599.4
1) 200.6
6) 10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
191) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Grandparents (HSHLD9)
TOTAL%
0) None 347299.9
2) 30.1
3) 10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
192) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Others (HSHLD10)
TOTAL%
0) None 339697.7
1) Friend or roommate270.8
2) More than one friend or roommate50.1
10) Cohabitant100.3
11) Cohabitant and child10.0
20) Foster child40.1
21) Two foster children60.2
30) Boarder or roomers50.1
31) Two boarders10.0
40) Foreign student80.2
41) Two foreign students10.0
50) Landlord 40.1
61) Two refugees10.0
63) Refugee family10.0
70) Household staff40.1
93) Two students, Japanese student, friend10.0
96) Two disabled adults10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0
193) Is the home in which you currently live... (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you3099.0
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage80923.6
3) Owned by you with a mortgage175551.2
4) Owned by congregation49314.4
5) Other130.4
6) Shared by you and the church30.1
7) Owned by relatives/parents300.9
8) Owned by employer130.4
Missing57 
TOTAL3425100.0
194) Which of the following best describes your current residence? (RESIDENC)
TOTAL%
1) Building of duplexes, triplexes or quadriplexes892.6
2) Building of apartments1414.1
3) Building of townhomes1374.0
4) Mobile home, on a lot you own120.4
5) Mobile home, on a lot you rent280.8
6) Single family house, detached from other houses300488.0
7) Dormitory, barracks, or other institutional housing20.1
Missing69 
TOTAL3413100.0
195) Which of these broad categories best describes your approximate total family income from all sources (including housing and other allowances), before taxes, in 1989? (If you live alone, please answer in terms of your personal income.) (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) $15,000-$24,99955316.5
2) $25,000-$49,999151945.2
3) $50,000-$99,999106831.8
4) $100,000 or more2216.6
Missing121 
TOTAL3361100.0
196) In 1989, what percentage of your family's total pre-tax income from all sources (including pensions, investments, housing allowances, etc.) did you contribute to your church? (TOCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) 2% or less 59618.6
2) 3%-6% 118937.1
3) 7%-9% 53516.7
4) 10% or more88227.5
5) Unspecified10.0
Missing279 
TOTAL3203100.0
197) What is your race/ethnicity? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) American Indian, Native American300.9
2) Asian American, Pacific Islander280.8
3) African American, Black471.4
4) Hispanic, Spanish American240.7
5) White, Caucasian330595.9
6) Other (specify)60.2
9) Response not applicable60.2
Missing36 
TOTAL3446100.0
198) SIZEM (SIZEM)
TOTAL%
1) 0-991469.9
2) 100-19922615.3
3) 200-29923916.2
4) 300-49929119.7
5) 500-99930220.4
6) 1000-MORE27318.5
Missing2005 
TOTAL1477100.0
199) Age group 1 (AGEGRP1)
TOTAL%
1) 19 and younger100.3
2) 20-24 100.3
3) 25-29 671.9
4) 30-34 2356.8
5) 35-39 39611.4
6) 40-44 42212.2
7) 45-49 35210.2
8) 50-54 38111.0
9) 55-59 45813.2
10) 60-64 46313.4
11) 65-69 3038.8
12) 70-74 1875.4
13) 75-79 1103.2
14) 80-84 521.5
15) 85 and older160.5
Missing20 
TOTAL3462100.0
200) Age group 2 (AGEGRP2)
TOTAL%
1) Under 4071820.7
2) 40-49 94327.2
3) 50-59 114333.0
4) 60 and older65819.0
Missing20 
TOTAL3462100.0
201) Index on relativism (see summary documentation for index construction) (RELATVSM)
TOTAL%
1) Low 181254.5
2) Medium 123437.1
3) High2808.4
Missing156 
TOTAL3326100.0
202) Index on (CHRISTON)
TOTAL%
1) Low 124436.9
2) Medium 117934.9
3) High95128.2
Missing108 
TOTAL3374100.0
203) Index on universalism (see summary documentation for index construction) (UNIVERSL)
TOTAL%
1) Low 215263.2
2) Medium 77022.6
3) High48514.2
Missing75 
TOTAL3407100.0
204) Index on otherworldliness (see summary documentation for index construction) (OTHERWD1)
TOTAL%
1) Low 118835.4
2) Medium 151045.0
3) High66019.7
Missing124 
TOTAL3358100.0
205) Index on otherworldliness (see summary documentation for index construction) (OTHERWD2)
TOTAL%
1) Low 168849.9
2) Medium 107731.8
3) High61718.2
Missing100 
TOTAL3382100.0
206) Index on individualism (see summary documentation for index construction) (INDIVDSM)
TOTAL%
1) Low 90827.1
2) Medium 203560.7
3) High41212.3
Missing127 
TOTAL3355100.0
207) Has respondent ever been married or never been married? (EVERMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Has been married328397.2
2) Has never been married942.8
Missing105 
TOTAL3377100.0
208) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: How many congregations do you regularly serve or attend? (CSERVE)
TOTAL%
1) One137685.2
2) Two or more16510.2
3) Retired 372.3
4) Other response372.3
Missing1867 
TOTAL1615100.0
209) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: In what year were you ordained as a minister of the Word and Sacrament? (CORDAIND)
TOTAL%
1) Prior to 1950402.4
2) 1950-1959 34721.1
3) 1960-1969 37222.6
4) 1970-1979 36322.1
5) 1980-199052231.8
Missing1838 
TOTAL1644100.0
210) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: If you were ordained by a denomination other than the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or one of its predecessor denominations, name that body. (CDENORD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 3528.2
2) Methodist 97.3
3) Lutheran 43.2
4) Episcopal 43.2
5) United Church of Christ129.7
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)32.4
8) Reformed churches1411.3
9) Other Presbyterian2419.4
11) Other 1915.3
Missing3358 
TOTAL124100.0
211) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Are you presently enrolled in a graduate school, seminary, or theological school? (CSCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) No 149491.5
2) Yes1388.5
Missing1850 
TOTAL1632100.0
212) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Please indicate the theological degrees you have received. First mention (CTHDEGR1)
TOTAL%
1) Bible college352.1
2) Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Divinity150892.1
3) Master's degree, Master of Religious Education, Master of Christian Education181.1
4) Master's in Theology, Master of Systematic Theology100.6
5) Doctor of Ministry593.6
6) Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Systematic Theology30.2
7) Other40.2
Missing1845 
TOTAL1637100.0
213) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A B.D./M.DIV.: In what year did you receive your degree? (CYRDEGR1)
TOTAL%
1) Before 1950392.4
2) 1950-1959 34821.7
3) 1960-1969 37923.6
4) 1970-1979 36722.8
5) 1980-199047429.5
Missing1875 
TOTAL1607100.0
214) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A B.D./M.DIV.: From what institution did you receive your degree? (category labels unavailable) (CSCHDGR1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL163776.3477
215) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Please indicate which theological degrees you have received. Second mention (CTHDEGR2)
TOTAL%
2) Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Divinity336.0
3) Master's degree, Master of Religious Education, Master of Christian Education7313.2
4) Master's in Theology, Master of Systematic Theology17331.2
5) Doctor of Ministry20036.1
6) Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Systematic Theology539.6
7) Other224.0
Missing2928 
TOTAL554100.0
216) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A D.MIN.: In what year did you receive your degree? (CYRDEGR2)
TOTAL%
1) Prior to 195061.1
2) 1950-1959 478.6
3) 1960-1969 12522.9
4) 1970-1979 16129.5
5) 1980-199020637.8
Missing2937 
TOTAL545100.0
217) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A D.MIN.: From what institution did you receive your degree? (category labels unavailable) (CSCHDGR2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL55096.45889
218) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Please indicate which theological degrees you have received. Third mention (CTHDEGR3)
TOTAL%
1) Bible college32.6
2) Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Divinity10.9
3) Master's degree, Master of Religious Education, Master of Christian Education10.9
4) Master's in Theology, Master of Systematic Theology87.0
5) Doctor of Ministry5750.0
6) Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Systematic Theology3530.7
7) Other97.9
Missing3368 
TOTAL114100.0
219) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A Th.D./Ph.D.: In what year did you receive your degree? (CYRDEGR3)
TOTAL%
1) Before 195010.9
2) 1950-1959 54.5
3) 1960-1969 87.2
4) 1970-1979 5246.8
5) 1980-19904540.5
Missing3371 
TOTAL111100.0
220) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A PH.D./TH.D.: From what institution did you receive your degree? (category labels unavailable) (CSCHDGR3)
TOTAL%
0) 32.7
8) 10.9
11) 43.5
12) 1210.6
15) 21.8
35) 43.5
44) 21.8
47) 10.9
54) 108.8
57) 32.7
60) 32.7
61) 21.8
62) 10.9
64) 21.8
66) 10.9
83) 10.9
102) 10.9
105) 10.9
119) 10.9
120) 10.9
125) 1210.6
132) 21.8
136) 10.9
138) 10.9
139) 10.9
146) 32.7
148) 21.8
154) 10.9
171) 98.0
175) 10.9
197) 10.9
207) 21.8
299) 43.5
307) 21.8
309) 21.8
318) 10.9
321) 10.9
325) 10.9
334) 10.9
336) 10.9
338) 10.9
355) 21.8
363) 10.9
365) 10.9
374) 10.9
385) 10.9
389) 10.9
Missing3369 
TOTAL113100.0
221) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR DID SOME GRADUATE WORK: Specify your major. (EDMAJORC)
TOTAL%
1) Accounting 201.3
2) Agriculture 40.3
3) Anthropology 100.6
4) Art, Architecture301.9
5) Biology 161.0
6) Chemistry 50.3
7) Computer Science251.6
8) Economics 1026.6
9) Education 201.3
10) Engineering 16010.3
11) English, Comparative Literature20.1
12) Finance 291.9
13) Foreign Language, Area Studies21814.0
14) Geography 90.6
15) Geology 30.2
16) Health Professions30.2
17) History, Classical Civilization332.1
18) Home Economics, Family Studies624.0
19) Journalism 20.1
20) Management 201.3
21) Marketing 10.1
22) Mathematics 241.5
23) Military Science1016.5
24) Music 70.5
25) Philosophy 533.4
26) Physics 221.4
27) Political Science16410.6
28) Pre-Law 19212.4
29) Psychology 322.1
30) Religion (including pre-ministerial)1177.5
31) Social Work 110.7
32) Sociology 382.4
33) Theatre 110.7
34) Other70.5
Missing1929 
TOTAL1553100.0
222) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WITH A B.D. OR M.DIV.: Before entering seminary for your B.D. or M.Div., were you engaged in any long-term secular job or career? (CPREDEGR)
TOTAL%
1) No 112468.5
2) Yes51731.5
Missing1841 
TOTAL1641100.0
223) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WITH A B.D. OR M.DIV. THAT WERE ENGAGED IN ANY LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER: How long were you in that job or career? (CJOBTIME)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less265.1
2) 2-3 years13426.1
3) 4-5 years10720.9
4) 6-10 years13426.1
5) 11-15 years6011.7
6) 16-25 years469.0
7) 26 or more years61.2
Missing2969 
TOTAL513100.0
224) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WITH A B.D. OR M.DIV. THAT WERE ENGAGED IN ANY LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER: Please describe your occupation in that job or career. (CQJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations7514.6
2) Professional specialty occupations21341.4
3) Technicians and related support occupations214.1
4) Sales occupations509.7
5) Administrative support occupations, including clerical479.1
7) Protective service occupations30.6
8) Service occupations, except protective and household61.2
9) Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations61.2
10) Precision production, craft, and repair occupations265.1
11) Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors40.8
12) Transportation and material moving occupations10.2
13) Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers20.4
14) Military 5711.1
16) More than one occupation listed30.6
Missing2968 
TOTAL514100.0
225) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: At the present time are you serving a congregation in a pastoral position? (CPSTRPOS)
TOTAL%
1) No 33720.6
2) Yes130179.4
Missing1844 
TOTAL1638100.0
226) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION: Do you consider yourself a full time or part time parish pastor? (CPSTRTIM)
TOTAL%
1) Full time 108382.9
2) Part time22317.1
Missing2176 
TOTAL1306100.0
227) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION: What is your present position in your congregation(s)? (CPOSITIN)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor68351.9
2) Senior pastor20515.6
3) Assistant/Associate pastor16612.6
4) Co-pastor 524.0
5) Stated or temporary supply654.9
6) Interim pastor846.4
7) Tentmaker 262.0
8) Pastor emeritus10.1
9) Parish Associate221.7
10) Other110.8
Missing2167 
TOTAL1315100.0
228) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE NOT SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION: In what type of non-parish ministry or other work are you currently engaged? (COTHERWK)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution10120.8
2) Campus minister183.7
3) Chaplain 6914.2
4) Missionary 81.6
5) Presbytery staff347.0
6) Synod staff81.6
7) National staff of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)193.9
8) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency153.1
9) Professional pastoral counselor296.0
10) Other employment in a church-related setting285.8
11) Other employment9920.4
12) Retired 449.1
13) Unemployed 102.1
14) Student 30.6
15) Homemaker10.2
Missing2996 
TOTAL486100.0
229) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE NOT SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION AND ARE CURRENTLY ENGAGED IN FACULTY/STAFF AT AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION, CAMPUS MINISTER, OR CHAPLAIN: For what type of institution do you work? (COTHINST)
TOTAL%
1) Military 136.1
2) High School52.4
3) College or University8339.2
4) Seminary or Other Theological School3315.6
5) Hospital or Other Medical Facility3617.0
6) Other4219.8
Missing3270 
TOTAL212100.0
230) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE NOT SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION AND ARE CURRENTLY ENGAGED IN FACULTY/STAFF AT AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION, CAMPUS MINISTER, OR CHAPLAIN AND NOT WORKING IN A MILITARY INSTITUTION: Is your institution affiliated with the Presbyterian Church? (CINSTPRS)
TOTAL%
1) No 16772.0
2) Yes6528.0
Missing3250 
TOTAL232100.0
231) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES HAVE GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR HAD SOME GRADUATE WORK: Please specify your spouse's major. (SPMAJORC)
TOTAL%
1) Accounting 50.4
2) Agriculture 30.3
3) Anthropology 232.0
4) Art, Architecture242.1
5) Biology 60.5
6) Chemistry 20.2
7) Computer Science30.3
8) Economics 32328.0
9) Education 50.4
10) Engineering 574.9
11) English, Comparative Literature30.3
12) Finance 232.0
13) Foreign Language, Area Studies232.0
14) Geography 433.7
16) Health Professions10.1
17) History, Classical Civilization292.5
18) Home Economics, Family Studies322.8
19) Journalism 10.1
20) Management 161.4
22) Mathematics 423.6
23) Military Science80.7
24) Music 30.3
25) Philosophy 30.3
26) Physics 161.4
27) Political Science494.3
28) Pre-Law 20017.4
29) Psychology 322.8
30) Religion (including pre-ministerial)221.9
31) Social Work 40.3
32) Sociology 201.7
33) Theatre 12010.4
34) Other111.0
Missing2330 
TOTAL1152100.0
232) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE MARRIED: Is your husband or wife an ordained minister? (CORDSPS)
TOTAL%
1) No 132490.6
2) Yes, but not a parish pastor372.5
3) Yes, co-pastor with me493.4
4) Yes, pastor/associate of another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation382.6
5) Yes, pastor/associate of a congregation affiliated with another denomination130.9
Missing2021 
TOTAL1461100.0
233) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES ARE NOT ORDAINED MINISTERS: What is your husband's or wife's usual occupation? (SPOCCUPC)
TOTAL%
1) Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations11210.7
2) Professional specialty occupations67364.2
3) Technicians and related support occupations212.0
4) Sales occupations444.2
5) Administrative support occupations, including clerical16015.3
7) Protective service occupations30.3
8) Service occupations, except protective and household212.0
9) Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations30.3
10) Precision production, craft, and repair occupations70.7
11) Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors20.2
12) Transportation and material moving occupations10.1
13) Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers10.1
14) Military 10.1
Missing2433 
TOTAL1049100.0
234) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Year ordained (YEARORD)
TOTAL%
1) 1900-1949 151.3
2) 1950-1959 20718.1
3) 1960-1969 25021.9
4) 1970-1979 26623.3
5) 1980-199140635.5
Missing2338 
TOTAL1144100.0
235) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Divinity? (BDMDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree153693.2
2) Does not have degree1126.8
Missing1834 
TOTAL1648100.0
236) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a Doctor of Ministry degree? (DMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree31619.2
2) Does not have degree133280.8
Missing1834 
TOTAL1648100.0
237) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a Doctor of Philosophy or Theology degree? (PHDTHD)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree915.5
2) Does not have degree155794.5
Missing1834 
TOTAL1648100.0
238) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a any other degrees? (OTHDEGR)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree33520.3
2) Does not have degree131379.7
Missing1834 
TOTAL1648100.0
239) I-SEX: What is your sex? (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female 118734.2
2) Male228065.8
Missing15 
TOTAL3467100.0
240) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married 296485.5
2) Not married50414.5
Missing14 
TOTAL3468100.0
241) I-REGION: Region (for use with on-line analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) South 124435.9
2) West 55616.1
3) Northeast 73021.1
4) Midwest93427.0
Missing18 
TOTAL3464100.0
242) I-INCOME: Which of these broad categories best describes your approximate total family income from all sources (including housing and other allowances), before taxes, in 1989? (If you live alone, please answer in terms of your personal income.) (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) $15,000-$24,99955316.5
2) $25,000-$49,999151945.2
3) $50,000-$99,999106831.8
4) $100,000 or more2216.6
Missing121 
TOTAL3361100.0
243) I-EDUCHI: What is the highest level of education you have attained? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-EDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school491.4
2) High school69520.2
3) College198057.4
4) Grad72421.0
Missing34 
TOTAL3448100.0
244) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) <35 years3219.3
2) 35-44 yrs81823.6
3) 45-54 yrs73321.2
4) 55-64 yrs92126.6
5) 65+ years66819.3
Missing21 
TOTAL3461100.0
245) I-RACE: What is your race/ethnicity? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White330595.9
2) Non-white1414.1
Missing36 
TOTAL3446100.0
246) I-POLPARTY: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or other? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-POLPARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat130437.9
2) Independen66519.3
3) Republican141841.2
4) Other/NA571.7
Missing38 
TOTAL3444100.0
247) I-SAMPLE: Sample of respondents (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members90426.0
2) Elders92426.6
3) Pastors114633.0
4) Spec clerg50214.4
Missing6 
TOTAL3476100.0