Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1993

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Southern Focus Polls > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent number (RESP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4474817.273517
2) Respondent's Year of Birth (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4421949.64316
3) Just for the record, would you say that your community is in the South, or not? (COMSOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1832.7
2) No3665.5
3) Don't know/No answer11.8
Missing392 
TOTAL55100.0
4) How about your state as a whole? Is it a Southern state, or not? (STATSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1477.8
2) No211.1
3) Don't know/No answer211.1
Missing429 
TOTAL18100.0
5) Not counting time spent away at school and for other temporary reasons, have you lived in the South all your life or not? [IF NOT, ASK:] How long have you lived in the South? (LIVESOU)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 5 years15.6
3) More than 10 years422.2
4) All my life1266.7
5) Don't know/No answer15.6
Missing429 
TOTAL18100.0
6) [If R answered all my life, R was asked TRAVOUT] Have you ever traveled or visited outside the South? (TRAVOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1083.3
2) No216.7
Missing435 
TOTAL12100.0
7) Have you ever lived in a Southern state? (SOULIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8922.7
2) No30377.3
Missing55 
TOTAL392100.0
8) Have you ever traveled or visited in the South? (TRAVIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22975.6
2) No7324.1
3) Don't know/No answer10.3
Missing144 
TOTAL303100.0
9) Which state did you live in when you were 16? (STATE)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama40.9
4) Arizona40.9
5) Arkansas10.2
6) California388.5
8) Colorado30.7
9) Connecticut30.7
10) Delaware20.4
11) D.C.30.7
12) Florida51.1
13) Georgia20.4
16) Idaho40.9
17) Illinois214.7
18) Indiana122.7
19) Iowa102.2
20) Kansas51.1
21) Kentucky30.7
22) Louisiana10.2
23) Maine51.1
24) Maryland163.6
25) Massachusetts132.9
26) Michigan276.0
27) Minnesota112.5
28) Mississippi51.1
29) Missouri143.1
30) Montana20.4
31) Nebraska81.8
32) Nevada20.4
33) New Hampshire20.4
34) New Jersey184.0
35) New Mexico30.7
36) New York419.2
37) North Carolina51.1
38) North Dakota30.7
39) Ohio388.5
40) Oklahoma20.4
41) Oregon30.7
42) Pennsylvania408.9
46) South Dakota10.2
47) Tennessee30.7
48) Texas71.6
49) Utah40.9
50) Vermont51.1
51) Virginia20.4
53) Washington122.7
54) West Virginia20.4
55) Wisconsin143.1
56) Wyoming10.2
77) Foreign Country153.4
99) Don't know20.4
TOTAL447100.0
10) Do you consider yourself or anyone in your family a Southerner? (SOUFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, self204.5
2) Yes, family5612.5
3) Yes, both self and family102.2
4) No35779.9
5) Don't know/No answer40.9
TOTAL447100.0
11) Do you live in a city, a suburban community, a small town, or a rural area? (LIVEWH)
TOTAL%
1) City15835.3
2) Suburbs9421.0
3) Town11124.8
4) Rural8418.8
TOTAL447100.0
12) Do you live within a half-hour drive of any of your close relatives? (LIVEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33274.3
2) No11525.7
TOTAL447100.0
13) How many years of school have you completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
3) 3rd grade10.2
8) 8th grade61.3
9) 9th grade92.0
10) 10th grade122.7
11) 11th grade143.1
12) 12th grade13430.0
13) 1st year coll. or tech. school449.8
14) 2nd year5612.5
15) 3rd year296.5
16) 4th year (college grad)8519.0
17) 5th year122.7
18) 6th year184.0
19) 7th year61.3
20) 8th year (PhD)143.1
21) 9 or more71.6
TOTAL447100.0
14) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week7015.7
2) Once a week9721.7
3) 2-3 times a month6314.1
4) Several times a year10723.9
5) Never10824.2
6) Refused20.4
TOTAL447100.0
15) What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK:] What denomination? (FAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist5311.9
2) Methodist388.5
3) Lutheran337.4
4) Presbyterian163.6
5) Episcopalian81.8
6) Church of Christ81.8
7) Other Protestant204.5
8) Catholic13830.9
9) Jewish102.2
10) Other5311.9
11) None6213.9
12) Don't know/No answer81.8
TOTAL447100.0
16) Are you currently... (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married25256.4
2) Divorced4710.5
3) Separated112.5
4) Widowed296.5
5) Single10824.2
TOTAL447100.0
17) Are you a parent? (PARENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29966.9
2) No14833.1
TOTAL447100.0
18) Last week were you primarily: (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time23753.0
2) Working part time4710.5
3) Going to school255.6
4) Keeping house4810.7
5) Retired5913.2
6) Unemployed204.5
7) Or what?102.2
8) No answer10.2
TOTAL447100.0
19) What about your husband/wife-last week was he/she primarily: (HWEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time16565.5
2) Working part time166.3
3) Going to school31.2
4) Keeping house259.9
5) Retired3614.3
6) Unemployed31.2
7) Or what?41.6
Missing195 
TOTAL252100.0
20) Did your mother ever work for pay for as long as one year after you were born and before you were 14? (MOMWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23953.5
2) No20145.0
3) Didn't live with mother (vol.)20.4
4) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)40.9
5) No answer10.2
TOTAL447100.0
21) I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes: (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,000286.3
2) 10,000 to 19,9996514.5
3) 20,000 to 29,9998819.7
4) 30,000 to 39,9996314.1
5) 40,000 to 49,999337.4
6) 50,000 to 59,999337.4
7) More than 60,0007015.7
8) No answer6715.0
TOTAL447100.0
22) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White38686.4
2) Black/African-American347.6
3) Native American/Indian40.9
4) Other194.3
5) No answer40.9
TOTAL447100.0
23) Are you of Hispanic origin? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Hispanic163.6
2) No, not Hispanic42695.3
3) Don't know/No answer51.1
TOTAL447100.0
24) How many people under 18 live in this house? (CHILD18)
TOTAL%
0) 27561.5
1) 6514.5
2) 5913.2
3) 306.7
4) 153.4
5) 10.2
6) 10.2
7) 10.2
TOTAL447100.0
25) How many of those are under 12 years old? (CHILD12)
TOTAL%
0) 32071.6
1) 5512.3
2) 4710.5
3) 184.0
4) 61.3
5) 10.2
TOTAL447100.0
26) Including yourself, how many people 18 or older live at this telephone number? (PEOPLE)
TOTAL%
1) 11225.1
2) 24053.8
3) 5913.2
4) 296.5
5) 61.3
Missing1 
TOTAL446100.0
27) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican11626.0
2) Democrat16837.6
3) Independent11425.5
4) Other party235.1
5) Don't know/No answer265.8
TOTAL447100.0
28) [If R answered Democrat, R was asked STRDEM] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not very strong Democrat? (STRDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat7242.9
2) Not very strong Democrat9456.0
3) Don't know/No answer21.2
Missing279 
TOTAL168100.0
29) [If R answered Republican, R was asked STRREP] Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not very strong Republican? (STRREP)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Republican5244.8
2) Not very strong Republican6253.4
3) Don't know/No answer21.7
Missing331 
TOTAL116100.0
30) [If R answered Independent, R was asked INDEP] Do you usually think of yourself as closer to the Republican party or as closer to the Democratic party? (INDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Closer to Republican party3530.7
2) Closer to Democratic party3530.7
3) Don't know/No answer4438.6
Missing333 
TOTAL114100.0
31) As a citizen, what comes to mind first-your rights, such as freedom of speech and religion, or your obligations, such as obeying the law and paying taxes? (CITIZEN)
TOTAL%
1) Rights22249.7
2) Obligations15835.3
3) Both equal (vol)5612.5
4) Don't know/No answer112.5
TOTAL447100.0
32) In general, when it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, a moderate, or what? (LIBCON)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal10723.9
2) Moderate (middle of the road)12928.9
3) Conservative14432.2
4) Never think of self in these terms (no preference)316.9
5) Don't know214.7
6) No answer122.7
7) R insists that he/she has no understanding of these terms30.7
TOTAL447100.0
33) [If R answered liberal, R was asked STRLIB] Do you think of yourself as a strong liberal or a not very strong liberal? (STRLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal4239.3
2) Not very strong liberal6257.9
3) Don't know21.9
4) No answer10.9
Missing340 
TOTAL107100.0
34) [If R answered conservative, R was asked STRCON] Do you think of yourself as a strong conservative or a not very strong conservative? (STRCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strong conservative7250.0
2) Not very strong conservative6645.8
3) Don't know53.5
4) No answer10.7
Missing303 
TOTAL144100.0
35) [If R answered moderate, R was asked MODERATE] Do you think of yourself as more like a liberal or more like a conservative? (MODERATE)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal6348.8
2) Neither2116.3
3) More conservative4131.8
4) Don't know43.1
Missing318 
TOTAL129100.0
36) Respondent's sex (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male19243.0
2) Female25557.0
TOTAL447100.0
37) Respondent's accent (ACCENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Southern accent71.6
2) Detectable Southern accent, but not strong316.9
3) No Southern accent40991.5
TOTAL447100.0
38) Here are a few questions about how family life has changed since you were a child. When you were growing up, how often did your family: Eat an evening meal together at home? (FAMMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day35980.3
2) Most days4510.1
3) Occasionally296.5
4) Almost never112.5
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)30.7
TOTAL447100.0
39) When you were growing up, how often did your family: Eat an evening meal together at a restaurant? (FAMREST)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more4911.0
2) A few times a month11726.2
3) A few times a year11926.6
4) Less often than that15935.6
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)30.7
TOTAL447100.0
40) When you were growing up, how often did your family: Go to church or other religious services together? (FAMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more28563.8
2) A few times a month357.8
3) A few times a year4610.3
4) Less often than that7316.3
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)81.8
TOTAL447100.0
41) When you were growing up, how often did your family: Take a family vacation? (FAMVAC)
TOTAL%
1) Once a year or more21748.5
2) Most years194.3
3) Occasionally9922.1
4) Never11024.6
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.4
TOTAL447100.0
42) Now we'd like to know about today's families. Please tell us how often you do (or did) these things with your own children: Eat an evening meal together at home? (CFMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day20367.9
2) Most days5919.7
3) Occasionally258.4
4) Almost never103.3
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.7
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
43) How often do (did) you and your children: Eat an evening meal together at a restaurant? (CFREST)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more7926.4
2) A few times a month11839.5
3) A few times a year7424.7
4) Less often than that268.7
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.7
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
44) How often do (did) you and your children: Go to church or other religious services together? (CFREL)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more15150.5
2) A few times a month3712.4
3) A few times a year4113.7
4) Less often than that6421.4
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)62.0
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
45) How often do (did) you and your children: Take a family vacation? (CFVAC)
TOTAL%
1) Once a year or more19163.9
2) Most years186.0
3) Occasionally4715.7
4) Never4013.4
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)31.0
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
46) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To do as you were told by adults? (TTEACHAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42695.3
2) No184.0
3) Don't know30.7
TOTAL447100.0
47) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To call adults 'Mr' and 'Mrs'-not by their first names? (TTEACHMR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes35679.6
2) No8118.1
3) Don't know102.2
TOTAL447100.0
48) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To write thank-you notes? (TTEACHTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32171.8
2) No12026.8
3) Don't know61.3
TOTAL447100.0
49) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To call grownups 'sir' and 'ma'am'? (TTEACHSR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23251.9
2) No21047.0
3) Don't know51.1
TOTAL447100.0
50) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: [IF CHILDREN TOO YOUNG ASK: Will you teach your children?] To do as they're told by adults? (NTEACHAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26789.3
2) No237.7
3) Don't know93.0
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
51) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: To call adults 'Mr' and 'Mrs'-not by their first names? (NTEACHMR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21571.9
2) No7625.4
3) Don't know82.7
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
52) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: To write thank-you notes? (NTEACHTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23979.9
2) No5418.1
3) Don't know62.0
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
53) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: To call grownups 'sir' and 'ma'am'? (NTEACHSR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14147.2
2) No15050.2
3) Don't know82.7
Missing148 
TOTAL299100.0
54) When you were growing up did your family usually say grace at meals? (GRACEKID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22550.3
2) No22049.2
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.4
TOTAL447100.0
55) How about now: do you usually say grace at family meals? (GRACENOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21648.3
2) No23051.5
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)10.2
TOTAL447100.0
56) Did your parents have a gun in their home when you were growing up? (GUNKID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20545.9
2) No22951.2
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)132.9
TOTAL447100.0
57) Do you have one (a gun) now? (GUNNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19142.7
2) No25156.2
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)51.1
TOTAL447100.0
58) At what age do you think it's reasonable for children to be left at home alone for two or three hours? (HOMELONE)
TOTAL%
7) Seven20.4
8) Eight10.2
9) Nine81.8
10) Ten4810.7
11) Eleven163.6
12) Twelve10723.9
13) Thirteen8719.5
14) Fourteen5612.5
15) Fifteen255.6
16) Sixteen214.7
17) Seventeen30.7
18) Older than seventeen143.1
19) Depends on child (vol.)4610.3
20) Don't know132.9
TOTAL447100.0
59) Did your parents leave you alone at that age? (HALONE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23660.8
2) No13434.5
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)184.6
Missing59 
TOTAL388100.0
60) When you were growing up, did your family ever have someone of a different race as a guest in your home? (GUESTRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21247.4
2) No22851.0
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)71.6
TOTAL447100.0
61) How about now: Have you ever entertained someone of a different race in your home? (ENTRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33675.2
2) No10824.2
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)30.7
TOTAL447100.0
62) Would your parents have objected if you dated someone of a different race? (DATERACP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23753.0
2) No15234.0
3) Depends on race of the person (vol.)102.2
4) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)4810.7
TOTAL447100.0
63) Would you object if a child of yours dated someone of a different race? (DATERACC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11425.5
2) No27862.2
3) Depends on race of the person (vol.)122.7
4) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)439.6
TOTAL447100.0
64) Some people think relations between men and women have changed for the better in recent years; others think they've gotten worse. How about you-would you say they've improved or gotten worse, over all? (MFRELAT)
TOTAL%
1) Improved17438.9
2) Gotten worse21347.7
3) No change (vol.)214.7
4) Don't know398.7
TOTAL447100.0
65) Here are some recent changes-would you tell me whether you think each one is an improvement, a change for the worse, or something that doesn't matter much one way or the other: More married women are keeping their maiden names. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter much one way or the other? (MAIDENN)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement4911.0
2) Change for the worse9621.5
3) Doesn't matter much29966.9
4) Don't know30.7
TOTAL447100.0
66) More people are concerned with sexual harassment in the workplace. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (SEXUALHR)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement32973.6
2) Change for the worse6915.4
3) Doesn't matter much306.7
4) Don't know194.3
TOTAL447100.0
67) More mothers are working outside the home. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (WORKOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement13029.1
2) Change for the worse21648.3
3) Doesn't matter much6013.4
4) Don't know419.2
TOTAL447100.0
68) Divorce is now more accepted. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (ACCDIVR)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement10623.7
2) Change for the worse27260.9
3) Doesn't matter much4710.5
4) Don't know224.9
TOTAL447100.0
69) Homosexual relationships are now more accepted. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (ACCHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement12728.4
2) Change for the worse22049.2
3) Doesn't matter much7917.7
4) Don't know214.7
TOTAL447100.0
70) Unmarried women having children is now more accepted. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (ACCUNMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement12427.7
2) Change for the worse23853.2
3) Doesn't matter much6915.4
4) Don't know163.6
TOTAL447100.0
71) In your household, who usually: Prepares the meals? (HOUSMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Self26960.2
2) Spouse/Mate5913.2
3) Both equally7416.6
4) Each for self71.6
5) Child/Children10.2
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)357.8
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.4
TOTAL447100.0
72) In your household, who usually: Fixes things around the house? (HOUSEFIX)
TOTAL%
1) Self23953.5
2) Spouse/mate10423.3
3) Both equally5412.1
4) Each for self51.1
5) Child/children30.7
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)429.4
TOTAL447100.0
73) In your household, who usually: Does the laundry? (HOUSLAUN)
TOTAL%
1) Self26659.5
2) Spouse/mate7115.9
3) Both equally6414.3
4) Each for self194.3
5) Child/children30.7
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)235.1
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)10.2
TOTAL447100.0
74) In your household, who usually: Makes the most mess? (HOUSMESS)
TOTAL%
1) Self18541.4
2) Spouse/mate6113.6
3) Both equally4810.7
4) Each for self102.2
5) Child/children10723.9
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)214.7
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)153.4
TOTAL447100.0
75) In your household, who usually: Balances the checkbook? (HOUSCHEK)
TOTAL%
1) Self26258.6
2) Spouse/mate8719.5
3) Both equally286.3
4) Each for self368.1
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)255.6
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)92.0
TOTAL447100.0
76) In your household, who usually: Does the taxes? (HOUSTAX)
TOTAL%
1) Self19243.0
2) Spouse/mate6815.2
3) Both equally327.2
4) Each for self184.0
5) Child/children10.2
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)13229.5
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)40.9
TOTAL447100.0
77) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: In general, my generation is better off than my parents' generation was. (GENBETT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10723.9
2) Agree somewhat16837.6
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)184.0
4) Disagree somewhat10824.2
5) Strongly disagree4610.3
TOTAL447100.0
78) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: I expect the next generation to be better off than mine is. (NEXTBETT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree398.7
2) Agree somewhat11926.6
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)265.8
4) Disagree somewhat18942.3
5) Strongly disagree7416.6
TOTAL447100.0
79) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Men who have successful careers often end up sacrificing too much of their family and personal life. (MENSAC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree8436.8
2) Agree somewhat10144.3
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)83.5
4) Disagree somewhat3214.0
5) Strongly disagree31.3
Missing219 
TOTAL228100.0
80) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Women who have successful careers often end up sacrificing too much of their family and personal life. (WOMSAC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7634.7
2) Agree somewhat9041.1
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)94.1
4) Disagree somewhat3616.4
5) Strongly disagree83.7
Missing228 
TOTAL219100.0
81) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: I don't have enough time for my family these days. (TIMEFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4117.3
2) Agree somewhat6427.0
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)114.6
4) Disagree somewhat8234.6
5) Strongly disagree3916.5
Missing210 
TOTAL237100.0
82) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: I don't have enough time for myself these days. (TIMESELF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5023.8
2) Agree somewhat6028.6
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)31.4
4) Disagree somewhat6932.9
5) Strongly disagree2813.3
Missing237 
TOTAL210100.0
83) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Most men these days are really spoiled: they expect women to wait on them and do a lot of housework, too. (MENSPOIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4117.7
2) Agree somewhat6729.0
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)135.6
4) Disagree somewhat8335.9
5) Strongly disagree2711.7
Missing216 
TOTAL231100.0
84) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Most women these days are really spoiled: they expect men to support them and do a lot of housework, too. (WOMSPOIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree177.9
2) Agree somewhat2813.0
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)73.2
4) Disagree somewhat10448.1
5) Strongly disagree6027.8
Missing231 
TOTAL216100.0
85) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: These days there's too much interference in family life by outsiders. (FAMINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9421.0
2) Agree somewhat15334.2
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)368.1
4) Disagree somewhat14732.9
5) Strongly disagree173.8
TOTAL447100.0
86) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Men should hold doors for women and offer them their seats. (MENHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14031.3
2) Agree somewhat20445.6
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)173.8
4) Disagree somewhat7416.6
5) Strongly disagree122.7
TOTAL447100.0
87) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: 15-degree weather is better than 95-degree weather. (DEG1595)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree368.1
2) Agree somewhat8919.9
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)265.8
4) Disagree somewhat16436.7
5) Strongly disagree13229.5
TOTAL447100.0
88) Here are a few questions on other subjects. How important is it to buy American made products: very important, somewhat important or not very important? (BUYAMER)
TOTAL%
1) Very important27661.7
2) Somewhat important13129.3
3) Not very important378.3
4) Depends on products (vol.)30.7
TOTAL447100.0
89) What kind of music do you like to listen to most? (MUSIC)
TOTAL%
1) Classical music6314.1
2) Rock music11225.1
3) Country music8619.2
4) Easy-listening5111.4
5) Rap40.9
6) Jazz347.6
7) Urban contemporary/R&B163.6
8) Gospel/Devotional265.8
9) Other4610.3
10) None (vol.)92.0
TOTAL447100.0
90) Do you like to listen to country music? (COUNTRYM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21861.9
2) No13438.1
Missing95 
TOTAL352100.0
91) Have you ever visited a Civil War battlefield? (CIVILBAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19443.4
2) No24655.0
3) Don't know71.6
TOTAL447100.0
92) Have you ever been to a family reunion? (FAMREUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39989.3
2) No4810.7
TOTAL447100.0
93) Do you ever drink alcoholic beverages like beer, wine, and liquor? (ALCOHOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34677.4
2) No10122.6
TOTAL447100.0
94) In your home, do you have a Bible? (BIBLHM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40490.4
2) No419.2
3) Don't know20.4
TOTAL447100.0
95) Any Elvis Presley records, tapes, books, or souvenirs? (ELVISMEM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17138.3
2) No27060.4
3) Don't know61.3
TOTAL447100.0
96) Do you own any Malcolm X books, clothing or souvenirs? (MALCOLM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5712.8
2) No39087.2
TOTAL447100.0
97) An American flag? (USFLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31770.9
2) No13029.1
TOTAL447100.0
98) A confederate flag? (CONFLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes357.8
2) No41191.9
3) Don't know10.2
TOTAL447100.0
99) Some people say the Confederate flag reminds them of white supremacy and racial conflict. Other people say the Confederate flag is a symbol of Southern heritage and pride. Do you think the flag is more a symbol of racial conflict, or of Southern pride? (FLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Racial conflict7917.7
2) Southern pride29566.0
3) No opinion (vol.)7316.3
TOTAL447100.0
100) Do you think the American Civil War was fought mostly about slavery, or was it fought mostly about something else? (CIVILWHY)
TOTAL%
1) About slavery22951.2
2) About something else17438.9
3) Don't know/No opinion (vol.)449.8
TOTAL447100.0
101) If it could be done without war, do you think the South would be better off as a separate country today? (INDEPSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes408.9
2) No36481.4
3) Don't know/No opinion (vol.)439.6
TOTAL447100.0
102) The Atlanta Journal-Constitution newspaper cosponsors this poll and will feature some articles based on the results. Sometimes their reporters like to call back some of the people we've talked with to interview them for a story in the newspaper. If you agree to be called back by a reporter and one does call you, some of your opinions may appear in the article. Knowing this, may a reporter call you back to interview you for a newspaper article? (CALLBACK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (talkative)18240.7
2) Yes (not talkative)8519.0
3) No16637.1
4) No answer143.1
TOTAL447100.0
103) Interviewer number (INTNUM)
TOTAL%
11203) 132.9
11315) 265.8
12110) 61.3
12121) 20.4
12201) 286.3
12211) 224.9
12212) 194.3
12302) 143.1
12306) 224.9
12307) 276.0
12308) 378.3
12309) 378.3
12313) 316.9
12314) 429.4
12316) 4610.3
12317) 265.8
12319) 92.0
12320) 61.3
21205) 10.2
22204) 337.4
TOTAL447100.0
104) Date of interview (INTDATE)
TOTAL%
1) 446100.0
Missing1 
TOTAL446100.0
105) Time of interview (INTTIME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL446788.395191
106) Minutes/length of interview (MINUTES)
TOTAL%
9) 10.2
10) 51.1
11) 327.2
12) 409.0
13) 5913.3
14) 5913.3
15) 5612.6
16) 429.4
17) 357.9
18) 265.8
19) 163.6
20) 214.7
21) 71.6
22) 81.8
23) 132.9
24) 30.7
25) 40.9
26) 20.4
27) 30.7
28) 30.7
29) 20.4
30) 10.2
32) 10.2
33) 10.2
34) 10.2
35) 20.4
37) 10.2
51) 10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
107) Race of interviewer (INTRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White41392.4
2) African American347.6
TOTAL447100.0
108) Gender of interviewer (INTGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Male408.9
2) Female40791.1
TOTAL447100.0
109) Recode not Black-OS/Black OS (NEWREG1)
TOTAL%
1) 447100.0
TOTAL447100.0
110) Recode of region-with OS (NEWREG)
TOTAL%
2) 447100.0
TOTAL447100.0
111) Region of country-Gallup (GALREG)
TOTAL%
2) New England378.3
3) East Central9721.8
4) West Central7316.4
5) Mountain states368.1
6) Middle Atlantic13329.9
7) Pacific Coast6915.5
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
112) Recode of party id (PIDRCODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat7216.3
2) Not very strong Democrat9421.2
3) Independent, closer to Democrat357.9
4) Independent449.9
5) Independent, closer to Republican357.9
6) Not very strong Republican6214.0
7) Strong Republican5211.7
8) Other party235.2
9) Don't know/No answer265.9
Missing4 
TOTAL443100.0
113) South or non-South recode (NV)
TOTAL%
2) Non-south447100.0
TOTAL447100.0
114) Recode of minutes/interview (RCMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Less 15 minutes19644.0
2) 15-19 minutes17539.3
3) 20-29 minutes6614.8
4) 30+ minutes81.8
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
115) Age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL44243.35716
116) Liberal-conservative total (re-code) (LCRECODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal429.7
2) Not strong liberal6214.3
3) Moderate-liberal6314.5
4) Moderate214.8
5) Moderate-conservative419.4
6) Not strong conservative7216.6
7) Strong conservative6615.2
8) No preference317.1
9) Don't know/No answer368.3
Missing13 
TOTAL434100.0
117) Residence at age 16: South/Non-south (RESIDENT)
TOTAL%
1) South408.9
2) Border378.3
3) Non-south37082.8
TOTAL447100.0
118) Called state Deep South or not (DEEPSOU)
TOTAL%
2) Peripheral South5512.3
3) Non-south39287.7
TOTAL447100.0
119) R live in Metro/Non-Metro area (METRO)
TOTAL%
0) Non-Metropolitan10925.1
1) Metropolitan32574.9
Missing13 
TOTAL434100.0
120) Which state called (STATCALL)
TOTAL%
14) Delaware30.7
15) D.C.71.6
16) Maryland214.7
17) Missouri214.7
18) West Virginia30.7
20) Arizona92.0
21) California5512.3
22) Colorado20.4
23) Connecticut61.3
25) Idaho71.6
26) Illinois214.7
27) Indiana163.6
28) Iowa122.7
29) Kansas40.9
30) Maine61.3
31) Massachusetts184.0
32) Michigan276.0
33) Minnesota112.5
35) Nebraska30.7
36) Nevada20.4
37) New Hampshire20.4
38) New Jersey153.4
39) New Mexico71.6
40) New York419.2
41) North Dakota30.7
42) Ohio337.4
43) Oregon30.7
44) Pennsylvania439.6
46) South Dakota20.4
47) Utah92.0
48) Vermont51.1
49) Washington112.5
50) Wisconsin173.8
52) Don't know20.4
TOTAL447100.0
121) Educational attainment (GRADE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 971.6
2) 9th to 11th grade357.8
3) High school graduate13430.0
4) Some college12928.9
5) College graduate or more14231.8
TOTAL447100.0
122) County of residence (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL43883.365149
123) We're interested in where people learn about what is right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY] When you were growing up, how much did your family shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FAMSHAP)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal37784.3
2) Some5712.8
3) Not much71.6
4) None30.7
5) Don't know30.7
TOTAL447100.0
124) We're interested in where people learn about what is right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY] When you were growing up, how much did your church shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (CHURCHSP)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal22951.2
2) Some11225.1
3) Not much5612.5
4) None4710.5
5) Don't know30.7
TOTAL447100.0
125) We're interested in where people learn about what is right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY] When you were growing up, how much did school shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (SCHOOLS)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal19744.1
2) Some17639.4
3) Not much6013.4
4) None132.9
5) Don't know10.2
TOTAL447100.0
126) We're interested in where people learn about what is right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY] When you were growing up, how much did your friends shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FRIENDS)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal9621.5
2) Some19744.1
3) Not much11726.2
4) None276.0
5) Don't know102.2
TOTAL447100.0
127) We're interested in where people learn about what is right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY] When you were growing up, how much did mass media like television, movies, and popular music shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (MEDIASH)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal408.9
2) Some12728.4
3) Not much16536.9
4) None10623.7
5) Don't know92.0
TOTAL447100.0
128) How about young people today? How much do you think family shapes their beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FAMSHN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal16937.8
2) Some16035.8
3) Not much8519.0
4) None71.6
5) Don't know265.8
TOTAL447100.0
129) How about young people today? How much do you think church shapes their beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (CHURCHN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal11425.5
2) Some16536.9
3) Not much10623.7
4) None327.2
5) Don't know306.7
TOTAL447100.0
130) How about young people today? How much do you think school shapes their beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (SCHOOLN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal11425.5
2) Some17138.3
3) Not much11826.4
4) None255.6
5) Don't know194.3
TOTAL447100.0
131) How about young people today? How much do you think friends shape their beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FRIENDSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal25356.6
2) Some12828.6
3) Not much388.5
4) None51.1
5) Don't know235.1
TOTAL447100.0
132) How about young people today? How much do you think mass media like television, movies, and popular music shape their beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (MEDIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal29064.9
2) Some8919.9
3) Not much429.4
4) None153.4
5) Don't know112.5
TOTAL447100.0
133) Weight variable computed as: people/mean (WTVAR)
TOTAL%
.48737645149231) 11225.1
.97475290298462) 23853.4
.9754638671875) 20.4
1.46212863922121) 5913.2
1.94950580596926) 296.5
2.43688201904298) 61.3
Missing1 
TOTAL446100.0
134) Age of respondent by categories (AGECAT)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 244410.0
2) 25 to 4421949.5
3) 45 to 6412027.1
4) 65 or older5913.3
Missing5 
TOTAL442100.0
135) Recode of STATCALL (regional breakdown) (WHSTATE)
TOTAL%
2) Border5512.4
3) Non-South39087.6
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
136) Census FIPS code for state (STFIPS)
TOTAL%
4) 92.0
6) 5512.4
8) 20.4
9) 61.3
10) 30.7
11) 71.6
16) 71.6
17) 214.7
18) 163.6
19) 122.7
20) 40.9
23) 61.3
24) 214.7
25) 184.0
26) 276.1
27) 112.5
29) 214.7
31) 30.7
32) 20.4
33) 20.4
34) 153.4
35) 71.6
36) 419.2
38) 30.7
39) 337.4
41) 30.7
42) 439.7
46) 20.4
49) 92.0
50) 51.1
53) 112.5
54) 30.7
55) 173.8
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
137) Combine census FIPS code for state and county (ST_CNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL43828571.9514185
138) Metro/Non-metro county (NSMETRO)
TOTAL%
0) Metropolitan10925.1
1) Non-metropolitan32574.9
Missing13 
TOTAL434100.0
139) Focus poll North/South regions (REG)
TOTAL%
1) 445100.0
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
140) Census weights for region (REGWT)
TOTAL%
2.24815940856932) 445100.0
Missing2 
TOTAL445100.0
141) Alt. Journal-Constitution region weight (AJCREGWT)
TOTAL%
1.00091838836671) 3100.0
Missing444 
TOTAL3100.0
142) Weight for combined Northern and Southern samples (TOTWT)
TOTAL%
1.09570008592903) 11225.2
2.19140017185805) 23853.6
3.28710025778707) 5913.3
4.3828003437161) 296.5
5.47850042964513) 61.4
Missing3 
TOTAL444100.0
143) I-AGE: Age of respondent by categories (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 244410.0
2) 25 to 4421949.5
3) 45 to 6412027.1
4) 65 or older5913.3
Missing5 
TOTAL442100.0
144) I-EDUC: Educational attainment (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 971.6
2) 9th to 11th grade357.8
3) High school graduate13430.0
4) Some college12928.9
5) College graduate or more14231.8
TOTAL447100.0
145) I-GENDER: Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male19243.0
2) Female25557.0
TOTAL447100.0
146) I-PARTYID: Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican11627.6
2) Democrat16839.9
3) Independent11427.1
4) Other party235.5
Missing26 
TOTAL421100.0
147) I-RACE: What race do you consider yourself? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White38687.1
2) Black/African-American347.7
3) Native American/Indian40.9
4) Other194.3
Missing4 
TOTAL443100.0
148) I-RELIGION: What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK:] What denomination? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist5312.1
2) Other Protestant12328.0
3) Catholic13831.4
4) Jewish102.3
5) Other5312.1
6) None6214.1
Missing8 
TOTAL439100.0