Religious Influence and Identity Survey, 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Others > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent ID number (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25902704.4862777
2) Do you consider yourself to be Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, nothing in particular, or something else? [DO NOT READ LIST] (RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant187972.5
2) Catholic1776.8
3) Jewish140.5
4) Not Religious1074.1
5) Just Christian1425.5
6) Other26610.3
7) DK30.1
8) Refused20.1
TOTAL2590100.0
3) [IF RELIGION=5] Would you say that you are either a Catholic or Eastern Orthodox Christian or not? (CATHOLIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42.8
2) No13695.8
3) DK21.4
Missing2448 
TOTAL142100.0
4) [IF RELIGION=6-7] Which religion are you? [DO NOT READ LIST] (RELIG2)
TOTAL%
11) Baptist8029.6
12) Bible Believing20.7
13) Brethren10.4
15) Charismatic62.2
16) Just Christian5118.9
17) CMA10.4
21) Episcopal/Anglican103.7
22) Fundamentalist10.4
23) Hindu10.4
24) Holiness103.7
26) Jehovah's Witness62.2
27) Mennonite31.1
28) Methodist176.3
30) Mormon155.6
31) Muslim10.4
32) Orthodox/Eastern10.4
33) Pentecostal3914.4
36) Seventh Day Adventist41.5
39) No Religion51.9
40) DK20.7
88) Other145.2
Missing2320 
TOTAL270100.0
5) How often have you been attending church/synagogue services in the last year? (BEGIN READING ANSWER CATEGORIES) (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than 1x/wk61723.8
2) Once a week82031.7
3) 2-3 times a month44817.3
4) Once a month1074.1
5) Many times/year682.6
6) Few times/year30711.9
7) Never2198.5
8) DK30.1
9) Refused10.0
TOTAL2590100.0
6) [If RELIGION=1-3 or 5-7] How important would you say your religious faith currently is in your own life? (FAITHIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important147159.2
2) Very important80132.3
3) Somewhat important1817.3
4) Not important271.1
5) DK30.1
Missing107 
TOTAL2483100.0
7) Do you think being devoted to raising a good family is a big enough contribution to the world? Or do people have to do more than that? (BIGENUF)
TOTAL%
1) Big Enough57022.0
2) Have To Do More189473.1
3) DK1084.2
4) Refused180.7
TOTAL2590100.0
8) Do you think that the United States was founded as a Christian nation based on Christian principles, or not? (XIANNATN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes197876.4
2) No43716.9
3) DK1535.9
4) Refused220.8
TOTAL2590100.0
9) Do you think religion is a private matter that should be kept out of public debates over social and political issues, or not? (PRIVATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes116645.0
2) No123047.5
3) DK1666.4
4) Refused281.1
TOTAL2590100.0
10) Do you think that to improve American society you have to change laws and institutions? Or is it enough just to change individuals? (CHNGLAWS)
TOTAL%
1) Individuals and laws131750.8
2) Just individuals92735.8
3) DK30311.7
4) Refused431.7
TOTAL2590100.0
11) Do you think morals should be based on an absolute, unchanging standard? Or do you think there are no moral absolutes, so people have to decide for themselves what is right and wrong? (MORALS)
TOTAL%
1) Absolute standards118345.7
2) No moral standards116044.8
3) DK1917.4
4) Refused562.2
TOTAL2590100.0
12) Do you think that Christian morality should be the law of the land, even though not all Americans are Christians, or not? (XIANLAWS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes104840.5
2) No131550.8
3) DK1626.3
4) Refused652.5
TOTAL2590100.0
13) Do you think we are seeing a serious breakdown of American society, or not? (BREAKDWN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes230088.8
2) No2379.2
3) DK431.7
4) Refused100.4
TOTAL2590100.0
14) What would you say is the biggest problem with public schools today? (SCHLPROB)
TOTAL%
10) No problems190.7
11) Drugs993.8
12) Safety/violence/gangs1044.0
13) Lack of classroom discipline; teachers can't disc.43416.8
14) Students not accept discipline1566.0
15) Low academic standards963.7
16) Lack of funding793.1
17) Prayer/religion taken out31612.2
18) Secular values and morals/sec. humanism1425.5
19) Family breakdown/Parents not support43616.8
21) Don't know1726.6
22) Refused220.8
25) Students lack respect/poor attitudes451.7
26) Students not interested210.8
27) Teachers not dedicated/Not care about students682.6
28) Teachers not qualified/poor train/can't teach371.4
29) Overcrowding/high student/teach ration612.4
30) Curriculum/not teaching basics/3Rs672.6
31) Too much bureaucracy/gov't interference612.4
32) Teacher's salaries low150.6
33) Racism/racial issues (busing too)240.9
34) Lack of care/societal interest261.0
88) Other903.5
TOTAL2590100.0
15) I'm going to read you four different beliefs about prayer in public school. Please tell me which one represents your own belief: 1) The first is: prayer should not be allowed in public schools. 2) The second is: schools should not sponsor prayer, but kids should be allowed to pray together in groups. 3) The third is: teachers should lead in moment of silence for unspoken prayers. 4) The last is: teachers should lead their classes in spoken Christian prayers. (SCHLPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Not allowed1244.8
2) Unsponsored Kids Prayer95736.9
3) Moment of silence97937.8
4) Spoken Christian Prayer44317.1
5) None of These (they must volunteer)341.3
6) DK421.6
7) Refused110.4
TOTAL2590100.0
16) Do you think that abortion should be legal in all cases, in most cases only a few cases, or illegal in all cases? (DO NOT READ) (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) All Cases38214.7
2) Most Cases34813.4
3) A Few Cases115244.5
4) Illegal56521.8
5) DK903.5
6) Refused532.0
TOTAL2590100.0
17) Do you think that, in general, a marriage should be ended if the marriage becomes empty and unfulfilling, or not? (END_MARR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73028.2
2) No162462.7
3) DK1937.5
4) Refused431.7
TOTAL2590100.0
18) Do you think that husbands and wives should be equal partners in everything in marriage, or not? (EQUALPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes222886.0
2) No31512.2
3) DK371.4
4) Refused100.4
TOTAL2590100.0
19) Are you currently: married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? [IF 3 AND 4, CODE AS 3] (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married156160.3
2) Widowed27910.8
3) Divorced31112.0
4) Separated542.1
5) Never Married38114.7
6) Refused40.2
TOTAL2590100.0
20) Have you ever been divorced? (DIVORCED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38821.1
2) No145278.9
Missing750 
TOTAL1840100.0
21) How many children do you have? [INCLUDING STEPCHILDREN] (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
10) None50319.4
11) One42716.5
12) Two76229.4
13) Three49119.0
14) Four2168.3
15) Five913.5
16) Six481.9
17) Seven150.6
18) Eight180.7
19) Nine40.2
20) Ten or more100.4
21) Refused50.2
TOTAL2590100.0
22) [ASKED OF GROUP 1; IF CHILDREN=1] How old is your child? (CHILD_1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34120.51619
23) [ASKED OF GROUP 1; IF CHILDREN=2-10] How old is your oldest child? (CHILD_3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL136328.89716
24) [ASKED OF GROUP 1; IF CHILDREN=2-10] How old is your youngest child? (CHILD_2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL136322.15116
25) [IF NOT SURE ABOUT RESPONDENT'S SEX] And are you male or female? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male92235.6
2) Female166864.4
TOTAL2590100.0
26) What year were you born? (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25902041.239862
27) How many people who live in your household are 18 years old or older, including yourself? [ENTER "99" if Do not know/Refused] (HHSIZE)
TOTAL%
1) 168426.4
2) 2145656.2
3) 333813.1
4) 4843.2
5) 5210.8
6) 670.3
TOTAL2590100.0
28) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now the rest of this survey contains questions that we are asking of the Christians we are interviewing: Do you think that human beings are basically good, basically sinful, or both good and sinful? (SINFUL)
TOTAL%
1) Good63628.1
2) Good&Sinful122354.0
3) Sinful36116.0
4) DK321.4
5) Refused110.5
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
29) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Do you believe the Bible is the inspired word of God, or not? (INSPIRED)
TOTAL%
1) Inspired215195.1
2) Not Inspired673.0
3) DK361.6
4) Refused90.4
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
30) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Would you say that you have committed your life to Jesus Christ as personal Lord and Savior, or would you not describe your religious faith that way? (MYSAVIOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have committed life189983.9
2) No, wouldn't describe that way32514.4
3) DK251.1
4) Refused140.6
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
31) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Do you think that the only hope for salvation is through personal faith in Jesus Christ, or are there also other ways to salvation? (HOPESALV)
TOTAL%
1) ChristOnly183381.0
2) OtherWays35915.9
3) DK542.4
4) Refused170.8
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
32) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] How often in the last few years have you had doubts about whether your Christian beliefs are true? [READ LIST] (DOUBTS)
TOTAL%
1) Often1145.0
2) Sometimes32114.2
3) Once-Twice44519.7
4) Never135659.9
5) DK190.8
6) Refused80.4
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
33) How do you know how God wants you to live? (PROMPT: Which do you think is most important?) [FORCE A CHOICE] (HOW_LIVE)
TOTAL%
1) From Church Teachings1968.7
2) From The Bible67429.8
3) Through Human Reason1155.1
4) Or, you know in your heart or through personal walk with God118952.5
5) DK753.3
6) Refused140.6
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
34) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1-6 ON ATTEND] What is the denomination of the church you attend? [IF 2 OFFERED, ASK: "Which one do you most attend or are you most involved in?"] (DENOM_1)
TOTAL%
10) 10.1
11) 10.1
12) 542.7
13) 67934.0
14) 70.4
15) 80.4
16) 150.8
17) 572.9
18) 130.7
19) 30.2
20) 492.5
21) 311.6
22) 130.7
23) 100.5
24) 130.7
25) 623.1
26) 20.1
27) 180.9
28) 40.2
29) 10.1
30) 140.7
31) 80.4
32) 40.2
33) 30.2
34) 1557.8
35) 110.6
36) 27813.9
37) 110.6
38) 1256.3
39) 844.2
40) 1206.0
41) 30.2
42) 221.1
45) 20.1
46) 170.9
47) 130.7
48) 70.4
49) 180.9
50) 100.5
88) 512.6
Missing593 
TOTAL1997100.0
35) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 7-9 ON ATTEND] With what church denomination are you most closely affiliated? [IF 2 OFFERED, ASK: "Which are you most connected to or involved in?"] (DENOM_2)
TOTAL%
12) 22.4
13) 3136.5
17) 67.1
19) 11.2
20) 22.4
21) 33.5
25) 55.9
30) 11.2
34) 55.9
36) 910.6
37) 11.2
38) 44.7
39) 11.2
40) 33.5
48) 67.1
49) 11.2
50) 11.2
88) 33.5
Missing2505 
TOTAL85100.0
36) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 13 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] With which Baptist group is your church associated? Is it Southern Baptist Convention, the American Baptist Churches in the USA, the American Baptist Association, the National Baptist Convention USA, an independent Baptist church, or some other Baptist group? (BAPTIST)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Assoc304.3
11) American Baptist USA233.3
12) Baptist Bible Fellowship10.1
13) Baptist General Conference10.1
14) Baptist Missionary Association20.3
15) Conservative Baptist Assoc America50.7
16) Free Will Baptist182.6
17) Fundamentalist Baptist71.0
18) Gen Assoc Regular Baptist71.0
19) Independent Baptist7210.4
20) Missionary Baptist304.3
21) Natn'l Baptist Convention USA344.9
22) Primitive Baptist30.4
23) Progressive Natn'l Bapt Convention10.1
25) Southern Baptist36051.9
26) Other91.3
27) DK7010.1
88) Other202.9
Missing1897 
TOTAL693100.0
37) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 36 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the United Methodist Church, African Methodist Episcopal Church, the Free Methodist Church, or some other Methodist group? (METHODST)
TOTAL%
1) African Meth Episcopal145.0
2) African Meth Episc Zion103.6
3) Free Methodist62.1
4) United Methodist24687.5
6) DK20.7
88) Other31.1
Missing2309 
TOTAL281100.0
38) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 40 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., Presbyterian Church in America, the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, or some other Presbyterian group? (PRESBYTR)
TOTAL%
1) Evangelical Presbyterian Ch (EPC)21.7
2) Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC)10.8
3) Presby Church American (PCA)1815.0
4) PCUSA6655.0
6) DK2319.2
88) Other108.3
Missing2470 
TOTAL120100.0
39) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 34 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Missouri Synod, the Wisconsin Synod, or some other Lutheran group? (LUTHERAN)
TOTAL%
1) ELCA9258.2
2) Missouri Synod4629.1
3) Wisconsin Synod74.4
5) DK117.0
88) Other21.3
Missing2432 
TOTAL158100.0
40) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 42 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Christian Reformed Church, the Reformed Church in America, or some other Reformed group? (REFORMED)
TOTAL%
1) Christian Reformed Church (CRC)215.4
2) Reformed Church of America (RCA)969.2
4) DK17.7
88) Other17.7
Missing2577 
TOTAL13100.0
41) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 14 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Church of the Brethren, the Plymouth Brethren, United Brethren in Christ, or some other Brethren group? (BRETHEN)
TOTAL%
1) Church of the Brethren250.0
5) DK125.0
88) Other125.0
Missing2586 
TOTAL4100.0
42) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 23 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the United Church of Christ or just a Congregational church? (CONGREGA)
TOTAL%
1) United Church of Christ (UCC)550.0
2) Just Congregational550.0
Missing2580 
TOTAL10100.0
43) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 17 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] When you say "Christian," does that mean the denomination called the "Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)," or some other Christian denomination, or do you mean to say "I am just a Christian"? (XIANDENO)
TOTAL%
1) Disciples of Christ1120.8
2) Just a Christian3362.3
4) DK11.9
88) Other815.1
Missing2537 
TOTAL53100.0
44) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 20 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Church of Christ or the United Church of Christ? (UCC)
TOTAL%
1) Churches of Christ4896.0
2) United Church of Christ (UCC)24.0
Missing2540 
TOTAL50100.0
45) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 21 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Church of God of Anderson, Indiana; the Church of God of Cleveland, Tennessee; the Church of God in Christ; or some other Church of God? (CHCH_GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Anderson, IN519.2
2) Cleveland, TN1142.3
3) In Christ27.7
5) DK27.7
88) Other623.1
Missing2564 
TOTAL26100.0
46) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 30 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that the Christian and Missionary Alliance, the Church of the Nazarene, the Salvation Army, the Wesleyan Church, the Free Methodist Church, the Church of God (Anderson, IN), or some other Holiness group? (HOLINESS)
TOTAL%
1) Christian Missionary Alliance (CMA)16.7
6) Wesleyan Church533.3
8) DK426.7
88) Other533.3
Missing2575 
TOTAL15100.0
47) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 39 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] [PROBE:] What kind of church is that? What is it called exactly? Is that part of a larger church or denomination? What is that church called? (PENTECOS)
TOTAL%
10) Apostolic Pentecostal56.2
11) Assemblies of God1316.0
12) Church of God (TN)56.2
14) Church of God in Christ44.9
17) Four Square44.9
18) Full Gospel78.6
19) Pentecostal Church of God56.2
20) Pentecostal Holiness Church1214.8
22) United Pentecostal Church International67.4
24) DK/Just Pentecostal1316.0
88) Other78.6
Missing2509 
TOTAL81100.0
48) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 16 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that a charismatic church associated with any denomination, a Pentecostal church, or a non-denominational church? (CHARISMA)
TOTAL%
2) Pentecostal220.0
3) Independent Charismatic770.0
4) DK110.0
Missing2580 
TOTAL10100.0
49) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 33 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Does your church have any denominational affiliation at all? (JUSTPROT)
TOTAL%
3) DK2100.0
Missing2588 
TOTAL2100.0
50) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 31 TO DENOM_1 OR DENOM_2] Is that an independent fundamentalist church, independent charistmatic church, independent evangelical church, or what? (INDYDENO)
TOTAL%
1) Independent Fundamentalist350.0
4) Independent Evangelical233.3
6) DK116.7
Missing2584 
TOTAL6100.0
51) Do you think that the husband should be the head of the family, or not? (HUSBHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes172166.4
2) No78730.4
3) DK562.2
4) Refused261.0
TOTAL2590100.0
52) What do you think it means to be the head of the family? Does it mean that the husband should be responsible to give spiritual direction for the family or not? (HHSPIRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes141582.2
2) No26715.5
3) DK331.9
4) Refused60.3
Missing869 
TOTAL1721100.0
53) Does it mean that the husband should be the final authority in decision-making, or not? (HHAUTHOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82748.1
2) No83548.5
3) DK502.9
4) Refused90.5
Missing869 
TOTAL1721100.0
54) Does [head of the family] mean that the husband should be the primary breadwinner, or not? (HHBREADW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes86350.1
2) No80546.8
3) DK452.6
4) Refused80.5
Missing869 
TOTAL1721100.0
55) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you think that women should be allowed to hold the position of head pastor, or not? (WMPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes123959.5
2) No70033.6
3) DK1175.6
4) Refused261.2
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
56) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] How many hours per week do you usually watch religious television programs? (RELTV)
TOTAL%
0) 91944.1
1) 40119.3
2) 25512.2
3) 1034.9
4) 803.8
5) 673.2
6) 271.3
7) 211.0
8) 231.1
9) 40.2
10) 341.6
12) 90.4
14) 90.4
15) 60.3
16) 40.2
17) 10.0
20) 50.2
21) 50.2
25) 30.1
28) 50.2
30) 50.2
35) 10.0
40) 10.0
42) 10.0
99) 20.1
111) 10.0
999) 904.3
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
57) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] About how many hours per week do you listen to religious radio programs? (RELRADIO)
TOTAL%
0) 99948.0
1) 28513.7
2) 1788.5
3) 884.2
4) 612.9
5) 602.9
6) 361.7
7) 381.8
8) 261.2
9) 40.2
10) 512.4
11) 20.1
12) 160.8
13) 20.1
14) 140.7
15) 271.3
16) 30.1
18) 20.1
20) 291.4
21) 80.4
24) 10.0
25) 130.6
28) 60.3
30) 140.7
35) 20.1
36) 20.1
40) 160.8
42) 20.1
48) 10.0
50) 60.3
56) 20.1
60) 30.1
70) 40.2
72) 10.0
82) 20.1
84) 10.0
85) 10.0
99) 10.0
100) 10.0
112) 10.0
140) 10.0
999) 723.5
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
58) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now I have some questions about the influence of Christians in America. Do you think that if enough people became Christians, many of America's social problems would naturally begin to solve themselves, or not? (SOLVSELF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes175877.7
2) No41618.4
3) DK803.5
4) Refused90.4
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
59) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Do you think that everyone should have the right to live by their own morality, even if it's not Christian morality, or not? (OWNMORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes145364.2
2) No61527.2
3) DK1496.6
4) Refused462.0
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
60) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you think that Christian values are under attack in the United States today, or not? (ATTACKED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes168280.8
2) No32815.8
3) DK653.1
4) Refused70.3
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
61) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you try hard not to offend people around you with your Christian views, or not? (NOTOFFND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes150172.1
2) No50324.2
3) DK653.1
4) Refused130.6
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
62) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you think Christians should be trying to change American society to better reflect God's will, or not? (TRYCHANG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes169881.6
2) No27213.1
3) DK894.3
4) Refused231.1
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
63) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 2 TO TRYCHANG] For each of the following, please tell me if it's a reason that you think Christians should not be trying to change society. Christians should focus on saving souls instead. (ZSAVSOUL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree15255.9
2) Disagree10036.8
3) DK165.9
4) Refused41.5
Missing2318 
TOTAL272100.0
64) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 2 TO TRYCHANG] For each of the following, please tell me if it's a reason that you think Christians should not be trying to change society. The Bible prophesies that the world will grow worse and worse and we can't change that. (ZWORSEN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree9936.4
2) Disagree15657.4
3) DK134.8
4) Refused41.5
Missing2318 
TOTAL272100.0
65) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 2 TO TRYCHANG] For each of the following, please tell me if it's a reason that you think Christians should not be trying to change society. Christians should not be trying to impose their religion on American society. (ZNO_IMPO)
TOTAL%
1) Agree20073.5
2) Disagree6423.5
3) DK41.5
4) Refused41.5
Missing2318 
TOTAL272100.0
66) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 2 TO TRYCHANG] For each of the following, please tell me if it's a reason that you think Christians should not be trying to change society. Christians should separate from the world and live radically different lifestyles. (ZSEPARAT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree186.6
2) Disagree24489.7
3) DK82.9
4) Refused20.7
Missing2318 
TOTAL272100.0
67) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is converting people to Jesus Christ, as a way to change American society? (XCONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important141783.5
2) Somewhat important24914.7
3) Not important191.1
4) DK100.6
5) Refused30.2
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
68) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is Christians giving money to charity, as a way to change American society? (XCHARITY)
TOTAL%
1) Very important71241.9
2) Somewhat important78246.1
3) Not important1508.8
4) DK442.6
5) Refused100.6
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
69) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is Christians volunteering for local community organizations, as a way to change American society?? (XVOLTEER)
TOTAL%
1) Very important124873.5
2) Somewhat important40323.7
3) Not important241.4
4) DK211.2
5) Refused20.1
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
70) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is Christians working for political reform, as a way to change American society? (IF NEED CLARIFY: the kind of reforms you would support) (XPOLITIC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important97257.2
2) Somewhat important57233.7
3) Not important995.8
4) DK442.6
5) Refused110.6
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
71) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is defending a biblical world view in intellectual circles, as a way to change American society? (XINTELEC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important87851.7
2) Somewhat important58734.6
3) Not important1106.5
4) DK1005.9
5) Refused231.4
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
72) [ASKED OF THOSE IN GROUP 1 WHO ANSWERED 1 TO TRYCHANG] How important is Christians living a way of life radically different from mainstream America, as a way to change American society? (XRADLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important105962.4
2) Somewhat important44926.4
3) Not important784.6
4) DK855.0
5) Refused271.6
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
73) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you think that sometimes Christians need to try to change society using ways that they know may cause conflict and set people against each other, or not? (CONFLICT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48328.4
2) No105962.4
3) DK1176.9
4) Refused392.3
Missing892 
TOTAL1698100.0
74) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you think churches and denominations should take stands on social, economic, and political issues? Or should taking stands always be left up to individual Christians? (WHOSTAND)
TOTAL%
1) Churches and denominations85441.0
2) Individual Christians111053.3
3) DK904.3
4) Refused281.3
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
75) Do you think that racism is a top priority that Christians should be working to help overcome, or not? (RACISM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes198876.8
2) No52220.2
3) DK662.5
4) Refused140.5
TOTAL2590100.0
76) [IF RACISM=1; IF RELIGION=1,2, OR 5 THEN: "Christians..."; IF RELIGION=3-4 OR 6-8 THEN: "People..."] ...disagree about the best way to work against racism. For each of the following possible ways, please tell me if you think it's a Very Important, Somewhat Important, or Not Important Way that Christians should work against racism? Try to get to know people from another race? (RGETKNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important156477.8
2) Somewhat Important37118.4
3) Not Important502.5
4) DK231.1
5) Refused30.1
Missing579 
TOTAL2011100.0
77) [IF RACISM=1; IF RELIGION=1,2, OR 5 THEN: "Christians..."; IF RELIGION=3-4 OR 6-8 THEN: "People..."] ...disagree about the best way to work against racism. For each of the following possible ways, please tell me if you think it's a Very Important, Somewhat Important, or Not Important Way that Christians should work against racism? Work to racially integrate church congregations? (RINTCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important100550.0
2) Somewhat Important70034.8
3) Not Important23311.6
4) DK592.9
5) Refused140.7
Missing579 
TOTAL2011100.0
78) [IF RACISM=1; IF RELIGION=1,2, OR 5 THEN: "Christians..."; IF RELIGION=3-4 OR 6-8 THEN: "People..."] ...disagree about the best way to work against racism. For each of the following possible ways, please tell me if you think it's a Very Important, Somewhat Important, or Not Important Way that Christians should work against racism?? Work to racially integrate residential neighborhoods? (RINTHOUS)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important76037.8
2) Somewhat Important82741.1
3) Not Important32716.3
4) DK713.5
5) Refused261.3
Missing579 
TOTAL2011100.0
79) [IF RACISM=1; IF RELIGION=1,2, OR 5 THEN: "Christians..."; IF RELIGION=3-4 OR 6-8 THEN: "People..."] ...disagree about the best way to work against racism. For each of the following possible ways, please tell me if you think it's a Very Important, Somewhat Important, or Not Important Way that Christians should work against racism? Work against discrimination in the job market and legal systems? (RJOBLEGA)
TOTAL%
1) Very Important152575.8
2) Somewhat Important38018.9
3) Not Important532.6
4) DK371.8
5) Refused160.8
Missing579 
TOTAL2011100.0
80) How often have you relied on conservative Christian leaders or political organizations, such as the Christian Coalition, to help you decide how to vote in an election? Often, sometimes, or never? (COALITIO)
TOTAL%
1) Often2118.1
2) Sometimes51619.9
3) Never183370.8
4) DK180.7
5) Refused120.5
TOTAL2590100.0
81) In general, do you think feminists are hostile to your moral and spiritual values or not? (FEMHOST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes104840.5
2) No123947.8
3) DK2469.5
4) Refused572.2
TOTAL2590100.0
82) In general, do you think the mass media is hostile to your moral and spiritual values or not? (MEDHOST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes149457.7
2) No91535.3
3) DK1566.0
4) Refused251.0
TOTAL2590100.0
83) In general, do you think the public schools are hostile to your moral and spiritual values or not? (PSCHHOST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97137.5
2) No139753.9
3) DK1967.6
4) Refused261.0
TOTAL2590100.0
84) Thinking about all the people in America who consider themselves Christians, how different do you think their values and lifestyles are from the rest of American society today? (DIFF_ARE)
TOTAL%
1) Very Different45817.7
2) Somewhat Different124147.9
3) A Little Different41015.8
4) Not Very Different37114.3
5) DK913.5
6) Refused190.7
TOTAL2590100.0
85) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] How different do you think Christians' values and lifestyles should be from the rest of American society? (DIFF_SHD)
TOTAL%
1) Very Different106651.2
2) Somewhat Different50024.0
3) A Little Different1165.6
4) Not Different30214.5
5) DK693.3
6) Refused291.4
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
86) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] How likely or unlikely do you think it is that a Christian revival will sweep America in the coming years? [IF SAY "REVIVAL SWEEPING AMERICA NOW"=1] (REVIVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very Likely47522.8
2) Likely69033.1
3) Unlikely56427.1
4) Very Unlikely24811.9
5) DK904.3
6) Refused150.7
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
87) Now I have some questions about how you and your wife make decisions. How satisfied are you with the way that you and your wife make decisions in your marriage? (SATDECID)
TOTAL%
1) Very Satisfied117975.6
2) Somewhat Satisfied31220.0
3) Somewhat Dissatisfied392.5
4) Very Dissatisfied171.1
5) DK70.4
6) Refused60.4
Missing1030 
TOTAL1560100.0
88) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Who usually takes the lead in spiritual matters in your family, you or your wife? ("spiritual matters"=praying, going to church, talking about spiritual things) (SPIRLEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent62548.8
2) Spouse31124.3
3) Both Equally33526.2
4) DK70.5
5) Refused30.2
Missing1309 
TOTAL1281100.0
89) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Who would you say has more "say-so," you or your wife when it comes to making decisions...about financial matters? (SAYSO_1)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent45729.3
2) Spouse48230.9
3) Both Equally60838.9
4) DK90.6
5) Refused50.3
Missing1029 
TOTAL1561100.0
90) [IF CHILDREN=1-10] Who would you say has more "say-so," you or your wife...about child rearing? (SAYSO_2)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent41128.8
2) Spouse30321.2
3) Both Equally65545.9
4) DK392.7
5) Refused191.3
Missing1163 
TOTAL1427100.0
91) Who would you say has more "say-so," you or your wife...about how to spend leisure time? (SAYSO_3)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent26817.2
2) Spouse29418.8
3) Both Equally96761.9
4) DK271.7
5) Refused50.3
Missing1029 
TOTAL1561100.0
92) [IF WORKING=1-5 OR 7] Who would you say has more "say-so," you or your wife...about who should work outside the home? (SAYSO_4)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent20115.8
2) Spouse21116.6
3) Both Equally79162.3
4) DK483.8
5) Refused181.4
Missing1321 
TOTAL1269100.0
93) When you and your wife disagree about important decisions that need to be made, who usually gives in and goes along with what the other thinks, you or your wife? [DO NOT READ LIST] (GIVE_IN)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent Gives in57837.0
2) Spouse Gives in37323.9
3) Both Equally50532.4
4) DK845.4
5) Refused211.3
Missing1029 
TOTAL1561100.0
94) Now I have some questions about children's education. People disagree about what the top priorities should be for a good education. From this list of competing ideas, I want you to tell me how high a priority you think each should be for children's education: learning job skills to get ahead in life? (EDPRIOR1)
TOTAL%
1) Top200477.4
2) Second50819.6
3) Not Priority431.7
4) DK251.0
5) Refused100.4
TOTAL2590100.0
95) Now I have some questions about children's education. People disagree about what the top priorities should be for a good education. From this list of competing ideas, I want you to tell me how high a priority you think each should be for children's education: learning to get in touch with who they are and express their feelings? (EDPRIOR2)
TOTAL%
1) Top151558.5
2) Second74528.8
3) Not Priority26610.3
4) DK501.9
5) Refused140.5
TOTAL2590100.0
96) Now I have some questions about children's education. People disagree about what the top priorities should be for a good education. From this list of competing ideas, I want you to tell me how high a priority you think each should be for children's education: learning to understand and respect other races, religions and cultures? (EDPRIOR3)
TOTAL%
1) Top185871.7
2) Second60923.5
3) Not Priority833.2
4) DK271.0
5) Refused130.5
TOTAL2590100.0
97) Now I have some questions about children's education. People disagree about what the top priorities should be for a good education. From this list of competing ideas, I want you to tell me how high a priority you think each should be for children's education: learning to obey authority? (EDPRIOR4)
TOTAL%
1) Top207680.2
2) Second42816.5
3) Not Priority471.8
4) DK281.1
5) Refused110.4
TOTAL2590100.0
98) Now I have some questions about children's education. People disagree about what the top priorities should be for a good education. From this list of competing ideas, I want you to tell me how high a priority you think each should be for children's education: What about...learning to think about life from a Christian/religious perspective? (PROMPT IF NECESSARY: Top Priority, Second Priority, or Not a Priority?) (EDPRIOR5)
TOTAL%
1) Top178669.0
2) Second48518.7
3) Not Priority27310.5
4) DK321.2
5) Refused140.5
TOTAL2590100.0
99) Thinking about religion and public schools, do you think public schools should teach students about the major religious traditions, or not? (TEACHREL)
TOTAL%
1) Top150958.3
2) Second95837.0
3) Not Priority953.7
4) DK281.1
TOTAL2590100.0
100) Do you think public school instruction should include Christian views of science and history, or not? (TEACHSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Yes178969.1
2) No67326.0
3) DK1003.9
4) Refused281.1
TOTAL2590100.0
101) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] I'm going to read you two ways that Christian parents might choose to deal with moral issues in public schools. Which one most appeals to you? 1. The first is: elect people to school boards who will put morality and values back in schools. 2. The second is: try through relationships to have a positive moral influence on students, teachers, and parents. (SCHMORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Elect School Boards who will put morality back94545.4
2) Have positive influence through relationships96546.3
3) Both Equally1266.1
4) Neither70.3
5) DK261.2
6) Refused130.6
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
102) I'm going to read you three views about teaching morality in public schools. Which do you most agree with? [READ LIST] 1. The first is: public school teachers should teach Christian values and morality. 2. The second is: Public school teachers should teach general morals, but not of a particular religion. 3. The third is: morals should be taught in the home, not in the public schools. (TEACHMOR)
TOTAL%
1) Should teach Christian morals28310.9
2) Should teach general morals139053.7
3) Morals should be taught at Home79430.7
4) None of them60.2
5) It Depends662.5
6) DK361.4
7) Refused150.6
TOTAL2590100.0
103) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] When it comes to educating children, do you think that Christians should focus on: 1. Public Schools. 2. Christian Schools. 3. Home Schooling. [FORCE A CHOICE] (SCHFOCUS)
TOTAL%
1) Public Schools141768.0
2) Christian Schools40519.4
3) Home Schooling1567.5
4) DK773.7
5) Refused281.3
Missing507 
TOTAL2083100.0
104) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE1)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot24210.7
2) Some79935.3
3) None120353.1
4) DK120.5
5) Refused80.4
Missing326 
TOTAL2264100.0
105) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a non-Christian political organization or candidate? (ACTGIVE2)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot943.6
2) Some70827.3
3) None175467.7
4) DK261.0
5) Refused80.3
TOTAL2590100.0
106) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Written, called or visited elected officials? (ACTLOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot1254.8
2) Some86533.4
3) None158861.3
4) DK50.2
5) Refused70.3
TOTAL2590100.0
107) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Participated in public protests or demonstrations? (ACTPROTE)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot160.6
2) Some2329.0
3) None233490.1
4) DK50.2
5) Refused30.1
TOTAL2590100.0
108) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Tried to educate yourself about a political or social issue? (ACTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot85132.9
2) Some136852.8
3) None34913.5
4) DK170.7
5) Refused50.2
TOTAL2590100.0
109) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Volunteered for a church/synagogue program that serves the local community? (ACTVOL1)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot54821.2
2) Some112143.3
3) None91235.2
4) DK50.2
5) Refused40.2
TOTAL2590100.0
110) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Volunteered for a local community organization not related to church/synagogue? (ACTVOL2)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot39415.2
2) Some99138.3
3) None119946.3
4) DK30.1
5) Refused30.1
TOTAL2590100.0
111) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Worked hard in your daily life to set a Christian example for people around you? (ACTEXMPL)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot169565.4
2) Some78330.2
3) None913.5
4) DK150.6
5) Refused60.2
TOTAL2590100.0
112) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Tried to defend the merits of a biblical world view to non-Christians? (ACTDEFND)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot58025.6
2) Some103245.6
3) None56825.1
4) DK632.8
5) Refused200.9
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
113) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Told teens or adults explicitly about how they could become a Christian? (ACTEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot44119.5
2) Some112749.8
3) None67629.9
4) DK110.5
5) Refused80.4
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
114) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money or time to a Christian organization to help spread the gospel in the U.S. or overseas? (ACTGOSP$)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot66029.2
2) Some109048.2
3) None49822.0
4) DK120.5
5) Refused30.1
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
115) Now I want to ask you about some of the activities you are involved in. For each one, please tell me whether you have done the activity within the last two years a lot, some, or none?: Given money to an organization that helps poor and needy people? (ACTPOOR$)
TOTAL%
1) A Lot58122.4
2) Some166464.2
3) None33212.8
4) DK100.4
5) Refused30.1
TOTAL2590100.0
116) How often do you go to church activities other than your Sunday morning worship service, such as potlucks, Bible studies, choir practice, small groups, etc.? [READ LIST] (CHRCHACT)
TOTAL%
1) Three times a week1988.7
2) Two times a week28512.5
3) Once a week39917.5
4) 2-3 times a month38216.7
5) Once a month23610.3
6) Few times a year40817.9
7) Never36015.8
8) DK110.5
9) Refused50.2
Missing306 
TOTAL2284100.0
117) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] I have a few questions about your religious identity and background. Thinking about your religious faith, would you describe yourself...as a fundamentalist? (FUNDY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78137.5
2) No80938.9
3) Unfamiliar with name (they must volunteer)35617.1
4) DK1366.5
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
118) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] I have a few questions about your religious identity and background. Thinking about your religious faith, would you describe yourself...as an Evangelical? (EVANGEL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69733.5
2) No100348.2
3) Unfamiliar with name (they must volunteer)26612.8
4) DK1165.6
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
119) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] I have a few questions about your religious identity and background. Thinking about your religious faith, would you describe yourself...as a Mainline Protestant? (MAINLIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93745.0
2) No82239.5
3) Unfamiliar with name (they must volunteer)21710.4
4) DK1065.1
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
120) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] I have a few questions about your religious identity and background. Thinking about your religious faith, would you describe yourself...as a theologically liberal Christian? (LIBERAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63030.3
2) No119157.2
3) Unfamiliar with name (they must volunteer)1487.1
4) DK1135.4
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
121) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Which of those would you say best describes your religious identity? [READ LIST] (IDENTI_1)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist21121.0
2) Evangelical26726.5
3) Mainline27727.5
4) Liberal20920.8
6) DK393.9
7) Refused30.3
Missing1584 
TOTAL1006100.0
122) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] If you had to choose, would any of these describe you at all? [READ LIST] (INDENTI_)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist267.7
2) Evangelical164.8
3) Mainline319.2
4) Liberal4714.0
5) Other (they volunteer)12336.6
6) DK7722.9
7) Refused164.8
Missing2254 
TOTAL336100.0
123) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Do you consider yourself a charismatic Christian or involved in the charismatic movement, or not? (CHARSMOV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30614.7
2) No156175.0
3) Unfamiliar with name1617.7
4) DK391.9
5) Refused150.7
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
124) Which of these terms best describes the religion of the family you were raised in: fundamentalist, evangelical, mainline Protestant, liberal Christian, Catholic, Jewish, not religious, or something else? (REL_FAM)
TOTAL%
10) Fundamentalist28811.1
11) Evangelical2248.6
12) Mainline Protestant86733.5
13) Liberal Christian27510.6
14) Catholic31512.2
15) Jewish180.7
16) Not Religious2298.8
18) DK913.5
19) Refused190.7
25) Baptist923.6
26) Just Christian381.5
27) Lutheran150.6
28) Mormon130.5
29) Other Protestant933.6
88) Other130.5
TOTAL2590100.0
125) How important would you say religion was in your family while you were growing up? [READ LIST] (RELIMPFA)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely71227.5
2) Very Important88334.1
3) Somewhat Important69626.9
4) Not Important28210.9
5) DK120.5
6) Refused50.2
TOTAL2590100.0
126) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Think for a moment about all the family, friends and work colleagues who are important to you. How many of them are Christians? Almost all, most, some, or none? (SURROUND)
TOTAL%
1) Almost All75036.0
2) Most62329.9
3) Some65331.4
4) None291.4
5) DK251.2
6) Refused20.1
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
127) Now I have a few questions about your views of evangelical Christians: Has an evangelical Christian ever tried to convert you to their faith? (VCONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53937.9
2) No69348.7
3) DK18312.9
4) Refused70.5
Missing1168 
TOTAL1422100.0
128) [IF VCONVERT=1] Was that a positive, negative, or neither positive nor negative experience for you? (VCONVRT2)
TOTAL%
1) Positive6311.7
2) Neither Positive or Negative19736.5
3) Negative26849.6
4) DK112.0
6) Refused10.2
Missing2050 
TOTAL540100.0
129) Do you personally know an evangelical Christian from work, school, your neighborhood or somewhere else? (VKNOWEVG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58140.9
2) No66146.5
3) DK18012.7
Missing1168 
TOTAL1422100.0
130) [IF VKNOWEVG=1] Thinking about the evangelical Christian you know the best, would you say that this person sets a good example for others by living an especially moral life, or not? (VEXAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Good Example38365.8
2) No, Not Good Example15727.0
3) DK356.0
4) Refused71.2
Missing2008 
TOTAL582100.0
131) Do you think evangelical Christians generally offer good answers for most people's personal problems and moral questions, or not? (VANW_PER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34324.1
2) No42830.1
3) DK What Evangelical Means37826.6
4) Refused523.7
5) DK Answer22115.5
Missing1168 
TOTAL1422100.0
132) Do you think evangelical Christians generally offer good answers for America's social, economic, and political problems, or not? (VANW_SOC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23522.5
2) No49747.6
3) DK25824.7
4) Refused545.2
Missing1546 
TOTAL1044100.0
133) How much better or worse off would the United States be if evangelical Christians had more influence on public issues? Much better off, somewhat better off, somewhat worse off, or much worse off? (VBETTROF)
TOTAL%
1) Much Better Off747.1
2) Somewhat Better Off40939.2
3) Somewhat Worse Off17817.0
4) Much Worse Off1029.8
5) DK22621.6
6) Refused555.3
Missing1546 
TOTAL1044100.0
134) In your mind, is there a difference between fundamentalist Christians and evangelical Christians, or are those just different names for the same group of Christians (VEV_FUND)
TOTAL%
1) Is a Difference39427.7
2) No Difference47333.3
3) DK What Evangelical Means29120.5
4) Refused362.5
5) DK Answer22816.0
Missing1168 
TOTAL1422100.0
135) How familiar are you with what evangelical Christians stand for? [READ LIST] (VFAMILAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very Familiar504.4
2) Somewhat Familiar35131.0
3) A Little Familiar30326.8
4) Not Familiar39034.5
5) DK302.7
6) Refused70.6
Missing1459 
TOTAL1131100.0
136) [IF RACE=1 OR 2] Are you of Hispanic descent? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
0) No252097.3
1) Yes702.7
TOTAL2590100.0
137) How much education do you have? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
10) No School20.1
11) 6th Grade or Less200.8
12) Some Jr/Hi School2007.7
13) High School Grad68726.5
14) Vo-Tech Degree1847.1
15) Some College66425.6
16) College Grad49419.1
17) Some Grad School793.1
18) Masters Degree1726.6
19) Beyond Masters: PhD, MD752.9
20) DK20.1
21) Refused110.4
TOTAL2590100.0
138) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Did you ever attend a Christian grade or high school for at least one year? (XIANSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25212.1
2) No179586.2
3) Catholic School301.4
4) DK10.0
5) Refused40.2
Missing508 
TOTAL2082100.0
139) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Did you ever attend a Christian college, a Bible college, or a Catholic University for at least one year? (IF "YES": Which?) (XIANCOLL)
TOTAL%
1) Christian College18513.6
2) Bible College392.9
3) Catholic Univ282.1
4) No110681.1
5) DK30.2
6) Refused30.2
Missing1226 
TOTAL1364100.0
140) How much education did your father have? (IF DIDN"T HAVE FATHER, THEN MOTHER) (FATHEDUC)
TOTAL%
10) No School391.5
11) 6th Grade or Less30011.6
12) Some Jr/Hi School55921.6
13) High School Grad76429.5
14) Vo-Tech Degree552.1
15) Some College1897.3
16) College Grad25810.0
17) Some Grad School130.5
18) Masters Degree793.1
19) Beyond Masters: PhD, MD642.5
20) DK25810.0
21) Refused120.5
TOTAL2590100.0
141) What state did you live in when you were 16 years old? (STATE16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL259030.84816
142) Do you live in the same town you lived in when you were 16, a nearby town, or a town farther away? (SAMETOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Same Town82346.6
2) Nearby Town58233.0
3) Farther Away35320.0
4) DK70.4
Missing825 
TOTAL1765100.0
143) Do you usually vote Republican, Democrat, or do you not usually vote? [IF NECESSARY, FORCE A GENERALIZATION: "which do you end up voting for the most?"] (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican103039.8
2) Democrat82731.9
3) Independent (they must volunteer)1937.5
4) Don't vote32812.7
5) DK1194.6
6) Refused933.6
TOTAL2590100.0
144) Compared to ten years ago, would you say your financial situation has gotten better, worse, or has it stayed about the same? (TENYR$$)
TOTAL%
1) Better140254.1
2) Worse42116.3
3) About the same71927.8
4) DK291.1
5) Refused190.7
TOTAL2590100.0
145) Now here is the very last question. I'm going to read you a list of income categories. Please tell me to stop when a category I read best describes your total household income before taxes...? [READ LIST] (INCOME)
TOTAL%
10) <$10K1786.9
11) $10-20K35113.6
12) $20-30K41816.1
13) $30-40K42316.3
14) $40-50K28811.1
15) $50-60K2238.6
16) $60-70K1184.6
17) $70-80K903.5
18) $80-90K501.9
19) $90-100K481.9
20) More than $100K1295.0
21) DK471.8
22) Refused2278.8
TOTAL2590100.0
146) May we follow up with another call? (FOLLOWUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes233090.0
2) No26010.0
TOTAL2590100.0
147) FIPS State code for respondent's residence (FIPS_ST)
TOTAL%
1) 652.5
4) 301.2
5) 431.7
6) 1355.2
8) 251.0
9) 190.7
10) 80.3
11) 40.2
12) 1425.5
13) 1124.3
16) 190.7
17) 913.5
18) 853.3
19) 401.5
20) 361.4
21) 582.2
22) 421.6
23) 120.5
24) 532.0
25) 271.0
26) 883.4
27) 461.8
28) 481.9
29) 692.7
30) 70.3
31) 220.8
32) 90.3
33) 50.2
34) 441.7
35) 140.5
36) 1144.4
37) 1194.6
38) 80.3
39) 1305.0
40) 562.2
41) 291.1
42) 1385.3
44) 40.2
45) 632.4
46) 90.3
47) 853.3
48) 1716.6
49) 150.6
50) 120.5
51) 1013.9
53) 562.2
54) 301.2
55) 491.9
56) 30.1
TOTAL2590100.0
148) FIPS County code for respondent's residence (FIPS_CTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL259094.819105
149) Respondent's occupation was recoded verbatim in the original dataset. These verbatim responses were recoded into general occupational categories (see value labels for OCCUP_11 for the list of categories used for all of the recoded occupation variables). Respondents could name up to 3 occupations. OCCUP_11-OCCUP_13 are the recoded responses of respondents who reported that they were working in a job or were unemployed or on leave. OCCUP_21-OCCUP_23 are the recoded responses for those who were retired. [IF WORKING=1-2, 4-5] Respondent's occupation (first mentioned): (OCCUP_11)
TOTAL%
1) Accountant/Controller261.6
2) Banking/Finance Industry432.6
3) Business Owner332.0
4) Clerical724.3
5) Computer Industry291.7
6) Cosmetology (hair, nails)231.4
7) Counselor/Soc Worker211.3
8) Custodian/Janitor/Housekeeper211.3
9) Engineer372.2
10) Food Services (waitress, cook, etc.)442.6
11) Gov't Employee (postal, military, etc.)523.1
12) Other Healthcare Services543.2
13) Insurance Agent/Adjuster171.0
14) Law Enforcement261.6
15) Mechanic80.5
16) Manager/Supervisor/Director1106.6
17) Nurse/RN/Nurse Assistant794.7
18) Other Blue Collar Skilled1227.3
19) Other Blue Collar Unskilled1006.0
20) Other Professional (Attorney, Scientist)543.2
21) Other White Collar (marketing, real estate)1297.8
22) Sales/Retail Sales955.7
23) School/Academic (teacher/professor)17010.2
24) Secretary/Admin Assistant764.6
25) Technician (electric tech, service tech)372.2
26) Transportation Services422.5
27) Farmer/Rancher/Forestry241.4
87) Self-Employed (unspecified)140.8
88) Other382.3
99) Don't Know684.1
Missing926 
TOTAL1664100.0
150) Respondent's occupation was recoded verbatim in the original dataset. These verbatim responses were recoded into general occupational categories (see value labels for OCCUP_11 for the list of categories used for all of the recoded occupation variables). Respondents could name up to 3 occupations. OCCUP_11-OCCUP_13 are the recoded responses of respondents who reported that they were working in a job or were unemployed or on leave. OCCUP_21-OCCUP_23 are the recoded responses for those who were retired. [IF WORKING=1-2, 4-5] Respondent's second mentioned occupation: (OCCUP_12)
TOTAL%
2) Banking/Finance Industry42.9
3) Business Owner75.1
4) Clerical32.2
5) Computer Industry96.6
7) Counselor/Soc Worker10.7
8) Custodian/Janitor/Housekeeper10.7
9) Engineer10.7
10) Food Services (waitress, cook, etc.)64.4
11) Gov't Employee (postal, military, etc.)1510.9
12) Other Healthcare Services64.4
13) Insurance Agent/Adjuster21.5
16) Manager/Supervisor/Director2820.4
18) Other Blue Collar Skilled53.6
19) Other Blue Collar Unskilled21.5
20) Other Professional (Attorney, Scientist)10.7
21) Other White Collar (marketing, real estate)107.3
22) Sales/Retail Sales1712.4
23) School/Academic (teacher/professor)107.3
24) Secretary/Admin Assistant21.5
25) Technician (electric tech, service tech)10.7
26) Transportation Services32.2
27) Farmer/Rancher/Forestry21.5
88) Other10.7
Missing2453 
TOTAL137100.0
151) Respondent's occupation was recoded verbatim in the original dataset. These verbatim responses were recoded into general occupational categories (see value labels for OCCUP_11 for the list of categories used for all of the recoded occupation variables). Respondents could name up to 3 occupations. OCCUP_11-OCCUP_13 are the recoded responses of respondents who reported that they were working in a job or were unemployed or on leave. OCCUP_21-OCCUP_23 are the recoded responses for those who were retired. [IF WORKING=1-2, 4-5] Respondent's third mentioned occupation: (OCCUP_13)
TOTAL%
2) Banking/Finance Industry114.3
8) Custodian/Janitor/Housekeeper228.6
9) Engineer114.3
11) Gov't Employee (postal, military, etc.)114.3
12) Other Healthcare Services114.3
26) Transportation Services114.3
Missing2583 
TOTAL7100.0
152) Respondent's occupation was recoded verbatim in the original dataset. These verbatim responses were recoded into general occupational categories (see value labels for OCCUP_11 for the list of categories used for all of the recoded occupation variables). Respondents could name up to 3 occupations. OCCUP_11-OCCUP_13 are the recoded responses of respondents who reported that they were working in a job or were unemployed or on leave. OCCUP_21-OCCUP_23 are the recoded responses for those who were retired. [IF WORKING=6] Respondent's former occupation: (OCCUP_21)
TOTAL%
1) Accountant/Controller102.2
2) Banking/Finance Industry143.0
3) Business Owner143.0
4) Clerical286.0
5) Computer Industry20.4
6) Cosmetology (hair, nails)51.1
7) Counselor/Soc Worker20.4
8) Custodian/Janitor/Housekeeper71.5
9) Engineer122.6
10) Food Services (waitress, cook, etc.)163.4
11) Gov't Employee (postal, military, etc.)286.0
12) Other Healthcare Services163.4
13) Insurance Agent/Adjuster51.1
14) Law Enforcement40.9
15) Mechanic30.6
16) Manager/Supervisor/Director326.9
17) Nurse/RN/Nurse Assistant275.8
18) Other Blue Collar Skilled306.5
19) Other Blue Collar Unskilled367.7
20) Other Professional (Attorney, Scientist)81.7
21) Other White Collar (marketing, real estate)173.7
22) Sales/Retail Sales255.4
23) School/Academic (teacher/professor)469.9
24) Secretary/Admin Assistant91.9
25) Technician (electric tech, service tech)30.6
26) Transportation Services112.4
27) Farmer/Rancher/Forestry122.6
88) Other61.3
99) Don't know378.0
Missing2125 
TOTAL465100.0
153) Respondent's occupation was recoded verbatim in the original dataset. These verbatim responses were recoded into general occupational categories (see value labels for OCCUP_11 for the list of categories used for all of the recoded occupation variables). Respondents could name up to 3 occupations. OCCUP_11-OCCUP_13 are the recoded responses of respondents who reported that they were working in a job or were unemployed or on leave. OCCUP_21-OCCUP_23 are the recoded responses for those who were retired. [IF WORKING=6] Respondent's second mentioned former occupation: (OCCUP_22)
TOTAL%
1) Accountant/Controller12.2
2) Banking/Finance Industry24.4
3) Business Owner12.2
7) Counselor/Soc Worker24.4
9) Engineer12.2
10) Food Services (waitress, cook, etc.)36.7
11) Gov't Employee (postal, military, etc.)613.3
12) Other Healthcare Services24.4
13) Insurance Agent/Adjuster24.4
16) Manager/Supervisor/Director511.1
18) Other Blue Collar Skilled24.4
19) Other Blue Collar Unskilled12.2
21) Other White Collar (marketing, real estate)613.3
22) Sales/Retail Sales36.7
23) School/Academic (teacher/professor)36.7
24) Secretary/Admin Assistant24.4
27) Farmer/Rancher/Forestry24.4
88) Other12.2
Missing2545 
TOTAL45100.0
154) Respondent's occupation was recoded verbatim in the original dataset. These verbatim responses were recoded into general occupational categories (see value labels for OCCUP_11 for the list of categories used for all of the recoded occupation variables). Respondents could name up to 3 occupations. OCCUP_11-OCCUP_13 are the recoded responses of respondents who reported that they were working in a job or were unemployed or on leave. OCCUP_21-OCCUP_23 are the recoded responses for those who were retired. [IF WORKING=6] Respondent's third mentioned former occupation: (OCCUP_23)
TOTAL%
10) Food Services (waitress, cook, etc.)133.3
16) Manager/Supervisor/Director133.3
21) Other White Collar (marketing, real estate)133.3
Missing2587 
TOTAL3100.0
155) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] How often does your wife/husband attend the same church as you do?/How often does your husband/wife attend church services? (ATTNDSP)
TOTAL%
10) Less than once a week34026.5
11) Once a Week37329.1
12) 2-3 Times a Month21716.9
13) Once a Month524.1
14) Many times a year292.3
15) Few times a year1249.7
16) Never1249.7
17) Attends different church regularly181.4
18) DK20.2
19) Refused20.2
Missing1309 
TOTAL1281100.0
156) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Did your child/children attend public school for all of his/her/their years in school, not counting pre-school? (PSCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes125979.7
2) No31720.1
3) DK10.1
4) Refused20.1
Missing1011 
TOTAL1579100.0
157) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] What other kind of school have your children/child attended? (ALTSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Home School216.6
2) Christian School18357.7
3) Catholic School5116.1
4) Private (non-religious)4514.2
5) Other154.7
6) DK10.3
7) Refused10.3
Missing2273 
TOTAL317100.0
158) [ASKED OF GROUP 1 AND GROUP 2] Do you believe the Bible is the inspired word of God or not?/ I'm going to read you three views about the Bible [READ LIST] 1. The first is: the Bible is true in all ways, and to be read literally, word for word. 2. The second is: the Bible is true in all ways, but not always to be read literally. 3. The third is: the Bible is true primarily about religious matters, but may contain errors about other things. (BIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) True/literal97943.3
2) True/Not literal93241.2
3) True w/Errors1918.4
4) Not inspired673.0
5) DK662.9
6) Refused281.2
Missing327 
TOTAL2263100.0
159) [ASKED OF GROUP 1] Does your husband/wife consider himself/herself to be a Christian? (SPXIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7560.5
2) No3225.8
3) DK1512.1
4) Refused21.6
Missing2466 
TOTAL124100.0
160) Dummy for Group 1 [High religiosity Protestants] (LGSURVEY)
TOTAL%
0) Not Group 150819.6
1) Group 1208280.4
TOTAL2590100.0
161) FIPS code for the respondent's state-county of residence (ST_CNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL259029812.19315473
162) Weight 1: Household size/1.97 (SEE SUMMARY DOCUMENT) (WEIGHT1)
TOTAL%
1.02) 145676.4
1.52) 33817.7
2.03) 844.4
2.54) 211.1
3.05) 70.4
Missing684 
TOTAL1906100.0
163) Weight 2: Lg/Sh Svy .41/3.35 (SEE SUMMARY DOCUMENT) (WEIGHT2)
TOTAL%
.41) 208280.4
3.36) 50819.6
TOTAL2590100.0
164) Weight 3: WEIGHT1*WEIGHT2 (SEE SUMMARY DOCUMENT) (WEIGHT3)
TOTAL%
.42) 118958.1
.63) 26613.0
.84) 633.1
1.05) 160.8
1.26) 40.2
1.7) 1406.8
3.41) 26713.0
5.11) 723.5
6.82) 211.0
8.52) 50.2
10.23) 30.1
Missing544 
TOTAL2046100.0
165) Are you working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, retired, or something else? (IF 2 ANSWERS OFFERED: "Which do you spend more time doing?") (WORKING)
TOTAL%
10) Full time135552.3
11) Part time2379.2
12) In school1194.6
13) Unemployed642.5
14) On leave10.0
15) Retired47118.2
16) Keeping house29211.3
17) Disabled/Handicapped361.4
18) Not applicable50.2
19) DK/refused100.4
TOTAL2590100.0
166) Is your husband/wife working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, retired, or something else? (IF 2 ANSWERS OFFERED: "Which do they spend more time doing?") (SPOUSWRK)
TOTAL%
10) Full time96837.4
11) Part time1254.8
12) In school190.7
13) Unemployed190.7
14) On leave30.1
15) Retired2379.2
16) Keeping house1586.1
18) Not applicable20.1
25) Don't know/Refused261.0
30) No spouse/Not married103339.9
TOTAL2590100.0
167) Can you tell me: What race do you consider yourself? (RACEORIG)
TOTAL%
1) White156161.8
2) Black1897.5
3) African-American1074.2
4) Hispanic451.8
5) Asian160.6
9) Caucasian55421.9
15) Multi-racial130.5
16) Native American391.5
88) Other20.1
Missing64 
TOTAL2526100.0
168) Recoded race of respondent (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White212081.9
2) Black29011.2
3) Hispanic702.7
4) Asian180.7
5) Native American401.5
6) Mixed Race130.5
88) Other391.5
TOTAL2590100.0
169) I-RACE: Recoded race of respondent (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White212081.9
2) Black29011.2
3) Hispanic702.7
4) Asian180.7
5) Other923.6
TOTAL2590100.0
170) I-EDUC: How much education do you have? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less HS2228.6
2) HS Grad68726.7
3) Some College84832.9
4) College Grad49419.2
5) Post Grad32612.7
Missing13 
TOTAL2577100.0
171) I-GENDER: [IF NOT SURE ABOUT RESPONDENT'S SEX] And are you male or female? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male92235.6
2) Female166864.4
TOTAL2590100.0
172) I-RELIGION: Do you consider yourself to be Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, nothing in particular, or something else? [DO NOT READ LIST] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant187972.7
2) Catholic1776.8
3) Jewish140.5
4) Not Religious1074.1
5) Other40815.8
Missing5 
TOTAL2585100.0