Presbyterian Panel Survey, September 1991: The Environment

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Identification number (IDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL385423919.28410161
2) As human beings, we are faced with a variety of factors and issues that affect our quality of life, from crime to health care to poverty to drug addiction to education to international relations. How would you best describe environmental issues as a problem facing the world today? (WRLDENV)
TOTAL%
1) The most serious problem2206.3
2) Among the two or three most serious problems206959.7
3) A serious problem, not among the top two or three107931.1
4) A problem, but not a serious one822.4
5) Hardly a problem at all120.3
6) No opinion60.2
Missing386 
TOTAL3468100.0
3) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Strip mining of coal, iron, copper, etc. (ENVPRB1)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious38410.2
2) No more serious than others213556.9
3) One of least serious85322.7
4) Don't know37810.1
Missing104 
TOTAL3750100.0
4) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Water pollution from disposal of waste products by manufacturing plants (ENVPRB2)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious273671.8
2) No more serious than others97825.7
3) One of least serious531.4
4) Don't know421.1
Missing45 
TOTAL3809100.0
5) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Water pollution caused by sewage from homes and offices (ENVPRB3)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious158741.9
2) No more serious than others169844.8
3) One of least serious42611.3
4) Don't know752.0
Missing68 
TOTAL3786100.0
6) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Oil spillage from tankers in lakes, rivers and oceans (ENVPRB4)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious170645.2
2) No more serious than others163443.3
3) One of least serious38810.3
4) Don't know461.2
Missing80 
TOTAL3774100.0
7) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Soil erosion (ENVPRB5)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious96025.6
2) No more serious than others206555.2
3) One of least serious58415.6
4) Don't know1343.6
Missing111 
TOTAL3743100.0
8) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Destruction of rain forests (ENVPRB6)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious234161.6
2) No more serious than others114730.2
3) One of least serious2115.6
4) Don't know992.6
Missing56 
TOTAL3798100.0
9) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Destruction of swamps and wetlands. (ENVPRB7)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious134835.7
2) No more serious than others183148.6
3) One of least serious44511.8
4) Don't know1473.9
Missing83 
TOTAL3771100.0
10) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Acid rain (ENVPRB8)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious135035.7
2) No more serious than others183848.7
3) One of least serious42711.3
4) Don't know1624.3
Missing77 
TOTAL3777100.0
11) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Consumption of oil, gas, and other nonrenewable resources (ENVPRB9)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious148739.4
2) No more serious than others168544.7
3) One of least serious51813.7
4) Don't know812.1
Missing83 
TOTAL3771100.0
12) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Landfills for disposal of garbage and trash from households and industry (ENVPRB10)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious162442.8
2) No more serious than others175946.3
3) One of least serious3649.6
4) Don't know501.3
Missing57 
TOTAL3797100.0
13) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Rapid population growth (ENVPRB11)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious143437.8
2) No more serious than others160842.4
3) One of least serious65717.3
4) Don't know942.5
Missing61 
TOTAL3793100.0
14) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Environmental contamination from chemical waste disposal (ENVPRB12)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious213956.2
2) No more serious than others142837.5
3) One of least serious1524.0
4) Don't know882.3
Missing47 
TOTAL3807100.0
15) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Environmental contamination from nuclear waste disposal (ENVPRB13)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious196151.5
2) No more serious than others126133.1
3) One of least serious43711.5
4) Don't know1503.9
Missing45 
TOTAL3809100.0
16) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Radiation from nuclear power plants (ENVPRB14)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious86822.9
2) No more serious than others147338.9
3) One of least serious126133.3
4) Don't know1895.0
Missing63 
TOTAL3791100.0
17) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- The "greenhouse effect" (global warming) (ENVPRB15)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious150339.6
2) No more serious than others141437.2
3) One of least serious55314.6
4) Don't know3288.6
Missing56 
TOTAL3798100.0
18) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Air pollution from automobile exhaust (ENVPRB16)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious145438.6
2) No more serious than others199052.8
3) One of least serious2807.4
4) Don't know461.2
Missing84 
TOTAL3770100.0
19) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Air pollution from industrial plants and factories (ENVPRB17)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious148139.2
2) No more serious than others203153.7
3) One of least serious2195.8
4) Don't know491.3
Missing74 
TOTAL3780100.0
20) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Destruction of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere (ENVPRB18)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious225459.3
2) No more serious than others100026.3
3) One of least serious2265.9
4) Don't know3198.4
Missing55 
TOTAL3799100.0
21) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Destruction of wildlife habitats (ENVPRB19)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious135335.7
2) No more serious than others190850.3
3) One of least serious47312.5
4) Don't know561.5
Missing64 
TOTAL3790100.0
22) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Pesticide residues on food eaten by humans (ENVPRB20)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious101726.8
2) No more serious than others187549.4
3) One of least serious78720.7
4) Don't know1153.0
Missing60 
TOTAL3794100.0
23) The term "environmental problems" covers many specific topics. Below is a list of some things environmentalists have said are problems for us. For each item, please indicate whether you think it is, in your own opinion, one of our most serious environmental problems, or no more serious than other environmental problems, or one of our least serious environmental problems. -- Loss of species through extinction (ENVPRB21)
TOTAL%
1) One of most serious104227.5
2) No more serious than others162943.0
3) One of least serious93424.7
4) Don't know1824.8
Missing67 
TOTAL3787100.0
24) Of the problems listed above (ENVPRB1 through ENVPRB21), which ONE do you think is the most serious environmental problem at the present time? (ENV_1ST)
TOTAL%
2) Strip mining of coal, iron, copper, etc.130.4
3) Water pollution from disposal of waste products by manufacturing plants3299.0
4) Water pollution caused by sewage from homes and offices1103.0
5) Oil spillage from tankers in lakes, rivers, oceans671.8
6) Soil erosion551.5
7) Destruction of rain forests3178.6
8) Destruction of swamps and wetlands160.4
9) Acid rain280.8
10) Consumption of oil, gas and other nonrenewable resources2597.1
11) Landfills for disposal of garbage and trash from households2597.1
12) Rapid population growth56615.4
13) Environmental contamination from chemical waste disposal2216.0
14) Environmental contamination from nuclear waste disposal1453.9
15) Radiation from nuclear power plants501.4
16) The "greenhouse effect" (global warming)2897.9
17) Air pollution from automobile exhaust1363.7
18) Air pollution from industrial plants and factories591.6
19) Destruction of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere56015.2
20) Destruction of wildlife habitats401.1
21) Pesticide residues on food eaten by humans691.9
22) Loss of species through extinction401.1
23) No one problem is more important than any other340.9
24) More than one serious environmental problem110.3
Missing181 
TOTAL3673100.0
25) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Government (ENVINFO1)
TOTAL%
1) Major source93225.0
2) Minor source217058.2
3) Not a source62916.9
Missing123 
TOTAL3731100.0
26) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- TV news (ENVINFO2)
TOTAL%
1) Major source239863.0
2) Minor source127133.4
3) Not a source1393.7
Missing46 
TOTAL3808100.0
27) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Radio (ENVINFO3)
TOTAL%
1) Major source131034.8
2) Minor source193351.4
3) Not a source51913.8
Missing92 
TOTAL3762100.0
28) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Newspapers (ENVINFO4)
TOTAL%
1) Major source261968.9
2) Minor source109428.8
3) Not a source862.3
Missing55 
TOTAL3799100.0
29) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Magazines (ENVINFO5)
TOTAL%
1) Major source226159.9
2) Minor source131534.8
3) Not a source2005.3
Missing78 
TOTAL3776100.0
30) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Environmental groups (ENVINFO6)
TOTAL%
1) Major source168044.5
2) Minor source154440.9
3) Not a source55414.7
Missing76 
TOTAL3778100.0
31) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Businesses and corporations (ENVINFO7)
TOTAL%
1) Major source1844.9
2) Minor source169445.0
3) Not a source188450.1
Missing92 
TOTAL3762100.0
32) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- Friends and family (ENVINFO8)
TOTAL%
1) Major source43411.5
2) Minor source217257.5
3) Not a source116931.0
Missing79 
TOTAL3775100.0
33) Here are some sources from which you might obtain information on environmental problems and issues. For each, please indicate if it is a major source, a minor source, or not a source of environmental information for you. -- The church (ENVINFO9)
TOTAL%
1) Major source39910.5
2) Minor source181247.8
3) Not a source157641.6
Missing67 
TOTAL3787100.0
34) Do you agree or disagree that environmental issues are appropriate social concerns for the church? (ENVSOCCN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely173045.3
2) Agree mostly119731.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree44311.6
4) Disagree mostly3068.0
5) Disagree completely1002.6
6) Don't know401.0
Missing38 
TOTAL3816100.0
35) Do you agree or disagree: The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A) should become more involved in environmental issues. (ENV_CH)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely122732.1
2) Agree mostly119031.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree64216.8
4) Disagree mostly49913.0
5) Disagree completely1774.6
6) Don't know932.4
Missing26 
TOTAL3828100.0
36) Church members who are concerned about environmental problems should: (ENVOPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Work for change entirely through other institutions and not the church40310.6
2) Work for change primarily through other institutions, and only secondarily through the church157441.2
3) Work for change equally through other institutions and the church170144.5
4) Work for change primarily through the church, and only secondarily through other institutions260.7
5) Work for change entirely through the church, and not through other institutions40.1
6) Not sure1112.9
Missing35 
TOTAL3819100.0
37) Before receiving this questionnaire, were you aware that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has a policy statement on the environment? (ENVPLCY1)
TOTAL%
1) No209454.9
2) Yes172345.1
Missing37 
TOTAL3817100.0
38) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE AWARE THAT THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH (U.S.A.) HAD A POLICY STATEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT BEFORE RECEIVING THIS QUESTIONNAIRE: Please indicate how you became familiar with the policy statement of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) concerning the environment. -- I read the report, "Restoring Creation," adopted by the 1990 General Assembly. (ENVPLCY2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74562.5
2) No44737.5
Missing2662 
TOTAL1192100.0
39) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE AWARE THAT THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH (U.S.A.) HAD A POLICY STATEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT BEFORE RECEIVING THIS QUESTIONNAIRE: Please indicate how you became familiar with the policy statement of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) concerning the environment. -- I participated in a group which studied "Restoring Creation." (ENVPLCY3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9210.3
2) No80389.7
Missing2959 
TOTAL895100.0
40) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE AWARE THAT THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH (U.S.A.) HAD A POLICY STATEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT BEFORE RECEIVING THIS QUESTIONNAIRE: Please indicate how you became familiar with the policy statement of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) concerning the environment. -- My pastor provided information. (ENVPLCY4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26031.5
2) No56668.5
Missing3028 
TOTAL826100.0
41) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE AWARE THAT THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH (U.S.A.) HAD A POLICY STATEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT BEFORE RECEIVING THIS QUESTIONNAIRE: Please indicate how you became familiar with the policy statement of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) concerning the environment. -- I read about the policy statement in a magazine or newspaper. (ENVPLCY5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88974.5
2) No30425.5
Missing2661 
TOTAL1193100.0
42) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE AWARE THAT THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH (U.S.A.) HAD A POLICY STATEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT BEFORE RECEIVING THIS QUESTIONNAIRE: Please indicate how you became familiar with the policy statement of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) concerning the environment. -- Other (ENVPLCY6)
TOTAL%
1) Denominational written material (other than "Restoring Creation")5826.6
2) Experiential (committee, General Assembly, word of mouth)12657.8
3) Extra-denominational written material20.9
4) Assumed they had a policy; they have one on everything else3214.7
Missing3636 
TOTAL218100.0
43) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE READ OR STUDIED "RESTORING CREATION": What effect, if any, did reading this report have on your attitude and behavior concerning the environment? -- First answer (RESCRTN1)
TOTAL%
1) Motivated me to get involved9015.4
2) Informed me9916.9
3) None12721.7
4) Showed (convinced) me that this is an appropriate issue for the church-part of God's command to be stewards of creation; made me more sensitive to these issues15025.6
5) Confirmed what I already knew12020.5
Missing3268 
TOTAL586100.0
44) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE READ OR STUDIED "RESTORING CREATION": What effect, if any, did reading this report have on your attitude and behavior concerning the environment? -- Second answer (RESCRTN2)
TOTAL%
1) Motivated me to get involved927.3
3) None26.1
4) Showed (convinced) me that this is an appropriate issue for the church-part of God's command to be stewards of creation; made me more sensitive to these issues2163.6
5) Confirmed what I already knew13.0
Missing3821 
TOTAL33100.0
45) The denomination is giving consideration to collecting money for church programs related to the environment as part of a special offering. What do you think of this idea? (SPOFFRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent idea53214.0
2) Good idea95725.1
3) Fair idea77620.4
4) Poor idea118031.0
5) Not sure3659.6
Missing44 
TOTAL3810100.0
46) In the past year, has your congregation (as a whole, or any group in the congregation) -- Participated in a recycling program in your community (CONGENV1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes229261.2
2) No99326.5
3) Not sure46312.4
Missing106 
TOTAL3748100.0
47) In the past year, has your congregation (as a whole, or any group in the congregation) -- Taken steps to reduce the amount of non-recyclable waste the congregation produces (CONGENV2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes196753.0
2) No105428.4
3) Not sure68718.5
Missing146 
TOTAL3708100.0
48) In the past year, has your congregation (as a whole, or any group in the congregation) -- Taken steps to reduce consumption of energy in the church buildings (CONGENV3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes240464.8
2) No68418.4
3) Not sure62016.7
Missing146 
TOTAL3708100.0
49) In the past year, has your congregation (as a whole, or any group in the congregation) -- Heard a sermon during Sunday morning worship that emphasized environmental issues (CONGENV4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes113130.5
2) No187350.5
3) Not sure70619.0
Missing144 
TOTAL3710100.0
50) In the past year, has your congregation (as a whole, or any group in the congregation) -- Been actively involved in a public policy debate concerning the environment (CONGENV5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2587.0
2) No273174.0
3) Not sure70219.0
Missing163 
TOTAL3691100.0
51) In the past year, has your congregation (as a whole, or any group in the congregation) -- Had a series of study sessions on environmental issues (CONGENV6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46712.7
2) No265071.8
3) Not sure57415.6
Missing163 
TOTAL3691100.0
52) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE CONGREGATION HAS HAD A SERIES OF STUDY SESSIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE PAST YEAR: Did you use the "Keeping and Healing Study Book?" (STDYBKEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8910.0
2) No57564.5
3) Not sure22825.6
Missing2962 
TOTAL892100.0
53) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE CONGREGATION HAS HAD A SERIES OF STUDY SESSIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE PAST YEAR: What other resources, if any, were used? -- First answer (ENVSESS1)
TOTAL%
1) Denominational written material (other than "Keeping and Healing")4916.8
2) Speakers/literature/videos from environmental groups10636.3
3) Book/video (specific title given)196.5
4) Extra-denominational material237.9
5) Government publications155.1
6) Non-Presbyterian religious material51.7
7) Scripture20.7
8) Various resources3612.3
9) Miscellaneous other3712.7
Missing3562 
TOTAL292100.0
54) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE CONGREGATION HAS HAD A SERIES OF STUDY SESSIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE PAST YEAR: What other resources, if any, were used? -- Second answer (ENVSESS2)
TOTAL%
1) Denominational written material (other than "Keeping and Healing Study Book")531.3
2) Speakers/literature/videos from environmental groups212.5
3) Book/video (specific title given)16.3
4) Extra-denominational material425.0
5) Government publications318.8
7) Scripture16.3
Missing3838 
TOTAL16100.0
55) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE CONGREGATION HAS HAD A SERIES OF STUDY SESSIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE PAST YEAR: What other resources, if any, were used? -- Third answer (ENVSESS3)
TOTAL%
1) Denominational written material (other than "Keeping and Healing Study Book")466.7
2) Speakers/literature/videos from environmental groups116.7
4) Extra-denominational material116.7
Missing3848 
TOTAL6100.0
56) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Return beverage bottles or cans or glass containers to a store or recycling center (ENVACT1)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis292276.8
2) Does from time to time46912.3
3) Does not do2827.4
4) Not an available option1313.4
Missing50 
TOTAL3804100.0
57) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Recycle newspapers (ENVACT2)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis260668.5
2) Does from time to time44011.6
3) Does not do52213.7
4) Not an available option2376.2
Missing49 
TOTAL3805100.0
58) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Sort trash to separate garbage from recyclable material (ENVACT3)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis222658.7
2) Does from time to time45111.9
3) Does not do75419.9
4) Not an available option3589.4
Missing65 
TOTAL3789100.0
59) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Try to buy products made from, or packaged in, recycled materials (ENVACT4)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis140236.9
2) Does from time to time180247.5
3) Does not do56414.9
4) Not an available option290.8
Missing57 
TOTAL3797100.0
60) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Cut down on use of an automobile by using public transportation, carpooling, bicycling, etc. (ENVACT5)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis43411.4
2) Does from time to time101226.7
3) Does not do173245.6
4) Not an available option61816.3
Missing58 
TOTAL3796100.0
61) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Write letters to politicians expressing opinions on environmental issues (ENVACT6)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis1393.7
2) Does from time to time75319.8
3) Does not do288976.0
4) Not an available option200.5
Missing53 
TOTAL3801100.0
62) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Give money to an organization or cause that studies or promotes environmental issues (ENVACT7)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis50313.3
2) Does from time to time137736.3
3) Does not do186349.1
4) Not an available option521.4
Missing59 
TOTAL3795100.0
63) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Volunteer time to an organization or program primarily concerned with environmental issues (ENVACT8)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis1574.1
2) Does from time to time52513.8
3) Does not do297878.5
4) Not an available option1333.5
Missing61 
TOTAL3793100.0
64) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Make an effort to reduce energy consumption in your dwelling (ENVACT9)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis267070.1
2) Does from time to time103627.2
3) Does not do962.5
4) Not an available option60.2
Missing46 
TOTAL3808100.0
65) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Take steps to reduce the amount of items your household puts into the waste stream (ENVACT10)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis204754.1
2) Does from time to time120531.8
3) Does not do45712.1
4) Not an available option752.0
Missing70 
TOTAL3784100.0
66) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Read a book(s) on environmental issues (ENVACT11)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis59315.8
2) Does from time to time154141.0
3) Does not do159542.4
4) Not an available option290.8
Missing96 
TOTAL3758100.0
67) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Invest money in a company (or several companies through a stock fund) because of its exemplary environmental record (ENVACT12)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis1554.1
2) Does from time to time3419.0
3) Does not do289476.5
4) Not an available option39510.4
Missing69 
TOTAL3785100.0
68) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Maintain a compost pile to recycle garbage (ENVACT13)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis78720.8
2) Does from time to time43511.5
3) Does not do228560.4
4) Not an available option2737.2
Missing74 
TOTAL3780100.0
69) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Vote for or against a candidate for public office because of that candidate's stand on environmental issues (ENVACT14)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis80321.2
2) Does from time to time159942.2
3) Does not do125833.2
4) Not an available option1323.5
Missing62 
TOTAL3792100.0
70) Below is a list of activities related to environmental issues. For each activity, indicate whether you or someone in your household (1) makes a real effort to do it on a regular basis; (2) does it from time to time when it's convenient; (3) does not do it; or (4) the activity is not an available option in your community. -- Put up with weeds in your lawn because you don't want chemical herbicides sprayed in your yard (ENVACT15)
TOTAL%
1) Does on regular basis133635.3
2) Does from time to time67617.9
3) Does not do151640.0
4) Not an available option2586.8
Missing68 
TOTAL3786100.0
71) Below is a list of some things that have been proposed to improve the quality of our environment. For each one, please indicate whether it is something you think would do enough good so you would be willing to see it happen in your community, or whether you think it would not do enough to be worth the inconvenience or extra cost. -- Require carpooling to and from work, even though it means having to stick to the carpool schedule and not having a car at work in case of an emergency (ENVQUAL1)
TOTAL%
1) Willing108929.5
2) Not worth cost or inconvenience185850.3
3) Don't know74820.2
Missing159 
TOTAL3695100.0
72) Below is a list of some things that have been proposed to improve the quality of our environment. For each one, please indicate whether it is something you think would do enough good so you would be willing to see it happen in your community, or whether you think it would not do enough to be worth the inconvenience or extra cost. -- Ban the use of plastic containers, even though they are lightweight and do not break when dropped (ENVQUAL2)
TOTAL%
1) Willing233261.7
2) Not worth cost or inconvenience92924.6
3) Don't know51913.7
Missing74 
TOTAL3780100.0
73) Below is a list of some things that have been proposed to improve the quality of our environment. For each one, please indicate whether it is something you think would do enough good so you would be willing to see it happen in your community, or whether you think it would not do enough to be worth the inconvenience or extra cost. -- Institute mandatory recycling of bottles, cans and newspapers, even though this means you will have to sort your trash and need to make extra space to keep separate types of trash (ENVQUAL3)
TOTAL%
1) Willing351292.1
2) Not worth cost or inconvenience2165.7
3) Don't know842.2
Missing42 
TOTAL3812100.0
74) Below is a list of some things that have been proposed to improve the quality of our environment. For each one, please indicate whether it is something you think would do enough good so you would be willing to see it happen in your community, or whether you think it would not do enough to be worth the inconvenience or extra cost. -- Require monetary deposits on all reusable and recyclable containers, even though this will be inconvenient to both customers and retailers (ENVQUAL4)
TOTAL%
1) Willing277973.2
2) Not worth cost or inconvenience71018.7
3) Don't know3098.1
Missing56 
TOTAL3798100.0
75) Are you willing to pay higher prices for goods that are made out of recycled materials? (RECYCLE1)
TOTAL%
1) No104027.9
2) Yes268372.1
Missing131 
TOTAL3723100.0
76) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE WILLING TO PAY HIGHER PRICES FOR GOODS THAT ARE MADE OUT OF RECYLCLED MATERIALS: In general, how much more? Percent given: (RECYCLE2)
TOTAL%
1) 1756.7
2) 26910.3
3) 1114.2
4) 160.6
5) 72927.9
6) 10.0
7) 140.5
8) 130.5
9) 10.0
10) 71527.3
12) 20.1
15) 833.2
18) 10.0
20) 943.6
25) 461.8
30) 60.2
35) 10.0
42) 10.0
50) 170.6
60) 10.0
90) 90% or more30.1
96) As much as needed190.7
97) Shouldn't cost more542.1
98) Don't know2449.3
Missing1238 
TOTAL2616100.0
77) Below is a list of several organizations that work with environmental issues. For each organization, please indicate in general how closely its views and positions match those of your own. -- Ducks Unlimited (ENVORG1)
TOTAL%
1) All of the time1885.0
2) Most of the time57915.4
3) Some of the time39210.4
4) Never782.1
5) Don't know251567.0
Missing102 
TOTAL3752100.0
78) Below is a list of several organizations that work with environmental issues. For each organization, please indicate in general how closely its views and positions match those of your own. -- Earth First (ENVORG2)
TOTAL%
1) All of the time1173.1
2) Most of the time41211.0
3) Some of the time52013.9
4) Never2286.1
5) Don't know247065.9
Missing107 
TOTAL3747100.0
79) Below is a list of several organizations that work with environmental issues. For each organization, please indicate in general how closely its views and positions match those of your own. -- Greenpeace (ENVORG3)
TOTAL%
1) All of the time2055.5
2) Most of the time95625.5
3) Some of the time122132.5
4) Never3128.3
5) Don't know105828.2
Missing102 
TOTAL3752100.0
80) Below is a list of several organizations that work with environmental issues. For each organization, please indicate in general how closely its views and positions match those of your own. -- National Audubon Society (ENVORG4)
TOTAL%
1) All of the time63716.9
2) Most of the time151540.1
3) Some of the time59615.8
4) Never511.4
5) Don't know97725.9
Missing78 
TOTAL3776100.0
81) Below is a list of several organizations that work with environmental issues. For each organization, please indicate in general how closely its views and positions match those of your own. -- Sierra Club (ENVORG5)
TOTAL%
1) All of the time40010.6
2) Most of the time118831.5
3) Some of the time83222.1
4) Never1614.3
5) Don't know118631.5
Missing87 
TOTAL3767100.0
82) Below is a list of several organizations that work with environmental issues. For each organization, please indicate in general how closely its views and positions match those of your own. -- World Wildlife Fund (ENVORG6)
TOTAL%
1) All of the time40810.8
2) Most of the time92024.4
3) Some of the time54414.4
4) Never721.9
5) Don't know182548.4
Missing85 
TOTAL3769100.0
83) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Bicycling (OTDRACT1)
TOTAL%
1) Often43711.8
2) Occasionally96926.3
3) Rarely77521.0
4) Never150940.9
Missing164 
TOTAL3690100.0
84) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Boating/canoeing/sailing (OTDRACT2)
TOTAL%
1) Often3028.2
2) Occasionally96226.0
3) Rarely93225.2
4) Never150440.6
Missing154 
TOTAL3700100.0
85) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Camping (OTDRACT3)
TOTAL%
1) Often2978.0
2) Occasionally75520.4
3) Rarely71219.3
4) Never193352.3
Missing157 
TOTAL3697100.0
86) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Fishing (OTDRACT4)
TOTAL%
1) Often2597.0
2) Occasionally62116.8
3) Rarely70919.2
4) Never210156.9
Missing164 
TOTAL3690100.0
87) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Hiking (OTDRACT5)
TOTAL%
1) Often76920.6
2) Occasionally140937.8
3) Rarely68918.5
4) Never86023.1
Missing127 
TOTAL3727100.0
88) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Skiing (OTDRACT6)
TOTAL%
1) Often1273.5
2) Occasionally40611.1
3) Rarely41911.5
4) Never270173.9
Missing201 
TOTAL3653100.0
89) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Visiting a state park (OTDRACT7)
TOTAL%
1) Often68918.3
2) Occasionally194551.7
3) Rarely65317.4
4) Never47612.6
Missing91 
TOTAL3763100.0
90) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Visiting a national park (OTDRACT8)
TOTAL%
1) Often39710.7
2) Occasionally150640.5
3) Rarely79821.5
4) Never101327.3
Missing140 
TOTAL3714100.0
91) In the past year, to what extent (if any) have you participated in the following outdoor activities? -- Other (OTDRACT9)
TOTAL%
1) Walking/running/jogging25639.3
2) Swimming/water sports7110.9
3) Other outdoor sports10115.5
4) Gardening13020.0
5) Bird watching/naturalist activities182.8
6) Horseback riding40.6
8) None (not available; disabled)294.5
9) Miscellaneous other426.5
Missing3203 
TOTAL651100.0
92) Do you consider yourself to be an environmentalist? (ENVRNMEN)
TOTAL%
1) No79220.8
2) Yes249065.3
3) Not sure52913.9
Missing43 
TOTAL3811100.0
93) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO CONSIDER THEMSELVES TO BE AN ENVIRONMENTALIST: Would you say that you are a strong environmentalist? (STENVIRO)
TOTAL%
1) No97439.6
2) Yes96839.3
3) Not sure52021.1
Missing1392 
TOTAL2462100.0
94) How familiar are you with the term "eco-justice"? (ECOJUSTC)
TOTAL%
1) Very familiar41710.9
2) Familiar94124.7
3) Somewhat familiar109228.7
4) Not at all familiar136135.7
Missing43 
TOTAL3811100.0
95) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- First comes economic security and well-being; then we can worry about environmental problems. (ENV_Q1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely721.9
2) Agree mostly52213.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree71218.7
4) Disagree mostly162742.7
5) Disagree completely79620.9
6) Don't know802.1
Missing45 
TOTAL3809100.0
96) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- One thing I enjoy most in life is going someplace like the woods, mountains or the ocean to be surrounded by nature. (ENV_Q2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely182647.8
2) Agree mostly152239.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree3609.4
4) Disagree mostly862.2
5) Disagree completely170.4
6) Don't know130.3
Missing30 
TOTAL3824100.0
97) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- Setting aside more land for parks and wilderness should be a national priority. (ENV_Q3)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely117630.8
2) Agree mostly174145.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree58015.2
4) Disagree mostly2145.6
5) Disagree completely511.3
6) Don't know591.5
Missing33 
TOTAL3821100.0
98) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- Nature is far more beautiful than things made by humankind. (ENV_Q4)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely152439.8
2) Agree mostly151339.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree68217.8
4) Disagree mostly822.1
5) Disagree completely200.5
6) Don't know70.2
Missing26 
TOTAL3828100.0
99) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- New technologies will surely come along to solve environmental problems before they get out of hand. (ENV_Q5)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely852.2
2) Agree mostly69518.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree83621.9
4) Disagree mostly143537.5
5) Disagree completely46912.3
6) Don't know3047.9
Missing30 
TOTAL3824100.0
100) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- Some pollution is inevitable if we are going to continue to make improvements in our standard of living. (ENV_Q6)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely2697.0
2) Agree mostly159541.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree60815.9
4) Disagree mostly98625.8
5) Disagree completely2286.0
6) Don't know1303.4
Missing38 
TOTAL3816100.0
101) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- Environmental problems will never be manageable until the rate of world population growth drops to zero. (ENV_Q7)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely2225.8
2) Agree mostly77320.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree65417.2
4) Disagree mostly131234.4
5) Disagree completely58715.4
6) Don't know2656.9
Missing41 
TOTAL3813100.0
102) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- The Earth's resources are finite, so to improve everyone's standard of living, those of us in wealthy countries need to simplify our lifestyles. (ENV_Q8)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely98025.7
2) Agree mostly173045.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree47712.5
4) Disagree mostly38010.0
5) Disagree completely1243.3
6) Don't know1193.1
Missing44 
TOTAL3810100.0
103) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- The high birth rate in poor countries is as much a problem for the environment as is the industrial pollution of the United States, Europe and Japan. (ENV_Q9)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely87722.9
2) Agree mostly153540.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree46012.0
4) Disagree mostly54814.3
5) Disagree completely1554.1
6) Don't know2496.5
Missing30 
TOTAL3824100.0
104) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- No new nuclear energy reactors should be built until a permanent solution to disposing of radioactive waste has been devised. (ENV_Q10)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely122132.0
2) Agree mostly111329.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree48712.7
4) Disagree mostly59615.6
5) Disagree completely2496.5
6) Don't know1544.0
Missing34 
TOTAL3820100.0
105) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- As individuals, we should live our lives so that, on balance, we strive to make the environment better than we found it. (ENV_Q11)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely246564.7
2) Agree mostly120631.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree1133.0
4) Disagree mostly210.6
5) Disagree completely10.0
6) Don't know60.2
Missing42 
TOTAL3812100.0
106) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- We should quit using so many pesticides on farm crops, even if it means the yields decline. (ENV_Q12)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely77620.4
2) Agree mostly169044.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree62116.3
4) Disagree mostly42611.2
5) Disagree completely862.3
6) Don't know2135.6
Missing42 
TOTAL3812100.0
107) Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each statement below. -- I would be willing to pay higher taxes to help clean up the environment. (ENV_Q13)
TOTAL%
1) Agree completely81321.3
2) Agree mostly172045.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree54714.3
4) Disagree mostly40010.5
5) Disagree completely1985.2
6) Don't know1343.5
Missing42 
TOTAL3812100.0
108) Ten years from now, do you think the overall quality of the environment worldwide will be: (ENVQLTY)
TOTAL%
1) Significantly better than it is today2406.3
2) Slightly better than it is today125032.8
3) About the same as it is today85222.4
4) Slightly worse than it is today89823.6
5) Significantly worse than it is today46112.1
6) No opinion1102.9
Missing43 
TOTAL3811100.0
109) Please use the space below to provide any additional comments concerning the environment. -- Respondent's first written comments (ENVCMMT1)
TOTAL%
1) Church should do more on environment.17615.7
2) Mixed support and opposition to church involvement; Church should make it an issue but not go overboard.11510.2
3) Church should do less on environment.12511.1
4) Generally support more efforts to improve environment (government, private, etc.)1079.5
5) Mixed support and opposition to environmental changes.635.6
6) Generally oppose more efforts to improve environment.171.5
7) Observations, explanations for environmental problems34430.6
8) Comments on questionnaire itself1079.5
9) Miscellaneous other696.1
Missing2731 
TOTAL1123100.0
110) Please use the space below to provide any additional comments concerning the environment. -- Respondent's second written comments (ENVCMMT2)
TOTAL%
1) Church should do more on environment.219.9
2) Mixed support and opposition to church involvement; Church should make it an issue but not go overboard.115.2
3) Church should do less on environment.136.1
4) Generally support more efforts to improve environment (government, private, etc.)3215.1
5) Mixed support and opposition to environmental changes136.1
6) Generally oppose more efforts to improve environment62.8
7) Observations, explanations for environmental problems8138.2
8) Comments on questionnaire itself2310.8
9) Miscellaneous other125.7
Missing3642 
TOTAL212100.0
111) Sub-sample population: (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members106927.7
2) Elders102726.6
3) Pastors121731.6
4) Specialized clergy54114.0
TOTAL3854100.0
112) Identification number (CODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL384124195.57510108
113) Renumbered identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL384123935.82310154
114) State (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL382627.25314
115) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) South 139736.5
2) West 59615.6
3) Northeast 81421.3
4) Midwest102026.7
Missing27 
TOTAL3827100.0
116) Pin number (PIN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL38368191.887760
117) Date survey received (DATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL38311033.08498
118) ASKED OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? ASKED OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: How many years have you been associated with this congregation? (CONGYRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less45212.1
2) 2-3 years55414.8
3) 4-5 years44111.8
4) 6-10 years64617.2
5) 11-15 years37710.1
6) 16-25 years55014.7
7) 26 or more years72819.4
Missing106 
TOTAL3748100.0
119) How far do you live from this congregation? (CONGLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) 1 mile or less142038.1
2) 2-3 miles89324.0
3) 4-5 miles51613.8
4) 6-10 miles51613.8
5) 11-15 miles1744.7
6) 16-25 miles1233.3
7) 26 or more miles862.3
Missing126 
TOTAL3728100.0
120) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (MATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Never 180.9
2) Less than once a year90.4
3) About once or twice a year401.9
4) Several times a year824.0
5) About once a month683.3
6) Two-three times a month24011.6
7) Nearly every week99748.1
8) Every week62029.9
Missing1780 
TOTAL2074100.0
121) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Other than time attending worship services, how much time do you spend in congregation-related activities? (MCNGACT)
TOTAL%
1) A lot of time46522.4
2) A fair amount of time90343.5
3) A little time48623.4
4) Really no time at all22110.7
Missing1779 
TOTAL2075100.0
122) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: What is the approximate number of members in this congregation? (CONGMBR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37141580.0513023
123) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? First mention (MCHPSTN1)
TOTAL%
2) Elder (currently serving on session)95347.3
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)763.8
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)150.7
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group964.8
6) Teacher 1065.3
7) Organist or choir director130.6
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force261.3
9) Member of congregational committee or task force944.7
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force110.5
11) None of the above49824.7
12) Other 1276.3
13) More than four listed10.0
Missing1838 
TOTAL2016100.0
124) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Second mention (MCHPSTN2)
TOTAL%
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)40.4
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)859.0
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group9910.5
6) Teacher 17718.7
7) Organist or choir director181.9
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force20922.1
9) Member of congregational committee or task force17618.6
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force293.1
11) None of the above10.1
12) Other 14815.6
13) More than four listed10.1
Missing2907 
TOTAL947100.0
125) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Third mention (MCHPSTN3)
TOTAL%
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group133.0
6) Teacher 4710.9
7) Organist or choir director81.8
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force9622.2
9) Member of congregational committee or task force13130.3
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force4510.4
11) None of the above10.2
12) Other 9221.2
Missing3421 
TOTAL433100.0
126) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Fourth mention (MCHPSTN4)
TOTAL%
7) Organist or choir director10.7
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force138.5
9) Member of congregational committee or task force4026.1
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force2717.6
12) Other 4428.8
13) More than four listed2818.3
Missing3701 
TOTAL153100.0
127) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Have you been baptized? (MBAPTIZD)
TOTAL%
1) No 110.5
2) Yes206899.5
Missing1775 
TOTAL2079100.0
128) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Were you baptized in a Presbyterian church? (MPRESBPT)
TOTAL%
1) No 105151.3
2) Yes99848.7
Missing1805 
TOTAL2049100.0
129) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: How old were you when you were baptized? (MBAPTAGE)
TOTAL%
1) One year or younger86943.8
2) Two to three years693.5
3) Four to five years341.7
4) Six to ten years1497.5
5) Eleven to fifteen years38519.4
6) Sixteen to twenty-five years1286.4
7) Twenty-six years or older35217.7
Missing1868 
TOTAL1986100.0
130) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Have you been confirmed? (MCONFIRM)
TOTAL%
1) No 41220.8
2) Yes157079.2
Missing1872 
TOTAL1982100.0
131) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Were you confirmed in a Presbyterian church? (MCONFBPT)
TOTAL%
1) No 59136.6
2) Yes102363.4
Missing2240 
TOTAL1614100.0
132) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (MRSDCURR)
TOTAL%
1) No 172382.8
2) Yes35717.2
Missing1774 
TOTAL2080100.0
133) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was looking for a nearby church, regardless of denomination. (MINTRO1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 42235.1
2) No78064.9
Missing2652 
TOTAL1202100.0
134) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was looking for a Presbyterian church. (MINTRO2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 86963.5
2) No49936.5
Missing2486 
TOTAL1368100.0
135) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was introduced by a relative who is/was a member of the congregation. (MINTRO3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 25421.6
2) No92378.4
Missing2677 
TOTAL1177100.0
136) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was introduced by a friend/neighbor/acquaintance who is/was a member of the congregation. (MINTRO4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 51341.4
2) No72658.6
Missing2615 
TOTAL1239100.0
137) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was one of the charter members. (MINTRO5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 484.3
2) No105895.7
Missing2748 
TOTAL1106100.0
138) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I heard or read about the church and decided to try it. (MINTRO6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 50442.9
2) No67257.1
Missing2678 
TOTAL1176100.0
139) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - The pastor visited or called me. (MINTRO7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 29725.5
2) No86874.5
Missing2689 
TOTAL1165100.0
140) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Which one of these reasons was the most important in your introduction to your current congregation? (MIMPINTR)
TOTAL%
1) I was looking for a nearby church, regardless of denomination.15410.2
2) I was looking for a Presbyterian church.49532.7
3) I was introduced by a relative who is/was a member of the congregation.18212.0
4) I was introduced by a friend/neighbor/acquaintance who is/was a member of the congregation.29319.4
5) I was one of the charter members.281.9
6) I heard of read about the church and decided to try it.16110.6
7) The pastor visited or called me.1499.8
8) More than one above161.1
9) None of the above332.2
10) Other20.1
Missing2341 
TOTAL1513100.0
141) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I appreciated the education program for children. (MJOIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 68752.6
2) No61847.4
Missing2549 
TOTAL1305100.0
142) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - My children enjoyed the activities of this congregation. (MJOIN2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 55443.3
2) No72556.7
Missing2575 
TOTAL1279100.0
143) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - It was the closest Presbyterian church. (MJOIN3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 62445.7
2) No74154.3
Missing2489 
TOTAL1365100.0
144) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - It was the closest church. (MJOIN4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 18314.7
2) No106085.3
Missing2611 
TOTAL1243100.0
145) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - Friends invited me to join. (MJOIN5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 49038.4
2) No78761.6
Missing2577 
TOTAL1277100.0
146) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I found the members very friendly. (MJOIN6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 128388.3
2) No17011.7
Missing2401 
TOTAL1453100.0
147) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I found the pastor's sermons to be very meaningful. (MJOIN7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 114380.4
2) No27919.6
Missing2432 
TOTAL1422100.0
148) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I was impressed by the pastor. (MJOIN8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 113481.3
2) No26018.7
Missing2460 
TOTAL1394100.0
149) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I married a member of the congregation. (MJOIN9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 18815.0
2) No106685.0
Missing2600 
TOTAL1254100.0
150) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I was impressed by how active the church was in social justice issues. (MJOIN10)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 28022.7
2) No95677.3
Missing2618 
TOTAL1236100.0
151) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - The congregation seemed spiritually alive. (MJOIN11)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 95870.6
2) No39929.4
Missing2497 
TOTAL1357100.0
152) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Which one of these reasons was the most important in your introduction to your current congregation? (MIMPJOIN)
TOTAL%
1) I appreciated the education program for children.986.1
2) My children enjoyed the activities of this congregation.543.4
3) It was the closest Presbyterian church.18211.3
4) It was the closest church.231.4
5) Friends invited me to join.613.8
6) I found the members very friendly.30118.8
7) I found the pastor's sermons to be very meaningful.23814.8
8) I was impressed by the pastor.22414.0
9) I married a member of the congregation.1549.6
10) I was impressed by how active the church was in social justice issues.241.5
11) The congregation seemed spiritually alive.16110.0
12) More than one listed573.6
13) None of the above listed271.7
Missing2250 
TOTAL1604100.0
153) During your life, have you ever belonged to a congregation that was affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (NOPRESBY)
TOTAL%
1) No 195751.2
2) Yes186448.8
Missing33 
TOTAL3821100.0
154) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (PRESBYRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less331.8
2) 2-3 years553.0
3) 4-5 years874.7
4) 6-10 years22512.2
5) 11-15 years22011.9
6) 16-25 years40321.8
7) 26-49 years72339.1
8) 50 or more years1055.7
Missing2003 
TOTAL1851100.0
155) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO HAVE EVER BELONGED TO A CONGREGATION THAT WAS AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN: Please indicate the other denomination(s) to which you have belonged. First mention (DENOMA1)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 40722.0
2) Methodist 55029.7
3) Lutheran 1669.0
4) Episcopal 1065.7
5) United Church of Christ1488.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)663.6
7) Roman Catholic 975.2
8) Reformed churches422.3
9) Other Presbyterian60.3
11) Other 20411.0
12) More than one of these542.9
13) None of these30.2
Missing2005 
TOTAL1849100.0
156) Please indicate the other denomination(s) to which you have belonged. Second mention (DENOMA2)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 80.6
2) Methodist 957.5
3) Lutheran 110.9
4) Episcopal 90.7
5) United Church of Christ493.8
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)50.4
7) Roman Catholic 272.1
8) Reformed churches110.9
9) Other Presbyterian30.2
11) Other 876.8
13) None of these97076.1
Missing2579 
TOTAL1275100.0
157) If you were to move to a community in which there was no Presbyterian church, which type of church would you feel most comfortable joining? (DENOMB)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 2246.0
2) Methodist 130834.8
3) Lutheran 2807.4
4) Episcopal 3429.1
5) United Church of Christ86222.9
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)1333.5
7) Roman Catholic 270.7
8) Reformed churches731.9
9) Other Presbyterian60.2
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)350.9
11) Other 2867.6
12) More than one of these381.0
13) None of these752.0
14) Undecided711.9
Missing94 
TOTAL3760100.0
158) Everyone must make many important decisions during his or her life, such as, which occupation to pursue, what goals to strive for, whom to vote for, what to teach one's children, etc. When you make decisions such as these to what extent do you make the decisions on the basis of your religious faith? (DECIDFTH)
TOTAL%
1) I seldom, if ever, base such decisions on religious faith.952.5
2) I sometimes base such decisions on my religious faith but definitely do not most of the time.2045.4
3) I feel that most of my important decisions are based on my religious faith, but usually in a general, unconscious way.136736.0
4) I feel that most of my important decisions are based on my religious faith, and I usually consciously attempt to make them so.212756.0
5) Circled 1 and 210.0
10) Circled 3 and 460.2
14) Not applicable10.0
Missing53 
TOTAL3801100.0
159) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal saviour? (EVANGOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No 81221.3
2) Yes299578.7
Missing47 
TOTAL3807100.0
160) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) No 166443.9
2) Yes 208555.0
3) Miscellaneous50.1
4) Not sure 20.1
5) Multiple experiences330.9
Missing65 
TOTAL3789100.0
161) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - The moral problems and needs of the individual (PCUSANS1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 203554.4
2) No 119031.8
3) Don't know51713.8
Missing112 
TOTAL3742100.0
162) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - The problems of family life (PCUSANS2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 192951.6
2) No 122932.9
3) Don't know58315.6
Missing113 
TOTAL3741100.0
163) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - People's spiritual needs (PCUSANS3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 210355.8
2) No 122732.6
3) Don't know43711.6
Missing87 
TOTAL3767100.0
164) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - My denominational affiliation is an important part of my identity as a Christian. (PCDENOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 310881.5
2) Disagree 68417.9
3) Don't know200.5
Missing42 
TOTAL3812100.0
165) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - While they may have disagreements from time to time, Christians should remain loyal to one denomination throughout their adult lives. (PCDENOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 180247.4
2) Disagree 192250.6
3) Don't know741.9
Missing56 
TOTAL3798100.0
166) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - There are several other denominations where I could belong and be just as satisfied. (PCDENOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 220658.1
2) Disagree 136936.1
3) Don't know2205.8
Missing59 
TOTAL3795100.0
167) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has a clearer understanding of the church's mission in the world today than do most other denominations. (PCDENOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Agree 166243.7
2) Disagree 142437.4
3) Don't know71818.9
Missing50 
TOTAL3804100.0
168) Which one of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLEFL)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word.39710.4
2) The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word.325185.6
3) The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men and women.1233.2
4) Circled 1 and 230.1
6) Circled 2 and 3160.4
8) None of the above80.2
9) Not sure20.1
Missing54 
TOTAL3800100.0
169) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing there is a God (BELIEV1)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important318183.5
2) Important 57515.1
3) Not very important421.1
4) Not important at all130.3
Missing43 
TOTAL3811100.0
170) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing that God loves me (BELIEV2)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important315282.9
2) Important 58115.3
3) Not very important551.4
4) Not important at all140.4
Missing52 
TOTAL3802100.0
171) How important is the following to you personally? - Trying to lead a good Christian life (BELIEV3)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important215056.6
2) Important 160542.2
3) Not very important421.1
4) Not important at all30.1
Missing54 
TOTAL3800100.0
172) How important is the following to you personally? - Helping others who are in need (BELIEV4)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important185749.0
2) Important 187749.6
3) Not very important541.4
Missing66 
TOTAL3788100.0
173) How important is the following to you personally? - Accepting Jesus Christ as my personal saviour (BELIEV5)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important252866.9
2) Important 97425.8
3) Not very important2215.8
4) Not important at all581.5
Missing73 
TOTAL3781100.0
174) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing the distinctive doctrines of the Presbyterian Church (BELIEV6)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important2596.8
2) Important 231260.9
3) Not very important111029.2
4) Not important at all1173.1
Missing56 
TOTAL3798100.0
175) How important is the following to you personally? - Attending worship services (BELIEV7)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important159042.0
2) Important 201853.3
3) Not very important1644.3
4) Not important at all170.4
Missing65 
TOTAL3789100.0
176) How important is the following to you personally? - Working to bring about social justice (BELIEV8)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important94325.0
2) Important 225759.9
3) Not very important51613.7
4) Not important at all501.3
Missing88 
TOTAL3766100.0
177) How important is the following to you personally? - Telling others about Jesus (BELIEV9)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important111929.7
2) Important 196352.1
3) Not very important60916.2
4) Not important at all782.1
Missing85 
TOTAL3769100.0
178) How important is the following to you personally? - Belonging to this particular denomination (BELIEV10)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important3559.4
2) Important 221158.5
3) Not very important103427.4
4) Not important at all1784.7
Missing76 
TOTAL3778100.0
179) How important is the following to you personally? - Church membership, in general (BELIEV11)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important123932.8
2) Important 223959.2
3) Not very important2777.3
4) Not important at all280.7
Missing71 
TOTAL3783100.0
180) How important is the following to you personally? - Religion in my life (BELIEV12)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important222258.6
2) Important 144238.1
3) Not very important1012.7
4) Not important at all240.6
Missing65 
TOTAL3789100.0
181) How important is the following to you personally? - Socializing with persons with similar values (BELIEV13)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important56514.8
2) Important 231260.7
3) Not very important82121.5
4) Not important at all1133.0
Missing43 
TOTAL3811100.0
182) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Mother - Father. (GODIMAG1)
TOTAL%
1) Mother 120.3
2) 280.8
3) 581.6
4) 105228.2
5) 49913.4
6) 45512.2
7) Father162143.5
Missing129 
TOTAL3725100.0
183) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Master - Spouse. (GODIMAG2)
TOTAL%
1) Master 162245.5
2) 63717.9
3) 44712.5
4) 52914.8
5) 1434.0
6) 1052.9
7) Spouse832.3
Missing288 
TOTAL3566100.0
184) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Judge - Lover. (GODIMAG3)
TOTAL%
1) Judge 86924.3
2) 2697.5
3) 3319.3
4) 116132.5
5) 37210.4
6) 36610.2
7) Lover2075.8
Missing279 
TOTAL3575100.0
185) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Friend - King. (GODIMAG4)
TOTAL%
1) Friend 87324.3
2) 39611.0
3) 3309.2
4) 117832.8
5) 2847.9
6) 1694.7
7) King35710.0
Missing267 
TOTAL3587100.0
186) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I believe that if we do not preach Christ to them, they will be damned forever. (EVNGOTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1494.0
2) Agree 2917.7
3) Neither agree or disagree68318.1
4) Disagree 131434.9
5) Strongly disagree133135.3
Missing86 
TOTAL3768100.0
187) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I don't believe they will be damned, but I do have a desire to share the love of Christ with them. (EVNGOTH2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree116831.0
2) Agree 188149.9
3) Neither agree or disagree41411.0
4) Disagree 2195.8
5) Strongly disagree892.4
Missing83 
TOTAL3771100.0
188) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I believe that we shouldn't worry about them because there are so many people in this country who haven't heard about Christ. (EVNGOTH3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree491.3
2) Agree 922.4
3) Neither agree or disagree39110.4
4) Disagree 180047.9
5) Strongly disagree142537.9
Missing97 
TOTAL3757100.0
189) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ - I believe that we should respect their religions and stop trying to impose Christianity on them. (EVNGOTH4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2225.9
2) Agree 81521.8
3) Neither agree or disagree94425.3
4) Disagree 120432.2
5) Strongly disagree55314.8
Missing116 
TOTAL3738100.0
190) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (CHREL1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree76220.1
2) Agree 124732.9
3) Neither agree or disagree52413.8
4) Disagree 86322.8
5) Strongly disagree39410.4
Missing64 
TOTAL3790100.0
191) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Not all the churches have God's Truth; many are in serious error. (CHREL2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree56014.8
2) Agree 170045.1
3) Neither agree or disagree92124.4
4) Disagree 49913.2
5) Strongly disagree932.5
Missing81 
TOTAL3773100.0
192) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humankind is Jesus Christ. (CHREL3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree143637.9
2) Agree 117931.1
3) Neither agree or disagree56715.0
4) Disagree 49413.0
5) Strongly disagree1163.1
Missing62 
TOTAL3792100.0
193) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - All the great religions of the world are equally good and true. (CHREL4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree63916.9
2) Agree 109729.0
3) Neither agree or disagree74519.7
4) Disagree 88923.5
5) Strongly disagree41511.0
Missing69 
TOTAL3785100.0
194) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Only the followers of Jesus Christ and members of His church can be saved. (CHREL5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree51013.6
2) Agree 72619.3
3) Neither agree or disagree68318.2
4) Disagree 129534.4
5) Strongly disagree54714.5
Missing93 
TOTAL3761100.0
195) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The primary purpose of men and women in this life is to prepare for the next life. (CHREL6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree66217.6
2) Agree 132235.1
3) Neither agree or disagree64817.2
4) Disagree 90824.1
5) Strongly disagree2235.9
Missing91 
TOTAL3763100.0
196) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - It is not as important to worry about life after death as what one can do in this life. (CHREL7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree63716.9
2) Agree 190350.4
3) Neither agree or disagree44311.7
4) Disagree 65217.3
5) Strongly disagree1423.8
Missing77 
TOTAL3777100.0
197) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - I believe in a divine judgment after death where some shall be rewarded and others punished. (CHREL8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43911.6
2) Agree 121632.2
3) Neither agree or disagree75620.0
4) Disagree 101927.0
5) Strongly disagree3439.1
Missing81 
TOTAL3773100.0
198) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Today, people should think for themselves about religion and not accept the teachings of any one church. (CHREL9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1915.1
2) Agree 120832.0
3) Neither agree or disagree83822.2
4) Disagree153740.7
Missing80 
TOTAL3774100.0
199) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The individual can find religious truth without any help from a church. (CHREL10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3378.9
2) Agree 133135.2
3) Neither agree or disagree54414.4
4) Disagree156841.5
Missing74 
TOTAL3780100.0
200) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Religious ideas should be the result of the individual's search, without regard to any churches or church teachings. (CHREL11)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43211.4
2) Agree 140237.1
3) Neither agree or disagree48912.9
4) Disagree145738.5
Missing74 
TOTAL3780100.0
201) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - To know God's Truth, it is important to follow the teachings of ministers. (CHREL12)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree561.5
2) Agree 81421.5
3) Neither agree or disagree125033.1
4) Disagree 142137.6
5) Strongly disagree2416.4
Missing72 
TOTAL3782100.0
202) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - God's Truth was given to the church, and all persons must follow the church's teachings. (CHREL13)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree641.7
2) Agree 66017.5
3) Neither agree or disagree111929.7
4) Disagree 157341.7
5) Strongly disagree3549.4
Missing84 
TOTAL3770100.0
203) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female 136335.6
2) Male246564.4
Missing26 
TOTAL3828100.0
204) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL382352.22914
205) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (LOCATION)
TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm38810.2
2) On a farm1143.0
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000 population)127533.4
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000 population)53514.0
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city3208.4
6) In a large city (over 250,000 population)45812.0
7) In a suburb near a large city72419.0
8) Traveling in a motor home10.0
Missing39 
TOTAL3815100.0
206) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married 326585.2
2) Not married56814.8
Missing21 
TOTAL3833100.0
207) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: Have you had a previous marriage? (PREVMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No 275585.2
2) Yes, I was widowed872.7
3) Yes, I was divorced38812.0
4) Yes, I was both widowed and divorced30.1
Missing621 
TOTAL3233100.0
208) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY NOT MARRIED: Have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No19935.3
2) Yes, I was widowed19434.5
3) Yes, I was divorced16729.7
4) Yes, I was both widowed and divorced30.5
Missing3291 
TOTAL563100.0
209) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE NOT MARRIED WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: In what faith was your husband or wife raised? (SPFAITH1)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 38912.0
2) Methodist 47514.7
3) Lutheran 1946.0
4) Episcopal 1053.2
5) United Church of Christ1284.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)642.0
7) Roman Catholic 2377.3
8) Reformed churches411.3
9) Other Presbyterian70.2
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)130940.5
11) Other 1905.9
12) More than one of these50.2
13) None of these842.6
14) Don't know50.2
Missing621 
TOTAL3233100.0
210) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE NOT MARRIED WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: In what faith was your husband or wife raised? (Previous marriage) (SPFAITH2)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 20.2
2) Methodist 70.8
3) Lutheran 40.4
4) Episcopal 10.1
5) United Church of Christ50.6
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.1
7) Roman Catholic 50.6
9) Other Presbyterian10.1
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)434.8
11) Other 82191.9
12) More than one of these20.2
13) None of these10.1
Missing2961 
TOTAL893100.0
211) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: Current church affiliation of spouse (SPCURAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 171.0
2) Methodist 251.5
3) Lutheran 80.5
4) Episcopal 60.4
5) United Church of Christ30.2
7) Romans Catholic352.1
8) Reform churches10.1
9) Other Presbyterian10.1
10) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)145287.9
11) Other221.3
13) None784.7
14) Don't know30.2
Missing2203 
TOTAL1651100.0
212) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: Are you employed... (MEMPLOYD)
TOTAL%
1) Part time 27413.4
2) Full time 86642.2
3) Unemployed 160.8
4) Retired 63831.1
5) Full time homemaker21310.4
6) Self-employed40.2
7) Student 180.9
8) Other231.1
Missing1802 
TOTAL2052100.0
213) ASKED ONLY OF MEMBERS AND ELDERS: What is your usual occupation? (See summary documentation.) (MOCCUP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1857200.053186
214) What is the highest level of education you have attained? (EDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years of formal education40.1
2) Completed eighth grade160.4
3) Some high school371.0
4) Completed high school3499.2
5) Some college48612.8
6) Graduated from college170644.8
7) Some graduate work43911.5
8) A graduate degree77020.2
Missing47 
TOTAL3807100.0
215) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE MEMBERS WHO GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR DID SOME GRADUATE WORK: Specify your major. (EDMAJORM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL116555.60726
216) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: Is your husband or wife employed... (SPEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Part time 109633.8
2) Full time 90227.9
3) Unemployed 752.3
4) Retired 50715.7
5) Full time homemaker55817.2
6) Self employed230.7
7) Student 511.6
8) Other260.8
Missing616 
TOTAL3238100.0
217) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE MEMBERS WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES ARE NOT ORDAINED MINISTERS: What is your husband's or wife's usual occupation? (See summary documentation.) (SPOCCUPM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1482211.919208
218) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: What is your husband's or wife's highest level of education completed? (SPEDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years of formal education90.3
2) Completed eighth grade200.6
3) Some high school511.6
4) Completed high school39612.3
5) Some college60518.8
6) College graduate88827.7
7) Some graduate work3179.9
8) A graduate work92528.8
Missing643 
TOTAL3211100.0
219) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE MEMBERS WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES HAVE GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR HAD SOME GRADUATE WORK: Please specify your spouse's major. (SPMAJORM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL85456.11526
220) How many children have you ever had, that is, how many children have you given birth to or fathered? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (Do not count any stepchildren or adopted children.) (KIDNBR)
TOTAL%
0) None 60816.0
1) 1 44811.8
2) 2 130034.1
3) 3 88123.1
4) 4 39910.5
5) 5 1163.0
6) 6 or more561.5
Missing46 
TOTAL3808100.0
221) Do you have any legally adopted children? (KIDADP)
TOTAL%
1) No 349191.6
2) Yes3198.4
Missing44 
TOTAL3810100.0
222) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ANY LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN: How many adopted children do you have? (KIDADNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 17655.3
2) 2 10633.3
3) 3 226.9
4) 4 113.5
5) 5 20.6
6) 6 or more10.3
Missing3536 
TOTAL318100.0
223) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse have children at the time of your marriage)? (KIDSTP)
TOTAL%
1) No 341890.5
2) Yes3579.5
Missing79 
TOTAL3775100.0
224) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN: How many stepchildren do you have? (KIDSTNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 9727.1
2) 2 13738.3
3) 3 7320.4
4) 4 3910.9
5) 5 92.5
6) 6 or more30.8
Missing3496 
TOTAL358100.0
225) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - First child (KIDAGE1)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less2407.2
2) 6-17 years70621.2
3) 18-24 years50615.2
4) 25 years or older183655.2
5) Child deceased371.1
Missing529 
TOTAL3325100.0
226) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Second child (KIDAGE2)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less2568.7
2) 6-17 years67423.0
3) 18-24 years41314.1
4) 25 years or older154552.8
5) Child deceased401.4
Missing926 
TOTAL2928100.0
227) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Third child (KIDAGE3)
TOTAL%
1) 5 or less years1237.5
2) 6-17 years28817.6
3) 18-24 years26816.4
4) 25 years or older90255.2
5) Child deceased523.2
Missing2221 
TOTAL1633100.0
228) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Fourth child (KIDAGE4)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less405.6
2) 6-17 years9813.6
3) 18-24 years14219.7
4) 25 years or older41557.6
5) Child deceased253.5
Missing3134 
TOTAL720100.0
229) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Fifth child (KIDAGE5)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less103.5
2) 6-17 years3211.3
3) 18-24 years7426.2
4) 25 years or older15655.3
5) Child deceased103.5
Missing3572 
TOTAL282100.0
230) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Sixth child (KIDAGE6)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less21.6
2) 6-17 years1713.9
3) 18-24 years2722.1
4) 25 years or older7158.2
5) Child deceased54.1
Missing3732 
TOTAL122100.0
231) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Seventh child (KIDAGE7)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less12.2
2) 6-17 years510.9
3) 18-24 years1226.1
4) 25 years or older2554.3
5) Child deceased36.5
Missing3808 
TOTAL46100.0
232) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or other? (POLPARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat 144338.0
2) Independent 72919.2
3) Republican 157141.3
4) Other 310.8
5) Non-voting citizen50.1
9) Not applicable220.6
Missing53 
TOTAL3801100.0
233) Which of these best describes your usual stand on political issues? (POLSTAND)
TOTAL%
1) Very liberal1774.7
2) Liberal 83021.8
3) Moderate 173745.7
4) Conservative99026.0
5) Very conservative601.6
9) Response not applicable70.2
Missing53 
TOTAL3801100.0
234) How many people (counting yourself) live in your household? (Do not include students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (HSHLDNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 (I live alone.)39610.4
2) 2 173545.4
3) 3 68517.9
4) 4 66717.5
5) 5 2406.3
6) 6 721.9
7) 7 or more110.3
8) Not applicable (I live in a dormitory, nursing home, or other institutional housing.)120.3
Missing36 
TOTAL3818100.0
235) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you. - Spouse (HSHLD1)
TOTAL%
0) None 59915.6
1) Spouse324284.4
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
236) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Daughter(s) (HSHLD2)
TOTAL%
0) None 278872.6
1) 78120.3
2) 2336.1
3) 381.0
4) 10.0
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
237) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Son(s) (HSHLD3)
TOTAL%
0) None 274471.4
1) 76619.9
2) 2777.2
3) 501.3
4) 40.1
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
238) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Stepchildren (HSHLD4)
TOTAL%
0) None 378298.5
1) 391.0
2) 140.4
3) 60.2
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
239) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Grandchildren (HSHLD5)
TOTAL%
0) None 381099.2
1) 200.5
2) 60.2
3) 50.1
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
240) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Parents and/or in-laws (HSHLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None 373497.2
1) 100.3
2) 371.0
3) 50.1
4) 270.7
5) 270.7
6) 10.0
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
241) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Siblings (HSHLD7)
TOTAL%
0) None 382099.5
1) 130.3
2) 70.2
5) 10.0
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
242) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Aunts, uncles, and/or other relatives (HSHLD8)
TOTAL%
0) None 382199.5
1) 180.5
3) 10.0
6) 10.0
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
243) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Grandparents (HSHLD9)
TOTAL%
0) None 383999.9
2) 10.0
3) 10.0
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
244) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Others (HSHLD10)
TOTAL%
0) None 375697.8
1) Friend or roommate250.7
2) More than one friend or roommate60.2
3) Three friends10.0
10) Cohabitant130.3
11) Cohabitant and child10.0
20) Foster child40.1
21) Two foster children50.1
30) Boarder or roomers70.2
31) Two boarders20.1
40) Foreign student80.2
41) Two foreign students20.1
50) Landlord 40.1
63) Refugee family10.0
70) Household staff50.1
93) Two students, Japanese student, friend10.0
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0
245) Is the home in which you currently live... (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you3469.2
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage92024.4
3) Owned by you with a mortgage195151.6
4) Owned by congregation49813.2
5) Other140.4
6) Shared by you and the church30.1
7) Owned by relatives/parents310.8
8) Owned by employer140.4
9) Miscellaneous10.0
Missing76 
TOTAL3778100.0
246) Which of the following best describes your current residence? (RESIDENC)
TOTAL%
1) Building of duplexes, triplexes or quadriplexes962.6
2) Building of apartments1654.4
3) Building of townhomes1413.7
4) Mobile home, on a lot you own140.4
5) Mobile home, on a lot you rent270.7
6) Single family house, detached from other houses331888.2
7) Dormitory, barracks, or other institutional housing10.0
8) Motor home10.0
Missing91 
TOTAL3763100.0
247) Which of these broad categories best describes your approximate total family income from all sources (including housing and other allowances), before taxes, in 1989? (If you live alone, please answer in terms of your personal income.) (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) $15,000-$24,99962416.8
2) $25,000-$49,999166144.8
3) $50,000-$99,999118932.1
4) $100,000 or more2356.3
Missing145 
TOTAL3709100.0
248) In 1989, what percentage of your family's total pre-tax income from all sources (including pensions, investments, housing allowances, etc.) did you contribute to your church? (TOCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) 2% or less 65918.8
2) 3%-6% 129036.8
3) 7%-9% 58616.7
4) 10% or more97327.7
Missing346 
TOTAL3508100.0
249) What is your race/ethnicity? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) American Indian, Native American361.0
2) Asian American, Pacific Islander310.9
3) African American, Black501.4
4) Hispanic, Spanish American260.7
5) White, Caucasian3651104.1
6) Other (specify)50.1
9) Response not applicable70.2
Missing346 
TOTAL3806100.0
250) SIZEM (SIZEM)
TOTAL%
1) 0-991639.8
2) 100-19926816.1
3) 200-29926816.1
4) 300-49932419.4
5) 500-99934420.6
6) 1000-MORE30218.1
Missing2185 
TOTAL1669100.0
251) Age group 1 (AGEGRP1)
TOTAL%
1) 19 and younger130.3
2) 20-24 120.3
3) 25-29 832.2
4) 30-34 2616.8
5) 35-39 44511.6
6) 40-44 47912.5
7) 45-49 38710.1
8) 50-54 39110.2
9) 55-59 49012.8
10) 60-64 51713.5
11) 65-69 3328.7
12) 70-74 2105.5
13) 75-79 1263.3
14) 80-84 641.7
15) 85 and older150.4
Missing29 
TOTAL3825100.0
252) Age group 2 (AGEGRP2)
TOTAL%
1) Under 4081421.3
2) 40-49 103727.1
3) 50-59 125032.7
4) 60 and older72418.9
Missing29 
TOTAL3825100.0
253) Index on relativism (see summary documentation for index construction) (RELATVSM)
TOTAL%
1) Low 196153.4
2) Medium 139437.9
3) High3198.7
Missing180 
TOTAL3674100.0
254) Index on (CHRISTON)
TOTAL%
1) Low 137937.0
2) Medium 129234.7
3) High105528.3
Missing128 
TOTAL3726100.0
255) Index on universalism (see summary documentation for index construction) (UNIVERSL)
TOTAL%
1) Low 234362.1
2) Medium 85422.7
3) High57315.2
Missing84 
TOTAL3770100.0
256) Index on otherworldliness (see summary documentation for index construction) (OTHERWD1)
TOTAL%
1) Low 132435.7
2) Medium 165944.8
3) High72419.5
Missing147 
TOTAL3707100.0
257) Index on otherworldliness (see summary documentation for index construction) (OTHERWD2)
TOTAL%
1) Low 186850.0
2) Medium 120132.1
3) High66717.9
Missing118 
TOTAL3736100.0
258) Index on individualism (see summary documentation for index construction) (INDIVDSM)
TOTAL%
1) Low 102627.7
2) Medium 223160.2
3) High44712.1
Missing150 
TOTAL3704100.0
259) Has respondent ever been married or never been married? (EVERMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Has been married362997.4
2) Has never been married982.6
Missing127 
TOTAL3727100.0
260) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: How many congregations do you regularly serve or attend? (CSERVE)
TOTAL%
1) One145884.7
2) Two or more18010.5
3) Retired 392.3
4) Other response442.6
Missing2133 
TOTAL1721100.0
261) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: In what year were you ordained as a minister of the Word and Sacrament? (CORDAIND)
TOTAL%
1) Prior to 1950412.3
2) 1950-1959 36520.8
3) 1960-1969 39022.3
4) 1970-1979 39022.3
5) 1980-199056532.3
Missing2103 
TOTAL1751100.0
262) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: If you were ordained by a denomination other than the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or one of its predecessor denominations, name that body. (CDENORD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist 3931.0
2) Methodist 107.9
3) Lutheran 43.2
4) Episcopal 54.0
5) United Church of Christ107.9
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)43.2
8) Reformed churches1310.3
9) Other Presbyterian2318.3
11) Other 1814.3
Missing3728 
TOTAL126100.0
263) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Are you presently enrolled in a graduate school, seminary, or theological school? (CSCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) No 157690.6
2) Yes1639.4
Missing2115 
TOTAL1739100.0
264) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Please indicate the theological degrees you have received. First mention (CTHDEGR1)
TOTAL%
1) Bible college442.5
2) Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Divinity160291.9
3) Master's degree, Master of Religious Education, Master of Christian Education211.2
4) Master's in Theology, Master of Systematic Theology90.5
5) Doctor of Ministry583.3
6) Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Systematic Theology30.2
7) Other60.3
Missing2111 
TOTAL1743100.0
265) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A B.D./M.DIV.: In what year did you receive your degree? (CYRDEGR1)
TOTAL%
1) Before 1950392.3
2) 1950-1959 36121.2
3) 1960-1969 39523.2
4) 1970-1979 39923.4
5) 1980-199051130.0
Missing2149 
TOTAL1705100.0
266) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A B.D./M.DIV.: From what institution did you receive your degree? (category labels unavailable) (CSCHDGR1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL174376.64177
267) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Please indicate which theological degrees you have received. Second mention (CTHDEGR2)
TOTAL%
2) Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Divinity427.4
3) Master's degree, Master of Religious Education, Master of Christian Education7312.9
4) Master's in Theology, Master of Systematic Theology17330.5
5) Doctor of Ministry20936.8
6) Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Systematic Theology529.2
7) Other193.3
Missing3286 
TOTAL568100.0
268) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A D.MIN.: In what year did you receive your degree? (CYRDEGR2)
TOTAL%
1) Prior to 195040.7
2) 1950-1959 529.3
3) 1960-1969 12422.2
4) 1970-1979 16429.3
5) 1980-199021538.5
Missing3295 
TOTAL559100.0
269) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A D.MIN.: From what institution did you receive your degree? (category labels unavailable) (CSCHDGR2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL56492.45986
270) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: Please indicate which theological degrees you have received. Third mention (CTHDEGR3)
TOTAL%
1) Bible college32.6
2) Bachelor of Divinity, Master of Divinity10.9
3) Master's degree, Master of Religious Education, Master of Christian Education10.9
4) Master's in Theology, Master of Systematic Theology86.8
5) Doctor of Ministry5950.4
6) Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Theology, Doctor of Systematic Theology3529.9
7) Other108.5
Missing3737 
TOTAL117100.0
271) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A Th.D./Ph.D.: In what year did you receive your degree? (CYRDEGR3)
TOTAL%
1) Before 195010.9
2) 1950-1959 65.3
3) 1960-1969 98.0
4) 1970-1979 5447.8
5) 1980-19904338.1
Missing3741 
TOTAL113100.0
272) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO HAVE RECEIVED A PH.D./TH.D.: From what institution did you receive your degree? (category labels unavailable) (CSCHDGR3)
TOTAL%
0) 43.4
6) 10.9
8) 10.9
11) 43.4
12) 1311.2
19) 10.9
35) 43.4
44) 21.7
47) 10.9
54) 1210.3
57) 32.6
60) 32.6
61) 32.6
62) 10.9
64) 21.7
66) 10.9
105) 10.9
120) 10.9
125) 1311.2
132) 21.7
134) 10.9
136) 10.9
138) 10.9
139) 10.9
146) 32.6
148) 10.9
171) 108.6
197) 10.9
207) 21.7
299) 43.4
301) 10.9
304) 10.9
307) 10.9
309) 10.9
318) 10.9
321) 10.9
325) 10.9
334) 10.9
336) 10.9
338) 10.9
355) 21.7
363) 10.9
365) 10.9
367) 10.9
374) 10.9
385) 10.9
389) 10.9
Missing3738 
TOTAL116100.0
273) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR DID SOME GRADUATE WORK: Specify your major. (EDMAJORC)
TOTAL%
1) Accounting 281.7
2) Agriculture 30.2
3) Anthropology 120.7
4) Art, Architecture362.2
5) Biology 161.0
6) Chemistry 30.2
7) Computer Science352.1
8) Economics 965.8
9) Education 211.3
10) Engineering 16510.0
11) English, Comparative Literature30.2
12) Finance 291.8
13) Foreign Language, Area Studies23714.3
14) Geography 70.4
15) Geology 40.2
16) Health Professions40.2
17) History, Classical Civilization422.5
18) Home Economics, Family Studies623.7
19) Journalism 20.1
20) Management 231.4
21) Marketing 10.1
22) Mathematics 261.6
23) Military Science1167.0
24) Music 80.5
25) Philosophy 593.6
26) Physics 211.3
27) Political Science17510.6
28) Pre-Law 20012.1
29) Psychology 301.8
30) Religion (including pre-ministerial)1267.6
31) Social Work 120.7
32) Sociology 352.1
33) Theatre 100.6
34) Other70.4
Missing2200 
TOTAL1654100.0
274) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WITH A B.D. OR M.DIV.: Before entering seminary for your B.D. or M.Div., were you engaged in any long-term secular job or career? (CPREDEGR)
TOTAL%
1) No 120969.3
2) Yes53530.7
Missing2110 
TOTAL1744100.0
275) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WITH A B.D. OR M.DIV. THAT WERE ENGAGED IN ANY LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER: How long were you in that job or career? (CJOBTIME)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less295.5
2) 2-3 years12924.3
3) 4-5 years11421.5
4) 6-10 years13826.0
5) 11-15 years6612.5
6) 16-25 years478.9
7) 26 or more years71.3
Missing3324 
TOTAL530100.0
276) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WITH A B.D. OR M.DIV. THAT WERE ENGAGED IN ANY LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER: Please describe your occupation in that job or career. (CQJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations8516.0
2) Professional specialty occupations22442.3
3) Technicians and related support occupations163.0
4) Sales occupations519.6
5) Administrative support occupations, including clerical458.5
7) Protective service occupations20.4
8) Service occupations, except protective and household71.3
9) Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations81.5
10) Precision production, craft, and repair occupations295.5
11) Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors50.9
12) Transportation and material moving occupations10.2
13) Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers20.4
14) Military 5310.0
16) More than one occupation listed20.4
Missing3324 
TOTAL530100.0
277) ASKED ONLY OF CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY: At the present time are you serving a congregation in a pastoral position? (CPSTRPOS)
TOTAL%
1) No 36621.0
2) Yes137879.0
Missing2110 
TOTAL1744100.0
278) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION: Do you consider yourself a full time or part time parish pastor? (CPSTRTIM)
TOTAL%
1) Full time 114883.1
2) Part time23416.9
Missing2472 
TOTAL1382100.0
279) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION: What is your present position in your congregation(s)? (CPOSITIN)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor72151.8
2) Senior pastor21815.7
3) Assistant/Associate pastor18813.5
4) Co-pastor 493.5
5) Stated or temporary supply684.9
6) Interim pastor815.8
7) Tentmaker 271.9
8) Pastor emeritus20.1
9) Parish Associate251.8
10) Other130.9
Missing2462 
TOTAL1392100.0
280) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE NOT SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION: In what type of non-parish ministry or other work are you currently engaged? (COTHERWK)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution10820.8
2) Campus minister173.3
3) Chaplain 7514.5
4) Missionary 71.3
5) Presbytery staff407.7
6) Synod staff71.3
7) National staff of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)193.7
8) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency163.1
9) Professional pastoral counselor305.8
10) Other employment in a church-related setting295.6
11) Other employment10720.6
12) Retired 489.2
13) Unemployed 112.1
14) Student 40.8
15) Homemaker10.2
Missing3335 
TOTAL519100.0
281) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE NOT SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION AND ARE CURRENTLY ENGAGED IN FACULTY/STAFF AT AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION, CAMPUS MINISTER, OR CHAPLAIN: For what type of institution do you work? (COTHINST)
TOTAL%
1) Military 135.9
2) High School41.8
3) College or University8538.8
4) Seminary or Other Theological School3415.5
5) Hospital or Other Medical Facility4118.7
6) Other4219.2
Missing3635 
TOTAL219100.0
282) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE NOT SERVING A CONGREGATION IN A PASTORAL POSITION AND ARE CURRENTLY ENGAGED IN FACULTY/STAFF AT AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION, CAMPUS MINISTER, OR CHAPLAIN AND NOT WORKING IN A MILITARY INSTITUTION: Is your institution affiliated with the Presbyterian Church? (CINSTPRS)
TOTAL%
1) No 17073.6
2) Yes6126.4
Missing3623 
TOTAL231100.0
283) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES HAVE GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR HAD SOME GRADUATE WORK: Please specify your spouse's major. (SPMAJORC)
TOTAL%
1) Accounting 50.4
2) Agriculture 30.2
3) Anthropology 272.2
4) Art, Architecture231.9
5) Biology 60.5
6) Chemistry 30.2
7) Computer Science30.2
8) Economics 34227.9
9) Education 80.7
10) Engineering 574.7
11) English, Comparative Literature30.2
12) Finance 242.0
13) Foreign Language, Area Studies221.8
14) Geography 403.3
16) Health Professions10.1
17) History, Classical Civilization302.5
18) Home Economics, Family Studies302.5
19) Journalism 10.1
20) Management 141.1
22) Mathematics 433.5
23) Military Science110.9
24) Music 30.2
25) Philosophy 50.4
26) Physics 171.4
27) Political Science584.7
28) Pre-Law 21717.7
29) Psychology 342.8
30) Religion (including pre-ministerial)252.0
31) Social Work 50.4
32) Sociology 231.9
33) Theatre 13210.8
34) Other90.7
Missing2630 
TOTAL1224100.0
284) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY WHO ARE MARRIED: Is your husband or wife an ordained minister? (CORDSPS)
TOTAL%
1) No 140290.8
2) Yes, but not a parish pastor392.5
3) Yes, co-pastor with me463.0
4) Yes, pastor/associate of another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation473.0
5) Yes, pastor/associate of a congregation affiliated with another denomination100.6
Missing2310 
TOTAL1544100.0
285) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE CLERGY WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBANDS OR WIVES ARE NOT ORDAINED MINISTERS: What is your husband's or wife's usual occupation? (SPOCCUPC)
TOTAL%
1) Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations11610.4
2) Professional specialty occupations71564.2
3) Technicians and related support occupations222.0
4) Sales occupations464.1
5) Administrative support occupations, including clerical17315.5
6) Private household occupations10.1
7) Protective service occupations30.3
8) Service occupations, except protective and household181.6
9) Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations30.3
10) Precision production, craft, and repair occupations111.0
11) Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors20.2
12) Transportation and material moving occupations10.1
13) Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers10.1
14) Military 10.1
Missing2741 
TOTAL1113100.0
286) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Year ordained (YEARORD)
TOTAL%
1) 1900-1949 141.2
2) 1950-1959 22118.2
3) 1960-1969 25220.8
4) 1970-1979 28323.3
5) 1980-199144336.5
Missing2641 
TOTAL1213100.0
287) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Divinity? (BDMDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree163893.4
2) Does not have degree1166.6
Missing2100 
TOTAL1754100.0
288) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a Doctor of Ministry degree? (DMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree32618.6
2) Does not have degree142881.4
Missing2100 
TOTAL1754100.0
289) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a Doctor of Philosophy or Theology degree? (PHDTHD)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree905.1
2) Does not have degree166494.9
Missing2100 
TOTAL1754100.0
290) CLERGY AND SPECIALIZED CLERGY SAMPLE ONLY: Does respondent have a any other degrees? (OTHDEGR)
TOTAL%
1) Has degree34419.6
2) Does not have degree141080.4
Missing2100 
TOTAL1754100.0
291) I-SEX: What is your sex? (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female 136335.6
2) Male246564.4
Missing26 
TOTAL3828100.0
292) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married 326585.2
2) Not married56814.8
Missing21 
TOTAL3833100.0
293) I-REGION: Region (for use with on-line analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) South 139736.5
2) West 59615.6
3) Northeast 81421.3
4) Midwest102026.7
Missing27 
TOTAL3827100.0
294) I-INCOME: Which of these broad categories best describes your approximate total family income from all sources (including housing and other allowances), before taxes, in 1989? (If you live alone, please answer in terms of your personal income.) (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) $15,000-$24,99962416.8
2) $25,000-$49,999166144.8
3) $50,000-$99,999118932.1
4) $100,000 or more2356.3
Missing145 
TOTAL3709100.0
295) I-EDUCHI: What is the highest level of education you have attained? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-EDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) 571.5
2) High schl83521.9
3) College214556.3
4) Grad77020.2
Missing47 
TOTAL3807100.0
296) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) <35 years3679.6
2) 35-44 yrs92424.2
3) 45-54 yrs77820.4
4) 55-64 yrs100726.3
5) 65+ years74719.5
Missing31 
TOTAL3823100.0
297) I-RACE: What is your race/ethnicity? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White365195.9
2) Non-white1554.1
Missing48 
TOTAL3806100.0
298) I-POLPARTY: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or other? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-POLPARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat144338.0
2) Independen72919.2
3) Republican157141.3
4) Other/NA581.5
Missing53 
TOTAL3801100.0
299) I-SAMPLE: Sample of respondents (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members106327.7
2) Elders102426.7
3) Pastors121431.6
4) Spec clerg54014.1
Missing13 
TOTAL3841100.0