Presbyterian Panel Survey, August 1997 - Social Justice and Welfare, Clergy

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL127530875.18524
2) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare encourages people to work less than they would if there wasn't a welfare system. (WFWRKLES)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16312.9
2) Agree51941.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree24319.2
4) Disagree28322.3
5) Strongly disagree594.7
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
3) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps people get on their feet when they have been set back by situations such as unemployment, a divorce, or a death in the family. (WFONFEET)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22617.9
2) Agree83265.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree1118.8
4) Disagree816.4
5) Strongly disagree151.2
Missing10 
TOTAL1265100.0
4) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare encourages young women to have babies before marriage. (WFBABIES)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree866.8
2) Agree32625.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree31324.7
4) Disagree40131.6
5) Strongly disagree14111.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
5) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps keep people's marriages together in times of financial problems. (WFFINANC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree463.6
2) Agree39331.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree43434.4
4) Disagree32625.8
5) Strongly disagree645.1
Missing12 
TOTAL1263100.0
6) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps to prevent hunger and malnutrition (WFNOHNGR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28522.7
2) Agree77561.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree1078.5
4) Disagree756.0
5) Strongly disagree131.0
Missing20 
TOTAL1255100.0
7) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare discourages young women who get pregnant from marrying the father of the child. (WFNOMRRY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree897.0
2) Agree38230.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree41332.7
4) Disagree31324.8
5) Strongly disagree665.2
Missing12 
TOTAL1263100.0
8) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare makes it too easy for unwed fathers to neglect their economic responsibilities as parents. (WFNODAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19915.7
2) Agree52541.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree28122.2
4) Disagree23018.2
5) Strongly disagree312.4
Missing9 
TOTAL1266100.0
9) How much attention have you given to the changes in welfare law? (ATNWFLAW)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal29223.0
2) Some76560.2
3) Very little17213.5
4) Almost none342.7
5) None80.6
Missing4 
TOTAL1271100.0
10) Overall, do you think the new welfare law will be beneficial to the city, county, or metropolitan area where you live, or will it damage the community? (BNFICIAL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely beneficial846.7
2) Probably beneficial42633.8
3) Probably result in damage35728.3
4) Definitely result in damage15612.4
5) Not sure23918.9
Missing13 
TOTAL1262100.0
11) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in less crime? (REFCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) No74058.9
2) Yes967.6
3) Not sure42133.5
Missing18 
TOTAL1257100.0
12) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in fewer homeless people? (REFHMLES)
TOTAL%
1) No81564.8
2) Yes1108.7
3) Not sure33326.5
Missing17 
TOTAL1258100.0
13) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in lower birthrates for unwed/welfare moms? (REFMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) No50440.0
2) Yes33826.8
3) Not sure41933.2
Missing14 
TOTAL1261100.0
14) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in more employment? (REFEMPLY)
TOTAL%
1) No29823.7
2) Yes59747.4
3) Not sure36529.0
Missing15 
TOTAL1260100.0
15) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in more families will stay together? (REFFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) No42633.8
2) Yes18714.9
3) Not sure64651.3
Missing16 
TOTAL1259100.0
16) If you can think of one or two other benefits [from welfare reform], please write them in. (REFOTHR1)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages family members increased support41.3
2) Fosters self-reliance13241.3
3) Encourages hard work4213.1
4) Lowers taxes247.5
5) Cuts down on welfare cheaters144.4
6) Builds community5416.9
8) Other82.5
9) Response not applicable4213.1
Missing955 
TOTAL320100.0
17) If you can think of one or two other benefits, please write them in. (REFOTHR2)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages family members increased support11.3
2) Fosters self-reliance911.8
3) Encourages hard work3140.8
4) Lowers taxes45.3
5) Cuts down on welfare cheaters67.9
6) Builds community1722.4
8) Other810.5
Missing1199 
TOTAL76100.0
18) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - People will move away from the area. (DMGMOVE)
TOTAL%
1) No73958.7
2) Yes796.3
3) Not sure44035.0
Missing17 
TOTAL1258100.0
19) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More families will break up. (DMGFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) No59347.2
2) Yes15011.9
3) Not sure51440.9
Missing18 
TOTAL1257100.0
20) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Less money will be spent in local stores. (DMGSTORS)
TOTAL%
1) No56244.9
2) Yes28622.8
3) Not sure40532.3
Missing22 
TOTAL1253100.0
21) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Crime will increase. (DMGCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) No44635.4
2) Yes32425.7
3) Not sure49138.9
Missing14 
TOTAL1261100.0
22) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More children will be abandoned. (DMGKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No47938.4
2) Yes31625.4
3) Not sure45136.2
Missing29 
TOTAL1246100.0
23) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - There will be more battered women who are unable to leave their marriages. (DMGBATRD)
TOTAL%
1) No37129.6
2) Yes45136.0
3) Not sure43134.4
Missing22 
TOTAL1253100.0
24) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More demands will be placed on churches and other helping organizations. (DMGCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) No665.3
2) Yes110488.2
3) Not sure826.5
Missing23 
TOTAL1252100.0
25) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Malnutrition and developmental problems will increase. (DMGDEVLP)
TOTAL%
1) No28022.3
2) Yes55444.1
3) Not sure42133.5
Missing20 
TOTAL1255100.0
26) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More people will feel hopeless, leading to increased drug use and/or gang activity. (DMGDRUGS)
TOTAL%
1) No37629.9
2) Yes33726.8
3) Not sure54343.2
Missing19 
TOTAL1256100.0
27) If you can think of one or two ways that welfare reform may damage your community, please write them in. (DMGOTHR1)
TOTAL%
1) More people fall between the cracks4521.7
2) Emphasis on the consequences for people in need5627.1
3) Society will suffer4220.3
4) More demands on churches and other providers115.3
8) Other157.2
9) Response not applicable3818.4
Missing1068 
TOTAL207100.0
28) If you can think of one or two ways that welfare reform may damage your community, please write them in. (DMGOTHR2)
TOTAL%
1) More people fall between the cracks15.9
2) Emphasis on the consequences for people in need635.3
3) Society will suffer635.3
4) More demands on churches and other providers15.9
8) Other317.6
Missing1258 
TOTAL17100.0
29) After receiving benefits for two years, the new law requires welfare recipients to find a job, participate in a job-training program, or work in a public service job. Do you think there are enough jobs in your community to provide work for adults who are now receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) or Food Stamps? (ENUFJOBS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54743.1
2) No52741.6
3) Don't know19415.3
Missing7 
TOTAL1268100.0
30) In general, because of welfare reform do you think that more welfare recipients will leave your community to find jobs somewhere else, or will more welfare recipients come to your community looking for jobs? (LEAVECOM)
TOTAL%
1) More will leave15212.0
2) More will come27521.7
3) The number leaving will be about equal to the number coming.40932.3
4) Don't know42933.9
Missing10 
TOTAL1265100.0
31) Overall, because of welfare reform, do you believe that in the short run, more of today's low-income individuals and families will be economically better off? (BTRSHORT)
TOTAL%
1) No81264.5
2) Yes14011.1
3) Not sure30724.4
Missing16 
TOTAL1259100.0
32) Overall, because of welfare reform, do you believe that in the long run, more of today's low-income individuals and families will be economically better off? (BTRLONG)
TOTAL%
1) No27321.6
2) Yes63350.1
3) Not sure35828.3
Missing11 
TOTAL1264100.0
33) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Infants and children (EFCTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off352.8
2) Probably better off22818.4
3) Not sure33126.7
4) Probably worse off44435.8
5) Definitely worse off20116.2
Missing36 
TOTAL1239100.0
34) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Unwed teenage mothers (EFCTTEEN)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off463.7
2) Probably better off25520.6
3) Not sure32226.1
4) Probably worse off46737.8
5) Definitely worse off14611.8
Missing39 
TOTAL1236100.0
35) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Single mothers raising children (EFCTMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off342.8
2) Probably better off28623.1
3) Not sure31425.4
4) Probably worse off43335.0
5) Definitely worse off16913.7
Missing39 
TOTAL1236100.0
36) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Single fathers raising children (EFCTDADS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off352.8
2) Probably better off29123.6
3) Not sure45937.3
4) Probably worse off34127.7
5) Definitely worse off1068.6
Missing43 
TOTAL1232100.0
37) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Undocumented immigrants (EFCTUNIM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off161.3
2) Probably better off494.0
3) Not sure38230.8
4) Probably worse off46837.8
5) Definitely worse off32426.2
Missing36 
TOTAL1239100.0
38) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Legal immigrants (EFCTLEGL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off342.7
2) Probably better off24820.0
3) Not sure43735.3
4) Probably worse off35628.8
5) Definitely worse off16313.2
Missing37 
TOTAL1238100.0
39) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Disabled persons (EFCTDSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off231.9
2) Probably better off16613.4
3) Not sure59047.7
4) Probably worse off32326.1
5) Definitely worse off13410.8
Missing39 
TOTAL1236100.0
40) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Elderly persons (EFCTELD)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off211.7
2) Probably better off17013.9
3) Not sure59648.6
4) Probably worse off32226.2
5) Definitely worse off1189.6
Missing48 
TOTAL1227100.0
41) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Poor people in general (EFCTPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off393.2
2) Probably better off32726.5
3) Not sure31725.7
4) Probably worse off39331.9
5) Definitely worse off15712.7
Missing42 
TOTAL1233100.0
42) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Poor people living in areas of high unemployment (EFCTUNEM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off221.8
2) Probably better off917.4
3) Not sure26221.2
4) Probably worse off51141.4
5) Definitely worse off34928.3
Missing40 
TOTAL1235100.0
43) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Persons with limited education (EFCTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off282.3
2) Probably better off19215.6
3) Not sure35328.6
4) Probably worse off42534.4
5) Definitely worse off23619.1
Missing41 
TOTAL1234100.0
44) Does your community have public transportation services? (PUBTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) No32626.8
2) Yes88973.2
Missing60 
TOTAL1215100.0
45) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to PUBTRANS). If "yes," is the public transportation service adequate for people who do not have any other way to get to work? (YESTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely15116.4
2) Yes, probably29331.9
3) No, not adequate40243.8
4) Don't know727.8
Missing357 
TOTAL918100.0
46) To enable welfare recipients to work, do you favor or oppose providing public transportation services to those who do not own cars for personal transportation? (FAVTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor106485.5
2) Oppose584.7
3) Not sure1229.8
Missing31 
TOTAL1244100.0
47) Do you favor or oppose denying welfare benefits to the children of people who do not enroll in job training or do not get a job? (KIDSJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Favor29623.9
2) Oppose71257.4
3) Not sure23218.7
Missing35 
TOTAL1240100.0
48) Suppose a person has been denied benefits because s/he failed to find a job and will not participate in job training. Should this person be given a second chance to cooperate with job training and be allowed to receive benefits as long as s/he continues to participate in job training? (SNDCHNCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, should be given a second chance100681.3
2) No, should not be given a second chance1078.6
3) Not sure12510.1
Missing37 
TOTAL1238100.0
49) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Change the law to remove the 5-year limit (YR5REMOV)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach1139.2
2) Good approach16413.4
3) Fair approach21217.3
4) Poor approach57246.7
5) Not sure16513.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1226100.0
50) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Continue support, but for food and housing only (YR5FOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach413.4
2) Good approach30124.6
3) Fair approach50241.1
4) Poor approach24119.7
5) Not sure13711.2
Missing53 
TOTAL1222100.0
51) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Create government-sponsored "poor houses" (YR5HOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach90.7
2) Good approach544.4
3) Fair approach12410.1
4) Poor approach92375.5
5) Not sure1139.2
Missing52 
TOTAL1223100.0
52) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Depend on the churches to take care of them (YR5CHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach191.6
2) Good approach1048.5
3) Fair approach26221.4
4) Poor approach78564.1
5) Not sure554.5
Missing50 
TOTAL1225100.0
53) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Depend on individual charity to take care of them (YR5CHRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach151.2
2) Good approach887.2
3) Fair approach26121.4
4) Poor approach80165.6
5) Not sure564.6
Missing54 
TOTAL1221100.0
54) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Let them fend for themselves as best they can (YR5SELVS)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach252.1
2) Good approach443.6
3) Fair approach18415.1
4) Poor approach88672.7
5) Not sure806.6
Missing56 
TOTAL1219100.0
55) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Other (specify) (YR5OTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Deal with each person individually2818.2
2) Industry/Business/Government should step in138.4
3) Industry/Business/Government should help through incentive1912.3
4) Provide/make work1912.3
5) Provide training/education127.8
6) Co-op community approach1610.4
7) Provide funds to private charities74.5
8) Church involvement31.9
9) Response not applicable3724.0
Missing1121 
TOTAL154100.0
56) Based on all that you know or have heard, which one statement below comes closest to your overall opinion of the new welfare law? (OVEROPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent changes; definitely a major shift for the better.1179.4
2) Many good provisions, but could be modified a little bit to make it even better,45536.7
3) The old system had some problems, but I'd rather have seen some tinkering with it rather than the massive reorganization that took place.22618.2
4) On balance, I'd prefer that we go back to the old system, warts and all.100.8
6) The old system was bad, but I'd rather have seen it changed in a different way.26621.5
7) Don't know enough to have a definite opinion at this time.1139.1
8) Not sure-haven't made up my mind yet.534.3
Missing35 
TOTAL1240100.0
57) With welfare reform, much of the role the federal government has occupied in providing welfare will be transferred to the states. Rather than set up their own massive structures to distribute welfare benefits, some states are considering the possibility of contracting with churches and other religious organizations to provide these benefits directly to needy families and individuals. What do you think of this general idea? Is it a good thing for churches and/or other religious bodies to receive money from state government to help poor and other disadvantaged people? (CRCHHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, for individual congregations443.6
2) Yes, for other religious organizations504.1
3) Yes, for both individual congregations and other religious organizations36029.7
4) Not sure20516.9
5) No, not a good idea for churches or religious organizations to accept state money for this purpose55245.6
Missing64 
TOTAL1211100.0
58) In your opinion, would a contract between state government and a religious body to provide welfare services be in violation of the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment provision to provide for separation between church and state? (FSTAMEND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely17614.2
2) Yes, probably27522.2
3) Not sure19115.5
4) No, probably not36729.7
5) No, definitely not22718.4
Missing39 
TOTAL1236100.0
59) Do religious organizations in general have sufficient financial and other resources necessary to step in and significantly increase help to the poor, if that were necessary? (RELFUNDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely665.2
2) Yes, probably16713.2
3) Not sure715.6
4) No, probably not55443.8
5) No, definitely not40832.2
Missing9 
TOTAL1266100.0
60) What about your own congregation? Does it have sufficient resources to significantly increase its help to the poor in your community? (CONGRSRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely12610.1
2) Yes, probably32325.8
3) Not sure574.6
4) No, probably not39631.7
5) No, definitely not34927.9
Missing24 
TOTAL1251100.0
61) How much money do you think your congregation is able to add to the annual budget to help in this way? (Estimate a dollar amount) (CONGAMT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL97612266.81822520
62) Do you think there would be widespread consensus among members in your church to help in this way? (CONGCNSN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely715.7
2) Yes, probably41433.4
3) Not sure25220.4
4) No, probably not41633.6
5) No, definitely not856.9
Missing37 
TOTAL1238100.0
63) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Child care (MINKIDCR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked78861.8
1) Not checked48738.2
TOTAL1275100.0
64) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Counseling (MINCOUNS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked70155.0
1) Not checked57445.0
TOTAL1275100.0
65) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Elder care (MINELDCR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked93973.6
1) Not checked33626.4
TOTAL1275100.0
66) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - English as a second language (ESL) (MINESL)
TOTAL%
0) Checked112488.2
1) Not checked15111.8
TOTAL1275100.0
67) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Food and nutrition (MINFOOD)
TOTAL%
0) Checked36428.5
1) Not checked91171.5
TOTAL1275100.0
68) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Health and hygiene (MINHLTH)
TOTAL%
0) Checked97876.7
1) Not checked29723.3
TOTAL1275100.0
69) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Hospice (MINHOSPC)
TOTAL%
0) Checked98577.3
1) Not checked29022.7
TOTAL1275100.0
70) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Housing (MINHOUS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked74058.0
1) Not checked53542.0
TOTAL1275100.0
71) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Job training (MINJOBTR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked113989.3
1) Not checked13610.7
TOTAL1275100.0
72) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Life skills (MINSKILS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked105983.1
1) Not checked21616.9
TOTAL1275100.0
73) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Literacy (MINLTRCY)
TOTAL%
0) Checked96875.9
1) Not checked30724.1
TOTAL1275100.0
74) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Mentoring (MINMENTR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked95975.2
1) Not checked31624.8
TOTAL1275100.0
75) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Tutoring (MINTUTOR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked83765.6
1) Not checked43834.4
TOTAL1275100.0
76) Are any members of your congregation (including yourself) regularly involved as volunteers in programs that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? (VOLPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes115594.0
2) No373.0
3) Not sure373.0
Missing46 
TOTAL1229100.0
77) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through the congregation? (VOL1CONG)
TOTAL%
0) No38029.8
1) Yes89570.2
TOTAL1275100.0
78) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through ecumenical, interfaith, or other religious organizations in the community? (VOL1REL)
TOTAL%
0) No29122.8
1) Yes98477.2
TOTAL1275100.0
79) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through other (i.e., non-church) community organizations, such as the United Way, Red Cross, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, etc.? (VOL1COMM)
TOTAL%
0) No41332.4
1) Yes86267.6
TOTAL1275100.0
80) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through local, state, or federal governments? (VOL1GOV)
TOTAL%
0) No99678.1
1) Yes27921.9
TOTAL1275100.0
81) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through school-based programs? (VOL1SCHL)
TOTAL%
0) No70655.4
1) Yes56944.6
TOTAL1275100.0
82) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through other entities? (VOL1OTHR)
TOTAL%
0) No115690.7
1) Yes1199.3
TOTAL1275100.0
83) Because of sickness, unemployment, or any other reason, did you ever receive any form of welfare, unemployment insurance, or other aid from government agencies? (RECVAID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23118.5
2) No101281.2
3) Not sure40.3
Missing28 
TOTAL1247100.0
84) Have you personally ever received income form Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (RECVAFDC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes897.1
2) No115492.5
3) Not sure50.4
Missing27 
TOTAL1248100.0
85) What about your children, parents, other close relatives or members of your immediate family, do any of them currently receive AFDC, General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (FAMAFDC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17113.8
2) No105685.0
3) Not sure151.2
Missing33 
TOTAL1242100.0
86) Are there other individuals in your congregation who currently receive any government assistance, such as AFDC, General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (INDIVGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, many423.4
2) Yes, some38831.7
3) Yes, but only a few45337.0
4) Not sure21317.4
5) No12910.5
Missing50 
TOTAL1225100.0
87) In addition, have you ever found yourself: homeless? (HOMELESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes322.7
2) No116497.3
Missing79 
TOTAL1196100.0
88) In addition, have you ever found yourself: living in poverty? (POVERTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21818.0
2) No99082.0
Missing67 
TOTAL1208100.0
89) In addition, have you ever found yourself: completely broke (whether or not you declared bankruptcy)? (BROKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27522.4
2) No95277.6
Missing48 
TOTAL1227100.0
90) In addition, have you ever found yourself: receiving food through a church or community food pantry? (RECVFOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes857.1
2) No110992.9
Missing81 
TOTAL1194100.0
91) Please use the space below to make any additional comments. (ADCOMNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Balanced-neutral123.9
2) For welfare reform5417.5
3) Against welfare reform216.8
4) Bemoans lack of knowledge-info on subject175.5
5) Technical critique4915.9
6) Explication of response to earlier question247.8
7) Personal story268.4
9) All other10534.1
Missing967 
TOTAL308100.0
92) Type of sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
3) 84766.4
4) 42833.6
TOTAL1275100.0
93) Old Code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12751277.062731
94) Sample (SAMP)
TOTAL%
1) Clergy1275100.0
TOTAL1275100.0
95) When were you ordained as a minister of the Word and Sacrament? 19__ (WHENORDN)
TOTAL%
43) 10.1
44) 20.2
45) 20.2
51) 10.1
52) 90.7
53) 50.4
54) 50.4
55) 80.6
56) 161.3
57) 221.7
58) 181.4
59) 302.4
60) 332.6
61) 282.2
62) 342.7
63) 302.4
64) 231.8
65) 211.6
66) 231.8
67) 282.2
68) 302.4
69) 262.0
70) 231.8
71) 312.4
72) 292.3
73) 362.8
74) 322.5
75) 322.5
76) 282.2
77) 342.7
78) 342.7
79) 413.2
80) 413.2
81) 362.8
82) 362.8
83) 493.8
84) 312.4
85) 403.1
86) 241.9
87) 403.1
88) 332.6
89) 282.2
90) 302.4
91) 312.4
92) 362.8
93) 352.7
94) 292.3
95) 372.9
96) 20.2
97) 10.1
Missing1 
TOTAL1274100.0
96) If you were ordained by a denomination other than the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or one of its predecessor denominations, name that body. (ORDNDENM)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable43.5
1) Baptist2522.1
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)21.8
3) Episcopalian10.9
5) Lutheran10.9
6) Methodist98.0
7) Other Presbyterian3934.5
8) Reformed65.3
9) Roman Catholic10.9
10) United Church of Christ108.8
12) Other1210.6
99) More than one selected32.7
Missing1162 
TOTAL113100.0
97) Are you presently enrolled in a graduate school, seminary, or theological school? (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) No114290.4
2) Yes1219.6
Missing12 
TOTAL1263100.0
98) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE PRESENTLY ENROLLED IN A GRADUATE SCHOOL, SEMINARY, OR THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL ) Which degree are you seeking? (SCHOOLDG)
TOTAL%
1) MCR-MRE21.7
2) M.A.32.6
3) Th.M./S.T.M.10.9
4) D.Min.8270.1
5) Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D.1613.7
6) Other1311.1
Missing1158 
TOTAL117100.0
99) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE PRESENTLY ENROLLED IN A GRADUATE SCHOOL, SEMINARY, OR THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL) Which school are you presently enrolled in? (WHATSCHL)
TOTAL%
5) Austin43.3
6) Bangor10.8
14) Chicago Theological Seminary32.5
18) Columbia108.3
20) Covenant21.7
21) Drew University10.8
22) Dubuque10.8
23) Duke University10.8
30) Fuller Theological Seminary97.5
33) Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary32.5
34) Harvard University10.8
39) Lancaster Theological Seminary21.7
40) Lexington21.7
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary119.2
43) Lutheran PA10.8
45) McCormick65.0
46) Memphis10.8
52) New Brunswick10.8
53) New York10.8
63) Pittsburgh65.0
65) Princeton86.7
68) San Francisco119.2
76) United Theo Dayton10.8
78) Union Seminary (VA)43.3
99) Other2924.2
Missing1155 
TOTAL120100.0
100) Before entering seminary for your B.D. or M.Div., were you engaged in any long-term secular job or career? (SECLRJOB)
TOTAL%
1) No88169.5
2) Yes38630.5
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
101) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY WERE ENGAGED IN A LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER BEFORE ENTERING SEMINARY FOR THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV) How long were you in that long-term secular job or career? (JOBLONG)
TOTAL%
0) 10.3
1) 82.1
2) 318.0
3) 389.8
4) 348.7
5) 389.8
6) 235.9
7) 338.5
8) 297.5
9) 164.1
10) 338.5
11) 123.1
12) 143.6
13) 30.8
14) 71.8
15) 164.1
16) 41.0
17) 20.5
18) 51.3
19) 41.0
20) 143.6
21) 10.3
22) 10.3
23) 20.5
24) 20.5
25) 71.8
26) 10.3
27) 10.3
28) 20.5
30) 20.5
32) 10.3
34) 10.3
35) 10.3
40) 10.3
41) 10.3
Missing886 
TOTAL389100.0
102) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE RECEIVED THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your B.D. or M.Div. degree. 19__ (YRBDMDIV)
TOTAL%
44) 10.1
45) 10.1
47) 10.1
51) 20.2
52) 100.8
53) 40.3
54) 60.5
55) 70.6
56) 161.3
57) 191.5
58) 191.5
59) 292.3
60) 342.7
61) 302.4
62) 342.7
63) 282.2
64) 231.8
65) 241.9
66) 221.7
67) 272.1
68) 262.1
69) 332.6
70) 292.3
71) 383.0
72) 241.9
73) 362.9
74) 262.1
75) 403.2
76) 221.7
77) 403.2
78) 292.3
79) 403.2
80) 453.6
81) 342.7
82) 403.2
83) 423.3
84) 322.5
85) 342.7
86) 312.5
87) 332.6
88) 312.5
89) 372.9
90) 292.3
91) 302.4
92) 292.3
93) 231.8
94) 241.9
95) 191.5
96) 40.3
99) Do not have degree241.9
Missing14 
TOTAL1261100.0
103) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE RECEIVED THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV. DEGREE FROM A PCUSA SCHOOL) Please indicate from which school you received your B.D. or M.Div. degree (PCUSABD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL122952.07524
104) Do you have one or more other graduate degrees from a seminary or other school of theological education (besides your B.D. or M.Div.)? (GRADDEG)
TOTAL%
1) No75760.0
2) Yes50440.0
Missing14 
TOTAL1261100.0
105) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: M.C.E./M.R.E. (GRADMCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked126198.9
1) Checked141.1
TOTAL1275100.0
106) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.C.E./M.R.E.) Please indicate the year in which you received your M.C.E./M.R.E. degree. 19__ (GRADMCEY)
TOTAL%
54) 17.7
59) 17.7
61) 17.7
63) 17.7
66) 17.7
70) 17.7
74) 215.4
75) 17.7
78) 17.7
91) 17.7
94) 17.7
95) 17.7
Missing1262 
TOTAL13100.0
107) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.C.E./M.R.E. DEGREE) Which school awarded you your M.C.E./M.R.E. degree? (GRADMCES)
TOTAL%
31) Garrett Evangelical18.3
45) McCormick18.3
64) PSCE758.3
65) Princeton325.0
Missing1263 
TOTAL12100.0
108) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: M.A. (GRADMA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked118492.9
1) Checked917.1
TOTAL1275100.0
109) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.A.) Please indicate the year in which you received your M.A. degree. 19__ (GRADMAY)
TOTAL%
29) 11.1
56) 11.1
58) 11.1
59) 22.3
60) 22.3
61) 22.3
62) 22.3
64) 22.3
65) 22.3
67) 22.3
68) 22.3
69) 33.4
70) 66.8
72) 78.0
73) 22.3
74) 33.4
75) 11.1
76) 55.7
77) 11.1
78) 55.7
79) 11.1
81) 33.4
82) 33.4
85) 55.7
86) 55.7
87) 44.5
88) 22.3
89) 44.5
91) 22.3
93) 22.3
94) 22.3
95) 22.3
96) 11.1
Missing1187 
TOTAL88100.0
110) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.A. DEGREE) Which school awarded you your M.A. degree? (GRADMAS)
TOTAL%
4) Ashland11.2
9) Brite11.2
13) University of Chicago Divinity33.5
14) Chicago Theological Seminary22.3
17) Colgate Rochester11.2
21) Drew University11.2
23) Duke University11.2
24) Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary11.2
30) Fuller Theological Seminary33.5
34) Harvard University11.2
45) McCormick33.5
63) Pittsburgh22.3
64) PSCE1214.0
65) Princeton22.3
68) San Francisco22.3
74) Trinity Evangelical Div22.3
75) Union-Auburn11.2
81) Vanderbilt11.2
85) Westminister11.2
88) Yale44.7
89) Emory11.2
99) Other4046.5
Missing1189 
TOTAL86100.0
111) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Th.M./S.T.M. (GRADTHM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked115790.7
1) Checked1189.3
TOTAL1275100.0
112) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Th.M./S.T.M. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your Th.M./S.T.M. degree. 19__ (GRADTHMY)
TOTAL%
44) 10.9
48) 10.9
55) 10.9
58) 10.9
59) 32.6
61) 10.9
62) 21.7
63) 32.6
64) 65.1
65) 43.4
66) 65.1
67) 76.0
68) 65.1
69) 76.0
70) 32.6
71) 65.1
72) 43.4
73) 32.6
74) 32.6
75) 32.6
76) 21.7
78) 32.6
79) 10.9
80) 76.0
81) 32.6
82) 32.6
83) 43.4
84) 32.6
85) 21.7
86) 10.9
87) 10.9
88) 54.3
89) 43.4
91) 21.7
92) 10.9
93) 10.9
94) 10.9
95) 21.7
Missing1158 
TOTAL117100.0
113) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Th.M./S.T.M. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your Th.M./S.T.M. degree? (GRADTPCU)
TOTAL%
2) Andover Newton Theological Seminary10.9
5) Austin10.9
10) Calvin10.9
15) Christian Theological Seminary10.9
16) Claremont10.9
17) Colgate Rochester10.9
18) Columbia76.1
22) Dubuque32.6
23) Duke University10.9
34) Harvard University10.9
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary21.7
45) McCormick43.5
54) Northern Baptist10.9
63) Pittsburgh32.6
65) Princeton4841.7
68) San Francisco32.6
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary10.9
71) St Mary's10.9
74) Trinity Evangelical Div10.9
75) Union-Auburn65.2
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)1412.2
83) Wesley10.9
88) Yale76.1
99) Other54.3
Missing1160 
TOTAL115100.0
114) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: D.Min. (GRADDMIN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked98677.3
1) Checked28922.7
TOTAL1275100.0
115) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR D.Min. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your D.Min. degree. 19__ (GRADDY)
TOTAL%
71) 10.4
72) 20.7
73) 51.8
74) 72.5
75) 103.5
76) 124.2
77) 113.9
78) 93.2
79) 124.2
80) 93.2
81) 134.6
82) 186.4
83) 144.9
84) 144.9
85) 176.0
86) 186.4
87) 103.5
88) 113.9
89) 62.1
90) 124.2
91) 124.2
92) 113.9
93) 134.6
94) 124.2
95) 124.2
96) 113.9
97) 10.4
Missing992 
TOTAL283100.0
116) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR D.Min. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your D.Min. degree? (GRADDSPC)
TOTAL%
2) Andover Newton41.4
5) Austin124.2
8) Bethel Theological Seminary10.3
9) Brite10.3
11) Candler10.3
14) Chicago Theological Seminary20.7
15) Christian Theological Seminary10.3
17) Colgate Rochester10.3
18) Columbia258.7
20) Covenant10.3
21) Drew University124.2
22) Dubuque10.3
24) Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary20.7
25) Eden Theological Seminary51.7
27) Erskine Theological Seminary10.3
30) Fuller Theological Seminary144.9
31) Garrett Evangelical10.3
33) Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary20.7
36) Iliff School20.7
39) Lancaster Theological Seminary31.0
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary82.8
45) McCormick7425.9
53) New York10.3
63) Pittsburgh175.9
65) Princeton103.5
68) San Francisco3211.2
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary10.3
72) St Paul10.3
74) Trinity Evangelical Div10.3
77) United Theo MN10.3
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)3010.5
81) Vanderbilt31.0
84) Western Theological Seminary10.3
99) Other144.9
Missing989 
TOTAL286100.0
117) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. (GRADPHD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked119393.6
1) Checked826.4
TOTAL1275100.0
118) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. degree. 19__ (GRADPHDY)
TOTAL%
58) 33.8
60) 11.3
61) 11.3
62) 11.3
63) 11.3
64) 22.5
65) 33.8
66) 22.5
67) 11.3
68) 22.5
69) 22.5
70) 22.5
71) 22.5
72) 45.0
73) 11.3
74) 33.8
75) 33.8
76) 11.3
77) 11.3
78) 11.3
80) 22.5
81) 67.5
82) 33.8
83) 11.3
85) 45.0
86) 33.8
87) 33.8
88) 67.5
89) 33.8
91) 11.3
92) 67.5
93) 11.3
94) 11.3
95) 22.5
97) 11.3
Missing1195 
TOTAL80100.0
119) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. degree? (GRPHDPC)
TOTAL%
13) University of Chicago Divinity11.3
16) Claremont11.3
18) Columbia33.8
22) Dubuque11.3
23) Duke University56.3
30) Fuller Theological Seminary11.3
31) Garrett Evangelical11.3
34) Harvard University22.5
45) McCormick11.3
57) NW Lutheran Theo11.3
65) Princeton911.4
68) San Francisco11.3
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary11.3
75) Union-Auburn11.3
76) United Theo Dayton11.3
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)78.9
79) University of Notre Dame11.3
81) Vanderbilt45.1
88) Yale33.8
89) Emory33.8
99) Other3139.2
Missing1196 
TOTAL79100.0
120) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Other (GRADOTHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked122896.3
1) Checked473.7
TOTAL1275100.0
121) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED ANY OTHER DEGREES) Please indicate the year in which you received all other degrees. 19__ (GROTHYR)
TOTAL%
55) 12.3
59) 24.7
60) 24.7
61) 24.7
64) 12.3
69) 12.3
70) 24.7
71) 24.7
72) 37.0
75) 24.7
76) 12.3
77) 12.3
78) 49.3
79) 24.7
80) 24.7
81) 12.3
83) 12.3
84) 24.7
85) 12.3
86) 12.3
88) 12.3
90) 12.3
91) 49.3
92) 12.3
96) 12.3
97) 12.3
Missing1232 
TOTAL43100.0
122) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED ANY OTHER DEGREES) Which PCUSA school awarded you any other degrees? (GROTHPC)
TOTAL%
4) Ashland12.3
12) Central Baptist12.3
13) University of Chicago Divinity12.3
18) Columbia12.3
45) McCormick12.3
59) Pacific Lutheran12.3
67) Regent24.7
68) San Francisco12.3
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)24.7
81) Vanderbilt12.3
99) Other3172.1
Missing1232 
TOTAL43100.0
123) What is the highest level of formal education you have attained besides your theological or Christian education training? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
2) Completed high school40.3
3) Some college50.4
4) College graduate69155.1
5) Some graduate work23118.4
6) Graduate degree32325.8
Missing21 
TOTAL1254100.0
124) Which category below describes your current paid employment? (JOBEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor in a congregation88369.3
2) Non-parish job or ministry30724.1
3) Unemployed342.7
4) Retired from active ministry503.9
Missing1 
TOTAL1274100.0
125) Which category below describes your current paid employment? (JOBEMP2)
TOTAL%
2) Non-parish job or ministry7381.1
3) Unemployed55.6
4) Retired from active ministry1213.3
Missing1185 
TOTAL90100.0
126) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) Do you consider yourself a full-time or part-time parish pastor? (FTPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time72282.9
2) Part-time14917.1
Missing404 
TOTAL871100.0
127) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PART-TIME PARISH PASTOR) Please specify the hours per week that you serve as a part-time parish pastor. (PTPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) 117.5
2) 74.8
3) 21.4
4) 10.7
5) 21.4
6) 10.7
7) 10.7
8) 32.0
9) 10.7
10) 64.1
11) 10.7
12) 21.4
13) 10.7
14) 10.7
15) 96.1
16) 32.0
17) 21.4
18) 42.7
20) 1510.2
22) 10.7
24) 21.4
25) 138.8
26) 10.7
28) 10.7
29) 21.4
30) 2013.6
32) 42.7
33) 21.4
34) 10.7
35) 64.1
36) 21.4
37) 10.7
40) 85.4
42) 10.7
44) 10.7
45) 32.0
50) 21.4
55) 21.4
65) 10.7
Missing1128 
TOTAL147100.0
128) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) What position(s) do you have in a congregation? (POSCONG1)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor43049.5
2) Senior pastor15918.3
3) Assistant/Associate pastor13315.3
4) Co-pastor323.7
5) Stated or temporary supply434.9
6) Designated pastor60.7
7) Interim pastor303.5
8) Tentmaker60.7
9) Paid parish associate91.0
10) Other212.4
Missing406 
TOTAL869100.0
129) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) What position(s) do you have in a congregation? (POSCONG2)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor44.0
2) Senior pastor1514.9
3) Assistant/Associate pastor87.9
4) Co-pastor11.0
5) Stated or temporary supply2625.7
6) Designated pastor87.9
7) Interim pastor1918.8
8) Tentmaker1413.9
9) Paid parish associate11.0
10) Other55.0
Missing1174 
TOTAL101100.0
130) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) How many congregations do you currently serve as pastor (include congregations you are serving as stated or temporary supply)? (MANYCONG)
TOTAL%
1) One81793.7
2) Two or more556.3
Missing403 
TOTAL872100.0
131) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE TWO OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) How many congregations do you serve as pastor? (MANY2CNG)
TOTAL%
2) Two4381.1
3) Three611.3
4) Four23.8
5) Five11.9
8) Eight11.9
Missing1222 
TOTAL53100.0
132) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT SERVE TWO OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) Are all or some of the congregations yoked as a larger parish? (LARGRPAR)
TOTAL%
1) No3661.0
2) Yes2339.0
Missing1216 
TOTAL59100.0
133) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you serve? (Write the combined membership if you serve two or more). (MEMCLRGY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL867620.1361030
134) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Is your non-parish job or ministry full-time or part-time? (If you have more than one, answer in terms of the combined hours). (NONPARFT)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time29269.2
2) Part-time13030.8
Missing853 
TOTAL422100.0
135) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Please specify the hours you spend in your part-time non-parish job or ministry. (NONPARPT)
TOTAL%
1) 21.6
2) 43.2
4) 32.4
5) 21.6
6) 43.2
7) 32.4
8) 75.6
9) 21.6
10) 129.7
11) 10.8
12) 86.5
14) 21.6
15) 75.6
16) 21.6
18) 32.4
20) 2318.5
23) 10.8
24) 43.2
25) 43.2
28) 10.8
29) 10.8
30) 97.3
32) 10.8
35) 10.8
40) 108.1
42) 10.8
45) 10.8
48) 10.8
49) 10.8
50) 10.8
60) 10.8
65) 10.8
Missing1151 
TOTAL124100.0
136) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) In what type(s) of non-parish jobs or ministries are you currently employed? (NONJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution11327.0
2) Chaplain7417.7
3) Missionary/Mission co-worker51.2
4) National staff or middle governing body staff6615.8
5) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency163.8
6) Professional pastoral counselor348.1
7) Other employment11026.3
Missing857 
TOTAL418100.0
137) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) In what type(s) of non-parish jobs or ministries are you currently employed? (NONJOB2)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution35.8
2) Chaplain1121.2
3) Missionary/Mission co-worker11.9
4) National staff or middle governing body staff35.8
5) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency23.8
6) Professional pastoral counselor1426.9
7) Other employment1834.6
Missing1223 
TOTAL52100.0
138) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) For what type of institution do you work? (INSTJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Military61.4
2) Civilian government174.1
3) Elementary, middle, or high school112.6
4) College or University6716.0
5) Seminary or other theological school378.9
6) Hospital or other medical facility5112.2
7) Church/religious body9222.0
8) Other non-profit organization6214.8
9) For-profit business5613.4
10) Other194.5
Missing857 
TOTAL418100.0
139) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) For what type of institution do you work? (INSTJOB2)
TOTAL%
1) Military11.7
4) College or University23.4
5) Seminary or other theological school46.9
6) Hospital or other medical facility35.2
7) Church/religious body915.5
8) Other non-profit organization1220.7
9) For-profit business1119.0
10) Other1627.6
Missing1217 
TOTAL58100.0
140) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Is this organization affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (ORGPRES)
TOTAL%
1) No25060.7
2) Yes16239.3
Missing863 
TOTAL412100.0
141) In general, how often are you bothered by stress in your job situation? (JOBSTRES)
TOTAL%
1) Never514.3
2) Less than once a week31126.1
3) Once or twice a week47639.9
4) Several days a week21417.9
5) Almost every day14111.8
Missing82 
TOTAL1193100.0
142) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - An unsupportive session (EXTSESSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent201.8
2) Some extent767.0
3) A little24322.3
4) None49745.6
5) Not applicable/not sure25523.4
Missing184 
TOTAL1091100.0
143) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - An unsupportive congregation (EXTCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent131.2
2) Some extent878.0
3) A little29527.2
4) None46442.7
5) Not applicable/not sure22720.9
Missing189 
TOTAL1086100.0
144) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Conflict with others in organization (EXTCNFLT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent625.6
2) Some extent19317.6
3) A little49144.7
4) None28125.6
5) Not applicable/not sure726.6
Missing176 
TOTAL1099100.0
145) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Doing too many different things (EXTTHNGS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent28024.9
2) Some extent42137.5
3) A little29826.5
4) None11310.1
5) Not applicable/not sure121.1
Missing151 
TOTAL1124100.0
146) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Feeling "burned out" (EXTBURND)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent867.8
2) Some extent26324.0
3) A little39836.3
4) None32729.8
5) Not applicable/not sure222.0
Missing179 
TOTAL1096100.0
147) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Feeling my work doesn't count (EXTCOUNT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent252.3
2) Some extent12711.6
3) A little27525.0
4) None64358.5
5) Not applicable/not sure292.6
Missing176 
TOTAL1099100.0
148) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Having different views or values from most others in organization (EXTVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent544.9
2) Some extent19217.3
3) A little41237.1
4) None41837.7
5) Not applicable/not sure343.1
Missing165 
TOTAL1110100.0
149) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Having to make decisions (EXTDECSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent252.3
2) Some extent17916.3
3) A little44540.5
4) None43239.3
5) Not applicable/not sure191.7
Missing175 
TOTAL1100100.0
150) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Having to meet deadlines (EXTDEDLN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent807.2
2) Some extent30127.0
3) A little47842.9
4) None24221.7
5) Not applicable/not sure141.3
Missing160 
TOTAL1115100.0
151) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Little or no input into decisions that affect me in important ways (EXTINPUT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent423.8
2) Some extent13412.1
3) A little28325.6
4) None61155.2
5) Not applicable/not sure363.3
Missing169 
TOTAL1106100.0
152) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Needing more time for myself (EXTTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent22720.4
2) Some extent34731.1
3) A little34531.0
4) None18116.2
5) Not applicable/not sure141.3
Missing161 
TOTAL1114100.0
153) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Not being paid well enough (EXTPAID)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent12511.2
2) Some extent23020.6
3) A little31828.5
4) None42137.8
5) Not applicable/not sure201.8
Missing161 
TOTAL1114100.0
154) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Not enough time for my family (EXTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent19217.2
2) Some extent31928.6
3) A little34230.6
4) None22119.8
5) Not applicable/not sure423.8
Missing159 
TOTAL1116100.0
155) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Experiencing sexual harassment (EXTHARSS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent20.2
2) Some extent121.1
3) A little302.7
4) None95987.7
5) Not applicable/not sure908.2
Missing182 
TOTAL1093100.0
156) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Too many meetings (EXTMTNGS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent12511.2
2) Some extent30026.9
3) A little40236.1
4) None26623.9
5) Not applicable/not sure211.9
Missing161 
TOTAL1114100.0
157) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Unclear or continually changing expectations from others (EXTUNCLR)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent635.7
2) Some extent20418.4
3) A little41837.7
4) None40336.3
5) Not applicable/not sure222.0
Missing165 
TOTAL1110100.0
158) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Unrealistic expectations from others (EXTUNREL)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent1089.8
2) Some extent24522.2
3) A little39635.9
4) None32929.9
5) Not applicable/not sure242.2
Missing173 
TOTAL1102100.0
159) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Working too many hours (EXTHOURS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent22820.2
2) Some extent35731.7
3) A little34230.4
4) None18216.2
5) Not applicable/not sure171.5
Missing149 
TOTAL1126100.0
160) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No77361.0
2) Yes49439.0
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
161) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL57830.90515
162) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked113388.9
1) Checked14111.1
Missing1 
TOTAL1274100.0
163) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked124897.9
1) Checked272.1
TOTAL1275100.0
164) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked123496.8
1) Checked413.2
TOTAL1275100.0
165) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked126899.5
1) Checked70.5
TOTAL1275100.0
166) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked123997.2
1) Checked362.8
TOTAL1275100.0
167) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked114589.8
1) Checked13010.2
TOTAL1275100.0
168) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked124297.4
1) Checked332.6
TOTAL1275100.0
169) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked123997.2
1) Checked362.8
TOTAL1275100.0
170) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked120594.5
1) Checked705.5
TOTAL1275100.0
171) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked115690.7
1) Checked1199.3
TOTAL1275100.0
172) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination during your youth, answer by selecting the one in which you were most involved.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist987.8
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)181.4
3) Episcopal221.8
4) Friends10.1
5) Lutheran272.2
6) Methodist776.1
7) Presbyterian80764.4
8) Reformed201.6
9) Roman Catholic322.6
10) United Church of Christ322.6
11) None282.2
12) Other826.5
99) More than one selected90.7
Missing22 
TOTAL1253100.0
173) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never1058.3
2) Less than once a year393.1
3) Once or twice a year786.2
4) Several times a year665.2
5) Once a month514.0
6) Two to three times a month776.1
7) Nearly every week21717.2
8) Every week58646.5
9) Don't know423.3
Missing14 
TOTAL1261100.0
174) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never635.1
2) Less than once a year191.5
3) Once or twice a year403.2
4) Several times a year614.9
5) Once a month473.8
6) Two to three times a month877.0
7) Nearly every week26521.4
8) Every week65452.7
9) Don't know40.3
Missing35 
TOTAL1240100.0
175) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative241.9
2) Conservative26320.9
3) Moderate53142.2
4) Liberal33826.9
5) Very liberal1028.1
Missing17 
TOTAL1258100.0
176) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No23919.8
2) Yes80766.7
3) Not sure15412.7
4) Other90.7
Missing66 
TOTAL1209100.0
177) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No46338.1
2) Yes46338.1
3) Not sure28423.4
4) Other50.4
Missing60 
TOTAL1215100.0
178) Code 2 (CODE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL127530930.4632005
179) Which statement best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.10.1
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.1219.6
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.65351.5
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.43534.3
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.524.1
9) More than one selected50.4
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
180) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Reading and studying the Bible regularly (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential64450.5
2) Very important48838.3
3) Somewhat important13310.4
4) Not at all important90.7
Missing1 
TOTAL1274100.0
181) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential75959.6
2) Very important40631.9
3) Somewhat important1048.2
4) Not at all important50.4
Missing1 
TOTAL1274100.0
182) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential39431.0
2) Very important64850.9
3) Somewhat important22317.5
4) Not at all important80.6
Missing2 
TOTAL1273100.0
183) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential53041.7
2) Very important67453.0
3) Somewhat important675.3
4) Not at all important10.1
Missing3 
TOTAL1272100.0
184) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential50339.6
2) Very important60247.4
3) Somewhat important14911.7
4) Not at all important151.2
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0
185) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential34126.9
2) Very important55443.7
3) Somewhat important32625.7
4) Not at all important463.6
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
186) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential86968.3
2) Very important38630.3
3) Somewhat important171.3
4) Not at all important10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL1273100.0
187) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree262.1
2) Agree1048.2
3) Not sure483.8
4) Disagree63650.3
5) Strongly disagree45135.7
Missing10 
TOTAL1265100.0
188) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree171.3
2) Agree1189.3
3) Not sure927.3
4) Disagree53742.4
5) Strongly disagree50439.7
Missing7 
TOTAL1268100.0
189) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree90871.6
2) Agree26921.2
3) Not sure715.6
4) Disagree110.9
5) Strongly disagree90.7
Missing7 
TOTAL1268100.0
190) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46736.9
2) Agree35628.1
3) Not sure13110.4
4) Disagree24119.1
5) Strongly disagree705.5
Missing10 
TOTAL1265100.0
191) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17814.1
2) Agree19415.4
3) Not sure28022.2
4) Disagree37229.5
5) Strongly disagree23718.8
Missing14 
TOTAL1261100.0
192) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree110.9
2) Agree272.1
3) Not sure292.3
4) Disagree49639.1
5) Strongly disagree70755.7
Missing5 
TOTAL1270100.0
193) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree231.8
2) Agree16212.8
3) Not sure624.9
4) Disagree70355.5
5) Strongly disagree31725.0
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
194) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54242.8
2) Agree69354.7
3) Not sure151.2
4) Disagree161.3
5) Strongly disagree10.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1267100.0
195) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree191.5
2) Agree826.5
3) Not sure13610.7
4) Disagree57345.2
5) Strongly disagree45936.2
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0
196) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ is only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree655.2
2) Agree29723.6
3) Not sure17213.7
4) Disagree41332.8
5) Strongly disagree31324.8
Missing15 
TOTAL1260100.0
197) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27021.4
2) Agree37029.4
3) Not sure21116.7
4) Disagree27221.6
5) Strongly disagree13710.9
Missing15 
TOTAL1260100.0
198) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31525.1
2) Agree40332.1
3) Not sure28122.4
4) Disagree17113.6
5) Strongly disagree876.9
Missing18 
TOTAL1257100.0
199) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree47737.9
2) Agree48338.3
3) Not sure19715.6
4) Disagree614.8
5) Strongly disagree423.3
Missing15 
TOTAL1260100.0
200) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No47738.1
2) Yes70356.1
3) Not sure735.8
Missing22 
TOTAL1253100.0
201) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCIA)
TOTAL%
1) Essential34628.6
2) Very important58148.1
3) Somewhat important27122.4
4) Not at all important100.8
Missing67 
TOTAL1208100.0
202) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential42435.1
2) Very important62651.8
3) Somewhat important15112.5
4) Not at all important70.6
Missing67 
TOTAL1208100.0
203) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential51042.1
2) Very important62851.9
3) Somewhat important705.8
4) Not at all important20.2
Missing65 
TOTAL1210100.0
204) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential26021.5
2) Very important56646.9
3) Somewhat important35229.1
4) Not at all important302.5
Missing67 
TOTAL1208100.0
205) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - An active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential32426.8
2) Very important58148.1
3) Somewhat important27622.8
4) Not at all important282.3
Missing66 
TOTAL1209100.0
206) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential1078.9
2) Very important22618.8
3) Somewhat important44537.0
4) Not at all important42435.3
Missing73 
TOTAL1202100.0
207) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female25620.1
2) Male101979.9
TOTAL1275100.0
208) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL125450.16310
209) Which of the following categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm937.4
2) On a farm60.5
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)38930.8
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)18114.3
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city967.6
6) In a large city (over 250,000)20916.5
7) In a suburb near a large city28922.9
Missing12 
TOTAL1263100.0
210) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married111887.9
2) Not married15412.1
Missing3 
TOTAL1272100.0
211) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married7147.0
2) Yes, am now widowed1610.6
3) Yes, am now divorced6039.7
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced42.6
Missing1124 
TOTAL151100.0
212) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
14) 10.1
16) 30.3
17) 50.4
18) 110.9
19) 272.3
20) 635.4
21) 16013.7
22) 14312.3
23) 15513.3
24) 13411.5
25) 1129.6
26) 917.8
27) 625.3
28) 433.7
29) 272.3
30) 332.8
31) 211.8
32) 221.9
33) 121.0
34) 90.8
35) 50.4
36) 70.6
37) 30.3
38) 30.3
39) 40.3
40) 20.2
41) 10.1
42) 10.1
44) 30.3
47) 20.2
50) 10.1
72) 10.1
Missing108 
TOTAL1167100.0
213) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No89980.5
2) Yes, was widowed131.2
3) Yes, was divorced20318.2
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced20.2
Missing158 
TOTAL1117100.0
214) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the employment status of your spouse. (SPSEMPL1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time53247.8
2) Employed part-time25122.5
3) Self-employed696.2
4) Unemployed393.5
5) Retired665.9
6) Full-time homemaker13612.2
7) Student131.2
8) Other80.7
Missing161 
TOTAL1114100.0
215) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the employment status of your spouse. (SPSEMPL2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time10.9
2) Employed part-time32.6
3) Self-employed3228.1
4) Unemployed43.5
5) Retired97.9
6) Full-time homemaker3732.5
7) Student1916.7
8) Other97.9
Missing1161 
TOTAL114100.0
216) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) If you husband or wife is employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL86537.16815
217) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist12711.5
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)282.5
3) Episcopalian433.9
4) Friends (Quakers)20.2
5) Lutheran635.7
6) Methodist13512.3
7) Presbyterian45341.1
8) Reformed232.1
9) Roman Catholic777.0
10) United Church of Christ302.7
11) None272.5
12) Other938.4
Missing174 
TOTAL1101100.0
218) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist60.6
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)30.3
3) Episcopalian90.9
4) Friends (Quakers)20.2
5) Lutheran50.5
6) Methodist151.4
7) Presbyterian94990.3
8) Reformed30.3
9) Roman Catholic131.2
10) United Church of Christ40.4
11) None171.6
12) Other252.4
Missing224 
TOTAL1051100.0
219) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never60.5
2) Less than once a year40.4
3) About once or twice a year131.2
4) Several times a year363.2
5) Once a month312.8
6) Two to three times a month867.7
7) Nearly every week23921.4
8) Every week70262.8
Missing158 
TOTAL1117100.0
220) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73971.5
2) No29428.5
Missing242 
TOTAL1033100.0
221) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife an ordained minister? (SPSORDND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14613.1
2) No97286.9
Missing157 
TOTAL1118100.0
222) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE HUSBAND/WIFE IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER) Which statements below, if any, apply to his or her current call? (SPSCALL1)
TOTAL%
1) Is a co-pastor with me2820.0
2) Serves in a pastoral position at another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation4230.0
3) Is on the staff of a presbytery, synod, or the General Assembly96.4
4) Serves in another PC(USA)-affiliated institution (e.g., college, seminary, retirement home)64.3
5) Serves in a pastoral position at a congregation of another denomination53.6
6) Serves in a church-related non-parish ministry of another denomination53.6
7) Has a secular job or position2215.7
8) Other2316.4
Missing1135 
TOTAL140100.0
223) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE HUSBAND/WIFE IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER) Which statements below, if any, apply to his or her current call? (SPSCALL2)
TOTAL%
2) Serves in a pastoral position at another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation18.3
3) Is on the staff of a presbytery, synod, or the General Assembly216.7
7) Has a secular job or position216.7
8) Other758.3
Missing1263 
TOTAL12100.0
224) How many children do you have? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None21016.7
1) One15912.6
2) Two46436.9
3) Three28522.7
4) Four1108.7
5) Five282.2
6) Six20.2
Missing17 
TOTAL1258100.0
225) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No111488.2
2) Yes14911.8
Missing12 
TOTAL1263100.0
226) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One8857.9
2) Two4630.3
3) Three149.2
4) Four21.3
6) Six21.3
Missing1123 
TOTAL152100.0
227) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No107087.8
2) Yes14912.2
Missing56 
TOTAL1219100.0
228) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One3523.0
2) Two7146.7
3) Three2617.1
4) Four149.2
5) Five42.6
6) Six21.3
Missing1123 
TOTAL152100.0
229) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat75059.2
2) Independent21316.8
3) Republican28622.6
4) Other171.3
Missing9 
TOTAL1266100.0
230) Which of these terms best describes your usual stand on political issues? (POLITISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative171.3
2) Conservative18114.3
3) Moderate51540.7
4) Liberal43934.7
5) Very liberal1128.9
Missing11 
TOTAL1264100.0
231) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university). (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone1219.5
2) Two of us54242.6
3) Three of us21917.2
4) Four of us25820.3
5) Five of us987.7
6) Six of us292.3
7) Seven or more of us50.4
8) Not applicable (I live in a dormitory, nursing home, or other institutional housing)10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL1273100.0
232) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None18754.2
1) One10831.3
2) Two4412.8
3) Three or more61.7
Missing930 
TOTAL345100.0
233) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None17538.6
1) One15935.1
2) Two10222.5
3) Three163.5
4) Four10.2
Missing822 
TOTAL453100.0
234) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None16937.5
1) One19643.5
2) Two7917.5
3) Three71.6
Missing824 
TOTAL451100.0
235) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None18060.0
1) One9632.0
2) Two227.3
3) Three10.3
4) Four10.3
Missing975 
TOTAL300100.0
236) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None10.1
1) One14311.3
2) Two105483.7
3) Three514.0
4) Four90.7
5) Five20.2
Missing15 
TOTAL1260100.0
237) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone1149.1
2) A single parent, living with one or more children201.6
3) A married couple, no children in household50640.3
4) A married couple, living with one or more children56645.0
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household50.4
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children100.8
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children90.7
9) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), no children in household121.0
10) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), living with one or more children20.2
11) Some other arrangement131.0
Missing18 
TOTAL1257100.0
238) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you1239.7
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage997.8
3) Owned by you with a mortgage78762.0
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)23418.4
5) Other262.0
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0
239) Where did you live approximately five years ago, in October 1991? (LIVE5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Same home I live in now61848.5
2) A different home, but in the same county12710.0
3) In a different county, but in the same state14711.5
4) In a different state37129.1
5) In a different country100.8
Missing2 
TOTAL1273100.0
240) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them -including yourself- earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None262.1
1) One31425.2
2) Two68755.1
3) Three13610.9
4) Four584.7
5) Five201.6
6) Six40.3
7) Seven20.2
Missing28 
TOTAL1247100.0
241) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,00090.7
2) $10,000 - $14,99970.6
3) $15,000 - $19,999221.7
4) $20,000 - $29,999755.9
5) $30,000 - $39,99917713.9
6) $40,000 - $49,99920416.1
7) $50,000 - $59,99920616.2
8) $60,000 - $69,99917814.0
9) $70,000 - $79,99913010.2
10) $80,000 - $89,999836.5
11) $90,000 - $99,999604.7
12) $100,000 - $124,999685.4
13) $125,000 - $149,999201.6
14) $150,000 or more302.4
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0
242) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, social security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings63349.7
2) 90-99% from earnings39431.0
3) 75-89% from earnings1058.2
4) 50-74% from earnings755.9
5) 25-49% from earnings231.8
6) 1-24% from earnings282.2
7) None from earnings151.2
Missing2 
TOTAL1273100.0
243) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign)? (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12063030.6072500
244) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church? (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL767695.8591445
245) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy? (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1073255.385378
246) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $021417.2
2) $1-$5017514.1
3) $51-$10014511.7
4) $101-$50033026.6
5) $501-$1,0001219.7
6) $1,001-$2,0001058.5
7) $2,001 or more15212.2
Missing33 
TOTAL1242100.0
247) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $0423.4
2) $1-$5020416.3
3) $51-$10023518.8
4) $101-$50049439.6
5) $501-$1,00015012.0
6) $1,001-$2,000594.7
7) $2,001 or more655.2
Missing26 
TOTAL1249100.0
248) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL123633.09618
249) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None91172.0
1) One21416.9
2) Two856.7
3) Three362.8
4) Four131.0
5) Five50.4
6) Six20.2
Missing9 
TOTAL1266100.0
250) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) NONE70.5
1) 493.8
2) 14711.5
3) 21416.8
4) 25119.7
5) 22417.6
6) 18014.1
7) 917.1
8) 584.6
9) 231.8
10) 141.1
11) 80.6
12) 30.2
13) 10.1
16) 10.1
17) 10.1
18) 10.1
30) 10.1
Missing1 
TOTAL1274100.0
251) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian121695.8
2) Black or African-American161.3
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native30.2
4) Asian or Pacific Islander191.5
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, or Spanish origin70.6
6) Multiracial or biracial50.4
7) Some other race30.2
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0
252) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native375.0
7) Some other race125.0
Missing1271 
TOTAL4100.0
253) Age group (AGEGROUP)
TOTAL%
1) Under 40 years old18815.0
2) 40-4942834.1
3) 50-5935628.4
4) 60-older28222.5
Missing21 
TOTAL1254100.0
254) Region of Residence (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast24219.0
2) Midwest35728.1
3) South47137.0
4) West20215.9
Missing3 
TOTAL1272100.0
255) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female25620.1
2) Male101979.9
TOTAL1275100.0
256) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married111887.9
2) Not married15412.1
Missing3 
TOTAL1272100.0
257) I-REGION: Region of Residence (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast24219.0
2) Midwest35728.1
3) South47137.0
4) West20215.9
Missing3 
TOTAL1272100.0
258) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat75059.2
2) Independent21316.8
3) Republican28622.6
4) Other171.3
Missing9 
TOTAL1266100.0
259) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White121695.8
1) Black161.3
2) Asian191.5
3) Hispanic70.6
4) Other race110.9
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0
260) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) Under 4018815.0
1) 40-4942834.1
2) 50-6454943.8
3) 65 +897.1
Missing21 
TOTAL1254100.0
261) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K383.0
1) 20K-49,99945635.9
2) 50K-99,99965751.8
3) 100K +1189.3
Missing6 
TOTAL1269100.0