Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL33631514.437849
2) Survey Group (GROUP)
TOTAL%
0) Mass 23 and over153445.6
1) Mass 15 to 1836810.9
2) Mass 19 to 2259817.8
3) Academics1554.6
4) Business leaders2026.0
5) Ministers1013.0
6) Priests1003.0
7) Rabbis992.9
8) Government leaders1063.2
9) Media elite1003.0
TOTAL3363100.0
3) Respondent area (AREA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3363497.895226
4) Sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Men190856.8
2) Women145243.2
Missing3 
TOTAL3360100.0
5) Qualifying Age Group (AGE1)
TOTAL%
1) 15 to 18 years old37715.1
2) 19 to 22 years old59323.7
3) 23 to 29 years old28111.2
4) 30 to 39 years old40516.2
5) 40 to 49 years old28911.6
6) 50 to 59 years old2058.2
7) 60 to 69 years old2118.4
8) 70 and over1395.6
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
6) Generally speaking, how interested are you in current national politics - very interested, somewhat interested or not so interested? (NATPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested135640.3
2) Somewhat143642.7
3) Not interested55216.4
8) Don't know190.6
TOTAL3363100.0
7) What freedoms come to mind when you hear the words, "the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?" - First mention (FREEDOM1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL336310.71719
8) What freedoms come to mind when you hear the words, "the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?" - Second mention (FREEDOM2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL33632.77910
9) What freedoms come to mind when you hear the words, "the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?" - Third mention (FREEDOM3)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable306491.1
2) Protects freedoms10.0
3) Freedom of speech90.3
4) Freedom of press130.4
5) Freedom of religion1594.7
20) Laws10.0
21) Civil rights20.1
22) Individual rights50.1
23) Freedom40.1
24) Washington D.C.20.1
27) Voting rights40.1
28) Freedom of assembly591.8
33) Freedom of information20.1
34) Freedom expression80.2
35) Right to privacy20.1
36) Right to bear arms70.2
37) Right to petition40.1
39) Freedom of association60.2
40) Economic freedom40.1
41) Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness10.0
42) Freedom of movement10.0
57) Democracy10.0
58) Constitution20.1
70) Censorship10.0
77) Separation of church and state10.0
TOTAL3363100.0
10) How important is it to you that the next president be someone who has strong religious beliefs? Is it very important, somewhat important or not important? (PRESREL)
TOTAL%
1) Very important97028.9
2) Somewhat122336.4
3) Not important113633.8
8) Don't know331.0
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
11) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is married and has been having other love affairs? (PRESAFFR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes115246.1
2) No103641.4
8) Don't know31212.5
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
12) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person has been a minister of a church? (PRESCLRG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes183173.3
2) No46718.7
8) Don't know2018.0
Missing864 
TOTAL2499100.0
13) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is Catholic? (PRESCATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes214986.0
2) No2138.5
8) Don't know1385.5
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
14) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is a born-again Baptist? (PRESBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes201880.7
2) No30612.2
8) Don't know1767.0
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
15) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is an atheist and does not believe in God? (PRESATHE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83333.3
2) No147058.8
8) Don't know1977.9
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
16) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is Jewish? (PRESJWSH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes201280.5
2) No30012.0
8) Don't know1867.4
Missing865 
TOTAL2498100.0
17) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is a homosexual? (PRESHMSX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67326.9
2) No162164.8
8) Don't know2068.2
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
18) If a presidential candidate belongs to a political party you like and has many views you like, would you be willing to vote for such a person if the person is Greek Orthodox? (PRESGKOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes179171.6
2) No37314.9
8) Don't know33613.4
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
19) Which of these statements comes closest to your opinion: "The government should not provide any support to any religions," or "The government should support all religions equally." (SUPPREL)
TOTAL%
1) Not help any religions154846.0
2) Help all equally167049.7
8) Don't know1444.3
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
20) Do you think democracy in the United States works better if Americans are religious, or does it work worse if Americans are religious, or doesn't religion make any difference? (RELDEMOC)
TOTAL%
1) Better with religion145843.4
2) Worse with religion1514.5
3) No difference160347.7
8) Don't know1514.5
TOTAL3363100.0
21) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK DEMOCRACY IN THE UNITED STATES WORKS BETTER IF AMERICANS ARE RELIGIOUS: Would you say religion is "absolutely required" for American democracy to work well, or that it is "helpful but not required" for democracy? (RELDEM1)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable189856.5
1) Absolutely essential43012.8
2) Helpful but not required100529.9
8) Don't know290.9
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
22) In the United States Constitution, some freedoms are spelled out and some are not. Do you happen to recall if the freedom of religion is in the Constitution? (FREEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes244272.6
2) No53115.8
8) Don't know39011.6
TOTAL3363100.0
23) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RECALL THAT THE FREEDOM OF RELIGION IS IN THE CONSTITUTION: Do you happen to recall if the freedom of religion is guaranteed by the First Amendment? (FREEREL2)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable92227.4
1) Yes130038.7
2) No36911.0
8) Don't know77122.9
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
24) In the United States today, do you think there is any religious group or any other group that is a threat to democracy? (THREATRL)
TOTAL%
1) No152945.5
2) Yes151945.2
8) Don't know3159.4
TOTAL3363100.0
25) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE IS A RELIGIOUS OR OTHER GROUP IN THE UNITED STATES THAT IS A THREAT TO DEMOCRACY: What are these groups? First mention (THRETGP1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL336110.28920
26) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE IS A RELIGIOUS OR OTHER GROUP IN THE UNITED STATES THAT IS A THREAT TO DEMOCRACY: What are these groups? Second mention (THRETGP2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL33635.06116
27) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE IS A RELIGIOUS OR OTHER GROUP IN THE UNITED STATES THAT IS A THREAT TO DEMOCRACY: What are these groups? Third mention (THRETGP3)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable327397.3
5) Catholics10.0
7) Cults and/or sects40.1
8) Fundamentalists10.0
10) Moonies30.1
11) Moral Majority20.1
12) Mormons20.1
13) Satan worshipers60.2
15) TV preachers40.1
17) Don't know10.0
20) Homosexuals10.0
23) Religious Right20.1
26) Black Panthers10.0
30) Conservatives10.0
32) Muslims/Moslems/Islam20.1
34) Evangelicals10.0
40) Jehovah's Witnesses10.0
44) Buddhists10.0
49) Christian Science10.0
53) Lyndon LaRouche20.1
55) Aryan Nations20.1
56) Rashneesh10.0
57) Farrakhan10.0
59) Jewish Anti-Defamation League10.0
61) Neo-Nazis or racists90.3
62) Ku Klux Klan180.5
63) Nazis80.2
64) Radicals20.1
69) Terrorists10.0
73) Socialists10.0
76) ADA10.0
77) New Age movement10.0
78) Hare Krishnas20.1
79) Hubbard/Scientology20.1
80) Pat Robertson10.0
86) Bilingual school Program10.0
88) Anti-abortion groups10.0
TOTAL3363100.0
28) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK SOME RELIGIOUS AND OTHER GROUPS IN THE UNITED STATES POSE A THREAT TO DEMOCRACY, AND HAD A GROUP IN MIND: Do you think some of their public activities should be restricted? (THRESTR)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable203960.7
1) Yes55716.6
2) No51815.4
3) Depends1424.2
4) Some yes, some no321.0
8) Don't know732.2
Missing2 
TOTAL3361100.0
29) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - I would personally like to see organized religious groups stay out of politics. (RELPOLY1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree181954.1
2) Disagree118335.2
8) Don't know36110.7
TOTAL3363100.0
30) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Religious groups should have a legal right to get involved in politics. (RELPOLY2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree237970.7
2) Disagree79123.5
8) Don't know1935.7
TOTAL3363100.0
31) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's good for Congress to start sessions with a public prayer. (CONGPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree191056.8
2) Disagree99129.5
8) Don't know46113.7
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
32) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's good for sporting events at public high schools to begin with a public prayer. (SCHLPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree173951.7
2) Disagree126637.6
8) Don't know35810.6
TOTAL3363100.0
33) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - There should be laws to prevent groups like Hare Krishna from asking people for money at airports. (NOMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree165449.2
2) Disagree138141.1
8) Don't know3289.8
TOTAL3363100.0
34) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - The Supreme Court is the best place to decide controversies about the separation of church and state. (SUPRCRT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree227067.6
2) Disagree71721.3
8) Don't know37311.1
Missing3 
TOTAL3360100.0
35) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Churches should have to pay taxes on all their property. (CHURTAX)
TOTAL%
1) Agree145043.1
2) Disagree156846.6
5) Depends10.0
8) Don't know34410.2
TOTAL3363100.0
36) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - There should be laws against the practice of Satan worship. (SATANWRS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree158247.0
2) Disagree141642.1
8) Don't know36510.9
TOTAL3363100.0
37) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Followers of the Reverend Sun Myung Moon should not be allowed to print a daily newspaper in Washington, D.C. (MOONPAPR)
TOTAL%
1) Agree62518.6
2) Disagree212163.1
8) Don't know61618.3
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
38) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's okay for a city government to put up a manger scene on government property at Christmas. (GOVMNGER)
TOTAL%
1) Agree247573.6
2) Disagree64919.3
8) Don't know2387.1
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
39) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's okay for a city government to put up candles on government property for a Jewish religious celebration. (GOVCNDLE)
TOTAL%
1) Agree244672.7
2) Disagree68220.3
8) Don't know2357.0
TOTAL3363100.0
40) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO WISHED TO CHANGE THEIR ANSWER REGARDING WHETHER A MANGER SHOULD BE ALLOWED ON GOVERNMENT PROPERTY FOR CHRISTMAS, AFTER ASKED IF CANDLES SHOULD BE ALLOWED ON GOVERNMENT PROPERTY FOR A JEWISH CELEBRATION: Did you want to change your response to the question on the manger scene? (CNDLCHNG)
TOTAL%
0) No Change333999.3
1) Wants change240.7
TOTAL3363100.0
41) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It should be against the law for preachers to use television shows to raise money. (TVMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree113833.8
2) Disagree187655.8
8) Don't know34910.4
TOTAL3363100.0
42) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It should be against the law for unusual religious cults to try to convert teenagers. (CULTCONV)
TOTAL%
1) Agree191056.8
2) Disagree108032.1
8) Don't know37311.1
TOTAL3363100.0
43) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - The influence of religion on American politics threatens to divide us as a country. (RELDIVID)
TOTAL%
1) Agree93527.8
2) Disagree205761.2
8) Don't know37111.0
TOTAL3363100.0
44) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - There's less religious tolerance today than there was 20 or 30 years ago. (LESSTOLR)
TOTAL%
1) Agree134440.0
2) Disagree156346.5
8) Don't know45613.6
TOTAL3363100.0
45) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It bothers me when TV and movies use the words "Jesus Christ" to express anger or surprise. (JCANGER)
TOTAL%
1) Agree174751.9
2) Disagree145343.2
8) Don't know1634.8
TOTAL3363100.0
46) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - There is no place in America for the Moslem [sic] religion. (NOISLAM)
TOTAL%
1) Agree34010.1
2) Disagree260277.4
8) Don't know42112.5
TOTAL3363100.0
47) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Churches should be denied their tax exemptions if they prevent women from becoming ministers or priests. (WMNTAXEX)
TOTAL%
1) Agree91427.2
2) Disagree202560.2
8) Don't know42412.6
TOTAL3363100.0
48) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's okay for the Right to Life movement to use religion in the debate about abortion. (RELABORT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree207561.8
2) Disagree89326.6
8) Don't know39111.6
Missing4 
TOTAL3359100.0
49) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's okay for religious leaders to hide immigrants from Latin America when the U.S. government says those immigrants are illegal. (HIDEIMMG)
TOTAL%
1) Agree91127.1
2) Disagree204860.9
8) Don't know40412.0
TOTAL3363100.0
50) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Most politicians today who talk about their own religious values are hypocrites. (HYPOPOLY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree108032.1
2) Disagree160347.7
8) Don't know68020.2
TOTAL3363100.0
51) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - The government should require that Judeo-Christian values be emphasized in public schools. (JWCHRSCH)
TOTAL%
1) Agree98129.2
2) Disagree191456.9
8) Don't know46813.9
TOTAL3363100.0
52) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - People who hold strong religious beliefs tend to be intolerant of people who hold different beliefs. (INTOLERN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree183254.5
2) Disagree118935.4
8) Don't know34210.2
TOTAL3363100.0
53) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - The FBI should keep a close watch on new religious cults. (FBICULTS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree166049.4
2) Disagree138641.2
8) Don't know3179.4
TOTAL3363100.0
54) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Public schools should allow student religious groups to hold voluntary meetings in school classrooms, when classes are not in session. (RELCLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree232069.0
2) Disagree83624.9
5) Depends10.0
8) Don't know2066.1
TOTAL3363100.0
55) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - The group called the Moral Majority should stay out of politics. (NOMORLMJ)
TOTAL%
1) Agree122736.5
2) Disagree139241.4
5) Depends30.1
8) Don't know74122.0
TOTAL3363100.0
56) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - The ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) files too many law-suits regarding religion. (ACLUSUIT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree132739.5
2) Disagree88026.2
8) Don't know115634.4
TOTAL3363100.0
57) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Public schools should set aside a moment of silence each day for students to pray if they want to. (SCHLSLNC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree235370.0
2) Disagree84825.2
8) Don't know1624.8
TOTAL3363100.0
58) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - It's okay for Jewish groups to give money to politicians who support Israel. (JEWGIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Agree220065.4
2) Disagree70921.1
8) Don't know45313.5
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
59) Do you mostly agree or mostly disagree with the following statement? - Reincarnation is something I personally believe. (REINCARN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree55922.4
2) Disagree156362.5
8) Don't know37715.1
Missing864 
TOTAL2499100.0
60) Do you think public schools should only teach the Bible's account of the creation of life on Earth, or should they only teach evolution, or should they teach both? (CREATION)
TOTAL%
1) Only Bible's account2718.1
2) Only evolution51215.2
3) Both228668.0
6) Neither90.3
8) Don't know2858.5
TOTAL3363100.0
61) Many grade schools and high schools around the country are run by various churches and religious groups. Do you think the government should provide financial help to teach Bible or evolution? (TCHBIBEV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes147643.9
2) No159847.5
8) Don't know2898.6
TOTAL3363100.0
62) Do you think it's okay for the government to pay for chaplains for the military? (GOVPAYCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes292687.0
2) No2768.2
8) Don't know1614.8
TOTAL3363100.0
63) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK IT IS OKAY FOR THE GOVERNMENT TO PAY FOR CHAPLAINS FOR THE MILITARY: Do you think it's okay for the government to pay for some Buddhist chaplains for the military? (GOVPAYBD)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable43813.0
1) Yes214363.7
2) No54116.1
8) Don't know2417.2
TOTAL3363100.0
64) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO WISHED TO CHANGE THEIR RESPONSE TO THE QUESTION OF THE GOVERNMENT SUPPORTING CHAPLAINS FOR THE MILITARY, AFTER RESPONDING TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT SUPPORTING BUDDHIST CHAPLAINS FOR THE MILITARY: Do you want to change your response on military chaplains? (GOVPAYNO)
TOTAL%
0) No Change335599.8
1) Wants change80.2
TOTAL3363100.0
65) Are you familiar with the term "secular humanism"? (SECHUMAN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes119735.6
2) No191556.9
8) Don't know2517.5
TOTAL3363100.0
66) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ARE FAMILIAR WITH THE TERM "SECULAR HUMANISM": Do you think the public schools are teaching the values of "secular humanism?" (TCHSECHM)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable216664.4
1) Yes52615.6
2) No43212.8
8) Don't know2397.1
TOTAL3363100.0
67) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ARE FAMILIAR WITH THE TERM "SECULAR HUMANISM": Do you think secular humanism has a good or bad impact on this country? (SECHUMGD)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable216664.4
1) Good34910.4
2) Bad44813.3
3) No impact1273.8
8) Don't know2738.1
TOTAL3363100.0
68) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ARE FAMILIAR WITH THE TERM "SECULAR HUMANISM": Do you think "secular humanism" should have the same rights and restrictions as a religion? (SECHUMRL)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable216664.4
1) Yes52615.6
2) No48514.4
8) Don't know1865.5
TOTAL3363100.0
69) Do you think it is proper for religious leaders to publicly support political candidates who are running for office? (RELSUPP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes225867.2
2) No87526.0
8) Don't know2296.8
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
70) Do you think it is proper for religious leaders to try to influence U.S. policy toward South Africa? (RELINFL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes177152.7
2) No122036.3
8) Don't know37011.0
Missing2 
TOTAL3361100.0
71) Do you think it is proper for religious leaders to try to close pornographic book stores? (RELPORNO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes199859.4
2) No116134.5
8) Don't know2026.0
Missing2 
TOTAL3361100.0
72) Which of these statements comes closest to your opinion? "The government should take special steps to protect the Judeo-Christian heritage," or "There should be a high wall of separation between church and state." (CHSTSEP)
TOTAL%
1) Protect heritage99929.7
2) Wall of separation186755.5
6) Neither20.1
8) Don't know49314.7
Missing2 
TOTAL3361100.0
73) Do you think TV and newspapers are often unfair to religious groups? (MEDIAUNF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes146943.7
2) No157846.9
8) Don't know3159.4
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
74) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK TV AND NEWSPAPERS ARE OFTEN UNFAIR TO RELIGIOUS GROUPS: Which religious groups do you think are treated unfairly? First mention (MEDIAUN1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL336111.98229
75) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK TV AND NEWSPAPERS ARE OFTEN UNFAIR TO RELIGIOUS GROUPS: Which religious groups do you think are treated unfairly? Second mention (MEDIAUN2)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable312292.9
2) Unfair to all40.1
4) Baptists10.0
5) Born-again Christians50.1
6) Catholics240.7
7) Cults and sects50.1
8) Fundamentalists190.6
9) Jews521.5
10) Moonies70.2
11) Moral Majority180.5
12) Mormons80.2
14) TV preachers130.4
39) Judeo-Christian10.0
40) Muslims/Moslems/Islam210.6
41) Hare Krishnas70.2
42) Evangelists10.0
43) Evangelicals40.1
44) Buddhists100.3
45) Christians60.2
46) Jehovah's Witnesses90.3
47) Protestants80.2
50) PTL10.0
51) Eastern religions10.0
53) Presbyterians10.0
55) Methodists10.0
56) Greek Orthodox20.1
57) Lutherans10.0
59) Hindus20.1
62) Middle Eastern religions20.1
64) Unitarians10.0
80) Right to Life10.0
84) Black religious groups10.0
87) Minority religions10.0
95) Can be slanted10.0
98) Don't know10.0
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
76) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK TV AND NEWSPAPERS ARE OFTEN UNFAIR TO RELIGIOUS GROUPS: Which religious groups do you think are treated unfairly? Third mention (MEDIAUN3)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable330198.2
3) Atheists10.0
4) Baptists10.0
5) Born-again Christians10.0
6) Catholics10.0
7) Cults and sects10.0
9) Jews80.2
10) Moonies60.2
11) Moral Majority60.2
12) Mormons70.2
14) TV preachers40.1
39) Judeo-Christian10.0
40) Muslims/Moslems/Islam80.2
44) Buddhists10.0
46) Jehovah's Witnesses10.0
47) Protestants10.0
50) PTL10.0
54) Non-Christians10.0
59) Hindus20.1
60) Pentecostal10.0
63) Anglicans10.0
70) Depends on area20.1
73) Conservatives10.0
80) Right to Life10.0
88) Third World religions10.0
93) Conservative church20.1
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
77) Are there any religious groups in America that you think have too much power and influence? (RELPOWER)
TOTAL%
1) No209762.4
2) Yes96628.7
8) Don't know3008.9
TOTAL3363100.0
78) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE ARE RELIGIOUS GROUPS IN AMERICA WHO HAVE TOO MUCH POWER AND INFLUENCE: Which religious groups have too much power and influence? First mention (RELPWR1)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable239971.3
1) General or vague220.7
2) Atheists40.1
3) Baptists651.9
4) Born-again Christians371.1
5) Catholics33510.0
6) Cults and sects180.5
7) Fundamentalists361.1
8) Jews511.5
9) Moonies140.4
10) Moral Majority1374.1
11) Mormons371.1
12) Secular humanists30.1
13) TV preachers561.7
28) Zionists10.0
32) Muslims50.1
34) Billy Graham10.0
38) Southern Baptists10.0
39) Mennonites10.0
40) Jehovah's Witnesses80.2
41) Bakkers-PTL130.4
42) Satanic worshipers20.1
43) Ku Klux Klan40.1
44) Christians40.1
45) Seventh-day Adventists10.0
46) Pat Robertson20.1
47) Scientology10.0
48) Protestants30.1
60) New Age movement10.0
61) Pentecostals60.2
62) Evangelists80.2
63) Hare Krishnas50.1
65) Oral Roberts10.0
67) Episcopalians10.0
68) Mafia10.0
71) TV religions10.0
72) All religions40.1
73) Terrorists-survivalist10.0
74) National Black Caucus10.0
76) Wealthy10.0
77) Homosexuals10.0
78) Greeks20.1
85) Jim Jones10.0
97) Rather not say30.1
98) Don't Know641.9
TOTAL3363100.0
79) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE ARE RELIGIOUS GROUPS IN AMERICA WHO HAVE TOO MUCH POWER AND INFLUENCE: Which religious groups have too much power and influence? Second mention (RELPWR2)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable309592.0
3) Baptists20.1
4) Born-again Christians10.0
5) Catholics421.2
6) Cults and sects60.2
7) Fundamentalists140.4
8) Jews561.7
9) Moonies110.3
10) Moral Majority381.1
11) Mormons200.6
12) Secular humanists10.0
13) TV preachers210.6
14) Other10.0
29) PACs10.0
31) Religious Right10.0
38) Southern Baptists10.0
40) Jehovah's Witnesses70.2
41) Bakkers-PTL100.3
42) Satanic worshipers10.0
43) Ku Klux Klan10.0
44) Christians10.0
45) Seventh-day Adventists10.0
46) Pat Robertson10.0
48) Protestants80.2
49) Bible Speaks10.0
61) Pentecostals40.1
62) Evangelists20.1
63) Hare Krishnas20.1
65) Oral Roberts10.0
69) Church of God10.0
70) Liberals10.0
71) TV religions20.1
72) All religions30.1
75) National Council of Churches20.1
86) Unification Church10.0
98) Don't Know20.1
TOTAL3363100.0
80) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO THINK THERE ARE RELIGIOUS GROUPS IN AMERICA WHO HAVE TOO MUCH POWER AND INFLUENCE: Which religious groups have too much power and influence? Third mention (RELPWR3)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable330898.4
5) Catholics10.0
7) Fundamentalists20.1
8) Jews110.3
9) Moonies10.0
10) Moral Majority110.3
11) Mormons70.2
13) TV preachers50.1
30) Jewish Anti-Defamation League10.0
32) Muslims/Moslems10.0
33) Whites20.1
35) Right to Life10.0
40) Jehovah Witnesses10.0
41) Bakkers-PTL20.1
43) Ku Klux Klan20.1
46) Pat Robertson10.0
47) Scientology20.1
48) Protestants10.0
66) Lutheran20.1
98) Don't Know10.0
TOTAL3363100.0
81) During the past four years, have you written a letter to any elected officials or worked in any political campaigns? (ACTIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes70828.3
2) No177971.2
8) Don't know130.5
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0
82) How important is religion in your daily life? Is it very important, somewhat important or not at all important? (IMPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important160647.8
2) Somewhat130738.9
3) Not at all important42912.8
8) Don't know200.6
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
83) How would you describe your own political views, as conservative, middle-of-the-road or liberal? (IDEOLOGY)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative97929.1
2) Middle-of-the-road139841.6
3) Liberal83224.7
4) Nothing260.8
8) Don't know1133.4
85) Socialist10.0
86) Depends10.0
87) All10.0
88) Moderate conservative10.0
89) Radical10.0
95) Libertarian20.1
96) Anarchist30.1
97) Disenfranchised10.0
98) None30.1
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
84) Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republicans, the Democrats or the Independents? (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republicans113533.8
2) Democrats121536.1
3) Independents74622.2
4) Other290.9
5) Depends110.3
6) None80.2
7) Libertarian10.0
8) Don't know2166.4
Missing2 
TOTAL3361100.0
85) Are you currently attending school? (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77431.0
2) No172469.0
8) Don't know10.0
Missing864 
TOTAL2499100.0
86) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ARE CURRENTLY ATTENDING SCHOOL: Are you in high school or college? (COLLEGE)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable174169.8
1) High school30212.1
2) College41416.6
3) Other381.5
Missing868 
TOTAL2495100.0
87) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ARE NOT CURRENTLY ATTENDING SCHOOL: What is the last year that you completed in school? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable75730.8
1) None30.1
2) Elementary school210.9
3) Some high school2078.4
4) High school graduate62425.4
5) Vocational/technical school532.2
6) Some college34113.9
7) College graduate43217.6
8) Don't know160.7
Missing909 
TOTAL2454100.0
88) What is your present age? (AGE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL336338.17818
89) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ARE OVER 18 YEARS OLD: Are you registered to vote? (VOTE)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable2379.5
1) Yes176970.8
2) No45918.4
8) Don't know321.3
Missing866 
TOTAL2497100.0
90) What is your religious preference or denomination, if any? (RELIGION)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL336326.22622
91) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO HAVING A PROTESTANT DENOMINATION: Do you believe Bible is literally true, word for word? (BIBLE)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable157547.0
1) Yes82124.5
2) Mostly2056.1
3) No61718.4
8) Don't know1323.9
Missing13 
TOTAL3350100.0
92) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO HAVING A PROTESTANT DENOMINATION: Have you ever had what you would call a "born again" experience? (REBORN1)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable157547.0
1) Yes66519.9
2) No101530.3
8) Don't know952.8
Missing13 
TOTAL3350100.0
93) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED YES TO BEING ROMAN CATHOLIC: Do you think the Pope's teachings are infallible? (POPE)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable249874.3
1) Yes2357.0
2) Mostly872.6
3) No43012.8
8) Don't know1133.4
TOTAL3363100.0
94) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED YES TO BEING ROMAN CATHOLIC: Have you had what you would call a "born again" experience? (REBORN2)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable249574.2
1) Yes1293.8
3) No71421.2
8) Don't know240.7
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
95) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE JEWISH: Do you usually observe rules of Kosher? (KOSHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable318994.9
1) Yes842.5
2) Partially250.7
3) No641.9
Missing1 
TOTAL3362100.0
96) About how often do you attend religious services: About every week, once or twice a month, a few times a year or never? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Every week142642.5
2) Once or twice a month62718.7
3) A few times a year90426.9
4) Never37011.0
8) Don't know321.0
Missing4 
TOTAL3359100.0
97) In addition to being an American, what do you think of as the main ethnic or nationality group of most of your ancestors, such as Italian, German, black or what? (ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
0) Don't know1907.6
1) Black/African2158.6
2) English48819.6
3) German52120.9
4) Irish2188.8
5) Italian1817.3
6) Eastern European1636.5
7) Hispanic1234.9
8) Asian271.1
9) Other30.1
10) Northern European421.7
11) French361.4
12) Scandinavian592.4
13) European, mixed622.5
14) Israeli20.1
15) Middle Eastern80.3
16) South Asian291.2
17) Unspecified, mixed70.3
18) French Canadian10.0
19) Canadian50.2
20) Just American481.9
21) American Indian512.0
22) Western European30.1
23) Mutt50.2
24) Australian20.1
Missing874 
TOTAL2489100.0
98) Finally, which income group would you and your immediate family be in this year: under $20,000, between $20,000 and $40,000, between $40,000 and $80,000 or over $80,000? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $20,00073121.7
2) $20,000 to $40,000125637.3
3) $40,000 to $80,00081024.1
4) Over $80,0002848.4
8) Don't know1384.1
9) Refused1444.3
TOTAL3363100.0
99) Pre- or post Gary Hart re-entry (HART)
TOTAL%
0) Before announcement130457.5
1) First day after1325.8
2) Second day after25511.2
3) Third day after33214.6
4) Fourth day after1054.6
5) Fifth day after1406.2
Missing1095 
TOTAL2268100.0
100) Region of the country (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) West57117.0
2) Midwest92227.4
3) South113333.7
4) Northeast73721.9
TOTAL3363100.0
101) Time zone (TIMEZONE)
TOTAL%
1) Pacific41912.5
2) Mountain1524.5
3) Central104030.9
4) Eastern175252.1
TOTAL3363100.0
102) Age group 3 (AGE3)
TOTAL%
3) 23 and 24944.0
4) 25 to 2923810.1
5) 30 to 3428011.8
6) 35 to 3931013.1
7) 40 to 4428011.8
8) 45 to 492169.1
10) 50 to 542149.1
11) 55 to 591928.1
12) 60 to 641908.0
13) 65 to 691536.5
14) 70 to 741014.3
15) 75 and up964.1
Missing999 
TOTAL2364100.0
103) Age group 4 (AGE4)
TOTAL%
1) 15 to 172487.4
2) 18 to 2272921.8
3) 23 to 293329.9
4) 30 to 3959017.7
5) 40 to 4949614.8
6) 50 to 5940612.2
7) 60 to 6934310.3
8) 70 and over1975.9
Missing22 
TOTAL3341100.0
104) Age group 5 (AGE5)
TOTAL%
1) Age 15 through 172487.4
2) Age 18 and over309392.6
Missing22 
TOTAL3341100.0
105) Race (RACE)
TOTAL%
0) Don't know1905.6
1) Black2156.4
2) All else295888.0
TOTAL3363100.0
106) Description and category labels unavailable (EDSUM)
TOTAL%
0) 40.2
2) 2309.4
3) 30212.3
4) 67727.6
5) 45218.4
6) 34113.9
7) 43217.6
8) 160.7
Missing909 
TOTAL2454100.0
107) Weight for the people ages 18 to 22; weighted in proportion to their size in the adult population when included in the national cross-sectional sample. (WT)
TOTAL%
0) 36319.2
1) 152680.8
Missing1474 
TOTAL1889100.0
108) Type of sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) National188956.2
2) Youth (15-17)61118.2
3) Elites86325.7
TOTAL3363100.0
109) Type of elite (ELITE)
TOTAL%
1) Business20223.4
2) Government10612.3
3) Academics15518.0
4) Media10011.6
5) Ministers10111.7
6) Priests10011.6
7) Rabbis9911.5
Missing2500 
TOTAL863100.0
110) I-SEX: Sex (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Men190856.8
2) Women145243.2
Missing3 
TOTAL3360100.0
111) I-RACE: Race (for use with on-line analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
0) Don't know1905.6
1) Black2156.4
2) All else295888.0
TOTAL3363100.0
112) I-RELIGION: What is your religious preference or denomination, if any? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant173451.6
2) Catholic86725.8
3) Jewish1715.1
4) Other2357.0
5) No pref35610.6
TOTAL3363100.0
113) I-PARTY: Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republicans, the Democrats or the Independents? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican113533.8
2) Democrat121536.1
3) Independen74622.2
4) Other2657.9
Missing2 
TOTAL3361100.0
114) I-REGION: Region of the country (for use with on-line analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) West57117.0
2) Midwest92227.4
3) South113333.7
4) Northeast73721.9
TOTAL3363100.0
115) I-INCOME: Finally, which income group would you and your immediate family be in this year: under $20,000, between $20,000 and $40,000, between $40,000 and $80,000 or over $80,000? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) <$20,00073121.7
2) $20K-40000125637.3
3) $40K-8000081024.1
4) >$800002848.4
5) DK/Refused2828.4
TOTAL3363100.0
116) I-AGE1: Qualifying Age Group (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE1)
TOTAL%
1) <23 yrs97038.8
2) 23-49 yrs97539.0
3) 50+ yrs55522.2
Missing863 
TOTAL2500100.0