State of the First Amendment Survey, 2002

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > State of the First Amendment > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 6) WEIGHT
1) Sequential Record ID (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL977490.60290.20
2) Age category for weight (WGTAGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2412813.3
2) 25-4439540.9
3) 45-6428729.7
4) 65+15616.1
Missing12 
TOTAL966100.0
3) Education category for weight (WGTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school47248.3
2) Some college27728.4
3) College graduate22523
99) Missing3.3
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
4) Sex category for weight (WGTSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male46747.8
2) Female50952.2
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
5) Class category for weight (WGTCLAS)
TOTAL%
111) Male 18-24, Less than high school/High school graduate/some college606.2
113) Male 18-24, College graduate/post-graduate4.4
121) Male 25-44, Less than high school/high school graduate899.3
122) Male 25-44, Some college515.3
123) Male 25-44, College graduate/post-graduate545.6
131) Male 45-64, Less than high school/high school graduate616.3
132) Male 45-64, Some college353.6
133) Male 45-64, College graduate/post-graduate424.4
141) Male 65+, Less than high school/high school graduate404.2
142) Male 65+, Some college121.2
143) Male 65+, College graduate/post-graduate141.5
211) Female 18-24, Less than high school/high school graduate/some college575.9
213) Female 18-24, College graduate/post-graduate6.6
221) Female 25-44, Less than high school/high school graduate848.7
222) Female 25-44, Some college606.2
223) Female 25-44, College graduate/post-graduate565.8
231) Female 45-64, Less than high school/high school graduate737.6
232) Female 45-64, Some college384
233) Female 45-64, College graduate/post-graduate373.8
241) Female 65+, Less than high school/high school graduate636.5
242) Female 65+, Some college161.7
243) Female 65+, College graduate/post-graduate101
Missing14 
TOTAL962100.0
6) Weight (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0.9770.531
7) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL97755.93102.15
8) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) Mentioned freedom of the press. (Recode 1) (SPECRTS1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13413.7
2) No84486.3
TOTAL978100.0
9) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom of speech. (Recode 2) (SPECRTS2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56657.9
2) No41242.1
TOTAL978100.0
10) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom of religion. (Recode 3) (SPECRTS3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17317.7
2) No80482.3
TOTAL977100.0
11) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom to petition. (Recode 4) (SPECRTS4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes202
2) No95898
TOTAL978100.0
12) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom to assemble. (Recode 5) (SPECRTS5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes969.8
2) No88190.2
TOTAL977100.0
13) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned another freedom. (Recode 6) (SPECRTS0)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18418.8
2) No79381.2
TOTAL977100.0
14) The First Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution more than 200 years ago. This is what it says: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." Based on your own feelings about the First Amendment, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: The First Amendment goes too far in the rights it guarantees.(Probe: Do you agree/disagree strongly or mildly?)[Recode] (FSTOOFR1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree47949
2) Disagree46547.5
98) Don't know00
99) Refused343.5
TOTAL978100.0
15) Now please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements. Newpapers should be allowed to freely criticize the U.S. military about its strategy and performance. (PROBE: strongly or mildly?)[Recode 1] (PRSMIL1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree54956.1
2) Disagree41442.3
98) Don't know131.3
99) Refused2.2
TOTAL978100.0
16) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of the press, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think Americans have too much press freedom, too little press freedom, or is the amount of press freedom in America about right? (Recode 1) (FREEPRS1)
TOTAL%
1) Too much32533.3
2) Too little12913.2
3) Right amount50251.4
98) Don't know00
99) Refused202
TOTAL976100.0
17) Overall, do you think the press in America has too much freedom to do what it wants, too little freedom to do what it wants, or is the amount of freedom the press has about right? (RSTFRPR1)
TOTAL%
1) Too much40941.9
2) Too little747.6
3) Right amount48049.1
98) Don't know00
99) Refused141.4
TOTAL977100.0
18) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of speech, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think Americans have too much freedom to speak freely, too little freedom to speak freely, or is the amount of freedom to speak freely about right? (Recode 1) (RSTFRSP1)
TOTAL%
1) Too much9910.1
2) Too little20821.3
3) Right amount65867.3
99) Refused131.3
TOTAL978100.0
19) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think Americans have too much religious freedom, too little religious freedom, or is the amount of religious freedom about right? (Recode 1) (RSTFRRL1)
TOTAL%
1) Too much626.3
2) Too little19720.2
3) Right amount68269.8
99) Refused363.7
TOTAL977100.0
20) Now please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements. People should be allowed to express unpopular opinions. (Recode 1) (UNPOPOP1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree65867.3
2) Mildly agree26326.9
3) Mildly disagree373.8
4) Strongly disagree181.8
99) Refused2.2
TOTAL978100.0
21) Some people feel that the U.S. Constitution should be amended to make it illegal to burn or desecrate the American flag as a form of political dissent. Others say that the U.S. Constitution should not be amended to specifically prohibit flag burning or desecration. Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to prohibit burning or desecrating the American flag? (Recode 1) (FLAGBRN1)
TOTAL%
1) Should not50051.2
2) Should45446.5
99) Refused232.4
TOTAL977100.0
22) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement. In the interest of national security, government should be able to monitor religious groups even if that means infringing upon the religious freedom of the group's members. (GVMONREL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24825.4
2) Mildly agree22823.4
3) Mildly disagree18318.8
4) Strong disagree27227.9
98) Don't know333.4
99) Refused121.2
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
23) In light of the government's war on terrorism in response to the World Trade Center attacks, some people think that the government should have more power to monitor the activities of Muslims legally living in the United States than it has to monitor other religious groups. Others say that monitoring Muslims more closely than others would violate the Muslims' right to free exercise of their religion. Which of these comes closest to your own opinion? (Recode 2) (MONACTS1)
TOTAL%
1) More power to monitor Muslims40641.6
2) Different treatment violates rights48649.8
98) Don't know737.5
99) Refused111.1
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
24) Respondent's age (Recoded into categories) (AGECAT)
TOTAL%
1) 18-3022122.6
2) 31-4430130.8
3) 45-6126026.6
4) 62+18318.8
999) Don't know/Refused111.1
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
25) What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, some high school, high school, some college, college grad, post graduate.(Recode 1) (EDUC1)
TOTAL%
1) High School or less47248.3
2) Some College/Trade School27728.4
3) College or more22523
99) Refused3.3
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
26) Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian or something else? (Recode 1) (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White77979.7
2) Non-white17818.2
99) Refused202
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
27) For classification purposes only, what is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home? (YRINCOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,000808.2
2) $10,000 to $20,00014314.7
3) $20,000 to $30,00012412.7
4) $30,000 to $40,0009910.1
5) $40,000 to $50,00011912.2
6) $50,000 to $75,00016216.6
7) $75,000 to $100,000919.3
8) $100,000 or more919.3
99) Don't know/Refused676.9
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
28) In politics today, are you a Democrat, a Republican, an Independent or what? (Recode 1) (POLAFF1)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat30435.1
2) Republican29233.7
3) Independent24628.4
99) Don't know/Refused242.8
Missing111 
TOTAL866100.0
29) Region 2 (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast19419.8
2) Midwest24424.9
3) South33934.7
4) West20120.6
TOTAL978100.0
30) [Follow-up if "Yes, have children under the age of 18":] Do you have any children under the age of 12? (KIDS12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26976
2) No8524
Missing623 
TOTAL354100.0
31) [Follow-up if "Yes, have children under the age of 12":] Do you have any children under the age of 6? (KIDS6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16646.9
2) No18853.1
99) Don't know/Refused00
Missing623 
TOTAL354100.0
32) What year were you born? (Recoded) (BIRTHYR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL9771956.8217.15
33) What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, some high school, high school, some college, college grad, post graduate. (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Grade school or less131.3
2) Some high school848.6
3) High school37538.4
4) Trade school (volunteered)171.7
5) Some college26026.6
6) College graduate14114.4
7) Post graduate848.6
99) Don't know/Refused3.3
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
34) Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White77979.7
2) Black828.4
3) Hispanic353.6
4) Asian111.1
5) Bi-Racial (Volunteered)9.9
6) Other414.2
99) Don't know/Refused202
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
35) For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? (Questions 51a through c recoded into 51x.) (YRINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00039940.8
2) $40,000 or more51152.3
99) Don't know/Refused676.9
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
36) For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? And that is... (YRINCMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,0004611.6
2) $10,000 to less than $20,0009523.9
3) $20,000 to less than $30,00012431.2
4) $30,000 to less than $40,0009924.9
99) Don't know/Refused348.5
Missing579 
TOTAL398100.0
37) For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? And that is... (YRINCMP2)
TOTAL%
1) $40,000 to less than $50,00011923.3
2) $50,000 to less than $75,00016231.7
3) $75,000 to less than $100,0009117.8
4) $100,000 or more9117.8
99) Don't know/Refused489.4
Missing466 
TOTAL511100.0
38) Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or some other religion? (RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic23023.5
2) Protestant26226.8
3) Jewish161.6
4) Other (specify)33534.3
5) None (vol)10310.5
99) Don't know/Refused313.2
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
39) Would you describe yourself as either a Fundamentalist or Evangelical Christian, or would you not describe yourself that way? (TYPCHRS)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist/Evangelical19420.9
2) Neither60665.2
3) Not sure (volunteered)9910.6
99) Don't know/Refused313.3
Missing48 
TOTAL930100.0
40) In politics, today, are you a Democrat, a Republican, an Independent or what? (Recode 1) (POLAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat30431.1
2) Republican29229.9
3) Independent24625.2
4) No preference (volunteered)868.8
5) Other (volunteered)252.6
99) Don't know/Refused242.5
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
41) Do you have any children under the age of 18? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes35436.3
2) No61763.2
99) Don't know/Refused5.5
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
42) Respondent's sex: (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male46747.8
2) Female50952.2
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
43) Overall, do you think the press in America has too much freedom to do what it wants, too little freedom to do what it wants, or is the amount of freedom the press has about right? (FREEPRS)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom50051.2
2) Too little freedom45446.5
99) Don't know/Refused232.4
TOTAL977100.0
44) Overall, do you think the press in America has too much freedom to do what it wants, too little freedom to do what it wants, or is the amount of freedom the press has about right? (RSTFRPR)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom37983.5
2) Too little freedom6714.8
99) Don't know/Refused81.8
Missing523 
TOTAL454100.0
45) Now please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements. Newspapers should be allowed to publish freely without government approval of a story. (PUBLISH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree515.2
2) Mildly agree25325.9
3) Mildly disagree33834.6
4) Strongly disagree27227.9
99) Don't know/Refused626.4
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
46) Now please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements. Newspapers should be allowed to freely criticize the U.S military about its strategy and performance. (PROBE: strongly or mildly?) (CRITMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree343.5
2) Mildly agree51452.6
3) Mildly disagree39440.3
99) Refused353.6
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
47) Some people believe that the media has too much freedom to publish whatever it wants. Others believe there is too much government censorship. Which of these beliefs lies closest to your own? (FRMPRS)
TOTAL%
1) There is too much media freedom50452.7
2) There is too much government censorship17818.6
3) Neither (volunteered)11411.9
4) Both (volunteered)15916.6
99) Don't know/Refused1.1
Missing20 
TOTAL956100.0
48) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) Mentioned freedom of the press. (Recode 1) (SPCRTS)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press976100
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
49) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom of speech. (Recode 2) (SPCRTS1)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press32533.3
2) Freedom of speech33234
3) Freedom of religion12412.7
4) Right to petition17417.8
99) Don't know/Refused222.3
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
50) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom of religion. (Recode 3) (SPCRTS2)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press29030.3
2) Freedom of speech34836.4
3) Freedom of religion11712.2
4) Right to petition18719.6
99) Don't know/Refused141.5
Missing21 
TOTAL956100.0
51) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom to petition. (Recode 4) (SPCRTS3)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press977100
TOTAL977100.0
52) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned freedom to assemble. (Recode 5) (SPCRTS4)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press818.7
2) Freedom of speech47050.8
3) Freedom of religion37240.2
99) Don't know/Refused3.3
Missing52 
TOTAL926100.0
53) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? Mentioned another freedom. (Recode 6) (SPCRTS5)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press15216.6
2) Freedom of speech39042.6
3) Freedom of religion36940.3
99) Don't know/Refused4.4
Missing63 
TOTAL915100.0
54) The First Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution more than 200 years ago. This is what it says: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." Based on your own feelings about the First Amendment, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: The First Amendment goes too far in the rights it guarantees. (Recode 1) (Probe: Do you agree/disagree strongly or mildly?) (FSTOOFAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree58962.5
2) Mildly agree313.3
3) Mildly disagree32334.3
99) Refused00
Missing33 
TOTAL943100.0
55) The US Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First, how important is it that you have the right to assemble, petition, march, protest or petition the government? (ESSNRT1)
TOTAL%
1) Essential63269.8
2) Important, but not essential22124.4
3) Not important505.5
99) Refused2.2
Missing73 
TOTAL905100.0
56) The U.S. Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First how important is it that you have the right to speak freely about whatever you want? (ESSNRT2)
TOTAL%
1) Essential77883.7
2) Important, but not essential12413.3
3) Not important262.8
99) Refused2.2
Missing47 
TOTAL930100.0
57) The U.S. Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First how important is it that you have the right to practice the religion of your choice? (ESSNRT3)
TOTAL%
1) Essential52259.7
2) Important, but not essential25829.5
3) Not important9510.9
99) Refused00
Missing103 
TOTAL875100.0
58) The U.S. Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First how important is it that you have the right to practice no religion? (ESSNTT4)
TOTAL%
1) Essential70574.8
2) Important, but not essential20621.9
3) Not important313.3
99) Refused00
Missing35 
TOTAL942100.0
59) The U.S. Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First how important is it that you have the right to be informed by a free press? (ESSNRT5)
TOTAL%
1) Essential80384.6
2) Important, but not essential12713.4
3) Not important192
99) Refused00
Missing28 
TOTAL949100.0
60) The U.S. Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First how important is it that you have the right to own firearms? (ESSNRT6)
TOTAL%
1) Essential41449.1
2) Important, but not essential28533.8
3) Not important14216.8
99) Refused2.2
Missing135 
TOTAL843100.0
61) The U.S. Constitution protects certain rights, but not everyone considers each right important. I am going to read you some rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. For each, please tell me how important it is that you have that right. First how important is it that you have the right to privacy? (ESSNRT7)
TOTAL%
1) Essential41749.2
2) Important, but not essential27732.7
3) Not important15117.8
99) Refused2.2
Missing130 
TOTAL847100.0
62) Respondent's age (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2412813.3
2) 25-4439540.9
3) 45-6428729.7
4) 65+15616.1
Missing12 
TOTAL966100.0
63) What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, some high school, high school, some college, college grad, post graduate.(Recode 1) (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) High School or less47248.3
2) Some College/Trade School27728.4
3) College or more22523
99) Refused3.3
Missing1 
TOTAL977100.0
64) Respondent's sex: (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male46747.8
2) Female50952.2
Missing1 
TOTAL976100.0
65) For classification purposes only, what is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $30,00034838.2
4) $30,000 to $40,0009910.9
5) $40,000 to $50,00011913.1
6) $50,000 to $75,00016217.8
7) $75,000 to $100,0009110
8) $100,000 or more9110
Missing68 
TOTAL910100.0
66) Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White77981.4
2) Black828.6
3) Hispanic353.7
4) Asian111.1
5) Bi-Racial (Volunteered)9.9
6) Other414.3
Missing21 
TOTAL957100.0
67) Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or some other religion? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic23024.3
2) Protestant26227.7
3) Jewish161.7
4) Other (specify)33535.4
5) None (vol)10310.9
Missing32 
TOTAL946100.0