Presbyterian Panel Survey, Feb 1999 - Language and God, Clergy

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL119630867.966517
2) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Judge (GODJUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely18015.3
2) Somewhat likely49342.0
3) Not too likely36631.1
4) Not likely at all13411.4
5) Don't know20.2
Missing21 
TOTAL1175100.0
3) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Redeemer (GODREDMR)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely90576.2
2) Somewhat likely23719.9
3) Not too likely342.9
4) Not likely at all110.9
5) Don't know10.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
4) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Lover (GODLOVER)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely48741.4
2) Somewhat likely33428.4
3) Not too likely19916.9
4) Not likely at all15212.9
5) Don't know30.3
Missing21 
TOTAL1175100.0
5) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Master (GODMASTR)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely41435.4
2) Somewhat likely36030.8
3) Not too likely25121.5
4) Not likely at all14412.3
5) Don't know10.1
Missing26 
TOTAL1170100.0
6) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Mother (GODMOM)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely1008.5
2) Somewhat likely37732.1
3) Not too likely36531.1
4) Not likely at all32928.0
5) Don't know40.3
Missing21 
TOTAL1175100.0
7) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Creator (GODCREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely103587.0
2) Somewhat likely14211.9
3) Not too likely80.7
4) Not likely at all30.3
5) Don't know10.1
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
8) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Father (GODDAD)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely64053.8
2) Somewhat likely39933.5
3) Not too likely1149.6
4) Not likely at all363.0
5) Don't know10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
9) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Spouse (GODSPSE)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely151.3
2) Somewhat likely595.0
3) Not too likely25121.4
4) Not likely at all82570.4
5) Don't know221.9
Missing24 
TOTAL1172100.0
10) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Friend (GODFRND)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely48641.0
2) Somewhat likely47740.3
3) Not too likely15913.4
4) Not likely at all615.2
5) Don't know10.1
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
11) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - King (GODKING)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely43236.8
2) Somewhat likely38833.0
3) Not too likely22218.9
4) Not likely at all13011.1
5) Don't know20.2
Missing22 
TOTAL1174100.0
12) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Liberator (GODLIBRT)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely49041.5
2) Somewhat likely43236.5
3) Not too likely20117.0
4) Not likely at all574.8
5) Don't know20.2
Missing14 
TOTAL1182100.0
13) When you think about God, how likely is this image to come to your mind? - Healer (GODHEALR)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely likely77765.6
2) Somewhat likely34128.8
3) Not too likely574.8
4) Not likely at all90.8
5) Don't know10.1
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
14) Take a few moments to think back over Sunday worship services at the church you usually attend or serve. How often, if at all, does worship at your church include: the Lord's Prayer ("Our Father, [who art] in heaven")? (CHLORDS)
TOTAL%
1) Every week109291.8
2) Once or twice a month584.9
3) Less than once a month201.7
4) Only on special occasions121.0
5) Never50.4
6) Don't recall20.2
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
15) Take a few moments to think back over Sunday worship services at the church you usually attend or serve. How often, if at all, does worship at your church include: the Apostles' Creed ("I believe in God the Father Almighty")? (CHAPOSTL)
TOTAL%
1) Every week40133.8
2) Once or twice a month30425.6
3) Less than once a month23619.9
4) Only on special occasions20917.6
5) Never342.9
6) Don't recall40.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
16) Take a few moments to think back over Sunday worship services at the church you usually attend or serve. How often, if at all, does worship at your church include: the Doxology ("Praise God from whom all blessings flow")? (CHDOXLGY)
TOTAL%
1) Every week101885.7
2) Once or twice a month544.5
3) Less than once a month524.4
4) Only on special occasions322.7
5) Never292.4
6) Don't recall30.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
17) Take a few moments to think back over Sunday worship services at the church you usually attend or serve. How often, if at all, does worship at your church include: the Gloria Patri ("Glory be to the Father")? (CHGLORIA)
TOTAL%
1) Every week77465.2
2) Once or twice a month998.3
3) Less than once a month1028.6
4) Only on special occasions1038.7
5) Never1028.6
6) Don't recall80.7
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
18) When your congregation prays the Lord's Prayer during worship, what wording is typically used to begin the prayer? (LORDPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) The conventional wording, "Our Father in heaven"115797.6
2) Wording modified to be gender-inclusive, e.g., "Our Father and Mother in heaven"70.6
3) Wording modified to be gender-neutral, e.g., "Our Creator in heaven"151.3
4) Other wording30.3
5) Don't recall10.1
6) Not applicable (we never pray the Lord's Prayer)30.3
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
19) Do services at your congregation ever exclude the following item from worship solely or primarily because, as conventionally worded, it refers to God as "Father"? - Yes, have excluded the Lord's Prayer because it refers to God as "Father" (EXLORDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked118699.2
1) Checked100.8
TOTAL1196100.0
20) Do services at your congregation ever exclude the following item from worship solely or primarily because, as conventionally worded, it refers to God as "Father"? - Yes, have excluded the Apostles' Creed because it refers to God as "Father" (EXAPOSTL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116897.7
1) Checked282.3
TOTAL1196100.0
21) Do services at your congregation ever exclude the following item from worship solely or primarily because, as conventionally worded, it refers to God as "Father"? - Yes, have excluded the Doxology because it refers to God as "Father" (EXDOXLGY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked115496.5
1) Checked423.5
TOTAL1196100.0
22) Do services at your congregation ever exclude the following item from worship solely or primarily because, as conventionally worded, it refers to God as "Father"? - Yes, have excluded the Gloria Patri because it refers to God as "Father" (EXGLORIA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked114195.4
1) Checked554.6
TOTAL1196100.0
23) Do services at your congregation ever exclude the following item from worship solely or primarily because, as conventionally worded, it refers to God as "Father"? - No, my congregation has never excluded the Lord's Prayer, the Apostles' Creed, the Doxology, or the Gloria Patri because of the word "Father" (EXNONE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked15212.7
1) Checked104487.3
TOTAL1196100.0
24) Do services at your congregation ever exclude the following item from worship solely or primarily because, as conventionally worded, it refers to God as "Father"? - I don't know if my congregation has ever excluded the Lord's Prayer, the Apostles' Creed, the Doxology, or the Gloria Patri because of the word "Father" (EXDK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116997.7
1) Checked272.3
TOTAL1196100.0
25) Would you say it is the general practice at your church for worship services: to encourage the use of gender-neutral terms for God, for example, "Creator," "Sovereign," "Almighty"? (PRACNEUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely37431.8
2) Yes, probably37331.7
3) Not sure312.6
4) No, probably not28023.8
5) No, definitely not11810.0
Missing20 
TOTAL1176100.0
26) Would you say it is the general practice at your church for worship services: to balance male images of God with female images of God? (PRACBAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely22519.1
2) Yes, probably35129.8
3) Not sure625.3
4) No, probably not39133.2
5) No, definitely not15012.7
Missing17 
TOTAL1179100.0
27) Would you say it is the general practice at your church for worship services: to refer to God more often with words that describe men than with words that describe women? (PRACMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely19216.4
2) Yes, probably54446.5
3) Not sure786.7
4) No, probably not26923.0
5) No, definitely not867.4
Missing27 
TOTAL1169100.0
28) Would you say it is the general practice at your church for worship services: to refer to God with words that describe men, even when widely-accepted gender-inclusive or gender-neutral options are available? (PRACOPTN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely837.1
2) Yes, probably31226.6
3) Not sure1069.0
4) No, probably not45739.0
5) No, definitely not21518.3
Missing23 
TOTAL1173100.0
29) Would you say it is the general practice at your church for worship services: to avoid the use of "He," "Him," "His," and other male pronouns when referring to God? (PRACNOHE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely21418.2
2) Yes, probably35530.3
3) Not sure342.9
4) No, probably not38132.5
5) No, definitely not18916.1
Missing23 
TOTAL1173100.0
30) Would you say it is the general practice at your church for worship services: to avoid the use of "She," "Her," "Hers," and other female pronouns when referring to God? (PRACNOSH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely41435.1
2) Yes, probably45838.8
3) Not sure584.9
4) No, probably not20517.4
5) No, definitely not443.7
Missing17 
TOTAL1179100.0
31) When pastors or other worship leaders read the Bible aloud during worship in your congregation, do they ever substitute the word "God" (or another gender-neutral or gender-inclusive word) where the printed text uses "He" to refer to God? (SUBSGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always393.3
2) Yes, almost always19616.5
3) Yes, often25521.4
4) Yes, occasionally24020.2
5) Yes, rarely15813.3
6) No, never30225.4
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
32) Does your congregation have an official policy, approved by the session, encouraging the use of "gender-neutral" or "gender-inclusive" terms in worship when: referring to God? (POLGOD)
TOTAL%
1) No98283.0
2) Yes645.4
3) Don't know13711.6
Missing13 
TOTAL1183100.0
33) Does your congregation have an official policy, approved by the session, encouraging the use of "gender-neutral" or "gender-inclusive" terms in worship when: referring to the church, that is, the people of God? (POLPEOPL)
TOTAL%
1) No89577.6
2) Yes1038.9
3) Don't know15513.4
Missing43 
TOTAL1153100.0
34) When there is a baptism in your church, is the individual baptized "in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit," or is other language used? (BAPCUST)
TOTAL%
1) Customary phrase always used ("in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit" [or "Holy Ghost"])102886.3
2) Other language always used (for example, "in the name of the Creator, and of the Redeemer, and of the Sustainer")403.4
3) It varies-customary language used sometimes and other language used sometimes1058.8
4) Don't know181.5
Missing5 
TOTAL1191100.0
35) Overall, how important to you personally is the issue of gender in language about God, whether or not the words we use to refer to God are masculine, feminine, or gender-neutral? (PERSGEND)
TOTAL%
1) Very important36230.5
2) Important45338.2
3) Not very important27423.1
4) Not at all important968.1
5) Don't know10.1
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
36) How important to most people in your congregation is the issue of gender in language about God, whether or not the words we use to refer to God are masculine, feminine, or gender-neutral? (CONGGEND)
TOTAL%
1) Very important685.8
2) Important24520.8
3) Not very important63053.4
4) Not at all important18015.3
5) Don't know574.8
Missing16 
TOTAL1180100.0
37) Which wording would you personally prefer that churches use to begin the Lord's Prayer? (PREFLORD)
TOTAL%
1) Traditional or customary wording: "Our Father in heaven"89375.5
2) Wording modified to be gender-inclusive: "Our Father and Mother in heaven"504.2
3) Wording modified to be gender-neutral: "Our Creator in heaven"18515.6
4) Other wording20.2
5) No preference534.5
Missing13 
TOTAL1183100.0
38) In general, what phrasing would you personally prefer to be used in worship when reference is made to the Trinitarian nature of God? (TRINITY)
TOTAL%
1) Traditional, customary language, that is, "Father, Son, Holy Spirit [Holy Ghost]"67056.7
2) Gender-neutral language that refers to the Persons of the Trinity by their function, for example, "Creator, Redeemer, and Sustainer"37832.0
3) Gender-neutral language that refers to the Trinity as a whole, for example, "Triune God"847.1
4) Other40.3
5) No preference383.2
6) Don't know70.6
Missing15 
TOTAL1181100.0
39) When a pastor or worship leader refers to God as "He," does that male term make you feel more included or less included in the worship experience? (HEINCLUD)
TOTAL%
1) More included494.1
2) Neither more included nor less included81568.7
3) Less included26822.6
4) Don't know201.7
5) Never thought about it352.9
Missing9 
TOTAL1187100.0
40) When a pastor or worship leader refers to God as "She," does that female term make you feel more included or less included in the worship experience? (SHEINCLD)
TOTAL%
1) More included13711.6
2) Neither more included nor less included61651.9
3) Less included32627.5
4) Don't know635.3
5) Never thought about it443.7
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
41) When a pastor or worship leader refers to God in gender-neutral terms (avoids both male and female terms like "He" or "She"), does that make you feel more included or less included in the worship experience? (NEUTINCL)
TOTAL%
1) More included34829.4
2) Neither more included nor less included63053.2
3) Less included13411.3
4) Don't know413.5
5) Never thought about it322.7
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
42) Often the Bible uses traditionally masculine images or words to refer to God (e.g., "King" or "Father"). How would you like to see such words translated today? (IMGKEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Keep the image the way it was in the original text53144.8
2) Modify the language to be more gender-neutral (e.g., "King" could become "Ruler"), as long as the general meaning does not change54646.1
3) Modify the language to be gender-neutral even if the original meaning is somewhat changed in the process (e.g., "Father" could be changed to "Creator" or "Almighty")695.8
4) No preference282.4
5) Don't know100.8
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
43) Often the Bible uses masculine pronouns ("He," "Him," "His") when referring to God. How would you like to see these words translated? (PROKEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Keep it the way it was in the original text50042.2
2) Modify the language to be more gender-neutral (e.g., the pronoun "He" could be replaced by the noun it prefers to, "God")63053.2
3) No preference393.3
4) Don't know161.4
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
44) When the Bible uses a masculine word to refer to people, both men and women, how would you prefer that the term be translated? (PPLKEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Keep the original form (e.g., "mankind")18115.3
2) Find a more gender-neutral word to convey the meaning (e.g., "humankind")92978.4
3) Find a more gender-inclusive phrase to convey the meaning (e.g., "mankind and womankind")564.7
4) No preference171.4
5) Don't know20.2
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
45) Which approach to gender and language do you favor for Bible translations? (TRNCLOSE)
TOTAL%
1) One that stays as close as possible to the gender and language used in the original text, both with words that refer to God and with words that refer to humankind28323.9
2) One that stays as close as possible to the gender and language used in the original text when referring to God, but one that uses more gender-neutral or gender-inclusive language when referring to humankind54746.2
3) One that substitutes gender-neutral or gender-inclusive language both for male-gender words that refer to God and for male-gender words that refer to humankind33628.4
4) Don't know191.6
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
46) In your own private and personal prayers, how often do you address God as: Father? (PRYRDAD)
TOTAL%
1) Always25822.4
2) Often37932.8
3) Occasionally20417.7
4) Rarely17515.2
5) Never13111.4
6) Not applicable - I never pray privately70.6
Missing42 
TOTAL1154100.0
47) In your own private and personal prayers, how often do you address God as: Mother? (PRYRMOM)
TOTAL%
1) Always60.6
2) Often545.0
3) Occasionally16815.7
4) Rarely30328.3
5) Never53049.5
6) Not applicable - I never pray privately90.8
Missing126 
TOTAL1070100.0
48) In your own private and personal prayers, how often do you address God as: Creator? (PRYRCRTR)
TOTAL%
1) Always11710.3
2) Often54247.9
3) Occasionally30026.5
4) Rarely978.6
5) Never706.2
6) Not applicable - I never pray privately60.5
Missing64 
TOTAL1132100.0
49) When you have said public prayers during the last year, how often did you use gender-inclusive or gender-neutral language about God? (OFTGENDR)
TOTAL%
1) Always39833.3
2) Often42935.9
3) Occasionally16513.8
4) Rarely1058.8
5) Never917.6
6) Not applicable - I never pray privately70.6
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
50) In general, are you more likely to use gender-neutral and gender-inclusive language about God in your private prayers or in your public prayers? (PRIVVPUB)
TOTAL%
1) Private776.5
2) Public34929.4
3) No difference71360.0
4) Don't know141.2
5) Not applicable363.0
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
51) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Our language about God should be varied and diverse, reflecting the wide range of terms to describe God that are found in the Bible and the Reformed tradition. (AGVARIED)
TOTAL%
1) Agree108191.8
2) Not sure544.6
3) Disagree433.7
Missing18 
TOTAL1178100.0
52) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - I prefer that people use nouns rather than pronouns when referring to God (e.g., "God shows God's love" rather than "God shows His love"). (AGNOUNS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree60551.1
2) Not sure18315.5
3) Disagree39633.4
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
53) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - It offends me when someone uses terms other than "Father, Son, and Holy Spirit" to refer to the persons of the Trinity. (AGFATHER)
TOTAL%
1) Agree21117.8
2) Not sure13010.9
3) Disagree84771.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
54) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - It's fine with me for people to substitute functional terms like "Creator, Redeemer, and Sustainer" for "Father, Son, and Holy Spirit" when referring to the Trinity. (AGFUNCT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree74362.7
2) Not sure12810.8
3) Disagree31426.5
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
55) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - As a child I pictured God to be of male gender. (AGGODMLE)
TOTAL%
1) Agree86973.1
2) Not sure13911.7
3) Disagree18115.2
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
56) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - God is best understood in masculine terms. (AGMASC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree13911.7
2) Not sure12410.4
3) Disagree92577.9
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
57) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - The Bible contains many female images of God. (AGFEMALE)
TOTAL%
1) Agree90676.3
2) Not sure917.7
3) Disagree19116.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
58) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - God is beyond gender, i.e., God is neither female nor male. (AGNOGEND)
TOTAL%
1) Agree112594.6
2) Not sure302.5
3) Disagree342.9
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
59) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - I sometimes imagine God as a powerful old man with a white beard. (AGOLDMAN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree1119.3
2) Not sure322.7
3) Disagree104988.0
Missing4 
TOTAL1192100.0
60) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Using male terms to refer to God seems natural to me. (AGMALE)
TOTAL%
1) Agree63753.6
2) Not sure1089.1
3) Disagree44337.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
61) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Use of gender-inclusive language is consistent with the overall message of the Bible. (AGGENINC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree81569.5
2) Not sure15513.2
3) Disagree20217.2
Missing24 
TOTAL1172100.0
62) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - We shouldn't change traditional texts and hymns, but efforts should be made to ensure that new hymns and texts are more inclusive. (AGMORINC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree56748.1
2) Not sure19416.5
3) Disagree41735.4
Missing18 
TOTAL1178100.0
63) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - I would prefer that masculine pronouns such as "He" and "Him" not be used when referring to God. (AGNOTMAS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree53845.2
2) Not sure1058.8
3) Disagree54645.9
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
64) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - I make an effort to avoid male terms when addressing God in public prayers. (AGAVDML)
TOTAL%
1) Agree81768.8
2) Not sure443.7
3) Disagree32627.5
Missing9 
TOTAL1187100.0
65) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Most people use male terms for God simply because that's the traditional language of the church. (AGTRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Agree98983.3
2) Not sure907.6
3) Disagree1089.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1187100.0
66) When people speaking in worship make broad references to the church and the people of God, both male and female, how important is it to you that they use gender-neutral or gender-inclusive terms? (REFCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Very important49441.5
2) Important41635.0
3) Not very important19216.1
4) Not at all important837.0
5) Don't know40.3
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
67) For the following choices, indicate which one you would prefer be used in worship when referring to broad groups of the church that contain both males and females. (BROSIS)
TOTAL%
1) Brothers20.2
2) Brothers and sisters113897.3
3) No preference302.6
Missing26 
TOTAL1170100.0
68) For the following choices, indicate which one you would prefer be used in worship when referring to broad groups of the church that contain both males and females. (MENWOMEN)
TOTAL%
2) Men and women of God14712.6
3) People of God101086.5
4) No preference100.9
Missing29 
TOTAL1167100.0
69) For the following choices, indicate which one you would prefer be used in worship when referring to broad groups of the church that contain both males and females. (DADFOUND)
TOTAL%
1) Church fathers12611.1
2) Church founders88578.0
3) No preference12310.8
Missing62 
TOTAL1134100.0
70) For the following choices, indicate which one you would prefer be used in worship when referring to broad groups of the church that contain both males and females. (SONDAUGT)
TOTAL%
1) God's sons60.5
2) God's sons and daughters17715.5
3) God's children94683.0
4) No preference111.0
Missing56 
TOTAL1140100.0
71) Do you believe the PCUSA ought to have a general policy on what gender-related language is appropriate when Presbyterians: refer to God? (PCUSAGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely16013.7
2) Yes, probably22619.4
3) Not sure1008.6
4) No, probably not36331.1
5) No, definitely not31727.2
Missing30 
TOTAL1166100.0
72) Do you believe the PCUSA ought to have a general policy on what gender-related language is appropriate when Presbyterians: refer to the people of God (the church)? (PCUSAPPL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely26122.6
2) Yes, probably27523.8
3) Not sure756.5
4) No, probably not28424.6
5) No, definitely not26122.6
Missing40 
TOTAL1156100.0
73) In the mid-1980s, the General Assembly adopted a set of broad recommendations on gender-related language issues, "Definitions and Guidelines on Inclusive Language." How familiar are you with this set of guidelines? (GUIDELNS)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all familiar25722.0
2) Have heard of it, but don't know any of the details21818.6
3) Only a little familiar24921.3
4) Generally familiar34229.2
5) Very familiar1048.9
Missing26 
TOTAL1170100.0
74) How many ordained pastors serve on the staff of the church you serve or attend? (ORDNDPST)
TOTAL%
0) 50.5
1) 56555.2
2) 24824.2
3) 918.9
4) 545.3
5) 141.4
6) 111.1
7) 121.2
8) 80.8
9) 50.5
10) 50.5
11) 10.1
12) 10.1
13) 10.1
14) 10.1
25) 10.1
27) 10.1
Missing172 
TOTAL1024100.0
75) Of this number (the number supplied by respondent in ORDNDPST), how many are male? (PASTMEN)
TOTAL%
0) 1049.4
1) 67260.9
2) 19317.5
3) 787.1
4) 181.6
5) 121.1
6) 100.9
7) 90.8
8) 10.1
9) 30.3
10) 10.1
11) 10.1
14) 10.1
17) 10.1
Missing92 
TOTAL1104100.0
76) Of this number (the number supplied by respondent in ORDNDPST), how many are female? (PASTWMN)
TOTAL%
0) 61057.9
1) 37035.1
2) 474.5
3) 181.7
4) 30.3
5) 30.3
8) 10.1
13) 10.1
Missing143 
TOTAL1053100.0
77) (Asked only of ordained ministers) How often do you read from the "Inclusive Language Lectionary" when you read the Bible aloud during worship? (ILLBIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Always575.1
2) Often797.0
3) Occasionally12311.0
4) Rarely18216.2
5) Never68260.7
Missing73 
TOTAL1123100.0
78) Type of sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
3) Pastors80967.6
4) Specialized Clergy38732.4
TOTAL1196100.0
79) Staff (STAFF)
TOTAL%
0) 10.3
1) 348.8
2) 17344.7
3) 7519.4
4) 4812.4
5) 143.6
6) 112.8
7) 102.6
8) 61.6
9) 41.0
10) 61.6
12) 10.3
13) 10.3
14) 10.3
25) 10.3
27) 10.3
Missing809 
TOTAL387100.0
80) Old Code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL11951238.344729
81) When were you ordained as a minister of the Word and Sacrament? 19__ (WHENORDN)
TOTAL%
44) 10.1
45) 30.3
50) 20.2
51) 10.1
52) 100.8
53) 40.3
54) 60.5
55) 100.8
56) 181.5
57) 231.9
58) 201.7
59) 262.2
60) 282.3
61) 262.2
62) 282.3
63) 262.2
64) 211.8
65) 211.8
66) 221.8
67) 272.3
68) 312.6
69) 262.2
70) 181.5
71) 292.4
72) 292.4
73) 282.3
74) 282.3
75) 312.6
76) 282.3
77) 312.6
78) 352.9
79) 332.8
80) 393.3
81) 363.0
82) 373.1
83) 393.3
84) 352.9
85) 373.1
86) 211.8
87) 363.0
88) 312.6
89) 272.3
90) 242.0
91) 292.4
92) 302.5
93) 342.8
94) 322.7
95) 322.7
96) 30.3
97) 10.1
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
82) If you were ordained by a denomination other than the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or one of its predecessor denominations, name that body. (ORDNDENM)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable32.6
1) Baptist2319.8
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)43.4
3) Episcopalian10.9
5) Lutheran10.9
6) Methodist86.9
7) Other Presbyterian4538.8
8) Reformed76.0
9) Roman Catholic10.9
10) United Church of Christ97.8
12) Other1210.3
99) More than one selected21.7
Missing1080 
TOTAL116100.0
83) Are you presently enrolled in a graduate school, seminary, or theological school? (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) No108091.1
2) Yes1068.9
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
84) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE PRESENTLY ENROLLED IN A GRADUATE SCHOOL, SEMINARY, OR THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL ) Which degree are you seeking? (SCHOOLDG)
TOTAL%
1) MCE-MRE11.0
2) MA11.0
3) Th.M./S.T.M.21.9
4) D.Min.7168.9
5) Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D.1615.5
6) Other1211.7
Missing1093 
TOTAL103100.0
85) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE PRESENTLY ENROLLED IN A GRADUATE SCHOOL, SEMINARY, OR THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL) Which school are you presently enrolled in? (WHATSCHL)
TOTAL%
5) Austin43.8
6) Bangor10.9
14) Chicago Theological Seminary21.9
18) Columbia1312.3
20) Covenant21.9
21) Drew University10.9
22) Dubuque21.9
23) Duke University10.9
24) Eastern Baptist10.9
30) Fuller Theological Seminary87.5
31) Garrett Evangelical10.9
33) Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary32.8
39) Lancaster Theological Seminary21.9
40) Lexington21.9
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary98.5
45) McCormick43.8
46) Memphis10.9
52) New Brunswick10.9
53) New York10.9
63) Pittsburgh54.7
65) Princeton43.8
68) San Francisco1110.4
76) United Theological Seminary Dayton10.9
78) Union Seminary (VA)32.8
85) Westminster10.9
99) Other2220.8
Missing1090 
TOTAL106100.0
86) Before entering seminary for your B.D. or M.Div., were you engaged in any long-term secular job or career? (SECLRJOB)
TOTAL%
1) No83269.9
2) Yes35830.1
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
87) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY WERE ENGAGED IN A LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER BEFORE ENTERING SEMINARY FOR THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV) How long were you in that long-term secular job or career? (JOBLONG)
TOTAL%
0) 10.3
1) 82.2
2) 257.0
3) 359.8
4) 328.9
5) 3610.1
6) 195.3
7) 287.8
8) 205.6
9) 102.8
10) 359.8
11) 123.4
12) 143.9
13) 41.1
14) 72.0
15) 123.4
16) 41.1
17) 20.6
18) 51.4
19) 41.1
20) 154.2
21) 10.3
22) 20.6
23) 20.6
24) 30.8
25) 61.7
26) 20.6
27) 10.3
28) 41.1
29) 10.3
30) 41.1
32) 10.3
34) 10.3
40) 10.3
41) 10.3
Missing838 
TOTAL358100.0
88) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your B.D. or M.Div. degree. 19__ (YRBDMDIV)
TOTAL%
44) 10.1
45) 20.2
49) 10.1
51) 20.2
52) 110.9
53) 40.3
54) 50.4
55) 100.8
56) 181.5
57) 221.9
58) 221.9
59) 242.0
60) 282.4
61) 292.5
62) 282.4
63) 242.0
64) 211.8
65) 262.2
66) 221.9
67) 262.2
68) 262.2
69) 332.8
70) 242.0
71) 342.9
72) 262.2
73) 272.3
74) 242.0
75) 383.2
76) 221.9
77) 342.9
78) 322.7
79) 342.9
80) 383.2
81) 332.8
82) 443.7
83) 353.0
84) 322.7
85) 302.5
86) 272.3
87) 312.6
88) 231.9
89) 342.9
90) 272.3
91) 221.9
92) 322.7
93) 231.9
94) 231.9
95) 191.6
96) 40.3
99) Do not have degree231.9
Missing16 
TOTAL1180100.0
89) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV. DEGREE FROM A PCUSA SCHOOL) Please indicate from which school you received your B.D. or M.Div. degree (PCUSABD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL114852.36825
90) Do you have one or more other graduate degrees from a seminary or other school of theological education (besides your B.D. or M.Div.)? (GRADDEG)
TOTAL%
1) No71860.7
2) Yes46539.3
Missing13 
TOTAL1183100.0
91) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: M.C.E./M.R.E. (GRADMCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked118399.0
1) Checked121.0
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
92) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.C.E./M.R.E.) Please indicate the year in which you received your M.C.E./M.R.E. degree. 19__ (GRADMCEY)
TOTAL%
54) 19.1
59) 19.1
60) 19.1
61) 19.1
63) 19.1
66) 19.1
74) 19.1
75) 19.1
78) 19.1
91) 19.1
94) 19.1
Missing1185 
TOTAL11100.0
93) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.C.E./M.R.E. DEGREE) Which school awarded you your M.C.E./M.R.E. degree? (GRADMCES)
TOTAL%
31) Garrett Evangelical111.1
45) McCormick111.1
64) PSCE777.8
Missing1187 
TOTAL9100.0
94) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: M.A. (GRADMA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked111393.1
1) Checked826.9
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
95) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.A.) Please indicate the year in which you received your M.A. degree. 19__ (GRADMAY)
TOTAL%
29) 11.3
49) 11.3
56) 22.5
58) 11.3
59) 22.5
60) 11.3
61) 33.8
62) 22.5
63) 11.3
64) 22.5
65) 33.8
66) 11.3
67) 33.8
68) 11.3
69) 33.8
70) 45.0
71) 11.3
72) 56.3
73) 22.5
74) 33.8
76) 33.8
77) 11.3
78) 67.5
79) 11.3
80) 11.3
81) 33.8
82) 22.5
85) 45.0
86) 45.0
87) 11.3
88) 22.5
89) 33.8
90) 11.3
91) 22.5
93) 11.3
94) 22.5
95) 11.3
Missing1116 
TOTAL80100.0
96) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.A. DEGREE) Which school awarded you your M.A. degree? (GRADMAS)
TOTAL%
4) Ashland11.3
9) Brite11.3
13) University of Chicago Divinity33.8
14) Chicago Theological Seminary22.6
16) Claremont11.3
17) Colgate Rochester11.3
18) Columbia11.3
21) Drew University11.3
22) Dubuque11.3
23) Duke University11.3
24) Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary11.3
30) Fuller Theological Seminary11.3
45) McCormick33.8
63) Pittsburgh22.6
64) PSCE79.0
68) San Francisco22.6
74) Trinity Evangelical Div22.6
75) Union-Auburn11.3
81) Vanderbilt22.6
85) Westminster11.3
88) Yale56.4
89) Emory11.3
99) Other3747.4
Missing1118 
TOTAL78100.0
97) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Th.M./S.T.M. (GRADTHM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked108490.7
1) Checked1119.3
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
98) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Th.M./S.T.M. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your Th.M./S.T.M. degree. 19__ (GRADTHMY)
TOTAL%
50) 21.8
55) 10.9
58) 10.9
59) 32.7
61) 10.9
62) 43.6
63) 32.7
64) 54.5
65) 21.8
66) 76.3
67) 54.5
68) 65.4
69) 65.4
70) 32.7
71) 109.0
72) 43.6
73) 32.7
74) 32.7
75) 43.6
76) 10.9
78) 32.7
80) 65.4
81) 32.7
82) 21.8
83) 43.6
84) 21.8
85) 10.9
86) 10.9
87) 10.9
88) 54.5
89) 10.9
91) 21.8
92) 10.9
93) 10.9
94) 21.8
95) 10.9
96) 10.9
Missing1085 
TOTAL111100.0
99) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Th.M./S.T.M. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your Th.M./S.T.M. degree? (GRADTPCU)
TOTAL%
5) Austin10.9
10) Calvin10.9
15) Christian Theological Seminary10.9
16) Claremont10.9
17) Colgate Rochester32.8
18) Columbia76.5
22) Dubuque54.6
23) Duke University10.9
31) Garrett Evangelical10.9
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary21.9
45) McCormick32.8
63) Pittsburgh32.8
65) Princeton4238.9
68) San Francisco32.8
71) St Mary's10.9
75) Union-Auburn65.6
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)1211.1
88) Yale87.4
99) Other76.5
Missing1088 
TOTAL108100.0
100) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: D.Min. (GRADDMIN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked92677.5
1) Checked26922.5
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
101) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR D.Min. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your D.Min. degree. 19__ (GRADDY)
TOTAL%
71) 10.4
72) 20.8
73) 51.9
74) 83.0
75) 93.4
76) 134.9
77) 93.4
78) 124.6
79) 93.4
80) 83.0
81) 145.3
82) 166.1
83) 114.2
84) 134.9
85) 145.3
86) 166.1
87) 83.0
88) 83.0
89) 83.0
90) 114.2
91) 103.8
92) 145.3
93) 124.6
94) 103.8
95) 124.6
96) 93.4
97) 10.4
Missing933 
TOTAL263100.0
102) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR D.Min. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your D.Min. degree? (GRADDSPC)
TOTAL%
2) Andover Newton Theological Seminary20.8
5) Austin93.4
8) Bethel Theological Seminary10.4
9) Brite10.4
11) Candler10.4
14) Chicago Theological Seminary20.8
15) Christian Theological Seminary10.4
16) Claremont10.4
17) Colgate Rochester10.4
18) Columbia259.4
21) Drew University103.8
22) Dubuque10.4
24) Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary31.1
25) Eden Theological Seminary51.9
27) Erskine Theological Seminary10.4
30) Fuller Theological Seminary166.0
31) Garrett Evangelical10.4
36) Iliff School10.4
39) Lancaster Theological Seminary20.8
40) Lexington10.4
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary83.0
45) McCormick6524.4
53) New York10.4
63) Pittsburgh145.3
65) Princeton93.4
68) San Francisco3111.7
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary10.4
72) St Paul10.4
74) Trinity Evangelical10.4
77) United Theological Seminary MN10.4
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)2710.2
81) Vanderbilt41.5
84) Western Theological Seminary20.8
99) Other166.0
Missing930 
TOTAL266100.0
103) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. (GRADPHD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked111793.5
1) Checked786.5
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
104) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. degree. 19__ (GRADPHDY)
TOTAL%
58) 56.6
59) 11.3
60) 11.3
61) 11.3
62) 11.3
64) 22.6
65) 22.6
66) 11.3
67) 22.6
68) 11.3
69) 22.6
70) 22.6
71) 22.6
72) 22.6
73) 11.3
74) 22.6
75) 22.6
76) 22.6
77) 11.3
78) 11.3
79) 11.3
80) 22.6
81) 45.3
82) 33.9
83) 33.9
85) 22.6
86) 33.9
87) 22.6
88) 67.9
89) 33.9
90) 11.3
91) 11.3
92) 67.9
94) 22.6
95) 11.3
96) 11.3
97) 11.3
Missing1120 
TOTAL76100.0
105) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. degree? (GRPHDPC)
TOTAL%
13) University of Chicago Divinity11.3
16) Claremont11.3
18) Columbia22.7
23) Duke University45.3
31) Garrett Evangelical11.3
34) Harvard University11.3
45) McCormick11.3
57) NW Lutheran Theo11.3
65) Princeton68.0
68) San Francisco22.7
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary11.3
75) Union-Auburn22.7
76) United Theo Dayton11.3
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)56.7
79) University of Notre Dame11.3
81) Vanderbilt79.3
88) Yale34.0
89) Emory34.0
99) Other3242.7
Missing1121 
TOTAL75100.0
106) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Other (GRADOTHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked114996.2
1) Checked463.8
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
107) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED ANY OTHER DEGREES) Please indicate the year in which you received all other degrees. 19__ (GROTHYR)
TOTAL%
55) 12.2
59) 12.2
60) 12.2
61) 36.7
64) 12.2
70) 24.4
71) 24.4
72) 24.4
73) 12.2
74) 12.2
75) 24.4
76) 24.4
77) 12.2
78) 511.1
79) 24.4
80) 24.4
81) 12.2
83) 12.2
84) 12.2
85) 12.2
86) 24.4
88) 12.2
90) 24.4
91) 36.7
92) 12.2
93) 12.2
96) 12.2
97) 12.2
Missing1151 
TOTAL45100.0
108) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED ANY OTHER DEGREES) Which PCUSA school awarded you any other degrees? (GROTHPC)
TOTAL%
4) Ashland12.3
12) Central Baptist12.3
13) University of Chicago Divinity12.3
18) Columbia12.3
45) McCormick12.3
59) Pacific Lutheran12.3
67) Regent12.3
68) San Francisco12.3
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)37.0
81) Vanderbilt24.7
83) Wesley12.3
99) Other2967.4
Missing1153 
TOTAL43100.0
109) What is the highest level of formal education you have attained besides your theological or Christian education training? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
2) Completed high school30.3
3) Some college60.5
4) College graduate64154.4
5) Some graduate work22118.8
6) Graduate degree30726.1
Missing18 
TOTAL1178100.0
110) Which category below describes your current paid employment? (JOBEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor in a congregation84070.4
2) Non-parish job or ministry27623.1
3) Unemployed312.6
4) Retired from active ministry463.9
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
111) Which category below describes your current paid employment? (JOBEMP2)
TOTAL%
2) Non-parish job or ministry6680.5
3) Unemployed67.3
4) Retired from active ministry1012.2
Missing1114 
TOTAL82100.0
112) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) Do you consider yourself a full-time or part-time parish pastor? (FTPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time69183.0
2) Part-time14217.0
Missing363 
TOTAL833100.0
113) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PART-TIME PARISH PASTOR) Please specify the hours per week that you serve as a part-time parish pastor. (PTPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) 96.4
2) 85.7
3) 32.1
4) 10.7
5) 10.7
8) 42.9
9) 10.7
10) 64.3
11) 10.7
12) 32.1
13) 10.7
14) 10.7
15) 75.0
16) 21.4
17) 10.7
18) 10.7
20) 1812.9
22) 10.7
24) 42.9
25) 139.3
26) 10.7
28) 10.7
29) 21.4
30) 1913.6
32) 53.6
33) 21.4
34) 10.7
35) 53.6
36) 10.7
37) 10.7
40) 64.3
42) 21.4
44) 10.7
45) 21.4
50) 21.4
55) 21.4
65) 10.7
Missing1056 
TOTAL140100.0
114) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) What position(s) do you have in a congregation? (POSCONG1)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor41650.1
2) Senior pastor15618.8
3) Assistant/Associate pastor12615.2
4) Co-pastor242.9
5) Stated or temporary supply455.4
6) Designated pastor60.7
7) Interim pastor283.4
8) Tentmaker40.5
9) Paid parish associate81.0
10) Other172.0
Missing366 
TOTAL830100.0
115) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) What position(s) do you have in a congregation? (POSCONG2)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor22.1
2) Senior pastor1718.1
3) Assistant/Associate pastor66.4
4) Co-pastor11.1
5) Stated or temporary supply2526.6
6) Designated pastor66.4
7) Interim pastor1819.1
8) Tentmaker1313.8
9) Paid parish associate22.1
10) Other44.3
Missing1102 
TOTAL94100.0
116) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) How many congregations do you currently serve as pastor (include congregations you are serving as stated or temporary supply)? (MANYCONG)
TOTAL%
1) One77493.1
2) Two or more576.9
Missing365 
TOTAL831100.0
117) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE TWO OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) How many congregations do you serve as pastor? (MANY2CNG)
TOTAL%
2) Two4381.1
3) Three611.3
4) Four23.8
5) Five11.9
8) Eight11.9
Missing1143 
TOTAL53100.0
118) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE TWO OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) Are all or some of the congregations yoked as a larger parish? (LARGRPAR)
TOTAL%
1) No3758.7
2) Yes2641.3
Missing1133 
TOTAL63100.0
119) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you serve? (Write the combined membership if you serve two or more). (MEMCLRGY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL828643.7811095
120) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Is your non-parish job or ministry full-time or part-time? (If you have more than one, answer in terms of the combined hours). (NONPARFT)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time26167.8
2) Part-time12432.2
Missing811 
TOTAL385100.0
121) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Please specify the hours you spend in your part-time non-parish job or ministry. (NONPARPT)
TOTAL%
1) 21.7
2) 43.4
4) 21.7
5) 21.7
6) 43.4
7) 43.4
8) 86.8
9) 10.8
10) 1311.0
11) 10.8
12) 75.9
14) 10.8
15) 75.9
16) 21.7
18) 10.8
20) 2117.8
23) 10.8
24) 32.5
25) 43.4
28) 10.8
29) 10.8
30) 75.9
32) 21.7
35) 21.7
40) 119.3
42) 10.8
45) 10.8
50) 10.8
55) 10.8
60) 10.8
65) 10.8
Missing1078 
TOTAL118100.0
122) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) In what type(s) of non-parish jobs or ministries are you currently employed? (NONJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution9725.6
2) Chaplain7118.7
3) Missionary/Mission co-worker61.6
4) National staff or middle governing body staff5414.2
5) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency143.7
6) Professional pastoral counselor328.4
7) Other employment10527.7
Missing817 
TOTAL379100.0
123) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) In what type(s) of non-parish jobs or ministries are you currently employed? (NONJOB2)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution36.8
2) Chaplain920.5
3) Missionary/Mission co-worker12.3
4) National staff or middle governing body staff12.3
5) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency12.3
6) Professional pastoral counselor1227.3
7) Other employment1738.6
Missing1152 
TOTAL44100.0
124) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) For what type of institution do you work? (INSTJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Military71.9
2) Civilian government184.8
3) Elementary, middle, or high school143.7
4) College or University5715.1
5) Seminary or other theological school328.5
6) Hospital or other medical facility4812.7
7) Church/religious body7219.1
8) Other non-profit organization6116.2
9) For-profit business5013.3
10) Other184.8
Missing819 
TOTAL377100.0
125) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) For what type of institution do you work? (INSTJOB2)
TOTAL%
4) College or University23.8
5) Seminary or other theological school23.8
6) Hospital or other medical facility47.5
7) Church/religious body917.0
8) Other non-profit organization815.1
9) For-profit business1018.9
10) Other1834.0
Missing1143 
TOTAL53100.0
126) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Is this organization affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (ORGPRES)
TOTAL%
1) No23363.0
2) Yes13737.0
Missing826 
TOTAL370100.0
127) In general, how often are you bothered by stress in your job situation? (JOBSTRSS)
TOTAL%
1) Never464.1
2) Less than once a week30527.3
3) Once or twice a week43939.3
4) Several days a week20218.1
5) Almost every day12411.1
Missing80 
TOTAL1116100.0
128) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - An unsupportive session (EXTSESSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent212.1
2) Some extent767.4
3) A little22922.4
4) None46845.7
5) Not applicable/not sure23022.5
Missing172 
TOTAL1024100.0
129) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - An unsupportive congregation (EXTCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent121.2
2) Some extent797.8
3) A little28528.0
4) None42942.1
5) Not applicable/not sure21320.9
Missing178 
TOTAL1018100.0
130) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Conflict with others in organization (EXTCNFLT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent575.5
2) Some extent17316.8
3) A little44643.4
4) None28227.4
5) Not applicable/not sure706.8
Missing168 
TOTAL1028100.0
131) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Doing too many different things (EXTTHNGS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent25524.3
2) Some extent39037.1
3) A little28427.0
4) None10710.2
5) Not applicable/not sure141.3
Missing146 
TOTAL1050100.0
132) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Feeling "burned out" (EXTBURND)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent777.4
2) Some extent25224.4
3) A little36835.6
4) None31330.3
5) Not applicable/not sure242.3
Missing162 
TOTAL1034100.0
133) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Feeling my work doesn't count (EXTCOUNT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent201.9
2) Some extent10510.1
3) A little25624.7
4) None62160.0
5) Not applicable/not sure333.2
Missing161 
TOTAL1035100.0
134) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Having different views or values from most others in organization (EXTVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent585.6
2) Some extent17616.9
3) A little37636.1
4) None40038.4
5) Not applicable/not sure313.0
Missing155 
TOTAL1041100.0
135) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Having to make decisions (EXTDECSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent201.9
2) Some extent15114.7
3) A little42241.0
4) None41640.4
5) Not applicable/not sure212.0
Missing166 
TOTAL1030100.0
136) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Having to meet deadlines (EXTDEDLN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent726.9
2) Some extent27226.0
3) A little44342.4
4) None24423.3
5) Not applicable/not sure151.4
Missing150 
TOTAL1046100.0
137) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Little or no input into decisions that affect me in important ways (EXTINPUT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent363.5
2) Some extent13412.9
3) A little26525.5
4) None56454.3
5) Not applicable/not sure403.8
Missing157 
TOTAL1039100.0
138) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Needing more time for myself (EXTTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent20519.7
2) Some extent31830.5
3) A little32831.4
4) None17717.0
5) Not applicable/not sure151.4
Missing153 
TOTAL1043100.0
139) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Not being paid well enough (EXTPAID)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent11911.4
2) Some extent21920.9
3) A little28727.4
4) None40138.3
5) Not applicable/not sure201.9
Missing150 
TOTAL1046100.0
140) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Not enough time for my family (EXTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent17416.6
2) Some extent30629.2
3) A little31430.0
4) None21220.2
5) Not applicable/not sure413.9
Missing149 
TOTAL1047100.0
141) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Experiencing sexual harassment (EXTHARSS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent20.2
2) Some extent101.0
3) A little302.9
4) None90688.0
5) Not applicable/not sure828.0
Missing166 
TOTAL1030100.0
142) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Too many meetings (EXTMTNGS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent11010.5
2) Some extent29027.7
3) A little37135.4
4) None25624.5
5) Not applicable/not sure201.9
Missing149 
TOTAL1047100.0
143) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Unclear or continually changing expectations from others (EXTUNCLR)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent535.1
2) Some extent18918.1
3) A little38737.0
4) None39437.7
5) Not applicable/not sure222.1
Missing151 
TOTAL1045100.0
144) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Unrealistic expectations from others (EXTUNREL)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent898.6
2) Some extent22621.9
3) A little36935.7
4) None32731.7
5) Not applicable/not sure222.1
Missing163 
TOTAL1033100.0
145) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - Working too many hours (EXTHOURS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent20719.6
2) Some extent33031.3
3) A little32530.8
4) None17616.7
5) Not applicable/not sure161.5
Missing142 
TOTAL1054100.0
146) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No72060.7
2) Yes46739.3
Missing9 
TOTAL1187100.0
147) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL54431.24815
148) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked106389.0
1) Checked13111.0
Missing2 
TOTAL1194100.0
149) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116597.5
1) Checked302.5
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
150) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116197.2
1) Checked342.8
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
151) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked119199.7
1) Checked40.3
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
152) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116097.1
1) Checked352.9
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
153) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked107590.0
1) Checked12010.0
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
154) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116297.2
1) Checked332.8
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
155) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked116897.7
1) Checked272.3
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
156) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked113494.9
1) Checked615.1
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
157) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked109191.3
1) Checked1048.7
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
158) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination during your youth, answer by selecting the one in which you were most involved.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist927.8
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)161.4
3) Episcopal201.7
4) Friends (Quakers)10.1
5) Lutheran232.0
6) Methodist736.2
7) Presbyterian76665.4
8) Reformed211.8
9) Roman Catholic252.1
10) United Church of Christ302.6
11) None252.1
12) Other746.3
99) More than one selected60.5
Missing24 
TOTAL1172100.0
159) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never958.0
2) Less than once a year363.0
3) Once or twice a year877.4
4) Several times a year665.6
5) Once a month514.3
6) Two to three times a month736.2
7) Nearly every week20817.6
8) Every week53245.0
9) Don't know353.0
Missing13 
TOTAL1183100.0
160) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never514.4
2) Less than once a year161.4
3) Once or twice a year474.0
4) Several times a year615.2
5) Once a month504.3
6) Two to three times a month766.5
7) Nearly every week25922.3
8) Every week60151.7
9) Don't know10.1
Missing34 
TOTAL1162100.0
161) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative252.1
2) Conservative24320.6
3) Moderate50442.7
4) Liberal31226.4
5) Very liberal978.2
Missing15 
TOTAL1181100.0
162) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No22620.0
2) Yes75466.6
3) Not sure14412.7
4) Other80.7
Missing64 
TOTAL1132100.0
163) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No44138.7
2) Yes44539.0
3) Not sure25021.9
4) Other40.4
Missing56 
TOTAL1140100.0
164) Code 2 (CODE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL119530926.9322065
165) Which statement best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.10.1
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.1058.9
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.62452.7
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.39733.5
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.514.3
9) More than one selected60.5
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
166) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Reading and studying the Bible regularly (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential60450.6
2) Very important44637.4
3) Somewhat important13311.1
4) Not at all important100.8
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
167) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential71660.0
2) Very important37131.1
3) Somewhat important1018.5
4) Not at all important50.4
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
168) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential36830.8
2) Very important61151.2
3) Somewhat important20917.5
4) Not at all important50.4
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
169) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential49141.2
2) Very important64754.3
3) Somewhat important534.5
Missing5 
TOTAL1191100.0
170) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential47740.2
2) Very important54946.3
3) Somewhat important14312.0
4) Not at all important181.5
Missing9 
TOTAL1187100.0
171) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential32327.2
2) Very important50842.8
3) Somewhat important31226.3
4) Not at all important453.8
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
172) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential82469.1
2) Very important35429.7
3) Somewhat important151.3
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
173) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree242.0
2) Agree1038.7
3) Not sure494.1
4) Disagree60450.8
5) Strongly disagree40834.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
174) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree141.2
2) Agree1028.6
3) Not sure857.2
4) Disagree51143.0
5) Strongly disagree47640.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
175) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree83870.4
2) Agree25821.7
3) Not sure716.0
4) Disagree141.2
5) Strongly disagree90.8
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
176) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43937.0
2) Agree31826.8
3) Not sure12610.6
4) Disagree24220.4
5) Strongly disagree625.2
Missing9 
TOTAL1187100.0
177) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18615.7
2) Agree17714.9
3) Not sure26122.0
4) Disagree34128.8
5) Strongly disagree22018.6
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
178) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree80.7
2) Agree312.6
3) Not sure252.1
4) Disagree47439.8
5) Strongly disagree65454.9
Missing4 
TOTAL1192100.0
179) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree181.5
2) Agree15112.8
3) Not sure524.4
4) Disagree67557.0
5) Strongly disagree28824.3
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
180) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50842.7
2) Agree64754.4
3) Not sure171.4
4) Disagree171.4
5) Strongly disagree10.1
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
181) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree151.3
2) Agree796.6
3) Not sure13010.9
4) Disagree53444.8
5) Strongly disagree43436.4
Missing4 
TOTAL1192100.0
182) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ is only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree756.3
2) Agree27122.8
3) Not sure17014.3
4) Disagree38132.1
5) Strongly disagree28924.4
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
183) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25521.5
2) Agree35129.6
3) Not sure19416.4
4) Disagree25221.3
5) Strongly disagree13211.1
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
184) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30726.0
2) Agree37431.7
3) Not sure26522.5
4) Disagree15012.7
5) Strongly disagree847.1
Missing16 
TOTAL1180100.0
185) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46139.0
2) Agree42836.2
3) Not sure18916.0
4) Disagree615.2
5) Strongly disagree443.7
Missing13 
TOTAL1183100.0
186) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No44337.7
2) Yes65755.9
3) Not sure756.4
Missing21 
TOTAL1175100.0
187) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential31527.9
2) Very important55248.8
3) Somewhat important25622.6
4) Not at all important80.7
Missing65 
TOTAL1131100.0
188) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential39434.9
2) Very important58351.6
3) Somewhat important14312.7
4) Not at all important90.8
Missing67 
TOTAL1129100.0
189) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential48142.5
2) Very important58851.9
3) Somewhat important635.6
Missing64 
TOTAL1132100.0
190) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential24121.3
2) Very important53247.1
3) Somewhat important33129.3
4) Not at all important262.3
Missing66 
TOTAL1130100.0
191) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - An active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential31027.4
2) Very important52146.1
3) Somewhat important27324.1
4) Not at all important272.4
Missing65 
TOTAL1131100.0
192) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential938.3
2) Very important22119.7
3) Somewhat important41036.5
4) Not at all important40035.6
Missing72 
TOTAL1124100.0
193) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female24920.8
2) Male94679.2
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
194) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL117750.41110
195) Which of the following categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm937.9
2) On a farm40.3
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)37231.4
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)16814.2
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city927.8
6) In a large city (over 250,000)18916.0
7) In a suburb near a large city26522.4
Missing13 
TOTAL1183100.0
196) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married104087.4
2) Not married15012.6
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
197) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married7248.3
2) Yes, am now widowed1510.1
3) Yes, am now divorced5738.3
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced53.4
Missing1047 
TOTAL149100.0
198) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
14) 10.1
16) 20.2
17) 40.4
18) 100.9
19) 292.7
20) 575.2
21) 15814.5
22) 13612.4
23) 14613.4
24) 12211.2
25) 1059.6
26) 736.7
27) 534.8
28) 413.8
29) 302.7
30) 292.7
31) 211.9
32) 211.9
33) 151.4
34) 100.9
35) 50.5
36) 60.5
37) 20.2
38) 30.3
39) 30.3
40) 20.2
41) 10.1
42) 10.1
44) 20.2
47) 20.2
50) 10.1
59) 10.1
72) 10.1
Missing103 
TOTAL1093100.0
199) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No84681.4
2) Yes, was widowed101.0
3) Yes, was divorced18217.5
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced10.1
Missing157 
TOTAL1039100.0
200) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the employment status of your spouse. (SPSEMPL1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time48246.4
2) Employed part-time23923.0
3) Self-employed626.0
4) Unemployed363.5
5) Retired656.3
6) Full-time homemaker13312.8
7) Student131.3
8) Other80.8
Missing158 
TOTAL1038100.0
201) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the employment status of your spouse. (SPSEMPL2)
TOTAL%
2) Employed part-time32.9
3) Self-employed3230.8
4) Unemployed43.8
5) Retired1110.6
6) Full-time homemaker2927.9
7) Student1615.4
8) Other98.7
Missing1092 
TOTAL104100.0
202) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) If your husband or wife is employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL79337.16915
203) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist11010.7
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)232.2
3) Episcopalian373.6
4) Friends (Quakers)10.1
5) Lutheran626.0
6) Methodist12011.7
7) Presbyterian43342.2
8) Reformed201.9
9) Roman Catholic767.4
10) United Church of Christ333.2
11) None252.4
12) Other868.4
Missing170 
TOTAL1026100.0
204) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist50.5
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)20.2
3) Episcopalian111.1
4) Friends (Quakers)10.1
5) Lutheran60.6
6) Methodist151.5
7) Presbyterian88790.3
8) Reformed30.3
9) Roman Catholic101.0
10) United Church of Christ70.7
11) None131.3
12) Other222.2
Missing214 
TOTAL982100.0
205) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never50.5
2) Less than once a year40.4
3) About once or twice a year171.6
4) Several times a year343.3
5) Once a month302.9
6) Two to three times a month777.4
7) Nearly every week22421.6
8) Every week64862.4
Missing157 
TOTAL1039100.0
206) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69672.2
2) No26827.8
Missing232 
TOTAL964100.0
207) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife an ordained minister? (SPSORDND)
TOTAL%
1) No91187.6
2) Yes12912.4
Missing156 
TOTAL1040100.0
208) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE HUSBAND/WIFE IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER) Which statements below, if any, apply to his or her current call? (SPSCALL1)
TOTAL%
1) Is a co-pastor with me2217.7
2) Serves in a pastoral position at another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation3326.6
3) Is on the staff of a presbytery, synod, or the General Assembly86.5
4) Serves in another PC(USA)-affiliated institution (e.g., college, seminary, retirement home)86.5
5) Serves in a pastoral position at a congregation of another denomination64.8
6) Serves in a church-related non-parish ministry of another denomination86.5
7) Has a secular job or position2318.5
8) Other1612.9
Missing1072 
TOTAL124100.0
209) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE HUSBAND/WIFE IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER) Which statements below, if any, apply to his or her current call? (SPSCALL2)
TOTAL%
2) Serves in a pastoral position at another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation17.7
3) Is on the staff of a presbytery, synod, or the General Assembly215.4
6) Serves in a church-related non-parish ministry of another denomination17.7
7) Has a secular job or position215.4
8) Other753.8
Missing1183 
TOTAL13100.0
210) How many children do you have? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None20217.1
1) One15012.7
2) Two43636.8
3) Three26422.3
4) Four998.4
5) Five312.6
6) Six20.2
Missing12 
TOTAL1184100.0
211) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No104888.4
2) Yes13811.6
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
212) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One7855.7
2) Two4733.6
3) Three139.3
6) Six21.4
Missing1056 
TOTAL140100.0
213) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No100888.0
2) Yes13712.0
Missing51 
TOTAL1145100.0
214) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One3122.5
2) Two6849.3
3) Three1913.8
4) Four139.4
5) Five53.6
6) Six21.4
Missing1058 
TOTAL138100.0
215) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat70059.1
2) Independent20117.0
3) Republican26922.7
4) Other151.3
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
216) Which of these terms best describes your usual stand on political issues? (POLITISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative181.5
2) Conservative17014.3
3) Moderate49041.3
4) Liberal40434.1
5) Very liberal1048.8
Missing10 
TOTAL1186100.0
217) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university). (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone12110.1
2) Two of us50442.2
3) Three of us19516.3
4) Four of us25121.0
5) Five of us947.9
6) Six of us252.1
7) Seven or more of us30.3
8) Not applicable (I live in a dormitory, nursing home, or other institutional housing)10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL1194100.0
218) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None17253.4
1) One10332.0
2) Two4012.4
3) Three72.2
Missing874 
TOTAL322100.0
219) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None16439.6
1) One14134.1
2) Two9623.2
3) Three133.1
Missing782 
TOTAL414100.0
220) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None15536.0
1) One19946.2
2) Two7016.2
3) Three71.6
Missing765 
TOTAL431100.0
221) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None16559.6
1) One9032.5
2) Two217.6
4) Four10.4
Missing919 
TOTAL277100.0
222) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None10.1
1) One14512.3
2) Two97482.6
3) Three504.2
4) Four80.7
5) Five10.1
Missing17 
TOTAL1179100.0
223) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household.) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone1129.5
2) A single parent, living with one or more children191.6
3) A married couple, no children in household46939.8
4) A married couple, living with one or more children53245.1
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household40.3
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children100.8
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children90.8
9) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), no children in household121.0
10) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), living with one or more children20.2
11) Some other arrangement100.8
Missing17 
TOTAL1179100.0
224) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you1099.2
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage1018.5
3) Owned by you with a mortgage71259.9
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)23820.0
5) Other282.4
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
225) Where did you live approximately five years ago, in October 1991? (LIVE5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Same home I live in now58148.7
2) A different home, but in the same county1109.2
3) In a different county, but in the same state13111.0
4) In a different state36130.3
5) In a different country90.8
Missing4 
TOTAL1192100.0
226) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them--including yourself--earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None292.5
1) One28824.7
2) Two63854.7
3) Three12811.0
4) Four554.7
5) Five211.8
6) Six40.3
7) Seven30.3
Missing30 
TOTAL1166100.0
227) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,00090.8
2) $10,000 - $14,99960.5
3) $15,000 - $19,999171.4
4) $20,000 - $29,999756.3
5) $30,000 - $39,99918615.7
6) $40,000 - $49,99918915.9
7) $50,000 - $59,99918415.5
8) $60,000 - $69,99915813.3
9) $70,000 - $79,9991119.3
10) $80,000 - $89,999796.6
11) $90,000 - $99,999544.5
12) $100,000 - $124,999736.1
13) $125,000 - $149,999161.3
14) $150,000 or more312.6
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
228) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, Social Security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings57748.4
2) 90-99% from earnings36730.8
3) 75-89% from earnings1119.3
4) 50-74% from earnings766.4
5) 25-49% from earnings221.8
6) 1-24% from earnings252.1
7) None from earnings151.3
Missing3 
TOTAL1193100.0
229) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign)? (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL11333038.4583068
230) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church? (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL718697.9251634
231) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy? (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1006257.759377
232) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $021118.1
2) $1-$5016314.0
3) $51-$10014812.7
4) $101-$50029625.4
5) $501-$1,0001139.7
6) $1,001-$2,000998.5
7) $2,001 or more13411.5
Missing32 
TOTAL1164100.0
233) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $0403.4
2) $1-$5019516.7
3) $51-$10021918.7
4) $101-$50045739.1
5) $501-$1,00014112.1
6) $1,001-$2,000554.7
7) $2,001 or more635.4
Missing26 
TOTAL1170100.0
234) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL115333.57818
235) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None85772.3
1) One20016.9
2) Two786.6
3) Three322.7
4) Four110.9
5) Five40.3
6) Six20.2
9) Nine10.1
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
236) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) None60.5
1) 443.7
2) 13811.6
3) 21417.9
4) 23619.8
5) 20116.8
6) 17314.5
7) 837.0
8) 494.1
9) 211.8
10) 141.2
11) 80.7
12) 30.3
13) 10.1
16) 10.1
17) 10.1
30) 10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL1194100.0
237) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian113695.5
2) Black or African-American141.2
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native30.3
4) Asian or Pacific Islander221.9
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, or Spanish origin60.5
6) Multiracial or biracial50.4
7) Some other race30.3
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
238) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native266.7
7) Some other race133.3
Missing1193 
TOTAL3100.0
239) Age group (AGEGROUP)
TOTAL%
1) Under 40 years old17314.7
2) 40-4939333.4
3) 50-5934028.9
4) 60-older27123.0
Missing19 
TOTAL1177100.0
240) Region of Residence (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast23319.5
2) Midwest33327.9
3) South44437.2
4) West18215.3
Missing4 
TOTAL1192100.0
241) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female24920.8
2) Male94679.2
Missing1 
TOTAL1195100.0
242) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married104087.4
2) Not married15012.6
Missing6 
TOTAL1190100.0
243) I-REGION: Region of Residence (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast23319.5
2) Midwest33327.9
3) South44437.2
4) West18215.3
Missing4 
TOTAL1192100.0
244) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat70059.1
2) Independent20117.0
3) Republican26922.7
4) Other151.3
Missing11 
TOTAL1185100.0
245) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K322.7
1) 20K-49,99945037.9
2) 50K-99,99958649.3
3) 100K+12010.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1188100.0
246) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White113695.5
2) Other534.5
Missing7 
TOTAL1189100.0
247) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) <4017314.7
1) 40-4939333.4
2) 50-6451844.0
3) 65+937.9
Missing19 
TOTAL1177100.0