Presbyterian Panel Series VII: Member and Elder Background Survey, Fall 1990

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Renumbered identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL310515472.9274960
2) Identification number (CODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL316115732.4374896
3) State (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL310427.3214
4) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) South110035.4
2) West49315.9
3) Northeast66921.5
4) Midwest84327.1
Missing56 
TOTAL3105100.0
5) Pin number (PIN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL31589405.2167729
6) Date survey received (DATE)
TOTAL%
104) 150.5
107) 40.1
108) 10.0
109) 60.2
112) 50.2
123) 10.0
301) 250.8
314) 10.0
319) 10.0
1009) 50.2
1010) 411.3
1012) 2849.0
1013) 10.0
1016) 46314.7
1017) 10.0
1018) 1464.6
1019) 10.0
1022) 20.1
1023) 63020.0
1025) 943.0
1026) 20.1
1029) 2849.0
1030) 1073.4
1101) 341.1
1102) 321.0
1105) 240.8
1106) 10.0
1107) 1013.2
1109) 611.9
1110) 10.0
1111) 10.0
1112) 10.0
1114) 1223.9
1115) 50.2
1116) 351.1
1119) 682.2
1120) 1294.1
1126) 1514.8
1127) 611.9
1129) 130.4
1203) 250.8
1204) 541.7
1211) 10.0
1212) 270.9
1214) 90.3
1220) 50.2
1221) 260.8
1224) 10.0
1228) 451.4
3006) 10.0
Missing7 
TOTAL3154100.0
7) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? (CONGYRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less1434.6
2) 2-3 years2528.0
3) 4-5 years2939.4
4) 6-10 years52316.7
5) 11-15 years35111.2
6) 16-25 years55417.7
7) 26 or more years101532.4
Missing30 
TOTAL3131100.0
8) How far do you live from this congregation? (CONGLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) 1 mile or less97431.3
2) 2-3 miles86127.7
3) 4-5 miles54117.4
4) 6-10 miles47915.4
5) 11-15 miles1364.4
6) 16-25 miles953.1
7) 26 or more miles250.8
Missing50 
TOTAL3111100.0
9) How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (MATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Never311.0
2) Less than once a year280.9
3) About once or twice a year712.3
4) Several times a year1554.9
5) About once a month1314.2
6) Two-three times a month40913.0
7) Nearly every week146246.6
8) Every week85227.1
Missing22 
TOTAL3139100.0
10) Other than time attending worship services, how much time do you spend in congregation-related activities? (MCNGACT)
TOTAL%
1) A lot of time64720.6
2) A fair amount of time130041.4
3) A little time76724.5
4) Really no time at all42313.5
Missing24 
TOTAL3137100.0
11) What is the approximate number of members in this congregation? (CONGMBR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL30842699.2563960
12) At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? First mention (MCHPSTN1)
TOTAL%
1) Ordained minister20.1
2) Elder (currently serving on session)137445.3
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)1103.6
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)210.7
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group1304.3
6) Teacher1444.7
7) Organist or choir director180.6
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force341.1
9) Member of congregational committee or task force1334.4
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force180.6
11) None of the above83627.6
12) Other2117.0
13) More than four listed10.0
Missing129 
TOTAL3032100.0
13) At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Second mention (MCHPSTN2)
TOTAL%
2) Elder (currently serving on session)10.1
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)80.6
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)1148.8
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group13910.7
6) Teacher24018.5
7) Organist or choir director221.7
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force27721.4
9) Member of congregational committee or task force23818.4
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force352.7
11) None of the above10.1
12) Other22017.0
13) More than four listed20.2
Missing1864 
TOTAL1297100.0
14) At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Third mention (MCHPSTN3)
TOTAL%
3) Deacon (currently serving on board of deacons)10.2
4) Trustee (currently serving on board of trustees)10.2
5) Officer of men's, women's, or youth group203.4
6) Teacher6210.7
7) Organist or choir director111.9
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force13623.4
9) Member of congregational committee or task force17429.9
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force569.6
11) None of the above10.2
12) Other11920.5
Missing2580 
TOTAL581100.0
15) At the present time, which of the following positions, if any, do you hold in the church? Fourth mention (MCHPSTN4)
TOTAL%
6) Teacher10.5
7) Organist or choir director10.5
8) Chairperson of congregational committee or task force2010.0
9) Member of congregational committee or task force5226.0
10) Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force3316.5
12) Other5527.5
13) More than four listed3819.0
Missing2961 
TOTAL200100.0
16) Have you been baptized? (MBAPTIZD)
TOTAL%
1) No160.5
2) Yes313299.5
Missing13 
TOTAL3148100.0
17) Were you baptized in a Presbyterian church? (MPRESBPT)
TOTAL%
1) No164452.9
2) Yes146347.1
Missing54 
TOTAL3107100.0
18) How old were you when you were baptized? (MBAPTAGE)
TOTAL%
1) One year or younger129242.7
2) Two to three years1123.7
3) Four to five years481.6
4) Six to ten years2337.7
5) Eleven to fifteen years59219.6
6) Sixteen to twenty-five years2096.9
7) Twenty-six years or older53717.8
Missing138 
TOTAL3023100.0
19) Have you been confirmed? (MCONFIRM)
TOTAL%
1) No61420.5
2) Yes237979.5
Missing168 
TOTAL2993100.0
20) Were you confirmed in a Presbyterian church? (MCONFBPT)
TOTAL%
1) No91737.8
2) Yes150862.2
Missing736 
TOTAL2425100.0
21) Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (MRSDCURR)
TOTAL%
1) No258282.0
2) Yes56818.0
Missing11 
TOTAL3150100.0
22) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was looking for a nearby church, regardless of denomination. (MINTRO1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63635.7
2) No114664.3
Missing1379 
TOTAL1782100.0
23) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was looking for a Presbyterian church. (MINTRO2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes123961.7
2) No77038.3
Missing1152 
TOTAL2009100.0
24) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was introduced by a relative who is/was a member of the congregation. (MINTRO3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40923.2
2) No135476.8
Missing1398 
TOTAL1763100.0
25) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was introduced by a friend/neighbor/acquaintance who is/was a member of the congregation. (MINTRO4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes79242.8
2) No105957.2
Missing1310 
TOTAL1851100.0
26) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I was one of the charter members. (MINTRO5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes684.2
2) No155895.8
Missing1535 
TOTAL1626100.0
27) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - I heard or read about the church and decided to try it. (MINTRO6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74042.8
2) No98857.2
Missing1433 
TOTAL1728100.0
28) Please indicate whether each of these was or was not a factor in your introduction to the congregation you now attend. - The pastor visited or called me. (MINTRO7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42224.6
2) No129575.4
Missing1444 
TOTAL1717100.0
29) Which one of these reasons was the most important in your introduction to your current congregation? (MIMPINTR)
TOTAL%
1) I was looking for a nearby church, regardless of denomination.23710.5
2) I was looking for a Presbyterian church.70931.3
3) I was introduced by a relative who is/was a member of the congregation.28812.7
4) I was introduced by a friend/neighbor/acquaintance who is/was a member of the congregation.45920.3
5) I was one of the charter members.391.7
6) I heard of read about the church and decided to try it.24210.7
7) The pastor visited or called me.2119.3
8) More than one above221.0
9) None of the above532.3
10) Other20.1
Missing899 
TOTAL2262100.0
30) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I appreciated the education program for children. (MJOIN1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes104353.8
2) No89446.2
Missing1224 
TOTAL1937100.0
31) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - My children enjoyed the activities of this congregation. (MJOIN2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes84844.7
2) No105055.3
Missing1263 
TOTAL1898100.0
32) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - It was the closest Presbyterian church. (MJOIN3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes89344.2
2) No112855.8
Missing1140 
TOTAL2021100.0
33) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - It was the closest church. (MJOIN4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27214.8
2) No156385.2
Missing1326 
TOTAL1835100.0
34) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - Friends invited me to join. (MJOIN5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73538.8
2) No116061.2
Missing1266 
TOTAL1895100.0
35) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I found the members very friendly. (MJOIN6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes189687.9
2) No26112.1
Missing1004 
TOTAL2157100.0
36) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I found the pastor's sermons to be very meaningful. (MJOIN7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes168880.1
2) No41919.9
Missing1054 
TOTAL2107100.0
37) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I was impressed by the pastor. (MJOIN8)
TOTAL%
1) Yes168080.7
2) No40319.3
Missing1078 
TOTAL2083100.0
38) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I married a member of the congregation. (MJOIN9)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28215.2
2) No157584.8
Missing1304 
TOTAL1857100.0
39) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - I was impressed by how active the church was in social justice issues. (MJOIN10)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42923.4
2) No140476.6
Missing1328 
TOTAL1833100.0
40) Please indicate whether or not each of these was or was not a factor in your decision to join the congregation you now belong to. - The congregation seemed spiritually alive. (MJOIN11)
TOTAL%
1) Yes141570.0
2) No60530.0
Missing1141 
TOTAL2020100.0
41) Which one of these reasons was the most important in your introduction to your current congregation? (MIMPJOIN)
TOTAL%
1) I appreciated the education program for children.1496.2
2) My children enjoyed the activities of this congregation.793.3
3) It was the closest Presbyterian church.26411.0
4) It was the closest church.361.5
5) Friends invited me to join.913.8
6) I found the members very friendly.45018.8
7) I found the pastor's sermons to be very meaningful.37015.5
8) I was impressed by the pastor.33514.0
9) I married a member of the congregation.2269.5
10) I was impressed by how active the church was in social justice issues.341.4
11) The congregation seemed spiritually alive.2319.7
12) More than one listed883.7
13) None of the above listed381.6
Missing770 
TOTAL2391100.0
42) During your life, have you ever belonged to a congregation that was affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (NOPRESBY)
TOTAL%
1) No131642.0
2) Yes182158.0
Missing24 
TOTAL3137100.0
43) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (PRESBYRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 year or less613.4
2) 2-3 years1076.0
3) 4-5 years1216.8
4) 6-10 years27715.6
5) 11-15 years19711.1
6) 16-25 years31517.7
7) 26-49 years59633.5
8) 50 or more years1035.8
Missing1384 
TOTAL1777100.0
44) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO HAVE EVER BELONGED TO A CONGREGATION THAT WAS AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN: Please indicate the other denomination(s) to which you have belonged. First mention (DENOMA1)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist39422.0
2) Methodist56131.3
3) Lutheran18310.2
4) Episcopal1055.9
5) United Church of Christ1448.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)824.6
7) Roman Catholic1025.7
8) Reformed churches271.5
9) Other Presbyterian10.1
11) Other1629.0
12) More than one of these281.6
13) None of these30.2
Missing1369 
TOTAL1792100.0
45) Please indicate the other denomination(s) to which you have belonged. Second mention (DENOMA2)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist60.3
2) Methodist1065.8
3) Lutheran100.6
4) Episcopal80.4
5) United Church of Christ543.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)80.4
7) Roman Catholic311.7
8) Reformed churches120.7
9) Other Presbyterian20.1
11) Other844.6
13) None of these149182.3
Missing1349 
TOTAL1812100.0
46) If you were to move to a community in which there was no Presbyterian church, which type of church would you feel most comfortable joining? (DENOMB)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist2859.3
2) Methodist139345.6
3) Lutheran2468.0
4) Episcopal1996.5
5) United Church of Christ34511.3
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)1013.3
7) Roman Catholic371.2
8) Reformed churches110.4
9) Other Presbyterian10.0
10) Presbyterian (U.S.A.)561.8
11) Other2688.8
12) More than one of these40.1
13) None of these1013.3
14) Undecided100.3
Missing104 
TOTAL3057100.0
47) Everyone must make many important decisions during his or her life, such as, which occupation to pursue, what goals to strive for, whom to vote for, what to teach one's children, etc. When you make decisions such as these to what extent do you make the decisions on the basis of your religious faith? (DECIDFTH)
TOTAL%
1) I seldom, if ever, base such decisions on religious faith.1494.8
2) I sometimes base such decisions on my religious faith but definitely do not most of the time.32010.3
3) I feel that most of my important decisions are based on my religious faith, but usually in a general, unconscious way.150948.7
4) I feel that most of my important decisions are based on my religious faith, and I usually consciously attempt to make them so.112136.2
Missing62 
TOTAL3099100.0
48) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal saviour? (EVANGOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No108434.8
2) Yes203265.2
Missing45 
TOTAL3116100.0
49) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) No167854.4
2) Yes140145.4
4) Not sure40.1
5) Multiple experiences40.1
Missing74 
TOTAL3087100.0
50) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - The moral problems and needs of the individual (PCUSANS1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes166055.3
2) No69523.2
3) Don't know64621.5
Missing160 
TOTAL3001100.0
51) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - The problems of family life (PCUSANS2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes164254.8
2) No64921.6
3) Don't know70723.6
Missing163 
TOTAL2998100.0
52) Generally speaking, do you think that the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is giving adequate answers to the following? - People's spiritual needs (PCUSANS3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes201566.3
2) No51116.8
3) Don't know51216.9
Missing123 
TOTAL3038100.0
53) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - My denominational affiliation is an important part of my identity as a Christian. (PCDENOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree224472.3
2) Disagree82126.4
3) Don't know391.3
Missing57 
TOTAL3104100.0
54) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - While they may have disagreements from time to time, Christians should remain loyal to one denomination throughout their adult lives. (PCDENOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree105034.1
2) Disagree193262.7
3) Don't know993.2
Missing80 
TOTAL3081100.0
55) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - There are several other denominations where I could belong and be just as satisfied. (PCDENOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Agree193562.7
2) Disagree87928.5
3) Don't know2708.8
Missing77 
TOTAL3084100.0
56) For the following statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has a clearer understanding of the church's mission in the world today than do most other denominations. (PCDENOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Agree117237.9
2) Disagree101032.6
3) Don't know91329.5
Missing66 
TOTAL3095100.0
57) Which one of the following statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? (BIBLEFL)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word.54517.5
2) The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything in it should be taken literally, word for word.244778.5
3) The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by men and women.1073.4
4) Circled 1 and 240.1
6) Circled 2 and 3110.4
8) None of the above10.0
9) Not sure20.1
Missing44 
TOTAL3117100.0
58) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing there is a God (BELIEV1)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important257682.5
2) Important49916.0
3) Not very important391.2
4) Not important at all80.3
Missing39 
TOTAL3122100.0
59) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing that God loves me (BELIEV2)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important238176.7
2) Important64420.7
3) Not very important662.1
4) Not important at all130.4
Missing57 
TOTAL3104100.0
60) How important is the following to you personally? - Trying to lead a good Christian life (BELIEV3)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important182958.7
2) Important125240.2
3) Not very important311.0
4) Not important at all20.1
Missing47 
TOTAL3114100.0
61) How important is the following to you personally? - Helping others who are in need (BELIEV4)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important130942.5
2) Important170255.2
3) Not very important702.3
4) Not important at all10.0
Missing79 
TOTAL3082100.0
62) How important is the following to you personally? - Accepting Jesus Christ as my personal saviour (BELIEV5)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important212968.9
2) Important76224.7
3) Not very important1695.5
4) Not important at all311.0
Missing70 
TOTAL3091100.0
63) How important is the following to you personally? - Knowing the distinctive doctrines of the Presbyterian Church (BELIEV6)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important1876.1
2) Important155050.2
3) Not very important119938.8
4) Not important at all1535.0
Missing72 
TOTAL3089100.0
64) How important is the following to you personally? - Attending worship services (BELIEV7)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important99432.2
2) Important182159.0
3) Not very important2407.8
4) Not important at all331.1
Missing73 
TOTAL3088100.0
65) How important is the following to you personally? - Working to bring about social justice (BELIEV8)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important47715.7
2) Important185861.1
3) Not very important64221.1
4) Not important at all642.1
Missing120 
TOTAL3041100.0
66) How important is the following to you personally? - Telling others about Jesus (BELIEV9)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important70623.2
2) Important152750.1
3) Not very important70123.0
4) Not important at all1153.8
Missing112 
TOTAL3049100.0
67) How important is the following to you personally? - Belonging to this particular denomination (BELIEV10)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important2919.5
2) Important149849.0
3) Not very important105134.3
4) Not important at all2207.2
Missing101 
TOTAL3060100.0
68) How important is the following to you personally? - Church membership, in general (BELIEV11)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important91829.9
2) Important182759.5
3) Not very important2869.3
4) Not important at all421.4
Missing88 
TOTAL3073100.0
69) How important is the following to you personally? - Religion in my life (BELIEV12)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important158651.4
2) Important138945.0
3) Not very important1013.3
4) Not important at all100.3
Missing75 
TOTAL3086100.0
70) How important is the following to you personally? - Socializing with persons with similar values (BELIEV13)
TOTAL%
1) One of the most important61819.9
2) Important188160.5
3) Not very important53617.2
4) Not important at all732.3
Missing53 
TOTAL3108100.0
71) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Mother - Father. (GODIMAG1)
TOTAL%
1) Mother90.3
2) 130.4
3) 220.7
4) 48016.1
5) 2297.7
6) 30310.1
7) Father193464.7
Missing171 
TOTAL2990100.0
72) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Master - Spouse. (GODIMAG2)
TOTAL%
1) Master164959.8
2) 37213.5
3) 2408.7
4) 33312.1
5) 521.9
6) 421.5
7) Spouse682.5
Missing405 
TOTAL2756100.0
73) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Judge - Lover. (GODIMAG3)
TOTAL%
1) Judge114741.8
2) 31611.5
3) 2659.7
4) 69825.4
5) 1244.5
6) 843.1
7) Lover1124.1
Missing415 
TOTAL2746100.0
74) Indicate where you would place your image of God between the two contrasting images: Friend - King. (GODIMAG4)
TOTAL%
1) Friend94634.1
2) 2368.5
3) 1645.9
4) 72226.0
5) 1635.9
6) 1063.8
7) King43715.8
Missing387 
TOTAL2774100.0
75) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I believe that if we do not preach Christ to them, they will be damned forever. (EVNGOTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1083.5
2) Agree1805.9
3) Neither agree or disagree62620.5
4) Disagree119539.2
5) Strongly disagree94230.9
Missing110 
TOTAL3051100.0
76) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I don't believe they will be damned, but I do have a desire to share the love of Christ with them. (EVNGOTH2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree69522.5
2) Agree174456.6
3) Neither agree or disagree44114.3
4) Disagree1524.9
5) Strongly disagree511.7
Missing78 
TOTAL3083100.0
77) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ. - I believe that we shouldn't worry about them because there are so many people in this country who haven't heard about Christ. (EVNGOTH3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree612.0
2) Agree1454.7
3) Neither agree or disagree43514.2
4) Disagree158451.8
5) Strongly disagree83227.2
Missing104 
TOTAL3057100.0
78) Please indicate the strength of your agreement for the following statement toward people in other countries who have never heard about Christ - I believe that we should respect their religions and stop trying to impose Christianity on them. (EVNGOTH4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1805.9
2) Agree69022.6
3) Neither agree or disagree90429.6
4) Disagree93730.7
5) Strongly disagree34011.1
Missing110 
TOTAL3051100.0
79) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (CHREL1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1464.8
2) Agree72423.6
3) Neither agree or disagree58419.0
4) Disagree109135.5
5) Strongly disagree52817.2
Missing88 
TOTAL3073100.0
80) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Not all the churches have God's Truth; many are in serious error. (CHREL2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45114.8
2) Agree131643.1
3) Neither agree or disagree85428.0
4) Disagree34711.4
5) Strongly disagree862.8
Missing107 
TOTAL3054100.0
81) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humankind is Jesus Christ. (CHREL3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree115237.2
2) Agree104233.6
3) Neither agree or disagree54117.5
4) Disagree2959.5
5) Strongly disagree672.2
Missing64 
TOTAL3097100.0
82) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - All the great religions of the world are equally good and true. (CHREL4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree712.3
2) Agree44314.4
3) Neither agree or disagree83026.9
4) Disagree116537.8
5) Strongly disagree57118.5
Missing81 
TOTAL3080100.0
83) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Only the followers of Jesus Christ and members of His church can be saved. (CHREL5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46815.4
2) Agree71623.5
3) Neither agree or disagree60219.8
4) Disagree100032.8
5) Strongly disagree2628.6
Missing113 
TOTAL3048100.0
84) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The primary purpose of men and women in this life is to prepare for the next life. (CHREL6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2698.8
2) Agree77425.3
3) Neither agree or disagree69522.7
4) Disagree109135.7
5) Strongly disagree2277.4
Missing105 
TOTAL3056100.0
85) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - It is not as important to worry about life after death as what one can do in this life. (CHREL7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree47715.6
2) Agree149148.6
3) Neither agree or disagree38412.5
4) Disagree57518.8
5) Strongly disagree1394.5
Missing95 
TOTAL3066100.0
86) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - I believe in a divine judgment after death where some shall be rewarded and others punished. (CHREL8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45815.0
2) Agree144147.2
3) Neither agree or disagree65821.6
4) Disagree40113.1
5) Strongly disagree923.0
Missing111 
TOTAL3050100.0
87) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Today, people should think for themselves about religion and not accept the teachings of any one church. (CHREL9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1214.0
2) Agree83427.3
3) Neither agree or disagree74224.3
4) Disagree135944.5
Missing105 
TOTAL3056100.0
88) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - The individual can find religious truth without any help from a church. (CHREL10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree612.0
2) Agree74424.3
3) Neither agree or disagree55318.1
4) Disagree170155.6
Missing102 
TOTAL3059100.0
89) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - Religious ideas should be the result of the individual's search, without regard to any churches or church teachings. (CHREL11)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree571.9
2) Agree39512.9
3) Neither agree or disagree61720.2
4) Disagree198865.0
Missing104 
TOTAL3057100.0
90) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - To know God's Truth, it is important to follow the teachings of ministers. (CHREL12)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree812.6
2) Agree91729.9
3) Neither agree or disagree98032.0
4) Disagree95331.1
5) Strongly disagree1334.3
Missing97 
TOTAL3064100.0
91) Indicate the strength of your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. - God's Truth was given to the church, and all persons must follow the church's teachings. (CHREL13)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree862.8
2) Agree60519.8
3) Neither agree or disagree100132.8
4) Disagree113837.3
5) Strongly disagree2187.2
Missing113 
TOTAL3048100.0
92) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female166152.8
2) Male148247.2
Missing18 
TOTAL3143100.0
93) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL313754.19915
94) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (LOCATION)
TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm34911.2
2) On a farm1585.1
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000 population)96630.9
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000 population)46514.9
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city2859.1
6) In a large city (over 250,000 population)3059.8
7) In a suburb near a large city59619.1
Missing37 
TOTAL3124100.0
95) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married254981.0
2) Not married59819.0
Missing14 
TOTAL3147100.0
96) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: Have you had a previous marriage? (PREVMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No219786.5
2) Yes, I was widowed753.0
3) Yes, I was divorced26610.5
4) Yes, I was both widowed and divorced30.1
Missing620 
TOTAL2541100.0
97) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY NOT MARRIED: Have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No17329.3
2) Yes, I was widowed26745.2
3) Yes, I was divorced14825.0
4) Yes, I was both widowed and divorced30.5
Missing2570 
TOTAL591100.0
98) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE NOT MARRIED WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: In what faith was your husband or wife raised? (SPFAITH1)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist32512.9
2) Methodist44317.6
3) Lutheran1857.4
4) Episcopal883.5
5) United Church of Christ1255.0
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)532.1
7) Reformed churches220.9
8) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A)81132.3
10) Other1305.2
12) None883.5
13) Don't Know50.2
14) Roman Catholic2399.5
Missing647 
TOTAL2514100.0
99) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE NOT MARRIED WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: In what faith was your husband or wife raised? (Previous marriage) (SPFAITH2)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist10.1
2) Methodist110.8
3) Lutheran40.3
5) United Church of Christ60.5
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.1
8) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A)342.6
9) Other Presbyterian10.1
10) Other126895.2
12) None20.2
14) Roman Catholic40.3
Missing1829 
TOTAL1332100.0
100) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED OR THOSE WHO WERE PREVIOUSLY MARRIED: Current church affiliation of spouse (SPCURAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist220.9
2) Methodist381.5
3) Lutheran130.5
4) Episcopal90.4
5) United Church of Christ40.2
6) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.0
7) Reformed churches10.0
8) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A)217387.8
9) Other Presbyterian10.0
10) Other251.0
12) None1295.2
13) Don't Know30.1
14) Roman Catholic552.2
Missing687 
TOTAL2474100.0
101) Are you employed... (MEMPLOYD)
TOTAL%
1) Part time40713.2
2) Full time135844.0
3) Unemployed311.0
4) Retired89529.0
5) Full time homemaker3019.8
6) Self-employed80.3
7) Student421.4
8) Other441.4
Missing75 
TOTAL3086100.0
102) What is your usual occupation? (See summary documentation.) (MOCCUP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2786204.924191
103) What is the highest level of education you have attained? (EDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years of formal education80.3
2) Completed eighth grade321.0
3) Some high school692.2
4) Completed high school50616.3
5) Some college74223.9
6) Graduated from college76024.5
7) Some graduate work3059.8
8) A graduate degree68021.9
Missing59 
TOTAL3102100.0
104) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR SOME GRADUATE WORK: Specify your major. (EDMAJOR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL171356.37926
105) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: Is your husband or wife employed... (SPEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Part time106342.4
2) Full time32012.8
3) Unemployed190.8
4) Retired61524.6
5) Full time homemaker40016.0
6) Self employed150.6
7) Student602.4
8) Other130.5
Missing656 
TOTAL2505100.0
106) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBAND OR WIFE IS NOT AN ORDAINED MINISTER: What is your husband's or wife's usual occupation? (See summary documentation.) (SPOCCUPM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2192212.866209
107) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED: What is your husband's or wife's highest level of education completed? (SPEDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years of formal education110.4
2) Completed eighth grade241.0
3) Some high school722.9
4) Completed high school47819.4
5) Some college57023.2
6) College graduate65226.5
7) Some graduate work1666.7
8) A graduate degree48719.8
Missing701 
TOTAL2460100.0
108) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND THEIR HUSBAND OR WIFE HAS GRADUATED FROM COLLEGE OR HAD SOME GRADUATE WORK: Please specify your spouse's major. (SPMAJOR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL124956.29926
109) How many children have you ever had, that is, how many children have you given birth to or fathered? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage). (Do not count any stepchildren or adopted children.) (KIDNBR)
TOTAL%
0) None47615.3
1) 139812.8
2) 2106334.2
3) 370022.5
4) 433210.7
5) 5902.9
6) 6 or more471.5
Missing55 
TOTAL3106100.0
110) Do you have any legally adopted children? (KIDADP)
TOTAL%
1) No290093.3
2) Yes2076.7
Missing54 
TOTAL3107100.0
111) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ANY LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN: How many adopted children do you have? (KIDADNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 112360.3
2) 26632.4
3) 394.4
4) 452.5
6) 6 or more10.5
Missing2957 
TOTAL204100.0
112) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse have children at the time of your marriage)? (KIDSTP)
TOTAL%
1) No278590.5
2) Yes2919.5
Missing85 
TOTAL3076100.0
113) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN: How many stepchildren do you have? (KIDSTNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 110435.4
2) 210134.4
3) 34716.0
4) 4299.9
5) 593.1
6) 6 or more41.4
Missing2867 
TOTAL294100.0
114) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - First child (KIDAGE1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL271829.65216
115) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Second child (KIDAGE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL235727.71616
116) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Third child (KIDAGE3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL128729.45818
117) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Fourth child (KIDAGE4)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL55731.14519
118) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Fifth child (KIDAGE5)
TOTAL%
0) Less than one year10.5
3) 10.5
4) 21.0
5) 21.0
9) 10.5
10) 10.5
14) 21.0
15) 10.5
16) 52.5
18) 52.5
19) 84.0
20) 10.5
21) 115.4
22) 115.4
23) 52.5
24) 84.0
25) 73.5
26) 63.0
27) 73.5
28) 136.4
29) 73.5
30) 157.4
31) 94.5
32) 84.0
33) 73.5
34) 63.0
35) 94.5
36) 73.5
37) 42.0
38) 21.0
39) 42.0
40) 31.5
41) 10.5
42) 10.5
43) 42.0
44) 10.5
45) 10.5
50) 10.5
51) 10.5
53) 10.5
60) 10.5
99) Deceased115.4
Missing2959 
TOTAL202100.0
119) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Sixth child (KIDAGE6)
TOTAL%
6) 11.1
13) 11.1
15) 22.3
16) 11.1
17) 33.4
18) 11.1
19) 11.1
21) 55.7
22) 44.6
23) 44.6
24) 22.3
25) 55.7
26) 55.7
27) 44.6
28) 22.3
29) 89.2
30) 55.7
31) 22.3
32) 33.4
33) 22.3
34) 44.6
35) 33.4
36) 11.1
37) 22.3
38) 22.3
41) 11.1
42) 11.1
43) 55.7
47) 11.1
56) 11.1
99) Deceased55.7
Missing3074 
TOTAL87100.0
120) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE HAD CHILDREN: Please list the current age of each child (including any adopted or stepchildren). (Leave the space blank for any child who has died.) - Seventh child (KIDAGE7)
TOTAL%
13) 12.8
19) 12.8
20) 38.3
21) 25.6
22) 12.8
24) 12.8
25) 25.6
26) 25.6
27) 25.6
29) 38.3
30) 12.8
31) 25.6
32) 12.8
33) 25.6
34) 25.6
37) 25.6
39) 12.8
45) 12.8
52) 12.8
99) Deceased513.9
Missing3125 
TOTAL36100.0
121) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or other? (POLPARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat76524.8
2) Independent57218.5
3) Republican170455.1
4) Other280.9
5) Non-voting citizen40.1
9) Not applicable170.6
Missing71 
TOTAL3090100.0
122) Which of these best describes your usual stand on political issues? (POLSTAND)
TOTAL%
1) Very liberal511.6
2) Liberal38012.3
3) Moderate144046.5
4) Conservative112736.4
5) Very conservative892.9
9) Response not applicable100.3
Missing64 
TOTAL3097100.0
123) How many people (counting yourself) live in your household? (Do not include students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (HSHLDNBR)
TOTAL%
1) 1 (I live alone.)36311.6
2) 2147047.0
3) 355417.7
4) 448915.6
5) 51705.4
6) 6481.5
7) 7 or more100.3
8) Not applicable (I live in a dormitory, nursing home, or other institutional housing.)220.7
Missing35 
TOTAL3126100.0
124) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you. - Spouse (HSHLD1)
TOTAL%
0) None64520.4
1) Spouse251679.6
TOTAL3161100.0
125) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Daughter(s) (HSHLD2)
TOTAL%
0) None237875.2
1) 59218.7
2) 1695.3
3) 210.7
4) 10.0
TOTAL3161100.0
126) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Son(s) (HSHLD3)
TOTAL%
0) None234574.2
1) 59518.8
2) 1815.7
3) 361.1
4) 40.1
TOTAL3161100.0
127) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Stepchildren (HSHLD4)
TOTAL%
0) None312298.8
1) 311.0
2) 70.2
3) 10.0
TOTAL3161100.0
128) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Grandchildren (HSHLD5)
TOTAL%
0) None313299.1
1) 190.6
2) 70.2
3) 30.1
TOTAL3161100.0
129) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Parents and/or in-laws (HSHLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None304096.2
1) 100.3
2) 421.3
3) 40.1
4) 160.5
5) 481.5
6) 10.0
TOTAL3161100.0
130) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Siblings (HSHLD7)
TOTAL%
0) None312598.9
1) 220.7
2) 110.3
4) 10.0
5) 20.1
TOTAL3161100.0
131) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Aunts, uncles, and/or other relatives (HSHLD8)
TOTAL%
0) None313799.2
1) 220.7
3) 10.0
6) 10.0
TOTAL3161100.0
132) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Grandparents (HSHLD9)
TOTAL%
0) None315799.9
2) 40.1
TOTAL3161100.0
133) DASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT DESCRIBE THEIR CURRENT RESIDENCE AS DORMITORY, BARRACKS, OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL HOUSING AND DO NOT LIVE ALONE: Please describe the other people in your household by indicating their relationship to you, and how many there are. - Others (HSHLD10)
TOTAL%
0) None309998.0
1) Friend or roommate220.7
2) More than one friend or roommate80.3
3) Three friends20.1
10) Cohabitant90.3
11) Cohabitant and child20.1
21) Two foster children30.1
30) Boarder or roomers30.1
40) Foreign student50.2
41) Two foreign students10.0
50) Landlord10.0
51) Landlord and son10.0
70) Household staff50.2
TOTAL3161100.0
134) Is the home in which you currently live... (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you2387.8
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage115237.6
3) Owned by you with a mortgage159252.0
4) Other230.8
7) Owned by relatives/parents541.8
8) Owned by employer20.1
Missing100 
TOTAL3061100.0
135) Which of the following best describes your current residence? (RESIDENC)
TOTAL%
1) Building of duplexes, triplexes or quadriplexes872.8
2) Building of apartments1234.0
3) Building of townhomes1033.4
4) Mobile home, on a lot you own210.7
5) Mobile home, on a lot you rent331.1
6) Single family house, detached from other houses269988.0
Missing95 
TOTAL3066100.0
136) Which of these broad categories best describes your approximate total family income from all sources (including housing and other allowances), before taxes, in 1989? (If you live alone, please answer in terms of your personal income.) (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) $15,000-$24,99964221.9
2) $25,000-$49,999103435.2
3) $50,000-$99,99998533.5
4) $100,000 or more2769.4
Missing224 
TOTAL2937100.0
137) In 1989, what percentage of your family's total pre-tax income from all sources (including pensions, investments, housing allowances, etc.) did you contribute to your church? (TOCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) 2% or less76329.2
2) 3%-6%106540.8
3) 7%-9%30511.7
4) 10% or more47918.3
Missing549 
TOTAL2612100.0
138) What is your race/ethnicity? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) American Indian, Native American581.9
2) Asian American, Pacific Islander220.7
3) African American, Black622.0
4) Hispanic, Spanish American170.5
5) White, Caucasian293194.5
6) Other (specify)40.1
9) Response not applicable70.2
Missing60 
TOTAL3101100.0
139) Size (SIZE)
TOTAL%
1) 25210.5
2) 38215.9
3) 38115.9
4) 45619.0
5) 47920.0
6) 44918.7
Missing762 
TOTAL2399100.0
140) Age group 1 (AGEGRP1)
TOTAL%
1) 19 and younger230.7
2) 20-24341.1
3) 25-29882.8
4) 30-341745.5
5) 35-393069.8
6) 40-4433810.8
7) 45-493069.8
8) 50-542648.4
9) 55-5932010.2
10) 60-6437912.1
11) 65-6935011.2
12) 70-742638.4
13) 75-791695.4
14) 80-84902.9
15) 85 and older331.1
Missing24 
TOTAL3137100.0
141) Age group 2 (AGEGRP2)
TOTAL%
1) Under 4062519.9
2) 40-4990828.9
3) 50-59104933.4
4) 60 and older55517.7
Missing24 
TOTAL3137100.0
142) Index on relativism (see summary documentation for index construction) (RELATVSM)
TOTAL%
1) Low143248.6
2) Medium120841.0
3) High30910.5
Missing212 
TOTAL2949100.0
143) Index on (CHRISTON)
TOTAL%
1) Low125341.6
2) Medium106035.2
3) High69923.2
Missing149 
TOTAL3012100.0
144) Index on universalism (see summary documentation for index construction) (UNIVERSL)
TOTAL%
1) Low141446.3
2) Medium88328.9
3) High75524.7
Missing109 
TOTAL3052100.0
145) Index on otherworldliness (see summary documentation for index construction) (OTHERWD1)
TOTAL%
1) Low77726.1
2) Medium148949.9
3) High71624.0
Missing179 
TOTAL2982100.0
146) Index on otherworldliness (see summary documentation for index construction) (OTHERWD2)
TOTAL%
1) Low111336.8
2) Medium118039.1
3) High72824.1
Missing140 
TOTAL3021100.0
147) Index on individualism (see summary documentation for index construction) (INDIVDSM)
TOTAL%
1) Low79827.0
2) Medium174859.1
3) High41213.9
Missing203 
TOTAL2958100.0
148) Has respondent ever been married or never been married? (EVERMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Has been married2967100.0
Missing194 
TOTAL2967100.0
149) I-SEX: What is your sex? (For use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female166152.8
2) Male148247.2
Missing18 
TOTAL3143100.0
150) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (For use with on-line analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married254981.0
2) Not married59819.0
Missing14 
TOTAL3147100.0
151) I-REGION: Region (for use with on-line analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) South110035.4
2) West49315.9
3) Northeast66921.5
4) Midwest84327.1
Missing56 
TOTAL3105100.0
152) I-INCOME: Which of these broad categories best describes your approximate total family income from all sources (including housing and other allowances), before taxes, in 1989? (If you live alone, please answer in terms of your personal income.) (For use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) $15,000-$24,99964221.9
2) $25,000-$49,999103435.2
3) $50,000-$99,99998533.5
4) $100,000 or more2769.4
Missing224 
TOTAL2937100.0
153) I-EDUCHI: What is the highest level of education you have attained? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-EDUCHI)
TOTAL%
1) 1093.5
2) High schl124840.2
3) College106534.3
4) Grad68021.9
Missing59 
TOTAL3102100.0
154) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) <40 yrs62519.9
2) 40-49 yrs64420.5
3) 50-59 yrs58418.6
4) 60-69 yrs72923.2
5) 70+ yrs55517.7
Missing24 
TOTAL3137100.0
155) I-RACE: What is your race/ethnicity? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White293194.5
2) Non-white1705.5
Missing60 
TOTAL3101100.0
156) I-POLPARTY: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or other? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-POLPARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat76524.8
2) Independen57218.5
3) Republican170455.1
4) Other/NA491.6
Missing71 
TOTAL3090100.0
157) I-SAMPLE: Sample (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members168553.3
2) Elders147646.7
TOTAL3161100.0