Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Southern Focus Polls > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent's ID number (IDNUMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4295789.497470
2) State being called (STATE)
TOTAL%
3) Arizona133.0
5) California5613.1
6) Colorado92.1
7) Connecticut40.9
8) Delaware20.5
9) District of Columbia20.5
13) Idaho30.7
14) Illinois296.8
15) Indiana163.7
16) Iowa30.7
17) Kansas102.3
20) Maine51.2
21) Maryland153.5
22) Massachusetts184.2
23) Michigan266.1
24) Minnesota71.6
26) Missouri133.0
27) Montana20.5
29) Nevada20.5
30) New Hampshire20.5
31) New Jersey245.6
32) New Mexico71.6
33) New York378.6
35) North Dakota20.5
36) Ohio307.0
38) Oregon163.7
39) Pennsylvania368.4
40) Rhode Island30.7
42) South Dakota20.5
45) Utah10.2
46) Vermont20.5
48) Washington112.6
49) West Virginia51.2
50) Wisconsin153.5
51) Wyoming10.2
TOTAL429100.0
3) In which year were you born? (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4231951.2217
4) [ASKED ONLY OF SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS AND THOSE WHO LIVE IN BORDERING STATES] Just for the record, would you say that your community is in the South? (COMSOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes924.3
2) No2670.3
3) Don't know/No answer25.4
Missing392 
TOTAL37100.0
5) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE IN THE SOUTH] Not counting time spent away at school and for other temporary reasons, have you lived in the South all your life or not? How long have you lived in the South? (LIVESOU)
TOTAL%
1) 5 years or less111.1
2) 6 to 10 years111.1
3) More than 10 years222.2
4) All my life555.6
Missing420 
TOTAL9100.0
6) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY HAVE LIVED IN THE SOUTH ALL OF THEIR LIFE] Have you ever traveled or visited outside the South? (TRAVOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5100.0
Missing424 
TOTAL5100.0
7) [ASKED ONLY OF NON-SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS] Have you ever lived in a Southern state? (SOULIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10025.5
2) No29274.5
Missing37 
TOTAL392100.0
8) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE NOT LIVED IN THE SOUTH] Have you ever traveled or visited in the South? (TRAVIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22175.7
2) No7124.3
Missing137 
TOTAL292100.0
9) Which State did you live in when you were 16? (STATE16)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama10.2
3) Arizona71.6
4) Arkansas10.2
5) California419.6
6) Colorado81.9
7) Connecticut61.4
8) Delaware20.5
9) District of Columbia20.5
10) Florida20.5
11) Georgia10.2
12) Hawaii10.2
13) Idaho10.2
14) Illinois235.4
15) Indiana133.0
16) Iowa61.4
17) Kansas71.6
18) Kentucky40.9
19) Louisiana10.2
20) Maine40.9
21) Maryland102.3
22) Massachusetts174.0
23) Michigan266.1
24) Minnesota102.3
25) Mississippi20.5
26) Missouri194.4
27) Montana40.9
30) New Hampshire10.2
31) New Jersey184.2
32) New Mexico40.9
33) New York4310.0
34) North Carolina51.2
35) North Dakota40.9
36) Ohio245.6
37) Oklahoma20.5
38) Oregon112.6
39) Pennsylvania327.5
40) Rhode Island30.7
42) South Dakota40.9
44) Texas61.4
46) Vermont30.7
47) Virginia20.5
48) Washington51.2
49) West Virginia71.6
50) Wisconsin163.7
52) Foreign Country204.7
TOTAL429100.0
10) [ASKED ONLY OF NON-SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS] Do you consider yourself or anyone in your family a Southerner? (SOUTHFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, self174.0
2) Yes, family7016.3
3) Yes, both122.8
4) No32876.5
5) Don't know/No answer20.5
TOTAL429100.0
11) In which county do you now live? (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL41065.75476
12) Do you live in a city, a suburban community, a small town, or a rural area? (LIVEWH)
TOTAL%
1) City14433.6
2) Suburbs11526.8
3) Town10724.9
4) Rural Area6114.2
5) Refused/Not sure20.5
TOTAL429100.0
13) How many years of school have you completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
2) 2nd Grade10.2
3) 3rd Grade10.2
4) 4th Grade10.2
8) 8th Grade71.6
9) 9th Grade20.5
10) 10th Grade81.9
11) 11th Grade81.9
12) 12th Grade (High School)15135.2
13) Some College (Two Year Degree)10123.5
14) 4 Year College Graduate9822.8
15) Advanced Degree (M.A., Ph.D., L.L.D., M.D.)4811.2
16) No answer30.7
TOTAL429100.0
14) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week4510.5
2) Once a week12428.9
3) 2-3 times a month5011.7
4) Several times a year11526.8
5) Never8519.8
6) Refused102.3
TOTAL429100.0
15) What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK: What denomination?] (FAITHX)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist4911.4
2) Methodist388.9
3) Lutheran286.5
4) Presbyterian163.7
5) Episcopalian143.3
6) Church Of Christ81.9
7) Other Protestant266.1
8) Catholic12930.1
9) Jewish81.9
10) Other5512.8
11) None419.6
12) Don't know/No answer174.0
TOTAL429100.0
16) [ASKED ONLY OF PROTESTANT RESPONDENTS] When it comes to your religious identity, would you say you are a fundamentalist, evangelical, mainline Protestant, or liberal Protestant? (RELIGID)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist179.5
2) Evangelical147.8
3) Mainline3016.8
4) Liberal5229.1
5) Other21.1
6) None of the above6435.8
Missing250 
TOTAL179100.0
17) What is your marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married21951.0
2) Divorced4811.2
3) Separated92.1
4) Widowed419.6
5) Single10724.9
6) No answer51.2
TOTAL429100.0
18) [ASKED OF MARRIED, DIVORCED, SEPARATED, OR WIDOWED RESPONDENTS ONLY] How old were you when you were married? If you've been married more than once, how old were you when you were married for the first time? (AGEMAR)
TOTAL%
13) 10.3
16) 61.9
17) 165.0
18) 216.6
19) 288.8
20) 3611.4
21) 3611.4
22) 299.1
23) 309.5
24) 278.5
25) 154.7
26) 165.0
27) 134.1
28) 123.8
29) 82.5
30) 61.9
31) 30.9
32) 30.9
33) 41.3
35) 10.3
38) 10.3
41) 10.3
54) 10.3
99) 30.9
Missing112 
TOTAL317100.0
19) [ASKED OF MARRIED, SEPARATED, OR WIDOWED RESPONDENTS ONLY] Have you ever been divorced? (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4617.1
2) No22382.9
Missing160 
TOTAL269100.0
20) Are you a parent? (PARENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31072.3
2) No11927.7
TOTAL429100.0
21) Last week were you primarily working full-time, working part-time, going to school, keeping house, retired, unemployed, or what? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time22151.5
2) Working part-time4410.3
3) Going to school276.3
4) Keeping house4310.0
5) Retired6114.2
6) Unemployed235.4
7) Or what?81.9
8) No answer20.5
TOTAL429100.0
22) [ASKED ONLY OF MARRIED RESPONDENTS] What about your husband/wife, last week was he/she primarily working full-time, working part-time, going to school, keeping house, retired, unemployed, or what? (HWEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time14566.2
2) Working part time135.9
3) Going to school31.4
4) Keeping house198.7
5) Retired2712.3
6) Unemployed31.4
7) Or what?73.2
8) No answer20.9
Missing210 
TOTAL219100.0
23) I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes. (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000388.9
2) $10,000 up to $19,999419.6
3) $20,000 up to $29,9997617.7
4) $30,000 up to $39,9995713.3
5) $40,000 up to $49,999368.4
6) $50,000 up to $59,999358.2
7) More than $60,0007617.7
8) No answer7016.3
TOTAL429100.0
24) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE94)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian35683.0
2) Black163.7
3) African-American194.4
4) Negro, Colored, Etc.30.7
5) Native American/Indian30.7
6) Asian/Oriental61.4
7) Other214.9
8) No answer51.2
TOTAL429100.0
25) Do you happen to know whether any of your ancestors were American Indians? (AMINDIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, were10324.0
2) No, were not28666.7
3) Don't know409.3
TOTAL429100.0
26) Are you of Hispanic origin? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Hispanic214.9
2) No, not Hispanic40093.2
3) Don't know/No answer81.9
TOTAL429100.0
27) How many people under 18 live in this house? (CHILD18)
TOTAL%
0) 023955.7
1) 17918.4
2) 26515.2
3) 3235.4
4) 4122.8
5) 571.6
6) 610.2
12) Don't know/no answer30.7
TOTAL429100.0
28) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WITH ONE OR MORE PEOPLE UNDER 18 IN THEIR HOUSEHOLD: How many of those are under 12 years old? (CHILD12)
TOTAL%
0) 06433.7
1) 16735.3
2) 23618.9
3) 3189.5
4) 421.1
5) 510.5
12) Don't know/no answer21.1
Missing239 
TOTAL190100.0
29) Including yourself, how many people 18 or older live at this telephone number? (PEOPLE)
TOTAL%
1) 10224.0
2) 24056.5
3) 5813.6
4) 184.2
5) 40.9
6) 20.5
11) 10.2
Missing4 
TOTAL425100.0
30) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO LIVE WITH OTHER PEOPLE] How would you describe your current living situation? Do you currently live with family or do you live with people not related to you? (LIVEFAM)
TOTAL%
1) With family members30386.3
2) With someone not related349.7
3) With family and non-related82.3
4) Don't know/No answer61.7
Missing78 
TOTAL351100.0
31) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or other? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican12228.4
2) Democrat13631.7
3) Independent11727.3
4) Other party184.2
5) Don't know/No answer368.4
TOTAL429100.0
32) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS DEMOCRATS] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not very strong Democrat? (STRDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat6245.6
2) Not very strong Democrat6850.0
3) Don't know/No answer64.4
Missing293 
TOTAL136100.0
33) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS REPUBLICAN] Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not very strong Republican? (STRREP)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Republican5343.4
2) Not very strong Republican6654.1
3) Don't know/No answer32.5
Missing307 
TOTAL122100.0
34) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE INDEPENDENT] Do you usually think of yourself as closer to the Republican party or as closer to the Democratic party? (INDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Closer to Republican Party3227.4
2) Closer to Democratic Party4639.3
3) Don't know3933.3
Missing312 
TOTAL117100.0
35) In general, when it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, or a moderate? (LIBCON)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal8219.1
2) Moderate (middle of the road)16438.2
3) Conservative11927.7
4) Never think of self in these terms (no preference)133.0
5) Don't know255.8
6) No answer235.4
7) Respondent doesn't know30.7
TOTAL429100.0
36) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS LIBERAL] Do you think of yourself as a strong liberal, or a not very strong liberal? (STRLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal3846.3
2) Not very strong liberal4251.2
3) Don't know22.4
Missing347 
TOTAL82100.0
37) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS CONSERVATIVE] Do you think of yourself as a strong conservative, or a not very strong conservative? (STRCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strong conservative5949.6
2) Not very strong conservative5445.4
3) Don't know54.2
4) No answer10.8
Missing310 
TOTAL119100.0
38) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS MODERATE] Do you think of yourself as more like a liberal, or more like a conservative? (MODERATE)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal4929.9
2) Neither2213.4
3) More conservative8350.6
4) Don't know84.9
5) No answer21.2
Missing265 
TOTAL164100.0
39) If the presidential election were held today and the candidates were Bill Clinton, the Democrat, and Bob Dole, the Republican, would you vote for Clinton or for Dole? (ELECT96)
TOTAL%
1) Clinton22552.4
2) Dole10825.2
3) Undecided7317.0
4) Refused235.4
TOTAL429100.0
40) Would you say that Newt Gingrich is doing a good job, only a fair job, or not a good job at all as Speaker of the House? (NEWTSPKR)
TOTAL%
1) Good7016.3
2) Fair15035.0
3) Not good at all14132.9
4) Don't know6815.9
TOTAL429100.0
41) [BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT, ONLY HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE GIVEN THIS INTRODUCTION FOR THE FOLLOWING NINE QUESTIONS] Now I'm going to read you the names of some black Americans who have been in the news. For each one, please tell me whether you admire that person a great deal, some, not much, or not at all. If you don't know enough about the person to have an opinion, just say so, OK? (BLACK1)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent heard this intro ("some black Americans")203100.0
Missing226 
TOTAL203100.0
42) BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT, THE OTHER HALF OF THE RESPONDENTS WERE GIVEN THIS INTRODUCTION FOR THE FOLLOWING NINE QUESTIONS: Now I'm going to read you the names of some Americans who have been in the news. For each one, please tell me whether you admire that person a great deal, some, not much, or not at all. If you don't know enough about the person to have an opinion, just say so, OK? (BLACK0)
TOTAL%
2) Respondent heard this intro ("some Americans")226100.0
Missing203 
TOTAL226100.0
43) How much do you admire Colin Powell? (POWELL)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal24857.8
2) Some10424.2
3) Not much102.3
4) Not at all71.6
5) Don't know/No answer6014.0
TOTAL429100.0
44) How much do you admire Jesse Jackson? (JACKSON)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal9021.0
2) Some17340.3
3) Not much4610.7
4) Not at all7818.2
5) Don't know/No answer429.8
TOTAL429100.0
45) How much do you admire O.J. Simpson? (SIMPSON)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal194.4
2) Some5913.8
3) Not much5312.4
4) Not at all25058.3
5) Don't know/No answer4811.2
TOTAL429100.0
46) How much do you admire Louis Farrakhan? (FARRAKH)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal163.7
2) Some4310.0
3) Not much4310.0
4) Not at all17641.0
5) Don't know/No answer15135.2
TOTAL429100.0
47) How much do you admire Oprah Winfrey? (OPRAH)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal19745.9
2) Some15536.1
3) Not much245.6
4) Not at all245.6
5) Don't know/No answer296.8
TOTAL429100.0
48) How much do you admire Johnnie Cochran? (COCHRAN)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal429.8
2) Some10023.3
3) Not much7417.2
4) Not at all12228.4
5) Don't know/No answer9121.2
TOTAL429100.0
49) How much do you admire Clarence Thomas? (CTHOMAS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal409.3
2) Some11125.9
3) Not much6314.7
4) Not at all8219.1
5) Don't know/No answer13331.0
TOTAL429100.0
50) How much do you admire Coretta Scott King? (CKING)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal12629.4
2) Some11025.6
3) Not much81.9
4) Not at all122.8
5) Don't know/No answer17340.3
TOTAL429100.0
51) How much do you admire Anita Hill? (AHILL)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal6114.2
2) Some11927.7
3) Not much5813.5
4) Not at all5713.3
5) Don't know/No answer13431.2
TOTAL429100.0
52) There has been a lot of talk lately about American values. Some people think the federal government should promote traditional values in our society. Others think the government should not favor any particular set of values. Which comes closer to your view? (TRADVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Government should promote traditional values.20948.9
2) Government should not favor any particular set of values.15436.1
3) Don't know/No answer6415.0
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
53) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to recycle to conserve natural resources? (RESPRECY)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility41296.5
2) Don't have personal responsibility102.3
3) Don't know/No answer51.2
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
54) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to keep even unhappy marriages together if there are young children in the home? (RESPMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility13130.7
2) Don't have personal responsibility25259.0
3) Don't know/No answer4410.3
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
55) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to care for sick and aged parents at home, if they possibly can? (RESPAGED)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility38991.1
2) Don't have personal responsibility276.3
3) Don't know/No answer112.6
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
56) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to keep the mother at home when there are small children in the household, even if it means going on welfare? (RESPMOM)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility9021.1
2) Don't have personal responsibility28667.0
3) Don't know/No answer5111.9
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
57) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to keep themselves healthy, so the rest of us don't have to pay extra for their health care? (RESPHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility38991.1
2) Don't have personal responsibility266.1
3) Don't know/No answer122.8
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
58) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to make a special effort to help others of their own racial or ethnic background? (RESPRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility27464.2
2) Don't have personal responsibility12429.0
3) Don't know/No answer296.8
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
59) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to pay for their children's college educations? (RESPCOLL)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility32375.6
2) Don't have personal responsibility7517.6
3) Don't know/No answer296.8
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
60) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to pay for damages resulting from crimes committed by their minor children under 18 years old? (RESPREST)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility33578.5
2) Don't have personal responsibility6615.5
3) Don't know/No answer266.1
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
61) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to be married before they have children? (RESPBEFO)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility31774.2
2) Don't have personal responsibility9722.7
3) Don't know/No answer133.0
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
62) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to wait until they're at least 21 before they have children? (RESPWAIT)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility26161.1
2) Don't have personal responsibility13230.9
3) Don't know/No answer348.0
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
63) I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to pay attention to the news and vote in most elections? (RESPVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility39893.2
2) Don't have personal responsibility204.7
3) Don't know/No answer92.1
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
64) [BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT, ONLY HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION] I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to contribute at least 5 percent of their income to charity? (RESPCHA1)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility10148.6
2) Don't have personal responsibility9445.2
3) Don't know/No answer136.3
Missing221 
TOTAL208100.0
65) [BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT, THE OTHER HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION] I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to contribute at least 10 percent of their income to charity? (RESPCHA2)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility8940.6
2) Don't have personal responsibility11251.1
3) Don't know/No answer188.2
Missing210 
TOTAL219100.0
66) [BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT, ONLY HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION] I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to help a man whose car is broken down on a lonely road? (RESPHLPM)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility11752.7
2) Don't have personal responsibility8437.8
3) Don't know/No answer219.5
Missing207 
TOTAL222100.0
67) [BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT, THE OTHER HALF OF RESPONDENTS WERE ASKED THIS QUESTION] I want to ask you about the issue of personal responsibility. I'm going to read you a list of things that some people have associated with personal responsibility. For each one, tell me whether you feel people have a responsibility to do that. Would you say that people have a personal responsibility to help a woman whose car is broken down on a lonely road? (RESPHLPF)
TOTAL%
1) Have personal responsibility15877.1
2) Don't have personal responsibility3316.1
3) Don't know/No answer146.8
Missing224 
TOTAL205100.0
68) Suppose someone has parents who need help paying for nursing home care and children who need a college education. To whom does that person have a greater financial responsibility: to the parents or to the children? (REPSPORC)
TOTAL%
1) Parents16538.6
2) Children14934.9
3) Both equally5713.3
4) Neither40.9
5) Don't know/Can't say/Depends/No answer5212.2
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
69) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE WITH FAMILY MEMBERS] As I read off some different ways family members behave with each other, please tell me how often each one takes place among family members in your household: very often, often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never. Arguing or quarrelling openly (FAMARGU)
TOTAL%
1) Very often134.2
2) Often3712.1
3) Sometimes10734.9
4) Hardly ever11738.1
5) Never3110.1
6) Don't know/No answer20.7
Missing122 
TOTAL307100.0
70) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE WITH FAMILY MEMBERS] As I read off some different ways family members behave with each other, please tell me how often each one takes place among family members in your household: very often, often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never. Kissing or hugging each other (FAMKISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often13744.6
2) Often11637.8
3) Sometimes3411.1
4) Hardly ever113.6
5) Never72.3
6) Don't know/No answer20.7
Missing122 
TOTAL307100.0
71) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE WITH FAMILY MEMBERS] As I read off some different ways family members behave with each other, please tell me how often each one takes place among family members in your household: very often, often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never. Refusing to speak to each other (FAMREFUS)
TOTAL%
1) Very often41.3
2) Often103.3
3) Sometimes4013.0
4) Hardly ever12440.4
5) Never12841.7
6) Don't know/No answer10.3
Missing122 
TOTAL307100.0
72) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE WITH FAMILY MEMBERS] As I read off some different ways family members behave with each other, please tell me how often each one takes place among family members in your household: very often, often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never. Sharing jokes or making each other laugh (FAMJOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Very often15048.9
2) Often12440.4
3) Sometimes258.1
4) Hardly ever51.6
5) Never20.7
6) Don't know/No answer10.3
Missing122 
TOTAL307100.0
73) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY LIVE WITH FAMILY MEMBERS: As I read off some different ways family members behave with each other, please tell me how often each one takes place among family members in your household: very often, often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never. Helping each other with personal problems (FAMHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Very often14246.3
2) Often11838.4
3) Sometimes3511.4
4) Hardly ever72.3
5) Never20.7
6) Don't know/No answer31.0
Missing122 
TOTAL307100.0
74) Would you say that, in general, your family is very close, somewhat close, not too close, or not close at all? (FAMCLOSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very close31272.7
2) Somewhat close9923.1
3) Not too close133.0
4) Not close at all51.2
TOTAL429100.0
75) Are both of your parents living? (PALIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, both are20748.5
2) Mother is living6515.2
3) Father is living235.4
4) Neither are living12729.7
5) Don't know/No answer51.2
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
76) For each of the following statements, I'd like you to tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree. In another generation, families will be stronger than they are today. (FAMSTRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree4410.3
2) Agree somewhat8820.6
3) Disagree somewhat13030.4
4) Strongly disagree12228.6
5) Don't know4310.1
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
77) For each of the following statements, I'd like you to tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree. I am my brother's keeper. (BROSKEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14534.0
2) Agree somewhat13631.9
3) Disagree somewhat6014.1
4) Strongly disagree5813.6
5) Don't know/No answer286.6
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
78) For each of the following statements, I'd like you to tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree. Teenage mothers on welfare should be required to live with their parents or legal guardians. (TEENMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16438.4
2) Agree somewhat10424.4
3) Disagree somewhat6815.9
4) Strongly disagree5913.8
5) Don't know/No answer327.5
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
79) For each of the following statements, I'd like you to tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree. The government is not doing enough to keep families together. (FAMGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10123.7
2) Agree somewhat10223.9
3) Disagree somewhat9823.0
4) Strongly disagree7317.1
5) Don't know/No answer5312.4
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
80) On another subject, when you think about what the city of Atlanta is noted for, nationally and internationally, what is the very first thing that comes to mind? (ATLANTA)
TOTAL%
1) The 1996 Olympics13531.6
2) The Braves (baseball)399.1
3) Business/commercial center61.4
4) Civil rights/Martin Luther King102.3
5) Other13230.9
6) Don't know/No answer10524.6
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
81) Overall, do you have a positive or negative opinion of Atlanta? (ATLANTA2)
TOTAL%
1) Positive28266.0
2) Negative378.7
3) Don't know/No answer10825.3
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
82) Right now, would you say you're very likely to go to the Olympics in Atlanta this summer, that you might go, or that you definitely will not be there? (OLYMGO2)
TOTAL%
1) Likely to go20.5
2) Might go358.2
3) Will not go38991.1
4) Don't know10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
83) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY ARE "LIKELY TO GO" OR "MIGHT GO" TO THE OLYMPICS IN ATLANTA] Do you have tickets for any of the events? (TICKETS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes410.8
2) No3389.2
Missing392 
TOTAL37100.0
84) Now, on a different topic, how do you feel about "hate crime" laws that impose extra penalties on those who assault someone on account of the victim's race, religion, or ethnic group? Do you think that extra penalties for this type of crime are a good idea or a bad idea? (HATECR1B)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea24557.4
2) Bad idea13832.3
3) Both/neither112.6
4) Don't know/No answer337.7
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
85) To the best of your knowledge, does your state have a hate crime law like the one I just described? (HAVELAW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, state has hate crime law8319.4
2) No, state does not have hate crime law16939.6
3) Don't know/not sure/No answer17541.0
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
86) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID HATE CRIME LAWS ARE A BAD IDEA] How do you feel about laws that impose extra penalties on people who vandalize synagogues, churches, mosques, or cemeteries? Do you think that special penalties for this type of vandalism would be a good idea or bad idea? (HATECR2B)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea6043.5
2) Bad idea7050.7
3) Both/neither10.7
4) Don't know/No answer75.1
Missing291 
TOTAL138100.0
87) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID HATE CRIME LAWS ARE A GOOD IDEA] How about hate crime laws that impose special penalties when crimes are directed against gay men and lesbians on account of their sexual orientation? Do you think that the hate crime laws should also include sexual orientation? (HATECR3B)
TOTAL%
1) Good idea16567.3
2) Bad idea5823.7
3) Both/neither31.2
4) Don't know/No answer197.8
Missing184 
TOTAL245100.0
88) At what age do you think "middle age" generally begins? (MIDAGE)
TOTAL%
5) 10.2
14) 10.2
15) 10.2
16) 10.2
19) 10.2
20) 10.2
22) 10.2
25) 10.2
27) 10.2
30) 174.0
35) 368.4
38) 10.2
40) 10424.4
42) 10.2
43) 10.2
45) 8720.4
47) 30.7
48) 10.2
50) 9522.2
52) 10.2
53) 10.2
54) 10.2
55) 266.1
58) 10.2
60) 122.8
65) 10.2
70) 30.7
75) 10.2
150) 112.6
151) 20.5
152) 122.8
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
89) When does "old age" begin? (OLDAGE)
TOTAL%
37) 10.2
40) 61.4
41) 10.2
45) 40.9
50) 163.7
51) 10.2
53) 10.2
55) 133.0
59) 20.5
60) 5011.7
62) 40.9
65) 5412.6
67) 10.2
68) 40.9
70) 11226.2
72) 10.2
73) 30.7
75) 429.8
78) 10.2
80) 388.9
82) 20.5
85) 71.6
89) 10.2
90) 92.1
100) 20.5
150) 358.2
151) 61.4
152) 102.3
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
90) [ASKED ONLY OF PROTESTANT AND CATHOLIC RESPONDENTS] Do you have a family Bible in which things like births, deaths, and marriages have been recorded? (FAMBIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17858.2
2) No11738.2
3) Don't know/No answer113.6
Missing123 
TOTAL306100.0
91) When all is said and done, do you think O.J. Simpson was innocent or guilty of murder? (OJGUILT)
TOTAL%
1) Innocent7918.4
2) Guilty25158.5
3) Don't know7417.2
4) Don't care71.6
5) No answer184.2
TOTAL429100.0
92) Do you agree or disagree that the South is better off as part of the United States than it would be as a separate country? (NOTSEP)
TOTAL%
1) Better off as part of U.S.38690.4
2) Better off as separate225.2
3) Don't know/No answer194.4
Missing2 
TOTAL427100.0
93) Sex of the respondent: (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male16839.2
2) Female26160.8
TOTAL429100.0
94) Respondent's accent: (ACCENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strong southern accent71.6
2) Detectable southern accent, but not strong235.4
3) No southern accent39993.0
TOTAL429100.0
95) Religious preference (FAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Mainline Protestant15335.7
2) Other Protestant266.1
3) Catholic12930.1
4) Jewish81.9
5) Other5512.8
6) None419.6
7) Don't know/No answer174.0
TOTAL429100.0
96) Respondent's race (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White35683.0
2) Black/African American388.9
3) Native American/Indian30.7
4) Other276.3
5) No answer51.2
TOTAL429100.0
97) Old code for U.S. states (STATCALL)
TOTAL%
14) Delaware20.5
15) District of Columbia20.5
16) Maryland153.5
17) Missouri133.0
18) West Virginia51.2
20) Arizona133.0
21) California5613.1
22) Colorado92.1
23) Connecticut40.9
25) Idaho30.7
26) Illinois296.8
27) Indiana163.7
28) Iowa30.7
29) Kansas102.3
30) Maine51.2
31) Massachusetts184.2
32) Michigan266.1
33) Minnesota71.6
34) Montana20.5
36) Nevada20.5
37) New Hampshire20.5
38) New Jersey245.6
39) New Mexico71.6
40) New York378.6
41) North Dakota20.5
42) Ohio307.0
43) Oregon163.7
44) Pennsylvania368.4
45) Rhode Island30.7
46) South Dakota20.5
47) Utah10.2
48) Vermont20.5
49) Washington112.6
50) Wisconsin153.5
51) Wyoming10.2
TOTAL429100.0
98) Gallup Organization Regionalization (GALREG)
TOTAL%
2) New England347.9
3) East Central10123.5
4) West Central5212.1
5) Mountain States388.9
6) Middle Atlantic12128.2
7) Pacific Coast8319.3
TOTAL429100.0
99) Recode of Age into categories (AGECAT)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 244711.1
2) 25 to 4417140.4
3) 45 to 6414634.5
4) 65 or older5913.9
Missing6 
TOTAL423100.0
100) Educational attainment (GRADE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 9102.3
2) 9th to 11th grade184.2
3) High school graduate15135.4
4) Some college10123.7
5) College graduate or more14634.3
Missing3 
TOTAL426100.0
101) State FIPS code (STFIPS)
TOTAL%
4) 133.0
6) 5613.1
8) 92.1
9) 40.9
10) 20.5
11) 20.5
16) 30.7
17) 296.8
18) 163.7
19) 30.7
20) 102.3
23) 51.2
24) 153.5
25) 184.2
26) 266.1
27) 71.6
29) 133.0
30) 20.5
32) 20.5
33) 20.5
34) 245.6
35) 71.6
36) 378.6
38) 20.5
39) 307.0
41) 163.7
42) 368.4
44) 30.7
46) 20.5
49) 10.2
50) 20.5
53) 112.6
54) 51.2
55) 153.5
56) 10.2
TOTAL429100.0
102) County codes (CNTYCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL42926757.94615023
103) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL42344.7817
104) Metropolitan area (NSMETRO)
TOTAL%
0) Non-metro7618.6
1) Metro33281.4
Missing21 
TOTAL408100.0
105) [WEIGHTING VARIABLE BY HOUSEHOLD SIZE] This equation equals the variable PEOPLE divided by 2.049 (WTVARN)
TOTAL%
1.0105565266556) 10223.8
1.03552321731415) 30.7
2.0211130533112) 24055.9
2.0710464346283) 10.2
3.03166957996681) 5813.5
4.04222610662241) 184.2
5.05278263327801) 40.9
6.06333915993361) 20.5
11.1161217932116) 10.2
TOTAL429100.0
106) This weighting variable is based on the census of population and is used to combine Northern and Southern data sets. (TOTWT)
TOTAL%
.487944890929966) 10223.8
.5) 30.7
.975889781859931) 24055.9
1) 10.2
1.4638346727899) 5813.5
1.95177956371986) 184.2
2.43972445464983) 40.9
2.92766934557979) 20.5
5.36739380022962) 10.2
TOTAL429100.0
107) I-AGE: Recode of Age into categories (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 244711.1
2) 25 to 4417140.4
3) 45 to 6414634.5
4) 65 or older5913.9
Missing6 
TOTAL423100.0
108) I-GENDER: Sex of the respondent: (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male16839.2
2) Female26160.8
TOTAL429100.0
109) I-EDUC: Educational attainment (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school286.6
2) High school graduate15135.4
3) Some college10123.7
4) College graduate or more14634.3
Missing3 
TOTAL426100.0
110) I-RACE: Respondent's race (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White35684.0
2) Black/African American389.0
3) Native American/Indian30.7
4) Other276.4
Missing5 
TOTAL424100.0
111) I-PARTYID: Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or other? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican12231.0
2) Democrat13634.6
3) Independent11729.8
4) Other party184.6
Missing36 
TOTAL393100.0
112) I-RELIGION: Religious preference (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Mainline Protestant15337.1
2) Other Protestant266.3
3) Catholic12931.3
4) Jewish81.9
5) Other5513.3
6) None4110.0
Missing17 
TOTAL412100.0