Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 2) WEIGHT
1) Unique identification number (PSRAID)
2) Weight variable (WEIGHT)
3) Country (COUNTRY)
1) Botswana930
2) Cameroon1503
3) Chad1503
4) Democratic Republic of the Congo1519
5) Djibouti1500
6) Ethiopia1500
7) Ghana1500
8) Guinea Bissau1000
9) Kenya1500
10) Liberia1500
11) Mali1000
12) Mozambique1500
13) Nigeria1531
14) Rwanda999
15) Senegal1000
16) South Africa1504
17) Tanzania1504
18) Uganda1038
19) Zambia1000
TOTAL100.0
4) Q1 To begin, how would you describe your day today – has it been a typical day, a particularly good day, or a particularly bad day? (Q1)
1) A typical day12121
2) A particularly good day9977
3) A particularly bad day2513
8) Don't know317
9) Refused104
TOTAL100.0
5) Q2 Here is a ladder representing the ‘ladder of life.' The top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? (Q2)
0) 0185
1) 1649
2) 21734
3) 33315
4) 44488
5) 56052
6) 63788
7) 72160
8) 81311
9) 9535
10) 10656
98) Don't know132
99) Refused25
TOTAL100.0
6) Q3 [HERE IS A LADDER REPRESENTING THE ‘LADDER OF LIFE.' THE TOP OF THE LADDER REPRESENTS THE BEST POSSIBLE LIFE FOR YOU; THE BOTTOM, THE WORST POSSIBLE LIFE FOR YOU.] On which step would you say you stood five years ago? (Q3)
0) 0358
1) 11037
2) 22565
3) 34022
4) 44265
5) 54629
6) 63145
7) 72135
8) 81380
9) 9652
10) 10557
98) Don't know244
99) Refused40
TOTAL100.0
7) Q4 [HERE IS A LADDER REPRESENTING THE ‘LADDER OF LIFE.' THE TOP OF THE LADDER REPRESENTS THE BEST POSSIBLE LIFE FOR YOU; THE BOTTOM, THE WORST POSSIBLE LIFE FOR YOU.] Just your best guess, on which step do you think you will stand in the future, say five years from now? (Q4)
0) 0140
1) 1386
2) 2587
3) 3824
4) 41146
5) 52203
6) 62606
7) 73456
8) 83983
9) 93208
10) 104327
98) Don't know2077
99) Refused90
TOTAL100.0
8) Q5 Overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (Q5)
1) Satisfied8635
2) Dissatisfied15747
8) Don't know557
9) Refused92
TOTAL100.0
9) Q6 Now thinking about our economic situation, how would you describe the current economic situation in our country- is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? (Q6)
1) Very good3201
2) Somewhat good9056
3) Somewhat bad6476
4) Very bad5899
8) Don't know366
9) Refused34
TOTAL100.0
10) Q7 And what about your current economic situation, how would you describe it- is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? (Q7)
1) Very good2633
2) Somewhat good10489
3) Somewhat bad6775
4) Very bad4901
8) Don't know135
9) Refused99
TOTAL100.0
11) Q8A [HERE IS A LIST OF THINGS THAT MAY BE PROBLEMS IN OUR COUNTRY. AS I READ EACH ONE, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU THINK IT IS A VERY BIG PROBLEM, A MODERATELY BIG PROBLEM, A SMALL PROBLEM OR NOT A PROBLEM AT ALL:] Crime (Q8A)
1) Very big problem18602
2) Moderately big problem3592
3) Small problem1916
4) Not a problem at all741
8) Don't know152
9) Refused28
TOTAL100.0
12) Q8B [HERE IS A LIST OF THINGS THAT MAY BE PROBLEMS IN OUR COUNTRY. AS I READ EACH ONE, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU THINK IT IS A VERY BIG PROBLEM, A MODERATLEY BIG PROBLEM, A SMALL PROBLEM OR NOT A PROBLEM AT ALL:] Conflict between religious groups (Q8B)
1) Very big problem8227
2) Moderately big problem5860
3) Small problem5448
4) Not a problem at all4906
8) Don't know537
9) Refused53
TOTAL100.0
13) Q8C [HERE IS A LIST OF THINGS THAT MAY BE PROBLEMS IN OUR COUNTRY. AS I READ EACH ONE, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU THINK IT IS A VERY BIG PROBLEM, A MODERATELY BIG PROBLEM, A SMALL PROBLEM OR NOT A PROBLEM AT ALL:] Corrupt political leaders (Q8C)
1) Very big problem17075
2) Moderately big problem4463
3) Small problem1912
4) Not a problem at all956
8) Don't know573
9) Refused52
TOTAL100.0
14) Q8D [HERE IS A LIST OF THINGS THAT MAY BE PROBLEMS IN OUR COUNTRY. AS I READ EACH ONE, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU THINK IT IS A VERY BIG PROBLEM, A MODERATELY BIG PROBLEM, A SMALL PROBLEM OR NOT A PROBLEM AT ALL:] Conflict between ethnic groups (Q8D)
1) Very big problem9500
2) Moderately big problem5470
3) Small problem5146
4) Not a problem at all4346
8) Don't know519
9) Refused51
TOTAL100.0
15) Q8E [HERE IS A LIST OF THINGS THAT MAY BE PROBLEMS IN OUR COUNTRY. AS I READ EACH ONE, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU THINK IT IS A VERY BIG PROBLEM, A MODERATELY BIG PROBLEM, A SMALL PROBLEM OR NOT A PROBLEM AT ALL:] Unemployment (Q8E)
1) Very big problem21196
2) Moderately big problem2794
3) Small problem616
4) Not a problem at all233
8) Don't know156
9) Refused36
TOTAL100.0
16) Q9 Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (Q9)
1) Most people can be trusted6624
2) Can't be too careful15369
3) Other/Depends2399
8) Don't know529
9) Refused110
TOTAL100.0
17) Q10 And which of these three statements is closest to your own opinion? (Q10)
1) Democracy is preferable to any other kind of government18349
2) In some circumstances, a non-democratic government can be preferable3302
3) For someone like me, it doesn't matter what kind of government we have2353
8) Don't know694
9) Refused333
TOTAL100.0
18) Q11A [PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU COMPLETELY AGREE, MOSTLY AGREE, MOSTLY DISAGREE OR COMPLETELY DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS.] There are clear and absolute standards for what is right and wrong (Q11A)
1) Completely agree13553
2) Mostly agree6845
3) Mostly disagree2255
4) Completely disagree1382
8) Don't know933
9) Refused65
TOTAL100.0
19) Q11B [PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU COMPLETELY AGREE, MOSTLY AGREE, MOSTLY DISAGREE OR COMPLETELY DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT.] People like me don't have any say about what the government does (Q11B)
1) Completely agree9207
2) Mostly agree6512
3) Mostly disagree4229
4) Completely disagree4563
8) Don't know467
9) Refused54
TOTAL100.0
20) Q11C [PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU COMPLETELY AGREE, MOSTLY AGREE, MOSTLY DISAGREE OR COMPLETELY DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT.] It's the responsibility of the government to take care of poor people who can't take care of themselves (Q11C)
1) Completely agree15264
2) Mostly agree5899
3) Mostly disagree2213
4) Completely disagree1296
8) Don't know321
9) Refused38
TOTAL100.0
21) Q11D [PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU COMPLETELY AGREE, MOSTLY AGREE, MOSTLY DISAGREE OR COMPLETELY DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT.] When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women (Q11D)
1) Completely agree8050
2) Mostly agree4243
3) Mostly disagree3855
4) Completely disagree8430
8) Don't know405
9) Refused47
TOTAL100.0
22) Q12 Some feel that we should rely on a democratic form of government to solve our country's problems. Others feel that we should rely on a leader with a strong hand to solve our country's problems. Which comes closer to your opinion? (Q12)
1) Democratic form of government17608
2) Strong leader6521
8) Don't know774
9) Refused128
TOTAL100.0
23) Q12A In your opinion, should religious leaders keep out of political matters – or should they express their views on political questions? (Q12A)
1) Should keep out9876
2) Should express views14592
8) Don't know483
9) Refused80
TOTAL100.0
24) Q13 Which is closer to describing your view – I like western music, movies and television, OR I dislike western music, movies and television? (Q13)
1) I like western music, movies and television14052
2) I dislike western music, movies and television9510
8) Don't know1235
9) Refused234
TOTAL100.0
25) Q14 And how do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that political leaders of our country have strong religious beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with it? (Q14)
1) Completely agree13046
2) Mostly agree6667
3) Mostly disagree2555
4) Completely disagree2020
8) Don't know645
9) Refused98
TOTAL100.0
26) Q15 And would it be okay with you if the political leaders of our country have a different religion than yours, or do you only want political leaders who share your religion? (Q15)
1) Okay if political leaders have a different religion than yours16148
2) Only want political leaders who share your religion7474
8) Don't know1168
9) Refused241
TOTAL100.0
27) Q16 Which one of these comes closest to your opinion, number 1 and number 2? (Q16)
1) Number 1 – It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values7226
2) Number 2 – It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values17324
8) Don't know376
9) Refused105
TOTAL100.0
28) Q17 In our country, how free are you to practice your religion? Do you feel very free to practice your religion, somewhat free, not too free, or not at all free? (Q17)
1) Very free20851
2) Somewhat free3008
3) Not too free632
4) Not at all free201
5) Not religious/do not practice religion136
8) Don't know168
9) Refused35
TOTAL100.0
29) Q18 And in our country, how free are people from religions different than yours to practice their religion? Do you feel they are very free to practice their religion, somewhat free, not too free, or not at all free to practice their religion? (Q18)
1) Very free19763
2) Somewhat free3223
3) Not too free836
4) Not at all free241
5) Depends255
8) Don't know673
9) Refused40
TOTAL100.0
30) Q19 [AND IN OUR COUNTRY, HOW FREE ARE PEOPLE FROM RELIGIONS DIFFERENT THAN YOURS TO PRACTICE THEIR RELIGION? ASK IF RESPONDED VERY, SOMEWHAT, NOT TOO, OR NOT AT ALL FREE] And is this a good thing or a bad thing? (Q19)
1) Good thing20993
2) Bad thing2488
8) Don't know488
9) Refused93
TOTAL100.0
31) Q20A How much would you say you know about the Muslim religion and its practices – a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (Q20A)
1) A great deal7150
2) Some5170
3) Not very much5524
4) Nothing at all6100
8) Don't know1046
9) Refused41
TOTAL100.0
32) Q20B How much would you say you know about the Christian religion and its practices – a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (Q20B)
1) A great deal12262
2) Some6119
3) Not very much3551
4) Nothing at all2585
8) Don't know451
9) Refused64
TOTAL100.0
33) Q20C How much would you say you know about ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religions – a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (Q20C)
1) A great deal2609
2) Some4752
3) Not very much6091
4) Nothing at all9720
8) Don't know1687
9) Refused173
TOTAL100.0
34) Q21 From what you know, do you think that the Muslim religion and the Christian religion have a lot in common, or do you think that the Muslim religion and the Christian religion are very different? (Q21)
1) Have a lot in common8233
2) Are very different14116
8) Don't know2567
9) Refused115
TOTAL100.0
35) Q22 At the present time, do you think Christians are increasing their influence on life in our country or losing their influence? (Q22)
1) Increasing influence15983
2) Losing influence4597
3) Same/neither increasing nor losing2176
8) Don't know2141
9) Refused134
TOTAL100.0
36) Q23 [ASK IF CHRISTIANS INCREASING, LOSING, OR SAME/NEITHER INFLUENCE] All in all, do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing? (Q23)
1) Good thing16541
2) Bad thing4325
3) Both/neither/depends1302
8) Don't know526
9) Refused63
TOTAL100.0
37) Q24 At the present time, do you think Muslims are increasing their influence on life in our country or losing their influence? (Q24)
1) Increasing influence13250
2) Losing influence4656
3) Same/neither increasing nor losing2760
8) Don't know4253
9) Refused112
TOTAL100.0
38) Q25 [ASK IF MUSLIMS INCREASING, LOSING OR SAME/NEITHER INFLUENCE] All in all, do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing? (Q25)
1) Good thing13417
2) Bad thing4851
3) Both/neither/depends1650
8) Don't know681
9) Refused69
TOTAL100.0
39) Q26 At the present time, do you think people who are NOT religious are increasing their influence on life in our country or losing their influence? (Q26)
1) Increasing influence6924
2) Losing influence10360
3) Same/neither increasing nor losing2840
8) Don't know4641
9) Refused266
TOTAL100.0
40) Q27 [ASK IF PEOPLE NOT RELIGIOUS INCREASING, LOSING, SAME NEITHER INFLUENCE]All in all, do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing? (Q27)
1) Good thing10364
2) Bad thing7636
3) Both/neither/depends1544
8) Don't know521
9) Refused60
TOTAL100.0
41) Q28A [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Honest (Q28A)
1) Yes, associate16495
2) No, do not associated5142
8) Don't know3288
9) Refused105
TOTAL100.0
42) Q28B [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Violent (Q28B)
1) Yes, associate8014
2) No, do not associate14168
8) Don't know2704
9) Refused145
TOTAL100.0
43) Q28C [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Selfish (Q28C)
1) Yes, associate5922
2) No, do not associate15674
8) Don't know3287
9) Refused148
TOTAL100.0
44) Q28D [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Devout (Q28D)
1) Yes, associate14691
2) No, do not associate6793
8) Don't know3397
9) Refused150
TOTAL100.0
45) Q28E [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Immoral (Q28E)
1) Yes, associate5083
2) No, do not associate16179
8) Don't know3597
9) Refused172
TOTAL100.0
46) Q28F [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Arrogant (Q28F)
1) Yes, associate6579
2) No, do not associate14877
8) Don't know3376
9) Refused199
TOTAL100.0
47) Q28G [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Tolerant (Q28G)
1) Yes, associate14262
2) No, do not associate7441
8) Don't know3183
9) Refused145
TOTAL100.0
48) Q28H [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH MUSLIMS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH MUSLIMS, OR NOT?] Respectful of women (Q28H)
1) Yes, associate16449
2) No, do not associate5595
8) Don't know2831
9) Refused156
TOTAL100.0
49) Q29A [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Honest (Q29A)
1) Yes, associate19964
2) No, do not associate3723
8) Don't know1215
9) Refused129
TOTAL100.0
50) Q29B [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Violent (Q29B)
1) Yes, associate3714
2) No, do not associate19761
8) Don't know1402
9) Refused154
TOTAL100.0
51) Q29C [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Selfish (Q29C)
1) Yes, associate5725
2) No, do not associate17456
8) Don't know1687
9) Refused163
TOTAL100.0
52) Q29D [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Devout (Q29D)
1) Yes, associate14126
2) No, do not associate8662
8) Don't know2045
9) Refused198
TOTAL100.0
53) Q29E [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Immoral (Q29E)
1) Yes, associate4615
2) No, do not associate18277
8) Don't know1916
9) Refused223
TOTAL100.0
54) Q29F [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Arrogant (Q29F)
1) Yes, associate4795
2) No, do not associate18169
8) Don't know1840
9) Refused227
TOTAL100.0
55) Q29G [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Tolerant (Q29G)
1) Yes, associate18611
2) No, do not associate4766
8) Don't know1467
9) Refused187
TOTAL100.0
56) Q29H [WHICH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS DO YOU ASSOCIATE WITH CHRISTIANS? DO YOU ASSOCIATE THIS WITH CHRISTIANS, OR NOT?] Respectful of women (Q29H)
1) Yes, associate19663
2) No, do not associate3788
8) Don't know1389
9) Refused191
TOTAL100.0
57) Q30 Which comes closer to describing your view? Western music, movies and television have hurt morality in our country, OR Western music, movies, and television have NOT hurt morality in our country? (Q30)
1) Western music, movies and television have hurt morality in our country16687
2) Western music, movies and television have NOT hurt morality in our country6654
8) Don't know1546
9) Refused144
TOTAL100.0
58) Q31 And which comes closer to describing your view? I generally trust people who have different religious values than me, OR I generally do not trust people who have different religious values than me? (Q31)
1) I generally trust people who have different religious values than me12600
2) I generally do not trust people who have different religious values than me10812
8) Don't know1279
9) Refused340
TOTAL100.0
59) Q32 Which is your present religion, if any? (Q32)
1) Christian15973
2) Muslim7870
3) Ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religion491
4) Unaffiliated542
5) Other/Don't know/Refused155
TOTAL100.0
60) Q35 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] As I read a list, please tell me which denomination or church, if any, you identify with MOST CLOSELY. (Q35)
1) Catholic5936
2) Anglican/Episcopalian826
3) Baptist738
4) Lutheran431
5) Methodist576
6) Presbyterian581
7) Pentecostal2413
8) African Independent Church/African Initiated Church1247
9) Jehovah's Witness406
10) Seventh Day Adventist569
15) Congregationalist21
16) Dutch Reformed Church, United Reformed Church, or Christian Reformed Church217
31) Ethiopian Orthodox732
91) Something else583
92) None in particular43
96) Just a Protestant, not further specified246
97) Just a Christian, not further specified300
99) Don't know/Refused108
TOTAL100.0
61) Q36A [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Would you describe yourself as a ‘born-again' Christian, or not? (Q36A)
1) Yes9339
2) No5989
8) Don't know518
9) Refused127
TOTAL100.0
62) Q36B [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian, or not? (Q36B)
1) Yes4701
2) No10333
8) Don't know789
9) Refused150
TOTAL100.0
63) Q36C [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Would you describe yourself as a Pentecostal Christian, or not? (Q36C)
1) Yes3514
2) No11447
8) Don't know860
9) Refused153
TOTAL100.0
64) Q36D [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Would you describe yourself as a Charismatic Christian, or not? (Q36D)
1) Yes4369
2) No10504
8) Don't know922
9) Refused178
TOTAL100.0
65) Q37 [ASK IF MUSLIM] Are you Sunni (for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, or Hanbali), Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver or Ismaili/Sevener), or something else? (Q37)
1) Sunni (for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, Hanbali)3739
2) Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver, Ismaili/Sevener)495
3) Ahmadiyya262
91) Something else222
92) None in particular167
97) Just a Muslim, not further specified2002
99) Don't know/Refused641
TOTAL100.0
66) Q38 [ASK IF MUSLIM] Do you identify with any Sufi orders – such as Tijaniyya, Qadiriyya, Chistiyya, Shadhiliyya, Alawiyya, or Muridiyya – or not? (Q38)
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders3278
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Tijaniyya1334
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Qadiriyya326
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Chistiyya68
4) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Shadhiliyya63
5) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Alawiyya28
6) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Muridiyya356
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order – another order225
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order – Don't' know/Refused to say which one184
99) Don't know/Refused to say if identify with Sufi order1666
TOTAL100.0
67) Q40 [ASK IF NOT MUSLIM] Aside from weddings and funeral how often do you attend religious services… more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (Q40)
1) More than once a week6314
2) Once a week6219
3) Once or twice a month1657
4) A few times a year1031
5) Seldom829
6) Never588
8) Don't know282
9) Refused241
TOTAL100.0
68) Q41[ ASK IF MUSLIM] On average, how often do you attend the mosque or Islamic Center for salah and Jum'ah Prayer? (Q41)
1) More than once a week4850
2) Once a week for Jum'ah prayer1721
3) Once or twice a month212
4) A few times a year, especially for the Eid327
5) Seldom334
6) Never307
8) Don't know32
9) Refused86
TOTAL100.0
69) Q42 How important is religion in your life – very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q42)
1) Very important21584
2) Somewhat important2366
3) Not too important495
4) Not at all important269
8) Don't know205
9) Refused113
TOTAL100.0
70) Q43A [ASK IF ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES MORE THAN NEVER] And does the mosque, church, or house of worship where you most often attend religious services provide food or clothing for people in need? (Q43A)
1) Yes14739
2) No7986
8) Don't know693
9) Refused76
TOTAL100.0
71) Q43B [ASK IF ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES MORE THAN NEVER] And does the mosque, church, or house of worship where you most often attend religious services help people with finding a job? (Q43B)
1) Yes9336
2) No12868
8) Don't know1205
9) Refused85
TOTAL100.0
72) Q43C [ASK IF ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES MORE THAN NEVER] And does the mosque, church, or house of worship where you most often attend religious services help people find housing? (Q43C)
1) Yes8784
2) No13288
8) Don't know1321
9) Refused101
TOTAL100.0
73) Q43D [ASK IF ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES MORE THAN NEVER] And does the mosque, church, or house of worship where you most often attend religious services provide language or literacy training? (Q43D)
1) Yes12481
2) No9584
8) Don't know1326
9) Refused103
TOTAL100.0
74) Q43E [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] And does the mosque, church, or house of worship where you most often attend religious services work together with Muslim mosques to find solutions to community problems? (Q43E)
1) Yes4168
2) No9286
8) Don't know1802
9) Refused105
TOTAL100.0
75) Q43F [ASK IF MUSLIM] And does the mosque, church or house of worship where you most often attend religious services work together with Christian churches to find solutions to community problems? (Q43F)
1) Yes2406
2) No4085
8) Don't know867
9) Refused86
TOTAL100.0
76) Q45 [ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN] How comfortable would you be if a child of yours someday married a Christian? Would you be very comfortable, somewhat comfortable, not too comfortable or not at all comfortable? (Q45)
1) Very comfortable1447
2) Somewhat comfortable1147
3) Not too comfortable1556
4) Not at all comfortable3374
5) Depends on situation/Depends if man or woman1055
8) Don't know271
9) Refused208
TOTAL100.0
77) Q46 [ASK IF NOT MUSLIM] How comfortable would you be if a child of yours someday married a Muslim? Would you be very comfortable, somewhat comfortable, not too comfortable or not at all comfortable? (Q46)
1) Very comfortable3827
2) Somewhat comfortable2696
3) Not too comfortable3106
4) Not at all comfortable5270
5) Depends on situation/ Depends if man or woman1592
8) Don't know492
9) Refused178
TOTAL100.0
78) Q47 On a different topic, do you believe in God? (Q47)
1) Yes24337
2) No433
3) Other80
8) Don't know97
9) Refused85
TOTAL100.0
79) Q48 [ASK IF BELIEVE IN GOD] How certain are you about this belief? Are you absolutely certain, fairly certain, not too certain, or not at all certain? (Q48)
1) Absolutely certain21727
2) Fairly certain2211
3) Not too certain307
4) Not at all certain28
8) Don't know48
9) Refused16
TOTAL100.0
80) Q49 [ASK IF BELIEVE IN GOD] Which comes closest to your view of God? God is a being with whom people can have a relationship or God is an impersonal force? (Q49)
1) God is a being with whom people can have a relationship14682
2) God is an impersonal force7930
3) Both/Neither/Other1084
8) Don't know534
9) Refused106
TOTAL100.0
81) Q50 [ASK IF BELIEVE IN GOD] And do you believe that there is only one God, or is there more than one god? (Q50)
1) One God23749
2) More than one god439
8) Don't know115
9) Refused34
TOTAL100.0
82) Q51A [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In Heaven, where people how have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q51A)
1) Yes22934
2) No1457
8) Don't know584
9) Refused56
TOTAL100.0
83) Q51B [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In Hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished? (Q51B)
1) Yes20284
2) No3819
8) Don't know857
9) Refused71
TOTAL100.0
84) Q51C [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In reincarnation – that people will be reborn in this world again and again? (Q51C)
1) Yes9344
2) No13189
8) Don't know2352
9) Refused145
TOTAL100.0
85) Q51D [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In angels? (Q51D)
1) Yes19816
2) No4164
8) Don't know882
9) Refused170
TOTAL100.0
86) Q51E [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In miracles? (Q51E)
1) Yes18498
2) No5470
8) Don't know874
9) Refused189
TOTAL100.0
87) Q51F [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWIGN DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In evil spirits? (Q51F)
1) Yes12176
2) No11662
8) Don't know978
9) Refused215
TOTAL100.0
88) Q51G [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In witchcraft? (Q51G)
1) Yes10958
2) No12791
8) Don't know1022
9) Refused260
TOTAL100.0
89) Q51H [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In the ‘evil eye' or that certain people can cast curses or spells that cause bad things to happen to someone? (Q51H)
1) Yes10709
2) No12932
8) Don't know1213
9) Refused177
TOTAL100.0
90) Q51I [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] That sacrifices to spirits or ancestors can protect you from bad things happening? (Q51I)
1) Yes7879
2) No15818
8) Don't know1170
9) Refused164
TOTAL100.0
91) Q51J [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] That certain spiritual people can protect you from bad things happening? (Q51J)
1) Yes9778
2) No13956
8) Don't know1150
9) Refused147
TOTAL100.0
92) Q51K [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] That juju, shrines, or other sacred objects can protect you from bad things happening? (Q51K)
1) Yes6581
2) No16590
8) Don't know1646
9) Refused213
TOTAL100.0
93) Q51L [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] That Jesus will return to earth during your lifetime? (Q51L)
1) Yes9559
2) No3469
8) Don't know2830
9) Refused115
TOTAL100.0
94) Q51M [ASK IF MUSLIM: WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In the return of the Mahdi, the guided one who will initiate the final period before the Day of Resurrection and Judgement? (Q51M)
1) Yes4838
2) No1633
8) Don't know1244
9) Refused155
TOTAL100.0
95) Q51N [ASK IF MUSLIM: WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] That the caliphate will be re-established to rule in your lifetime? (Q51N)
1) Yes3775
2) No2486
8) Don't know1409
9) Refused199
TOTAL100.0
96) Q51O [ASK IF MUSLIM: WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In one God, Allah, and his prophet Muhammed? (Q51O)
1) Yes7362
2) No267
8) Don't know180
9) Refused61
TOTAL100.0
97) Q51P [ASK IF MUSLIM] And is undertaking a pilgrimage to Mecca very important to you, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q51P)
1) Very important6963
2) Somewhat important601
3) Not too important193
4) Not at all important39
8) Don't know53
9) Refused20
TOTAL100.0
98) Q52 [ASK IF MUSLIM] Aside from your local imam or sheik, who do you trust the most to offer you guidance as a Muslim – national religious leaders in our country, or international religious leaders from outside our country? (Q52)
1) National religious leaders in our country5098
2) International religious leaders from outside our country876
3) Both equally1471
4) Neither/other183
8) Don't know167
9) Refused75
TOTAL100.0
99) Q53 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Aside from your local priest, pastor or minister, who do you trust the most to offer you guidance as a Christian – national religious leaders in our country, or international religious leaders from outside our country? (Q53)
1) National religious leaders in our country8436
2) International religious leaders from outside our country1887
3) Both equally4308
4) Neither/other863
8) Don't know402
9) Refused77
TOTAL100.0
100) Q54 [ASK IF MUSLIM] Which comes closest to your view? The Koran is the word of God, OR the Koran is a book written by men and is not the word of God? (Q54)
1) Word of God7544
2) Written by men, not the word of God200
3) Other39
8) Don't know58
9) Refused29
TOTAL100.0
101) Q55 [ASK IF MUSLIM] And would you say that the Koran is to be taken literally, word for word, OR not everything in the Koran should be taken literally, word for word? (Q55)
1) Taken literally, word for word6477
2) Not everything should be taken literally, word for word1067
3) Other42
8) Don't know222
9) Refused62
TOTAL100.0
102) Q56 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] Which comes closest to your view? The Bible is the word of God, OR the Bible is a book written by men and is not the word of God? (Q56)
1) Word of God15263
2) Written by men, not the word of God503
3) Other50
8) Don't know132
9) Refused24
TOTAL100.0
103) Q57 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] And would you say that the Bible is to be taken literally, word for word, OR not everything in the Bible should be taken literally, word for word? (Q57)
1) Taken literally, word for word12108
2) Not everything should be taken literally, word for word3261
3) Other123
8) Don't know418
9) Refused63
TOTAL100.0
104) Q58A [HERE ARE A COUPLE OF STATEMENTS. PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU COMPLETELY AGREE, MOSTLY AGREE, MOSTLY DISAGREE, OR COMPLETELY DISGAREE.] AIDS is God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior (Q58A)
1) Completely agree11098
2) Mostly agree3851
3) Mostly disagree3164
4) Completely disagree5652
8) Don't know1222
9) Refused44
TOTAL100.0
105) Q58B [HERE ARE A COUPLE OF STATEMENTS. PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU COMPLETELY AGREE, MOSTLY AGREE, MOSTLY DISAGREE, OR COMPLETELY DISAGREE.] Members of your religion have a duty to try and convert others to your religious faith (Q58B)
1) Completely agree13832
2) Mostly agree6240
3) Mostly disagree2137
4) Completely disagree1767
8) Don't know901
9) Refused154
TOTAL100.0
106) Q59A [NOW I'M GOING TO READ YOU TWO STATEMETNS. PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER THE FIRST STATEMENT OR THE SECOND STATEMENT COMES CLOSER TO YOUR OWN VIEWS – EVEN IF NEITHER IS EXACTLY RIGHT.] My religion is the one, true faith leading to eternal life, OR many religions can lead to eternal life (Q59A)
1) My religion is the one, true faith leading to eternal life14366
2) Many religions can lead to eternal life9052
3) Neither/Both equally766
8) Don't know704
9) Refused144
TOTAL100.0
107) Q59B [NOW I'M GOING TO READ YOU TWO STATEMENTS. PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER THE FIRST STATEMENT OR THE SECOND STATEMENT COMES CLOSER TO YOUR OWN VIEWS – EVEN IF NEITHER IS EXACTLY RIGHT.] There is only ONE true way to interpret the teachings of my religion, OR there is MORE than one true way to interpret the teachings of my religion (Q59B)
1) There is only ONE true way to interpret the teachings of my religion13363
2) There is MORE than one true way to interpret the teachings of my religion10089
3) Neither/Both equally625
8) Don't know787
9) Refused168
TOTAL100.0
108) Q59C [NOW I'M GOING TO READ YOU TWO STATEMENTS. PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER THE FIRST STATEMENT OR THE SECOND STATEMENT COMES CLOSER TO YOUR OWN VIEWS – EVEN IF NEITHER IS EXACTLY RIGHT.] Women should be allowed to serve in religious leadership roles, such as pastor, priest or imam, OR only men should be able to serve in religious leadership roles, such as pastor, priest or imam (Q59C)
1) Women should be allowed to serve in religious leadership roles, such as pastor, priest or imam11316
2) Only men should be able to serve in religious leadership roles, such as pastor, priest or imam11734
3) Neither/Both equally999
8) Don't know803
9) Refused179
TOTAL100.0
109) Q59D [ASK IF MUSLIM: NOW I'M GOING TO READ YOU TWO STATEMENTS. PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER THE FIRST STATEMENT OR THE SECOND STATEMENT COMES CLOSER TO YOUR OWN VIEWS – EVEN IF NEITHER IS EXACTLY RIGHT.] Women should have the right to decide if they wear a veil, OR women should not have the right to decide whether to wear a veil – society should decide (Q59D)
1) Women should have the right to decide if they wear a veil3321
2) Women should not have the right to decide whether to wear a veil – society should decide3905
3) Neither/Both equally280
8) Don't know263
9) Refused101
TOTAL100.0
110) Q59E [NOW I'M GOING TO READ YOU TWO STATEMENTS. PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER THE FIRST STATEMETN OR THE SECOND STATEMENT COMES CLOSER TO YOUR OWN VIEWS – EVEN IF NEITHER IS EXACTLY RIGHT.] God will grant wealth and good health to all believers who have enough faith, OR God doesn't always give wealth and good health even to believers who have deep faith (Q59E)
1) God will grant wealth and good health to all believers who have enough faith13603
2) God doesn't always give wealth and good health even to believers who have deep faith8861
3) Neither/Both equally1255
8) Don't know1099
9) Refused212
TOTAL100.0
111) Q60 In your opinion, how much influence do Muslim preachers and missionaries from outside our country have in our country – a great deal, some, not too much or none at all? (Q60)
1) A great deal8140
2) Some5263
3) Not too much4399
4) None at all2379
8) Don't know4674
9) Refused176
TOTAL100.0
112) Q61 [ASK IF MUSLIM PREACHERS AND MISSIONARIES FROM OUTSIDE OUR COUNTRY HAVE A GREAT DEAL, SOME, NOT TOO MUCH, OR NONE] Do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing for our country?\ D (Q61)
1) Good thing13949
2) Bad thing4428
8) Don't know1672
9) Refused132
TOTAL100.0
113) Q62 In your opinion, how much influence do Christian preachers and missionaries from outside our country have in our country – a great deal, some, not too much or none at all? (Q62)
1) A great deal11919
2) Some5739
3) Not too much2970
4) None at all1210
8) Don't know3000
9) Refused194
TOTAL100.0
114) Q63 [ASK IF CHRISTIAN PREACHERS AND MISSIONARIES FROM OUTSIDE OUR COUNTRY HAVE A GREAT DEAL, SOME, NOT TOO MUCH, OR NONE] Do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? (Q63)
1) Good thing16857
2) Bad thing3730
8) Don't know1106
9) Refused145
TOTAL100.0
115) Q64 People practice their religion in different ways. Outside of attending religious services, do you pray several times a day, once a day, a few times a week, once a week, a few time a month, seldom or never? (Q64)
1) Several times a day13842
2) Once a day4487
3) A few times a week2446
4) Once a week1346
5) A few times a month906
6) Seldom1107
7) Never510
8) Don't know258
9) Refused129
TOTAL100.0
116) Q65 [ASK MUSLIMS WHO PRAY SEVERAL TIMES A DAY] Do you pray all five salah every day, or not? (Q65)
1) Yes5795
2) No338
8) Don't know16
9) Refused43
TOTAL100.0
117) Q66A [PLEASE TELL ME HOW OFTEN YOU DO EACH OF THE FOLLOWING. WOULD YOU SAY AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK, ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, SEVERAL TIMES A YEAR, SELDOM, OR NEVER?] Read scripture outside of religious services (Q66A)
1) At least once a week12407
2) Once or twice a month4090
3) Several times a year2331
4) Seldom3330
5) Never2652
8) Don't know130
9) Refused91
TOTAL100.0
118) Q66B [PLEASE TELL ME HOW OFTEN YOU DO EACH OF THE FOLLOWING. WOULD YOU SAY AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK, ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, SEVERAL TIMES A YEAR, SELDOM, OR NEVER?] Participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs (Q66B)
1) At least once a week9030
2) Once or twice a month5448
3) Several times a year3223
4) Seldom3983
5) Never3122
8) Don't know142
9) Refused82
TOTAL100.0
119) Q66C [PLEASE TELL ME HOW OFTEN YOU DO EACH OF THE FOLLOWING. WOULD YOU SAY AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK, ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, SEVEAL TIMES A YEAR, SELDOM, OR NEVER?] Share your faith or views on God with people from other religions (Q66C)
1) At least once a week5618
2) Once or twice a month4095
3) Several times a year3719
4) Seldom5443
5) Never5809
8) Don't know212
9) Refused134
TOTAL100.0
120) Q66D [PLEASE TELL ME HOW OFTEN YOU DO EACH OF THE FOLLOWING. WOULD YOU SAY AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK, ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, SEVEAL TIMES A YEAR, SELDOM, OR NEVER?] Speak or pray in tongues (Q66D)
1) At least once a week2214
2) Once or twice a month1610
3) Several times a year983
4) Seldom1618
5) Never9205
8) Don't know276
9) Refused67
TOTAL100.0
121) Q66E [PLEASE TELL ME HOW OFTEN YOU DO EACH OF THE FOLLOWING. WOULD YOU SAY AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK, ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, SEVERAL TIMES A YEAR, SELDOM, OR NEVER?] Participate in religious chanting or singing gatherings and ceremonies (Q66E)
1) At least once a week6555
2) Once or twice a month4329
3) Several times a year4018
4) Seldom4434
5) Never5199
8) Don't know310
9) Refused185
TOTAL100.0
122) Q67A [HAVE YOU EVER…?] experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (Q67A)
1) Yes11900
2) No12708
8) Don't know280
9) Refused143
TOTAL100.0
123) Q67B [HAVE YOU EVER…?] given or interpreted prophecy? (Q67B)
1) Yes5282
2) No19137
8) Don't know460
9) Refused152
TOTAL100.0
124) Q67C [HAVE YOU EVER…?] received a direct revelation from God? (Q67C)
1) Yes7169
2) No16932
8) Don't know640
9) Refused291
TOTAL100.0
125) Q67D [HAVE YOU EVER…?] experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (Q67D)
1) Yes10236
2) No13694
8) Don't know530
9) Refused572
TOTAL100.0
126) Q67E [ASK IF MUSLIM: HAVE YOU EVER…?] made a pilgrimage to Mecca? (Q67E)
1) Yes1680
2) No6025
8) Don't know54
9) Refused111
TOTAL100.0
127) Q68A1 [ASK IF NOT MUSLIM: AND DO YOU…?] ever participate in inter-faith religious groups, classes, or meetings with Muslims? (Q68A1)
1) Yes4698
2) No11978
8) Don't know194
9) Refused292
TOTAL100.0
128) Q68A2 [ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU…?] ever participate in inter-faith religious groups, classes, or meetings with Christians? (Q68A2)
1) Yes2622
2) No6095
8) Don't know147
9) Refused194
TOTAL100.0
129) Q68B [AND DO YOU…?] ever read religious materials other than scripture, such as religious pamphlets, magazines, newspapers or books? (Q68B)
1) Yes18503
2) No6257
8) Don't know136
9) Refused136
TOTAL100.0
130) Q68C [AND DO YOU…?] ever listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs? (Q68C)
1) Yes20200
2) No4604
8) Don't know107
9) Refused120
TOTAL100.0
131) Q68D [AND DO YOU…?] ever visit religious websites on the internet? (Q68D)
1) Yes4430
2) No20154
8) Don't know294
9) Refused153
TOTAL100.0
132) Q68E [AND DO YOU…?] ever receive definite answers to specific prayer requests? (Q68E)
1) Yes12320
2) No11860
8) Don't know636
9) Refused216
TOTAL100.0
133) Q68F [AND DO YOU…?] have traditional African sacred objects in your home, such as shrines to ancestors, feathers, skins, skulls, skeletons, powder, carved figures or branches, spears, cutlasses or animal horns? (Q68F)
1) Yes4764
2) No19596
8) Don't know426
9) Refused246
TOTAL100.0
134) Q68G [AND DO YOU…?] ever participate in traditional African ceremonies or perform special acts to honor or celebrate your ancestors? (Q68G)
1) Yes6474
2) No17986
8) Don't know320
9) Refused252
TOTAL100.0
135) Q68H [AND DO YOU…?] ever participate in traditional African puberty rituals or manhood/womanhood initiation rituals for friends, relatives or neighbors in your area, such as endurance or challenge tests, or initiation to a traditional dance? (Q68H)
1) Yes6555
2) No17824
8) Don't know383
9) Refused269
TOTAL100.0
136) Q68I [AND DO YOU…?] or your family ever use traditional religious healers when someone is sick? (Q68I)
1) Yes10159
2) No13692
8) Don't know876
9) Refused304
TOTAL100.0
137) Q68J [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU…?] give zakat, that is give a set percentage of your wealth to charity or the mosque? (Q68J)
1) Yes5977
2) No1790
8) Don't know31
9) Refused72
TOTAL100.0
138) Q68K [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU…?] fast, that is avoid eating during the daytime, during the holy month of Ramadan?\ D (Q68K)
1) Yes7259
2) No509
8) Don't know29
9) Refused72
TOTAL100.0
139) Q68L [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU…?] tithe, that is give a set percentage of your income to charity or the church? (Q68L)
1) Yes11186
2) No4440
8) Don't know247
9) Refused101
TOTAL100.0
140) Q68M [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU…?] fast, that is avoid eating for certain periods during holy times like Lent? (Q68M)
1) Yes10547
2) No5133
8) Don't know203
9) Refused90
TOTAL100.0
141) Q70 Do you have any sons? (Q70)
1) Yes14036
2) No10821
8) Don't know16
9) Refused158
TOTAL100.0
142) Q71 Do you have any daughters? (Q71)
1) Yes13227
2) No11582
8) Don't know64
9) Refused158
TOTAL100.0
143) Q72A [ASK IF HAS CHILDREN: AND THINKING ABOUT YOUR CHILD OR CHILDREN, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU EVER DO OR EVER DID ANY OF THE FOLLOWING THINGS WITH THEM. DID YOU OR DO YOU…?] pray or read the scripture with them? (Q72A)
1) Yes10492
2) No4592
3) Not applicable/Children too young774
8) Don't know56
9) Refused97
TOTAL100.0
144) Q72B [ASK IF HAS CHILDREN: AND THINKING ABOUT YOUR CHILD OR CHILDREN, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU EVER DO OR EVER DID ANY OF THE FOLLOWING THINGS WITH THEM. DID YOU OR DO YOU…?] send them to religious education programs? (Q72B)
1) Yes10583
2) No4405
3) Not applicable/Children too young836
8) Don't know51
9) Refused136
TOTAL100.0
145) Q72C [ASK IF HAS ANY SONS: AND THINKING ABOUT YOUR CHILD OR CHILDREN, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU EVER DO OR EVER DID ANY OF THE FOLLOWING THINGS WITH THEM. DID YOU OR DO YOU…?] have any of your sons circumcised? (Q72C)
1) Yes9331
2) No3922
3) Not applicable/Children too young503
8) Don't know140
9) Refused140
TOTAL100.0
146) Q72D [ASK IF HAS ANY DAUGHTERS: AND THINKING ABOUT YOUR CHILD OR CHILDREN, PLEASE TELL ME IF YOU EVER DO OR EVER DID ANY OF THE FOLLOWING THINGS WITH THEM. DID YOU OR DO YOU…?] have any of your daughters circumcised? (Q72D)
1) Yes2489
2) No9872
3) Not applicable/Children too young472
8) Don't know146
9) Refused249
TOTAL100.0
147) Now thinking about when you were a child, in what religion were you raised? (Q73)
1) Christian14912
2) Muslim7451
3) Ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religion636
4) Unaffiliated280
5) Other/Don't know/Refused250
TOTAL100.0
148) [ASK IF CHRISTIAN] And which denomination or church, if any, were you raised in as a child? (Q75)
1) Catholic5988
2) Anglican/Episcopalian881
3) Baptist655
4) Lutheran447
5) Methodist578
6) Presbyterian590
7) Pentecostal1731
8) African Independent Church/African Initiated Church1080
9) Jehovah's Witness281
10) Seventh Day Adventist483
15) Congregationalist26
16) Dutch Reformed Church, Uniting Reformed Church, or Christian Reformed Church250
31) Ethiopian Orthodox753
91) Something else524
92) None in particular51
96) Just a Protestant, not further specified262
97) Just a Christian, not further specified177
99) Don't know/Refused154
TOTAL100.0
149) Q76 [ASK IF RAISED MUSLIM] As a child were you raised Sunni, Shia, or something else? (Q76)
1) Sunni (for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, Hanbali)3592
2) Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver, Ismaili/Sevener)472
3) Ahmadiyya191
91) Something else205
92) None in particular149
97) Just a Muslim, not further specified2084
99) Don't know/Refused758
TOTAL100.0
150) Q77 [ASK IF RAISED MUSLIM] And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders – such as Tijaniyya, Qadiriyya, Chistiyya, Shadhiliyya, Alawiyya, or Muridiyya – or not? (Q77)
0) No, did not identify with any Sufi orders3239
1) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Tijaniyya1277
2) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Qadiriyya297
3) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Chistiyya53
4) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Shadhiliyya51
5) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Alawiyya36
6) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Muridiyya324
91) Yes, identified with Sufi order – another order240
95) Yes, identified with Sufi order – Don't know/Refused to say which one147
99) Don't know/Refused to say if identified with a Sufi order1787
TOTAL100.0
151) Q79 Are you currently married, living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married? (Q79)
1) Married12110
2) Living with a partner1647
3) Divorced578
4) Separated760
5) Widowed1103
6) Never been married8345
98) Don't know68
99) Refused419
TOTAL100.0
152) Q80 [ASK IF MARRIED OR PARTNERNED] Do you and your spouse/partner have the same religion, or not? (Q80)
1) Yes12574
2) No952
8) Don't know38
9) Refused193
TOTAL100.0
153) [ASK IF SPOUSE/PARTNER DOES NOT HAVE SAME RELIGION] And what is your spouse's religion, if any? (Q81)
1) Christian463
2) Muslim201
4) Unaffiliated78
5) Other/Don't know/Refused209
TOTAL100.0
154) Q83A [AND DO YOU HAVE ANY OTHER IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS, SUCH AS CHILDREN, SIBLINGS, OR PARENTS, WHO ARE…?] Christian? (Q83A)
1) Yes18306
2) No6398
8) Don't know163
9) Refused164
TOTAL100.0
155) Q83B [AND DO YOU HAVE ANY OTHER IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS, SUCH AS CHILDREN, SIBLINGS, OR PARENTS, WHO ARE…?] Muslim? (Q83B)
1) Yes10557
2) No13777
8) Don't know502
9) Refused196
TOTAL100.0
156) Q83C [AND DO YOU HAVE ANY OTHER IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS, SUCH AS CHILDREN, SIBLINGS, OR PARENTS, WHO ARE…?] part of an ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religion? (Q83C)
1) Yes5418
2) No17313
8) Don't know1872
9) Refused429
TOTAL100.0
157) Q84 Do you think there is a natural conflict between being a devout religious person and living in a modern society, or don't you think so? (Q84)
1) Yes, there is conflict9719
2) No, don't think so11687
8) Don't know3124
9) Refused502
TOTAL100.0
158) Q85A [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Divorce (Q85A)
1) Morally acceptable5478
2) Morally wrong15482
3) Not a moral issue1586
4) Depends on situation2289
8) Don't know118
9) Refused77
TOTAL100.0
159) Q85B [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Prostitution (Q85B)
1) Morally acceptable879
2) Morally wrong22105
3) Not a moral issue1317
4) Depends on situation536
8) Don't know114
9) Refused81
TOTAL100.0
160) Q85C [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Euthanasia – ending the life of the incurably sick (Q85C)
1) Morally acceptable1345
2) Morally wrong20027
3) Not a moral issue1828
4) Depends on the situation1207
8) Don't know532
9) Refused94
TOTAL100.0
161) Q85D [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Suicide (Q85D)
1) Morally acceptable846
2) Morally wrong21826
3) Not a moral issue1453
4) Depends on situation626
8) Don't know210
9) Refused69
TOTAL100.0
162) Q85E [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Drinking alcohol (Q85E)
1) Morally acceptable3446
2) Morally wrong16496
3) Not a moral issue3387
4) Depends on situation1421
8) Don't know196
9) Refused84
TOTAL100.0
163) Q85F [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Sex between people who are not married to each other (Q85F)
1) Morally acceptable2476
2) Morally wrong18716
3) Not a moral issue2213
4) Depends on situation1332
8) Don't know207
9) Refused87
TOTAL100.0
164) Q85G [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Polygamy – having more than one wife (Q85G)
1) Morally acceptable6918
2) Morally wrong13934
3) Not a moral issue2223
4) Depends on situation1558
8) Don't know306
9) Refused92
TOTAL100.0
165) Q85H [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Having an abortion (Q85H)
1) Morally acceptable1007
2) Morally wrong21302
3) Not a moral issue1141
4) Depends on the situation1303
8) Don't know172
9) Refused106
TOTAL100.0
166) Q85I [NEXT, I'M GOING TO READ SOME BEHAVIORS. FOR EACH, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IT IS MORALLY ACCEPTABLE, MORALLY WRONG, OR IS IT NOT A MORAL ISSUE?] Homosexual behavior (Q85I)
1) Morally acceptable879
2) Morally wrong22243
3) Not a moral issue1192
4) Depends on situation339
8) Don't know249
9) Refused129
TOTAL100.0
167) Q86 How concerned, if at all, are you about extremist religious groups in our country these days? (Q86)
1) Very concerned8119
2) Somewhat concerned4774
3) Not too concerned3715
4) Not at all concerned6159
8) Don't know2008
9) Refused256
TOTAL100.0
168) Q87 [IF VERY/SOMEWHAT CONCERNED ABOUT EXTREMIST RELIGIOUS GROUPS] And are you mostly concerned about Muslim extremist groups or Christian extremist groups? (Q87)
1) Mostly concerned about Muslim extremist groups6139
2) Mostly concerned about Christian extremist groups3770
3) Both2176
4) Neither/Other435
8) Don't know278
9) Refused96
TOTAL100.0
169) Q88 Do you personally feel that the tactic of using arms and violence against civilians in defense of your religion can be often justified, sometimes justified, rarely justified, or never justified? (Q88)
1) Often justified2275
2) Sometimes justified3299
3) Rarely justified3563
4) Never justified14057
8) Don't know1621
9) Refused215
TOTAL100.0
170) Q89 In your opinion, how many Muslims in our country support Islamic extremists like al Qaeda – would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q89)
1) Most2508
2) Many3018
3) Just some3909
4) Very few5526
5) All177
6) None2416
8) Don't know7236
9) Refused243
TOTAL100.0
171) Q90 In your opinion, how many Christians in our country do you think are hostile toward Muslims? Would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q90)
1) Most1916
2) Many2822
3) Just some4293
4) Very few7037
5) All220
6) None3895
8) Don't know4605
9) Refused245
TOTAL100.0
172) Q91 In your opinion, how many Muslims in our country do you think are hostile toward Christians? Would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q91)
1) Most2570
2) Many3580
3) Just some4463
4) Very few6459
5) All228
6) None2964
8) Don't know4498
9) Refused269
TOTAL100.0
173) Q92 How often are Muslims treated unfairly by the government in our country? Very often, somewhat often, not too often, or never? (Q92)
1) Very often1569
2) Somewhat often2145
3) Not too often4613
4) Never12607
5) Not applicable – are no/few Muslims in our country411
8) Don't know3505
9) Refused183
TOTAL100.0
174) Q93 How often are Christians treated unfairly by the government in our country? Very often, somewhat often, not too often, or never? (Q93)
1) Very often1651
2) Somewhat often2119
3) Not too often4257
4) Never13951
5) Not applicable – are no/few Muslims in our country379
8) Don't know2488
9) Refused186
TOTAL100.0
175) Q94A [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Making the Bible the official law of the land in our country (Q94A)
1) Favor9402
2) Oppose5968
8) Don't know524
9) Refused79
TOTAL100.0
176) Q94B [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Allowing leaders and judges to use their religious beliefs when they decide family and property disputes (Q94B)
1) Favor6500
2) Oppose8863
8) Don't know538
9) Refused73
TOTAL100.0
177) Q94C [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Punishments like whippings and cutting off of hands for crimes like theft and robbery (Q94C)
1) Favor2940
2) Oppose12632
8) Don't know310
9) Refused90
TOTAL100.0
178) 94D [ASK IF CHRISTIAN: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Stoning people who commit adultery (Q94D)
1) Favor2026
2) Oppose13514
8) Don't know334
9) Refused99
TOTAL100.0
179) Q95A [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Making shar'ia, or Islamic law, the official law of the land in our country (Q95A)
1) Favor4878
2) Oppose2719
8) Don't know219
9) Refused53
TOTAL100.0
180) Q95B [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Giving Muslim leaders and religious judges the power to decide family and property disputes (Q95B)
1) Favor5124
2) Oppose2486
8) Don't know201
9) Refused58
TOTAL100.0
181) Q95C [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] The death penalty for people who leave the Muslim religion (Q95C)
1) Favor2850
2) Oppose4661
8) Don't know268
9) Refused90
TOTAL100.0
182) Q95D [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Punishments like whippings and cutting off of hands for crimes like theft and robbery (Q95D)
1) Favor4085
2) Oppose3526
8) Don't know196
9) Refused62
TOTAL100.0
183) Q95E [ASK IF MUSLIM: AND DO YOU FAVOR OR OPPOSE THE FOLLOWING?] Stoning people who commit adultery (Q95E)
1) Favor3672
2) Oppose3845
8) Don't know250
9) Refused102
TOTAL100.0
184) Q96 Record gender (Q96)
1) Male12678
2) Female12354
TOTAL100.0
185) Q97 How old were you at your last birthday? (Q97)
1) Age 18-247272
2) 25-294349
3) 30-342980
4) 35-392891
5) 40-441928
6) 45-491762
7) 50-541277
8) 55-591051
9) Age 60 or over1434
99) Don't know/refused87
TOTAL100.0
186) Q98 How many people live in your household including yourself? (Q98)
1) Three or fewer4524
4) Four3268
5) Five3316
6) Six3292
7) Seven2679
8) Eight2286
9) Nine1480
10) Ten or more3673
98) Don't know16
99) Refused498
TOTAL100.0
187) What is the highest level of education you have completed? (EDUC)
1) Completed primary or less9585
2) Some secondary/Completed secondary10279
3) Post-secondary and up4634
9) Don't know/refused/other533
TOTAL100.0
188) Q100A [HAVE THERE BEEN TIMES DURING THE LAST YEAR WHEN YOU DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH MONEY…?] to buy food your family needed? (Q100A)
1) Yes13267
2) No11311
8) Don't know262
9) Refused191
TOTAL100.0
189) Q100B [HAVE THERE BEEN TIMES DURING THE LAST YEAR WHEN YOU DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH MONEY…?] to pay for medical and health care your family needed? (Q100B)
1) Yes13726
2) No10806
8) Don't know300
9) Refused199
TOTAL100.0
190) Q100C [HAVE THERE BEEN TIMES DURING THE LAST YEAR WHEN YOU DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH MONEY…?] to buy clothing your family needed? (Q100C)
1) Yes13427
2) No11074
8) Don't know278
9) Refused252
TOTAL100.0
191) Income (INCOME)
1) Low6416
2) 26175
3) 35047
4) High3306
99) Don't know/Refused4087
TOTAL100.0
192) Q103 And does your ethnic or tribal group trace its origins to Israel or Palestine, or not? (Q103)
1) Yes2251
2) No16256
8) Don't know6023
9) Refused501
TOTAL100.0
193) Q103A [ASK IF MUSLIM] Do you identify with the Tablighi movement, or not? (Q103A)
1) Yes882
2) No4629
8) Don't know/refused1347
TOTAL100.0
194) Q103B [ASK IF MUSLIM] And do you identify with the Salafiyya movement, or not? (Q103B)
1) Yes708
2) No4751
8) Don't know/refused1398
TOTAL100.0
195) Q103C [ASK IF MUSLIM] And do you identify with the Wahhabi movement, or not? (Q103C)
1) Yes742
2) No4797
8) Don't know/refused1319
TOTAL100.0
196) Q104 [ASK IF MALE AND MARRIED] And do you currently have more than one wife? (Q104)
1) Yes1479
2) No4351
8) Don't know65
9) Refused313
TOTAL100.0
197) Q104A [ASK IF HAS CHILDREN] How many children do you have? (Q104A)
1) One2340
2) Two4078
3) Three2596
4) Four1951
5) Five1258
6) Six or more2297
98) Don't know13
99) Refused1477
TOTAL100.0
198) Q105 Do you use a computer at your workplace, at school, at home, or anywhere else on at least an occasional basis? (Q105)
1) Yes5249
2) No19484
8) Don't know118
9) Refused180
TOTAL100.0
199) Q106 Do you use the Internet, at least occasionally? (Q106)
1) Yes4889
2) No19844
8) Don't know147
9) Refused151
TOTAL100.0
200) Q107 Do you send or receive email, at least occasionally? (Q107)
1) Yes4703
2) No19997
8) Don't know164
9) Refused167
TOTAL100.0
201) Q108A [DO YOU…?] own a computer? (Q108A)
1) Yes2331
2) No22542
8) Don't know64
9) Refused95
TOTAL100.0
202) Q108B [DO YOU…?] own a cell phone? (Q108B)
1) Yes12917
2) No11929
8) Don't know57
9) Refused128
TOTAL100.0
203) Do you live in an urban, semi-urban, or rural area? (Q115)
1) Urban9833
2) Semi-urban193
3) Rural15005
TOTAL100.0