Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Southern Focus Polls > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 117) TOTWT
1) Respondent's ID number (IDNUMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12534718.901666.47
2) State being called (STATE)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama201.6
3) Arizona171.4
4) Arkansas131
5) California12710.1
6) Colorado121
7) Connecticut121
8) Delaware4.3
9) District of Columbia1.1
10) Florida655.2
11) Georgia342.7
13) Idaho4.3
14) Illinois443.5
15) Indiana362.9
16) Iowa312.5
17) Kansas191.5
18) Kentucky201.6
19) Louisiana171.4
20) Maine2.2
21) Maryland342.7
22) Massachusetts272.2
23) Michigan393.1
24) Minnesota302.4
25) Mississippi171.4
26) Missouri393.1
27) Montana2.2
28) Nebraska121
29) Nevada7.6
30) New Hampshire6.5
31) New Jersey292.3
32) New Mexico9.7
33) New York675.3
34) North Carolina443.5
36) Ohio705.6
37) Oklahoma141.1
38) Oregon11.9
39) Pennsylvania635
40) Rhode Island131
41) South Carolina151.2
42) South Dakota4.3
43) Tennessee272.2
44) Texas685.4
45) Utah141.1
46) Vermont2.2
47) Virginia282.2
48) Washington262.1
49) West Virginia141.1
50) Wisconsin433.4
51) Wyoming1.1
TOTAL1253100.0
3) Do you favor or oppose using genetic technology -- called cloning -- to create a new human being who would be an exact copy of a particular individual? (CLONEHUM)
TOTAL%
1) Favor927.6
2) Oppose106488.3
3) It depends on proper controls494.1
Missing48 
TOTAL1205100.0
4) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE OPPOSED TO CLONING: What about cloning to allow infertile couples to have a child? Would you favor or oppose cloning for that purpose? (CLONINFT)
TOTAL%
1) Favor in that case13513.4
2) Oppose in that case83082.3
3) It depends444.4
Missing244 
TOTAL1009100.0
5) And now a question about space travel. Would you favor or oppose sending a manned rocket to land on Mars? (MANMARS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor86274.6
2) Oppose29325.4
Missing99 
TOTAL1155100.0
6) Which one of these statements comes closest to your belief about God? (RELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) There is a God101181.5
2) There is a spirit or life force18214.7
3) I don't believe in any of these473.8
Missing13 
TOTAL1240100.0
7) BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT ONLY HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION: Do you believe in life after death? (RELIFDIA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40668.5
2) No10117
3) Not sure8614.5
Missing660 
TOTAL593100.0
8) BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT THE OTHER HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION: Do you believe there is a life after death, or not? (RELIFDIB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49575
2) No10515.9
3) Not sure609.1
Missing593 
TOTAL660100.0
9) Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) Biblical account70060
2) Darwinian account35830.7
3) Both, God created life and then it evolved766.5
4) Neither322.7
Missing88 
TOTAL1166100.0
10) Do you believe in psychic or spiritual healing, that is, the power of the human mind to heal the human body? (BLFHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Believe73566.4
2) Don't Believe37233.6
Missing146 
TOTAL1107100.0
11) Do you believe in astrology, that is, that the position of the stars and planets can affect people's lives? (BLFASTRO)
TOTAL%
1) Believe41737.7
2) Don't Believe69062.3
Missing146 
TOTAL1107100.0
12) Do you believe in ESP, that is, extra sensory perception? (BELESP)
TOTAL%
1) Believe75370
2) Don't Believe32330
Missing177 
TOTAL1076100.0
13) Do you believe that people on this Earth are sometimes possessed by the Devil? (BLFPOSSD)
TOTAL%
1) Believe61054.6
2) Don't Believe50845.4
Missing135 
TOTAL1118100.0
14) Do you believe in deja vu, that is, the feeling that you have been somewhere or done something before? (BFDEJAVU)
TOTAL%
1) Believe86874
2) Don't Believe30526
Missing80 
TOTAL1173100.0
15) Do you believe that extraterrestrial beings have visited Earth at some time in the past? (BLFEXTRA)
TOTAL%
1) Believe44147
2) Don't Believe49753
Missing316 
TOTAL938100.0
16) Do you believe in reincarnation, that is, the rebirth of the soul in a new body after death? (BLFRECAR)
TOTAL%
1) Believe30729.1
2) Don't Believe74870.9
Missing198 
TOTAL1055100.0
17) Do you believe in ghosts, that is, that spirits of dead people can come back in certain places and situations? (BLFGHOST)
TOTAL%
1) Believe52847.4
2) Don't Believe58752.6
Missing138 
TOTAL1115100.0
18) Do you believe that God answers prayers? (BLFPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Believe104189.4
2) Don't Believe12310.6
Missing89 
TOTAL1164100.0
19) Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) Believe79572.1
2) Don't Believe30827.9
Missing151 
TOTAL1103100.0
20) In your opinion, are UFOs something real, or just people's imagination? (UFOREAL)
TOTAL%
1) UFOs are real50948.7
2) UFOs are imagination42440.5
3) It depends - sometimes real, sometimes imagined11310.8
Missing207 
TOTAL1046100.0
21) Some people are superstitious and try to behave in such a way as to avoid bad luck or "jinxing" themselves. How superstitious are you? -- Would you say you are very, somewhat, not very, or not at all superstitious? (SUPERSTS)
TOTAL%
1) Very superstitious241.9
2) Somewhat superstitious27922.4
3) Not very superstitious39131.4
4) Not at all superstitious55244.3
Missing6 
TOTAL1246100.0
22) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE VERY OR SOMEWHAT SUPERSTITIOUS: Could you tell me one thing that you are superstitious about? (SUPEREG)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent is able to think of something he or she is superstitious about21973.2
2) Respondent can't think of anything specific that they are superstitious about8026.8
Missing955 
TOTAL299100.0
23) Have you personally ever used the power of your mind to heal your own body? (MINDHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have healed self with mind34028
2) No, have not87572
Missing38 
TOTAL1215100.0
24) Have you personally ever experienced having an illness cured by prayer? (PRAYHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have been healed by prayer42134.7
2) No, have not79165.3
Missing41 
TOTAL1212100.0
25) Are you a parent? (PARENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes89471.3
2) No35928.7
TOTAL1253100.0
26) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE PARENTS: On the whole, would you say you are satisfied or dissatisfied with your children's education? (EDSATISA)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied63477.3
2) Dissatisfied18622.7
Missing433 
TOTAL820100.0
27) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE NOT PARENTS: On the whole, would you say you are satisfied or dissatisfied with the education children are getting today? (EDSATISB)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied13641.3
2) Dissatisfied19358.7
Missing925 
TOTAL329100.0
28) Do you think children today are being educated better or worse than you were? (EDUCWORS)
TOTAL%
1) Better57850
2) Same877.5
3) Worse49042.4
Missing99 
TOTAL1155100.0
29) Educators do not all agree on how much time should be spent teaching reading in the public schools. Do you, yourself, think reading is more important or less important than other school subjects? (EDREADIN)
TOTAL%
1) More important108587.3
2) About the same14111.3
3) Less important171.4
Missing10 
TOTAL1243100.0
30) Do you think that reading is better taught today, or not as well taught as when you were in grade school? (EDUCREAD)
TOTAL%
1) Better taught43641.5
2) Same605.7
3) Not as well taught55452.8
Missing204 
TOTAL1050100.0
31) Do you think students in our high schools should be given more homework, less homework, or do you think they are given about the right amount now? (EDUHOMWK)
TOTAL%
1) Give less747.7
2) About right now46348.5
3) Give more41843.8
Missing297 
TOTAL955100.0
32) Do you think our public schools today demand too much work or too little work from the students? (EDUCWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Too much989
2) Too little83776.9
3) About right15414.1
Missing165 
TOTAL1089100.0
33) Would you favor or oppose increasing the number of days per year spent in school...for high school students? (EDDAYSHS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor58350.8
2) Oppose56449.2
Missing106 
TOTAL1147100.0
34) Would you favor or oppose increasing the number of days per year spent in school...for grade school students? (EDDAYGR)
TOTAL%
1) Favor50543.8
2) Oppose64856.2
Missing100 
TOTAL1153100.0
35) Do you think discipline in the public schools in your community is too strict or not strict enough? (EDUCDISP)
TOTAL%
1) Too strict474.2
2) About right20017.8
3) Not strict enough87778
Missing129 
TOTAL1124100.0
36) Should every public school student in the first eight grades be promoted at the end of the year, or should students who have failed most of their subjects be kept back? (EDUPROMO)
TOTAL%
1) Promoted625.1
2) Kept back110490.8
3) It depends504.1
Missing37 
TOTAL1216100.0
37) Some people say that colleges should raise their entrance requirements, making it harder for high school graduates to enter. Do you think colleges should do this, or not? (EDUCOLLG)
TOTAL%
1) Should37032.7
2) Should not76167.3
Missing122 
TOTAL1131100.0
38) Should all high school students in the United States be required to pass a standard nationwide examination in order to get a high school diploma? (EDUCDIPL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes90875.4
2) No29624.6
Missing49 
TOTAL1204100.0
39) Would you favor or oppose a nationwide test to be given to all students when they enter high school and again when they graduate to let parents learn more about their children's educational achievement? (EDUCTEST)
TOTAL%
1) Favor100584.7
2) Oppose18215.3
Missing66 
TOTAL1187100.0
40) Would you like to have a daughter of yours go into teaching? (EDGIRLTC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78265.4
2) No28223.6
3) It depends13111
Missing58 
TOTAL1195100.0
41) Would you like to have a son of yours go into teaching? (EDBOYTC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73261.4
2) No32026.8
3) It depends14111.8
Missing60 
TOTAL1193100.0
42) If you had a boy graduating from high school, would you personally like to have him go on to college, or would you rather have him do something else? (EDBOYCOL)
TOTAL%
1) Go to college108687.2
2) Do something else322.6
3) It depends12710.2
Missing9 
TOTAL1245100.0
43) If you had a girl graduating from high school, would you personally like to have her go on to college, or would you rather have her do something else? (EDGRLCOL)
TOTAL%
1) Go to college109988.3
2) Do something else241.9
3) It depends1219.7
Missing9 
TOTAL1244100.0
44) Do you think a college education is worth what it costs in time and money to persons who are not going into professions? (EDUCOST)
TOTAL%
1) Worth the cost59953.6
2) Not worth it51946.4
Missing135 
TOTAL1118100.0
45) Generally speaking, which of the following best represents your opinion about getting a college education? A person has to have a college education in order to get and keep a really good job. Having a college education makes it easier for a person to get and keep a really good job. A person can do just as well or better by spending those years on something else. (EDUCLJOB)
TOTAL%
1) College necessary to get a good job24820.6
2) College helps81367.6
3) Person can do as well spending years on something else14111.7
Missing52 
TOTAL1202100.0
46) Public schools now teach the scientific theory of evolution, which explains how life developed on Earth. Would you favor or oppose requiring public schools to also teach the Biblical version of how life on Earth was created by God? (TCHCREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would favor74663.8
2) No, would not favor42336.2
Missing84 
TOTAL1169100.0
47) Here are two statements which people sometimes make when discussing the environment and economic growth. Which of these statements comes closer to your own point of view? Protection of the environment should be given priority, even at the risk of curbing economic growth. Economic growth should be given priority even if the environment suffers to some extent. (ENVIRON)
TOTAL%
1) Protection should be priority92075.3
2) Economic growth should be priority19716.1
3) Can't decide1048.5
Missing32 
TOTAL1221100.0
48) There's a lot of talk about race relations these days, and it's important to know how people really feel about these things. Are you in favor of integration of the races, strict segregation, or something in-between? (SEGREGAT)
TOTAL%
1) Integration77865
2) Segregation373.1
3) Something in-between38231.9
Missing56 
TOTAL1197100.0
49) When was the last time you went to a party -- was it in the last week, in the last month, or before that? (PRTYWHEN)
TOTAL%
1) Last week34327.4
2) Last month35328.2
3) Before that49839.8
4) Never go to parties564.5
Missing3 
TOTAL1250100.0
50) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE GONE TO A PARTY AT LEAST ONCE IN THE LAST MONTH: Was the most recent party you attended dress-up or casual? IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHAT WE MEAN BY DRESS-UP SAY: "Did the men wear coats and ties?" (PRTYDRES)
TOTAL%
1) Dress-up18716.2
2) Casual97083.8
Missing96 
TOTAL1157100.0
51) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE GONE TO A PARTY AT LEAST IN THE LAST MONTH: Were alcoholic beverages served at the last party you attended? (PRTYBOOZ)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82670.5
2) No34529.5
Missing83 
TOTAL1171100.0
52) Do you ever wear any jewelry, including rings and watches? (JEWELRY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes113190.4
2) No1209.6
Missing2 
TOTAL1251100.0
53) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO WEAR JEWELRY: How many pieces of jewelry are you wearing right now? (JEWELNUM)
TOTAL%
0) 019717.4
1) 130026.5
2) 225322.4
3) 314112.5
4) 41109.7
5) 5393.4
6) 6393.4
7) 7282.5
8) 88.7
9) Nine or more161.4
Missing122 
TOTAL1131100.0
54) In which year were you born? (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12531953.2916.66
55) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO LIVE IN SOUTHERN OR BORDER STATES] Just for the record, would you say that your community is in the South? (COMSOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37880.9
2) No8919.1
Missing787 
TOTAL467100.0
56) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE IN THE SOUTH IN VARIABLE COMSOUTH] Not counting time spent away at school and for other temporary reasons, have you lived in the South all your life or not? How long have you lived in the South? (LIVESOU)
TOTAL%
1) Five years or less287.4
2) Six to ten years195
3) More than 10 years9625.5
4) All my life23462.1
Missing876 
TOTAL377100.0
57) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY HAVE LIVED IN THE SOUTH ALL OF THEIR LIFE IN VARIABLE LIVESOU] Have you ever traveled or visited outside the South? (TRAVOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20888.9
2) No2611.1
Missing1020 
TOTAL234100.0
58) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS IN NON-SOUTHERN SAMPLE] Have you ever lived in a Southern state? (SOULIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20226
2) No57574
Missing476 
TOTAL777100.0
59) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE NOT LIVED IN THE SOUTH IN VARIABLE SOULIV] Have you ever traveled or visited in the South? (TRAVIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42674.1
2) No14925.9
Missing678 
TOTAL575100.0
60) Which state did you live in when you were 16? (STATE16)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama181.4
4) Arizona9.7
5) Arkansas11.9
6) California806.4
8) Colorado221.8
9) Connecticut10.8
10) Delaware5.4
11) District of Columbia1.1
12) Florida383
13) Georgia272.2
15) Hawaii3.2
16) Idaho2.2
17) Illinois514.1
18) Indiana292.3
19) Iowa332.6
20) Kansas322.6
21) Kentucky282.2
22) Louisiana191.5
23) Maine2.2
24) Maryland292.3
25) Massachusetts362.9
26) Michigan544.3
27) Minnesota272.2
28) Mississippi141.1
29) Missouri221.8
30) Montana5.4
31) Nebraska10.8
32) Nevada3.2
33) New Hampshire6.5
34) New Jersey342.7
35) New Mexico2.2
36) New York917.3
37) North Carolina352.8
38) North Dakota1.1
39) Ohio836.6
40) Oklahoma171.4
41) Oregon9.7
42) Pennsylvania796.3
44) Rhode Island141.1
45) South Carolina11.9
46) South Dakota4.3
47) Tennessee262.1
48) Texas534.2
49) Utah4.3
50) Vermont3.2
51) Virginia252
53) Washington181.4
54) West Virginia161.3
55) Wisconsin483.8
56) Wyoming2.2
77) Foreign Country524.2
Missing3 
TOTAL1253100.0
61) [ASKED ONLY OF SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS] Do you consider yourself a Southerner? (SOUTHERN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26069.1
2) No11630.9
Missing878 
TOTAL376100.0
62) ASKED ONLY OF NON-SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS: Do you consider yourself or anyone in your family a Southerner? (SOUTHFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, self131.5
2) Yes, family15518
3) Yes, both323.7
4) No66176.8
Missing392 
TOTAL861100.0
63) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO CONSIDER THEMSELVES SOUTHERNERS: Would you say that being a Southerner is very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important to you? (SIDIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Very important7223.9
2) Somewhat important11738.9
3) Not very important4414.6
4) Not at all important6822.6
Missing953 
TOTAL301100.0
64) NOT ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO LIVE IN WASHINGTON, D.C.: In which county do you now live? (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL125384.0584.53
65) When you were growing up, how many brothers and sisters did you have who lived in the same household with you? Include stepbrothers and stepsisters, and adopted children. (SIBLINGS)
TOTAL%
0) 01118.9
1) 128322.7
2) 228522.9
3) 321217
4) 41239.9
5) 5705.6
6) 6614.9
7) 7302.4
8) Eight or more725.8
Missing6 
TOTAL1247100.0
66) Of the brothers and sisters you grew up with, were you the oldest, second oldest, third oldest, or what? (BIRTHODR)
TOTAL%
1) Oldest39434.9
2) Second oldest32128.4
3) Third oldest19517.3
4) Fourth oldest988.7
5) Fifth oldest534.7
6) Sixth oldest252.2
7) Seventh oldest191.7
8) Eighth oldest6.5
9) Ninth oldest171.5
10) Tenth oldest1.1
11) Eleventh oldest1.1
12) Twelfth oldest00
Missing124 
TOTAL1130100.0
67) Do you live in a city, a suburban community, a small town, or a rural area? (LIVEWH)
TOTAL%
1) City39531.6
2) Suburbs28222.6
3) Town30924.7
4) Rural area26321.1
Missing5 
TOTAL1249100.0
68) How many years of school have you completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) 1st grade (or less)1.1
2) 2nd grade3.2
3) 3rd grade1.1
4) 4th grade3.2
5) 5th grade3.2
6) 6th grade6.5
7) 7th grade2.2
8) 8th grade161.3
9) 9th grade171.4
10) 10th grade211.7
11) 11th grade453.6
12) 12th grade (high school)35128
13) Some college30924.7
14) 4 year college graduate26020.8
15) Advanced degree (M.A., Ph.D., LL.D., M.D.)21417.1
Missing1 
TOTAL1252100.0
69) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week14912
2) Once a week34527.8
3) Two to three times a month18114.6
4) Several times a year31925.7
5) Never24920
Missing11 
TOTAL1243100.0
70) How important would you say your religious faith is in your own life these days -- extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not important? (RELIGIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important36129.1
2) Very important50140.3
3) Somewhat important27322
4) Not important1078.6
Missing11 
TOTAL1242100.0
71) What is your religious affiliation -- Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELAFFL)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant64552.4
2) Catholic36029.2
3) Jewish262.1
4) Some other religion796.4
5) No religion [not religious/atheist/agnostic]715.8
6) Christian or Just a Christian514.1
Missing21 
TOTAL1232100.0
72) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY BELONGED TO SOME OTHER RELIGION: What other religion are you? Does your religion include any of the following words: Anglican, Lutheran, Adventist, Methodist, Apostolic, Nazarene, Baptist, Non-Denominational, Bible, Pentecostal, Born-Again, Presbyterian, Christ/Christian, Prophetic, Church of God, Quaker/Friends, Episcopalian, Seventh Day Adventist, Greek/Serb Orthodox, Holiness? (RELAFCHK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (Respondent is considered Protestant)11158.4
2) No (Respondent is not considered Protestant)7941.6
Missing1063 
TOTAL190100.0
73) APPLIES TO RESPONDENTS WHO ARE PROTESTANT, CHRISTIAN OR JUST CHRISTIAN: With what church denomination, if any, are you most closely affiliated? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
10) Anabaptist00
11) Anglican/Church of England00
12) Assembly of God81.2
13) Baptist20229.1
14) Brethren1.1
15) Catholic5.7
16) Charismatic71
17) "Christian" or "Just a Christian"284
19) Christian Science00
20) Church(es) of Christ111.6
21) Church of God81.2
22) Church of the Nazarene2.3
23) Congregationalist101.4
24) Disciples of Christ3.4
25) Episcopalian/Anglican/Church of England304.3
26) Evangelical Covenant Church2.3
27) Evangelical Free Church5.7
28) Four Square3.4
29) Free Methodist Church1.1
30) Holiness2.3
31) Independent3.4
32) Jehovah's Witness1.1
33) "Just Protestant"5.7
34) Lutheran679.7
36) Methodist10815.6
37) Mormon/Latter-Day Saints6.9
38) Non/Inter-Denominational Protestant233.3
39) Pentecostal202.9
40) Presbyterian426.1
42) Reformed4.6
45) Unitarian-Universalist1.1
46) United Church of Christ5.7
47) Wesleyan Church3.4
48) Other273.9
51) Not religious/atheist/agnostic00
52) None (not affiliated with a Church)507.2
Missing563 
TOTAL693100.0
74) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS BAPTISTS: With which Baptist group is your church associated? Is it Southern Baptist Convention, the American Baptist Churches in the USA, the American Baptist Association, the National Baptist Convention USA, an independent Baptist church, or some other Baptist group? (DBAPTIST)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association105
11) American Baptist USA73.5
14) Baptist Missionary Association21
16) Free Will Baptist1.5
17) Fundamentalist Baptist (No denominational ties)1.5
18) General Association of Regular Baptist1.5
19) Independent Baptist (No denominational ties)2110.4
20) Missionary Baptist31.5
21) National Baptist Convention USA42
22) Primitive Baptist00
25) Southern Baptist9547.3
26) Other42
27) Don't Know; "Just Baptist"5225.9
Missing1051 
TOTAL201100.0
75) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS METHODIST: Is that the United Methodist Church, African Methodist Episcopal Church, the Free Methodist Church, or some other Methodist group? (DMETHDST)
TOTAL%
1) African Methodist Episcopal43.7
2) African Methodist Episcopal Zion21.9
3) Free Methodist Church00
4) United Methodist9285.2
5) Other43.7
6) Don't Know; "Just Methodist"65.6
Missing1145 
TOTAL108100.0
76) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS PRESBYTERIAN: Is that the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., the Presbyterian Church in America, the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, or some other Presbyterian group? (DPRESBY)
TOTAL%
1) Evangelical Presbyterian Church (EPC)12.4
3) Presbyterian Church in America (PCA)37.1
4) Presbyterian Church in the USA (PCUSA)2047.6
5) Other24.8
6) Don't Know; "Just Presbyterian"1638.1
Missing1212 
TOTAL42100.0
77) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS LUTHERAN: Is that the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Missouri Synod, the Wisconsin Synod, or some other Lutheran group? (DLUTHRAN)
TOTAL%
1) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA: formerly the Lutheran Church in America, American Lutheran Church)2841.8
2) Missouri Synod1014.9
3) Wisconsin Synod710.4
4) Other811.9
5) Don't Know; "Just Lutheran"1420.9
Missing1186 
TOTAL67100.0
78) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS REFORMED: Is that the Christian Reformed Church, the Reformed Church in America or some other Reformed group? (DREFORMD)
TOTAL%
2) Reformed Church in America (RCA)4100
Missing1249 
TOTAL4100.0
79) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED WITH BRETHREN: Is that the Church of the Brethren, the Plymouth Brethren, United Brethren in Christ, or some other Brethren group? (DBRETHEN)
TOTAL%
3) United Brethren in Christ1100
Missing1252 
TOTAL1100.0
80) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED WITH CONGREGATIONALIST: Is that the United Church of Christ or just a Congregational church? (DUCC)
TOTAL%
1) United Church of Christ (UCC)333.3
2) Just Congregational666.7
Missing1244 
TOTAL9100.0
81) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS "CHRISTIAN" OR "JUST CHRISTIAN": When you say "Christian," does that mean the denomination called the "Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)," or some other Christian denomination, or do you mean to say "I am just a Christian?" (DDISCIPL)
TOTAL%
1) Disciples of Christ517.9
2) "Just a Christian"1657.1
3) Other Christian Denominational517.9
4) Don't Know27.1
Missing1225 
TOTAL28100.0
82) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED WITH CHURCHES OF CHRIST: Is that the Church of Christ or the United Church of Christ? (DCHRIST)
TOTAL%
1) Church(es) of Christ1090.9
2) United Church of Christ19.1
Missing1242 
TOTAL11100.0
83) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED WITH CHURCH OF GOD: Is that the Church of God of Anderson, Indiana; the Church of God of Cleveland, Tennessee; the Church of God in Christ; or some other Church of God? (DCHGOD)
TOTAL%
2) Cleveland, TN225
3) Church of God in Christ562.5
4) Other112.5
5) Don't Know00
Missing1245 
TOTAL8100.0
84) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED WITH HOLINESS: Is that the Christian and Missionary Alliance, the Church of the Nazarene, the Salvation Army, the Wesleyan Church, the Free Methodist Church, the Church of God (Anderson, IN), or some other Holiness group? (DHOLINES)
TOTAL%
1) Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA)00
5) Free Methodist Church00
7) Other1100
8) Don't Know; "Just Holiness"00
Missing1251 
TOTAL1100.0
85) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS CHARISMATIC: Is that a charismatic church associated with any denomination, a Pentecostal church, or a non-denominational charismatic church? (DCHARIS)
TOTAL%
3) Independent Charismatic7100
Missing1246 
TOTAL7100.0
86) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS PENTECOSTAL: What kind of church is that? Is that part of a larger church or denomination? What is that church called? (DPENTE)
TOTAL%
11) Assemblies of God738.9
12) Church of God (Cleveland, TN)00
13) Church of God (Huntsville, AL)00
18) Full Gospel15.6
19) Pentecostal Church of God00
20) Pentecostal Holiness Church527.8
23) Other211.1
24) Don't Know; "Just Pentecostal"316.7
Missing1234 
TOTAL18100.0
87) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS ANABAPTIST: What kind of Anabaptist church is that? Is that part of a larger church or denomination? What is that church called? (DANABAPT)
TOTAL%
7) Don't Know; "Just Anabaptist"00
Missing1253 
TOTAL0100.0
88) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS JUST PROTESTANT: Does your church have any denominational affiliation at all? (DANY)
TOTAL%
2) No, it doesn't4100
3) Don't Know00
Missing1248 
TOTAL4100.0
89) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS INDEPENDENT OR "NON-INTERDENOMINATIONAL PROTESTANT": Is that an independent fundamentalist church, independent charismatic church, independent Pentecostal church, or independent evangelical church? (DINDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Independent Fundamentalist312
2) Independent Charismatic728
3) Independent Pentecostal416
4) Independent Evangelical28
6) Don't Know; "Just Independent"936
Missing1228 
TOTAL25100.0
90) ASKED ONLY OF PROTESTANT RESPONDENTS AND THOSE WHO SAID THEY ARE CHRISTIAN OR JUST CHRISTIAN: When it comes to your religious identity, would you say you are a Pentecostal, fundamentalist, evangelical, mainline Protestant, or liberal Protestant? (RELID97)
TOTAL%
1) Pentecostal8412.2
2) Fundamentalist497.1
3) Evangelical608.7
4) Mainline9613.9
5) Theologically Liberal17024.6
6) Other3.4
7) None of the Above669.6
8) Don't Know16323.6
Missing563 
TOTAL691100.0
91) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CATHOLIC OR ROMAN CATHOLIC: Do you consider yourself a traditionalist Catholic, a progressive Catholic, or none of these? (RELCATH)
TOTAL%
1) Traditionalist11834.2
2) Progressive11533.3
3) None of these11232.5
Missing908 
TOTAL345100.0
92) What is your marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married76160.9
2) Divorced1209.6
3) Separated181.4
4) Widowed766.1
5) Single27522
Missing3 
TOTAL1250100.0
93) Last week were you primarily working full time, working part time, going to school, keeping house, retired, or unemployed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time68956.9
2) Working part time1209.9
3) Going to school655.4
4) Keeping house927.6
5) Retired18114.9
6) Unemployed645.3
Missing42 
TOTAL1211100.0
94) ASKED ONLY OF MARRIED RESPONDENTS: What about your husband/wife? Last week was he/she primarily: (HWEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time49966.6
2) Working part time557.3
3) Going to school7.9
4) Keeping house608
5) Retired12116.2
6) Unemployed7.9
Missing504 
TOTAL749100.0
95) BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT ONLY HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION: I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes. (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000387.6
2) $10,000 to $19,9997615.2
3) $20,000 to $29,9998016
4) $30,000 to $39,9996613.2
5) $40,000 to $49,9995310.6
6) $50,000 to $59,9996513
7) More than $60,00012124.2
Missing754 
TOTAL499100.0
96) BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT THE OTHER HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION: I'm going to read you some income categories. Please tell me which category best describes your total household income before taxes. Is it less than $40,000, or is it $40,000 or more? (INCOMEA)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00023637.7
2) $40,000 or more39062.3
Missing628 
TOTAL626100.0
97) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEIR TOTAL FAMILY INCOME BEFORE TAXES IS LESS THAN $40,000: Is it less than $20,000? (INCOMEB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (Less than $20,000)6226.5
2) No ($20,000 or more)17273.5
Missing1020 
TOTAL234100.0
98) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEIR TOTAL FAMILY INCOME BEFORE TAXES IS $40,000 OR MORE: Is it less than $60,000? (INCOMEC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (Less than $60,000)15942.6
2) No ($60,000 or more)21457.4
Missing880 
TOTAL373100.0
99) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian101982.7
2) Black524.2
3) African-American332.7
4) Negro, colored, etc.4.3
5) Native American/Indian131.1
6) Asian/Oriental362.9
7) Other756.1
Missing22 
TOTAL1232100.0
100) Do you happen to know whether any of your ancestors were American Indians? (AMINDIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, were39632.7
2) No, were not81567.3
Missing42 
TOTAL1211100.0
101) Are you of Hispanic origin? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Hispanic786.3
2) No, not Hispanic116093.7
Missing15 
TOTAL1238100.0
102) How many people under 18 live in this house? (CHILD18)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12530.841.19
103) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WITH ONE OR MORE PEOPLE UNDER 18 IN THEIR HOUSEHOLD] How many of those are under 12 years old? (CHILD12)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12531.091.07
104) Including yourself, how many people 18 or older live at this telephone number? (PEOPLE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12532.320.96
105) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or other? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican35730.2
2) Democrat39833.6
3) Independent37231.4
4) Other574.8
Missing69 
TOTAL1184100.0
106) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS DEMOCRATS] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not very strong Democrat? (STRDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat15239.4
2) Not very strong Democrat23460.6
Missing868 
TOTAL386100.0
107) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS REPUBLICAN] Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not very strong Republican? (STRREP)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Republican15145.2
2) Not very strong Republican18354.8
Missing919 
TOTAL334100.0
108) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE INDEPENDENT] Do you usually think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or as closer to the Democratic Party? (INDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Closer to Republican Party11631.2
2) Closer to Democratic Party14037.6
3) Don't know11631.2
Missing881 
TOTAL372100.0
109) In general, when it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a LIBERAL, a CONSERVATIVE, or a MODERATE? (LIBCON)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal27623
2) Moderate (middle of the road)45237.6
3) Conservative36530.4
4) Never think of self in these terms (No preference)443.7
5) Don't know655.4
Missing51 
TOTAL1202100.0
110) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS LIBERAL] Do you think of yourself as a STRONG liberal, or a NOT VERY STRONG liberal? (STRLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal10339.8
2) Not very strong liberal15660.2
Missing995 
TOTAL259100.0
111) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS CONSERVATIVE] Do you think of yourself as a STRONG conservative, or a NOT VERY STRONG conservative? (STRCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strong conservative14842.9
2) Not very strong conservative19757.1
Missing908 
TOTAL345100.0
112) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS MODERATE] Do you think of yourself as more like a liberal, or more like a conservative? (MODERATE)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal15935.6
2) Neither439.6
3) More conservative23051.5
4) Don't know153.4
Missing806 
TOTAL447100.0
113) Do you agree or disagree that the South is better off as part of the United States than it would be as a separate country? (NOTSEP)
TOTAL%
1) Better off as part of United States109093.7
2) Better off as separate736.3
Missing90 
TOTAL1163100.0
114) Sex of respondent (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male54443.4
2) Female70956.6
TOTAL1253100.0
115) Respondent's accent (ACCENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Southern accent13610.9
2) Detectable Southern accent, but not strong15512.4
3) No Southern accent96276.8
TOTAL1253100.0
116) [WEIGHTING VARIABLE BY HOUSEHOLD SIZE] This equation equals the variable PEOPLE divided by 1.986 (WTVARS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12531.170.48
117) This weighting variable is based on the Census of Population and is used to combine Northern and Southern data sets mean and standard deviation of TOTWT. (TOTWT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0.9970.933
118) Southern or Non-Southern sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Southern sample38230.5
2) Non-Southern sample87169.5
TOTAL1253100.0
119) Sex of respondent (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male54443.4
2) Female70956.6
TOTAL1253100.0
120) What race do you consider yourself? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian101982.8
2) Black/African-American887.1
5) Native American/Indian131.1
6) Asian/Oriental362.9
7) Other756.1
Missing22 
TOTAL1231100.0
121) What is your marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married76160.9
2) Divorced1209.6
3) Separated181.4
4) Widowed766.1
5) Single27522
Missing3 
TOTAL1250100.0
122) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week14912
2) Once a week34527.8
3) Two to three times a month18114.6
4) Several times a year31925.7
5) Never24920
Missing11 
TOTAL1243100.0
123) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican35730.2
2) Democrat39833.6
3) Independent37231.4
4) Other574.8
Missing69 
TOTAL1184100.0
124) How many years of school have you completed? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school1179.4
12) 12th grade (high school)35128.1
13) Some college30924.7
14) 4 year college graduate26020.8
15) Advanced degree (M.A., Ph.D., LL.D., M.D.)21417.1
Missing1 
TOTAL1251100.0
125) BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT ONLY HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION: I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $20,00011422.8
3) $20,000 to $29,9998016
4) $30,000 to $39,9996613.2
5) $40,000 to $49,9995310.6
6) $50,000 to $59,9996513
7) More than $60,00012124.2
Missing754 
TOTAL499100.0