World's Muslims Data Set, 2012

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


Percentages are weighted by 3) WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted
1) Country (COUNTRY)
TOTAL%
1) Afghanistan 4.8
2) Albania 2.5
3) Algeria 3.7
4) Azerbaijan 3.1
5) Bangladesh 6
6) Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.4
7) Egypt 5.7
8) Indonesia 5.9
9) Iran 4.8
10) Iraq 4.5
11) Jordan 3
12) Kazakhstan 3.3
13) Kosovo 4
14) Kyrgyzstan 4.3
15) Lebanon 1.8
16) Malaysia 4
17) Morocco 4.6
18) Niger 3
19) Pakistan 4.6
20) Palestinian Territories 3.1
21) Russia .7
22) Tajikistan 4.6
23) Thailand 3.2
24) Tunisia 4.6
25) Turkey 4.7
26) Uzbekistan 3.1
TOTAL32604100.0
2) Respondent ID - unique within country. (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL32604116762.7833596.10
3) Base weight and post-stratification weight combined (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL326040.9730.595
4) ASK ALL. To begin, how would you describe your day today -- has it been a typical day, a particularly good day or a particularly bad day? (Q1)
TOTAL%
1) A typical day 67.5
2) A particularly good day 24
3) A particularly bad day 7
8) Don't know 1
9) Refused .4
TOTAL32604100.0
5) ASK ALL. Here is a ladder representing the 'ladder of life.' Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? (SHOW CARD) (Q2)
TOTAL%
0) 0 .9
1) 1 1.4
2) 2 3
3) 3 7.4
4) 4 12.1
5) 5 26.8
6) 6 18.9
7) 7 12.8
8) 8 8.8
9) 9 4
10) 10 3.1
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .7
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
TOTAL32604100.0
6) ASK ALL. On which step would you say you stood five years ago? (SHOW CARD) (Q3)
TOTAL%
0) 0 1.1
1) 1 1.9
2) 2 4.3
3) 3 10.1
4) 4 15
5) 5 23.4
6) 6 16.2
7) 7 12.3
8) 8 7.7
9) 9 3.9
10) 10 2.7
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.1
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
7) ASK ALL. Just your best guess, on which step do you think you will stand in the future, say five years from now? (SHOW CARD) (Q4)
TOTAL%
0) 0 .6
1) 1 1.3
2) 2 1.9
3) 3 3.6
4) 4 5.4
5) 5 10.7
6) 6 13.2
7) 7 15.1
8) 8 15.5
9) 9 10
10) 10 11
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.9
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.7
TOTAL32604100.0
8) ASK ALL. Overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (Q5)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied 48.8
2) Dissatisfied 47.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
TOTAL32604100.0
9) ASK ALL. Now thinking about our economic situation, how would you describe the current economic situation in our country -- is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? (Q6)
TOTAL%
1) Very good 11.9
2) Somewhat good 38.7
3) Somewhat bad 28.6
4) Very bad 18.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
TOTAL32604100.0
10) ASK ALL. And what about your personal economic situation, how would you describe it - is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? (Q7)
TOTAL%
1) Very good 11.6
2) Somewhat good 50.9
3) Somewhat bad 25.2
4) Very bad 10.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
TOTAL32604100.0
11) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN AND UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem or a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Crime (Q8A)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 64.4
2) Moderately big problem 23.4
3) Small problem 8.6
4) Not a problem at all 2.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
12) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN AND UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem or a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Conflict between religious groups (Q8B)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 33.6
2) Moderately big problem 28.6
3) Small problem 19.2
4) Not a problem at all 14.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
13) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN AND UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem or a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Corrupt political leaders (Q8C)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 58.7
2) Moderately big problem 23.8
3) Small problem 9.6
4) Not a problem at all 4.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
14) ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Conflict between [ethnic/tribal/nationality groups] (Q8D)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 31.8
2) Moderately big problem 26.1
3) Small problem 18.6
4) Not a problem at all 16.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
15) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Unemployment (Q8E)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 77.7
2) Moderately big problem 16.6
3) Small problem 3.7
4) Not a problem at all 1.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
16) ASK ALL IN IRAN. Here is a list of things that may be prevalent in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is very prevalent, moderately prevalent, not too prevalent, not at all prevalent. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Crime (Q8IRNA)
TOTAL%
1) Very prevalent 13.9
2) Moderately prevalent 24.6
3) Not very prevalent 20.8
4) Not prevalent at all 33.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
17) ASK ALL IN IRAN. Here is a list of things that may be prevalent in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is very prevalent, moderately prevalent, not too prevalent, not at all prevalent. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Conflict between religious groups (Q8IRNB)
TOTAL%
1) Very prevalent 7
2) Moderately prevalent 22.6
3) Not very prevalent 27.7
4) Not prevalent at all 27.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 13.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.2
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
18) ASK ALL IN IRAN. Here is a list of things that may be prevalent in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is very prevalent, moderately prevalent, not too prevalent, not at all prevalent. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Corrupt political leaders (Q8IRNC)
TOTAL%
1) Very prevalent 11.5
2) Moderately prevalent 27.8
3) Not very prevalent 23.1
4) Not prevalent at all 20.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 15.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.4
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
19) ASK ALL IN IRAN. Here is a list of things that may be prevalent in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is very prevalent, moderately prevalent, not too prevalent, not at all prevalent. (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) Unemployment (Q8IRNE)
TOTAL%
1) Very prevalent 29.9
2) Moderately prevalent 44.6
3) Not very prevalent 22.3
4) Not prevalent at all 2.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
20) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our city/village. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST)(SHOW CARD) Crime (Q8UZBA)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 13.9
2) Moderately big problem 8.5
3) Small problem 20.7
4) Not a problem at all 51.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
21) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our city/village. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST)(SHOW CARD) Tense relations between religious groups (Q8UZBB)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 2.7
2) Moderately big problem 7.2
3) Small problem 8.5
4) Not a problem at all 77.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
22) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our city/village. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST)(SHOW CARD) Corruption (Q8UZBC)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 14.3
2) Moderately big problem 10.7
3) Small problem 9.6
4) Not a problem at all 51.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 13.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
23) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our city/village. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST)(SHOW CARD) Tense relations between nationality (ethnic) groups (Q8UZBD)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 2.1
2) Moderately big problem 7.7
3) Small problem 9.6
4) Not a problem at all 76.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
24) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. Here is a list of things that may be problems in our city/village. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all. (READ LIST)(SHOW CARD) Unemployment (Q8UZBE)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 37.9
2) Moderately big problem 31.1
3) Small problem 20
4) Not a problem at all 9.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.7
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
25) ASK ALL. In our country, how free are you to practice your religion [In Russia and Uzbekistan: or anti-religious beliefs]? Do you feel very free to practice your religion [In Russia and Uzbekistan: or anti-religious beliefs], somewhat free, not too free or not at all free? (Q9)
TOTAL%
1) Very free 72.3
2) Somewhat free 21.1
3) Not too free 4.5
4) Not at all free .7
5) Not religious/do not practice religion (DO NOT READ) .3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
TOTAL32604100.0
26) ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. And in our country, how free are [In Iran, Russia and Uzbekistan: people of other religious views; In all other countries: people from religions different than yours] to practice their religion [In Russia and Uzbekistan: or express their religious or anti-religious views]? Do you feel they are very free to practice their religion [In Russia and Uzbekistan: or express their religious or anti-religious views], somewhat free, not too free or not at all free to practice their religion [In Russia and Uzbekistan: or express their religious or anti-religious views]? (Q10)
TOTAL%
1) Very free 60.7
2) Somewhat free 24.5
3) Not too free 5.8
4) Not at all free 1.6
5) Depends (DO NOT READ) 1.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
27) ASK IF VERY, SOMEWHAT, NOT TOO, OR NOT AT ALL FREE (Q10=1,2,3,4). And is this a good thing or a bad thing? (Q11)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing 82
2) Bad thing 12.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing3714 
TOTAL28890100.0
28) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT UZBEKISTAN. Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with the following statement: People like me don't have any say about what the government does. (Q12)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 29.4
2) Mostly agree 29.1
3) Mostly disagree 22
4) Completely disagree 13.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing965 
TOTAL31639100.0
29) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT ALBANIA, IRAN, RUSSIA, THAILAND AND UZBEKISTAN. Generally, how would you rate Islamic political parties compared to other political parties? Are they better, worse or about the same as other parties? (Q13)
TOTAL%
1) Better 33.9
2) Worse 15.7
3) About the same 38
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 11.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing5332 
TOTAL27272100.0
30) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN. Some feel that we should rely on a democratic form of government to solve our country's problems. Others feel that we should rely on a leader with a strong hand to solve our country's problems. Which comes closer to your opinion? (Q14)
TOTAL%
1) Democratic form of government 57.8
2) Strong leader 35.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
31) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO, THAILAND AND UZBEKISTAN. In your opinion, how much influence should [In Iran: religious figures; In all other countries: religious leaders] have in political matters? A large influence, some influence, not too much influence or no influence at all? (Q15)
TOTAL%
1) Large influence 24
2) Some influence 30.9
3) Not too much influence 20.3
4) No influence at all 19.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.2
9) Reused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing3447 
TOTAL29157100.0
32) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. Which one of these comes closest to your opinion (SHOW CARD), number 1 or number 2? (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Q16)
TOTAL%
1) Number 1 - It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values 17
2) Number 2 - It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values 80.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
33) ASK ALL. Which is closer to describing your view - [In Iran: In general,] I like western music, movies and television, OR I dislike western music, movies and television. [Note from Pew Research Center: Data for Lebanon not available due to an administrative error.] (Q17)
TOTAL%
1) I like western music, movies and television 41.9
2) I dislike western music, movies and television 54.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing551 
TOTAL32053100.0
34) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, AZERBAIJAN, BANGLADESH, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, PAKISTAN, RUSSIA, TAJIKISTAN, UZBEKISTAN. Which is closer to describing your view - I like Indian movies and music known as Bollywood OR I dislike Bollywood movies and music. (Q18)
TOTAL%
1) I like Bollywood movies and music 48
2) I dislike Bollywood movies and music 48.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing20973 
TOTAL11631100.0
35) ASK ALL. In your opinion, do you think there is generally a conflict between science and [In Iran: Islam; In all other countries: religion], or do you not think so? (Q19)
TOTAL%
1) Generally a conflict between science and religion 28.8
2) Don't think so 57.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 12.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
TOTAL32604100.0
36) ASK ALL. [In Iran: Thinking about evolution of humans and other living things; In all other countries: Thinking about evolution], which comes closer to your view? (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) [Note from Pew Research Center: Data for Egypt not available due to an administrative error.] (Q20)
TOTAL%
1) Humans and other living things have evolved over time 46.3
2) Humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time 40.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 12.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.3
Missing1798 
TOTAL30806100.0
37) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. How much would you say you know about the Muslim religion and its practices -- a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (SHOW CARD) (Q22A)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal 43.4
2) Some 43.7
3) Not very much 11.1
4) Nothing at all 1.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
38) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. How much would you say you know about the Christian religion and its practices -- a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (SHOW CARD) (Q22B)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal 2.5
2) Some 13.2
3) Not very much 31.1
4) Nothing at all 46.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
39) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. How much would you say you know about the Buddhist religion and its practices -- a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (SHOW CARD) (Q22C)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal 1.3
2) Some 31.5
3) Not very much 38.6
4) Nothing at all 25
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.7
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
40) ASK ALL IN IRAN. How much would you say you know about the Zoroastrian religion and its practices -- a great deal, some, not very much or nothing at all? (SHOW CARD) (Q22D)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal 2.6
2) Some 12.7
3) Not very much 32.8
4) Nothing at all 47.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.2
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
41) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. From what you know, do you think that the Muslim religion and the Buddhist religion have a lot in common, or do you think that the Muslim religion and the Buddhist religion are very different? (Q23)
TOTAL%
1) Have a lot in common 37.3
2) Are very different 60.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
42) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT THAILAND AND AFGHANISTAN From what you know, do you think that the Muslim religion and the Christian religion have a lot in common, or do you think that the Muslim religion and the Christian religion are very different? (Q24)
TOTAL%
1) Have a lot in common 27.6
2) Are very different 54.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 16.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing2519 
TOTAL30085100.0
43) ASK ALL IN IRAN. From what you know, do you think that the Muslim religion and the Zoroastrian religion have a lot in common, or do you think that the Muslim religion and the Zoroastrian religion are very different? (Q25)
TOTAL%
1) Have a lot in common 30.6
2) Are very different 52.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 15.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.6
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
44) ASK ALL. Which comes closer to describing your view? [In Iran: In general,] Western music, movies and television have hurt morality in our country, OR western music, movies and television have NOT hurt morality in our country? (Q26)
TOTAL%
1) Western music, movies and television have hurt morality in our country 65.1
2) Western music, movies and television have NOT hurt morality in our country 28.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing551 
TOTAL32053100.0
45) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, AZERBAIJAN, BANGLADESH, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, PAKISTAN, TAJIKISTAN, UZBEKISTAN. Which comes closer to describing your view? Indian movies and music known as Bollywood have hurt morality in our country, OR Bollywood movies and music have NOT hurt morality in our country? (Q27)
TOTAL%
1) Bollywood movies and music have hurt morality in our country 48.1
2) Bollywood movies and music have NOT hurt morality in our country 46.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing22023 
TOTAL10581100.0
46) ASK ALL. What is your present religion, if any? (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) [INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: If respondent names more than one group in list, probe to learn which group the respondent identifies with most and record that response.] [ASK IF RESPONDED 'SOMETHING ELSE' OR 'DON'T KNOW' OR 'REFUSED': And would you describe yourself as a Muslim, a Christian, or as neither one?] [Note from Pew Research Center: Response categories offered to respondents varied by country. See questionnaire for country-specific wording. In Thailand and for the Muslim oversample in Russia, Q28 was asked as a screening question in the beginning of the survey.] (Q28REC)
TOTAL%
1) Muslim 100
TOTAL32604100.0
47) ASK IF MUSLIM. Are you Sunni (READ IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT UZBEKISTAN: for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, or Hanbali), Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver or Ismaili/Sevener), or something else? (SHOW CARD) [INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: If respondent names more than one of the traditions in list, probe to learn which the respondent identifies with most and record that response here.] [Note from Pew Research Center: Response categories offered to respondents varied by country. Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for country-specific wording.] (Q31REC)
TOTAL%
1) Sunni (Read in all countries except Uzbekistan: for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, Hanbali) 58.9
2) Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver, Ismaili/Sevener) 10.1
3) [In Turkey: Alevi] (DO NOT READ) .2
4) [In Albania and Kosovo: Bektashi] (DO NOT READ) .4
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .2
91) Something else .5
92) None in particular (DO NOT READ) 1.5
97) Just a Muslim, not further specified (DO NOT READ) 24.7
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.1
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
48) ASK IF MUSLIM IN AZERBAIJAN, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, TAJIKISTAN, UZBEKISTAN. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.]\ D (Q32CEN)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 67.5
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya 4.5
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1.2
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (DO NOT READ) .1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) 2.2
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .7
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 19.3
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 4.4
Missing26900 
TOTAL5704100.0
49) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALGERIA, EGYPT, IRAQ, JORDAN, LEBANON, MOROCCO, PALESTINIAN TERR, and TUNISIA. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.] (Q32MENA)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 91.7
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya .9
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Shadhiliyya .6
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Alawiyya .6
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1.5
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) .3
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .2
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 2.9
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 1.2
Missing22776 
TOTAL9828100.0
50) ASK IF MUSLIM IN NIGER. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.]\ D (Q32NIG)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 47.1
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Tijaniyya 34.5
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya 2.9
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1.6
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (VOL.) 4.3
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (VOL.) .3
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (VOL.) 4.8
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 4
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) .5
Missing31658 
TOTAL946100.0
51) ASK IF MUSLIM IN RUSSIA. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.] (Q32RUS)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 63.4
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya 8.3
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya 7.4
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Shazaliyya 1.4
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1.4
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (VOL.) 1.4
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (VOL.) .5
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 13.4
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 2.8
Missing31554 
TOTAL1050100.0
52) ASK IF MUSLIM IN INDONESIA, MALAYSIA, AND THAILAND. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.] (Q32SEA)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 40.8
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya Khalidiyya 1.6
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (VOL.) .1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (VOL.) 4.1
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (VOL.) 1.2
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 48.9
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 2.2
Missing28470 
TOTAL4134100.0
53) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALBANIA, BOSNIA-HERZ, AND KOSOVO. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.] (Q32SEE)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 70.5
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Bektashiyya 4.3
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .3
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (VOL.) .6
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (VOL.) .2
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 20.1
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 4
Missing29543 
TOTAL3061100.0
54) ASK IF MUSLIM IN AFGHANISTAN, BANGLADESH, AND PAKISTAN. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.] (Q32SOA)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 77.9
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Chistiyya 6.3
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiya 3.6
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya 4
4) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Suhrawardiyya .6
5) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Shattariya .5
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (VOL.) 0
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (VOL.) 2.2
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (VOL.) .8
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 2.7
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 1.3
Missing27727 
TOTAL4877100.0
55) ASK IN TURKEY IF MUSLIM. Do you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording. Data for Q32 for Iran are not available due to an administrative error.] (Q32TUR)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 81.3
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Jerrahiyya 1.8
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Mevleviyya 1.1
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya 2
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .1
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (VOL.) .3
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (VOL.) .7
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (VOL.) .3
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 6.3
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (VOL.) 6.1
Missing31119 
TOTAL1485100.0
56) ASK IF MUSLIM. On average, how often do you attend the mosque for Salah and Jum'ah Prayer [In Russia: Friday afternoon prayer]? (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Q34)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 27.1
2) Once a week for Jum'ah prayer 18.2
3) Once or twice a month 7
4) A few times a year, especially for the Eid 10.2
5) Seldom 11.1
6) Never 25.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
TOTAL32604100.0
57) ASK ALL. How important is religion in your life -- very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q36)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 70.1
2) Somewhat important 21
3) Not too important 6.4
4) Not at all important 1.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
58) ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN, IRAN, THAILAND. How comfortable would you be if a son of yours someday married a Christian? Would you be very comfortable, somewhat comfortable, not too comfortable or not at all comfortable? (Q37)
TOTAL%
1) Very comfortable 8.8
2) Somewhat comfortable 12.4
3) Not too comfortable 18.4
4) Not at all comfortable 47.8
5) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 8.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.3
Missing4038 
TOTAL28566100.0
59) ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN IN IRAN. Suppose you heard that someone's son married a Christian. Would you totally approve, somewhat approve, somewhat disapprove, or totally disapprove of such a marriage? (Q37IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Totally approve 13.9
2) Somewhat approve 34.3
3) Somewhat disapprove 14.2
4) Totally disapprove 28.5
5) Depends on the situation (DO NOT READ) 5.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
60) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. How comfortable would you be if a son of yours someday married a Buddhist? Would you be very comfortable, somewhat comfortable, not too comfortable or not at all comfortable? (Q37THA)
TOTAL%
1) Very comfortable 9.3
2) Somewhat comfortable 11.2
3) Not too comfortable 23.9
4) Not at all comfortable 50.2
5) Depends on the situation (DO NOT READ) 3.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
61) ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN, IRAN, THAILAND. How comfortable would you be if a daughter of yours someday married a Christian? Would you be very comfortable, somewhat comfortable, not too comfortable or not at all comfortable? (Q38)
TOTAL%
1) Very comfortable 5.8
2) Somewhat comfortable 7.4
3) Not too comfortable 13
4) Not at all comfortable 63.6
5) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 6.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.3
Missing4038 
TOTAL28566100.0
62) ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN IN IRAN. Suppose that you heard that someone's daughter married a Christian. Would you totally approve, somewhat approve, somewhat disapprove, or totally disapprove of such a marriage? (Q38IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Totally approve 2.2
2) Somewhat approve 2.6
3) Somewhat disapprove 10.6
4) Totally disapprove 68.9
5) Depends on the situation 3.6
8) Don't know 9.8
9) Refused 2.4
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
63) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. How comfortable would you be if a daughter of yours someday married a Buddhist? Would you be very comfortable, somewhat comfortable, not too comfortable or not at all comfortable? (Q38THA)
TOTAL%
1) Very comfortable 6.4
2) Somewhat comfortable 8.9
3) Not too comfortable 20.1
4) Not at all comfortable 58.4
5) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 4.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.5
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
64) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Sufis to be Muslims, or not? (Q41A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 43.1
2) No 21.9
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 17.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 16.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
65) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Shias to be Muslims, or not? (Q41B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 51.4
2) No 26.1
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 9.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 12.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
66) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Sunnis to be Muslims, or not? (Q41C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 79
2) No 6.2
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 7.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
67) ASK IF MUSLIM IN BANGLADESH, INDONESIA, MALAYSIA, PAKISTAN, THAILAND. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Ahmadiyyas to be Muslims, or not? (Q41D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 20.4
2) No 45.1
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 11.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 21.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing25102 
TOTAL7502100.0
68) ASK IF MUSLIM IN LEBANON. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Alawites to be Muslims, or not? (Q41ELEB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 57.2
2) No 37.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing32053 
TOTAL551100.0
69) ASK IF MUSLIM IN TURKEY. Do you personally consider Alevis to be Muslims, or not? (Q41ETUR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 68.7
2) No 17
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 1.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 11
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 2.2
Missing31119 
TOTAL1485100.0
70) ASK IF MUSLIM IN LEBANON. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Druze to be Muslims, or not? (Q41F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 38.7
2) No 51.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing32053 
TOTAL551100.0
71) ASK IF MUSLIM IN INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Aliran Kepercayaan to be Muslims, or not? (Q41G)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 6.9
2) No 58
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 11.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 21.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.6
Missing29480 
TOTAL3124100.0
72) ASK IF MUSLIM IN INDONESIA. Next I am going to ask about groups that some people regard as Muslims. Do you personally consider Islam liberal to be Muslims, or not? (Q41H)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 15.7
2) No 58
3) Never heard of group (DO NOT READ) 14.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 11.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing30724 
TOTAL1880100.0
73) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you believe that [IN TURKEY: visitation; IN ALL OTHER COUNTRIES: visitation or pilgrimage] to the shrines of Muslim saints is acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam], unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] or does [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] not have anything to say about this? (SHOW CARD) (Q42A)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 67.6
2) Unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 22.7
3) [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] does not have anything to say about this 5.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
TOTAL32604100.0
74) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you believe that [In Iran: ritual dancing (for e.g. Sufi or dervish dancing); In all other countries: devotional dancing] is acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam], unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] or does [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] not have anything to say about this? (SHOW CARD) (Q42B)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 15.7
2) Unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 61.1
3) [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] does not have anything to say about this 11.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 11.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
75) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you believe that reciting poetry or singing in praise of God is acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam], unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] or does [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] not have anything to say about this? (SHOW CARD) (Q42C)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 56.2
2) Unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 27.7
3) [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] does not have anything to say about this 7.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 8.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
76) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you believe that [In Iran: appealing for aid from the souls of deceased relatives or ancestors; In all other countries: speaking to souls of deceased relatives OR ancestors to appeal for their aid] is acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam], unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] or does [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] not have anything to say about this? (SHOW CARD) (Q42D)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 14.9
2) Unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 65.2
3) [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] does not have anything to say about this 9.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .8
TOTAL32604100.0
77) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you believe that [In Iran: appealing for aid from jinns; In all other countries: making offerings to benevolent jinns] is acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam], unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] or does [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] not have anything to say about this? (SHOW CARD) [Note from Pew Research Center: Data for Iraq for Q42e not available due to an administrative error.] (Q42E)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 6.7
2) Unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 73.1
3) [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] does not have anything to say about this 9.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing1416 
TOTAL31188100.0
78) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you believe that the use of sorcery to protect family or neighbors from evil forces is acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam], unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] or does [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] not have anything to say about this? (SHOW CARD) (Q42F)
TOTAL%
1) Acceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 5.7
2) Unacceptable under [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] 77.7
3) [In Afghanistan: your religion; In all other countries: Islam] does not have anything to say about this 8.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
TOTAL32604100.0
79) ASK ITEMS A AND B IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in Heaven, are people who have led [In Turkey: life without sin; In all other countries: good lives] are eternally rewarded? (Q43A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 91
2) No 5.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
80) ASK ITEMS A AND B IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in Hell, are people who have led [In Turkey: life of sin, In all other countries: bad lives] and die without being sorry are eternally punished? (Q43B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 86.2
2) No 9.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
81) ASK ITEMS C THROUGH F FOR ALL. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in angels? (Q43C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 88.1
2) No 8.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
TOTAL32604100.0
82) ASK ITEMS C THROUGH F FOR ALL. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in witchcraft? (Q43D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 37.5
2) No 56.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .8
TOTAL32604100.0
83) ASK ITEMS C THROUGH F FOR ALL. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) [In Iran: in the 'evil eye'; In all other countries: in the 'evil eye' or that certain people can cast curses or spells that cause bad things to happen to someone]? (Q43E)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 53.6
2) No 40.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
TOTAL32604100.0
84) ASK ITEMS C THROUGH F FOR ALL. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in predestination or fate (Kismat/Qadar)? (Q43F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 83.6
2) No 12.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .8
TOTAL32604100.0
85) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in jinns? (Q43G)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 56.6
2) No 36.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .8
TOTAL32604100.0
86) ASK IF MUSLIM ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) that Jesus, who will initiate the final period before the Day of Judgment, will return to Earth during your lifetime? (Q43H)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 35.4
2) No 37.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 25.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.6
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
87) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) that the Mahdi, the guided one who will initiate the final period before the Day of Resurrection and Judgment, will return in your lifetime? (Q43I)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 41.8
2) No 30.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 25.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.6
TOTAL32604100.0
88) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN. Which, if any, of the following do you believe [In Afghanistan: which of the following do you believe in?]? (READ LIST) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: repeat question as necessary) in one God, Allah, and his prophet Muhammed? (Q43J)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 95.9
2) No 2.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing1509 
TOTAL31095100.0
89) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. Now thinking about when you were a child, in what religion were you raised, if any? (READ LIST) (SHOW CARD) ASK IF RESPONDED 'SOMETHING ELSE' OR 'DON'T KNOW' OR 'REFUSED': And would you say you were raised as a Muslim, a Christian, or as neither one? [Note from Pew Research Center: Response categories offered to respondents varied by country. Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for country-specific wording.] (Q44REC)
TOTAL%
1) Muslim 98.5
2) Other religion .3
3) Unaffiliated 1.1
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) 0
Missing3028 
TOTAL29576100.0
90) ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN; ASK IF MUSLIM IN AFGHANISTAN. When you were a child, were you raised Sunni (READ IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT UZBEKISTAN: for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, or Hanbali), Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver or Ismaili/Sevener), or something else? (SHOW CARD) (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: If respondent names more than one of the traditions in list, probe to learn which the respondent identifies with most and record that response here.) [Note from Pew Research Center: Response categories offered to respondents varied by country. Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for country-specific wording.] (Q46REC)
TOTAL%
1) Sunni (for example, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi, Hanbali) 60.3
2) Shi'a (for example, Ithnashari/Twelver, Ismaili/Sevener) 5.8
3) [In Turkey: Alevi] (DO NOT READ) .3
4) [In Albania and Kosovo: Bektashi] (DO NOT READ) .4
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .2
91) Something else .5
92) None in particular (DO NOT READ) 1.6
97) Just a Muslim, not further specified (DO NOT READ) 25.8
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.2
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing1993 
TOTAL30611100.0
91) ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN AZERBAIJAN, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, TAJIKISTAN, UZBEKISTAN. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording.] (Q47CEN)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 69.8
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Nawshbandiyya 3.4
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1.1
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (DO NOT READ) .1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) 1.9
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .2
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 19.2
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 4.4
Missing27145 
TOTAL5459100.0
92) ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN ALGERIA, EGYPT, IRAQ, JORDAN, LEBANON, MOROCCO, PALESTINIAN TERR, AND TUNISIA. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or note? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording.] (Q47MENA)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 92.9
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya .8
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Shadhiliyya .6
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Alawiyya .6
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) .2
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .1
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 2.9
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) .8
Missing22820 
TOTAL9784100.0
93) ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN NIGER. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording.] (Q47NIG)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 46.2
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Tijaniyya 35.2
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya 2.2
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 2.6
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (DO NOT READ) 4.1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) .4
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) 4.1
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 3.5
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 1.8
Missing31668 
TOTAL936100.0
94) ASK IF MUSLIM CHILDHOOD IN RUSSIA. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording.] (Q47RUS)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 59.6
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya 9.6
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya 6.6
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) 2.5
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) 1
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) 1
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 17.2
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 2.5
Missing31624 
TOTAL980100.0
95) ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN INDONESIA, MALAYSIA AND THAILAND. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Pew Research Center Note: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording.] (Q47SEA)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 40.1
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya Khaliiyya 1.3
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .8
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (DO NOT READ) .1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) 3.9
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .9
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 49.9
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 3
Missing28514 
TOTAL4090100.0
96) ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN ALBANIA, BOSNIA-HERZ., AND KOSOVO. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Some response categories have been collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality. See questionnaire for full wording.] (Q47SEE)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 69.7
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Bektashiya 3.8
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .2
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) .4
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .3
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 18.6
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 7.1
Missing29590 
TOTAL3014100.0
97) ASK IF MUSLIM IN AFGHANISTAN, ASK IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD IN BANGLADESH AND PAKISTAN. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders such as [INSERT] or not? [Note from Pew Research Center: Response categories offered to respondents varied by country. See questionnaire for country-specific wording.] (Q47SOA)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 78.7
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Chistiyya 5.8
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiya 2.8
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Qadiriyya 3.4
4) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Suhrawardiyya .6
5) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Shattariya .6
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (DO NOT READ) .1
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) 2.1
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .9
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 3.7
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 1.2
Missing27731 
TOTAL4873100.0
98) ASK IN TURKEY IF MUSLIM IN CHILDHOOD. And when you were a child, did you identify with any Sufi orders [INSERT] or not? (Q47TUR)
TOTAL%
0) No, do not identify with any Sufi orders 80.7
1) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Jerrahiyya 2.3
2) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Mevleviyya 1.7
3) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Naqshbandiyya 1.7
10) Other (Categories collapsed to protect respondent confidentiality) .2
91) Yes, identify with Sufi order - another order (DO NOT READ) .2
94) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Don't know which one (DO NOT READ) .8
95) Yes, identify with Sufi order - Refused to say which one (DO NOT READ) .3
98) Don't know if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 6.1
99) Refused to say if identify with Sufi order (DO NOT READ) 6
Missing31129 
TOTAL1475100.0
99) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. How many of your close friends are Muslims? Would you say [READ] (Q49)
TOTAL%
1) All of them 65.8
2) Most of them 28.2
3) Some of them 4.2
4) Hardly any of them .8
5) None of them (DO NOT READ) .2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing3028 
TOTAL29576100.0
100) ASK IF HAS RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION (Q28=1,2,3,4,5,6,10,11,12 OR Q28b=1,2 OR MENTIONS A RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION IN Q28a) IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND UZBEKISTAN. Here is a statement. Please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: [IN AFGHANISTAN: Muslims; IN ALL OTHER COUNTRIES: members of your religion] have a duty to try and convert others to [IN AFGHANISTAN: their; IN ALL OTHER COUNTRIES: your] religious faith. (SHOW CARD) (Q52)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 34.1
2) Mostly agree 26.8
3) Mostly disagree 14.7
4) Completely disagree 16
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 2.1
Missing2474 
TOTAL30130100.0
101) ASK IF HAS RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION (Q28=1,2,3,4,5,6,10,11,12 OR Q28b=1,2 OR MENTIONS A RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION IN Q28a) IN AFGHANISTAN. Here is a statement. Please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: Muslims have a duty to try and convert others to their religious faith. (SHOW CARD). (Q52AFG)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 72.4
2) Mostly agree 23.7
3) Mostly disagree 2.8
4) Completely disagree .5
8) Don't know .5
9) Refused .1
Missing31095 
TOTAL1509100.0
102) ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN, IRAN, IRAQ AND UZBEKISTAN. Some people think that if a man engages in premarital sex or adultery it is justified for family members to end his life in order to protect the family's honor. Others believe that this practice is not justified, no matter the circumstances. Do you personally feel that this practice is often justified to defend the family honor, sometimes justified, rarely justified, or never justified? (Q53)
TOTAL%
1) Often justified 8.6
2) Sometimes justified 10.5
3) Rarely justified 15.8
4) Never justified 58.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.5
Missing5409 
TOTAL27195100.0
103) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, IRAQ AND UZBEKISTAN. Some people think that if a man brings dishonor to his family it is justified for family members to end his life in order to protect the family's honor. Others believe that this practice is not justified, no matter the circumstances. Do you personally feel that this practice is often justified to defend the family honor, sometimes justified, rarely justified, or never justified? (Q53AIU)
TOTAL%
1) Often justified 22
2) Sometimes justified 21.5
3) Rarely justified 17
4) Never justified 33.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.3
Missing28714 
TOTAL3890100.0
104) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN, IRAN, IRAQ AND UZBEKISTAN. Some people think that if a woman engages in premarital sex or adultery, it is justified for family members to end her life in order to protect the family's honor. Others believe that this practice is not justified, no matter the circumstances. Do you personally feel that this practice is often justified to defend the family honor, sometimes justified, rarely justified, or never justified? (Q54)
TOTAL%
1) Often justified 12.6
2) Sometimes justified 11.1
3) Rarely justified 14.2
4) Never justified 55.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 4.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.8
Missing5409 
TOTAL27195100.0
105) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, IRAQ AND UZBEKISTAN. Some people think that if a woman brings dishonor to her family, it is justified for family members to end her life in order to protect the family's honor. Others believe that this practice is not justified, no matter the circumstances. Do you personally feel that this practice is often justified to defend the family honor, sometimes justified, rarely justified or never justified? (Q54AIU)
TOTAL%
1) Often justified 31
2) Sometimes justified 17.1
3) Rarely justified 14.4
4) Never justified 32.2
8) Don't know 3.9
9) Refused 1.4
Missing28714 
TOTAL3890100.0
106) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. Now I'm going to read you two statements. Please tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views -- even if neither is exactly right. (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (SHOW CARD) (Q55)
TOTAL%
1) 1 - Islam is the one, true faith leading to eternal life in heaven 79.1
2) 2 - Many religions can lead to eternal life in heaven 13.1
3) Neither/Both equally (DO NOT READ) 3.4
4) Depends (DO NOT READ) 0
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing3028 
TOTAL29576100.0
107) ASK IF HAS RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION (Q28=1,2,3,4,5,6,10,11,12 OR Q28B=1,2 OR MENTIONS A RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION IN Q28a) IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Please tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views -- even if neither is exactly right. (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Q57)
TOTAL%
1) There is only ONE true way to interpret the teachings of my religion 61.2
2) There is MORE than one true way to interpret the teachings of my religion 27.1
3) Neither/Both equally (DO NOT READ) 3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 7.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.3
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
108) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Please tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views -- even if neither is exactly right. (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (SHOW CARD) (Q58)
TOTAL%
1) 1 - Women should have the right to decide if they wear a veil 66.9
2) 2 - Women should not have the right to decide whether to wear a veil 19.7
3) Neither/Both equally (DO NOT READ) 3.8
4) Husband/family should decide (DO NOT READ) 7.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
109) ASK IF MUSLIM. How much, if at all, does the way you live your life reflect the Hadith and Sunna, that is, the sayings and actions of the Prophet -- a lot, a little, not too much, or not at all? (Q59)
TOTAL%
1) A lot 31.9
2) A little 37.5
3) Not too much 18.8
4) Not at all 4.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
TOTAL32604100.0
110) ASK IF MUSLIM. How much, if at all, does the way [In Russia and Thailand: Muslims; In all other countries: most people live their lives] in our country reflect the Hadith and Sunna, that is, the sayings and actions of the Prophet -- a lot, a little, not too much, or not at all? (Q60)
TOTAL%
1) A lot 21.1
2) A little 34.5
3) Not too much 26.2
4) Not at all 8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
TOTAL32604100.0
111) ASK ALL. People practice their religion in different ways. Outside of attending religious services, do you pray several times a day, once a day, a few times a week, once a week, a few times a month, seldom, or never? (Q61)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day 57.2
2) Once a day 7.9
3) A few times a week 7.1
4) Once a week 4.1
5) A few times a month 3.9
6) Seldom 8.7
7) Never 9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
TOTAL32604100.0
112) ASK IF MUSLIM AND PRAYS SEVERAL TIMES A DAY (R IS MUSLIM AND Q61=1) Do you pray all five Salah every day, or not? (Q62)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 85.5
2) No 13.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing14112 
TOTAL18492100.0
113) ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (Q63A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 10
2) No 88.5
8) Don't now (DO NOT READ) 1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
114) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES. Have you ever seen a jinn? (Q63B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 4.1
2) No 94.8
8) Don't now (DO NOT READ) .7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
TOTAL32604100.0
115) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Have you ever made a pilgrimage to Mecca? (Q63C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 7.9
2) No 91.3
8) Don't now (DO NOT READ) .4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
TOTAL32604100.0
116) ASK ITEMS A THROUGH C OF ALL. Do you or your family ever use [In Russia and Uzbekistan: traditional healers; In all other countries: traditional religious healers] when someone is sick? (Q64A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 40.1
2) No 58
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
TOTAL32604100.0
117) ASK ITEMS A THROUGH C OF ALL. Do you have objects in your home to ward off 'evil eye'? (Q64B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 28.8
2) No 69.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
TOTAL32604100.0
118) ASK ITEMS A THROUGH C OF ALL. Do you wear talismans or precious stones for their protective power? (Q64C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 17.9
2) No 80.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
TOTAL32604100.0
119) ASK ITEMS D THROUGH F IF MUSLIM ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT UZBEKISTAN. Do you have Koranic verses displayed in your home? (Q64D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 77
2) No 21.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing965 
TOTAL31639100.0
120) ASK ITEMS D THROUGH F IF MUSLIM ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you give [In Iran: khoms; In all other countries: zakat], that is give a set percentage of your wealth to charity or the mosque? (Q64E)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 76.8
2) No 20.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
TOTAL32604100.0
121) ASK ITEMS D THROUGH F IF MUSLIM ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES. Do you fast, that is avoid eating during the daytime, during the holy month of Ramadan? (Q64F)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 83.9
2) No 15
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
122) ASK IF MUSLIM. Please tell me how often you read or listen to the Koran. Would you say every day, at least once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year or never? (SHOW CARD) (Q65)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 29.9
2) At least once a week 27.4
3) Once or twice a month 14.7
4) A few times a year 14.4
5) Never 10.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.4
TOTAL32604100.0
123) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. I am going to read you two statements, please tell me which comes closer to your view, even if neither is exactly right (Q66)
TOTAL%
1) The sharia is the revealed word of God 59.3
2) The sharia is developed by men, based on the word of God 25.3
3) Both (DO NOT READ) 5.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 8.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
124) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Which is closer to you view: the sharia should be open to multiple interpretations or there is only one, true understanding of the sharia? [Note from Pew Research Center: Data for Egypt and Jordan not available due to an administrative error.] (Q67)
TOTAL%
1) Should be open to multiple interpretations 35.1
2) One true understanding 48
3) Neither (DO NOT READ) 1.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 13.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.5
Missing4283 
TOTAL28321100.0
125) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT THAILAND, TURKEY AND UZBEKISTAN. How closely, if at all, do the laws in our country follow the sharia? Would you say very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely or not at all closely? (Q68)
TOTAL%
1) Very closely 16.8
2) Somewhat closely 27.8
3) No too closely 28.1
4) Not at all closely 16.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing3460 
TOTAL29144100.0
126) ASK IF ANSWER GIVEN (Q68=1,2,3,4). And is this a good thing or a bad thing? (Q69)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing 53
2) Bad thing 34.2
3) Neither (DO NOT READ) 7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing6575 
TOTAL26029100.0
127) ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN IN ALBANIA, ALGERIA, AZERBAIJAN, EGYPT, JORDAN, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, LEBANON, PALESTINIAN TERR., RUSSIA AND TAJIKISTAN. Do you ever participate in interfaith religious groups, classes, or meetings with Christians or not? (Q70)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 6.9
2) No 89.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .8
Missing20537 
TOTAL12067100.0
128) ASK IF NOT CHRISTIAN IN BANGLADESH, BOSNIA-HERZ., INDONESIA, IRAQ, KOSOVO, MALAYSIA, NIGER, PAKISTAN, TUNISIA, TURKEY, AND UZBEKISTAN. Do you ever participate in religious groups, classes, or meetings with Christians or not? (Q70A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 8.9
2) No 86.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 2.9
Missing17577 
TOTAL15027100.0
129) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. Do you ever participate in interfaith religious groups, classes, or meetings with Buddhists or not? (Q70THA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 55.4
2) No 43.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
130) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Do you think there is a natural conflict between being a devout religious person and living in a modern society, or don't you think so? (Q75)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, there is conflict 29.5
2) No, don't think so 59.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 10
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.2
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
131) ASK IF MUSLIM IN IRAN. Do you think there is a natural conflict between being a devout Muslim and living in a modern society, or don't you think so? (Q75IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, there is conflict 29.7
2) No, don't think so 62.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 7.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
132) ASK ALL IN PAKISTAN. Which comes closer to your view about our country's blasphemy laws even if neither is exactly right? (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Q76)
TOTAL%
1) 1 - Blasphemy laws are necessary to protect Islam in our country 75.1
2) 2 - Blasphemy laws unfairly target minority communities 6.1
3) Neither/Both equally (DO NOT READ) .8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 17.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing31154 
TOTAL1450100.0
133) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. I will read you two statements, please tell me which comes closer to your view, even if neither is exactly right. (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Q77)
TOTAL%
1) 1 - A wife should have the right to divorce her husband 51.6
2) 2 - A wife should not have the right to divorce her husband 39
3) Neither (DO NOT READ) 5.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing3028 
TOTAL29576100.0
134) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Now I am going to read you a statement. Please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it: A wife must always obey her husband. (Q78)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 48.5
2) Mostly agree 31.7
3) Mostly disagree 11.5
4) Completely disagree 5.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
135) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, RUSSIA, THAILAND AND UZBEKISTAN. Do you favor or oppose making the sharia, or Islamic law, the official law of the land our country? (Q79A)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 58.7
2) Oppose 31.6
8) Don't now (DO NOT READ) 8.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.6
Missing4544 
TOTAL28060100.0
136) ASK IF MUSLIM IN RUSSIA. Do you favor or oppose making the sharia, or Islamic law, the official law of the land in the Muslim Republics of Russia? (Q79ARUS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 41.6
2) Oppose 37.4
8) Don't now (DO NOT READ) 20.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing31554 
TOTAL1050100.0
137) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. Do you favor or oppose making the sharia, or Islamic law, the official law of the land in the provinces where the Muslim population forms a majority? (Q79ATHA)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 76.8
2) Oppose 11.2
8) Don't now (DO NOT READ) 11.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
138) ASK ALL IN IRAN. Do you favor or oppose the implementation of the sharia, or Islamic law in our country? (Q80)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 83.4
2) Oppose 14.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
139) ASK IF RESPONDENT SAYS FAVOR IN Q79a OR Q80 (Q79a=1 OR Q80 = 1) Should [In Iran: the public conduct of] both Muslims and non-Muslims in our country be subject to the sharia , or should the sharia only be applied to Muslims? (Q81)
TOTAL%
1) Both Muslims and non-Muslims 47.7
2) Muslims only 48.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing15002 
TOTAL17602100.0
140) ASK IF RESPONDENT SAYS FAVOR IN Q79ARUS (Q79A=1). Should both Muslims and non-Muslims in the Muslim Republics of Russia be subject to the sharia, or should the sharia only be applied to Muslims? (Q81RUS)
TOTAL%
1) Both Muslims and non-Muslims 22.5
2) Muslims only 70.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 0
Missing32196 
TOTAL408100.0
141) ASK IF RESPONDENT SAYS FAVOR IN Q79ATHA (Q79ATHA=1). Should both Muslims and non-Muslims in the provinces where the Muslim population forms a majority be subject to the sharia, or should the sharia only be applied to Muslims? (Q81THA)
TOTAL%
1) Both Muslims and non-Muslims 24.5
2) Muslims only 74.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .8
Missing31844 
TOTAL760100.0
142) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. In your opinion, who should have a greater right to parents' inheritance -- sons or daughters, or should both have equal rights? (Q83)
TOTAL%
1) Sons 48.6
2) Daughters 3
3) Both should have equal rights 45.9
4) Neither (DO NOT READ) .7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
143) ASK ALL IN IRAN. In a family setting, should men alone be responsible for the financial needs of the family or should women be expected to contribute to the household income as well? (Q3IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Men alone are responsible 72.9
2) Women should also contribute 26.4
3) Only women responsible (DO NOT READ) .1
4) No one should be responsible (DO NOT READ) .1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
144) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Divorce (Q84A)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 46.5
2) Moray wrong 26.9
3) Not a moral issue 12.5
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 12.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
Missing2437 
TOTAL30167100.0
145) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Polygamy -- having more than one wife (Q84B)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 33.3
2) Moray wrong 42.3
3) Not a moral issue 12.3
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 10.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing2437 
TOTAL30167100.0
146) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Married couples choosing to limit the number of children that they have (Q84C)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 39.7
2) Moray wrong 28.2
3) Not a moral issue 18.3
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 10.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
147) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Drinking alcohol (Q84D)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 5.1
2) Moray wrong 78.3
3) Not a moral issue 12.1
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .3
Missing2437 
TOTAL30167100.0
148) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Euthanasia -- ending the life of the incurably sick (Q84E)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 5.1
2) Moray wrong 67.1
3) Not a moral issue 15.9
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing2437 
TOTAL30167100.0
149) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Suicide (Q84F)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 2
2) Moray wrong 79.9
3) Not a moral issue 13.4
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 2.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing2437 
TOTAL30167100.0
150) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Having an abortion (Q84G)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 5
2) Moray wrong 68.8
3) Not a moral issue 11.5
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 12
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .6
Missing2437 
TOTAL30167100.0
151) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ITEMS H THROUGH J OF ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Prostitution (Q84H)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 1.3
2) Moray wrong 89.4
3) Not a moral issue 5.3
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 1.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing5465 
TOTAL27139100.0
152) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ITEMS H THROUGH J OF ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Sex between people who are not married to each other (Q84I)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 3.5
2) Moray wrong 85.3
3) Not a moral issue 6.7
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 1.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 1.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing5465 
TOTAL27139100.0
153) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN, ASK ITEMS H THROUGH J OF ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN. Next, I'm going to read some behaviors. For each, please tell me whether you personally believe that it is morally acceptable, morally wrong, or is it not a moral issue? (READ LIST) Homosexual behavior (Q84J)
TOTAL%
1) Morally acceptable 2.5
2) Moray wrong 85.9
3) Not a moral issue 6.2
4) Depends on situation (DO NOT READ) 1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.4
Missing5465 
TOTAL27139100.0
154) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, THAILAND AND UZBEKISTAN. How concerned, if at all, are you about extremist religious groups in our country these days? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not at all concerned about extremist religious groups in our country these days? (Q85)
TOTAL%
1) Very concerned 27.7
2) Somewhat concerned 28
3) Not too concerned 20.6
4) Not at all concerned 16.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.2
Missing3494 
TOTAL29110100.0
155) ASK ALL IN IRAN. How concerned, if at all, are you about extremist religious groups in our country these days? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not at all concerned about extremist religious groups in our country these days? (Q85IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Very concerned 8.9
2) Somewhat concerned 19.1
3) Not too concerned 34.9
4) Not at all concerned 12.6
5) Does not exist (DO NOT READ) 14.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 8.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 2.1
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
156) ASK IF VERY OR SOMEWHAT CONCERNED IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN AND AFGHANISTAN (Q85=1,2). And are you mostly concerned about Muslim extremist groups or Christian extremist groups? (Q86)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly concerned about Muslim extremist groups 47.9
2) Mostly concerned about Christian extremist groups 13.5
3) Both (DO NOT READ) 32.6
4) Neither/Other (DO NOT READ) 2.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1
Missing17381 
TOTAL15223100.0
157) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, AZERBAIJAN, IRAQ, LEBANON, PAKISTAN, TAJIKISTAN, TURKEY. How big of a problem, if at all, are tensions between Sunnis and Shia in our country? Is it a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all? (Q87)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 19.7
2) Moderately big problem 20.2
3) Small Problem 25.2
4) Not a problem at all 28.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing23744 
TOTAL8860100.0
158) ASK ALL IN IRAN. How prevalent is the problem, if at all, of tensions between Sunnis and Shia in our country? Is it very prevalent, moderately prevalent, not very prevalent or not prevalent at all? (Q87IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Very prevalent 6.6
2) Moderately prevalent 15.9
3) Not very prevalent 39.2
4) Not prevalent at all 22.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 12.3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 3.8
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
159) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN. How big of a problem, if at all, are tensions between Muslims who are very religious and Muslims who are not very religious in our country? Is it a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem or not a problem at all? (Q88)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 16.7
2) Moderately big problem 24.4
3) Small problem 27.2
4) Not a problem at all 23.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing1519 
TOTAL31085100.0
160) ASK ALL IN IRAN. How prevalent of a problem, if at all, of tensions between Muslims who are very religious and Muslims who are not very religious in our country? Is it very prevalent, moderately prevalent, not very prevalent, or not prevalent at all? (Q88IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Very prevalent 13.8
2) Moderately prevalent 29.6
3) Not very prevalent 39
4) Not prevalent at all 10.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
161) ASK IF MUSLIM ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, THAILAND AND UZBEKISTAN. Some people think that suicide bombing and other forms of violence against civilian targets are justified in order to defend Islam from its enemies. Other people believe that, no matter what the reason, this kind of violence is never justified. Do you personally feel that this kind of violence is often justified to defend Islam, sometimes justified, rarely justified, or never justified? [Note from Pew Research Center: Data for Lebanon not available due to an administrative error.] (Q89)
TOTAL%
1) Often justified 5.8
2) Sometimes justified 9.8
3) Rarely justified 12.4
4) Never justified 65.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.3
Missing4045 
TOTAL28559100.0
162) ASK IN ALBANIA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, EGYPT, INDONESIA, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, KOSOVO, LEBANON, MALAYSIA, RUSSIA. In your opinion, how many Christians in our country are hostile toward Muslims? Would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q90)
TOTAL%
1) Most 5.5
2) Many 11
3) Just some 25
4) Very few 32.1
5) All (DO NOT READ) 4.1
6) None (DO NOT READ) 11.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing20730 
TOTAL11874100.0
163) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. In your opinion, how many Buddhists in our country are hostile toward Muslims? Would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q90THA)
TOTAL%
1) Most 4.8
2) Many 6.7
3) Just some 54.6
4) Very few 28.7
5) All (Volunteered) .2
6) None (Volunteered) 1.9
8) Don't know 3.1
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
164) ASK ALL IN ALBANIA, BOSNIA AND HERZIGOVINA, EGYPT, INDONESIA, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, KOSOVO, LEBANON, MALAYSIA, RUSSIA. In your opinion, how many Muslims in our country do you think are hostile toward Christians? Would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q91)
TOTAL%
1) Most 3.1
2) Many 8.1
3) Just some 25.9
4) Very few 35
5) All (DO NOT READ) 3.5
6) None (DO NOT READ) 14.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 9.2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing20730 
TOTAL11874100.0
165) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. In your opinion, how many Muslims in our country do you think are hostile toward Buddhists? Would you say most, many, just some or very few? (Q91THA)
TOTAL%
1) Most 3.8
2) Many 5.2
3) Just some 56.1
4) Very few 29
5) All (DO NOT READ) .1
6) None (DO NOT READ) 3.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 2.4
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
166) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN. Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) giving Muslim leaders and religious judges the power to decide family and property disputes (Q92A)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 57.6
2) Oppose 35.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 6.4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing7501 
TOTAL25103100.0
167) ASK IF MUSLIM IN RUSSIA. Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) giving Muslim leaders and religious judges the power to decide family and property disputes in the Muslim Republics of Russia (Q92ARUS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 36.4
2) Oppose 49.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 13.1
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing31554 
TOTAL1050100.0
168) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) giving Muslim leaders and religious judges the power to decide family and property disputes in the provinces where the Muslim population forms a majority (Q92ATHA)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 77.8
2) Oppose 16.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
169) ASK IF MUSLIM IN TURKEY. Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) giving Muslim leaders such as imams, hodjas and sheiks the power to decide family and property disputes (Q92ATUR)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 13.7
2) Oppose 82.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 3.7
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing31119 
TOTAL1485100.0
170) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN. Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) the death penalty for people who leave the Muslim religion (Q92B)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 35.4
2) Oppose 57.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
171) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) punishments like whippings and cutting off of hands for crimes like theft and robbery (Q92C)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 44.4
2) Oppose 49.5
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.1
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
172) ASK IF MUSLIM IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT IRAN, MOROCCO AND UZBEKISTAN. Do you favor or oppose the following? (READ LIST) stoning people who commit adultery (Q92D)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 45.2
2) Oppose 47.6
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 5.6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.7
Missing3956 
TOTAL28648100.0
173) ASK ALL. Gender (RECORD BY OBSERVATION) (Q95)
TOTAL%
1) Male 50.1
2) Female 49.9
TOTAL32604100.0
174) ASK ALL. How old were you at your last birthday? (RECORD AGE IN YEARS) (Q96)
TOTAL%
9) 9 .1
18) 18 4
19) 19 3.4
20) 20 3.6
21) 21 3.1
22) 22 3.2
23) 23 3.1
24) 24 3.4
25) 25 3.4
26) 26 2.9
27) 27 2.7
28) 28 2.6
29) 29 2.2
30) 30 3.1
31) 31 2
32) 32 2.3
33) 33 1.9
34) 34 2.1
35) 35 2.6
36) 36 1.7
37) 37 1.7
38) 38 1.8
39) 39 1.8
40) 40 3.1
41) 41 1.5
42) 42 2
43) 43 1.7
44) 44 1.6
45) 45 2.5
46) 46 1.4
47) 47 1.3
48) 48 1.6
49) 49 1.4
50) 50 2.4
51) 51 1.3
52) 52 1.4
53) 53 1.2
54) 54 1.2
55) 55 1.9
56) 56 1.4
57) 57 1
58) 58 1.1
59) 59 1
60) 60 1.6
61) 61 .7
62) 62 .8
63) 63 .6
64) 64 .6
65) 65 .8
66) 66 .4
67) 67 .3
68) 68 .3
69) 69 .3
70) 70 .4
71) 71 .3
72) 72 .3
73) 73 .2
74) 74 .2
75) 75 .2
76) 76 .1
77) 77 .1
78) 78 .1
79) 79 .1
80) 80 .1
81) 81 .1
82) 82 .1
83) 83 0
84) 84 0
85) 85 0
86) 86 0
88) 88 0
90) 90 0
91) 91 0
92) 92 0
93) 93 0
94) 94 0
95) 95 0
96) 96 0
97) 97 or older 0
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .4
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .2
TOTAL32604100.0
175) ASK ALL IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT RUSSIA. Are you currently married, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married? (Q97)
TOTAL%
1) Married 66.7
2) Divorced 1.6
3) Separated .4
4) Widowed 3.9
5) Never been married 26.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .9
Missing1050 
TOTAL31554100.0
176) ASK ALL IN RUSSIA. Are you currently married or living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married? (Q97RUS)
TOTAL%
1) Married or living with a partner 63.4
2) Divorced 5.1
3) Separated 1.9
4) Widowed 7.9
5) Never been married 20.8
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .5
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing31554 
TOTAL1050100.0
177) ASK IF MARRIED IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN (Q97 = 1). Do you and your spouse have the same religion, or not? (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: if respondent indicates they have more than one spouse, specify that you are asking about first spouse.) (Q98)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, has same religion 98.8
2) No, does not have same religion .7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing12690 
TOTAL19914100.0
178) ASK ALL. How many adults (18 and over) live in your household including yourself? (RECORD NUMBER) (Q100)
TOTAL%
1) 1 1.7
2) 2 21.2
3) 3 21.1
4) 4 21.9
5) 5 14.6
6) 6 9.1
7) 7 4.7
8) 8 2.5
9) 9 1.4
10) 10 .9
11) 11 .3
12) 12 .2
13) 13 .1
14) 14 .1
15) 15 .1
16) 16 0
17) 17 0
18) 18 0
19) 19 0
20) 20 0
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
TOTAL32604100.0
179) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, ALGERIA, IRAN, IRAQ, MOROCCO, PAKISTAN AND TUNISIA. How many males (18 and over) live in your household [If male (Q95=1): including yourself]? (Q100A)
TOTAL%
0) 0 6.8
1) 1 30.8
2) 2 30
3) 3 19.1
4) 4 8.2
5) 5 3.4
6) 6 1
7) 7 .4
8) 8 .2
9) 9 0
10) 10 0
11) 11 0
12) 12 0
13) 13 0
14) 14 0
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing23336 
TOTAL9268100.0
180) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN, ALGERIA, IRAN, IRAQ, MOROCCO, PAKISTAN AND TUNISIA. How many females (18 and over) live in your household [If female (Q95=2): including yourself]? (Q100B)
TOTAL%
0) 0 6.7
1) 1 32.8
2) 2 29.5
3) 3 18
4) 4 7.7
5) 5 2.9
6) 6 1
7) 7 .6
8) 8 .2
9) 9 .1
10) 10 .1
11) 11 0
12) 12 0
14) 14 0
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) .1
Missing23328 
TOTAL9276100.0
181) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101AFG)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 63.7
2) Completed 5 grades or less 8.3
3) Completed 6, 7, or 8 grades 8.2
4) Completed 9 or 10 grades 9.2
5) Completed 11 or 12 grades 9.4
6) Some college or university but not graduated .5
7) College or university graduate .6
8) Post-graduate .2
Missing31095 
TOTAL1509100.0
182) ASK ALL IN ALBANIA. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101ALB)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education or less than lower elementary school (has not completed 4 grades) .6
2) Lower elementary school (completed 4 grades) 4.2
3) Lower secondary school (completed 9 grades) 22.2
4) Completed upper secondary - general 34.6
5) Completed upper secondary - vocational 10.6
6) Some university 6
7) University degree 20.5
8) Post-graduate degree 1.2
Missing31816 
TOTAL788100.0
183) ASK ALL IN ALGERIA. Generally speaking, what is your highest level of education? (Q101ALG)
TOTAL%
1) Illiterate 11.4
2) Primary 15
3) Intermediate 18.6
4) Secondary 22.7
5) University 23.7
6) Post-University 3
7) Vocational Education 2.6
8) Religious Education 1.9
99) Refusal 1
Missing31423 
TOTAL1181100.0
184) ASK ALL IN AZERBAIJA. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101AZE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than base-general education (did not complete 9 grades under new system or 8 grades under old system) 2.4
2) Base-general education (completed 9 grades under new system or 8 grades under old system) 9.3
3) General secondary education (completed 11 grades under new system or 10 grades under old system) 51.6
4) Special secondary education (completed 2 or 3 years of college) 17.7
5) Higher education (completed 4 or more years of university studies under new system or 5 or more years under old system) 19.1
8) Don't know 0
Missing31608 
TOTAL996100.0
185) ASK ALL IN BANGLADESH. Can you tell me the highest level of education you have completed? (Q101BAN)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 31.6
2) Some primary education (has not completed class V) 9.2
3) Primary education (completed class V) 7.8
4) Some secondary education (has not completed SSC) 17.6
5) Secondary education (completed SSC) 12.6
6) Some Higher Secondary Education (has not completed HSC) 4.5
7) Higher Secondary Education (completed (HSC) 9.9
8) Some university education, but did not complete degree or graduate 3.2
9) University degree (e.g. Bachelor degree/License degree) 3.1
10) Post-graduate degree (e.g. PhD, MBA) .3
12) Vocational/Diploma .1
Missing30686 
TOTAL1918100.0
186) ASK ALL IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101BOS)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 2.2
2) Completed 1, 2, or 3 classes of primary school 1.2
3) Completed 4, 5, 6, or 7 classes of primary school 6.4
4) Completed 8 classes of primary school 15.8
5) Vocational school (completed 1 or 2 years, short program) 1
6) Vocational school (completed 3 years) 18.1
7) Vocational school (completed 4 years) 8
8) Secondary school (completed 4 years) 31.2
9) High school, university first degree (completed 2 years) 6.8
10) Completed university 8.3
11) Master's degree or equivalent .8
12) Doctorate .3
Missing31597 
TOTAL1007100.0
187) ASK ALL IN EGYPT. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101EGY)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 17.3
2) Incomplete elementary education (completed less than 6 grades) 12.7
3) Complete elementary education (completed 6 grades) 11.7
4) Incomplete preparatory education (completed 7 or 8 grades) 5.9
5) Complete preparatory education (completed 9 grades) 8.8
6) Incomplete intermediate/secondary education (completed 10 or 11 grades) 7.8
7) Complete intermediate/secondary education (completed 12 grades) 14
8) Above intermediate (completed 2-year college) 9.2
9) University and above 12.6
Missing30806 
TOTAL1798100.0
188) ASK ALL IN INDONESIA. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101IDN)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 1
2) Incomplete grade school (completed 1-5 grades) 7.8
3) Complete grade school (completed 6 grades) 21.9
4) Incomplete junior high school (completed 1-2 secondary grades) 3.5
5) Complete junior high school (completed 3 secondary grades) 23.5
6) Incomplete high school (completed 1-2 high school grades) 3.1
7) Complete high school (completed 3 high school grades) 33.3
8) Some university (has not completed a degree) 2.2
9) University education, with degree 3.8
Missing30724 
TOTAL1880100.0
189) ASK ALL IN IRAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Less than primary/illiterate 13.6
2) Primary or Elementary school completed 15.5
3) Partial Middle School 7.8
4) Middle school (grades 6,7,8) completed 8.1
5) Partial high school education 3.9
6) Students currently enrolled in secondary school 1.2
7) Diploma (high school diploma) 25
8) Pre-university 2.2
9) Students currently enrolled in a college/university 3.8
10) Some university completed but no degree 6.2
11) Obtained license or BS degree 11.1
12) MA, MPhil, PhD, or MD completed 1.6
98) Don't know .1
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
190) ASK ALL IN IRAQ. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101IRQ)
TOTAL%
1) None (illiterate, read-write only, no formal school) 17.5
2) Primary 20.3
3) Intermediate 21.5
4) Secondary 16.3
5) Diploma 12.7
6) University Graduate 9.4
7) Post-graduate 2
8) Don't know .2
9) Refused .1
Missing31188 
TOTAL1416100.0
191) ASK ALL IN JORDAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101JOR)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 8.1
2) Incomplete primary (completed less than 9 grades) 29.5
3) Complete primary (completed 9 grades) 15.5
4) Incomplete secondary (completed 10 or 11 grades) 6.8
5) Complete secondary (completed 12 grades) 18.8
6) Intermediate diploma (completed 2 or 3 grades in community college) 8.3
7) Bachelor and above 13.1
Missing31638 
TOTAL966100.0
192) ASK ALL IN KAZAKHSTAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101KAZ)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education or incomplete primary education (completed less than 4 grades under new system or less than 3 grades under old system) .1
2) Primary education (completed 4 grades under new system or 3 grades under old system) .7
3) Base-general education (completed 9 grades under new system or 8 grades under old system) 3.6
4) General secondary education (completed 11 grades under new system or 10 grades under old system) 24.1
5) Incomplete special secondary education (completed 1 year of college) 3.8
6) Special secondary education (completed 2 or 3 years of college) 40.9
7) Incomplete higher education (completed 2 years of university studies under new system or 3 years under old system) 4.5
8) Higher education (completed 4 or more years of university studies under new system or 5 or more years under old system) 22.4
98) Don't know .1
Missing31606 
TOTAL998100.0
193) ASK ALL IN KOSOVO. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101KOS)
TOTAL%
1) No schooling .9
2) Completed 1, 2, or 3 years of elementary school 2.1
3) Completed 4 years of elementary school 4
4) Completed 5, 6, or 7 years of elementary school 2.7
5) Primary (completed 8 years) 21.3
6) Incomplete secondary (completed 9 or 10 years) 6.3
7) Secondary (completed 11 or 12 years) 45.1
8) Completed higher school 6.6
9) Incomplete university 7.6
10) Completed university or higher 3.2
99) Refused .1
Missing31338 
TOTAL1266100.0
194) ASK ALL IN KYRGYZSTAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101KYR)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 1.2
2) Incomplete primary education (completed less than 4 grades under the new system or less than 3 grades under the old system) .5
3) Primary education (completed 4 grades under the new system or 3 grades under the old system) 3.2
4) Base-general education (completed 9 grades under new system or 8 grades under old system) 12.3
5) General secondary education (completed 11 grades under new system or 10 grades under old system) 61.3
6) Special secondary education (completed 2 or 3 years of college) 6.1
7) Incomplete higher education (completed 2 years of university studies under the new system or 3 years under the old system) 4.1
8) Higher education (completed 4 or more years of university studies under new system or 5 or more years under old system) 11.3
99) Refused .1
Missing31312 
TOTAL1292100.0
195) ASK ALL IN LEBANON. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101LEB)
TOTAL%
1) Incomplete elementary or less (0-7 years) (not enrolled/illiterate/preschool/read and write) 15.2
2) Complete elementary (8 years) 11.2
3) Incomplete intermediate (9-11 years) 13.3
4) Complete intermediate (12 years) 11.7
5) Incomplete secondary (13-14 years) 10.6
6) Complete secondary (15 years) 7.8
7) Some university without degree 15.8
8) University with degree 12.4
98) Don't know .4
99) Refused 1.8
Missing32053 
TOTAL551100.0
196) ASK ALL IN MALAYSIA. What is the highest level of education that you have attained or are currently attending? (Q101MAL)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 4.1
2) Primary school (began or completed Standard 1 to Standard 6 / UPSR) 12.6
3) Lower secondary school (began or completed Form 1 to Form 3 / PMR / SRP / LCE) 11
4) Upper secondary school (began or completed Form 4 to Form 5 / SPM / MCE / SC / GCE 'O' Level) 46.7
5) Vocational / technical (began or completed vocational / technical school, e.g. SPVM / MCVE) 7.1
6) Trade and technical skills institution (began or completed studies in trade and technical skills institution, e.g. cert) 1.6
7) Post Secondary (began or completed post-secondary studies, e.g. STPM / STP / STA / 4THANAWI / HSC / GCE 'A' Level, diploma) 6
8) Tertiary (began or completed tertiary studies, e.g. post-diploma / college / polytechnic / university education) 8.1
9) Post graduate (began or completed post graduate studies; e.g. PhD, Master) 2.1
99) Refused .6
Missing31360 
TOTAL1244100.0
197) ASK ALL IN NIGER. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101NIG)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 40.7
2) Incomplete elementary (finished CI, CP, CE1, CE2, or CM1) 16.8
3) Complete elementary (finished CM2) 6.9
4) Incomplete middle school (finished sixieme, cinquieme, or quatrieme) 6.4
5) Complete middle school (finished troisieme) 4
6) Incomplete high school/trade school/technical school (finished seconde or premiere) 11
7) Complete high school/trade school/technical school (finished terminal) 3.4
8) Incomplete first cycle of university (did not finish 2 or 3 years of university, DEUG or DUEL) 6.3
9) Complete first cycle of university (finished 2 or 3 years of university, DEUG, or DUEL) 1.8
10) Second cycle of university (finished 4 years of university studies) .8
11) PhD .5
99) Refused 1.4
Missing31658 
TOTAL946100.0
198) ASK ALL IN PAKISTAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101PAK)
TOTAL%
1) No education at all 35.4
2) No formal education but can read/write simple Urdu 1.2
3) Incomplete primary education (completed less than 5 grades) 3.8
4) Complete primary education (completed 5 grades) 11.4
5) Incomplete middle school (completed 6 or 7 grades) 4
6) Complete middle school (completed 8 grades) 8.1
7) Incomplete matric (completed 9 grades) 4.8
8) Matriculation (completed 10 grades) 13.4
9) Intermediate (completed 12 grades) 8.6
10) Graduate (completed 14 years of studies) 6.8
11) Post-graduate (completed 16 years of studies) 2.5
Missing31154 
TOTAL1450100.0
199) ASK ALL IN PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101PAL)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 3
2) Incomplete elementary education (completed less than 5 grades under new system or less than 6 grades under old system) 5.4
3) Complete elementary education (completed 5 grades under new system or 6 grades under old system) 7.9
4) Complete preparatory education (completed 10 grades under new system or 9 grades under old system) 14.1
5) Complete secondary education (completed 12 grades) 34.6
6) Diploma 14.6
7) BA 18.8
8) Masters 1.3
9) PhD .1
99) Refused .2
Missing31610 
TOTAL994100.0
200) ASK ALL IN RUSSIA. What is your current education? (Q101RUS)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education or less than primary education (completed 1-2 grades only) .9
2) Completed primary general education (completed 3 or 4 grades) 2.3
3) Incomplete general secondary education (completed 8 or 9 grades) 9.9
4) Complete general secondary education (diploma after completing 11(10) grades) 26.8
5) Primary professional education (PTU, lyceum)(1-2 years of training) 10.3
6) Secondary professional education (technikum, ushilishe, college, etc.)(3-4 years of training) 31.9
7) Incomplete higher education (completed at least 3 grades of university/college) 1.9
8) Completed higher education on 5-6 grades on-tier system (diploma of specialist), bachelor or master degree on new 2-tier 15.5
9) Postgraduate education (aspirantura, ordinatura, adjuktura) scientific degree (candidate, doctor of science) .5
99) Refused 0
Missing31554 
TOTAL1050100.0
201) ASK ALL IN TAJIKISTAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101TAJ)
TOTAL%
1) Incomplete base-general education (completed less than 9 grades under new system or less than 8 grades under old system) 3.7
2) Base-general education (completed 9 grades under new system or 8 grades under old system) 10.9
3) General secondary education (completed 11 grades under new system or 10 grades under old system) 51.8
4) Special secondary education (completed 2 or 3 years of college) 9.4
5) Incomplete higher education (completed 2 years of university studies under new system or 3 years under old system) 4.3
6) Higher education (completed 4 or more years of university studies under new system or 5 or more years under old system) 19.7
8) Don't know .1
9) Refused .1
Missing31151 
TOTAL1453100.0
202) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101THA)
TOTAL%
1) None/No formal education 7.9
2) Primary school or below (currently attending primary school or completed 6 grades or less in primary school) 48.3
3) Lower level secondary school (currently attending secondary school or completed 9 grades or less in secondary school) 14.7
4) High school (currently attending high school or completed 12 grades or less in high school) 14.5
5) Diploma/Vocational (currently attending vocational school or completed 3 or 5 years of vocational school after lower level 4.5
6) Bachelor degree or higher (completed 4 or more years of university) 10.2
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
203) ASK ALL IN TUNISIA. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101TUN)
TOTAL%
1) Without education/illiterate 11.7
2) Primary school 26.2
3) College school 15.5
4) Secondary school 22.9
5) University 23.3
9) Refused .3
Missing31154 
TOTAL1450100.0
204) ASK ALL IN TURKEY. What is the latest level of school you have completed/your education status? (Q101TUR)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education 5.7
2) Incomplete primary school (completed less than 5 grades) 3.4
3) Complete primary school (completed 5 grades) 42.4
4) Complete primary education (completed 8 grades) 6.1
5) Complete junior high school or vocational school at the same level 9.6
6) Complete high school or vocational school at the same level 21.4
7) Higher education (completed 2 years of college or 4 years of university studies) 10.1
8) Master (completed 2 more years after university) .4
9) PhD (completed 4-6 more years after university) .4
99) Refused .5
Missing31119 
TOTAL1485100.0
205) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. What is the highest level of education that you have completed? (Q101UZB)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education .7
2) Incomplete primary education (completed less than 4 grades under new system or less than 3 grades under old system) .3
3) Primary education (completed 4 grades under new system or 3 grades under old system) .5
4) Incomplete base-general (completed less than 9 grades under new system or less than 8 grades under old system) 2.6
5) Base-general education (completed 9 grades under new system or 8 grades under old system) 10.3
6) General secondary education (completed 11 grades under new system or 10 grades under old system) 36
7) Special secondary education (completed 2 or 3 years of college) 36.5
8) Incomplete higher education (completed less than 4 years of university studies under new system or less than 5 under old system) 3.7
9) Higher education (completed 4 or more years of university studies under new system or 5 or more years under old system) 9.2
99) Refused .1
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
206) ASK ALL IN AFGHANISTAN. What is your household's total monthly income from all sources, that is all types of income for all the people living at this address? (Q102AFG)
TOTAL%
1) 2,000 Afghanis or less 8.6
2) From 2,001 to 5,000 29
3) From 5,001 to 10 ,000 39.3
4) From 10,001 to 20,000 15.1
5) From 20,001 to 30,000 4.6
6) From 30,001 to 40,000 .8
7) More than 40,000 Afghanis .5
8) Don't know 2.3
9) Refused 0
Missing31095 
TOTAL1509100.0
207) ASK ALL IN ALBANIA. What will be your total HOUSEHOLD income this month? Please include all income in your household and not just your personal income. (Q102ALB)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,000 lek 1.6
2) 10,001 to 18,000 lek 5.4
3) 18,001 to 28,000 lek 8.4
4) 28,001 to 33,000 lek 11.1
5) 33,001 to 40,000 lek 14
6) 40,001 to 50,000 lek 13
7) 50,001 to 66,000 lek 10.7
8) 66,001 to 88,000 lek 8.4
9) 88,001 to 100,000 lek 3.6
10) 100,001 to 140,000 lek 2.2
11) More than 140,000 lek 1.5
98) Don't know 4.6
99) Refused 15.6
Missing31816 
TOTAL788100.0
208) ASK ALL IN ALGERIA. What is the net monthly income of your household? (Q102ALG)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 15,000 D 4.7
2) 15,001 to 25,000 D 13.4
3) 25,001 to 35,000 D 16.3
4) 35,001 to 45,000 D 14.1
5) 45,001 to 55,000 D 11
6) 55,001 to 70,000 D 9.2
7) 70,001 to 90,000 D 8.6
8) 90,001 to 120,000 D 6.3
9) 120,001 to 140,000 D 3
10) 140,001 to 160,000 D 1.4
11) 160,001 to 180,000 D 1.5
12) 180,001 to 200,000 D 1.3
13) More than 200,000 D .7
98) Don't know 2.6
99) Refused 6
Missing31423 
TOTAL1181100.0
209) ASK ALL IN AZERBAIJAN. Please tell me which of the following reflects your household's monthly income, adding up all monetary income of all family members: salaries, pensions, stipends, benefits, allowances, etc. (Q102AZE)
TOTAL%
1) No income .7
3) 46-90 manat .4
4) 91-135 manat 3.5
5) 136-180 manat 7.7
6) 181-225 manat 9.4
7) 226-270 manat 14.7
8) 271-315 manat 13.8
9) 316 manat or more 26.8
98) Don't know 17
99) Refused 5.9
Missing31608 
TOTAL996100.0
210) ASK ALL IN BANGLADESH. What is your monthly household income from all sources? (Q102BAN)
TOTAL%
1) Tk. 999 or below .1
2) Tk. 1,000-1,999 .5
3) Tk. 2,000-2,999 1.9
4) Tk. 3,000-3,999 2.8
5) Tk. 4,000-4,999 5.9
6) Tk. 5,000-5,999 8.6
7) Tk. 6,000-6,999 8.6
8) Tk. 7,000-7,999 9.5
9) Tk. 8,000-8,999 10.5
10) Tk. 9,000-9,999 18.5
11) Tk. 10,000-19,999 23.9
12) Tk. 20,000 or above 8.3
98) Don't know .3
99) Refused .7
Missing30686 
TOTAL1918100.0
211) ASK ALL IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Please indicate the total amount of monthly income of your household from all sources. (Q102BOS)
TOTAL%
1) Up to 100 KM 2.2
2) From 101 to 300 KM 4.7
3) From 301 to 500 KM 19.6
4) From 501 to 700 KM 16.7
5) From 701 to 900 KM 12.3
6) From 901 to 1100 KM 12
7) From 101 to 1500 KM 9.4
8) From 1501 to 2000 KM 4
9) From 2001 to 3000 KM 1.3
10) Over 3000 KM 1
98) Don't know 3.4
99) Refused 13.3
Missing31597 
TOTAL1007100.0
212) ASK ALL IN EGYPT. Which of these does your household fall into, counting all wages, salaries, pensions, and other incomes? Just give the number of the range that your household falls into, before taxes, and other deductions. (Q102EGY)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 500 Egyptian Pound monthly 20.4
2) 501-750 Egyptian Pound monthly 13.6
3) 751-1000 Egyptian Pound monthly 8.7
4) 1001-1250 Egyptian Pound monthly 7.9
5) 1251-1500 Egyptian Pound monthly 7.3
6) 1501-1750 Egyptian Pound monthly 7.9
7) 1751-2000 Egyptian Pound monthly 8.4
8) 2001-2500 Egyptian Pound monthly 6
9) 2501-3000 Egyptian Pound monthly 5.7
10) 3001-4000 Egyptian Pound monthly 4.7
11) 4001-5000 Egyptian Pound monthly 3.8
12) More than 5000 Egyptian Pound monthly 2.8
98) Don't know .4
99) Refused 2.5
Missing30806 
TOTAL1798100.0
213) ASK ALL IN INDONESIA. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions, and other incomes that come in? Just give the code of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. (Q102IDN)
TOTAL%
1) Under Rp 500.000 monthly 2.2
2) Rp 500.001-750.000 monthly 4.7
3) Rp 750.001-1.000.000 monthly 10.4
4) Rp 1.000.001-1.250.000 monthly 11.2
5) Rp 1.250.001-1.500.000 monthly 13.9
6) Rp 1.500.001-1.750.000 monthly 13.7
7) Rp 1.750.001-2.000.000 monthly 12.3
8) Rp 2.000.001-2.250.000 monthly 6.6
9) Rp 2.250.001-2.500.000 monthly 6.4
10) Rp 2.500.001-2.750.000 monthly 3.7
11) Rp 2.750.001-3.000.000 monthly 5.9
12) Rp 3.000.001-3.500.000 monthly 2.6
13) Rp 3.500.001-4.000.000 monthly 3.4
14) Rp 4.000.001-5.000.000 monthly 1.9
15) Rp 5.000.001-7.500.000 monthly .4
16) Rp 7.500.001-10.000.000 monthly .2
17) More than Rp 10.000.000 monthly .1
98) Don't know .4
99) Refused .1
Missing30724 
TOTAL1880100.0
214) ASK ALL IN IRAN. What is your household's total monthly income? (Q102IRN)
TOTAL%
1) Under 300,000 Tomans 30
2) 300,000-600,000 Tomans 45.4
3) 600,000-900,000 Tomans 13.9
4) 900,000-1,200,000 Tomans 4.6
5) 1,200,000-1,500,000 Tomans 1.3
6) Over 1,500,000 Tomans 1.8
98) Don't know 2.3
99) Refused .8
Missing31085 
TOTAL1519100.0
215) ASK ALL IN IRAQ. Income adjusted for each country. (Q102IRQ)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 100000 IQD. 1
2) Between 100000-200000 IQD. 3
3) Between 200001-300000 IQD. 10.9
4) Between 300001-400000 IQD. 14.8
5) Between 400001-600000 IQD. 22.7
6) Between 600001-800000 IQD. 24.1
7) More than 800000 IQD. 17.5
8) Don't know 6.1
Missing31188 
TOTAL1416100.0
216) ASK ALL IN JORDAN. Which of these does your household fall into, counting all wages, salaries, pensions, and other incomes? Just give the number of the range that your household falls into, before taxes, and other deductions. (Q102JOR)
TOTAL%
1) Less than JD 100 monthly 1.5
2) JD 101-150 monthly 5.9
3) JD 151-200 monthly 10.6
4) JD 201-250 monthly 9.6
5) JD 251-300 monthly 11.3
6) JD 301-400 monthly 12.7
7) JD 401-500 monthly 13.8
8) JD 501-600 monthly 7.5
9) JD 601-700 monthly 7.9
10) JD 701-800 monthly 6.5
11) JD 801-1000 monthly 3.4
12) JD 1001-1250 monthly 2.9
13) JD 1251-1500 monthly 1.7
14) JD 1501-1750 monthly .9
15) JD 1751-2000 monthly .5
16) JD 2001-2500 monthly .6
17) JD 2501 or more .6
98) Don't know .5
99) Refused 1.6
Missing31638 
TOTAL966100.0
217) ASK ALL IN KAZAKHSTAN. Please tell me which of the following reflects your household's monthly income, adding up all monetary income of all family members: salaries, pensions, stipends, benefits, allowances, etc. (Q102KAZ)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 15,000 tenge 2
2) 15,001-30,000 tenge 6.2
3) 30,001-45,000 tenge 7.3
4) 45,001-60,000 tenge 13.3
5) 60,001-76,000 tenge 16.9
6) 75,001-90,000 tenge 13.2
7) 90,001-110,000 tenge 9.8
8) 110,001-130,000 tenge 7.7
9) 130,001-150,000 tenge 5.1
10) 150,001-170,000 tenge 3.8
11) 170,001-200,000 tenge 1.7
12) 200,001 and more tenge 1.5
98) Don't know 2.5
99) Refused 9
Missing31606 
TOTAL998100.0
218) ASK ALL IN KOSOVO. What is your total monthly household income, all income sources included? (Q102KOS)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 100 euro 8.7
2) 101-200 euro 15.5
3) 201-300 euro 24.7
4) 301-400 euro 21.1
5) 401-500 euro 10.8
6) 501-600 euro 8
7) 601-700 euro 1.6
8) 701-800 euro 1.1
9) 801-900 euro .9
10) 901-1000 euro .9
11) More than 1000 euro 1.7
98) Don't know 2
99) Refused 2.8
Missing31338 
TOTAL1266100.0
219) ASK ALL IN KYRGYZSTAN. Please tell me which of the following reflects your household's monthly income, adding up all monetary income of all family members: salaries, pensions, stipends, benefits, allowances, etc. (Q102KYR)
TOTAL%
1) No income 3.1
2) 500 som or less .4
3) 501-1000 som 1.4
4) 1001-1500 som 1.8
5) 1501-2000 som 2.4
6) 2001-2501 som 2.7
7) 2501-3000 som 5.8
8) 3001-3500 som 3
9) 3501-4000 som 5.2
10) 4001-5000 som 15.8
11) 5001-7500 som 17.1
12) 7501-10000 som 17.1
13) 10001-12500 som 6.2
14) 12501-15000 som 4.8
15) 15001-20000 som 2.4
16) 20001-30000 som 1.6
17) More than 30000 som .8
98) Don't know 4.3
99) Refused 4
Missing31312 
TOTAL1292100.0
220) ASK ALL IN LEBANON. Here is a list of monthly incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in before taxes and other deductions? (Q102LEB)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $500 10.1
2) $501 to $1000 25.7
3) $1001 to $1500 29.6
4) $1501 to $2000 13.1
5) $2001 to $2500 8.5
6) $2501 to $3000 5.1
7) $3001 to $3500 3
8) $3051 to $4000 1.6
9) $4001 to $4500 .9
10) $4501 to $5000 .5
11) $5001 to $5500 .2
12) $5501 to $6000 .4
13) $6001 to $6500 1.4
Missing32053 
TOTAL551100.0
221) ASK ALL IN MALAYSIA. What is your total monthly household income? By total we mean all income from work wages of all household members and other income sources like business, etc. (Q102MAL)
TOTAL%
1) Below RM500 3.3
2) RM500-RM999 10.9
3) RM1,000-RM1,499 18
4) RM1,500-RM1,999 14.5
5) RM2,000-RM2,499 16.4
6) RM2,500-RM2,999 7.9
7) RM3,000-RM3,499 10
8) RM3,500-RM3,999 3.3
9) RM4,000-RM4,999 5.5
10) RM5,000-RM6,999 3.2
11) RM7,000-RM9,999 1.5
12) RM10,000 and above .9
98) Don't know .8
99) Refused 3.9
Missing31360 
TOTAL1244100.0
222) ASK ALL IN MOROCCO. Income adjusted for each country. (Q102MOR)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 3000 MAD 25.3
2) 3001 to 7000 MAD 29.5
3) 7001 to 15000 MAD 13.6
4) 15001 to 30000 MAD 3.1
5) More than 30000 MAD 1.1
8) Don't know 3.9
9) Refused 23.5
Missing31132 
TOTAL1472100.0
223) ASK ALL IN NIGER. Can you tell me please what is the amount of your monthly income, including other members of the house who have a job? (Q102NIG)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing/No income 6.8
2) Less than 15,000 FCFA 20.7
3) 15,001 FCFA - 50,000 FCFA 35.1
4) 50,001 FCFA - 100,000 FCFA 17
5) 100,001 FCFA - 150,000 FCFA 3.6
6) Over 150,000 FCFA 3.1
8) Don't know 6.9
9) Refused 7
Missing31658 
TOTAL946100.0
224) ASK ALL IN PAKISTAN. Combining all sources from where your household gets its monthly income, please tell me in which of these groups does it fall? (Q102PAK)
TOTAL%
1) Rs. 4,000 or less per month 5
2) Rs. 4,001 to Rs. 7,000 per month 10
3) Rs. 7,001 to Rs. 10,000 per month 16.6
4) Rs. 10,001 to Rs. 15,000 per month 14.2
5) Rs. 15,001 to Rs. 20,000 per month 10.4
6) Rs. 20,001 to Rs. 25,000 per month 3.8
7) Rs. 25,001 to Rs. 30,000 per month 2.7
8) Rs. 30,001 or more per month 2.7
98) Don't know 25.9
99) Refused 8.7
Missing31154 
TOTAL1450100.0
225) ASK ALL IN PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES. What is your total monthly household income, before taxes? Please include income from wages and salaries. (Q102PAL)
TOTAL%
1) Up to 500 Israeli New Shekels 11.5
2) 501-1,000 Israeli New Shekels 18
3) 1,001-2,000 Israeli New Shekels 23.9
4) 2,001-3,000 Israeli New Shekels 18.5
5) 3,001-4,000 Israeli New Shekels 8.3
6) 4,001-5,000 Israeli New Shekels 4.6
7) 5,001-7,000 Israeli New Shekels 2.1
8) 7,001-9,000 Israeli New Shekels .1
98) Don't know 9.6
99) Refused 3.3
Missing31610 
TOTAL994100.0
226) ASK ALL IN RUSSIA. Which category of these does your total monthly family income fall into, counting all types of income including salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in before taxes and other obligatory deductions? (Q102RUS)
TOTAL%
1) 3000 rubles per month or less 2.8
2) 3001-5000 rubles 1.4
3) 5001-7000 rubles 4.7
4) 7001-10000 rubles 10.7
5) 10001-15000 rubles 14
6) 15001-25000 rubles 25.7
7) 25001-35000 rubles 13.6
8) More than 35000 rubles 10.7
98) Don't know 6.5
99) Refused 9.8
Missing31554 
TOTAL1050100.0
227) ASK ALL IN TAJIKISTAN. Please tell me which of the following reflects your household's monthly income, adding up all monetary income of all family members: salaries, pensions, stipends, benefits, allowances, etc. (Q102TAJ)
TOTAL%
1) No income .8
2) 80 somoni or less .3
3) 81-200 somoni 6.3
4) 201-350 somoni 11.8
5) 351-500 somoni 15.4
6) 501-600 somoni 10.7
7) 601-700 somoni 9.5
8) 701-800 somoni 10.2
9) 801-900 somoni 7.8
10) 901-1000 8.1
11) 1001 and more somoni 10.3
98) Don't know 5.8
99) Refused 2.9
Missing31151 
TOTAL1453100.0
228) ASK ALL IN THAILAND. Could you please tell me your monthly household income, meaning the income of all household members and including money from all income sources? (Q102THA)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 1,500 baht 1.7
2) 1,500-3,000 baht 5.1
3) 3,001-5,000 baht 18.8
4) 5,001-10,000 baht 38
5) 10,001-15,000 baht 18.5
6) 15,001-30,000 baht 11.6
7) 30,001-50,000 baht 4
8) 50,001-100,000 baht 1.3
9) More than 100,00 baht .5
98) Don't know .5
99) Refused 0
Missing31594 
TOTAL1010100.0
229) ASK ALL IN TUNISIA. Income adjusted for each country. (Q102TUN)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 600 D 59.6
2) 601 to 1000 D 30.8
3) 1001 to 1500 D 5.9
4) 1501 to 2500 D 1.1
5) More than 2500 D .4
8) Don't know 1.6
9) Refused .6
Missing31154 
TOTAL1450100.0
230) ASK ALL IN TURKEY. You see a list of monthly incomes in this card. Could you tell me where your household monthly total net income falls, including all wages, salaries, retirement pensions, and all other income? (Q102TUR)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 500 YTL per month 8.5
2) 500-750 YTL 17.2
3) 751-1,000 YTL 23.6
4) 1,001-1,500 YTL 21.7
5) 1,501-2,500 YTL 14.1
6) 2,501-3,500 YTL 4.4
7) 3,501-5,000 YTL .9
8) 5,001-7,000 YTL .3
9) 7,001-9,000 YTL .1
10) 9,001-11,000 YTL .1
98) Don't know 1.8
99) Refused 7.2
Missing31119 
TOTAL1485100.0
231) ASK ALL IN UZBEKISTAN. Please tell me which of the following reflects your household's monthly income, adding up all monetary income of all family members: salaries, pensions, stipends, benefits, allowances, etc. (Q102UZB)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 90,000 sum 1.4
2) 90,000-170,000 sum 6.2
3) 170,001-250,000 sum 9.4
4) 250,001-350,000 sum 14.1
5) 350,001-500,000 sum 22.5
6) 500,001-850,000 sum 20.2
7) 850,001-1,200,000 sum 9.1
8) 1,200,001-1,700,000 sum 2.2
9) 1,700,001-2,500,000 sum .6
10) 2,500,001 sum and above .3
98) Don't know 7.6
99) Refused 6.4
Missing31639 
TOTAL965100.0
232) ASK IF MARRIED, DIVORCED, SEPARATED, OR WIDOWED (Q97 = 1,2,3,4) IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT RUSSIA AND UZBEKISTAN. How many children have you ever had? Please count all your biological children who were born alive at any time in your life. (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: If respondent asks whether adopted children or stepchildren should be included, say: 'No, we're asking you only to count all your biological children who were born alive at any time in your life.') (Q110)
TOTAL%
0) 0 7.4
1) 1 14.7
2) 2 25
3) 3 18.7
4) 4 12.2
5) 5 7.9
6) 6 4.9
7) 7 2.7
8) 8 2
9) 9 1
10) 10 .7
11) 11 .3
12) 12 .1
13) 13 0
14) 14 0
98) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .5
99) Refused (DO NOT READ) 1.9
Missing9746 
TOTAL22858100.0
233) ASK IF MARRIED, DIVORCED, SEPARATED, OR WIDOWED (Q97=1,2,3,4) IN RUSSIA. How many children have you ever had? Please count all your biological children who were born alive at any time in your life but do not count adopted children or stepchildren. (Q110RUS)
TOTAL%
0) 0 9.5
1) 1 22
2) 2 33.3
3) 3 19.6
4) 4 6
5) 5 4.2
6) 6 3
7) 7 .6
8) 8 0
9) 9 .6
10) 10 0
99) Refused 1.2
Missing31785 
TOTAL819100.0
234) ASK IF MARRIED, DIVORCED, SEPARATED, OR WIDOWED (Q97=1,2,3,4) IN UZBEKISTAN. How many children have you ever had? Please count all your children who were born alive at any time in your life. (INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: If respondent asks whether adopted children or stepchildren should be included, say: 'No, we're asking you only to count all your biological children who were born alive at any time in your life.') (Q110UZB)
TOTAL%
0) 0 6.3
1) 1 12.8
2) 2 20.9
3) 3 24.1
4) 4 17
5) 5 8.9
6) 6 5.5
7) 7 1.8
8) 8 1
9) 9 .2
10) 10 1.2
11) 11 .1
99) Refused .2
Missing31767 
TOTAL837100.0
235) ASK ALL. Do you use the Internet at your workplace, at school, at home, or anywhere else at least occasionally? (Q111)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 27.6
2) No 71.2
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .8
TOTAL32604100.0
236) ASK IF USES INTERNET IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT THAILAND (Q111=1). Do you ever use online social networking sites like Facebook, (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES)? (Q112)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 78.4
2) No 20.9
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
Missing23472 
TOTAL9132100.0
237) ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES (Q112=1). And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about sports or not? (Q113A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 62.1
2) No 37.1
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .4
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing25442 
TOTAL7162100.0
238) ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES (Q112=1). And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about religion or not? (Q113B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 47.8
2) No 51
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .8
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing25442 
TOTAL7162100.0
239) ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES (Q112=1). And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about politics or not? (Q113C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 51.2
2) No 47.4
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .9
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing25442 
TOTAL7162100.0
240) ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES (Q112=1), ASK IN ALL COUNTRIES EXCEPT UZBEKISTAN. And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about community issues or not? (Q113D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 63.2
2) No 35.7
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .6
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
Missing25505 
TOTAL7099100.0
241) ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES (Q112=1), ASK IN UZBEKISTAN. And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about life in your city/village or not? (Q113DUZB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 17.5
2) No 82.5
8) Don't know 0
Missing32541 
TOTAL63100.0
242) ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES (Q112=1). And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about music and movies or not? (Q113E)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 80.4
2) No 19
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .2
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .4
Missing25442 
TOTAL7162100.0
243) ASK ALL. Do you own a cell phone? (Q114)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 75.2
2) No 24.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) 0
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .5
TOTAL32604100.0
244) ASK ALL. Do you have a working landline telephone in your house or not? (Q115)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have landline phone 29.8
2) No, do not 69.3
8) Don't know (DO NOT READ) .3
9) Refused (DO NOT READ) .7
TOTAL32604100.0
245) ASK ALL. In what country were you born? (PRE-CODED OPEN END) (DO NOT READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Q116)
TOTAL%
1) Same as survey country 93.4
2) Another country 6.5
998) Don't know (VOL.) 0
999) Refused (VOL.) .1
TOTAL32604100.0
246) RECORD AND INCLUDE IN FINAL DATASET IF THE RESPONDENT IS A MUSLIM MALE (R IS MUSLIM AND Q95=1) Did the respondent have a beard? (Q121)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 23.9
2) No 76.1
Missing16563 
TOTAL16041100.0
247) INCLUDE IN FINAL DATASET Respondent ID (Q122)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL299041771.535158.93
248) RECORD AND INCLUDE IN FINAL DATASET Gender of Interviewer (Q124)
TOTAL%
1) Male 51.3
2) Female 48.7
Missing31423 
TOTAL1181100.0
249) INCLUDE IN FINAL DATASET Urbanity (Q133)
TOTAL%
1) Urban 51.2
2) Rural 48.8
TOTAL32604100.0
250) ASK IF MUSLIM. On average, how often do you attend the mosque for Salah and Jum'ah Prayer [In Russia: Friday afternoon prayer]? (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 27.4
2) Once a week for Jum'ah prayer 18.4
3) Once or twice a month 7.1
4) A few times a year, especially for the Eid 10.3
5) Seldom 11.2
6) Never 25.7
Missing401 
TOTAL32203100.0
251) ASK ALL. Gender (RECORD BY OBSERVATION) (For use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male 50.1
2) Female 49.9
TOTAL32604100.0
252) ASK ALL. How old were you at your last birthday? (RECORD AGE IN YEARS) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 25 24
2) 25 to 44 45
3) 45 to 54 15.8
4) 55 to 64 10.8
5) 65 or older 4.4
Missing195 
TOTAL32409100.0