Taiwan Social Change Survey, 1985

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Single Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent ID (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL41992797107432.455762581897
2) Gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male259761.8
2) Female160238.2
TOTAL4199100.0
3) When were you born? (R.O.C. year) (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL419940.68213
4) When were you born? (Month) (MNBORN)
TOTAL%
1) 4079.8
2) 3578.6
3) 3588.6
4) 3037.3
5) 3177.6
6) 2937.0
7) 3147.5
8) 3538.5
9) 3438.2
10) 4109.8
11) 3698.8
12) 3508.4
Missing25 
TOTAL4174100.0
5) What is your ethnic background? (ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Fukienese of Taiwan317775.7
2) Hakka of Taiwan42110.0
3) Mainlander53112.6
4) Aborigine701.7
TOTAL4199100.0
6) Where were you born? (Province - Municipality, County - City, Township - Town, City, District) (WHEREBOR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL41897353171578164
7) Are you married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Unmarried55513.2
2) Married363786.7
3) Other (please specify)50.1
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
8) Are you currently living with your spouse? [Answer only if MARITAL = 2.] (CURMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes324789.3
2) No, I am divorced/separated782.1
3) My spouse is deceased1985.4
4) No, we live separately or seldom live together because of jobs912.5
5) Other (please specify)240.7
Missing561 
TOTAL3638100.0
9) How many years of formal education do you have? (Please circle the number of years.) (EDUCAT)
TOTAL%
0) 050712.1
1) 1300.7
2) 2561.3
3) 3872.1
4) 4531.3
5) 5350.8
6) 6143234.1
7) 7401.0
8) 8711.7
9) 949911.9
10) 10621.5
11) 11461.1
12) 1269816.6
13) 13481.1
14) 141884.5
15) 151072.5
16) 161764.2
17) 17220.5
18) 18190.5
19) 19120.3
20) 20 years or more110.3
TOTAL4199100.0
10) How many years of formal education does your spouse have? (Please circle the number of years.) [Not applicable to married or divorced persons.] (SPOUSEED)
TOTAL%
0) 060016.8
1) 1150.4
2) 2411.1
3) 3782.2
4) 4411.1
5) 5200.6
6) 6140639.3
7) 7220.6
8) 8381.1
9) 942812.0
10) 10300.8
11) 11220.6
12) 1253815.0
13) 13130.4
14) 141002.8
15) 15501.4
16) 161123.1
17) 17110.3
18) 1880.2
19) 1920.1
20) 20 years or more50.1
Missing619 
TOTAL3580100.0
11) How many years of formal education does your father have? (Please circle the number of years.) [Answer whether father is still alive or not.] (FATHERED)
TOTAL%
0) 0196347.6
1) 1290.7
2) 2481.2
3) 31233.0
4) 4621.5
5) 5280.7
6) 6122029.6
7) 7170.4
8) 8491.2
9) 92385.8
10) 10270.7
11) 11150.4
12) 121714.1
13) 1380.2
14) 14300.7
15) 15150.4
16) 16671.6
17) 1770.2
18) 1840.1
19) 1920.0
20) 20 years or more30.1
Missing73 
TOTAL4126100.0
12) How many years of formal education does your mother have? (Please circle the number of years.) [Answer whether mother is still alive or not.] (MOTHERED)
TOTAL%
0) 0285368.8
1) 1360.9
2) 2511.2
3) 3962.3
4) 4421.0
5) 5100.2
6) 682920.0
7) 750.1
8) 8200.5
9) 91022.5
10) 10100.2
11) 1120.0
12) 12651.6
13) 1320.0
14) 1480.2
15) 1560.1
16) 1670.2
17) 1710.0
19) 1910.0
Missing53 
TOTAL4146100.0
13) Are you currently employed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes286768.3
2) No892.1
3) Job-hunting for the first time110.3
4) Retired2014.8
5) Student651.5
6) Homemaker87620.9
7) Other (please specify)892.1
Missing1 
TOTAL4198100.0
14) What is your main occupation (at present, or prior to retirement): Industry? [Answered only if currently employed or retired.] (OCCIND)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL306349.95232
15) What is your main occupation (at present, or prior to retirement): Position? [Answered only if currently employed or retired.] (OCCPOS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL305936.57319
16) How do you get paid for your current job (or prior to retirement)? (PAIDJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Paid monthly143246.8
2) Paid daily37512.3
3) Paid by piece1454.7
4) Paid by commission220.7
5) Self-employed96031.4
6) Work with my family without getting paid1254.1
Missing1140 
TOTAL3059100.0
17) How many jobs have you had up to now (or prior to retirement)? (NUMJOBS)
TOTAL%
0) 4049.8
1) 180743.7
2) 100124.2
3) 50512.2
4) 1814.4
5) 1303.1
6) 350.8
7) 120.3
8) 120.3
9) 60.1
10) 190.5
12) 30.1
13) 10.0
14) 10.0
15) 20.0
20) 10.0
99) 120.3
Missing67 
TOTAL4132100.0
18) What was your first occupation: Industry? (OCCUPIND)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL370244.72633
19) What was your first occupation: Position? (OCCUPPOS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL370039.48818
20) [For married women, ask:] When did you start your present job? [For married men, ask:] When did your wife start her present job? (JOBSTART)
TOTAL%
1) Before getting married58743.7
2) After getting married36727.3
3) After children were born977.2
4) After children started school and could take care of themselves19014.2
5) After children had their own family493.7
6) Other (please specify)523.9
Missing2857 
TOTAL1342100.0
21) What is your religious preference? (RELPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Buddhism58743.7
2) Taoism36727.3
3) Folk religion977.2
4) Catholicism19014.2
5) Protestant Christianity (specify the denomination)493.7
6) Islam523.9
Missing2857 
TOTAL1342100.0
22) [Answered only if RELPREF = 5.] Specify the denomination if answered "Protestant Christianity" to "What is your religious preference?" (PROTESTA)
TOTAL%
1) 8261.7
2) 53.8
3) 21.5
4) 75.3
5) 32.3
6) 21.5
7) 10.8
9) 32.3
10) 10.8
13) 10.8
15) 10.8
17) 10.8
18) 10.8
19) 10.8
21) 10.8
23) 10.8
24) 10.8
29) 10.8
31) 43.0
32) 32.3
33) 10.8
34) 21.5
35) 32.3
36) 53.8
Missing4066 
TOTAL133100.0
23) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Practice long-term vegetarianism? (RELPREF1)
TOTAL%
0) No356198.5
1) Yes551.5
Missing583 
TOTAL3616100.0
24) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Practice vegetarianism periodically? (RELPREF2)
TOTAL%
0) No343595.0
1) Yes1815.0
Missing583 
TOTAL3616100.0
25) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Recite Buddhist scriptures? (RELPREF3)
TOTAL%
0) No354598.0
1) Yes712.0
Missing583 
TOTAL3616100.0
26) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Attend Buddhist ceremonies? (RELPREF4)
TOTAL%
0) No349996.8
1) Yes1173.2
Missing583 
TOTAL3616100.0
27) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Worship the Eternal Mother? (RELPREF5)
TOTAL%
0) No354798.1
1) Yes691.9
Missing583 
TOTAL3616100.0
28) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Worship Mazhu, Guangong, the local deities, and other deities? (RELPREF6)
TOTAL%
0) No50213.9
1) Yes311486.1
Missing583 
TOTAL3616100.0
29) What kind of religious activities do you normally engage in: Other (please specify). (RELPREF7)
TOTAL%
0) No346395.9
1) Yes1484.1
Missing588 
TOTAL3611100.0
30) How often do you go to church? (CHURATT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day80.2
2) More than twice a week411.0
3) Once a week862.1
4) Once every two weeks270.7
5) Once a month711.7
6) Several times a year1674.1
7) Seldom47711.7
8) Never316577.9
9) Other (please specify)190.5
Missing138 
TOTAL4061100.0
31) How often do you go to temple? (TEMATT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day501.2
2) More than twice a week741.8
3) Once a week671.6
4) Once every two weeks2706.5
5) Once a month3568.5
6) Several times a year130431.3
7) Seldom134932.4
8) Never64715.5
9) Other (please specify)521.2
Missing30 
TOTAL4169100.0
32) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Had your fortune told? (EXPER1)
TOTAL%
0) No302672.5
1) Yes114627.5
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
33) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Drew lots? (EXPER2)
TOTAL%
0) No274865.9
1) Yes142434.1
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
34) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Asked someone to look at the fung-shui? (EXPER3)
TOTAL%
0) No367788.1
1) Yes49511.9
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
35) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Sought help from a spiritual medium for curing diseases? (EXPER4)
TOTAL%
0) No400596.0
1) Yes1664.0
Missing28 
TOTAL4171100.0
36) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Pacified evil spirits that caused fear? (EXPER5)
TOTAL%
0) No318976.4
1) Yes98323.6
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
37) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Offered incense to the gods or taken a pilgrimage? (EXPER6)
TOTAL%
0) No288269.1
1) Yes129030.9
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
38) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Pacified the god that is in charge of pregnancy? (EXPER7)
TOTAL%
0) No401196.1
1) Yes1613.9
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
39) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Invoked the dead? (EXPER8)
TOTAL%
0) No409898.2
1) Yes741.8
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
40) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Placated your zodiac year god? (EXPER9)
TOTAL%
0) No328378.7
1) Yes88921.3
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
41) Have you had the following experience(s) before? Choose all that apply: Changed your fortune? (EXPER10)
TOTAL%
0) No373489.5
1) Yes43710.5
Missing28 
TOTAL4171100.0
42) Do you agree with each of the following statements? After a person passes away, his/her spirit and soul still exist. (BELIEF1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3237.7
2) Agree42710.2
3) Somewhat agree148535.4
4) Somewhat disagree56013.3
5) Disagree2395.7
6) Strongly disagree2435.8
7) No comment91821.9
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
43) Do you agree with each of the following statements? One should ask God for help when he/she is confused. (BELIEF2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1102.6
2) Agree2906.9
3) Somewhat agree89421.3
4) Somewhat disagree112626.8
5) Disagree64615.4
6) Strongly disagree66615.9
7) No comment46311.0
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
44) Do you agree with each of the following statements? Special dreams are messages from God. (BELIEF3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree741.8
2) Agree1463.5
3) Somewhat agree53512.8
4) Somewhat disagree119528.5
5) Disagree81919.5
6) Strongly disagree83720.0
7) No comment58413.9
Missing9 
TOTAL4190100.0
45) Do you agree with each of the following statements? It is better for one to have descendants to offer ancestral worship after his death. (BELIEF4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree141833.8
2) Agree119328.5
3) Somewhat agree94722.6
4) Somewhat disagree1513.6
5) Disagree922.2
6) Strongly disagree691.6
7) No comment3237.7
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
46) Do you agree with each of the following statements? The more people believe in religion, the more peaceful society will be. (BELIEF5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43110.3
2) Agree69216.5
3) Somewhat agree122729.3
4) Somewhat disagree85320.3
5) Disagree2375.7
6) Strongly disagree2054.9
7) No comment54713.0
Missing7 
TOTAL4192100.0
47) Do you agree with each of the following statements? If you work hard, you do not necessarily have to rely on the gods. (BELIEF6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree150135.8
2) Agree128830.7
3) Somewhat agree83920.0
4) Somewhat disagree2716.5
5) Disagree791.9
6) Strongly disagree621.5
7) No comment1553.7
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
48) Do you agree with each of the following statements? Children should believe in the same religion as their parents. (BELIEF7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2636.3
2) Agree3177.6
3) Somewhat agree51112.2
4) Somewhat disagree92722.1
5) Disagree60414.4
6) Strongly disagree52112.4
7) No comment105025.0
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
49) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Exercising, mountain climbing, or camping. (LEISUR1)
TOTAL%
1) Never120128.6
2) Seldom133731.8
3) Sometimes111726.6
4) Often54413.0
TOTAL4199100.0
50) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Taking excursions or traveling. (LEISUR2)
TOTAL%
1) Never78918.8
2) Seldom149135.5
3) Sometimes158337.7
4) Often3358.0
Missing1 
TOTAL4198100.0
51) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Gardening, cultivating potted plants. (LEISUR3)
TOTAL%
1) Never149035.5
2) Seldom104624.9
3) Sometimes94522.5
4) Often71417.0
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
52) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Keeping pets. (LEISUR4)
TOTAL%
1) Never197447.0
2) Seldom99523.7
3) Sometimes66015.7
4) Often56813.5
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
53) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Watching movies, TV, and videos. (LEISUR5)
TOTAL%
1) Never1794.3
2) Seldom52412.5
3) Sometimes137332.7
4) Often212350.6
TOTAL4199100.0
54) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Listening to the radio. (LEISUR6)
TOTAL%
1) Never49311.7
2) Seldom88921.2
3) Sometimes132831.6
4) Often148935.5
TOTAL4199100.0
55) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Playing cards and playing chess. (LEISUR7)
TOTAL%
1) Never257761.4
2) Seldom87520.8
3) Sometimes59314.1
4) Often1543.7
TOTAL4199100.0
56) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Playing mahjong. (LEISUR8)
TOTAL%
1) Never351283.7
2) Seldom4049.6
3) Sometimes2395.7
4) Often431.0
Missing1 
TOTAL4198100.0
57) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Photography. (LEISUR9)
TOTAL%
1) Never228854.5
2) Seldom89121.2
3) Sometimes84420.1
4) Often1764.2
TOTAL4199100.0
58) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Drawing or calligraphy. (LEISUR10)
TOTAL%
1) Never218152.0
2) Seldom101524.2
3) Sometimes72217.2
4) Often2806.7
Missing1 
TOTAL4198100.0
59) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Listening to music or records. (LEISUR11)
TOTAL%
1) Never83920.0
2) Seldom83019.8
3) Sometimes144734.5
4) Often108225.8
Missing1 
TOTAL4198100.0
60) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Singing songs or opera. (LEISUR12)
TOTAL%
1) Never196246.7
2) Seldom116527.8
3) Sometimes77118.4
4) Often2997.1
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
61) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Reading novels, magazines, or non-fiction books. (LEISUR13)
TOTAL%
1) Never159438.0
2) Seldom81619.4
3) Sometimes106525.4
4) Often72417.2
TOTAL4199100.0
62) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Getting together with or chatting with friends. (LEISUR14)
TOTAL%
1) Never2135.1
2) Seldom79418.9
3) Sometimes187644.7
4) Often131631.3
TOTAL4199100.0
63) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Watching sports matches. (LEISUR15)
TOTAL%
1) Never121529.0
2) Seldom135132.2
3) Sometimes122129.1
4) Often4059.7
Missing7 
TOTAL4192100.0
64) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Fishing. (LEISUR16)
TOTAL%
1) Never275065.5
2) Seldom80319.1
3) Sometimes41910.0
4) Often2275.4
TOTAL4199100.0
65) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Playing musical instrument(s). (LEISUR17)
TOTAL%
1) Never315975.3
2) Seldom58814.0
3) Sometimes3097.4
4) Often1403.3
Missing3 
TOTAL4196100.0
66) How often do you engage in each of the following leisure activities? Please answer each item: Other (please specify). (LEISUR18)
TOTAL%
1) Never10.8
2) Seldom75.6
3) Sometimes3729.8
4) Often7963.7
Missing4075 
TOTAL124100.0
67) Do you agree that boys and girls should be divided into different classes in junior high school? (BGDIVJR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree56613.5
2) Agree79819.0
3) Somewhat agree85520.4
4) Somewhat disagree53912.9
5) Disagree2485.9
6) Strongly disagree2085.0
7) No comment97923.3
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
68) Do you agree that boys and girls should be divided into different schools in senior high? (BGDIVSR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48411.5
2) Agree76418.2
3) Somewhat agree72617.3
4) Somewhat disagree64615.4
5) Disagree3187.6
6) Strongly disagree2365.6
7) No comment101924.3
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
69) On which of the following do you hope that school teachers will place the greatest emphasis when teaching? (TEACHEMP)
TOTAL%
1) Teaching knowledge and skills124429.7
2) Entering good schools3899.3
3) Teaching conduct210250.2
4) Cultivating good habits3187.6
5) Teaching exercises for fitness230.5
6) Cultivating interests and abilities in art appreciation421.0
7) Other (please specify)681.6
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
70) If a student does something wrong, what do you think a teacher should do? (STUWRONG)
TOTAL%
1) Persuade him/her to behave well, but not rebuke him/her93722.3
2) If he/she does not listen to the persuasion, he/she must be rebuked199347.5
3) Rebuke him/her, but not corporally punish him/her1814.3
4) If the rebuke is not effective, he/she must be punished60414.4
5) Corporal punishment1313.1
6) Record a demerit501.2
7) Inform the parents so that they can deal with their child themselves1704.1
8) Other (please specify)1273.0
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
71) In your opinion, what is the lowest level of education a boy should have? (EDUBOY)
TOTAL%
1) Elementary school110.3
2) Junior high school2014.8
3) High school (general/vocational subjects)119828.5
4) Junior college63715.2
5) University59714.2
6) Graduate school591.4
7) As high as possible134132.0
8) Other1533.6
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
72) In your opinion, what is the lowest level of education a girl should have? (EDUGIRL)
TOTAL%
1) Elementary school240.6
2) Junior high school3628.6
3) High school (general/vocational subjects)162938.8
4) Junior college57113.6
5) University3919.3
6) Graduate school140.3
7) As high as possible106325.3
8) Other1413.4
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
73) What is the most important purpose of education for an individual? (EDUPURP)
TOTAL%
1) To find a good job641.5
2) To uplift one's social status72617.4
3) To better one's disposition1974.7
4) To intensify self-development and realization2766.6
5) To acquire knowledge and learn skills57313.7
6) To improve one's capacity to deliberate110026.3
7) To learn the principles of being a decent person and of associating with people691.6
8) To make life more fun and interesting114027.2
9) To find the ideal partner150.4
10) Other240.6
Missing15 
TOTAL4184100.0
74) What do you think should be the arrangement of parents living with their married children? (MARCHILD)
TOTAL%
1) Parents should live with their married children in rotation3849.2
2) Parents should live with their married sons in rotation77118.4
3) Parents should live with one married son all the time54413.0
4) Parents should live with one married daughter all the time852.0
5) Parents should live by themselves, with children paying living expenses73817.6
6) Parents should live by themselves and pay their own living expenses2195.2
7) Married children should continue to live with their parents112726.9
8) Other3207.6
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
75) What is your ideal family type? (based on respondent's answer and judged by interviewer) (FAMTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Nuclear200848.0
2) Stem154236.8
3) Extended48611.6
4) Lun huo tou (parents stay in their children's homes in turn)1092.6
5) Other401.0
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
76) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Homosexuality goes against the customs and morality of society. (HOMOSEX)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse601.4
1) Strongly agree166939.8
2) Agree102724.5
3) Somewhat agree43010.3
4) Somewhat disagree1313.1
5) Disagree1453.5
6) Strongly disagree3027.2
7) No comment2265.4
9) Don't understand2034.8
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
77) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Families are more harmonious when the husband is in charge of the "external" affairs and the wife takes care of the "internal" affairs. (FAMREL)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse150.4
1) Strongly agree111626.6
2) Agree127230.3
3) Somewhat agree99523.7
4) Somewhat disagree43710.4
5) Disagree1082.6
6) Strongly disagree541.3
7) No comment1874.5
9) Don't understand110.3
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
78) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Pre-marital sex should be prohibited. (PREMARIT)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse561.3
1) Strongly agree166639.7
2) Agree112226.8
3) Somewhat agree53812.8
4) Somewhat disagree1914.6
5) Disagree1353.2
6) Strongly disagree1633.9
7) No comment3007.2
9) Don't understand230.5
Missing5 
TOTAL4194100.0
79) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? One should care more for one's family than for oneself. (FAMSELF)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse160.4
1) Strongly agree180443.0
2) Agree148535.4
3) Somewhat agree62314.9
4) Somewhat disagree1192.8
5) Disagree401.0
6) Strongly disagree180.4
7) No comment731.7
9) Don't understand170.4
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
80) How much do you and your parents differ in opinions about important things? (PAROPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely different2646.3
2) Very different62314.9
3) A little different120328.7
4) Barely different122929.3
5) Not different at all3337.9
6) Not applicable49111.7
7) Other501.2
Missing6 
TOTAL4193100.0
81) How much do the youth and the older generation differ in their opinions towards important things? (YOUTHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely different98323.5
2) Very different186844.7
3) A little different79419.0
4) Barely different44110.6
5) Not different at all932.2
Missing20 
TOTAL4179100.0
82) In which of the following aspects do your viewpoints differ the most from those of your parents? (based on the respondent's answer and judged by the interviewer) (VIEWPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Opinions on global and domestic situations1373.3
2) Future career choices2947.1
3) Making friends with others of the same sex982.4
4) Making friends with others of the opposite sex1473.5
5) Mate selection1834.4
6) Daily living45911.0
7) Recreation and hobbies55913.4
8) Religious beliefs1182.8
9) Finance and money46711.2
10) Not applicable118028.4
11) Don't want to answer3809.1
12) Other1383.3
Missing39 
TOTAL4160100.0
83) Who is in charge of the following decision(s) in your family: Choosing or changing your own job? (DECFAM1)
TOTAL%
1) Your husband1513.6
2) Your wife210.5
3) Both husband and wife78818.9
4) Adult children210.5
5) Your father721.7
6) Your mother210.5
7) Both parents922.2
8) Everybody2506.0
9) Yourself267064.1
10) Other family members90.2
11) Other701.7
Missing34 
TOTAL4165100.0
84) Who is in charge of the following decision(s) in your family: The children's education? (DECFAM2)
TOTAL%
1) Your husband1674.0
2) Your wife862.1
3) Both husband and wife183644.0
4) Adult children2105.0
5) Your father852.0
6) Your mother330.8
7) Both parents2896.9
8) Everybody43510.4
9) Yourself91722.0
10) Other family members230.6
11) Other912.2
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
85) Who is in charge of the following decision(s) in your family: Family expenditures? (DECFAM3)
TOTAL%
1) Your husband2145.1
2) Your wife3839.2
3) Both husband and wife178342.6
4) Adult children551.3
5) Your father1243.0
6) Your mother1413.4
7) Both parents2876.9
8) Everybody3398.1
9) Yourself83419.9
10) Other family members70.2
11) Other180.4
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
86) Who is in charge of the following decision(s) in your family: Buying and selling real estate? (DECFAM4)
TOTAL%
1) Your husband2646.3
2) Your wife601.4
3) Both husband and wife191045.9
4) Adult children531.3
5) Your father1944.7
6) Your mother701.7
7) Both parents3578.6
8) Everybody56013.5
9) Yourself56613.6
10) Other family members150.4
11) Other1102.6
Missing40 
TOTAL4159100.0
87) Who is in charge of the following decision(s) in your family: The children's marriage? (DECFAM5)
TOTAL%
1) Your husband811.9
2) Your wife380.9
3) Both husband and wife133532.1
4) Adult children66416.0
5) Your father541.3
6) Your mother441.1
7) Both parents3418.2
8) Everybody66916.1
9) Yourself79119.0
10) Other family members150.4
11) Other1222.9
Missing45 
TOTAL4154100.0
88) Who is in charge of the following decision(s) in your family: Health care? (DECFAM6)
TOTAL%
1) Your husband1072.6
2) Your wife1293.1
3) Both husband and wife154837.1
4) Adult children511.2
5) Your father350.8
6) Your mother551.3
7) Both parents1814.3
8) Everybody57313.7
9) Yourself141833.9
10) Other family members200.5
11) Other611.5
Missing21 
TOTAL4178100.0
89) How old is your youngest child? (years) (CHILDAGE)
TOTAL%
0) 671.9
1) 2477.1
2) 2065.9
3) 1905.4
4) 1895.4
5) 1634.7
6) 1704.9
7) 1504.3
8) 1343.8
9) 1353.9
10) 1263.6
11) 992.8
12) 1333.8
13) 1193.4
14) 1504.3
15) 1223.5
16) 1133.2
17) 972.8
18) 902.6
19) 1043.0
20) 732.1
21) 671.9
22) 692.0
23) 511.5
24) 481.4
25) 521.5
26) 561.6
27) 381.1
28) 401.1
29) 280.8
30) 250.7
31) 290.8
32) 190.5
33) 160.5
34) 110.3
35) 120.3
36) 70.2
37) 60.2
38) 90.3
39) 70.2
40) 60.2
41) 30.1
42) 60.2
43) 40.1
44) 40.1
45) 30.1
46) 10.0
47) 10.0
50) 10.0
Missing703 
TOTAL3496100.0
90) Before your youngest child was 4 years old, who took care of him/her most of the time? (CHILDCAR)
TOTAL%
1) Myself72827.2
2) My spouse83131.1
3) My spouse and I took care of him/her together65124.3
4) My husband's parents2328.7
5) My wife's parents993.7
6) Relatives210.8
7) A nanny772.9
8) A nursery120.4
9) Other250.9
Missing1523 
TOTAL2676100.0
91) How often did you feed your children milk in their infancy? (INFANTMI)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly202575.7
2) When they cried49618.5
3) Whenever you had time1134.2
4) Other401.5
Missing1525 
TOTAL2674100.0
92) How do you normally handle the situation when your children fight with other children? (CHILDFI)
TOTAL%
1) Scold your own children81730.6
2) Ask for an explanation and then decide175865.8
3) Scold the other children40.1
4) Explain the situation to the other children's parents160.6
5) Forget it351.3
6) Other421.6
Missing1527 
TOTAL2672100.0
93) What would you do if your children did something wrong: Admonish him/her gently? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDADM)
TOTAL%
0) No80230.1
1) Yes186669.9
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
94) What would you do if your children did something wrong: Rebuke him/her? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDREB)
TOTAL%
0) No133750.1
1) Yes133149.9
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
95) What would you do if your children did something wrong: Use verbal threats? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDVER)
TOTAL%
0) No96636.2
1) Yes170263.8
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
96) What would you do if your children did something wrong: Punish him/her? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDPUN)
TOTAL%
0) No77829.2
1) Yes189070.8
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
97) What would you do if your children did something wrong: It depends on the situation. (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDSIT)
TOTAL%
0) No118244.3
1) Yes148655.7
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
98) What would you do if your children did something wrong: Don't know. (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDKNO)
TOTAL%
0) No264599.1
1) Yes230.9
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
99) What would you do if your children did something wrong: Other (please specify). (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Yes263698.8
1) No321.2
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
100) What would you do if your children did something wrong? (First preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDWR1)
TOTAL%
1) Admonish him/her gently131149.3
2) Rebuke him/her30611.5
3) Use verbal threats883.3
4) Punish him/her953.6
5) It depends on the situation84531.8
6) Don't know40.2
7) Other120.5
Missing1538 
TOTAL2661100.0
101) What would you do if your children did something wrong? (Second preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDWR2)
TOTAL%
1) Admonish him/her gently42718.6
2) Rebuke him/her62127.1
3) Use verbal threats56024.4
4) Punish him/her30213.2
5) It depends on the situation38016.6
6) Don't know10.0
7) Other20.1
Missing1906 
TOTAL2293100.0
102) What would you do if your children did something wrong? (Third preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (CHILDWR3)
TOTAL%
1) Admonish him/her gently1065.1
2) Rebuke him/her36517.5
3) Use verbal threats46122.1
4) Punish him/her91043.6
5) It depends on the situation22210.6
6) Don't know130.6
7) Other80.4
Missing2114 
TOTAL2085100.0
103) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Beat him/her up? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL1V)
TOTAL%
0) No122846.6
1) Yes140753.4
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
104) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Tell him/her you will call the police? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL2)
TOTAL%
0) No222184.3
1) Yes41415.7
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
105) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Tell him/her you will send the child to a stranger? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL3)
TOTAL%
0) No208379.1
1) Yes55220.9
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
106) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Stop giving him/her pocket money? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL4)
TOTAL%
0) No227286.2
1) Yes36313.8
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
107) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Punish him/her with household chores? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (ERBAL5)
TOTAL%
0) No198275.2
1) Yes65324.8
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
108) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Tell him/her you will stop loving him/her? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL6)
TOTAL%
0) No170964.9
1) Yes92535.1
Missing1565 
TOTAL2634100.0
109) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Say "you are a bad child?" (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL7)
TOTAL%
0) No219283.2
1) Yes44316.8
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
110) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Say "nobody will care about you?" (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL8)
TOTAL%
0) No216982.3
1) Yes46617.7
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
111) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Say "Dad (Mom) is mad at you?" (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL9)
TOTAL%
0) No197675.0
1) Yes65925.0
Missing1564 
TOTAL2635100.0
112) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong: Other (please specify)? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBAL10)
TOTAL%
0) No249694.8
1) Yes1375.2
Missing1566 
TOTAL2633100.0
113) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong? (First preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBALFI)
TOTAL%
1) Beat him/her up973.9
2) Tell him/her you will call the police83333.5
3) Tell him/her you will send the child to a stranger1676.7
4) Stop giving him/her pocket money1696.8
5) Punish him/her with household chores1014.1
6) Tell him/her you will stop loving him/her26310.6
7) Say "you are a bad child"41716.7
8) Say "nobody will care about you"1194.8
9) Say "Dad (Mom) is mad at you"1004.0
10) Other2249.0
Missing1709 
TOTAL2490100.0
114) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong? (Second preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBALSE)
TOTAL%
1) Beat him/her up181.0
2) Tell him/her you will call the police25914.2
3) Tell him/her you will send the child to a stranger1307.2
4) Stop giving him/her pocket money20811.4
5) Punish him/her with household chores1236.8
6) Tell him/her you will stop loving him/her24513.5
7) Say "you are a bad child"31317.2
8) Say "nobody will care about you"1649.0
9) Say "Dad (Mom) is mad at you"1639.0
10) Other19510.7
Missing2381 
TOTAL1818100.0
115) How do you use verbal threats toward your children when they do something wrong? (Third preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (VERBALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Beat him/her up141.0
2) Tell him/her you will call the police29320.4
3) Tell him/her you will send the child to a stranger866.0
4) Stop giving him/her pocket money14710.3
5) Punish him/her with household chores1127.8
6) Tell him/her you will stop loving him/her1238.6
7) Say "you are a bad child"16411.4
8) Say "nobody will care about you"1309.1
9) Say "Dad (Mom) is mad at you"16611.6
10) Other19813.8
Missing2766 
TOTAL1433100.0
116) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Beat him/her up? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH1)
TOTAL%
0) No142053.7
1) Yes122446.3
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
117) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Take away a certain amount from his/her pocket money? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH2)
TOTAL%
0) No244792.5
1) Yes1977.5
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
118) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Punish him/her by asking him/her to keep standing or to kneel? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH3)
TOTAL%
0) No116944.2
1) Yes147555.8
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
119) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Punish him/her with household chores? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH4)
TOTAL%
0) No211980.1
1) Yes52519.9
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
120) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Forbid him/her to go out? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH5)
TOTAL%
0) No184869.9
1) Yes79630.1
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
121) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Forbid him/her to have a meal? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH6)
TOTAL%
0) No254396.2
1) Yes1003.8
Missing1556 
TOTAL2643100.0
122) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Forbid him/her to watch TV? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH7)
TOTAL%
0) No173965.8
1) Yes90534.2
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
123) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Punish him/her with homework? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH8)
TOTAL%
0) No213580.7
1) Yes50919.3
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
124) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Ignore him/her? (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH9)
TOTAL%
0) No234988.9
1) Yes29411.1
Missing1556 
TOTAL2643100.0
125) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong: Other. (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISH10)
TOTAL%
0) No252495.6
1) Yes1174.4
Missing1558 
TOTAL2641100.0
126) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong? (First preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISHFI)
TOTAL%
1) Beat him/her up913.6
2) Take away a certain amount from his/her pocket money58723.2
3) Punish him/her by asking him/her to keep standing/to kneel582.3
4) Punish him/her with household chores83032.8
5) Forbid him/her to go out1787.0
6) Forbid him/her to have a meal2429.6
7) Forbid him/her to watch TV140.6
8) Punish him/her with homework28211.1
9) Ignore him/her1505.9
10) Other1003.9
Missing1667 
TOTAL2532100.0
127) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong? (Second preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISHSE)
TOTAL%
1) Beat him/her up110.6
2) Take away a certain amount from his/her pocket money31516.5
3) Punish him/her by asking him/her to keep standing/to kneel653.4
4) Punish him/her with household chores45523.8
5) Forbid him/her to go out19310.1
6) Forbid him/her to have a meal29015.2
7) Forbid him/her to watch TV321.7
8) Punish him/her with homework31816.6
9) Ignore him/her1588.3
10) Other753.9
Missing2287 
TOTAL1912100.0
128) How do you punish your children when they do something wrong? (Third preference) (Please list your first three preferences in order, by using 1, 2 and 3.) (PUNISHTH)
TOTAL%
1) Beat him/her up90.6
2) Take away a certain amount from his/her pocket money28919.8
3) Punish him/her by asking him/her to keep standing/to kneel573.9
4) Punish him/her with household chores17011.7
5) Forbid him/her to go out1248.5
6) Forbid him/her to have a meal22715.6
7) Forbid him/her to watch TV443.0
8) Punish him/her with homework26718.3
9) Ignore him/her15910.9
10) Other1107.6
Missing2743 
TOTAL1456100.0
129) From whom did you learn how to discipline your children? (CHILDISC)
TOTAL%
1) Husband's parents1505.6
2) Wife's parents521.9
3) Relatives401.5
4) Friends401.5
5) Neighbors100.4
6) Newspapers, books, magazines, the radio or TV40815.3
7) Personal experience192972.3
8) Other (please specify)401.5
Missing1530 
TOTAL2669100.0
130) How do you raise your children differently than how your parents raised you? (CHILDRAI)
TOTAL%
1) I am more serious than my parents.90433.9
2) The same71926.9
3) My parents are more serious than I.89033.4
4) Not applicable1555.8
Missing1531 
TOTAL2668100.0
131) Under what circumstances do you allow your children to watch TV? (CHILDTV)
TOTAL%
1) Whenever they want52619.8
2) After they finish their homework133650.3
3) When you think the program is good56021.1
4) When the whole family watches TV together1606.0
5) Other732.7
Missing1544 
TOTAL2655100.0
132) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Give verbal praise? (PERCHIL1)
TOTAL%
0) No57221.5
1) Yes208578.5
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
133) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Buy things for him/her? (PERCHIL2)
TOTAL%
0) No172464.9
1) Yes93335.1
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
134) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Take him/her out for fun (e.g., go to see a movie, go to the countryside)? (PERCHIL3)
TOTAL%
0) No127347.9
1) Yes138452.1
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
135) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Give him/her extra money? (PERCHIL4)
TOTAL%
0) No224684.5
1) Yes41115.5
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
136) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Give him/her more allowance? (PERCHIL5)
TOTAL%
0) No245292.3
1) Yes2057.7
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
137) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Buy him/her a present? (PERCHIL6)
TOTAL%
0) No148956.0
1) Yes116844.0
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
138) What would you do if your children performed especially well: Nothing? (PERCHIL7)
TOTAL%
0) No245692.4
1) Yes2017.6
Missing1542 
TOTAL2657100.0
139) What would you do if your child performed especially well? (First preference) (PERCHILF)
TOTAL%
1) Give verbal praise167963.5
2) Buy things for him/her1937.3
3) Take him/her out for fun (e.g., go to see a movie, go to the countryside)27510.4
4) Give him/her extra money1003.8
5) Give him/her more allowance361.4
6) Buy him/her a present26910.2
7) Nothing772.9
8) Other150.6
Missing1555 
TOTAL2644100.0
140) What would you do if your child performed especially well? (Second preference) (PERCHILS)
TOTAL%
1) Give verbal praise25712.5
2) Buy things for him/her48123.4
3) Take him/her out for fun (e.g., go to see a movie, go to the countryside)59729.0
4) Give him/her extra money1487.2
5) Give him/her more allowance803.9
6) Buy him/her a present44421.6
7) Nothing442.1
8) Other80.4
Missing2140 
TOTAL2059100.0
141) What would you do if your child performed especially well? (Third preference) (PERCHILT)
TOTAL%
1) Give verbal praise1409.0
2) Buy things for him/her22614.5
3) Take him/her out for fun (e.g. go to see a movie, go to the countryside)48531.1
4) Give him/her extra money1288.2
5) Give him/her more allowance774.9
6) Buy him/her a present42327.1
7) Nothing734.7
8) Other80.5
Missing2639 
TOTAL1560100.0
142) How often do you give your children an allowance? (ALLCHILD)
TOTAL%
1) Regularly54320.5
2) Depends on actual need139952.8
3) Only when children ask for it2479.3
4) No allowance46117.4
Missing1549 
TOTAL2650100.0
143) If you have children under 10 years old in your family, how much time do you spend with them every day? (TIMECHIL)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 30 minutes1164.4
2) 30-59 minutes1937.3
3) 60-100 minutes31211.8
4) More than 100 minutes142553.7
5) Not applicable60722.9
Missing1546 
TOTAL2653100.0
144) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Parents should discipline boys more than girls. (AGRDISC1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree52512.5
2) Agree70716.9
3) Somewhat agree76718.3
4) Somewhat disagree112826.9
5) Disagree47611.3
6) Strongly disagree3448.2
7) No comment2485.9
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
145) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? The more you discipline your children, the more successful the children will be. (AGRDISC2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2816.7
2) Agree47111.2
3) Somewhat agree69316.5
4) Somewhat disagree152036.2
5) Disagree63715.2
6) Strongly disagree45010.7
7) No comment1443.4
Missing3 
TOTAL4196100.0
146) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? There is a need for parents to practice corporal punishment on their children. (AGRDISC3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3127.4
2) Agree83519.9
3) Somewhat agree174241.5
4) Somewhat disagree71117.0
5) Disagree3017.2
6) Strongly disagree1804.3
7) No comment1132.7
Missing5 
TOTAL4194100.0
147) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? It is mainly the mother's responsibility to discipline the children. (AGRDISC4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2044.9
2) Agree3999.5
3) Somewhat agree46211.0
4) Somewhat disagree136132.4
5) Disagree92622.1
6) Strongly disagree75518.0
7) No comment882.1
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
148) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Children can have a healthy and complete development only if they have 100 percent freedom. (AGRDISC5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3267.8
2) Agree56013.4
3) Somewhat agree75918.1
4) Somewhat disagree143934.3
5) Disagree56813.5
6) Strongly disagree4059.7
7) No comment1353.2
Missing7 
TOTAL4192100.0
149) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Filial duty? (YOUTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Very important265663.3
2) Sort of important120828.8
3) Somewhat important2796.6
4) Somewhat unimportant320.8
5) Sort of unimportant20.0
6) Not very important20.0
7) No opinion180.4
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
150) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Obedience? (YOUTH2)
TOTAL%
1) Very important154436.8
2) Sort of important143034.1
3) Somewhat important94622.5
4) Somewhat unimportant1794.3
5) Sort of unimportant230.5
6) Not very important30.1
7) No opinion711.7
Missing3 
TOTAL4196100.0
151) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Independence? (YOUTH3)
TOTAL%
1) Very important173041.2
2) Sort of important145834.7
3) Somewhat important69116.5
4) Somewhat unimportant1714.1
5) Sort of unimportant481.1
6) Not very important180.4
7) No opinion801.9
Missing3 
TOTAL4196100.0
152) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Responsibility? (YOUTH4)
TOTAL%
1) Very important236556.4
2) Sort of important145734.7
3) Somewhat important3207.6
4) Somewhat unimportant140.3
5) Sort of unimportant90.2
6) Not very important10.0
7) No opinion290.7
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
153) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Frugality? (YOUTH5)
TOTAL%
1) Very important207049.3
2) Sort of important155237.0
3) Somewhat important52912.6
4) Somewhat unimportant260.6
5) Sort of unimportant70.2
7) No opinion130.3
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
154) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Patience (YOUTH6)
TOTAL%
1) Very important194446.3
2) Sort of important160838.3
3) Somewhat important58013.8
4) Somewhat unimportant350.8
5) Sort of unimportant50.1
6) Not very important40.1
7) No opinion210.5
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
155) To what extent are the following characteristics important to youth: Humility? (YOUTH7)
TOTAL%
1) Very important178442.5
2) Sort of important155437.0
3) Somewhat important72417.3
4) Somewhat unimportant791.9
5) Sort of unimportant90.2
6) Not very important40.1
7) No opinion431.0
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
156) To what extent is each of the following responsible for juvenile delinquency: Family? (DELFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Wholly57713.8
2) Mostly250559.7
3) Partly105225.1
4) No responsibility300.7
7) No opinion300.7
Missing5 
TOTAL4194100.0
157) To what extent is each of the following responsible for juvenile delinquency: School? (DELSCHO)
TOTAL%
1) Wholly1283.1
2) Mostly83720.0
3) Partly307773.4
4) No responsibility982.3
7) No opinion521.2
Missing7 
TOTAL4192100.0
158) To what extent is each of the following responsible for juvenile delinquency: Society? (DELSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Wholly1353.2
2) Mostly83219.8
3) Partly287068.5
4) No responsibility2034.8
7) No opinion1523.6
Missing7 
TOTAL4192100.0
159) To what extent is each of the following responsible for juvenile delinquency? Juvenile (DELJUV)
TOTAL%
1) Wholly66515.9
2) Mostly167540.0
3) Partly167039.8
4) No responsibility1082.6
7) No opinion741.8
Missing7 
TOTAL4192100.0
160) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Anything that goes against our customs in a movie or on TV should be banned. (PERATT1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree53412.7
2) Agree66415.8
3) Somewhat agree74717.8
4) Somewhat disagree116227.7
5) Disagree3708.8
6) Strongly disagree2345.6
7) No comment48411.5
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
161) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Parents should not interfere with their children's freedom of career choice. (PERATT2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44510.6
2) Agree86020.5
3) Somewhat agree108025.7
4) Somewhat disagree130731.2
5) Disagree2856.8
6) Strongly disagree771.8
7) No comment1413.4
Missing4 
TOTAL4195100.0
162) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Even a decent man may bear evil intentions. (PERATT3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3899.3
2) Agree88921.2
3) Somewhat agree171440.9
4) Somewhat disagree51212.2
5) Disagree1934.6
6) Strongly disagree982.3
7) No comment3969.4
Missing8 
TOTAL4191100.0
163) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Students should concentrate on their studies and should not be distracted by social affairs. (PERATT4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree86620.6
2) Agree132631.6
3) Somewhat agree88521.1
4) Somewhat disagree73917.6
5) Disagree1894.5
6) Strongly disagree761.8
7) No comment1132.7
Missing5 
TOTAL4194100.0
164) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Elementary and high school students should wear uniforms. (PERATT5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree117428.0
2) Agree144834.5
3) Somewhat agree75818.1
4) Somewhat disagree3518.4
5) Disagree1102.6
6) Strongly disagree992.4
7) No comment2546.1
Missing5 
TOTAL4194100.0
165) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Social morality has degenerated because people have forgotten ancient wisdom. (PERATT6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree66515.9
2) Agree103024.6
3) Somewhat agree119828.6
4) Somewhat disagree61814.7
5) Disagree1854.4
6) Strongly disagree952.3
7) No comment3999.5
Missing9 
TOTAL4190100.0
166) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? People's ways of thinking are always changing; there is nothing one can be certain of. (ATDAIL1)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse751.8
1) Strongly agree2285.4
2) Agree50412.0
3) Somewhat agree108325.9
4) Somewhat disagree73617.6
5) Disagree2526.0
6) Strongly disagree1363.2
7) No comment48011.5
9) Don't understand69416.6
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
167) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? There are so many choices to be made in life that sometimes one does not know what to do. (ATDAIL2)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse551.3
1) Strongly agree2475.9
2) Agree69416.6
3) Somewhat agree160838.4
4) Somewhat disagree62615.0
5) Disagree2826.7
6) Strongly disagree1824.3
7) No comment3077.3
9) Don't understand1864.4
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
168) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? There are no longer any dependable or trusting relationships among people. (ATDAIL3)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse451.1
1) Strongly agree962.3
2) Agree2766.6
3) Somewhat agree55213.2
4) Somewhat disagree139233.2
5) Disagree94122.5
6) Strongly disagree61314.6
7) No comment1794.3
9) Don't understand932.2
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
169) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? Unless one is lucky, it is very hard to be promoted or to earn a great fortune. (ATDAIL4)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse451.1
1) Strongly agree2095.0
2) Agree47011.2
3) Somewhat agree77918.6
4) Somewhat disagree105425.2
5) Disagree81219.4
6) Strongly disagree57413.7
7) No comment1964.7
9) Don't understand491.2
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
170) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? In our living environment, we can surely find trustworthy people. (ATDAIL5)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse280.7
1) Strongly agree64215.3
2) Agree140833.6
3) Somewhat agree162538.8
4) Somewhat disagree2255.4
5) Disagree751.8
6) Strongly disagree431.0
7) No comment1062.5
9) Don't understand330.8
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
171) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? Common citizens can influence governmental policies. (ATDAIL6)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse862.1
1) Strongly agree3488.3
2) Agree75218.0
3) Somewhat agree132031.5
4) Somewhat disagree52312.5
5) Disagree3167.5
6) Strongly disagree2155.1
7) No comment47911.4
9) Don't understand1473.5
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
172) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? It is meaningless to be a human being. (ATDAIL7)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse641.5
1) Strongly agree872.1
2) Agree1212.9
3) Somewhat agree2947.0
4) Somewhat disagree67816.2
5) Disagree108425.9
6) Strongly disagree156637.4
7) No comment2165.2
9) Don't understand751.8
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
173) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? Public affairs are not easy to tackle, and it is better not to meddle with them. (ATDAIL8)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse671.6
1) Strongly agree2085.0
2) Agree3548.5
3) Somewhat agree59914.3
4) Somewhat disagree117728.1
5) Disagree74817.9
6) Strongly disagree61314.7
7) No comment3548.5
9) Don't understand631.5
Missing16 
TOTAL4183100.0
174) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? In order to avoid trouble, it is better to have few interactions with your neighbors. (ATDAIL9)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse240.6
1) Strongly agree611.5
2) Agree1303.1
3) Somewhat agree2566.1
4) Somewhat disagree92422.1
5) Disagree125930.1
6) Strongly disagree139933.4
7) No comment1162.8
9) Don't understand190.5
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
175) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? As long as we express our opinions, even people like us can influence the development of society. (ATDAIL10)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse882.1
1) Strongly agree3718.9
2) Agree76018.2
3) Somewhat agree136132.5
4) Somewhat disagree56513.5
5) Disagree2225.3
6) Strongly disagree1754.2
7) No comment51212.2
9) Don't understand1333.2
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
176) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? Whenever I finish something, I can always tell whether I did it right or wrong. (ATDAIL11)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse791.9
1) Strongly agree46311.1
2) Agree99323.7
3) Somewhat agree149535.7
4) Somewhat disagree63315.1
5) Disagree1373.3
6) Strongly disagree661.6
7) No comment2465.9
9) Don't understand761.8
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
177) To what extent do you agree with the following statements? As long as everyone works hard, it is easy to have social and political improvements. (ATDAIL12)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse531.3
1) Strongly agree128530.7
2) Agree141633.8
3) Somewhat agree96623.1
4) Somewhat disagree1082.6
5) Disagree601.4
6) Strongly disagree310.7
7) No comment2115.0
9) Don't understand561.3
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
178) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Giving false testimony in court for one's family members. (WRONG1)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse1463.5
1) Yes, grievously wrong169740.5
2) Yes, very wrong131531.4
3) Yes, somewhat wrong61214.6
4) Not at all wrong1212.9
7) No opinion2987.1
Missing10 
TOTAL4189100.0
179) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? A daughter-in-law arguing with her mother-in-law because of different opinions. (WRONG2)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse892.1
1) Yes, grievously wrong125530.0
2) Yes, very wrong145034.6
3) Yes, somewhat wrong102324.4
4) Not at all wrong982.3
7) No opinion2756.6
Missing9 
TOTAL4190100.0
180) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Sending one's parents to a nursing home instead of taking care of them. (WRONG3)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse220.5
1) Yes, grievously wrong270064.4
2) Yes, very wrong113227.0
3) Yes, somewhat wrong2405.7
4) Not at all wrong300.7
7) No opinion671.6
Missing8 
TOTAL4191100.0
181) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Not worshipping one's ancestors. (WRONG4)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse280.7
1) Yes, grievously wrong249459.5
2) Yes, very wrong116927.9
3) Yes, somewhat wrong3438.2
4) Not at all wrong481.1
7) No opinion1082.6
Missing9 
TOTAL4190100.0
182) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Reporting less income than actually received when filing a tax return. (WRONG5)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse872.1
1) Yes, grievously wrong170840.8
2) Yes, very wrong142234.0
3) Yes, somewhat wrong64615.4
4) Not at all wrong902.1
7) No opinion2355.6
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
183) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Opening and reading others' mail. (WRONG6)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse80.2
1) Yes, grievously wrong224053.5
2) Yes, very wrong147935.3
3) Yes, somewhat wrong4049.6
4) Not at all wrong120.3
7) No opinion461.1
Missing10 
TOTAL4189100.0
184) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Cutting in line. (WRONG7)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse80.2
1) Yes, grievously wrong198547.4
2) Yes, very wrong160938.4
3) Yes, somewhat wrong52312.5
4) Not at all wrong140.3
7) No opinion491.2
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
185) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Not keeping one's word or promise. (WRONG8)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse80.2
1) Yes, grievously wrong204348.8
2) Yes, very wrong165439.5
3) Yes, somewhat wrong43010.3
4) Not at all wrong110.3
7) No opinion390.9
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
186) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Getting a divorce because the husband and wife can't get along. (WRONG9)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse872.1
1) Yes, grievously wrong125630.0
2) Yes, very wrong110126.3
3) Yes, somewhat wrong80219.2
4) Not at all wrong49011.7
7) No opinion44910.7
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
187) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Driving a car without a license. (WRONG10)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse120.3
1) Yes, grievously wrong208549.8
2) Yes, very wrong147335.2
3) Yes, somewhat wrong50011.9
4) Not at all wrong380.9
7) No opinion791.9
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
188) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Being late for appointments with friends or meetings. (WRONG11)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse120.3
1) Yes, grievously wrong175541.9
2) Yes, very wrong167239.9
3) Yes, somewhat wrong68116.3
4) Not at all wrong70.2
7) No opinion591.4
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
189) To what extent do you think the following behaviors are wrong? Writing a bad check when the situation is unavoidable. (WRONG12)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse360.9
1) Yes, grievously wrong231555.3
2) Yes, very wrong126630.3
3) Yes, somewhat wrong3919.3
4) Not at all wrong591.4
7) No opinion1172.8
Missing15 
TOTAL4184100.0
190) What attitude do you think people should have toward their social environment? (Agree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (SOCENVI1)
TOTAL%
1) Try their best to adjust themselves to the environment73717.9
2) Maintain a peaceful and smooth relationship with the environment257862.6
3) Change the outward environment in their own way80519.5
Missing79 
TOTAL4120100.0
191) What attitude do you think people should have toward their social environment? (Disagree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE1)
TOTAL%
1) Try their best to adjust themselves to the environment191847.4
2) Maintain a peaceful and smooth relationship with the environment3418.4
3) Change the outward environment in their own way178544.1
Missing155 
TOTAL4044100.0
192) Which option do you think is more meaningful to one's life? (Agree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE2)
TOTAL%
1) Try one's best to enjoy life3247.8
2) Strive to cultivate one's character and virtues205449.7
3) Work hard for achievements175342.4
Missing68 
TOTAL4131100.0
193) Which option do you think is more meaningful to one's life? (Disagree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE3)
TOTAL%
1) Try one's best to enjoy life306875.6
2) Strive to cultivate one's character and virtues3558.7
3) Work hard for achievements63715.7
Missing139 
TOTAL4060100.0
194) Which kind of person would you rather be? (Agree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE4)
TOTAL%
1) One who respects seniors and elders258562.3
2) One who is good at making friends47511.5
3) One who behaves independently108726.2
Missing52 
TOTAL4147100.0
195) Which kind of person would you rather be? (Disagree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE5V)
TOTAL%
1) One who respects seniors and elders3568.8
2) One who is good at making friends202550.0
3) One who behaves independently167041.2
Missing148 
TOTAL4051100.0
196) Which option do you think is more important in one's life? (Agree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE6)
TOTAL%
1) Take past experience seriously65816.0
2) Grab any opportunities233356.6
3) Be good at making plans for the future113427.5
Missing74 
TOTAL4125100.0
197) Which option do you think is more important in one's life? (Disagree with the most.) [Each of the following questions has three options. Please choose the option that you agree with the most and another option that you disagree with the most.] (VALUE7)
TOTAL%
1) Take past experience seriously232657.8
2) Grab any opportunities3919.7
3) Be good at making plans for the future130632.5
Missing176 
TOTAL4023100.0
198) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to use every chance to broaden your knowledge. (PSYCH1)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1122.7
1) Dislike very much551.3
2) Sort of dislike982.3
3) Somewhat dislike2506.0
4) Somewhat like128230.7
5) Sort of like138133.1
6) Like very much99323.8
Missing28 
TOTAL4171100.0
199) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to take part in groups in which everyone takes care of one another. (PSYCH2)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1303.1
1) Dislike very much611.5
2) Sort of dislike1363.3
3) Somewhat dislike47111.3
4) Somewhat like147035.2
5) Sort of like124229.8
6) Like very much66215.9
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
200) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to think about what causes things to occur and their outcomes. (PSYCH3)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1142.7
1) Dislike very much711.7
2) Sort of dislike1804.3
3) Somewhat dislike66215.9
4) Somewhat like149635.9
5) Sort of like110226.4
6) Like very much54713.1
Missing27 
TOTAL4172100.0
201) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to live a life without too many changes. (PSYCH4)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer401.0
1) Dislike very much370.9
2) Sort of dislike551.3
3) Somewhat dislike2355.6
4) Somewhat like82019.6
5) Sort of like175441.9
6) Like very much124229.7
Missing16 
TOTAL4183100.0
202) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to understand others' motivations and thoughts. (PSYCH5)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1433.4
1) Dislike very much3328.0
2) Sort of dislike62815.0
3) Somewhat dislike123029.5
4) Somewhat like106725.6
5) Sort of like53312.8
6) Like very much2435.8
Missing23 
TOTAL4176100.0
203) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to have all kinds of experiences in life. (PSYCH6)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1032.5
1) Dislike very much441.1
2) Sort of dislike1192.9
3) Somewhat dislike3037.3
4) Somewhat like148735.7
5) Sort of like135632.6
6) Like very much74918.0
Missing38 
TOTAL4161100.0
204) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to have many interactions with your relatives. (PSYCH7)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer471.1
1) Dislike very much320.8
2) Sort of dislike551.3
3) Somewhat dislike3197.6
4) Somewhat like118628.4
5) Sort of like159438.1
6) Like very much94822.7
Missing18 
TOTAL4181100.0
205) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to care about human beings' well-being and the future. (PSYCH8)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer2536.1
1) Dislike very much791.9
2) Sort of dislike1222.9
3) Somewhat dislike43210.4
4) Somewhat like147235.3
5) Sort of like113627.3
6) Like very much67416.2
Missing31 
TOTAL4168100.0
206) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to try your best to develop your talents. (PSYCH9)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1573.8
1) Dislike very much561.3
2) Sort of dislike1112.7
3) Somewhat dislike45610.9
4) Somewhat like133031.9
5) Sort of like128130.7
6) Like very much78018.7
Missing28 
TOTAL4171100.0
207) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You like to express your personality naturally. (PSYCH10)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1774.2
1) Dislike very much801.9
2) Sort of dislike1794.3
3) Somewhat dislike61714.8
4) Somewhat like133832.1
5) Sort of like111926.9
6) Like very much65715.8
Missing32 
TOTAL4167100.0
208) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You feel that job security is more important than being promoted. (PSYCH11)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1944.6
1) Dislike very much491.2
2) Sort of dislike1303.1
3) Somewhat dislike2957.1
4) Somewhat like107325.7
5) Sort of like158437.9
6) Like very much85020.4
Missing24 
TOTAL4175100.0
209) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? When you are far away from your family, you feel the importance of home. (PSYCH12)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer611.5
1) Dislike very much240.6
2) Sort of dislike561.3
3) Somewhat dislike1182.8
4) Somewhat like69316.6
5) Sort of like172041.2
6) Like very much150436.0
Missing23 
TOTAL4176100.0
210) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? When you do not do something perfectly, you feel that you lose your confidence. (PSYCH13)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1654.0
1) Dislike very much1684.0
2) Sort of dislike3979.5
3) Somewhat dislike65315.6
4) Somewhat like178142.7
5) Sort of like70817.0
6) Like very much3017.2
Missing26 
TOTAL4173100.0
211) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You feel aloof because you do not feel like talking with your family members. (PSYCH14)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1503.6
1) Dislike very much3558.5
2) Sort of dislike65915.8
3) Somewhat dislike82219.7
4) Somewhat like139533.4
5) Sort of like56813.6
6) Like very much2275.4
Missing23 
TOTAL4176100.0
212) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You are afraid that someone will blame you because you make mistakes. (PSYCH15)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1463.5
1) Dislike very much2465.9
2) Sort of dislike49611.9
3) Somewhat dislike56113.4
4) Somewhat like175241.9
5) Sort of like66716.0
6) Like very much3127.5
Missing19 
TOTAL4180100.0
213) To what extent do you think each of the following statements indicates any of your characteristics? You don't want to offend your friends or lose any of them. (PSYCH16)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer1613.9
1) Dislike very much2024.8
2) Sort of dislike42910.3
3) Somewhat dislike65715.7
4) Somewhat like171040.9
5) Sort of like73717.6
6) Like very much2826.7
Missing21 
TOTAL4178100.0
214) How often do you have the following experiences? You feel afraid of something that you know you don't have to be afraid of. (MENTAL1)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer340.8
1) Never103424.7
2) Seldom143334.2
3) Sometimes140233.5
4) Often1954.7
9) Don't understand902.1
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
215) How often do you have the following experiences? You think of or do things against your will (beyond control). (MENTAL2)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer521.2
1) Never74417.8
2) Seldom128930.8
3) Sometimes173941.5
4) Often2866.8
9) Don't understand761.8
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
216) How often do you have the following experiences? You feel down and frustrated, without interest in anything. (MENTAL3)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer411.0
1) Never67016.0
2) Seldom147735.3
3) Sometimes162338.8
4) Often3418.1
9) Don't understand350.8
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
217) How often do you have the following experiences? You feel moody. (MENTAL4)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer380.9
1) Never57813.8
2) Seldom176042.0
3) Sometimes140633.6
4) Often3929.4
9) Don't understand140.3
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
218) How often do you have the following experiences? You feel troublesome, uneasy, or tense. (MENTAL5)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer260.6
1) Never57713.8
2) Seldom166339.7
3) Sometimes158237.8
4) Often3277.8
9) Don't understand110.3
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
219) How often do you have the following experiences? You suspect that others have bad intentions against you. (MENTAL6)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer541.3
1) Never158937.9
2) Seldom173641.5
3) Sometimes70316.8
4) Often781.9
9) Don't understand280.7
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
220) How often do you have the following experiences? You think about suicide. (MENTAL7)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer551.3
1) Never352484.2
2) Seldom42210.1
3) Sometimes1493.6
4) Often220.5
9) Don't understand110.3
Missing16 
TOTAL4183100.0
221) How often do you have the following experiences? You have a sleeping disorder or insomnia. (MENTAL8)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer150.4
1) Never90221.5
2) Seldom155837.2
3) Sometimes135632.4
4) Often3538.4
9) Don't understand50.1
Missing10 
TOTAL4189100.0
222) How often do you have the following experiences? You get drunk. (MENTAL9)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer170.4
1) Never251160.0
2) Seldom110226.3
3) Sometimes47411.3
4) Often801.9
9) Don't understand30.1
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
223) How often do you have the following experiences? You feel ill but the doctor says nothing is wrong with you. (MENTAL10)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer411.0
1) Never259061.8
2) Seldom94322.5
3) Sometimes52412.5
4) Often691.6
9) Don't understand210.5
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
224) How often do you have the following experiences? You find it hard to remember things. (MENTAL11)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer170.4
1) Never81919.6
2) Seldom117528.1
3) Sometimes156137.3
4) Often60314.4
9) Don't understand120.3
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
225) How often do you have the following experiences? You have trouble concentrating. (MENTAL12)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer190.5
1) Never81819.5
2) Seldom142534.0
3) Sometimes155837.2
4) Often3498.3
9) Don't understand170.4
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
226) How often do you have the following experiences? You worry about your health. (MENTAL13)
TOTAL%
0) Don't want to answer230.5
1) Never110126.3
2) Seldom107325.6
3) Sometimes147735.3
4) Often50612.1
9) Don't understand70.2
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
227) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Insanity is caused by offending the demons, the gods, or the spirits of the dead. (MENT1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree711.7
2) Agree1022.4
3) Somewhat agree41810.0
4) Somewhat disagree91321.8
5) Disagree105925.3
6) Strongly disagree127930.5
7) No comment3458.2
Missing12 
TOTAL4187100.0
228) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Mental patients who have committed a crime should possibly be excused from any criminal responsibility. (MENT2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3468.3
2) Agree59714.3
3) Somewhat agree95922.9
4) Somewhat disagree102424.5
5) Disagree42510.2
6) Strongly disagree2636.3
7) No comment57113.6
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
229) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Tonics and nutritional supplement injections are important to health. (MEDATT1)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse140.3
1) Strongly agree1694.0
2) Agree3779.0
3) Somewhat agree112326.8
4) Somewhat disagree123629.5
5) Disagree63615.2
6) Strongly disagree43510.4
7) No comment1984.7
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
230) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? When sick, one should see a doctor instead of worshipping gods. (MEDATT2)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse130.3
1) Strongly agree141733.9
2) Agree152336.4
3) Somewhat agree72817.4
4) Somewhat disagree3087.4
5) Disagree801.9
6) Strongly disagree511.2
7) No comment651.6
Missing14 
TOTAL4185100.0
231) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Chinese medicine is milder and safer than Western medicine. (MEDATT3)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse260.6
1) Strongly agree66816.0
2) Agree110726.4
3) Somewhat agree128930.8
4) Somewhat disagree52312.5
5) Disagree1102.6
6) Strongly disagree731.7
7) No comment3929.4
Missing11 
TOTAL4188100.0
232) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Too much drinking and sex affects men's health. (MEDATT4)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse200.5
1) Strongly agree182543.6
2) Agree160938.4
3) Somewhat agree55513.3
4) Somewhat disagree390.9
5) Disagree290.7
6) Strongly disagree320.8
7) No comment771.8
Missing13 
TOTAL4186100.0
233) To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? It is okay to apply euthanasia to fatally or terminally ill patients. (MEDATT5)
TOTAL%
0) Refuse721.7
1) Strongly agree83219.9
2) Agree77718.6
3) Somewhat agree80319.2
4) Somewhat disagree41910.0
5) Disagree41710.0
6) Strongly disagree3839.2
7) No comment48111.5
Missing15 
TOTAL4184100.0
234) What would you do if you suffer from hepatitis, gastrorrhagia, or heart disease? (First choice) (Please list your first three choices, in order.) (HEPAT1)
TOTAL%
1) See a Western doctor369188.2
2) See a Chinese doctor3638.7
3) Seek folk medication (witch doctor, herb treatment, etc.)130.3
4) Seek treatment at a Western drugstore541.3
5) Just buy the medicine for myself481.1
6) Other (please speicify)140.3
Missing16 
TOTAL4183100.0
235) What would you do if you suffer from hepatitis, gastrorrhagia, or heart disease? (Second choice) (Please list your first three choices, in order.) (HEPAT2)
TOTAL%
1) See a Western doctor2689.5
2) See a Chinese doctor215876.9
3) Seek folk medication (witch doctor, herb treatment, etc.)712.5
4) Seek treatment at a Western drugstore1706.1
5) Just buy the medicine for myself1294.6
6) Other (please speicify)120.4
Missing1391 
TOTAL2808100.0
236) What would you do if you suffer from hepatitis, gastrorrhagia, or heart disease? (Third choice) (Please list your first three choices, in order.) (HEPAT3)
TOTAL%
1) See a Western doctor714.4
2) See a Chinese doctor1267.8
3) Seek folk medication (witch doctor, herb treatment, etc.)35722.2
4) Seek treatment at a Western drugstore53233.1
5) Just buy the medicine for myself47429.5
6) Other (please speicify)462.9
Missing2593 
TOTAL1606100.0
237) What would you do if you suffer from severe insomnia, headache, agitation, or depression? (First choice) (Please list order of the first three choices.) (INSOM1)
TOTAL%
1) See a Western doctor261463.0
2) See a Chinese doctor41810.1
3) Seek folk medication (witch doctor, herbal treatment, etc.)330.8
4) Seek treatment at a Western drugstore2536.1
5) Consult with relatives2065.0
6) Consult with friends3117.5
7) Go to counseling center561.4
8) Other (please specify)2566.2
Missing52 
TOTAL4147100.0
238) What would you do if you suffer from severe insomnia, headache, agitation, or depression? (Second choice) (Please list order of the first three choices.) (INSOM2)
TOTAL%
1) See a Western doctor41115.6
2) See a Chinese doctor123046.7
3) Seek folk medication (witch doctor, herbal treatment, etc.)682.6
4) Seek treatment at a Western drugstore2278.6
5) Consult with relatives29011.0
6) Consult with friends27810.5
7) Go to counseling center923.5
8) Other (please specify)401.5
Missing1563 
TOTAL2636100.0
239) What would you do if you suffer from severe insomnia, headache, agitation, or depression? (Third choice) (Please list order of the first three choices.) (INSOM3)
TOTAL%
1) See a Western doctor18710.8
2) See a Chinese doctor21612.5
3) Seek folk medication (witch doctor, herbal treatment, etc.)19211.1
4) Seek treatment at a Western drugstore39923.1
5) Consult with relatives23613.7
6) Consult with friends28916.7
7) Go to counseling center17810.3
8) Other (please specify)311.8
Missing2471 
TOTAL1728100.0
240) Which department would you go to? (Categorize: medical, surgical, pediatrics, or other) [Note: this question follows the question, "What would you do if you suffer from severe insomnia, headache, agitation, or depression?"] (DEPART)
TOTAL%
1) Psychiatric80225.1
2) Non-Psychiatric239274.9
Missing1005 
TOTAL3194100.0
241) I-GENDER: Gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male259761.8
2) Female160238.2
TOTAL4199100.0
242) I-MARITAL: Are you married? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Unmarried55513.2
2) Married363786.7
3) Other (please specify)50.1
Missing2 
TOTAL4197100.0
243) I-RELIGION: What is your religious preference? (for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Buddhism58743.7
2) Taoism36727.3
3) Folk religion977.2
4) Catholicism19014.2
5) Protestant Christianity (specify the denomination)493.7
6) Islam523.9
Missing2857 
TOTAL1342100.0