Survey of Students in Presbyterian Theological Schools, 1990

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) School (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Austin1207.8
2) Columbia18612.1
3) Dubuque704.6
4) Louisville644.2
5) McCormick23315.2
6) Pittsburgh1429.2
7) Presbyterian School of Church Education593.8
8) Princeton32821.3
9) San Francisco22814.8
10) Johnson C. Smith161.0
11) Union (VA)915.9
Missing1 
TOTAL1537100.0
2) Personal ID (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1537100.32877
3) In what degree program are you enrolled? (DEGREE)
TOTAL%
1) Mdiv71846.7
2) Dmin62340.6
3) PhD463.0
4) ThD20.1
5) MA(general)684.4
6) MAR (Religion)60.4
7) MAYM (Youth Ministry)10.1
8) MATS (Theology Studies)50.3
9) ThM (Masters of Theology442.9
10) STD (Doctor of Sacred Theology)40.3
11) EdD (Doctor of Education)100.7
12) Other90.6
Missing2 
TOTAL1536100.0
4) IN REFERENCE TO STUDENT STATUS: Are you: (STUSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time student89359.5
2) Part-time student60840.5
Missing37 
TOTAL1501100.0
5) Marital Status (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Unmarried28418.6
2) Engaged, committed or "coupled"704.6
3) In first marriage91559.9
4) In second or later marriage1479.6
5) Separated110.7
6) Divorced865.6
7) Widowed140.9
Missing11 
TOTAL1527100.0
6) Living in: (RESIDE)
TOTAL%
1) On-campus dorm30420.6
2) On-campus couples housing26818.1
3) Off-campus nearby residence14710.0
4) Resident more than 15 minutes from campus61141.4
5) Field placement housing (e.g., manse)1107.4
6) Other372.5
Missing61 
TOTAL1477100.0
7) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in an on-campus dorm? (FRNDCMP)
TOTAL%
0) 72154.3
1) 14611.0
2) 15611.7
3) 1138.5
4) 826.2
5) 1108.3
Missing210 
TOTAL1328100.0
8) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in on-campus couples housing? (FRNDCPL)
TOTAL%
0) 78659.1
1) 14010.5
2) 15011.3
3) 1128.4
4) 685.1
5) 735.5
Missing209 
TOTAL1329100.0
9) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in an off-campus nearby residence? (FRNDNEAR)
TOTAL%
0) 103578.2
1) 14711.1
2) 796.0
3) 251.9
4) 120.9
5) 262.0
Missing214 
TOTAL1324100.0
10) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in a residence more than 15 minutes from campus? (FRNDFAR)
TOTAL%
0) 79259.8
1) 1239.3
2) 735.5
3) 513.8
4) 262.0
5) 26019.6
Missing213 
TOTAL1325100.0
11) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in field placement housing (e.g., manse)? (FRNDFLD)
TOTAL%
0) 121091.3
1) 403.0
2) 161.2
3) 50.4
4) 60.5
5) 493.7
Missing212 
TOTAL1326100.0
12) For how many children are you the chief source of financial support? (CHILDSUP)
TOTAL%
0) 64146.4
1) 19914.4
2) 32723.7
3) 15811.4
4) 402.9
5) 130.9
6) 20.1
7) 10.1
8) 10.1
Missing156 
TOTAL1382100.0
13) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN. What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 0-5 years old (AGE0T5)
TOTAL%
0) 82674.2
1) 20518.4
2) 746.6
3) 70.6
7) 10.1
Missing425 
TOTAL1113100.0
14) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN. What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 6-11 years old (AGE6T11)
TOTAL%
0) 75567.9
1) 22920.6
2) 1109.9
3) 171.5
7) 10.1
Missing426 
TOTAL1112100.0
15) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN. What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 12-14 years old (AGE12T14)
TOTAL%
0) 89981.0
1) 16615.0
2) 444.0
3) 10.1
Missing428 
TOTAL1110100.0
16) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN. What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 15-18 years old (AGE15T18)
TOTAL%
0) 92182.9
1) 14913.4
2) 403.6
6) 10.1
Missing427 
TOTAL1111100.0
17) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN. What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 19 or older (AGE19)
TOTAL%
0) 95686.0
1) 11410.3
2) 353.1
3) 60.5
4) 10.1
Missing426 
TOTAL1112100.0
18) If you are married, is your spouse a professional church worker or minister? Or preparing for ministry? (SPOUSECW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17215.5
2) No, but preparing686.1
3) No, and not preparing86778.3
Missing431 
TOTAL1107100.0
19) Did you move to the seminary area specifically to do this degree program? (MOVEDEG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes75162.1
2) No, already lived here45837.9
Missing329 
TOTAL1209100.0
20) In what state or country were you born? (LOCBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL152545.69329
21) Are you now an American citizen? (CITIZEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes140992.3
2) No1187.7
Missing11 
TOTAL1527100.0
22) In what year were you born? (YEARBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL153250.70910
23) In what year were you first married? (YEARMARR)
TOTAL%
42) 20.2
43) 10.1
45) 20.2
46) 10.1
47) 30.3
48) 40.3
49) 10.1
50) 40.3
51) 60.5
52) 50.4
53) 90.8
54) 110.9
55) 161.4
56) 110.9
57) 171.4
58) 121.0
59) 191.6
60) 282.4
61) 231.9
62) 252.1
63) 252.1
64) 292.5
65) 221.9
66) 272.3
67) 373.1
68) 474.0
69) 403.4
70) 363.0
71) 383.2
72) 504.2
73) 413.5
74) 453.8
75) 423.6
76) 504.2
77) 342.9
78) 363.0
79) 373.1
80) 373.1
81) 292.5
82) 332.8
83) 272.3
84) 322.7
85) 373.1
86) 302.5
87) 292.5
88) 393.3
89) 443.7
90) 70.6
91) 10.1
Missing357 
TOTAL1181100.0
24) In what year did you graduate from college? (YEARGRAD)
TOTAL%
30) 10.1
33) 10.1
41) 10.1
42) 10.1
43) 20.1
46) 20.1
47) 30.2
48) 20.1
49) 20.1
50) 50.4
51) 30.2
52) 40.3
53) 90.6
54) 60.4
55) 110.8
56) 141.0
57) 171.2
58) 171.2
59) 151.1
60) 251.8
61) 171.2
62) 261.9
63) 211.5
64) 191.4
65) 302.1
66) 251.8
67) 332.4
68) 292.1
69) 443.1
70) 473.3
71) 493.5
72) 553.9
73) 543.8
74) 433.1
75) 543.8
76) 513.6
77) 423.0
78) 553.9
79) 543.8
80) 372.6
81) 362.6
82) 362.6
83) 352.5
84) 362.6
85) 533.8
86) 825.8
87) 876.2
88) 745.3
89) 342.4
90) 50.4
Missing134 
TOTAL1404100.0
25) In what year did you enter this degree program? (YRENTER)
TOTAL%
70) 20.1
71) 10.1
73) 20.1
74) 30.2
75) 10.1
76) 30.2
77) 20.1
78) 30.2
79) 20.1
80) 90.6
81) 60.4
82) 171.2
83) 271.9
84) 463.2
85) 845.8
86) 16011.1
87) 29720.5
88) 35824.8
89) 37626.0
90) 473.3
Missing92 
TOTAL1446100.0
26) In what year do you expect to receive this degree? (YRDEGREE)
TOTAL%
90) 35026.7
91) 48837.2
92) 33025.2
93) 1037.9
94) 322.4
95) 70.5
96) 10.1
97) 10.1
Missing226 
TOTAL1312100.0
27) Prior to entering the ministry (or theological school), give the total years of nonreligious employment you had: (YRNREMP)
TOTAL%
0) 27820.1
1) 1249.0
2) 1198.6
3) 1017.3
4) 946.8
5) 795.7
6) 584.2
7) 695.0
8) 493.6
9) 261.9
10) 715.1
11) 201.4
12) 362.6
13) 211.5
14) 362.6
15) 453.3
16) 110.8
17) 141.0
18) 171.2
19) 120.9
20) 322.3
21) 90.7
22) 130.9
23) 50.4
24) 60.4
25) 60.4
26) 30.2
27) 30.2
28) 50.4
29) 10.1
30) 90.7
31) 10.1
32) 10.1
34) 10.1
38) 20.1
40) 10.1
49) 20.1
Missing158 
TOTAL1380100.0
28) Prior to entering the ministry (or theological school), what occupation or kind of work was your longest full-time nonreligious job? (NREMPTYP)
TOTAL%
20) Teacher, college professor21719.7
21) Musical performer, actor, artist, radio/TV performer, entertainer232.1
22) Social worker, counselor787.1
23) Medicine, doctor, dentist, nurse201.8
24) Lawyer, political leader151.4
25) Psychologist, psychiatrist40.4
26) Technical, engineering or scientific field454.1
29) Other professional or technical: librarian, pharmacist, writing, personnel, programmer, foreign service11710.6
30) Public official10.1
31) Banker201.8
32) Business owner, farm owner141.3
33) Corporate manager, business administrator272.5
34) Investments, stocks, bonds, etc.60.5
35) Retail business manager (not owner)312.8
36) Farm manager20.2
39) Other business and managerial978.8
40) Sales worker474.3
41) Insurance sales (not owner or manager)60.5
42) Real estate sales (not owner or manager)10.1
49) Other sales151.4
50) Clerical work201.8
51) Secretary, stenographer393.5
59) Other office work201.8
60) Foreman10.1
61) Craftsman, mechanic, journeyman, etc.302.7
62) Safety force - police, fire, etc.100.9
69) Other skilled232.1
70) Driver, operator90.8
71) Farmhand, employee50.5
72) Other forms of semiskilled work363.3
80) Laborer312.8
81) Domestic40.4
82) Service worker n.e.c. (not elsewhere classified)222.0
90) Military n.e.c.383.5
91) Government n.e.c131.2
92) Housewife, homemaker40.4
93) Student90.8
94) Unemployed - retired, disabled, etc.10.1
Missing437 
TOTAL1101100.0
29) How many years were you in your full-time nonreligious job prior to entering the ministry? (YRNRFEMP)
TOTAL%
0) 625.4
1) 16414.3
2) 15013.1
3) 12611.0
4) 12611.0
5) 918.0
6) 575.0
7) 575.0
8) 494.3
9) 201.7
10) 696.0
11) 161.4
12) 272.4
13) 181.6
14) 111.0
15) 221.9
16) 20.2
17) 131.1
18) 60.5
19) 90.8
20) 171.5
21) 30.3
22) 60.5
23) 50.4
24) 20.2
25) 50.4
26) 20.2
28) 20.2
30) 50.4
32) 10.1
35) 10.1
Missing394 
TOTAL1144100.0
30) How many years did you spend in full-time homemaking and/or childrearing before coming to seminary? (YRHOME)
TOTAL%
0) 62572.8
1) 263.0
2) 172.0
3) 131.5
4) 111.3
5) 121.4
6) 131.5
7) 111.3
8) 101.2
9) 10.1
10) 131.5
11) 91.0
12) 91.0
13) 111.3
14) 60.7
15) 121.4
16) 40.5
17) 50.6
18) 60.7
19) 50.6
20) 91.0
21) 20.2
22) 30.3
23) 30.3
24) 40.5
25) 30.3
26) 10.1
27) 20.2
28) 40.5
30) 20.2
31) 20.2
32) 10.1
35) 20.2
40) 20.2
Missing679 
TOTAL859100.0
31) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (First response)? (WHYENT1)
TOTAL%
1) General sense of vocation - called by God, led by Spirit, etc.35557.2
2) Encouragement by others91.4
3) Intellectual interest416.6
4) Fulfillment6210.0
5) Leadership experience538.5
6) Evangelistic witness71.1
7) Social concern111.8
8) Personal service132.1
9) Other forms of motivation7011.3
Missing917 
TOTAL621100.0
32) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (Type of first response)? (WHYENT2)
TOTAL%
1) Long-standing sense of call from God - delayed or interrupted7021.6
2) New or sudden urgent sense of call from God237.1
3) Push factors associated with circumstances - work, life situation, etc.6720.7
4) Responding to needs of church206.2
5) Attracted to school by its reputation, program or offerings103.1
6) Sense of own talent, ability, interest, aptitude for work of minsitry4413.6
7) Need training to do one's ministry6520.1
8) Need legitimacy, credentials, basis for official acceptance164.9
9) Women now accepted in ministry92.8
Missing1214 
TOTAL324100.0
33) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (Second response)? (WHYENT3)
TOTAL%
1) General sense of vocation - called by God, led by Spirit, etc.2815.1
2) Encouragement by others2312.4
3) Intellectual interest2010.8
4) Fulfillment2211.8
5) Leadership experience189.7
6) Evangelistic witness2111.3
7) Social concern1910.2
8) Personal service105.4
9) Other forms of motivation2513.4
Missing1352 
TOTAL186100.0
34) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (Type of second response)? (WHYENT4)
TOTAL%
1) Long-standing sense of call from God - delayed or interrupted22.3
2) New or sudden urgent sense of call from God11.2
3) Push factors associated with circumstances - work, life situation, etc.1517.4
4) Responding to needs of church33.5
5) Attracted to school by its reputation, program or offerings22.3
6) Sense of own talent, ability, interest, aptitude for work of ministry1517.4
7) Need training to do one's ministry2529.1
8) Need legitimacy, credentials, basis for official acceptance1011.6
9) Women now accepted in ministry1315.1
Missing1452 
TOTAL86100.0
35) What is your current denominational membership? (DENOMINA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL145426.62214
36) Were you formerly in the: (PREDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) United Presbyterian USA56562.2
2) Presbyterian Church in the US23325.6
3) Neither11112.2
Missing629 
TOTAL909100.0
37) Did you come to the Presbyterian church from some other denomination? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, transferred34340.5
2) No50459.5
Missing691 
TOTAL847100.0
38) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO CAME TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH FROM SOME OTHER DENOMINATION (CONVERT): If yes, what was it (most recent)? (CONVDEN)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist - American Baptist Convention103.0
2) Baptist - Southern Baptist Convention339.9
3) Baptist (unspecified)309.0
4) Baptist - other groups82.4
5) Christian Churches (Disciples of Christ)61.8
6) Church of Christ10.3
7) Church of Christ, Scientist (Christian Science)20.6
8) Church of the Brethren10.3
9) Church of God groups20.6
10) Church of the Nazarene30.9
11) Episcopal - Protestant Episcopal Church175.1
13) Evangelical Covenant Church20.6
14) Friends United Meeting20.6
15) Independent nondenominational groups154.5
16) Interdenominational groups30.9
17) Lutheran Church in America51.5
20) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod20.6
22) Methodist - United Methodist Church7823.4
25) Methodist - African Methodist Episcopal10.3
26) Presbyterian Church (USA)10.3
27) Presbyterian Cumberland Presbyterian Church30.9
29) Presbyterian - Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church41.2
31) Presbyterian Church of Korea20.6
34) Reformed -Christian Reformed Church30.9
35) Reformed Church in America82.4
36) Roman Catholic Church236.9
37) Seventh-day Adventist10.3
39) United Church of Christ206.0
41) Assemblies of God82.4
42) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)175.1
45) Christian & Missionary Alliance20.6
47) Holiness groups10.3
48) Wesleyan30.9
49) National Association of Congregational Christian Churches20.6
50) Unity10.3
51) Independent Presbyterian (PCA?)20.6
90) Other foreign10.3
91) Other103.0
96) Other European Presbyterian/Reformed10.3
Missing1204 
TOTAL334100.0
39) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO CAME TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH FROM SOME OTHER DENOMINATION (CONVERT): If yes, what year did you change? (YEARCONV)
TOTAL%
11) 10.3
37) 10.3
47) 10.3
48) 20.6
50) 10.3
51) 10.3
53) 20.6
55) 20.6
56) 30.9
57) 10.3
59) 30.9
60) 51.4
61) 41.2
62) 30.9
63) 30.9
64) 72.0
65) 41.2
66) 30.9
67) 72.0
68) 92.6
69) 51.4
70) 61.7
71) 72.0
72) 61.7
73) 72.0
74) 123.5
75) 102.9
76) 123.5
77) 144.0
78) 102.9
79) 113.2
80) 185.2
81) 164.6
82) 185.2
83) 236.6
84) 164.6
85) 185.2
86) 154.3
87) 174.9
88) 185.2
89) 205.8
90) 41.2
Missing1192 
TOTAL346100.0
40) IN REFERENCE TO CHURCH STATUS: Are you: (CHSTATUS)
TOTAL%
1) Ordained to ministry73448.4
2) Ordained as ruling elder or deacon593.9
3) Licensed, commissioned or certified for church work553.6
4) In inquirer or candidate status under presbytery, diocese, etc.52834.8
5) Church member but without ecclesiastical status1308.6
6) Not a member or minister of any denomination120.8
Missing20 
TOTAL1518100.0
41) Was this school your highest preference among schools? (SCHLPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes136690.5
2) No1439.5
Missing29 
TOTAL1509100.0
42) To what schools did you apply (First preference)? (APPLY1)
TOTAL%
0) No others considered40.3
1) Andover Newton241.6
2) Asbury20.1
3) Ashland10.1
5) Austin926.2
8) Boston University10.1
10) Calvin10.1
11) Candler20.1
12) Chicago Div School10.1
16) Columbia16411.0
17) Drew10.1
18) Dubuque583.9
19) Duke10.1
24) Fuller120.8
26) Fuller - Seattle10.1
27) Garrett20.1
28) Gordon-Conwell50.3
29) Harvard Div40.3
32) J.C. Smith/ITC140.9
34) Lexington10.1
35) Louisville624.2
37) McCormick21314.3
39) Meth Theol Sch (OH)10.1
41) New York Theological10.1
42) Oxford10.1
43) Pacific School of Religion10.1
44) Perkins10.1
47) Presbyterian School of Christian Education553.7
48) Princeton31721.3
49) Puerto Rico Seminario Evang10.1
50) Reformed Theological Seminary10.1
54) San Francisco21314.3
58) Toronto10.1
59) Trinity20.1
60) Union (NY)30.2
61) Union (VA)845.6
63) United (OH)10.1
66) Vanderbilt40.3
69) Western10.1
70) Yale60.4
71) Pittsburgh1198.0
73) Southern Baptist Seminary20.1
74) Westminster10.1
80) Others not listed here70.5
Missing49 
TOTAL1489100.0
43) To what schools did you apply (Second preference)? (APPLY2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL77922.87926
44) To what schools did you apply (Third preference)? (APPLY3)
TOTAL%
0) No others considered30961.8
1) Andover Newton30.6
2) Asbury10.2
5) Austin40.8
8) Boston University10.2
9) Brite10.2
11) Candler71.4
12) Chicago Div School51.0
14) Claremont20.4
15) Colgate-Rochester10.2
16) Columbia102.0
17) Drew20.4
18) Dubuque51.0
19) Duke40.8
21) Eden10.2
24) Fuller61.2
28) Gordon-Conwell20.4
29) Harvard Div40.8
31) Iliff20.4
35) Louisville173.4
36) Lutheran Southern20.4
37) McCormick112.2
38) Memphis10.2
39) Meth Theol Sch (OH)20.4
43) Pacific School of Religion40.8
44) Perkins10.2
47) Presbyterian School of Christian Education20.4
48) Princeton122.4
53) St. Paul's School of Theology20.4
54) San Francisco122.4
56) Southeastern10.2
57) Temple10.2
58) Toronto30.6
59) Trinity30.6
60) Union (NY)71.4
61) Union (VA)122.4
62) United (MN)10.2
63) United (OH)10.2
66) Vanderbilt30.6
67) Virginia Theological Seminary10.2
68) Wesley20.4
70) Yale102.0
71) Pittsburgh71.4
80) Others not listed here122.4
Missing1038 
TOTAL500100.0
45) What factors brought you to this school (First factor)? (SCHLWHY1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL146847.4928
46) What factors brought you to this school (Second factor)? (SCHLWHY2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL104145.21826
47) What factors brought you to this school (Third factor)? (SCHLWHY3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL51844.72227
48) If you were not to be in some form of ministry, what other two kinds of work would interest you most (First response)? (OTHWK1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL141129.25726
49) If you were not to be in some form of ministry, what other two kinds of work would interest you most (Second response)? (OTHWK2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL129134.0525
50) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In what year did you first seriously consider the ministry? (YRDECID)
TOTAL%
32) 10.1
39) 10.1
41) 10.1
46) 10.1
48) 10.1
49) 10.1
50) 10.1
51) 10.1
52) 10.1
53) 30.4
55) 20.3
57) 10.1
58) 30.4
59) 60.8
60) 30.4
61) 20.3
62) 40.6
63) 20.3
64) 30.4
65) 40.6
66) 91.3
67) 40.6
68) 81.1
69) 20.3
70) 101.4
71) 50.7
72) 81.1
73) 101.4
74) 71.0
75) 172.4
76) 182.5
77) 131.8
78) 182.5
79) 263.6
80) 385.3
81) 243.3
82) 517.1
83) 608.4
84) 588.1
85) 689.5
86) 7911.0
87) 709.8
88) 507.0
89) 223.1
Missing821 
TOTAL717100.0
51) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Do you intend to be ordained to the ministry? (INTORDIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59983.8
2) No324.5
3) Uncertain8011.2
4) Already ordained40.6
Missing823 
TOTAL715100.0
52) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: If you are Presbyterian, in what year were you first admitted to inquiry or candidate status in your presbytery? (ICSTATUS)
TOTAL%
46) 10.2
48) 10.2
60) 20.4
66) 10.2
70) 10.2
71) 10.2
74) 10.2
75) 20.4
77) 10.2
78) 10.2
81) 10.2
82) 10.2
83) 40.8
84) 61.2
85) 122.5
86) 459.3
87) 11123.0
88) 13327.5
89) 12626.1
90) 326.6
Missing1055 
TOTAL483100.0
53) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: If not an Inquirer or Candidate, do you intend to be? (ICINTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5265.0
2) No1113.8
3) Uncertain1721.3
Missing1458 
TOTAL80100.0
54) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: When you were about 12 or 13, what kind of work did your mother do? (MOMWORK)
TOTAL%
10) Clergy, minister (unmodified)10.1
11) Minister of music, youth director, other specialized parish professional staff30.4
12) Missionary50.7
13) Christian education director, minister or specialist10.1
20) Teacher, college professor9313.0
21) Musical performer, actor, artist, radio/TV performer, entertainer81.1
22) Social worker, counselor60.8
23) Medicine, doctor, dentist, nurse263.6
26) Technical, engineering or scientific field20.3
29) Other professional or technical: librarian, pharmacist, writing, personnel, programmer, foreign service162.2
30) Public official10.1
31) Banker20.3
32) Business owner, farm owner60.8
33) Corporate manager, business administrator30.4
35) Retail business manager (not owner)10.1
39) Other business and managerial152.1
40) Sales worker111.5
42) Real estate sales (not owner or manager)81.1
49) Other sales30.4
50) Clerical work121.7
51) Secretary, stenographer415.7
59) Other office work121.7
61) Craftsman, mechanic, journeyman, etc.10.1
69) Other skilled40.6
71) Farmhand, employee20.3
72) Other forms of semiskilled work71.0
80) Laborer60.8
81) Domestic50.7
82) Service worker n.e.c. (not elsewhere classified)131.8
91) Government n.e.c81.1
92) Housewife, homemaker38253.4
93) Student50.7
94) Unemployed - retired, disabled, etc.71.0
Missing822 
TOTAL716100.0
55) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: When you were about 12 or 13, what kind of work did your father do? (DADWORK)
TOTAL%
10) Clergy, minister (unmodified)638.8
11) Minister of music, youth director, other specialized parish professional staff20.3
12) Missionary50.7
20) Teacher, college professor598.3
21) Musical performer, actor, artist, radio/TV performer, entertainer40.6
22) Social worker, counselor30.4
23) Medicine, doctor, dentist, nurse425.9
24) Lawyer, political leader91.3
25) Psychologist, psychiatrist10.1
26) Technical, engineering or scientific field719.9
29) Other professional or technical: librarian, pharmacist, writing, personnel, programmer, foreign service466.4
30) Public official20.3
31) Banker101.4
32) Business owner, farm owner496.9
33) Corporate manager, business administrator354.9
34) Investments, stocks, bonds, etc.71.0
35) Retail business manager (not owner)71.0
36) Farm manager60.8
39) Other business and managerial669.2
40) Sales worker273.8
41) Insurance sales (not owner or manager)91.3
42) Real estate sales (not owner or manager)50.7
49) Other sales91.3
50) Clerical work20.3
59) Other office work20.3
60) Foreman50.7
61) Craftsman, mechanic, journeyman, etc.344.8
62) Safety force - police, fire, etc.91.3
69) Other skilled233.2
70) Driver, operator71.0
71) Farmhand, employee121.7
72) Other forms of semiskilled work223.1
80) Laborer263.6
81) Domestic10.1
82) Service worker n.e.c. (not elsewhere classified)10.1
90) Military n.e.c.131.8
91) Government n.e.c101.4
94) Unemployed - retired, disabled, etc.111.5
Missing823 
TOTAL715100.0
56) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What was the highest number of years of education completed by either one of your parents? (PAREDUC)
TOTAL%
4) 20.3
5) 10.1
6) 20.3
7) 20.3
8) 111.6
9) 60.8
10) 152.1
11) 40.6
12) 12417.5
13) 314.4
14) 628.8
15) 101.4
16) 16823.7
17) 375.2
18) 8411.9
19) 446.2
20) 7210.2
21) 71.0
22) 131.8
23) 60.8
24) 50.7
25) 20.3
Missing830 
TOTAL708100.0
57) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In what kind of area did you live when you were about 12 or 13 years old? (AREATYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Farm area or small town14219.5
2) Medium-sized town or city21329.3
3) Suburban or middle-class residential area of large city30842.4
4) Working-class/blue-collar area of large city385.2
5) Inner city or low-income area of large city141.9
6) Other121.7
Missing811 
TOTAL727100.0
58) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: When you were about 12 or 13 years old was your involvement in church life: (CHURCHED)
TOTAL%
1) Extensive42658.7
2) Moderate22130.4
3) Minimal/none7910.9
Missing812 
TOTAL726100.0
59) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In what state did you live the longest as a youngster? (CHILDLOC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL71448.87326
60) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Pastor of local church (PASTRANK)
TOTAL%
1) 34560.4
2) 9917.3
3) 549.5
4) 244.2
5) 91.6
6) 61.1
7) 61.1
8) Selected, but not ranked284.9
Missing967 
TOTAL571100.0
61) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Senior minister of large church (SRMINRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 26751.3
2) 11121.3
3) 6712.9
4) 285.4
5) 193.7
6) 51.0
7) 40.8
8) Selected, but not ranked193.7
Missing1018 
TOTAL520100.0
62) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Staff/specialized ministry in large church (STAFFRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 64.1
2) 2416.3
3) 2617.7
4) 2617.7
5) 2215.0
6) 85.4
7) 2517.0
8) Selected, but not ranked106.8
Missing1391 
TOTAL147100.0
63) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Teaching in college or seminary (TEACHRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 6625.3
2) 6926.4
3) 4918.8
4) 2810.7
5) 197.3
6) 72.7
7) 145.4
8) Selected, but not ranked93.4
Missing1277 
TOTAL261100.0
64) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Campus ministry (CAMPRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 13031.6
2) 12229.7
3) 6315.3
4) 317.5
5) 215.1
6) 102.4
7) 122.9
8) Selected, but not ranked225.4
Missing1127 
TOTAL411100.0
65) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Judicatory or agency executive or staff (EXECRANK)
TOTAL%
1) 5918.2
2) 9228.4
3) 6921.3
4) 5316.4
5) 206.2
6) 72.2
7) 123.7
8) Selected, but not ranked123.7
Missing1214 
TOTAL324100.0
66) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Chaplaincy (hospital, military, etc.) (CHAPRANK)
TOTAL%
1) 3312.0
2) 7025.4
3) 3813.8
4) 4616.7
5) 2810.1
6) 186.5
7) 248.7
8) Selected, but not ranked196.9
Missing1262 
TOTAL276100.0
67) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Community action or social service work (SSERRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 11230.9
2) 7019.3
3) 6217.1
4) 4612.7
5) 298.0
6) 143.9
7) 113.0
8) Selected, but not ranked185.0
Missing1176 
TOTAL362100.0
68) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Missionary work (foreign/USA) (MISSRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 269.7
2) 5520.6
3) 8933.3
4) 3914.6
5) 166.0
6) 134.9
7) 207.5
8) Selected, but not ranked93.4
Missing1271 
TOTAL267100.0
69) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Secular work/tentmaker ministry (SECRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 126.2
2) 3216.5
3) 4422.7
4) 3216.5
5) 2613.4
6) 199.8
7) 2512.9
8) Selected, but not ranked42.1
Missing1344 
TOTAL194100.0
70) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Secular work outside ministry (SEC2RNK)
TOTAL%
1) 85.9
2) 1410.3
3) 3223.5
4) 2921.3
5) 1410.3
6) 21.5
7) 3525.7
8) Selected, but not ranked21.5
Missing1402 
TOTAL136100.0
71) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Doctoral study (degree: ?) (DOCRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 1812.3
2) 2114.4
3) 2315.8
4) 2819.2
5) 128.2
6) 149.6
7) 2718.5
8) Selected, but not ranked32.1
Missing1392 
TOTAL146100.0
72) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Other: (OTHRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 3513.1
2) 5620.9
3) 5922.0
4) 4717.5
5) 228.2
6) 114.1
7) 249.0
8) Selected, but not ranked145.2
Missing1270 
TOTAL268100.0
73) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Pastor of local church (FUTPAST)
TOTAL%
1) 3716.1
2) 3716.1
3) 4720.4
4) 3013.0
5) 2912.6
6) 167.0
7) 2510.9
8) Selected, but not ranked93.9
Missing1308 
TOTAL230100.0
74) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Senior minister of large church (FUTSRMIN)
TOTAL%
1) 217.8
2) 4416.4
3) 6223.1
4) 4416.4
5) 4014.9
6) 155.6
7) 269.7
8) Selected, but not ranked166.0
Missing1270 
TOTAL268100.0
75) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Staff/specialized ministry in large church (FUTSTAFF)
TOTAL%
1) 2411.1
2) 4520.7
3) 3918.0
4) 4118.9
5) 198.8
6) 167.4
7) 2612.0
8) Selected, but not ranked73.2
Missing1321 
TOTAL217100.0
76) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Teaching in college or seminary (FUTTEACH)
TOTAL%
1) 228.9
2) 4518.2
3) 4116.6
4) 4116.6
5) 3514.2
6) 249.7
7) 249.7
8) Selected, but not ranked156.1
Missing1291 
TOTAL247100.0
77) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Campus ministry (FUTCAMP)
TOTAL%
1) 3113.8
2) 4419.6
3) 4721.0
4) 3113.8
5) 2410.7
6) 156.7
7) 2410.7
8) Selected, but not ranked83.6
Missing1314 
TOTAL224100.0
78) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Judicatory or agency executive or staff (FUTEXEC)
TOTAL%
1) 107.5
2) 107.5
3) 1612.0
4) 2317.3
5) 1511.3
6) 129.0
7) 4130.8
8) Selected, but not ranked64.5
Missing1405 
TOTAL133100.0
79) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Chaplaincy (hospital, military, etc.) (FUTCHAP)
TOTAL%
1) 1110.7
2) 1312.6
3) 76.8
4) 1716.5
5) 1110.7
6) 43.9
7) 3735.9
8) Selected, but not ranked32.9
Missing1435 
TOTAL103100.0
80) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Community action or social service work (FUTSOCSE)
TOTAL%
1) 54.2
2) 119.2
3) 1210.0
4) 108.3
5) 1815.0
6) 65.0
7) 5445.0
8) Selected, but not ranked43.3
Missing1418 
TOTAL120100.0
81) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Missionary work (foreign/USA) (FUTMISS)
TOTAL%
1) 43.9
2) 1211.8
3) 1110.8
4) 1110.8
5) 1716.7
6) 43.9
7) 4140.2
8) Selected, but not ranked22.0
Missing1436 
TOTAL102100.0
82) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Secular work/tentmaker ministry (FUTSEC)
TOTAL%
1) 7527.1
2) 3813.7
3) 3613.0
4) 3111.2
5) 3010.8
6) 176.1
7) 3512.6
8) Selected, but not ranked155.4
Missing1261 
TOTAL277100.0
83) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Secular work outside ministry (FUTSEC2)
TOTAL%
1) 4521.0
2) 4922.9
3) 3918.2
4) 2210.3
5) 167.5
6) 83.7
7) 2913.6
8) Selected, but not ranked62.8
Missing1324 
TOTAL214100.0
84) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Doctoral study (degree: ?) (FUTDOC)
TOTAL%
1) 2632.1
2) 1316.0
3) 911.1
4) 56.2
5) 67.4
6) 11.2
7) 911.1
8) Selected, but not ranked1214.8
Missing1457 
TOTAL81100.0
85) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Other: (FUTOTH)
TOTAL%
1) 4752.2
2) 1820.0
3) 44.4
4) 55.6
5) 11.1
6) 11.1
7) 77.8
8) Selected, but not ranked77.8
Missing1448 
TOTAL90100.0
86) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Has the kind of work you prefer changed substantially as a result of your experiences in theological school? (WORKPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19427.1
2) No52372.9
Missing821 
TOTAL717100.0
87) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: IN REFERENCE TO CHANGE IN RESPONDENT'S WORK PREFERENCES AS A RESULT OF EXPERIENCES IN THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL (WORKPREF): If yes, how has it changed? (WKPRCHNG)
TOTAL%
10) Toward local church ministry-general4724.9
11) Toward solo local church ministry189.5
12) Toward staff/group/large church ministry63.2
13) Toward tentmaking ministry (self-supporting but doing church work)42.1
14) Toward preaching, pulpit work52.6
19) Toward other types of local church ministry31.6
20) Toward specialized ministries - general52.6
21) Toward judicatory/agency staff10.5
22) Toward mission work31.6
23) Toward advanced study/doctorate/teaching/education2613.8
24) Toward military chaplaincy10.5
25) Toward clinical/hospital chaplaincy63.2
26) Toward campus ministry31.6
27) Toward counseling/pastoral care63.2
29) Toward other specialized ministries115.8
40) General "toward" answers without church reference63.2
41) Toward other professions (medicine, etc.)10.5
42) Toward leadership roles31.6
49) Other specific nonchurch "towards"84.2
50) Away from ministry - general42.1
51) Away from local church ministry-general31.6
52) Away from staff/group/large church ministry10.5
90) Nonspecific answers (e.g., better tools, more intense, larger vision, etc.)189.5
Missing1349 
TOTAL189100.0
88) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: How definite are you about the kind of work you intend to do? (WKINTENT)
TOTAL%
1) Very definite30642.9
2) Pretty definite26136.6
3) Considering several13018.2
4) Unsure162.2
Missing825 
TOTAL713100.0
89) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In the period just before entering this degree program, were you active in a church? (CHACTIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes70496.2
2) No283.8
Missing806 
TOTAL732100.0
90) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: IN REFERENCE TO WHETHER OR NOT INDIVIDUAL WAS ACTIVE IN A CHURCH JUST PRIOR TO ENTERING THE DEGREE PROGRAM (CHACTIVE): If yes, about how many members did it have? (NUMMEMB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL687900.981231
91) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: IN REFERENCE TO WHETHER OR NOT INDIVIDUAL WAS ACTIVE IN A CHURCH JUST PRIOR TO ENTERING THE DEGREE PROGRAM (CHACTIVE): What denomination was it? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist - American Baptist Convention50.7
2) Baptist - Southern Baptist Convention91.3
3) Baptist (unspecified)40.6
4) Baptist - other groups30.4
5) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)40.6
6) Church of Christ40.6
8) Church of the Brethren20.3
9) Church of God groups30.4
10) Church of the Nazarene10.1
11) Episcopal - Protestant Episcopal Church71.0
14) Friends United Meeting10.1
15) Independent nondenominational groups121.7
16) Interdenominational groups20.3
17) Lutheran Church in America20.3
20) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod30.4
21) Mennonite20.3
22) Methodist - United Methodist Church669.4
23) Methodist - African Methodist Episcopal Zion10.1
25) Methodist - African Methodist Episcopal10.1
26) Presbyterian Church (USA)49971.0
27) Presbyterian Cumberland Presbyterian Church10.1
28) Presbyterian - United Presbyterian Church in the USA30.4
29) Presbyterian - Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church10.1
31) Presbyterian Church of Korea30.4
33) Presbyterian Church of Ghana10.1
34) Reformed -Christian Reformed Church30.4
35) Reformed Church in America30.4
36) Roman Catholic Church30.4
38) Unitarian Universalist Association30.4
39) United Church of Christ233.3
41) Assemblies of God60.9
42) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)40.6
44) Anglican, Church of England20.3
45) Christian & Missionary Alliance30.4
48) Wesleyan20.3
50) Unity10.1
51) Independent Presbyterian (Presbyterian Church in America)10.1
90) Other foreign20.3
91) Other30.4
96) Other European Presbyterian/Reformed20.3
97) "African"20.3
Missing835 
TOTAL703100.0
92) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: IN REFERENCE TO WHETHER OR NOT INDIVIDUAL WAS ACTIVE IN A CHURCH JUST PRIOR TO ENTERING THE DEGREE PROGRAM (CHACTIVE): How influential was it in your decision to enter the seminary? (DENOMINF)
TOTAL%
1) Very29141.3
2) Moderately22732.2
3) To a small degree9713.8
4) Not at all8912.6
Missing834 
TOTAL704100.0
93) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What persons mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (First person)? (PERSINF1)
TOTAL%
10) Family, parents, general396.4
11) Mother91.5
12) Father132.1
14) Spouse396.4
15) Other relatives132.1
20) Clergy - general (role models, etc.)264.3
21) Pastor in childhood or youth274.5
22) Pastor in current (home) church19031.4
24) Women pastors152.5
25) Judicatory staff/executive (Presbytery, Synod, National)101.7
26) Campus minister223.6
27) Seminary intern50.8
28) Other clergy friends233.8
29) Other clergy244.0
30) Teachers - general40.7
31) Sunday school teachers61.0
32) College teachers203.3
33) Seminary teachers30.5
34) Director of Church Education or Youth Ministry183.0
39) Other teachers20.3
40) Church members, "my church" in general132.1
41) Elders or officers30.5
42) Lay people81.3
49) Other categories20.3
50) Friends - general528.6
60) Inner influences10.2
61) Authors (e.g., Bonhoeffer)20.3
62) God, Christ, Holy Spirit162.6
Missing933 
TOTAL605100.0
94) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What persons mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (Second person)? (PERSINF2)
TOTAL%
10) Family, parents, general308.0
11) Mother71.9
12) Father102.7
13) Siblings20.5
14) Spouse184.8
15) Other relatives41.1
20) Clergy - general (role models, etc.)102.7
21) Pastor in childhood or youth61.6
22) Pastor in current (home) church6417.2
23) Pastor's spouse30.8
24) Women pastors92.4
25) Judicatory staff/executive (Presbytery, Synod, National)133.5
26) Campus minister133.5
28) Other clergy friends123.2
29) Other clergy195.1
30) Teachers - general30.8
31) Sunday school teachers30.8
32) College teachers215.6
33) Seminary teachers51.3
34) Director of Church Education or Youth Ministry112.9
39) Other teachers61.6
40) Church members, "my church" in general225.9
41) Elders or officers82.1
42) Lay people164.3
49) Other categories51.3
50) Friends - general4812.9
61) Authors (e.g., Bonhoeffer)20.5
62) God, Christ, Holy Spirit30.8
Missing1165 
TOTAL373100.0
95) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What experiences mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (First experience)? (EXPINF1)
TOTAL%
10) Inner experiences and imperatives, general102.2
11) Experience of call by God, Scriptures, Holy Spirit9821.6
12) Born again, conversion, faith experiences173.7
13) Prayer and fasting, seeking71.5
14) Sense of confirmation of talents and gifts for ministry102.2
15) Desire to study, to know81.8
16) Desire to lead, love of the work40.9
17) Imperative to act on commitment, be accountable for call40.9
19) Other inner experiences163.5
20) Benefits of church's program in youth - general61.3
21) Help in need (poverty, illness)20.4
22) Youth program in high school81.8
23) Church camping92.0
29) Other benefits10.2
30) Work within church organization.173.7
31) Taking leadership in home church (teaching, preaching, etc.)4810.6
32) Mission trips (VIM, summer)204.4
33) Working in judicatory or on task forces or ecumenical groups92.0
34) Social services activities81.8
35) Youth program leadership184.0
39) Other church work204.4
40) Other organizational influences10.2
41) College student group112.4
42) College experiences (e.g., social action, etc.)71.5
43) Conference and retreat experiences (e.g., Montreat, Youth Triennium, Young Life, Inter-Varsity)255.5
44) Work experience: teaching, parenting, weapons design, etc.153.3
45) Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) or chaplaincy/clinical experiences61.3
49) Others30.7
50) Miscellaneous experiences: general30.7
51) Classes, films, books102.2
52) Personal illness, disability20.4
53) Events relating to women in church40.9
54) Life situations - general153.3
59) Other miscellaneous experiences122.6
Missing1084 
TOTAL454100.0
96) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What experiences mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (Second experience)? (EXPINF2)
TOTAL%
10) Inner experiences and imperatives, general42.1
11) Experience of call by God, Scriptures, Holy Spirit115.9
12) Born again, conversion, faith experiences73.7
13) Prayer and fasting, seeking21.1
14) Sense of confirmation of talents and gifts for ministry73.7
15) Desire to study, to know31.6
16) Desire to lead, love of the work73.7
17) Imperative to act on commitment, be accountable for call31.6
19) Other inner experiences73.7
20) Benefits of church's program in youth - general10.5
21) Help in need (poverty, illness)21.1
22) Youth program in high school31.6
23) Church camping21.1
29) Other benefits10.5
30) Work within church organization.73.7
31) Taking leadership in home church (teaching, preaching, etc.)1910.2
32) Mission trips (VIM, summer)115.9
33) Working in judicatory or on task forces or ecumenical groups52.7
34) Social services activities52.7
35) Youth program leadership94.8
39) Other church work52.7
40) Other organizational influences10.5
41) College student group63.2
42) College experiences (e.g., social action, etc.)52.7
43) Conference and retreat experiences (e.g., Montreat, Youth Triennium, Young Life, Inter-Varsity)73.7
44) Work experience: teaching, parenting, weapons design, etc.126.4
45) Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) or chaplaincy/clinical experiences31.6
49) Others10.5
50) Miscellaneous experiences: general10.5
51) Classes, films, books42.1
52) Personal illness, disability10.5
53) Events relating to women in church52.7
54) Life situations - general179.1
59) Other miscellaneous experiences31.6
Missing1351 
TOTAL187100.0
97) Your most influential early religious training (First). (CHILDRT1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist22214.9
2) E Evangelical32421.8
3) LIB Liberationist70.5
4) M Middle-of-road50634.1
5) NE Neo-orthodox946.3
6) L Liberal1177.9
7) B Black theology100.7
8) NM Not much of anything634.2
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal292.0
10) FEM Feminist10.1
11) A Arminian90.6
12) Conservative (write-in)140.9
13) Reformed/Presbyterian70.5
14) Baptist (Ana)20.1
15) Roman Catholic412.8
16) Anglican60.4
98) Other332.2
Missing53 
TOTAL1485100.0
98) Your most influential early religious training (Second). (CHILDRT2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist107.9
2) E Evangelical4434.9
3) LIB Liberationist21.6
4) M Middle-of-road2822.2
5) NE Neo-orthodox75.6
6) L Liberal107.9
7) B Black theology10.8
8) NM Not much of anything21.6
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal64.8
11) A Arminian129.5
15) Roman Catholic10.8
98) Other32.4
Missing1412 
TOTAL126100.0
99) Your most influential early religious training (Third). (CHILDRT3)
TOTAL%
4) M Middle-of-road114.3
6) L Liberal114.3
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal114.3
10) FEM Feminist114.3
11) A Arminian228.6
98) Other114.3
Missing1531 
TOTAL7100.0
100) The dominant religious views of the church you attended just before entering this degree program (First). (RECRT1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist614.1
2) E Evangelical32321.7
3) LIB Liberationist302.0
4) M Middle-of-road63342.6
5) NE Neo-orthodox1107.4
6) L Liberal19513.1
7) B Black theology80.5
8) NM Not much of anything151.0
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal312.1
10) FEM Feminist30.2
11) A Arminian120.8
12) Conservative (write-in)161.1
13) Reformed/Presbyterian90.6
14) Baptist (Ana)30.2
15) Roman Catholic110.7
16) Anglican20.1
98) Other251.7
Missing51 
TOTAL1487100.0
101) The dominant religious views of the church you attended just before entering this degree program (Second). (RECRT2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist53.6
2) E Evangelical2619.0
3) LIB Liberationist96.6
4) M Middle-of-road3525.5
5) NE Neo-orthodox128.8
6) L Liberal2316.8
7) B Black theology10.7
8) NM Not much of anything21.5
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal53.6
10) FEM Feminist75.1
11) A Arminian64.4
12) Conservative (write-in)10.7
14) Baptist (Ana)10.7
98) Other42.9
Missing1401 
TOTAL137100.0
102) The dominant religious views of the church you attended just before entering this degree program (Third). (RECRT3)
TOTAL%
2) E Evangelical14.5
3) LIB Liberationist29.1
4) M Middle-of-road29.1
6) L Liberal522.7
7) B Black theology14.5
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal418.2
10) FEM Feminist522.7
11) A Arminian29.1
Missing1516 
TOTAL22100.0
103) Your point of view when you decided to come to this school (First). (POVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist352.4
2) E Evangelical36824.8
3) LIB Liberationist664.4
4) M Middle-of-road40227.1
5) NE Neo-orthodox1228.2
6) L Liberal32521.9
7) B Black theology90.6
8) NM Not much of anything110.7
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal302.0
10) FEM Feminist432.9
11) A Arminian90.6
12) Conservative (write-in)100.7
13) Reformed/Presbyterian100.7
14) Baptist (Ana)40.3
15) Roman Catholic90.6
16) Anglican30.2
98) Other302.0
Missing52 
TOTAL1486100.0
104) Your point of view when you decided to come to this school (Second). (POVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist72.8
2) E Evangelical3915.7
3) LIB Liberationist249.7
4) M Middle-of-road4317.3
5) NE Neo-orthodox3212.9
6) L Liberal3714.9
7) B Black theology41.6
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal197.7
10) FEM Feminist2911.7
11) A Arminian72.8
13) Reformed/Presbyterian20.8
14) Baptist (Ana)10.4
15) Roman Catholic31.2
98) Other10.4
Missing1290 
TOTAL248100.0
105) Your point of view when you decided to come to this school (Third). (POVIEW3)
TOTAL%
2) E Evangelical49.1
3) LIB Liberationist36.8
4) M Middle-of-road613.6
5) NE Neo-orthodox24.5
6) L Liberal715.9
7) B Black theology49.1
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal49.1
10) FEM Feminist715.9
11) A Arminian12.3
12) Conservative (write-in)12.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian12.3
98) Other49.1
Missing1494 
TOTAL44100.0
106) Your point of view now (First). (POVIEW4)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist140.9
2) E Evangelical35724.1
3) LIB Liberationist926.2
4) M Middle-of-road36124.3
5) NE Neo-orthodox1479.9
6) L Liberal30720.7
7) B Black theology70.5
8) NM Not much of anything60.4
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal221.5
10) FEM Feminist674.5
11) A Arminian110.7
12) Conservative (write-in)90.6
13) Reformed/Presbyterian140.9
14) Baptist (Ana)40.3
15) Roman Catholic130.9
16) Anglican40.3
98) Other493.3
Missing54 
TOTAL1484100.0
107) Your point of view now (Second). (POVIEW5)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist61.7
2) E Evangelical4612.7
3) LIB Liberationist5114.0
4) M Middle-of-road4813.2
5) NE Neo-orthodox5013.8
6) L Liberal6818.7
7) B Black theology61.7
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal154.1
10) FEM Feminist5414.9
11) A Arminian61.7
12) Conservative (write-in)41.1
13) Reformed/Presbyterian20.6
14) Baptist (Ana)10.3
15) Roman Catholic10.3
98) Other51.4
Missing1175 
TOTAL363100.0
108) Your point of view now (Third). (POVIEW6)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist22.2
2) E Evangelical66.5
3) LIB Liberationist1213.0
4) M Middle-of-road66.5
5) NE Neo-orthodox55.4
6) L Liberal1415.2
7) B Black theology55.4
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal77.6
10) FEM Feminist3032.6
11) A Arminian11.1
13) Reformed/Presbyterian11.1
15) Roman Catholic11.1
98) Other22.2
Missing1446 
TOTAL92100.0
109) The dominant point of view among students in this school (First). (STVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist201.5
2) E Evangelical1289.7
3) LIB Liberationist715.4
4) M Middle-of-road55241.8
5) NE Neo-orthodox1269.5
6) L Liberal33325.2
7) B Black theology40.3
8) NM Not much of anything231.7
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal20.2
10) FEM Feminist272.0
11) A Arminian10.1
12) Conservative (write-in)40.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian40.3
98) Other251.9
Missing218 
TOTAL1320100.0
110) The dominant point of view among students in this school (Second). (STVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist83.2
2) E Evangelical187.2
3) LIB Liberationist3012.0
4) M Middle-of-road3915.5
5) NE Neo-orthodox3513.9
6) L Liberal8132.3
7) B Black theology41.6
8) NM Not much of anything52.0
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal10.4
10) FEM Feminist2610.4
12) Conservative (write-in)31.2
13) Reformed/Presbyterian10.4
Missing1287 
TOTAL251100.0
111) The dominant point of view among students in this school (Third). (STVIEW3)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist23.3
2) E Evangelical46.6
3) LIB Liberationist69.8
4) M Middle-of-road1016.4
5) NE Neo-orthodox34.9
6) L Liberal1016.4
7) B Black theology23.3
8) NM Not much of anything11.6
10) FEM Feminist2134.4
12) Conservative (write-in)11.6
15) Roman Catholic11.6
Missing1477 
TOTAL61100.0
112) The dominant point of view among faculty in this school (First). (FACVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist80.6
2) E Evangelical715.4
3) LIB Liberationist1088.1
4) M Middle-of-road38829.3
5) NE Neo-orthodox21115.9
6) L Liberal45033.9
7) B Black theology40.3
8) NM Not much of anything90.7
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal30.2
10) FEM Feminist302.3
11) A Arminian10.1
12) Conservative (write-in)10.1
13) Reformed/Presbyterian90.7
98) Other332.5
Missing212 
TOTAL1326100.0
113) The dominant point of view among faculty in this school (Second). (FACVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist31.1
2) E Evangelical176.2
3) LIB Liberationist5118.7
4) M Middle-of-road3211.7
5) NE Neo-orthodox3211.7
6) L Liberal10538.5
7) B Black theology31.1
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal10.4
10) FEM Feminist269.5
14) Baptist (Ana)10.4
98) Other20.7
Missing1265 
TOTAL273100.0
114) The dominant point of view among faculty in this school (Third). (FACVIEW3)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist23.1
2) E Evangelical11.6
3) LIB Liberationist812.5
4) M Middle-of-road57.8
5) NE Neo-orthodox34.7
6) L Liberal1218.8
7) B Black theology23.1
8) NM Not much of anything11.6
10) FEM Feminist2640.6
12) Conservative (write-in)11.6
13) Reformed/Presbyterian11.6
98) Other23.1
Missing1474 
TOTAL64100.0
115) Bible's literal authority (1), vs. historical context (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL1)
TOTAL%
1) 513.4
2) 1238.1
3) 31520.8
4) 48331.8
5) 54636.0
Missing20 
TOTAL1518100.0
116) Oriented to scholarly study (1) vs. effective ministry (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL2)
TOTAL%
1) 563.7
2) 1509.8
3) 72047.2
4) 41727.3
5) 18211.9
Missing13 
TOTAL1525100.0
117) God as transcendent (1) vs. God as immanent(5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL3)
TOTAL%
1) 15610.4
2) 32821.8
3) 54036.0
4) 33422.2
5) 1449.6
Missing36 
TOTAL1502100.0
118) Priority on community ministry (1) vs. individual ministry (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL4)
TOTAL%
1) 1238.1
2) 41627.4
3) 78551.7
4) 15510.2
5) 392.6
Missing20 
TOTAL1518100.0
119) Ministry within denomination system (1) vs. independent of it (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL5)
TOTAL%
1) 74048.7
2) 39626.0
3) 24316.0
4) 916.0
5) 513.4
Missing17 
TOTAL1521100.0
120) Theologically, where would you locate yourself on a conservative-to-liberal spectrum--1 being most conservative and 7 being most liberal? (LCSCALE)
TOTAL%
1) 261.7
2) 1399.3
3) 27918.7
4) 24716.5
5) 38926.0
6) 29419.7
7) 1218.1
Missing43 
TOTAL1495100.0
121) Was the college or university from which you graduated: (COLLTYP1)
TOTAL%
1) Church-related75049.1
2) Private nonchurch18211.9
3) Public59639.0
Missing10 
TOTAL1528100.0
122) Was the college or university from which you graduated: (COLLTYP2)
TOTAL%
1) A four-year school63641.9
2) Four-year plus some graduate24816.3
3) University63141.6
4) Other30.2
Missing20 
TOTAL1518100.0
123) Was the college or university from which you graduated a Presbyterian college? (COLLPRB)
TOTAL%
1) No119180.3
2) Yes29219.7
Missing55 
TOTAL1483100.0
124) ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO GRADUATED FROM A PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE (COLLPRB): If yes: which one? (PCNAME)
TOTAL%
1) Agnes Scott10.4
2) Alma62.6
3) Austin114.7
4) Centre31.3
5) Coe62.6
6) College of the Ozarks41.7
7) College of Idaho10.4
8) Davidson219.0
9) Davis and Elkins31.3
10) Dubuque114.7
11) Eckerd41.7
12) Geneva83.4
13) Hanover41.7
14) Lafayette52.1
15) Lindenwood10.4
16) Macalester52.1
17) Maryville31.3
18) Occidental41.7
20) Presbyterian College62.6
21) St. Andrews83.4
22) Tarkio62.6
23) Trinity62.6
24) United Theological College10.4
25) Waynesburg41.7
26) Westminster146.0
27) Whitworth208.6
28) Wofford10.4
29) Wooster125.2
30) Lewis and Clark31.3
31) George City (PA)83.4
33) Bethel10.4
34) Muskingum83.4
35) Rocky Mountain10.4
36) Monmouth20.9
37) Jamestown10.4
38) Wilson20.9
39) Erskine20.9
40) Knoxville10.4
41) Sterling31.3
42) Missouri Valley10.4
43) PC in Clinton (SC)41.7
44) King (TN)31.3
45) Hastings41.7
90) Foreign colleges (Kenya, Ghana, Cameroon, etc.)104.3
Missing1305 
TOTAL233100.0
125) What was your major? (MAJOR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL151035.75420
126) What was your minor or second major? (MINOR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL107835.9818
127) About what was your final college GPA? (GPA)
TOTAL%
17) C-30.2
20) C292.3
23) C+887.0
27) B-15512.3
30) B26320.9
33) B+32625.9
37) A-27121.5
40) A1259.9
Missing278 
TOTAL1260100.0
128) What is your racial/ethnic self-identification? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) Native American/American Indian60.4
2) Asian/Asian American684.5
3) Black/African American583.8
4) Hispanic/Latin American312.0
5) White/Anglo/Caucasian135989.1
6) Other40.3
Missing12 
TOTAL1526100.0
129) Are you: (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male102967.4
2) Female49732.6
Missing12 
TOTAL1526100.0
130) Approximately what was your average before-taxes income for a typical year just before you began this degree program? Digits, representing the thousands of dollars (e.g., an answer of $78,000 would be coded 078; $17,000 would be coded 017; $800 would be rounded up to $1000 and coded 001) (INCOME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL139725.54333
131) Considering the degree program you are now in, name two or three of this school's best qualities (First). (SCHQUAL1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL146037.19125
132) Considering the degree program you are now in name two or three of this school's best qualities (Second). (SCHQUAL2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL138745.61725
133) Considering the degree program you are now in name two or three of this school's best qualities (Third). (SCHQUAL3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL93850.68125
134) Name two or three of the school's deficiencies (First). (SCHLDEF1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL130451.13625
135) Name two or three of the school's deficiencies (Second). (SCHLDEF2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL93150.33923
136) Name two or three of the school's deficiencies (Third). (SCHLDEF3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL41648.28122
137) How would you rate quality of faculty instruction? (FACINST1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent76152.2
2) Good61241.9
3) Fair805.5
4) Poor60.4
Missing79 
TOTAL1459100.0
138) How would you rate quality of faculty instruction? (FACINST2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving68486.3
2) Getting worse10913.7
Missing745 
TOTAL793100.0
139) How would you rate faculty-student relations? (FACSR1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent52636.5
2) Good67546.8
3) Fair20714.4
4) Poor342.4
Missing96 
TOTAL1442100.0
140) How would you rate faculty-student relations? (FACSR2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving63383.8
2) Getting worse12216.2
Missing783 
TOTAL755100.0
141) How would you rate library and other resources? (LIB1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent68748.3
2) Good54238.1
3) Fair16611.7
4) Poor261.8
Missing117 
TOTAL1421100.0
142) How would you rate library and other resources? (LIB2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving72590.5
2) Getting worse769.5
Missing737 
TOTAL801100.0
143) How would you rate spirituality/common worship life of school? (SPIRIT1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent14510.9
2) Good53140.0
3) Fair49837.5
4) Poor15411.6
Missing210 
TOTAL1328100.0
144) How would you rate spirituality/common worship life of school? (SPIRIT2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving51769.2
2) Getting worse23030.8
Missing791 
TOTAL747100.0
145) How would you rate overall student academic ability? (STACAD1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent25218.7
2) Good90567.0
3) Fair18713.9
4) Poor60.4
Missing188 
TOTAL1350100.0
146) How would you rate overall student academic ability? (STACAD2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving47573.8
2) Getting worse16926.2
Missing894 
TOTAL644100.0
147) How would you rate shared life of school community? (SCHCOMM1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent17113.6
2) Good56945.4
3) Fair40532.3
4) Poor1098.7
Missing284 
TOTAL1254100.0
148) How would you rate shared life of school community? (SCHCOMM2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving43468.5
2) Getting worse20031.5
Missing904 
TOTAL634100.0
149) How would you rate this school's tolerance for nonconformity? (SCHTOL1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent26919.9
2) Good61945.8
3) Fair35826.5
4) Poor1057.8
Missing187 
TOTAL1351100.0
150) How would you rate this school's tolerance for nonconformity? (SCHTOL2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving47370.9
2) Getting worse19429.1
Missing871 
TOTAL667100.0
151) How would you rate nondiscriminatory inclusion of minority groups? (SCHDISC1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent48635.8
2) Good59543.8
3) Fair21716.0
4) Poor614.5
Missing179 
TOTAL1359100.0
152) How would you rate nondiscriminatory inclusion of minority groups? (SCHDISC2)
TOTAL%
2) Getting worse67100.0
Missing1471 
TOTAL67100.0
153) How would you rate preparation of MDiv students for the realities of ministry? (STPREP1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent15314.5
2) Good48646.0
3) Fair32630.9
4) Poor918.6
Missing482 
TOTAL1056100.0
154) How would you rate preparation of MDiv students for the realities of ministry? (STPREP2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving45275.5
2) Getting worse14724.5
Missing939 
TOTAL599100.0
155) How would you rate the school's financial support for students? (FINSUP1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent45541.0
2) Good40036.0
3) Fair17916.1
4) Poor776.9
Missing427 
TOTAL1111100.0
156) How would you rate the school's financial support for students? (FINSUP2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving44375.2
2) Getting worse14624.8
Missing949 
TOTAL589100.0
157) What is the most important step that should be taken to improve the school, generally speaking (First Response)? (SCHIMP1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL117247.99927
158) What is the most important step that should be taken to improve the school, generally speaking (Second Response)? (SCHIMP2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL64748.75423
159) For the sake of your own personal involvement in the school, what improvement would you most like to see here (First Response)? (PISCH1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL103957.14125
160) For the sake of your own personal involvement in the school, what improvement would you most like to see here (Second Response)? (PISCH2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL43453.96522
161) In your experience at this school, have there been any especially redemptive or transformative influences on you (First Response)? (RTEXP1)
TOTAL%
10) Faculty, professors - all or general50.4
11) The teaching of one or two16514.1
12) Personal attention or inspiration of one or two1028.7
13) The teaching of several675.7
14) Personal attention or inspiration of several665.6
19) Other specific references to faculty30.3
20) Coursework, curriculum, in general80.7
21) One or two courses - NB: when both teacher and course are mentioned, code the teacher363.1
22) Pastoral counseling/care or ministry courses in particular; clinical pastoral education (CPE)221.9
23) Bible (OT or NT) in particular221.9
24) Theology in particular70.6
25) Ethics, social justice courses10.1
27) Internship, field education placement242.1
28) DMin seminar, workshop, events373.2
29) Several courses or a particular field262.2
30) School community as a whole - general (students, faculty, administration) affirming, helpful, supportive, healing, close272.3
31) Supportive faculty and/or administration383.3
32) Students (friends), all or most282.4
33) Students (friends), one or a few161.4
34) Students and professors211.8
35) Administrators in particular50.4
37) God working through community50.4
38) Gender-based support group100.9
39) Race/ethnic-based support group10.1
40) Effective inclusion/acceptance of older/second-career students10.1
41) Supportive small groups, including prayer, study, etc.171.5
49) Other aspects of school community70.6
50) Encouragement and support - in general10.1
51) In personal or family crisis110.9
52) Affirmation of self, gifts, calling, ministry221.9
53) Supporting my own theological perspective131.1
54) Integrating aspects of myself, school and ministry110.9
59) Other particular forms of support90.8
60) New ways of thinking20.2
61) Old ways of thinking or believing challenged effectively312.7
62) Change of personal perspective or belief181.5
63) New skills or abilities342.9
64) More sensitive to social issues80.7
65) Spiritual growth and maturity232.0
69) Other forms of personal change90.8
71) Retreats at seminary20.2
72) Special campus events, speakers and programs60.5
73) Off-campus events, experiences90.8
74) Field trips, visits, related to school100.9
75) Worship, chapel, spiritual emphases322.7
76) Career counseling process10.1
79) Other types of special events10.1
90) Miscellaneous40.3
91) Involvement in school leadership or activities50.4
98) No, none14012.0
Missing369 
TOTAL1169100.0
162) In your experience at this school, have there been any especially redemptive or transformative influences on you (Second Response)? (RTEXP2)
TOTAL%
10) Faculty, professors - all or general10.1
11) The teaching of one or two304.4
12) Personal attention or inspiration of one or two385.5
13) The teaching of several172.5
14) Personal attention or inspiration of several213.0
19) Other specific references to faculty30.4
20) Coursework, curriculum, in general111.6
21) One or two courses - NB: when both teacher and course are mentioned, code the teacher253.6
22) Pastoral counseling/care or ministry courses in particular; clinical pastoral education (CPE)142.0
23) Bible (OT or NT) in particular192.8
24) Theology in particular162.3
25) Ethics, social justice courses30.4
26) Church history courses30.4
27) Internship, field education placement202.9
28) DMin seminar, workshop, events172.5
29) Several courses or a particular field192.8
30) School community as a whole - general (students, faculty, administration) affirming, helpful, supportive,, healing, close101.5
31) Supportive faculty and/or administration304.4
32) Students (friends), all or most101.5
33) Students (friends), one or a few71.0
34) Students and professors131.9
35) Administrators in particular111.6
36) Chaplain in particular20.3
37) God working through community40.6
38) Gender-based support group40.6
39) Race/ethnic-based support group10.1
40) Effective inclusion/acceptance of older/second-career students60.9
41) Supportive small groups, including prayer, study, etc.213.0
49) Other aspects of school community71.0
50) Encouragement and support - in general20.3
51) In personal or family crisis121.7
52) Affirmation of self, gifts, calling, ministry304.4
53) Supporting my own theological perspective91.3
54) Integrating aspects of myself, school and ministry142.0
61) Old ways of thinking or believing challenged effectively385.5
62) Change of personal perspective or belief223.2
63) New skills or abilities497.1
64) More sensitive to social issues121.7
65) Spiritual growth and maturity639.1
69) Other forms of personal change131.9
71) Retreats at seminary10.1
72) Special campus events, speakers and programs81.2
73) Off-campus events, experiences20.3
74) Field trips, visits, related to school91.3
75) Worship, chapel, spiritual emphases152.2
77) Particular teaching techniques10.1
79) Other types of special events10.1
91) Involvement in school leadership or activities20.3
98) No, none30.4
Missing849 
TOTAL689100.0
163) Have there been major sources of conflict or tension for you in this school? If so, please describe them and what led to them (First response). (CTEXP1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL113162.83234
164) Have there been major sources of conflict or tension for you in this school? If so, please describe them and what led to them (Second Response). (CTEXP2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL38049.07124
165) I-MARITAL: Marital Status (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
0) Married106269.5
1) Div./Sep.976.4
2) Widowed140.9
3) Engagd,com704.6
4) Unmarried28418.6
Missing11 
TOTAL1527100.0
166) I-AGE: Age (recoded from YEARBORN for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) 30 & under35923.4
1) 31-4051933.9
2) 41-5043728.5
3) Over 5021614.1
Missing7 
TOTAL1531100.0
167) I-GRADES: About what was your final college GPA? (I-GRADES)
TOTAL%
0) A39631.4
1) B74459.0
2) C1209.5
Missing278 
TOTAL1260100.0
168) I-RACE: What is your racial/ethnic self-identification? (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
0) Asian-Am.684.5
1) African-Am583.8
2) White135989.1
3) Other412.7
Missing12 
TOTAL1526100.0
169) I-SEX: Are you: (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male102967.4
2) Female49732.6
Missing12 
TOTAL1526100.0
170) I-INCOME: Approximately what was your average before-taxes income for a typical year just before you began this degree program? Digits, representing the thousands of dollars (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
0) Under 20K51837.1
1) 20-29K42030.1
2) 30-39K27419.6
3) 40-49K906.4
4) 50K & over956.8
Missing141 
TOTAL1397100.0