Presbyterian Panel Survey, August 1997 - Social Justice and Welfare, Elders

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71820618.852366
2) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare encourages people to work less than they would if there wasn't a welfare system. (WFWRKLES)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20729.1
2) Agree37352.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree7310.3
4) Disagree496.9
5) Strongly disagree101.4
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
3) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps people get on their feet when they have been set back by situations such as unemployment, a divorce, or a death in the family. (WFONFEET)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree709.9
2) Agree46465.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree9213.0
4) Disagree7310.3
5) Strongly disagree71.0
Missing12 
TOTAL706100.0
4) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare encourages young women to have babies before marriage. (WFBABIES)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14921.1
2) Agree26136.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree17024.0
4) Disagree10615.0
5) Strongly disagree213.0
Missing11 
TOTAL707100.0
5) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps keep people's marriages together in times of financial problems. (WFFINANC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree131.8
2) Agree17725.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree24734.9
4) Disagree23032.5
5) Strongly disagree415.8
Missing10 
TOTAL708100.0
6) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps to prevent hunger and malnutrition (WFNOHNGR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree679.6
2) Agree39957.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree12618.0
4) Disagree9814.0
5) Strongly disagree101.4
Missing18 
TOTAL700100.0
7) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare discourages young women who get pregnant from marrying the father of the child. (WFNOMRRY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11315.9
2) Agree24835.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree22431.6
4) Disagree10715.1
5) Strongly disagree172.4
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
8) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare makes it too easy for unwed fathers to neglect their economic responsibilities as parents. (WFNODAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20729.2
2) Agree33847.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree10314.5
4) Disagree527.3
5) Strongly disagree91.3
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
9) How much attention have you given to the changes in welfare law? (ATNWFLAW)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal11816.5
2) Some45263.0
3) Very little11616.2
4) Almost none253.5
5) None60.8
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
10) Overall, do you think the new welfare law will be beneficial to the city, county, or metropolitan area where you live, or will it damage the community? (BNFICIAL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely beneficial7210.1
2) Probably beneficial36150.4
3) Probably result in damage8612.0
4) Definitely result in damage172.4
5) Not sure18025.1
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
11) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in less crime? (REFCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) No34549.3
2) Yes7410.6
3) Not sure28140.1
Missing18 
TOTAL700100.0
12) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in fewer homeless people? (REFHMLES)
TOTAL%
1) No35150.4
2) Yes8612.3
3) Not sure26037.3
Missing21 
TOTAL697100.0
13) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in lower birthrates for unwed/welfare moms? (REFMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) No19728.1
2) Yes27939.7
3) Not sure22632.2
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
14) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in more employment? (REFEMPLY)
TOTAL%
1) No12017.1
2) Yes39556.3
3) Not sure18726.6
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
15) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in more families will stay together? (REFFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) No15622.4
2) Yes14621.0
3) Not sure39456.6
Missing22 
TOTAL696100.0
16) If you can think of one or two other benefits [from welfare reform], please write them in. (REFOTHR1)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages family members increased support42.5
2) Fosters self-reliance7646.6
3) Encourages hard work1710.4
4) Lowers taxes1811.0
5) Cuts down on welfare cheaters138.0
6) Builds community169.8
8) Other21.2
9) Response not applicable1710.4
Missing555 
TOTAL163100.0
17) If you can think of one or two other benefits [from welfare reform], please write them in. (REFOTHR2)
TOTAL%
1) Encourages family members increased support12.9
2) Fosters self-reliance38.6
3) Encourages hard work1542.9
4) Lowers taxes12.9
5) Cuts down on welfare cheaters925.7
6) Builds community38.6
8) Other38.6
Missing683 
TOTAL35100.0
18) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - People will move away from the area. (DMGMOVE)
TOTAL%
1) No45765.3
2) Yes436.1
3) Not sure20028.6
Missing18 
TOTAL700100.0
19) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More families will break up. (DMGFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) No41659.3
2) Yes324.6
3) Not sure25336.1
Missing17 
TOTAL701100.0
20) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Less money will be spent in local stores. (DMGSTORS)
TOTAL%
1) No38455.0
2) Yes11416.3
3) Not sure20028.7
Missing20 
TOTAL698100.0
21) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Crime will increase. (DMGCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) No30944.1
2) Yes12517.8
3) Not sure26738.1
Missing17 
TOTAL701100.0
22) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More children will be abandoned. (DMGKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No34249.2
2) Yes11716.8
3) Not sure23634.0
Missing23 
TOTAL695100.0
23) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - There will be more battered women who are unable to leave their marriages. (DMGBATRD)
TOTAL%
1) No30443.1
2) Yes13318.8
3) Not sure26938.1
Missing12 
TOTAL706100.0
24) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More demands will be placed on churches and other helping organizations. (DMGCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) No507.1
2) Yes56980.9
3) Not sure8411.9
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
25) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Malnutrition and developmental problems will increase. (DMGDEVLP)
TOTAL%
1) No29241.8
2) Yes15321.9
3) Not sure25336.2
Missing20 
TOTAL698100.0
26) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More people will feel hopeless, leading to increased drug use and/or gang activity. (DMGDRUGS)
TOTAL%
1) No33848.1
2) Yes9012.8
3) Not sure27539.1
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
27) If you can think of one or two ways that welfare reform may damage your community, please write them in. (DMGOTHR1)
TOTAL%
1) More people fall between the cracks1014.3
2) Emphasis on the consequences for people in need1318.6
3) Society will suffer811.4
4) More demands on churches and other providers1014.3
8) Other912.9
9) Response not applicable2028.6
Missing648 
TOTAL70100.0
28) If you can think of one or two ways that welfare reform may damage your community, please write them in. (DMGOTHR2)
TOTAL%
1) More people fall between the cracks375.0
3) Society will suffer125.0
Missing714 
TOTAL4100.0
29) After receiving benefits for two years, the new law requires welfare recipients to find a job, participate in a job-training program, or work in a public service job. Do you think there are enough jobs in your community to provide work for adults who are now receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) or Food Stamps? (ENUFJOBS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41858.7
2) No16723.5
3) Don't know12717.8
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
30) In general, because of welfare reform do you think that more welfare recipients will leave your community to find jobs somewhere else, or will more welfare recipients come to your community looking for jobs? (LEAVECOM)
TOTAL%
1) More will leave10114.1
2) More will come12717.8
3) The number leaving will be about equal to the number coming.25736.0
4) Don't know22932.1
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
31) Overall, because of welfare reform, do you believe that in the short run, more of today's low-income individuals and families will be economically better off? (BTRSHORT)
TOTAL%
1) No33247.3
2) Yes13018.5
3) Not sure24034.2
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
32) Overall, because of welfare reform, do you believe that in the long run, more of today's low-income individuals and families will be economically better off? (BTRLONG)
TOTAL%
1) No689.5
2) Yes48367.6
3) Not sure16322.8
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
33) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Infants and children (EFCTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off375.4
2) Probably better off20329.5
3) Not sure27539.9
4) Probably worse off14921.6
5) Definitely worse off253.6
Missing29 
TOTAL689100.0
34) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Unwed teenage mothers (EFCTTEEN)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off436.2
2) Probably better off19327.9
3) Not sure22532.6
4) Probably worse off20529.7
5) Definitely worse off253.6
Missing27 
TOTAL691100.0
35) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Single mothers raising children (EFCTMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off446.4
2) Probably better off22131.9
3) Not sure25036.1
4) Probably worse off15422.3
5) Definitely worse off233.3
Missing26 
TOTAL692100.0
36) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Single fathers raising children (EFCTDADS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off456.5
2) Probably better off21731.4
3) Not sure30744.4
4) Probably worse off10415.0
5) Definitely worse off192.7
Missing26 
TOTAL692100.0
37) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Undocumented immigrants (EFCTUNIM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off111.6
2) Probably better off284.1
3) Not sure32247.3
4) Probably worse off23734.8
5) Definitely worse off8312.2
Missing37 
TOTAL681100.0
38) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Legal immigrants (EFCTLEGL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off192.8
2) Probably better off18927.6
3) Not sure34951.0
4) Probably worse off10214.9
5) Definitely worse off253.7
Missing34 
TOTAL684100.0
39) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Disabled persons (EFCTDSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off223.2
2) Probably better off13019.0
3) Not sure36052.5
4) Probably worse off14721.4
5) Definitely worse off273.9
Missing32 
TOTAL686100.0
40) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Elderly persons (EFCTELD)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off182.6
2) Probably better off11717.1
3) Not sure37254.4
4) Probably worse off15222.2
5) Definitely worse off253.7
Missing34 
TOTAL684100.0
41) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Poor people in general (EFCTPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off284.1
2) Probably better off25236.8
3) Not sure23734.6
4) Probably worse off14220.8
5) Definitely worse off253.7
Missing34 
TOTAL684100.0
42) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Poor people living in areas of high unemployment (EFCTUNEM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off182.6
2) Probably better off7711.2
3) Not sure21130.8
4) Probably worse off29943.6
5) Definitely worse off8111.8
Missing32 
TOTAL686100.0
43) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Persons with limited education (EFCTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off202.9
2) Probably better off15823.0
3) Not sure23934.7
4) Probably worse off22632.8
5) Definitely worse off456.5
Missing30 
TOTAL688100.0
44) Does your community have public transportation services? (PUBTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) No21030.5
2) Yes47869.5
Missing30 
TOTAL688100.0
45) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to PUBTRANS). If "yes," is the public transportation service adequate for people who do not have any other way to get to work? (YESTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely9519.2
2) Yes, probably19038.3
3) No, not adequate16332.9
4) Don't know489.7
Missing222 
TOTAL496100.0
46) To enable welfare recipients to work, do you favor or oppose providing public transportation services to those who do not own cars for personal transportation? (FAVTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor51973.8
2) Oppose9012.8
3) Not sure9413.4
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
47) Do you favor or oppose denying welfare benefits to the children of people who do not enroll in job training or do not get a job? (KIDSJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Favor24234.7
2) Oppose29041.5
3) Not sure16623.8
Missing20 
TOTAL698100.0
48) Suppose a person has been denied benefits because s/he failed to find a job and will not participate in job training. Should this person be given a second chance to cooperate with job training and be allowed to receive benefits as long as s/he continues to participate in job training? (SNDCHNCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, should be given a second chance47367.4
2) No, should not be given a second chance15722.4
3) Not sure7210.3
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
49) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Change the law to remove the 5-year limit (YR5REMOV)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach172.5
2) Good approach243.5
3) Fair approach7410.9
4) Poor approach50474.1
5) Not sure619.0
Missing38 
TOTAL680100.0
50) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Continue support, but for food and housing only (YR5FOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach213.1
2) Good approach12718.5
3) Fair approach30544.5
4) Poor approach17225.1
5) Not sure618.9
Missing32 
TOTAL686100.0
51) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Create government-sponsored "poor houses" (YR5HOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach101.5
2) Good approach273.9
3) Fair approach7611.1
4) Poor approach49171.8
5) Not sure8011.7
Missing34 
TOTAL684100.0
52) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Depend on the churches to take care of them (YR5CHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach91.3
2) Good approach588.4
3) Fair approach15822.8
4) Poor approach41059.2
5) Not sure578.2
Missing26 
TOTAL692100.0
53) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Depend on individual charity to take care of them (YR5CHRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach111.6
2) Good approach659.5
3) Fair approach18927.5
4) Poor approach35752.0
5) Not sure659.5
Missing31 
TOTAL687100.0
54) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Let them fend for themselves as best they can (YR5SELVS)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach182.6
2) Good approach507.4
3) Fair approach12818.8
4) Poor approach39858.5
5) Not sure8612.6
Missing38 
TOTAL680100.0
55) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Other (specify) (YR5OTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Deal with each person individually911.0
2) Industry/Business/Government should step in67.3
3) Industry/Business/Government should help through incentive911.0
4) Provide/make work911.0
5) Provide training/education1113.4
6) Co-op community approach1417.1
7) Provide funds to private charities11.2
8) Church involvement22.4
9) Response not applicable2125.6
Missing636 
TOTAL82100.0
56) Based on all that you know or have heard, which one statement below comes closest to your overall opinion of the new welfare law? (OVEROPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent changes; definitely a major shift for the better.11015.7
2) Many good provisions, but could be modified a little bit to make it even better.34449.1
3) The old system had some problems, but I'd rather have seen some tinkering with it rather than the massive reorganization that took place.456.4
4) On balance, I'd prefer that we go back to the old system, warts and all.40.6
5) The old system was fine as it was, and we shouldn't have changed it20.3
6) The old system was bad, but I'd rather have seen it changed in a different way.395.6
7) Don't know enough to have a definite opinion at this time.10815.4
8) Not sure-haven't made up my mind yet.486.9
Missing18 
TOTAL700100.0
57) With welfare reform, much of the role the federal government has occupied in providing welfare will be transferred to the states. Rather than set up their own massive structures to distribute welfare benefits, some states are considering the possibility of contracting with churches and other religious organizations to provide these benefits directly to needy families and individuals. What do you think of this general idea? Is it a good thing for churches and/or other religious bodies to receive money from state government to help poor and other disadvantaged people? (CRCHHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, for individual congregations273.9
2) Yes, for other religious organizations152.2
3) Yes, for both individual congregations and other religious organizations14320.6
4) Not sure13619.6
5) No, not a good idea for churches or religious organizations to accept state money for this purpose37453.8
Missing23 
TOTAL695100.0
58) In your opinion, would a contract between state government and a religious body to provide welfare services be in violation of the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment provision to provide for separation between church and state? (FSTAMEND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely16924.1
2) Yes, probably22632.2
3) Not sure14821.1
4) No, probably not11416.3
5) No, definitely not446.3
Missing17 
TOTAL701100.0
59) Do religious organizations in general have sufficient financial and other resources necessary to step in and significantly increase help to the poor, if that were necessary? (RELFUNDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely253.5
2) Yes, probably14320.1
3) Not sure7510.5
4) No, probably not37452.5
5) No, definitely not9613.5
Missing5 
TOTAL713100.0
60) What about your own congregation? Does it have sufficient resources to significantly increase its help to the poor in your community? (CONGRSRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely699.7
2) Yes, probably19727.7
3) Not sure557.7
4) No, probably not25335.6
5) No, definitely not13719.3
Missing7 
TOTAL711100.0
61) How much money do you think your congregation is able to add to the annual budget to help in this way? (Estimate a dollar amount) (CONGAMT)
TOTAL%
0) 368.3
100) 71.6
200) 10.2
250) 10.2
300) 51.1
400) 10.2
500) 194.4
600) 10.2
750) 30.7
1000) 409.2
1200) 20.5
2000) 204.6
2500) 51.1
3000) 122.8
4000) 81.8
5000) 4710.8
6000) 10.2
7000) 10.2
7200) 10.2
7500) 51.1
8000) 71.6
10000) 6715.4
12000) 10.2
12500) 10.2
15000) 92.1
17500) 10.2
20000) 317.1
25000) 214.8
30000) 102.3
34000) 10.2
35000) 10.2
37500) 10.2
40000) 10.2
50000) 266.0
65000) 10.2
75000) 51.1
85000) 10.2
99999) 358.0
Missing282 
TOTAL436100.0
62) Do you think there would be widespread consensus among members in your church to help in this way? (CONGCNSN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely456.4
2) Yes, probably22732.3
3) Not sure20629.3
4) No, probably not19928.3
5) No, definitely not263.7
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
63) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Child care (MINKIDCR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked44061.3
1) Not checked27838.7
TOTAL718100.0
64) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Counseling (MINCOUNS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked41157.2
1) Not checked30742.8
TOTAL718100.0
65) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Elder care (MINELDCR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked51872.1
1) Not checked20027.9
TOTAL718100.0
66) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - English as a second language (ESL) (MINESL)
TOTAL%
0) Checked65691.4
1) Not checked628.6
TOTAL718100.0
67) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Food and nutrition (MINFOOD)
TOTAL%
0) Checked20128.0
1) Not checked51772.0
TOTAL718100.0
68) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Health and hygiene (MINHLTH)
TOTAL%
0) Checked54776.2
1) Not checked17123.8
TOTAL718100.0
69) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Hospice (MINHOSPC)
TOTAL%
0) Checked57580.1
1) Not checked14319.9
TOTAL718100.0
70) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Housing (MINHOUS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked42358.9
1) Not checked29541.1
TOTAL718100.0
71) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Job training (MINJOBTR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked66492.5
1) Not checked547.5
TOTAL718100.0
72) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Life skills (MINSKILS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked63888.9
1) Not checked8011.1
TOTAL718100.0
73) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Literacy (MINLTRCY)
TOTAL%
0) Checked56979.2
1) Not checked14920.8
TOTAL718100.0
74) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Mentoring (MINMENTR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked55977.9
1) Not checked15922.1
TOTAL718100.0
75) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Tutoring (MINTUTOR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked50370.1
1) Not checked21529.9
TOTAL718100.0
76) Are any members of your congregation (including yourself) regularly involved as volunteers in programs that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? (VOLPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60887.9
2) No253.6
3) Not sure598.5
Missing26 
TOTAL692100.0
77) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through the congregation? (VOL1CONG)
TOTAL%
0) No23332.5
1) Yes48467.5
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
78) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through ecumenical, interfaith, or other religious organizations in the community? (VOL1REL)
TOTAL%
0) No25936.1
1) Yes45963.9
TOTAL718100.0
79) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through other (i.e., non-church) community organizations, such as the United Way, Red Cross, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, etc.? (VOL1COMM)
TOTAL%
0) No26336.6
1) Yes45563.4
TOTAL718100.0
80) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through local, state, or federal governments? (VOL1GOV)
TOTAL%
0) No58180.9
1) Yes13719.1
TOTAL718100.0
81) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through school-based programs? (VOL1SCHL)
TOTAL%
0) No47966.7
1) Yes23933.3
TOTAL718100.0
82) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through other entities? (VOL1OTHR)
TOTAL%
0) No63888.9
1) Yes8011.1
TOTAL718100.0
83) Because of sickness, unemployment, or any other reason, did you ever receive any form of welfare, unemployment insurance, or other aid from government agencies? (RECVAID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13319.2
2) No55880.6
3) Not sure10.1
Missing26 
TOTAL692100.0
84) Have you personally ever received income form Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (RECVAFDC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes324.6
2) No66295.4
Missing24 
TOTAL694100.0
85) What about your children, parents, other close relatives or members of your immediate family, do any of them currently receive AFDC, General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (FAMAFDC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7711.1
2) No60987.9
3) Not sure71.0
Missing25 
TOTAL693100.0
86) Are there other individuals in your congregation who currently receive any government assistance, such as AFDC, General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (INDIVGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, many50.7
2) Yes, some13819.9
3) Yes, but only a few15422.3
4) Not sure35351.0
5) No426.1
Missing26 
TOTAL692100.0
87) In addition, have you ever found yourself: homeless? (HOMELESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes91.3
2) No66398.7
Missing46 
TOTAL672100.0
88) In addition, have you ever found yourself: living in poverty? (POVERTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes548.1
2) No61591.9
Missing49 
TOTAL669100.0
89) In addition, have you ever found yourself: completely broke (whether or not you declared bankruptcy)? (BROKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10615.5
2) No57684.5
Missing36 
TOTAL682100.0
90) In addition, have you ever found yourself: receiving food through a church or community food pantry? (RECVFOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes152.2
2) No65897.8
Missing45 
TOTAL673100.0
91) Please use the space below to make any additional comments. (ADCOMNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Balanced-neutral73.9
2) For welfare reform5530.6
3) Against welfare reform73.9
4) Bemoans lack of knowledge-info on subject105.6
5) Technical critique1910.6
6) Explication of response to earlier question116.1
7) Personal story1810.0
9) All other5329.4
Missing538 
TOTAL180100.0
92) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
2) 718100.0
TOTAL718100.0
93) Old code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL718866.783511
94) Sample (SAMP)
TOTAL%
1) Elder717100.0
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
95) Code identification number (CODEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71720617.975366
96) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? (YEARSMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71220.35415
97) How far do you live from your congregation? (FARLIVE)
TOTAL%
0) Less than one mile10.1
1) 17024.3
2) 11816.9
3) 10815.5
4) 547.7
5) 8211.7
6) 263.7
7) 243.4
8) 192.7
9) 101.4
10) 324.6
11) 40.6
12) 131.9
13) 20.3
14) 50.7
15) 121.7
16) 30.4
17) 30.4
18) 10.1
20) 50.7
22) 10.1
25) 20.3
26) 10.1
28) 10.1
75) 10.1
99) Ninety-nine miles or more10.1
Missing19 
TOTAL699100.0
98) How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (ATTNDSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never40.6
3) Once or twice a year10.1
4) Several times a year10.1
5) Once a month71.0
6) Two to three times a month578.0
7) Nearly every week38854.2
8) Every week25836.0
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
99) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you attend? (MEMMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6841095.6431793
100) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No40.6
2) Yes70799.4
Missing7 
TOTAL711100.0
101) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDELDER) Are you now serving on session? (SRVELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No7510.5
2) Yes63989.5
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
102) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No39355.9
2) Yes31044.1
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
103) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDDECON) Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (SRVDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No32897.3
2) Yes92.7
Missing381 
TOTAL337100.0
104) Do you hold the following position in church? - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCHAIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked36851.3
1) Checked34948.7
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
105) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSFORCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked34247.7
1) Checked37552.3
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
106) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSPRSBY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65190.8
1) Checked669.2
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
107) Do you hold the following position in church? - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSOFFCR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57780.5
1) Checked14019.5
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
108) Do you hold the following position in church? - Organist or choir director (POSORGST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked70998.9
1) Checked81.1
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
109) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of choir (POSCHOIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58080.9
1) Checked13719.1
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
110) Do you hold the following position in church? - Other (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62186.6
1) Checked9613.4
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
111) Do you hold the following position in church? - Sunday school teacher (POSTCHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63488.4
1) Checked8311.6
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
112) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (NOTJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59783.4
1) Checked11916.6
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
113) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was traveling on business over a weekend and didn't get home in time. (NOTTRVL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55076.8
1) Checked16623.2
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
114) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was ill. (NOTILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41558.0
1) Checked30142.0
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
115) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (NOTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54375.7
1) Checked17424.3
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
116) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was away on vacation. (NOTVACAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked9713.6
1) Checked61886.4
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
117) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (NOTTIME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62787.6
1) Checked8912.4
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
118) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I just didn't feel like going. (NOTFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62386.9
1) Checked9413.1
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
119) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - The weather was bad. (NOTWETHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63388.3
1) Checked8411.7
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
120) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I overslept (NOTSLEEP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked70197.8
1) Checked162.2
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
121) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had guests from out of town. (NOTGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55177.0
1) Checked16523.0
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
122) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I decided to do something else that day. (NOTELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60484.2
1) Checked11315.8
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
123) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Other (NOTOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked69897.4
1) Checked192.6
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
124) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Negative view of something (NOTNEGVW)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked71199.2
1) Checked60.8
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
125) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Went to another church (NOTOTHCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked70097.6
1) Checked172.4
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
126) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended church school, include those hours here.) (HRSPROGS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours314.4
2) One to two hours7210.2
3) Three to five hours21129.8
4) Six to ten hours22932.3
5) Eleven to twenty hours11816.6
6) More than twenty hours486.8
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
127) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event. (HRSVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours324.5
2) One to two hours10614.9
3) Three to five hours20729.2
4) Six to ten hours20528.9
5) Eleven to twenty hours8411.8
6) More than twenty hours7610.7
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
128) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church. (HRSEVNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours32847.2
2) One to two hours15221.9
3) Three to five hours12818.4
4) Six to ten hours527.5
5) Eleven to twenty hours172.4
6) More than twenty hours182.6
Missing23 
TOTAL695100.0
129) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work). (HRSCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours26137.5
2) One to two hours16123.1
3) Three to five hours13719.7
4) Six to ten hours699.9
5) Eleven to twenty hours344.9
6) More than twenty hours344.9
Missing22 
TOTAL696100.0
130) Compared to two years ago, do you think you participate in church activities more, less, or about the same amount as you did then? (ACT2YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Participate more32044.9
2) About the same participation33346.7
3) Participate less608.4
Missing5 
TOTAL713100.0
131) How likely is it that you will be a part of your current congregation five years from now? (ACT5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely52773.7
2) Likely10614.8
3) Not sure446.2
4) Not at all likely152.1
5) Not very likely233.2
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
132) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: moving away from this area/community. (LVAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Very important3163.3
3) Not very important612.2
4) Not at all important1224.5
Missing669 
TOTAL49100.0
133) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: too much conflict in the congregation. (LVCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important924.3
2) Important616.2
3) Not very important821.6
4) Not at all important1437.8
Missing681 
TOTAL37100.0
134) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't really fit in with most people here. (LVFITIN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important39.1
2) Important721.2
3) Not very important824.2
4) Not at all important1545.5
Missing685 
TOTAL33100.0
135) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I'm marrying and will switch to my spouse's church. (LVSPOUSE)
TOTAL%
3) Not very important39.4
4) Not at all important2990.6
Missing686 
TOTAL32100.0
136) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't like the programs that it currently offers. (LVPRGRMS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important412.5
2) Important825.0
3) Not very important39.4
4) Not at all important1753.1
Missing686 
TOTAL32100.0
137) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: the worship services often do not satisfy spiritual needs. (LVSPIRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1130.6
2) Important411.1
3) Not very important411.1
4) Not at all important1747.2
Missing682 
TOTAL36100.0
138) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't appreciate the pastor(s). (LVPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important925.0
2) Important513.9
3) Not very important25.6
4) Not at all important2055.6
Missing682 
TOTAL36100.0
139) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I've been drifting away from church and I think that will continue. (LVDRIFT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important310.0
2) Important26.7
3) Not very important310.0
4) Not at all important2273.3
Missing688 
TOTAL30100.0
140) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: others. (LVOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Age/health concerns541.7
2) Denomination325.0
3) All else433.3
Missing706 
TOTAL12100.0
141) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No28239.6
2) Yes43060.4
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
142) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL46730.75218
143) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked61386.0
1) Checked10014.0
Missing5 
TOTAL713100.0
144) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked69396.9
1) Checked223.1
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
145) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68395.5
1) Checked324.5
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
146) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked71199.2
1) Checked60.8
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
147) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66192.2
1) Checked567.8
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
148) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56278.4
1) Checked15521.6
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
149) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked69897.4
1) Checked192.6
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
150) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked68795.8
1) Checked304.2
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
151) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67494.0
1) Checked436.0
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
152) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65290.9
1) Checked659.1
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
153) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never9814.0
2) Less than once a year365.2
3) Once or twice a year7110.2
4) Several times a year618.7
5) About once a month243.4
6) Two to three times a month639.0
7) Nearly every week16623.7
8) Every week15121.6
9) Don't know/not applicable294.1
Missing19 
TOTAL699100.0
154) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never497.1
2) Less than once a year213.0
3) Once or twice a year446.4
4) Several times a year497.1
5) About once a month355.1
6) Two to three times a month679.7
7) Nearly every week22332.3
8) Every week19628.4
9) Don't know/not applicable71.0
Missing27 
TOTAL691100.0
155) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, please choose the denomination that influenced you the most.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist8011.2
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)192.7
3) Episcopalian192.7
4) Friends (Quaker)40.6
5) Lutheran446.2
6) Methodist9513.3
7) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA32745.9
8) Reformed101.4
9) Roman Catholic263.7
10) UCC (United Church of Christ/Congregational)172.4
11) None212.9
12) Other496.9
99) More than one selected10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
156) Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (CONGRAIS)
TOTAL%
1) No61485.8
2) Yes10214.2
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
157) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative446.2
2) Conservative24634.6
3) Moderate31143.7
4) Liberal9513.3
5) Very liberal162.2
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
158) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal savior? (SAVIOR)
TOTAL%
1) No19727.6
2) Yes51872.4
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
159) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVRSN)
TOTAL%
1) No38955.3
2) Yes31544.7
Missing14 
TOTAL704100.0
160) Which of the following statements best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.20.3
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.11416.1
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.32946.3
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.18225.6
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.8011.3
9) More than one selected30.4
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
161) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No547.7
2) Yes55779.2
3) Not sure9213.1
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
162) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No12918.3
2) Yes35650.6
3) Not sure21931.1
Missing14 
TOTAL704100.0
163) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Reading and studying the Bible regularly. (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential25035.1
2) Very important28740.3
3) Somewhat important16122.6
4) Not at all important152.1
Missing5 
TOTAL713100.0
164) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential37252.1
2) Very important26437.0
3) Somewhat important7610.6
4) Not at all important20.3
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
165) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential8912.5
2) Very important32645.9
3) Somewhat important25235.5
4) Not at all important436.1
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
166) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential19727.7
2) Very important42359.4
3) Somewhat important9012.6
4) Not at all important20.3
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
167) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential28540.0
2) Very important33246.6
3) Somewhat important8812.4
4) Not at all important71.0
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
168) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential17224.1
2) Very important33346.6
3) Somewhat important19226.9
4) Not at all important182.5
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
169) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential53274.3
2) Very important17925.0
3) Somewhat important50.7
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
170) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCIA)
TOTAL%
1) Essential8612.1
2) Very important32345.6
3) Somewhat important26136.8
4) Not at all important395.5
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
171) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential15021.1
2) Very important39455.4
3) Somewhat important15421.7
4) Not at all important131.8
Missing7 
TOTAL711100.0
172) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential25836.2
2) Very important41558.2
3) Somewhat important405.6
Missing5 
TOTAL713100.0
173) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential11816.7
2) Very important35149.6
3) Somewhat important22031.1
4) Not at all important192.7
Missing10 
TOTAL708100.0
174) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - An active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential16022.5
2) Very important34748.8
3) Somewhat important18125.5
4) Not at all important233.2
Missing7 
TOTAL711100.0
175) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential11817.0
2) Very important24034.5
3) Somewhat important23033.0
4) Not at all important10815.5
Missing22 
TOTAL696100.0
176) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree375.3
2) Agree14120.1
3) Not sure8111.5
4) Disagree32746.6
5) Strongly disagree11616.5
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
177) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree233.3
2) Agree12617.9
3) Not sure13519.1
4) Disagree24735.0
5) Strongly disagree17424.7
Missing13 
TOTAL705100.0
178) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree47667.1
2) Agree16423.1
3) Not sure628.7
4) Disagree50.7
5) Strongly disagree20.3
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
179) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35650.2
2) Agree18025.4
3) Not sure9213.0
4) Disagree709.9
5) Strongly disagree111.6
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
180) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19627.9
2) Agree12818.2
3) Not sure17625.0
4) Disagree13819.6
5) Strongly disagree659.2
Missing15 
TOTAL703100.0
181) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree192.7
2) Agree669.4
3) Not sure628.9
4) Disagree25636.6
5) Strongly disagree29742.4
Missing18 
TOTAL700100.0
182) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree121.7
2) Agree9813.9
3) Not sure7610.8
4) Disagree37553.2
5) Strongly disagree14420.4
Missing13 
TOTAL705100.0
183) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24234.5
2) Agree40357.4
3) Not sure375.3
4) Disagree162.3
5) Strongly disagree40.6
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
184) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree162.3
2) Agree598.3
3) Not sure17424.5
4) Disagree26937.9
5) Strongly disagree19126.9
Missing9 
TOTAL709100.0
185) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ in only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree476.7
2) Agree17124.3
3) Not sure10414.8
4) Disagree19027.0
5) Strongly disagree19327.4
Missing13 
TOTAL705100.0
186) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21530.4
2) Agree24334.4
3) Not sure15622.1
4) Disagree618.6
5) Strongly disagree324.5
Missing11 
TOTAL707100.0
187) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33346.9
2) Agree24334.2
3) Not sure10915.4
4) Disagree182.5
5) Strongly disagree71.0
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
188) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35550.0
2) Agree23332.8
3) Not sure10114.2
4) Disagree152.1
5) Strongly disagree60.8
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
189) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No40957.6
2) Yes23332.8
3) Not sure689.6
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
190) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: drinks alcohol in moderation. (ACTALCL)
TOTAL%
1) Admire50.7
2) Think is all right54075.9
3) Mildly disapprove13819.4
4) Highly disapprove283.9
Missing7 
TOTAL711100.0
191) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is very ambitious. (ACTAMBT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire14820.9
2) Think is all right49269.6
3) Mildly disapprove659.2
4) Highly disapprove20.3
Missing11 
TOTAL707100.0
192) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is satisfied with her/his lot in life. (ACTSAT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire19627.9
2) Think is all right43862.4
3) Mildly disapprove639.0
4) Highly disapprove50.7
Missing16 
TOTAL702100.0
193) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives together in a heterosexual relationship outside of marriage. (ACTTOGT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire60.8
2) Think is all right7410.4
3) Mildly disapprove28840.6
4) Highly disapprove34248.2
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
194) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: thinks s/he is better than others. (ACTBETR)
TOTAL%
1) Admire10.1
2) Think is all right30.4
3) Mildly disapprove23132.7
4) Highly disapprove47266.8
Missing11 
TOTAL707100.0
195) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian. (ACTGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Admire30.4
2) Think is all right11416.1
3) Mildly disapprove20128.5
4) Highly disapprove38855.0
Missing12 
TOTAL706100.0
196) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian as part of a committed couple. (ACTCPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Admire131.8
2) Think is all right13118.6
3) Mildly disapprove17625.0
4) Highly disapprove38454.5
Missing14 
TOTAL704100.0
197) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives her/his faith quietly. (ACTQUET)
TOTAL%
1) Admire26637.6
2) Think is all right39155.3
3) Mildly disapprove456.4
4) Highly disapprove50.7
Missing11 
TOTAL707100.0
198) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: cheats on her/his income tax. (ACTTAX)
TOTAL%
2) Think is all right30.4
3) Mildly disapprove13318.7
4) Highly disapprove57580.9
Missing7 
TOTAL711100.0
199) At its 1996 meeting, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) approved the following amendment to the church's constitution, and sent it to the presbyteries for a vote: "Those who are called to office in the church are to lead a life in obedience to Scripture and in conformity to the historic confessional standards of the church. Among these standards is the requirement to live either in fidelity within the covenant of marriage of a man and a woman, or chastity in singleness. Persons refusing to repent of any self-acknowledged practice which the confessions call sin shall not be ordained and/or installed as deacons, elders, or ministers of the Word and Sacrament." What is your opinion on this proposed amendment? Would you like to see it approved by a majority of the presbyteries, or not? (GEN1996)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely favor approval33046.2
2) Probably favor approval12717.8
3) Not sure659.1
4) Probably do not favor approval8311.6
5) Definitely do not favor approval10915.3
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
200) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female34948.8
2) Male36651.2
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
201) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71056.98213
202) Which of the following categories most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm8011.2
2) On a farm304.2
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)22831.9
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)10014.0
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city618.5
6) In a large city (over 250,000)8211.5
7) In a suburb near a large city13318.6
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
203) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time29841.6
2) Employed part-time608.4
3) Self-employed628.6
4) Unemployed40.6
5) Retired23532.8
6) Full-time homemaker517.1
7) Student20.3
8) Other (specify)50.7
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
204) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
2) Employed part-time11.2
3) Self-employed2529.1
5) Retired1922.1
6) Full-time homemaker2933.7
7) Student55.8
8) Other (specify)78.1
Missing632 
TOTAL86100.0
205) If you are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (AVGHOURS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL43741.05316
206) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married61787.4
2) Not married8912.6
Missing12 
TOTAL706100.0
207) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married2222.4
2) Yes, am now widowed4444.9
3) Yes, am now divorced2828.6
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced44.1
Missing620 
TOTAL98100.0
208) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
16) 10.1
17) 101.5
18) 243.5
19) 446.5
20) 6810.0
21) 9614.1
22) 10215.0
23) 7110.4
24) 527.6
25) 669.7
26) 436.3
27) 243.5
28) 121.8
29) 142.1
30) 142.1
31) 81.2
32) 71.0
33) 50.7
34) 10.1
35) 20.3
36) 30.4
37) 30.4
38) 10.1
39) 30.4
40) 10.1
41) 10.1
42) 10.1
43) 20.3
44) 10.1
50) 10.1
68) 10.1
Missing36 
TOTAL682100.0
209) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDEND THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No51385.4
2) Yes, was widowed152.5
3) Yes, was divorced7011.6
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced30.5
Missing117 
TOTAL601100.0
210) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never142.3
2) Less than once a year101.6
3) Once or twice a year101.6
4) Several times a year284.6
5) About once a month233.8
6) Two to three times a month559.0
7) Nearly every week29548.5
8) Every week17328.5
Missing110 
TOTAL608100.0
211) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) No569.2
2) Yes55390.8
Missing109 
TOTAL609100.0
212) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE SPOUSE IS NOT A MEMBER OF THE SAME CONGREGATION WHICH THEY BELONG/SERVE) Which statement best describes where your husband or wife attends church? (SPSATTND)
TOTAL%
1) Generally attends the same congregation that I do3046.9
2) Generally attends another congregation1015.6
3) Sometimes attends my congregation, sometimes another23.1
4) Usually does not attend2234.4
Missing654 
TOTAL64100.0
213) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist7612.7
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)152.5
3) Episcopalian223.7
4) Friends (Quakers)30.5
5) Lutheran416.9
6) Methodist9415.7
7) Presbyterian20935.0
8) Reformed111.8
9) Roman Catholic488.0
10) United Church of Christ203.4
11) None172.8
12) Other416.9
Missing121 
TOTAL597100.0
214) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist20.4
3) Episcopalian10.2
5) Lutheran10.2
6) Methodist20.4
7) Presbyterian49893.4
8) Reformed10.2
9) Roman Catholic101.9
10) United Church of Christ10.2
11) None163.0
12) Other10.2
Missing185 
TOTAL533100.0
215) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time23538.5
2) Employed part-time7311.9
3) Self-employed386.2
4) Unemployed40.7
5) Retired16426.8
6) Full-time homemaker9215.1
7) Student10.2
8) Other40.7
Missing107 
TOTAL611100.0
216) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time11.5
2) Employed part-time46.2
3) Self-employed2132.3
4) Unemployed11.5
5) Retired710.8
6) Full-time homemaker2538.5
7) Student11.5
8) Other57.7
Missing653 
TOTAL65100.0
217) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) If you husband or wife is employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
TOTAL%
0) None164.4
2) 20.6
3) 10.3
5) 20.6
6) 20.6
7) 20.6
8) 30.8
9) 20.6
10) 51.4
11) 10.3
12) 30.8
13) 10.3
15) 51.4
16) 102.8
18) 41.1
20) 195.2
25) 61.7
26) 10.3
30) 123.3
31) 10.3
32) 41.1
33) 10.3
35) 102.8
36) 10.3
38) 61.7
40) 9024.9
41) 20.6
42) 20.6
43) 10.3
44) 41.1
45) 308.3
46) 20.6
47) 10.3
48) 20.6
50) 5314.6
53) 10.3
55) 133.6
58) 41.1
60) 226.1
62) 10.3
64) 10.3
65) 30.8
70) 41.1
72) 10.3
80) 20.6
86) 10.3
90) 20.6
Missing356 
TOTAL362100.0
218) How many children have you had? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None7710.8
1) One659.1
2) Two27538.4
3) Three18826.3
4) Four719.9
5) Five334.6
6) Six50.7
7) Seven10.1
9) Nine or more10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
219) What age were you, approximately, when your first child was born? (AGEKID)
TOTAL%
16) 10.2
18) 71.1
19) 152.4
20) 213.3
21) 325.0
22) 497.7
23) 487.5
24) 7211.3
25) 6810.7
26) 7311.4
27) 457.1
28) 457.1
29) 355.5
30) 467.2
31) 162.5
32) 152.4
33) 101.6
34) 121.9
35) 81.3
36) 50.8
37) 60.9
38) 40.6
40) 20.3
41) 10.2
42) 10.2
44) 10.2
Missing80 
TOTAL638100.0
220) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No67494.1
2) Yes425.9
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
221) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One2357.5
2) Two1537.5
3) Three12.5
4) Four12.5
Missing678 
TOTAL40100.0
222) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No60889.4
2) Yes7210.6
Missing38 
TOTAL680100.0
223) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One2230.6
2) Two2940.3
3) Three1723.6
4) Four11.4
5) Five34.2
Missing646 
TOTAL72100.0
224) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university). (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone699.6
2) Two of us39955.7
3) Three of us11115.5
4) Four of us9212.8
5) Five of us354.9
6) Six of us81.1
7) Seven or more of us20.3
Missing2 
TOTAL716100.0
225) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None11470.4
1) One3421.0
2) Two127.4
3) Three10.6
4) Four10.6
Missing556 
TOTAL162100.0
226) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None10248.1
1) One7133.5
2) Two3114.6
3) Three83.8
Missing506 
TOTAL212100.0
227) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None9244.2
1) One9445.2
2) Two2110.1
3) Three10.5
Missing510 
TOTAL208100.0
228) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None10268.0
1) One3724.7
2) Two106.7
3) Three10.7
Missing568 
TOTAL150100.0
229) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None71.0
1) One8011.7
2) Two54980.6
3) Three405.9
4) Four50.7
Missing37 
TOTAL681100.0
230) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone669.3
2) A single parent, living with one or more children152.1
3) A married couple, no children in household36952.1
4) A married couple, living with one or more children22231.4
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household10.1
6) An unmarried couple, living with one or more children20.3
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children223.1
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children91.3
9) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), no children in household10.1
11) Some other arrangement10.1
Missing10 
TOTAL708100.0
231) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you253.5
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage28239.5
3) Owned by you with a mortgage39755.6
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)101.4
Missing4 
TOTAL714100.0
232) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71431.50115
233) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None57982.8
1) One699.9
2) Two334.7
3) Three101.4
4) Four20.3
5) Five50.7
17) Seventeen10.1
Missing19 
TOTAL699100.0
234) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) None456.3
1) One15722.1
2) Two14219.9
3) Three15021.1
4) Four8411.8
5) Five608.4
6) Six334.6
7) Seven202.8
8) Eight111.5
9) Nine30.4
10) Ten40.6
12) Twelve10.1
48) Forty Eight10.1
99) Many10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL712100.0
235) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat17124.1
2) Independent11215.8
3) Republican41258.0
4) Other152.1
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
236) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian70097.9
2) Black or African-American50.7
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native10.1
4) Asian or Pacific Islander40.6
5) Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin10.1
7) Some other race40.6
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
237) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian240.0
2) Black or African-American120.0
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native120.0
5) Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin120.0
Missing713 
TOTAL5100.0
238) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them -including yourself- earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None13820.0
1) One18827.2
2) Two26137.8
3) Three649.3
4) Four263.8
5) Five71.0
6) Six50.7
7) Seven10.1
8) Eight10.1
Missing27 
TOTAL691100.0
239) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,00060.9
2) $10,000- $14,999131.9
3) $15,000- $19,999162.3
4) $20,000- $29,999629.1
5) $30,000- $39,999629.1
6) $40,000- $49,9997510.9
7) $50,000- $59,9997711.2
8) $60,000- $69,999598.6
9) $70,000- $79,999639.2
10) $80,000- $89,999416.0
11) $90,000- $99,999446.4
12) $100,000- $124,9996910.1
13) $125,000- $149,999233.4
14) $150,000 or more7510.9
Missing33 
TOTAL685100.0
240) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, social security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings20629.5
2) 90-99% from earnings13719.6
3) 75-89% from earnings628.9
4) 50-74% from earnings405.7
5) 25-49% from earnings324.6
6) 1-24% from earnings7711.0
7) None from earnings14520.7
Missing19 
TOTAL699100.0
241) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6823090.3126254
242) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5222560.18212512
243) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6301359.03710493
244) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $019428.1
2) $1-$5011817.1
3) $51-$1009714.0
4) $101-$50013519.5
5) $501-$1,000507.2
6) $1,001-$2,000355.1
7) $2,001 or more608.7
9) Don't know20.3
Missing27 
TOTAL691100.0
245) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $0142.0
2) $1-$5010114.6
3) $51-$10010515.1
4) $101-$50024635.4
5) $501-$1,0009513.7
6) $1,001-$2,000568.1
7) $2,001 or more7611.0
9) Don't know10.1
Missing24 
TOTAL694100.0
246) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast12617.6
2) Midwest22731.7
3) South26737.2
4) West9713.5
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
247) Total number of members 1996 (TOTMEM96)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL718761.989781
248) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female34948.8
2) Male36651.2
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0
249) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married61787.4
2) Not married8912.6
Missing12 
TOTAL706100.0
250) I-REGION: Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast12617.6
2) Midwest22731.7
3) South26737.2
4) West9713.5
Missing1 
TOTAL717100.0
251) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat17124.1
2) Independent11215.8
3) Republican41258.0
4) Other152.1
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
252) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K355.1
1) 20K-49,99919929.1
2) 50K-99,99928441.5
3) 100K+16724.4
Missing33 
TOTAL685100.0
253) I-AGE: What is your present age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) Under 407210.1
1) 40-4914620.6
2) 50-6425836.3
3) 65+23433.0
Missing8 
TOTAL710100.0
254) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White70097.9
1) Black50.7
2) Other101.4
Missing3 
TOTAL715100.0