Religious Freedom in the Courts, 1981-1997

Data Archive > Other Data > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Case number (IDTOTAL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL21091055609
2) ID number for year of The Religious Freedom Reporter (IDYEAR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL210965.52339
3) ID number of month of The Religious Freedom Reporter (IDMONTH)
TOTAL%
1) 1738.2
2) 1698.0
3) 1718.1
4) 1688.0
5) 1627.7
6) 1617.6
7) 1577.4
8) 1426.7
9) 1366.4
10) 1175.5
11) 994.7
12) 884.2
13) 753.6
14) 562.7
15) 512.4
16) 301.4
17) 281.3
18) 180.9
19) 190.9
20) 150.7
21) 150.7
22) 120.6
23) 90.4
24) 70.3
25) 70.3
26) 70.3
27) 60.3
28) 40.2
29) 30.1
30) 20.1
31) 10.0
32) 10.0
TOTAL2109100.0
4) Year of The Religious Freedom Reporter (YEAR)
TOTAL%
1981) 1155.5
1982) 1235.8
1983) 1366.4
1984) 1637.7
1985) 1065.0
1986) 1396.6
1987) 1477.0
1988) 1235.8
1989) 1406.6
1990) 1165.5
1991) 1075.1
1992) 1276.0
1993) 1306.2
1994) 1135.4
1995) 1296.1
1996) 1125.3
1997) 833.9
TOTAL2109100.0
5) Month of the Religious Freedom Reporter (MONTH)
TOTAL%
1) January24011.4
2) February1768.3
3) March22410.6
4) April1466.9
5) May22610.7
6) June1557.3
7) July1919.1
8) August1587.5
9) September21410.1
10) October1396.6
11) November2009.5
12) December401.9
TOTAL2109100.0
6) Year case was decided (YEARDEC)
TOTAL%
1979) 10.0
1980) 140.7
1981) 1195.6
1982) 1195.6
1983) 1597.5
1984) 1426.7
1985) 1055.0
1986) 1617.6
1987) 1627.7
1988) 974.6
1989) 1245.9
1990) 1266.0
1991) 1115.3
1992) 1255.9
1993) 1185.6
1994) 1286.1
1995) 1195.6
1996) 1205.7
1997) 592.8
TOTAL2109100.0
7) Month case was decided (MONTHDEC)
TOTAL%
1) January1647.8
2) February1607.6
3) March1949.2
4) April1617.6
5) May1688.0
6) June1738.2
7) July1436.8
8) August1607.6
9) September1356.4
10) October1396.6
11) November1034.9
12) December1828.6
99) Not given22710.8
TOTAL2109100.0
8) Case name (CASENAME)
9) Free exercise, establishment, First Amendment (TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Free Exercise122958.3
2) Establishment46922.2
3) First Amendment33716.0
4) Cult743.5
TOTAL2109100.0
10) Case category by numeric code from Religious Freedom Reporter (See Note 1: Case Category Codes for key) (CASECODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL21095513.0142329
11) Exact level of court from Religious Freedom Reporter (LEVEL)
TOTAL%
1) Administrative court10.0
2) Bankruptcy court70.3
3) Circuit court of appeals59328.1
4) Civil court40.2
5) Claims court60.3
6) Common court30.1
7) Commonwealth court130.6
8) County circuit court100.5
9) Court of common pleas30.1
10) Criminal court20.1
11) State court of appeals30614.5
12) Federal district court70733.5
13) Local court170.8
14) Military court20.1
15) State circuit court80.4
16) State superior court562.7
17) State supreme court2049.7
18) U.S. Tax Court170.8
19) Trial court170.8
20) U.S. Supreme Court1336.3
TOTAL2109100.0
12) Level of court by Bureau of Justice Statistics standards (BJSLEVEL)
TOTAL%
1) Court of general jurisdiction1115.3
2) Intermediate appellate court31915.1
3) Court of last resort22910.9
4) Federal district court70833.6
5) Circuit court of appeals59228.1
6) Supreme Court1336.3
7) Military/U.S. Tax Court170.8
TOTAL2109100.0
13) Alphabetized numeric categorization by state (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL210926.619
14) Religion of person or group in the case (raw) (RELIGION)
15) Type of religion of person or group in the case (recoded) (RELIG2)
TOTAL%
1) Church823.9
2) Sect46422.0
3) Cult29013.8
4) Not provided31014.7
5) Atheist70.3
6) Unclear773.7
7) Christian33615.9
8) Jewish572.7
9) Muslim944.5
10) Catholic1456.9
11) Baptist874.1
12) Catholic order331.6
13) Native American643.0
14) Conservative Jewish633.0
TOTAL2109100.0
16) Total membership reported by religion (Sources: Kosmin and Lachman 1993; Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches 1997; Melton 1999) (MEMBERS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL135746022379.2762054986
17) Total membership divided by 100 (MEMBY100)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1357460223.831620550
18) Was the decision favorable or unfavorable for the religious claimant? (DECISION)
TOTAL%
0) Unfavorable124459.0
1) Favorable86541.0
TOTAL2109100.0
19) Was the case before or after the Supreme Court's Employment Division v. Smith (1990) decision? (PRESMITH)
TOTAL%
0) Pre-Smith124258.9
1) Post-Smith86741.1
TOTAL2109100.0
20) Was the Employment Division v. Smith decision or a 'law of General applicability' used in the case? (SMITHGEN)
TOTAL%
0) No80838.3
1) Yes592.8
8) Not applicable124258.9
TOTAL2109100.0
21) Was the case before or after the Religious Freedom Restoration Act? (PRERFRA)
TOTAL%
0) Pre-Religious Freedom Restoration Act167379.3
1) Post-Religious Freedom Restoration Act43620.7
TOTAL2109100.0
22) Did the case use the Religious Freedom Restoration Act? (RFRACT)
TOTAL%
0) No32015.2
1) Yes1175.5
8) Not applicable167279.3
TOTAL2109100.0
23) Did the case use the compelling interest test? (COMPINT)
TOTAL%
0) No171981.5
1) Yes39018.5
TOTAL2109100.0
24) Was an individual or group involved in the case? (INORGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Individual94144.6
2) Group83439.5
3) Not applicable32815.6
4) Unclear60.3
TOTAL2109100.0
25) Were other cases cited? (CITE)
TOTAL%
0) None cited132662.9
1) Cited78337.1
TOTAL2109100.0
26) Who brought legal action, a religious or secular actor? (INITIATE)
TOTAL%
1) Religious132863.0
2) Secular71834.0
3) Unclear633.0
TOTAL2109100.0
27) Identity of outside group supporting the case (if applicable) (OUTGRP1)
28) Identity of outside group supporting the case (recoded) (OUTGRP2)
TOTAL%
1) Secular21310.1
2) Religious683.2
8) None182886.7
TOTAL2109100.0
29) Unusual case code (UNUSUAL)
TOTAL%
0) No204496.9
1) Yes653.1
TOTAL2109100.0